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National Innovation Systems And Multinational Corporations, Kyle S. Herman 2015 Rutgers University - Newark

National Innovation Systems And Multinational Corporations, Kyle S. Herman

Kyle Herman

National innovation systems (NISs) are defined by their social, economic, and political results. Many actors, institutions and processes are present within a NIS. Strong innovation policies stemming from a particular NIS effectively bridges key actors together within the innovation system. The design (various forms of policy) and result (various types and typologies) of NISs vary greatly, especially when differences among firm behavior are so diverse worldwide. This adds to the complexity of the concept. Yet multinational corporations (MNCs), due to many reasons discussed below, aid in our understanding of how NIS function. Through this understanding policy-makers can better formulate innovation ...


The Panama And Suez Canals: A Brief Look At The Burgeoning Competition Between Them, Andrew R. Thomas 2015 University of Akron Main Campus

The Panama And Suez Canals: A Brief Look At The Burgeoning Competition Between Them, Andrew R. Thomas

The Actual

The dramatic expansions of the Panama and Suez canals will ultimately benefit the global shipping and freight community.


A Value-Added Trade Perspective On Recent Patterns In World Trade, Paul Veenendaal, Hugo Rojas-Romagosa, Arjan Lejour, Henk LM Kox 2015 CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis

A Value-Added Trade Perspective On Recent Patterns In World Trade, Paul Veenendaal, Hugo Rojas-Romagosa, Arjan Lejour, Henk Lm Kox

Henk LM Kox

The discussion about structural changes in world trade since the Great Trade Collapse is mainly based on the development of gross trade per unit of GDP. Gross trade concepts involve double-counting of trade flows, because imported intermediates used in the production of exports are counted again when the the exporter sends his exports across a border. Trade in value added avoids these double-counting issues and accounts only for the value added embedded in intermediate input, which allows a better understanding of how global value chains (GVCs) operate. Focusing on trade in value added may thus reveal the undercurrents of specialisation ...


The Cape Town Convention’S Improbable-But-Possible Progeny Part Two: Bilateral Investment Treaty-Like Enforcement Mechanism, Charles W. Mooney Jr. 2015 University of Pennsylvania Law School

The Cape Town Convention’S Improbable-But-Possible Progeny Part Two: Bilateral Investment Treaty-Like Enforcement Mechanism, Charles W. Mooney Jr.

Faculty Scholarship

This Essay is Part Two of a two-part essay series that outlines and evaluates two possible future international instruments. Each instrument draws substantial inspiration from the Cape Town Convention and its Aircraft Protocol (together, the “Convention”). The Convention governs the secured financing and leasing of large commercial aircraft, aircraft engines, and helicopters. It entered into force in 2006. It has been adopted by sixty-six Contracting States (fifty-eight of which have adopted the Aircraft Protocol), including the U.S., China, the E.U., India, Ireland, Luxembourg, Russia, and South Africa.

This Part of the Essay explores whether an investor-state dispute settlement ...


Brands Crossing Borders: Cross-Cultural Issues In Brand Localization In And From China, Molly Catherine Bowman 2015 Ouachita Baptist University

Brands Crossing Borders: Cross-Cultural Issues In Brand Localization In And From China, Molly Catherine Bowman

Honors Theses

As China continues to play a more integral role in the global economy, the ability to do business in, with, and from China is of the utmost importance. With the country's nascent transformation from a manufacturing economy to a value-added hub of innovation, Chinese companies face new challenges in communicating their brands and values abroad, and their Western counterparts face equal if not greater challenges in maintaining their market share on a global scale.

Communication will be the key to success in this dynamic environment. This paper will explore some of the unique China stories of prominent global organizations-- ...


Gains By The Pound: Analyzing The U.K. As A Growing Global Business Power, Cody Joiner 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Gains By The Pound: Analyzing The U.K. As A Growing Global Business Power, Cody Joiner

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Terrorized Tourists: A Study Of The Impact Of Terrorism On Tourism, Caroline M. DePuma 2015 The University of Southern Mississippi

Terrorized Tourists: A Study Of The Impact Of Terrorism On Tourism, Caroline M. Depuma

Honors Theses

Tourism is one of the largest sectors in the world; it is also one of the first to take a hit when terrorist attacks happen. Terrorism data has become more important to the tourism and travel industry since the attacks on September 11, 2001. This study looks at the impact that terrorism has on tourism levels, Gross Domestic Product, and Foreign Direct Investment in the countries of Brazil, Egypt, India, Russia, and the United Kingdom. The results of this study show that terrorism affects the daily operations of these countries, by impacting the amounts of GDP, FDI, and the number ...


