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Geospatial Analysis Of Rickettsial Species, Amy Frank 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Geospatial Analysis Of Rickettsial Species, Amy Frank

Entomology Undergraduate Honors Theses

Rickettsia species are obligate intracellular, arthropod-borne bacteria with a potential to cause multiple diseases including Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF). Fleas, mites, and ticks serve as vectors for Rickettsia, but ticks are the primary vector of interest. RMSF and other rickettsial diseases have continued to gain importance in both human and veterinary medicine as RMSF is the most common tick-borne disease within the United States according to the Lyme and Tick-Borne Disease Research Center. A statewide citizen science project was utilized to determine the prevalence of Spotted Fever Group (SFG) Rickettsia in Arkansas. This project yielded results in 64 of ...


Patterns Of Monarch Site Occupancy And Dynamics In Iowa, Stephen J. Dinsmore, Rachel A. Vanausdall, Kevin T. Murphy, Karen E. Kinkead, Paul W. Frese 2019 Iowa State University

Patterns Of Monarch Site Occupancy And Dynamics In Iowa, Stephen J. Dinsmore, Rachel A. Vanausdall, Kevin T. Murphy, Karen E. Kinkead, Paul W. Frese

Natural Resource Ecology and Management Publications

The monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) is the focus of large-scale habitat restoration efforts because of recent population declines. From 2006-2017 we monitored monarchs at >400 sites throughout Iowa to link site occupancy and colonization/extinction dynamics to the presence of milkweed, site-specific habitat metrics, and landscape context at differing spatial scales. We used a robust design occupancy model in Program MARK and a hierarchical model selection approach to estimate site occupancy, extinction and colonization probabilities, and detection probability. Occupancy models revealed that monarchs responded differently to landscape features, environmental conditions, and local habitat conditions for site occupancy, extinction, and colonization ...


Bacterially Expressed Dsrna Causes Gene Silencing In Eab, Lynne Rieske-Kinney 2019 University of Kentucky

Bacterially Expressed Dsrna Causes Gene Silencing In Eab, Lynne Rieske-Kinney

Entomology Research Data

RNA interference (RNAi) is a naturally occurring, biological process in which RNA molecules inhibit gene expression or translation by neutralizing target mRNA molecules. Recent advances in our understanding of the RNAi mechanism have allowed its development as an emerging tool to protect against insect pests. The major challenge for efficient pest management using RNAi as a molecular bio-pesticide in the field is development of convenient and efficient methods for production, and practical delivery of stable dsRNAs to the target insect. Our goal is to assess the potential for deploying bacterially produced RNAi as a bio-pesticide against an invasive forest pest ...


Correlates Of Seasonal Variation In A Community Of Shelter Building Lepidoptera, Christopher J. Ernst 2019 University of Missouri-St. Louis

Correlates Of Seasonal Variation In A Community Of Shelter Building Lepidoptera, Christopher J. Ernst

Undergraduate Research Symposium

Many species of Lepidoptera larvae (caterpillars) build structures of leaves and silk, commonly referred to as “shelters”. These shelters are constructed in one of several different ways, including rolling the leaf edge, folding the leaf over itself, or tying two or more leaves flat together. This study was conducted to first determine seasonal abundance of these shelters in a temperate oak forest. The second goal was to determine the influence of host plant identity, season, and topography on the abundance of these shelters, and their secondary occupancy by arthropods other than those that made them. The study site was the ...


The Impact Of The Social Environment On Reproductive Plasticity: The Role Of Male Harassment And Larval Competition In Callosobruchus Maculatus, Elisabeth Bacon 2019 Lake Forest College

The Impact Of The Social Environment On Reproductive Plasticity: The Role Of Male Harassment And Larval Competition In Callosobruchus Maculatus, Elisabeth Bacon

Senior Theses

Effects of the social environment on reproductive behavior are widespread. How the social environment promotes or inhibits behavioral plasticity is less known. I examined the role of male harassment and larval competition on reproductive behaviors in Callosobruchus maculatus. For experiment one, I manipulated male harassment level during female oviposition. I measured oviposition substrate preference, clutch size, egg size, and the trade-off between egg and clutch size. For experiment two, I investigated the effect of the social environment during larval development inside the bean. Groups consisted of a control and sex-ratio-based competition treatments. I recorded the mating behavior of all emerged ...


