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Circulatory and Respiratory Physiology Commons

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374 full-text articles. Page 1 of 16.

Effects Of Endogenous Angiotensin Ii On Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms And Atherosclerosis In Angiotensin Ii-Infused Mice, Masayoshi Kukida, Hisashi Sawada, Satoko Ohno-Urabe, Deborah A. Howatt, Jessica J. Moorleghen, Marko Poglitsch, Alan Daugherty, Hong S. Lu 2021 University of Kentucky

Effects Of Endogenous Angiotensin Ii On Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms And Atherosclerosis In Angiotensin Ii-Infused Mice, Masayoshi Kukida, Hisashi Sawada, Satoko Ohno-Urabe, Deborah A. Howatt, Jessica J. Moorleghen, Marko Poglitsch, Alan Daugherty, Hong S. Lu

Saha Cardiovascular Research Center Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


D-Dimer Levels And Acute Pulmonary Embolism Development In Covid-19 Patients, Vural Ahmet, Kahraman Ahmet Nedim 2021 DEPARTMENT OF RADIOLOGY, UNIVERSITY OF HEALTH SCIENCE FATIH SULTAN MEHMET TRAINING AND RESEARCH HOSPITAL, ISTANBUL, TURKEY

D-Dimer Levels And Acute Pulmonary Embolism Development In Covid-19 Patients, Vural Ahmet, Kahraman Ahmet Nedim

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Objective. To identify those who develop pulmonary embolism with Ddimer levels by evaluating pulmonary CT angiographies of patients who are followed up with suspicion of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Methods. Patients who were followed up in a community hospital with suspicion of COVID-19 and underwent Pulmonary CT angiography examination were evaluated. Clinical and demographic parameters and DDimer values for patients with and without pulmonary embolism were evaluated in the pulmonary CT angiogram. Results. During the COVID-19 pandemic, Thorax CT examination was performed in our center for suspicion or follow-up of COVID-19 infection in 3396 patients. Pulmonary CT angiography was applied ...


Experimental, Theoretical, And Translational Studies Of Rbc Distribution In Capillary Networks, Asher Mendelson 2021 The University of Western Ontario

Experimental, Theoretical, And Translational Studies Of Rbc Distribution In Capillary Networks, Asher Mendelson

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The purpose of this thesis was to evaluate the physiology of red blood cell (RBC) distribution in skeletal muscle capillary networks. Because this is the terminal site of oxygen exchange in the microcirculation, characterization of this fundamental process informs an understanding of how microvascular blood flow regulation matches oxygen supply with local tissue demand. Prior studies in this field have focused on small groups of capillaries, and have not linked capillary network structure with functional measurements, nor evaluated the temporal complexity of RBC distribution over physiologically-relevant scales. It is also unclear how the functional units called capillary modules – comprised of ...


Methamphetamine Associated Cardiomyopathy In Pregnancy: The Distinctions And The Implications, Ashan Hatharasinghe, Hossein Akhondi 2021 Sunrise Health GME Consortium

Methamphetamine Associated Cardiomyopathy In Pregnancy: The Distinctions And The Implications, Ashan Hatharasinghe, Hossein Akhondi

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Introduction

Methamphetamine associated cardiomyopathy (MAC) and peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) are both rare obstetric conditions. Literature regarding methamphetamine associated cardiomyopathy in the obstetric population is limited, and it can be difficult to make the distinction between the two given the similarities in clinical presentation. However similar, there are significant distinctions in the pathophysiology of these two that can help clinicians with the management process.

Clinical Findings and Outcomes

This case involves a 35-year-old Hispanic G6P5005 at 37 weeks gestation presenting with acute respiratory failure secondary to acute decompensated heart failure with reduced ejection fraction and superimposed preeclampsia leading to urgent cesarean ...


Resident Heart Rate Variability During Cataract Surgery, Ahmad Baiyasi, Shibandri Das, Ferris Bayasi, Faisal Ridha Al-Timimi 2021 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Resident Heart Rate Variability During Cataract Surgery, Ahmad Baiyasi, Shibandri Das, Ferris Bayasi, Faisal Ridha Al-Timimi

Medical Student Research Symposium

Purpose: To evaluate ophthalmology resident anxiousness and cardiovascular response by tracking resident heart rate (HR) when performing cataract surgery during their last year of residency.

