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Appraising Merger Efficiencies, Herbert J. Hovenkamp 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Appraising Merger Efficiencies, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

Faculty Scholarship

Mergers of business firms violate the antitrust laws when they threaten to lessen competition, which generally refers to a price increase resulting from a reduction in output. However, a merger that threatens competition may also enable the post-merger firm to reduce its costs or improve its product. Attitudes toward mergers are heavily driven by assumptions about efficiency gains. If mergers of competitors never produced efficiency gains but simply reduced the number of competitors, a strong presumption against them would be warranted. We tolerate most mergers because of a background, highly generalized belief that most or at least many produce cost ...


Ndoto Au Ota: Jifundishe's Strategic Planning Process: A Case Study Of An Appreciative Approach To The Strategic Planning Process For A Small Ngo, Margaret Bearor 2017 SIT Graduate Institute

Ndoto Au Ota: Jifundishe's Strategic Planning Process: A Case Study Of An Appreciative Approach To The Strategic Planning Process For A Small Ngo, Margaret Bearor

Capstone Collection

In January 2017, Jifundishe, a small, local nonprofit organization based in Ngongongare, Tanzania undertook its first strategic planning process. I was asked to design and lead this initiative for the organization, finding a way to introduce tools and resources so that they, or a similar organization, could replicate the process in the future. To better reflect the values, culture, and constraints of Jifundishe, the methodology selected to drive the process was Appreciative Inquiry (AI). AI is a change model focused on strengths, and an appreciative strategic plan looks to take the best of what you already have and work to ...


How To Restructure And Optimize A Mid-Market It Department For Aqilitv, Kelly Kleinfelder 2017 La Salle University

How To Restructure And Optimize A Mid-Market It Department For Aqilitv, Kelly Kleinfelder

Mathematics and Computer Science Capstones

Mid-market IT departments must operate in a lean manner while providing top-notch support and administration to the business units, all while being agile to keep up with new technologies. Too often, these IT departments are under-staffed or staffed in a manner that is mis-aligned with business needs. Therefore, customer service suffers in the form of lengthy wait times, a loss of trust and respect for the IT organization and the emergence of shadow IT.

This paper will detail how one mid-size enterprise restructured its IT department to provide better service and alignment to business units, while keeping staffing levels the ...


The Fifth Epoch: Socio-Economic Approach To Sustainable Capitalism, David M. Boje, Yue Cai Hillon 2017 New Mexico State University

The Fifth Epoch: Socio-Economic Approach To Sustainable Capitalism, David M. Boje, Yue Cai Hillon

Markets, Globalization & Development Review

The purpose of this conceptual essay is to challenge the inevitability of living with the destructive beast of speculative market economics in the 4th epoch of global capitalism. We are facing an existential socio-ecological threat from the short-term excesses of financial capitalism, a socially irresponsible form that consumes without producing value and without bearing entrepreneurial risk, benefitting only the few. The fate of roughly 90% of humanity hangs in the balance. The primary contribution of this paper proposes a 5th epoch of capitalism, inspired by Savall and Zardet’s socio-economic and sustainable approach that restores human potential and ...


Dragons In The West: Localizations Strategies Of Chinese Multinationals In Developed Economies, Can Ouyang 2017 Cornell University

Dragons In The West: Localizations Strategies Of Chinese Multinationals In Developed Economies, Can Ouyang

CAHRS ResearchLink

[Excerpt] According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, Chinese foreign direct investment (FDI) in the U.S. increased more than three-fold - from $3.3 billion to $14 billion - between 2010 and 2015. This rapid rate of expansion was accomplished in a variety of ways. In many cases Chinese firms formed their own wholly-owned subsidiaries, but often they chose to merge with, acquire, or otherwise engage in formal alliances with U.S. counterparts. In 2015, for example, Chinese multinationals completed 103 mergers and acquisitions in this country, an increase of 30% over the previous year. Despite current political uncertainties, there is ...


Feasibility Analysis Of Recycled-Paper Fueled Agricultural Desalination Process: Design Of Recycling And Desalination Processes, Sean M. Street 2017 Department of Chemical Engineering

Feasibility Analysis Of Recycled-Paper Fueled Agricultural Desalination Process: Design Of Recycling And Desalination Processes, Sean M. Street

Chemical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

While recycled-paper-briquettes have lower BTU ratings than wood, and fresh water is typically a low cost to agricultural entities, situations exist where economic and/or environmental factors may allow a recycled-paper-fueled desalination process to be viable for some specific agricultural entities. This document begins with a discussion of how water is priced throughout India before analyzing trends in the Maize futures market. By tying the two together, an opportunity is created for solution which the remainder of the document presents. Paper waste in India makes-up 50% of its solid waste country-wide; however, only a quarter of that waste is recycled ...


Using Baseline Models To Improve Theories About Emerging Markets, Andreas Schwab, William H. Starbuck 2017 Iowa State University

Using Baseline Models To Improve Theories About Emerging Markets, Andreas Schwab, William H. Starbuck

Andreas Schwab

Purpose – This chapter reports on a rapidly growing trend in the analysis of data about emerging market (EM) economies – the use of baseline models as comparisons for explanatory models. Baseline models estimate expected values for the dependent variable in the absence of a hypothesized causal effect but set higher standards than do traditional null hypotheses tests that expect no effect. Design/methodology/approach – Although the use of baseline models research originated in the 1960s, it has not been widely discussed, or even acknowledged, in the EM literature. We surveyed published EM studies to determine trends in the use of baseline ...


Health Systems In Transition: Professional Identity Work In The Context Of Shifting Institutional Logics, Yiannis KYRATSIS, Rifat ATUN, Nelson PHILLIPS, Paul TRACEY, Gerard GEORGE 2017 City University, London

Health Systems In Transition: Professional Identity Work In The Context Of Shifting Institutional Logics, Yiannis Kyratsis, Rifat Atun, Nelson Phillips, Paul Tracey, Gerard George

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

We investigate how established professionals manage their identities in the face of identity threats from a contested shift in the professional logic that characterizes their field. To do so, we draw on interviews with 113 physicians from five European transition countries who faced pressure for change in their professional identities due to a shift in the logic of healthcare from a logic of "narrow specialism" in primary care that characterized the Soviet health system to a new logic of "generalism" that characterizes primary care in the West. We found three important forms of professional identity threats experienced by physicians during ...


Institutional Logics And Power Sources: Merger And Acquisition Decisions, Henrich Greve, Cyndi Man ZHANG 2017 INSEAD

Institutional Logics And Power Sources: Merger And Acquisition Decisions, Henrich Greve, Cyndi Man Zhang

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

Institutional theory has explained greater prevalence of many strategic actions by increases in their legitimacy over time, but has not developed theory on how firms decide between actions backed by competing institutional logics. We address this shortfall by applying theory of organizational coalitions and power to predict effects of external influence through ownership and internal influence through decision participation. We analyze how the old state socialism logic and the new market capitalism logic compete for influencing the Chinese firms’ engagement in merger and acquisitions. We found that the logics affected firm M&A decisions through the coalitions committed to each ...


When Elites Forget Their Duties: The Double-Edged Sword Of Prestigious Directors On Boards, Jana OEHMICHEN, Daniel BRAUN, Michael WOLFF, Toru YOSHIKAWA 2017 Singapore Management University

When Elites Forget Their Duties: The Double-Edged Sword Of Prestigious Directors On Boards, Jana Oehmichen, Daniel Braun, Michael Wolff, Toru Yoshikawa

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School of Business

Previous research indicates that the performance effect of prestigious directors is ambiguous. Our study addresses this issue by integrating the theoretical lens of board capital and the institutional perspective. We argue that prestigious directors can bring benefits as well as costs. We claim that the emergence of these costs depends on the institutional context, specifically the institutional characteristics of the country's corporate elite circle which is characterized by the elite cohesion and the elite exclusiveness. Our empirical results with a 15-country sample covering the period of 2005 to 2014 provide evidence for the overall existence of a positive performance ...


Examining Strategic Fit And Misfit In The Management Of Knowledge Workers, Christopher J. Collins, Rebecca Kehoe 2017 Cornell University

Examining Strategic Fit And Misfit In The Management Of Knowledge Workers, Christopher J. Collins, Rebecca Kehoe

Articles and Chapters

This study advances research on strategic human resource management by examining whether better firm performance depends on the alignment between an organization’s human resources (HR) system and its innovation strategy. The authors argue that the unique problems underlying exploration innovation strategies and exploitation innovation strategies require core workers to engage in different types of knowledge-search and -combination behaviors. Alternative HR systems theoretically produce different knowledge-search and -combination behaviors by way of their effect on employees’ ability, motivation, and opportunity structures at work. Drawing on a field study of 230 software firms, the authors demonstrate that alternative HR systems support ...


Strategic Management Practices Help Hospitals Get The Most From Volunteers, Sean Rogers Ph.D. 2017 Cornell University School of Hotel Administration

Strategic Management Practices Help Hospitals Get The Most From Volunteers, Sean Rogers Ph.D.

Sean Edmund Rogers

Hospital administrators are facing twin challenges with regard to their volunteers—a generational change that may mean fewer volunteer hours in the future, and the need to set strategies to manage and recognize the value of current volunteers. This report, based on a survey conducted with a group of more than 100 hospital officials, identifies a specific set of 23 management practices to improve the volunteer experience, grouped into four categories: job design; recruitment and selection; orientation, training, and development; and performance management and supervision. The report also highlights the importance of making a complete accounting of the volunteer contribution ...


Strategic Management Practices Help Hospitals Get The Most From Volunteers, Sean Rogers Ph.D. 2017 Cornell University School of Hotel Administration

Strategic Management Practices Help Hospitals Get The Most From Volunteers, Sean Rogers Ph.D.

Center for Hospitality Research Publications

Hospital administrators are facing twin challenges with regard to their volunteers—a generational change that may mean fewer volunteer hours in the future, and the need to set strategies to manage and recognize the value of current volunteers. This report, based on a survey conducted with a group of more than 100 hospital officials, identifies a specific set of 23 management practices to improve the volunteer experience, grouped into four categories: job design; recruitment and selection; orientation, training, and development; and performance management and supervision. The report also highlights the importance of making a complete accounting of the volunteer contribution ...


Social Value Creation And Relational Coordination In Public-Private Collaborations, Nigel D. CADWELL, Jens K. ROEHRICH, Gerard GEORGE 2017 Heriot Watt University

Social Value Creation And Relational Coordination In Public-Private Collaborations, Nigel D. Cadwell, Jens K. Roehrich, Gerard George

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

Public-private collaborations, or hybrid organizational forms, are often difficult to organize because of disparate goals, incentives, and management practices. Some of this misalignment is addressed structurally or contractually, but not the management processes and practices. In this study, we examine how the coordination of these social and work relationships, or relational coordination, affects task performance and the creation of social value. We employ a dyad perspective on two long-term relationships that are part of a wider ecosystem. We illustrate the social value creation process, identifying mutual knowledge and goal alignment, as necessary to create relational coordination. We find that the ...


What Doesn’T Kill You Will Only Make You More Risk-Loving: Early-Life Disasters And Ceo Behavior, Gennaro BERNILE, Vineet BHAGWAT, P. Raghavendra RAU 2017 Singapore Management University

What Doesn’T Kill You Will Only Make You More Risk-Loving: Early-Life Disasters And Ceo Behavior, Gennaro Bernile, Vineet Bhagwat, P. Raghavendra Rau

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

The literature on managerial style posits a linear relation between a chief executive officer's (CEOs) past experiences and firm risk. We show that there is a nonmonotonic relation between the intensity of CEOs’ early-life exposure to fatal disasters and corporate risk-taking. CEOs who experience fatal disasters without extremely negative consequences lead firms that behave more aggressively, whereas CEOs who witness the extreme downside of disasters behave more conservatively. These patterns manifest across various corporate policies including leverage, cash holdings, and acquisition activity. Ultimately, the link between CEOs’ disaster experience and corporate policies has real economic consequences on firm riskiness ...


Ngos And The Creation Of Value In Supply Chains, Olivier Chatain, Elena Plaksenkova 2017 HEC Paris

Ngos And The Creation Of Value In Supply Chains, Olivier Chatain, Elena Plaksenkova

Olivier Chatain

Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) often work with firms to facilitate the economic inclusion of the firms' suppliers through practice improvements. Using a formal model, we examine how such NGO interventions can alleviate market failures and increase supplier economic inclusion. We account for the specific goals of the NGO and the need to induce collaboration between firms and their suppliers. We analyze the NGO’s intervention level and show how it depends on the NGO's capabilities and the relative bargaining power among firms and suppliers. Our formal model offers testable hypotheses about NGO and firm behavior. In particular, it suggests that ...


Collegiate Competition And The Propensity For Gender Bias, Deborah H. Lester, Aberdeen Leila Borders, Terry W. Loe, Keith Tudor 2017 Kennesaw State University

Collegiate Competition And The Propensity For Gender Bias, Deborah H. Lester, Aberdeen Leila Borders, Terry W. Loe, Keith Tudor

Aberdeen L Borders

Since the dawn of time gender has played a starring role in human behavior. The behavioral implications of an individual’s sex have permeated research findings in a wide variety of academic disciplines. This preliminary investigation will explore the concept and definition of gender, gender bias, and gender stereotype on actions and conduct. Specifically, this inquiry will determine the scope and types of gender bias/stereotypes that exist in the business world with a primary concentration on the area of professional sales. The ultimate objective is to discover the type and level of influence a person’s gender contributes to ...


Toward A Balanced Growth Strategy For Jacksonville, Jacksonville (Fla.) Mayor's Task Force on Growth Management 2017 University of North Florida

Toward A Balanced Growth Strategy For Jacksonville, Jacksonville (Fla.) Mayor's Task Force On Growth Management

Books

Report of the Mayor's Task Force on Growth Management


The Living Wage As A Means To Address Social Inequality, Kent Walker Dr., Curtis Labutte 2017 Odette School of Business

The Living Wage As A Means To Address Social Inequality, Kent Walker Dr., Curtis Labutte

Odette School of Business Publications

The living wage is a call to private and public sector employers to pay wages to both direct and contract employees sufficient to provide the basics to individuals. This wage reflects the belief that every individual has the right to enjoy good health, recreation, culture and entertainment, to raise children, and to fully partake in social and civic activities, as opposed to minimally surviving. This movement is growing across Canada and the world.

Broadly, the case discusses social inequality, and more narrowly, it examines the Living Wage in Canada, then Ontario, then within one Ontario city, Windsor. The case describes ...


New Belgium Brewing Company And B Corporation Certification, Kent Walker Dr., Taylor Laporte 2017 Odette School of Business

New Belgium Brewing Company And B Corporation Certification, Kent Walker Dr., Taylor Laporte

Odette School of Business Publications

This case discusses the American craft-brewing company New Belgium Brewing (NBB), where the director of sustainability, Katie Wallace, must decide whether to invest significant company resources into becoming a B Corp certified company. More specifically, she must present her recommendation to the board of directors and to employees who are also shareholders. B Corporation is part of a non-profit organization encouraging sustainable business similar to LEED certification for construction or Fair Trade certification for coffee and chocolate. The idea behind B Corp certification is to use the power of business to solve social and environmental problems.

New Belgium Brewing has ...


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