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The Equity-Financing Channel, The Catering Channel, And Corporate Investment: International Evidence, Yuanto KUSNADI, John K. C. WEI 2017 Singapore Management University

The Equity-Financing Channel, The Catering Channel, And Corporate Investment: International Evidence, Yuanto Kusnadi, John K. C. Wei

Research Collection School Of Accountancy

We examine how stock market mispricing affects corporate investment in an internationalsetting. We find that investment is more sensitive to stock prices for equity-dependent firms thanfor non-equity-dependent firms in our international sample. Investment is also more sensitive tostock prices for firms located in countries with more developed capital markets (i.e., lower costsof raising capital), higher share turnover (i.e., shorter shareholder horizons), and higher R&Dintensity (i.e., more opaque assets). More importantly, the positive relation between equitydependence and the sensitivity of investment to stock prices is more pronounced for firmslocated in these same countries. These findings are consistent ...


Do Investors Value Comparative Ads? The Effects Of Comparative Advertising On Stock Returns, Tommy Hsu 2017 Tarleton State University

Do Investors Value Comparative Ads? The Effects Of Comparative Advertising On Stock Returns, Tommy Hsu

Atlantic Marketing Journal

Comparative advertising has been more widely used in the United States. However, based on research that has been done in the past, the effectiveness of comparative advertising is still a controversial argument even though it is generally believed that comparative advertising is more effective than non-comparative advertising. Previous studies have been mainly focusing on the effects on consumer behavior. This study tries to fill the research gap to emphasize on the effects from investors’ perspectives. Therefore, the effect of comparative advertising on stock returns is investigated. Also, since many American firms are doing business in other countries and begin advertising ...


Which Investments Do Firms Protect? Liquidity Management And Real Adjustments When Access To Finance Falls Sharply, James R. Brown, Bruce C. Petersen 2017 Iowa State University

Which Investments Do Firms Protect? Liquidity Management And Real Adjustments When Access To Finance Falls Sharply, James R. Brown, Bruce C. Petersen

James R. Brown

We study how firms engaged in both R&D and fixed investment manage liquidity and adjust real investment during the recent financial crisis. Among firms with positive R&D expenditures, cuts to fixed investment in the crisis are typically far more severe than cuts to R&D. These firms allocate cash reserves to buffer R&D but do not use cash to protect fixed investment. Some firms appear to go so far as to allow the stock of fixed assets to fall to stabilize R&D. The use of cash holdings and fixed assets to protect R&D is particularly ...


R&D Sensitivity To Asset Sale Proceeds: New Evidence On Financing Constraints And Intangible Investment, Ginka Borisova, James R. Brown 2017 Iowa State University

R&D Sensitivity To Asset Sale Proceeds: New Evidence On Financing Constraints And Intangible Investment, Ginka Borisova, James R. Brown

James R. Brown

We examine the intersection between corporate divestitures of tangible assets and investment in intangible capital (R&D) to provide new tests for the impact financing constraints have on real activity. A positive R&D sensitivity to asset sale proceeds indicates binding financing constraints since cash inflows from tangible asset sales are negatively correlated with productivity shocks and not otherwise connected to intangible investment via non-financial channels. Using a variety of estimation approaches, we document a strong, positive link between cash inflows from fixed asset sales and corporate R&D investment, but only among firms most likely facing binding financing constraints ...


Access To Private Equity And Real Firm Activity: Evidence From Pipes, James R. Brown, Ioannis V. Floros 2017 Iowa State University

Access To Private Equity And Real Firm Activity: Evidence From Pipes, James R. Brown, Ioannis V. Floros

James R. Brown

No abstract provided.


Law, Stock Markets, And Innovation, James R. Brown, Gustav Martinsson, Bruce C. Petersen 2017 Iowa State University

Law, Stock Markets, And Innovation, James R. Brown, Gustav Martinsson, Bruce C. Petersen

James R. Brown

We study a broad sample of firms across 32 countries and find that strong shareholder protections and better access to stock market financing lead to substantially higher long-run rates of R&D investment, particularly in small firms, but are unimportant for fixed capital investment. Credit market development has a modest impact on fixed investment but no impact on R&D. These findings connect law and stock markets with innovative activities key to economic growth, and show that legal rules and financial developments affecting the availability of external equity financing are particularly important for risky, intangible investments not easily financed with ...


Do Financing Constraints Matter For R&D?, James R. Brown, Gustav Martinsson, Bruce C. Petersen 2017 Iowa State University

Do Financing Constraints Matter For R&D?, James R. Brown, Gustav Martinsson, Bruce C. Petersen

James R. Brown

Information problems and lack of collateral value should make R&D more susceptible to financing frictions than other investments, yet existing evidence on whether financing constraints limit R&D is decidedly mixed, particularly in the studies of non-U.S. firms. We study a large sample of European firms and also find little evidence of binding finance constraints when we estimate standard investment-cash flow regressions. However, we find strong evidence that the availability of finance matters for R&D once we directly control for: (i) firm efforts to smooth R&D with cash reserves and (ii) firm use of external equity ...


A High-Tech Start-Up’S Debt Financing Strategy: Implications For Valuing Soft Information, Hyunsung D. Kang 2017 Berry College

A High-Tech Start-Up’S Debt Financing Strategy: Implications For Valuing Soft Information, Hyunsung D. Kang

The Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance

How does entrepreneurial financing differ from traditional financing? This study sheds new light on this central question of entrepreneurial finance literature by exploring the distinctive role of soft information in a high-tech start-up’s debt financing. Entrepreneurial investors can obtain soft information from strong relationships with potential investees and use the information to evaluate and select promising investees. Using a dataset on 683 SBA 7(a) loan activities involved with information technology based start-ups, this study provides empirical evidence that high-tech start-ups tend to experience a lower rate of default if they are located close to the lending banks and ...


Using Appreciative Inquiry As A Framework To Enhance The Patient Experience, Kerry Moorer MBA, Schawan Kunupakaphun, Elilzabeth Delgado, Matthew Moody, Christina Wolf MSN, RN, CNL, Karen Moore RN, MS, FACHE, Pracha Eamranond MD, MPH 2017 Harvard Medical School

Using Appreciative Inquiry As A Framework To Enhance The Patient Experience, Kerry Moorer Mba, Schawan Kunupakaphun, Elilzabeth Delgado, Matthew Moody, Christina Wolf Msn, Rn, Cnl, Karen Moore Rn, Ms, Fache, Pracha Eamranond Md, Mph

Patient Experience Journal

The following case depicts the journey of a non-profit hospital in an under-served community and its attempts to turn around suffering patient experience. The Hospital turned to the theories of Appreciative Inquiry and the power of a strengths-based approach to create a framework to support the patient experience initiatives. Hospital leadership led the formation of a Patient Experience Team to implement ten initiatives in order increase the top box score in the domain of willingness to recommend the hospital, as that was selected as a global measure of success for the overall improvement project.


Profitability Ratios In The Early Stages Of A Startup, Erkki K. Laitinen 2017 University of Vaasa

Profitability Ratios In The Early Stages Of A Startup, Erkki K. Laitinen

The Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance

This study develops a mathematical framework to analyze the time series of profitability ratios in the early stages of a startup. It is assumed that the expenditure of the startup grows at a steady rate and generates a proportionally identical flow of revenue in each period. The profitability in terms of the internal rate of return (IRR) and the lag structure of revenue flows are assumed constant over time in describing the adjustment process towards the steady state. The startup is assumed to expense in each period a constant part of periodic expenditure and beginning-of-the-period assets. The adjustment processes of ...


Faculty Focus: Mark Frigo Named Ezerski Chair, 2017 DePaul University

Faculty Focus: Mark Frigo Named Ezerski Chair

Business Exchange

Accountancy Professor Mark L. Frigo has been named Ezerski Endowed Chair in the School of Accountancy and Management Information Systems, which recognizes accountancy faculty excellence. Prior to joining DePaul, Frigo led a successful career in corporate financial analysis and management consulting at KMPG, among other accomplishments.


Distributed Evolution Of Spiking Neuron Models On Apache Mahout For Time Series Analysis, Andrew Palumbo 2017 Cylance, Inc.

Distributed Evolution Of Spiking Neuron Models On Apache Mahout For Time Series Analysis, Andrew Palumbo

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Making Financial Disclosure More Readable, Clarence GOH, Poh Sun SEOW, Gary PAN 2017 Singapore Management University

Making Financial Disclosure More Readable, Clarence Goh, Poh Sun Seow, Gary Pan

Research Collection School Of Accountancy

There are many benefits tohaving disclosures written in plain English. Investors would be more likely tounderstand the disclosures and to make informed judgments. Investment analystswould also be able to make more timely and accurate recommendations to theirclients if they can understand such disclosures more quickly and easily


Information Acquisition And Expected Returns: Evidence From Edgar Search Traffic, Frank Weikai LI, Chengzhu SUN 2017 Singapore Management University

Information Acquisition And Expected Returns: Evidence From Edgar Search Traffic, Frank Weikai Li, Chengzhu Sun

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

This paper examines expected return information embedded in investors' information acquisition activity. Using a novel dataset containing investors' access of company filings through SEC's EDGAR system, we reverse engineer their expectations over future payoffs and show that the abnormal number of IPs searching for firms' financial statements strongly predict future returns. The return predictability stems from investors allocating more effort to firms with improving fundamentals and following exogeneous shock to underpricing. A long-short portfolio based on our measure of information acquisition activity generate monthly abnormal return of 80 basis points and does not reverse over the long-run.. In addition ...


Financing Small And Medium-Sized Enterprises In Thailand: The Importance Of Bank Loans And Financing Diversification, Harri Ramcharran 2017 University of Akron

Financing Small And Medium-Sized Enterprises In Thailand: The Importance Of Bank Loans And Financing Diversification, Harri Ramcharran

The Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance

Bank loans are the main sources of financing the Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SME) sector of the Thai economy. This sector contributes to about 37% GDP and employs about 80% of the labor force. Recent data indicate a decline in bank lending; this necessitates the efficient use of available funds and strategies to diversify SME financing. Using data from 2007 – 2014, we analyze the performance of this sector by applying several measures of productivity. We find average productivity to be greater than one for: (a) SME output per unit of SME and (b) SME output per Baht loan. This satisfactory ...


Maximum Entropy Approach To Interbank Lending: Towards A More Accurate Algorithm, Thach N. Nguyen, Olga Kosheleva, Vladik Kreinovich 2017 Banking University of Ho Chi Minh City

Maximum Entropy Approach To Interbank Lending: Towards A More Accurate Algorithm, Thach N. Nguyen, Olga Kosheleva, Vladik Kreinovich

Departmental Technical Reports (CS)

Banks loan money to each and borrow money from each other. To minimizing the risk caused by a possible default of one of the banks, a reasonable idea is to evenly spread the lending between different banks. A natural way to formalize this evenness requirement is to select the interbank amounts for which the entropy is the largest possible. The existing algorithms for solving the resulting constrained optimization problem provides only an approximate solution. In this paper, we propose a new algorithm that provides the exact solution to the maximum-entropy interbank lending problem.


A Regression Model To Predict Stock Market Mega Movements And/Or Volatility Using Both Macroeconomic Indicators & Fed Bank Variables, Timothy A. Smith, Alcuin Rajan 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

A Regression Model To Predict Stock Market Mega Movements And/Or Volatility Using Both Macroeconomic Indicators & Fed Bank Variables, Timothy A. Smith, Alcuin Rajan

Publications

In finance, regression models or time series moving averages can be used to determine the value of an asset based on its underlying traits. In prior work we built a regression model to predict the value of the S&P 500 based on macroeconomic indicators such as gross domestic product, money supply, produce price and consumer price indices. In this present work this model is updated both with more data and an adjustment in the input variables to improve the coefficient of determination. A scheme is also laid out to alternately define volatility rather than using common tools such as ...


Trading System Upgrades And Short-Sale Bans: Uncoupling The Effects Of Technology And Regulation, Bidisha Chakrabarty, Pamela Moulton, Roberto Pascual 2017 Saint Louis University

Trading System Upgrades And Short-Sale Bans: Uncoupling The Effects Of Technology And Regulation, Bidisha Chakrabarty, Pamela Moulton, Roberto Pascual

Pamela C. Moulton

We examine the market quality effects of technology upgrades juxtaposed with short-sale bans. Between 2011 and 2013, the Spanish Stock Exchange introduced a smart trading platform (SIBE-Smart) and colocation to facilitate high-speed trading, and they also imposed two short-sale bans. We find that the SIBE-Smart introduction, which occurs between the two short-sale bans, leads to reduced market quality. The introduction of colocation, which occurs during the second short-sale ban, improves market liquidity although it does not attract additional high-speed trading. Our results highlight how the effects of latency-reducing infrastructure improvements depend on, and differ across, different regulatory regimes.


Equilibrium In Fx Swap Markets: Funding Pressures And The Cross-Currency Basis, Jean-Marc Bottazzi, Jaime Luque, Mario Pascoa 2017 University of Wisconsin-Madison

Equilibrium In Fx Swap Markets: Funding Pressures And The Cross-Currency Basis, Jean-Marc Bottazzi, Jaime Luque, Mario Pascoa

Jaime Luque

    Departure from Covered Interest Parity (CIP), known as the cross currency basis, is not just a staple of crises: it can build up slowly and persist. Some bases exacerbated in 2008 and have not gone away since then. To understand this new normality, we turn the CIP logic on its head. We look at the Foreign Exchange (FX) swap market as the very market where scarce funding capacities are exchanged; the basis becomes an equilibrium outcome that compensates one of the parties for the temporary loss in the possession of one the currencies. Ultimately, the counterparty's funding pressure in ...


Calculating The Cost Of Pilot Turnover, Kristine M. Kiernan 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Calculating The Cost Of Pilot Turnover, Kristine M. Kiernan

National Training Aircraft Symposium (NTAS)

Controlling costs is a critical ingredient in achieving profitability in the airline industry. Typically, labor costs are the second highest cost category for airlines. Some components of labor costs, such as pay and benefits, are easy to calculate. Turnover costs, however, are not easy to calculate, and are often underestimated. This paper builds a model for examining turnover costs for pilots in Part 135 carriers, and tests the model empirically in a Part 135 carrier. The model provides a framework to assist airlines in estimating turnover costs for pilots. The case study of a Part 135 cargo operator showed that ...


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