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The Sage International Encyclopedia Of Travel And Tourism (Vols. 1-4), Linda Lowry 2016 University of Massachusetts-Amherst

The Sage International Encyclopedia Of Travel And Tourism (Vols. 1-4), Linda Lowry

Linda L Lowry

Taking a global and multidisciplinary approach, The SAGE International Encyclopedia of Travel and Tourism brings together a team of international scholars to examine the travel and tourism industry, which is expected to grow at an annual rate of four percent for the next decade.

In over 600 entries spanning four comprehensive volumes, the Encyclopedia examines the business of tourism around the world paying particular attention to the social, economic, environmental, and policy issues at play. The book examines global, regional, national, and local issues including transportation, infrastructure, the environment, and business promotion. By looking at travel trends and countries large ...


Why Rita? Devotional Practice And Pilgrimage Intent Towards A Medieval Italian Saint In Central Dublin, Tony Kiely 2016 Dublin Institute of Technology

Why Rita? Devotional Practice And Pilgrimage Intent Towards A Medieval Italian Saint In Central Dublin, Tony Kiely

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

Devotion to iconic religious figures, though being as old as Christianity itself. Furthermore, it can range from being deeply personal and intense (Kasten, 2014; Mayblin, 2014; Ganzevoort, 2008; Jansen & Kuhl, 2008; Ghezzi, 2007; Martin, 2006; Ellsberg, 2006), to superficially tangential and ephemeral (Coles, 2012; Tari & Vanni, 2008), wherein devotional strategies may be rooted in ‘quid pro quo’ dependencies, parental influences, or ‘accidentally triggered’ interest in the hagiography of a particular saint. However, pilgrimage motivations, expectations and experiences are often seen as altogether different matters. Indeed, the modern pilgrim is often motivated by a combination of impulses, including the satisfaction of spiritual / religious needs, adventure, fulfilling a long held promise, overcoming a physical challenge, enjoying a cultural experience, taking time out to reflect, satisfying a rite of passage, offering thanksgiving, or embarking on a journey of personal discovery (Mayblin, 2014; Frank, 2009; Jansen & Kuhl, 2008). Nevertheless, devotion and religious pilgrimage are often symbiotic constructs, through being two sides of the one coin. Indeed, while pilgrimage is one of the oldest and most basic forms of population mobility to have emerged from religious devotion, many Christian pilgrimages appear to have evolved into a holiday format (Kresic et al., 2013), where the facilitation of pilgrims seeking out adventure and sublime experiences, mirrors the Victorian pilgrims that first blurred the image barrier between tourism and pilgrimage (Kresic et al., 2013; Frank, 2009). However, pilgrimage may also follow a gritty spirituality which, when linked to an embedded devotion, creates a community of devotees, whose need to travel long distances is often rooted in devotion to, and identity with, the life experiences of their adopted saint (Mayblin, 2014; Bond & Falk, 2013; Cohen, 2010; Ganzevoort, 2008). Born in 1381 ...


Spirituality And The Travel Motivations Of Older Adults, Gaëlle Moal - Ulvoas 2016 Brest Business School

Spirituality And The Travel Motivations Of Older Adults, Gaëlle Moal - Ulvoas

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

This research explores the travel motivations of retired adults. The influence of aging is investigated through the impact of the spiritual dimension of the older traveler characterized by his gerotranscendence. The results of 17 depth interviews with retired adults followed by a quantitative survey of 645 respondents lead to the identification of the travel motivations of retired French adults and demonstrate the influence of gerotranscendence. Recommendations are made to help professionals reach this specific segment and answer its needs.


Malta: A Differentiated Approach To The Pilgrim-Tourist Dichotomy, George Cassar Ph.D., Dane Munro Mr 2016 Institute for Tourism, Travel and Culture (ITTC), University of Malta

Malta: A Differentiated Approach To The Pilgrim-Tourist Dichotomy, George Cassar Ph.D., Dane Munro Mr

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

Tourism is today considered to be a main player in most countries of the world. A particular sector of tourism, pilgrimage and faith-based tourism, has proven to be crises-resistant. The synergy of this sector is a mixture of religious sentiments, demands and motivations and on the other hand there is the rationality of the tourism infrastructure. This paper argues that the islands of the present republic of Malta have been a pilgrims’ destination from Neolithic times to the present. The islands’ rich cultural, religious and historic fabric offers Roman Catholics, Protestants and participants of the New Religious Movements an opportunity ...


