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Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca 2015 University of Akron

Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca

Akron Law Publications

Authorship, and hence, initial ownership of copyrighted works is oftentimes controlled by the 1976 Copyright Act’s work made for hire doctrine. This doctrine states that works created by employees within the scope of their employment result in the employer owning the copyright. One key determination in this analysis is whether the hired party is an employee or independent contractor. In 1989, the U.S. Supreme Court, in CCNV v. Reid, answered the question of how employees are distinguished from independent contractors by setting forth a list of factors courts should consider. Unfortunately, the Supreme Court did not give further ...


Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca 2015 University of Akron

Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca

Ryan G. Vacca

Authorship, and hence, initial ownership of copyrighted works is oftentimes controlled by the 1976 Copyright Act’s work made for hire doctrine. This doctrine states that works created by employees within the scope of their employment result in the employer owning the copyright. One key determination in this analysis is whether the hired party is an employee or independent contractor. In 1989, the U.S. Supreme Court, in CCNV v. Reid, answered the question of how employees are distinguished from independent contractors by setting forth a list of factors courts should consider. Unfortunately, the Supreme Court did not give further ...


An Inquiry Into The Aviation Management Education Paradigm Shift, Matthew P. Earnhardt Ph.D., Jason M. Newcomer D.B.A., Daryl V. Watkins D.M., James W. Marion Ph.D. 2014 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

An Inquiry Into The Aviation Management Education Paradigm Shift, Matthew P. Earnhardt Ph.D., Jason M. Newcomer D.B.A., Daryl V. Watkins D.M., James W. Marion Ph.D.

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

Working adults with four-year degrees from accredited colleges or universities earn, on average, almost three times more than individuals without a degree. This pay gap led Newcomer and his colleagues to study attitudes of aviation and aerospace managers towards education. That study found that managers valued education in new hires, even though they did not deem it critical to their own positions. That finding indicated a potential paradigm shift towards the perceived value of education in the industry.

In the current qualitative, phenomenological research, we interviewed 14 managers from various capacities within the aviation and aerospace industries to determine the ...


Training Needs Assessment : A Case Study Of Huco In India, bahram mahmoudi mazraeh shadi 2014 SelectedWorks

Training Needs Assessment : A Case Study Of Huco In India, Bahram Mahmoudi Mazraeh Shadi

bahram mahmoudi mazraeh shadi

No abstract provided.


Understanding The Specialized Language Of Retirement Plans, Emily G. Brown JD, Jeanne Medeiros JD 2014 University of Massachusetts Boston

Understanding The Specialized Language Of Retirement Plans, Emily G. Brown Jd, Jeanne Medeiros Jd

Pension Action Center Publications

Whether you are a participant in a defined benefit plan or a defined contribution plan, the realm of pension benefits can be tricky and confusing to navigate. Some of the terminology used might be unfamiliar to the average person. This glossary of common terms associated with retirement plans is meant to serve as a helpful resource for plan participants.


Understanding The Differences Between Defined Benefit Pension And Defined Contribution, Emily G. Brown JD, Jeanne Medeiros JD 2014 University of Massachusetts Boston

Understanding The Differences Between Defined Benefit Pension And Defined Contribution, Emily G. Brown Jd, Jeanne Medeiros Jd

Pension Action Center Publications

In recent years, more and more employers are offering employees defined contribution plans instead of defined benefit plans. Although, there has been a shift away from the defined benefit pension plan, it is important for employees to understand the difference and value of both pension plans.

Each type of pension plan has both advantages and disadvantages. What may appear as an advantage to one person might seem to be a disadvantage to another person. For example, a person who spends all or most of her career with a single employer will have very different concerns from someone who changes jobs ...


Collective Data On Collective Turnover: What Factors Most Affect Turnover Rates?, John Hausknecht 2014 Cornell University ILR School

Collective Data On Collective Turnover: What Factors Most Affect Turnover Rates?, John Hausknecht

CAHRS ResearchLink

Overview and Key Findings:

Numerous studies of the causes and consequences of organizational turnover that is, turnover rates rather than an individual's decision to stay or leave—have appeared in the last century. Using meta-analysis (a quantitative methodology for summarizing results across studies), Cornell researchers (Ph.D. students Angela Heavey and Jake Holwerda, along with faculty member John Hausknecht) analyzed data from 82 published studies and found:

  • Investments in high-commitment HR systems, emphasis on internal mobility, and provision of firm-specific training were associated with lower turnover rates;
  • Positive attitudes toward the job, supervisors, and the organization were associated with ...