Spatial And Temporal Distribution Of The Forensically Significant Blow Flies Of Los Angeles County, California, United States (Diptera: Calliphoridae), Royce T. Cumming 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Spatial And Temporal Distribution Of The Forensically Significant Blow Flies Of Los Angeles County, California, United States (Diptera: Calliphoridae), Royce T. Cumming

Dissertations & Theses in Natural Resources

Forensic entomology although not a commonly used discipline in the forensic sciences, does have its niche and when used by investigators is respected in crinimolegal investigations (Greenberg and Kunich, 2005). With many species of forensically significant insects being regionally specific, it is often difficult for forensic entomologists to as confidently translate regionally specific studies across drastically differing geographic regions (Brundage, et al., 2011).

The purpose of this study is to help create a better temporal and geographic distributional understanding of the blow fly species present in Los Angeles County, California, United States. Twenty-five locations from four ecoregions (coastal mountains, urban ...


State Record For Stenamma Foveolocephalum (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) In Missouri, Angela D. Pierce, Diane L. Wood 2019 Missouri Department of Conservation, Cape Girardeau, Missouri

State Record For Stenamma Foveolocephalum (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) In Missouri, Angela D. Pierce, Diane L. Wood

The Great Lakes Entomologist

We report the first known collection of Stenamma foveolocephalum (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Missouri. Two specimens were collected in pitfall traps during a field study at Sand Prairie Conservation Area, Scott County, Missouri.


New State Records For Some Pentatomomorpha (Heteroptera) Of The United States, Daniel R. Swanson 2019 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

New State Records For Some Pentatomomorpha (Heteroptera) Of The United States, Daniel R. Swanson

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Forty-two new state records, distributed among the Alydidae, Coreidae, Largidae, Pyrrhocoridae, and Rhopalidae, are reported for 25 species of Pentatomomorpha found in the United States.


Use Of Spotted Knapweed/Star Thistle (Asterales: Asteraceae) As The Primary Source Of Nectar By Early Migrating Monarch Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) From Beaver Island, Michigan, Matthew M. Douglas 2019 Grand Rapids Community College and the University of Kansas

Use Of Spotted Knapweed/Star Thistle (Asterales: Asteraceae) As The Primary Source Of Nectar By Early Migrating Monarch Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) From Beaver Island, Michigan, Matthew M. Douglas

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Recent observations over the past decade suggest that the invasive star thistle (aka spotted knapweed (Centaurea stoebe L.) provides much of the nectar that supports monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) in their pre-migratory and early migratory flight from the Beaver Island archipelago, an isolated chain of islands located in northern Lake Michigan. With the advent and continuation of global climate change, the opportunistic evolutionary changes that may take place between migrating monarchs and their dependence on non-native nectariferous plants, prior to migration, is worth further documentation and examination.


Cover Pages, 2019 Valparaiso University

Cover Pages

The Great Lakes Entomologist

TGLE Vol. 51 nos. 3 & 4 cover pages


Cover Art, 2019 Valparaiso University

Cover Art

The Great Lakes Entomologist

TGLE Vol. 51 nos. 3 & 4 cover art


Tgle Vol. 51 Nos. 3 & 4 Full Issue, 2019 Valparaiso University

Tgle Vol. 51 Nos. 3 & 4 Full Issue

The Great Lakes Entomologist

TGLE Vol. 51 nos. 3 & 4 full issue


Development And Application Of A Quantitative Bioassay To Evaluate Maize Silk Resistance To Corn Earworm Herbivory Among Progenies Derived From Peruvian Landrace Piura, Miriam D. Lopez, Tesia S. Dennison, Tina M. Paque, Marna D. Yandeau-Nelson, Craig A. Abel, Nick Lauter 2019 Iowa State University

