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The Covid-19 Pandemic And Religious Travel: Present And Future Trends, Daniel H. Olsen, Dallen Timothy 2020 Brigham Young University

The Covid-19 Pandemic And Religious Travel: Present And Future Trends, Daniel H. Olsen, Dallen Timothy

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

The COVID-19 pandemic of 2020 has had dramatic effects on both the health and economic stability of countries around the world. While several scholars and media commentators have suggested that the pandemic would be a good time to reset an unsustainable tourism system, left out of these discussions has been the impacts on religion and religious travel. The purpose of this paper is to review the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on religion and religious travel, including the tensions that have arisen between religious communities, governments and health officials. The paper then discusses potential futures regarding religious travel in a ...


Precautions Taken Against The Covid-19 By Presidency Of Religious Affairs In Terms Of Hajj And Umrah Pilgrimage: The Case Of Turkey, Onur Akbulut, Yakin Ekin 2020 Mugla Sitki Kocman University Fethiye Faculty of Bussines Administration

Precautions Taken Against The Covid-19 By Presidency Of Religious Affairs In Terms Of Hajj And Umrah Pilgrimage: The Case Of Turkey, Onur Akbulut, Yakin Ekin

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

The gathering of people in a concentrated manner within particular spaces / places has become a serious issue during the COVID-19 pandemic period. Mass gatherings of individuals seem to be investigated intensively by researchers both in these days and will be further in the forthcoming years. Religion-oriented gatherings are of great importance because they have spiritual motivation for the ones who practice them. For many participants, these gatherings are essential at least once in their life. As is seen from its very nature, religious motivation is one of the most potent subjects to be considered in terms of mass gatherings. Thus ...


Covid-19 And Religious Tourism: An Overview Of Impacts And Implications, Raheel Yasin Mr, Junaimah Jauhar, Noor Fareen Abdul Rahim, Sarah Namoco, Mohammad Saleh Enaizan Bataineh 2020 Universiti Sains Malaysia

Covid-19 And Religious Tourism: An Overview Of Impacts And Implications, Raheel Yasin Mr, Junaimah Jauhar, Noor Fareen Abdul Rahim, Sarah Namoco, Mohammad Saleh Enaizan Bataineh

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

Tourism and its allied industries (airline and hospitality) have been hit hard by the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) globally. This paper specifically explores the effects of the COVID-19 outbreak on religious tourism and aims to enhance the literature; it also aims to provide a path for future research work, in particular empirical research or future research that covers the effects of this pandemic on destinations. This paper is built on the fusion of news published by different news agencies to support an overview of related literature on religious tourism and tourism management. This paper confirms that COVID-19 has affected religious travellers ...


Padre Pio, Pandemic Saint: The Effects Of The Spanish Flu And Covid-19 On Pilgrimage And Devotion To The World’S Most Popular Saint, Michael A. Di Giovine 2020 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Padre Pio, Pandemic Saint: The Effects Of The Spanish Flu And Covid-19 On Pilgrimage And Devotion To The World’S Most Popular Saint, Michael A. Di Giovine

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

In the Catholic world, pilgrimages and other devotional rituals are often undertaken to foster healing and well-being. Thus, shrines dedicated to saints are particularly relevant in times of pandemic. Pilgrimage to the shrines associated with 20th century Italian stigmatic, St. Padre Pio of Pietrelcina, known as one of the Catholic world’s most popular saints, is particularly informed by this notion, as Pio is understood as a healing saint thanks to the spiritual and corporal works of mercy that marked his ministry during his lifetime, as well as belief in the miraculous nature of his relics. Pio’s hometown of ...


Virtual Pilgrimage In A Time Of Pandemic: Lessons From The Shrine Of Our Lady Of Walsingham, Susan M. Dunn-Hensley 2020 Wheaton College

Virtual Pilgrimage In A Time Of Pandemic: Lessons From The Shrine Of Our Lady Of Walsingham, Susan M. Dunn-Hensley

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

The COVID-19 pandemic has already cost billions to those in the tourist industry. According to the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), this pandemic is ‘by far the worst crisis that international tourism has faced since records began’ in 1950. People who rely on the pilgrim trade are similarly suffering. In this short exploration, I argue that the success of virtual pilgrimage and the history of pilgrimage’s adaptability suggest that people’s appetite for pilgrimage will experience a resurgence once local and national governments lift travel restrictions. In order to assess the future of pilgrimage, I will consider the ...


