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Discussion Results From Future Directions In Iowa Education A Statewide Satellite Teleconference, Mark A. Edelman Dr., James J. Knudsen 2016 Iowa State University

Discussion Results From Future Directions In Iowa Education A Statewide Satellite Teleconference, Mark A. Edelman Dr., James J. Knudsen

Mark Edelman

The Future Directions in Iowa Education program was designed with three purposes in mind. First, the program was designed to provide local participants with the latest perspectives on current statewide trends in Iowa schools, school fiananceand legislative options. Second, the program was designed to provide each participant with data on local school district trends and directions for comparison with neighboring districts„ Finallv™ the program was designed to provide each participant with a sense of direction (or lack thereof) on manv of the major education issues as a result of discussions with other state and local leaders- As a result, the ...


Domesticating The Diaspora: Memory And The Life Of Sister Katie, Caroline Waldron Merithew 2016 University of Dayton

Domesticating The Diaspora: Memory And The Life Of Sister Katie, Caroline Waldron Merithew

Caroline Merithew

Three shrines in Illinois honor heroes of the working class: one for the legendary Mother Jones; one for the Virden martyrs, who died for coal mining unionism, and whose memory is kept alive by labor organizers around the world; and one for Catherine (Katie) Bianco DeRorre. Katie's monument, unlike the others, draws few visitors today. But when it was dedicated in 1961, men and women — on the floor of the U.S. Congress, in the neighborhood where Katie grew up, at American universities, in union halls, on the streets of New York City, and in Milan — took notice and ...


Employee Turnover In The Business Process Outsourcing Industry In India, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Aruna Ranganathan 2016 Cornell University Law School

Employee Turnover In The Business Process Outsourcing Industry In India, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Aruna Ranganathan

Sarosh Kuruvilla

In this chapter, we explore the problem of high turnover in the high-tech BPO sector in India, where relatively well-educated employees are performing a variety of primarily low skill, low cost jobs. We highlight the various approaches employers are taking to solve the turnover problem. As we will argue, some of these strategies are fairly traditional, focusing on various instrumental incentives to promote employee retention, while some others are new and rather radical, particularly the articulation of an organizational and work culture tailor-made for the particular demographic profile of BPO employees: young, upper middle class, well-educated graduates. Based on anecdotal ...


Large Firm Industrial Relations At The Crossroads, Sarosh Kuruvilla 2016 Cornell University

Large Firm Industrial Relations At The Crossroads, Sarosh Kuruvilla

Sarosh Kuruvilla

[Excerpt] The studies in this volume focus heavily on industrial relations in large firms in Korea. This focus is appropriate, since a significant percentage of Korea’s roughly 1.5 million union members are employed in large firms. Unionism is a public sector and large firm phenomena in Korea. While less than 1% of workers in small firms (firms with less than 30 employees) were likely to be unionized, roughly 82% of employees working in large firms (> 500 employees) were likely to be unionized. Further, although large firms account for only 10.2% of the total wage and salary employees ...


Mncs As Diffusers Of Best Practices In Hrm/Lr In Developing Countries, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Stephen Frenkel, David Peetz 2016 Cornell University

Mncs As Diffusers Of Best Practices In Hrm/Lr In Developing Countries, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Stephen Frenkel, David Peetz

Sarosh Kuruvilla

[Excerpt] The purpose of this chapter is to explore the role of the multinational company (MNC) as a “diffuser” of best practices in human resource management and labor relations (HRM/LR) to domestic firms in developing countries. It is clear that in their search to find ways to compete globally and achieve rapid economic growth, many developing countries have increasingly sought foreign direct investment (FDI) (Chapter 2 in this volume). To be outside the global learning loop is a risk that local firms in developing countries can ill afford, especially in a period marked by fast-changing technology and markets. Hence ...


Member-Union Relations And Union Satisfaction, Paul Jarley, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Douglas Casteel 2016 University of Iowa

Member-Union Relations And Union Satisfaction, Paul Jarley, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Douglas Casteel

Sarosh Kuruvilla

This paper examines the importance of various facets of satisfaction with union representation in determining overall satisfaction with the union. Samples of union members from Iowa and Sweden are used in the analysis. The results clearly support the view that member-union relations is a major determinant of overall satisfaction with union representation.


2016-06-06 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. 2016 Morehead State University

2016-06-06 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress meeting minutes for June 6, 2016.


2016-06-06 Newsletter, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. 2016 Morehead State University

2016-06-06 Newsletter, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress Newsletter for June 6, 2016.


Better Work And Global Governance, Paul Alois 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Better Work And Global Governance, Paul Alois

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation is a case study of Better Work, a program run by the International Labor Organization and the International Finance Corporation. It aims to improve working conditions and productivity in the apparel industry. The purpose of this case study is to examine the role that international organizations can play in global governance. The research presented here comes from interviews, document analysis, and an examination of quantitative data on factories’ working conditions. In-person interviews were conducted in the United States, Switzerland, Vietnam, and Indonesia; many phone interviews took place with individuals in other countries. Both publicly available documents and internal ...


Fashioning Desire At B. Altman & Co.: Ethics And Consumer Culture In Early Department Stores, Tessa Maffucci 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Fashioning Desire At B. Altman & Co.: Ethics And Consumer Culture In Early Department Stores, Tessa Maffucci

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

We live in an age of fast fashion. Clothing is produced in greater volumes than ever before and the lifecycle of each garment keeps getting shorter and shorter. Many items are manufactured to be worn only one time and then thrown away—as disposable as a cup of coffee. There is much to be learned about our current fashion ecosystem by looking into the past. Beyond the garments themselves we must understand the larger historical and sociological context in which these articles of clothing were produced. How does the shopping environment shape the buying habits and fashion trends of an ...


Replication Of The 2008 Report Card Women In Firefighting, John C. Griffith Ph.D., James T. Schultz Ph.D., Ronald T. Wakeham D.P.A., Marian C. Schultz Ph.D. 2016 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Worldwide

Replication Of The 2008 Report Card Women In Firefighting, John C. Griffith Ph.D., James T. Schultz Ph.D., Ronald T. Wakeham D.P.A., Marian C. Schultz Ph.D.

John Griffith

Women comprise 51% of the population in the United States (U.S.), but fill only 3.7% of paid firefighting positions.  This study replicates the survey portion the 2008 benchmark study The National Report Card on Women in Firefighting (Hulett, Bendick, Thomas & Moccio, 2008). Using the same survey instrument as the 2008 study, this research examined the perceptions of 141 firefighters from across the U.S. to determine key issues limiting female participation in the fire and emergency service and how results compared to the findings by Hulett et al. in 2008. 
Results showed that significantly more women than men ...


Two Dimensions Of Union Commitment Based On The Theory Of Reasoned Action: Cross-Cultural Comparison, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Magnus Sverke 2016 Cornell University

Two Dimensions Of Union Commitment Based On The Theory Of Reasoned Action: Cross-Cultural Comparison, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Magnus Sverke

Sarosh Kuruvilla

Following Friedman and Harvey's (1986) call for additional theory development of the union commitment construct, this study applies the theory of reasoned action (Ajzen & Fishbein, 1980; Fishbein & Ajzen, 1975) to the study of union commitment. The theory is tested using questionnaire data from diverse samples of 1,914 professional union members from Sweden and 1,088 blue-collar union members from the United States of America. Confirmatory factor analysis results of LISREL 7 indicate support for the two dimensions of union commitment posited by the theory - Union Attitudes and Opinions, and Pro-Union Behavioural Intentions. The construct validity of the dimensions is demonstrated ...


Union Participation In Japan: Do Western Theories Apply?, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Daniel G. Gallagher, Jack Fiorito, Mitsuru Wakabayashi 2016 Cornell University

Union Participation In Japan: Do Western Theories Apply?, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Daniel G. Gallagher, Jack Fiorito, Mitsuru Wakabayashi

Sarosh Kuruvilla

This study investigates the validity in Japan of union participation models developed in North America. The results of ordinary least squares analysis suggest that members' participation in unions is positively related to many of the same factors in Japan as in North America: for example, length of union membership, pay, dissatisfaction regarding pay and working conditions, degree of interaction with others in the work group, and perceptions of the union's effectiveness and its democratic character. Some findings at odds with those of Western studies, however, are that older workers and better-educated workers are less (rather than more) likely than ...


Tripartism And Economic Reforms In Singapore And South Korea, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Mingwei Liu 2016 Cornell University

Tripartism And Economic Reforms In Singapore And South Korea, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Mingwei Liu

Sarosh Kuruvilla

[Excerpt] The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of peak-level tripartism on economic reforms in Singapore and South Korea. Specifically, the paper attempts to answer the question of whether tripartism alters the pace, the sequence, the mix, or the content of economic reforms or the environment in which the reforms are implemented. It also seeks to obtain evidence on the impact of tripartism on specific measurable outcomes.


