Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Entomology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 9887

Full-Text Articles in Entomology

Plagas Frutales: Ciruela, Marion Murray, Diane G. Alston May 2020

Plagas Frutales: Ciruela, Marion Murray, Diane G. Alston

All Current Publications

Causada por un organismo parecido a un hongo de suelo (Phytophthora), ésta enfermedad se produce en todo el mundo en casi todos los árboles frutales. Phytophthora está presente en la mayoría de los suelos, pero sólo causa infección en circunstancias óptimas, las cuáles son alta humedad del suelo o agua estancada, y un huésped susceptible.


Plagas Frutales: Durazno Y Nectarine, Marion Murray, Diane G. Alston May 2020

Plagas Frutales: Durazno Y Nectarine, Marion Murray, Diane G. Alston

All Current Publications

El tiro de munición es una enfermedad de hongos común en Utah. Ataca capullos latentes de hojas, brotes de flores, hojas, frutos y ramitas. Las primeras lesiones visibles ocurren en las hojas jóvenes como pequeñas manchas redondas y bronceadas que con el tiempo se caen, dejando agujeros redondos. Las lesiones circulares se desarollan en la fruta que primero aparecen como manchas rojizas (mostradas a la derecha, arriba), y más tarde como protuberancias ásperas y taponadas.


Plagas Frutales: Pera, Marion Murray, Diane G. Alston May 2020

Plagas Frutales: Pera, Marion Murray, Diane G. Alston

All Current Publications

El fuego bacteriano es causado por una bacteria llamada Erwinia amylovora. Las peras son muy susceptibles al fuego bacteriano. Flores, ramitas terminales, y a veces ramas enteras o árboles mueren. Las condiciones ambientales que favorecen la infección son los días lluviosos calientes durante la floración. La lluvia, el rocío fuerte, y los insectos propagan las bacterias exudadas a las flores, donde las nuevas infecciones se producen


Plagas Frutales: Manzana, Marion Murray, Diane G. Alston May 2020

Plagas Frutales: Manzana, Marion Murray, Diane G. Alston

All Current Publications

El fuego bacteriano es causado por una bacteria llamada Erwinia amylovora. Algunas variedades de manzanas son muy susceptibles a esta enfermedad, como Jonathan, Jonagold y Gala. Flores, ramitas terminales, y a veces ramas enteras o árboles mueren.


Plagas Frutales: Albaricoque, Marion Murray, Diane G. Alston May 2020

Plagas Frutales: Albaricoque, Marion Murray, Diane G. Alston

All Current Publications

El tiro de munición es una enfermedad de hongos común en Utah. Ataca capullos latentes de hojas, brotes de flores, hojas, frutos y ramitas. Las lesiones visibles ocurren primero en las hojas jóvenes como pequeñas manchas redondas y bronceadas que con el tiempo se caen, dejando agujeros redondos.


Plagas Frutales: Cereza, Marion Murray, Diane G. Alston May 2020

Plagas Frutales: Cereza, Marion Murray, Diane G. Alston

All Current Publications

El tiro de munición ataca capullos latentes de hojas, brotes de flores, hojas, frutos y ramitas (las infecciones de frutas son menos comunes en la cereza). Las primeras lesiones visibles ocurren en las hojas jóvenes como pequeñas manchas redondas y moradas. Eventualmente estas infecciones se caen, dejando agujeros redondos dando el nombre a esta enfermedad.


Polilla De La Manzana, Marion Murray, Diane G. Alston, Michael Reding May 2020

Polilla De La Manzana, Marion Murray, Diane G. Alston, Michael Reding

All Current Publications

Polilla de la manzana (Orden Lepidoptera, familia Tortricidae) es la plaga más grave de la manzana y la pera en todo el mundo (Fig. 1). En la mayoría de las regiones productoras de las frutas más comerciales y en los patios de casas en Utah, la fruta debe ser protegida para cosechar un cultivo.


