Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medical Pathology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

882 Full-Text Articles 2,965 Authors 233,305 Downloads 81 Institutions

All Articles in Medical Pathology

Faceted Search

882 full-text articles. Page 1 of 38.

Ets-Related Gene (Erg) Is Differentially Expressed In Dermatofibroma (Fibrous Histiocytoma) As Compared With Dermatofibromasarcoma Protuberans And Hypertrophic Scars: A Pilot Immunohistochemical Study, Meredith Hengy, Jesse Veenstra, Kyle Perry, David M. Ozog, Ben Friedman 2022 Henry Ford Health System, Department of Dermatology

Ets-Related Gene (Erg) Is Differentially Expressed In Dermatofibroma (Fibrous Histiocytoma) As Compared With Dermatofibromasarcoma Protuberans And Hypertrophic Scars: A Pilot Immunohistochemical Study, Meredith Hengy, Jesse Veenstra, Kyle Perry, David M. Ozog, Ben Friedman

Medical Student Research Symposium

Immunohistochemical staining can be of great utility in differentiating various cutaneous spindle cell neoplasms, particularly when the histomorphological appearance of the lesions is inconclusive. Nuclear staining for ETS-related gene (ERG), a highly sensitive endothelial cell marker, has seldom been studied in the context of cutaneous spindle cell neoplasms. Little is known about its specificity for vascular differentiation. In this pilot study, immunohistochemical analysis for ERG was performed on fifteen dermatofibromas (DF), ten keloids, and nine dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans tumors (DFSP). Consistent nuclear expression of ERG was found in DF [100% (15/15) of the lesions demonstrated >50% labeling of tumor cells ...


Bacille Calmette-Guérin Vaccine Reprograms Human Neonatal Lipid Metabolism In Vivo And In Vitro, Joann Diray-Arce, Asimenia Angelidou, Kristoffer Jarlov Jensen, Maria Giulia Conti, Rachel S Kelly, Matthew Pettengill, Mark Liu, Simon D van Haren, Scott D McCulloch, Greg Michelloti, Olubukola Idoko, Tobias R Kollmann, Beate Kampmann, Hanno Steen, Al Ozonoff, Jessica Lasky-Su, Christine S Benn, Ofer Levy 2022 Harvard Medical School

Bacille Calmette-Guérin Vaccine Reprograms Human Neonatal Lipid Metabolism In Vivo And In Vitro, Joann Diray-Arce, Asimenia Angelidou, Kristoffer Jarlov Jensen, Maria Giulia Conti, Rachel S Kelly, Matthew Pettengill, Mark Liu, Simon D Van Haren, Scott D Mcculloch, Greg Michelloti, Olubukola Idoko, Tobias R Kollmann, Beate Kampmann, Hanno Steen, Al Ozonoff, Jessica Lasky-Su, Christine S Benn, Ofer Levy

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Vaccines have generally been developed with limited insight into their molecular impact. While systems vaccinology enables characterization of mechanisms of action, these tools have yet to be applied to infants, who are at high risk of infection and receive the most vaccines. Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) protects infants against disseminated tuberculosis (TB) and TB-unrelated infections via incompletely understood mechanisms. We employ mass-spectrometry-based metabolomics of blood plasma to profile BCG-induced infant responses in Guinea-Bissau in vivo and the US in vitro. BCG-induced lysophosphatidylcholines (LPCs) correlate with both TLR-agonist- and purified protein derivative (PPD, mycobacterial antigen)-induced blood cytokine production in vitro, raising ...


Impact Of A Novel Interdisciplinary Online Course: Student Perspectives Related To Pandemics And Covid-19, Anna Russ 2022 Ohio Northern University

Impact Of A Novel Interdisciplinary Online Course: Student Perspectives Related To Pandemics And Covid-19, Anna Russ

ONU Student Research Colloquium

Misinformation regarding COVID-19 has clouded the judgment and perspectives of many individuals. At Ohio Northern University, a new interdisciplinary online elective course offers students the opportunity to gain evidence-based insight about the far-reaching implications of pandemics and COVID-19. The purpose of this project is to evaluate the impact that this course has made on student perspectives relating to various topics about pandemics and COVID-19.

