The Relevance Of Economic, Institutional And Cultural Determinants For Venture Capital Investments. A Us-Europe Comparison., 2015 University of San Francisco
The Relevance Of Economic, Institutional And Cultural Determinants For Venture Capital Investments. A Us-Europe Comparison., Nadja Benes
This study analyzes the determinants of early-stage VC investments by identifying characteristics in the economic, institutional, as well as cultural framework that could explain the diverging levels of early-stage VC investments across countries. Data was assembled for 16 countries during the period from 1995 until 2013. The results indicate that countries that are more open to trade are associated with higher levels in early-stage venture capital. A higher unemployment rate negatively affects a country’s level of early-stage VC funds. Higher R&D expenditures as a proxy for the technological and innovation capacity in a country as well as a ...
The Cape Town Convention’S Improbable-But-Possible Progeny Part Two: Bilateral Investment Treaty-Like Enforcement Mechanism, 2015 University of Pennsylvania Law School
The Cape Town Convention’S Improbable-But-Possible Progeny Part Two: Bilateral Investment Treaty-Like Enforcement Mechanism, Charles W. Mooney Jr.
This Essay is Part Two of a two-part essay series that outlines and evaluates two possible future international instruments. Each instrument draws substantial inspiration from the Cape Town Convention and its Aircraft Protocol (together, the “Convention”). The Convention governs the secured financing and leasing of large commercial aircraft, aircraft engines, and helicopters. It entered into force in 2006. It has been adopted by sixty-six Contracting States (fifty-eight of which have adopted the Aircraft Protocol), including the U.S., China, the E.U., India, Ireland, Luxembourg, Russia, and South Africa.
This Part of the Essay explores whether an investor-state dispute settlement ...
A Business Trust For Partnerships? Early Conceptions Of Company-Related Assets In Legal Literature, And Antwerp Forensic And Commercial Practice (Later Sixteenth-Early Seventeenth Century), 2015 Vrije Universiteit Brussel
A Business Trust For Partnerships? Early Conceptions Of Company-Related Assets In Legal Literature, And Antwerp Forensic And Commercial Practice (Later Sixteenth-Early Seventeenth Century), Dave De Ruysscher
Dave De ruysscher
The Antwerp example demonstrates that in the early modern period entity shielding for partnerships existed in some form by law, and that it was devised in doctrine and the practice of courts rather than in legislation. The affectation of assets for the business venture that did not entail limited liability nonetheless allowed for some separation of personal from partnership-related assets. This innovation, which was devised in doctrine in the early 1600s, was important in a mercantile context in which partnerships with open goals and with active partners or directors engaged in diverse business activities. Yet, according to an older rule ...
Institutional Shareholding And Information Content Of Dividend Surprises: Re-Examining The Dynamics In Dividend-Reappearance Era, Abu S. Amin, Shantanu Dutta, Samir Saadi, Premal P. Vora
WCOB Faculty Publications
We examine the role of institutional investors’ investment horizon on the information content associated with dividend announcement surprises in the “dividend-reappearance era”. We find that the presence of institutional investors negatively affects the announcement period cumulative abnormal return (CAR), which suggests that institutional investors reduce information content of dividend announcements. This result is primarily driven by the fact that institutional investors, especially the not-short-horizon investors, do not prefer dividend surprises – which leads to lower announcement period CAR. We do not find support for institutional investors’ informed trading argument. Our study reveals that in order to understand the dynamics between institutional ...
Corporate Payout Policy: The Prevalence Of Stock Repurchase Programs And Earnings Per Share, 2015 University of Redlands
Corporate Payout Policy: The Prevalence Of Stock Repurchase Programs And Earnings Per Share, Gram W. Leahy
Undergraduate Honors Theses
The goal of this research is to determine the nature of stock repurchase programs and their susceptibility to manipulation. Through the analysis of five companies known to implement buybacks (Walmart, Pfizer, Boeing, Wells Fargo, Microsoft) in five different industries, for multiple years, the research will include examination of specific variables to attempt to understand the underlying reasons for repurchase programs; what really is taking place when companies buy back their own shares, especially because the motives can vary drastically. As earnings per share is the most widely followed valuation, there is concern that it is not the most accurate for ...
Tax Havens As The Solution To A High Us Corporate Tax Rate, 2015 University of Redlands
Tax Havens As The Solution To A High Us Corporate Tax Rate, Adam Soriano
Undergraduate Honors Theses
There is been much press in recent years about US corporations moving overseas in order to avoid paying US taxes. This has resulted in a loss of tax revenue for the United States. This paper will discuss in detail the offshore tax avoidance techniques used by corporations--specifically transfer pricing and tax inversion--that have been successful in making corporations more profitable. It will then provide the perspectives of an auditor, enterprise, and user on these schemes, and suggest some possible solutions. Finally, it will present original research on the effectiveness and profitability of tax inversions with regard to income tax expense ...
What's In Your Leadership Toolbox?, 2015 Sacred Heart University
What's In Your Leadership Toolbox?, Barbara M. Tarasovich, Bridget M. Lyons
WCOB Faculty Publications
Senior finance executives play a pivotal role in achieving corporate strategic vision, fostering growth, and enhancing return on invested capital. But their role is becoming more and more complex. In addition to traditional functions, they and their finance teams must now do financial modeling, integrate data analytics, handle strategies for cyber security and complicated risk management, and more. To find out what capabilities must today's financial leaders have to be successful, the authors interviewed CFOs and human resources (HR) executives and identified the key required competencies. They identified six competencies frequently named by finance and HR executives that they ...
Splitting Specified Foreign Sourced Income Between Tax Exempt And Taxable Portions: An Optimal Solution (Part 3 Of 3), 2015 Singapore Management University
Splitting Specified Foreign Sourced Income Between Tax Exempt And Taxable Portions: An Optimal Solution (Part 3 Of 3), Teng Aun Khoo, Clement Kai Guan Tan
Research Collection School Of Accountancy
No abstract provided.
Suppliers, Investors, And Equity Market Liberalizations, 2015 Lund University
Suppliers, Investors, And Equity Market Liberalizations, Martin Strieborny
Existing research about the impact of equity market liberalizations on the real economy emphasizes the transmission channel working via industries dependent on external investors. This paper shows that financial liberalization also promotes industries dependent on a different corporate stakeholder - suppliers. Results from panel-data and event-study estimations confirm that equity market liberalizations boost output growth particularly in suppliers-dependent industries that require a high share of specialized inputs in their production process. Apart from improving firms-investors relationships, financial openness thus plays an important role also in facilitating direct interactions among agents in the real economy.
Confronting The Peppercorn Settlement In Merger Litigation: An Empirical Analysis And A Proposal For Reform, 2015 University of Pennsylvania
Confronting The Peppercorn Settlement In Merger Litigation: An Empirical Analysis And A Proposal For Reform, Jill Fisch, Sean J. Griffith, Steven M. Davidoff
Shareholder litigation challenging corporate mergers is ubiquitous, with the likelihood of a shareholder suit exceeding 90%. The value of this litigation, however, is questionable. The vast majority of merger cases settle for nothing more than supplemental disclosures in the merger proxy statement. The attorneys that bring these lawsuits are compensated for their efforts with a court-awarded fee. This leads critics to charge that merger litigation benefits only the lawyers who bring the claims, not the shareholders they represent. In response, defenders of merger litigation argue that the lawsuits serve a useful oversight function and that the improved disclosures that result ...
From Chrysler And General Motors To Detroit, 2015 University of Pennsylvania Law School
From Chrysler And General Motors To Detroit, David A. Skeel Jr.
In the past five years, three of the most remarkable bankruptcy cases in American history have come out of Detroit: the bankruptcies of Chrysler and General Motors in 2009, and of Detroit itself in 2012. The principal objective of this Article is simply to show that the Grand Bargain at the heart of the Detroit bankruptcy is the direct offspring of the bankruptcy sale transactions that were used to restructure Chrysler and GM. The proponents of Detroit’s “Grand Bargain” never would have dreamed up the transaction were it not for the federal government-engineered carmaker bankruptcies. The Article’s second ...
The (Il)Legitimacy Of Bankruptcies For The Benefit Of Secured Creditors, 2015 University of Pennsylvania Law School
The (Il)Legitimacy Of Bankruptcies For The Benefit Of Secured Creditors, Charles W. Mooney Jr.
This paper explores the legitimacy—or illegitimacy—of filing and maintaining a case under the Bankruptcy Code when the sole or principal beneficiary or beneficiaries of the case would be a secured creditor or secured creditors. In the situation posited here, the application of the usual distributional priority rules would not produce any distribution for the general, unsecured creditors of the debtor. In the prototypical case virtually all of the assets of the debtor would be subject to secured claims securing obligations that exceed the value of the collateral, i.e., the secured creditor would be undersecured and there would ...
Two Essays On Corporate Finance, 2015 University of Kentucky
Two Essays On Corporate Finance, Soohyung Kim
Theses and Dissertations--Finance and Quantitative Methods
This dissertation consists of two essays on corporate finance. The first essay investigates the relationship between dual-class shares and firm’s risk-taking. While costs associated with dual-class shares are widely documented, the benefits are seldom studied in the literature. We attempt to fill this gap and find that dual-class firms tend to have fewer business segments, higher volatilities in their cash flows, earnings, and investment opportunities compared to propensity-matched single-class firms. Business segments within a dual-class firm are also more positively correlated in their cash flows, earnings, or investment opportunities than those in single-class firms. The results are consistent with ...
Are The Parents To Blame? Predicting Franchisee Failure, 2015 Rollins College
Are The Parents To Blame? Predicting Franchisee Failure, Ilan Alon, Michèle Boulanger, Everlyne Misati, Melih Madanoglu
The Small Business Administration (SBA) supports franchising by backing up loans issued by regular lending organizations. However, the SBA does not directly consider firm strategies as part of its lending process. To appreciate how franchisor characteristics influence franchisee failure, we developed a heuristic model using the methodology and power of predictive analytics. We use multi-year data from the World Franchising Council’s surveys on franchisors’ characteristics and from the SBA on franchisee loan defaults. The data cover 271 diverse US franchise chains that are present in both databases. Our model predicts potential defaults of SBA-backed loans issued to American franchisees ...
Malta Financial Services Part Ii, 2015 University of Hong Kong and Oxford University
Malta Financial Services Part Ii, Bryane Michael
Bryane Michael (firstname.lastname@example.org)
These are the slides for the Malta presentation.
Do Internal Funds Play An Important Role In Financing Decisions For Constrained Firms?, 2015 Claremont McKenna College
Do Internal Funds Play An Important Role In Financing Decisions For Constrained Firms?, Barun Roychowdhury
CMC Senior Theses
In this paper, I discuss the importance of internal funds for corporate investment among financially constrained firms. I use the paper ‘Financing Constraints and Corporate Investments’ by Fazzari, Hubbard and Petersen.as a base for my framework. I focus on a specific paper refuting their findings and their response in order to fully understand the benefits and costs of the framework. I then apply the original framework to a recent sample that covers the Great Recession to see the results of the initial paper are still valid today and if the recent recession and elongated recovery had an even more ...
4th And 205: How A Rush Of Global Comments Blocked The Sec’S First Attempted Punt Of Attorney-Client Privilege Under Sarbanes-Oxley, 2014 Touro College Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center
4th And 205: How A Rush Of Global Comments Blocked The Sec’S First Attempted Punt Of Attorney-Client Privilege Under Sarbanes-Oxley, John Paul Lucci
Touro Law Review
No abstract provided.
The Impact Of Independent Directors On The Cash Conversion Cycle Of American Manufacturing Firms, 2014 Liberty University
The Impact Of Independent Directors On The Cash Conversion Cycle Of American Manufacturing Firms, John Obradovich, Amarjit Gill, Nahum Biger
Faculty Publications and Presentations
This study examined the impact of independent directors on the cash conversion cycle of American manufacturing firms. A sample of 189 American manufacturing firms listed on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) for a period of five years (from 2009–2013) was used. The findings indicate that the presence of independent directors on the board of directors shortens the inventory period and cash conversion cycle of manufacturing firms. The study contributes to the literature on the factors that shorten the cash conversion cycle of the firm. The results may be used by financial managers and operations managers.
A Study On R&D Tax Incentives: Final Report, 2014 CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Research
A Study On R&D Tax Incentives: Final Report, Bas Straathof, Elina Gaillard Ladinska, Henk Lm Kox, Remco Mocking, Capp/Case/Cepii/Etla/Ifo/Ifs/Ihs
Henk LM Kox
The report gives an overview of R&D tax incentives in the EU Member States, Canada, Israel, Japan, Norway and the United States, analyzing them in the context of the framework of the Europe 2020 strategy. According to the report, 26 EU Member States currently have some type of fiscal encouragement for R&D. The same type of tax incentives is also offered by the OECD countries analyzed in this report. The report also observes that some countries are more similar with respect to their policies than others. The most similar pairs of countries were Denmark and Norway, Portugal and ...
"Trapped Cash" In The Technology Sector: Accounting Disclosures Of Permanently Reinvested Foreign Earnings & Foreign Cash Levels, 2014 Southern Connecticut State University
"Trapped Cash" In The Technology Sector: Accounting Disclosures Of Permanently Reinvested Foreign Earnings & Foreign Cash Levels, Russell P. Engel, Bridget M. Lyons
WCOB Faculty Publications
Permanently reinvested earnings in foreign subsidiaries and cash balances held outside the United States have increased dramatically in the technology sector over the past five years. These values, as well as related unrecognized deferred tax liabilities, are significant to investors, regulators and others. We examine disclosures of the largest technology firms over the 2007 to 2013 period and find that, as a group, the firms have increased the information provided but by fiscal 2013 only four of the ten firms disclosed both foreign held cash and an estimate of the unrecognized deferred tax liability related to permanently reinvested earnings.