Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Organizational Behavior and Theory Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

3422 Full-Text Articles 3235 Authors 1952764 Downloads 159 Institutions

All Articles in Organizational Behavior and Theory

Faceted Search

3422 full-text articles. Page 1 of 115.

Collective Action And Market Formation: An Integrative Framework, Brandon Lee, Jeroen Struben, Christopher B. Bingham 2018 McGill University

Collective Action And Market Formation: An Integrative Framework, Brandon Lee, Jeroen Struben, Christopher B. Bingham

Brandon Lee


While extant research places collective action at the heart of market formation, it provides little understanding about when and to what extent collective action is important. In this paper, we develop a novel theoretical framework detailing what collective action problems and solutions arise in market formation and under what conditions. Our framework centers on the development of market infrastructure with three key factors that influence the nature and extent of collective action problems: perceived returns to contributions, excludability, and contribution substitutability. We apply our framework to diverse market formation contexts and derive a fresh set of attendant propositions. Finally, we ...


Third-Party Intervention And The Preservation Of Bargaining Relationships, Bradley R. Weinberg 2017 Queen's University - Kingston, Ontario

Third-Party Intervention And The Preservation Of Bargaining Relationships, Bradley R. Weinberg

Conflict and its Resolution in the Changing World of Work: A Conference and Special Issue Honoring David B. Lipsky

This article uses longitudinal contact data to examine if third-party dispute resolution procedures available in Ontario improve the health of bargaining relationships and contribute to their preservation. It performs this in two manners: (1) using survival analysis to see how the mechanisms correlate with the likelihood of relationship dissolution and (2) using dynamic panel models to observe their state dependence. The latter is undertaken to see if third-party intervention pushes the parties to settle subsequent agreements earlier in the process – a finding that would reveal another aspect of relationship preservation if those earlier interventions are shown to correlate with lower ...


Organizational Conflict Resolution And Strategic Choice: Evidence From A Survey Of Fortune 1000 Companies, David B. Lipsky, Ariel C. Avgar, J. Ryan Lamare 2017 Cornell University

Organizational Conflict Resolution And Strategic Choice: Evidence From A Survey Of Fortune 1000 Companies, David B. Lipsky, Ariel C. Avgar, J. Ryan Lamare

Conflict and its Resolution in the Changing World of Work: A Conference and Special Issue Honoring David B. Lipsky

In this paper we develop the argument that a firm’s ADR strategies are likely to be associated with a firm’s use of one conflict resolution option or the other. More specifically, we examine whether a firm’s use of either arbitration or mediation is a function of (1) the extent to which the use of either of these dispute resolution processes aligns with the goals and objectives management is seeking to advance, and (2) the extent of the firm’s commitment to the use of these practices. We expect to find that an organization’s use of either ...


Readiness For Inter-Institutional Collaboration: A Path Forward For Online Learning, Robert Arthur Paulson PhD, Shirley Ann Freed 2017 Pacific Union College

Readiness For Inter-Institutional Collaboration: A Path Forward For Online Learning, Robert Arthur Paulson Phd, Shirley Ann Freed

Adventist Online Learning Conference / Conferencia de Aprendizaje en Línea

An environment conducive to inter-institutional collaboration greater utilizes intellectual and structural assets for the good of all in a growing learning community. As small colleges and universities struggle to maintain financial viability many have recognized the positive impact a collaborative environment has for all aspects of the institution. The leaders in this transition from autonomous to collaborative have been librarians and their use of technology to share databases and other assets. Organizations like the Concordia University System and The Great Plains Interactive Distance Education Alliance have been sharing structural and intellectual assets to reduce costs and risks in offering online ...


