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Consumer Willingness To Pay For Genetically Modified Food Labels In A Market With Diverse Information: Evidence From Experimental Auctions, Wallace E. Huffman, Jason F. Shogren, Matthew Rousu, Abebayehu Tegene 2016 Iowa State University

Consumer Willingness To Pay For Genetically Modified Food Labels In A Market With Diverse Information: Evidence From Experimental Auctions, Wallace E. Huffman, Jason F. Shogren, Matthew Rousu, Abebayehu Tegene

Wallace Huffman

With the continuing controversy over genetically modified (GM) foods, some groups advocate mandatory labeling of these products, while other groups oppose labeling. An important issue is how GM labels affect consumers' willingness to pay for these food products in the market. Using a statistically based economics experiment with adult consumers as subjects, we examine how willingness to pay changes for three food products - vegetable oil, tortilla chips, and potatoes - when GM labels are intro- duced. Participants in the experiments discounted GM-labeled foods by approximately 14% relative to their standard-labeled counterparts. The evidence also showed that sequencing of food labels affects ...


Investing In China: Opportunity And Barriers For Foreign Investors In A Complex Chinese Economy.Pdf, Robert Geer 2016 La Salle University

Investing In China: Opportunity And Barriers For Foreign Investors In A Complex Chinese Economy.Pdf, Robert Geer

Robert Geer


Introduction:
China’s economy has exploded since the introduction of free market policies which brought the populous nation to the world stage. China now boasts the second largest economy in the world and will overtake the United States in the near future. The easing of restrictions on foreign direct investment (FDI) allows foreign businesses to enter the marketplace easier than in the past, which is making the switch to China easier for businesses. Obstacles are still prevalent in the communist controlled country, which can cause trouble for businesses not properly prepared for the move into the Chinese economy. However, there ...


Tthe Requirement Of Domestic Participation In New Mining Ventures In Zambia, Muna Ndulo 2016 Unza School of Law

Tthe Requirement Of Domestic Participation In New Mining Ventures In Zambia, Muna Ndulo

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The United States, Developing Countries And The Issue Of Intra-Enterprise Agreements, Joel Davidow 2016 University of Georgia School of Law

The United States, Developing Countries And The Issue Of Intra-Enterprise Agreements, Joel Davidow

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

Antitrust issues have become one of the main concern of the world economy community and the United Nations. For many years, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development has multiplied the meetings to discuss the relationship between transnational enterprises and international investment and has engaged in reflections on methods to avoid a decline in international investment. However, these meetings failed to resolve the fundamental issue of the impact of international antitrust principles on restrictive arrangements between a foreign parent corporation and its local subsidiary, particularly where that subsidiary is in a developing country. If applied, multinational enterprises would be ...


Do Foreign Companies Pay Higher Wages Than Their Local Counterparts In Malaysian Manufacturing?, David Lim 2016 Technological and Higher Education Institute of Hong Kong, Vocational Training Council

Do Foreign Companies Pay Higher Wages Than Their Local Counterparts In Malaysian Manufacturing?, David Lim

Prof. David Lim

This paper shows that foreign companies pay higher wages than their local counterparts in Malaysian manufacturing. Step-wise regression analysis shows that this is due to two factors. The first, and perhaps the more important, is the greater capital intensity of the production processes used by foreign companies. The second is their tendency to pay wages that they consider, or that are considered to be, commensurate with the wages that they pay in their home countries. This may be called the demonstration effect of wage remuneration in less developed countries.


Relation Between Auditor Quality And Corporate Tax Aggressiveness: Implications Of Cross-Country Institutional Differences, Kiridaran KANAGARETNAM, Kiat Bee Jimmy LEE, Chee Yeow LIM, Gerald J. LOBO 2016 York University

Relation Between Auditor Quality And Corporate Tax Aggressiveness: Implications Of Cross-Country Institutional Differences, Kiridaran Kanagaretnam, Kiat Bee Jimmy Lee, Chee Yeow Lim, Gerald J. Lobo

Research Collection School Of Accountancy

Using an international sample of firms from 31 countries, we study the relation between auditor quality and corporate tax aggressiveness. Employing an indicator variable for tax aggressiveness when the firm's corporate tax avoidance measure is within the top quintile of each country-industry combination, we find strong evidence that auditor quality is negatively associated with the likelihood of tax aggressiveness, even after controlling for other institutional determinants such as home-country tax system characteristics. We also find that the negative relation between auditor quality and the likelihood of tax aggressiveness is more pronounced in countries where investor protection is stronger, auditor ...


Power, Promise And Problems: The Solar Photovoltaic Industry In China, Xiangrong Liu 2016 Bridgewater State University

Power, Promise And Problems: The Solar Photovoltaic Industry In China, Xiangrong Liu

Bridgewater Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review, Gianna Julian-Arnold 2016 University of New Hampshire

Book Review, Gianna Julian-Arnold

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Review of: ANN RAPPAPORT & MARGARET FRESHER FLAHERTY, CORPORATE RESPONSES TO ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGES: INITIATIVES BY MULTINATIONAL MANAGEMENT. (Quorum Books 1992) [186 pp.] Acknowledgements, bibliography, figures, foreword, index, notes, tables. LC: 91-44706; ISBN: 0-89930-715-9 [Cloth $45.00.]


People And Technology: Reflections From The 2016 Human Capital Association Symposium, Cornell HR Review Editorial Board Members 2016 Cornell University ILR School

People And Technology: Reflections From The 2016 Human Capital Association Symposium, Cornell Hr Review Editorial Board Members

Cornell HR Review

[Excerpt] From time to time, the Cornell HR Review staff contributes summaries of HR-related events that take place on the Cornell University campus in Ithaca, NY. The intent is to disseminate the content of these events to the wider HR community of practitioners and researchers.

In September 2016, the Human Capital Association (HCA) hosted its 14th Annual Symposium. HCA is a student-run organization within the Samuel Curtis Johnson School of Management and the School of Industrial and Labor Relations at Cornell University. The HCA strives to drive the future of the HR profession through education and professional development opportunities across ...


Resource Nationalism And Local Content In Tanzania: Experiences From Mining And Consequences For The Petroleum Sector, Abel A. Kinyondo, Siri Lange 2016 CMI

Resource Nationalism And Local Content In Tanzania: Experiences From Mining And Consequences For The Petroleum Sector, Abel A. Kinyondo, Siri Lange

Abel Alfred Kinyondo

Many resource-rich African countries have recently drafted local content policies for their petroleum
sector. Using Tanzania as an example, this paper argues that previous experiences in the extractive
industries are a central factor for public sentiments and debates on resource nationalism and local
content in the petroleum sector. The paper focuses on the shifting local content polices in the mining
sector over the last two decades and presents some of the initiatives that mining companies have taken to
increase the local content. The 2010 Mining Act has weak and unbinding requirements on local content.
National statistics show that there has ...


Vultures Or Vanguards?: The Role Of Litigation In Sovereign Debt Restructuring, Jill E. Fisch, Caroline M. Gentile 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Vultures Or Vanguards?: The Role Of Litigation In Sovereign Debt Restructuring, Jill E. Fisch, Caroline M. Gentile

Jill Fisch

No abstract provided.


Imprudent Power: Reconsidering U.S. Regulation Of Foreign Tender Offers, Jill E. Fisch 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Imprudent Power: Reconsidering U.S. Regulation Of Foreign Tender Offers, Jill E. Fisch

Jill Fisch

No abstract provided.


Cross-Cultural Comparison Of Credit Transfer Practices, Lending And Financial Inclusions In North America, Europe And The Middle East, Jessica B. Henao 2016 Western Kentucky University

Cross-Cultural Comparison Of Credit Transfer Practices, Lending And Financial Inclusions In North America, Europe And The Middle East, Jessica B. Henao

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Many events highlight the relationship between credit availability and aggregate output. Macroeconomic models and financial market conditions have major impacts on the world economy. In addition, these represent the responses to financial chunks that differ in developed countries like the United Kingdom, France, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Canada and the United States. The impact of credit conditions is concerned, as well as the differences in the quality of banking supervision and the effectiveness of monetary policies in different parts of the world. The experience of developed countries sets an example of the integration process inevitably contributing to create an ...


The Rise Of Nuclear Energy In Arab States: Future Impacts, Brittany Broder 2016 Western Kentucky University

The Rise Of Nuclear Energy In Arab States: Future Impacts, Brittany Broder

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

The signing of the Iranian nuclear deal during the Summer of 2015 highlighted the threat of nuclear proliferation from foreign powers, but largely overlooked the rise of nuclear energy in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). With growing energy demands and heightened environmental regulations, countries in this region are turning to nuclear power to fuel their next generation. However, the rise of nuclear power in the MENA region holds serious implications for the future of the area’s energy, economic, and social reforms that have largely gone unexplored as a whole thus far. The purpose of this thesis is ...


Language Proficiency Benefits Of An Arabic Language Immersion House, Bailey John 2016 Western Kentucky University

Language Proficiency Benefits Of An Arabic Language Immersion House, Bailey John

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

This study analyzed the language proficiencies of 25 students using the ACTFL “Can-Do Statements” and Oral Proficiency Interviews (OPI), examined responses of 33 language students throughout the US from a questionnaire to find behaviors they use in their language studies, and also studied results from questionnaires directed to 6 WKU language faculty and a faculty member for Denison University. The goal of this analysis was to find links between those behaviors exhibited by the students and their level of language proficiency to uncover what methods are most conducive to increasing second language (L2) proficiency and to find L2 proficiency benefits ...


Responses To Subpar Performance In Foreign Subsidiaries, Vanessa C. Hasse 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Responses To Subpar Performance In Foreign Subsidiaries, Vanessa C. Hasse

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Many multinational enterprises (MNEs) experience subpar performance in some of their foreign subsidiaries. Despite the clear importance to practitioners, there are surprisingly few comprehensive studies on the appropriate responses to be taken when such a situation occurs. Studies addressing the subpar performance phenomenon have been fragmented across research domains, causing there to be a lack of theory-driven studies within an international context to provide insights. Thus, the research questions guiding this thesis are: When a foreign subsidiary experiences (repeated) subpar performance, what determines which specific type of response is chosen (if any at all)? Which type of response (if any ...


The Influence Of The Electric Supply Industry On Economic Growth In Less Developed Countries, Edward Richard Bee 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

The Influence Of The Electric Supply Industry On Economic Growth In Less Developed Countries, Edward Richard Bee

Dissertations

This study measures the impact that electrical outages have on manufacturing production in 135 less developed countries using stochastic frontier analysis and data from World Bank’s Investment Climate surveys. Outages of electricity, for firms with and without backup power sources, are the most frequently cited constraint on manufacturing growth in these surveys.

Outages are shown to reduce output below the production frontier by almost five percent in Africa and by a lower percentage in South Asia, Southeast Asia and the Middle East and North Africa. Production response to outages is quadratic in form. Outages also increase labor cost, reduce ...


Our Unions, Our Selves: The Rise Of Feminist Labor Unions In Japan, Anne Zacharias-Walsh 2016 Cornell University ILR School

Our Unions, Our Selves: The Rise Of Feminist Labor Unions In Japan, Anne Zacharias-Walsh

Book Samples

[Excerpt] In Our Unions, Our Selves, Anne Zacharias-Walsh provides an in-depth look at the rise of women-only unions in Japan, an organizational analysis of the challenges these new unions face in practice, and a firsthand account of the ambitious, occasionally contentious, and ultimately successful international solidarity project that helped to spark a new feminist labor movement.

In the early 1990s, as part of a larger wave of union reform efforts in Japan, women began creating their own women-only labor unions to confront long-standing gender inequality in the workplace and in traditional enterprise unions. These new unions soon discovered that the ...


Nassimbeni And Sartor, Sourcing In India (2008), Mehmet G. Yalcin 2016 University of Rhode Island

Nassimbeni And Sartor, Sourcing In India (2008), Mehmet G. Yalcin

Markets, Globalization & Development Review

No abstract provided.


Conflicting Perspectives On Speed: Dynamics And Consequences Of The Fast Fashion System, Zeynep Ozdamar-Ertekin 2016 İzmir University of Economics

Conflicting Perspectives On Speed: Dynamics And Consequences Of The Fast Fashion System, Zeynep Ozdamar-Ertekin

Markets, Globalization & Development Review

The fashion industry today is trapped in a competitive cycle of shorter and faster sales and production periods, requiring continual changing of styles, frequent renewal of products, and speed of availability. This high speed of the current fashion system has both positive and negative outcomes on the environment, the workers and the society. The purpose of this study is to provide a more comprehensive and macro perspective on speed, by acknowledging the conflicting perspectives of different stakeholders, focusing mainly on institutional actors. Ethnography, with emphasis on participant observation and interviews, was used as a research method, supported by secondary data ...


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