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Seroprevalence Of Antibodies Against Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus Among Hiv-Negative People In China, Tiejun Zhang, Zhenqiu Liu, Jun Wang, Veenu Minhas, Charles Wood, Gary M. Clifford, Na He, Silvia Franceschi 2017 Fudan University

Seroprevalence Of Antibodies Against Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus Among Hiv-Negative People In China, Tiejun Zhang, Zhenqiu Liu, Jun Wang, Veenu Minhas, Charles Wood, Gary M. Clifford, Na He, Silvia Franceschi

Virology Papers

Background: Little information on the prevalence of Kaposi’s sarcoma associated herpesvirus (KSHV) among HIV-negative individuals is available from Asia.

Methods: In the present study, we report findings from a new survey of KSHV in 983 HIV-negative male migrants from Shanghai and their combination with previous similar surveys of 600 female migrants, 600 female sex-workers (FSW), 1336 sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinic male patients, 439 intravenous drug-users (IVDU), and 226 men having sex with men (MSM) from China. KSHV-specific antibodies against latent and lytic antigens were assessed using Sf9 and BC3 monoclonal immunofluorescence assay. Age-adjusted prevalence ratios (PR) and 95 ...


Increased Density Of Axonal Spheroids In The Nucleus Gracilis Of The Lower Brainstem In Diabetic Versus Non-Diabetic Patients, Tiffany Morrison, MSIV, Lawrence C. Kenyon, MD, PhD 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

Increased Density Of Axonal Spheroids In The Nucleus Gracilis Of The Lower Brainstem In Diabetic Versus Non-Diabetic Patients, Tiffany Morrison, Msiv, Lawrence C. Kenyon, Md, Phd

Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology Posters

Abstract

The presence of axonal spheroids is unusual in the absence of a clinical history of CNS injury. Nevertheless, increased numbers of axonal spheroids in the lower brainstem have been consistently observed in autopsied diabetic patients. A prospective comprehensive investigation of the density, size, and distribution of axonal spheroids in the brainstem and spinal cord was undertaken in 22 patients and correlated with comorbidities, age, and gender. In most cases, an increased density of axonal spheroids was identified within the nucleus gracilis of the lower brainstem. Moreover, the highest densities (p = 0.013) and circumferences (p = 0.002) of axonal ...


A Comparative Analysis Of The Paris System And Institutional Reporting System For Urine Cytology In Upper Tract Urothelial Specimens, Kim Hookim, MD, James P. Casey, MD, Rossitza Draganova-Tacheva, MD, Marluce Bibbo, MD, Charalambos C. Solomides, MD 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

A Comparative Analysis Of The Paris System And Institutional Reporting System For Urine Cytology In Upper Tract Urothelial Specimens, Kim Hookim, Md, James P. Casey, Md, Rossitza Draganova-Tacheva, Md, Marluce Bibbo, Md, Charalambos C. Solomides, Md

Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology Posters

The authors of this abstract have no conflicts of interest

Introduction

Cytology is integral in the assessment of urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC). However, upper urinary tract (UUT) specimens are cytologically challenging due to limited tissue and reactive atypia. At our institution UUT biopsies are processed as cell blocks (CB). We compared our institution’s reporting system (IRS) with the recently proposed Paris System for Reporting Urine Cytology (PRS) (Table 1) in UUT specimens and correlated the findings with CB and follow-up resections.


Lysine Residues Of Interferon Regulatory Factor 7 Affect The Replication And Transcription Activatormediated Lytic Replication Of Kaposi’S Sarcomaassociated Herpesvirus/Human Herpesvirus 8, Tianzheng Zhang, Ying Wang, Li Zhang, Bin Liu, Jinhui Xie, Charles Wood, Jinzhong Wang 2017 Nankai University

Lysine Residues Of Interferon Regulatory Factor 7 Affect The Replication And Transcription Activatormediated Lytic Replication Of Kaposi’S Sarcomaassociated Herpesvirus/Human Herpesvirus 8, Tianzheng Zhang, Ying Wang, Li Zhang, Bin Liu, Jinhui Xie, Charles Wood, Jinzhong Wang

Virology Papers

Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) infection goes through latent and lytic phases, which are controlled by the viral replication and transcription activator (RTA). Upon KSHV infection, the host responds by suppressing RTA-activated lytic gene expression through interferon regulatory factor 7 (IRF-7), a key regulator of host innate immune response. Lysine residues are potential sites for post-translational modification of IRF-7, and were suggested to be critical for its activity. In this study, we analysed the 15 lysine residues for their effects on IRF-7 function by site-directed mutagenesis. We found that some mutations affect the ability of IRF-7 to activate interferon (IFN ...


Exploring Therapeutic Approaches For Marfan Syndrome Associated Aortic Aneurysm, Mitra Esfandiarei 2017 Midwestern University (Phoenix)

Exploring Therapeutic Approaches For Marfan Syndrome Associated Aortic Aneurysm, Mitra Esfandiarei

Science Seminar Series

Esfandiearei will be discussing her research on understanding the underlying mechanisms contributing to the progression of aortic aneurysm in Marfan syndrome and the protective effects that exercise may have on the disease process in both laboratory animal models and human patients. Her research has been supported by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), Rare Diseases Foundation, and the Marfan Foundation.


Diagnosis Of Lchad/Tfp Deficiency In An At Risk Newborn Using Umbilical Cord Blood Acylcarnitine Analysis, Donna Raval, Kristina Cusmano-Ozog, Omar Ayyub, Callie Jenevein, Laura Kofman, Brendan Lanpher, Natalie Hauser, Debra Regier 2017 George Washington University

Diagnosis Of Lchad/Tfp Deficiency In An At Risk Newborn Using Umbilical Cord Blood Acylcarnitine Analysis, Donna Raval, Kristina Cusmano-Ozog, Omar Ayyub, Callie Jenevein, Laura Kofman, Brendan Lanpher, Natalie Hauser, Debra Regier

Pathology Faculty Publications

Trifunctional protein deficiency/Long-chain hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (LCHAD/TFP) deficiency is a disorder of fatty acid oxidation and ketogenesis. Severe neonatal lactic acidosis, cardiomyopathy, and hepatic dysfunction are caused by the accumulation of toxic long-chain acylcarnitines. The feasibility of umbilical cord blood use in screening for acylcarnitine analysis and free carnitine has been hypothesized but not reported in LCHAD/TFP neonates.

We present a 4 week old female who was at risk of inheriting LCHAD/TFP deficiency and was diagnosed at the time of delivery using umbilical cord blood. Umbilical cord blood was collected at delivery and sent for acylcarnitine ...


The Prognostic Utility Of The Transcription Factor Srf In Docetaxel-Resistant Prostate Cancer: In-Vitro Discovery And In-Vivo Validation., Dara J. Lundon, Amy Boland, Maria Prencipe, G Hurley, Amanda O'Neill, Elaine W. Kay, Sinead T. Aherne, Padraig Doolan, Stephen F. Madden, Martin Clynes, Colm Morrissey, J M. Fitzpatrick, R William Watson 2017 University College Dublin

The Prognostic Utility Of The Transcription Factor Srf In Docetaxel-Resistant Prostate Cancer: In-Vitro Discovery And In-Vivo Validation., Dara J. Lundon, Amy Boland, Maria Prencipe, G Hurley, Amanda O'Neill, Elaine W. Kay, Sinead T. Aherne, Padraig Doolan, Stephen F. Madden, Martin Clynes, Colm Morrissey, J M. Fitzpatrick, R William Watson

Pathology Articles

BACKGROUND: Docetaxel based therapy is one of the first line chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer. However, one of the major obstacles in the treatment of these patients is docetaxel-resistance. Defining the mechanisms of resistance so as to inform subsequent treatment options and combinations represents a challenge for clinicians and scientists. Previous work by our group has shown complex changes in pro and anti-apoptotic proteins in the development of resistance to docetaxel. Targeting these changes individually does not significantly impact on the resistant phenotype but understanding the central signalling pathways and transcription factors (TFs) which control ...


Follicular Dendritic Cell Sarcoma: A Rare Entity With Variable Pathologic Features And Prognosis, Sharif A. Ali MD, Miriam L. Enriquez MD, Shereen M. Gheith MD 2017 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Follicular Dendritic Cell Sarcoma: A Rare Entity With Variable Pathologic Features And Prognosis, Sharif A. Ali Md, Miriam L. Enriquez Md, Shereen M. Gheith Md

Shereen M.F. Gheith, M.D., PhD.

No abstract provided.


Delaying Chemotherapy In The Treatment Of Stage Iv Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Does Not Adversely Affect Survival Outcome, Mohammad Mozayen MD, Mohamed Alsharedi, Inderjit Mehmi, Todd W. Gress MD, Maria Tria Tirona MD 2017 Marshall University

Delaying Chemotherapy In The Treatment Of Stage Iv Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Does Not Adversely Affect Survival Outcome, Mohammad Mozayen Md, Mohamed Alsharedi, Inderjit Mehmi, Todd W. Gress Md, Maria Tria Tirona Md

Mohamed Alsharedi

Background: Whether a delay in the initiation of chemotherapy for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) can affect overall survival is not well studied. We aim to evaluate the effect of the time interval between diagnosis and initiation of chemotherapy on overall survival in patients with stage IV NSCLC.

Methods: A retrospective review of newly diagnosed stage IV NSCLC patients who received chemotherapy between 1995 and 2012 was conducted. Demographics, histology and site(s) of metastases of patients were reviewed. Time interval between the date of diagnosis and the date of starting chemotherapy was calculated in days. Patients were divided ...


Bcl-W Has A Fundamental Role In B Cell Survival And Lymphomagenesis., Clare M. Adams, Annette S. Kim, Ramkrishna Mitra, John K Choi, Jerald Z. Gong, Christine M. Eischen 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

Bcl-W Has A Fundamental Role In B Cell Survival And Lymphomagenesis., Clare M. Adams, Annette S. Kim, Ramkrishna Mitra, John K Choi, Jerald Z. Gong, Christine M. Eischen

Department of Cancer Biology Faculty Papers

Compromised apoptotic signaling is a prerequisite for tumorigenesis. The design of effective therapies for cancer treatment depends on a comprehensive understanding of the mechanisms that govern cell survival. The antiapoptotic proteins of the BCL-2 family are key regulators of cell survival and are frequently overexpressed in malignancies, leading to increased cancer cell survival. Unlike BCL-2 and BCL-XL, the closest antiapoptotic relative BCL-W is required for spermatogenesis, but was considered dispensable for all other cell types. Here, however, we have exposed a critical role for BCL-W in B cell survival and lymphomagenesis. Loss of Bcl-w conferred sensitivity to growth factor deprivation-induced ...


Reactivation Of Hiv-1 Proviruses In Immune-Compromised Mice Engrafted With Human Voa-Negative Cd4+ T Cells, Zhe Yuan, Guobin Kang, Wuxun Lu, Qingsheng Li 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Reactivation Of Hiv-1 Proviruses In Immune-Compromised Mice Engrafted With Human Voa-Negative Cd4+ T Cells, Zhe Yuan, Guobin Kang, Wuxun Lu, Qingsheng Li

Virology Papers

Background: HIV-1 infection remains incurable on antiretroviral therapy (ART) due to virus latency. To date, enhanced co-culture assays, including viral outgrowth assays (VOA), are commonly used to measure HIV-1 latent reservoirs and evaluate latency-reversing agents (LRAs). However, VOA can only reactivate a small fraction of intact proviruses.

Methods: To explore the utility of NOD scid gamma (NSG) mice as an in vivo model to reactivate HIV-1 proviruses from VOA-negative CD4+ T cells, resting CD4+ T cells from an HIV-1 latently infected individual were isolated and the human CD4+ T cells corresponding to VOA-positive and VOA-negative CD4+ T cells were engrafted ...


Distinct Transcriptome Profiles Of Gag-Specific Cd8+ T Cells Temporally Correlated With The Protection Elicited By Sivδnef Live Attenuated Vaccine, Wuxun Lu, Yanmin Wu, Fangrui Ma, R. Paul Johnson, Qingsheng Li 2017 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Distinct Transcriptome Profiles Of Gag-Specific Cd8+ T Cells Temporally Correlated With The Protection Elicited By Sivδnef Live Attenuated Vaccine, Wuxun Lu, Yanmin Wu, Fangrui Ma, R. Paul Johnson, Qingsheng Li

Virology Papers

The live attenuated vaccine (LAV) SIVmac239Δnef (SIVΔnef) confers the best protection among all the vaccine modalities tested in rhesus macaque model of HIV-1 infection. This vaccine has a unique feature of time-dependent protection: macaques are not protected at 3±5 weeks post vaccination (WPV), whereas immune protection emerges between 15 and 20 WPV. Although the exact mechanisms of the time-dependent protection remain incompletely understood, studies suggested that both cellular and humoral immunities contribute to this time-dependent protection. To further elucidate the mechanisms of protection induced by SIVΔnef, we longitudinally compared the global gene expression profiles of SIV Gag-CM9+ CD8+ (Gag-specific ...


Tryptophan 375 Stabilizes The Outer-Domain Core Of Gp120 For Hiv Vaccine Immunogen Design, Duoyi Hu, Dane Bowder, Wenzhong Wei, Jesse Thompson, Mark A. Wilson, Shi-Hua Xiang 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Tryptophan 375 Stabilizes The Outer-Domain Core Of Gp120 For Hiv Vaccine Immunogen Design, Duoyi Hu, Dane Bowder, Wenzhong Wei, Jesse Thompson, Mark A. Wilson, Shi-Hua Xiang

Virology Papers

The outer-domain core of gp120 may serve as a better HIV vaccine immunogen than the full-length gp120 because of its greater stability and immunogenicity. In our previous report, we introduced two disulfide bonds to the outer-domain core of gp120 to fix its conformation into a CD4-bound state, which resulted in a significant increase in its immunogenicity when compared to the wild-type outer-domain core. In this report, to further improve the immunogenicity of the outer-domain core based immunogen, we have introduced a Tryptophan residue at gp120 amino acid sequence position 375 (375S/W). Our data from immunized guinea pigs indeed shows ...


Calcium Uptake Hotspots In The Mitochondria Of Cardiac Muscle At The Interface With Dyadic Sr, Sergio De La Fuente, Celia Fernandez-Sanz, Caitlin Vail, Elorm J. Agra, Kira Holmstrom, Junhui Sun, Jyotsna Mishra, Toren Finkel, Elizabeth Murphy, Suresh K. Joseph, Shey-Shing Sheu, György Csordás 2016 Thomas Jefferson University

Calcium Uptake Hotspots In The Mitochondria Of Cardiac Muscle At The Interface With Dyadic Sr, Sergio De La Fuente, Celia Fernandez-Sanz, Caitlin Vail, Elorm J. Agra, Kira Holmstrom, Junhui Sun, Jyotsna Mishra, Toren Finkel, Elizabeth Murphy, Suresh K. Joseph, Shey-Shing Sheu, György Csordás

Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology Posters

Introduction

• Control of the mitochondrial ATP production by SR-derived Ca2+ signals includes local, nanodomain Ca2+ transfer from ryanodine receptors (RyR2) to the mitochondrial matrix (excitation-bioenergetics coupling).

• Ca2+ crosses the inner mitochondrial membrane (IMM) via the mtCU, a low-affinity Ca2+-activated Ca2+ channel complex.

• The surface area of cardiac IMM is extensively enhanced by cristae folding; however, mitoplast patch clamp studies showed mtCU current density the lowest amongst a range of tissues (Fieni 2012. Nat Commun).


Iron Bioavailability Of Hemoglobin From Soy Root Nodules Using A Caco-2 Cell Culture Model, Amy K. Proulx, Manju B. Reddy 2016 Iowa State University

Iron Bioavailability Of Hemoglobin From Soy Root Nodules Using A Caco-2 Cell Culture Model, Amy K. Proulx, Manju B. Reddy

Manju B. Reddy

Heme iron has been identified in many plant sourcesmost commonly in the root nodules of leguminous plants, such as soy. Our objective was to test the effectiveness of soy root nodule (SRN) and purified soy hemoglobin (LHb) in improving iron bioavailability using an in vitro Caco-2 cell model, with ferritin response as the bioavailability index. We assessed bioavailability of iron from LHb (either partially purified (LHbA) or purified (LHbD)) with and without food matrix and compared it with that from bovine hemoglobin (BHb), ferrous sulfate (FeSO4), or SRN. Bioavailability of each treatment was normalized to 100% of the FeSO4 treatment ...


Fulminant Necrotizing Eosinophilic Myocarditis: A Case Report And Comprehensive Literature Review, Bennet George, Matthew Hager, Virgilius Cornea, William O'Connor, Maya Guglin 2016 University of Kentucky; Department of Cardiology

Fulminant Necrotizing Eosinophilic Myocarditis: A Case Report And Comprehensive Literature Review, Bennet George, Matthew Hager, Virgilius Cornea, William O'Connor, Maya Guglin

The VAD Journal

Acute eosinophilic myocarditis is a relatively rare disorder with serious morbidity and mortality. Due to its infrequency, standardized management guidelines are wanting. We present a case of acute, necrotizing eosinophilic myocarditis requiring several levels of critical care. We reviewed similar cases reported in the literature to highlight common clinical features, describe natural disease course and associated complications, and review varying approaches to medical therapy.


Gradenigo Syndrome: A Rare Complication Of Otitis Media, Paul Brent Ferguson, MD 2016 Marshall University

Gradenigo Syndrome: A Rare Complication Of Otitis Media, Paul Brent Ferguson, Md

Paul Ferguson

Gradenigo syndrome is a very rare complication of otitis media that if left unrecognized and subsequently untreated will result in severe neurologic sequelae. Gradenigo Syndrome clinically represented by the triad of otitis media, ipsilateral, abducens nerve palsy and dysasthesia within the V1 and V2 divisions of the trigeminal nerve branches. We describe a 4 year-old patient who presented with headache, facial pain, diplopia and a recent history of upper respiratory tract symptomatology. Examination revealed an abducens palsy with subsequent magnetic resonance imaging demonstrating inflammation in the left petrous apex and along the tracts of the 6th, 7th, and ...


Clinical Utility Of Immature Platelet Fraction - An Advanced Parameter In Laboratory Hematology, Muhammad Shariq Shaikh, Sidra Asad Ali 2016 Aga Khan University

Clinical Utility Of Immature Platelet Fraction - An Advanced Parameter In Laboratory Hematology, Muhammad Shariq Shaikh, Sidra Asad Ali

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

No abstract provided.


Topographical Expression Of Class Ia And Class Ii Phosphoinositide 3-Kinase Enzymes In Normal Human Tissues Is Consistent With A Role In Differentiation, Soha Salama El Sheikh, Jan Domin, Prakitpunthu Tomtitchong, Paul Abel, Gordon Stamp, El-Nasir Lalani 2016 Imperial College School of Medicine

Topographical Expression Of Class Ia And Class Ii Phosphoinositide 3-Kinase Enzymes In Normal Human Tissues Is Consistent With A Role In Differentiation, Soha Salama El Sheikh, Jan Domin, Prakitpunthu Tomtitchong, Paul Abel, Gordon Stamp, El-Nasir Lalani

El Nasir Lalani

Background: Growth factor, cytokine and chemokine-induced activation of PI3K enzymes constitutes the start of a complex signalling cascade, which ultimately mediates cellular activities such as proliferation, differentiation, chemotaxis, survival, trafficking, and glucose homeostasis. The PI3K enzyme family is divided into 3 classes; class I (subdivided into IA and IB), class II (PI3K-C2α, PI3K-C2β and PI3K-C2γ) and class III PI3K. Expression of these enzymes in human tissue has not been clearly defined.

Methods: In this study, we analysed the immunohistochemical topographical expression profile of class IA (anti-p85 adaptor) and class II PI3K (PI3K-C2α and PI3K-C2β) enzymes in 104 formalin-fixed, paraffin embedded ...


Activated Clotting Time (Act): Comparison Of The Hemochron Signature Elite And The Abbott I-Stat, Lilah Evans, Susanne Gallo, Joseph J. Leo, Barbara Goldsmith, PhD, FACB 2016 Thomas Jefferson University Hospitals, Philadelphia, PA, USA

Activated Clotting Time (Act): Comparison Of The Hemochron Signature Elite And The Abbott I-Stat, Lilah Evans, Susanne Gallo, Joseph J. Leo, Barbara Goldsmith, Phd, Facb

Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology Posters

BACKGROUND

ACT is commonly used for heparin anticoagulation monitoring during procedures including cardiopulmonary bypass surgery, coronary angioplasty, and interventional radiology. To prevent thrombosis, moderate to high levels of heparin anticoagulation are required. The Hemochron Signature Elite (HSE, Accriva Diagnostics, formerly ITC, San Diego, CA) was implemented at TJUH as a replacement for the older model Hemochron Response (Accriva/ITC Model HRS.110, San Diego, CA). Operating room (OR) perfusionists reported irreproducible high results using HSE that could not be explained clinically. In consideration of use of i-STAT analyzers (Abbott Point of Care, Princeton, NJ) as an alternative to HSE, we ...


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