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Impacts Of Culture On Strategic Decisions - Exploring Culture And Strategic Decision Making Process In The Sudanese Context.Pdf, Tarig Siddig 2016 University of Khartoum, School of Management Studies - Department of Business Administration

Impacts Of Culture On Strategic Decisions - Exploring Culture And Strategic Decision Making Process In The Sudanese Context.Pdf, Tarig Siddig

Tarig Siddig Adam

The study deals with the cultural impacts on the process of strategic decision making in the Sudanese context, aiming at – as its main goal – addressing the influences of the cultural factors as one of the environmental factors, epitomized in their influences on the process of strategic decision making. As well, it seeks to explore; first: the extent of the cultural factors’ prevalence in societal life and organizational life, and determining – on the basis of the historical and cultural formation of the Sudan – the aspects of the Sudanese culture according to the contemporary paradigm of cultural analysis, and second: whether or ...


Macroconstants Of Development: A New Benchmark For The Strategic Development Of Advanced Countries And Firms, Andrey Bystrov, Vyacheslav Yusim, Tamilla Curtis 2016 Plekhanov Russian Academy of Economics

Macroconstants Of Development: A New Benchmark For The Strategic Development Of Advanced Countries And Firms, Andrey Bystrov, Vyacheslav Yusim, Tamilla Curtis

Dr. Tamilla Curtis

This research proposed a new indicator of countries’ development called “macroconstants of development”. The literature review indicates that the concept of "macroconstants of development" is not used at the moment in neither the theory nor the practice of industrial policy. Research of longitudinal data of total GDP, GDP per capita and their derivatives for most countries of the world was conducted. An analysis of statistical information has been done by employing econometric analyses.

Based on the analysis of the statistical data, which characterizes the development of large, technologically advanced countries in ordinary conditions, it was identified that the average acceleration ...


Health Systems In Transition: Identity Work In The Context Of Shifting Institutional Logics, Yiannis KYRATSIS, Rifat ATUN, Nelson PHILLIPS, Paul TRACEY, Gerard GEORGE 2016 Singapore Management University

Health Systems In Transition: Identity Work In The Context Of Shifting Institutional Logics, Yiannis Kyratsis, Rifat Atun, Nelson Phillips, Paul Tracey, Gerard George

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

We investigate how established professionals manage their identities in the face of identity threats from a contested shift in the professional logic that characterizes their field. To do so, we draw on interviews with 113 physicians from five European transition countries who faced pressure for change in their professional identities due to a shift in the logic of healthcare from a logic of "narrow specialism" in primary care that characterized the Soviet health system to a new logic of "generalism" that characterizes primary care in the West. We found three important forms of professional identity threats experienced by physicians during ...


Reputation And Status: Expanding The Role Of Social Evaluations In Management Research: From The Editors, Gerard GEORGE, Linus DAHLANDER, Scott D. GRAFFIN, Samantha SIM 2016 Singapore Management University

Reputation And Status: Expanding The Role Of Social Evaluations In Management Research: From The Editors, Gerard George, Linus Dahlander, Scott D. Graffin, Samantha Sim

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

Organizations, whether private or public, are subject to evaluations by their stakeholder community and society. These social evaluations form the basis of perceptions targeted at the organization, and influence the organization’s interactions with its stakeholders. “Reputation,” defined as beliefs or perceptions held about the quality of a focal actor, and “status,” defined as relative professional position or social standing, are both forms of social evaluation. Following works by Fombrun and Shanley (1990) and Merton (1968), reputation and status as theoretical constructs have become popularized in the literature, and management scholars have provided empirical evidence to provide a more complete ...


The Influence Of Location, Products, Promotions,Services With Respect To Consumer Behavior, priyono priyono, teddy chandra teddy, lukmanul hakim lukman 2016 university pgri adi buana

The Influence Of Location, Products, Promotions,Services With Respect To Consumer Behavior, Priyono Priyono, Teddy Chandra Teddy, Lukmanul Hakim Lukman

priyono iyon priyono management

ABSTRACT The purpose of this research is to know and test the influence of the location of businesses, products, promotions, services, consumer behavior towards Indomaret Point Raya Darmo Surabaya. This research is explanatory study, which explains the influence between variables through hypothesis testing. The research was held in Indomaret Point Raya Darmo Surabaya. The sample in this study were 80 respondents. The independent variables are: location (X 1), product (X 2), promotion (X 3) and services (X 4), the dependent Variable is the consumer's behavior (Y), while its analysis technique using multiple linear regression analysis are used as statistical ...


The Future Of Human Capital: An Employment Relations Perspective, Thomas Kochan, Adam Seth Litwin 2016 Massachusetts Institute of Technology

The Future Of Human Capital: An Employment Relations Perspective, Thomas Kochan, Adam Seth Litwin

Adam Seth Litwin

[Excerpt] It is not surprising that most theories of human capital treat the firm as the key unit of analysis, given the deep imprint that Becker (1964 [1993]) left with his early efforts to distinguish between general and specific human capital. It is especially understandable for research that focuses on American institutions and practices. Ever since the passage of the New Deal employment policies of the 1930s, firms have been assigned central roles in the delivery and financing of a variety of labor-market services, including the provision of workforce training and development (Osterman et al, 2001). Most of the chapters ...


Not Featherbedding, But Feathering The Nest: Human Resource Management And Investments In Information Technology, Adam Seth Litwin 2016 Cornell University

Not Featherbedding, But Feathering The Nest: Human Resource Management And Investments In Information Technology, Adam Seth Litwin

Adam Seth Litwin

This study draws on employment relations and management theory, claiming that certain innovative employment practices and work structures pave the way for organizational innovation, namely investments in information technology (IT). It then finds support for the theory in a cross-section of UK workplaces. The findings suggest that firms slow to adopt IT realize that their conventional employment model hinders their ability to make optimal use of new technologies. Therefore, the paper advances the literature beyond studies of unionization’s impact on business investment to a broader set of issues on the employment relations features that make organizations ripe for innovation.


Futures Of Robotics. Human Work In Digital Transformation, Jari Kaivo-oja, Steffen Roth, Leo Westerlund 2016 ESC Rennes School of Business

Futures Of Robotics. Human Work In Digital Transformation, Jari Kaivo-Oja, Steffen Roth, Leo Westerlund

Dr. Steffen Roth

In this article we discuss the futures of work and robotics. We evaluate key future trends in the field of robotics and analyse different scenarios regarding the futures of human beings and work life. Subsequently, we present a roadmap of robotics, which covers key aspects of industrial and service robotics, discuss technology foresight insights and inter-linkages to robotics, and identify three critical technology roadmaps: the technological future of robotics, digitalisation and ICT technologies. Finally, we analyse economic, social, and political key challenges of the digital transformation of work and labour policy in the European Union in general and against the ...


Organizational Strategy And Staffing, John Hausknecht, Patrick Wright 2016 Cornell University

Organizational Strategy And Staffing, John Hausknecht, Patrick Wright

John Hausknecht

In this chapter, we draw linkages between theory and research from strategic human resource management (and its focus on predicting unit/firm performance) with the key issues and empirical findings from the staffing and selection literature (and its focus on predicting individual performance). We organize the chapter around the fit and flexibility framework (Wright & Snell, 1998) to discuss the dual concerns of fitting staffing and selection systems to strategic needs while simultaneously enabling flexibility to respond to future demands. Implications for research and practice explain how such an approach may alter and enhance conventional views regarding staffing system characteristics such ...


A Bayesian Network Estimation Of The Service-Profit Chain For Transport Service Satisfaction, Ronald Anderson, Robert Mackoy 2016 Butler University

A Bayesian Network Estimation Of The Service-Profit Chain For Transport Service Satisfaction, Ronald Anderson, Robert Mackoy

Robert Mackoy

Bayesian network methodology is used to model key linkages of the service-profit chain within the context of transportation service satisfaction. Bayesian networks offer some advantages for implementing managerially focused models over other statistical techniques designed primarily for evaluating theoretical models. These advantages are (1) providing a causal explanation using observable variables within a single multivariate model, (2) analysis of nonlinear relationships contained in ordinal measurements, (3) accommodation of branching patterns that occur in data collection, and (4) the ability to conduct probabilistic inference for prediction and diagnostics with an output metric that can be understood by managers and academics. Sample ...


How Corporate Governance Is Made: The Case Of The Golden Leash, Matthew D. Cain, Jill E. Fisch, Sean J. Griffith, Steven Davidoff Solomon 2016 U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission

How Corporate Governance Is Made: The Case Of The Golden Leash, Matthew D. Cain, Jill E. Fisch, Sean J. Griffith, Steven Davidoff Solomon

Faculty Scholarship

This Article presents a case study of a corporate governance innovation—the incentive compensation arrangement for activist-nominated director candidates colloquially known as the “golden leash.” Golden leash compensation arrangements are a potentially valuable tool for activist shareholders in election contests. In response to their use, several issuers adopted bylaw provisions banning incentive compensation arrangements. Investors, in turn, viewed director adoption of golden leash bylaws as problematic and successfully pressured issuers to repeal them.

The study demonstrates how corporate governance provisions are developed and deployed, the sequential response of issuers and investors, and the central role played by governance intermediaries—activist ...


Middle Management Strategic Roles: Strategic Role Conflict And Its Antecedents, Hector R. Flores 2016 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Middle Management Strategic Roles: Strategic Role Conflict And Its Antecedents, Hector R. Flores

Doctoral Dissertations May 2014 - current

The middle-management perspective has produced a great understanding of the connection of middle managers involvement in strategy and organizational outcomes (Floyd & Wooldridge, 1992, 1996; Floyd & Wooldridge, 2000; Wooldridge & Floyd, 1990). Strategic role conflict has been identified in the literature as a hindrance, even an impediment, to effective middle-management involvement in strategy (Floyd & Lane, 2000). Despite a growing body of theoretical work by scholars on the strategy process, there has been limited empirical research of the antecedents of strategic role conflict.

Drawing from the literatures of role conflict, middle management perspective, and social exchange theory, this dissertation hypothesized that demographic characteristics of middle managers, the nature ...


Macroconstants Of Development: A New Benchmark For The Strategic Development Of Advanced Countries And Firms, Andrey V. Bystrov, Vyacheslav N. Yusim, Tamilla Curtis 2016 Plekhanov Russian Academy of Economics

Macroconstants Of Development: A New Benchmark For The Strategic Development Of Advanced Countries And Firms, Andrey V. Bystrov, Vyacheslav N. Yusim, Tamilla Curtis

Publications

This research proposed a new indicator of countries’ development called “macroconstants of development”. The literature review indicates that the concept of "macroconstants of development" is not used at the moment in neither the theory nor the practice of industrial policy. Research of longitudinal data of total GDP, GDP per capita and their derivatives for most countries of the world was conducted. An analysis of statistical information has been done by employing econometric analyses.

Based on the analysis of the statistical data, which characterizes the development of large, technologically advanced countries in ordinary conditions, it was identified that the average acceleration ...


The Lego System Makes Co-Creation Painless For The Lego Group, Seth A. Peacock 2016 Virginia Commonwealth University

The Lego System Makes Co-Creation Painless For The Lego Group, Seth A. Peacock

Undergraduate Research Posters

Co-creation is using consumers to help innovate with a product. While the methodology of co-creation has been extensively researched, different products’ relative suitability to co-creation is rarely examined. This research examines the LEGO Group’s co-creation efforts including LEGO Ideas, LEGO Factory, LEGO Mindstorms NXT, and LEGO Architecture. These programs’ reliance on LEGO’s versatility, modularity, adult fan community, and fan LEGO building expertise are evaluated and compared to other firm’s co-creation efforts. The adult LEGO community’s custom LEGO creations, including fan-designed and fan-sold sets, commissioned sculptures, and LEGO robotics development all constitute consumer innovation independent of the ...


Alleviating Managerial Dilemmas In Human-Capital-Intensive Firms Through Incentives: Evidence From M&A Legal Advisors, Olivier Chatain, Philipp Meyer-Doyle 2015 HEC Paris

Alleviating Managerial Dilemmas In Human-Capital-Intensive Firms Through Incentives: Evidence From M&A Legal Advisors, Olivier Chatain, Philipp Meyer-Doyle

Olivier Chatain

We examine how human-capital-intensive firms deploy their human assets and how firm-specific human capital interacts with incentives to influence this deployment. Our empirical context is the UK M&A legal market, where micro-data enable us to observe the allocation of lawyers to M&A mandates under different incentive regimes. We find that law firms actively equalize the workload among their lawyers to seek efficiency gains while ‘stretching’ lawyers with high firm-specific capital to a greater extent. However, lawyers with high firm-specific capital also appear to influence the staffing process in their favor, leading to unbalanced allocations and less sharing of ...


Contract Structure For Joint Production: Risk And Ambiguity Under Compensatory Damages, Michael Ryall, Rachelle Sampson 2015 University of Toronto

Contract Structure For Joint Production: Risk And Ambiguity Under Compensatory Damages, Michael Ryall, Rachelle Sampson

Michael D Ryall

We develop a model in which the parties to a joint production project have a choice of specifying contractual performance in terms of actions or deliverables. Penalties for noncompliance are not specified; rather, they are left to the courts under the legal doctrine of compensatory damages. We analyze three scenarios of increasing uncertainty: Full Knowledge - where implications of partner actions are known; Risk - where implications can be probabilistically quantified; and, Ambiguity - where implications cannot be so quantified. Under Full Knowledge, action requirements dominate: they always induce the maximum economic value. This dominance vanishes in the Risk scenario. Under Ambiguity, deliverables ...


Geographic Scope, Isolating Mechanisms, And Value Appropriation, Minyoung Kim 2015 University of Kansas

Geographic Scope, Isolating Mechanisms, And Value Appropriation, Minyoung Kim

MINYOUNG KIM

Extending extant literature on geographic scope that has primarily focused on its role in value creation, I investigate the value appropriation aspect of geographic scope of knowledge acquisition. I maintain that isolating mechanisms created via geographic scope of knowledge acquisition can help firms prevent competitors from accessing their innovative knowledge and, by doing so, can help firms capture a larger proportion of economic returns from innovation, thus helping them enjoy better financial performance. Mediating and moderating effect analyses with patent- and firm-level data of the semiconductor industry corroborate the value appropriation aspect of geographic scope. 


Proactive Environmental Strategies: Managing A Corporate Culture Shift Toward Sustainability, Mark E. Calub 2015 University of San Francisco

Proactive Environmental Strategies: Managing A Corporate Culture Shift Toward Sustainability, Mark E. Calub

Master's Projects

The roles and responsibilities of Environmental, Health and Safety (EHS) professionals have expanded over the last several decades. Initially focused solely on reducing a firm's ecological impact, many EHS professionals are now tasked with managing a firm's cultural shift towards sustainability. EHS professionals need to develop proactive environmental strategies that further interconnect the environmental, social, and economic performance goals of the firm. Using a concept analysis and integrative literature review approach, the research examines the evolving role of corporate environmental management and evaluates strategic management tools for environmental compliance, environmental performance, and corporate sustainability. The research reveals that ...


Ngo Global Expansion: Models To Successfully Introduce The American Cancer Society’S ‘Relay For Life’ In Chile, Kristin Mednick 2015 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Ngo Global Expansion: Models To Successfully Introduce The American Cancer Society’S ‘Relay For Life’ In Chile, Kristin Mednick

Senior Theses

The research identifies and evaluates the feasibility of potential models for successful international expansion of a large non-governmental cancer control organization, the American Cancer Society (ACS), into Chile through the introduction of a signature event, Global Relay For Life. The purpose of this study is to incorporate the conventional wisdom of existing research on the topic of the global expansion of NGOs and personal experiences with a particular NGO and foreign market to recommend best methods for introducing the NGO into the foreign market. The research question relates to the global expansion of NGOs, but narrows the scope of the ...


A Rasch Model Analysis Of Technology Usage In Minnesota Hospitals, John Olson, James Belohlav, Lori Cook 2015 DePaul University

A Rasch Model Analysis Of Technology Usage In Minnesota Hospitals, John Olson, James Belohlav, Lori Cook

John Olson

No abstract provided.


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