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Project Management Decisions With Uncertain Targets, Jeffrey Keisler, Robert Bordley 2015 University of Massachusetts Boston

Project Management Decisions With Uncertain Targets, Jeffrey Keisler, Robert Bordley

Jeffrey Keisler

Project management decision rules presume that fixed and inflexible targets have been defined for the project. If a project's slack is defined as the difference between actual project performance and these targets, then these decision rules can be characterized as maximizing the probability that slack is non-negative (i.e., maximizing the probability of meeting the targets). These rules rely on z-scores to compare uncertain performance to target levels. Following these decision rules will not always suffice for the project manager to act consistently with customer preferences. In particular, actual requirements may be uncertain or subject to change, and customers ...


Applying The Analytic Hierarchy Process To Oil Sands Environmental Compliance Risk Management, Izak Johannes Roux 2015 Walden University

Applying The Analytic Hierarchy Process To Oil Sands Environmental Compliance Risk Management, Izak Johannes Roux

Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Oil companies in Alberta, Canada, invested $32 billion on new oil sands projects in 2013. Despite the size of this investment, there is a demonstrable deficiency in the uniformity and understanding of environmental legislation requirements that manifest into increased project compliance risks. This descriptive study developed 2 prioritized lists of environmental regulatory compliance risks and mitigation strategies and used multi-criteria decision theory for its theoretical framework. Information from compiled lists of environmental compliance risks and mitigation strategies was used to generate a specialized pairwise survey, which was piloted by 5 subject matter experts (SMEs). The survey was validated by a ...


Small Seasonal Business Strategies To Increase Profits Through Community Collaboration, Kevin B. Gibbons 2015 Walden University

Small Seasonal Business Strategies To Increase Profits Through Community Collaboration, Kevin B. Gibbons

Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Seasonal small business owners (e.g., boating and golf industries), primarily within the upper and Midwestern United States, face challenges for profit and growth because of a brief business potential year and limited time to establish a reliable and committed customer base. The purpose of this case study was to explore strategies that seasonal small business owners in Oakland County, Michigan may use to collaborate with local associations and charitable organizations to increase profits. Stakeholder theory served as the conceptual framework for this study. A purposive sample of 4 successful small seasonal business owners in Oakland County, Michigan participated in ...


Human Factors Analysis And Classification System Interrater Reliability For Biopharmaceutical Manufacturing Investigations, Roberto Cintron 2015 Walden University

Human Factors Analysis And Classification System Interrater Reliability For Biopharmaceutical Manufacturing Investigations, Roberto Cintron

Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Human errors are an expected result of operations performed by individuals and frequently lead to accidents and other catastrophic events. The problem is that the current process used to investigate and mitigate human errors in the biopharmaceutical manufacturing industries is not effective, as it does not include the effects of human factors found to be effective in aviation and nuclear power organizations. The human factors and classification system (HFACS) was created for the investigations of accidents using the Swiss cheese model of accident causation as a theoretical framework. The purpose of this quantitative, inter-rater reliability study was to demonstrate the ...


Profitability And The Financial Strategies Of Women-Owned Small Businesses, Kellie J. Emrich 2015 Walden University

Profitability And The Financial Strategies Of Women-Owned Small Businesses, Kellie J. Emrich

Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The fastest growing segment of business development in the United States comes from small business start-ups, with 42% of these businesses being women owned. Women-owned businesses are annually 25% less profitable when compared to the average small business in the United States. Based on the theory of planned behavior, the purpose of this single exploratory case study was to investigate how women small business owners and their employees use financial strategies to increase the profitability of their businesses. Data came from semistructured interviews with 1 woman business owner and 5 business consultants who work for the women-owned small business. The ...


Social Disorder And Level Of Engagement Of Small Business Owners In The Virgin Islands, Saul Santiago 2015 Walden University

Social Disorder And Level Of Engagement Of Small Business Owners In The Virgin Islands, Saul Santiago

Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The U.S. Virgin Islands is experiencing an economic recession, manifested through social disorders such as abandoned and vandalized houses. Research points to social disorders and lack of community engagement as key factors inhibiting community development efforts. In order to strengthen these struggling communities, research has highlighted the need for public-private partnerships. Guided by Ajzen's theory of planned behavior, which posits that attitudes can predict behaviors, this study examined the relationship between social disorder and engagement of small business owners in community development. Small business owners in the U.S. Virgin Islands received an Internet or paper survey; a ...


Exploring Government Contractor Experiences Assessing And Reporting Software Development Status, Putnam P. Texel 2015 Walden University

Exploring Government Contractor Experiences Assessing And Reporting Software Development Status, Putnam P. Texel

Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Reports from academic, commercial, and government organizations have documented software-intensive system cost and schedule overruns for decades. These reports have identified lack of management insight into the software development process as one of many contributing factors. Multiple management mechanisms exist. However, these mechanisms do not support the assessment, and subsequent reporting, of software completion status. Additionally, the conceptual framework, based on industry standards, is limited in its relevance to this study due to an emphasis on what is needed while deferring implementation details. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore U.S. government contractors' lived experiences of assessing ...


