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Targeted Advertising, Platform Competition And Privacy, Henk L.M. Kox, Bas Straathof, Gijsbert Zwart 2017 KVL Economic Policy Research

Targeted Advertising, Platform Competition And Privacy, Henk L.M. Kox, Bas Straathof, Gijsbert Zwart

Henk LM Kox

Targeted advertising can benefit consumers through lower prices for access to websites. Yet, if consumers dislike that websites collect their personal information, their welfare may go down. We study competition for consumers between websites that can show targeted advertisements. We find that more targeting increases competition and reduces the websites’ profits, but yet in equilibrium websites choose maximum targeting as they cannot credibly commit to low targeting. A privacy protection policy can be beneficial for both consumers and websites. If consumers are heterogeneous in their concerns for privacy, a policy that allows choice between two levels of privacy will be ...


How To Conduct A Mini-Ethnographic Case Study: A Guide For Novice Researchers, Patricia I. Fusch Ph.D., Gene E. Fusch, Lawrence R. Ness 2017 Walden University

How To Conduct A Mini-Ethnographic Case Study: A Guide For Novice Researchers, Patricia I. Fusch Ph.D., Gene E. Fusch, Lawrence R. Ness

The Qualitative Report

The authors present how to construct a mini-ethnographic case study design with the benefit of an ethnographic approach bounded within a case study protocol that is more feasible for a student researcher with limited time and finances. The novice researcher should choose a design that enables one to best answer the research question. Secondly, one should choose the design that assists the researcher in reaching data saturation. Finally, the novice researcher must choose the design in which one can complete the study within a reasonable time frame with minimal cost. This is particularly important for student researchers. One can blend ...


The Positive Power Of Hedgehog Leadership In Academe, Thomas N. Duening 2017 University of Colorado, Colorado Springs

The Positive Power Of Hedgehog Leadership In Academe, Thomas N. Duening

Academic Chairpersons Conference Proceedings

This workshop will focus on helping academic chairs become more hedgehog-like in their leadership style and faculty interactions. The research streams that inform this session include positive psychology, positive organization behavior, and affective neuroscience. The expected outcome for participants is an enhanced ability to create an environment of opportunity for their faculty. The session leader has been using this approach as chair of the management department for nearly two years. As an example of the power of hedgehog leadership one faculty member in management last year received the college’s outstanding faculty member aware for the first time in 26 ...


Promoting Chair Succession Through Development, Empowerment, And Encouragement, Christopher Benedetti 2017 Western State Colorado University

Promoting Chair Succession Through Development, Empowerment, And Encouragement, Christopher Benedetti

Academic Chairpersons Conference Proceedings

To ensure the stability of the department, department chairs should prioritize the identification and formation of potential successors. For this interactive session, a model and related strategies, supported by real examples, will be discussed for developing, empowering, and encouraging faculty to become ready to assume the role of department chair.


Meaning Makers: A Mixed-Method Case Study Of Exemplary University Presidents And The Behaviors They Use To Create Personal And Organizational Meaning, Barbara E. Bartels 2017 Brandman University

Meaning Makers: A Mixed-Method Case Study Of Exemplary University Presidents And The Behaviors They Use To Create Personal And Organizational Meaning, Barbara E. Bartels

Dissertations

The purpose of this thematic, mixed method case study was to identify and describe the behaviors that exemplary university presidents use to create personal and organizational meaning for themselves and their followers through character, vision, relationships, wisdom, and inspiration. Further, this study surveyed followers to assess the degree of importance followers believe a leader uses character, vision, relationships, wisdom, and inspiration to create personal and organizational meaning. This study was accomplished by interviewing exemplary university presidents regarding their perceptions of utilizing the strategies and behaviors associated with character, vision, relationships, wisdom, and inspiration. While there has been much research on ...


Being While Doing: An Inductive Model Of Mindfulness At Work, Christopher Lyddy, Darren J. Good 2017 Providence College

Being While Doing: An Inductive Model Of Mindfulness At Work, Christopher Lyddy, Darren J. Good

Christopher J. Lyddy

Mindfulness at work has drawn growing interest as empirical evidence increasingly supports its positive workplace impacts. Yet theory also suggests that mindfulness is a cognitive mode of “Being” that may be incompatible with the cognitive mode of “Doing” that undergirds workplace functioning. Therefore, mindfulness at work has been theorized as “being while doing,” but little is known regarding how people experience these two modes in combination, nor the influences or outcomes of this interaction. Drawing on a sample of 39 semi-structured interviews, this study explores how professionals experience being mindful at work. The relationship between Being and Doing modes demonstrated ...


