Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Other Business Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

328 Full-Text Articles 404 Authors 464,599 Downloads 50 Institutions

All Articles in Other Business

Faceted Search

328 full-text articles. Page 1 of 9.

Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca 2015 University of Akron

Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca

Akron Law Publications

Authorship, and hence, initial ownership of copyrighted works is oftentimes controlled by the 1976 Copyright Act’s work made for hire doctrine. This doctrine states that works created by employees within the scope of their employment result in the employer owning the copyright. One key determination in this analysis is whether the hired party is an employee or independent contractor. In 1989, the U.S. Supreme Court, in CCNV v. Reid, answered the question of how employees are distinguished from independent contractors by setting forth a list of factors courts should consider. Unfortunately, the Supreme Court did not give further ...


Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca 2015 University of Akron

Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca

Ryan G. Vacca

Authorship, and hence, initial ownership of copyrighted works is oftentimes controlled by the 1976 Copyright Act’s work made for hire doctrine. This doctrine states that works created by employees within the scope of their employment result in the employer owning the copyright. One key determination in this analysis is whether the hired party is an employee or independent contractor. In 1989, the U.S. Supreme Court, in CCNV v. Reid, answered the question of how employees are distinguished from independent contractors by setting forth a list of factors courts should consider. Unfortunately, the Supreme Court did not give further ...


Dr John Liebert Presentation, Dr John Liebert 2014 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Dr John Liebert Presentation, Dr John Liebert

National Security and Intelligence Symposium

No abstract provided.


Perceived Barriers To Employment For Older Displaced Workers, Luther M. Maddy III, John C. Cannon 2014 Southern Illinois University Carbondale

Perceived Barriers To Employment For Older Displaced Workers, Luther M. Maddy Iii, John C. Cannon

Online Journal for Workforce Education and Development

Objective: This study attempted to determine if age was perceived as a barrier to employment for unemployed individuals above 40 years of age. Background: The social cognitive career theory, which posits individuals are less likely to pursue actions for which they do not expect positive results, formed the foundation of this study. Method: Job search self-efficacy was measured in 116 unemployed individuals in three states. Results: An independent samples t test was calculated to compare the mean job search self-efficacy scores of the participants above the age of 40 to the scores of the younger participants. No significant difference was ...


Economic Emergency Program: St. Cloud Printing Plant Closure, Richard A. MacDonald, King Banaian, Owusua Yamoah, Brigid Tuck, Adeel Ahmed 2014 St. Cloud State University

Economic Emergency Program: St. Cloud Printing Plant Closure, Richard A. Macdonald, King Banaian, Owusua Yamoah, Brigid Tuck, Adeel Ahmed

Special Economic Studies

On May 30 2014, Quad/Graphics announced the completion of its acquisition of Brown Printing Company. As part of integration plans following the acquisition, the company later announced the closure of the Quad/Graphics printing plant in St. Cloud, Minnesota. The plant closure will result in the loss of 280 jobs at the St. Cloud plant. It is estimated that the closure will result in the total loss of 475 jobs, $72.7 million of sales, and $24.6 million of labor income in Stearns and Benton counties. In addition to the direct loss of jobs in the printing industry ...


Strategic Analysis Of Casino Expansion Into Massachusetts, Nicole Sherman 2014 Bridgewater State University

Strategic Analysis Of Casino Expansion Into Massachusetts, Nicole Sherman

Honors Program Theses and Projects

The purpose of this project was to analyze the advantages and disadvantages of each resort casino proposal for Massachusetts and recommend the best choice for the Massachusetts Gaming Commission to select. Presently there are three companies competing for a Category 1 gaming license in Massachusetts; MGM in Springfield is the sole candidate for the Western Massachusetts region, and Wynn in Everett is competing against Mohegan Sun in Revere for a license in the Eastern Massachusetts area. Information for this project was collected by attending public meetings with presentations from casino representatives, town officials, and the Gaming Commission. A literature search ...


The Business Of Beds: An Exploration Of Hotel And Hostel Business Strategy, Robert B. Bunda 2014 University of Connecticut

The Business Of Beds: An Exploration Of Hotel And Hostel Business Strategy, Robert B. Bunda

Honors Scholar Theses

At their cores, hotels and hostels are similar in that they provide a place for travelers to stay. Despite this core similarity, the structures of the two industries are radically different. The hotel industry began in the Middle Ages and has given rise to massive multinational companies, many managing more than four thousand hotels. In stark contrast, the hostel industry began in 1909 and is mostly comprised of independently owned and operated guesthouses, with the largest global chain comprising of less than twenty properties. This study first defines the hotel and hostel industries and examines the different experiences they offer ...


