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National Innovation Systems And Multinational Corporations, Kyle S. Herman 2015 Rutgers University - Newark

National Innovation Systems And Multinational Corporations, Kyle S. Herman

Kyle Herman

National innovation systems (NISs) are defined by their social, economic, and political results. Many actors, institutions and processes are present within a NIS. Strong innovation policies stemming from a particular NIS effectively bridges key actors together within the innovation system. The design (various forms of policy) and result (various types and typologies) of NISs vary greatly, especially when differences among firm behavior are so diverse worldwide. This adds to the complexity of the concept. Yet multinational corporations (MNCs), due to many reasons discussed below, aid in our understanding of how NIS function. Through this understanding policy-makers can better formulate innovation ...


Validating The Knowledge, Skills, And Abilities Composite Measure: An Aviation Industry Pilot Study, Aaron M. Glassman, Jason M. Newcomer, Matthew P. Earnhardt, Rose A. Opengart, Daryl V. Watkins, James W. Marion 2015 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Worldwide

Validating The Knowledge, Skills, And Abilities Composite Measure: An Aviation Industry Pilot Study, Aaron M. Glassman, Jason M. Newcomer, Matthew P. Earnhardt, Rose A. Opengart, Daryl V. Watkins, James W. Marion

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

Recent research into the aviation management education paradigm shift indicated that education, certification, and experience (ECE) were all important in the aviation industry; however, the relative importance varied between managers depending on their field. Overall, the results identified experience as the most important factor, followed by certification, then education. Furthermore, the authors made a logical connection between the that study and knowledge, skills, and abilities (KSAs), which would ultimately lead managers to a hiring decision. The purpose of this mixed-methods sequential exploratory pilot study was to develop, validate, and test the reliability of the KSA composite measure (KCM), a data ...


Predicting Cross-Gaming Propensity Using E-Chaid Analysis, Eunju Suh, Matt Alhaery 2015 Florida International University

Predicting Cross-Gaming Propensity Using E-Chaid Analysis, Eunju Suh, Matt Alhaery

UNLV Gaming Research & Review Journal

Cross-selling different types of games could provide an opportunity for casino operators to generate additional time and money spent on gaming from existing patrons. One way to identify the patrons who are likely to cross-play is mining individual players’ gaming data using predictive analytics. Hence, this study aims to predict casino patrons’ propensity to play both slots and table games, also known as cross-gaming, by applying a data-mining algorithm to patrons’ gaming data. The Exhaustive Chi-squared Automatic Interaction Detector (E-CHAID) method was employed to predict cross-gaming propensity. The E-CHAID models based on the gaming-related behavioral data produced actionable model accuracy ...


We Know You Want It: Perspectives On Predictive Shopping, Jessica Polaski 2015 Bridgewater State University

We Know You Want It: Perspectives On Predictive Shopping, Jessica Polaski

Honors Program Theses and Projects

Predictive shopping is a branch of predictive analytics that has surfaced over the past year. It is a concept whereby companies use predictions to enroll the consumer in special programs in which they receive goods and services, and are asked to pay for them, before they have actually chosen them. This is a revolutionary concept that could potentially change the face of online shopping. Through research and analysis I explored how a sample of 125 college students at Bridgewater State University felt about predictive shopping and what place it has in society today or in the near future. Through the ...


Monte Carlo Methods In Finance, Je Guk Kim 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Monte Carlo Methods In Finance, Je Guk Kim

Doctoral Dissertations

Monte Carlo method has received significant consideration from the context of quantitative finance mainly due to its ease of implementation for complex problems in the field. Among topics of its application to finance, we address two topics: (1) optimal importance sampling for the Laplace transform of exponential Brownian functionals and (2) analysis on the convergence of quasi-regression method for pricing American option. In the first part of this dissertation, we present an asymptotically optimal importance sampling method for Monte Carlo simulation of the Laplace transform of exponential Brownian functionals via Large deviations principle and calculus of variations the closed form ...