Covid-19 And Social Distancing Implications For Religious Activities And Travel: The Case Of The Serbian Orthodox Church, Danijel S. Pavlović 2020 Singidunum University, Belgrade, Serbia

Covid-19 And Social Distancing Implications For Religious Activities And Travel: The Case Of The Serbian Orthodox Church, Danijel S. Pavlović

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

The COVID-19 pandemic affects people’s everyday way of life. International tourism is one of the most affected activities today, since one of the key measures in the strategy of keeping control over the new pandemic is preventing closer human contact. This includes restricting and discouraging the movement of people towards tourism destinations. These measures have caused major problems for the tourism industry and no form of tourism has been spared. The COVID-19 outbreak, as a real threat to public life and health, has established a new measure as a mandatory condition in everyday life globally - called social distancing. This ...


Pandemic Lockdown In Kerala: Vishu And Thrissur Pooram Festivals, Yadukrishna Puthanparambil Radhakrishnan 2020 Technological University Dublin

Pandemic Lockdown In Kerala: Vishu And Thrissur Pooram Festivals, Yadukrishna Puthanparambil Radhakrishnan

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

This paper reflects on the impact of Covid 19 lockdown in India on religious festivals. Two Hindu religious festivals in the state of Kerala namely Vishu and Thrissur Pooram are addressed here. Both festivals are immensely popular and close to the heart of the Malayali Hindu and non-Hindu communities alike. Rather than focusing on the economic impact, the emphasis here is on the socio cultural and psychological impact that it has had on the community. The nature and spirit of these festivals differ from one another which has helped or worsened the impact for the festival lovers. Due to the ...


Covid-19 Pandemic: Risks Facing Hajj And Umrah, Razaq Raj, Dino Bozonelos 2020 Leeds Beckett University

Covid-19 Pandemic: Risks Facing Hajj And Umrah, Razaq Raj, Dino Bozonelos

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

The two major gatherings of Muslims which take place in Makkah and Madinah, the two holiest cities of Saudi Arabia, are umrah during Ramadan the 9th month and Hajj Dhul-Hajjah in the 12th month of the Islamic year. The COVID-19 outbreak has had a massive economic and social impact on pilgrimages for Muslims - because these gatherings could lead to widespread exposures and possible spread of COVID-19 to every corner of the world, it forced the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to cancel Umrah in March 2020. The pandemic has also prompted the Saudi government to limit Hajj, with some exceptions, to ...


The Effects Of Covid-19 On Religious Activity In Malta, Vincent Zammit 2020 Technological University Dublin

The Effects Of Covid-19 On Religious Activity In Malta, Vincent Zammit

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

The unexpected COVID-19 pandemic that struck the world has negatively affected all kinds of everyday activities. Besides the effects that this pandemic has had on the economy, social life and political scene, it has affected religion in various ways. The effects on religion are manifold. The immediate regulations issued by the local government for social distancing, the prohibition of mass gatherings, and the closure of all religious places has disrupted all aspects of everyday religious life. Meanwhile, tourism has suffered immensely, and this has also negatively impacted the international aspect of religious tourism. The negative impact on religion is wide ...


The Impact Of Covid-19 On Religious Tourism And Pilgrimage To The Holy City Of Karbala, Hadil Faris, Kevin A. Griffin 2020 Independent Researcher

The Impact Of Covid-19 On Religious Tourism And Pilgrimage To The Holy City Of Karbala, Hadil Faris, Kevin A. Griffin

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

Religious tourism and pilgrimage around the world have changed dramatically in response to the Coronavirus pandemic, thousands of sacred placed closed their doors; religious leaders appealed to their followers not to perform their spiritual or pilgrimage journeys for their own and others safety. The holy city of Karbala, like any other sacred place is affected by the pandemic; every year, the holy city of Karbala witnesses the convergence of millions of pilgrims, being among the most important pilgrims for Shia Muslims. Of particular importance for these pilgrims is Ashura, which marks the day that Hussain bin Ali, the grandson of ...