For-Profit Social Enterprise: Creating Value For Consumers & Society In The Face Of Competition, Sarah J. Quirk 2014 University of Connecticut

For-Profit Social Enterprise: Creating Value For Consumers & Society In The Face Of Competition, Sarah J. Quirk

Honors Scholar Theses

The goal of social enterprises is to attain social, cultural, community, economic, or environmental outcomes. They achieve this by generating revenue from the goods or services they sell. In recent years, social enterprises have grown notably in popularity, number, and profitability worldwide, as the model for social enterprise has been refined. This paper aims to answer the question, what makes for-profit social enterprises successful? Is it their product, price, place, promotion, social mission, the prior success and capital of the social entrepreneur, a cult-like following, or the aspirational nature of socially minded consumers? This thesis will examine real-life social enterprise ...


What Constitutes "Success" For Professional Musicians?, Jonathan M. Brown 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

What Constitutes "Success" For Professional Musicians?, Jonathan M. Brown

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


A Case Study Analysis Of A Regional Food System: The Sustainable Agriculture Consortium For Historically Disadvantaged Farmers Program, Tasha M. Hargrove, Walter A. Hill, John Brown, Miles Robinson, Iris Cole-Crosby, Elizabeth Myles, Billy Lawton, Karla Martin 2014 Tuskegee University

A Case Study Analysis Of A Regional Food System: The Sustainable Agriculture Consortium For Historically Disadvantaged Farmers Program, Tasha M. Hargrove, Walter A. Hill, John Brown, Miles Robinson, Iris Cole-Crosby, Elizabeth Myles, Billy Lawton, Karla Martin

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

The Sustainable Agriculture Consortium for Historically Disadvantaged Farmers Program (SACH) was designed to carry out an experiment by five 1890 Land-Grant Universities in partnership with five farmer based cooperatives in five states to assess marketing fruits and vegetables to Walmart from a regional perspective. Using the Consortium as a case study, this study assessed the Consortium within the framework of implementation evaluation; data were collected using semi-structured interviews and document analysis. The study answered questions such as, what did the Consortium do, and what were some of the accomplishments of the Consortium? The farmers were able to: negotiate price points ...


My Data Manager App, Customer Care 2014 SelectedWorks

My Data Manager App, Customer Care

Mobidia, Inc.

my data manager app, data manager app


Evaluating Conflict Between Employees: Exploring The Costs To An Organization, David Cross Ph.D., Scott W.M. Burrus Ph.D., Melanie Shaw Ph.D. 2014 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Evaluating Conflict Between Employees: Exploring The Costs To An Organization, David Cross Ph.D., Scott W.M. Burrus Ph.D., Melanie Shaw Ph.D.

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

Conflicts between employees result in decreased job satisfaction, negative relationships within the organization, and a loss of employee commitment to both the organization and the specific job performed. Workplace conflicts have high costs to businesses. In aviation, the results of conflict can be deadly. The Strength Deployment Inventory (SDI) is designed to help people learn practical strategies to mitigate conflict. A sample of 228 people from the aviation industry completed a pre-training survey, participated in scenario-based SDI training, and then completed a post-training survey regarding the effectiveness of the SDI to help them manage conflict. Repeated Measures Analysis of Variance ...


Confronting The Peppercorn Settlement In Merger Litigation: An Empirical Analysis And A Proposal For Reform, Steven M. Davidoff, Jill Fisch, Sean J. Griffith 2014 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Confronting The Peppercorn Settlement In Merger Litigation: An Empirical Analysis And A Proposal For Reform, Steven M. Davidoff, Jill Fisch, Sean J. Griffith

Faculty Scholarship

Shareholder litigation challenging corporate mergers is ubiquitous, with the likelihood of a shareholder suit exceeding 90%. The value of this litigation, however, is questionable. The vast majority of merger cases settle for nothing more than supplemental disclosures in the merger proxy statement. The attorneys that bring these lawsuits are compensated for their efforts with a court-awarded fee. This leads critics to charge that merger litigation benefits only the lawyers who bring the claims, not the shareholders they represent. In response, defenders of merger litigation argue that the lawsuits serve a useful oversight function and that the improved disclosures that result ...


Consolidating Student Loans, With A Review Of Student Loans In General, Richard H. Serlin 2014 SelectedWorks

Consolidating Student Loans, With A Review Of Student Loans In General, Richard H. Serlin

Richard H. Serlin

This is a very complete, state of the art article on student loans, and smart student loan strategy for regular people. Thus, honestly, I think it's something very rare. A good way to quickly understand well this important subject.