Globalization And The Sex Trafficking Industry: Examination Of Effects On Regional Value Chain Operations, Mary R. Gilbertson 2015 College of Saint Benedict/Saint John's University

Globalization And The Sex Trafficking Industry: Examination Of Effects On Regional Value Chain Operations, Mary R. Gilbertson

Honors Theses

The purpose of this paper is to examine sex trafficking as a profitable, international, and illegal industry. One goal of this paper is to explain what sex trafficking is and how it differs from other industries. Sex trafficking is an underground activity and its growth worldwide since the 1980s has had a destructive impact on global societies and economies. Beyond this, the study wants to show that, aside from moral and socio-cultural implications, that sex trafficking is indeed an industry, with a structure not so different from other industries. Understanding sex trafficking as an industry is critical to understanding how ...


Become A Future-Focused Leader: Use Three Megatrends To Grow Your Rural Business, Connie Reimers-Hild, Alyssa Dye 2015 University of Nebraska

Become A Future-Focused Leader: Use Three Megatrends To Grow Your Rural Business, Connie Reimers-Hild, Alyssa Dye

Community Vitality Initiative Collections

No one can predict the future; however, rural entrepreneurs and business owners can use a future-focused leadership approach, which includes examining megatrends, to shape the future of their businesses. Megatrends are global shifts that influence society, the economy and the environment. This article discusses three megatrends shaping the future of rural businesses:

1) The Rise of the #GigEconomy

2) Living with Purpose and Meaning

3) The Decentralized Marketplace

The article also provides coaching tips for rural entrepreneurs on how to use megatrends to grow their businesses.

While many companies are struggling to keep up with the rapid rate of change ...


The Left Bank Brasseries: The Evolution Of A French-Inspired Restaurant, John A. Sansone, Dr. Rajeev Sooreea 2015 Dominican University of California

The Left Bank Brasseries: The Evolution Of A French-Inspired Restaurant, John A. Sansone, Dr. Rajeev Sooreea

Scholarly and Creative Works Conference

Due to the high failure rates of restaurants in the United States, many studies have come up with various reasons to explain the underlying causes of such a phenomenon. One key study by Parsa (2005) suggests, “Restaurant failures have been attributed to economic and social factors […]” and “Restaurant failures can be studied from economic, marketing, and managerial perspectives.” In particular, lack of capital is a major contributing factor for restaurants failure and researchers agree that a restaurant without a sufficient amount of capital will not survive because of three major expenses: overhead, labor, and food cost. Today’s service industry ...


Idaho Beans In Costa Rica, Ryan Beckmann, Breana Avalos, Morgan Devenyns, David Garrison, Anastasia Massera, Shelby McIntyre, Feda Mohammad, Eldar Sakebaev, Yara Slaton, Connor Skibeness 2015 Boise State University

Idaho Beans In Costa Rica, Ryan Beckmann, Breana Avalos, Morgan Devenyns, David Garrison, Anastasia Massera, Shelby Mcintyre, Feda Mohammad, Eldar Sakebaev, Yara Slaton, Connor Skibeness

College of Business and Economics Presentations

The Global Scholars Program (GSP), sponsored by International Business Programs matches an Idaho company or organization with 10 students from a pool of applicants to carry out an international business research project. This year, GSP students are working in cooperation with the Idaho Bean Commission and the Idaho Department of Agriculture to explore new export market opportunities for Idaho bean producers.

Unfortunately, a drought in 2014 had a devastating impact on domestic production of red beans in Costa Rica. As a result, Costa Rica has been forced to look towards increased importation to cover shortfalls for domestic consumption. High importation ...


Economic Powers That Be: U.S.-Russo Political Actions And Their Affect On The Russian Economy, Sharon R. Holland 2015 Liberty University

Economic Powers That Be: U.S.-Russo Political Actions And Their Affect On The Russian Economy, Sharon R. Holland

Senior Honors Theses

The United States and Russia currently face political problems that undermine areas of trade and economics of both respective countries despite market forces. This analysis first gives an overview of key events in history to establish a basis of understanding of the foundation of U.S.-Russo political and economic relations. Secondly, an evaluation of the current issues that have pitted Russia and America against one another will shed light on the barriers of further development. Finally, utilizing both the past and present economic impacts forecasts three possible outcomes for U.S.-Russo political relations and the economic impacts that ...


The Global Fight Against Foreign Bribery: Is Canada A Leader Or A Laggard?, Susana C. Mijares 2015 Western Law

The Global Fight Against Foreign Bribery: Is Canada A Leader Or A Laggard?, Susana C. Mijares

Western Journal of Legal Studies

This paper explores international responses to foreign bribery with a specific focus on Canada’s increased role in combating the issue. It outlines international anti-bribery measures and their impact on Canada’s approach to foreign bribery, with an overview of Canada’s anti-bribery legislation, the Corruption of Foreign Public Officials Act (CFPOA). These measures have met with international criticism, to which Canada has responded with legislative amendments. Four Canadian legal decisions since the CFPOA amendment exemplify Canada’s stricter enforcement of the Act. Transparency International (TI) issued a progress report that commented on Canada’s current and future role in ...


