Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Tourism and Travel Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2,934 Full-Text Articles 2,237 Authors 824,922 Downloads 102 Institutions

All Articles in Tourism and Travel

Faceted Search

2,934 full-text articles. Page 1 of 88.

Glossary Of Business Evidence, Paul C. Boyd 2018 Johnson & Wales University - Providence

Glossary Of Business Evidence, Paul C. Boyd

MBA Faculty Conference Papers & Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


House Bill 2 & The Backlash: A Story Of Frames, Kerry Schellenberger 2018 University of Pennsylvania

House Bill 2 & The Backlash: A Story Of Frames, Kerry Schellenberger

Honors Theses (PPE)

While over 20 states considered so-called bathroom bills between 2013-2016, only one state, North Carolina, passed one - in the form of House Bill 2. House Bill 2 modified North Carolina’s non-discrimination legislation, as well as restricting access to multi-user restrooms on the basis of sex designated on one’s birth certificate, which would require some transgender men to use the women’s restroom. The debate between those for and against HB2 raged in the press, the legal system, and finally at the ballot box. An analysis of the first two months of coverage indicates how frames were used by ...


Where's The Beef? 「肉」罷不能?, Tama Lung 2018 Vocational Training Council

Where's The Beef? 「肉」罷不能?, Tama Lung

AMBROSIA 客道 : The Magazine of The International Culinary Institute

Chefs, scientists and food engineers look to the past and to the future in the race to find viable, sustainable and enjoyable alternatives to conventional animal products.

不少廚師、科學家和食品工程師都回顧過去、放眼未來,為尋找取代傳統動物肉類的食材絞盡腦汁。


Efficiency Driver In Nigerian Airports: A Bootstrap Dea–Censored Quantile Regression Approach, Obioma Reuben Nwaogbe, Peter Wanke, Innocent Chukwuka Ogwude, Carlos Pestana Barros, Abul Kalam Azad 2018 Department of Transport Management Technology, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria

Efficiency Driver In Nigerian Airports: A Bootstrap Dea–Censored Quantile Regression Approach, Obioma Reuben Nwaogbe, Peter Wanke, Innocent Chukwuka Ogwude, Carlos Pestana Barros, Abul Kalam Azad

Journal of Aviation Technology and Engineering

This paper reports on the use of a novel two-stage approach for assessing the efficiency of 30 major Nigerian airports from 2003 to 2013 based on bootstrapped data envelopment analysis (DEA) and censored quantile regression. In the first stage, bootstrapped efficiency estimates are computed. They enable bias correction and testing for significant differences in efficiency levels among airports. Subsequently, bootstrapped DEA results are combined with censored quantile regression to assess the impact of contextual variables—related to the airports’ ownership, location, and network connectivity—on different efficiency percentiles. The results reveal that the intensity of significant impacts regarding airports’ contextual ...


Reopening Of Delta Air Lines Flight Operations - Georgia, Usa And Havana, Cuba, Maryam Gracias 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Reopening Of Delta Air Lines Flight Operations - Georgia, Usa And Havana, Cuba, Maryam Gracias

Study Abroad

The research paper is about the relationship between Delta Air Lines and Jose Marti International Airport located in Havana, Cuba. The report will focus on how the flight operations resumed back after the suspension for nearly 55 years.


Book Reviews Vol 5(Iii), Carlos Fernandes 2018 Dublin Institute of Technology

Book Reviews Vol 5(Iii), Carlos Fernandes

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

No abstract provided.


Marian Midsize Shrines: Three Itineraries Between Portugal And Slovakia, Vitor Ambrósio, Alfred Krogmann, Carlos Fernandes, Carla Norte Braga, Isilda Leitão, Magdaléna Nemčíková 2018 ESHTE

Marian Midsize Shrines: Three Itineraries Between Portugal And Slovakia, Vitor Ambrósio, Alfred Krogmann, Carlos Fernandes, Carla Norte Braga, Isilda Leitão, Magdaléna Nemčíková

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

Many travellers whose main motivation is religious tourism (Catholic) have visited the major shrines such as the Holy Land, the Vatican, Lourdes (France) and Fatima (Portugal). After having been in those places / shrines, religious tourists seek to visit other sanctuaries but find that the offer is limited. With that in mind, in 2016, three researchers drove from Lisbon (Portugal) to Levoča (Slovakia) nearly always stopping at Marian midsize shrines and, in 2017, one researcher travelled by train from Nitra (Slovakia) to Lisbon also stopping along the way at Marian midsize shrines. The data collected by participant observation allowed the researchers ...


Places Of Faith: Architectures For Hospitality In The Italian Sanctuaries In The Early Modern Age, Silvia Beltramo 2018 Politecnico di Torino Interuniversity Department of Regional and Urban Studies and Planning

Places Of Faith: Architectures For Hospitality In The Italian Sanctuaries In The Early Modern Age, Silvia Beltramo

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

The strong affluence of pilgrims in monasteries and sanctuaries since the Middle Era, determined a veritable culture of hospitality, which was manifested by the building of new spaces dedicated to guest quarters. This research investigates in detail some meaningful examples amongst the main Italian sanctuaries - namely: Vicoforte and Oropa (Piedmont), Tirano (Lombardy) and Loreto (Marche) - looking at the solutions adopted to host the wayfarers: the hospitality spaces which characterised architecture dedicated to pilgrims between the Middle and the Early Modern Ages. Throughout this period of time, the continuous increase in pilgrimages implied new definitions of the space within the sacred ...


The Economic Impact Of Pilgrimage: An Economic Impact Analysis Of Pilgrimage Expenditures In Galicia, Elisabeth J.E Graave, Jeroen Klijs, Wim Heijman 2018 VU University Amsterdam

The Economic Impact Of Pilgrimage: An Economic Impact Analysis Of Pilgrimage Expenditures In Galicia, Elisabeth J.E Graave, Jeroen Klijs, Wim Heijman

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

In this article, we calculate the economic impact of pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela in the NUTS 2 region Galicia (Spain) in 2010. This economic impact is relevant to policymakers and other stakeholders dealing with religious tourism in Galicia. The analysis is based on the Input-Output model. Location Quotient formulas are used to derive the regional Input-Output table from the national Input-Output table of Spain. Both the Simple Location Quotient formula and Flegg’s Location Quotient formula are applied. Furthermore, a sensitivity analysis is carried out. We found that pilgrimage expenditures in 2010 created between €59.750 million and €99 ...


Creating And Storing A Toolkit For Pilgrimage And Religious Tourism Sites, Peter Wiltshier 2018 P.Wiltshier@derby.ac.uk

Creating And Storing A Toolkit For Pilgrimage And Religious Tourism Sites, Peter Wiltshier

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

This paper reflects our abiding interest in our origins and of those religious and pilgrimage spaces that we attest to actively being part of our cultural inheritance. It explores options for, and barriers to, the creation of a repository of information to support practitioners and the clergy to maintain and develop these religious and pilgrimage sites. A model toolkit for storing collected knowledge is presented with illustrative examples from a range of sources. The examples used are largely drawn from a Northern / Western perspective.


The Possibility Of Pilgrimage In A Scientific World, Stephen F. Haller 2018 Wilfrid Laurier University-Brantford campus

The Possibility Of Pilgrimage In A Scientific World, Stephen F. Haller

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

The paper is a philosophical argument about whether a pilgrimage can be meaningful in a scientific age. Since a scientific world-view rules out many ideas which are traditionally associated with pilgrimage, such as miracles and the effectiveness of prayer, it seems that pilgrimage might be a practice inconsistent with the modern scientific age. Attempts have been made to reconcile this conflict by arguing that science and religion do not conflict, but are non-overlapping spheres of inquiry. Thus, it is possible to make sense of pilgrimage in a scientific age, if one strips their pilgrimage of all aspects to which science ...


Systems (Holistic) Approach To Religious Tourism, Tadeja Jere Jakulin, Alan Clarke Professor 2018 Univerza na Primorskem, Slovenia

Systems (Holistic) Approach To Religious Tourism, Tadeja Jere Jakulin, Alan Clarke Professor

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

Systems Approach has been accepted within natural sciences since Ludwig von Bertalanffy published his manifesto of general system theory (Bertalanffy, 1952) and Norbert Wiener his on Cybernetics (Wiener, 1948). The intention of general systems theory and cybernetics is the ‘ontology’ of action, which is shown by feedback information. Its goal is to find a method to predict the consequence of a decision-making action. Industrial engineering recognised it, when Forrester published the work Industrial Dynamics (Forrester, 1961) and social sciences rediscovered it with Senge’s work on the learning organisation - The Fifth Discipline (Senge, 1990). Systems Approach is a methodology for ...


Towards A Definition Of Christian Mega-Events In The 21st Century, Ruth Dowson (Rev.) 2018 Leeds Beckett University

Towards A Definition Of Christian Mega-Events In The 21st Century, Ruth Dowson (Rev.)

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

In an age in which the numbers of people attending churches in the UK has been falling consistently for several decades, a trend that applies across Europe and North America, there is a marked contrast in the burgeoning growth of Christian religious encounters - including church attendance - around the world, particularly in the Global South (Avis, 2007). Amongst the characteristics of this growth is the emergence of large-scale megaevents, commonly held across Africa and the Indian sub-continent, as well as smaller but significant events held around the world.

The emergence in the modern day of large-scale Christian events began in the ...


The Importance Of Religious Tourism And Pilgrimage: Reflecting On Definitions, Motives And Data, Kevin Griffin, Razaq Raj Dr. 2018 Dublin Institute of Technology

The Importance Of Religious Tourism And Pilgrimage: Reflecting On Definitions, Motives And Data, Kevin Griffin, Razaq Raj Dr.

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

This discussion paper explores the topic of religious tourism and pilgrimage, examining it from a tourism industry perspective, reflecting on definitions, motivations and scale of the ‘product’ as reported at a global level. Mindful of the fact that international records of religious tourism are scant to say the least, this is an attempt to bring together definitions, classifications and data which come from a variety of sources. The paper draws together understandings from different religious traditions, presenting data and motivations on a variety of pilgrimage types. As the paper demonstrates, this ‘niche’ product is indeed enormous, and if industry projections ...


Vol. 5(Iii) - Cover And Table Of Contents, 2018 Dublin Institute of Technology

Vol. 5(Iii) - Cover And Table Of Contents

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

No abstract provided.


Economic Contributions Of Winter Sports In A Changing Climate, Hagenstad Consulting, Inc., Elizabeth Burakowski, Rebecca Hill 2018 USNH

Economic Contributions Of Winter Sports In A Changing Climate, Hagenstad Consulting, Inc., Elizabeth Burakowski, Rebecca Hill

Earth Systems Research Center

In mountain towns across the United States that rely on winter tourism, snow is

currency. For snow lovers and the winter sports industry, predictions of a future with

warmer winters, reduced snowfall, and shorter snow seasons is inspiring them to

innovate, increase their own efforts to address emissions, and speak publicly on the

urgent need for action.

This report examines the economic contribution of winter snow sports tourism to

U.S. national and state-level economies. In a 2012 analysis, Protect Our Winters and

the Natural Resources Defense Council found that the winter sports tourism industry

generates $12.2 billion and ...


Theme Park Routing: A Decision Support System For Walt Disney World Trips, Danica Dvorachek 2018 Liberty University

Theme Park Routing: A Decision Support System For Walt Disney World Trips, Danica Dvorachek

The Kabod

With over 52 million visitors annually, the Walt Disney World theme park is one of the busiest places on earth (US City Traveler, 2015). While some of these visitors are regular attendees, most are creating new memories in unfamiliar territory. To assist these novice theme park visitors, a plethora of reference books, blogs, tour guides and other resources exist. These recommend which attractions to visit and their popularity. What these resources do not provide, however, is the optimal order that these attractions should be visited.


Living Without Otas–A Summary Of The Performance Impacts Resulting From The Ota Delisting Of Columbus, Georgia, Chris K. Anderson, Saram Han 2018 Cornell University School of Hotel Administration

Living Without Otas–A Summary Of The Performance Impacts Resulting From The Ota Delisting Of Columbus, Georgia, Chris K. Anderson, Saram Han

Center for Hospitality Research Publications

A four-year period during which hotels in Columbus, Georgia, were delisted by online travel agencies—and subsequently relisted—created a natural experiment that allows comparison of hotel performance before, during, and after the delisting period. This report summarizes two already published analyses of the hotels’ performance and then extends one of those analytical approaches to develop a more comprehensive picture of revenue outcomes. An initial study compared changes in room-nights sold by Columbus’s hotels with those in neighboring Phenix City, Alabama, which undoubtedly absorbed a substantial amount of Columbus’s lost OTA business. This study found that the loss ...


Living Without Otas—Goodbye Columbus: Putting The Jenie Back In The Bottle, Chris K. Anderson, Saram Han 2018 Cornell University School of Hotel Administration

Living Without Otas—Goodbye Columbus: Putting The Jenie Back In The Bottle, Chris K. Anderson, Saram Han

Articles and Chapters

A recent Cornell Hospitality Quarterly article highlighted a unique natural experiment where an entire city had all its hotel delisted from all online travel agents for more than 4 years. The article provides great background to the delisting and highlights the impacts on hotel revenue and accommodation taxes for the county. The article estimates that even though the hotels relisted at all online travel agents (OTAs), there was a substantial gain to both hotels and accommodation tax collectors during the OTA delisting period. The impact estimates are based solely on the loss of demand realized in neighboring Phenix City, AL ...


Queer Repurposed Artifacts: The State Of New York City’S Contemporary West Village Bars, Stephanie DeBiase 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Queer Repurposed Artifacts: The State Of New York City’S Contemporary West Village Bars, Stephanie Debiase

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

In recent years, there has been a shift in queer bar culture in New York City’s West Village, and this thesis aims to explore what these changes are and why they are happening now. How do West Village bars survive when queer populations are forced out? While there are various ways to consider how and what survives in the Village, three variables will be addressed: queer history, or the history queer-identified groups using activism, safety measures, or collaborating with outside sources to secure their rights and overall wellbeing; (post)gentrification, beginning with the 90s when mainstream LGBT groups teamed ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress