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Giving A Voice To The Powerless: Participatory Monitoring & Evaluation As A Tool For Inclusive Development Through Microfinance, Evan T. Burke 2015 SIT Graduate Institute

Giving A Voice To The Powerless: Participatory Monitoring & Evaluation As A Tool For Inclusive Development Through Microfinance, Evan T. Burke

Capstone Collection

The greatest experts on the situation of the marginalized peoples of the world are the marginalized communities themselves. This paper explores how participatory monitoring & evaluation can be a powerful tool for giving voices to marginalized communities, ensuring that the voices of beneficiaries and local stakeholders are heard and inform sustainable project design. It analyzes a participatory monitoring and evaluation methodology implemented for women’s credit cooperatives in Gujarat, India by the Human Development & Research Centre, and examines lessons to be learned to design evaluations facilitating inclusive development.

Strategies for the monitoring and evaluation of microfinance have evolved along with the ...


Boom Times For Crop Insurance, Bruce A. Babcock 2015 Iowa State University

Boom Times For Crop Insurance, Bruce A. Babcock

Iowa Ag Review

Crop farmers are enjoying record high profi ts because of dramatically higher market prices. Farmers’ increased demand for land, seed, fertilizer, and machinery has resulted in higher prices and profi ts for sellers of these inputs as well. One industry that is also enjoying the higher crop prices is the crop insurance industry. It benefits from higher prices because the formulas used to determine industry revenue automatically generate higher expected subsidies as crop prices rise. Actual subsidies depend in part on crop losses, but administrative and operating subsidies are directly tied to crop prices. Figure 1 shows how total industry ...


Corn Belt Contributions To The Crop Insurance Industry, Bruce A. Babcock 2015 Iowa State University

Corn Belt Contributions To The Crop Insurance Industry, Bruce A. Babcock

Iowa Ag Review

The crop insurance industry enjoyed another banner year in 2007, collecting $6.5 billion in premiums yet paying out only $3.2 billion in losses. I estimate that the industry will collect a record $2.8 billion from taxpayers. In contrast, the net amount that farmers received from the program in 2007 was only $750 million. Interestingly, since the beginning of this decade, the $11.3 billion in net payments to farmers (indemnities received minus farmer-paid premiums) is about equal to the amount that taxpayers have paid the industry ($11.1 billion). Overall, taxpayers have spent more than $22 billion ...


Drought Tolerance And Risk In The U.S. Crop Insurance Program, Bruce A. Babcock, Tian Yu 2015 Iowa State University

Drought Tolerance And Risk In The U.S. Crop Insurance Program, Bruce A. Babcock, Tian Yu

Iowa Ag Review

Are farmers paying too much for crop insurance? It sure seems so, at least in the Corn Belt. With the exception of 2008 when a large drop in price triggered payments, Corn Belt farmers have generally paid more into the program than they have gotten out, despite Congress’s intention that farmers get at least two dollars for each dollar they pay into the program.


Examining The Health Of The U.S. Crop Insurance Industry, Bruce A. Babcock 2015 Iowa State University

Examining The Health Of The U.S. Crop Insurance Industry, Bruce A. Babcock

Iowa Ag Review

In late September the Risk Management Agency (RMA) of USDA released the results of commissioned studies that calculated the rate of return that U.S. crop insurance companies have received from selling multi-peril crop insurance (MPCI). Since 2000, the average annual rate of return on equity has been 19 percent. The study also estimated that a reasonable rate of return over the same time period for this line of business would be about 11 percent. One straightforward interpretation of this difference is that since 2000, the crop insurance industry has received a rate of return that is 72 percent higher ...


Medicare Secondary Payer And Settlement Delay, Eric Helland, Jonathan Klick 2015 Claremont-McKenna College/RAND

Medicare Secondary Payer And Settlement Delay, Eric Helland, Jonathan Klick

Faculty Scholarship

The Medicare Secondary Payer Act of 1980 and its subsequent amendments require that insurers and self-insured companies report settlements, awards, and judgments that involve a Medicare beneficiary to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. The parties then may be required to compensate CMS for its conditional payments. In a simple settlement model, this makes settlement less likely. Also, the reporting delays and uncertainty regarding the size of these conditional payments are likely to further frustrate the settlement process. We provide results, using data from a large insurer, showing that, on average, implementation of the MSP reporting amendments led to ...