A Study Of Natural Resource Use By The Nehiyaw (Cree) First Nation, Richard Missens, Leo Paul Dana, Robert B. Anderson 2014 SelectedWorks

A Study Of Natural Resource Use By The Nehiyaw (Cree) First Nation, Richard Missens, Leo Paul Dana, Robert B. Anderson

Leo- Paul Dana

The traditional relationship – that Aboriginal peoples in Canada have had with their land and its resources – has changed significantly since the arrival of Europeans. During the 17th and 18th centuries, trade relations with the newcomers introduced to Aboriginal peoples: 1) capitalism; 2) the capitalist view toward land; 3) the exploitation of resources. The newly formed Canadian government in the late 19th century with its Indian policy expedited the shift to a capitalist economy with the creation of Indian reserves. During the mid-20th century First Nations began to view economic interests as a part of their own development agenda. Today, Aboriginal ...


Using Inoculation Messages To Protect “Stay In The Market” Beliefs During Financial Crises, Lindsay Lyles Dillingham 2014 University of Kentucky

Using Inoculation Messages To Protect “Stay In The Market” Beliefs During Financial Crises, Lindsay Lyles Dillingham

Theses and Dissertations--Communication

This paper focuses on the problem of collapsed “stay in the market” (SIM) beliefs during financial crises. The primary purpose of this investigation was to ascertain whether or not inoculation messages represent a viable communication strategy to preemptively protect SIM beliefs during forthcoming financial crises. Ancillary purposes of this study were to further investigate the role of print and video crises, explicit instructions regarding post-inoculation talk (PIT), and gain and loss frame inoculation messages on the inoculation process. This study used a between subjects factorial design (3 x 2 plus four additional conditions) to explore ten hypotheses. Data collected from ...


When Should Bankruptcy Be An Option (For People, Places Or Things)?, David A. Skeel Jr. 2014 University of Pennsylvania Law School

When Should Bankruptcy Be An Option (For People, Places Or Things)?, David A. Skeel Jr.

Faculty Scholarship

When many people think about bankruptcy, they have a simple left-to-right spectrum of possibilities in mind. The spectrum starts with personal bankruptcy, moves next to corporations and other businesses, and then to municipalities, states, and finally countries. We assume that bankruptcy makes the most sense for individuals; that it makes a great deal of sense for corporations; that it is plausible but a little more suspect for cities; that it would be quite odd for states; and that bankruptcy is unimaginable for a country.

In this Article, I argue that the left-to-right spectrum is sensible but mistaken. After defining “bankruptcy ...


Building A Social Case For Business Sustainability, Celina Symons, Geoff Lamberton 2014 Southern Cross University

Building A Social Case For Business Sustainability, Celina Symons, Geoff Lamberton

Journal of Economic and Social Policy

The business case for sustainability is interpreted within the sustainability literature to mean the pursuit of sustainability should increase an organisation’s financial performance. The inherent weakness in this approach is the singular focus on economic performance to evaluate sustainability projects which necessarily contain environmental, social and economic components.

This paper reviews the literature pertaining to the business case for sustainability prior to developing a broader social case framework which shows the potential for stakeholder well-being to be affected by numerous social impacts caused by business activities across a broad range of impact categories. Application of the social case framework ...


Quarterly Business Indicators: 2nd Quarter 2014, Lincoln Partnership for Economic Development 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Quarterly Business Indicators: 2nd Quarter 2014, Lincoln Partnership For Economic Development

Leading Economic Indicator Reports

Summary of Business Conditions

►The Quarterly Business Indicators for the 2nd quarter of 2014 show a surging Lincoln economy. Nearly all segments of the Lincoln MSA economy are growing, and many growing strongly.

►The Lincoln MSA unemployment rate continues to decline (Figure 1) and remains less than half of the U.S. rate (Figure 2). Employment growth is very strong. Non-farm employment, which is measured via a survey of business, grew by a rapid 2.6% in the Lincoln MSA between the 2nd quarter of 2013 and 2014 (Figure 4). Local employment estimates based on a survey of households indicated ...


Retail Islamic Financial Services In North America: The (Upper) Michigan Connection, Brian A. Zinser 2014 Northern Michigan University

Retail Islamic Financial Services In North America: The (Upper) Michigan Connection, Brian A. Zinser

Journal Articles

The purpose of this paper is to explore how a small remote Midwestern bank reformulated itself into a major marketer of retail Islamic financial services in the United States and influenced Islamic financial services marketing in North America. The paper is based on a review of existing literature and a case study of how University Bank, now based in Ann Arbor, Michigan, has become the leading providerof Islamic financial services in the United States. University Bank whose principals are Roman Catholic identified the Muslim market in Southeast Michigan as measurable, differentiable, accessible and substantial. As part of the Bank’s ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress