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Medical Toxicology Commons

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Development Of A 3d Hepg2 Suspension Culture System To Enable Reducible Investigations Into 2d Vs. 3d Hepg2 Culture-Derived Sev Biophysical Properties And Cancer Pathway-Related Mirna Content, Luke A. Schroeder, Joshua L. Hood Ph.D., Gina T. Bardi 2022 University of Louisville

Development Of A 3d Hepg2 Suspension Culture System To Enable Reducible Investigations Into 2d Vs. 3d Hepg2 Culture-Derived Sev Biophysical Properties And Cancer Pathway-Related Mirna Content, Luke A. Schroeder, Joshua L. Hood Ph.D., Gina T. Bardi

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Small extracellular vesicles (sEVs), otherwise known as exosomes, are nanoscale vesicles that cells release to communicate and affect their local and remote microenvironments. Cancer cells specifically use their sEVs to enable tumor survival, including inactivation of anti-tumor macrophage immune responses. For sEV studies in vitro, 2D cells grown in adherent culture are typically used to manufacture sEVs. To more closely simulate in vivo tissues, human hepatocellular carcinoma cells (HCCs) can be grown in a 3D ECM as spheroids. However, the ECM-based method is technically challenging as well as time-consuming since it is incredibly difficult to grow individual spheroids for the ...


Comparative Metabolism Of Aflatoxin B1 In Two Quail Genera Coturnix Japonica And Callipepla Californica, Sean Moody 2021 Utah State University

Comparative Metabolism Of Aflatoxin B1 In Two Quail Genera Coturnix Japonica And Callipepla Californica, Sean Moody

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Avian species are highly susceptible to the hepatotoxic mycotoxin aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). Domesticated turkeys are exquisitely sensitive, due to a combination of highly-efficient hepatic cytochrome P450 (CYP)-mediated bioactivation, and to dysfunctional alpha-class glutathione S-transferases (GSTAs) which typically detoxify the bioactivated electrophilic metabolite exo-AFB1-8,9-epoxide (AFBO). Wild turkeys are relatively resistant to AFB1 in large part due to expression of functional GSTAs. Quail, a related Galliforme, are slightly less sensitive in vivo to AFB1, but whether this is related to the hepatic metabolic profiles of these two critical enzymes has not been rigorously evaluated ...


Radioresistance In Prostate Cancer: Focus On The Interplay Between Nf-Κb And Sod, Sameera Kumar, Daret St. Clair 2021 Fox Chase Cancer Center

Radioresistance In Prostate Cancer: Focus On The Interplay Between Nf-Κb And Sod, Sameera Kumar, Daret St. Clair

Toxicology and Cancer Biology Faculty Publications

Prostate cancer occurs frequently in men and can often lead to death. Many cancers, including prostate cancer, can be initiated by oxidative insult caused by free radicals and reactive oxygen species. The superoxide dismutase family removes the oxygen-derived reactive oxygen species, and increased superoxide dismutase activity can often be protective against prostate cancer. Prostate cancer can be treated in a variety of ways, including surgery, androgen deprivation therapy, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. The clinical trajectory of prostate cancer varies from patient to patient, but more aggressive tumors often tend to be radioresistant. This is often due to the free-radical and ...


Acute Angle Closure Glaucoma Precipitated By Homeopathic Eyedrops Containing Atropa Belladonna., Mallorie L Huff, Derek Fikse, Ryan M Surmaitis, Marna Rayl Greenberg 2021 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Acute Angle Closure Glaucoma Precipitated By Homeopathic Eyedrops Containing Atropa Belladonna., Mallorie L Huff, Derek Fikse, Ryan M Surmaitis, Marna Rayl Greenberg

Department of Emergency Medicine

Acute angle closure glaucoma is a sight-threatening condition that may lead to blindness. This is a case report of a woman who presented to the emergency department (ED) with acute angle closure glaucoma following use of an over-the-counter (OTC) homeopathic eye drop containing atropa belladonna (deadly nightshade). A 55-year-old woman presented to the ED with a 5-day history of left eye redness, swelling, tearing, and foreign-body sensation that had acutely worsened in the last two days. Her exam revealed mild left conjunctival injection with watery tearing and a hazy appearance of her left cornea. Fluorescein staining was negative, while tonometry ...


Untargeted Lipidomics Of Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma Demonstrates Differentially Abundant Lipid Classes In Cancer Vs. Non-Cancer Tissue, Joshua M. Mitchell, Robert M. Flight, Hunter N. B. Moseley 2021 University of Kentucky

Untargeted Lipidomics Of Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma Demonstrates Differentially Abundant Lipid Classes In Cancer Vs. Non-Cancer Tissue, Joshua M. Mitchell, Robert M. Flight, Hunter N. B. Moseley

Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Lung cancer remains the leading cause of cancer death worldwide and non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) represents 85% of newly diagnosed lung cancers. In this study, we utilized our untargeted assignment tool Small Molecule Isotope Resolved Formula Enumerator (SMIRFE) and ultra-high-resolution Fourier transform mass spectrometry to examine lipid profile differences between paired cancerous and non-cancerous lung tissue samples from 86 patients with suspected stage I or IIA primary NSCLC. Correlation and co-occurrence analysis revealed significant lipid profile differences between cancer and non-cancer samples. Further analysis of machine-learned lipid categories for the differentially abundant molecular formulas identified a high abundance sterol ...


The Effects Of Environmental Copper Exposure On The Behavior And Morphology Of Developing Zebrafish, Christina Kaucic 2021 Purdue University

The Effects Of Environmental Copper Exposure On The Behavior And Morphology Of Developing Zebrafish, Christina Kaucic

The Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research

No abstract provided.


Toxicological Exposures In Covid-19 Patients, Alexandra M. Amaducci DO, Kim Aldy DO, Sharan L Campleman Phd, MPH, DABT, Shao Li MPH, Alison Meyn MPH, Stephanie Abston RN, BSN, Meghan B Spyres MD, Paul M Wax MD, FACMT, Jeffery Brent MD, PhD 2021 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Toxicological Exposures In Covid-19 Patients, Alexandra M. Amaducci Do, Kim Aldy Do, Sharan L Campleman Phd, Mph, Dabt, Shao Li Mph, Alison Meyn Mph, Stephanie Abston Rn, Bsn, Meghan B Spyres Md, Paul M Wax Md, Facmt, Jeffery Brent Md, Phd

Department of Emergency Medicine

No abstract provided.


Analysis Of Potentially Toxic Contaminants In Milk Powder, Magdalena Mititelu, Lucian Hîncu, Emma Adriana Ozon, Daniela Luiza Baconi, Ioana Paunica, Oana Denisa Bălălău 2021 CAROL DAVILA UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE AND PHARMACY, FACULTY OF PHARMACY, DEPARTMENT OF CLINICAL LABORATORY AND FOOD HYGIENE, BUCHAREST, ROMANIA

Analysis Of Potentially Toxic Contaminants In Milk Powder, Magdalena Mititelu, Lucian Hîncu, Emma Adriana Ozon, Daniela Luiza Baconi, Ioana Paunica, Oana Denisa Bălălău

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

The aim of this study was to identify potentially toxic contaminants in milk powder. Powdered milk contains a range of toxic and non-toxic substances that are present in a wide variety, also having very different origins. A number of seven milk powder samples from different producers sold on the Romanian market were analyzed, the samples that were collected from the original packaging: P1, P 2, P3, P4, P5, P6 and P7. The concentration of the following elements was analyzed using the X-ray (XRF) fluorescence method: potassium (K), chlorine (Cl), calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P) and aluminum (Al). The vast majority of ...


Mental Health Or Cardiac Health. Is There A Reason To Choose? Cardiac Arrhythmias Induced By Atomoxetine And Methylphenidate, Gabriel Cismaru, Viorel Lupu 2021 IULIU HATIEGANU UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE AND PHARMACY, 5TH DEPARTMENT OF INTERNAL MEDICINE, CARDIOLOGY REHABILITATION, CLUJ-NAPOCA, ROMANIA

Mental Health Or Cardiac Health. Is There A Reason To Choose? Cardiac Arrhythmias Induced By Atomoxetine And Methylphenidate, Gabriel Cismaru, Viorel Lupu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

The current treatment of Attention Deficit Disorder and Attention Deficit with Hyperactivity consists mainly in the administration of Straterra (Atomoxetine) Concerta and Ritalin (Methylphenidate). The FDA warned that the products might increase systolic, diastolic blood pressure, and lead to ventricular arrhythmias. Arrhythmic events and sudden cardiac death were described in adults with preexistent heart disease. However, studies on children have failed to demonstrate a clear association between the arrhythmic events and these drugs, as demonstrated in adults. What should the attitude of the pediatric psychiatrist be towards the administration of these products? What examination should be made by the psychiatrist ...


Cellular Origins Of Egfr-Driven Lung Cancer Cells Determine Sensitivity To Therapy, Fan Chen, Jinpeng Liu, Robert M. Flight, Kassandra J. Naughton, Alexsandr Lukyanchuk, Abigail R Edgin, Xiulong Song, Haikuo Zhang, Kwok-Kin Wong, Hunter N. B. Moseley, Chi Wang, Christine F. Brainson 2021 University of Kentucky

Cellular Origins Of Egfr-Driven Lung Cancer Cells Determine Sensitivity To Therapy, Fan Chen, Jinpeng Liu, Robert M. Flight, Kassandra J. Naughton, Alexsandr Lukyanchuk, Abigail R Edgin, Xiulong Song, Haikuo Zhang, Kwok-Kin Wong, Hunter N. B. Moseley, Chi Wang, Christine F. Brainson

Toxicology and Cancer Biology Faculty Publications

Targeting the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) is one of the major precision medicine treatment options for lung adenocarcinoma. Due to common development of drug resistance to first- and second-generation TKIs, third-generation inhibitors, including osimertinib and rociletinib, have been developed. A model of EGFR-driven lung cancer and a method to develop tumors of distinct epigenetic states through 3D organotypic cultures are described here. It is discovered that activation of the EGFR T790M/L858R mutation in lung epithelial cells can drive lung cancers with alveolar or bronchiolar features, which can originate from alveolar type 2 (AT2 ...


Rorα Suppresses Cancer-Associated Inflammation By Repressing Respiratory Complex I-Dependent Ros Generation, Wei Mao, Gaofeng Xiong, Yuanyuan Wu, Chi Wang, Daret St. Clair, Jai-Da Li, Ren Xu 2021 University of Kentucky

Rorα Suppresses Cancer-Associated Inflammation By Repressing Respiratory Complex I-Dependent Ros Generation, Wei Mao, Gaofeng Xiong, Yuanyuan Wu, Chi Wang, Daret St. Clair, Jai-Da Li, Ren Xu

Markey Cancer Center Faculty Publications

Breast cancer development is associated with macrophage infiltration and differentiation in the tumor microenvironment. Our previous study highlights the crucial function of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in enhancing macrophage infiltration during the disruption of mammary tissue polarity. However, the regulation of ROS and ROS-associated macrophage infiltration in breast cancer has not been fully determined. Previous studies identified retinoid orphan nuclear receptor alpha (RORα) as a potential tumor suppressor in human breast cancer. In the present study, we showed that retinoid orphan nuclear receptor alpha (RORα) significantly decreased ROS levels and inhibited ROS-mediated cytokine expression in breast cancer cells. RORα expression ...


Sars-Cov-2 Seroprevalence And Drug Use In Trauma Patients From Six Sites In The United States [Preprint], Tran B. Ngo, Mark J. Neavyn, Jeffrey T. Lai, Kavita M. Babu 2021 National Institutes of Health

Sars-Cov-2 Seroprevalence And Drug Use In Trauma Patients From Six Sites In The United States [Preprint], Tran B. Ngo, Mark J. Neavyn, Jeffrey T. Lai, Kavita M. Babu

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

In comparison to the general patient population, trauma patients show higher level detections of bloodborne infectious diseases, such as Hepatitis and Human Immunodeficiency Virus. In comparison to bloodborne pathogens, the prevalence of respiratory infections such as SARS-CoV-2 and how that relates with other variables, such as drug usage and trauma type, is currently unknown in trauma populations. Here, we evaluated SARS-CoV-2 seropositivity and antibody isotype profile in 2,542 trauma patients from six Level-1 trauma centers between April and October of 2020 during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. We found that the seroprevalence in trauma victims 18-44 years ...


Investigation Of Postmortem Methamphetamine Cases Submitted To The New York City Office Of Chief Medical Examiner, Isaiah Jewell 2021 CUNY John Jay College

Investigation Of Postmortem Methamphetamine Cases Submitted To The New York City Office Of Chief Medical Examiner, Isaiah Jewell

Student Theses

Methamphetamine (N-methylamphetamine) is a central nervous system stimulant (CNS) and sympathomimetic drug with a high addiction potential. In the United States, there has been a significant increase in the presence of methamphetamine in recent years, specifically in the Northeastern region of the country. The New York City Office of Chief Medical Examiner (NYC-OCME) postmortem methamphetamine casework from 2018 and 2019 was analyzed and revealed that the presence of the drug increased drastically within a span of one year, jumping from 65 cases in 2018 to 99 cases in 2019. Males were overwhelmingly responsible for much of the casework, taking up ...


Baricitinib In The Treatment Of A Critical Patient With Covid-19 Pneumonia: A Case Report, Nishant Patel, Dylan Goldsmith, Forest W. Arnold 2021 University of Louisville

Baricitinib In The Treatment Of A Critical Patient With Covid-19 Pneumonia: A Case Report, Nishant Patel, Dylan Goldsmith, Forest W. Arnold

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

A 72-year-old male presented to the emergency department with a chief complaint of diarrhea after having tested positive for COVID-19 two days prior. He initially had minimal respiratory complaints, but was eventually transferred to the intensive care unit for acute hypoxic respiratory failure. In addition to dexamethasone, remdesivir, and antibiotics, the patient was treated with baricitinib, a Janus kinase inhibitor that was recently granted emergency use authorization by the Food and Drug Administration for treatment of hospitalized patients with COVID-19. He had an extensive and complicated hospital course and had to be placed on mechanical ventilation, ultimately undergoing tracheostomy. After ...


Co-Targeting Plk1 And Dnmt3a In Advanced Prostate Cancer, Zhuangzhuang Zhang, Lijun Cheng, Qiongsi Zhang, Yifan Kong, Daheng He, Kunyu Li, Matthew Rea, Jianlin Wang, Ruixin Wang, Jinghui Liu, Zhiguo Li, Chongli Yuan, Enze Liu, Yvonne N. Fondufe-Mittendorf, Lang Li, Tao Han, Chi Wang, Xiaoqi Liu 2021 University of Kentucky

Co-Targeting Plk1 And Dnmt3a In Advanced Prostate Cancer, Zhuangzhuang Zhang, Lijun Cheng, Qiongsi Zhang, Yifan Kong, Daheng He, Kunyu Li, Matthew Rea, Jianlin Wang, Ruixin Wang, Jinghui Liu, Zhiguo Li, Chongli Yuan, Enze Liu, Yvonne N. Fondufe-Mittendorf, Lang Li, Tao Han, Chi Wang, Xiaoqi Liu

Toxicology and Cancer Biology Faculty Publications

Because there is no effective treatment for late-stage prostate cancer (PCa) at this moment, identifying novel targets for therapy of advanced PCa is urgently needed. A new network-based systems biology approach, XDeath, is developed to detect crosstalk of signaling pathways associated with PCa progression. This unique integrated network merges gene causal regulation networks and protein-protein interactions to identify novel co-targets for PCa treatment. The results show that polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) and DNA methyltransferase 3A (DNMT3a)-related signaling pathways are robustly enhanced during PCa progression and together they regulate autophagy as a common death mode. Mechanistically, it is shown that ...


Pi3k/Mtor Dual Inhibitor Pf-04691502 Is A Schedule-Dependent Radiosensitizer For Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors, Zeta Chow, Jeremy Johnson, Aman Chauhan, Tadahide Izumi, Michael Cavnar, Heidi L. Weiss, Courtney M. Townsend Jr., Lowell B. Anthony, Carrigan Wasilchenko, Matthew L. Melton, Jörg Schrader, B. Mark Evers, Piotr G. Rychahou 2021 University of Kentucky

Pi3k/Mtor Dual Inhibitor Pf-04691502 Is A Schedule-Dependent Radiosensitizer For Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors, Zeta Chow, Jeremy Johnson, Aman Chauhan, Tadahide Izumi, Michael Cavnar, Heidi L. Weiss, Courtney M. Townsend Jr., Lowell B. Anthony, Carrigan Wasilchenko, Matthew L. Melton, Jörg Schrader, B. Mark Evers, Piotr G. Rychahou

Markey Cancer Center Faculty Publications

Patients with advanced-stage gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs) have a poor overall prognosis despite chemotherapy and radiotherapy (e.g., peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT)). Better treatment options are needed to improve disease regression and patient survival. The purpose of this study was to examine a new treatment strategy by combining PI3K/mTOR dual inhibition and radiotherapy. First, we assessed the efficacy of two PI3K/mTOR dual inhibitors, PF-04691502 and PKI-402, to inhibit pAkt and increase apoptosis in NET cell lines (BON and QGP-1) and patient-derived tumor spheroids as single agents or combined with radiotherapy (XRT). Treatment with PF-04691502 decreased pAkt (Ser473 ...


A Case Of Cocaine Toxicity From Body Stuffing, Justin Smith, James Lee, Alan Lucerna, James Espinosa 2021 Rowan University

A Case Of Cocaine Toxicity From Body Stuffing, Justin Smith, James Lee, Alan Lucerna, James Espinosa

Stratford Campus Research Day

Body stuffing refers to the ingestion of an illegal substance in an effort to conceal it and avoid prosecution. This is distinct from, and more common than, the practice of body packing in which large amounts of an illegal substance are carefully packaged and ingested to be transported discreetly by smugglers [1]. While body packers tend to ingest much larger quantities of a drug, they are less prone to developing symptoms of drug toxicity due to the meticulous packaging methods used when compared with those who ingest packets of drugs in haste to avoid prosecution [2]. Many substances have been ...


Magnitude Based Inference, Sharlo Bayless, Trevor J. Bihl 2021 Wright State University - Main Campus

Magnitude Based Inference, Sharlo Bayless, Trevor J. Bihl

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Though its use is widespread in research, null hypothesis significance testing is not without flaws. Out of a desire to provide a more practical approach to solving statistical problems in certain fields, Magnitude Based Inference (MBI) was created. MBI is a statistical method that was developed by Will G Hopkins and Alan M Batterham, two researchers in Sports and Exercise Science, in 2009.The main issues that they wanted to address with null hypothesis significance testing (NHST),were: 1) the need for a large sample size,2) the confusing language, and 3) the arbitrary selection of a p value of ...


Triamcinolone With Vitamin D Synergistic Efficacy In Psoriasis, Steven Repas, Jeffrey B. Travers 2021 Wright State University - Main Campus

Triamcinolone With Vitamin D Synergistic Efficacy In Psoriasis, Steven Repas, Jeffrey B. Travers

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Psoriasis is one of the most common skin conditions in the United States affecting more than 8 million people. High amounts of vitamin D has been shown to be effective in treatment of psoriasis. It also has a well-documented safety profile at the doses and duration that will be used during this study. Triamcinolone and other topical corticosteroids are considered a first line treatment for mild to moderate psoriasis with a well-documented safety profile. Individually both of these medications have shown effectiveness in the management and treatment of mild to moderate psoriasis. This study is designed to test whether a ...


Uvb-Induced Microvesicle Particle Release In Human Skin In Vivo Is Diminished Following Oral Vitamin C And E Antioxidant Administration, Benjamin Schmeusser, Cameron McGlone, Jeffrey B. Travers 2021 Wright State University - Main Campus

Uvb-Induced Microvesicle Particle Release In Human Skin In Vivo Is Diminished Following Oral Vitamin C And E Antioxidant Administration, Benjamin Schmeusser, Cameron Mcglone, Jeffrey B. Travers

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

An important question in photobiology asks how Ultraviolet B (UVB, 290 – 320 nm) radiation, which mostly absorbs in the outer epidermis of skin, can generate a systemic response such as immunosuppression. Previous in vitro and ex vivo studies demonstrate UVB-dependent release of bioactive molecule-containing microvesicle particles (MVPs) from keratinocytes. Furthermore, MVP release is diminished upon antioxidant administration. The purpose of this study is to examine UVB-induced MVP release and antioxidant response in vivo. In this IRB-approved study, 8 male participants with Fitzpatrick type I or II skin were treated with 1000 J/m2 UVB irradiation to a 5 by 5 ...


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