The Trichoplusia Ni Gut Microbiome And Its Derivation From The Phyllosphere Of Its Food Plants, Josemaria Garcia, Marisol Escanuela, Swapna Bhat, Evan Lampert May 2020

The Trichoplusia Ni Gut Microbiome And Its Derivation From The Phyllosphere Of Its Food Plants, Josemaria Garcia, Marisol Escanuela, Swapna Bhat, Evan Lampert

Georgia Journal of Science

Insects are the most abundant and diverse animals on planet Earth and rely on their diverse microbiomes to be so. The insect gut microbiome is vital in the growth and development of many insect species. Trichoplusia ni, the cabbage looper, is a generalist herbivore, but little is known about its microbiome. In this study, a metagenomic analysis of fecal samples was used to determine the effect of diet on the microbiome of T. ni larvae. Larvae were reared on six plant species, the microbiome was sampled from fecal material, and the phyllosphere was sampled from leaves the larvae ate. Bacteria ...


Splitting The Hive, Sheriden M. Hansen, Andree Walker-Bravo, Jaydee Gunnell May 2020

Splitting The Hive, Sheriden M. Hansen, Andree Walker-Bravo, Jaydee Gunnell

All Current Publications

Warming late spring temperatures mark the beginning of swarm season in Utah, especially for beehives that have successfully overwintered. Swarming is when bees naturally divide the existing colony roughly in half, with half the bees remaining in the hive and the other half leaving (with the queen) to look for new accommodations. Colonies that swarm are often left with limited resources, do not produce much honey, and can be rendered too weak to overwinter. Splitting your hives in anticipation of swarming can help reduce the negative effects of swarming, giving bees a chance to build up resources and strength before ...


Soybean Aphid Biotype 1 Genome: Insights Into The Invasive Biology And Adaptive Evolution Of A Major Agricultural Pest, Rosanna Giordano, Ravi Kiran Donthu, Jonathan H. Badger, Glen L. Hartman, Arian Avalos, Brad S. Coates, Doris Lagos-Kutz, Matthew E. O'Neal, Sijun Liu, Et Al. May 2020

Soybean Aphid Biotype 1 Genome: Insights Into The Invasive Biology And Adaptive Evolution Of A Major Agricultural Pest, Rosanna Giordano, Ravi Kiran Donthu, Jonathan H. Badger, Glen L. Hartman, Arian Avalos, Brad S. Coates, Doris Lagos-Kutz, Matthew E. O'Neal, Sijun Liu, Et Al.

Entomology Publications

The soybean aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura (Hemiptera: Aphididae) is a serious pest of the soybean plant, Glycine max, a major world-wide agricultural crop. We assembled a de novo genome sequence of Ap. glycines Biotype 1, from a culture established shortly after this species invaded North America. 20.4% of the Ap. glycines proteome is duplicated. These in-paralogs are enriched with Gene Ontology (GO) categories mostly related to apoptosis, a possible adaptation to plant chemistry and other environmental stressors. Approximately one-third of these genes show parallel duplication in other aphids. But Ap. gossypii, its closest related species, has the lowest number ...


Developing A Method To Contain The Feeding Of The Wheat Curl Mite (Aceria Tosichella Keifer), Pierce Leef, Gary Hein Apr 2020

Developing A Method To Contain The Feeding Of The Wheat Curl Mite (Aceria Tosichella Keifer), Pierce Leef, Gary Hein

UCARE Research Products

To better understand the ecology and epidemiology of the wheat curl mite (Aceria tosichella Keifer) as a vector of wheat streak mosaic virus (WSMV), it is necessary to develop a method to confine the microscopic mites and their infection to specific areas of their host plants, particularly wheat and corn. In this study, corn was the plant of interest. The device developed for this mite-confining method was made by removing the lens of a phone camera lens clip and gluing a 2.5 cm x 4.5 cm piece of wood to the other arm of the clip. Clips were ...