Straddling The Line Or Embracing The Dichotomy: Hr’S Role As An Employee Advocate As Necessary To Remaining (Or Becoming) A Business Partner, Maria Carolina Grillo 2014 Cornell University ILR School

Straddling The Line Or Embracing The Dichotomy: Hr’S Role As An Employee Advocate As Necessary To Remaining (Or Becoming) A Business Partner, Maria Carolina Grillo

Cornell HR Review

[Excerpt] The HR function has evolved through the years (mostly in larger companies) from a purely clerical and employee relations nature to a function involved in developing organizational strategy and realizing business-wide goals. The evolution of the Australian nomenclature of the HR role clearly shows the transition that this function has experienced. In Australia people working in HR were called “welfare officers” in the early 1900s, referred to as “personnel managers” from the 1950s to the 1980s, and finally as “human resource managers” in the late 20th century. [i] The shift in titles also reflects an evolution of responsibilities and ...


Realizing The Potential Of Strategic Human Resource Management: Employee Self-Advocacy In The Information Age, Steven Conaton 2014 Cornell University ILR School

Realizing The Potential Of Strategic Human Resource Management: Employee Self-Advocacy In The Information Age, Steven Conaton

Cornell HR Review

[Excerpt] Human Resources has an identity crisis. The HR function is increasingly called upon to be a strategic business partner but this role is often in conflict with HR’s long-held identity as the firm’s employee advocate. Contemporary Strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM) initiatives seek to maximize human capital, align strategic fit throughout an organization and increase the firm’s profits; these initiatives are not designed to directly further the interests of the firm’s employees.[1] HR functions that try to simultaneously act as strategic business partners while maintaining their employee advocacy identity inevitably suffer from a lack ...


Controlling The Climate: Inclusion Can Have Positive Impact On Gender-Diverse Groups, Lisa Hisae Nishii 2014 Cornell University ILR School

Controlling The Climate: Inclusion Can Have Positive Impact On Gender-Diverse Groups, Lisa Hisae Nishii

CAHRS ResearchLink

Key Findings

  • Typically, relationship conflicts cause people to feel personally attacked and defensive, causing dissatisfaction among organization members who feel uncomfortable working among hostile coworkers (Jehn, 1994; Jehn, Chadwick, & Thatcher, 1997). Prior research has found that conflict can be particularly problematic in diverse groups. However, this research found that not only is relationship conflict less likely in gender diverse groups that have inclusive climates, but when such conflicts do occur, employees are better able to address the conflict in ways that don't demoralize group members. The results suggest that in inclusive climates employees may be more "integrating" conflict resolution ...


Is It Really All About The Money?: Motivating Employees In The 21st Century, Joshua Randall, Stacy Novotny, Seth Larson 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Is It Really All About The Money?: Motivating Employees In The 21st Century, Joshua Randall, Stacy Novotny, Seth Larson

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

Motivation has been defined as an emotion or desire operating on the will and causing it to act. In this respect, ‘motivations provide the motor for behavior,’ and according to Pincus, motivation as a psychological construct has played many roles as paradigms have risen and fallen over the decades (2004). To obtain a better understanding of motivation in the twenty-first century, this paper focuses on what motivation is, the role goals play in motivation, how motivation can be maintained, the impact of technology on motivation, the practical implications of needs-based motivation theories, and the concept of over-motivation.


The Effect Of Online Training On Teams, Ariel Becker 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

The Effect Of Online Training On Teams, Ariel Becker

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

Many organizations recognize the importance of utilizing teams to accomplish work (Chuboda et al., 2005; Devine et al., 1999; Ilgen, 1999; Martins et al., 2004). As technology has advanced, many of these organizations have recently become more reliant on virtual project work, which allows work teams to communicate across geographical distances (Driskell et al., 2003). Considering the growing prevalence of virtual teams in organizations, more needs to be known about how to facilitate virtual team effectiveness. In addition, the increased use of teams in organizations has identified and created the need for team training (Ilgen, 1999). Creating a training environment ...


