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Spontaneous Rupture Of A Previously Asymptomatic Giant Angiomyolipoma, Reed Ritterbusch 2023 Providence

Spontaneous Rupture Of A Previously Asymptomatic Giant Angiomyolipoma, Reed Ritterbusch

View All Graduate Medical Education Content

Northwest Research Symposium Day of Presentations 2023


Following The Map For Improved Kidney Function In Hepatorenal Syndrome, Matthew R Thau, Pavan K Bhatraju 2023 The Texas Medical Center Library

Following The Map For Improved Kidney Function In Hepatorenal Syndrome, Matthew R Thau, Pavan K Bhatraju

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


A Comparison Of The Ways In Which The United States And European Nations Treat Chronic Kidney Disease, Robert W. Pokora III 2023 University of South Carolina - Columbia

A Comparison Of The Ways In Which The United States And European Nations Treat Chronic Kidney Disease, Robert W. Pokora Iii

Senior Theses

European nations and the United States of America have vastly different outcomes in their treatment of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients, specifically when considering survival rate and patient satisfaction level. Unfortunately, no study has ever detailed the reasons why this is the case. This thesis explores and compares the methods by which the United States and European nations treat chronic kidney disease (CKD) and ESRD patients. A literature review aimed to determine factors contributing to the varying outcomes between the two nations, and a Healthcare Provider Survey was crafted and administered to United States healthcare providers in order to determine …


Efficacy Of Kidney Reperfusion Treatments Relative To Function And Survival Rates After Transplantation, Mitchell Rohr 2023 Liberty University

Efficacy Of Kidney Reperfusion Treatments Relative To Function And Survival Rates After Transplantation, Mitchell Rohr

Senior Honors Theses

Donor kidneys are damaged upon circulatory death before being preserved with machine perfusion until transplantation. During machine perfusion, blood is pumped back into the vasculature of the kidney, causing damage called ischemic reperfusion injury. The two forms of machine perfusion are hypothermic machine perfusion and normothermic machine perfusion. Different methods of treatment can be used during either hypothermic machine perfusion or normothermic machine perfusion to prevent ischemic reperfusion injury. Each of the treatment methods that were reviewed showed potential for preventing ischemic reperfusion injury, with hypothermic treatments having higher average levels of feasibility than normothermic treatments. The effect of the …


Impact Of Testosterone Use On The Vaginal Microbiota Of Transgender Men, Including Susceptibility To Bacterial Vaginosis: Study Protocol For A Prospective, Observational Study, Christina A. Muzny, Olivia T. Van Gerwen, Julia A. Schroeder, Emma Sophia Kay-Duncan, Krishmita Siwakoti, Kristal J. Aaron, Isaac C. Eastlund, Keonte J. Graves, Jacob H. Elnaggar, Ashutosh Tamhane, Dustin Long, Nicholas Van Wagoner, Evelyn Toh, Christopher M. Taylor 2023 UAB Division of Infectious Disease

Impact Of Testosterone Use On The Vaginal Microbiota Of Transgender Men, Including Susceptibility To Bacterial Vaginosis: Study Protocol For A Prospective, Observational Study, Christina A. Muzny, Olivia T. Van Gerwen, Julia A. Schroeder, Emma Sophia Kay-Duncan, Krishmita Siwakoti, Kristal J. Aaron, Isaac C. Eastlund, Keonte J. Graves, Jacob H. Elnaggar, Ashutosh Tamhane, Dustin Long, Nicholas Van Wagoner, Evelyn Toh, Christopher M. Taylor

School of Graduate Studies Faculty Publications

Introduction The effect of testosterone (T) therapy on the vaginal microbiota of transgender men (TGM) is not well characterised, although one cross-sectional study comparing the vaginal microbiota of cisgender women to TGM on T≥1 year found that, in 71% of the TGM, the vaginal microbiota was less likely to be Lactobacillus-dominated and more likely to be enriched with >30 other bacterial species, many associated with bacterial vaginosis (BV). This prospective study aims to investigate changes in the composition of the vaginal microbiota over time in TGM who retain their natal genitalia (ie, vagina) and initiate T. In addition, we will …


Longitudinal Associations Between Dietary Fructose And Sodium And Systolic And Diastolic Blood Pressure Among Us Black And White Adults In The Cardia Study, Rana Elhamzawy, Dragana Komnenov, Daniel Domin 2023 Wayne State University

Longitudinal Associations Between Dietary Fructose And Sodium And Systolic And Diastolic Blood Pressure Among Us Black And White Adults In The Cardia Study, Rana Elhamzawy, Dragana Komnenov, Daniel Domin

Medical Student Research Symposium

Longitudinal associations between dietary fructose and sodium and systolic and diastolic blood pressure among US Black and White adults in the CARDIA study

Authors: Rana Elhamzawy, Daniel Domin, Dragana Komnenov

Hypertension is one of the leading risk factors for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). Likewise, suboptimal dietary habits, including high fructose and sodium intake, are major contributors to mortality. High dietary fructose alone predisposes to salt-sensitivity of blood pressure, which is an independent, significant cardiovascular risk factor. We previously showed in our rat model of fructose-salt-sensitive hypertension that even a short term (4 weeks) feeding with 20% fructose and 4% …


The Effects Of Different Antihypertensives, Steroids, And Beta Blockers On Covid-19 Outcomes In A Ckd And Non-Ckd Cohort In Detroit, Michigan, Vidhya Nadarajan, Maham Ahmed, Katerina Furman, Zoya Gurm, Priyanka Kale, Zaina Khoury, Paul Kim, Sara Koussa, Dana Labuda, Margo Mekjian, Pooja Polamarasetti, Charlotte Thill, Sophie Wittenberg, Sorabh Dhar, Dragana Komnenov 2023 Wayne State University

The Effects Of Different Antihypertensives, Steroids, And Beta Blockers On Covid-19 Outcomes In A Ckd And Non-Ckd Cohort In Detroit, Michigan, Vidhya Nadarajan, Maham Ahmed, Katerina Furman, Zoya Gurm, Priyanka Kale, Zaina Khoury, Paul Kim, Sara Koussa, Dana Labuda, Margo Mekjian, Pooja Polamarasetti, Charlotte Thill, Sophie Wittenberg, Sorabh Dhar, Dragana Komnenov

Medical Student Research Symposium

Initial studies during the COVID-19 pandemic reported angiotensin converting enzyme 2 inhibitors (ACE2i) could be associated with worse disease course due to potential increase in ACE2 receptors which SARS-CoV2 virus uses for cellular entry. Subsequent studies refuted such concerns, reporting that continued use of ACEis and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) in hypertensive individuals is protective. However, there remains a paucity of data evaluating effects of various antihypertensive medications, steroids, and beta blockers in chronic kidney disease (CKD) populations and in individuals with normal kidney function. This study was designed to evaluate the potential risks associated with antihypertensive medications and COVID-19 …


A Case Of Maintenance Prednisone In Anca Glomerulonephritis, Arjun Sekar, Pulkit Gandhi, Vijay Sheldon, Aswanth Reddy, Ruth Campbell 2023 Rochester Regional Health System

A Case Of Maintenance Prednisone In Anca Glomerulonephritis, Arjun Sekar, Pulkit Gandhi, Vijay Sheldon, Aswanth Reddy, Ruth Campbell

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) associated vasculitis (AAV) is a rare condition that can cause rapid renal failure. Treatment involves steroids and other immunosuppressive agents. Agents for induction include rituximab, cyclophosphamide, pulse dose steroids and avacopan.

Maintenance regimens include tapered doses of steroids, azathioprine and rituximab

We present a case of severe AAV that maintained remission with a protracted course of low dose prednisone without maintenance rituximab or azathioprine.

A 70-year-old woman was admitted for acute kidney injury (AKI), with a serum creatinine (sCr) of 6.93 mg/dL (baseline sCr of 0.9 mg/dL, nil proteinuria.) Serologic work-up was positive for P-ANCA. She …


Emphysematous Pyelonephritis Necessitating Bilateral Radical Nephrectomy: A Case Report And Literature Review., Christine E Wamsley, Arianna Morton, Christopher G Roth, Joseph K Izes, Li Li 2023 Thomas Jefferson University Hospital

Emphysematous Pyelonephritis Necessitating Bilateral Radical Nephrectomy: A Case Report And Literature Review., Christine E Wamsley, Arianna Morton, Christopher G Roth, Joseph K Izes, Li Li

Computational Medicine Center Faculty Papers

Emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN) is a severe, acute necrotizing infection of the kidney with gas accumulation in the renal parenchyma, collecting ducts, and/or perirenal tissue. We report a case of EPN in a 66 year-old male with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus (DM), urinary tract infection and septic shock necessitating emergent bilateral radical nephrectomy. Morphologically, the kidney parenchyma revealed severe acute bacterial pyelonephritis with extensive abscesses, gas cysts, necrosis and foci of infarctions. The uninvolved background cortex parenchyma exhibited diabetic nephropathy (DN), Class IIB. Post-operatively, the patient remained dialysis-dependent with multiple re-admissions for recurrent multi-drug resistant


Calciphylaxis, A Case Series: The Importance Of Early Detection, Nikita Sijapati, Suy Sen Hung Fong, Omar Ansari, Subhasis Misra, Edgar Mercado, My Myers, Vijay Narasimha 2023 HCA Florida St. Petersburg Hospital

Calciphylaxis, A Case Series: The Importance Of Early Detection, Nikita Sijapati, Suy Sen Hung Fong, Omar Ansari, Subhasis Misra, Edgar Mercado, My Myers, Vijay Narasimha

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Introduction

Calciphylaxis is a rare disorder that involves the formation of cutaneous, subcutaneous, and vascular calcifications. Although it is predominantly seen in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), it has also been reported in patients without chronic kidney disease. The presence of multiple risk factors, a poorly understood mechanism, high mortality, and the lack of standardized treatment make calciphylaxis an important subject.

Case Presentation

We describe the clinical presentation, disease course, and management of 3 patients with calciphylaxis and also provide a literature review. In all 3 patients, the diagnosis was confirmed histologically, and the management involved the continuation of …


Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement-Associated Acute Kidney Injury: An Update, Frederick Berro Rivera, Abdullah Al-Abcha, Marie Francesca Mapua Ansay, John Vincent Usita Magalong, Vincent Anthony Songheng Tang, Hannah May Ona, Karissa Alyanna Miralles, Rausche Sausa, Rodie Abram Florendo Uy, Edgar V. Lerma, Fareed Moses S. Collado, Peter A. McCullough, Annabelle Santos Volgman 2023 Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center

Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement-Associated Acute Kidney Injury: An Update, Frederick Berro Rivera, Abdullah Al-Abcha, Marie Francesca Mapua Ansay, John Vincent Usita Magalong, Vincent Anthony Songheng Tang, Hannah May Ona, Karissa Alyanna Miralles, Rausche Sausa, Rodie Abram Florendo Uy, Edgar V. Lerma, Fareed Moses S. Collado, Peter A. Mccullough, Annabelle Santos Volgman

Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health Publications

Background

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a relatively novel minimally invasive procedure for the treatment of symptomatic patients with severe aortic stenosis. Although it has been proven effective in improving mortality and quality of life, TAVR is associated with serious complications, such as acute kidney injury (AKI).

Summary

TAVR-associated AKI is likely due to several factors such as sustained hypotension, transapical approach, volume of contrast use, and baseline low GFR. This narrative review aims to present an overview of the latest literature and evidence regarding the definition of TAVR-associated AKI, its risk factors, and its impact on morbidity and …


Tobacco Exposure In Adults And Children With Proteinuric Glomerulopathies: A Neptune Cohort Study., Linda Wang, Bayle Smith-Salzberg, Kevin Ec Meyers, Dorey A. Glenn, Katherine R. Tuttle, Vimal K. Derebail, Tammy M. Brady, Keisha Gibson, Abigail R. Smith, Michelle M. O'Shaughnessy, Tarak Srivastava, Gentzon Hall, Jarcy Zee, Markus Bitzer, Christine B. Sethna 2023 Children's Mercy Hospital

Tobacco Exposure In Adults And Children With Proteinuric Glomerulopathies: A Neptune Cohort Study., Linda Wang, Bayle Smith-Salzberg, Kevin Ec Meyers, Dorey A. Glenn, Katherine R. Tuttle, Vimal K. Derebail, Tammy M. Brady, Keisha Gibson, Abigail R. Smith, Michelle M. O'Shaughnessy, Tarak Srivastava, Gentzon Hall, Jarcy Zee, Markus Bitzer, Christine B. Sethna

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: Tobacco exposure has been recognized as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and progression of kidney disease. Patients with proteinuric glomerulopathies are at increased risk for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Multiple studies have linked tobacco exposure to CVD and chronic kidney disease, but the relationships between smoking and proteinuric glomerulopathies in adults and children have not been previously explored.