Herbicide Effects On The Feeding Behavior Of The Wolf Spider Pardosa Milvina, Briana Heinly, William Ward, Catherine Johnson, Jack Preston Apr 2020

Herbicide Effects On The Feeding Behavior Of The Wolf Spider Pardosa Milvina, Briana Heinly, William Ward, Catherine Johnson, Jack Preston

Senior Scholars Day

Herbicides can potentially impact feeding behavior of beneficial predators in agricultural systems and subsequently compromise integrated pest management efficacy. We measured variation in feeding behaviors of an agriculturally abundant wolf spider, Pardosa milvina, when exposed to soil with field-relevant concentrations of five commonly used herbicides. Tested herbicides included atrazine, S-metolachlor, rimsulfuron, mesotrione, glyphosate, a mixture of all five herbicides, and a distilled water control. Spiders were housed individually in containers with topsoil previously sprayed with a recommended herbicide dosage or water control. Tested spiders were collected from two adjacent fields: one kept under continuous crop rotation for over twenty years ...


Lethal Effects Of Common Herbicides On An Agriculturally Important Wolf Spider (Pardosa Milvina), William Ward Apr 2020

Lethal Effects Of Common Herbicides On An Agriculturally Important Wolf Spider (Pardosa Milvina), William Ward

Senior Scholars Day

Herbicide use in crop systems has increased dramatically over the last fifty years yet the effects of chronic exposure to these chemicals on beneficial non-target arthropods have been poorly tested. We tested the lethal effects of field-relevant dosages of five commonly used herbicides on the economically important wolf spider, Pardosa milvina. Tested herbicides included atrazine, S-metolachlor, rimsulfuron, mesotrione, glyphosate, a mixture of all five herbicides, and a distilled water control. Spiders were housed individually in containers with topsoil previously sprayed with a recommended herbicide dosage or a water control. Tested spiders were collected from two nearby fields; one field was ...


Altering Planting Date To Manage Melanaphis Sacchari (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Populations In Sweet Sorghum, Nathan Mercer Apr 2020

Altering Planting Date To Manage Melanaphis Sacchari (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Populations In Sweet Sorghum, Nathan Mercer

Entomology Research Data

This study was conducted to determine if altering sweet sorghum planting date from the recommended (mid) could reduce yield loss from the aphid pest, Melanaphis sacchari.


The Trichoptera Of Panama Xiv. New Species Of Microcaddisflies (Trichoptera: Hydroptilidae) From Omar Torrijos Herrera National Park, Brian J. Armitage, Steven C. Harris Apr 2020

The Trichoptera Of Panama Xiv. New Species Of Microcaddisflies (Trichoptera: Hydroptilidae) From Omar Torrijos Herrera National Park, Brian J. Armitage, Steven C. Harris

Insecta Mundi

Abstract. In 2017, a new project was begun to assess the biodiversity of national parks and forest reserves in the Republic of Panama. Designated “Proyecto Sistema de Producción Sostenible Conservación de la Biodiversidad (PSPSCB)”, this project is managed by Panama’s Ministerio de Ambiente. The first park sampled in 2017 was Omar Torrijos Herrera National Park (OTHNP). Trichoptera (Insecta) were collected at four locations using both Malaise traps and UV light traps. The rugged terrain and lack of access in this remote park limited the sampled area. Sampling included streams in both the Caribbean and Pacific drainages. Seven new species ...


Termitodiellus Mindanaoensis, A New Species Of Rhyparini Schmidt, 1910 (Scarabaeidae: Aphodiinae) From The Philippines, Łukasz Minkina, Showtaro Kakizoe Apr 2020

Termitodiellus Mindanaoensis, A New Species Of Rhyparini Schmidt, 1910 (Scarabaeidae: Aphodiinae) From The Philippines, Łukasz Minkina, Showtaro Kakizoe

Insecta Mundi

A new species of the genus Termitodiellus Nakane, 1961—T. mindanaoensis Minkina and Kakizoe, new species from Mindanao Island in the Philippines is described and illustrated. Photographs of the epipharynx of Termitodiellus species are provided for the first time. A short discussion of the phylogeny of Rhyparini Schmidt, 1910 is presented.


First Record Of Dactylopius Confusus (Cockerell, 1929) (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha: Dactylopiidae) In Michoacan, Mexico, Arturo Ramírez-Cruz, Héctor González-Hernández, Christof F. Stumpf Apr 2020

First Record Of Dactylopius Confusus (Cockerell, 1929) (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha: Dactylopiidae) In Michoacan, Mexico, Arturo Ramírez-Cruz, Héctor González-Hernández, Christof F. Stumpf

Insecta Mundi

In April 2017, several scale insect specimens in the family Dactylopiidae were collected from infested cladodes of wild Opuntia tomentosa Salm-Dyck, 1822 (Cactaceae) in the outskirts of Morelia City, Michoacan, Mexico. The specimens were identified as Dactylopius confusus (Cockerell, 1929) (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha: Dac­tylopiidae). In this article, the presence of D. confusus in Michoacan state, Mexico, is recorded for the first time. A subsequent finding of D. confusus on Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill., (1768) (Cactaceae) in October 2019 was confirmed with 18S rDNA and 28S rDNA.


A New Species Of Crioprosopus Audinet-Serville, 1834 From Costa Rica And Panama (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Cerambycinae: Trachyderini), Bryan K. Eya Apr 2020

A New Species Of Crioprosopus Audinet-Serville, 1834 From Costa Rica And Panama (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Cerambycinae: Trachyderini), Bryan K. Eya

Insecta Mundi

Crioprosopus baldwini Eya (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Cerambycinae: Trachyderini), sp. nov., from Costa Rica and Panama, is described. An amendment to the key to species of Crioprosopus Audinet-Serville, 1834, as presented in Eya (2015), is provided along with illustrations of the key characteristics to differentiate C. baldwini from other species.


Geographic Variation In Host Selection In The Spider Wasps Entypus Unifasciatus (Say) And Tachypompilus Ferrugineus (Say) (Hymenoptera: Pompilidae), Frank E. Kurczewski, Joseph W. Stoll, Rick C. West, Kelly C. Kissane, Neil Stanley Cobb Apr 2020

Geographic Variation In Host Selection In The Spider Wasps Entypus Unifasciatus (Say) And Tachypompilus Ferrugineus (Say) (Hymenoptera: Pompilidae), Frank E. Kurczewski, Joseph W. Stoll, Rick C. West, Kelly C. Kissane, Neil Stanley Cobb

Insecta Mundi

Geography and host spider family are strongly linked in the spider wasps (Hymenoptera: Pompilidae) Entypus unifasciatus (Say) and Tachypompilus ferrugineus (Say) (rusty spider wasp) when 2031 host spider local­ity records from the years 1918–2020 are mapped. Entypus unifasciatus lycosid host records are plentiful from 43–44° N in the U.S. to northern Mexico. Tachypompilus ferrugineus lycosid host records are numerous from southern Ontario and New England to Mexico east of the Rocky Mountains. Most E. unifasciatus and T. ferrugin­eus pisaurid host records are from the SE U.S. Trechaleid host records for E. unifasciatus and T ...


Effects Of Pesticide Residue Accumulation On Honey Bee (Apis Mellifera L.) Development & Implications For Hive Management, Jennifer Weisbrod Apr 2020

Effects Of Pesticide Residue Accumulation On Honey Bee (Apis Mellifera L.) Development & Implications For Hive Management, Jennifer Weisbrod

Dissertations and Student Research in Entomology

Honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) colonies face annual declines of 40% in the United States. Pesticides play a role in these losses. Pesticide residues picked up from the environment as well as beekeeper-applied compounds may accumulate within the hive. The effects of pesticide accumulation in comb on bee health mitigation of accumulation have not been well-studied. To examine pesticide exposure on health and development, chlorothalonil and the amitraz metabolite N-(2,4-dimethylphenyl) formamidine (DMPF), two pesticides found in hive products, were applied to brood comb. Queen bees were caged onto treated and control comb and egg laying and development were ...


Characterizing The Epidemiology Of Bluetongue And Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Virus In Louisiana, Michael Edward Becker Apr 2020

Characterizing The Epidemiology Of Bluetongue And Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Virus In Louisiana, Michael Edward Becker

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Bluetongue virus (BTV) and Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Virus (EHDV) are arthropod-borne viruses (Reoviridae; Orbivirus) transmitted by biting midges in the genus Culicoides. These viruses cause hemorrhagic disease and induce serious morbidity and mortality rates in wild and captive deer. Cattle are normally asymptomatic but serve as the reservoir/amplifying host for these viruses and play an important role in the transmission cycle. The objectives of this study were to characterize the epidemiology of these viruses as they relate to white-tailed deer and cattle, evaluate different trap types for collecting Culicoides midges, and determine if these viruses can be detected in ...


Ant Recruitment To Salt Along Chicago’S Urban Gradient, Marco Andres Servin Apr 2020

Ant Recruitment To Salt Along Chicago’S Urban Gradient, Marco Andres Servin

Senior Theses

Sodium is vital for maintaining osmotic balance, muscle activity, and nervous system function in many organisms. The availability of sodium can drastically impact populations within ecosystems. Salt content from human foods and salt from winter road treatments could increase Na+ availability. I hypothesize that Na+ availability is more limited when moving away from Chicago. I baited ants along two 50km transects extending West and North from downtown Chicago. Transects contained 10 evenly spaced forested sites. Baits were equally split between H20, 20% sugar, and 1% salt concentration. Thirteen ant species were collected, but only three species recruited to ...


Evaluating Larval Movement And Infestation Of Soybean Gall Midge, Genereuse Turabawe, Débora Goulart Montezano, Anthony J. Mcmechan Apr 2020

Evaluating Larval Movement And Infestation Of Soybean Gall Midge, Genereuse Turabawe, Débora Goulart Montezano, Anthony J. Mcmechan

UCARE Research Products

Soybean gall midge (SGM) Resseliellamaxima Gagnéis a newly identified insect pest of soybean (Gagnéet al 2019). As of August, 2019 a total of 92 counties across five midwestern states (Fig. 1) documented as infested. Heavily injured soybean fields show visible signs of dead or dying plants (Fig. 2a), causing significant economic losses for farmers.

Heavily injured soybean plants often die prematurely with several different larval stages (Fig. 2b) still feeding within the plant. Significant concern have been raised about the role of these larvae in infesting adjacent healthy plants.

To better understand the behavior and potential for larval infestation a ...


Western Cherry Fruit Fly In Utah Orchards, Diane G. Alston, Marion Murray Apr 2020

Western Cherry Fruit Fly In Utah Orchards, Diane G. Alston, Marion Murray

All Current Publications

This fact sheet describes the western cherry fruit fly, including hosts, life history, timing control, host injury, and management.


Extreme Fire As A Management Tool To Combat Regime Shifts In The Range Of The Endangered American Burying Beetle, Alison K. Ludwig, Daniel R. Uden, Dirac Twidwell Apr 2020

Extreme Fire As A Management Tool To Combat Regime Shifts In The Range Of The Endangered American Burying Beetle, Alison K. Ludwig, Daniel R. Uden, Dirac Twidwell

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

This study is focused on the population of federally-endangered American burying beetles in south-central Nebraska. It is focused on changes in land cover over time and at several levels of spatial scale, and how management efforts are impacting both the beetle and a changing landscape. Our findings are applicable to a large portion of the Great Plains, which is undergoing the same shift from grassland to woodland, and to areas where the beetle is still found.


Impacts Of Commercial Biopesticides On Crapemyrtle Bark Scale (Acanthococcus Lagerstroemiae) And Beneficial Insects, Giovana Matos Franco Apr 2020

Impacts Of Commercial Biopesticides On Crapemyrtle Bark Scale (Acanthococcus Lagerstroemiae) And Beneficial Insects, Giovana Matos Franco

LSU Master's Theses

The crapemyrtle bark scale (CMBS), Acanthococcus lagerstroemiae (Kuwana) (Hemiptera: Eriococcidae), is an important pest of crapemyrtles, Lagerstromia spp. (Myrtales: Lythraceae) since its damage results in an unpleasant aesthetic. Current CMBS management methods depend heavily on pesticides which impact on beneficial insects. Biopesticides show potential for pest control, host specificity, and low impact towards non-target organisms. The objectives of my thesis were to determine (1) if biopesticides are effective against CMBS infestations when applied in different seasons, and (2) their effects towards coccinellids known to attack CMBS.

To test the efficacy of selected biopesticides, treatments were delivered to potted plants or ...


The Soybean Aphid Suction Trap Network: Sampling The Aerobiological “Soup”, Doris Lagos-Kutz, David J. Voegtlin, David Onstad, David Hogg, David Ragsdale, Kelley Tilmon, Erin Hodgson, Christina Difonzo, Russell Groves, Christian Krupke, Joseph Laforest, Nicholas J. Selter, Emily Duerr, Benjamin Bradford, Glen L. Hartman Apr 2020

The Soybean Aphid Suction Trap Network: Sampling The Aerobiological “Soup”, Doris Lagos-Kutz, David J. Voegtlin, David Onstad, David Hogg, David Ragsdale, Kelley Tilmon, Erin Hodgson, Christina Difonzo, Russell Groves, Christian Krupke, Joseph Laforest, Nicholas J. Selter, Emily Duerr, Benjamin Bradford, Glen L. Hartman

Entomology Publications

The initiation of the soybean aphid suction trap network (STN) in 2001 marked the beginning of a rich and fruitful collaborative effort that has produced a wealth of data about the soybean aphid, other insect species, and other organisms that make up the aerobiological “soup.” Collaboration among researchers, extension specialists, and agriculturalists has provided information about seasonal migration patterns of the soybean aphid and monitoring of other insect species. The physical collections of the “soup” have been stored and used for past research, and will serve as a foundation for future research.


Double-Stranded Rna Technology To Control Insect Pests: Current Status And Challenges, Olivier Christiaens, Steve Whyard, Ana M. Vélez, Guy Smagghe Apr 2020

Double-Stranded Rna Technology To Control Insect Pests: Current Status And Challenges, Olivier Christiaens, Steve Whyard, Ana M. Vélez, Guy Smagghe

Faculty Publications: Department of Entomology

Exploiting the RNA interference (RNAi) gene mechanism to silence essential genes in pest insects, leading to toxic effects, has surfaced as a promising new control strategy in the past decade. While the first commercial RNAi-based products are currently coming to market, the application against a wide range of insect species is still hindered by a number of challenges. In this review, we discuss the current status of these RNAi- based products and the different delivery strategies by which insects can be targeted by the RNAi-triggering double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) molecules. Furthermore, this review also addresses a number of physiological and cellular ...


Factors Influencing Wheat Curl Mite Aceria Tosichella Keifer Dispersal, Lindsay M. Overmyer Apr 2020

Factors Influencing Wheat Curl Mite Aceria Tosichella Keifer Dispersal, Lindsay M. Overmyer

Dissertations and Student Research in Entomology

The wheat curl mite (Aceria tosichella Keifer) (WCM) is a vector of three plant viruses to wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) including: Wheat streak mosaic virus (WSMV), Triticum mosaic virus (TriMV), and High Plains wheat mosaic virus. This wheat-mite-virus complex causes significant yield loss in winter wheat across the Great Plains. Management of WCM host plants during the time between wheat harvest and planting of the new wheat crop (the green bridge) is critical in reducing potential risk and loss from this complex. The primary green bridge host, in the central Great Plains, is volunteer wheat. If volunteer wheat is not ...


Comparative Physiology Of Honey Bees (Apis Mellifera L.) Exposed To Chlorantraniliprole, Jennifer Williams Apr 2020

Comparative Physiology Of Honey Bees (Apis Mellifera L.) Exposed To Chlorantraniliprole, Jennifer Williams

Dissertations and Student Research in Entomology

One outstanding threat to the honey bee, Apis mellifera L., is the unintended exposure of these pollinators to agricultural pesticides. Anthranilic diamides, such as chlorantraniliprole, work in target pests through activation of the ryanodine receptor causing rapid feeding cessation, lethargy, paralysis, and eventual death. Chlorantraniliprole exhibits low acute toxicity to honey bees but relatively little information exists regarding effects of chlorantraniliprole exposure beyond mortality. The acute toxicity and metabolic detoxification enzyme activities following oral exposure were determined in the honey bee and the model crop pest, the fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda, J.E. Smith). Additionally, chlorantraniliprole effects on honey bee ...