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Credit Strategies For Small And Medium-Sized Enterprises Within A Changing Environment, James Edward Wilkinson 2017 Walden University

Credit Strategies For Small And Medium-Sized Enterprises Within A Changing Environment, James Edward Wilkinson

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Access to credit in the changing environment is the primary challenge to survival for many small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) owners. The purpose of this multicase study was to understand how seasoned small business leaders in wholesaling and manufacturing in Northwest Arkansas strategically adapted to obtaining access to credit in an environment of bank mergers and acquisitions, disruptive information technology, federal and state regulations, and globalization. The conceptual framework that grounded this study was adaptive leadership and change management. Although, small business leaders prefer to obtain credit from community banks through relationship financing, leaders of SMEs can adapt to the ...


Options Pricing Through Computational Methods, Robert Petty 2016 Utah State University

Options Pricing Through Computational Methods, Robert Petty

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

The purpose of this paper is to show the practical application of computational methods to price options. Emphasis is especially given to the use of the Longstaff-Schwartz method for pricing American and exotic options. An implementation of these pricing methods in a computer program are demonstrated. The advantages of using object-oriented programming design patterns to make pricing programs more flexible and useful is also discussed.


The Effect Of Bank Activity Restriction On Life Insurers’ Efficiency: Evidence From European Markets, Rongrong Zhang 2016 Georgia Southern University

The Effect Of Bank Activity Restriction On Life Insurers’ Efficiency: Evidence From European Markets, Rongrong Zhang

Rongrong Zhang

This paper examines the relation between bank entry restrictions into insurance operations and life insurers’ operating efficiency for a sample of 21 European countries over 1995-2003. Controlling for insurance market penetration, insurance risk retention, legal environment, and the economic development of the hosting country, we document that insurers operate more efficiently in markets with lower bank entry restrictions. Our results suggest that financial deregulation has positive spill-over effect, supporting the deregulation efforts in the global financial markets.


The Effects Of Antipsychotic Quality Reporting On Antipsychotic And Psychoactive Medication Use, John R. Bowblis, Judith A. Lucas, Christopher Brunt 2016 Miami University - Oxford

The Effects Of Antipsychotic Quality Reporting On Antipsychotic And Psychoactive Medication Use, John R. Bowblis, Judith A. Lucas, Christopher Brunt

Christopher Brunt

Objective

The objective of this study is to examine how nursing homes changed their use of antipsychotic and other psychoactive medications in response to Nursing Home Compare's initiation of publicly reporting antipsychotic use in July 2012.

Research Design and Subjects

The study includes all state recertification surveys (n = 40,415) for facilities six quarters prior and post the initiation of public reporting. Using a difference-in-difference framework, the change in use of antipsychotics and other psychoactive medications is compared for facilities subject to public reporting and facilities not subject to reporting.

Principal Findings

The percentage of residents using antipsychotics, hypnotics ...


Governmental Intervention In An Economic Crisis, Robert K. Rasmussen, David A. Skeel Jr. 2016 University of Southern California Law

Governmental Intervention In An Economic Crisis, Robert K. Rasmussen, David A. Skeel Jr.

Faculty Scholarship

This paper articulates a framework both for assessing the various government bailouts that took place at the onset of Great Recession and for guiding future rescue efforts when they become necessary. The goals for those engineering a bailout should be to be as transparent as possible, to articulate clearly the reason for the intervention, to respect existing priorities among investors, to exercise control only at the top level where such efforts can be seen by the public, and to exit as soon as possible. By these metrics, some of the recent bailouts should be applauded, while others fell short. We ...


The Effect Of A Rise In Interest Rates On Hotel Capitalization Rates, John B. Corgel 2016 Cornell University School of Hotel Administration

The Effect Of A Rise In Interest Rates On Hotel Capitalization Rates, John B. Corgel

Center for Hospitality Research Publications

Capitalization rates for all commercial real estate are affected by changes in the general level of interest rates. Hotel capitalization rates should respond more quickly to interest rate changes than those of other property types because hotels do not experience the “lease friction” found in other commercial properties, with their lengthy leases. This analysis estimates the statistical connection between interest rate changes and cap rates. Holding other important factors constant, the model estimates that at current levels a 100-basis-point increase in the 10-year U.S. Treasury rate will produce a 28-basis-point uptick in hotel capitalization rates. Continuing improvement in the ...


Closing The Distance, Vicki Salemi 2016 The NY Post

Closing The Distance, Vicki Salemi

In the News

When Geoff Kanner, a certified financial planner and a retired Air Force captain living in Hamden, Conn, launched his financial-services career 30 years ago, there was something incomplete from his military days: his MBA. While stationed in Montana he was able to enroll as a student, since classes were taught on base.