University Of The Future Colombia-Purdue Workshop Report, Suresh V. Garimella, David B. Janes, Liliana Gómez Díaz 2015 Purdue University

University Of The Future Colombia-Purdue Workshop Report, Suresh V. Garimella, David B. Janes, Liliana Gómez Díaz

GPRI Digital Library

The University of the Future Workshop, a joint Colombia-Purdue event, was held at Purdue University in West Lafayette, Indiana, October 28-29, 2014. Participants included rectors and board members from six top universities in Colombia, along with executive directors of NGOs, government representatives from the U.S. and Colombia, and Purdue faculty and administrators. The workshop was focused on a dialog among participants on key programs and focuses that will allow universities to be responsive to the 21st century needs of the Americas.

This report is a summary of the workshop and is based on the contributions of all the participants ...


A Concept Paper On Networks Of Excellence For Research And Education, Suresh V. Garimella, David B. Janes, Anne Slaughter Andrew 2015 Purdue University

A Concept Paper On Networks Of Excellence For Research And Education, Suresh V. Garimella, David B. Janes, Anne Slaughter Andrew

GPRI Digital Library

Research and education ecosystems, foundational components of knowledge-based economies, are relatively underdeveloped in Latin America. The entire ecosystem of a research university — including resources, corporate partnerships, and research — must capitalize on a symbiosis between the research, education and commercialization missions. A university cannot transform unilaterally nor can universities sustain the required transformation without government and industry participation. Initiatives to accelerate the development of research university ecosystems are critical for the realization of knowledge-based economies and resilient civil societies.

To accelerate the development of research and education ecosystems across the Americas, the authors propose to establish “Networks of Excellence” in key ...


Three Essays On Biofuels, Drought, Livestock, And The Environment, Sunil P. Dhoubhadel 2015 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Three Essays On Biofuels, Drought, Livestock, And The Environment, Sunil P. Dhoubhadel

Dissertations and Theses in Agricultural Economics

This dissertation consists of three essays. The first essay examines the impact of the 2012 drought and the biofuels mandate on the U.S. grain and livestock markets. A stochastic equilibrium displacement model is used to analyze the impact on eight commodity markets viz. beef, pork, poultry, corn, distillers’ grain (DG), soybean, soymeal, and ethanol. Among the eight markets, corn and beef are found to be the most vulnerable to drought. The use of Renewable Identification Number (RIN) credits as an instrument to mitigate the impact of drought has limited effectiveness. A mandate waiver of about 23% is required to ...


Documento Conceptual Sobre Redes De Excelencia Para La Investigación Y La Educación, Suresh V. Garimella, David B. Janes, Anne Slaughter Andrew 2015 Universidad de Purdue

Documento Conceptual Sobre Redes De Excelencia Para La Investigación Y La Educación, Suresh V. Garimella, David B. Janes, Anne Slaughter Andrew

GPRI Digital Library

“Redes de Excelencia” focalizadas permitirán que las instituciones en América Latina desarrollen ecosistemas de investigación y educación de un modo mucho más rápido que si siguieran procesos "orgánicos" o locales. Una vez implementados, estos ecosistemas no solo permitirán profundas transformaciones que lleven a economías basadas en el conocimiento, sino que también desempeñarán roles claves en las redes necesarias para los sistemas de innovación regionales.

Para acelerar el desarrollo de ecosistemas de investigación y educación en toda América, los autores proponen establecer “Redes de Excelencia” en las áreas claves. Cada Red de Excelencia será multiinstitucional, multisectorial (universidad, empresa, gobierno, ONG) y ...


Mexico Consensus Economic Forecast, Volume 18, Number 2, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke 2015 University of Texas at El Paso

Mexico Consensus Economic Forecast, Volume 18, Number 2, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke

Border Region Modeling Project

No abstract provided.


Sedimentology Of The "Utica" Below Cincinnati, Simon Whitehouse, Collin Lambert 2015 Indiana University - Purdue University Fort Wayne

Sedimentology Of The "Utica" Below Cincinnati, Simon Whitehouse, Collin Lambert

2015 IPFW Student Research and Creative Endeavor Symposium

Subsurface geology can be directly observed by means of vertical cores taken at a study site. Investigation of a 300 foot section of core collected from the Ordovician (450 million years old) strata below Cincinnati, OH offers details of depositional environments, sediment composition, fossil distribution, and catastrophic events (e.g. storms, earthquakes, tsunamis, etc.). The core was measured and an accurate lithostratigraphic column was generated to record the lithology and sedimentary structures. This column provides a small-scale diagram revealing sequences and cycles that are present. The core consists of many types of limestone varying from laminated micrite to grainstone. The ...


Splitting Specified Foreign Sourced Income Between Tax Exempt And Taxable Portions: An Optimal Solution (Part 3 Of 3), Teng Aun KHOO, Clement Kai Guan TAN 2015 Singapore Management University

Splitting Specified Foreign Sourced Income Between Tax Exempt And Taxable Portions: An Optimal Solution (Part 3 Of 3), Teng Aun Khoo, Clement Kai Guan Tan

Research Collection School Of Accountancy

No abstract provided.


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