Methods: A prospective analysis of 31 cataract cases, completed by three residents (two females and one male), at the Kresge Eye Institute in August and September 2020 was performed. Inclusion criteria for cases included all cataract cases performed by PGY-4 residents at the Kresge Eye Institute who downloaded the Heart Graph app supported by iOS. Residents with android mobile devices were excluded from the study. Informed consent was obtained from all residents who utilized the ...


Dilemmas In Anticoagulation And Use Of Inferior Vena Cava Filters In Venous Thromboembolism; A Survey Of Respiratory Physicians, Haematologists And Medical Oncologists And A Review Of The Literature, Philip Craven, Ciara Daly, Nisha Sikotra, Tim Clay, Eli Gabbay 2021 Edith Cowan University

Dilemmas In Anticoagulation And Use Of Inferior Vena Cava Filters In Venous Thromboembolism; A Survey Of Respiratory Physicians, Haematologists And Medical Oncologists And A Review Of The Literature, Philip Craven, Ciara Daly, Nisha Sikotra, Tim Clay, Eli Gabbay

ECU Publications Post 2013

© The Author(s) 2021. Twenty percent of patients with Cancer Associated Thrombosis receive an inferior vena cava filter annually. Insertion is guided by practice guidelines, which do not specify or discuss the use of inferior vena cava filters in malignancy. Adherence to these guidelines is known to be variable. We aimed to see if there was consistent management of venous thromboembolism among Medical Oncologists/Haematologists and Respiratory Physicians, with respect to inferior vena cava filter use in the setting of suspected and confirmed malignancy. Medical Oncologists, Haematologists and Respiratory Physicians were surveyed with four theoretical cases. Case 1 concerns a ...


Transcatheter Vs. Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement In Patients At Intermediate Surgical Risk, Nichole M. Bonzano, David M. Milligram 2020 James Madison University

Transcatheter Vs. Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement In Patients At Intermediate Surgical Risk, Nichole M. Bonzano, David M. Milligram

Physician Assistant Capstones, 2020-current

Abstract

  • Objective[AM1] : To compare the safety and efficacy of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) to surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) in patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis at intermediate surgical risk.
  • Design: Systematic literature review.
  • Methods: Literature searches were done in PubMed and Scopus search engines using key terms: TAVR, trans-catheter aortic valve replacement, SAVR, surgical aortic valve replacement, severe aortic stenosis, and intermediate risk. Filters included primary research only. Inclusion criteria were articles which studied an intermediate risk patient population (STS-PROM 3-15%), primary research, and compared outcomes of TAVR and SAVR in patients with severe aortic stenosis ...


Proteomic Analysis Of Platelet-Rich And Platelet-Poor Plasma, Olga Miroshnychenko, Robert J. Chalkley, Ryan D. Leib, Peter A. Everts, Jason L. Dragoo 2020 CUNY New York City College of Technology

Proteomic Analysis Of Platelet-Rich And Platelet-Poor Plasma, Olga Miroshnychenko, Robert J. Chalkley, Ryan D. Leib, Peter A. Everts, Jason L. Dragoo

Publications and Research

Background

Autologous blood products, such as platelet-rich plasma (PRP) are commercial products broadly used to accelerate healing of tissues after injuries. However, their content is not standardized and significantly varies in composition, which may lead to differences in clinical efficacy. Also, the underlying molecular mechanisms for therapeutic effects are not well understood.

Purpose

A proteomic study was performed to compare the composition of low leukocyte PRP, platelet poor plasma (PPP), and blood plasma. Pathway analysis of the proteomic data was performed to evaluate differences between plasma formulations at the molecular level. Low abundance regulatory proteins in plasma were identified and ...


Covid-19 And Arrhythmias: A Review Of Cardiac Electrophysiology Associated With Sars-Cov-2, Kashmala Khan, Francis Dimtri, Carlos Vargas, Thomas Alexander 2020 Corpus Christi Medical Center

Covid-19 And Arrhythmias: A Review Of Cardiac Electrophysiology Associated With Sars-Cov-2, Kashmala Khan, Francis Dimtri, Carlos Vargas, Thomas Alexander

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Coronavirus infectious disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become one of the most recognized viral illnesses to date. Most people infected with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) have a benign clinical course, but there have also been catastrophic outcomes. Although, notoriously known to affect the respiratory system, extra-pulmonary manifestations have also been established. An increasing number of people have been reported to present with cardiac manifestations, which include but are not limited to arrhythmias. The cardiac conduction system can be damaged by various mechanisms in patients infected with SARS-CoV-2. In this review, we will attempt to briefly describe the arrhythmogenic ...


Apneic Oxygenation: An Adjunctive Therapy For Laryngoscopy During Anesthesia Induction, Yaro Hoffman 2020 The University of Southern Mississippi

Apneic Oxygenation: An Adjunctive Therapy For Laryngoscopy During Anesthesia Induction, Yaro Hoffman

Doctoral Projects

Endotracheal intubation is an essential component within the skill set of anesthesia providers. Rapid arterial desaturation remains a primary risk factor during laryngoscopy and intubation. The risk for hypoxemia exists because during endotracheal intubation, patients are apneic or hypo-ventilating (Wong et al., 2017). Apneic oxygenation (AO) has been advocated to attenuate hypoxemia during endotracheal intubation (Pavlov et al., 2017).

The aim of this project was to assess for any knowledge deficits regarding AO among anesthesia providers and assess the willingness of these providers to include AO into their current practice. The project investigator conducted an education session involving the evidence-based ...


Effect Of Niacin Monotherapy On High Density Lipoprotein Composition And Function, Scott M. Gordon, Marcelo J. Amar, Kianoush Jeiran, Michael Stagliano, Emma Staller, Martin P. Playford, Nehal N. Mehta, Tomas Vaisar, Alan T. Remaley 2020 University of Kentucky

Effect Of Niacin Monotherapy On High Density Lipoprotein Composition And Function, Scott M. Gordon, Marcelo J. Amar, Kianoush Jeiran, Michael Stagliano, Emma Staller, Martin P. Playford, Nehal N. Mehta, Tomas Vaisar, Alan T. Remaley

Saha Cardiovascular Research Center Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Niacin has modest but overall favorable effects on plasma lipids by increasing high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and lowering triglycerides. Clinical trials, however, evaluating niacin therapy for prevention of cardiovascular outcomes have returned mixed results. Recent evidence suggests that the HDL proteome may be a better indicator of HDL's cardioprotective function than HDL-C. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of niacin monotherapy on HDL protein composition and function.

METHODS: A 20-week investigational study was performed with 11 participants receiving extended-release niacin (target dose = 2 g/day) for 16-weeks followed by a 4-week washout period ...


Relations Between Plasma Micrornas, Echocardiographic Markers Of Atrial Remodeling, And Atrial Fibrillation: Data From The Framingham Offspring Study, Aditya Vaze, Khanh-Van T. Tran, Kahraman Tanriverdi, Mayank Sardana, Darleen M. Lessard, J. Kevin Donahue, Bruce A. Barton, Gerard P. Aurigemma, Amiya Mandapati, Jane E. Freedman, David D. McManus 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Relations Between Plasma Micrornas, Echocardiographic Markers Of Atrial Remodeling, And Atrial Fibrillation: Data From The Framingham Offspring Study, Aditya Vaze, Khanh-Van T. Tran, Kahraman Tanriverdi, Mayank Sardana, Darleen M. Lessard, J. Kevin Donahue, Bruce A. Barton, Gerard P. Aurigemma, Amiya Mandapati, Jane E. Freedman, David D. Mcmanus

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

BACKGROUND: Circulating microRNAs may reflect or influence pathological cardiac remodeling and contribute to atrial fibrillation (AF).

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify candidate plasma microRNAs that are associated with echocardiographic phenotypes of atrial remodeling, and incident and prevalent AF in a community-based cohort.

METHODS: We analyzed left atrial function index (LAFI) of 1788 Framingham Offspring 8 participants. We quantified expression of 339 plasma microRNAs. We examined associations between microRNA levels with LAFI and prevalent and incident AF. We constructed pathway analysis of microRNAs' predicted gene targets to identify molecular processes involved in adverse atrial remodeling in AF ...


Characterizing Recurrence Following Hybrid Ablation In Patients With Persistent Atrial Fibrillation, David C. Kress, Lynn Erickson, Tadele W. Mengesha, David Krum, Jasbir Sra 2020 Aurora Cardiovascular and Thoracic Services, Aurora Sinai/Aurora St. Luke’s Medical Centers

Characterizing Recurrence Following Hybrid Ablation In Patients With Persistent Atrial Fibrillation, David C. Kress, Lynn Erickson, Tadele W. Mengesha, David Krum, Jasbir Sra

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: It is It is widely accepted that atrial fibrillation (AF) accounts for half of arrhythmia recurrences following endocardial catheter ablation of AF. An epicardial-endocardial approach (hybrid) has emerged as an alternative to endocardial ablation alone for the treatment of AF, yet recurrence after a hybrid procedure has not been well characterized. This retrospective study is aimed at characterizing recurrence following hybrid ablation for patients with persistent AF.

Methods: Patients with persistent AF (N = 108) received both endocardial and epicardial ablation of the posterior left atrial wall using catheter ablation and a small midline surgical approach (hybrid). Presence of atrial ...


Association Of Subclinical Atherosclerosis With Echocardiographic Indices Of Cardiac Remodeling: The Framingham Study, Cecilia Castro-Diehl, Rebecca J. Song, Gary F. Mitchell, David D. McManus, Susan Cheng, Ramachandran S. Vasan, Vanessa Xanthakis 2020 Boston University

Association Of Subclinical Atherosclerosis With Echocardiographic Indices Of Cardiac Remodeling: The Framingham Study, Cecilia Castro-Diehl, Rebecca J. Song, Gary F. Mitchell, David D. Mcmanus, Susan Cheng, Ramachandran S. Vasan, Vanessa Xanthakis

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

BACKGROUND: It is well established that coronary artery disease progresses along with myocardial disease. However, data on the association between coronary artery calcium (CAC) and echocardiographic variables are lacking.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 2,650 Framingham Study participants (mean age 51 yrs, 48% women; 40% with CAC > 0), we related CT-based CAC score to left ventricular (LV) mass index (LVMi), LV ejection fraction (LVEF), E/e', global longitudinal strain (GLS), left atrial emptying fraction (LAEF), and aortic root diameter (AoR), using multivariable-adjusted generalized linear models. CAC score (independent variable) was used as log-transformed continuous [ln(CAC+1)] and as a ...


Alternative Polyadenylation Modulates Expression Of Pro-Fibrotic Proteins And Contributes To Lung Fibrosis, Junsuk Ko 2020 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences

Alternative Polyadenylation Modulates Expression Of Pro-Fibrotic Proteins And Contributes To Lung Fibrosis, Junsuk Ko

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic lung disease which affects about 5 to 8 million individuals in the world. Despite the high prevalence, there is currently no cure for IPF, and the cause of this disease is still unclear. Our laboratory and collaborators have shown that nudix hydrolase 21 (NUDT21, which is also known as cleavage factor 25, CFIm25) is a key regulator of alternative polyadenylation (APA). NUDT21 depletion causes 3’UTR shortening via APA leading to enhanced mRNA stability and protein translation. This NUDT21 reduction promotes tumor growth in glioblastoma by enhancing expression of oncogenes. Cancer and IPF ...


Myocardial Work Index: A Novel Method For Assessment Of Myocardial Function In South Asian Recreational Athletes, Shantanu Sengupta, Renuka Jain, Nitin Burkule, Susan Olet, Bijoy K. Khandheria 2020 Sengupta Hospital and Research Institute

Myocardial Work Index: A Novel Method For Assessment Of Myocardial Function In South Asian Recreational Athletes, Shantanu Sengupta, Renuka Jain, Nitin Burkule, Susan Olet, Bijoy K. Khandheria

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: We used a novel noninvasive method based on speckle-tracking echocardiography to evaluate myocardial performance in South Asian recreational athletes who completed a half marathon.

Methods: Transthoracic echocardiography was performed on 24 recreational athletes 48 hours before they took part in a half marathon (premarathon), within 2 hours of half marathon completion (postmarathon), and 72 hours after completion. Clinical, laboratory, and echocardiographic variables were collected. Speckle-tracking echocardiography was performed in all subjects to characterize myocardial mechanics.

Results: Mean age of participants was 41.8 ± 7.4 years, and 23 (95.8%) were male. No subject had a prior history of ...


Modulator Therapy For Cystic Fibrosis: An Exploration Of Current Research, Jessalyn Rombocos 2020 Liberty University

Modulator Therapy For Cystic Fibrosis: An Exploration Of Current Research, Jessalyn Rombocos

Senior Honors Theses

Developing a drug therapy that addresses the root cause of cystic fibrosis (CF) by increasing CFTR protein levels has long been a research challenge. After genetic therapy failed because a suitable delivery system could not be found, researchers began searching for small organic molecules that could act as chaperones for CFTR. These molecules, known as modulators, allowed CFTR to be assembled correctly and function similarly to wild type CFTR. Since 2012, four modulator drugs have been developed, tested, and approved by the FDA. In October 2019, Trikafta was approved as the first triple-combination modulator drug and has completely revolutionized CF ...


Regenerative Medicine Therapy: Adipose Derived Extracellular Vesicles In Viral Myocarditis, David Gorelov, Damian N. Di Florio, Gary R. Salomon, Angita Jain, Nick E. Saikaili, Danielle J. Beetler, Swikriti Shrestha, Ming Tian, Joy Wolfram PhD, DeLisa Fairweather PhD, Katelyn Bruno PhD, Judith D. Ochrietor PhD 2020 University of North Florida

Regenerative Medicine Therapy: Adipose Derived Extracellular Vesicles In Viral Myocarditis, David Gorelov, Damian N. Di Florio, Gary R. Salomon, Angita Jain, Nick E. Saikaili, Danielle J. Beetler, Swikriti Shrestha, Ming Tian, Joy Wolfram Phd, Delisa Fairweather Phd, Katelyn Bruno Phd, Judith D. Ochrietor Phd

Showcase of Osprey Advancements in Research and Scholarship (SOARS)

Objective: Myocarditis, inflammation of the heart muscle, is an autoimmune heart disease that can be caused by viruses, bacteria and toxins. Myocarditis can lead to dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and heart failure. Currently there are no disease-specific therapies for treating myocarditis or preventing progression to DCM. Adipose Extracellular Vesicles (AEVs) are lipid bilayer nanoparticles that are released into the outside environment of adipocytes and provide promising regenerative potential for inflammatory diseases like myocarditis.

Methods: Lipoaspirate was obtained from women and men and AEVs isolated from the lipoaspirate using tangential flow filtration. We injected wild type male BALB/c mice with 250uL ...


Potential Role Of The Large Protein Titin In The Development Of Heart Failure, Mary M. Prickett 2020 University of South Carolina

Potential Role Of The Large Protein Titin In The Development Of Heart Failure, Mary M. Prickett

Senior Theses

I will be exploring the impact of the large protein Titin on heart failure with a preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). It was hypothesized that myocardial Titin plays a significant role in the progression of HFpEF through isoform, N2BA and N2B, changes. It was hypothesized that an increase in the quantity of N2B Titin, less compliant, and a decrease in N2BA Titin, more compliant, will be observed as HF progresses, contributing to an increase in passive stiffness involved in heart contraction. I will cover a detailed report on the role of Titin in HFpEF and propose research methods to explore further.


Cuffless Single-Site Photoplethysmography For Blood Pressure Monitoring, Manish Hosanee, Richard Fletcher, Mohamed Elgendi 2020 University of British Columbia

Cuffless Single-Site Photoplethysmography For Blood Pressure Monitoring, Manish Hosanee, Richard Fletcher, Mohamed Elgendi

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

One in three adults worldwide has hypertension, which is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Consequently, there is a global demand for continuous and non-invasive blood pressure (BP) measurements that are convenient, easy to use, and more accurate than the currently available methods for detecting hypertension. This could easily be achieved through the integration of single-site photoplethysmography (PPG) readings into wearable devices, although improved reliability and an understanding of BP estimation accuracy are essential. This review paper focuses on understanding the features of PPG associated with BP and examines the development of this technology over the 2010-2019 period in terms ...


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