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The Influence Of The Electric Supply Industry On Economic Growth In Less Developed Countries, Edward Richard Bee 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

The Influence Of The Electric Supply Industry On Economic Growth In Less Developed Countries, Edward Richard Bee

Dissertations

This study measures the impact that electrical outages have on manufacturing production in 135 less developed countries using stochastic frontier analysis and data from World Bank’s Investment Climate surveys. Outages of electricity, for firms with and without backup power sources, are the most frequently cited constraint on manufacturing growth in these surveys.

Outages are shown to reduce output below the production frontier by almost five percent in Africa and by a lower percentage in South Asia, Southeast Asia and the Middle East and North Africa. Production response to outages is quadratic in form. Outages also increase labor cost, reduce ...


Employee Turnover In The Business Process Outsourcing Industry In India, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Aruna Ranganathan 2016 Cornell University Law School

Employee Turnover In The Business Process Outsourcing Industry In India, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Aruna Ranganathan

Sarosh Kuruvilla

In this chapter, we explore the problem of high turnover in the high-tech BPO sector in India, where relatively well-educated employees are performing a variety of primarily low skill, low cost jobs. We highlight the various approaches employers are taking to solve the turnover problem. As we will argue, some of these strategies are fairly traditional, focusing on various instrumental incentives to promote employee retention, while some others are new and rather radical, particularly the articulation of an organizational and work culture tailor-made for the particular demographic profile of BPO employees: young, upper middle class, well-educated graduates. Based on anecdotal ...


Large Firm Industrial Relations At The Crossroads, Sarosh Kuruvilla 2016 Cornell University

Large Firm Industrial Relations At The Crossroads, Sarosh Kuruvilla

Sarosh Kuruvilla

[Excerpt] The studies in this volume focus heavily on industrial relations in large firms in Korea. This focus is appropriate, since a significant percentage of Korea’s roughly 1.5 million union members are employed in large firms. Unionism is a public sector and large firm phenomena in Korea. While less than 1% of workers in small firms (firms with less than 30 employees) were likely to be unionized, roughly 82% of employees working in large firms (> 500 employees) were likely to be unionized. Further, although large firms account for only 10.2% of the total wage and salary employees ...


Mncs As Diffusers Of Best Practices In Hrm/Lr In Developing Countries, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Stephen Frenkel, David Peetz 2016 Cornell University

Mncs As Diffusers Of Best Practices In Hrm/Lr In Developing Countries, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Stephen Frenkel, David Peetz

Sarosh Kuruvilla

[Excerpt] The purpose of this chapter is to explore the role of the multinational company (MNC) as a “diffuser” of best practices in human resource management and labor relations (HRM/LR) to domestic firms in developing countries. It is clear that in their search to find ways to compete globally and achieve rapid economic growth, many developing countries have increasingly sought foreign direct investment (FDI) (Chapter 2 in this volume). To be outside the global learning loop is a risk that local firms in developing countries can ill afford, especially in a period marked by fast-changing technology and markets. Hence ...


Better Work And Global Governance, Paul Alois 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Better Work And Global Governance, Paul Alois

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation is a case study of Better Work, a program run by the International Labor Organization and the International Finance Corporation. It aims to improve working conditions and productivity in the apparel industry. The purpose of this case study is to examine the role that international organizations can play in global governance. The research presented here comes from interviews, document analysis, and an examination of quantitative data on factories’ working conditions. In-person interviews were conducted in the United States, Switzerland, Vietnam, and Indonesia; many phone interviews took place with individuals in other countries. Both publicly available documents and internal ...


Globalization, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Tashlin Lakhani 2016 Cornell University

Globalization, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Tashlin Lakhani

Sarosh Kuruvilla

[Excerpt] While the chapters in the previous section examined employment relations in different national contexts, in this chapter we focus on employment relations in the international or global context. We begin by outlining different perspectives on globalization and examine how globalization has evolved over time. Based on this discussion, we provide a definition of globalization which best accounts for contemporary patterns of global interdependence. We then provide a brief overview of the arguments for and against globalization and discuss the implications that economic globalization presents for employment relations.


Business Divestment In South Africa: In Who’S Best Interest?, Paul Lansing, Sarosh Kuruvilla 2016 University of Iowa

Business Divestment In South Africa: In Who’S Best Interest?, Paul Lansing, Sarosh Kuruvilla

Sarosh Kuruvilla

In recent years, there has been considerable pressure on corporations doing business in South Africa to divest and withdraw from that country. While this moral view espouses withdrawal, this article seeks to provide insight into the practical consequences of divestment. One of the questions addressed is how does foreign divestment affect Black South Africans, those who are supposed to benefit from a divestment policy.