METHODS: Data from the Nephrotic Syndrome Study Network (NEPTUNE), a multi-center prospective observational study of participants with proteinuric glomerulopathies, was analyzed. 371 adults and 192 children enrolled in NEPTUNE were included in the analysis. Self-reported tobacco exposure was classified …


Analysis Of Egfr Vs Crcl To Monitor For Renal Dose Adjustments Within Central Refill, Briana Thompson, Angela Koerner 2023 Providence

Analysis Of Egfr Vs Crcl To Monitor For Renal Dose Adjustments Within Central Refill, Briana Thompson, Angela Koerner

Providence Pharmacy PGY1 Program at Providence Portland and Providence St. Vincent Medical Centers 2023

No abstract provided.


Investigating Relationships Found In The Kidney Microenvironment To Aid In Understanding Malfunctions Of Proteins In Chronic Kidney Disease, Ademide Ogunsina 2023 University of Connecticut

Investigating Relationships Found In The Kidney Microenvironment To Aid In Understanding Malfunctions Of Proteins In Chronic Kidney Disease, Ademide Ogunsina

Holster Scholar Projects

The kidneys are the filtration organ that helps filter out waste from our body. Kidney disease is an ailment that causes damage to the kidney so that it cannot filter our blood and other bodily fluids properly. It is also one of the least researched illnesses in the medical field. And with about 10-15 percent of the American population suffering from kidney disease, there is an urgency in finding more ways to help find a solution.

I examined the damaged kidney environment at the cellular level to find out what protein processes cause the malfunction of the kidneys. Methodologies employed …


Rapid Onset Hydralazine-Induced Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody (Anca) Associated Vasculitis Presenting With Hemoptysis And Kidney Failure: Case Report, Rachel E. Easter, Andinet Gizaw, Natalie Klein 2023 Virginia Commonwealth University

Rapid Onset Hydralazine-Induced Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody (Anca) Associated Vasculitis Presenting With Hemoptysis And Kidney Failure: Case Report, Rachel E. Easter, Andinet Gizaw, Natalie Klein

Internal Medicine Publications

Hydralazine-induced vasculitis can be challenging to recognize and diagnose as presenting symptoms vary and can mimic other conditions or diseases, however, swift intervention and treatment is key in halting progression of the disease and providing patients with the best possible outcomes. A 71-year-old African American female presented to the emergency department with weakness, fatigue, anemia, blood-streaked sputum, fever, chills, and severe myalgias. Hydralazine was prescribed to treat resistant hypertension eight months prior to presentation. Hydralazine was discontinued on hospital day (HD) 4. Pertinent laboratory values showed elevated inflammatory markers, positive antinuclear antibody (ANA), negative rheumatoid factor (RF), normal complement levels, …


Outcome Of A Case Of Living Donor Kidney Transplant With High Levels Of Pre-Transplant Donor Specific Antibodies, Ahmed Hassan Elthakaby, Aza Elmenyawi 2023 Department of Nephrology National Institute of Urology and Nephrology

Outcome Of A Case Of Living Donor Kidney Transplant With High Levels Of Pre-Transplant Donor Specific Antibodies, Ahmed Hassan Elthakaby, Aza Elmenyawi

Journal of Medicine in Scientific Research

For patients with ESRD, kidney transplant offers significant survival and quality-of-life advantages compared with dialysis. Non-sensitized renal transplant recipients when compared to patients with preformed alloantibodies, the latter are at greater risk of cellular, humeral rejection and premature graft failure. In this paper we will present a successful case of young adult who has ESRD and maintained on regular hemodialysis and undergo live related renal transplant with high dose HLA class I and class II antibodies and negative cross match by CDC and flow cytometry.


Nutritional Management Of The Infant With Chronic Kidney Disease Stages 2-5 And On Dialysis., Vanessa Shaw, Caroline Anderson, An Desloovere, Larry A. Greenbaum, Dieter Haffner, Christina L. Nelms, Fabio Paglialonga, Nonnie Polderman, Leila Qizalbash, José Renken-Terhaerdt, Stella Stabouli, Jetta Tuokkola, Johan Vande Walle, Bradley A. Warady, Rukshana Shroff 2023 Children's Mercy Hospital

Nutritional Management Of The Infant With Chronic Kidney Disease Stages 2-5 And On Dialysis., Vanessa Shaw, Caroline Anderson, An Desloovere, Larry A. Greenbaum, Dieter Haffner, Christina L. Nelms, Fabio Paglialonga, Nonnie Polderman, Leila Qizalbash, José Renken-Terhaerdt, Stella Stabouli, Jetta Tuokkola, Johan Vande Walle, Bradley A. Warady, Rukshana Shroff

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

The nutritional management of children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is of prime importance in meeting the challenge of maintaining normal growth and development in this population. The objective of this review is to integrate the Pediatric Renal Nutrition Taskforce clinical practice recommendations for children with CKD stages 2-5 and on dialysis, as they relate to the infant from full term birth up to 1 year of age, for healthcare professionals, including dietitians, physicians, and nurses. It addresses nutritional assessment, energy and protein requirements, delivery of the nutritional prescription, and necessary dietary modifications in the case of abnormal serum levels …


Social Determinants Of Chronic Kidney Disease In The Black American Community: A Systematic Review, Addea Coleman 2023 University of Central Florida

Social Determinants Of Chronic Kidney Disease In The Black American Community: A Systematic Review, Addea Coleman

Honors Undergraduate Theses

This systematic review aims to examine the relationship between the social determinants of health that significantly impact the prevalence and progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) amongst Black Americans. The Black American population has the highest prevalence of CKD in the United States, while concurrently possessing prominent genetic risk factors for this chronic disease. The social determinants: healthcare quality and access (extended to account for health behaviors), social and community context, and economic stability were specifically assessed in this review. Key terms were utilized to search electronic databases PubMed and Web of Science, which yielded 470 unduplicated articles. Twenty-nine articles …


Multi-Task Learning For Post-Transplant Cause Of Death Analysis: A Case Study On Liver Transplant, Sirui Ding, Qiaoyu Tan, Chia-Yuan Chang, Na Zou, Kai Zhang, Nathan R Hoot, Xiaoqian Jiang, Xia Hu 2023 The Texas Medical Center Library

Multi-Task Learning For Post-Transplant Cause Of Death Analysis: A Case Study On Liver Transplant, Sirui Ding, Qiaoyu Tan, Chia-Yuan Chang, Na Zou, Kai Zhang, Nathan R Hoot, Xiaoqian Jiang, Xia Hu

Journal Articles

Organ transplant is the essential treatment method for some end-stage diseases, such as liver failure. Analyzing the post-transplant cause of death (CoD) after organ transplant provides a powerful tool for clinical decision making, including personalized treatment and organ allocation. However, traditional methods like Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) score and conventional machine learning (ML) methods are limited in CoD analysis due to two major data and model-related challenges. To address this, we propose a novel framework called CoD-MTL leveraging multi-task learning to model the semantic relationships between various CoD prediction tasks jointly. Specifically, we develop a novel tree distillation …


Dysregulated Coagulation System Links To Inflammation In Diabetic Kidney Disease, Mengyun Xiao, Donge Tang, Shaodong Luan, Bo Hu, Wenyu Gong, Wolfgang Pommer, Yong Dai, Lianghong Yin 2023 The Texas Medical Center Library

Dysregulated Coagulation System Links To Inflammation In Diabetic Kidney Disease, Mengyun Xiao, Donge Tang, Shaodong Luan, Bo Hu, Wenyu Gong, Wolfgang Pommer, Yong Dai, Lianghong Yin

Journal Articles

Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is a significant contributor to end-stage renal disease worldwide. Despite extensive research, the exact mechanisms responsible for its development remain incompletely understood. Notably, patients with diabetes and impaired kidney function exhibit a hypercoagulable state characterized by elevated levels of coagulation molecules in their plasma. Recent studies propose that coagulation molecules such as thrombin, fibrinogen, and platelets are interconnected with the complement system, giving rise to an inflammatory response that potentially accelerates the progression of DKD. Remarkably, investigations have shown that inhibiting the coagulation system may protect the kidneys in various animal models and clinical trials, suggesting …


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