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2,974 full-text articles. Page 134 of 136.

When Is Door-To-Balloon Time Critical? Analysis From The Horizons-Ami (Harmonizing Outcomes With Revascularization And Stents In Acute Myocardial Infarction) And Cadillac (Controlled Abciximab And Device Investigation To Lower Late Angioplasty Complications) Trials, Bruce R. Brodie MD, Bernard J. Gersh MB, ChB, DPhil, Thomas D. Stuckey MD, Bernhard Witzenbichler MD, Giulio Guagliumi MD, Jan Z. Peruga MD, Dariusz Dudek MD, Cindy L. Grines MD, David A. Cox MD, Helen Parise ScD, Abhiram Prasad MD, Alexandra J. Lansky MD, Roxana Mehran MD, Gregg W. Stone MD 2010 Lehigh Valley Health Network

When Is Door-To-Balloon Time Critical? Analysis From The Horizons-Ami (Harmonizing Outcomes With Revascularization And Stents In Acute Myocardial Infarction) And Cadillac (Controlled Abciximab And Device Investigation To Lower Late Angioplasty Complications) Trials, Bruce R. Brodie Md, Bernard J. Gersh Mb, Chb, Dphil, Thomas D. Stuckey Md, Bernhard Witzenbichler Md, Giulio Guagliumi Md, Jan Z. Peruga Md, Dariusz Dudek Md, Cindy L. Grines Md, David A. Cox Md, Helen Parise Scd, Abhiram Prasad Md, Alexandra J. Lansky Md, Roxana Mehran Md, Gregg W. Stone Md

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Body Mass Index, Treatment Practices, And Mortality In Patients With Acute Heart Failure, Timothy Fitzgibbons, Olga Hardy, Darleen Lessard, Joel Gore, Jorge Yarzebski, Robert Goldberg 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Body Mass Index, Treatment Practices, And Mortality In Patients With Acute Heart Failure, Timothy Fitzgibbons, Olga Hardy, Darleen Lessard, Joel Gore, Jorge Yarzebski, Robert Goldberg

Jorge L. Yarzebski

OBJECTIVES: Obesity is associated with an increased risk of heart failure (HF). Among patients presenting with acute HF, however, differences in clinical characteristics, treatment regimens, and short-term prognosis of varying weights are largely unknown, particularly from a broader population-based perspective. METHODS: A total of 3722 patients admitted with acute HF to 11 greater Worcester (Massachusetts, USA) hospitals during 1995 and 2000 were categorized as being lean (n = 216), normal weight (n = 1465), overweight (n = 1007), or obese (n = 1034) at the time of hospitalization. RESULTS: Obese patients with decompensated HF were significantly younger (mean age = …


Use Of Lipid-Lowering Medication In Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction (Worcester Heart Attack Study), Robert Goldberg, Ira Ockene, Jorge Yarzebski, Judith Savageau, Joel Gore 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Use Of Lipid-Lowering Medication In Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction (Worcester Heart Attack Study), Robert Goldberg, Ira Ockene, Jorge Yarzebski, Judith Savageau, Joel Gore

Jorge L. Yarzebski

As part of a population-based longitudinal study, we examined the use of lipid-lowering medication in 3,824 patients hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction in the Worcester, Massachusetts metropolitan area between 1986 and 1993. The rate of utilization of lipid-lowering medication either before (1.8%) or during hospitalization (1.9%) for acute myocardial infarction was low.


Validation Of A Stroke Symptom Questionnaire For Epidemiological Surveys., Paulo A. Lotufo 2010 Universidade de São Paulo

Validation Of A Stroke Symptom Questionnaire For Epidemiological Surveys., Paulo A. Lotufo

Paulo A Lotufo

CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE:Stroke is a relevant issue within public health and requires epidemiological surveillance tools. The aim here was to validate a questionnaire for evaluating individuals with stroke symptoms in the Stroke Morbidity and Mortality Study (Estudo de Mortalidade e Morbidade do Acidente Vascular Cerebral, EMMA), São Paulo, Brazil.DESIGN AND SETTING:This was a cross-sectional study performed among a sample of the inhabitants of Butantã, an area in the western zone of the city of São Paulo.METHODS:For all households in the coverage area of a primary healthcare unit, household members over the age of 35 years answered a stroke symptom questionnaire …


Circadian Rhythms In Patients With St-Elevation Myocardial Infarction, Richard Aplin MD, DR Holmes MD, FV Acquirre 2010 CentraCare Health

Circadian Rhythms In Patients With St-Elevation Myocardial Infarction, Richard Aplin Md, Dr Holmes Md, Fv Acquirre

Articles

BACKGROUND:

Circadian rhythms with regard to time of symptom onset for patients with acute myocardial infarction have been observed, although their relationship to outcomes has been debated. We evaluated these rhythms in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction as a function of the 24-hour circadian cycle.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

The relationship between onset of symptoms during the 24-hour circadian cycle and prehospital delays from symptom onset to hospital arrival, timeliness of reperfusion, and in-hospital death was assessed in 2143 patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction presenting from 2004-2008 at 1 of 3 tertiary-care healthcare ST-elevation myocardial infarction systems. There was …


Gsk-3alpha Directly Regulates Beta-Adrenergic Signaling And The Response Of The Heart To Hemodynamic Stress In Mice., Jibin Zhou, Hind Lal, Xiongwen Chen, Xiying Shang, Jianliang Song, Yingxin Li, Risto Kerkela, Bradley W Doble, Katrina MacAulay, Morgan DeCaul, Walter J Koch, John Farber, James Woodgett, Erhe Gao, Thomas Force 2010 Center for Translational Medicine, Cardiology Division, Thomas Jefferson University

Gsk-3alpha Directly Regulates Beta-Adrenergic Signaling And The Response Of The Heart To Hemodynamic Stress In Mice., Jibin Zhou, Hind Lal, Xiongwen Chen, Xiying Shang, Jianliang Song, Yingxin Li, Risto Kerkela, Bradley W Doble, Katrina Macaulay, Morgan Decaul, Walter J Koch, John Farber, James Woodgett, Erhe Gao, Thomas Force

Center for Translational Medicine Faculty Papers

The glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) family of serine/threonine kinases consists of 2 highly related isoforms, alpha and beta. Although GSK-3beta has an important role in cardiac development, much remains unknown about the function of either GSK-3 isoform in the postnatal heart. Herein, we present what we believe to be the first studies defining the role of GSK-3alpha in the mouse heart using gene targeting. Gsk3a(-/-) mice over 2 months of age developed progressive cardiomyocyte and cardiac hypertrophy and contractile dysfunction. Following thoracic aortic constriction in young mice, we observed enhanced hypertrophy that rapidly transitioned to ventricular dilatation and contractile dysfunction. …


Clopidogrel Hypersensitivity: Clinical Challenges And Options For Management., Kimberly L Campbell, John R Cohn, Michael P Savage 2010 Thomas Jefferson University

Clopidogrel Hypersensitivity: Clinical Challenges And Options For Management., Kimberly L Campbell, John R Cohn, Michael P Savage

Division of Cardiology Faculty Papers

Over 90 million patients have been prescribed clopidogrel since its US FDA approval in 1997. Clopidogrel hypersensitivity affects up to 6% of patients, most commonly in the form of a pruritic rash. Symptoms are severe enough to result in drug discontinuation in 1.5% of patients. Premature discontinuation of clopidogrel is problematic following percutaneous coronary intervention because of the risk of stent thrombosis leading to myocardial infarction and death. Accordingly, the management of patients with clopidogrel hypersensitivity is of significant clinical importance. Conventional clopidogrel desensitization protocols, while successful in most patients, employ a washout period off medication to enable accurate detection …


Outcomes After Implantation Of The Taxus Paclitaxel-Eluting Stent In Saphenous Vein Graft Lesions: Results From The Arrive (Taxus Peri-Approval Registry: A Multicenter Safety Surveillance) Program, Emmanouil S. Brilakis MD, PhD, John M. Lasala MD, PhD, David A. Cox MD, Peter B. Berger MD, Thomas S. Bowman MD, MPH, Ruth M. Starzyk PhD, Keith D. Dawkins MD 2010 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Outcomes After Implantation Of The Taxus Paclitaxel-Eluting Stent In Saphenous Vein Graft Lesions: Results From The Arrive (Taxus Peri-Approval Registry: A Multicenter Safety Surveillance) Program, Emmanouil S. Brilakis Md, Phd, John M. Lasala Md, Phd, David A. Cox Md, Peter B. Berger Md, Thomas S. Bowman Md, Mph, Ruth M. Starzyk Phd, Keith D. Dawkins Md

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Socioeconomic Status And Coronary Heart Disease Mortality In The City Of Sao Paulo, Brazil (1996 To 2007), Paulo A. Lotufo 2010 Universidade de São Paulo

Socioeconomic Status And Coronary Heart Disease Mortality In The City Of Sao Paulo, Brazil (1996 To 2007), Paulo A. Lotufo

Paulo A Lotufo

No abstract provided.


Letter By Harris Et Al Regarding Article, "Outcomes Of Patients With Acute Type A Aortic Intramural Hematoma, Jamie M. Pelzel 2010 St. Cloud Hospital, CentraCare Health

Letter By Harris Et Al Regarding Article, "Outcomes Of Patients With Acute Type A Aortic Intramural Hematoma, Jamie M. Pelzel

Articles

We read with interest the report by Song et al1 outlining the management of ascending aortic intramural hematoma (IMH) at the Asan Medical Center in Seoul, South Korea. This series, the largest of this life-threatening condition, demonstrated that at that institution, 84% of patients (n=85) could be treated with initial medical therapy, resulting in a mortality rate of 7.1%. These results are impressive but are observational rather than a randomized comparison of medical and surgical therapy.


Initial Experience With A Miniaturized Multiplane Transesophageal Probe In Small Infants Undergoing Cardiac Operations., Sinai C. Zyblewski, Girish S. Shirali, Geoffrey A. Forbus, Tain-Yen Hsia, Scott M. Bradley, Andrew M. Atz, Meryl S. Cohen, Eric M. Graham 2010 Children's Mercy Hospital

Initial Experience With A Miniaturized Multiplane Transesophageal Probe In Small Infants Undergoing Cardiac Operations., Sinai C. Zyblewski, Girish S. Shirali, Geoffrey A. Forbus, Tain-Yen Hsia, Scott M. Bradley, Andrew M. Atz, Meryl S. Cohen, Eric M. Graham

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

PURPOSE: There has been reluctance to use intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in small infants. We assessed the utility and safety of a new miniaturized multiplane micro-TEE probe in small infants undergoing cardiac operations.

DESCRIPTION: Hemodynamic and ventilation variables were prospectively recorded before and after micro-TEE insertion and removal in infants weighing 5 kg or less undergoing cardiac operations.

EVALUATION: The study included 42 patients with a mean weight of 3.6 +/- 0.9 kg (range, 1.7 to 5 kg). All probe insertions were successful. There were no complications or clinically significant changes in hemodynamic or ventilation variables. Information provided by TEE …


Poor Childhood Dental Care: A Risk Factor For The Development Of Coronary Artery Disease And Potential New Target For Cad Prevention, Martin E. Matsumura MD, Taylor Trapp, Shameer Ahmed 2010 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Poor Childhood Dental Care: A Risk Factor For The Development Of Coronary Artery Disease And Potential New Target For Cad Prevention, Martin E. Matsumura Md, Taylor Trapp, Shameer Ahmed

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Non-Inferiority Trials [In Portuguese], Paulo A. Lotufo 2010 Universidade de São Paulo

Non-Inferiority Trials [In Portuguese], Paulo A. Lotufo

Paulo A Lotufo

No abstract provided.


Cardiovascular And Cancer Mortality In Brazil, Paulo A. Lotufo 2010 Universidade de São Paulo

Cardiovascular And Cancer Mortality In Brazil, Paulo A. Lotufo

Paulo A Lotufo

Cancer are not surpassing Cardiovascular Diseases. Here you have an evaluation of mortality in Brazil. The debate was ignited by paper from IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer) that forecasts cancer deaths surpassing heart diseases rates during de 2020’s. There is no dispute about the fact that - at least in the US and other countries - the decline of mortality deaths for heart diseases presenting a faster pace compared to cancer death rates. It is an epidemiological evidence that must be analyzed and some headline fueling hype as “heart diseases as an old agenda of public health and …


Cocaine And The Heart., Suraj Maraj, Vincent M. Figueredo, M.D., D Lynn Morris 2010 Albert Einstein Medical Center, Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, Philadelphia, PA

Cocaine And The Heart., Suraj Maraj, Vincent M. Figueredo, M.D., D Lynn Morris

Division of Cardiology Faculty Papers

The use of cocaine may be associated with either acute or chronic toxicity, and approximately 5% to 10% of emergency department visits in the United States are believed to be secondary to cocaine usage. Chest pain is the most common cocaine-related medical problem, leading to the evaluation of approximately 64,000 patients annually for possible myocardial infarction, of which approximately 57% are admitted to the hospital, resulting in an annual cost greater than $83 million. There is a plethora of cocaine-related cardiovascular complications, including acute myocardial ischemia and infarction, arrhythmias, sudden death, myocarditis, cardiomyopathy, hypertension, aortic ruptures, and endocarditis. There is …


Inadvertent Respiratory Acidosis Due To Damaged Water Trap Of Capnograph By Isoflurane, Eileen R. Manabat, MD, Richard Berman, MD, Yoogoo Kang, MD 2010 Thomas Jefferson University

Inadvertent Respiratory Acidosis Due To Damaged Water Trap Of Capnograph By Isoflurane, Eileen R. Manabat, Md, Richard Berman, Md, Yoogoo Kang, Md

Department of Anesthesiology Faculty Papers

Introduction: A few reports have documented isoflurane leakage causing damage to the water trap in the Drager Apollo anesthesia machine. This case describes an abnormal capnograph tracing yielding falsely normal end-tidal carbon dioxide tension (EtCO2) after breakage of the water trap by isoflurane.


Does Cognitive Impairment Predict Poor Self-Care In Patients With Heart Failure?, Jan Cameron, Linda Worrall-Carter, Karen Page, Barbara Riegel, Sing Kai Lo, Simon Stewart 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Does Cognitive Impairment Predict Poor Self-Care In Patients With Heart Failure?, Jan Cameron, Linda Worrall-Carter, Karen Page, Barbara Riegel, Sing Kai Lo, Simon Stewart

School of Nursing Departmental Papers

Aims

Cognitive impairment occurs often in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and may contribute to sub‐optimal self‐care. This study aimed to test the impact of cognitive impairment on self‐care.

Methods and Results

In 93 consecutive patients hospitalized with CHF, self‐care (Self‐Care of Heart Failure Index) was assessed. Multiple regression analysis was used to test a model of variables hypothesized to predict self‐care maintenance, management, and confidence. Variables in the model were mild cognitive impairment (MCI; Mini‐Mental State Exam and Montreal Cognitive Assessment), depressive symptoms (Cardiac Depression Scale), age, gender, social isolation, education level, new diagnosis, and co‐morbid illnesses. Sixty‐eight …


Prosthesis-Patient Mismatch After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation With The Medtronic-Corevalve Bioprosthesis, Hasan Jilaihawi, Derek Chin, Tomasz Spyt, Jeilan Mohamed, Mariuca Vasa-Nicotera, Johan Bence, Elaine Logtens, Jan Kovac 2010 Glenfield Hospital

Prosthesis-Patient Mismatch After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation With The Medtronic-Corevalve Bioprosthesis, Hasan Jilaihawi, Derek Chin, Tomasz Spyt, Jeilan Mohamed, Mariuca Vasa-Nicotera, Johan Bence, Elaine Logtens, Jan Kovac

Internal Medicine, East Africa

Aims: Prosthesis-patient mismatch (P-PM) is an important determinant of morbidity and mortality following open aortic valve replacement. The aims of this study were to report its incidence and determinants following transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with the Corevalve bioprosthesis, which have—thus far—not been described.

Methods and results: Patients with severe calcific aortic stenosis received TAVI with the Corevalve bioprosthesis via transfemoral route. Following TAVI, moderate P-PM was defined as indexed aortic valve effective orifice area (AVAi) ≤0.85 cm2/m2 and severe P-PM as AVAi ≤0.65 cm2/m2. Clinical, echocardiographic, and procedural factors relating to P-PM were studied. Optimal device position was defined …


Increase In Organization Index Predicts Atrial Fibrillation Termination With Flecainide Post-Ablation: Spectral Analysis Of Intracardiac Electrograms, Jiun Tuan, Faizel Osman, Jeilan Mohamed, Suman Kundu, Rajkumar Mantravadi, Peter J. Stafford, G. André Ng 2010 University of Leicester

Increase In Organization Index Predicts Atrial Fibrillation Termination With Flecainide Post-Ablation: Spectral Analysis Of Intracardiac Electrograms, Jiun Tuan, Faizel Osman, Jeilan Mohamed, Suman Kundu, Rajkumar Mantravadi, Peter J. Stafford, G. André Ng

Internal Medicine, East Africa

Aims: The mechanism of the action of flecainide in the termination of human atrial fibrillation (AF) is not fully understood. We studied the acute effects of flecainide on AF electrograms in the time and frequency domain to identify factors associated with AF termination.

Methods and results: Patients who were still in AF at the end of catheter ablation for AF were given intravenous flecainide. Dominant frequency (DF) and organization index (OI) were obtained by fast Fourier transform of electrograms from the coronary sinus catheter over 10 s in AF, before and after flecainide infusion. Mean AF cycle length (CL) was …


Percutaneous Coronary Intervention In Unprotected Left Main Coronary Artery Disease, Hafeez Ahmed, Javed Majid Tai, Sajid H. Dhakam 2010 Aga Khan University

Percutaneous Coronary Intervention In Unprotected Left Main Coronary Artery Disease, Hafeez Ahmed, Javed Majid Tai, Sajid H. Dhakam

Section of Cardiology

Percutaneous coronary intervention for unprotected left main coronary artery disease is potentially an important intervention in surgically unstable patients. A detailed review of medical record and visual analysis of coronary angiography and PCI procedure was undertaken. The study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, from January 2003 to December 2007. Patients included in the study had unprotected > 70% left main stenosis with ongoing ischemia, considered unsuitable for surgical revascularization. A total of 9 patients were included with a mean age of 70.1 years. Six patients had cardiogenic shock. Eight patients had bifurcation lesion. Simultaneous kissing stenting technique was …


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