Disability Status, Disability Type, And Training As Predictors Of Job Placement, Jessica Stahl 2015 Clemson University

Disability Status, Disability Type, And Training As Predictors Of Job Placement, Jessica Stahl

All Dissertations

Human Capital Theory was used as a means to formulate predictions regarding the placement rates for disabled and non-disabled individuals who participated in job training programs at a non-profit agency in the Southeast. Research suggesting that disabilities are viewed as an economic liability by employers was reviewed, along with empirically based rejoinders to this stereotype. The first goal of this study was to address flaws in the existing categorization systems of disabilities, and to justify a categorization system that was more detailed than the typical psychological/physical disability distinction in the I/O and vocational rehabilitation literature (e.g., Ren ...


Three Essays On Biofuels, Drought, Livestock, And The Environment, Sunil P. Dhoubhadel 2015 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Three Essays On Biofuels, Drought, Livestock, And The Environment, Sunil P. Dhoubhadel

Dissertations and Theses in Agricultural Economics

This dissertation consists of three essays. The first essay examines the impact of the 2012 drought and the biofuels mandate on the U.S. grain and livestock markets. A stochastic equilibrium displacement model is used to analyze the impact on eight commodity markets viz. beef, pork, poultry, corn, distillers’ grain (DG), soybean, soymeal, and ethanol. Among the eight markets, corn and beef are found to be the most vulnerable to drought. The use of Renewable Identification Number (RIN) credits as an instrument to mitigate the impact of drought has limited effectiveness. A mandate waiver of about 23% is required to ...


Real Wages And Labour Productivity In Tanzania: How Do They Link?, Abel A. Kinyondo, Rizwanul Islam, Joseph Nganga 2015 University of Dar Es Salaam

Real Wages And Labour Productivity In Tanzania: How Do They Link?, Abel A. Kinyondo, Rizwanul Islam, Joseph Nganga

Abel A Kinyondo

Using data from national level surveys, the present paper undertakes an empirical analysis of the linkage between labour productivity and real wages in Tanzania. After making tabular presentations of growth in labour productivity and real wages by industry and sector (public and private), regression analysis is undertaken to examine the factors that influence incomes. Granger causality test is applied to explain the nature of the relationship between rel wages and productivity for manufacturing industries. The paper finds no clear pattern in link between real wages and productivity. Real incomes in the private sector have registered negative growth while the opposite ...


A Taxonomy Of Emerging Markets, Alexander A. Assouad 2015 Kennesaw State University

A Taxonomy Of Emerging Markets, Alexander A. Assouad

Doctor of Business Administration Dissertations

Focusing on emerging markets is now a significant imperative for business professionals as well as strategy, management, and international business (IB) scholars. However, there are no accepted categorizations of these countries. Furthermore, major international organizations, institutions, scholars, and multinational, all approach classifying these countries from a multitude of different perspectives. Using institutional theory as a framework and drawing on research from multiple disciplines such as IB, sociology, economics, and economic geography, this dissertation proposes a framework by which a more nuanced reclassification of emerging markets into eight subgroups is considered appropriate. The application of this multidimensional and multidisciplinary approach shows ...


An Analytical Representation Of Flexible Resource Allocation In Hospitals, Michael Thorwarth, Wael Rashwan, Amr Arisha 2015 Dublin Institute of Technology

An Analytical Representation Of Flexible Resource Allocation In Hospitals, Michael Thorwarth, Wael Rashwan, Amr Arisha

Articles

Non-linear processes within complex systems are difficult to predict. Using discrete event simulation (DES) models can be helpful for presenting the uncertainty level embedded within these processes. However, the interpretations of the resulting outcomes can be challenging to analyze. This is evident when experimenting with simulation models, and therefore requires the adaptation of existing models. Introducing cyclic entities such as interconnected resources to the simulation model adds a new level of complexity to the model. In practical cases, decision makers often demand a model that enables them to make quick decisions with less complexity involved. However, these individuals still want ...


Standardizing Web Analytics, Robert L. Nunez II 2015 Marquette University

Standardizing Web Analytics, Robert L. Nunez Ii

Robert L Nunez II

Using a combination of Google tools, the Marquette Libraries has been able to standardize their web analytics across multiple web platforms. Making it easier to interpret, analyze, and visualize the information provided within Google Universal Analytics. This presentation will take a quick look at Google Tag manager, how it can be used by non-developers, and how we have used the initial sets of data to make changes to the website.


The New York Philharmonic Strike Of 1973, Kuan Cheng Lu 2015 City University of New York, Graduate Center

The New York Philharmonic Strike Of 1973, Kuan Cheng Lu

All Dissertations and Theses, 2014-Present

The New York Philharmonic Strike of 1973 is a story waiting to be told. The sole volume to mention it, John Canarina's The New York Philharmonic, devotes less than two pages to it. Until now, the full story has lain buried in archival documents, newspaper articles, and the memories of those who experienced it firsthand. This document represents the first comprehensive examination of this event. The research upon which it is based consists of: interviews with the New York Philharmonic members; research in the New York Philharmonic Archives; newspaper articles and reviews. The results are presented here in three ...


A Meta-Analysis Of Crew Resource Management/Incident Command Systems Implementation Studies In The Fire And Emergency Services, John C. Griffith Ph.D., Donna L. Roberts Ph.D., Ronald T. Wakeham Ph.D. 2015 ERAU-WW

A Meta-Analysis Of Crew Resource Management/Incident Command Systems Implementation Studies In The Fire And Emergency Services, John C. Griffith Ph.D., Donna L. Roberts Ph.D., Ronald T. Wakeham Ph.D.

Aviation / Aeronautics / Aerospace International Research Conference

The presentation will summarize a meta-analysis of studies on Crew Resource Management/Incident Command System implementation in the fire and emergency services. The need for using participative leadership tools such as CRM evolved from an NTSB recommendation that followed United Airlines Flight 173 crash in 1978. NASA, civilian and military aviation communities implemented Crew Resource Management (CRM) training to improve decisionmaking during flight operations. Maintenance Resource Management (MRM) was a variant of CRM and first appeared in a Federal Aviation Administration circular in 2000. CRM was adopted by the medical community in the 1990s, specifically in the surgical and nursing ...


Do Competing Suppliers Maximize Profits As Theory Suggests? An Empirical Evaluation, Ehsan Elahi, Roger Blake 2015 UMASS Boston

Do Competing Suppliers Maximize Profits As Theory Suggests? An Empirical Evaluation, Ehsan Elahi, Roger Blake

Ehsan Elahi

This research compares results from laboratory experiments with predictions from theory for decisions made by competing suppliers. We consider a supply chain in which a single buyer outsources the manufacture of a commodity product to suppliers not on the basis of price, but rather on service. Three different criteria on which suppliers compete are evaluated: 1) a guaranteed specific inventory fill-rate, 2) guaranteed level of base-stock, and 3) a parameter optimizing the supply chain in the buyer’s favor. Our results show that in most cases, suppliers’ decisions are significantly different than the Nash equilibrium, meaning that they do not ...


Do Competing Suppliers Maximize Profits As Theory Suggests? An Empirical Evaluation, Ehsan Elahi, Roger Blake 2015 UMASS Boston

Do Competing Suppliers Maximize Profits As Theory Suggests? An Empirical Evaluation, Ehsan Elahi, Roger Blake

Management Science and Information Systems Faculty Publication Series

This research compares results from laboratory experiments with predictions from theory for decisions made by competing suppliers. We consider a supply chain in which a single buyer outsources the manufacture of a commodity product to suppliers not on the basis of price, but rather on service. Three different criteria on which suppliers compete are evaluated: 1) a guaranteed specific inventory fill-rate, 2) guaranteed level of base-stock, and 3) a parameter optimizing the supply chain in the buyer’s favor. Our results show that in most cases, suppliers’ decisions are significantly different than the Nash equilibrium, meaning that they do not ...


Project Management Decisions With Uncertain Targets, Jeffrey Keisler, Robert Bordley 2015 University of Massachusetts Boston

Project Management Decisions With Uncertain Targets, Jeffrey Keisler, Robert Bordley

Jeffrey Keisler

Project management decision rules presume that fixed and inflexible targets have been defined for the project. If a project's slack is defined as the difference between actual project performance and these targets, then these decision rules can be characterized as maximizing the probability that slack is non-negative (i.e., maximizing the probability of meeting the targets). These rules rely on z-scores to compare uncertain performance to target levels. Following these decision rules will not always suffice for the project manager to act consistently with customer preferences. In particular, actual requirements may be uncertain or subject to change, and customers ...


Applying The Analytic Hierarchy Process To Oil Sands Environmental Compliance Risk Management, Izak Johannes Roux 2015 Walden University

Applying The Analytic Hierarchy Process To Oil Sands Environmental Compliance Risk Management, Izak Johannes Roux

Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Oil companies in Alberta, Canada, invested $32 billion on new oil sands projects in 2013. Despite the size of this investment, there is a demonstrable deficiency in the uniformity and understanding of environmental legislation requirements that manifest into increased project compliance risks. This descriptive study developed 2 prioritized lists of environmental regulatory compliance risks and mitigation strategies and used multi-criteria decision theory for its theoretical framework. Information from compiled lists of environmental compliance risks and mitigation strategies was used to generate a specialized pairwise survey, which was piloted by 5 subject matter experts (SMEs). The survey was validated by a ...


Small Seasonal Business Strategies To Increase Profits Through Community Collaboration, Kevin B. Gibbons 2015 Walden University

Small Seasonal Business Strategies To Increase Profits Through Community Collaboration, Kevin B. Gibbons

Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Seasonal small business owners (e.g., boating and golf industries), primarily within the upper and Midwestern United States, face challenges for profit and growth because of a brief business potential year and limited time to establish a reliable and committed customer base. The purpose of this case study was to explore strategies that seasonal small business owners in Oakland County, Michigan may use to collaborate with local associations and charitable organizations to increase profits. Stakeholder theory served as the conceptual framework for this study. A purposive sample of 4 successful small seasonal business owners in Oakland County, Michigan participated in ...


Human Factors Analysis And Classification System Interrater Reliability For Biopharmaceutical Manufacturing Investigations, Roberto Cintron 2015 Walden University

Human Factors Analysis And Classification System Interrater Reliability For Biopharmaceutical Manufacturing Investigations, Roberto Cintron

Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Human errors are an expected result of operations performed by individuals and frequently lead to accidents and other catastrophic events. The problem is that the current process used to investigate and mitigate human errors in the biopharmaceutical manufacturing industries is not effective, as it does not include the effects of human factors found to be effective in aviation and nuclear power organizations. The human factors and classification system (HFACS) was created for the investigations of accidents using the Swiss cheese model of accident causation as a theoretical framework. The purpose of this quantitative, inter-rater reliability study was to demonstrate the ...


Profitability And The Financial Strategies Of Women-Owned Small Businesses, Kellie J. Emrich 2015 Walden University

Profitability And The Financial Strategies Of Women-Owned Small Businesses, Kellie J. Emrich

Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The fastest growing segment of business development in the United States comes from small business start-ups, with 42% of these businesses being women owned. Women-owned businesses are annually 25% less profitable when compared to the average small business in the United States. Based on the theory of planned behavior, the purpose of this single exploratory case study was to investigate how women small business owners and their employees use financial strategies to increase the profitability of their businesses. Data came from semistructured interviews with 1 woman business owner and 5 business consultants who work for the women-owned small business. The ...


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