Saint Nicola’S Feast In Bari: Before And After Covid-19. A Short Reflection, Antonietta Ivona, Donatella Privitera 2020 University of Bari Aldo Moro, Italy

Saint Nicola’S Feast In Bari: Before And After Covid-19. A Short Reflection, Antonietta Ivona, Donatella Privitera

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

This research note has three primary goals. First, it seeks to analyse the field of religious tourism in terms of the impact of the health emergency caused by Covid-19. Second, it offers knowledge of religious tourism in Bari with its San Nicola patron feast that reflects key areas of academic insight into the religion–tourism nexus. Third, it synthesises perceptions of devotees, locals, tourism professionals and spiritual guides using the method of photography as a research technique. As a result of this reflection, the paper will show that faith and the inner experiences of the pilgrims will remain while religious ...


Strategic Role Of Religious Tourism In Recuperating The Indian Tourism Sector Post-Covid-19, Parikshat Singh Manhas Dr., Bipithlal Balakrishnan Nair 2020 School of Hospitality & Tourism Management and The Business School, University of Jammu, Jammu & Kashmir, India

Strategic Role Of Religious Tourism In Recuperating The Indian Tourism Sector Post-Covid-19, Parikshat Singh Manhas Dr., Bipithlal Balakrishnan Nair

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

This study explores the role of religious tourism in revitalising the Indian tourism sector post-COVID-19, with a focus on domestic tourism. This study is guided by the interpretive paradigm and operationalised through Faulker’s (2001) model of crisis management. Expert opinions and secondary data sources (newspaper articles, magazines and media reports) were used as the data sources; these were collected through purposive sampling techniques to obtain information-rich and context-specific samples. The results reveal that religious sites could play a substantial role in reviving the Indian tourism sector by promoting staycations and micro-holidays, and by reforming existing projects such as the ...


A Discussion Of The Practical And Theological Impacts Of Covid-19 On Religious Worship, Events And Pilgrimage, From A Christian Perspective, Ruth Dowson (Rev.) 2020 Leeds Beckett University

A Discussion Of The Practical And Theological Impacts Of Covid-19 On Religious Worship, Events And Pilgrimage, From A Christian Perspective, Ruth Dowson (Rev.)

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

This article explores the impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic in 2020 on the worship services and events of Christian communities. Focusing on the UK in terms of practice, the research includes early pandemic examples from a range of Christian traditions and denominations, as well as relevant cases from other countries. The Christian church organisations considered range from the extensive world-wide reaches of the Roman Catholic Church, to international Protestant denominations such as the Anglican Communion, and to independent non-denominational groupings and local churches. This paper considers the ways in which churches are coming to terms with the impacts of this ...


The Impact Of Coronavirus On Religious Tourism: Is This The End Of Pilgrimage?, Maximiliano E. Korstanje 2020 University of Palermo, Argentina

The Impact Of Coronavirus On Religious Tourism: Is This The End Of Pilgrimage?, Maximiliano E. Korstanje

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

The present paper, attends to the theme of COVID-19 and its negative effects on the tourism and pilgrimage industries. To be honest, although conclusive findings on this topic are premature in view of the velocity of facts, no less true seems to be that COVID-19 reaffirms a tendency originally stipulated just after 9/11 and declaration of the War On Terror by Bush’s administration. COVID-19 not only has shocked the world cancelling international flights, closing borders and airspaces, making irreparable damages to tourism and hospitality but it has operated on a much deeper level, developing a culture of fear ...


Crisis Management And The Impact Of Pandemics On Religious Tourism, William Mosier, Tariq Elhadary, Ismail A. Elhaty, Mehdi Safaei 2020 Istanbul Gelisim University, Istanbul, Turkey

Crisis Management And The Impact Of Pandemics On Religious Tourism, William Mosier, Tariq Elhadary, Ismail A. Elhaty, Mehdi Safaei

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

The spread of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) has caused a worldwide shockwave of fear and much misinformation leaving chaos in its wake. Holy shrines and other religious sites have a special place in the hearts and minds of many people. For example, the mosques in Makkah and Medina, Saudi Arabia typically accommodate over one hundred thousand Muslims daily. Due to the spread of COVID-19, both mosques were forced to shut their doors to pilgrims for health and safety reasons. This situation has saddened millions of Muslims all over the globe. The same situation applies to Qom City in Iran, Bethlehem ...


Reflecting On The Impact Of Covid-19 On Religious Tourism And Pilgrimage, Razaq Raj, Kevin A. Griffin 2020 Leeds Beckett University

Reflecting On The Impact Of Covid-19 On Religious Tourism And Pilgrimage, Razaq Raj, Kevin A. Griffin

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

COVID-19 is devastating the religious tourism industry in terms of economic, social, food, employment and faith related impacts. Pilgrimages are being stopped, and mass gatherings are halted. We are in middle of a very difficult time for the religious tourism industry and this has become a major concern for governments around the world. The leading nations such as USA, UK, Italy, Spain, Japan, Russia, Germany and China are struggling to control the COVID-19 pandemic. We are facing the biggest test of the tourism industry in over half a century, one which has exceeded the downturn of the 9/11 terrorism ...


Volume 8(Vii) Table Of Contents & Editorial, Kevin A. Griffin, Razaq Raj, Carlos Fernandes 2020 Technological University Dublin

Volume 8(Vii) Table Of Contents & Editorial, Kevin A. Griffin, Razaq Raj, Carlos Fernandes

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

No abstract provided.


Stakeholder Perceptions Of Da Nang, Vietnam As A Tourism Gateway City, Patrick J. Holladay, Anthony W. Dixon, Minh C. Nguyen, Bao L. Nguyen, Shuangyu Xu, Kate Price-Howard 2020 Troy University

Stakeholder Perceptions Of Da Nang, Vietnam As A Tourism Gateway City, Patrick J. Holladay, Anthony W. Dixon, Minh C. Nguyen, Bao L. Nguyen, Shuangyu Xu, Kate Price-Howard

Journal of Tourism Insights

Da Nang, Vietnam is referred to as a gateway city because of its use as a regional entry point to multiple UNESCO World Heritage Sites and other extra-regional interests proximate to the city. This research addresses Da Nang tourism stakeholders’ interest in the capitalization of Da Nang’s current position as a tourism gateway city. Interviews were conducted with government officials, resort general managers, travel agency personnel, museum directors and members of academia who were all from Da Nang and knowledgeable of the industry. This study concludes that embracing and developing Da Nang’s position as a gateway and hub ...


Frequency And Use Of Online Travel Sites When Planning A Leisure Vacation, John Salazar, Nancy M. Hritz, Catherine Moorman, Kelli Brunson, Anton Abraham 2020 University of Georgia

Frequency And Use Of Online Travel Sites When Planning A Leisure Vacation, John Salazar, Nancy M. Hritz, Catherine Moorman, Kelli Brunson, Anton Abraham

Journal of Tourism Insights

The growth of online travel agencies has modified how consumers explore possible vacation choices by allowing greater access to the travel and tourism supply chain. This growth also empowers potential travelers to be more discerning when purchasing travel products and services by giving them the opportunity to align their preferences (i.e., price, value, amenity, etc.) with the multiple product offerings available to them via online travel retail sites. This research explores a visitor’s frequency of using online travel sites when planning a leisure vacation and if similarities exist in how frequently these sites are used in the planning ...


Understanding Contraflow Pop-Culture Tourism: The Case Of Transnational Fandom Of South Korean Pop-Culture And The “Hallyu” Tourism, JungYun "Christine" Hur, Tony Kim 2020 California State University Sacramento

Understanding Contraflow Pop-Culture Tourism: The Case Of Transnational Fandom Of South Korean Pop-Culture And The “Hallyu” Tourism, Jungyun "Christine" Hur, Tony Kim

Journal of Tourism Insights

Pop-culture tourism has continuously grown its market among those who are fanatic of pop-culture, and destination marketers have noticed pop-culture as an effective marketing tool to attract more visitors. Pop-culture has been dominant by the US, but interestingly, a recent phenomenon sees a contra-cultural flow. This paper explores contraflow pop-culture tourism and guides the reader to how to understand this new tourism niche. Reviewing the case of transnational fandom of South Korean pop-culture, so called “Korean Wave” or “Hallyu” and its impact on inbound tourism, this paper suggests digital mediation as a key driver of contraflow pop-culture and transnational fandom ...


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