The Diminishing Returns Of Incentive Pay In Executive Compensation Contracts, Gregg Polsky, Andrew Lund 2016 University of Georgia School of Law

The Diminishing Returns Of Incentive Pay In Executive Compensation Contracts, Gregg Polsky, Andrew Lund

Andrew Lund

For the past 30 years, the conventional wisdom has been that executive compensation packages should include very large proportions of incentive pay. This incentive pay orthodoxy has become so firmly entrenched that the current debates about executive compensation simply take it as a given. We argue, however, that in light of evolving corporate governance mechanisms, the marginal net benefit of incentive-laden pay packages is both smaller than appreciated and getting smaller over time. As a result, the assumption that higher proportions of incentive pay are beneficial is no longer warranted.

A number of corporate governance mechanisms have evolved to duplicate ...


International Construction Measurement Standard, Charles Mitchell 2016 Dublin Institute of Technology

International Construction Measurement Standard, Charles Mitchell

Other Resources

The International Construction Measurement Standard Coalition (the Coalition) was formed on 17 June 2015 after meeting at the International Monetary Fund in Washington DC, USA. The Coalition, comprising the organisations listed below at the date of publication, aims to bring about consistency in construction cost reporting standards internationally. This is achieved by the creation and adoption of this ICMS, an agreed international standard for the structuring and presentation of cost reports. ICMS sets out a structure for describing construction costs in terms of project scope, attributes and values descriptors. This document setting out the provisions of ICMS is the first ...


Bank Of Kentucky (Sc 3063), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2016 Western Kentucky University

Bank Of Kentucky (Sc 3063), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3063. Certificate for 100 shares of stock in the Bank of Kentucky, issued to May Humphreys on 1 February 1858. Signed by Virgil McKnight, President, and S. H. Bullen, Cashier.


The Consequences Of Reit Index Membership For Return Patterns, Andrey Pavlov, Eva Steiner, Susan Wachter 2016 Simon Fraser University

The Consequences Of Reit Index Membership For Return Patterns, Andrey Pavlov, Eva Steiner, Susan Wachter

Eva Steiner

We study the impact of S&P index membership on REIT stock returns. Given the hybrid nature of REITs, their returns may become more like those of other indexed stocks and less like those of their underlying properties. The existing literature does not offer clear predictions on these potential outcomes. Taking advantage of the inclusion of REITs in major S&P indexes starting in 2001, we find that shared index membership significantly increases the correlation between REIT returns after controlling for the stock characteristics that determine index membership. We also document that index membership enhances the link between REIT stock ...


Leverage, Volatile Future Earnings Growth And Expected Stock Returns, Jamie Alcock, Eva Steiner, Kelvin Jui Keng Tan 2016 University of Sydney

Leverage, Volatile Future Earnings Growth And Expected Stock Returns, Jamie Alcock, Eva Steiner, Kelvin Jui Keng Tan

Eva Steiner

We provide theory and evidence to complement Choi's [RFS, 2013] important new insights on the returns to equity in `value' firms. We show that higher future earnings growth ameliorates the value-reducing effect of leverage and, because the market for earnings is incomplete, reduces the earnings-risk sensitivity of the default option. Ceteris paribus, a levered firm with low (high) earnings growth is more sensitive to the first (second) of these effects thus generating higher (lower) expected returns. We demonstrate this by modeling equity as an Asian-style call option on net earnings and find significant empirical support for our hypotheses.


Short-Term Trading In Long-Term Funds: Implications For Financial Managers, Pamela Moulton 2016 Cornell University School of Hotel Administration

Short-Term Trading In Long-Term Funds: Implications For Financial Managers, Pamela Moulton

Center for Hospitality Research Publications

Most hospitality firms do not consider managing stock portfolios to be a main part of their operations. They are in the service business, using their real assets and the services provided by employees to create valuable experiences for guests. However, the need to focus on stock investments arises through those employees. Employees consistently rank benefits, including retirement benefits, among the top five contributors to job satisfaction and as a key consideration in accepting a job.1 It is not surprising, then, that more than 90 percent of companies with 500 or more employees offer retirement plans. The five largest hotel ...


Reit Capital Structure Choices: Preparation Matters, Andrey Pavlov, Eva Steiner, Susan Wachter 2016 Simon Fraser University

Reit Capital Structure Choices: Preparation Matters, Andrey Pavlov, Eva Steiner, Susan Wachter

Eva Steiner

Sun, Titman, and Twite (2015) find that capital structure risks, namely high leverage and a high share of short-term debt, reduced the cumulative total return of US REITs in the 2007-2009 financial crisis. We find that mitigating capital structure risks ahead of the crisis by reducing leverage and extending debt maturity in 2006, was associated with a significantly higher cumulative total return 2007-2009, after controlling for the levels of those variables at the start of the financial crisis. We further identify two systematic cross-sectional differences between those REITs that reduced capital structure risks prior to the financial crisis and those ...


