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Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca 2015 University of Akron

Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca

Ryan G. Vacca

Authorship, and hence, initial ownership of copyrighted works is oftentimes controlled by the 1976 Copyright Act’s work made for hire doctrine. This doctrine states that works created by employees within the scope of their employment result in the employer owning the copyright. One key determination in this analysis is whether the hired party is an employee or independent contractor. In 1989, the U.S. Supreme Court, in CCNV v. Reid, answered the question of how employees are distinguished from independent contractors by setting forth a list of factors courts should consider. Unfortunately, the Supreme Court did not give further ...


Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca 2015 University of Akron

Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca

Akron Law Publications

Authorship, and hence, initial ownership of copyrighted works is oftentimes controlled by the 1976 Copyright Act’s work made for hire doctrine. This doctrine states that works created by employees within the scope of their employment result in the employer owning the copyright. One key determination in this analysis is whether the hired party is an employee or independent contractor. In 1989, the U.S. Supreme Court, in CCNV v. Reid, answered the question of how employees are distinguished from independent contractors by setting forth a list of factors courts should consider. Unfortunately, the Supreme Court did not give further ...


Controlling The Climate: Inclusion Can Have Positive Impact On Gender-Diverse Groups, Lisa Hisae Nishii 2014 Cornell University ILR School

Controlling The Climate: Inclusion Can Have Positive Impact On Gender-Diverse Groups, Lisa Hisae Nishii

CAHRS ResearchLink

Key Findings

  • Typically, relationship conflicts cause people to feel personally attacked and defensive, causing dissatisfaction among organization members who feel uncomfortable working among hostile coworkers (Jehn, 1994; Jehn, Chadwick, & Thatcher, 1997). Prior research has found that conflict can be particularly problematic in diverse groups. However, this research found that not only is relationship conflict less likely in gender diverse groups that have inclusive climates, but when such conflicts do occur, employees are better able to address the conflict in ways that don't demoralize group members. The results suggest that in inclusive climates employees may be more "integrating" conflict resolution ...


Nonprofit Student Consulting Project: Tippecanoe County Child Care, Claire Adams 2014 Purdue University

Nonprofit Student Consulting Project: Tippecanoe County Child Care, Claire Adams

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Online Training On Teams, Ariel Becker 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

The Effect Of Online Training On Teams, Ariel Becker

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

Many organizations recognize the importance of utilizing teams to accomplish work (Chuboda et al., 2005; Devine et al., 1999; Ilgen, 1999; Martins et al., 2004). As technology has advanced, many of these organizations have recently become more reliant on virtual project work, which allows work teams to communicate across geographical distances (Driskell et al., 2003). Considering the growing prevalence of virtual teams in organizations, more needs to be known about how to facilitate virtual team effectiveness. In addition, the increased use of teams in organizations has identified and created the need for team training (Ilgen, 1999). Creating a training environment ...


Workplace Mentoring And Career Resilience: An Empirical Test, Ridhi Arora Research Scholar, Santosh Rangnekar Associate Professor 2014 SelectedWorks

Workplace Mentoring And Career Resilience: An Empirical Test, Ridhi Arora Research Scholar, Santosh Rangnekar Associate Professor

Ridhi Arora

The present study sought to investigate the role of mentoring relationships in predicting career resilience. The study adopted a cross-sectional survey based research design using a sample of 205 managers from public and private sector organizations in North India. Mentoring relationships were measured under the 2 broad categories of career mentoring and psychosocial mentoring in alignment with previous studies. The findings showed that psychosocial mentoring acts as a significant predictor of career resilience;however, career mentoring was not found to have any significant influence on career resilience. Given research thus reiterated the significant contribution of mentoring in influencing career outcomes ...


Impact And Results Of Cuts In Training And Development Budgets On Local Small Businesses In Southern Mn, Emily Haag 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Impact And Results Of Cuts In Training And Development Budgets On Local Small Businesses In Southern Mn, Emily Haag

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

This study investigates whether training costs had an impact on small business profitability between 2006 and 2010. The results show that companies that increased or maintained their spending on training between 2006 and 2010 had higher profitability overall as compared to companies that cut or did not invest in training. In fact, companies that continued to invest at the same or higher levels had a net income after taxes of approximately $12,000. The research, however, was limited to companies that employed 100 or fewer people in the southern Minnesota area and therefore are not applicable to other geographic areas.


