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Inertia And Managerial Intentionality: Extending The Uppsala Model, Douglas Dow, Peter Liesch, Lawrence Welch 2017 Melbourne Business School

Inertia And Managerial Intentionality: Extending The Uppsala Model, Douglas Dow, Peter Liesch, Lawrence Welch

Douglas Dow

·         The Uppsala Internationalization Process Model is the most cited model within the field of international business.  However, even with its most recent formulation, the model is predicated on a key set of assumptions about the limiting and releasing mechanisms in a 'change of state' decision. 

·         The model assumes that uncertainty, risk, lack of trust, and lack of awareness of opportunities are the main constraints, and that the accumulation of experiential knowledge, trust, and market commitment are the main releasing factors that allow a firm to overcome those constraints and progress to a higher state of commitment. 

·         We argue that the ...


Are We At A Turning Point For Distance Research In International Business Studies?, Douglas Dow 2017 Melbourne Business School, The University of Melbourne

Are We At A Turning Point For Distance Research In International Business Studies?, Douglas Dow

Douglas Dow

In this chapter I argue that the distance research in international business studies is at a turning point, not in terms of its popularity, nor the quantity of articles published; but rather, in terms of the types of issues that are explored. Past distance research has largely been conducted at the level of the firm and/or the market – i.e. linking national-level measures of distance with specific firm behaviours and outcomes. However, the seminal paper by Shenkar (2001) represents a shift in focus that is only just beginning to gain traction. This shift involves stepping back and beginning to ...


Ceo Compensation And Risk-Taking At Financial Firms: Evidence From U.S. Federal Loan Assistance, Amar Gande, Swami Kalpathy 2017 Southern Methodist University

Ceo Compensation And Risk-Taking At Financial Firms: Evidence From U.S. Federal Loan Assistance, Amar Gande, Swami Kalpathy

Amar Gande

We examine whether risk-taking among the largest financial firms in the U.S. is related to CEO equity incentives before the 2008 financial crisis.  Using data on U.S. Federal Reserve emergency loans provided to these firms, we find that the amount of emergency loans and total days the loans are outstanding are increasing in pre-crisis CEO risk-taking incentives – “vega”.  Our results are robust to accounting for endogeneity in CEO equity incentives and selection of financial firms into emergency loan programs.  We also rule out the possibility that our results are driven by a bank’s funding base, bank complexity ...


Tthe Requirement Of Domestic Participation In New Mining Ventures In Zambia, Muna Ndulo 2017 Unza School of Law

Tthe Requirement Of Domestic Participation In New Mining Ventures In Zambia, Muna Ndulo

Muna B Ndulo

No abstract provided.


Law, Stock Markets, And Innovation, James R. Brown, Gustav Martinsson, Bruce C. Petersen 2017 Iowa State University

Law, Stock Markets, And Innovation, James R. Brown, Gustav Martinsson, Bruce C. Petersen

James R. Brown

We study a broad sample of firms across 32 countries and find that strong shareholder protections and better access to stock market financing lead to substantially higher long-run rates of R&D investment, particularly in small firms, but are unimportant for fixed capital investment. Credit market development has a modest impact on fixed investment but no impact on R&D. These findings connect law and stock markets with innovative activities key to economic growth, and show that legal rules and financial developments affecting the availability of external equity financing are particularly important for risky, intangible investments not easily financed with ...


Geopolitics Of Rare Earth Elements, Bert Chapman 2017 Purdue University

Geopolitics Of Rare Earth Elements, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

Rare earth elements (REE) contain unique chemical physical properties such as lanthamum, are found in small concentrations, need extensive precise properties to separate, and are critical components of modern technologies such as laser guidance systems, personal electronics such as IPhones, satellites, and military weapons systems as varied as Virginia-class fast attack submarines, DDG-51 Aegis destroyers, the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, and precision guided munitions. The U.S. has some rare earth resources, but is heavily dependent on access to them from countries as varied as Afghanistan, Bolivia, and China. Losing access to these resources would have significant adverse economic, military ...


Why Expanding Hong Kong Disneyland Is Important, Singapore Management University 2017 Singapore Management University

Why Expanding Hong Kong Disneyland Is Important, Singapore Management University

Perspectives@SMU

The expansion plan of Hong Kong Disneyland has been a highly controversial topic in Hong Kong. Local lawmakers have criticised the government of taking a weak stance in the “unequal deal” with the US firm.


Linking Distributive And Procedural Justice To Employee Engagement Through Social Exchange: A Field Study In India, Soumendu Biswas, Arup Varma, Aarti Ramaswami 2017 Management Development Institute, Gurgaon, India

Linking Distributive And Procedural Justice To Employee Engagement Through Social Exchange: A Field Study In India, Soumendu Biswas, Arup Varma, Aarti Ramaswami

Arup Varma

Research linking justice perceptions to employee outcomes has referred to social exchange as its central theoretical premise. We tested a conceptual model linking distributive and procedural justice to employee engagement through social exchange mediators, namely, perceived organizational support and psychological contract, among 238 managers and executives from manufacturing and service sector firms in India. Findings suggest that perceived organizational support mediated the relationship between distributive justice and employee engagement, and both perceived organizational support and psychological contract mediated the relationship between procedural justice and employee engagement. Theoretical and practical implications with respect to organizational functions are discussed.


Replantar Un Campo: Derecho Internacional Del Trabajo Para El Siglo Xxi, Lance A. Compa 2017 Cornell University

Replantar Un Campo: Derecho Internacional Del Trabajo Para El Siglo Xxi, Lance A. Compa

Lance A Compa

No abstract provided.


Re-Planting A Field: International Labour Law For The Twenty-First Century, Lance A. Compa 2017 Cornell University

Re-Planting A Field: International Labour Law For The Twenty-First Century, Lance A. Compa

Lance A Compa

[Excerpt] In this talk I want to trace the development of the field and how international labour law has taken root in five areas: 1) trade legislation (namely, the US and EU Generalized System of Preferences), 2) trade agreements, 3) international organizations, 4) corporate social responsibility, and 5) lawsuits in national courts. In each, I try to give one or two examples of how international labour law works in practice. But first, some background on the international labour law field and my involvement with it.


Before International Tax Reform, We Need To Understand Why Firms Invert, Michael S. Knoll 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Before International Tax Reform, We Need To Understand Why Firms Invert, Michael S. Knoll

Faculty Scholarship

A wave of corporate inversions by U.S. firms over the past two decades has generated substantial debate in academic, business, and policy circles.

The core of the debate hinges on a couple of key economic questions: Do U.S. tax laws disadvantage U.S.-domiciled companies relative to their foreign competitors? And, if so, do inversions improve the competitiveness of U.S. multinational firms both abroad and at home?

There is unfortunately little, if any, empirical work directly determining whether U.S.-based MNCs are currently tax-disadvantaged compared to their foreign rivals, or measuring the amount by which (if ...


Contesting Firm Boundaries: Institutions, Cost Structures, And The Politics Of Externalization, Virginia Doellgast, Katja Sarmiento-Mirwaldt, Chiara Benassi 2017 Cornell University

Contesting Firm Boundaries: Institutions, Cost Structures, And The Politics Of Externalization, Virginia Doellgast, Katja Sarmiento-Mirwaldt, Chiara Benassi

Virginia Doellgast

This article develops and applies a framework for analyzing the relationship among institutions, cost structures, and patterns of labor–management contestation over organizational boundaries. Collective negotiations related to the externalization of call center jobs are compared across 10 incumbent telecommunications firms located in Europe and the United States. All 10 firms moved call center work to dedicated subsidiaries, temporary agencies, and domestic and offshore subcontractors. A subset of the firms, however, later re-internalized call center jobs, in some cases following negotiated concessions on pay and working conditions for internal workers. Findings are based on 147 interviews with management and union ...


Analysis Of Japanese International Agricultural Trade Practices, Kelsey Vourazeris 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Analysis Of Japanese International Agricultural Trade Practices, Kelsey Vourazeris

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Preparing Students For Multicultural Environments: Listening As A Key Management Competency, Judi Brownell 2017 Cornell University School of Hotel Administration

Preparing Students For Multicultural Environments: Listening As A Key Management Competency, Judi Brownell

Judi Brownell

[Excerpt] Our world has become, in a very real sense, the global village we first glimpsed through the electronic media not so very long ago. Issues related to multiculturalism and diversity dominate discussions among business educators and practitioners alike. If any one organizational phenomenon characterizes the 1990s, it may well be the growth of multinational corporations and the internationalization of the American work force.


Mexico Consensus Economic Forecast, Volume 20, Number 3, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke 2017 University of Texas at El Paso

Mexico Consensus Economic Forecast, Volume 20, Number 3, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke

Border Region Modeling Project

No abstract provided.


How Regional Employment In The U.S. Automobile Industry Influences Consumer Ethnocentrism, William T. Neese, W. Frank Thompson Jr., Stephen C. Garrott 2017 Troy University

How Regional Employment In The U.S. Automobile Industry Influences Consumer Ethnocentrism, William T. Neese, W. Frank Thompson Jr., Stephen C. Garrott

Atlantic Marketing Journal

The past three decades lay witness to major geographical evolution of the automobile industry in the United States. This study analyzes exactly how CETSCALE scores differ among a population that is currently either more or less economically impacted by automobile production and marketing. The analysis presented in this study illustrates a direct correlation between ethnocentric dispositions among consumers and employment opportunities in the automobile sector across U.S. Census Bureau geographical regions and divisions in each region. Comprehensive statistical details are provided that arguably demonstrate a change in what the phrase “Made in America” means, at least where automobile production ...


Drawbacks And Advantages Of Brexit, Jose Trejos, Sophie Chen 2017 Northwestern University

Drawbacks And Advantages Of Brexit, Jose Trejos, Sophie Chen

Politica Northwestern

In February, British Prime Minister David Cameron announced that Britain would vote on the continuation of their membership within the EU. This has led to ministers quickly splitting into factions either in support or opposition to British exit from the EU, now often referred to as “Brexit”. Positions have been established swiftly and deeply. A prominent member of the Conservative Party, Iain Duncan Smith, resigned over a proposal for welfare cuts to disabled people . Mr Smith was a strong proponent of Brexit, and his resignation signals a bigger issue – internal party tensions over clashing opinions. Mr Cameron now fears that ...


How Have Vietnamese Diaspora Communities, Including Those Returning To Vietnam, Contributed To The Country’S Development?, Nhat Minh Nguyen 2017 State University of New York, Empire State College

How Have Vietnamese Diaspora Communities, Including Those Returning To Vietnam, Contributed To The Country’S Development?, Nhat Minh Nguyen

Quan-Hoang Vuong

The purpose of this work is to analyze the impact of the Vietnamese diaspora including those returning back to Vietnam on the home economy and explore the potential of overseas Vietnamese (Viet Kieu) to further help in development of the country. The economy of Vietnam has the potential to become the next Asian Tiger. The success in the last two decades is a result of significant changes in governmental policies, however, the government of Vietnam has also recognized the contribution of the Vietnamese Diasporas. Therefore, it could be quite beneficial to assess the extent to which the Viet Kieu could ...


Assessing The Influence Of Career-Linked Experiential Opportunities On The F-1 Undergraduate Student Enrollment Decision-Making Process, Harrison Fuerst 2017 SIT Graduate Institute

Assessing The Influence Of Career-Linked Experiential Opportunities On The F-1 Undergraduate Student Enrollment Decision-Making Process, Harrison Fuerst

Capstone Collection

International mobility efforts in the United States have garnered increased attention and funding in recent years, with such government-led initiatives as Generation Study Abroad and 100,000 Strong driving up inbound and outbound student numbers. Recent inbound mobility reports from the Institute of International Education show double-digit percentage increases in international student enrollment. Other countries also experiencing an influx of international students continue to research these trends to shape their own education strategies. Research conducted by the International Education Association of Australia points specifically to hands-on professional experience and enhanced employability as key factors important to Australia’s international student ...


Hawala: How Extralegal Compliance Helps Bank The Unbanked, Morgan Henry 2017 La Salle University

Hawala: How Extralegal Compliance Helps Bank The Unbanked, Morgan Henry

Economic Crime Forensics Capstones

Informal value transfer systems (IVTS') predate not only traditional banking systems, but the entire Western European civilization as well. Used as a reliable method to transfer value from one geographic region to another through a close-knit network of trusted individuals, IVTS' serve as an invaluable facilitator for the movement of billions of dollars across international borders without ever leaving a paper trail. The term “hawala”, which is Arabic for “transfer” or “trust”, is an IVTS that serves as a parallel banking system for those wishing to send value (often in the form of currency) overseas. Hawala has historically thrived as ...


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