Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Labor Relations Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2,944 Full-Text Articles 1,557 Authors 1,107,469 Downloads 79 Institutions

All Articles in Labor Relations

Faceted Search

2,944 full-text articles. Page 1 of 78.

Fashioning Desire At B. Altman & Co.: Ethics And Consumer Culture In Early Department Stores, Tessa Maffucci 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Fashioning Desire At B. Altman & Co.: Ethics And Consumer Culture In Early Department Stores, Tessa Maffucci

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects (2014-Present)

We live in an age of fast fashion. Clothing is produced in greater volumes than ever before and the lifecycle of each garment keeps getting shorter and shorter. Many items are manufactured to be worn only one time and then thrown away—as disposable as a cup of coffee. There is much to be learned about our current fashion ecosystem by looking into the past. Beyond the garments themselves we must understand the larger historical and sociological context in which these articles of clothing were produced. How does the shopping environment shape the buying habits and fashion trends of an ...


Better Work And Global Governance, Paul Alois 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Better Work And Global Governance, Paul Alois

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects (2014-Present)

This dissertation is a case study of Better Work, a program run by the International Labor Organization and the International Finance Corporation. It aims to improve working conditions and productivity in the apparel industry. The purpose of this case study is to examine the role that international organizations can play in global governance. The research presented here comes from interviews, document analysis, and an examination of quantitative data on factories’ working conditions. In-person interviews were conducted in the United States, Switzerland, Vietnam, and Indonesia; many phone interviews took place with individuals in other countries. Both publicly available documents and internal ...


For A Dollar, Would You…? How (We Think) Money Affects Compliance With Our Requests, Vanessa K. Bohns, Daniel A. Newark, Amy Z. Xu 2016 Cornell University

For A Dollar, Would You…? How (We Think) Money Affects Compliance With Our Requests, Vanessa K. Bohns, Daniel A. Newark, Amy Z. Xu

Vanessa K. Bohns

Research has shown a robust tendency for people to underestimate their ability to get others to comply with their requests. In five studies, we demonstrate that this underestimation-of-compliance effect is reduced when requesters offer money in exchange for compliance. In Studies 1 and 2, participants assigned to a no-incentive or monetary-incentive condition made actual requests of others. In both studies, requesters who offered no incentives underestimated the likelihood that those they approached would grant their requests; however, when requesters offered monetary incentives, this prediction error was mitigated. In Studies 3-5, we present evidence in support of a model to explain ...


Across Boundaries: The Global Challenges Facing Workers And Employment Research, Gregory Jackson, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Carola Frege 2016 Cornell University

Across Boundaries: The Global Challenges Facing Workers And Employment Research, Gregory Jackson, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Carola Frege

Sarosh Kuruvilla

The overall complexity of employment relations today raises new challenges for scholars to extend their work across the boundaries of particular geographies, organizations, theoretical perspectives and disciplines. To celebrate the 50th anniversary of the British Journal of Industrial Relations, this article introduces key aspects of global challenges facing employees and research on employment relations. Drawing on the articles of this anniversary issue, we identify several theoretical concepts drawn from the wider social sciences that have proven useful in understanding global challenges around global value chains, transnational and multi-level institutional frameworks, and the role of global finance. We also identify and ...


Empathy Gaps Between Helpers And Help-Seekers: Implications For Cooperation, Vanessa K. Bohns, Francis J. Flynn 2016 Cornell University

Empathy Gaps Between Helpers And Help-Seekers: Implications For Cooperation, Vanessa K. Bohns, Francis J. Flynn

Vanessa K. Bohns

Help-seekers and potential helpers often experience an “empathy gap” – an inability to understand each other’s unique perspectives. Both parties are concerned about their reputation, self-esteem, and relationships, but these concerns differ in ways that lead to misinterpretation of the other party’s actions, and, in turn, missed opportunities for cooperation. In this article, we review research that describes the role-specific concerns of helpers and help-seekers. We then review studies of emotional perspective-taking, which can help explain why help-seekers and helpers often experience empathy gaps. We go on to discuss recent work that illustrates the consequences of empathy gaps between ...


Chapitre 3 Bench 2016.Pdf, Torsten Müller, Magdalena Bernaciak, Stefan Clauwaert, Isabelle Schömann, Kurt Vandaele 2016 European Trade Union Institute

Chapitre 3 Bench 2016.Pdf, Torsten Müller, Magdalena Bernaciak, Stefan Clauwaert, Isabelle Schömann, Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

For years, European crisis management in the field of wages and collective bargaining has been dominated by an interventionist approach aimed at putting pressure on wages, at decentralising collective bargaining systems, and at reducing workers’ rights. In previous editions of the Benchmarking Working Europe report we illustrated the far-reaching consequences of this approach in the crisis countries in terms of real wage decreases and, in particular, dismantling of multi-employer collective bargaining arrangements. Against this background, one purpose of the current chapter is to review whether under the Juncker Commission – in office since November 2014 – there have been changes in how ...


Chapitre 3 Bench 2016.Pdf, Torsten Müller, Magdalena Bernaciak, Stefan Clauwaert, Isabelle Schömann, Kurt Vandaele 2016 European Trade Union Institute

Chapitre 3 Bench 2016.Pdf, Torsten Müller, Magdalena Bernaciak, Stefan Clauwaert, Isabelle Schömann, Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

For years, European crisis management in the field of wages and collective bargaining has been dominated by an interventionist approach aimed at putting pressure on wages, at decentralising collective bargaining systems, and at reducing workers’ rights. In previous editions of the Benchmarking Working Europe report we illustrated the far-reaching consequences of this approach in the crisis countries in terms of real wage decreases and, in particular, dismantling of multi-employer collective bargaining arrangements. Against this background, one purpose of the current chapter is to review whether under the Juncker Commission – in office since November 2014 – there have been changes in how ...


A Careers Perspective On Entrepreneurship, M. Diane Burton, Jesper B. Sørensen, Stanislav D. Dobrev 2016 Cornell University

A Careers Perspective On Entrepreneurship, M. Diane Burton, Jesper B. Sørensen, Stanislav D. Dobrev

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] What if being an entrepreneur were treated like any other occupation—teacher, nurse, manager? What if the decision to found a new venture were thought of as one of many options that individuals consider as they try to structure a meaningful and rewarding career? How would the field of entrepreneurship research be different? In our view, there is much to be learned by conceiving of entrepreneurship not solely as a final destination, but as a step along a career trajectory. Doing so opens the study of entrepreneurship to a wider range of scholarly insights, and promises important insights for ...


Collective Bargaining Leadership - An Adjunct Perspective, Robin Meade 2016 Triton College

Collective Bargaining Leadership - An Adjunct Perspective, Robin Meade

Journal of Collective Bargaining in the Academy

No abstract provided.


An Analytical Review Of Higher Education Unionism Over The Last 40 Plus Years As A Union Staff Person, Mark Chaykin 2016 New York State United Teachers

An Analytical Review Of Higher Education Unionism Over The Last 40 Plus Years As A Union Staff Person, Mark Chaykin

Journal of Collective Bargaining in the Academy

An analytical review of an observer and participant in the changes that have occurred on the campuses of both public and private (independent) universities and colleges with regard to the unionization of faculty, non-teaching professionals, support staff, and adjuncts.


Part-Time Faculty: Semantics And The Meaning Of Contingent Teaching, Margaret E. Winters 2016 Wayne State University

Part-Time Faculty: Semantics And The Meaning Of Contingent Teaching, Margaret E. Winters

Journal of Collective Bargaining in the Academy

The variety of titles for non-tenure-track, part-time, contingent faculty and their semantic meanings are explored. The terms are not random when looked at collectively, but rather form a pattern which is indicative of contemporary post-secondary academic employment and culture. More specifically, these titles reflect several characteristics of the faculty who bear them: among others, the fact that they are not in full-time employment, the fact that their contracts are for shorter periods of time than those of tenure-track faculty, and the fact that their contracts reflect an expectation of impermanence in employment. Also expressed in the titles are more nuanced ...


Wage Distribution Impacts Of Higher Education Faculty Unionization, Charles S. Wassell Jr, David W. Hedrick, Steven E. Henson, John M. Krieg 2016 Central Washington University

Wage Distribution Impacts Of Higher Education Faculty Unionization, Charles S. Wassell Jr, David W. Hedrick, Steven E. Henson, John M. Krieg

Journal of Collective Bargaining in the Academy

The literature on the effects of unions on the distribution of wages at the macroeconomic and inter-industry levels has given little attention to the effects at the firm level. At the same time, research on collective bargaining impacts in higher education has focused on the overall wage level rather than on the distribution of salaries. Using panel data on individual faculty members, we find faculty unionization to be associated with a significant flattening of the wage distribution across academic disciplines. This has implications for why faculty might choose to unionize, even in the absence of an overall wage premium.


The Impact Of Pacific Lutheran On Collective Bargaining At Catholic Colleges And Universities, Maryann Parker, Saerom Park 2016 SEIU

The Impact Of Pacific Lutheran On Collective Bargaining At Catholic Colleges And Universities, Maryann Parker, Saerom Park

Journal of Collective Bargaining in the Academy

In 1979, the Supreme Court found that teachers at a Catholic parochial school were exempt from the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) because of First Amendment religious infringement risks. Subsequently, the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) has faced controversy over its efforts to delineate an appropriate test for the religious exemption in the higher education context. This uncertainty over the NLRB’s test has resulted in time-consuming litigation and hampered faculty’s ability to organize at schools where Board jurisdiction would not present a significant risk of First Amendment infringement. This paper argues that the Board’s recent decision in ...


The New Focus Of Academic Organizing: Private Institutions Now Face Academic Collective Bargaining, Nicholas DiGiovanni Jr. 2016 Morgan, Brown & Joy

The New Focus Of Academic Organizing: Private Institutions Now Face Academic Collective Bargaining, Nicholas Digiovanni Jr.

Journal of Collective Bargaining in the Academy

Academic labor unions will likely become a growing presence on the campuses of private colleges and universities in the years ahead due to three main factors. First, the NLRB has agreed to hear a case involving a petition by the United Auto Workers to represent graduate teaching assistants at The New School, and it is quite likely that the NLRB will reverse past precedent and find that graduate teaching and research assistants will have the right to unionize at private institutions. Second, the Board also issued a highly consequential decision in December of 2014 which will make it exceedingly difficult ...


What Are We Negotiating For? Public Interest Bargaining, Gary Rhoades 2016 University of Arizona

What Are We Negotiating For? Public Interest Bargaining, Gary Rhoades

Journal of Collective Bargaining in the Academy

Most bargaining, interest-based or traditional, focuses on the interests of the negotiating parties. The premise of traditional bargaining is that the two parties at the table have fundamentally competing interests, and that it is a game in which one party’s win is the other’s loss. In some regards, Interest-Based Bargaining (IBB) offers a different starting point and process. An IBB approach involves going through a formal training before the negotiations. It reframes the negotiation process as a search for common ground and mutual interest/gain. No matter what process is followed, each party brings to the table what ...


Myth: Hard Work And Credentials Determine Employment Opportunities, 2016 Selected Works

Myth: Hard Work And Credentials Determine Employment Opportunities

Alev Dudek

"The way one's career develops has little to do with what one went to school for, envisioned, or carefully planned. Careers generally result from coincidence. Regardless of these facts, job seekers are told to endure extensive career testing and planning, or they are asked to create artificial networks that seldom lead to more than frustration. They are given tests that allegedly determine which careers a particular individual would excel in and be a good fit for based on his or her skills and interests, as if the individual would not excel in other careers as much, or as if ...


Arbitration: A Positive Employment Tool And Potential Antidote To Class Actions, Gregg Gilman, David Sherwyn 2016 Cornell Universtiy

Arbitration: A Positive Employment Tool And Potential Antidote To Class Actions, Gregg Gilman, David Sherwyn

David S. Sherwyn

More than two years have elapsed since employers let out a sigh of relief when the Supreme Court overturned the 9th Circuit decision in Wal-Mart v. Dukes and decertified the class of plaintiffs suing Wal-Mart, the nation’s largest employer, for sex discrimination.1 The class consisted of approximately 1.5 million of the retailer’s former and current female employees.2 While the details of the lower and Supreme Court decisions are beyond the scope of this paper, the lesson for many employers was the fear that class actions, regardless of merit, could put an entire company at risk ...


When Federal Immigration Exclusion Meets Subfederal Workplace Inclusion: A Forensic Approach To Legislative History, Kati Griffith 2016 Cornell University

When Federal Immigration Exclusion Meets Subfederal Workplace Inclusion: A Forensic Approach To Legislative History, Kati Griffith

Kati Griffith

What happens when a person is simultaneously viewed as an unauthorized immigrant without rights according to a federal regime and as an employee with rights according to a subfederal regime? In the wake of widespread and inconsistent adjudication of this issue, this Article sheds new light on this pressing question. To date, pertinent court battles and scholarship have led to a virtual stalemate and often focus exclusively on normative policy arguments. By contrast, this Article employs an empirically-grounded review of fifteen years of legislative history to analyze this paradox. This review illustrates that the denial of workplace protections to unauthorized ...


The Relationship Between Social Media Co-Worker Connections And Work - Related Attitudes, Gordon B. Schmidt, Ariel M. Lelchook, James E. Martin 2016 Indiana University - Purdue University Fort Wayne

The Relationship Between Social Media Co-Worker Connections And Work - Related Attitudes, Gordon B. Schmidt, Ariel M. Lelchook, James E. Martin

Organizational Leadership and Supervision Faculty Publications

Many people have social media connections with co-workers. An important question that arises is how such connections impact important organizational factors. This study begins to look at such impact by examining how a user's total number of co-worker social media connections and the percentage of total social media connections that are co-workers impacts perceptions of organizational support and organizational spontaneity. In a sample of 106 union members across a number of organizations it is found that percentage of co-worker social media connections has a significant positive relationship with both perceptions of organizational support and organizational spontaneity. Total co-worker social ...


45th We چهل و پنجمین شماره نشریه دنیای آموزش, Mohammad Khaksari, Sajjad Khaksari 2016 Teacher's Pen (Iranian Independent Education Journal)

45th We چهل و پنجمین شماره نشریه دنیای آموزش, Mohammad Khaksari, Sajjad Khaksari

Mohammad Khaksari

چهل و پنجمین شماره نشریه دنیای آموزش نگاه عمیقی به معضل خصوصی سازی و تجاری سازی آموزش و پرورش انداخته است و نیز به راز گشایی و آشکار نمودن راه کارهایی برای تضمین «حق دسترسی» به آموزش همگانی با کیفیت اقدام نموده است


Digital Commons powered by bepress