A New Paradigm In Corporate Partnerships, David Cooke 2014 SelectedWorks

A New Paradigm In Corporate Partnerships, David Cooke

David Cooke

Significant corporate partnerships can be built by the not-for-profit sector when an approach that acknowledges the principle of enlightened self interest is utilised. It's not about "please help us" it's about "what can we do to help you".


Implementation Of A New Enterprise Resource Planning System, Lacy Payne 2014 Western Kentucky University

Implementation Of A New Enterprise Resource Planning System, Lacy Payne

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

The objective of this thesis was to upgrade an Enterprise Resource planning system that was outdated into a new age Enterprise resource planning system based centered on a scheduling algorithm. This was a key change that needed to be made to transform the company from old thinking to new. Primarily the testing of this implementation was done through mapping of processes, followed by trial and error, and finally improving and sustaining the processes it took to use the system correctly. The mapping of the processes was completed by the Process Manager as well as the Lead, Supervisor, or Manager of ...


Building The Positive Law Firm: The Legal Profession At Its Best, Anne M. Brafford 2014 University of Pennsylvania

Building The Positive Law Firm: The Legal Profession At Its Best, Anne M. Brafford

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

The 2008 financial collapse catalyzed sweeping changes in the legal profession that resulted in dwindling work for law firms and client demands for deep price discounts. But most law firms are proceeding as if it were business-as-usual despite significant evidence that their lawyers—plagued by mental health problems and job dissatisfaction—are not ready for the challenges of the future. Positive psychology and positive organizational scholarship—the science of how people and organizations thrive—can help guide law firm leaders to build thriving, positive law firms with engaged lawyers that are primed for the future. There is growing evidence that ...


Changing The Faces Of Leadership: Executive Advancement For Professionals Of Color, Hannah Roth 2014 SelectedWorks

Changing The Faces Of Leadership: Executive Advancement For Professionals Of Color, Hannah Roth

Hannah Roth

There is a need for leadership development in companies to help prepare the next generation of leaders and to promote growth for employees. Additionally, the lack of diversity within the top ranks of leadership needs to be addressed. There is a need for more development programs that increase diversity in top leadership so that leadership at the highest levels of these organizations better reflect the demographics of the United States. There are numerous studies that demonstrate many professionals of color do not advance in their careers as quickly as their counterparts. This paper discusses how leadership development strategies tailored for ...


Systematic Ict Surveillance By Employers: Are Your Personal Activities Private?, Arlene J. Nicholas 2014 Salve Regina University

Systematic Ict Surveillance By Employers: Are Your Personal Activities Private?, Arlene J. Nicholas

Faculty and Staff - Articles & Papers

This paper reviews the various methods of information and communications technology (ICT) that is used by employers to peer into the work lives and, in some cases, private lives of employees. Some of the most common methods – such as computer and Internet monitoring, video surveillance, and global positioning systems (GPS) – have resulted in employee disciplines that have been challenged in courts. This paper provides background information on United States (U.S.) laws and court cases which, in this age of easily accessible information, mostly support the employer. Assessments regarding regulations and policies, which will need to be continually updated to ...


Aviation Managers’ Perspective On The Importance Of Education, Jason M. Newcomer, James W. Marion Jr, Matthew P. Earnhardt 2014 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Aviation Managers’ Perspective On The Importance Of Education, Jason M. Newcomer, James W. Marion Jr, Matthew P. Earnhardt

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

The U.S. Department of Labor reported that working adults with at least a four-year college degree earned an annual average salary of $63,400 compared to the $24,300 salary of high school graduates with no college. The purpose of this quantitative non-experimental study was to survey managers in the U.S. aviation industry to describe their perspective on how education has impacted them. Following a robust review of the literature, we analyzed the responses from 103 managers’ and discovered that there is a significant association between degree importance and level of education among aviation managers that has application ...


Employee Voice And Recipients' Appraisals/Reactions: The Effects Of Speech Style, Voice Type, And Voicer Status, Yongsuhk Jung 2014 Western University

Employee Voice And Recipients' Appraisals/Reactions: The Effects Of Speech Style, Voice Type, And Voicer Status, Yongsuhk Jung

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The purpose of this research was to investigate the consequences of employee voice (i.e., the expression of information, ideas, or concerns for organizational development), primarily focusing on voice assertiveness (i.e., the extent of voicing individuals’ assertive expressions) and its influences on perceptual appraisals and reactions of voice recipients. Based on a literature review, I proposed a process model that described the influential mechanisms of voice assertiveness. I also defined moderating conditions that may guide the nature of the influence processes, such as voice type (promotive voice vs. prohibitive voice), voicer status (subordinate vs. peer), and recipient core self-evaluations ...


Making Connections: Helping New Employees Find Their Place, Lori B. Snyder, Angela M. Rice, Rory L. Patterson 2014 Liberty University

Making Connections: Helping New Employees Find Their Place, Lori B. Snyder, Angela M. Rice, Rory L. Patterson

Lori B Snyder

No abstract provided.


Policy Approaches Towards Undeclared Work: A Conceptual Framework, Colin C. Williams 2014 SelectedWorks

Policy Approaches Towards Undeclared Work: A Conceptual Framework, Colin C. Williams

Colin C Williams

The aim of this working paper is to provide a conceptual framework for understanding the policy approaches for tackling undeclared work. In doing so, the intention is to provide the structure for a future comprehensive review of the policy measures available for tackling undeclared work.

This paper is part of a series of papers associated with the project entitled ‘Out of the shadows: developing capacities and capabilities for tackling undeclared work in Bulgaria, Croatia and FYR Macedonia’. Funded by the European Commission’s Framework 7 Industry-Academia Partnerships Programme (IAPP), the objective of this project is to provide concrete policy recommendations ...


Influence Of Organisational Formal Control, Group Norms, Self-Regulatory Efficacy On Workplace Deviance In The Nigerian Universities: Data Screening And Preliminary Analysis, Kabiru Maitama Kura, Faridahwati Mohd. Shamsudin, Ajay Chauhan 2014 SelectedWorks

Influence Of Organisational Formal Control, Group Norms, Self-Regulatory Efficacy On Workplace Deviance In The Nigerian Universities: Data Screening And Preliminary Analysis, Kabiru Maitama Kura, Faridahwati Mohd. Shamsudin, Ajay Chauhan

Kabiru Maitama Kura

This article explored the data collected regarding the Influence of organisational formal control, group norms and self-regulatory efficacy on workplace deviance in the Nigerian universities. Three hundred and fifty four teaching staff from various universities located in north-west geopolitical zone of Nigeria completed a self-administered questionnaire on 4-point Likert-scales. The data was analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) application package version 18. An initial data screening and preliminary analysis was performed in order to satisfy the assumptions of multivariate analysis. Subsequently, the assessment of missing values, outliers, normality test and multicollinearity test were performed. It was concluded ...


Physical Ability Testing: A Review Of Court Cases 1992-2014, Joseph Westlin 2014 Western Kentucky University

Physical Ability Testing: A Review Of Court Cases 1992-2014, Joseph Westlin

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Selecting employees for hire and promotion is one of the most essential functions of an organization. Many companies that have positions which contain a physical component rely on physical ability testing as part of their selection procedure. The establishment of both the Civil Rights Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) had a profound impact on the manner in which selection testing may legally be conducted (Gutman, Koppes, & Vodanovich, 2011). The current study sought to analyze court cases involving physical ability testing. Results revealed that pure ability tests did not significantly differ from work sample tests with regard to ...


A Model Of Hospitality Employee Engagement, Hee Jung Kang 2014 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

A Model Of Hospitality Employee Engagement, Hee Jung Kang

UNLV Theses/Dissertations/Professional Papers/Capstones

This study focuses on employee's state-like psychological resources by investigating individual and organizational antecedents to employee engagement and valued human resource outcomes. The purpose of this study was to develop and test a theoretical model that explains the interrelationships among six constructs and to explore the mediating effects of employee engagement. Structural Equation Modeling using AMOS (18.0) statistical software was used to test the full structural model (measurement and structural model) of the hypothesized relationships among the variables with a sample of hospitality employees. The findings supported all hypothesized relationships except the direct relationship between employee engagement and ...


Emotional Intelligence In Nonprofit Hiring Practices: A New Criterion, Monica Shubert 2014 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Emotional Intelligence In Nonprofit Hiring Practices: A New Criterion, Monica Shubert

Honors Theses

In the most basic sense of the concept, Emotional Intelligence (EI) is the level of ability to identify, understand, assess, and control the emotions of oneself, others, and groups. It is a concept that has received popular acclaim over the past three decades since the term was first coined. Much of the growing literature on EI is in managerial and organizational behavior fields. The primary goal of much of this literature is to determine the extent to which EI can affect workplace outcomes. Suggestions that EI has a significant impact on workplace success have led to increased interest on how ...


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