Development And Application Of A Quantitative Bioassay To Evaluate Maize Silk Resistance To Corn Earworm Herbivory Among Progenies Derived From Peruvian Landrace Piura, Miriam D. Lopez, Tesia S. Dennison, Tina M. Paque, Marna D. Yandeau-Nelson, Craig A. Abel, Nick Lauter

Genetics, Development and Cell Biology Publications

Corn earworm (CEW), Helicoverpa zea (Boddie), (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), is a major insect pest of corn (Zea mays spp. mays L.). CEW larvae feed on silks, kernels and cobs, causing substantial yield and quality losses both through herbivory and by vectoring pathogens. The long-term goal of this work is to elucidate the genetic and biochemical basis of a potentially novel CEW resistance source discovered in silk tissue of Piura 208, a Peruvian landrace of maize (PI 503849). We developed a quantitative CEW bioassay and tested it on four populations that contrast alleles from Piura 208 with those from GT119, a CEW-susceptible ...


Index, 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Index

Bulletin of the University of Nebraska State Museum

No abstract provided.


The Brule-Gering (Oligocene-Miocene) Contact In The Wildcat Ridge Area Of Western Nebraska, C. Bertrand Schultz, Charles H. Falkenbach, Carl F. Vondra 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

The Brule-Gering (Oligocene-Miocene) Contact In The Wildcat Ridge Area Of Western Nebraska, C. Bertrand Schultz, Charles H. Falkenbach, Carl F. Vondra

Bulletin of the University of Nebraska State Museum

The contact between the Brule Formation (Oligocene) and the Gering Formation (Miocene) can be readily distinguished in the Wildcat Ridge area, as elsewhere in western Nebraska. At the critical fossiliferous exposures at Castle Rock in Scotts Bluff County, the contact on the south face between the two formations is defined as 129 feet above the base of the "Upper Ash" bed, which corresponds to the upper portion of Darton's (1899, PI. C, Fig. D, following p. 754) "sandy phase" in the upper part of the Brule. Certain key beds in the Gering Formation can be traced laterally from a ...


Molecular Evolutionary Trends And Feeding Ecology Diversification In The Hemiptera, Anchored By The Milkweed Bug Genome, Kristen A. Panfilio, Iris M. Vargas Jentzsch, Joshua B. Benoit, Deniz Erezyilmaz, Yuichiro Suzuki, Stefano Colella, Hugh M. Robertson, Monica F. Poelchau, Robert M. Waterhouse, Panagiotis Ioannidis, Matthew T. Weirauch, Daniel S. T. Hughes, Shwetha C. Murali, John H. Werren, Chris G. C. Jacobs, Elizabeth J. Duncan, David Armisén, Barbara M. I. Vreede, Patrice Baa-Puyoulet, Chloé S. Berger, Chun-Che Chang, Hsu Chao, Mei-Ju M. Chen, Yen-Ta Chen, Christopher P. Childers, Ariel D. Chipman, Andrew G. Cridge, Antonin J. J. Crumière, Peter K. Dearden, Elise M. Didion, Subba Reddy Palli, Jayendra Nath Shukla 2019 University of Cologne, Germany

Molecular Evolutionary Trends And Feeding Ecology Diversification In The Hemiptera, Anchored By The Milkweed Bug Genome, Kristen A. Panfilio, Iris M. Vargas Jentzsch, Joshua B. Benoit, Deniz Erezyilmaz, Yuichiro Suzuki, Stefano Colella, Hugh M. Robertson, Monica F. Poelchau, Robert M. Waterhouse, Panagiotis Ioannidis, Matthew T. Weirauch, Daniel S. T. Hughes, Shwetha C. Murali, John H. Werren, Chris G. C. Jacobs, Elizabeth J. Duncan, David Armisén, Barbara M. I. Vreede, Patrice Baa-Puyoulet, Chloé S. Berger, Chun-Che Chang, Hsu Chao, Mei-Ju M. Chen, Yen-Ta Chen, Christopher P. Childers, Ariel D. Chipman, Andrew G. Cridge, Antonin J. J. Crumière, Peter K. Dearden, Elise M. Didion, Subba Reddy Palli, Jayendra Nath Shukla

Entomology Faculty Publications

Background: The Hemiptera (aphids, cicadas, and true bugs) are a key insect order, with high diversity for feeding ecology and excellent experimental tractability for molecular genetics. Building upon recent sequencing of hemipteran pests such as phloem-feeding aphids and blood-feeding bed bugs, we present the genome sequence and comparative analyses centered on the milkweed bug Oncopeltus fasciatus, a seed feeder of the family Lygaeidae.

