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Genetic Phenomena Commons

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Utility Of The Motivation To Change Lifestyle And Health Behaviors For Dementia Risk Reduction Scale (Mclhb-Drr) Based On A North American Sample, Angelina E. Witbeck 2022 National Louis University

Utility Of The Motivation To Change Lifestyle And Health Behaviors For Dementia Risk Reduction Scale (Mclhb-Drr) Based On A North American Sample, Angelina E. Witbeck

Dissertations

As the population ages, the prevalence rates of dementia continue to increase. Without a cure or promising treatment for dementia, the best course of lowering the prevalence rates of dementia is through preventative measures. Through an electronic survey, the study utilized the MCLHB-DRR scale to determine whether (1) gender, age, educational background, and socioeconomic status will impact the motivational factors to change lifestyle and health behaviors to reduce the risk of developing dementia and (2) direct experiences with individuals that have a dementia diagnosis are likely to impact one's motivational factors to change lifestyle and health behaviors to reduce ...


Genetic Origins Of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (Pcos): An Analysis Of The Genetic Correlation Between Pcos And Insulin Receptor Mutations, Lauren Henry 2022 Bellarmine University

Genetic Origins Of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (Pcos): An Analysis Of The Genetic Correlation Between Pcos And Insulin Receptor Mutations, Lauren Henry

Undergraduate Theses

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) remains an extremely common, yet understudied syndrome experienced by 6-12% of females of reproductive age. Not only does it cause painful side effects manifesting both physically and mentally, but it also poses a threat to the fertility of those affected. For this reason, a more in-depth analysis to better understand how to detect this condition early and prevent fertility complications later is certainly warranted. PCOS is suspected to be primarily genetic due to correlations among immediate female family members. Based on previous research, a good starting point for analysis is the INSR gene. Various mutations within ...


Iron Effects On Clostridioides Difficile Toxin Production And Antimicrobial Susceptibilities, Jason Yamaki, Swati Chawla, Shirley Tong, Kate Alison Lozada, Sun Yang 2022 Chapman University

Iron Effects On Clostridioides Difficile Toxin Production And Antimicrobial Susceptibilities, Jason Yamaki, Swati Chawla, Shirley Tong, Kate Alison Lozada, Sun Yang

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Despite the benefits of red blood cell (RBC) transfusion therapy, it can render patients vulnerable to iron overload. The excess iron deposits in various body tissues cause severe complications and organ damage such as cardiotoxicity and mold infections. Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) is the most common cause of nosocomial diarrhea among cancer patients and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Our study aims to determine the role of iron overload and the effects of iron chelators on CDI. Our results demonstrated that iron (Fe3+) stimulated the growth of C. difficile with increased colony formation units (CFU) in a ...


Mendelian Randomization Supports Bidirectional Causality Between Telomere Length And Clonal Hematopoiesis Of Indeterminate Potential, Tetsushi Nakao, Alexander G. Bick, Margaret A. Taub, Seyedeh M. Zekavat, Md M. Uddin, Abhishek Niroula, Juan M. Peralta, Joanne E. Curran, John Blangero 2022 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Mendelian Randomization Supports Bidirectional Causality Between Telomere Length And Clonal Hematopoiesis Of Indeterminate Potential, Tetsushi Nakao, Alexander G. Bick, Margaret A. Taub, Seyedeh M. Zekavat, Md M. Uddin, Abhishek Niroula, Juan M. Peralta, Joanne E. Curran, John Blangero

School of Medicine Publications and Presentations

Human genetic studies support an inverse causal relationship between leukocyte telomere length (LTL) and coronary artery disease (CAD), but directionally mixed effects for LTL and diverse malignancies. Clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate potential (CHIP), characterized by expansion of hematopoietic cells bearing leukemogenic mutations, predisposes both hematologic malignancy and CAD. TERT (which encodes telomerase reverse transcriptase) is the most significantly associated germline locus for CHIP in genome-wide association studies. Here, we investigated the relationship between CHIP, LTL, and CAD in the Trans-Omics for Precision Medicine (TOPMed) program (n = 63,302) and UK Biobank (n = 47,080). Bidirectional Mendelian randomization studies were consistent ...


Epigenetic Pathogenesis Of Neurological Disorders In Utero And Considerations For Genetic Counseling, Lauren Juga 2022 Liberty University

Epigenetic Pathogenesis Of Neurological Disorders In Utero And Considerations For Genetic Counseling, Lauren Juga

Senior Honors Theses

Epigenetic modifications are a major focus of study in the pathogenesis of many disorders regarding metabolism, aging, neurodevelopment, and neurodegeneration. Epigenetic mechanisms are present throughout life but are especially vital to guiding fetal development. The precise timing of gene activation and deactivation guides stem cell differentiation through each embryonic stage. After exposure to environmental stimuli, gene expression can be altered by transcription factors, resulting in observable phenotypes and even pathology. Here, the epigenetic mechanisms responsible for the pathogenesis of neurodevelopmental and neuropsychiatric disorders are explored in response to environmental perturbations in utero. The present goal is to identify correlations between ...


Vitamin C Reduces Igf-1 And Vegf Signaling In Retinal Endothelial Cells, Jonathon Reynolds 2022 Roseman University of Health Sciences

Vitamin C Reduces Igf-1 And Vegf Signaling In Retinal Endothelial Cells, Jonathon Reynolds

Annual Research Symposium

No abstract provided.


Congenital Epulis: A Two-Case Report, Monica Ivanov, Bianca Stroe, Valeriu Ardeleanu, Razvan Hainarosie, Vlad Denis Constantin, Anca Silvia Dumitriu, Stana Paunica, Anna Kadar 2021 MARIE S. CURIE EMERGENCY CLINIC HOSPITAL FOR CHILDREN, DEPARTMENT OF PEDIATRIC SURGERY, BUCHAREST, ROMANIA

Congenital Epulis: A Two-Case Report, Monica Ivanov, Bianca Stroe, Valeriu Ardeleanu, Razvan Hainarosie, Vlad Denis Constantin, Anca Silvia Dumitriu, Stana Paunica, Anna Kadar

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Congenital epulis is a rare benign tumor of the newborn that could be detected in the prenatal period. Females are more often affected than males and the premaxillary region is usually the predilection site for this oral mass. Excision is the treatment of choice and no recurrences have been reported so far.

We present our experience with two cases of congenital epulis, detected in the second trimester of gestation and treated shortly after birth with no further complications. Histopathology should differentiate between congenital epulis and other congenital oral tumors even if its clinical appearance is usually enough to make a ...


Periaortic Venous Necklace And Renal Right Double Arteries; Case Report, Petru Bordei, Constantin Andrei Rusali, Constantin Ionescu, Dragos Serban, Valeriu Ardeleanu 2021 OVIDIUS UNIVERSITY FROM CONSTANTA, FACULTY OF MEDICINE, DEPARTMENT OF ANATOMY, CONSTANTA, ROMANIA

Periaortic Venous Necklace And Renal Right Double Arteries; Case Report, Petru Bordei, Constantin Andrei Rusali, Constantin Ionescu, Dragos Serban, Valeriu Ardeleanu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

The case was found on an organic sample consisting of the two kidneys with the renal pedicles and the corresponding segments of the abdominal aorta and inferior vena cava. From the inferior face of the left renal vein, on the lower side of the aorta, a venous branch with an upward path of 8.02 mm was detached, passing on the anterior face of the aorta, passing before its right side, in order to end on the left side of the inferior vena cava, 13.9 mm above the end of the left renal vein in the inferior vena cava ...


How Opportune Is Multigene Testing In Metastatic Colorectal Cancer? A Review, Cristina Orlov-Slavu, Andreea Parosanu, Mihaela Olaru, Dragos Serban, Ioana Paunica, Cornelia Nitipir 2021 CAROL DAVILA UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE AND PHARMACY, FACULTY OF GENERAL MEDICINE, DEPARTMENT OF ONCOLOGY, BUCHAREST, ROMANIA

How Opportune Is Multigene Testing In Metastatic Colorectal Cancer? A Review, Cristina Orlov-Slavu, Andreea Parosanu, Mihaela Olaru, Dragos Serban, Ioana Paunica, Cornelia Nitipir

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Personalized treatment in oncology is the most innovative method of care. The best method to establish personalized treatment is by genetic characterization of the malignant cell.

Theoretically, the more detailed the characterization, the more effective the choice of treatment becomes. Currently, there are fast and relatively low-cost options that allow such genetic characterization. However, test results sometimes do not detect targetable alterations and, even if they do detect, the use of the treatment-alteration combination does not always generate a satisfactory oncological response.

The present paper aims to answer two questions. First, how targetable can the most common gene alterations in ...


The Onset Of Exercise-Associated Hyponatremia And Individual Differences In Inappropriate Arginine Vasopressin Excretion: A Review Of Proposed Mechanisms, Michelle Stehman, Stephen A. Maris 2021 Springfield College

The Onset Of Exercise-Associated Hyponatremia And Individual Differences In Inappropriate Arginine Vasopressin Excretion: A Review Of Proposed Mechanisms, Michelle Stehman, Stephen A. Maris

Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology

Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology Volume 2: Issue 1, Article 10, 2021. Exercise-associated hyponatremia (EAH) has been reported to develop during endurance events such as triathlons and marathons. As these events become more popular, the incidence of developing EAH also increases. The development of EAH is commonly associated with the overconsumption of hypotonic fluids such as water and tends to be more prevalent in females. There is also evidence to suggest the inappropriate secretion of arginine vasopressin (AVP) leading to water retention may predispose an individual for developing EAH, especially when coupled with the overconsumption of fluids. Recent research ...


Whole Genome Sequence Analysis Of Platelet Traits In The Nhlbi Trans-Omics For Precision Medicine Initiative, Amarise Little, Yao Hu, Quan Sun, Deepti Jain, Jai G. Broome, Ming-Huei Chen, Florian Thibord, Caitlin McHugh, John Blangero, Joanne E. Curran 2021 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Whole Genome Sequence Analysis Of Platelet Traits In The Nhlbi Trans-Omics For Precision Medicine Initiative, Amarise Little, Yao Hu, Quan Sun, Deepti Jain, Jai G. Broome, Ming-Huei Chen, Florian Thibord, Caitlin Mchugh, John Blangero, Joanne E. Curran

School of Medicine Publications and Presentations

Platelets play a key role in thrombosis and hemostasis. Platelet count (PLT) and mean platelet volume (MPV) are highly heritable quantitative traits, with hundreds of genetic signals previously identified, mostly in European ancestry populations. We here utilize whole genome sequencing from NHLBI's Trans-Omics for Precision Medicine Initiative (TOPMed) in a large multi-ethnic sample to further explore common and rare variation contributing to PLT (n = 61 200) and MPV (n = 23 485). We identified and replicated secondary signals at MPL (rs532784633) and PECAM1 (rs73345162), both more common in African ancestry populations. We also observed rare variation in Mendelian platelet related ...


Scrna Seq Analysis Of Ebv+ Associated Gastric Cancer, Eric Wang 2021 Western University

Scrna Seq Analysis Of Ebv+ Associated Gastric Cancer, Eric Wang

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

No abstract provided.


Triple Negative Breast Cancer In An Appalachian Region: Exponential Tumor Grade Increase With Age Of Diagnosis, Gina Sizemore, Toni Marie Rudisill 2021 West Virginia University

Triple Negative Breast Cancer In An Appalachian Region: Exponential Tumor Grade Increase With Age Of Diagnosis, Gina Sizemore, Toni Marie Rudisill

Journal of Appalachian Health

Introduction: Triple negative breast cancer is an aggressive breast cancer with decreased five-year survival, increased risk for recurrence, and higher risk for metastases. Unlike other breast cancers, it has no targeted treatment and has heterogeneous genetics which make classification and treatment difficult.

Purpose: The purpose of our research was to compare triple negative breast cancer to non-triple negative breast cancer to identify key epidemiologic factors that might lead to improved basic science directives for biomarkers, treatments, and classification.

Methods: The state cancer registry was used to provide the first West Virginia state-wide population evaluation of triple negative breast cancer.

Results ...


Phenotypic Expansion Of Nucleolar Protein 6, A Potential Haplo-Essential Gene Contributing To Reproductive Failure, Alexandria N. Gonzalez 2021 Baylor College of Medicine

Phenotypic Expansion Of Nucleolar Protein 6, A Potential Haplo-Essential Gene Contributing To Reproductive Failure, Alexandria N. Gonzalez

MEDI 8127 Scholarly Activities Pre-Clerkship

Haplo-essential genes are those which cannot tolerate a loss-of-function (LoF) mutation in a single allele. These essential genes are critical for cell survival (cell essential) and organism development (developmental essential). De novo LoF mutations of halpo-essential genes, therefore, likely contribute to reproductive failure in humans. Recently, Nucleolar protein 6 (Nol6), a protein coding gene, has been identified as an ideal candidate for phenotypic expansion for exploring genetic variants related to stillbirth [1]. Mouse embryos were edited via CRISPR/Cas9 reagents to induce a heterozygous LoF mutation in Nol6, followed by in vitro culture to blastocyst stage to experimentally assess haplo-essentiality ...


Microangiopathic Haemolytic Anaemia Diagnosis And Management In Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura And Haemolytic Uraemic Syndrome: A Review, Adam P. Korneluk 2021 Munster Technological University

Microangiopathic Haemolytic Anaemia Diagnosis And Management In Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura And Haemolytic Uraemic Syndrome: A Review, Adam P. Korneluk

International Undergraduate Journal of Health Sciences

Microangiopathic haemolytic anaemia (MAHA) describes non-immune haemolysis by intravascular fragmentation of red blood cells, resulting from microvascular thrombosis characteristic of thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA). TMA-associated MAHAs include several diseases but are mostly associated with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) and haemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS). TTP is caused by a severe deficiency in ADAMTS13 proteinase, responsible for regulating coagulation, either due to presence of anti-ADAMTS13 (acquired iTTP; immune-mediated) or mutations in ADAMTS13 itself (congenital cTTP). HUS is caused by abnormal and uncontrolled complement activation, either by bacterial toxin activity (typical dHUS) or lack of normal regulatory proteins (atypical aHUS). This review focuses on TTP ...


Full Issue: The International Undergraduate Journal Of Health Sciences, Volume 1, Issue 1, June 2021, 2021 Munster Technological University

Full Issue: The International Undergraduate Journal Of Health Sciences, Volume 1, Issue 1, June 2021

International Undergraduate Journal of Health Sciences

The full June 2021 issue (Volume 1, Issue 1) of the International Undergraduate Journal of Health Sciences


Polymorphisms Of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor -2578c/A Rs699947 Are Risk Factors For Diabetic Retinopathy In Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients In Bali, Indonesia, Audrey Rachel Wijaya, I Wayan Surudarma, Desak Made Wihandani, I Wayan Ardyan Sudharta Putra 2021 Udayana University, Bali, Indonesia

Polymorphisms Of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor -2578c/A Rs699947 Are Risk Factors For Diabetic Retinopathy In Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients In Bali, Indonesia, Audrey Rachel Wijaya, I Wayan Surudarma, Desak Made Wihandani, I Wayan Ardyan Sudharta Putra

BioMedicine

Background: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is one of the complications in diabetes mellitus (DM) which caused by microvascular damage in the retina due to long term metabolic changes in diabetes. To date, there has been much research targeted on the determinant of genetic identification in DR patients. In DR, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) gene is accountable for breaking down the blood-retinal barrier and implicated in the role of neovascularization. It is thought that the polymorphism of VEGF -2578C/A (rs699947) contributed to the development of diabetic retinopathy in type 2 DM.

Aim: To determine whether the polymorphisms of VEGF-2578C/A ...


Examining Perceptions Of Anorexia Nervosa, Polly McGonigle 2021 University of San Diego

Examining Perceptions Of Anorexia Nervosa, Polly Mcgonigle

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Anorexia nervosa (AN) is an eating disorder characterized by a restriction of energy intake, an intense fear of gaining weight, and often distorted body image. AN has the second highest mortality rate of all psychiatric disorders, due to high suicide rates and medical complications associated with malnutrition. An estimated 10% of those who have AN die because of the disorder (Insel, 2012). Interacting factors—genetic, biological, environmental, and psychosocial—contribute to the etiology and maintenance of AN. However, outside of research settings, AN is misunderstood as having primarily environmental roots (Salafia, et. al). Blame is placed on societal expectations and ...


Breast Cancer Risk For Female Relatives Of Male Breast Cancer Patients With Negative Brca1/2 Testing, Emily Martin 2021 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences

Breast Cancer Risk For Female Relatives Of Male Breast Cancer Patients With Negative Brca1/2 Testing, Emily Martin

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Risk models exist to estimate a female’s lifetime risk of breast cancer in the absence of a hereditary predisposition to cancer, namely Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer syndrome. These risk models consider various factors such as reproductive history and family history, but few models take a family history of male breast cancer into account. This study aims to evaluate if prevalence of breast cancer among female relatives is higher when there is a family history of male breast cancer in the context of uninformative BRCA1 and BRCA2 testing. This information may aid in the process of risk assessments for ...


Muc13 Enhances Colorectal Cancer Metastasis, Kyle Doxtater 2021 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Muc13 Enhances Colorectal Cancer Metastasis, Kyle Doxtater

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most prevalent cancer worldwide with a 5% lifetime incidence in developed countries. It is third most common cause of cancer related death in the United States and the second deadliest when men and women are combined. Encouragingly due to changes in dietary lifestyle, screening colonoscopy, and advancement in treatments the mortality has decreased in recent years. Most sporadic CRCs develop from polyploid adenomas and are preceded by intramucosal carcinomas (stage 0), which can progress into more malignant forms. This developmental process is known as the adenoma-carcinoma sequence. Early detection and endoscopic removal are ...


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