How The Great Recession Affected Casino Staffing In Nevada Casinos, Toni Repetti 2016 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

How The Great Recession Affected Casino Staffing In Nevada Casinos, Toni Repetti

UNLV Gaming Research & Review Journal

In service based industries, as revenue increases so does the need for employees to provide that service, but no known academic research has been conducted on what the most efficient level of that service should be for casinos. In Nevada casinos, significant results show that for each 1% increase in gaming revenue, casino employees increase 0.80%, salaries and wages increase 0.91%, and total payroll increases 0.95%. During fiscal years 2008 – 2010, what many consider the most significant recession to date for Nevada casinos, gaming divisions significantly decreased employees 11.6%, salaries and wages 8.7%, and total ...


The Consequences Of Reit Index Membership For Return Patterns, Andrey Pavlov, Eva Steiner, Susan Wachter 2016 Simon Fraser University

The Consequences Of Reit Index Membership For Return Patterns, Andrey Pavlov, Eva Steiner, Susan Wachter

Working Papers

We study the impact of S&P index membership on REIT stock returns. Given the hybrid nature of REITs, their returns may become more like those of other indexed stocks and less like those of their underlying properties. The existing literature does not offer clear predictions on these potential outcomes. Taking advantage of the inclusion of REITs in major S&P indexes starting in 2001, we find that shared index membership significantly increases the correlation between REIT returns after controlling for the stock characteristics that determine index membership. We also document that index membership enhances the link between REIT stock ...


Louisville Bridge Company - Louisville, Kentucky (Sc 3057), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2016 Western Kentucky University

Louisville Bridge Company - Louisville, Kentucky (Sc 3057), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3057. Certificate no. 1653 dated 21 August 1890 for ten shares of stock in the Louisville Bridge Company, issued to J. S. Bell. The certificate is endorsed by Bell and bears a cancellation stamp of 4 April 1896. Includes an engraving of the bridge spanning the Ohio River and the canal at Louisville, Kentucky.


Order Flow Volatility And Equity Costs Of Capital, Tarun Chordia, Jianfeng HU, Avanidhar Subrahmanyam, Qing TONG 2016 Emory University

Order Flow Volatility And Equity Costs Of Capital, Tarun Chordia, Jianfeng Hu, Avanidhar Subrahmanyam, Qing Tong

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

We propose that the volatility of order flow is a proxy for costs of information asymmetry, as order flow volatility varies positively with parameters that also influence adverse selection costs of trading. Empirically, order flow volatility is significantly higher prior to earnings or merger announcements when information asymmetry is likely to be elevated. Levels of and shocks to order flow volatility are positively and significantly correlated with existing illiquidity proxies, and strongly predict stock returns in the cross section. The impact of order imbalance volatility shocks on stock prices is reflected within one month in large, visible stocks, but takes ...


Sources Of Referral In Student Financial Counseling, Shinae Choi, Suzanne Bartholomae, Clinton G. Gudmunson, Jonathan Fox 2016 University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa

Sources Of Referral In Student Financial Counseling, Shinae Choi, Suzanne Bartholomae, Clinton G. Gudmunson, Jonathan Fox

Journal of Financial Therapy

This study evaluates sources of referral to financial counseling and varied declines in financial stress across the financial counseling process. College students came to counseling most often through self-referral. Younger students and women were more likely to respond to institutional referrals. There were two clearly discernable periods of decline in financial stress, smaller interim declines occurring after requesting appointments and larger declines that occurred in counseling sessions. The interim declines, however, were only operative for those who were self- or institutionally-referred and not for those who entered on a social-referral. A possible explanation is that social-referrals have already had “someone ...


Promoting Savings At Tax Time Through A Video-Based Solution-Focused Brief Coaching Intervention, Lance Palmer, Teri Pichot, Irina Kunovskaya 2016 University of Georgia

Promoting Savings At Tax Time Through A Video-Based Solution-Focused Brief Coaching Intervention, Lance Palmer, Teri Pichot, Irina Kunovskaya

Journal of Financial Therapy

Solution-focused brief coaching, based on solution-focused brief therapy, is a well-established practice model and is used widely to help individuals progress toward desired outcomes in a variety of settings. This papers presents the findings of a pilot study that examined the impact of a video-based solution-focused brief coaching intervention delivered in conjunction with income tax preparation services at a Volunteer Income Tax Assistance location (n = 212). Individuals receiving tax preparation assistance were randomly assigned to one of four treatment groups: 1) control group; 2) video-based solution-focused brief coaching; 3) discount card incentive; 4) both the video-based solution-focused brief coaching and ...


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