Attachment Style, Leadership Behavior, And Perceptions Of Leader Effectiveness In Academic Management, Rehema Underwood 2015 Walden University

Attachment Style, Leadership Behavior, And Perceptions Of Leader Effectiveness In Academic Management, Rehema Underwood

Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Organizational effectiveness is related to both effective leadership styles and to having leaders with secure attachment styles. Transformational and charismatic leaders often have secure attachment styles. However, the relationships between insecure attachment styles and leadership styles remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine whether insecure attachment in leaders (fearful, preoccupied, and dismissing attachment styles) is related to transformational, charismatic, transactional, and laissez faire leadership. A quantitative, non experimental approach was taken in this study. Participants included those in leadership positions (college deans, chairpersons, and provosts) (n = 18) and instructors (subordinates) (n = 36) from local community colleges and ...


Electronic Supplement For: Value Focused Thinking For Community-Based Organizations: Objectives And Acceptance In Local Development, Jeffrey Keisler 2014 University of Massachusetts Boston

Electronic Supplement For: Value Focused Thinking For Community-Based Organizations: Objectives And Acceptance In Local Development, Jeffrey Keisler

Jeffrey Keisler

This is an electronic supplement containing additional information describing the case studies analyzed in the article published in EURO Journal of Decision Processes


Value Focused Thinking For Community-Based Organizations: Objectives And Acceptance In Local Development, Jeffrey Keisler, David Turcotte, Rachel Drew, Michael Johnson 2014 University of Massachusetts Boston

Value Focused Thinking For Community-Based Organizations: Objectives And Acceptance In Local Development, Jeffrey Keisler, David Turcotte, Rachel Drew, Michael Johnson

Jeffrey Keisler

A multi-site case study applies value-focused thinking methods in a community engaged research framework within three organizations. All three organizations are community development corporations (CDCs), a type of community based organization (CBO) who direct assets and efforts toward housing stock and neighborhood improvement. Objectives hierarchies were developed for the three sites. A set of common aspects of these structures suggest ways to operationalize the generic mission of CDCs. Other aspects which vary across sites can be related to specific characteristics of the organizations and the communities in which they operate. The process of applying value-focused thinking is also compared across ...


An Examination Of The Relationship Between Perceived Leadership Behaviors, Perceived Team Cohesion And Team Performance, Alvin Miles 2014 Kennesaw State University

An Examination Of The Relationship Between Perceived Leadership Behaviors, Perceived Team Cohesion And Team Performance, Alvin Miles

Dissertations, Theses and Capstone Projects

In an effort to help explain more of the variance in team performance, studies examining the effects of leadership upon team performance have included a limited number of contexts (Antonakis, Avolio and Sivasubramaniam, 2003; Tejada, Scandura and Pillai, 2001). This study is the first to empirically examine the relationship of leadership styles to team cohesion, and team cohesion to team performance utilizing the nine-factor version of the full range of leadership theory (transformational leadership, transactional leadership, and no leadership typologies) in the context of professional sports. Further, it empirically measures the perceptions of official members of the sports league ecosystem ...


Binoculars: Management Strategies In Film, Kamryn Fall 2014 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Binoculars: Management Strategies In Film, Kamryn Fall

Liberal Arts and Engineering Studies

No abstract provided.


Are All Shares Equal? A Measure Of Secondary Agency Conflict And An Examination Of Its Influence On Investor Reactions To Acquisition Announcements, Christine C. Sutton 2014 Kennesaw State University

Are All Shares Equal? A Measure Of Secondary Agency Conflict And An Examination Of Its Influence On Investor Reactions To Acquisition Announcements, Christine C. Sutton

Dissertations, Theses and Capstone Projects

The separation of ownership and control has been established as the source of primary agency conflict between managers and shareholders. The research presented in the chapters that follow explain how the combination of ownership and control also represent a significant problem for many dispersed shareholders. Prior research has argued that conflict among principals is pervasive in all types of corporations and may be detrimental to all the firm’s stakeholders. Scholars have investigated the relationships, but there existed no comprehensive and validated instrument to analyze the extent of the inequity among the various firm principals. In the following chapters, a ...


Modeling Diversity Management Practices In Corporate Ethics: The Spillover Effect, Yves-Rose SaintDic 2014 Kennesaw State University

Modeling Diversity Management Practices In Corporate Ethics: The Spillover Effect, Yves-Rose Saintdic

Dissertations, Theses and Capstone Projects

Little is known about the relationship between workplace diversity and corporate ethics even though these two initiatives share similar ethical roots (Alder & Gilbert, 2006), and are quite popular in corporate America (Kochan, Bezrukova, Ely, Jackson, Joshi, Jehn, Leonard, Levine, & Thomas, 2003; Murphy, 2001). This study seeks to contribute to knowledge in these two areas by assessing whether diversity’s contributions to firm performance are maximized through its effects on the firm’s ethical processes. Using data that were collected on a sample of Fortune 500 firms, this study tested several hypotheses with predictor variables that represent two manifestations of diversity in corporate America: diversity management and the diversity of the boards of directors. Mediated hierarchical regression results from this ...


Establishing A Benchmark Of Fuel Efficiency For Commercial Airline Operations, Samuel Chandra, Chetan K. Chitgopeker, Ben Crawford, John Dwyer, Yi Gao 2014 Swinburne University of Technology (Australia)

Establishing A Benchmark Of Fuel Efficiency For Commercial Airline Operations, Samuel Chandra, Chetan K. Chitgopeker, Ben Crawford, John Dwyer, Yi Gao

Journal of Aviation Technology and Engineering

Fuel efficiency is vital for commercial airlines as fuel is one of the most costly items for airline operations. This study aims to compare fuel efficiencies of selected airlines around the globe and to build a benchmark of fuel efficiency that can be referred to by airlines. By using data on fuel consumption and traffic output collected from various sources including airline annual reports, environmental reports and sustainability reports, this study calculated fuel efficiencies measured by liters of fuel consumed per revenue tonne kilometer (RTK) for the selected airlines in the calendar year 2011 or financial year 2010–2011. Airlines ...


Dynamic Orienteering On A Network Of Queues, Shu Zhang, Jeffrey W. Ohlmann, Barrett W. Thomas 2014 University of Iowa

Dynamic Orienteering On A Network Of Queues, Shu Zhang, Jeffrey W. Ohlmann, Barrett W. Thomas

Tippie College of Business Publications

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of Budget Constraints On Flexible Versus Dedicated Technology Choice, Onur BOYABATLI, Tiecheng Leng, L. Beril Toktay 2014 Singapore Management University

The Impact Of Budget Constraints On Flexible Versus Dedicated Technology Choice, Onur Boyabatli, Tiecheng Leng, L. Beril Toktay

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

This paper studies the flexible-versus-dedicated technology choice and capacity investment decisions of a multi-product firm under demand uncertainty in the presence of budget constraints. The firm operates under a capital budget for financing the capacity investment, and an operating budget, which is uncertain in the capacity investment stage, for financing the production. We investigate how the tightening of the capital budget and a lower financial exibility in the production stage (the likelihood of having sufficient operating budget) shape the optimal technology choice. We find that the dominant regime is one where dedicated technology should be adopted for a larger investment ...


State Space Modelling Of Dynamic Choice Behavior With Habit Persistence, Kang Bok Lee 2014 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

State Space Modelling Of Dynamic Choice Behavior With Habit Persistence, Kang Bok Lee

Doctoral Dissertations

In this dissertation, I present a new approach to capturing dependence across time in dynamic choice data. To achieve this, I develop a state space dynamic choice model and a novel algorithm to fit the data. Instead of capturing dependence in outcomes through lagged response variables, referred to as state dependence, I introduce a lagged utility term through the latent state equation. The lagged utility term captures habit persistence, which has not been explored directly in earlier models (Heckman, 1981b). The autoregressive nature of the lagged utility provides a significantly richer summary of prior utility than a lagged outcome variable ...


Predicting The Uptake Of A University’S Offers Of Places, Stephen Peplow 2014 Kwantlen Polytechnic University

Predicting The Uptake Of A University’S Offers Of Places, Stephen Peplow

All Faculty Scholarship

Institutions such as Universities spend considerable resources in recruiting and following up on applicants. Unfortunately, much wastage results from the sending out of follow-up letters to students who never arrive, and who perhaps had applied only as a form of insurance; and also in hiring instructors and scheduling classes when the attendance is uncertain. In a competitive market, a predictive model of the uptake of offers made might well be helpful. Kwantlen Polytechnic Unviersity is featured in the article.


What Can Student Affairs Learn From Nielsen Audio? Benefits Of Using A Modified Arbitron Assessment In Higher Education, Oscar T. McKnight Ph.D., Kerri Carmichael, Jonathan Locust JR 2014 Ashland University

What Can Student Affairs Learn From Nielsen Audio? Benefits Of Using A Modified Arbitron Assessment In Higher Education, Oscar T. Mcknight Ph.D., Kerri Carmichael, Jonathan Locust Jr

Oscar T McKnight Ph.D.

This presentation explores the history and evolution of an Arbitron assessment model (Nielsen Audio) when applied in higher education, specifically Student Affairs. Highlighted are the differences between traditional models of Student Affairs assessments and a modified Arbitron assessment. This new Student Affairs assessment model allows an institutional researcher to study student feedback minute to minute, day to day, week to week basis, etc. Discussed are the strengths and weaknesses of a Nielsen Audio model when applied to Student Affairs.


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