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Takaful Insurance And Its Similarities And Differences With Traditional Insurance, Najlaa Al Hajj 2022 jinan university

Takaful Insurance And Its Similarities And Differences With Traditional Insurance, Najlaa Al Hajj

Al Jinan الجنان

Commercial insurance or cooperative insurance (Co-Op Insurance) typically aims to reduce common risks that can happen to any type of business and to provide all kinds of protection against unforeseen circumstances. Takaful insurance has been created as an alternative choice that the public was looking for, mainly in the Arab countries for the reason that the services of the traditional insurance do not suit people’s needs especially with regard to non-compliance with sharia laws. Therefore, Takaful insurance seeks to solve this problem. It provides insurance services and programs Commercial insurance or cooperative insurance (Co-Op Insurance) typically aims to reduce ...


أثر المخاطر المصرفية على عوائد الجهاز المصرفي الفلسطيني للفترة (2006-2019), جلال نافل الشيخ عيد استاذ مساعد 2021 الكلية الجامعية للعلوم والتكنولوجيا- غزة

أثر المخاطر المصرفية على عوائد الجهاز المصرفي الفلسطيني للفترة (2006-2019), جلال نافل الشيخ عيد استاذ مساعد

Journal of Al-Azhar University – Gaza (Humanities)

الملخص:

هدف البحث إلى التعرف على أثر المخاطر المصرفية على عوائد الجهاز المصرفي الفلسطيني للفترة (2006-2019) بالدراسة والتحليل، والمناقشة؛ وذلك باستخدام التحليل القياسي لاختبارات قياسية خاصة متعلقة ببيانات السلاسل الزمنية، مثل: اختبارات جذر الوحدة (ADF ، وpp). كما استخدم اختبار درجة التكامل المشترك Johansson Cointegration Test؛ ومن ثم تم استخدام Vector Error Correction Model (ECM)، ثم استخدام تقدير العلاقة بين المتغيرات في المدى الطويل باستخدام نموذج ARDL ، ومن ثم تحديد اتجاه وقوة العلاقة بينهما في المدى القصير، والمدى الطويل باستخدام Granger Test ضمن إطار (ECM)، واختبار سببية Yamamoto Toda معتمدة على مصادر البيانات من الإحصائيات الصادرة عبر تقارير شهرية من سلطة ...


Insurance Reserve Prediction: Opportunities And Challenges, Ayman Taha Farahat, Bernard Cosgrave Dr., Wael Rashwan, Susan McKeever Dr. 2021 Technological University Dublin

Insurance Reserve Prediction: Opportunities And Challenges, Ayman Taha Farahat, Bernard Cosgrave Dr., Wael Rashwan, Susan Mckeever Dr.

Conference papers

Predicting claims’ reserve is a critical challenge for insurers and has dramatic consequences on their managerial, financial and underwriting decisions. The insurers’ capital and their underwriting capacity of further business are impacted by inaccurate reserve estimates. Increasing premium rates and adjusting the underwriting policy decisions may balance the impact of unexpected claims, but will have a negative impact on their business opportunities. To address this, several papers focusing on the prediction of insurance reserve have been published in the literature. In this paper, we provide a comprehensive review of the research on the insurance reserve prediction techniques in economics and ...


The Impact Of Covid-19 On Hospital Admissions For Twelve High-Burden Diseases And Five Common Procedures In The Philippines: A National Health Insurance Database Study 2019-2020, Jhanna Uy, Vanessa T. Siy Van, Valerie Gilbert T. Ulep, Diana Beatriz Bayani, Damian Walker 2021 Ateneo de Manila University

The Impact Of Covid-19 On Hospital Admissions For Twelve High-Burden Diseases And Five Common Procedures In The Philippines: A National Health Insurance Database Study 2019-2020, Jhanna Uy, Vanessa T. Siy Van, Valerie Gilbert T. Ulep, Diana Beatriz Bayani, Damian Walker

Health Sciences Faculty Publications

Background

The Philippines has the highest cumulative COVID-19 cases and deaths in the Western-Pacific. To explore the broader health impacts of the pandemic, we assessed the magnitude and duration of changes in hospital admissions for 12 high-burden diseases and the utilization of five common procedures by lockdown stringency, hospital level, and equity in patient access.

Methods

Our analysis used Philippine social health insurance data filed by 1,295 hospitals in 2019 and 2020. We calculated three descriptive statistics of percent change comparing 2020 to the same periods in 2019: (1) year-onyear, (2) same-month-prior-year, and (3) lockdown periods.

Findings

Disease admissions ...


Financing Mechanisms Applied For Successful Universal Health Coverage In Malaysia, Thailand And Singapore - Lessons For Pakistan, Rawshan Jabeen, Unaib Rabbani, Nazish Abbas 2021 Aga Khan University

Financing Mechanisms Applied For Successful Universal Health Coverage In Malaysia, Thailand And Singapore - Lessons For Pakistan, Rawshan Jabeen, Unaib Rabbani, Nazish Abbas

Community Health Sciences

Universal health coverage is a global agenda and, currently for Pakistan, achieving this goal is a challenge because of a number of constraints. The current narrative review was planned to describe an overview of the provision of health insurance in Malaysia, Thailand and Singapore that have achieved universal health coverage, and to propose a roadmap for Pakistan. Literature search was conducted on Google Scholar and PubMed databases as well as on the World Bank website to retrieve relevant articles. The three studied countries achieved universal health coverage by gradually increasing allocation for health and through various mechanisms, such as health ...


An Examination Of Types Of Health Insurance And The Reported Prevalence Of Autism In The United States, Jennifer L. Thompson 2021 Western Michigan University

An Examination Of Types Of Health Insurance And The Reported Prevalence Of Autism In The United States, Jennifer L. Thompson

Dissertations

The prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders continues to rise despite barriers of changes to diagnostic criteria and lack of insurance coverage. Increases in prevalence affect costs associated with a disorder since cost of health care services are often estimated based on utilization of services. This can also affect an individual’s ability to access to health care services. To equitably distribute autism services to individuals an accurate estimation of the true prevalence of autism is needed.

Access to health care can be influenced by the type of insurance coverage a person holds. Other factors, such as socio-economic status, ethnicity, location ...


Modeling And Application Of Neural Networks For Automotive Damage Appraisals, Fred Poon, Yang Zhang, Jonathon Roach, David Josephs, John Santerre 2021 Southern Methodist University

Modeling And Application Of Neural Networks For Automotive Damage Appraisals, Fred Poon, Yang Zhang, Jonathon Roach, David Josephs, John Santerre

SMU Data Science Review

The automotive damage appraisal process is one of the areas in property and casualty insurance that can benefit from applying deep learning technology and computer vision. It is commercially beneficial to introduce a fast and efficient claim process that can shorten the entire process. Technologies adopted include advanced neural network algorithm and Mask R-CNN to solve tasks such as image classification, object detection, and segmentation in combination with statistical analysis and model construction of the appraisal metadata to approximate final claim cost. With a database of over 3 million records as the data source, a workflow is constructed via a ...


Climate Change Preparedness In The Insurance Sector, Daniel Fischler 2021 University of Connecticut

Climate Change Preparedness In The Insurance Sector, Daniel Fischler

Honors Scholar Theses

Climate change is the inevitable consequence of human activity since the industrial revolution began centuries ago. Assuming humanity survives and adapts to this scenario, there will be significant impacts on the economy and business. Under these circumstances, the insurance sector in particular will face challenges as the frequency and severity of losses increase due to climate change related events. This paper aims to analyze various options for allowing insurance to maintain viability in this changing environment. The general issue for the future is premiums must be commensurate with climate change related risk in affected areas. As a result, certain coastal ...


Case Study In Enterprise Risk Management: Happy Tails, Inc., Clay Chance 2021 University of Mississippi

Case Study In Enterprise Risk Management: Happy Tails, Inc., Clay Chance

Honors Theses

Enterprise risk management is a necessity for businesses in today’s marketplace. Firms that are unaware of risks they are facing often find themselves in unexpected trouble. The field of enterprise risk management has been growing since the 1990s as an effort to minimize the costs that risk imposes on firms. In this case study, I identified risks for Happy Tails, Inc. and recommended various techniques to manage the risks. I found that not only does Happy Tails face many of the same major risks faced by most firms in the marketplace today, but it also faces some unique risks ...


Exploring Health Insurance Coverage And How It Is Affecting Patients And Providers, Robert Balie Crim 2021 University of Mississippi

Exploring Health Insurance Coverage And How It Is Affecting Patients And Providers, Robert Balie Crim

Honors Theses

The American people are struggling to pay for or find good health insurance. Doctors are unable to prescribe them what they actually need. Their insurance might stop paying for the drug that they had been using that was helping them. They might have to try some amount of drugs or treatments before the insurance company will pay for what the doctor has prescribed. Patients might be having to endure more pain for an unnecessary amount of time at the hands of an insurance company. What are the roots of these problems? With the growing complexity and advancing technology, how are ...


Allianz Life Strategic Audit, Evan Powell 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Allianz Life Strategic Audit, Evan Powell

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Allianz Life is a company that specializes in creating life insurance and annuity products to wholesale to financial professionals. The company is based out of Minneapolis, MN, and is a subsidiary of the parent company Allianz SE. Allianz SE is the 46th largest company in the world and ranks number one for assets managed by an insurance company. Allianz SE is based out of Munich, Germany. This report aims to learn more about Allianz Life through internal and external analysis. The following analytical tools will be included: PESTEL, Porter’s Five Forces, and SWOT analysis. These tools help to explain ...


Lessons Learned: Alejandro Latorre, Maryann Haggerty 2021 Yale University

Lessons Learned: Alejandro Latorre, Maryann Haggerty

The Journal of Financial Crises

At the time of the 2007-09 global financial crisis, Alejandro Latorre was an assistant vice president at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York (FRBNY). He was active in the bailout of American International Group (AIG) from its inception to the end, when AIG repaid its outstanding obligations to both the Federal Reserve and the U.S. Treasury. This Lessons Learned summary is based on a Feb. 26, 2020, interview. He emphasized that the views discussed here are his own, not the views of anyone else currently or previously within the Federal Reserve System or the views of his current ...


Lessons Learned: Sarah Dahlgren, Alec Buchholtz, Rosalind Z. Wiggins 2021 Yale University

Lessons Learned: Sarah Dahlgren, Alec Buchholtz, Rosalind Z. Wiggins

The Journal of Financial Crises

Sarah Dahlgren was the Executive Vice President and head of the Financial Institution Supervision Group at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York (FRBNY) during the crisis and instrumental in the rescue of American International Group (AIG). This Lessons Learned summary is drawn from a March 22, 2018, interview in which she gave her take on how central bankers can prepare for future crises.


Lessons Learned: Chester B. Feldberg, Maryann Haggerty 2021 Yale University

Lessons Learned: Chester B. Feldberg, Maryann Haggerty

The Journal of Financial Crises

Chester B. Feldberg worked for the Federal Reserve Bank of New York (FRBNY) for 36 years in a variety of roles. In the aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis, he served as a trustee for the AIG Credit Trust Facility (2009-2011). The trust was established in early 2009 to hold the equity stock of American International Group Inc. (AIG) that the U.S. government had received as a result of the 2008 AIG bailout. The three trustees were responsible for voting the stock, ensuring satisfactory corporate governance at AIG, and eventually disposing of the stock.

When he was named as ...


Lessons Learned: Eric Dinallo, Maryann Haggerty 2021 Yale University

Lessons Learned: Eric Dinallo, Maryann Haggerty

The Journal of Financial Crises

Eric Dinallo was New York State Superintendent of Insurance from January 2007 through July 2009. In New York, as throughout the United States, insurance companies are regulated at the state level. In his position as Superintendent, Dinallo oversaw the insurance operating companies of American International Group (AIG) within New York. AIG’s holding company, however, was supervised at the federal level. Much of AIG’s problems came from its non-insurance subsidiary AIG Financial Products (AIGFP), which was a major presence in the market for credit default swaps (CDS), a type of derivative that was a factor behind the 2007-09 financial ...


The Rescue Of American International Group Module F: The Aig Credit Facility Trust, Alec Buchholtz, Aidan Lawson 2021 Yale University

The Rescue Of American International Group Module F: The Aig Credit Facility Trust, Alec Buchholtz, Aidan Lawson

The Journal of Financial Crises

In September 2008, American International Group, Inc. (AIG) experienced a liquidity crisis. To avoid the insurance giant’s bankruptcy, the Federal Reserve Bank of New York (FRBNY) extended an $85 billion emergency secured credit facility to AIG. In connection with the credit facility, AIG issued 100,000 shares of preferred stock, with voting rights equal to and convertible into 79.9% of the outstanding shares of AIG common stock, to an independent trust (the Trust) set up by the FRBNY. Three trustees held the stock for the sole benefit of the US Treasury, exercised the rights, powers, authorities, discretions, and ...


The Rescue Of American International Group Module E: Maiden Lane Iii, Lily S. Engbith, Devyn Jeffereis 2021 Yale University

The Rescue Of American International Group Module E: Maiden Lane Iii, Lily S. Engbith, Devyn Jeffereis

The Journal of Financial Crises

Starting in mid-2007, American International Group (AIG) faced increasing collateral calls from counterparties looking to protect their positions in credit default swap (CDS) contracts that AIG had written on residential and commercial collateralized debt obligations (CDOs) (US COP 2010, 28-30). Per these agreements, the AIG parent company was responsible for insuring the value of the CDOs against the risk of a negative credit event, such as default (GAO 2011, 5; US COP 2010, 29-30). AIG’s immediate need for liquidity on September 16, largely driven by a securities lending program and those collateral calls, prompted the Federal Reserve to lend ...


The Rescue Of American International Group Module D: Maiden Lane Ii, Lily S. Engbith, Devyn Jeffereis 2021 Yale University

The Rescue Of American International Group Module D: Maiden Lane Ii, Lily S. Engbith, Devyn Jeffereis

The Journal of Financial Crises

In September 2008, American International Group (AIG) faced increasing difficulty in returning cash collateral to counterparties looking to terminate, rather than roll over, their securities lending agreements, in part because the company had invested the collateral in residential mortgage-backed securities (RMBS), which were becoming illiquid. The Federal Reserve Bank of New York (FRBNY) provided liquidity to the company, including through the Securities Borrowing Facility (SBF), which allowed for the repayment of cash collateral but did not address the falling values of the RMBS. In November 2008, the Federal Reserve Board authorized the creation of Maiden Lane II (ML II), a ...


The Rescue Of American International Group Module C: Aig Investment Program, Alec Buchholtz, Aidan Lawson 2021 Yale University

The Rescue Of American International Group Module C: Aig Investment Program, Alec Buchholtz, Aidan Lawson

The Journal of Financial Crises

In September 2008, the Federal Reserve Bank of New York (FRBNY) extended an $85 billion credit line to AIG to address its liquidity stresses, but AIG’s balance sheet remained under pressure. The insurance giant was projected to report large third-quarter losses and was at risk of being downgraded by major credit rating agencies. For these reasons, in early November 2008, the US Treasury invested $40 billion of Troubled Assets Relief Program (TARP) funds into AIG in exchange for 4 million shares of AIG Series D preferred stock and a warrant to purchase AIG common stock. The investment helped repay ...


The Rescue Of American International Group Module B: The Securities Borrowing Facility, Lily S. Engbith, Alec Buchholtz, Devyn Jeffereis 2021 Yale University

The Rescue Of American International Group Module B: The Securities Borrowing Facility, Lily S. Engbith, Alec Buchholtz, Devyn Jeffereis

The Journal of Financial Crises

In 2008, American International Group (AIG) was among the largest insurance corporations in the world and maintained a profitable securities lending program. However, AIG invested much of the cash collateral received from counterparties in residential mortgage-backed securities, whose value began to collapse rapidly and unexpectedly, creating liquidity strain for AIG when borrowers returned their securities. Because of these strains, credit downgrades, and losses, in September, the company sought assistance from the Federal Reserve which, on October 6, 2008, approved the establishment of the Securities Borrowing Facility by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York (FRBNY). The FRBNY agreed to loan ...


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