Swot Matrix For London Market Group, Steven Slezak 2015 Cal Poly

Swot Matrix For London Market Group, Steven Slezak

Steven Slezak

No abstract provided.


Investment Strategies Amongst Property And Casualty Insurance Companies, Ryan J. Conforti 2015 University of Connecticut

Investment Strategies Amongst Property And Casualty Insurance Companies, Ryan J. Conforti

Honors Scholar Theses

The purpose of this work is to take an in-depth look into the investment side of property and casualty insurance. Many P&C companies have thrived over the past century, and much of this success can be attributed to investment income. This thesis will examine how investment philosophy changes from firm to firm, while also looking at how strategies have changed over time. It will also look into the insurance “float,” and examine how investors such as Warren Buffett have utilized this instrument to their favor. Investing is a huge aspect of property and casualty insurance, and this piece will ...


The Implications Of Self-Driving Cars On Insurance, Amanda LoBello 2015 Bryant University

The Implications Of Self-Driving Cars On Insurance, Amanda Lobello

Honors Projects in Mathematics

Self-driving cars, also known as autonomous vehicles, are being researched and tested by automakers, technology industry leaders, and other institutions. Lawmakers and politicians are discussing the legislation that will affect the fate of such technology. Primary benefits include safety, mobility, free time, less traffic, and green effects. However, there are also obstacles to the implementation of self-driving vehicles including consumer acceptance, legal liability, and cost. With the potential shift in responsibility from driver to automaker, rating factors for insurance may change, weighing more heavily on the model of the car as a factor. The fate of auto insurance is in ...


Liability Insurer Data As A Window On Lawyers’ Professional Liability, Tom Baker, Rick Swedloff 2015 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Liability Insurer Data As A Window On Lawyers’ Professional Liability, Tom Baker, Rick Swedloff

Faculty Scholarship

Using the best publicly available data on lawyers’ liability claims and insurance – from the largest insurer of large law firms in the U.S., the American Bar Association’s Standing Committee on Professional Liability, and a summary of large claims from a leading insurance broker–this article reports the frequency of lawyers’ liability claims, the distribution and cost of claims by type of practice, the disposition of claims, and lawyers liability insurance premiums from the early 1980s to 2013. Notable findings include remarkable stability over thirty years in the distribution of claims by area of practice among both small and ...


Sec Risk Factors: A Structural Topic Model (Stm) Approach, Kelli A. Duncan, Brandon Vi Trieu 2015 Georgia State University

Sec Risk Factors: A Structural Topic Model (Stm) Approach, Kelli A. Duncan, Brandon Vi Trieu

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Tort Reform And Accidental Deaths: Is There A Link?, Haley Tipsord 2015 Georgia State University

Tort Reform And Accidental Deaths: Is There A Link?, Haley Tipsord

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Risk, Governance, And Readability: An Examination Of Corporate Risk Discussions, Rwanda Smith 2015 Georgia State University

Risk, Governance, And Readability: An Examination Of Corporate Risk Discussions, Rwanda Smith

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


An Assessment Of The Performances Of Several Univariate Tests Of Normality, James Olusegun Adefisoye 2015 Florida International University

An Assessment Of The Performances Of Several Univariate Tests Of Normality, James Olusegun Adefisoye

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The importance of checking the normality assumption in most statistical procedures especially parametric tests cannot be over emphasized as the validity of the inferences drawn from such procedures usually depend on the validity of this assumption. Numerous methods have been proposed by different authors over the years, some popular and frequently used, others, not so much. This study addresses the performance of eighteen of the available tests for different sample sizes, significance levels, and for a number of symmetric and asymmetric distributions by conducting a Monte-Carlo simulation. The results showed that considerable power is not achieved for symmetric distributions when ...