Contemplating Mindfulness At Work: An Integrative Review, Christopher Lyddy, Darren J. Good, Theresa M. Glomb, Joyce E. Bono, Kirk W. Brown, Michelle K. Duffy, Ruth A. Baer, Judson A. Brewer, Sara W. Lazar 2017 Providence College

Contemplating Mindfulness At Work: An Integrative Review, Christopher Lyddy, Darren J. Good, Theresa M. Glomb, Joyce E. Bono, Kirk W. Brown, Michelle K. Duffy, Ruth A. Baer, Judson A. Brewer, Sara W. Lazar

Christopher J. Lyddy

Mindfulness research activity is surging within organizational science. Emerging evidence across multiple fields suggests that mindfulness is fundamentally connected to many aspects of workplace functioning, but this knowledge base has not been systematically integrated to date. This review coalesces the burgeoning body of mindfulness scholarship into a framework to guide mainstream management research investigating a broad range of constructs. The framework identifies how mindfulness influences attention, with downstream effects on functional domains of cognition, emotion, behavior, and physiology. Ultimately, these domains impact key workplace outcomes, including performance, relationships, and well-being. Consideration of the evidence on mindfulness at work stimulates important ...


Being While Doing: An Inductive Model Of Mindfulness At Work, Christopher Lyddy, Darren J. Good 2017 Providence College

Being While Doing: An Inductive Model Of Mindfulness At Work, Christopher Lyddy, Darren J. Good

School of Business Faculty Publications

Mindfulness at work has drawn growing interest as empirical evidence increasingly supports its positive workplace impacts. Yet theory also suggests that mindfulness is a cognitive mode of “Being” that may be incompatible with the cognitive mode of “Doing” that undergirds workplace functioning. Therefore, mindfulness at work has been theorized as “being while doing,” but little is known regarding how people experience these two modes in combination, nor the influences or outcomes of this interaction. Drawing on a sample of 39 semi-structured interviews, this study explores how professionals experience being mindful at work. The relationship between Being and Doing modes demonstrated ...


Mutually Assured Protection Among Large U.S. Law Firms, Tom Baker, Rick Swedloff 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Mutually Assured Protection Among Large U.S. Law Firms, Tom Baker, Rick Swedloff

Faculty Scholarship

Top law firms are notoriously competitive, fighting for prime clients and matters. But some of the most elite firms are also deeply cooperative, willingly sharing key details about their finances and strategy with their rivals. More surprisingly, they pay handsomely to do so. Nearly half of the AmLaw 100 and 200 belong to mutual insurance organizations that require member firms to provide capital; partner time; and important information about their governance, balance sheets, risk management, strategic plans, and malpractice liability. To answer why these firms do so when there are commercial insurers willing to provide coverage with fewer burdens, we ...


Black-White Differences On Iq And Grades: The Mediating Role Of Elementary Cognitive Tasks, Bryan Pesta, Peter J. Poznanski 2017 Cleveland State University

Black-White Differences On Iq And Grades: The Mediating Role Of Elementary Cognitive Tasks, Bryan Pesta, Peter J. Poznanski

Byran J. Pesta

The relationship between IQ scores and elementary cognitive task (ECT) performance is well established, with variance on each largely reflecting the general factor of intelligence, or g. Also ubiquitous are Black-White mean differences on IQ and measures of academic success, like grade point average (GPA). Given C. Spearman's (Spearman, C. (1927). The Abilities of Man. New York: Macmillan) hypothesis that group differences vary directly with a test's g loading, we explored whether ECT performance could mediate Black-White IQ and GPA differences. Undergraduates (139 White and 40 Black) completed the Wonderlic Personnel Test, followed by inspection time and choice ...


The Inspection Time And Over-Claiming Tasks As Predictors Of Mba Student Performance, Bryan Pesta, Peter J. Poznanski 2017 Cleveland State University

The Inspection Time And Over-Claiming Tasks As Predictors Of Mba Student Performance, Bryan Pesta, Peter J. Poznanski

Byran J. Pesta

Elementary cognitive tasks (ECTs) are typically used in laboratory settings for basic research on the structure of intelligence. More recently, ECTs have been shown to predict important educational and clinical outcomes. Here we found that ECTs possess both criterion and incremental validity over IQ and the graduate management admission test (GMAT) as predictors of (N = 116) MBA student grades and scores on a capstone exam. Validity coefficients for the ECTs ranged from 0.24 to 0.50. A median split on an ECT component showed that the best-performing ECT group had substantially higher grades, exam scores, IQs and GMAT scores ...


Sex Differences On Elementary Cognitive Tasks Despite No Differences On The Wonderlic Personnel Test, Bryan Pesta, S. Bertsch, Peter J. Poznanski, W.H. Bommer 2017 Cleveland State University

Sex Differences On Elementary Cognitive Tasks Despite No Differences On The Wonderlic Personnel Test, Bryan Pesta, S. Bertsch, Peter J. Poznanski, W.H. Bommer

Byran J. Pesta

Whether males and females differ in general mental ability (GMA) remains an open question. Complicating the issue is that standardized IQ tests are constructed to minimize sex differences. We propose a potential solution whereby GMA is measured via performance on elementary cognitive tasks (ECTs). ECTs assess basic information-processing ability, yet correlate moderately highly with GMA. Toward this end, we had male (n = 218) and female (n = 226) undergraduates complete the Wonderlic Personnel Test (WPT), and two ECTs: inspection time (IT) and reaction time (RT). The sex difference on the WPT was non-significant (d = .17), but small differences favoring males existed ...


Nonverbal Emotion Recognition And Performance: Differences Matter Differently, William H. Bommer, Bryan J. Pesta, Susan F. Storrud-Barnes 2017 Cleveland State University

Nonverbal Emotion Recognition And Performance: Differences Matter Differently, William H. Bommer, Bryan J. Pesta, Susan F. Storrud-Barnes

Byran J. Pesta

PURPOSE: This paper aims to explore and test the relationship between emotion recognition skill and assessment center performance after controlling for both general mental ability (GMA) and conscientiousness. It also seeks to test whether participant sex or race moderated these relationships. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: Using independent observers as raters, the paper tested 528 business students participating in a managerial assessment center, while they performed four distinct activities of: an in‐basket task; a team meeting for an executive hiring decision; a team meeting to discuss customer service initiatives; and an individual speech.FINDINGS: Emotion recognition predicted assessment center performance uniquely ...


Improving Patient Safety Through High Reliability Organizations, Jared Padgett, Kenneth Gossett, Roger Mayer, Wen-Wen Chien, Freda Turner 2017 Pepperdine University School of Law

Improving Patient Safety Through High Reliability Organizations, Jared Padgett, Kenneth Gossett, Roger Mayer, Wen-Wen Chien, Freda Turner

The Qualitative Report

Preventable medical errors result in the loss of 200,000 lives per year with associated financial and operational burdens on organizations and society. Widespread preventable patient harm occurs despite increases in healthcare regulations. High reliability organization theory contributes to improved safety and may potentially reverse this trend. This single case study explored the introduction of a safety culture and subsequent improvements in patient safety in a reliability-seeking organization. Fourteen participants from a subacute nursing facility were selected using purposeful sampling criterion. Data were collected through participant interviews, document reviews, and group observation. Five themes emerged from an analysis of collected ...


Positive Impacts Of Social Media At Work: Job Satisfaction, Job Calling, And Facebook Use Among Co-Workers, Brittany Hanna, Kerk Kee, Brett W. Robertson 2017 Lieberman Research Worldwide

Positive Impacts Of Social Media At Work: Job Satisfaction, Job Calling, And Facebook Use Among Co-Workers, Brittany Hanna, Kerk Kee, Brett W. Robertson

Communication Faculty Articles and Research

The number of Facebook users grew rapidly since its conception. Within today’s workplace, employees are increasingly connecting with each other on Facebook for interpersonal reasons. Due to sensational reports by media outlets of inappropriate social media use, many organizations are taking extreme measures about how their employees who utilize Facebook to connect with colleagues. Contrary to the negative assumptions, McAfee [1] states that social media within the workplace can promote positive dynamics. The present study uses McAfee’s argument to examine if a positive connection exists between colleagues who use Facebook to connect with each other. An online survey ...