Pilgrimage As Tourism Experience: The Case Of The Ignatian Way, Marina Abad-Galzacorta, Basagaitz Guereño-Omil 2016 Deusto University

Pilgrimage As Tourism Experience: The Case Of The Ignatian Way, Marina Abad-Galzacorta, Basagaitz Guereño-Omil

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

Nowadays, millions of pilgrims travel every year to a variety of sanctuaries and religious sites (Robles, 2001). The religious motivation to travel is one of the most ancient motivations and it has been researched from diverse perspectives (Griffin, 2007). It is widely recognised that religious tourist is often a more loyal type of tourist, characterised by a shorter but recurrent stays to the visiting destination (Robles, 2001). However, “religious tourism” is sometimes confusing and difficult to classify (Griffin, 2007), and the dichotomy of secular and spiritual tourism needs further clarification (Nolan and Nolan, 1992; Millán et al., 2010). Data from ...


Exploring The Motives Of Religious Travel By Applying The Ahp Method – The Case Study Of Monastery Vujan (Serbia), Sanja Božic, Bojana Spasojević, Miroslav D. Vujičić, Igor Stamenkovic 2016 University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Geography, Tourism and Hotel Management

Exploring The Motives Of Religious Travel By Applying The Ahp Method – The Case Study Of Monastery Vujan (Serbia), Sanja Božic, Bojana Spasojević, Miroslav D. Vujičić, Igor Stamenkovic

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

Religious tourism is considered as the oldest form of people’s travel. Thousands of years ago people travelled miles led by religious motives. Even though pilgrimage is older than most of the other tourism forms, research on the major motives for religious travel still occupies scientific attention. Vujan Monastery represents one of the main riddles among religious tourism researchers in Serbia. After the mysterious healing of Serbian Patriarch Pavle in 1946 who suffered from tuberculosis, this monastery became one of the most famous sacred places for orthodox Christians. The principle aim of this paper is to propose a new way ...


Demographic Characteristics Influencing Religious Tourism Behaviour: Evidence Form A Central-Eastern-European Country, Anna Irimias, Ariel Mitev, Gabor Michalko 2016 Kodolanyi Janos University of Applied Sciences

Demographic Characteristics Influencing Religious Tourism Behaviour: Evidence Form A Central-Eastern-European Country, Anna Irimias, Ariel Mitev, Gabor Michalko

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

Although religious tourism and pilgrimage have been widely studied there is very limited research that explores the peculiarities in attitude and behaviour among tourists with different demographic factors. The present exploratory study enhances the discussion on perception of religious tourism behaviour. Specifically, eleven statements on attitude and behaviour were explored among 345 Hungarians with different socio-demographic backgrounds. The results show that there are significant variations between senior and young travellers: seniors see as important, the educational purposes and feelings of national identity related to sacred sites while these are less motivating for the young. The frequency of participating in religious ...


Interfaith Tourist Behaviour At Religious Heritage Sites: House Of The Virgin Mary Case In Turkey, Zafer ÖTER, Mehmet Yavuz ÇETİNKAYA 2016 Izmir Katip Celebi University

Interfaith Tourist Behaviour At Religious Heritage Sites: House Of The Virgin Mary Case In Turkey, Zafer Öter, Mehmet Yavuz Çetinkaya

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

This study questions selected behavioural aspects of travellers belonging to different religious beliefs during their religious heritage site visits. Tourist behaviour needs to be analysed in specific circumstances. This study aims to clarify in situ problems experienced by religious tourists, behavioural differences of tourists with different beliefs, and religious tourist behaviour regarding cultural heritage site protection. A qualitative approach with semi-structured interviews has been followed. Documentary analysis provided secondary data. On-site observation and face-to-face interviews with key-informants provided primary data. Snowball (referral) sampling was applied as non-probability sampling was convenient for data collection. Primary data suggest that visitor behaviour tends ...


Vol. 4(Iv) Title Page And Table Of Contents, 2016 Dublin Institute of Technology

Vol. 4(Iv) Title Page And Table Of Contents

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

No abstract provided.


Hotel Sustainability Benchmarking Index 2016: Energy, Water, And Carbon, Eric Ricaurte 2016 Greenview

Hotel Sustainability Benchmarking Index 2016: Energy, Water, And Carbon, Eric Ricaurte

Center for Hospitality Research Reports

Several studies have been undertaken or attempted by industry and academe to address the need for lodging industry carbon benchmarking. However, these studies have focused on normalizing resource use with the goal of rating or comparing all properties based on multivariate regression according to an industry-wide set of variables, with the result that data sets for analysis were limited. This approach is backward, because practical hotel industry benchmarking must first be undertaken within a specific location and segment.1 Therefore, the CHSB study’s goal is to build a representative database providing raw benchmarks as a base for industry comparisons ...


The Role And Usage Of Apps And Instant Messaging In Religious Mass Events, Juan Narbona, Daniel Arasa 2016 School of Church Communications, Pontifical University of the Holy Cross, Rome

The Role And Usage Of Apps And Instant Messaging In Religious Mass Events, Juan Narbona, Daniel Arasa

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

Over the last few years, large events have conferred great importance on Event Management, or the management of mass meetings. In the religious sector, for centuries, pilgrimages have been a clear example of mass events of a spiritual nature. Due to globalization and increased mobility, recent times have seen the multiplication of international events without a fixed location: Taizé encounters, Kumbh Mela (India), and World Youth Day are all good examples of this. These events imply at least a threefold spiritual, organizational and touristic challenge, and success in each one of these areas contributes to the favourable result of the ...


The Efficacy Of Heritage Interpretation At The Lalibela Rock-Hewn Churches In Ethiopia: Exploring The Need For Integrating Ict-Mediation, Rayviscic Mutinda Ndivo Dr, Lorenzo Cantoni 2016 Kenyatta University

The Efficacy Of Heritage Interpretation At The Lalibela Rock-Hewn Churches In Ethiopia: Exploring The Need For Integrating Ict-Mediation, Rayviscic Mutinda Ndivo Dr, Lorenzo Cantoni

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

The inscription of a property in the World Heritage List serves as a recognition of its Outstanding Universal Value (OUV). Such recognition gives visitors the expectation that visiting the site would be a unique experience that would fulfil their visitation goals. Need therefore exists to ensure quality heritage interpretation at the particular World Heritage site. This is both beneficial to ensuring adequate presentation of the site’s OUV and visitor satisfaction. This paper seeks to investigate the level of visitor satisfaction with heritage interpretation at the rock-hewn churches of Lalibela one of the most visited attractions in Ethiopia. The study ...


The Role Of Tourists’ Feedback In The Enhancement Of Religious Tourism Destinations, Stefania Cerutti, Elisa Piva 2016 Università del Piemonte Orientale

The Role Of Tourists’ Feedback In The Enhancement Of Religious Tourism Destinations, Stefania Cerutti, Elisa Piva

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

Over the last few decades, tourism has faced several challenges and opportunities mostly related to the tremendous rise of online social networks and tourist platforms (e.g. Facebook, Twitter, TripAdvisor, etc.). The revolution brought about by Web 2.0 (or Travel 2.0) has radically changed the behaviour of tourists, who are now able to access information rapidly and to contribute in generating information to share with other users. The advent of the Internet has forced destinations to transform themselves to be more interactive, innovative and efficient as the online consumer is more active, demanding and in control. As a ...


Pilgrims In The Digital Age: A Research Manifesto, 2016 Dublin Institute of Technology

Pilgrims In The Digital Age: A Research Manifesto

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

No abstract provided.


Editorial : Information And Communication Technologies In Religious Tourism And Pilgrimage, Silvia deAscaniis, Lorenzo Cantoni 2016 Università della Svizzera Italiana, USI (Lugano)

Editorial : Information And Communication Technologies In Religious Tourism And Pilgrimage, Silvia Deascaniis, Lorenzo Cantoni

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

No abstract provided.


Vol. 4(Iii) - Cover And Table Of Contents, 2016 Dublin Institute of Technology

Vol. 4(Iii) - Cover And Table Of Contents

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

No abstract provided.


The ‘Candle Of Nazareth’: Feast, Devotion And Tourism In Para (Brazil) O ‘Círio De Nazaré’: Festa, Devoção E Turismo No Pará (Brasil), Terezinha Filgueiras Pinho, Gilson de Lima Garofalo 2016 Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia de Roraima

The ‘Candle Of Nazareth’: Feast, Devotion And Tourism In Para (Brazil) O ‘Círio De Nazaré’: Festa, Devoção E Turismo No Pará (Brasil), Terezinha Filgueiras Pinho, Gilson De Lima Garofalo

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

This contribution analyzes the ‘Círio de Nazaré’ (‘Candle of Nazareth’), one of the largest Catholic religious events, both in Brazil and the world, which takes place on the second Sunday of October in Belém, the capital of the state of Pará and the metropolis of the Amazon. The paper deals with economic advancement and integration by bringing together religious devotees from Para, Brazil and abroad, fostering the growth of trade. Devotees enjoy the beauty offered by the state and the party mobilizes more than two million people, lasting about three weeks. It includes the opening, transfer of the image of ...


Religious Rites And Ceremonies As The Expression Of Local Identity And An Opportunity For Local Development: The Case Of The “Fòcara” Di Sant’Antonio Abate” In Novoli (The Bonfire Of St Anthony Abbot) In A Small Town In The Salento Peninsula In Southern Italy, Anna Trono Prof 2016 University of Salento

Religious Rites And Ceremonies As The Expression Of Local Identity And An Opportunity For Local Development: The Case Of The “Fòcara” Di Sant’Antonio Abate” In Novoli (The Bonfire Of St Anthony Abbot) In A Small Town In The Salento Peninsula In Southern Italy, Anna Trono Prof

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

Religious ceremonies play an important role when understood as an opportunity for improving the image of a city, improving the socio-economic situation and promoting regional development. These are the objectives of the local administration in Novoli, a small town in the Salento peninsula in Puglia, south-eastern Italy. The most important religious, social and tourist event of the year in Novoli is the feast of Saint Anthony Abbot, which falls on the 17th of January. The festivities continue for many days and include religious rites, street lights, exhibitions, food stands, popular music and brass band concerts, markets and conferences. There are ...


Monitoring The Tourism Impact Of A Cultural And Religious Event: A Case Study In Northern Portugal, Carlos Fernandes, Carla Melo, Marta Cardoso 2016 Dublin Institute of Technology

Monitoring The Tourism Impact Of A Cultural And Religious Event: A Case Study In Northern Portugal, Carlos Fernandes, Carla Melo, Marta Cardoso

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

The Pilgrimage of Our Lady of the Agony (Romaria de Nossa Senhora d ́Agonia), in the north of Portugal, draws hundreds of thousands of visitors. Fernandes and Sampaio (2014) suggest that through the years, this event has served to connect residents and visitors alike with the heritage of the region in which the Pilgrimage has become what is arguably one of the biggest regional icons. However, no field research has ever taken place to confirm these claims.

In 2014, a pilot study was carried out using a questionnaire as a basis to evaluate the impact of this event in various ...


Event As Spiritual Pilgrimage: A Case Study Of The ‘Cherish’ Christian Women’S Conference, Ruth Dowson (Rev.) 2016 Leeds Beckett University

Event As Spiritual Pilgrimage: A Case Study Of The ‘Cherish’ Christian Women’S Conference, Ruth Dowson (Rev.)

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

In examining an aspect of the eventization of faith (Pfadenhauer, 2010), this article considers an annual women’s conference, ‘Cherish’, a church-led event. Due to the pressures on the space available in its former home in the organising church’s campus, the growth in the event’s popularity has resulted in the church organisers moving the event venue to a commercial arena. The research questions the extent to which this popular conference meets the criteria of the academic characteristics of pilgrimage, and aims to clarify to what extent the thousands of women who attend the Cherish conference experience the event ...


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