Price Expectations And Risk Profiles Drive Commodity Program Choices, Alejandro Plastina, Chad Hart 2015 Iowa State University

Price Expectations And Risk Profiles Drive Commodity Program Choices, Alejandro Plastina, Chad Hart

Agricultural Policy Review

The optimal commodity program choice depends as much on the specific production system in each farm as on the producer’s expectations about future yields and prices. Furthermore, the risk profile of producers will weigh heavily in the decision. This article illustrates the role of price expectations and risk profiles in commodity program choice using the ISU Farm Bill Analyzer.


Crop Insurance In Iowa, Alejandro Plastina, Chad Hart 2015 Iowa State University

Crop Insurance In Iowa, Alejandro Plastina, Chad Hart

Agricultural Policy Review

Farmers across the nation rely heavily on crop insurance as a risk management tool—in Iowa alone over 93 percent of corn and soybean planted area was insured in 2014, but that participation rate hasn’t always been the case. Participation in crop insurance declined substantially in the early 1990s after the mandate that required producers to purchase crop insurance in 1989 and 1990 to collect drought assistance in 1988 dissipated.


Rural Implications Of Medicaid Expansion Under The Affordable Care Act., Erika Ziller, Jennifer Lenardson, Andrew Coburn 2015 University of Southern Maine

Rural Implications Of Medicaid Expansion Under The Affordable Care Act., Erika Ziller, Jennifer Lenardson, Andrew Coburn

Medicaid

In this brief, researchers from the Maine Rural Health Research Center (University of Southern Maine, Muskie School of Public Service) present findings from a SHARE-funded evaluation of the rural implications of Medicaid expansion under the ACA.

The authors examine the following issues:

  • The extent to which prior public health insurance expansions have covered rural populations
  • Whether rural residents who are expected to be newly eligible for Medicaid in 2014 differ from their urban counterparts
  • The extent to which rural individuals might differentially benefit from the ACA Medicaid expansion in light of the expansion becoming optional
  • Whether rural enrollees are likely ...


Insuring Feedlot Health—Where Does It All Begin?, W. Mark Hilton 2015 Purdue University

Insuring Feedlot Health—Where Does It All Begin?, W. Mark Hilton

Driftless Region Beef Conference

Cattle that stay healthy in the feedlot produce greater revenue than those that become sick. Data from the Texas Ranch to Rail Program on over 16,000 calves showed healthy cattle returned $67.32 per head while calves treated one or more times returned -$20.28 per head. Let’s start at the beginning and examine factors that affect health in the feedlot.


The Effects Of The Affordable Care Act On Large Employers And The Impact On The Human Resources Function, Maksim Spivak 2014 Cornell University

The Effects Of The Affordable Care Act On Large Employers And The Impact On The Human Resources Function, Maksim Spivak

Cornell HR Review

[Excerpt] The purpose of this paper is to explore how Fortune 500 companies have been affected by the passing of the Affordable Care Act (ACA). More importantly, this paper will explore what strategies companies have adopted, and what the legislation means to the following stakeholders: company boards, executives, managers, employees, the Human Resource function, and the Benefits staff.


Workplace Wellness Programs: Are They Part Of The Answer To The U.S.’S Growing Healthcare Crisis?, Maria C. Grillo 2014 Cornell University

Workplace Wellness Programs: Are They Part Of The Answer To The U.S.’S Growing Healthcare Crisis?, Maria C. Grillo

Cornell HR Review

[Excerpt] Of the $2.8 trillion that the United States has spent on healthcare in recent years, the majority of it (75%) is spent treating chronic disease. Chronic disease is “a long-standing condition that can be controlled but not cured… It is the leading cause of death and disability in the U.S., which is 1.7 million lives each year.” To make matters worse, chronic disease indicators in the U.S. have been on the increase recently. And, even though chronic disease is commonly thought to be more prevalent among the elderly, in the past 10 years, it has ...


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