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International Trade Effects Of Regional Economic Integration In Africa: The Case Of The Southern African Development Community (Sadc), Mengesha Yayo, Sisay Asefa 2016 Addis Ababa Science and Technology University

International Trade Effects Of Regional Economic Integration In Africa: The Case Of The Southern African Development Community (Sadc), Mengesha Yayo, Sisay Asefa

International Journal of African Development

Empirical studies on regional economic integration process in Africa exhibit sluggish progress, and there by limited level of intra-trade. The existing literature in Africa, particularly in the Southern African regional integration bloc, has neglected the effects of regional economic integration dealing with disaggregated data. This study analyzes trade creation and diversion effects of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) using disaggregated data. The investigation estimates an augmented gravity model using panel data and random effect estimator methods applying instrumental variables where needed.

The results show that intra-SADC trade is growing in the fuel and minerals and the heavy manufacturing sectors ...


Hog Confinement Policy Issues And Options, Mark A. Edelman Dr. 2016 Iowa State University

Hog Confinement Policy Issues And Options, Mark A. Edelman Dr.

Mark Edelman

ISSUE 1: The siting Problem. 3 Who should have authority over site location decisions for large hog confinement facilities? What process should be used to make the siting decisions? ISSUE 2. The Environmental Problem. 12 What principles should be used in environmental standards for waste and odor management of large hog confinement facilities? Should waste and odor management plans be required? Should performance be monitored regularly, periodically or only after complaint? How will appropriate closure and payment of closure costs be assured?


The First Postal Disruption - Hybrid Mail, Jacob Johnsen 2016 Selected Works

The First Postal Disruption - Hybrid Mail, Jacob Johnsen

Jacob Johnsen, MSc

Why should posts concern themselves with the disruption caused by AirBnb, GoMore, Uber and others? Simply because disruption is not about technology, hardware and software. It is more about ideas, business, people and business models, to name just a few.
Jacob Johnsen, CEO of ipostes.com, challenges our definitions of disruption and looks at the development of hybrid mail


Social Barriers To Entry: Liquefied Natural Gas Import Terminals In The Us From 2000 To 2013, Chethan D. Srikant 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Social Barriers To Entry: Liquefied Natural Gas Import Terminals In The Us From 2000 To 2013, Chethan D. Srikant

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Management scholars recognize the uncertainties and challenges during the market entry process that can impede operational startup. However, very little empirical research exists to fully understand these challenges and explain firm responses. Even less attention has been paid to the threats from non-market actors and the countering strategies employed by firms. Hence, this thesis explores firm reactions to community contestation, as a form of social barrier to entry that can prevent the firm from exploiting market opportunities. Specifically, I consider the strategic implications of firms’ rhetorical responses to community contestation during the market entry process.

For this thesis, U.S ...


Cross-Sector Collaboration: Results Through Understanding And Application, Dane Jessen 2016 University of Washington Tacoma

Cross-Sector Collaboration: Results Through Understanding And Application, Dane Jessen

Global Honors Theses

Cross­-sector collaboration is an underutilized source of competitive advantage in the modern economy. Though it is a complex and dynamic system, collaboration can be rendered more manageable through an organized framework. In this paper, a literature review was conducted to survey the research landscape, searching particularly for productive models that may be practically used in forming and maintaining successful cross-­sector collaborations. The literature suggests that aspects of collaborative relationships can be categorized for use in analysis and practical navigation. The thought that collaborative relationships have commonalities in form and behavior is corroborated amongst the literature, allowing for some ...


Hrm Strategies, Informality And Re-Regulation In East Asian Employment Relations, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Sun-wook Chung 2016 Cornell University

Hrm Strategies, Informality And Re-Regulation In East Asian Employment Relations, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Sun-Wook Chung

Sarosh Kuruvilla

[Excerpt] Although employment relations (defined as labour relations and human resources management (HRM)) institutions and practices generally tend to be stable over long periods of time, that cannot be said to be the case in the three largest economies of East Asia, i.e. China, Japan and South Korea (hereafter Korea), during the last two decades (see chapters 5, 7 and 8). In this contribution, we briefly review the most significant development in East Asian employment relations, i.e. the growth of a variety of non-standard employment arrangements which we subsume under the term ‘informality’ in all three countries. We ...


Why Can't We Wait (To Spend) And The Law Of Unintended Consequences: Potential Negative Impact On Minority Employees From Well-Intentioned Organizational Compensation Practices, James R. Jones 2016 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Why Can't We Wait (To Spend) And The Law Of Unintended Consequences: Potential Negative Impact On Minority Employees From Well-Intentioned Organizational Compensation Practices, James R. Jones

James Jones

In this time of increasing uncertainty about business viability and stability, many organizations are looking to gain control of their "bottom line" by strengthening the link between organizational outcomes and employee rewards. Long gone are the days of steadily and automatically increasing worker salaries as a hoped-for method of expanding productivity. Indeed, there is a school of thought that suggests that automatic pay increases act as a "demotivator" for many individuals. The more common approach currently is to utilize incentives (i.e., additional compensation/rewards given for performance beyond normal expectations) as a way of enhancing employee work motivation, thereby ...


Ownership, Activism And Engagement: Institutional Investors As Active Owners, Donald Nordberg 2016 Bournemouth University

Ownership, Activism And Engagement: Institutional Investors As Active Owners, Donald Nordberg

Donald Nordberg

Research Question: We research two questions: First, why do some institutional investors operate at a distance from organizations seemingly acting only to “exit” and “trade” shares while others actively engage through various means of “voice”? Second, what processes and behaviour are associated with active ownership?
Research Findings/Insights: We develop the concept of active ownership by drawing on contrasting theories and images of ownership, identifying antecedents of active ownership and distinguishing between alternative processes of active ownership.
Theoretical/Academic Implications: Alternative pathways to active ownership contrast the distant, sometimes adversarial nature of shareholder activism with an engaged, collaborative relationship between ...


International Expansion In The Retail Industry: A Multi-Case Study On Strategic Expansionary Variables, Patrick Conaty 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

International Expansion In The Retail Industry: A Multi-Case Study On Strategic Expansionary Variables, Patrick Conaty

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Do Investors Value The Required Stress Tests Of Financial Holding Companies?, Brendan A. Colligan 2016 University of Arkansas

Do Investors Value The Required Stress Tests Of Financial Holding Companies?, Brendan A. Colligan

Finance Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper explores the value of disclosing stress test results to investors and market participants within the US financial system. Recently the Federal Reserve (“Fed”) expanded its required internal stress testing program, often referred to as the Dodd-Frank Act Stress Test (“DFAST”), to include bank holding companies (“BHCs”) with more than $10 billion in total assets. These BHCs were required to publicly disclose their results for the first time in June of 2015. Large BHCs are subject to another level of stress testing implemented by the Comprehensive Capital Analysis Review (“CCAR”). Large BHCs are defined as having more than $50 ...


Investigating A Causal Model Of It-Business Partnership And Competitive Advantage, Rae'd Masa'deh, Rifat Shannak, Bader Obeidat, Dmaithan Almajali, Zulkhairi Dahalin 2016 University of Jordan

Investigating A Causal Model Of It-Business Partnership And Competitive Advantage, Rae'd Masa'deh, Rifat Shannak, Bader Obeidat, Dmaithan Almajali, Zulkhairi Dahalin

Rae'd Masa'deh

Although researchers have encouraged further exploration on the causal links between Information Technology (IT) investments and a firm’s competitive advantage, outcomes of empirical studies have been non-conclusive. This is to a certain extent owing to the omission of IT-business strategic partnership (also known as strategic alignment). Indeed, strategic alignment has emerged as one of the most important issue facing business and IT executives all over the world. Importance aside, what is not clear is how to achieve and sustain this harmony relating business and IT. Therefore, scholars have continuously called for research that addresses the antecedent factors that lead ...


Corporate Social Responsibility: Implications For Businesses Operating In The United States And The European Union, Kaitlyn Sapp 2016 University of Connecticut - Storrs

Corporate Social Responsibility: Implications For Businesses Operating In The United States And The European Union, Kaitlyn Sapp

Honors Scholar Theses

The expectations of what businesses should be responsible for has changed more and more as the consumer consciousness has evolved. For many businesses, especially those in the United States, change in their approach to corporate social responsibility (CSR) is necessary in order to satisfy customers and stay competitive. This paper will discuss and compare the history and current practice of CSR between the United States and the European Union. I find that since the European Union has a history of holding companies to higher CSR standards, European-based companies have an advantage in various consumer markets with growing consciousness. Meanwhile, companies ...


Ecommerce And Delivery Disruption - Good Or Bad?, Jacob Johnsen 2016 Selected Works

Ecommerce And Delivery Disruption - Good Or Bad?, Jacob Johnsen

Jacob Johnsen, MSc

The explosion of e-Commerce and disruption in delivery services: good or bad for sustainability?
Tons of goods are distributed by posts and new delivery providers. More cardboard and packing material, more efficient delivery, less carbon emission from people moving around to shop. These are just a few of the factors influencing the changes in our shopping pattern. 


Impacts Of Culture On Strategic Decisions - Exploring Culture And Strategic Decision Making Process In The Sudanese Context.Pdf, Tarig Siddig 2016 University of Khartoum, School of Management Studies - Department of Business Administration

Impacts Of Culture On Strategic Decisions - Exploring Culture And Strategic Decision Making Process In The Sudanese Context.Pdf, Tarig Siddig

Tarig Siddig Adam

The study deals with the cultural impacts on the process of strategic decision making in the Sudanese context, aiming at – as its main goal – addressing the influences of the cultural factors as one of the environmental factors, epitomized in their influences on the process of strategic decision making. As well, it seeks to explore; first: the extent of the cultural factors’ prevalence in societal life and organizational life, and determining – on the basis of the historical and cultural formation of the Sudan – the aspects of the Sudanese culture according to the contemporary paradigm of cultural analysis, and second: whether or ...


Corporate Social Responsibility: An Overview And New Research Directions: Thematic Issue On Corporate Social Responsibility [From The Editors], Heli WANG, Li TONG, Rikki TAKEUCHI, Gerard GEORGE 2016 Singapore Management University

Corporate Social Responsibility: An Overview And New Research Directions: Thematic Issue On Corporate Social Responsibility [From The Editors], Heli Wang, Li Tong, Rikki Takeuchi, Gerard George

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

The idea of corporate social responsibility (CSR)—that is, businesses bearing a responsibility to society and a broader set of stakeholders beyond its shareholders—gained currency in the 1960s. Since then, attention on CSR has been growing in both academic and practitioner communities around the world. While there have been criticisms and debates on whether it was appropriate for corporations to expand their remit beyond shareholder value, an increasing majority of corporations have proactively committed to addressing larger societal challenges. With a variety of options for corporate engagement in mainstream society and local communities, corporations have created dedicated organizational units ...


An Acculturation Program For Foreign-Born Workers At Multinational Companies Transferred To Offices In The United States, Eric Krieger 2016 SIT Graduate Institute

An Acculturation Program For Foreign-Born Workers At Multinational Companies Transferred To Offices In The United States, Eric Krieger

Capstone Collection

The purpose of this study is to create an acculturation program that multinational companies can use to ease the transition of foreign-born employees who are transferred to the United States. There are a number of challenges for these employees, from navigating the logistics of finding a place to live, setting up a bank account and filling out taxes to the social emotional issues of trying to adapt to another culture, build community and be successful in a new work environment. Through interviews with foreign-born employees, Human Resources professionals, and intercultural trainers, qualitative and quantitative data was collected to understand current ...


Macroconstants Of Development: A New Benchmark For The Strategic Development Of Advanced Countries And Firms, Andrey Bystrov, Vyacheslav Yusim, Tamilla Curtis 2016 Plekhanov Russian Academy of Economics

Macroconstants Of Development: A New Benchmark For The Strategic Development Of Advanced Countries And Firms, Andrey Bystrov, Vyacheslav Yusim, Tamilla Curtis

Dr. Tamilla Curtis

This research proposed a new indicator of countries’ development called “macroconstants of development”. The literature review indicates that the concept of "macroconstants of development" is not used at the moment in neither the theory nor the practice of industrial policy. Research of longitudinal data of total GDP, GDP per capita and their derivatives for most countries of the world was conducted. An analysis of statistical information has been done by employing econometric analyses.

Based on the analysis of the statistical data, which characterizes the development of large, technologically advanced countries in ordinary conditions, it was identified that the average acceleration ...


Health Systems In Transition: Identity Work In The Context Of Shifting Institutional Logics, Yiannis KYRATSIS, Rifat ATUN, Nelson PHILLIPS, Paul TRACEY, Gerard GEORGE 2016 Singapore Management University

Health Systems In Transition: Identity Work In The Context Of Shifting Institutional Logics, Yiannis Kyratsis, Rifat Atun, Nelson Phillips, Paul Tracey, Gerard George

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

We investigate how established professionals manage their identities in the face of identity threats from a contested shift in the professional logic that characterizes their field. To do so, we draw on interviews with 113 physicians from five European transition countries who faced pressure for change in their professional identities due to a shift in the logic of healthcare from a logic of "narrow specialism" in primary care that characterized the Soviet health system to a new logic of "generalism" that characterizes primary care in the West. We found three important forms of professional identity threats experienced by physicians during ...


Reputation And Status: Expanding The Role Of Social Evaluations In Management Research: From The Editors, Gerard GEORGE, Linus DAHLANDER, Scott D. GRAFFIN, Samantha SIM 2016 Singapore Management University

Reputation And Status: Expanding The Role Of Social Evaluations In Management Research: From The Editors, Gerard George, Linus Dahlander, Scott D. Graffin, Samantha Sim

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

Organizations, whether private or public, are subject to evaluations by their stakeholder community and society. These social evaluations form the basis of perceptions targeted at the organization, and influence the organization’s interactions with its stakeholders. “Reputation,” defined as beliefs or perceptions held about the quality of a focal actor, and “status,” defined as relative professional position or social standing, are both forms of social evaluation. Following works by Fombrun and Shanley (1990) and Merton (1968), reputation and status as theoretical constructs have become popularized in the literature, and management scholars have provided empirical evidence to provide a more complete ...


The Influence Of Location, Products, Promotions,Services With Respect To Consumer Behavior, priyono priyono, teddy chandra teddy, lukmanul hakim lukman 2016 university pgri adi buana

The Influence Of Location, Products, Promotions,Services With Respect To Consumer Behavior, Priyono Priyono, Teddy Chandra Teddy, Lukmanul Hakim Lukman

priyono iyon priyono management

ABSTRACT The purpose of this research is to know and test the influence of the location of businesses, products, promotions, services, consumer behavior towards Indomaret Point Raya Darmo Surabaya. This research is explanatory study, which explains the influence between variables through hypothesis testing. The research was held in Indomaret Point Raya Darmo Surabaya. The sample in this study were 80 respondents. The independent variables are: location (X 1), product (X 2), promotion (X 3) and services (X 4), the dependent Variable is the consumer's behavior (Y), while its analysis technique using multiple linear regression analysis are used as statistical ...


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