Swedish Professionals And Gender Inequalities, Charles W. Mueller, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Roderick D. Iverson 2016 University of Iowa

Swedish Professionals And Gender Inequalities, Charles W. Mueller, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Roderick D. Iverson

Sarosh Kuruvilla

The match of ideology and policy regarding gender equality in a corporatist society like Sweden should result in reduced gender inequality in access to supervisory authority and in earnings. The magnitude and form of this inequality is studied for a national sample of 1,359 full-time members of the professional union SACO in 1987-88. We find that Swedish professional women have only 68% of the supervisory positions that men have and 77% of the earnings that men have. These differences are not explained by process differences; human capital, family status, and structural variables generally produce access to authority and earnings ...


Industrial Dispute Resolution In India In Theory And Practice, Paul Lansing, Sarosh Kuruvilla 2016 University of Iowa

Industrial Dispute Resolution In India In Theory And Practice, Paul Lansing, Sarosh Kuruvilla

Sarosh Kuruvilla

[Excerpt] The recent tragic incident at the Union Carbide Plant in Bhopal, India has focused international attention on some of the problems of industrialization in developing countries. Of particular interest has been the issue of whether the cases filed against Union Carbide should be tried in Indian or American courts. Disputes of this nature indicate the increasing necessity for world-wide comprehension of the laws and regulations governing industry in developing countries, particularly for the developed economies that invest in countries with developing economies.

India is one example of a developing economy that has recently opened its doors to international investment ...


Hrm Strategies, Informality And Re-Regulation In East Asian Employment Relations, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Sun-wook Chung 2016 Cornell University

Hrm Strategies, Informality And Re-Regulation In East Asian Employment Relations, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Sun-Wook Chung

Sarosh Kuruvilla

[Excerpt] Although employment relations (defined as labour relations and human resources management (HRM)) institutions and practices generally tend to be stable over long periods of time, that cannot be said to be the case in the three largest economies of East Asia, i.e. China, Japan and South Korea (hereafter Korea), during the last two decades (see chapters 5, 7 and 8). In this contribution, we briefly review the most significant development in East Asian employment relations, i.e. the growth of a variety of non-standard employment arrangements which we subsume under the term ‘informality’ in all three countries. We ...


Globalization, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Tashlin Lakhani 2016 Cornell University

Globalization, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Tashlin Lakhani

Sarosh Kuruvilla

[Excerpt] While the chapters in the previous section examined employment relations in different national contexts, in this chapter we focus on employment relations in the international or global context. We begin by outlining different perspectives on globalization and examine how globalization has evolved over time. Based on this discussion, we provide a definition of globalization which best accounts for contemporary patterns of global interdependence. We then provide a brief overview of the arguments for and against globalization and discuss the implications that economic globalization presents for employment relations.


Job Reservation In India, Paul Lansing, Sarosh Kuruvilla 2016 University of Iowa

Job Reservation In India, Paul Lansing, Sarosh Kuruvilla

Sarosh Kuruvilla

[Excerpt] The concept of job reservation relies upon government intervention into the labor relations area in order to promote the rights of some particular portion of the population. The reasons for this intervention may come from diverse rationales but usually can be reduced to a political one. For example, after the miners’ riots of 1922 in South Africa, the government reserved certain jobs in the mining industry for whites only. In the United States, as a result of the civil rights movement of the 1960s, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission was established to assist blacks and other minorities from discrimination ...


The Development Of Members’ Attitudes Toward Their Unions: Sweden And Canada, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Daniel G. Gallagher, Kurt Wetzel 2016 Cornell University

The Development Of Members’ Attitudes Toward Their Unions: Sweden And Canada, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Daniel G. Gallagher, Kurt Wetzel

Sarosh Kuruvilla

This study examines two widely researched attitudes of union members-satisfaction with and commitment to their union-using 1987-88 data on 1,675 union members in professional occupations in Sweden and 476 blue- and white-collar union members in Canada. The authors find, first, that union commitment and union satisfaction are theoretically and empirically different constructs. Second, tests of a theoretical model of union attitude formation indicate that different (though overlapping) sets of factors influence union commitment and union satisfaction. One finding is that activities and processes that provide members with greater information about the union, such as new member orientation programs, newsletters ...


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