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Reproductive and Urinary Physiology Commons

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Demonstration Of Follicle Waves Using Delay Differential Equations, Andrew A. Wright 2016 North Carolina State University at Raleigh

Demonstration Of Follicle Waves Using Delay Differential Equations, Andrew A. Wright

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Urinary Alkalisation For Symptomatic Uncomplicated Urinary Tract Infection In Women (Review), Dermot B. O'Kane, Sameer Dave, Neel Gore, Farhaan Patel, Tammy Hoffmann, Jeanne L. Trill, Chris del Mar 2016 Bond University

Urinary Alkalisation For Symptomatic Uncomplicated Urinary Tract Infection In Women (Review), Dermot B. O'Kane, Sameer Dave, Neel Gore, Farhaan Patel, Tammy Hoffmann, Jeanne L. Trill, Chris Del Mar

Christopher Del Mar

Background

Uncomplicated urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common bacterial infection in women, characterised by dysuria and urinary frequency. Urinary alkalisers are widely used in some countries for the symptomatic treatment of uncomplicated UTI, and they are recommended in some national formularies. However, there is a lack of empirical evidence to support their use for UTI and some healthcare guidelines advise against their use.

Objectives

We aimed to look at the benefits and harms of the use of urinary alkalisers for the treatment of uncomplicated UTIs in adult women.

Search methods

We searched the Cochrane Kidney and Transplant Specialised ...


Embryo Adoption As An Ethical Option For Couples Faced With Infertility, Rachel M. Walters 2016 Liberty University

Embryo Adoption As An Ethical Option For Couples Faced With Infertility, Rachel M. Walters

Senior Honors Theses

Embryo adoption takes embryos that are still forming and introduces them into the uterus of a woman with whom they do not share any genetic material. If pregnancy does ensue and continues without complications, the child that will be born will not share any genes with the woman who carried him or her. In addition, if the child is born to parents who already have other children, the children in the adoptive family will share no biological link to the newborn. Essentially, the child will have two families—a biological family and an adoptive family. This thesis will explore and ...


A Urinary Metabolic Signature For Multiple Sclerosis And Neuromyelitis Optica, Teklab Gebregiworgis, Helle H. Nielsen, Chandirasegara Massilamany, Arunakumar Gangaplara, Jay Reddy, Zsolt Illes, Robert Powers 2016 University of Nebraska–Lincoln

A Urinary Metabolic Signature For Multiple Sclerosis And Neuromyelitis Optica, Teklab Gebregiworgis, Helle H. Nielsen, Chandirasegara Massilamany, Arunakumar Gangaplara, Jay Reddy, Zsolt Illes, Robert Powers

Jay Reddy Publications

Urine is a metabolite-rich biofluid that reflects the body’s effort to maintain chemical and osmotic homeostasis. Clinical diagnosis routinely relies on urine samples because the collection process is easy and noninvasive. Despite these advantages, urine is an under-investigated source of biomarkers for multiple sclerosis (MS). Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) has become a common approach for analyzing urinary metabolites for disease diagnosis and biomarker discovery. For illustration of the potential of urinary metabolites for diagnosing and treating MS patients, and for differentiating between MS and other illnesses, 38 urine samples were collected from healthy controls, MS patients, and neuromyelitis ...


Kisspeptin Receptor Agonist (Ftm080) Increased Plasma Concentrations Of Luteinizing Hormone In Anestrous Ewes, Brian Whitlock, Joseph Daniel, Lisa Amelse, Valeria Tanco, Kelly Chameroy, F Schrick 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Kisspeptin Receptor Agonist (Ftm080) Increased Plasma Concentrations Of Luteinizing Hormone In Anestrous Ewes, Brian Whitlock, Joseph Daniel, Lisa Amelse, Valeria Tanco, Kelly Chameroy, F Schrick

Brian K Whitlock, PhD, DVM, DACT

Kisspeptin receptor (KISS1R) agonists with increased half-life and similar efficacy to kisspeptin in vitro may provide beneficial applications in breeding management of many species. However, many of these agonists have not been tested in vivo. These studies were designed to test and compare the effects of a KISS1R agonist (FTM080) and kisspeptin on luteinizing hormone (LH) in vivo. In experiment 1 (pilot study), sheep were treated with FTM080 (500 pmol/kg BW) or sterile water (VEH) intravenosuly. Blood was collected every 15 min before (1 h) and after (1 h) treatment. In experiment 2, sheep were treated with KP-10 (human ...


