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J. C. Penney: The Man, The Store And American Agriculture (Under Contract), David Kruger 2016 University of Wyoming

J. C. Penney: The Man, The Store And American Agriculture (Under Contract), David Kruger

David Delbert Kruger

No abstract provided.


Indiana Council For Economic Education, Jeff Sanson 2016 Purdue University

Indiana Council For Economic Education, Jeff Sanson

Purdue P-12 Networking Summit & Poster Session

The Indiana Council for Economic Education (ICEE), a center in the Department of Agricultural Economics prepare students to become active citizens and productive members of our economy by providing them with the ability to make sound economic and financial decisions.

This poster provides a summary of activities conducted throughout Indiana.


Why Can't U.S. Beef Compete In The European Union?, Roxanne L. B. Clemens, Bruce A. Babcock 2016 Iowa State University

Why Can't U.S. Beef Compete In The European Union?, Roxanne L. B. Clemens, Bruce A. Babcock

Bruce Babcock

The stringent guidelines for producing, harvesting, and shipping certified non-hormone treated beef for the European Union create additional costs that greatly reduce the competitiveness of U.S. beef. What had once been a large market for beef variety meats and then a niche market for non-treated beef has all but vanished because the E.U. hormone ban and regulations for producing and certifying non-treated beef have made U.S. product too expensive to export. Some producers continue to obtain U.S. Department of Agriculture certification for their non-hormone treated beef, but most are selling their fully traceable, certified cattle into ...


Time To Revisit Crop Insurance Premium Subsidies?, Bruce A. Babcock 2016 Iowa State University

Time To Revisit Crop Insurance Premium Subsidies?, Bruce A. Babcock

Bruce Babcock

In 2000, Congress decided to move away from a fixed-dollar-per-acre premium subsidy to a subsidy percentage that applies to any crop insurance product offered. This change reduced the cost to farmers of moving from yield insurance to revenue insurance by more than 50%. In addition, Congress decided to pay a large proportion of the additional premium for higher coverage levels, paying for more than half the cost of moving from the 65% to the 75% coverage level and about 25% of the additional cost of moving from 75% to 80% coverage. Not surprisingly, farmers responded to these lower costs by ...


Risk-Free Farming?, Bruce A. Babcock, Chad Hart 2016 Iowa State University

Risk-Free Farming?, Bruce A. Babcock, Chad Hart

Bruce Babcock

No abstract provided.


Re-Energizing Supply Chains, Bruce A. Babcock 2016 Iowa State University

Re-Energizing Supply Chains, Bruce A. Babcock

Bruce Babcock

The Internet is fast becoming the focal point for new investments in agriculture. Venture capital is funding Internet startup companies that want to transform the way business is conducted in agriculture; and traditional agricultural suppliers and processors are making online investments. But what is likely to be the outcome of such investments?


Livestock Revenue Insurance, Chad E. Hart, Bruce A. Babcock, Dermot J. Hayes 2016 Iowa State University

Livestock Revenue Insurance, Chad E. Hart, Bruce A. Babcock, Dermot J. Hayes

Bruce Babcock

This study outlines several possible structures for livestock revenue insurance. The policies take the form of an exotic option—an Asian basket option. The actuarially fair premiums for these policies are equal to the prices of the options they represent. Due to the complexity of pricing Asian basket options, we have combined two techniques for pricing options to reach the actuarially fair premiums. Projected premiums, producer welfare, and program efficiency are evaluated for the insurance products and existing market tools. Using efficiency ratios and certainty equivalent returns, we compare the insurance policies to strategies involving existing futures and options.


Reinvesting Profits From The Beef Operation, Lee L. Schulz 2016 Iowa State University

Reinvesting Profits From The Beef Operation, Lee L. Schulz

Lee Schulz

Ask any veteran cattle producer about profitability and they likely will have several “I remember back in...” stories. It is well known that economic returns to cattle production fluctuate considerably over time and year-to-year and even within year swings can be quite extreme. When profits are high, producers must decide how to allocate these funds to capitalize on the good times. The key question for cattle producers to consider is “How do I reinvest profits from the prosperous times to remain profitable over the long-run when profits come back down?” Many investment options do exist and they are all very ...


Production Risk And The Estimation Of Ex-Ante Cost Functions, GianCarlo Moschini 2016 Iowa State

Production Risk And The Estimation Of Ex-Ante Cost Functions, Giancarlo Moschini

Giancarlo Moschini

Following the pioneering work of Shephard (1953), Diewert (1971) and McFadden (1978), the cost function approach has proven very useful and popular in applied production studies. Insofar as the hypothesis of cost minimization is correct, estimating a cost function is usually deemed preferable to estimating a primal specification of the technology because, by using input prices instead of input quantities on the right-hand side of estimating equations, one removes a potential source of simultaneous equation bias. Specifically, in the cost function framework input choices are modeled as a function of input prices and the output level. But, as emphasized in ...


Intellectual Property Rights And The Welfare Effects Of Agricultural R&D, GianCarlo Moschini, HARVEY E. LAPAN 2016 Iowa State

Intellectual Property Rights And The Welfare Effects Of Agricultural R&D, Giancarlo Moschini, Harvey E. Lapan

Giancarlo Moschini

The profound changes that have affected the agricultural sector of developed countries in modern times are perhaps best illustrated by the evolution of production techniques. Mechanization, new chemical inputs such as herbicides, pesticides and fertilizers, genetic selection of crops and animals, new crop varieties, and countless other technical and organizational improvements have allowed a generalized increase in physical output while, at the same time, agriculture suffered a massive exodus of labor forces towards the non-farm sectors. Indeed, one of the stylized facts of developed countries post-war growth is that productivity in agriculture has grown faster than that of other sectors ...


Economic Perspectives On Gmo Market Segregation, John A. Miranowski, Giancarlo Moschini, Bruce Babcock, Michael Duffy, Robert Wisner, JOHN C. BEGHIN, Dermot J. Hayes, Sergio H. Lence, C. Phillip Baumel, Neil E. Harl 2016 Iowa State University

Economic Perspectives On Gmo Market Segregation, John A. Miranowski, Giancarlo Moschini, Bruce Babcock, Michael Duffy, Robert Wisner, John C. Beghin, Dermot J. Hayes, Sergio H. Lence, C. Phillip Baumel, Neil E. Harl

Giancarlo Moschini

Genetically modified .organisms (GMO) crops have become increasingly popular with Iowa farmers over the past few,years. The current genetic modifications are focused on pest management technologies. Although there were early efforts by environmental activists to disrupt the adoption of GMO technology, few concerns were raised by U.S. food retailers and consumers., The primary concern was getting European Union (EU) regulatory-approval for each GMO crop variety event as late as spring 1999. The situation has changed dramatically in the last few months, and the current situation is highly uncertain. .


Dynamic Corn Supply Functions: A Model With Explicit Optimization, Abebayehu Tegene, Wallace E. Huffman, John A. Miranowski 2016 Iowa State University

Dynamic Corn Supply Functions: A Model With Explicit Optimization, Abebayehu Tegene, Wallace E. Huffman, John A. Miranowski

John Miranowski

Both static and dynamic models have been used to estimate aggregate supply elasticities for annual crops. The early studies relied on static single-equation models in a few variables, assumed static price expectations (e.g., Kohls and Paarlberg), and produced very small estimates of own-price supply elasticities (e.g., 0.07 for corn), Nerlove (1956, 1958a) and Nerlove and Addison showed that models of agricultural supply that incorporated adap tive price expectations and (or) dynamic resource adjustment produced larger estimates of supply elasticities for corn and other agricultural commodities. Additionally, they showed that supply elasticities obtained from static models need not ...


Economic Perspectives On Gmo Market Segregation, John A. Miranowski, Giancarlo Moschini, Bruce Babcock, Michael Duffy, Robert Wisner, JOHN C. BEGHIN, Dermot J. Hayes, Sergio H. Lence, C. Phillip Baumel, Neil E. Harl 2016 Iowa State University

Economic Perspectives On Gmo Market Segregation, John A. Miranowski, Giancarlo Moschini, Bruce Babcock, Michael Duffy, Robert Wisner, John C. Beghin, Dermot J. Hayes, Sergio H. Lence, C. Phillip Baumel, Neil E. Harl

John Miranowski

Genetically modified .organisms (GMO) crops have become increasingly popular with Iowa farmers over the past few,years. The current genetic modifications are focused on pest management technologies. Although there were early efforts by environmental activists to disrupt the adoption of GMO technology, few concerns were raised by U.S. food retailers and consumers., The primary concern was getting European Union (EU) regulatory-approval for each GMO crop variety event as late as spring 1999. The situation has changed dramatically in the last few months, and the current situation is highly uncertain. .


Effects Of Energy Price Rises, Energy Constraints, And Energy Minimization On Crop And Livestock Production Activities, John A. Miranowski 2016 Iowa State University

Effects Of Energy Price Rises, Energy Constraints, And Energy Minimization On Crop And Livestock Production Activities, John A. Miranowski

John Miranowski

During past periods of cheap fossil fuels and abundant agricultural production, farmers and society in general displayed limited interest in energy costs and in crop and livestock production residuals. The events of the 1970's, including rising energy prices, restricted energy supplies, and growing awareness of the Impact of confined livestock feeding on world food supplies, have given rise to interest in new and old technologies that con serve energy use in agriculture and to the need for adjustments in current agricultural production practices.


Energy Use In The Food And Fiber System, John A. Miranowski 2016 Iowa State University

Energy Use In The Food And Fiber System, John A. Miranowski

John Miranowski

At the organizational meeting of NCR-il2!—Energy Use in the Food and Fiber System—the connnittee identified four key areas pertaining to energy use in the food and fiber system and established subcommittees to evaluate the state of research knowledge in these areas. The subcommittees prepared working papers, which were presented at the annual meeting of NCR-112 and at a subcommittee meeting in St. Louis, Missouri, during 1979...


The U.S. Pork Industry In Transition, John D. Lawrence 2016 Iowa State University

The U.S. Pork Industry In Transition, John D. Lawrence

John Lawrence

The swine industry continues to change, but the rate of change appears to be' increasing. The number of farms with hogs declined dramatically in the last twenty years. Nationally, in 1991, there are only 30% as many farms with hogs that existed in 1970 (Figure 1). Midwestern states, and Iowa in particular, fared better than the national total, losing "only" 60 percent of the hog farms. While farm numbers decline, the number of hogs produced in the U.S. remains relatively stable. As a result, the average number of hogs per farm has doubled nationally in Iowa and most other ...


Production And Marketing Characteristics Of U.S. Pork Producers, 1997-1998, John D. Lawrence, Glenn Grimes, Marvin Hayenga 2016 Iowa State University

Production And Marketing Characteristics Of U.S. Pork Producers, 1997-1998, John D. Lawrence, Glenn Grimes, Marvin Hayenga

John Lawrence

The pork production sector is undergoing a significant, perhaps unprecedented change in its size and ownership structure. Further, the marketing linkages of pork producers,with meat packers are changing dramatically. These .changes can have profound effects on industry performance and the appropriate strategies for virtually all the players in or associated with the pork industry,, such as feed complies, breeding stock and animal health suppliers, producers,.processors, pork merchandisers, and other.


Remodeling Your Production System, Derrell S. Peel, John D. Lawrence 2016 Oklahoma State University

Remodeling Your Production System, Derrell S. Peel, John D. Lawrence

John Lawrence

Production systems developed and optimized with $1.25/lb calves, $2/bu corn, $40/ton hay, $30/acre pasture rents and $150/ton nitrogen need to be re-evaluated in the light of higher input costs and cheaper calves. Economic returns to cowherds depend on both revenue and costs. Both of these depend on your production system and most if not all the pieces interact within the system of production, marketing and management. Following an overview of the economic implications of changing market conditions, we discuss a few of the critical factors that producers should evaluate and before deciding to remodel ...


Overcoming Information Barriers In Cattle Marketing, Brent Hueth, John D. Lawrence 2016 Iowa State University

Overcoming Information Barriers In Cattle Marketing, Brent Hueth, John D. Lawrence

John Lawrence

Beef consumption has declined steadily over the last two decades, both in total quantity and as a share of U.S. meat consumption. Reductions in the price of pork and poultry and health concerns about the effects of red meat consumption account for much of this trend. However, relative improvements in the quality and consistency of pork and poultry products may also be a factor. Perhaps it is no coincidence that the beef industry has trailed pork and poultry in adopting methods for vertical coordination among the various production stages from farm to market. Contract arrangements and vertical linkages—alliances ...


Opportunities And Challenges For Dairy Steer Production In Northwest Iowa, Beth E. Doran, Ron Orth, John D. Lawrence 2016 Iowa State University

Opportunities And Challenges For Dairy Steer Production In Northwest Iowa, Beth E. Doran, Ron Orth, John D. Lawrence

John Lawrence

A dairy steer survey, co-sponsored by Iowa State University Extension and the Iowa Institute for Cooperatives, was mailed to 635 cattle producers in northwest Iowa to assay the potential opportunities and challenges of feeding dairy steers. Replies from 177 surveys were summarized. Thirty-seven percent cited profitability as the major reason they had fed dairy steers. In comparing beef and dairy steers, reduced feeder calf cost was cited as an advantage with dairy steers. However, market access, finished market price and feed efficiency of dairy steers rated poorer than with beef steers. The biggest challenge to dairy steer production was market ...


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