Social Value Creation And Relational Coordination In Public-Private Collaborations, Nigel D. CADWELL, Jens K. ROEHRICH, Gerard GEORGE 2017 Singapore Management University

Social Value Creation And Relational Coordination In Public-Private Collaborations, Nigel D. Cadwell, Jens K. Roehrich, Gerard George

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

Public-private collaborations, or hybrid organizational forms, are often difficult to organize because of disparate goals, incentives, and management practices. Some of this misalignment is addressed structurally or contractually, but not the management processes and practices. In this study, we examine how the coordination of these social and work relationships, or relational coordination, affects task performance and the creation of social value. We employ a dyad perspective on two long-term relationships that are part of a wider ecosystem. We illustrate the social value creation process, identifying mutual knowledge and goal alignment, as necessary to create relational coordination. We find that the ...


Ngos And The Creation Of Value In Supply Chains, Olivier Chatain, Elena Plaksenkova 2017 HEC Paris

Ngos And The Creation Of Value In Supply Chains, Olivier Chatain, Elena Plaksenkova

Olivier Chatain

Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) often work with firms to facilitate the economic inclusion of the firms' suppliers through practice improvements. Using a formal model, we examine how such NGO interventions can alleviate market failures and increase supplier economic inclusion. We account for the specific goals of the NGO and the need to induce collaboration between firms and their suppliers. We analyze the NGO’s intervention level and show how it depends on the NGO's capabilities and the relative bargaining power among firms and suppliers. Our formal model offers testable hypotheses about NGO and firm behavior. In particular, it suggests that ...


Black-White Differences On Iq And Grades: The Mediating Role Of Elementary Cognitive Tasks, Bryan Pesta, Peter J. Poznanski 2017 Cleveland State University

Black-White Differences On Iq And Grades: The Mediating Role Of Elementary Cognitive Tasks, Bryan Pesta, Peter J. Poznanski

Peter Poznanski

The relationship between IQ scores and elementary cognitive task (ECT) performance is well established, with variance on each largely reflecting the general factor of intelligence, or g. Also ubiquitous are Black-White mean differences on IQ and measures of academic success, like grade point average (GPA). Given C. Spearman's (Spearman, C. (1927). The Abilities of Man. New York: Macmillan) hypothesis that group differences vary directly with a test's g loading, we explored whether ECT performance could mediate Black-White IQ and GPA differences. Undergraduates (139 White and 40 Black) completed the Wonderlic Personnel Test, followed by inspection time and choice ...


Sex Differences On Elementary Cognitive Tasks Despite No Differences On The Wonderlic Personnel Test, Bryan Pesta, S. Bertsch, Peter J. Poznanski, W.H. Bommer 2017 Cleveland State University

Sex Differences On Elementary Cognitive Tasks Despite No Differences On The Wonderlic Personnel Test, Bryan Pesta, S. Bertsch, Peter J. Poznanski, W.H. Bommer

Peter Poznanski

Whether males and females differ in general mental ability (GMA) remains an open question. Complicating the issue is that standardized IQ tests are constructed to minimize sex differences. We propose a potential solution whereby GMA is measured via performance on elementary cognitive tasks (ECTs). ECTs assess basic information-processing ability, yet correlate moderately highly with GMA. Toward this end, we had male (n = 218) and female (n = 226) undergraduates complete the Wonderlic Personnel Test (WPT), and two ECTs: inspection time (IT) and reaction time (RT). The sex difference on the WPT was non-significant (d = .17), but small differences favoring males existed ...


The Inspection Time And Over-Claiming Tasks As Predictors Of Mba Student Performance, Bryan Pesta, Peter J. Poznanski 2017 Cleveland State University

The Inspection Time And Over-Claiming Tasks As Predictors Of Mba Student Performance, Bryan Pesta, Peter J. Poznanski

Peter Poznanski

Elementary cognitive tasks (ECTs) are typically used in laboratory settings for basic research on the structure of intelligence. More recently, ECTs have been shown to predict important educational and clinical outcomes. Here we found that ECTs possess both criterion and incremental validity over IQ and the graduate management admission test (GMAT) as predictors of (N = 116) MBA student grades and scores on a capstone exam. Validity coefficients for the ECTs ranged from 0.24 to 0.50. A median split on an ECT component showed that the best-performing ECT group had substantially higher grades, exam scores, IQs and GMAT scores ...


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