Results: The 926-Mb Oncopeltus genome is well represented by the current assembly and official gene set. We use our genomic and RNA-seq data not only to characterize the protein-coding gene repertoire and perform isoform-specific RNAi, but also ...


Density And Mass Effect On The Development Of Phormia Regina, Brandon H. Strauss 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Density And Mass Effect On The Development Of Phormia Regina, Brandon H. Strauss

Dissertations & Theses in Natural Resources

Forensic entomology is the application of the study of arthropods to the criminal justice system. This is primarily done through the development of a post mortem interval (PMI) based the insect evidence present. A practitioner must be able to determine the age of the insect through temperature data. One factor influencing the temperature dependent development is gregarious behavior. Current literature describes a faster development rate due to an increase in feeding efficiency and temperatures produced by this aggregate. However, there is very little literature defining a minimum number needed to induce this effect and little to none on it for ...


A Descriptive Study Of Wild Bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Apiformes) And Angiosperms In A Tallgrass Prairie Corridor Of Southeastern Nebraska, Katie Lamke 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

A Descriptive Study Of Wild Bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Apiformes) And Angiosperms In A Tallgrass Prairie Corridor Of Southeastern Nebraska, Katie Lamke

Dissertations and Student Research in Entomology

The presence of diverse bee communities in an ecosystem is vital for maintaining healthy plant communities, promoting habitat resilience, and supporting sustainable agricultural production and urbanization. Approximately 20,000 known species of bees exist worldwide and assist with the successful reproduction of nearly 80% of Earth’s flowering plants by providing pollination services. In the US, wild bee declines have led to increased monitoring efforts for bees but there remain critical data gaps in prairies of the Great Plains ecoregion. Specific to the Tallgrass prairie where only 1-3% remains in native vegetation, the Nebraska Wildlife Action Plan has identified the ...


Microsatellite Analysis Of Culex Tarsalis Populations In Montana, Kaitlin Stromberg 2019 Carroll College

Microsatellite Analysis Of Culex Tarsalis Populations In Montana, Kaitlin Stromberg

Life and Environmental Sciences Undergraduate Theses

West Nile Virus (WNV) has been present in Montana since 2002. The primary vector of WNV in Montana is Culex tarsalis. At Carroll College, the purpose of the WNV project is to survey for the presence of the virus across the state and create a risk model in real time. The goal of this particular study was to find a microsatellite protocol that consistently works in order to create a reliable landscape genetics model for C. tarsalis populations. Three reagent sets were used in order to test which reagent conditions best amplified the three loci, followed by gel electrophoresis to ...


A Phylogenetic Analysis Of Bostrichoidea (Coleoptera) And Revisions Of The Southern African Spider Beetle Genera Meziomorphum And Eutaphroptinus (Ptinidae: Coleoptera), Olivia M. Gearner 2019 Western Kentucky University

A Phylogenetic Analysis Of Bostrichoidea (Coleoptera) And Revisions Of The Southern African Spider Beetle Genera Meziomorphum And Eutaphroptinus (Ptinidae: Coleoptera), Olivia M. Gearner

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Proposals for the internal relationships and classification of the bostrichoids are currently poorly supported, and almost all are based on morphology alone. This study improves upon on previous phylogenetic analyses of the group by including more taxa using the standard genes for many phylogenetic analyses. Cytochrome C oxidase subunit 1 (CO1), 28S small subunit rRNA, and 16S small subunit rRNA mitochondrial genes were sequenced or obtained from Genbank, then analyzed using parsimony and Bayesian analyses. Topologies differed depending on genes used. A three gene tree and a two gene (28S and CO1) tree both supported relationships in which a basal ...


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