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Reflective Epilogue: Concerns In Tourism Safety, Peter Tarlow 2014 Dublin Institute of Technology

Reflective Epilogue: Concerns In Tourism Safety, Peter Tarlow

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Terrorism On The Travel And Tourism Industry, David Mc. A Baker 2014 Dublin Institute of Technology

The Effects Of Terrorism On The Travel And Tourism Industry, David Mc. A Baker

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

The impact of terrorism on the travel and tourism industry can be enormous. It can lead to unemployment, homelessness, deflation, and many other social and economic ills. The contribution of tourism for many countries is so great that any downturn in the industry is a cause of major concern for many governments. The repercussions are left in many other industries associated with tourism like airlines, hotels, restaurants and shops that cater to the tourists and allied services. Terrorism is an enigmatic and compelling phenomenon, and its relationship with tourism is complex and multifaceted. This paper aims to clarify this relationship ...


Understanding Perceptions And Attitudes To Risk In The Tourism Industry, Anthony Clayton, Lourdes Cisneros Mustelier, Maximiliano E. Korstanje Prof 2014 Dublin Institute of Technology

Understanding Perceptions And Attitudes To Risk In The Tourism Industry, Anthony Clayton, Lourdes Cisneros Mustelier, Maximiliano E. Korstanje Prof

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

An increasingly complex and rapidly-evolving array of risks presents one of the greatest challenges for decision-makers in all sectors, including the transport and tourism industry. The prospects of an international destination can be profoundly damaged in minutes as a result of a major outbreak of infectious disease, a natural disaster or a terrorist incident. It is therefore vital to understand the changing nature of risk and the ways that risks are perceived and understood, especially as people tend to respond to the perception of risks rather than actual risks, which means that their responses are not always rational and can ...


Security Guards And Counter-Terrorism: Tourism And Gaps In Terrorism Prevention, Luke Howie 2014 Dublin Institute of Technology

Security Guards And Counter-Terrorism: Tourism And Gaps In Terrorism Prevention, Luke Howie

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

Organisation operating in the tourism industry are high priority targets for terrorists. In the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks tourism destinations, hotels and modes of public transportation have regularly been targeted by terrorists seeking to convey their violent message. As such, leaders and managers in the tourism industry carefully plan their security and counter-terrorism responses, often involving the hiring of security guards. It is here that I believe a significant gap in counter-terrorism preparedness exists. I argue that protecting tourism destinations is only possible if consideration is given the effectiveness of security guards and understanding that their well-being will ...


Lessons Learnt From The Westgate Shopping Mall Terrorist Attack In Nairobi, Kenya: Involving The Meetings, Incentives, Conferences And Exhibitions Sector In Crisis Communications, Ashley Schroeder, Lori Pennington-Gray, Kelly Bricker 2014 Dublin Institute of Technology

Lessons Learnt From The Westgate Shopping Mall Terrorist Attack In Nairobi, Kenya: Involving The Meetings, Incentives, Conferences And Exhibitions Sector In Crisis Communications, Ashley Schroeder, Lori Pennington-Gray, Kelly Bricker

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

The terrorist attacks in Nairobi Kenya have been widely disseminated by the world media, thus, affecting the long-term interests of stakeholders. The tourism industry is made up of a vast number of these stakeholders, with the operating sector alone including the accommodation, tourism services, transportation, entertainment, food services, adventure and outdoor recreation, attractions, meetings, incentive, conventions, and exhibitions (MICE), and travel trade sectors. Within each operating sector, there is also a variety of different stakeholders in various segments and organisations. The purpose of this manuscript is to examine tourism crisis communications surrounding the Westgate Shopping Mall attacks in Kenya. The ...


Tourism And Terror: A Case Study: Israel 1948-2012, Erik H. Cohen 2014 Dublin Institute of Technology

Tourism And Terror: A Case Study: Israel 1948-2012, Erik H. Cohen

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

Israel is a popular tourist destination which has by afflicted by varying levels of terrorism against civilians over the course of its history. A longitudinal analysis of data pertaining to tourism and terrorism is undertaken to examine how terrorism affects patterns of tourism. It is found that on the macro-level, tourism to Israel continues to grow although it experiences periodic declines corresponding with times of high terrorist activity. National and religious subpopulations of tourists react differently terrorism at the destination. Overall, Jews are proportionally more likely than non-Jews to continue to visit Israel during times of conflict, but this varies ...


Terrorism, Tourism And Worker Unions: The Disciplinary Boundaries Of Fear, Maximiliano E. Korstanje Prof, Geoffrey Skoll, Freddy Timmermann 2014 Dublin Institute of Technology

Terrorism, Tourism And Worker Unions: The Disciplinary Boundaries Of Fear, Maximiliano E. Korstanje Prof, Geoffrey Skoll, Freddy Timmermann

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

When the world seems poised on the brink of a never ending cycle of terrorism, the present paper polemically explores some of its historical roots. The first anarcho-terrorists in 19th century, fought to improve the working conditions of people. Some of them used violent tools, hosting civilians as targets. Others, convinced by the futility of their efforts to change the order, opted for organizing workers in factories. It is widely accepted that tourism came from the social, political, technological developments in the nineteenth century. We compare terrorist attacks with workers’ strikes, because they come from the same developments. We ...


Guest Editorial: Americans Post 9/11: From Pride To Terror, Maximiliano E. Korstanje Prof 2014 Dublin Institute of Technology

Guest Editorial: Americans Post 9/11: From Pride To Terror, Maximiliano E. Korstanje Prof

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

No abstract provided.


Introduction, Kevin A. Griffin, Razaq Raj 2014 Dublin Institute of Technology

Introduction, Kevin A. Griffin, Razaq Raj

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

No abstract provided.


Cover And Table Of Contents, 2014 Dublin Institute of Technology

Cover And Table Of Contents

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

No abstract provided.


Montana Dragon Boat Festival: 2014, Brian Battaglia, Megan Schultz 2014 University of Montana

Montana Dragon Boat Festival: 2014, Brian Battaglia, Megan Schultz

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

The purpose of this study was to provide the organizers of the Montana Dragon Boat Festival with an understanding of their attendees and the total money spent by those surveyed in the event area. The population of interest was participants and attendees of the 2014 Montana Dragon Boat Festival.


An Ri Ra Montana Irish Festival: 2014, Brian Battaglia, Megan Schultz 2014 University of Montana

An Ri Ra Montana Irish Festival: 2014, Brian Battaglia, Megan Schultz

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

The purpose of this study was to provide the organizers of the An Ri Ra Montana Irish Festival with an understanding of their attendees and the total money spent by those surveyed in the event area. The population of interest was participants and attendees of the 2014 An Ri Ra Montana Irish Festival.


Tourism Policy Analysis On An Eco-Tour Guide Certification System At A Unesco World Heritage Site: The Shirakami Mountain Range In Japan, Tadayuki Hara, Hidekazu Iwamoto 2014 Yamaguchi University

Tourism Policy Analysis On An Eco-Tour Guide Certification System At A Unesco World Heritage Site: The Shirakami Mountain Range In Japan, Tadayuki Hara, Hidekazu Iwamoto

Journal of Tourism Economics, Policy and Hospitality Management

The objective of this study is to verify the feasibility of standardizing tour guide activities and the introduction of a tour guide certification system in the Shirakami Mountain Range, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Japan. We are interested in verifying the assertion in a previous study that differences in opinions between part-time guides and full-time guides would be prohibitive for local authorities to introduce a tour guide certification system. To achieve this objective, we prepared a questionnaire for tour guides currently operating in the region, so that we could record their ways of thinking about tourism activities and a ...


Mountain Madness Airshow: 2014, Brian Battaglia, Megan Schultz 2014 University of Montana

Mountain Madness Airshow: 2014, Brian Battaglia, Megan Schultz

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

The purpose of this study was to provide the organizers of the Mountain Madness Airshow with an understanding of their attendees and the total money spent by those surveyed in the event area. The population of interest was participants and attendees of the 2014 Mountain Madness Airshow.


Comparison Of Mt Visitor's And Mt Resident's Use Of Downtowns, Norma P. Nickerson 2014 University of Montana

Comparison Of Mt Visitor's And Mt Resident's Use Of Downtowns, Norma P. Nickerson

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

An on line survey found that only 5 o f 47 downtown questions were significantly different between MT residents and visitors.


Cliff House Hotel: Dinner Menu 5th Of September, 2014., Cliff House Hotel 2014 Dublin Institute of Technology

Cliff House Hotel: Dinner Menu 5th Of September, 2014., Cliff House Hotel

Menus of the 21st Century

The Cliff House Hotel is a five-star, privately owned luxury hotel located close to Cork and Waterford. The building seems to cling to a cliff on the south side of Ardmore Bay where there has long been a fishing village, and a Christian settlement that pre-dates St. Patrick.

From sun-drenched terraces and private balconies it is possible to see Ardmore’s sands, lobster pots and dolphins that play out on the water. All our luxury rooms and suites are sea facing while many are interconnected to provide family-friendly configurations.

From this dramatic coastal location in Ireland’s gourmet heartland guests ...


Cliff House Hotel: Tasting Menu 4th Of September, 2014., Cliff House Hotel 2014 Dublin Institute of Technology

Cliff House Hotel: Tasting Menu 4th Of September, 2014., Cliff House Hotel

Menus of the 21st Century

The Cliff House Hotel is a five-star, privately owned luxury hotel located close to Cork and Waterford. The building seems to cling to a cliff on the south side of Ardmore Bay where there has long been a fishing village, and a Christian settlement that pre-dates St. Patrick.

From sun-drenched terraces and private balconies it is possible to see Ardmore’s sands, lobster pots and dolphins that play out on the water. All our luxury rooms and suites are sea facing while many are interconnected to provide family-friendly configurations.

From this dramatic coastal location in Ireland’s gourmet heartland guests ...


Pichet Restaurant, Pichet Restaurant 2014 Dublin Institute of Technology

Pichet Restaurant, Pichet Restaurant

Menus of the 21st Century

A modern take on the classic bistro. The restaurant offers a quality dining experience in relaxed and informal surroundings with a fresh, vibrant and varied menu offering food of the highest quality.


Cliff House Hotel: Dessert Menu 5th Of September, 2014., Cliff House Hotel 2014 Dublin Institute of Technology

Cliff House Hotel: Dessert Menu 5th Of September, 2014., Cliff House Hotel

Menus of the 21st Century

The Cliff House Hotel is a five-star, privately owned luxury hotel located close to Cork and Waterford. The building seems to cling to a cliff on the south side of Ardmore Bay where there has long been a fishing village, and a Christian settlement that pre-dates St. Patrick.

From sun-drenched terraces and private balconies it is possible to see Ardmore’s sands, lobster pots and dolphins that play out on the water. All our luxury rooms and suites are sea facing while many are interconnected to provide family-friendly configurations.

From this dramatic coastal location in Ireland’s gourmet heartland guests ...


Cross-Border Shopping: A Research Proposal For A Comparison Of Service Encounters Of Canadian Cross-Border Shoppers Versus Canadian Domestic In-Shoppers, Brian A. Zinser, Gary Brunswick 2014 Northern Michigan University

Cross-Border Shopping: A Research Proposal For A Comparison Of Service Encounters Of Canadian Cross-Border Shoppers Versus Canadian Domestic In-Shoppers, Brian A. Zinser, Gary Brunswick

Journal Articles

The phenomenon known as out-shopping behavior (also known as intermarket patronage) is further explored and analyzed within the context of international cross-border consumer behavior. The authors provide an extensive literature review and a set of research hypotheses, as well as a suggested research methodology, and argue that this research will allow for significant contributions to the literature on out-shopping, international cross-border shopping, and services marketing.


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