The Broken Buck Stops Here: Embracing Sponsor Support In Money Market Fund Reform, 2014 University of Pennsylvania Law School
The Broken Buck Stops Here: Embracing Sponsor Support In Money Market Fund Reform, Jill E. Fisch
Since the 2008 financial crisis, in which the Reserve Primary Fund “broke the buck,” money market funds (MMFs) have been the subject of ongoing policy debate. Many commentators view MMFs as a key contributor to the crisis, in part because widespread redemption demands during the days following the Lehman bankruptcy led to a freeze in the credit markets. The response has been to deem MMFs a component of the nefarious shadow banking industry and to target them for regulatory reform.
Determining the appropriate approach to MMF reform has proven difficult. Banks regulators prefer a requirement that MMFs trade at a ...
Project Finance: Transactional Evidence From Australia, 2014 Bond University
Project Finance: Transactional Evidence From Australia, Michael Regan
Public Infrastructure Bulletin
The international project finance market is experiencing a period of significant change. The new Basel III capital adequacy rules will make it harder for banks to provide long-term project finance, and alternative sources of finance such as the shadow banking sector, fund managers, sovereign wealth funds, and institutional investors will take time to bridge the financing gap. In the meantime, it is difficult to source project finance for tenors beyond seven years, risk premiums are higher, and finance is difficult to source. Recent innovations in the form of the European Investment Bank’s Project Bond Initiative, and the ASEAN Infrastructure ...
Impact Of The Ceo Effect On Premiums In Mergers And Acquisitions, 2014 University of Connecticut
Impact Of The Ceo Effect On Premiums In Mergers And Acquisitions, Caitlin Duncan
Honors Scholar Theses
The rationale behind a merger or acquisition is to improve the financial performance of the acquiring firm. Many factors go into the the valuation of a company and consequently the premium paid.
This paper will examine what impact upper management, specifically the CEO, has on the valuation of a company during mergers and acquisitions. This impact, called the CEO effect, will be central to the paper. Different valuation methods of this effect, as well as firm valuations, will be analyzed and considered. Specifically, how the CEO effect affects the premium paid by the acquiring firm will be the main focus ...
Do Market Anomalies Add Up?, 2014 East Tennessee State University
Do Market Anomalies Add Up?, Larissa C. Steinfeldt
Undergraduate Honors Theses
This is a study about abnormal characteristics in the stock market and how to successfully use them in personal portfolios. Market anomalies are unexpected excess returns that occur in relation to certain variables. Five commonly known market anomalies (market cap, price-earnings ratio, price-book value, momentum, volatility) are tested to give evidence for their presence. Existing variables are then combined in different portfolios in order to observe whether they generate greater excess returns combined rather than individually. This study will also reveal whether long-term holding is possible and how the anomalies react in bullish and bearish markets.
The Nature Of Lessons Learned From Argentina’S 2001 Financial Crisis, 2014 Syracuse University
The Nature Of Lessons Learned From Argentina’S 2001 Financial Crisis, Emma Van Wagenberg
Syracuse University Honors Program Capstone Projects
This paper makes the argument that though Argentina’s 2001 financial crisis was influenced by several factors, it is the 1991 Convertibility Plan that most strongly pushed the nation to the point of needing outside financial assistance. Its implementation led to and worked in combination with a multitude of unexpected factors. Together, these created economic conditions that chipped away at the stability of Argentina’s economy.
Given the nature of this project, information was gathered solely through research in texts published by both supporters and critics of organizations like the International Monetary Fund. In my readings, I found that there ...
Corporate Headquarters Relocations Announcements: Their Incidence Ratios, Industry Distribution, And Shareholder Wealth Effects, 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Corporate Headquarters Relocations Announcements: Their Incidence Ratios, Industry Distribution, And Shareholder Wealth Effects, Bartholomew H. Rhoades
University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects
No abstract provided.
Trapped Cash: When Is A Dollar Not Worth A Dollar?, 2014 Sacred Heart University
Trapped Cash: When Is A Dollar Not Worth A Dollar?, Russell Engel, Bridget Lyons
Business Faculty Publications
During 2013 the concept of “trapped cash” garnered heightened attention as reports of Dell, Apple and other firms holding massive cash levels outside the US surfaced. So called “trapped cash” refers to cash and liquid investments held by subsidiaries located outside the United States. Firms with overseas subsidiaries located in jurisdictions where the tax rate is lower than the rates in the US can reduce taxes by attributing profits to foreign locales. But bringing the cash back to the US subjects the funds to the US corporate tax rate, less credit for foreign income taxes paid.
