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Organizational Culture And Entrepreneurial Orientation: An Orthogonal Perspective Of Individualism And Collectivism, Younggeun Lee, Michael Howe, Patrick M. Kreiser 2019 Iowa State University

Organizational Culture And Entrepreneurial Orientation: An Orthogonal Perspective Of Individualism And Collectivism, Younggeun Lee, Michael Howe, Patrick M. Kreiser

Michael Howe

This study contributes to the existing literature regarding the relationship between culture and entrepreneurship. Building upon the precepts of institutional theory, we examine the influence of organisational culture on firm-level entrepreneurial orientation. While entrepreneurship researchers have emphasised the importance of entrepreneurial orientation for firms, the influence of organisational culture in supporting the incidence of entrepreneurial orientation has not been adequately studied. In an effort to contribute to this emergent area of inquiry, we consider the role of two key dimensions of organisational culture − individualism and collectivism – in facilitating entrepreneurial orientation. In doing so, we illustrate the utility of adopting an ...


Organizational Culture And Entrepreneurial Orientation: An Orthogonal Perspective Of Individualism And Collectivism, Younggeun Lee, Michael Howe, Patrick M. Kreiser 2019 Iowa State University

Organizational Culture And Entrepreneurial Orientation: An Orthogonal Perspective Of Individualism And Collectivism, Younggeun Lee, Michael Howe, Patrick M. Kreiser

Management Publications

This study contributes to the existing literature regarding the relationship between culture and entrepreneurship. Building upon the precepts of institutional theory, we examine the influence of organisational culture on firm-level entrepreneurial orientation. While entrepreneurship researchers have emphasised the importance of entrepreneurial orientation for firms, the influence of organisational culture in supporting the incidence of entrepreneurial orientation has not been adequately studied. In an effort to contribute to this emergent area of inquiry, we consider the role of two key dimensions of organisational culture − individualism and collectivism – in facilitating entrepreneurial orientation. In doing so, we illustrate the utility of adopting an ...


Schedule Creep – In Search Of An Uncongested Baseline Block Time By Examining Scheduled Flight Block Times Worldwide 1986–2016, Terence P. C. FAN 2019 Singapore Management University

Schedule Creep – In Search Of An Uncongested Baseline Block Time By Examining Scheduled Flight Block Times Worldwide 1986–2016, Terence P. C. Fan

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

Based on a stratified random sampling of airlines’ schedules for 200 heavily travelled directional nonstop airport pairs, this paper examines systematically how scheduled block times in non-stop flights have changed from 1986 to 2016. Three econometric analyses, by way of a 10th percentile quantile regression, 15th percentile quantile regression and ordinary least-squares regression, show that after accounting for the effects of air traffic growth, airport-specific congestion, flight delays, number of seat per flight, aircraft type, flight heading, airport slot policy, other airport-specific anomalies, airline-specific policies and changes in crude oil price, scheduled block times have been growing at a pace ...


Diligence-Based Strategy, Strategic Marketing Ambidexterity, And The Resource-Based View: Informing The Exploitation/Exploration Mode And Valuing Capabilities, Jacqueline Post, J Paul Leavell 2019 BluCurrent Credit Union

Diligence-Based Strategy, Strategic Marketing Ambidexterity, And The Resource-Based View: Informing The Exploitation/Exploration Mode And Valuing Capabilities, Jacqueline Post, J Paul Leavell

Atlantic Marketing Association Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Taking Leaps Of Faith: Evaluation Criteria And Resource Commitments For Early-Stage Inventions, Phillip H. KIM, Reddi KOTHA, Sebastian P. L. FOURNÉ, Kristof COUSSEMENT 2019 Babson College

Taking Leaps Of Faith: Evaluation Criteria And Resource Commitments For Early-Stage Inventions, Phillip H. Kim, Reddi Kotha, Sebastian P. L. Fourné, Kristof Coussement

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

Successfully developed academic inventions have the potential to spawn new technological domains, form the basis of thriving business ventures, and improve the well-being of society. However, evaluating whether an early-stage scientific invention truly has such potential is extremely difficult, and financially backing such inventions is highly risky. And yet, organizations and their evaluators still back some of these inventions with resources for further development. We investigate this puzzle to pinpoint how and why evaluators decide to offer resource commitments at early stages, despite the red flags raised using standard evaluation criteria. Many academic inventions need these initial resources to dispel ...


General Mental Ability And Goal Type As Antecedents Of Recurrent Adaptive Task Performance, Michael D. Howe 2019 Iowa State University

General Mental Ability And Goal Type As Antecedents Of Recurrent Adaptive Task Performance, Michael D. Howe

Management Publications

Even though considerable work has demonstrated a robust positive relationship between general mental ability (GMA) and task performance, recent work indicates that the expected relationship may not hold in the context of adaptive performance. By integrating the concept of choking, or performing worse than expected, with goal theory, the present work advances a theoretical framework aimed at furthering our understanding of how and when GMA is most likely to meaningfully impact performance. Drawing on this perspective, we propose that the relationship between GMA and adaptive performance is uniquely dependent on the type of goal individuals are striving to achieve. Additionally ...


Terrorism In The Middle East: Implications On Egyptian Travel And Tourism, Tamer Z.F Mohamed, Tamer S. Elseyoufi 2018 Southern Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Tainan

Terrorism In The Middle East: Implications On Egyptian Travel And Tourism, Tamer Z.F Mohamed, Tamer S. Elseyoufi

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

This paper attempts to shed the light on challenging issues affecting travel and tourism industry especially in the Middle East such as political, socio-economic and security instability. Due to its geopolitical and historical importance, the paper focuses on the situation in Egypt as a descriptive case study. The methodology relies on historical review and impact assessment to understand the roots and extended branches of instability in the Middle East that led to the Arab Spring, by focusing on the Egyptian case in the last half century. The assessment explains the negative effect of Western and Egyptian policy on extending the ...


Strategic Leadership Newsletter: Volume 4, Number 4, Larry Starr, PhD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Strategic Leadership Newsletter: Volume 4, Number 4, Larry Starr, Phd

Strategic Leadership Newsletter

In this Issue:

  • Our New Dean
  • Jefferson DSL Welcomes Cohort #7
  • Student Reflection
  • International Thanksgiving 2018
  • 2nd Annual DSL Applied Research Methods Conference
  • Call for Papers for the 79th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management
  • DSL Community Milestones and Professional Updates
  • 2019 Planning According to the Academic Calendar


Performance Trends Matter: But Why, How, And When?, Jochen REB, Gary J. GREGURAS, Shenghua LUAN 2018 Singapore Management University

Performance Trends Matter: But Why, How, And When?, Jochen Reb, Gary J. Greguras, Shenghua Luan

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

That performance is dynamic and varies over time has long been recognized. However, research is only beginning to understand the implications of dynamic performance for performance appraisals and performance-based decisions. Against this backdrop, despite what we see as serious methodological concerns (e.g., single-item measures, operationalization of variables), we believe that Schmidt (2017) makes several contributions that point to important directions for future research.


Church Planting In An African-American Context: A Guide For Independent Reformations, Ray J. Johnson 2018 Fuller Theological Seminary

Church Planting In An African-American Context: A Guide For Independent Reformations, Ray J. Johnson

Doctor of Ministry Projects

The purpose of this doctoral project is to provide a set of contextual churchplanting strategies for African-American episcopal and pastoral leaders who will launch, develop and grow spiritually healthy leaders and churches. The church-planting movement of Calvary Revival Churches (hereafter CRC) is located in southeastern Virginia. The area’s independent cities mirror the boroughs of New York City. The CRC brand launched four churches with five campuses spread throughout the Hampton Roads region. To date only two CRC church campuses remain. The expansiveness of suburban sprawl and residential centers coupled with centralized commercial services have always left disconnected and disenfranchised ...


A Model For Better Social Project Management, Brenda Massetti 2018 St. John's University

A Model For Better Social Project Management, Brenda Massetti

Journal of Vincentian Social Action

With environmental degradation and other social ills on the rise, demand for businesses to perform social action is growing (Robertson, 2014). Yet, most Commercial enterprises take a diminutive view of social projects, and many Social enterprises flounder in the harsh realities of commerce (Austin, Stevenson, and Wei-Killern, 2012). To improve all enterprises’ social performance, the paper introduces the Social Project Grid, a dual-factor assessment tool which prioritizes social projects for better managerial oversight. In specific, it compares social projects on their Resource Use and Outcome Clarity to highlight which projects are successful and which are in trouble. Not only is ...


Unrequited: Asymmetry In Interorganizational Trust Forthcoming In Strategic Organization, Melissa E. Graebner, Fabrice Lumineau, Darcy Fudge Kamal 2018 University of Texas at Austin

Unrequited: Asymmetry In Interorganizational Trust Forthcoming In Strategic Organization, Melissa E. Graebner, Fabrice Lumineau, Darcy Fudge Kamal

Business Faculty Articles and Research

Many studies of interorganizational relationships assume that trust between organizations is symmetric. In this essay, we explore the origins of this assumption and examine relevant quantitative and qualitative evidence from the literatures on strategy, marketing, supply chain management, and information systems. We conclude that no systematic evidence currently exists to support the assumption that interorganizational trust is typically symmetric. We explore how the possibility of asymmetry complicates interpretation of previous research on the effects of interorganizational trust. We encourage further research to identify conditions under which symmetry is likely, and offer a variety of strategies that scholars may use to ...


Strategic Sequential Bidding For Government Land Auction Sales – Evidence From Singapore, Sumit AGARWAL, Jing LI, Ernie TEO, Alan CHEONG 2018 Georgetown University

Strategic Sequential Bidding For Government Land Auction Sales – Evidence From Singapore, Sumit Agarwal, Jing Li, Ernie Teo, Alan Cheong

Research Collection School Of Economics

This paper studies the extent to which equilibrium auction prices are pushed up sequentially due to strategic bidding behaviors in government land auction sales. Using a unique dataset that covers the universe of tendering prices submitted by all developers for all residential land auction sales in Singapore, we find that a tenderer’s bids are significantly higher where there was a previous land parcel sold within two years and located within four kilometers. The elevated price margin decreases with time and geographic distance. Tracking sequential bids submitted by same developers over time, we find that the incumbent winner of a ...


Middle-Status Conformity Revisited: The Interplay Between Achieved And Ascribed Status, Matteo PRATO, Emmanuel KRYPRAIOS, Gokhan ERTUG, Yonghoon G. LEE 2018 Singapore Management University

Middle-Status Conformity Revisited: The Interplay Between Achieved And Ascribed Status, Matteo Prato, Emmanuel Krypraios, Gokhan Ertug, Yonghoon G. Lee

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

Decisions about conforming to or deviating from conventional practices in a field is an important concern of organization and management theory. The position that actors occupy in the status hierarchy has been shown to be an important determinant of these decisions. The dominant hypothesis, known as middle-status-conformity, posits that middle-status actors are more likely to conform to conventional practices than high- and low-status actors do. We challenge this hypothesis by revisiting its fundamental assumptions and developing a theory where actors’ propensity to conform based on their achieved status further depends on their ascribed status that actors inherit from their social ...


Many Hands: The Effect Of The Prior Inventor-Intermediaries Relationship On Academic Licensing, Young-Choon KIM, Mooweon RHEE, Reddi KOTHA 2018 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST)

Many Hands: The Effect Of The Prior Inventor-Intermediaries Relationship On Academic Licensing, Young-Choon Kim, Mooweon Rhee, Reddi Kotha

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

We study the role of the relationship among inventors and intermediaries in the licensing of university inventions. We suggest that a prior inventor-intermediaries relationship positively influences licensing rates through selective retention of higher quality relationships and mutual learning in the relationship, enabling intermediaries to reduce both information asymmetry and search costs between inventors and potential licensees. We argue that the influence of a prior inventor-intermediaries relationship on licensing is especially important before intellectual property protection is attained and can be substituted by the buyer-side contacts of inventors and intermediaries. We test these predictions using 919 inventions from the technology transfer ...


A Capability-Based View Of Boards: A New Conceptual Framework For Board Governance, Patricia KLARNER, Toru YOSHIKAWA, Michael HIIT 2018 Singapore Management University

A Capability-Based View Of Boards: A New Conceptual Framework For Board Governance, Patricia Klarner, Toru Yoshikawa, Michael Hiit

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

A key role of board directors is to govern corporate strategy. Whereas prior research has provided insights into board roles and activities regarding board governance, the underlying capabilities required to govern effectively remain understudied. This article explores and explicates a capability-based view of board actions in which the specific capabilities that enable boards to govern strategic activities are identified. We specifically examine the conceptual foundations and different types of board capabilities, drawing on illustrative cases as well as information from interviews with board directors in the United States, Asia, and Europe. We then discuss several future research directions that can ...


Community Resilience Management : Reflections And Strategies From Corporate Sustainability, Jennifer Schneider, John Hummel, Joseph M. Rosenbeck 4756469, Sarah Dobie 2018 Rochester Institute of Technology

Community Resilience Management : Reflections And Strategies From Corporate Sustainability, Jennifer Schneider, John Hummel, Joseph M. Rosenbeck 4756469, Sarah Dobie

Journal of Environmental Sustainability

Creating community resilience is a daunting task, both in scope and application, therefore it is useful to examine related efforts to inform our strategy. Sustainability, specifically corporate sustainability, has developed through similar challenges and provides insight into the possible trajectory of community resilience management. We find that both concepts reflect similar origins, developmental paths and merging goals at a scale that can be systematically managed. Therefore, we describe four strategies from corporate sustainability management that can be applied to community resilience 1) consider the community context while implementing an increasingly broad view of responsibility; 2) integrate and engage across constructs ...


Rea, Alex Tacco Melendez, Anju Babu, Neeti Verma, Pravallika Kavikondala 2018 Portland State University

Rea, Alex Tacco Melendez, Anju Babu, Neeti Verma, Pravallika Kavikondala

Engineering and Technology Management Student Projects

REA is an American company that plans to enter the beauty and skincare industry. It wants to enter the skincare industry with a range of innovative products. However, we will focus on analyzing its moisturizing cream and creating a strategic plan for the product.

In our research we were able to understand how the firm studied the current conditions in the skincare and beauty industry to identify a potential business opportunity. We believe that the firm has been successful in recognizing the opportunity and developing a product that would be able to exploit the opportunity they identified.

We studied the ...


Chopstop: A Strategic Plan, Chris Monti, Jill Lilith, Mert Cihan Tonkal, Bret Hunley 2018 Portland State University

Chopstop: A Strategic Plan, Chris Monti, Jill Lilith, Mert Cihan Tonkal, Bret Hunley

Engineering and Technology Management Student Projects

This project is an analysis of the current strategies that ChopStop, a saw manufacturing company should take in the wake of the business environment today. The goal of the project is to identify the Mission, Vision and Values of the company and use these to steer the direction of the organization moving forward. This project will center on the principles and tools taught by the ETM 525 class, the text Strategic Management Competitiveness and Globalization and the tools explained between them. First, the team starts with framing the organization, its history and their milestones. We then introduce the AIM system ...


The Making Of A Construct: Lessons From 30 Years Of The Kogut And Singh Cultural Distance Index, Ilya R. P. CUYPERS, Gokhan ERTUG, Pursey Pmar M.A.R. HEUGENS, Bruce KOGUT, Tengjian ZOU 2018 Singapore Management University

The Making Of A Construct: Lessons From 30 Years Of The Kogut And Singh Cultural Distance Index, Ilya R. P. Cuypers, Gokhan Ertug, Pursey Pmar M.A.R. Heugens, Bruce Kogut, Tengjian Zou

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

The 30-year anniversary of Kogut and Singh’s (1988) groundbreaking study that introduced the concept of cultural distance and its accompanying measure provides the opportunity to take stock of what makes for a good construct. We organize our discussion around the issues of concept, algorithm, and data to clarify and gauge their contribution, before highlighting the impact of their work more generally. Many of the challenges raised by critical observers focus on one of these three dimensions. As there is value in looking systematically at the construct from concept to data, we set out the argument of the index and ...


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