Better Work And Global Governance, 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York
Better Work And Global Governance, Paul Alois
All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
This dissertation is a case study of Better Work, a program run by the International Labor Organization and the International Finance Corporation. It aims to improve working conditions and productivity in the apparel industry. The purpose of this case study is to examine the role that international organizations can play in global governance. The research presented here comes from interviews, document analysis, and an examination of quantitative data on factories’ working conditions. In-person interviews were conducted in the United States, Switzerland, Vietnam, and Indonesia; many phone interviews took place with individuals in other countries. Both publicly available documents and internal ...
Globalization, 2016 Cornell University
Globalization, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Tashlin Lakhani
[Excerpt] While the chapters in the previous section examined employment relations in different national contexts, in this chapter we focus on employment relations in the international or global context. We begin by outlining different perspectives on globalization and examine how globalization has evolved over time. Based on this discussion, we provide a definition of globalization which best accounts for contemporary patterns of global interdependence. We then provide a brief overview of the arguments for and against globalization and discuss the implications that economic globalization presents for employment relations.
Business Divestment In South Africa: In Who’S Best Interest?, 2016 University of Iowa
Business Divestment In South Africa: In Who’S Best Interest?, Paul Lansing, Sarosh Kuruvilla
In recent years, there has been considerable pressure on corporations doing business in South Africa to divest and withdraw from that country. While this moral view espouses withdrawal, this article seeks to provide insight into the practical consequences of divestment. One of the questions addressed is how does foreign divestment affect Black South Africans, those who are supposed to benefit from a divestment policy.
Global Project Management: The Availability And Applicability Of International Project Frameworks When Traversing Geography And Culture, Arielle Hyman
Senior Honors Theses
The purpose of this research is to analyze multiple variables involved in Global Project Management to determine the efficacy and suitability of international frameworks for projects involving multinational teams. Specifically, this presentation will explore how companies successfully manage multinational teams that must solve a common problem within constraints established by an organizational entity. A contrastive analysis of several project frameworks used at an international level illustrates the true suitability of these methods in contexts where different cultures, geographic locations, and languages converge.
The Identification And Exploitation Of Terrorist Financing, 2016 Liberty University
The Identification And Exploitation Of Terrorist Financing, Jacob S. Gordon
Senior Honors Theses
Terrorism and the threat of terrorist attacks have forced the United States to place a high priority on developing a comprehensive counterterrorism strategy. A crucial component of this overarching strategy focuses on targeting the finances of a terrorist organization, hoping to eliminate or stifle their sources of funding in an effort to render the organization incapable of launching successful operations due to an absence of funding. By analyzing the most common financing options that terrorist groups use, the United States can hone its ability to disrupt the funding operations for terrorist groups. Likewise, developing a method for tracking the laundering ...
Why Can't U.S. Beef Compete In The European Union?, 2016 Iowa State University
Why Can't U.S. Beef Compete In The European Union?, Roxanne L. B. Clemens, Bruce A. Babcock
The stringent guidelines for producing, harvesting, and shipping certified non-hormone treated beef for the European Union create additional costs that greatly reduce the competitiveness of U.S. beef. What had once been a large market for beef variety meats and then a niche market for non-treated beef has all but vanished because the E.U. hormone ban and regulations for producing and certifying non-treated beef have made U.S. product too expensive to export. Some producers continue to obtain U.S. Department of Agriculture certification for their non-hormone treated beef, but most are selling their fully traceable, certified cattle into ...
The Generalized H-O Model With Different Natural Resource Intensities, 2016 Iowa State University
The Generalized H-O Model With Different Natural Resource Intensities, Edward Osei, Harvey E. Lapan
The incorporation of natural resources into trade models offers a significant advancement in the understanding of trade patterns. Before the inception of natural resource-trade models explanations of trade patterns relied heavily on the fourfold theorems of Rybczynski, Stopler-Samuelson, Heckscher-Ohlin and factor price equalization. These theorems continue to play significant roles in international trade; however, their static semblance limits their applicability to real world issues in trade. By observation trade patterns do change and though the four static theorems could be used to explain why changes in trade patterns occur, this is not to a satisfactory degree. Natural resources introduce a ...
International Trade, Factor Market Distortions And The Optimal Dynamic Subsidy, 2016 Selected Works
International Trade, Factor Market Distortions And The Optimal Dynamic Subsidy, Harvey E. Lapan
International trade theorists have long favored free trade, arguing that the only proper basis for a tariff is in response to some monopoly power in international trade. Pragmatic politicians, on the other hand, wary of the wrath of their constituents, have often resorted to the use of tariffs, arguing that the protection afforded by tariffs was necessary to prevent unemployment...
The Changing Structure Of Pork Trade, Production, And Processing In Mexico, 2016 Iowa State University
The Changing Structure Of Pork Trade, Production, And Processing In Mexico, S. Patricia Batres-Marquez, Roxanne L. B. Clemens, Helen H. Jensen
The structure of the pork production, slaughter, and processing sectors in Mexico has changed significantly since implementation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and with rising income and increased urbanization. Today, Mexico's pork industry has become more integrated and achieved greater production efficiencies in response to increasing demand for better product quality and stricter sanitary practices in production and processing pork for both the domestic market and for export. However, despite these improvements Mexico's pork industry has not kept up with the rising domestic demand, and Mexico has become an increasingly important market for the United ...
The Organization Of Agricultural Research In Western Developed Countries, 2016 Iowa State University
The Organization Of Agricultural Research In Western Developed Countries, Wallace E. Huffman, Richard E. Just
This paper reviews agricultural research structural and organization changes in western developed countries, examines new financing prospects for agricultural research, and provides some tentative conclusions about which organizations are best positioned to provide services for the 21st century. Giventhat these countries faces many similar economic, political, scientific, andagroclimatic factors and fiscal issues, we canexpect a similar set of similar new developments thathave potentially important and widespread long-run implications. After three common developments are outlined, principles ofimpure public good financing are applied leading to the following agricultural science policy recommendations (i) new political jurisdictions should be formed to finance research, e ...
The Gold Standard And The Transmission Of Business Cycles: 1833-1933, 2016 Iowa State University
The Gold Standard And The Transmission Of Business Cycles: 1833-1933, James R. Lothiam, Wallace E. Huffman
Descriptions of the gold standard have stressed two very different aspects of that monetary system. Modern observers, concerned with high and rising rates of inflation, have written enthusiastically, and often nostalgically, of the longer-term price stability that existed during the gold standard era. Many other economists during the past century and a half, however, have rendered a less kindly judgment, emphasizing instead the frequent and sometimes severe business contractions that characterized the period as well as the substantial shorter and intermediate-term swings in the price level.
Gm Food Labeling Policies Of The U.S. And Its Trading Partners, 2016 Iowa State University
Gm Food Labeling Policies Of The U.S. And Its Trading Partners, Matthew Rousu, Wallace E. Huffman
Much of the international controversy of GM foods is due to labeling policies. Countries around the wOrld have chosen differentpoliciesto label GM foods. We examinethe labeling policies of several areas: the United States, the EuropeanUnion, Australia, Japan, Canada, andChina. We discuss each country's GMlabeling policy, along with a brief history of how each countryarrived at their current policy. We conclude by discussing how different policies are due to different ethical concerns of GM foods, along with the difference in perceived risks GM foods pose to health, the environment, and trade.
International Re-Migration Analysis: Evidence From Puerto Ricans, 2016 Iowa State University
International Re-Migration Analysis: Evidence From Puerto Ricans, Yang Li, Wallace E. Huffman
Geographical human migration, including international, interregional, and interstate moves, is a very important form of human capital investment, and it has been receiving major popular and professional attention. We observe relatively high geographical migration rates near the time individuals complete their,formal schooling. Also, significant migration follows episodes of unemployment and plans to retire from the workforce. Frequently individuals return to the area where they were born, especially in retirement. The United Nations(1989, p.61) estimated that there are approximate 60 million people, or 1.2 percent of the world's population, now living in a country other than ...
Geographical Indications And Property Rights: Protecting Value-Added Agricultural Products, 2016 Iowa State University
Geographical Indications And Property Rights: Protecting Value-Added Agricultural Products, Bruce A. Babcock, Roxanne L. B. Clemens
Since 1992, the European Union has protected high-quality agricultural products based on geographical origin using designations of geographical indications (GIs). U.S. producers and processors can obtain a type of trademark called a certification mark, which provides similar protections to that of GIs but protects products only within the United States. In the current round of the World Trade Organization (WTO) negotiations, the European Union and other countries are seeking to expand protection through GIs. If they achieve the full range of protection they are seeking, many U.S. producers and processors could no longer use many product names currently ...
Global Prospects For Dairy In Argentina And Chile: Evidence From Field Visits And Model Simulations, 2016 Iowa State University
Global Prospects For Dairy In Argentina And Chile: Evidence From Field Visits And Model Simulations, Frank H. Fuller, John C. Beghin, Michael A. Boland, Bruce A. Babcock, William Foster
We assess the international competitiveness of the dairy industries in Argentina and Chile, combining recent market intelligence gathered from field visits with quantitative simulations of global policy reform scenarios. Both countries exhibit strong potential for export growth but face significant internal and external barriers to expanding their dairy industries. Global policy reforms would resolve some of the international obstacles to their expansion. Argentina has great potential, but it is handicapped by its current macroeconomic policies, trade policy distortions, and the uncertainty associated with policy implementation. Chile is more limited in terms of natural capacity for expansion, but it has a ...
Extreme Demands—Extraordinary Products: What’S In It For Midwestern Agriculture?, 2016 Iowa State University
Extreme Demands—Extraordinary Products: What’S In It For Midwestern Agriculture?, Bruce A. Babcock
Demands on corporations to focus their objectives on more than the financial bottom line have never been as forceful and effective as they are now. These demands come from groups such as PETA and Greenpeace, which have a long and confrontational history, as well as more mainstream groups, such as the trustees of California’s Public Employee Retirement Program (CalPERS). What the groups have in common is their belief that they can force corporations to adopt business practices that further their particular social agendas. Currently, PETA is pressuring Burger King to force its suppliers to adopt animal welfare standards. PETA ...
Environmental Implications Of Hotel Growth In China: Integrating Sustainability With Hotel Development, 2016 Northside Consulting
Environmental Implications Of Hotel Growth In China: Integrating Sustainability With Hotel Development, Gert Noordzy, Eric Ricaurte, Georgette James, Meng Wu
Center for Hospitality Research Reports
China has embarked on the largest program of new hotel construction the world has ever seen. Even though the nation’s growth rate has eased somewhat in the past year, China’s hotel development continues at a pace that would see at least three new 150+ room hotels open every day for the next 25 years.1 Even if the industry does not continue to expand at this rate, China’s hotel growth carries substantial consequences in terms of increases in energy and water consumption, and an expanding carbon footprint. In this paper, we outline the dimensions of this issue ...
The International Hotel Management Agreement: Origins, Evolution, And Status, 2016 Cornell University School of Hotel Administration
The International Hotel Management Agreement: Origins, Evolution, And Status, Michael Evanoff
Center for Hospitality Research Reports
The hotel management agreement is now universally accepted as a tool to link hotel operators with investors who wish to develop and own hotels. Hotels are operated under management agreements in all parts of the world, and the same principal issues are present in any negotiation between operator and owner.1 As I discuss in this paper, agreements in the United States differ somewhat from those used in other parts of the world. In this report, I review the origins and evolution of the international hotel management agreement, and discuss the deal points that are commonly found in such agreements ...
Humanos De Santiago, 2016 University of South Carolina - Columbia
Humanos De Santiago, Ana Maria Gibson
Theses and Dissertations
I am a member of the inaugural class of the International Business of the Americas cohort program of the Sonoco International Business Department at the Darla Moore School of Business. As a participant in this program, I spent two semesters living in Santiago, Chile studying at the Facultad de Economía y Negocios at the Universidad de Chile. During my time in Santiago, I learned about the cultural differences between Chile and the United States both inside and out of the classroom. However, despite the measurable, and often profound, differences between the two countries, what struck me the most were the ...
Feminism Made In China: The Impact Of Light Export Manufacturing On Rural Chinese Women, 2016 University of South Carolina - Columbia
Feminism Made In China: The Impact Of Light Export Manufacturing On Rural Chinese Women, Kathleen Marie Mackenzie
Theses and Dissertations
This senior thesis explores the impacts of employment in light export manufacturing on rural women in China. It first describes the neoclassical economist, feminist economist, and contemporary feminist points of view regarding the effect that manufacturing has specifically on rural women. It then includes a statistical analysis to analyze the empirical data surrounding this issue and draw a conclusion on whether or not light export manufacturing is beneficial for rural Chinese women.