The House Ways and ...
Two Essays On Stock Repurchases And Insider Trading, 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln
Two Essays On Stock Repurchases And Insider Trading, Noel Pavel Nangatie Jeutang
Dissertations and Theses from the College of Business Administration
The first essay examines how the outcome of prior repurchasing activity influences future repurchasing decisions. We find strong evidence that future decisions to repurchase equity are negatively influenced by poorly timed past repurchases. Specifically, we show that the past losses on stock repurchases reduce the propensity to engage in additional repurchases in the future. We find almost no evidence that past gains on repurchases positively or negatively influence future repurchasing activity. These results are robust to various firm characteristics, estimation and sampling methods. Further analyses show that losses on past repurchases influence dividend policy. We show that the dividend-repurchase substitution ...
Incentivizing Credit Rating Agencies Under The Issuer Pay Model Through A Mandatory Compensation Competition, 2014 University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Incentivizing Credit Rating Agencies Under The Issuer Pay Model Through A Mandatory Compensation Competition, Robert J. Rhee
Credit rating agencies are important institutions of the global capital markets. If they had performed properly, the financial crisis of 2008-2009 would not have occurred. This article offers the simplest fix proposed thus far, and it is contrarian. This Article accepts the central role of rating agencies in the regulation of bond investments, the realities of a duopoly, and the issuer-pay model of compensation. The status quo is the baseline. The role of regulation should be to create the conditions necessary to induce competition. This article proposes that a small, recurring portion of revenue earned by the largest rating agencies ...
Single Point Of Entry And The Bankruptcy Alternative, 2014 University of Pennsylvania Law School
Single Point Of Entry And The Bankruptcy Alternative, David A. Skeel Jr.
This Essay, which will appear in Across the Great Divide: New Perspectives on the Financial Crisis, a Brookings Institution and Hoover Institution book, begins with a brief overview of concerns raised by the Lehman Brothers bankruptcy about the adequacy of our existing architecture for resolving the financial distress of systemically important financial institutions. The principal takeaway of the first section is that Title II as enacted left most of these issues unanswered. By contrast, the FDIC’s new single point of entry strategy, which is introduced in the second section, can be seen as addressing nearly all of them. The ...
A Study Of Malaysian Islamic Banks Competitiveness (Logit Regression Approach), 2014 SelectedWorks
A Study Of Malaysian Islamic Banks Competitiveness (Logit Regression Approach), Yagoub Elryah
Yagoub Elryah, PhD
Banking sector plays an important role in Malaysia development. The specific objective of this study was therefore to what extent Islamic Banks increased competition in banking sector in Malaysia. With the aid of annually data from the BNM, the study covered the period 2002 to 2012. The present study used the Logit regression, the dependent variable was taken by means of dummy, which takes zero for typical and 1 with regard to Islamic banks. By utilizing SPSS, twenty six financial ratios associated with 14 banks were being thoroughly checked by means of enter, forward and backward options inside the search ...
Confronting The Peppercorn Settlement In Merger Litigation: An Empirical Analysis And A Proposal For Reform, 2014 University of Pennsylvania Law School
Confronting The Peppercorn Settlement In Merger Litigation: An Empirical Analysis And A Proposal For Reform, Steven M. Davidoff, Jill Fisch, Sean J. Griffith
Shareholder litigation challenging corporate mergers is ubiquitous, with the likelihood of a shareholder suit exceeding 90%. The value of this litigation, however, is questionable. The vast majority of merger cases settle for nothing more than supplemental disclosures in the merger proxy statement. The attorneys that bring these lawsuits are compensated for their efforts with a court-awarded fee. This leads critics to charge that merger litigation benefits only the lawyers who bring the claims, not the shareholders they represent. In response, defenders of merger litigation argue that the lawsuits serve a useful oversight function and that the improved disclosures that result ...
Does Board Independence Reduce The Cost Of Debt?, 2014 Duke Law
Does Board Independence Reduce The Cost Of Debt?, Michael Bradley, Dong Chen
Using the passage of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and the associated change in listing standards as a natural experiment, we find that while board independence decreases the cost of debt when credit conditions are strong or leverage low, it increases the cost of debt when credit conditions are poor or leverage high. We also document that independent directors set corporate policies that increase firm risk. These results suggest that, acting in the interest of shareholders, independent directors are increasingly costly to bondholders with the intensification of the agency conflict between these two stakeholders.
Using Inoculation Messages To Protect “Stay In The Market” Beliefs During Financial Crises, 2014 University of Kentucky
Using Inoculation Messages To Protect “Stay In The Market” Beliefs During Financial Crises, Lindsay Lyles Dillingham
Theses and Dissertations--Communication
This paper focuses on the problem of collapsed “stay in the market” (SIM) beliefs during financial crises. The primary purpose of this investigation was to ascertain whether or not inoculation messages represent a viable communication strategy to preemptively protect SIM beliefs during forthcoming financial crises. Ancillary purposes of this study were to further investigate the role of print and video crises, explicit instructions regarding post-inoculation talk (PIT), and gain and loss frame inoculation messages on the inoculation process. This study used a between subjects factorial design (3 x 2 plus four additional conditions) to explore ten hypotheses. Data collected from ...
Do The Securities Laws Matter? The Rise Of The Leveraged Loan Market, Elisabeth De Fontenay
One of the enduring principles of federal securities regulation is the mantra that bonds are securities, while commercial loans are not. Yet the corporate bond and loan markets in the U.S. are rapidly converging, putting significant pressure on the disparity in their regulatory treatment. As securities, corporate bonds are subject to onerous public disclosure obligations and liability regimes, which corporate loans avoid entirely. This longstanding regulatory distinction between loans and bonds is based on the traditional conception of a commercial loan as a long-term relationship between the borrowing company and a single bank, in contrast to bonds, which may ...
Proposed National Standards For Financial Literacy: What’S In? What’S Out?, 2014 University of Massachusetts Boston
Proposed National Standards For Financial Literacy: What’S In? What’S Out?, Julie A. Nelson, Mark H. Maier, Deborah M. Figart
Julie A. Nelson
Financial education must go beyond focusing on the choices individuals face and examine the forces that shape and constrain these choices.
Bankers And Chancellors, 2014 University of Pennsylvania Law School
Bankers And Chancellors, William W. Bratton, Michael L. Wachter
The Delaware Chancery Court recently squared off against the investment banking world with a series of rulings that tie Revlon violations to banker conflicts of interest. Critics charge the Court with slamming down fiduciary principles of self-abnegation in a business context where they have no place or, contrariwise, letting culpable banks off the hook with ineffectual slaps on the wrist. This Article addresses this controversy, offering a sustained look at the banker-client advisory relationship. We pose a clear answer to the questions raised: although this is nominally fiduciary territory, both banker-client relationships and the Chancery Court’s recent interventions are ...
Stewardship In The Interests Of Systemic Stakeholders: Re-Conceptualizing The Means And Ends Of Anglo-American Corporate Governance In The Wake Of The Global Financial Crisis, 2014 University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Stewardship In The Interests Of Systemic Stakeholders: Re-Conceptualizing The Means And Ends Of Anglo-American Corporate Governance In The Wake Of The Global Financial Crisis, Zhong Xing Tan
Journal of Business & Technology Law
No abstract provided.
Stuck Between A Rock And A Hard Place: Are Public Accounting Firms Subject To Diverging Standards Of Conduct Between Federal Courts And The Pcaob In Securities Fraud Claims?, 2014 University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Stuck Between A Rock And A Hard Place: Are Public Accounting Firms Subject To Diverging Standards Of Conduct Between Federal Courts And The Pcaob In Securities Fraud Claims?, Pierre Ciric
Journal of Business & Technology Law
No abstract provided.
The Limits Of The Market-Wide Limits Of Arbitrage: Insights From The Dynamics Of 100 Anomalies, 2014 Singapore Management University
The Limits Of The Market-Wide Limits Of Arbitrage: Insights From The Dynamics Of 100 Anomalies, Hieiko Jacobs
Research Collection BNP Paribas Hedge Fund Centre
Are anomalies strongest when limits of arbitrage are widely considered to be greatest? We empirically explore this theoretically deducted prediction. We first identify, categorize, and replicate 100 anomalies in the cross-section of expected equity returns. We then comprehensively study their dynamic interaction with popular proxies for time-varying market-level arbitrage conditions. Our findings reveal a surprisingly weak role of commonly employed measures of market-wide arbitrage risks and constraints. Even though this “big picture” evidence is by no means conclusive, our findings might potentially be best interpreted as supporting the growing literature which uncovers some shortcomings of the limits to arbitrage argument.