This semester-long online elective course was taught in an interdisciplinary fashion by professors from different departments and disciplines within Ohio Northern University. Topics covered included: the history of pandemics; public health and healthcare response; COVID-19 transmission ...


Gm1 Ganglioside Modifies Microglial And Neuroinflammatory Responses To Α-Synuclein In The Rat Aav-A53t Α-Synuclein Model Of Parkinson's Disease, Jay S Schneider, Garima Singh, Courtney K. Williams, Vikrant Singh 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Gm1 Ganglioside Modifies Microglial And Neuroinflammatory Responses To Α-Synuclein In The Rat Aav-A53t Α-Synuclein Model Of Parkinson's Disease, Jay S Schneider, Garima Singh, Courtney K. Williams, Vikrant Singh

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Among the pathological events associated with the dopaminergic neurodegeneration characteristic of Parkinson's disease (PD) are the accumulation of toxic forms of α-synuclein and microglial activation associated with neuroinflammation. Although numerous other processes may participate in the pathogenesis of PD, the two factors mentioned above may play critical roles in the initiation and progression of dopamine neuron degeneration in PD. In this study, we employed a slowly progressing model of PD using adeno-associated virus-mediated expression of human A53T α-synuclein into the substantia nigra on one side of the brain and examined the microglial response in the striatum on the injected ...


Ocular Adnexal Metastases From Renal Cell Carcinoma: An Update And Comprehensive Literature Review, Tejal Magan, Tejus Pradeep, Madalina Tuluc, Jurij R. Bilyk, Tatyana Milman 2022 Department of Pathology, Wills Eye Hospital, Sidney Kimmel Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA

Ocular Adnexal Metastases From Renal Cell Carcinoma: An Update And Comprehensive Literature Review, Tejal Magan, Tejus Pradeep, Madalina Tuluc, Jurij R. Bilyk, Tatyana Milman

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to review the clinical presentation, systemic work-up, and outcomes of all previously reported ocular adnexal (OA) metastases from renal cell carcinoma (RCC). METHODS: This was a literature review. PubMed and Google Scholar databases were searched for all well-documented cases of OA metastases from RCC. RESULTS: Final analysis identified 44 patients with either biopsy-confirmed (41/44, 93%) or treatment response-documented (3/44, 6%) OA metastases from RCC. Thirty-four (77%) patients were male. The median age was 60 years (mean: 60, range: 22-87 years). The most common presenting signs were proptosis (19/44, 43%) and ...


Patterns Of Crystallin Gene Expression In Differentiation State Specific Regions Of The Embryonic Chicken Lens, Zhiwei Ma, Daniel Chauss, Joshua Disatham, Xiaodong Jiao, Lisa Ann Brennan, A Sue Menko, Marc Kantorow, J Fielding Hejtmancik 2022 National Institutes of Health

Patterns Of Crystallin Gene Expression In Differentiation State Specific Regions Of The Embryonic Chicken Lens, Zhiwei Ma, Daniel Chauss, Joshua Disatham, Xiaodong Jiao, Lisa Ann Brennan, A Sue Menko, Marc Kantorow, J Fielding Hejtmancik

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Purpose: Transition from lens epithelial cells to lens fiber cell is accompanied by numerous changes in gene expression critical for lens transparency. We identify expression patterns of highly prevalent genes including ubiquitous and enzyme crystallins in the embryonic day 13 chicken lens.

Methods: Embryonic day 13 chicken lenses were dissected into central epithelial cell (EC), equatorial epithelial cell (EQ), cortical fiber cell (FP), and nuclear fiber cell (FC) compartments. Total RNA was prepared, subjected to high-throughput unidirectional mRNA sequencing, analyzed, mapped to the chicken genome, and functionally grouped.

Results: A total of 77,097 gene-specific transcripts covering 17,450 genes ...


Prenatal Drug Exposure And Its Effects On Fetal Development: Clinical And Health Education Implications, Johanna Marie Olo Tapangan 2022 Liberty University

Prenatal Drug Exposure And Its Effects On Fetal Development: Clinical And Health Education Implications, Johanna Marie Olo Tapangan

Senior Honors Theses

Prenatal drug exposure is a common clinical phenomenon in pregnancy cases. Pregnancy is a fragile period of time for both the mother and the fetus. Therefore, strict drug regulation is important to ensure the safety and wellbeing of the developing fetus. Certain drugs, once thought to be safe, have been found to have detrimental effects on the normal development of functioning organ systems in the fetus. Current research has identified drugs that when taken during pregnancy can result in the onset of fetal physical abnormalities, impaired brain development, and disrupted organogenesis and organ function. Thalidomide, losartan, opioids, alcohol, and caffeine ...


The Pro-Fibrotic Response Of Mesenchymal Leader Cells To Lens Wounding Involves Hyaluronic Acid, Its Receptor Rhamm, And Vimentin, A. Sue Menko, Alison Romisher, Janice L Walker 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

The Pro-Fibrotic Response Of Mesenchymal Leader Cells To Lens Wounding Involves Hyaluronic Acid, Its Receptor Rhamm, And Vimentin, A. Sue Menko, Alison Romisher, Janice L Walker

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Hyaluronic Acid/Hyaluronan (HA) is a major component of the provisional matrix deposited by cells post-wounding with roles both in regulating cell migration to repair a wound and in promoting a fibrotic outcome to wounding. Both are mediated through its receptors CD44 and RHAMM. We now showed that HA is present in the provisional matrix assembled on the substrate surface in a lens post-cataract surgery explant wound model in which mesenchymal leader cells populate the wound edges to direct migration of the lens epithelium across the adjacent culture substrate onto which this matrix is assembled. Inhibiting HA expression with 4-MU ...


68-Year Old Man With Progressive Weakness And Ventilator Dependent Respiratory Failure: A Case Report Of Sporadic Late Onset Nemaline Myopathy, P. Kirupaharan, Daniel Kramer, Alan Gandler, Lawrence C. Kenyon, Ross Summer 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

68-Year Old Man With Progressive Weakness And Ventilator Dependent Respiratory Failure: A Case Report Of Sporadic Late Onset Nemaline Myopathy, P. Kirupaharan, Daniel Kramer, Alan Gandler, Lawrence C. Kenyon, Ross Summer

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Background: Neuromuscular pathologies must be considered when caring for patients with persistent or progressive respiratory failure. Pertinent disease states may involve skeletal muscles of respiration or associated neurologic structures including motor neurons, peripheral neurons and the neuromuscular junction. Diagnosis may require pulmonary function testing, neurophysiologic studies, imaging, and/or muscle biopsy.

Case presentation: A 68-year-old male was transferred to our intensive care unit (ICU) for management of ventilator dependent respiratory failure. Upon further historical review, he described gradually worsening gait instability and muscle weakness, which was previously attributed to vascular Parkinsonism in the setting of known cerebrovascular disease. Upon arrival ...


Uncontrolled Mitochondrial Calcium Uptake Underlies The Pathogenesis Of Neurodegeneration In Micu1-Deficient Mice And Patients, Raghavendra Singh, Adam Bartok, Melanie Paillard, Ashley L. Tyburski, Melanie B Elliott, György Hajnóczky 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Uncontrolled Mitochondrial Calcium Uptake Underlies The Pathogenesis Of Neurodegeneration In Micu1-Deficient Mice And Patients, Raghavendra Singh, Adam Bartok, Melanie Paillard, Ashley L. Tyburski, Melanie B Elliott, György Hajnóczky

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Dysregulation of mitochondrial Ca2+ homeostasis has been linked to neurodegenerative diseases. Mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake is mediated via the calcium uniporter complex that is primarily regulated by MICU1, a Ca2+-sensing gatekeeper. Recently, human patients with MICU1 loss-of-function mutations were diagnosed with neuromuscular and cognitive impairments. While studies in patient-derived cells revealed altered mitochondrial calcium signaling, the neuronal pathogenesis was difficult to study. To fill this void, we created a neuron-specific MICU1-KO mouse model. These animals show progressive, abnormal motor and cognitive phenotypes likely caused by the degeneration of motor neurons in the spinal cord and the cortex. We found increased ...


Fluorescence Imaging Detection Of Nanodomain Redox Signaling Events At Organellar Contacts, David M. Booth, Péter Várnai, Suresh K Joseph, György Hajnóczky 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Fluorescence Imaging Detection Of Nanodomain Redox Signaling Events At Organellar Contacts, David M. Booth, Péter Várnai, Suresh K Joseph, György Hajnóczky

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

This protocol describes how to visualize, detect, and analyze redox signals (oxidative bursts) at the ER-mitochondrial interface. It uses drug-inducible crosslinking to target the genetically encoded glutathione redox sensor Grx1roGFP2 to organellar contact sites to measure local redox changes associated with transient depolarizations of the mitochondrial membrane potential (flickers). The strategy allows imaging of the oxidized to reduced glutathione ratio (GSSG:GSH) in subcellular regions below the diffraction limit with good temporal resolution and minimum phototoxicity. Moreover, the strategy also applies to diverse parameters including pH, H2O2, and Ca2+.


Suppression Of Pi3k Signaling Is Linked To Autophagy Activation And The Spatiotemporal Induction Of The Lens Organelle Free Zone, Rifah Gheyas, Ramon Ortega-Alvarez, Daniel Chauss, Marc Kantorow, A. Menko 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Suppression Of Pi3k Signaling Is Linked To Autophagy Activation And The Spatiotemporal Induction Of The Lens Organelle Free Zone, Rifah Gheyas, Ramon Ortega-Alvarez, Daniel Chauss, Marc Kantorow, A. Menko

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

The terminal steps of lens cell differentiation require elimination of all organelles to create a central Organelle Free Zone (OFZ) that is required for lens function of focusing images on the retina. Previous studies show that the spatiotemporal elimination of these organelles during development is autophagy-dependent. We now show that the inhibition of PI3K signaling in lens organ culture results in the premature induction of autophagy within 24 h, including a significant increase in LAMP1+ lysosomes, and the removal of lens organelles from the center of the lens. Specific inhibition of just the PI3K/Akt signaling axis was directly linked ...


Dpo: Diffuse Pulmonary Ossification - A Diagnostic Challenge, Gaetano Rea, Giuliana Giacobbe, Danila Caroppo, Silvia Iovine, Roberta Lieto, Marialuisa Bocchino, Tullio Valente, Angelantonio Maglio, Alessandro Vatrella 2022 Dipartimento di Radiologia, Ospedale Monaldi, A.O. dei Colli, Napoli, Italy

Dpo: Diffuse Pulmonary Ossification - A Diagnostic Challenge, Gaetano Rea, Giuliana Giacobbe, Danila Caroppo, Silvia Iovine, Roberta Lieto, Marialuisa Bocchino, Tullio Valente, Angelantonio Maglio, Alessandro Vatrella

Translational Medicine @ UniSa

Diffuse pulmonary ossification (DPO) is a rare condition of DLD (diffuse lung disease) characterized by the presence of metaplastic ectopic bone in the lungs and is less frequent in patients without a clear background of lung diseases. DPO is characterized by very small calcific nodules, often with bone mature located in both lungs and often in peripheral areas of the lungs. Two patterns of DPO have been recognized dendriform and nodular. The dendriform type is less common and is characterized by a coral-like network of bone spiculae along the alveolar septa and is often related to interstitial fibrosis or chronic ...


Human Endothelial Cells Promote Arsenic-Transformed Lung Epithelial Cells To Induce Tumor Growth And Angiogenesis Through Interleukin-8 Induction, Lei Zhao, Yi-Fang Wang, Jie Liu, Bing-Hua Jiang, Ling-Zhi Liu 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Human Endothelial Cells Promote Arsenic-Transformed Lung Epithelial Cells To Induce Tumor Growth And Angiogenesis Through Interleukin-8 Induction, Lei Zhao, Yi-Fang Wang, Jie Liu, Bing-Hua Jiang, Ling-Zhi Liu

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Arsenic exposure is associated with lung cancer. Angiogenesis is essential for tumor development. However, the role and mechanism of human vascular endothelial cells in tumor growth and angiogenesis induced by arsenic-transformed bronchial epithelial (As-T) cells remain to be elucidated. In this study, we found that endothelial cells significantly increased As-T cell-induced tumor growth compared to those induced by As-T cells alone. To understand the molecular mechanism, we found that endothelial cells co-cultured with As-T cells or cultured in conditioned medium (CM) prepared from As-T cells showed much higher cell migration, proliferation, and tube formation compared to those co-cultured with BEAS-2B ...


The Low Abundance Of Cpg In The Sars-Cov-2 Genome Is Not An Evolutionarily Signature Of Zap, Ali Afrasiabi, Hamid Alinejad-Rokny, Azad Khosh, Mostafa Rahnama, Nigel Lovell, Zhenming Xu, Diako Ebrahimi 2022 UNSW Sydney, Australia

The Low Abundance Of Cpg In The Sars-Cov-2 Genome Is Not An Evolutionarily Signature Of Zap, Ali Afrasiabi, Hamid Alinejad-Rokny, Azad Khosh, Mostafa Rahnama, Nigel Lovell, Zhenming Xu, Diako Ebrahimi

Plant Pathology Faculty Publications

The zinc finger antiviral protein (ZAP) is known to restrict viral replication by binding to the CpG rich regions of viral RNA, and subsequently inducing viral RNA degradation. This enzyme has recently been shown to be capable of restricting SARS-CoV-2. These data have led to the hypothesis that the low abundance of CpG in the SARS-CoV-2 genome is due to an evolutionary pressure exerted by the host ZAP. To investigate this hypothesis, we performed a detailed analysis of many coronavirus sequences and ZAP RNA binding preference data. Our analyses showed neither evidence for an evolutionary pressure acting specifically on CpG ...


Noncoding-Rna-Based Therapeutics With An Emphasis On Prostatic Carcinoma-Progress And Challenges., Victor E. Nava, Pin-Yu Perera, Nirbhay Kumar, Maneesh Jain 2022 George Washington University

Noncoding-Rna-Based Therapeutics With An Emphasis On Prostatic Carcinoma-Progress And Challenges., Victor E. Nava, Pin-Yu Perera, Nirbhay Kumar, Maneesh Jain

Pathology Faculty Publications

Noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) defy the central dogma by representing a family of RNA molecules that are not translated into protein but can convey information encoded in their DNA. Elucidating the exact function of ncRNA has been a focus of discovery in the last decade and remains challenging. Nevertheless, the importance of understanding ncRNA is apparent since these molecules regulate gene expression at the transcriptional and post-transcriptional level exerting pleiotropic effects critical in development, oncogenesis, and immunity. NcRNAs have been referred to as "the dark matter of the nucleus", and unraveling their role in physiologic and pathologic processes will provide vast ...


The Role Of Decorin Proteoglycan In Mitophagy., Thomas Neill, Renato V. Iozzo 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

The Role Of Decorin Proteoglycan In Mitophagy., Thomas Neill, Renato V. Iozzo

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Proteoglycans are emerging as critical regulators of intracellular catabolism. This rise in prominence has transformed our basic understanding and alerted us to the existence of non-canonical pathways, independent of nutrient deprivation, that potently control the autophagy downstream of a cell surface receptor. As a member of the small leucine-rich proteoglycan gene family, decorin has single-handedly pioneered the connection between extracellular matrix signaling and autophagy regulation. Soluble decorin evokes protracted endothelial cell autophagy via Peg3 and breast carcinoma cell mitophagy via mitostatin by interacting with VEGFR2 or the MET receptor tyrosine kinase, respectively. In this paper, we give a mechanistic perspective ...


Mir-196a Upregulation Contributes To Gefitinib Resistance Through Inhibiting Gltp Expression, Bing-Jie Liu, Fang-Fang Li, Yun-Xia Xie, Chong-Yuan Fan, Wen-Jing Liu, Jian-Ge Qiu, Bing-Hua Jiang 2022 Zhengzhou University

Mir-196a Upregulation Contributes To Gefitinib Resistance Through Inhibiting Gltp Expression, Bing-Jie Liu, Fang-Fang Li, Yun-Xia Xie, Chong-Yuan Fan, Wen-Jing Liu, Jian-Ge Qiu, Bing-Hua Jiang

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy has greatly improved lung cancer survival in patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations. However, the development of TKI-acquired resistance is the major problem to be overcome. In this study, we found that miR-196a expression was greatly induced in gefitinib-resistant lung cancer cells. To understand the role and mechanism of miR-196a in TKI resistance, we found that miR-196a-forced expression alone increased cell resistance to gefitinib treatment in vitro and in vivo by inducing cell proliferation and inhibiting cell apoptosis. We identified the transcription factor nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2) bound to the ...


A Summary Of The Inaugural Who Classification Of Pediatric Tumors: Transitioning From The Optical Into The Molecular Era., Stefan M Pfister, Miguel Reyes-Múgica, John K C Chan, Henrik Hasle, Alexander J Lazar, Sabrina Rossi, Andrea Ferrari, Jason A Jarzembowski, Kathy Pritchard-Jones, D. Ashley Hill, Thomas S Jacques, Pieter Wesseling, Dolores H López Terrada, Andreas von Deimling, Christian P Kratz, Ian A Cree, Rita Alaggio 2022 George Washington University

A Summary Of The Inaugural Who Classification Of Pediatric Tumors: Transitioning From The Optical Into The Molecular Era., Stefan M Pfister, Miguel Reyes-Múgica, John K C Chan, Henrik Hasle, Alexander J Lazar, Sabrina Rossi, Andrea Ferrari, Jason A Jarzembowski, Kathy Pritchard-Jones, D. Ashley Hill, Thomas S Jacques, Pieter Wesseling, Dolores H López Terrada, Andreas Von Deimling, Christian P Kratz, Ian A Cree, Rita Alaggio

Pathology Faculty Publications

Pediatric tumors are uncommon, yet are the leading cause of cancer-related death in childhood. Tumor types, molecular characteristics, and pathogenesis are unique, often originating from a single genetic driver event. The specific diagnostic challenges of childhood tumors led to the development of the first World Health Organization (WHO) Classification of Pediatric Tumors. The classification is rooted in a multilayered approach, incorporating morphology, IHC, and molecular characteristics. The volume is organized according to organ sites and provides a single, state-of-the-art compendium of pediatric tumor types. A special emphasis was placed on "blastomas," which variably recapitulate the morphologic maturation of organs from ...


Reactive Oxygen Species Reprogram Macrophages To Suppress Antitumor Immune Response Through The Exosomal Mir-155-5p/Pd-L1 Pathway, Xiang Li, Shaomin Wang, Wei Mu, Jennifer Barry, Anna Han, Richard L Carpenter, Bing-Hua Jiang, Stephen C Peiper, M G Mahoney, A E Aplin, Hong Ren, Jun He 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Reactive Oxygen Species Reprogram Macrophages To Suppress Antitumor Immune Response Through The Exosomal Mir-155-5p/Pd-L1 Pathway, Xiang Li, Shaomin Wang, Wei Mu, Jennifer Barry, Anna Han, Richard L Carpenter, Bing-Hua Jiang, Stephen C Peiper, M G Mahoney, A E Aplin, Hong Ren, Jun He

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Background: Cancer cells have an imbalance in oxidation-reduction (redox) homeostasis. Understanding the precise mechanisms and the impact of the altered redox microenvironment on the immunologic reaction to tumors is limited.

Methods: We isolated exosomes from ovarian cancer cells through ultracentrifuge and characterized by Western-blots and Nanoparticle Tracking Analysis. 2D, 3D-coculture tumor model, and 3D live cell imaging were used to study the interactions between tumor cells, macrophages and CD3 T cells in vitro. The role of exosomal miR-155-5p in tumor growth was evaluated in xenograft nude mice models and immune-competent mice models. Flow cytometry and flow sorting were used to ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress