Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

International Business Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2434 Full-Text Articles 2128 Authors 1335839 Downloads 131 Institutions

All Articles in International Business

Faceted Search

2434 full-text articles. Page 1 of 77.

The Influence Of The Electric Supply Industry On Economic Growth In Less Developed Countries, Edward Richard Bee 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

The Influence Of The Electric Supply Industry On Economic Growth In Less Developed Countries, Edward Richard Bee

Dissertations

This study measures the impact that electrical outages have on manufacturing production in 135 less developed countries using stochastic frontier analysis and data from World Bank’s Investment Climate surveys. Outages of electricity, for firms with and without backup power sources, are the most frequently cited constraint on manufacturing growth in these surveys.

Outages are shown to reduce output below the production frontier by almost five percent in Africa and by a lower percentage in South Asia, Southeast Asia and the Middle East and North Africa. Production response to outages is quadratic in form. Outages also increase labor cost, reduce ...


Synchonizing U.S. States' Strategic Plans To Increase Exports To Emerging Markets, Jayati Ghosh, Denise M. Lucy, Françoise O. Lepage 2016 Barowsky School of Business, Dominican University of California

Synchonizing U.S. States' Strategic Plans To Increase Exports To Emerging Markets, Jayati Ghosh, Denise M. Lucy, Françoise O. Lepage

Denise Lucy

The United States seeks to increase and expand exports to emerging markets. The majority of U.S. firms (98 percent) are small to medium sized enterprises (SMEs) with only 1 percent engaging in exporting. The Federal and State Governments encourage SMEs to expand exporting through the National Export Initiative (NEI) and NEI/NEXT initiatives. This paper examines NEI’s progress and strategies by leading U.S. exporting states, export activity to BRICSA, states’ alignment with NEI and the extent to which NEI has facilitated federal and state collaboration. Further, it reviews NEI/NEXT objectives and strategies to internationalize U.S ...


Key Flaws In The European Commission’S Proposals For Foreign Investor Protection In Ttip, Gus Van Harten 2016 Osgoode Hall Law School of York University

Key Flaws In The European Commission’S Proposals For Foreign Investor Protection In Ttip, Gus Van Harten

Gus Van Harten

In November 2015, the European Commission released a proposed text on foreign investor protection in the EU-US Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP). In this paper, I outline key flaws in this proposal, including language buried in the text that significantly undermines the EC's proposed provisions on the investment court system (ICS) and on the right to regulate.


Foreign Investor Protection And Climate Action: A New Price Tag For Urgent Policies, Gus Van Harten 2016 Osgoode Hall Law School of York University

Foreign Investor Protection And Climate Action: A New Price Tag For Urgent Policies, Gus Van Harten

Gus Van Harten

From a climate perspective, not all investment is equal. Desirable investment in clean energy needs encouragement and protection, while undesirable investment in fossil fuels needs clear policy signals to avoid further investment in destructive activities and stranding more assets. In this paper, evidence is presented on how foreign investor protection provisions in trade and investment agreements tilt the playing field in favor of entrenched incumbents and against urgent action on climate; on the potential for a massive expansion of investor-state litigation and risks to climate policy in proposed trade deals; and on key flaws in recent European Commission proposals to ...


Regional Innovative Capacity In China: From The Perspective Of Embedded Autonomy, Ying Zhou, Xiaohua Yang, Rachel Parker, Paul Steffens 2016 Queensland University of Technology

Regional Innovative Capacity In China: From The Perspective Of Embedded Autonomy, Ying Zhou, Xiaohua Yang, Rachel Parker, Paul Steffens

Rachel Parker

Innovation is widely considered as the core driver of nations' economic growth and competitiveness. Since the start of economic reform in 1978, the provincial governments in China have gained much autonomy, which has led to the co-existence of multi-level innovation systems, national innovation system and regional (provincial) innovation system. With the economic development and social progress, the disparities in innovative capacity (I C) among regions in China are becoming increasingly larger. Considering the unique innovation context of China and drawing upon the research on IC, this paper proposed to employ theories of embedded autonomy and governed interdependence, which was developed ...


Proliferation Of Drones Raises New Concerns, Erika Simpson 2016 Western University

Proliferation Of Drones Raises New Concerns, Erika Simpson

Political Science Publications

Drones could reinvent how humanitarian aid is provided-but they are also being deployed as weapons half a world away, notes Erika Simpson.


A Proposal To Establish A Joint Venture Among U.S. And Soviet Cooperatives, Mark A. Edelman Dr. 2016 Iowa State University

A Proposal To Establish A Joint Venture Among U.S. And Soviet Cooperatives, Mark A. Edelman Dr.

Mark Edelman

-Significant Soviet political and economic restructuring is occurring- Soviet leaders are making public admissions that the command system of central planning instituted by Stalin is not resulting in the standard of living desired by Soviet citizens and perhaps more important, it has not generated economic growth for sustaining a long—term global leadership position.


Employee Turnover In The Business Process Outsourcing Industry In India, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Aruna Ranganathan 2016 Cornell University Law School

Employee Turnover In The Business Process Outsourcing Industry In India, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Aruna Ranganathan

Sarosh Kuruvilla

In this chapter, we explore the problem of high turnover in the high-tech BPO sector in India, where relatively well-educated employees are performing a variety of primarily low skill, low cost jobs. We highlight the various approaches employers are taking to solve the turnover problem. As we will argue, some of these strategies are fairly traditional, focusing on various instrumental incentives to promote employee retention, while some others are new and rather radical, particularly the articulation of an organizational and work culture tailor-made for the particular demographic profile of BPO employees: young, upper middle class, well-educated graduates. Based on anecdotal ...


Large Firm Industrial Relations At The Crossroads, Sarosh Kuruvilla 2016 Cornell University

Large Firm Industrial Relations At The Crossroads, Sarosh Kuruvilla

Sarosh Kuruvilla

[Excerpt] The studies in this volume focus heavily on industrial relations in large firms in Korea. This focus is appropriate, since a significant percentage of Korea’s roughly 1.5 million union members are employed in large firms. Unionism is a public sector and large firm phenomena in Korea. While less than 1% of workers in small firms (firms with less than 30 employees) were likely to be unionized, roughly 82% of employees working in large firms (> 500 employees) were likely to be unionized. Further, although large firms account for only 10.2% of the total wage and salary employees ...


Mncs As Diffusers Of Best Practices In Hrm/Lr In Developing Countries, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Stephen Frenkel, David Peetz 2016 Cornell University

Mncs As Diffusers Of Best Practices In Hrm/Lr In Developing Countries, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Stephen Frenkel, David Peetz

Sarosh Kuruvilla

[Excerpt] The purpose of this chapter is to explore the role of the multinational company (MNC) as a “diffuser” of best practices in human resource management and labor relations (HRM/LR) to domestic firms in developing countries. It is clear that in their search to find ways to compete globally and achieve rapid economic growth, many developing countries have increasingly sought foreign direct investment (FDI) (Chapter 2 in this volume). To be outside the global learning loop is a risk that local firms in developing countries can ill afford, especially in a period marked by fast-changing technology and markets. Hence ...


Better Work And Global Governance, Paul Alois 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Better Work And Global Governance, Paul Alois

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation is a case study of Better Work, a program run by the International Labor Organization and the International Finance Corporation. It aims to improve working conditions and productivity in the apparel industry. The purpose of this case study is to examine the role that international organizations can play in global governance. The research presented here comes from interviews, document analysis, and an examination of quantitative data on factories’ working conditions. In-person interviews were conducted in the United States, Switzerland, Vietnam, and Indonesia; many phone interviews took place with individuals in other countries. Both publicly available documents and internal ...


Globalization, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Tashlin Lakhani 2016 Cornell University

Globalization, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Tashlin Lakhani

Sarosh Kuruvilla

[Excerpt] While the chapters in the previous section examined employment relations in different national contexts, in this chapter we focus on employment relations in the international or global context. We begin by outlining different perspectives on globalization and examine how globalization has evolved over time. Based on this discussion, we provide a definition of globalization which best accounts for contemporary patterns of global interdependence. We then provide a brief overview of the arguments for and against globalization and discuss the implications that economic globalization presents for employment relations.


Business Divestment In South Africa: In Who’S Best Interest?, Paul Lansing, Sarosh Kuruvilla 2016 University of Iowa

Business Divestment In South Africa: In Who’S Best Interest?, Paul Lansing, Sarosh Kuruvilla

Sarosh Kuruvilla

In recent years, there has been considerable pressure on corporations doing business in South Africa to divest and withdraw from that country. While this moral view espouses withdrawal, this article seeks to provide insight into the practical consequences of divestment. One of the questions addressed is how does foreign divestment affect Black South Africans, those who are supposed to benefit from a divestment policy.


Global Project Management: The Availability And Applicability Of International Project Frameworks When Traversing Geography And Culture, Arielle Hyman 2016 The College at Brockport

Global Project Management: The Availability And Applicability Of International Project Frameworks When Traversing Geography And Culture, Arielle Hyman

Senior Honors Theses

The purpose of this research is to analyze multiple variables involved in Global Project Management to determine the efficacy and suitability of international frameworks for projects involving multinational teams. Specifically, this presentation will explore how companies successfully manage multinational teams that must solve a common problem within constraints established by an organizational entity. A contrastive analysis of several project frameworks used at an international level illustrates the true suitability of these methods in contexts where different cultures, geographic locations, and languages converge.


The Identification And Exploitation Of Terrorist Financing, Jacob S. Gordon 2016 Liberty University

The Identification And Exploitation Of Terrorist Financing, Jacob S. Gordon

Senior Honors Theses

Terrorism and the threat of terrorist attacks have forced the United States to place a high priority on developing a comprehensive counterterrorism strategy. A crucial component of this overarching strategy focuses on targeting the finances of a terrorist organization, hoping to eliminate or stifle their sources of funding in an effort to render the organization incapable of launching successful operations due to an absence of funding. By analyzing the most common financing options that terrorist groups use, the United States can hone its ability to disrupt the funding operations for terrorist groups. Likewise, developing a method for tracking the laundering ...


Environmental Implications Of Hotel Growth In China: Integrating Sustainability With Hotel Development, Gert Noordzy, Eric Ricaurte, Georgette James, Meng Wu 2016 Northside Consulting

Environmental Implications Of Hotel Growth In China: Integrating Sustainability With Hotel Development, Gert Noordzy, Eric Ricaurte, Georgette James, Meng Wu

Center for Hospitality Research Reports

China has embarked on the largest program of new hotel construction the world has ever seen. Even though the nation’s growth rate has eased somewhat in the past year, China’s hotel development continues at a pace that would see at least three new 150+ room hotels open every day for the next 25 years.1 Even if the industry does not continue to expand at this rate, China’s hotel growth carries substantial consequences in terms of increases in energy and water consumption, and an expanding carbon footprint. In this paper, we outline the dimensions of this issue ...


Humanos De Santiago, Ana Maria Gibson 2016 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Humanos De Santiago, Ana Maria Gibson

Theses and Dissertations

I am a member of the inaugural class of the International Business of the Americas cohort program of the Sonoco International Business Department at the Darla Moore School of Business. As a participant in this program, I spent two semesters living in Santiago, Chile studying at the Facultad de Economía y Negocios at the Universidad de Chile. During my time in Santiago, I learned about the cultural differences between Chile and the United States both inside and out of the classroom. However, despite the measurable, and often profound, differences between the two countries, what struck me the most were the ...


Feminism Made In China: The Impact Of Light Export Manufacturing On Rural Chinese Women, Kathleen Marie Mackenzie 2016 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Feminism Made In China: The Impact Of Light Export Manufacturing On Rural Chinese Women, Kathleen Marie Mackenzie

Theses and Dissertations

This senior thesis explores the impacts of employment in light export manufacturing on rural women in China. It first describes the neoclassical economist, feminist economist, and contemporary feminist points of view regarding the effect that manufacturing has specifically on rural women. It then includes a statistical analysis to analyze the empirical data surrounding this issue and draw a conclusion on whether or not light export manufacturing is beneficial for rural Chinese women.


Evaluating Risk Of Small Business Expansion Into Latin America: A Study In Colombia, Chile, And Peru, Kelly Lynn Faria 2016 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Evaluating Risk Of Small Business Expansion Into Latin America: A Study In Colombia, Chile, And Peru, Kelly Lynn Faria

Theses and Dissertations

This senior thesis uses Colombia, Chile, and Peru as examples of similarly sized Latin American countries, with similar economic and trade impact, that have vastly different business environments. This report outlines many of the risk environments, competitive sectors, and cultural norms in each country in order to provide a basic understanding of the business environments for small and medium-sized enterprises.


Bienvenido A Chile: A Guide For The International Business Of The Americas Cohort, Jacob William Sims, Julie Grace Whitehead 2016 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Bienvenido A Chile: A Guide For The International Business Of The Americas Cohort, Jacob William Sims, Julie Grace Whitehead

Theses and Dissertations

This senior thesis projects aims to provide a comprehensive guide to living and studying abroad in Santiago, Chile to accompany the new International Business of the Americas cohort. It covers a spread of issues including macro politics and economics to where to live and how to repatriate to the University of South Carolina.


Digital Commons powered by bepress