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The Benefits Of Art Therapy On Stress And Anxiety Of Oncology Patients During Treatment, Helen Shiepe 2023 Lesley University

The Benefits Of Art Therapy On Stress And Anxiety Of Oncology Patients During Treatment, Helen Shiepe

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

Within the last ten years research on art therapy and its positive impact on oncology patients’ stress and anxiety during treatment has been minimal. Oncology patients whether they are children or adults when diagnosed experience similar reactions due to their diagnosis, treatment, and in some cases end of life care. The current question is whether or not art therapy does have a positive impact on decreasing the stress and anxiety with oncology patients while undergoing treatment. Deane, Fitch & Carmen (2000), discussed art therapy as a healing art that is “intended to integrate physical, emotional, and spiritual care by facilitating creative ...


Health Promoting Self-Care: Evaluating The Impact Of Food And Fitness Challenge On The Physical And Psychological Health Of Healthcare Workers, Giancarlo Lyle-Edrosolo, Gena Oppenheim, Emily Enos, Marlon G Saria 2022 Providence

Health Promoting Self-Care: Evaluating The Impact Of Food And Fitness Challenge On The Physical And Psychological Health Of Healthcare Workers, Giancarlo Lyle-Edrosolo, Gena Oppenheim, Emily Enos, Marlon G Saria

2022 Southern California Nursing Research Conference

Background: The unprecedented rates of burnout, stress, and turnover amongst healthcare workers following the COVID-19 pandemic highlighted the importance of prioritizing caregiver physical and mental health. Despite a direct correlation between nurses with multiple health problems and turnover intention, literature searched over the last two decades yielded minimal results using terms such as, nurses and diet, fitness or exercise therapy. A recent study, which focused on female nurses, found an improvement in psychological health by addressing diet, while another found a decrease in occupational stress with an aerobics program. There is even less data to support the use of a ...


Sinus Pauses And Asystole As A Rare Presentation Of Thyrotoxic Crisis: A Case Report, Christian Akem Dimala, Charnjeet Sandhu, Oreoluwa Oladiran, Agnieszka Mochon, William Finneran III 2022 Reading Hospital Tower Health, West Reading, PA, USA

Sinus Pauses And Asystole As A Rare Presentation Of Thyrotoxic Crisis: A Case Report, Christian Akem Dimala, Charnjeet Sandhu, Oreoluwa Oladiran, Agnieszka Mochon, William Finneran Iii

Transformative Medicine (T-Med)

Introduction

Thyroid crisis is a rare and life-threatening endocrine emergency characterized by exaggerated clinical manifestations of hyperthyroidism with cardiovascular manifestations being the most severe. Rhythm disturbances, sinus tachycardia and atrial fibrillation, are the commonest cardiac manifestations of severe thyrotoxicosis; however, asystole remains a very atypical and uncommon presentation. We present a case of thyrotoxicosis due to Grave’s disease complicated by multiple episodes of asystole.

Case Presentation

A 65-year-old female recently diagnosed with Grave’s disease presented to the hospital with recurrent episodes of syncope. Her hospital course was significant for atrial fibrillation with subsequent progression to sinus pauses and ...


Lysosomal Zn 2+ Release Triggers Rapid, Mitochondria-Mediated, Non-Apoptotic Cell Death In Metastatic Melanoma, Wanlu Du, Mingxue Gu, Meiqin Hu, Timothy Nold, Prateeksunder Pinchi, Wei Chen, Michael Ryan, Ahmed Bannaga, Haoxing Xu 2022 University of Michigan - Ann Arbor

Lysosomal Zn 2+ Release Triggers Rapid, Mitochondria-Mediated, Non-Apoptotic Cell Death In Metastatic Melanoma, Wanlu Du, Mingxue Gu, Meiqin Hu, Timothy Nold, Prateeksunder Pinchi, Wei Chen, Michael Ryan, Ahmed Bannaga, Haoxing Xu

Medical Student Research Symposium

During tumor progression, lysosome function is often maladaptively upregulated to match the high energy demand required for cancer cell hyper-proliferation and invasion. Here, we report that mucolipin TRP channel 1 (TRPML1), a lysosomal Ca2+ and Zn2+ release channel that regulates multiple aspects of lysosome function, is dramatically upregulated in metastatic melanoma cells compared with normal cells. TRPML-specific synthetic agonists (ML-SAs) are sufficient to induce rapid (within hours) lysosomal Zn2+-dependent necrotic cell death in metastatic melanoma cells while completely sparing normal cells. ML-SA-caused mitochondria swelling and dysfunction lead to cellular ATP depletion. While pharmacological inhibition or genetic silencing of TRPML1 ...


Antigen Staining For Detection Of Muc13 And Muc16 Expression In Carcinoma Tissue, Jose A. Benitez 2022 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Antigen Staining For Detection Of Muc13 And Muc16 Expression In Carcinoma Tissue, Jose A. Benitez

MEDI 9331 Scholarly Activities Clinical Years

MUC13 and MUC16 are epithelial expressed proteins implicated in various carcinomas. Overexpression of these biomarkers appear to play a role in tumor growth; this discovery has paved a road for multiple studies discussing the potential of targeting mucin proteins and optimize immunotherapy approaches against carcinomas. Our study serves to investigate the level of expression of MUC13 and MUC16 in cancerous and normal tissue and to discuss the implications our findings may have for the utilization of these biomarkers for cancer therapy.


Modulating Cardiac Remodeling After Myocardial Infarction, Upendra Chalise 2022 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Modulating Cardiac Remodeling After Myocardial Infarction, Upendra Chalise

Theses & Dissertations

Cardiac remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI) is indicated by infarct wall thinning, reduced ejection fraction, and dilation of the left ventricle (LV). Inflammation presides in the early days of MI as a key event in cardiac wound healing. Infiltration of inflammatory cells, predominantly neutrophils and macrophages, is stimulated by ischemic cardiomyocytes that secrete inflammatory cues. This dissertation focused on identifying factors that influence cardiac remodeling after MI. S100A9 is a neutrophil-derived factor identified that exacerbated infarct wall thinning and cardiac dilation by increasing neutrophil and macrophage infiltration. Similarly, murinoglobulin 1 (Mug1) and galectin (Lgals)3 were macrophage-derived factors identified that ...


Admission Pao2 And Mortality Among Pediatric Icu Patients And Critically Ill Subgroups, Cara Holton 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital

Admission Pao2 And Mortality Among Pediatric Icu Patients And Critically Ill Subgroups, Cara Holton

Research Days

Watch recording of live presentation

Background and Objectives: Studies analyzing the association between hyperoxia and mortality in critically ill pediatric patients and those admitted after cardiac arrest are conflicting and limited by small sample sizes. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between PaO2 on admission to the pediatric ICU and mortality in a heterogeneous, multicenter cohort and among subgroups of critically ill patients.

Methods/Design: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using data from Virtual Pediatric Systems (VPS) database. VPS is a clinical pediatric critical care database with over 135 participating hospitals in North America. All ...


A Neurophysiological Investigation Of Listening Effort In Normal Hearing Adults Using Fnirs And Pupillometry, Jessica Defenderfer 2022 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

A Neurophysiological Investigation Of Listening Effort In Normal Hearing Adults Using Fnirs And Pupillometry, Jessica Defenderfer

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

Real-world conversations are often accompanied by some sort of interference that challenges the clarity of the speaker’s message, causing listeners to exert more effort to understand speech. Previous research has demonstrated that when listening to speech becomes difficult, various regions of the brain are recruited beyond those which engage during optimal listening conditions. However, the neural correlates that underly listening effort are not fully understood. Importantly, the pupillary response can be used to index listening effort, such that pupil size increases with increasing cognitive demand. I proposed that pupillometry can be used to characterize the cortical response, such that ...


At-Home Aerobic Exercise Improves Functional Ability Of Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis With Limited Exercise Options, Daniel Harris 2022 Wayne State University School of Medicine

At-Home Aerobic Exercise Improves Functional Ability Of Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis With Limited Exercise Options, Daniel Harris

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using

Neuberger GB, Aaronson LS, Gajewski B, et al. Predictors of exercise and effects of exercise on symptoms, function, aerobic fitness, and disease outcomes of rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum. 2007;57(6):943-952. https://doi.org/10.1002/art.22903

and its application for a patient with rheumatoid arthritis.


Short-Term Muscle Fatigue And Recovery In Different Types Of Athletes, Morgan D. Morris, Jayson C. Sumner, Aaron F. Valenti 2022 Ohio Northern University

Short-Term Muscle Fatigue And Recovery In Different Types Of Athletes, Morgan D. Morris, Jayson C. Sumner, Aaron F. Valenti

ONU Student Research Colloquium

Having poor grip strength can cause an increase of injuries and difficulty to perform day to day tasks. The goal of this IRB approved research was to investigate how athletic sport activities impact muscle fatigue and recovery in grip strength. The study consisted of ten males between the ages of 18 and 24 from four different collegiate sport teams: (1) wrestlers, (2) football players, (3) e-sports players, and (4) basketball players, at Ohio Northern University. For each athlete, grip strength (pounds per square inch) was measured before and after squeezing a 60 kg. grip strengthener 30 times to induce muscle ...


Parkinson's Disease And Exercise: Steps Into A Hopeful Future, Jacob Barker 2022 Longwood University

Parkinson's Disease And Exercise: Steps Into A Hopeful Future, Jacob Barker

Spring Showcase for Research and Creative Inquiry

In the world of medicine and disease interventions, exercise is too often underlooked as a viable form of treatment or complementary treatment to medication. This is especially true with Parkinson’s Disease, a disease that attacks the basal ganglia of the brain and impairs neuromuscular function. In my analysis, I read a perspective from a PD patient, Gerry Hill, who has struggled with the disease himself and how he used physical activity to aid in his battle with the disease for both physical and psychological aid. Additionally, I performed research to understand how exercise benefits function within the brain. Aerobic ...


The Pathology And Treatment Of Osteoporosis, Shea Munnikhuysen 2022 Liberty University

The Pathology And Treatment Of Osteoporosis, Shea Munnikhuysen

Senior Honors Theses

Osteoporosis is a disease that causes bone fragility and decreased bone mass. Osteocytes and signaling molecules regulate the function of osteoclasts and osteoblasts. The RANK pathway is a key regulator in osteoclastogenesis. When the osteoclastic function is greater than osteoblastic function, bone integrity decreases. Causes of osteoporosis include hormones, medications, and diet. Treatments for osteoporosis are hormonal, medicinal, and lifestyle changes. More research needs to be done to find more effective medications with fewer negative side effects to improve the overall quality of life for patients. Currently, lab trials are being done on potential new medications to treat osteoporosis.


Β-Aminopropionitrile-Induced Aortic Aneurysm And Dissection In Mice, Hisashi Sawada, Zachary A. Beckner, Sohei Ito, Alan Daugherty, Hong S. Lu 2022 University of Kentucky

Β-Aminopropionitrile-Induced Aortic Aneurysm And Dissection In Mice, Hisashi Sawada, Zachary A. Beckner, Sohei Ito, Alan Daugherty, Hong S. Lu

Saha Cardiovascular Research Center Faculty Publications

The mechanistic basis for the formation of aortic aneurysms and dissection needs to be elucidated to facilitate the development of effective medications. β-Aminopropionitrile administration in mice has been used frequently to study the pathologic features and mechanisms of aortic aneurysm and dissection. This mouse model mimics several facets of the pathology of human aortic aneurysms and dissection, although many variables exist in the experimental design and protocols that must be resolved to determine its application to the human disease. In the present brief review, we have introduced the development of this mouse model and provided insights into understanding its pathologic ...


Long-Lasting Impairments In Quadriceps Mitochondrial Health, Muscle Size, And Phenotypic Composition Are Present After Non-Invasive Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury, Steven M. Davi, Ahram Ahn, McKenzie S. White, Timothy A. Butterfield, Kate Kosmac, Oh Sung Kwon, Lindsey K. Lepley 2022 University of Connecticut

Long-Lasting Impairments In Quadriceps Mitochondrial Health, Muscle Size, And Phenotypic Composition Are Present After Non-Invasive Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury, Steven M. Davi, Ahram Ahn, Mckenzie S. White, Timothy A. Butterfield, Kate Kosmac, Oh Sung Kwon, Lindsey K. Lepley

Center for Muscle Biology Faculty Publications

Introduction: Despite rigorous rehabilitation aimed at restoring muscle health, anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is often hallmarked by significant long-term quadriceps muscle weakness. Derangements in mitochondrial function are a common feature of various atrophying conditions, yet it is unclear to what extent mitochondria are involved in the detrimental sequela of quadriceps dysfunction after ACL injury. Using a preclinical, non-invasive ACL injury rodent model, our objective was to explore the direct effect of an isolated ACL injury on mitochondrial function, muscle atrophy, and muscle phenotypic transitions.

Methods: A total of 40 male and female, Long Evans rats (16-week-old) were exposed to ...


Comparative Genomics, Evolutionary Epidemiology, And Rbd-Hace2 Receptor Binding Pattern In B.1.1.7 (Alpha) And B.1.617.2 (Delta) Related To Their Pandemic Response In Uk And India, Chiranjib Chakraborty, Ashish Ranjan Sharma, Manojit Bhattacharya, Bidyut Mallik, Shyam Sundar Nandi, Sang-Soo Lee 2022 Adamas University

Comparative Genomics, Evolutionary Epidemiology, And Rbd-Hace2 Receptor Binding Pattern In B.1.1.7 (Alpha) And B.1.617.2 (Delta) Related To Their Pandemic Response In Uk And India, Chiranjib Chakraborty, Ashish Ranjan Sharma, Manojit Bhattacharya, Bidyut Mallik, Shyam Sundar Nandi, Sang-Soo Lee

Journal Articles: Cellular & Integrative Physiology

BACKGROUND: The massive increase in COVID-19 infection had generated a second wave in India during May-June 2021 with a critical pandemic situation. The Delta variant (B.1.617.2) was a significant factor during the second wave. Conversely, the UK had passed through the crucial phase of the pandemic from November to December 2020 due to B.1.1.7. The study tried to comprehend the pandemic response in the UK and India to the spread of the B.1.1.7 (Alpha, UK) variant and B.1.617.2 (Delta, India) variant.

METHODS: This study was performed in three ...


T-Lymphocyte Tyrosine Hydroxylase Regulates T H 17 T-Lymphocytes During Repeated Social Defeat Stress, Safwan K. Elkhatib, Cassandra M. Moshfegh, Gabrielle F. Watson, Adam J. Case 2022 University of Nebraska Medical Center

T-Lymphocyte Tyrosine Hydroxylase Regulates T H 17 T-Lymphocytes During Repeated Social Defeat Stress, Safwan K. Elkhatib, Cassandra M. Moshfegh, Gabrielle F. Watson, Adam J. Case

Journal Articles: Cellular & Integrative Physiology

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating psychiatric disorder which results in deleterious changes to psychological and physical health. Patients with PTSD are especially susceptible to life-threatening co-morbid inflammation-driven pathologies, such as autoimmunity, while also demonstrating increased T-helper 17 (TH17) lymphocyte-driven inflammation. While the exact mechanism of this increased inflammation is unknown, overactivity of the sympathetic nervous system is a hallmark of PTSD. Neurotransmitters of the sympathetic nervous system (i.e., catecholamines) can alter T-lymphocyte function, which we have previously demonstrated to be partially mitochondrial redox-mediated. Furthermore, we have previously elucidated that T-lymphocytes generate their own catecholamines, and ...


Strong Inferences About Pain In Invertebrates Require Stronger Evidence, Edgar T. Walters 2022 University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Strong Inferences About Pain In Invertebrates Require Stronger Evidence, Edgar T. Walters

Animal Sentience

Evidence for sentience in animals distantly related to humans is often sought in observations of behavioral and neural responses to noxious stimuli that would be painful in humans. Most proposed criteria for painful sentience in “lower” animals such as decapod crustaceans have no necessary links to the affective (“suffering”) component of pain. The best evidence for painful affect in animals is learned aversion to stimuli associated with noxious experience, and conditioned preference for contexts associated with relief from aversive consequences of noxious experience, as expressed in voluntary behavior. Such evidence is currently lacking for any invertebrate except octopus.


Single-Cell Analysis Of Aneurysmal Aortic Tissue In Patients With Marfan Syndrome Reveals Dysfunctional Tgf-Β Signaling, Ashley Dawson, Yanming Li, Yang Li, Pingping Ren, Hernan G. Vasquez, Chen Zhang, Kimberly R. Rebello, Waleed Ageedi, Alon R. Azares, Aladdein Burchett Mattar, Mary Burchett Sheppard, Hong S. Lu, Joseph S. Coselli, Lisa A. Cassis, Alan Daugherty, Ying H. Shen, Scott A. LeMaire 2021 Baylor College of Medicine

Single-Cell Analysis Of Aneurysmal Aortic Tissue In Patients With Marfan Syndrome Reveals Dysfunctional Tgf-Β Signaling, Ashley Dawson, Yanming Li, Yang Li, Pingping Ren, Hernan G. Vasquez, Chen Zhang, Kimberly R. Rebello, Waleed Ageedi, Alon R. Azares, Aladdein Burchett Mattar, Mary Burchett Sheppard, Hong S. Lu, Joseph S. Coselli, Lisa A. Cassis, Alan Daugherty, Ying H. Shen, Scott A. Lemaire

Saha Cardiovascular Research Center Faculty Publications

The molecular and cellular processes leading to aortic aneurysm development in Marfan syndrome (MFS) remain poorly understood. In this study, we examined the changes of aortic cell populations and gene expression in MFS by performing single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA seq) on ascending aortic aneurysm tissues from patients with MFS (n = 3) and age-matched non-aneurysmal control tissues from cardiac donors and recipients (n = 4). The expression of key molecules was confirmed by immunostaining. We detected diverse populations of smooth muscle cells (SMCs), fibroblasts, and endothelial cells (ECs) in the aortic wall. Aortic tissues from MFS showed alterations of cell populations with ...


The Effect Of Cancer Cachexia Progression On The Feeding Regulation Of Skeletal Muscle Protein Turnover, Brittany R. Franch 2021 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

The Effect Of Cancer Cachexia Progression On The Feeding Regulation Of Skeletal Muscle Protein Turnover, Brittany R. Franch

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

Cancer cachexia is defined as the unintentional loss of skeletal muscle mass with or without fat loss that cannot be reversed by conventional nutritional support. Cachexia occurs in ~20% of cancer patients. More specifically, 50% of lung cancer patients, the most common cancer worldwide, develop cachexia. Cachexia occurs most often in lung and gastrointestinal cancers, whereas breast and prostate have the lowest rate of cachexia. Cancer-induced cachexia disrupts skeletal muscle protein turnover (decreasing protein synthesis and increasing protein degradation). Skeletal muscle’s capacity for protein synthesis is highly sensitive to local and systemic stimuli that are controlled by mTORC1 and ...


Role Of Meibum And Tear Phospholipids In The Evaporative Water Loss Associated With Dry Eye., Samiyyah M. Sledge 2021 University of Louisville

Role Of Meibum And Tear Phospholipids In The Evaporative Water Loss Associated With Dry Eye., Samiyyah M. Sledge

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

It is generally believed that the tear film lipid surface film inhibits the rate of evaporation (Revap) of the underlying tear aqueous. It is also generally believed that changes in the composition of the tear film lipid layer is responsible for an increase in Revap in patients with dry eye. Both of these ideas have never been proven. The purpose of the current studies was to test these ideas. Revap was measured in vitro gravimetrically. Lipid spreading was measured using Raman spectroscopy and microscopy. The influence of the following surface films on the Revap of the sub phase of physiologically ...


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