Characterization Of The Nicotine-Induced Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Response In The Rat Placenta In Vivo And In Vitro, Michael Ka Chun Wong 2015 The University of Western Ontario

Characterization Of The Nicotine-Induced Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Response In The Rat Placenta In Vivo And In Vitro, Michael Ka Chun Wong

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Nicotine exposure during pregnancy leads to adverse health outcomes, including compromised placental development. Although the molecular mechanisms remain elusive, recent studies identified that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress may underlie poor placentation. Therefore, we were interested in investigating the effects of nicotine exposure on the ER stress response in the placenta. A well-established maternal nicotine exposure rat model and Rcho-1 trophoblast giant cell model were utilized to address the research questions. Maternal nicotine exposure in vivo led to elevated ER stress in association with impaired disulfide bond formation and hypoxia. Nicotine exposure in vitro further differentiated that ER stress may be ...


Prevalence Of Menopausal Symptoms Among Mid-Life Women: Findings From Electronic Medical Records, Matthew Sussman, Jeffrey Trocio, Craig Best, Sebastian Mirkin, Andrew G. Bushmakin, Robert A. Yood, Mark Friedman, Joseph Menzin, Michael Louie 2015 Boston Health Economics, Inc.

Prevalence Of Menopausal Symptoms Among Mid-Life Women: Findings From Electronic Medical Records, Matthew Sussman, Jeffrey Trocio, Craig Best, Sebastian Mirkin, Andrew G. Bushmakin, Robert A. Yood, Mark Friedman, Joseph Menzin, Michael Louie

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: To assess the prevalence of menopausal symptoms among women prescribed hormone therapy (HT) using electronic medical record data from a regional healthcare organization.

METHODS: Retrospective data from the Reliant Medical Group from 1/1/2006-12/31/2011 were assessed for 102 randomly-selected patients. Study eligibility criteria included: females aged 45 to 65; prescribed oral or transdermal HT; no history of breast cancer, venous thromboembolism, stroke, gynecological cancer, or hysterectomy; continuously enrolled in the health plan for 1 year before and after the first observed HT prescription. Prevalence of menopause-related symptoms was analyzed descriptively at both the patient and visit ...


Implantable Device For Wireless Regulation Of The Bladder Through Pelvic Nerve Stimulation, Kelsey C. Bayer, Chris Quinkert, Pedro Irazoqui 2015 Purdue University

Implantable Device For Wireless Regulation Of The Bladder Through Pelvic Nerve Stimulation, Kelsey C. Bayer, Chris Quinkert, Pedro Irazoqui

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Urinary incontinence (UI) is the involuntarily urination that usually effects older people or is the result of an injury. UI affects more than eleven million people and the cost of incontinence management in the United States in 2000 was $19.5 billion. Where conventional physical therapies have failed, pelvic nerve stimulation is a promising form of regulating the bladder long term. Piezoresistive pressure sensors consist of two variable resistance values and two known resistance values that are represented on a daughterboard. This unknown resistance represents the change in pressure. The filling and voiding of the bladder was characterized through acute ...


Prepubertal Organochlorine Pesticide Concentrations And Age Of Pubertal Onset Among Russian Boys, Thuy Lam, Paige Williams, Mary Lee, Susan Korrick, Linda Birnbaum, Jane Burns, Oleg Sergeyev, Boris Revich, Larisa Altshul, Donald Patterson, Wayman Turner, Russ Hauser 2015 Harvard University

Prepubertal Organochlorine Pesticide Concentrations And Age Of Pubertal Onset Among Russian Boys, Thuy Lam, Paige Williams, Mary Lee, Susan Korrick, Linda Birnbaum, Jane Burns, Oleg Sergeyev, Boris Revich, Larisa Altshul, Donald Patterson, Wayman Turner, Russ Hauser

Mary M. Lee

BACKGROUND: In animal studies, organochlorine pesticide (OCP) exposure alters pubertal development; however, epidemiological data are limited and inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the associations of serum OCP concentrations [hexachlorobenzene (HCB), beta-hexachlorocyclohexane (beta-HCH), and p,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (p,p'-DDE)] with male pubertal onset. METHODS: In Chapaevsk, Russia, a town environmentally contaminated with OCPs, 350 8-9 year old boys with measured OCPs were enrolled during 2003-2005 and were followed annually for eight years. We evaluated three measures of pubertal onset: testicular volume (TV) > 3 mL in either testis, or stage 2 or greater for genitalia (G2+), or pubic hair (P2+). We used ...


Association Between Chlorinated Pesticides In The Serum Of Prepubertal Russian Boys And Longitudinal Biomarkers Of Metabolic Function, Jane Burns, Paige Williams, Susan Korrick, Russ Hauser, Oleg Sergeyev, Boris Revich, Thuy Lam, Mary Lee 2015 Harvard University

Association Between Chlorinated Pesticides In The Serum Of Prepubertal Russian Boys And Longitudinal Biomarkers Of Metabolic Function, Jane Burns, Paige Williams, Susan Korrick, Russ Hauser, Oleg Sergeyev, Boris Revich, Thuy Lam, Mary Lee

Mary M. Lee

Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) have been linked to adult metabolic disorders; however, few studies have examined these associations in childhood. We prospectively evaluated the associations of baseline serum OCPs (hexachlorobenzene, beta-hexachlorocyclohexane, and p,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene) in Russian boys with subsequent repeated measurements of serum glucose, insulin, lipids, leptin, and calculated homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (IR). During 2003-2005, we enrolled 499 boys aged 8-9 years in a prospective cohort; 318 had baseline serum OCPs and serum biomarkers measured at ages 10-13 years. Multivariable generalized estimating equation and mediation regression models were used to examine associations and direct and indirect (via ...


Prepubertal Serum Concentrations Of Organochlorine Pesticides And Age At Sexual Maturity In Russian Boys, Thuy Lam, Paige L. Williams, Mary M. Lee, Susan A. Korrick, Linda S. Birnbaum, Jane S. Burns, Oleg Sergeyev, Boris Revich, Larisa M. Altshul, Donald G. Patterson Jr, Russ Hauser 2015 Harvard University

Prepubertal Serum Concentrations Of Organochlorine Pesticides And Age At Sexual Maturity In Russian Boys, Thuy Lam, Paige L. Williams, Mary M. Lee, Susan A. Korrick, Linda S. Birnbaum, Jane S. Burns, Oleg Sergeyev, Boris Revich, Larisa M. Altshul, Donald G. Patterson Jr, Russ Hauser

Cell and Developmental Biology Publications and Presentations

BACKGROUND: Few human studies have evaluated the impact of childhood exposure to organochlorine pesticides (OCP) on pubertal development.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate associations of serum OCP concentrations [hexachlorobenzene (HCB), beta-hexachlorocyclohexane (beta-HCH), and p,p-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (p,p'-DDE)] with age at attainment of sexual maturity among boys.

METHODS: From 2003-2005, 350 8-9 year-old boys from Chapaevsk, Russia with measured OCPs were enrolled and followed annually for eight years. We used multivariable interval-censored models to evaluate associations of OCPs (quartiles) with three physician-assessed measures of sexual maturity: Tanner stage 5 for genitalia growth, Tanner stage 5 for pubic hair growth, or testicular volume ...


Effect Of Curcumin Analog Ca27 On Androgen Receptor Translocation In Prostate Cancer Cells, Lijah Vann Gardner 2015 Chapman University

Effect Of Curcumin Analog Ca27 On Androgen Receptor Translocation In Prostate Cancer Cells, Lijah Vann Gardner

Student Research Day Abstracts and Posters

The androgen receptor (AR) plays an essential role in promoting the development and progression of metastatic prostate cancer and represents an important molecular target for therapeutic intervention. We have recently described a series of synthetic analogs of the natural product diferuloylmethane (curcumin), some of which induce the down-regulation of AR expression in prostate cancer cells by an as yet largely unknown mechanism of action. While such analogs may in the long term be lead structures for the development of therapeutic drugs, we hypothesize here that they represent ideal molecular probes to identify the mechanism(s) of action for AR down-regulation ...


Prostate Field Cancerization – Thinking Outside The Tumor, Dor Shoshan 2015 Chapman University

Prostate Field Cancerization – Thinking Outside The Tumor, Dor Shoshan

Student Research Day Abstracts and Posters

Analysis of tumor adjacent tissue is assumed to reveal a temporal record of molecular pathways that define oncogenesis. The present study determines expression of the key transcription factor and potential marker of field cancerization early growth response 1 (EGR-1) in human prostate tissues derived from prostatectomies and biopsies. Expression was detected using immunofluorescence and quantified using ImageJ software. Accordingly, EGR-1 expression was similar in cancerous and in histologically normal adjacent tissues from prostatectomy and biopsy specimens. EGR-1 could be exploited as pre-surgical disease indicator in false negative biopsies, identify areas of repeat biopsy, and add molecular information to surgical margins.


Exploring Egr-1 As A Master Regulator Of Prostate Field Cancerization, Kristin Gabriel, Marco Bisoffi 2015 Chapman University

Exploring Egr-1 As A Master Regulator Of Prostate Field Cancerization, Kristin Gabriel, Marco Bisoffi

Student Research Day Abstracts and Posters

Field cancerization denotes the presence of molecular aberrations (genetic, epigenetic, biochemical) in structurally intact cells residing in histologically normal tissues adjacent to tumors. Markers of field cancerization in prostate tissues have the potential to improve the clinical management of this malignancy through their potential to act as indicators of early disease and to serve as molecular targets for early intervention. However, for this, a detailed understanding of the functional pathways underlying field cancerization is necessary. We have recently identified four protein markers of prostate field cancerization, i.e. the key transcription factor early growth response 1 (EGR-1), the lipogenic enzyme ...


Argatroban For The Treatment Of Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia In End Stage Renal Disease And Acute Kidney Injury, Lindsey Elmore PharmD, BCPS, Leslie A. Hamilton Pharm.D., BCPS 2015 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Argatroban For The Treatment Of Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia In End Stage Renal Disease And Acute Kidney Injury, Lindsey Elmore Pharmd, Bcps, Leslie A. Hamilton Pharm.D., Bcps

Tennessee Medicine E-Journal

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Intentions And Attitudes Towards Parenthood And Fertility Awareness Among Chinese University Students In Hong Kong: A Comparison With Western Samples, C. H. Y. Chan, T. H. Y. Chan, Brennan Peterson, C. Lampic, M. Y. J. Tam 2015 University of Hong Kong

Intentions And Attitudes Towards Parenthood And Fertility Awareness Among Chinese University Students In Hong Kong: A Comparison With Western Samples, C. H. Y. Chan, T. H. Y. Chan, Brennan Peterson, C. Lampic, M. Y. J. Tam

Marriage and Family Therapy Faculty Articles and Research

STUDY QUESTION What are the levels of awareness regarding female fertility and the intentions and attitudes towards parenthood among Chinese university students in Hong Kong compared with their counterparts in the West?

SUMMARY ANSWER Chinese university students in Hong Kong were similarly over-optimistic about the age-related fertility decline, although they were less inclined to have children and undergo fertility treatment compared with their Western counterparts.

WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY Past studies of highly educated young adults in Europe and the USA have found that they are not sufficiently aware of the age-related decline in female fertility, and falsely believe that ...


Cytotoxic Drugs And Their Effects On Bladder Function, Sung Hyun Kang 2015 Bond University

Cytotoxic Drugs And Their Effects On Bladder Function, Sung Hyun Kang

Theses

This thesis investigates the effects of intravesical agents, doxorubicin, mitomycin C (MMC), and epirubicin on release of mediators and inflammatory cytokines from the urothelium, and tissue responses and morphological integrity of the bladder. Intravesical therapy which administers cytotoxic agents into the bladder lumen is an important approach for treatment of superficial bladder cancer. Despite evidence of significant local adverse effects such as chemical cystitis (dysuria, increased urinary frequency and urgency) following this treatment, few studies have assessed their effects on non-malignant tissues of the bladder and the changes in urinary function resulting from this therapy. A better understanding of the ...


A Modular One-Generation Reproduction Study As A Flexible Testing System For Regulatory Safety Assessment, Richard Vogel, Troy Seidle, Horst Spielmann 2014 Humane Society International

A Modular One-Generation Reproduction Study As A Flexible Testing System For Regulatory Safety Assessment, Richard Vogel, Troy Seidle, Horst Spielmann

Troy Seidle, Ph.D.

The European Union’s Registration, Evaluation and Authorisation of Chemicals (REACH) legislation mandates testing and evaluation of approximately 30,000 existing substances within a short period of time, beginning with the most widely used “high production volume” (HPV) chemicals. REACH testing requirements for the roughly 3000 HPV chemicals specify three separate tests for reproductive toxicity: two developmental toxicity studies on different animal species (OECD Test Guideline 414) and a two-generation reproduction toxicity study (OECD TG 416). These studies are highly costly in both economic and animal welfare terms. OECD TG 416 is a fertility study intended to evaluate reproductive performance ...


La Cesárea Y El Parto Natural: Las Opiniones De Profesionales De La Salud En La Provincia De Buenos Aires / Cesarean Section And Natural Birth: The Opinions Of Health Provinces In The Province Of Buenos Aires, Jacqueline Chipkin 2014 SIT Study Abroad

La Cesárea Y El Parto Natural: Las Opiniones De Profesionales De La Salud En La Provincia De Buenos Aires / Cesarean Section And Natural Birth: The Opinions Of Health Provinces In The Province Of Buenos Aires, Jacqueline Chipkin

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Introduction: The ways in which women of society give birth have the power to influence maternal-infant health and shape the economy of the healthcare system. Today, the rates of cesarean sections are increasing throughout the world. In Argentina, on average, more than 35% of pregnant women received cesarean sections in 2008, with large differences observed in the rates between the public and private health sectors. The World Health Organization (WHO) has established that healthcare systems should only employ a cesarean section if labor cannot progress safely. According to this standard, the organization estimates that cesarean sections should only be utilized ...


Associations Of Adipose Tissue Architecture, Adipokines And Inflammatory Markers With Body Mass Index And Gestational Weight Gain In Non-Diabetic Pregnancies, Tiffany Moore Simas, Crina Boeras, Ningning Zhang, Olga Gaelikman, Katherine Leung, Nicole Wedick, Laura Robidoux, Jodi Puleo, Mary Lee, Silvia Corvera, Milagros Rosal 2014 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Associations Of Adipose Tissue Architecture, Adipokines And Inflammatory Markers With Body Mass Index And Gestational Weight Gain In Non-Diabetic Pregnancies, Tiffany Moore Simas, Crina Boeras, Ningning Zhang, Olga Gaelikman, Katherine Leung, Nicole Wedick, Laura Robidoux, Jodi Puleo, Mary Lee, Silvia Corvera, Milagros Rosal

Milagros C. Rosal

Background: Some pregnancy weight gain is stored as adipose tissue (AT). Human AT depots vary in their capacity for expansion. Data suggests that subcutaneous (SQ) is adapted for healthy lipid storage. Conversely visceral (V) accumulation is associated with inflammation, obesity-related co-morbidities and Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) risk. We investigated SQ and VAT histologic architecture along with insulin, adipokines and inflammatory markers in relationship to prepregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain (GWG).

Methods: Subset of non-diabetic singleton gravidas from the Pregnancy & Postpartum Observational Dietary Study (PPODS), undergoing Cesareans and consenting to SQ & VAT biopsies were included. Average adipocyte size assessed in10 sections/depot/subject. Maternal and cord blood insulin, adiponectin, leptin, PAI-1, CRP, TNFα, IL1b, IL6 and IL8 evaluated using Luminex MAGPIX, laser based fluorescent analytical test instrumentation with MILLIPLEX® multi-analyte panels. GWG determined by difference in pre-pregnancy and last prenatal visit weight.

Results: Of 110 subjects enrolled, 19 (17.3%) delivered by Cesarean with 14 consenting to AT sampling, and 7 (50%) having both SQ and VAT available for analysis. These 7 had mean pre-pregnancy BMI 27.8±5.6 kg/m2 and GWG 50.0±25.7 lb (range 19-83) with delivery age 39.2±0.7 wks. Mean SQ and VAT adipocyte sizes were 2892±716 pixels2 (range 1866-3775) and 2427±641 pixels2 (range 1416-3397) respectively (p=0.310); neither were statistically correlated with BMI or GWG. Pre-pregnancy BMI statistically correlated with maternal serum insulin (0.786, p=0 ...


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