Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Entrepreneurial and Small Business Operations Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

3167 Full-Text Articles 2894 Authors 952368 Downloads 152 Institutions

All Articles in Entrepreneurial and Small Business Operations

Faceted Search

3167 full-text articles. Page 1 of 100.

People, Planet, Profit: Benefit And B Certified Corporations - Comprehension And Outlook Of Business Students, Arlene J. Nicholas, Samuel Sacco 2017 Salve Regina University

People, Planet, Profit: Benefit And B Certified Corporations - Comprehension And Outlook Of Business Students, Arlene J. Nicholas, Samuel Sacco

Faculty and Staff - Articles & Papers

This paper is an overview of the emergence of Benefit and Certified B Corporations that aim to realize a profit and make a positive impact on society as measured by some third party standard. In this way, these corporations differ in corporate purpose from traditional C corporations. Directors and managers are accountable for that defined public benefit. Considerations of sustainable business practices have existed in many industries for several years. However, the recent growth in legislation to create a legal framework for Benefit Corporations is newly emergent. An examination of recent literature explains the rise of these socially responsible organizations ...


How To Conduct A Mini-Ethnographic Case Study: A Guide For Novice Researchers, Patricia I. Fusch Ph.D., Gene E. Fusch, Lawrence R. Ness 2017 Walden University

How To Conduct A Mini-Ethnographic Case Study: A Guide For Novice Researchers, Patricia I. Fusch Ph.D., Gene E. Fusch, Lawrence R. Ness

The Qualitative Report

The authors present how to construct a mini-ethnographic case study design with the benefit of an ethnographic approach bounded within a case study protocol that is more feasible for a student researcher with limited time and finances. The novice researcher should choose a design that enables one to best answer the research question. Secondly, one should choose the design that assists the researcher in reaching data saturation. Finally, the novice researcher must choose the design in which one can complete the study within a reasonable time frame with minimal cost. This is particularly important for student researchers. One can blend ...


Factors Affecting The Governance Of Innovation Commercialization: A Theoretical Model, Datta Avimanyu, Richard Reed, Len Jessup 2017 Cleveland State University

Factors Affecting The Governance Of Innovation Commercialization: A Theoretical Model, Datta Avimanyu, Richard Reed, Len Jessup

Richard Reed

The ability to commercialize innovations is central to firm survival and success and despite research on parts of the process, there is no overarching framework. Successful commercialization can include retaining ownership of the innovation and bringing it to market, sharing it by licensing or developing it with partners, or by selling it. A firm-level model is constructed that goes from innovation sourcing, through assessment of viability, to selection of the optimum form of governance. External networks and absorptive capacity at the meso level, plus micro- and macro-level factors, as moderators affecting the strength of the relationship between viability and governance ...


Disparities In Small Business Credit Markets: A Survey, J Vincent 2017 Morehouse College

Disparities In Small Business Credit Markets: A Survey, J Vincent

Challenge

This paper reviews the literature on statistical disparities in the market for small business credit. The paper begins with a brief legal discussion of the case law on the use of credit discrimination in the factual predicate for a minority business procurement program. The next section provides an overview of the statistical analysis of disparities in loan denials and interest rates by race and gender in the National Survey of Small Business Finance (NSSBF) data, the final section outlines policies to remedy discrimination in credit markets.


Developing A Rural Renaissance Community Index: A Multi-Disciplinary Project With Research And Outreach Elements, Ann Marie Fiore, Linda S. Niehm, Christopher Seeger, Jessica L. Hurst, Daniel Russell, Steven Garasky, Sara J. Kadolph 2017 Iowa State University

Developing A Rural Renaissance Community Index: A Multi-Disciplinary Project With Research And Outreach Elements, Ann Marie Fiore, Linda S. Niehm, Christopher Seeger, Jessica L. Hurst, Daniel Russell, Steven Garasky, Sara J. Kadolph

Christopher J. Seeger

The main purpose of this project was to develop a multi-functional instrument to capture information about the relative attractiveness of rural community features, including retail offerings, to the Creative Class as well as other prospective residents.


A System Dynamics Approach To Assessing Public Policy Impact On The Sustainable Growth Rate Of New Ventures, Jeff W. Trailer, Kuau Garsson 2017 California State University - Chico

A System Dynamics Approach To Assessing Public Policy Impact On The Sustainable Growth Rate Of New Ventures, Jeff W. Trailer, Kuau Garsson

Jeff Trailer

The growth of firms is fundamentally based on self-reinforcing feedback loops, one of the most important of which involves cash flow. When profit margin is positive, sales generate cash, which may then be reinvested to finance the operating cash cycle. We analyze simulations of a sustainable growth model of a generic new venture to assess the importance of taxes, and regulatory costs in determining growth. The results suggest that new ventures are particularly vulnerable to public policy effects, since their working capital resource levels are minimal, and they have few options to raise external funds necessary to fuel their initial ...


On The Logic Of Business Plan Composition, Jeff Trailer, Chester Wolford 2017 Pennsylvania State University-Erie

On The Logic Of Business Plan Composition, Jeff Trailer, Chester Wolford

Jeff Trailer

This article presents examples for improving the effectiveness of business plans by focusing on the logical structure of their composition.


The Evolution Of Financing Structure In U.S. Startups, Carmen Cotei, Joseph Farhat 2017 University of Hartford

The Evolution Of Financing Structure In U.S. Startups, Carmen Cotei, Joseph Farhat

The Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance

In this article we examine how startup businesses finance their operations over time. We employ the Latent growth modeling technique to test the financial growth cycle theory developed by Berger and Udell (1998). The data used in this study is the Kauffman Firm Survey, the largest longitudinal data set comprised of a random sample of U.S. startups launched in 2004 and surveyed annually through 2011. Consistent with the predictions of financial growth cycle theory, in the startup stage, entrepreneurs rely on initial insider capital sources such as personal savings, financing offered by friends and family, quasi-equity, and personal debt ...


Whse_And_Inventory_Familiarization_Chapt_1.Pdf, Anthony J. Jackson Prof 2017 Gyeongju University

Whse_And_Inventory_Familiarization_Chapt_1.Pdf, Anthony J. Jackson Prof

Anthony J Jackson Prof

Building sustainable and quality supply chains is now a central theme among distribution centers, manufacturers, and warehouses.  Linked to wider objectives such as lean processes, reverse logistics, and reducing environmental footprint.  Achieving this aim may be helped by having a quality workforce that understands the supply chain process and what contributes to quality excellence. 
Today, while most supply chains struggle with quality and having a knowledgeable workforce that can help achieve company goals nonetheless, most companies can’t afford to have expensive training programs or pay for costly supply chain courses that may or may not benefit them in the ...


Value Added As The Tax Base For Enterprise Income, Nicos ZAFIRIS 2017 Groupe INSEEC, London, UK

Value Added As The Tax Base For Enterprise Income, Nicos Zafiris

The Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance

The paper addresses the long standing asymmetry in the tax treatment of debt and equity costs through a direct comparison of two hypothetical regimes based exclusively on income taxation, broadly defined, and value added taxation. The model presented widens existing debate to encompass the choice between entrepreneurial and contractual use of inputs generally and including labour, as well as capital. Using representative functional forms and numerical illustrations the analysis explores the effect of the tax regimes on firm decisions concerning input selection, output level and vertical integration. The greater neutrality of value added taxation is shown to produce gains in ...


Private Equity In Family Firms: Drivers Of The Willingness To Cede Control, Marisa Henn, Prof. Dr. Eva Lutz 2017 Heinrich Heine University Duesseldorf

Private Equity In Family Firms: Drivers Of The Willingness To Cede Control, Marisa Henn, Prof. Dr. Eva Lutz

The Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance

Our aim is to empirically examine how reasons for using private equity (PE) and prior experience with PE affect the willingness of privately held firms to cede company control. Based on a questionnaire entailing 75 privately held firms backed by PE, we show that family firms cede less control than non-family firms when entering a PE transaction. However, if firms seek funds due to challenges related to ownership changes, the difference between family firms and non-family firms decreases. Moreover, we find that family firms sell more company shares if they are run by a PE-experienced manager.


Returns To Tilapia Fish Farming In Ghana – Implications For Tilapia Pooled Investment Vehicles, Kwami Adanu, Mawufemor Adanu 2017 GIMPA Business School, Ghana

Returns To Tilapia Fish Farming In Ghana – Implications For Tilapia Pooled Investment Vehicles, Kwami Adanu, Mawufemor Adanu

The Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance

In Ghana, the private sector’s response to financing constraints associated with aquaculture investment has been to employ Pooled Investment Vehicles (PIVs). Unfortunately, several of these PIVs faced insolvency with huge losses to investors as returns promised investors turn out to be unrealizable. The premise of this study is that such insolvency problems occur mainly because of the lack of reliable data on likely returns and risk associated with Tilapia farm investments. This study improves on the “single value” profitability estimates of previous studies by performing Value at Risk (VaR) analyses on estimated farm-level returns, and 5,000 Monte Carlo ...


Risk Appetites And Empirical Survival Pattern Of Small And Medium Enterprises In Nigeria, Joshua S. Adeyele Dr., Osazee G. Omorokunwa Dr. 2017 University of Benin

Risk Appetites And Empirical Survival Pattern Of Small And Medium Enterprises In Nigeria, Joshua S. Adeyele Dr., Osazee G. Omorokunwa Dr.

The Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance

ABSTRACT

Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) are vital to economic growth and development of a nation. However, many of them fail in the first five years of incorporation due to their exposures to risk financing and strategies employed to meet customers’ need during business shutdown. Hence, this study is designed to verify how SMEs’ risk financing affect their continuity, and to model their survival patterns in context of risk financing and risk management approach employed by the operators. Two hundred and nine copies of valid questionnaire distributed to the respondents were filled and returned. Cramer’s V and multiple regressions ...


Capital Markets Financing For Agricultural Business Development In Tanzania; A Case Of Cocoa Farming In Kyela And Rungwe Districts, Godfrey Frank Molela 2017 The University of Dodoma

Capital Markets Financing For Agricultural Business Development In Tanzania; A Case Of Cocoa Farming In Kyela And Rungwe Districts, Godfrey Frank Molela

The Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance

This study tries to explore the financing opportunity for smallholder cocoa farmers available at capital markets through enterprise growth market (EGM) financing window. The research findings from 122 cocoa farmers revealed that, in average a single cocoa farmer needed Tshs. 551,808.12 per acre as capital investment in a given season. At the time of data collection the cocoa prices at London and New York futures markets were Tshs. 6,266.75/Kg and Tshs. 6,148.62/Kg respectively at prevailed rates which were far above the production cost. In this case the envisaged gross margin was sufficient ...


Information Asymmetry And Adverse Wealth Effects Of Crowdfunding, Fathali Firoozi, Abol Jalilvand, Donald Lien 2017 University of Texas at San Antonio

Information Asymmetry And Adverse Wealth Effects Of Crowdfunding, Fathali Firoozi, Abol Jalilvand, Donald Lien

The Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance

The Jumpstart Our Business Startups (JOBS) Act of 2012 in the U.S. expanded the capital markets so that entrepreneurs can appeal directly to non-traditional small crowd investors for investment funds. The final rules and forms of the JOBS Act became effective in May 16, 2016. Existing literature is thus relatively small but contains ample praises for expected positive consequences of the new crowdfunding laws for the capital markets and for the crowd in general but has only limited analysis on the prospect of adverse wealth effects of crowdfunding for the crowd investors. A limited number of existing studies have ...


Blue The Bee Learns To Be Happy, Connie Reimers-Hild, Deborah J. Weitzenkamp, Connie Reimers-Hild, Kim Wellsandt 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Blue The Bee Learns To Be Happy, Connie Reimers-Hild, Deborah J. Weitzenkamp, Connie Reimers-Hild, Kim Wellsandt

Kimmel Education and Research Center - Faculty & Staff Publications

Do you sometimes feel sad or blue and don't know what to do? If so, this book was written just for you!

Join Blue the Bee as she travels through Happy Orchard meeting her friends (Flutter, Buzz, Bonita and Ernie) to learn the 7 Happiness Habits. When happiness is a habit, it comes without thinking. You can choose how to spend your day and use your time. You choose how to live your life and what is on your mind.

Each page was designed to enjoy at any age. People can become pollinators of happiness in any life stage ...


When The Going Gets Tough, The Tough Get Going, Antti Fredriksson, Daniela Maresch, Matthias Fink, Andrea Moro 2017 University of Turku, School of Economics

When The Going Gets Tough, The Tough Get Going, Antti Fredriksson, Daniela Maresch, Matthias Fink, Andrea Moro

The Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance

A bank’s lending decision is affected by the amount of information it can access and by its capability to manage this information. The latter aspect implies that the bank has to decide whether borrowers should be managed in a local branch of the bank or in its headquarters. By looking at a sample of Finnish banks, the present research investigates a bank’s capability to extract profitability from both locally and centrally managed firms. We find that banks are able to properly discriminate between firms: those which should be managed by loan managers with expert knowledge in the bank ...


Profile Of Corporate Social Media Consumer Segments, Beverly Wright, Aberdeen Leila Borders, Paul H. Schwager, S. Scott Nadler 2017 Georgia Institute of Technology

Profile Of Corporate Social Media Consumer Segments, Beverly Wright, Aberdeen Leila Borders, Paul H. Schwager, S. Scott Nadler

Aberdeen L Borders

The trade and academic literature is replete with commentary about the need for companies to develop promotional strategies and to adopt media platforms that are more engaging and conversational with customers than the traditional top-down company directed one-way communication strategies of the past (Thomas, Peters, Howell and Robbins, 2012; Foster, West and Francescucci 2011; Deighton and Kornfeld, 2009). This viewpoint is supported by Christodoulides (2008) who reported that many customers view information about a company or brand that they obtained from blogs, social networking sites and the like as being more relevant, believable and important to them in their interactions ...


The International Business Risk Of Terrorism: A Pragmatic Framework For Assessing Its Impact On The U.S.-Based, Small- To Medium-Sized Enterprise’S Supply Chain Operations, Scott A. Lemons 2017 Western Michigan University

The International Business Risk Of Terrorism: A Pragmatic Framework For Assessing Its Impact On The U.S.-Based, Small- To Medium-Sized Enterprise’S Supply Chain Operations, Scott A. Lemons

The Hilltop Review

Purpose - Subject paper examines the international business risk of terrorism’s impact on the focal firm’s supply chain operations, as proliferated by the acceleration of globalization, via a fundamental review of pertinent country- and firm-level considerations shaped by global environmental factors. Subsequently, a managerial risk assessment and mitigation planning framework is presented for the supply chain executive’s pragmatic use.

Design/methodology/approach – Broad evaluation of contemporary viewpoints precedes a risk assessment and mitigation planning framework from the supply chain executive’s point-of-view.

Findings – While observed research found the probability of the risk of terrorism to be low, the ...


Resources That Predict Microbusinesses Winning A U.S. Government Contract, James Marshall Ensign 2017 Walden University

Resources That Predict Microbusinesses Winning A U.S. Government Contract, James Marshall Ensign

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The U.S. Government (USG) sets aside $133 billion annually to procure goods and services from small businesses. To increase efficiency and effectiveness, the USG employs e-commerce procedures that continually change, forcing small and microbusiness owners (MBO) to learn new technical skills. This continuum of change is adversely affecting MBO who lack technical skills. The purpose of this correlational study was to determine whether a relationship existed between the independent variables of formal training consisting of third party providers, consultants, and higher education (INTM); previous federal employment (PFE); and government-sponsored training (GST) and the dependent variable of MBO winning a ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress