Art Therapy And Alzheimer's Disease, 2019 Carroll College
Art Therapy And Alzheimer's Disease, Kaylee Warren, Bailey Soiseth
Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival
Many families struggle everyday, dealing with the effects of Alzheimer’s disease since no cure has been found and treatments are limited. Currently, there are 5.7 million Americans suffering from Alzheimer’s disease (Alzheimer’s Association, 2018). According to the National Institute on Aging (2018), Alzheimer’s disease is, “an irreversible, progressive brain disorder that slowly destroys memory and thinking skills and, eventually, the ability to carry out the simplest tasks. It is the most common cause of dementia in older adults.” Although there is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease, art therapy has been used as an alternative ...
Link Between Insomnia And The Development Of Alzheimer's Disease?, 2019 Carroll College
Link Between Insomnia And The Development Of Alzheimer's Disease?, Tristan Rhodes, Alexa Fries, Josie Smith
Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common type of dementia, affecting many adults over the age of 65. There is no known cure of AD. According to the Alzheimer’s Association, “every 65 seconds, someone in the United States develops Alzheimer’s disease” (2019). “Alzheimer’s causes problems with memory, thinking and behavior. Symptoms develop slowly and can become severe enough to interfere with daily tasks. Alzheimer’s disease is the sixth leading cause of death in the United States, with an estimated 5.7 million Americans of all ages are living with AD in 2018 (Alzheimer’s Association ...
A Human Papillomavirus-Independent Cervical Cancer Animal Model Reveals Unconventional Mechanisms Of Cervical Carcinogenesis, 2019 Massachusetts General Hospital & University of Nebraska Medical Center & Huazhong Agricultural University
A Human Papillomavirus-Independent Cervical Cancer Animal Model Reveals Unconventional Mechanisms Of Cervical Carcinogenesis, Chunbo He, Xiangmin Lv, Cong Huang, Peter C. Angeletti, Guohua Hua, Jixin Dong, Jin Zhou, Zhengfeng Wang, Bowen Ma, Xingcheng Chen, Paul F. Lambert, Bo R. Rueda, John S. Davis, Cheng Wang
HPV infections are common in healthy women and only rarely cause cervical cancer, suggesting that individual genetic susceptibility may play a critical role in the establishment of persistent HPV infection and the development of cervical cancer. Here, we provide convincing in vitro and in vivo evidence showing that differential expression and activation of YAP1 oncogene determine individual susceptibility to HPV infection and cervical carcinogenesis. We found that hyperactivation of YAP1 in mouse cervical epithelium was sufficient to induce invasive cervical cancer. Cervical epithelial cell-specific HPV16 E6/E7 and YAP1 double-knockin mouse model demonstrated that high-risk HPV synergized with hyperactivated YAP1 ...
Conjugated Bile Acid And Sphingosine 1-Phosophate Prompt Cholangiocarcinoma Cell Growth Via Releasing Exosomes, 2019 Virginia Commonwealth University
Conjugated Bile Acid And Sphingosine 1-Phosophate Prompt Cholangiocarcinoma Cell Growth Via Releasing Exosomes, Waad A. Alruwaili
Theses and Dissertations
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a fatal primary malignancy that is formed in the bile ducts. Cancer-associated myofibroblasts play a crucial role in CCA proliferation and invasion. Furthermore, there is a growing interest in the role of the exosome in the interaction between the cancer-associated myofibroblasts and cholangiocarcinoma which lead to CCA growth. However how cholangiocarcinoma-derived exosome affect the cancer-associated myofibroblasts in the tumor microenvironment remain unknown. In this study, we examined whether exosome produced by cholangiocarcinoma could involve in the prompt of CCA cells growth by regulation of myofibroblast. We found that cholangiocarcinoma-derived exosome could prompt elevated α-smooth muscle actin and ...
A Poxvirus Pseudokinase Represses Viral Dna Replication Via A Pathway Antagonized By Its Paralog Kinase, 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln
A Poxvirus Pseudokinase Represses Viral Dna Replication Via A Pathway Antagonized By Its Paralog Kinase, Annabel T. Olson, Zhigang Wang, Amber B. Rico, Matthew S. Wiebe
Poxviruses employ sophisticated, but incompletely understood, signaling pathways that engage cellular defense mechanisms and simultaneously ensure viral factors are modulated properly. For example, the vaccinia B1 protein kinase plays a vital role in inactivating the cellular antiviral factor BAF, and likely orchestrates other pathways as well. In this study, we utilized experimental evolution of a B1 deletion virus to perform an unbiased search for suppressor mutations and identify novel pathways involving B1. After several passages of the ΔB1 virus we observed a robust increase in viral titer of the adapted virus. Interestingly, our characterization of the adapted viruses reveals that ...
Persistent Viral Reservoirs In Lymphoid Tissues In Siv-Infected Rhesus Macaques Of Chinese-Origin On Suppressive Antiretroviral Therapy, 2019 Tulane National Primate Research Center
Persistent Viral Reservoirs In Lymphoid Tissues In Siv-Infected Rhesus Macaques Of Chinese-Origin On Suppressive Antiretroviral Therapy, Summer Siddiqui, Stefanie Perez, Yong Gao, Lara Doyle-Meyers, Brian T. Foley, Qingsheng Li, Binhua Ling
Understanding HIV latent reservoirs in tissues is essential for the development of new strategies targeting these sites for eradication. Here, we assessed the size of latent reservoirs and the source of residual viruses in multiple lymphoid tissues of SIV-infected and fully suppressed rhesus macaques of Chinese-origin (cRMs). Eight cRMs were infected with SIVmac251 and treated with tenofovir and emtricitabine daily for 24 weeks initiated 4 weeks post-infection. Four of the eight animals reached sustained full viral suppression with undetectable viremia. The levels of cell-associated SIV DNA varied in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and multiple lymphoid tissues, but with higher ...
Near-Atomic Structure Of A Giant Virus, 2019 Purdue University
Near-Atomic Structure Of A Giant Virus, Qianglin Fang, Dongjie Zhu, Irina Agarkova, Jagat Adhikari, Thomas Klose, Yue Liu, Zhenguo Chen, Yingyuan Sun, Michael L. Gross, James L. Van Etten, Xinzheng Zhang, Michael G. Rossmann
Although the nucleocytoplasmic large DNA viruses (NCLDVs) are one of the largest group of viruses that infect many eukaryotic hosts, the near-atomic resolution structures of these viruses have remained unknown. Here we describe a 3.5 Å resolution icosahedrally averaged capsid structure of Paramecium bursaria chlorella virus 1 (PBCV-1). This structure consists of 5040 copies of the major capsid protein, 60 copies of the penton protein and 1800 minor capsid proteins of which there are 13 different types. The minor capsid proteins form a hexagonal network below the outer capsid shell, stabilizing the capsid by binding neighboring capsomers together. The ...
Relationship Between The Cervical Microbiome, Hiv Status, And Precancerous Lesions, 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln
Relationship Between The Cervical Microbiome, Hiv Status, And Precancerous Lesions, Cameron Klein, Daniela Gonzalez, Kandali Samwel, Crispin Kahesa, Julius Mwaiselage, Nirosh Aluthge, Samodha Fernando, John T. West, Charles Wood, Peter C. Angeletti
Nearly all cervical cancers are causally associated with human papillomavirus (HPV). The burden of HPV-associated dysplasias in sub-Saharan Africa is influenced by HIV. To investigate the role of the bacterial microbiome in cervical dysplasia, cytobrush samples were collected directly from cervical lesions of 144 Tanzanian women. The V4 hypervariable region of the 16S rRNA gene was amplified and deep sequenced. Alpha diversity metrics (Chao1, PD whole tree, and operational taxonomic unit [OTU] estimates) displayed significantly higher bacterial richness in HIV-positive patients (P = 0.01) than in HIV-negative patients. In HIV-positive patients, there was higher bacterial richness in patients with high-grade ...
Analytical Validation Of A Prognostic Prostate Cancer Gene Expression Assay Using Formalin Fixed Paraffin Embedded Tissue., Paul W. Medlow, Christopher J. Steele, Andrena M. Mccavigan, Wesley Reardon, Christopher M. Brown, Shauna M. Lambe, Felipe Aa Ishiy, Steven M. Walker, Gemma E. Logan, Olaide Y. Raji, Viktor Berge, Betina Katz, Elaine W. Kay, Katherine M. Sheehan, Ronald W. Watson, Denis P. Harkin, Richard D. Kennedy, Laura A. Knight
BACKGROUND: There is a clear need for assays that can predict the risk of metastatic prostate cancer following curative procedures. Importantly these assays must be analytically robust in order to provide quality data for important clinical decisions. DNA microarray based gene expression assays measure several analytes simultaneously and can present specific challenges to analytical validation. This study describes the analytical validation of one such assay designed to predict metastatic recurrence in prostate cancer using primary formalin fixed paraffin embedded tumour material.
METHODS: Accuracy was evaluated with a method comparison study between the assay development platform (Prostate Disease Specific Array) and ...
High Affinity Binding Of H3k14ac Through Collaboration Of Bromodomains 2, 4 And 5 Is Critical For The Molecular And Tumor Suppressor Functions Of Pbrm1., 2018 Thomas Jefferson University; Yale University
High Affinity Binding Of H3k14ac Through Collaboration Of Bromodomains 2, 4 And 5 Is Critical For The Molecular And Tumor Suppressor Functions Of Pbrm1., Lili Liao, Nilda L. Alicea-Velázquez, Lauren Langbein, Xiaohua Niu, Weijia Cai, Eun-Ah Cho, Meiling Zhang, Celeste B. Greer, Qin Yan, Michael S. Cosgrove, Haifeng Yang
Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers
Polybromo-1 (PBRM1) is an important tumor suppressor in kidney cancer. It contains six tandem bromodomains (BDs), which are specialized structures that recognize acetyl-lysine residues. While BD2 has been found to bind acetylated histone H3 lysine 14 (H3K14ac), it is not known whether other BDs collaborate with BD2 to generate strong binding to H3K14ac, and the importance of H3K14ac recognition for the molecular and tumor suppressor function of PBRM1 is also unknown. We discovered that full-length PBRM1, but not its individual BDs, strongly binds H3K14ac. BDs 2, 4, and 5 were found to collaborate to facilitate strong binding to H3K14ac. Quantitative ...
Efficacy Of A T Cell-Biased Adenovirus Vector As A Zika Virus Vaccine, 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln
Efficacy Of A T Cell-Biased Adenovirus Vector As A Zika Virus Vaccine, Brianna L. Bullard, Brigette N. Corder, Matthew J. Gorman, Michael S. Diamond, Eric A. Weaver
Zika virus (ZIKV) is a major public health concern due to the risk of congenital Zika syndrome in developing fetuses and Guillain-Barre syndrome in adults. Currently, there are no approved vaccines available to protect against infection. Adenoviruses are safe and highly immunogenic vaccine vectors capable of inducing lasting humoral and cellular immune responses. Here, we developed two Adenovirus (Ad) vectored Zika virus vaccines by inserting a ZIKV prM-E gene expression cassette into human Ad types 4 (Ad4-prM-E) and 5 (Ad5-prM-E). Immune correlates indicate that Ad5-prM-E vaccination induces both an anti-ZIKV antibody and T-cell responses whereas Ad4-prM-E vaccination only induces a ...
Community-Acquired Pneumonia In Adults: Diagnostic Reliability Of Physical Examination Techniques And Their Teaching In Academia, Amber Tordoff, Lauren A. Williams
Physician Assistant Capstones
Background: Chest physical examination techniques are taught in academia, but their usefulness in the evaluation and diagnosis of patients in the clinical setting is controversial. Objective: To investigate the accuracy of physical examination techniques and their reliability in diagnosing community acquired pneumonia (CAP) and suggest a modified teaching approach to be used in academia. Design: Systematic Literature Review. Methods: Database search of PubMed and Google Scholar using the search terms “prediction of pneumonia in adults” and “prediction rule for pulmonary infiltrates.” Filters were implemented to include articles that only dealt with human subjects and were full text. Articles were excluded ...
31 - The Critical Role Of Atad3a In The Estrogen Signaling Pathway In Breast Cancer Cells, 2018 Augusta University
31 - The Critical Role Of Atad3a In The Estrogen Signaling Pathway In Breast Cancer Cells, Parth Thakkar
Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)
Breast cancer is the leading malignancy and leading cause of cancer-related death in women globally. The greatest barrier to a treatment is the incomplete understanding of mechanisms underlying molecular regulators whose function is cellular adaptation to estrogen. One such enzyme, ATAD3A, a nuclear-encoded mitochondrial enzyme, has been brought under this lab’s scrutiny. The role of ATAD3A in breast cancer progression is largely unknown but it has been shown to be a crucial mediator in promoting cell cycle progression. The two objectives of this project were: to determine whether the ATAd3A is an Estrogen Receptor-α target (ERα) and to ...
Nox1-Evoked Ros Causes Fibrosis In Caerulein-Induced Chronic Pancreatitis Through The P38/Akt Pathway, Ananya Chakraborty
Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)
Inflammation of the pancreas can occur in two distinct forms, either in the acute form (AP) or the chronic form (CP). AP is a short-term inflammation that develops suddenly. By contrast, CP manifests from a long-term inflammation, which results in significant fibrosis of the pancreatic tissue and permanent organ damage. This is because of pro-inflammatory mediators, including reactive oxygen species (ROS). One of the sources of ROS is NADPH oxidase (Nox) enzymes, which transfer electrons across biological membranes to reduce oxygen to superoxide. The rodent genome encodes four Nox enzymes: Nox1-4. We found that Nox1 is implicated in pancreatic fibrogenesis ...
Kaposi’S Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus Seropositivity Is Associated With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Case–Control Study In Xinjiang, China, Meng Cui, Qiwen Fang, Jun Zheng, Zhanjun Shu, Yin Chen, Yage Fan, Juan Zhao, Charles Wood, Tiejun Zhang, Yan Zeng
Objective: To assess the potential relationship between Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) infection and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM-2) in Xinjiang, China.
Methods: A case–control study of consecutively included DM-2 patients and normal controls was conducted among the Uygur and Han populations in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China. Blood samples were collected and KSHV seroprevalence, antibody titers, and viral load were investigated. Logistic regression analysis and multiple linear regression analysis were applied to explore determinants of the main outcome measures.
Results: A total of 324 patients with DM-2 and 376 normal controls were included. The seroprevalence of KSHV was ...
Gene Gangs Of The Chloroviruses: Conserved Clusters Of Collinear Monocistronic Genes, 2018 University of California & Proteome Software
Gene Gangs Of The Chloroviruses: Conserved Clusters Of Collinear Monocistronic Genes, Phillip Seitzer, Adrien Jeanniard, Fangrui Ma, James L. Van Etten, Marc T. Facciotti, David D. Dunigan Ph. D.
Chloroviruses (family Phycodnaviridae) are dsDNA viruses found throughout the world’s inland waters. The open reading frames in the genomes of 41 sequenced chloroviruses (330 + 40 kbp each) representing three virus types were analyzed for evidence of evolutionarily conserved local genomic “contexts”, the organization of biological information into units of a scale larger than a gene. Despite a general loss of synteny between virus types, we informatically detected a highly conserved genomic context defined by groups of three or more genes that we have termed “gene gangs”. Unlike previously described local genomic contexts, the definition of gene gangs requires only ...
Effects Of Maternal Protein Restriction On The Pulmonary Surfactant System During The Early Life And Adulthood, 2018 The University of Western Ontario
Effects Of Maternal Protein Restriction On The Pulmonary Surfactant System During The Early Life And Adulthood, Reza Khazaee
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
Fetal growth restriction (FGR) is defined by low birth weight and contributes to a variety of adult-onset diseases with different severities between males and females. However, the effects of FGR on the pulmonary surfactant are not fully elucidated. In this thesis, first, we investigated the FGR effects on the lung function and the surfactant system at the early postnatal life. It was hypothesized that FGR contributes to alterations of lung mechanics and the surfactant system during the neonatal period. Second, we assessed the FGR effects on the surfactant system in response to sepsis in adulthood. It was hypothesized that FGR ...
The Path Report Volume 2 Issue 2, 2018 Touro College and University System
The Path Report Volume 2 Issue 2, Pathology Department, New York Medical College
Newsletters & Newspapers
No abstract provided.
Henle's Ligament: A Comprehensive Review Of Its Anatomy And Terminology Over Almost One And A Half Centuries., 2018 Neurosurgery, Swedish Neuroscience Institute, Seattle, USA.
Henle's Ligament: A Comprehensive Review Of Its Anatomy And Terminology Over Almost One And A Half Centuries., Raja Gnanadev, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, Marios Loukas, R Shane Tubbs
Articles, Abstracts, and Reports
Henle's ligament was first described by German physician and anatomist, Friedrich Henle, in 1871. This review article will cover Henle's original description of the ligament, historical changes in terminology, embryological studies of the ligament, and the clinical significance of Henle's ligament. This article has a particular focus on the variation in the terminology of this structure and the implications of this.
Prothrombin Complex Concentrates Or Recombinant Factor Viia Are More Effective Than Fresh-Frozen Plasma At Lowering Inr In Patients With Liver Disease, Abel J. Ignatius
Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates
A critical appraisal and clinical application of Kwon JO, MacLaren R. Comparison of fresh-frozen plasma, four-factor prothrombin complex concentrates, and recombinant factor VIIa to facilitate procedures in critically ill patients with coagulopathy from liver disease: a retrospective cohort study. Pharmacotherapy. 2016;36(10):1047-1054. doi: 10.1002/phar.1827