Global Project Management: The Availability And Applicability Of International Project Frameworks When Traversing Geography And Culture, Arielle Hyman 2016 The College at Brockport

Global Project Management: The Availability And Applicability Of International Project Frameworks When Traversing Geography And Culture, Arielle Hyman

Senior Honors Theses

The purpose of this research is to analyze multiple variables involved in Global Project Management to determine the efficacy and suitability of international frameworks for projects involving multinational teams. Specifically, this presentation will explore how companies successfully manage multinational teams that must solve a common problem within constraints established by an organizational entity. A contrastive analysis of several project frameworks used at an international level illustrates the true suitability of these methods in contexts where different cultures, geographic locations, and languages converge.


The Identification And Exploitation Of Terrorist Financing, Jacob S. Gordon 2016 Liberty University

The Identification And Exploitation Of Terrorist Financing, Jacob S. Gordon

Senior Honors Theses

Terrorism and the threat of terrorist attacks have forced the United States to place a high priority on developing a comprehensive counterterrorism strategy. A crucial component of this overarching strategy focuses on targeting the finances of a terrorist organization, hoping to eliminate or stifle their sources of funding in an effort to render the organization incapable of launching successful operations due to an absence of funding. By analyzing the most common financing options that terrorist groups use, the United States can hone its ability to disrupt the funding operations for terrorist groups. Likewise, developing a method for tracking the laundering ...


Environmental Implications Of Hotel Growth In China: Integrating Sustainability With Hotel Development, Gert Noordzy, Eric Ricaurte, Georgette James, Meng Wu 2016 Northside Consulting

Environmental Implications Of Hotel Growth In China: Integrating Sustainability With Hotel Development, Gert Noordzy, Eric Ricaurte, Georgette James, Meng Wu

Center for Hospitality Research Reports

China has embarked on the largest program of new hotel construction the world has ever seen. Even though the nation’s growth rate has eased somewhat in the past year, China’s hotel development continues at a pace that would see at least three new 150+ room hotels open every day for the next 25 years.1 Even if the industry does not continue to expand at this rate, China’s hotel growth carries substantial consequences in terms of increases in energy and water consumption, and an expanding carbon footprint. In this paper, we outline the dimensions of this issue ...


Humanos De Santiago, Ana Maria Gibson 2016 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Humanos De Santiago, Ana Maria Gibson

Theses and Dissertations

I am a member of the inaugural class of the International Business of the Americas cohort program of the Sonoco International Business Department at the Darla Moore School of Business. As a participant in this program, I spent two semesters living in Santiago, Chile studying at the Facultad de Economía y Negocios at the Universidad de Chile. During my time in Santiago, I learned about the cultural differences between Chile and the United States both inside and out of the classroom. However, despite the measurable, and often profound, differences between the two countries, what struck me the most were the ...


Feminism Made In China: The Impact Of Light Export Manufacturing On Rural Chinese Women, Kathleen Marie Mackenzie 2016 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Feminism Made In China: The Impact Of Light Export Manufacturing On Rural Chinese Women, Kathleen Marie Mackenzie

Theses and Dissertations

This senior thesis explores the impacts of employment in light export manufacturing on rural women in China. It first describes the neoclassical economist, feminist economist, and contemporary feminist points of view regarding the effect that manufacturing has specifically on rural women. It then includes a statistical analysis to analyze the empirical data surrounding this issue and draw a conclusion on whether or not light export manufacturing is beneficial for rural Chinese women.


Evaluating Risk Of Small Business Expansion Into Latin America: A Study In Colombia, Chile, And Peru, Kelly Lynn Faria 2016 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Evaluating Risk Of Small Business Expansion Into Latin America: A Study In Colombia, Chile, And Peru, Kelly Lynn Faria

Theses and Dissertations

This senior thesis uses Colombia, Chile, and Peru as examples of similarly sized Latin American countries, with similar economic and trade impact, that have vastly different business environments. This report outlines many of the risk environments, competitive sectors, and cultural norms in each country in order to provide a basic understanding of the business environments for small and medium-sized enterprises.


Bienvenido A Chile: A Guide For The International Business Of The Americas Cohort, Jacob William Sims, Julie Grace Whitehead 2016 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Bienvenido A Chile: A Guide For The International Business Of The Americas Cohort, Jacob William Sims, Julie Grace Whitehead

Theses and Dissertations

This senior thesis projects aims to provide a comprehensive guide to living and studying abroad in Santiago, Chile to accompany the new International Business of the Americas cohort. It covers a spread of issues including macro politics and economics to where to live and how to repatriate to the University of South Carolina.


The International Hotel Management Agreement: Origins, Evolution, And Status, Michael Evanoff 2016 Cornell University School of Hotel Administration

The International Hotel Management Agreement: Origins, Evolution, And Status, Michael Evanoff

Center for Hospitality Research Reports

The hotel management agreement is now universally accepted as a tool to link hotel operators with investors who wish to develop and own hotels. Hotels are operated under management agreements in all parts of the world, and the same principal issues are present in any negotiation between operator and owner.1 As I discuss in this paper, agreements in the United States differ somewhat from those used in other parts of the world. In this report, I review the origins and evolution of the international hotel management agreement, and discuss the deal points that are commonly found in such agreements ...


The Indulgence And Restraint Cultural Dimension: A Cross-Cultural Study Of Mongolia And The United States, Rentsenkhand Enkh-Amgalan 2016 East Tennessee State University

The Indulgence And Restraint Cultural Dimension: A Cross-Cultural Study Of Mongolia And The United States, Rentsenkhand Enkh-Amgalan

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This research focuses on one of the least studied cultural dimension, “indulgence versus restraint” (IVR) and how it affects consumer behavior, international marketing, and global business operations in the U.S. and Mongolia. This project is the first research on IVR in Mongolia since the country is rarely studied and there is no available data for this cultural dimension. Samples of undergraduate business students (as consumers) from both countries were studied through surveys. The findings support that Mongolians and Americans are different regarding the “indulgence” cultural dimension. This paper has a significant contribution to the cross-cultural literature regarding the indulgence ...


Comparative Organizational Assessments And Partenship Potential For Sekou Pou Nanm-Yo And Asirans Community Counseling Center, Lauren M. Mawe 2016 Clark University

Comparative Organizational Assessments And Partenship Potential For Sekou Pou Nanm-Yo And Asirans Community Counseling Center, Lauren M. Mawe

International Development, Community and Environment (IDCE)

This paper assesses the organizational capacity of two small Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in Port-Au-Prince Haiti. Each NGO has a staff of under 15 members. At the time of the assessment, they were both in early stages of their development, with one in its first year of operations, and the other in its fifth year. Both embody grassroots, community organizations because of their connections to the communities in which they work, their willingness to travel to those communities, and their predominantly Haitian staff. The fieldwork included interviews, focus groups, and three months of participant observation and work with these organizations. In ...


Globalization And Offshoring: The Effects Of A Globalized Workplace On Auditing Procedures, Mignon Farnet 2016 Syracuse University

Globalization And Offshoring: The Effects Of A Globalized Workplace On Auditing Procedures, Mignon Farnet

Syracuse University Honors Program Capstone Projects

Intensifying audit competition, increasing audit quality standards, and rising demand for audit services have prompted accounting firms across the nation to adopt new methods to meet client and industry demands while not overextending audit staff or raising audit prices. The use of offshoring to utilize a global workplace has allowed firms to maintain their competitiveness and expand to new markets to creatively respond to the industry demand. While offshoring is not something new on the global scale, the auditing practice was a late arrival to this practice, especially when compared to manufacturing industries or even the tax practice within the ...


Corporate Social Responsibility: Implications For Businesses Operating In The United States And The European Union, Kaitlyn Sapp 2016 University of Connecticut - Storrs

Corporate Social Responsibility: Implications For Businesses Operating In The United States And The European Union, Kaitlyn Sapp

Honors Scholar Theses

The expectations of what businesses should be responsible for has changed more and more as the consumer consciousness has evolved. For many businesses, especially those in the United States, change in their approach to corporate social responsibility (CSR) is necessary in order to satisfy customers and stay competitive. This paper will discuss and compare the history and current practice of CSR between the United States and the European Union. I find that since the European Union has a history of holding companies to higher CSR standards, European-based companies have an advantage in various consumer markets with growing consciousness. Meanwhile, companies ...


An Analysis Of The International Expansion Of Burger King, Candice Miller 2016 Murray State University

An Analysis Of The International Expansion Of Burger King, Candice Miller

Scholars Week

International expansion has been the focus of many U.S. based companies for the past couple decades, furthering the trend of globalization in today's world. The fast food industry in particular has taken advantage of international opportunities. Burger King's expansion efforts are of particular interest due to recent developments for the franchiser, such as the company's new owner, 3G Capital, the merger with Canada's Tim Hortons, and negotiations by CEO Daniel Schwarz to increase Burger King's presence in choice foreign markets, such as China and Brazil. However, to be successful in their efforts and remain ...


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