Workplace Mentoring And Career Resilience: An Empirical Test, Ridhi Arora Research Scholar, Santosh Rangnekar Associate Professor 2014 SelectedWorks

Workplace Mentoring And Career Resilience: An Empirical Test, Ridhi Arora Research Scholar, Santosh Rangnekar Associate Professor

Ridhi Arora

The present study sought to investigate the role of mentoring relationships in predicting career resilience. The study adopted a cross-sectional survey based research design using a sample of 205 managers from public and private sector organizations in North India. Mentoring relationships were measured under the 2 broad categories of career mentoring and psychosocial mentoring in alignment with previous studies. The findings showed that psychosocial mentoring acts as a significant predictor of career resilience;however, career mentoring was not found to have any significant influence on career resilience. Given research thus reiterated the significant contribution of mentoring in influencing career outcomes ...


Impact And Results Of Cuts In Training And Development Budgets On Local Small Businesses In Southern Mn, Emily Haag 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Impact And Results Of Cuts In Training And Development Budgets On Local Small Businesses In Southern Mn, Emily Haag

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

This study investigates whether training costs had an impact on small business profitability between 2006 and 2010. The results show that companies that increased or maintained their spending on training between 2006 and 2010 had higher profitability overall as compared to companies that cut or did not invest in training. In fact, companies that continued to invest at the same or higher levels had a net income after taxes of approximately $12,000. The research, however, was limited to companies that employed 100 or fewer people in the southern Minnesota area and therefore are not applicable to other geographic areas.


Privately Funded Family Medical Leave?, Bernie D. Jones 2014 Cornell University ILR School

Privately Funded Family Medical Leave?, Bernie D. Jones

Cornell HR Review

[Excerpt] Women’s greater participation in the workplace spurred support for the Family Medical Leave Act of 1993. Nonetheless, advocates have not gained what they desired the most: a program of federally funded paid family medical leave and wage replacement. American social insurance models that offer paid family leave through workers’ compensation benefits has been effectuated in states like California, Rhode Island and New Jersey, but it is time to consider an alternative: privately funded family medical leave pensions similar to 401(k) plans authorized by the Internal Revenue Code[1] or the Traditional IRA[2] and Roth IRA plans ...


A New Paradigm In Corporate Partnerships, David Cooke 2014 SelectedWorks

A New Paradigm In Corporate Partnerships, David Cooke

David Cooke

Significant corporate partnerships can be built by the not-for-profit sector when an approach that acknowledges the principle of enlightened self interest is utilised. It's not about "please help us" it's about "what can we do to help you".


Implementation Of A New Enterprise Resource Planning System, Lacy Payne 2014 Western Kentucky University

Implementation Of A New Enterprise Resource Planning System, Lacy Payne

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

The objective of this thesis was to upgrade an Enterprise Resource planning system that was outdated into a new age Enterprise resource planning system based centered on a scheduling algorithm. This was a key change that needed to be made to transform the company from old thinking to new. Primarily the testing of this implementation was done through mapping of processes, followed by trial and error, and finally improving and sustaining the processes it took to use the system correctly. The mapping of the processes was completed by the Process Manager as well as the Lead, Supervisor, or Manager of ...


Changing The Faces Of Leadership: Executive Advancement For Professionals Of Color, Hannah Roth 2014 SelectedWorks

Changing The Faces Of Leadership: Executive Advancement For Professionals Of Color, Hannah Roth

Hannah Roth

There is a need for leadership development in companies to help prepare the next generation of leaders and to promote growth for employees. Additionally, the lack of diversity within the top ranks of leadership needs to be addressed. There is a need for more development programs that increase diversity in top leadership so that leadership at the highest levels of these organizations better reflect the demographics of the United States. There are numerous studies that demonstrate many professionals of color do not advance in their careers as quickly as their counterparts. This paper discusses how leadership development strategies tailored for ...


The Dark Triad At Work, Singapore Management University 2014 Singapore Management University

The Dark Triad At Work, Singapore Management University

Perspectives@SMU

Psychopathic and narcissistic practitioners of Machiavellianism walk amongst us at the office


Why Hr Matters, Singapore Management University 2014 Singapore Management University

Why Hr Matters, Singapore Management University

Perspectives@SMU

Help your employees plan their career in order to keep them in your organisation


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