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Appearance Discrimination: Lookism And The Cost To The American Woman, Alyssa Dana Dana Adomaitis, Rachel Raskin, Diana Saiki 2017 New York City College of Technology

Appearance Discrimination: Lookism And The Cost To The American Woman, Alyssa Dana Dana Adomaitis, Rachel Raskin, Diana Saiki

The Seneca Falls Dialogues Journal

Lookism, or ranking an individual based on attractiveness, is a prevalent employment prejudice. Research has shown that looks influence salaries, career growth and even hiring (Warhurst, van den Broek, Hall, & Nickson, 2009). Because it is difficult to prove, there is no legislation that specifically addresses lookism. The current economy gives employers a vast selection of job applicants and candidates for open positions and “beauty premiums” (individuals considered above average with pretty faces) may have a better chance at being hired. According to a Newsweek national survey (2010) of 202 human resource staff which revealed that corporate hiring managers indicated appearances are critical – managers rank employee looks as the third most important feature, even above formal education. Economists have disclose statistics that “handsome men earn 5% more money on average than less good looking men while more attractive women earn 4% more than less good-looking women (Bernett, 2010, p.1). Furthermore, 13% of women and 10% of men would go as far as cosmetic surgery to excel at work if it meant it is career advancement.

Maintaining a prescribed appearance is necessary in an appearance focused society; it is not optional anymore. What are the costs of beauty and how can individuals in diverse economic positions keep up with these costs? What magnitude of debt do men and women incur to maintain a competitive appearance?

References:

Bennett, J. (2010). The Beauty Advantage: How Looks Affect Your Work, your Career, Your Life. Newsweek. Retrieved from http://www.newsweek.com/beauty-advantage-how-looks-affect-your-work-your-career-your-life-74313

Warhurst, C., van den Broek, D., Hall, R ...


The True Cost: The Bitter Truth Behind Fast Fashion, Zeynep Ozdamar-Ertekin 2017 Izmir University of Economics

The True Cost: The Bitter Truth Behind Fast Fashion, Zeynep Ozdamar-Ertekin

Markets, Globalization & Development Review

The True Cost is a documentary about the clothes we wear, the people who make them and the impact the industry has on the environment, the society, and the workers. It shows us the dark and grim side of global fast fashion supply chain. The review provides the main highlights of the film and summarizes the human, social and environmental costs of the industry. A number of counter-examples are included to show how people can make a difference and there can be a better way of making clothes. The current fast fashion model is all about profit. It does not ...


Couples Sleeping Apart--Separate Master Bedrooms And The Impact On The Real Estate And Related Markets, John E. Crawford 2017 Lipscomb University

Couples Sleeping Apart--Separate Master Bedrooms And The Impact On The Real Estate And Related Markets, John E. Crawford

Atlantic Marketing Journal

Sleeping is a fundamental individual human need. However, most adults fulfill this need by sleeping with a partner, a behavior particularly true for married couples. A trend of couples choosing to sleep apart has emerged in recent years. For reasons practical and personally beneficial or preferred, a growing number of couples are choosing to have a home with two master bedrooms--one for him and one for her, each furnished according to the needs and tastes of the partners. Thus, some homes are being built with two master bedrooms, others are being modified to have two master bedrooms, and new empty ...


Fashion Technology Forecasting: From Now To Future, Seung-Hee Lee, Yuli Liang 2017 Southern Illinois University Carbondale

Fashion Technology Forecasting: From Now To Future, Seung-Hee Lee, Yuli Liang

ASA Multidisciplinary Research Symposium

The purposes of this research were to further investigate how fashion has been driven by technology and to provide how fashion technology will be moving forward in the future.


Standing Out From The Affordable Luxury Brands: Can Coach Be The Next Lvmh?, Yuli Liang, Seung-Hee Lee 2017 Southern Illinois University Carbondale

Standing Out From The Affordable Luxury Brands: Can Coach Be The Next Lvmh?, Yuli Liang, Seung-Hee Lee

ASA Multidisciplinary Research Symposium

This exploratory research intends to study the improvement procedure for Coach and provide justification why and how Coach could be further developed.


The Dark Side Of Counterfeit Luxury Goods, Carissa Teal, Seung-Hee Lee 2017 Southern Illinois University Carbondale

The Dark Side Of Counterfeit Luxury Goods, Carissa Teal, Seung-Hee Lee

ASA Multidisciplinary Research Symposium

The purposes of this research were to examine prevalence of fashion luxury counterfeit products online, and investigate negative aspects of counterfeit product consumption.


R&D Sensitivity To Asset Sale Proceeds: New Evidence On Financing Constraints And Intangible Investment, Ginka Borisova, James R. Brown 2017 Iowa State University

R&D Sensitivity To Asset Sale Proceeds: New Evidence On Financing Constraints And Intangible Investment, Ginka Borisova, James R. Brown

James R. Brown

We examine the intersection between corporate divestitures of tangible assets and investment in intangible capital (R&D) to provide new tests for the impact financing constraints have on real activity. A positive R&D sensitivity to asset sale proceeds indicates binding financing constraints since cash inflows from tangible asset sales are negatively correlated with productivity shocks and not otherwise connected to intangible investment via non-financial channels. Using a variety of estimation approaches, we document a strong, positive link between cash inflows from fixed asset sales and corporate R&D investment, but only among firms most likely facing binding financing constraints ...


Collector’S Relationship To Access-Based Consumption: A Sneakerhead’S Perspective, Naseem A. Adkinson-Jobe, Stephanie Lawson 2017 Winthrop University

Collector’S Relationship To Access-Based Consumption: A Sneakerhead’S Perspective, Naseem A. Adkinson-Jobe, Stephanie Lawson

The Winthrop McNair Research Bulletin

This research focuses on what persuades sneakerheads to partake in access-based consumption. This research is important because the relationship between collectors, particularly sneakerheads, and access-based consumption has not yet been explored. This topic was studied by conducting semi-structured interviews with sneakerheads, to find themes and correlations that depict motives for consumers to participate in access-based consumption. As well as motives, this topic was studied to discover deterrents that may drive sneakerheads away from renting their sneakers. These findings will contribute something new to the literature based upon access-based consumption, because currently there is no literature that depicts what motivates or ...


The Impacts Of Country Of Origin, Price, And Brand On Consumer Behavior Toward Cosmetics Products: A Review Of Vietnam, Duy Binh Luong, Thi Huong Giang Vo, Khoa Nguyen Le 2017 Department of Business Administration, Saigon University

The Impacts Of Country Of Origin, Price, And Brand On Consumer Behavior Toward Cosmetics Products: A Review Of Vietnam, Duy Binh Luong, Thi Huong Giang Vo, Khoa Nguyen Le

Quan-Hoang Vuong

Along with the increasing needs of beauty and personal care in modern life, cosmetics become more and more necessary for not only women but also men all over the world. Based on the papers with relevant theories and literature included, this study gave an overview of the impact of extrinsic cues related to cosmetic products such as brand, price and country-of-origin (COO) on female consumers, and also the cosmetic industry in Vietnam. The results may help generate a possible model or basis for the future research on consumer behavior.


Mapping How Culture In New York City And London Influences Respectively The Iconic Fashion Brands Of Kors And Mcqueen: A Case Study, Carol Brathwaite 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Mapping How Culture In New York City And London Influences Respectively The Iconic Fashion Brands Of Kors And Mcqueen: A Case Study, Carol Brathwaite

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This thesis is an explanatory case study that applies geographic information systems (GIS) data, biographical data, and other secondary data. It includes mainly qualitative data collection and analysis; furthermore, the study examines quantitative data on the cultural events offered within each city. Overall, this case study adopts a theoretical perspective. The two individual cases (based on a multiple, holistic case-study design framework) of fashion culture in New York City and London, as per Michael Kors and Alexander McQueen respectively, represent ‘confirmatory cases or presumed replications of the same phenomenon’ (Yin 2014:59). Each describes the house’s fashion aesthetics as ...


Modeling The Consumer Acceptance Of Retail Service Robots, So Young Song 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Modeling The Consumer Acceptance Of Retail Service Robots, So Young Song

Doctoral Dissertations

This study uses the Computers Are Social Actors (CASA) and domestication theories as the underlying framework of an acceptance model of retail service robots (RSRs). The model illustrates the relationships among facilitators, attitudes toward Human-Robot Interaction (HRI), anxiety toward robots, anticipated service quality, and the acceptance of RSRs. Specifically, the researcher investigates the extent to which the facilitators of usefulness, social capability, the appearance of RSRs, and the attitudes toward HRI affect acceptance and increase the anticipation of service quality. The researcher also tests the inhibiting role of pre-existing anxiety toward robots on the relationship between these facilitators and attitudes ...


Dress And Sex: A Review Of Empirical Research Involving Human Participants And Published In Refereed Journals, Alyssa Dana Dana Adomaitis, Sharron J. Lennon, Jayoung Koo, Kim K. P. Johnson 2017 New York City College of Technology

Dress And Sex: A Review Of Empirical Research Involving Human Participants And Published In Refereed Journals, Alyssa Dana Dana Adomaitis, Sharron J. Lennon, Jayoung Koo, Kim K. P. Johnson

Publications and Research

Our research purpose was to assess research addressing relationships between dress and sex. Our review was focused on a 25 years span (i.e., 1990–2015) and on empirical research utilizing human participants published in refereed journals. Three main areas of research emerged: (1) dress used as cue to sexual information, (2) dress and sexual violence, and (3) dress, sex, and objectification. Our analyses revealed parents do invest their young children with sex-typed dress however sometimes children demand to wear such dress. Some women intentionally use dress to communicate sexual information but inferences about women who wear sexy dress can ...


Young Entrepreneurship In Philadelphia, Mario J. Heitman 2017 Ursinus College

Young Entrepreneurship In Philadelphia, Mario J. Heitman

Art and Art History Summer Fellows

A contemporary case study in starting a small business in Philadelphia. The paper focuses on my experiences as an artist and centers on a pop-up exhibition held July 15th 2017.


Black Models Matter: Challenging The Racism Of Aesthetics And The Facade Of Inclusion In The Fashion Industry, Scarlett L. Newman 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Black Models Matter: Challenging The Racism Of Aesthetics And The Facade Of Inclusion In The Fashion Industry, Scarlett L. Newman

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The global fashion market is expanding every day, but often, the global fashion runways do not reflect that reality. On average, black models make up for six percent of models used on the runway during the fashion month calendar. This small percentage is also mirrored in advertisements and editorials featured in popular fashion magazines. In the 1970s, black models were met with great opportunities, and that success trickled down into the 1980s and the 1990s. As the 90s came to a close, top designers opted for an aesthetic that ultimately excluded models of color, but black models beared the brunt ...


Tendencias 2017 Para Chaquetas De Mujer, Helena Jara Castellano 2017 Selected Works

Tendencias 2017 Para Chaquetas De Mujer, Helena Jara Castellano

Helena Jara Castellano

Las chaquetas para esta próxima temporada primavera-verano 2017 que podemos añadir a nuestro armario: tejanas con parches, chaquetas de punto para mujer, blazers, bombers... ¡No te lo pierdas!


Is Fast Fashion A Concern Of The Everyday Teen?, Mariah N. Cruz 2017 Portland State University

Is Fast Fashion A Concern Of The Everyday Teen?, Mariah N. Cruz

Student Research Symposium

The phrase “fast fashion” refers to getting clothes at extremely low costs to keep up with the newest fashion trends. When we purchase items, we don’t put much thought into where our clothing goes after we “get rid” of them. The saying “Out of sight, out of mind” is apparent when it comes down to consumers and letting go of old clothes. Our only concern as consumers is the next big thing. The fashion industry has drastically changed over the past two decades and trends play a huge role in this push for mass production. We as a society ...


The Impact Of Ethical Concerns On Fashion Consumerism: Case-Based Evidence, Lena Cavusoglu, Mourad Dakhli 2017 Izmir University of Economics

The Impact Of Ethical Concerns On Fashion Consumerism: Case-Based Evidence, Lena Cavusoglu, Mourad Dakhli

Markets, Globalization & Development Review

In continuation of our previous work, “The Impact of Ethical Concerns on Fashion Consumerism: A Review,” we present here empirically based reports to support our argument that ethical concerns in the fashion industry affect consumer behavior. In line with Paper I, the initial paper of this series, we address the concept of ethical marketing, with a focus on the two dimensions of sustainable environmental practices and societally appropriate messaging. The linkages of ethical concerns in fashion with corporate image and financial performance are explored, using a set of 15 real-life cases and anecdotes. We identify challenges in this area, offer ...


Exploring The Abilities Of 3d Printing And Its Viability For Consumption In The Fashion Industry, Laura C. Corral, Kaitlyn J. Walker 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Exploring The Abilities Of 3d Printing And Its Viability For Consumption In The Fashion Industry, Laura C. Corral, Kaitlyn J. Walker

Apparel Merchandising and Product Development Undergraduate Honors Theses

Abstract

With the ever-evolving state of today’s technology, designers and retailers in the apparel industry are seeking out new technological methods that have the capacity to revolutionize and individualize their brand, as well as meet consumer needs and preferences. An emerging technology is 3D printing, which utilizes computer-aided technology and a variety of filaments to construct an object. Though 3D printing technology offers the ability for rapid prototyping, a condensed supply chain, and a sustainable additive manufacturing process, there is question as to whether or not consumers are ready for 3D printed clothing to enter their wardrobes. In this ...


Branding And Visual Promotion, Lauren Looney 2017 University of Wyoming

Branding And Visual Promotion, Lauren Looney

Honors Theses AY 16/17

Branding and visual promotion are two key components for a business that can strengthen its stance in the marketplace. This paper looks specifically into how branding and visual promotion, and how that relates to the visual merchandiser, in Laramie, Wyoming. It will also explore how small businesses become successful based on Laramie business owners’ perspective and the unique view they offer to visual merchandising in a small college town.

This research started with businesses in downtown Laramie and, after choosing a few businesses, the researcher designed three display windows downtown. After designing and implementing these windows, the owners or managers ...


The Sustainable Future Of The Fashion Industry, Zhanna Kutsenkova 2017 Dominican University of California

The Sustainable Future Of The Fashion Industry, Zhanna Kutsenkova

Scholarly & Creative Works Conference 2018

Sustainable fashion is a recent movement within the fashion industry that aims to reduce textile waste and environmental depletion while increasing ethical treatment of workers; the goal is to slow down the global production and consumption process in order to form an industry that will be more sustainable in the long run. Along with the development of more socially and eco-conscious production and marketing practices, there is still room for the sustainable fashion movement to grow beyond its current scope. With the support of growing information networks and brand transparency consumers will be better equipped than ever before to make ...


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