Advancing Dispute Resolution By Unpacking The Sources Of Conflict: Toward An Integrated Framework, John W. Budd, Alexander Colvin, Dionne M. Pohler 2017 University of Minnesota

Advancing Dispute Resolution By Unpacking The Sources Of Conflict: Toward An Integrated Framework, John W. Budd, Alexander Colvin, Dionne M. Pohler

Conflict and its Resolution in the Changing World of Work: A Conference and Special Issue Honoring David B. Lipsky

Organizational leaders, public policy makers, dispute resolution professionals, and scholars have developed diverse methods for resolving workplace conflict. But there is inadequate recognition that the effectiveness of a dispute resolution method depends on its fit with the source of a particular conflict. Consequently, it is essential to better understand where conflict comes from and how this affects dispute resolution. To these ends, this paper uniquely integrates scholarship from multiple disciplines to develop a multi-dimensional framework on the sources of conflict. This provides an important foundation for theorizing and identifying effective dispute resolution methods, which are more important than ever as ...


Workarounds In Nonprofit Management: Counter Theory For Best Practices Innovation, Stuart C. Mendel 2017 Nonprofit Academic Centers Council

Workarounds In Nonprofit Management: Counter Theory For Best Practices Innovation, Stuart C. Mendel

Journal of Ideology

One quiet aspect of the exercise of best practices in nonprofit operations settings is that managers typically must engage in creative problem solving to accommodate exceptions or unanticipated conditions. Problem solving may be perceived as situational until the frequency of the “workarounds” give pause to decision-makers, leading some to challenge the validity of the best practice. This essay uses inductive method inquiry drawing upon existing nonprofit management literature on best practices, workarounds and related topics. The essay posits that workarounds are an underappreciated component of nonprofit management theory.


Is Say On Pay All About Pay? The Impact Of Firm Performance, Jill E. Fisch, Darius Palia, Steven Davidoff Solomon 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Is Say On Pay All About Pay? The Impact Of Firm Performance, Jill E. Fisch, Darius Palia, Steven Davidoff Solomon

Faculty Scholarship

The Dodd-Frank Act of 2010 mandated a number of regulatory reforms including a requirement that large U.S. public companies provide their shareholders with the opportunity to cast a non-binding vote on executive compensation. The “say on pay” vote was designed to rein in excessive levels of executive compensation and to encourage boards to adopt compensation structures that tie executive pay more closely to performance. Although the literature is mixed, many studies question whether the statute has had the desired effect. Shareholders at most companies overwhelmingly approve the compensation packages, and pay levels continue to be high.

Although a lack ...


Writing A Literature Review For An Applied Master's Degree, Dana Kaminstein Ph.D. 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Writing A Literature Review For An Applied Master's Degree, Dana Kaminstein Ph.D.

Organizational Dynamics Working Papers

Many of the books and articles that discuss and provide instructions for writing a literature review are geared to doctoral students (Randolph, 2009), professors, researchers, and medical researchers. Few discuss the issues pertaining to Master's Degree students pursuing an applied master's degree. This overview is written specifically for those completing a capstone for the Master's Degree in Organizational Dynamics at the University of Pennsylvania.

Graduate students often experience a great deal of trepidation and anxiety when facing the task of writing a literature review for their Master's Degree capstone. This is unfortunate, as reading the literature ...


Targeted Advertising, Platform Competition And Privacy, Henk L.M. Kox, Bas Straathof, Gijsbert Zwart 2017 KVL Economic Policy Research

Targeted Advertising, Platform Competition And Privacy, Henk L.M. Kox, Bas Straathof, Gijsbert Zwart

Henk LM Kox

Targeted advertising can benefit consumers through lower prices for access to websites. Yet, if consumers dislike that websites collect their personal information, their welfare may go down. We study competition for consumers between websites that can show targeted advertisements. We find that more targeting increases competition and reduces the websites’ profits, but yet in equilibrium websites choose maximum targeting as they cannot credibly commit to low targeting. A privacy protection policy can be beneficial for both consumers and websites. If consumers are heterogeneous in their concerns for privacy, a policy that allows choice between two levels of privacy will be ...


A Systems-Based Framework For Design And Analysis Of An R And D Structure, Polinpapilinho F. Katina, Charles B. Keating, Luna M. Magpili 2017 Old Dominion University

A Systems-Based Framework For Design And Analysis Of An R And D Structure, Polinpapilinho F. Katina, Charles B. Keating, Luna M. Magpili

Engineering Management & Systems Engineering Faculty Publications

A critical challenge for managerial effectiveness and competitive advantage in research and development (R and D) organizations is developing an appropriate structural configuration. However, in finding an appropriate structural configuration, R and D managers are faced with unprecedented levels of uncertainty, ambiguity, and accelerating complexity, coupled with demands for increased productivity. This paper develops a systems-based framework to support rigorous design, analysis, and transformation of the structure for R and D organizations. The framework development includes: (1) a review of the literature for the nature and role of the structure in R and D management; (2) setting of the R ...


Before International Tax Reform, We Need To Understand Why Firms Invert, Michael S. Knoll 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Before International Tax Reform, We Need To Understand Why Firms Invert, Michael S. Knoll

Faculty Scholarship

A wave of corporate inversions by U.S. firms over the past two decades has generated substantial debate in academic, business, and policy circles.

The core of the debate hinges on a couple of key economic questions: Do U.S. tax laws disadvantage U.S.-domiciled companies relative to their foreign competitors? And, if so, do inversions improve the competitiveness of U.S. multinational firms both abroad and at home?

There is unfortunately little, if any, empirical work directly determining whether U.S.-based MNCs are currently tax-disadvantaged compared to their foreign rivals, or measuring the amount by which (if ...


Social Value Creation And Relational Coordination In Public-Private Collaborations, Nigel D. CADWELL, Jens K. ROEHRICH, Gerard GEORGE 2017 Heriot Watt University

Social Value Creation And Relational Coordination In Public-Private Collaborations, Nigel D. Cadwell, Jens K. Roehrich, Gerard George

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

Public-private collaborations, or hybrid organizational forms, are often difficult to organize because of disparate goals, incentives, and management practices. Some of this misalignment is addressed structurally or contractually, but not the management processes and practices. In this study, we examine how the coordination of these social and work relationships, or relational coordination, affects task performance and the creation of social value. We employ a dyad perspective on two long-term relationships that are part of a wider ecosystem. We illustrate the social value creation process, identifying mutual knowledge and goal alignment, as necessary to create relational coordination. We find that the ...


The Four Horsemen Of Negotiator Power, Michael SCHAERER, Adam D. GALINSKY, Joe MAGEE 2017 Singapore Management University

The Four Horsemen Of Negotiator Power, Michael Schaerer, Adam D. Galinsky, Joe Magee

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

No abstract provided.


Strategic Challenges Confronting Leaders Of A Cross-Sector Collaboration Organization Created To Improve Community Health, Michael J. Fratantuono, David M. Sarcone 2017 Dickinson College

Strategic Challenges Confronting Leaders Of A Cross-Sector Collaboration Organization Created To Improve Community Health, Michael J. Fratantuono, David M. Sarcone

Faculty and Staff Publications By Year

This article explores the strategic challenges associated with launching and managing a cross-sector collaboration that confronted Aligning Forces for Quality of South Central Pennsylvania (AF4Q-SCPA), which was established to improve health care quality in partnerships with patients, providers, employers, and community organizations. It draws upon the work of scholars from the fields of public administration, public health, organizational theory, and business strategy. It synthesizes previous contributions to create a new model called the Collaboration Cube, which links the likelihood of success of initiatives to intended outcomes and collaborative structures. With respect to methodology, it takes an inductive approach and uses ...


Investigation Into The Formation Of Information Security Influence: Network Analysis Of An Emerging Organisation, Duy Dang-Pham, Siddhi Pittayachawan, Vince Bruno 2017 RMIT University

Investigation Into The Formation Of Information Security Influence: Network Analysis Of An Emerging Organisation, Duy Dang-Pham, Siddhi Pittayachawan, Vince Bruno

Siddhi Pittayachawan

While prior research has been examining information security behaviours in mature environments with formal policies and practices, there is less attention paid to new or transforming environments that lack security controls. It is crucial to understand what factors affect the formation of an emerging information security environment, so that security managers can make use of the forming mechanisms to improve the security environment without relying too much on enforcement. This research adopts exponential random graph modeling to predict the occurrence of information security influence among 114 employees in a recently established construction organisation. Our empirical findings show that physically co-locating ...


Reinventing Translation: Toward A Common Language For Scholar-Practitioners, Ann Kowal Smith, Karen R. Nestor 2017 Books@Work (That Can Be Me, Inc.)

Reinventing Translation: Toward A Common Language For Scholar-Practitioners, Ann Kowal Smith, Karen R. Nestor

Engaged Management ReView

Translation starts in one language, and converts to a second. But it doesn't change the languages or the people who "speak" them. We propose – instead of translation – the joint development of theory and practice that becomes a common language – a common language of a community of scholar-practitioners. This paper describes the work of two scholar-practitioners committed to addressing a pressing problem of practice: the educational attainment and skills required for positive outcomes in the 21st century workplace. This paper considers the original design and implementation of an innovative, theory-based workplace learning initiative (Books@Work) and, arising from this work ...


Market Analysis, Management Consulting, And Miscommunication, Brian W. Stout 2017 Brigham Young University

Market Analysis, Management Consulting, And Miscommunication, Brian W. Stout

Marriott Student Review

This article attempts to inform the audience of the importance of market analysis in management consulting. The article states that consulting firms can utilize the power of market analysis as they commit to understand technology, collaborate with researchers to conduct action research, and align market strategies within the consulting firm. This article concludes that by doing these steps consulting firms will lead in their market.


The Myth Of The Millennial, Tanner Hafen, Matthew D. Fudge 2017 Brigham Young University

The Myth Of The Millennial, Tanner Hafen, Matthew D. Fudge

Marriott Student Review

Explores perceptions of millennials in the workplace and what is and can be done to better integrate millennials employees into the workplace.


Recipe For Success: Behavioral Ingredients For Superior Performing Leaders, Linda M. Pittenger 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Recipe For Success: Behavioral Ingredients For Superior Performing Leaders, Linda M. Pittenger

National Training Aircraft Symposium (NTAS)

The aviation and aerospace business is a complex adaptive system that includes emerging technologies, competitors, government policies, cost demands, globalization, and talent constraints. To effectively lead in the chaos of constant demands and disruptive and unpredictable external environments, having deep and broad functional expertise is not enough. Superior performing leaders require further broadening and deepening of selected behavioral competencies in order to succeed (Smith, 2000). Particular to aviation and aerospace, understanding the types of leaders needed to be successful is especially important since baby boomer employees will soon retire and the middle managers that will likely replace them lack the ...


Mapping The Alignment Of Programmatic Mission, Functions And Outcomes With The Attainment Of Health Equity: An Overview Of The Approach And Initial Outcomes Through The Lens Of The Usda’S Cyfar Scp Program, Onyemaechi Nweke, Kara Ryan, MPP, Bonita Williams, PhD 2017 US Environmental Protection Agency

Mapping The Alignment Of Programmatic Mission, Functions And Outcomes With The Attainment Of Health Equity: An Overview Of The Approach And Initial Outcomes Through The Lens Of The Usda’S Cyfar Scp Program, Onyemaechi Nweke, Kara Ryan, Mpp, Bonita Williams, Phd

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Eliminating health disparities is a priority across national agenda and initiatives such as the National Partnership for Action to End Health Disparities (NPA), the National Prevention Strategy, and Healthy People 2020. To advance this priority under the NPA, the Federal Interagency Health Equity Team (FIHET), which is an NPA federal cross-sector and collaborative platform, initiated a voluntary pilot “health equity mapping” exercise in 2014. This exercise served as a strategy to clarify the strategic alignment between participant federal partner program missions, goals, and activities, and the goal to end health disparities and promote health equity. The mapping process included an ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress