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Virulence Regulation In Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Via The Alginate Regulators, Algu And Algr, The Posttranscriptional Regulator, Rsma, And The Two-Component System, Algz/R, Sean Stacey 2018 East Tennessee State Universtiy

Virulence Regulation In Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Via The Alginate Regulators, Algu And Algr, The Posttranscriptional Regulator, Rsma, And The Two-Component System, Algz/R, Sean Stacey

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a Gram-negative bacillus able to colonize a wide variety of environments. In the human host, P. aeruginosa can establish an acute infection or persist and create a chronic infection. P. aeruginosa is able to establish a niche and persist in human hosts by using a wide array of virulence factors used for: movement, killing host cells, and evading immune cells and antibiotics. Understanding virulence factors and their regulation has proved to be an important means of combating the morbidity and mortality of P. aeruginosa as well as the ever-increasing threat of drug resistance. By targeting virulence factors ...


Student And Faculty Perceptions Of Live Synchronous Distance Education For Allied Health Students Following Program Expansion To A Rural Campus, Betsy J. Becker, Kelsey Rutt, Allyson Huntley, Harlan Sayles, Kim Michael 2018 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Student And Faculty Perceptions Of Live Synchronous Distance Education For Allied Health Students Following Program Expansion To A Rural Campus, Betsy J. Becker, Kelsey Rutt, Allyson Huntley, Harlan Sayles, Kim Michael

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Background & Purpose: Distance education (DE) is a means to meet allied health workforce needs in rural locations where healthcare worker shortages are apparent. Five allied health programs were expanded to a rural campus teaching synchronously using distance education technology. The purpose of this convergent parallel mixed methods study was to explore perceptions of allied health students and faculty at two campus locations.

Methods: Quantitative and qualitative information were collected through a survey of students and faculty (physical therapy, physician assistant, and medical imaging [diagnostic medical sonography, radiography, magnetic resonance imaging] programs). Both campuses served as live and distance sites depending on instructor location and area of content expertise. For example, morning courses may be taught live from one campus, and afternoon classes taught live from the other campus. Only one program, physical therapy, offered labs by distance education. Response distributions were compared for questions by campus using Cochran-Armitage trend tests and analyzed de-identified qualitative comments using constant comparisons to establish themes.

Results: Student (n=121) and faculty (n=19) mostly agreed distance education technology was effective for teaching and learning. Significant differences were found in student opinions about receiving a similar educational experience between the two campuses. More students at the Main campus somewhat or strongly disagreed (n=34, 37%) it was similar compared to the Rural campus (n= 5, 17%, p=0.024). There were no comments specifically related to the physical therapy lab experience. Open-ended comment themes included training, purposeful engagement of both campus locations, and setting clear expectations.

Conclusions: Although differences in learning experiences exist between the main and rural campus locations; the results indicated using distance education technology is an effective means to deliver the curriculum. Both students and faculty commented about the lack of experience with the educational technology before implementation. Synchronous, distance education offers the opportunity for program expansion and effective delivery of curriculum content. Using the results of this study can enhance future education in allied health professions using synchronous distance education technology.


Proteomic Profiling Of Serum Derived Exosomes From Prostate Cancer Patients, David Turay 2018 Selected Works

Proteomic Profiling Of Serum Derived Exosomes From Prostate Cancer Patients, David Turay

David Turay, MD

Touted among the major achievements in the diagnosis and management of Prostate cancer (PCa) in the past few decades has been, the dramatic decline of men with advanced/metastatic PCa at diagnosis coupled with a significant improvement ( >90%) in the five and ten year survival rates of the disease. Non-palpable PCa (potentially clinically treatable disease) now accounts for 70-80% of all newly diagnosed cases of PCa. Preceding these changes by about a decade was the introduction of Prostatic Specific Antigen (PSA) into clinical practice; first as biomarker for monitoring response to therapy and subsequently as a complementary screening tool. It ...


A Mathematical Model Of The Inflammatory Response To Pathogen Challenge, Lester Caudill, Fiona Lynch 2018 University of Richmond

A Mathematical Model Of The Inflammatory Response To Pathogen Challenge, Lester Caudill, Fiona Lynch

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


How Concussions Alter Brain Network Properties: Towards Better Diagnoses Of Concussions, Sara Krehbiel, Joanna R. Wares 2018 University of Richmond

How Concussions Alter Brain Network Properties: Towards Better Diagnoses Of Concussions, Sara Krehbiel, Joanna R. Wares

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Introducing The Fractional Differentiation For Clinical Data-Justified Prostate Cancer Modelling Under Iad Therapy, Ozlem Ozturk Mizrak 2018 Illinois State University

Introducing The Fractional Differentiation For Clinical Data-Justified Prostate Cancer Modelling Under Iad Therapy, Ozlem Ozturk Mizrak

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Using Pair Approximation Methods To Analyze Behavior Of A Probabilistic Cellular Automaton Model For Intracellular Cardiac Calcium Dynamics, Robert J. Rovetti 2018 Loyola Marymount University

Using Pair Approximation Methods To Analyze Behavior Of A Probabilistic Cellular Automaton Model For Intracellular Cardiac Calcium Dynamics, Robert J. Rovetti

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Modeling An Anthrax Plume: Prioritizing The Delivery Of Antibiotics After An Anthrax Bioterrorism Event, Devin Akman 2018 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Modeling An Anthrax Plume: Prioritizing The Delivery Of Antibiotics After An Anthrax Bioterrorism Event, Devin Akman

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


The Switch From Patented Medicine To The Generic One: An Option Or A Necessity?, Păduraru Dan Nicolae, Ion Daniel, Nica Adriana Elena, Coman Florentina, Coțofană Marius, Badiu Dumitru Cristinel, Grigorean Valentin Titus, Bolocan Alexandra, Andronic Octavian 2018 University Emergency Hospital Bucharest, III-rd. Department of General Surgery, Bucharest, Romania

The Switch From Patented Medicine To The Generic One: An Option Or A Necessity?, Păduraru Dan Nicolae, Ion Daniel, Nica Adriana Elena, Coman Florentina, Coțofană Marius, Badiu Dumitru Cristinel, Grigorean Valentin Titus, Bolocan Alexandra, Andronic Octavian

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

This paper assesses the influence of a number of factors taken into account when a brand name drug is replaced by a generic one. It also evaluates responses of health professionals – physicians and pharmacist—and patients regarding the issue of switching. We compared and contrasted their responses in order to identify new points of cooperation for the intended benefit of the patient. Thus, the sample drew from all three groups, consisting of 50 doctors, 50 pharmacists, and 50 patients. We collected information regarding the age, residence, income level, and education level for the patients, and age and experience for the ...


The Evidence For The Benefits From Breast Milk In The Neurodevelopment Of Premature Babies – A Review Of The Recent Literature, Danuta Iulia Paduraru 2018 Manzanares Health Center, Ciudad Real, España

The Evidence For The Benefits From Breast Milk In The Neurodevelopment Of Premature Babies – A Review Of The Recent Literature, Danuta Iulia Paduraru

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Introduction. The brain in preterm babies is usually not fully developed and therefore early post-term events can have long-lasting neurodevelopment and cognitive outcomes. It is known that cerebral white matter connectivity is important for later intact cognitive functioning amongst children born very preterm and that breast milk imparts neurotrophic factors. The relationship between breastfeeding and child development is a long and well-studied area, and the evidence in support of breast milk is already substantial. Here we review the recent literature on the topic to establish whether additional evidence is available to strengthen the view that breast milk is superior in ...


Correcting Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency With A Small-Molecule Activator, Sunhee Hwang, Karen Mruk, Simin Rahighi, Andrew G. Raub, Che-Hong Chen, Lisa E. Dorn, Naoki Horikoshi, Soichi Wakatsuki, James K. Chen, Daria Mochly-Rosen 2018 Stanford University

Correcting Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency With A Small-Molecule Activator, Sunhee Hwang, Karen Mruk, Simin Rahighi, Andrew G. Raub, Che-Hong Chen, Lisa E. Dorn, Naoki Horikoshi, Soichi Wakatsuki, James K. Chen, Daria Mochly-Rosen

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency, one of the most common human genetic enzymopathies, is caused by over 160 different point mutations and contributes to the severity of many acute and chronic diseases associated with oxidative stress, including hemolytic anemia and bilirubin-induced neurological damage particularly in newborns. As no medications are available to treat G6PD deficiency, here we seek to identify a small molecule that corrects it. Crystallographic study and mutagenesis analysis identify the structural and functional defect of one common mutant (Canton, R459L). Using high-throughput screening, we subsequently identify AG1, a small molecule that increases the activity of the wild-type, the ...


Oxcarbazepine Overdose In A Polysubstance Related Suicide, Melissa Beals, Robert J. Krumsick, C. Clinton Frazee III, Lindsey J. Haldiman, Uttam Garg 2018 Children's Mercy Hospital

Oxcarbazepine Overdose In A Polysubstance Related Suicide, Melissa Beals, Robert J. Krumsick, C. Clinton Frazee Iii, Lindsey J. Haldiman, Uttam Garg

Posters

Introduction
Oxcarbazepine is a derivative of carbamazepine that is used primarily in the treatment of epilepsy, and experimentally as a mood-stabilizer in adjunctive therapy for the treatment of bipolar disorder. Oxcarbazepine is converted through oxidation to its pharmacologically active metabolite 10-OH-Carbazepine, which is thought to be responsible for most of the anticonvulsant action of the drug. Adverse effects of oxcarbazepine are generally dose-dependent and may include fatigue, somnolence, dizziness, diplopia, nystagmus, and ataxia. Additive sedative effects have been noted when oxcarbazepine is used in combination with other CNS depressionproducing medications. Furthermore, oxcarbazepine and 10-OH-Carbazepine are powerful CYP2C19 inhibitors, potentially increasing ...


Extracellular Interactions Between Fibulins And Transforming Growth Factor (Tgf)-Β In Physiological And Pathological Conditions., Takeshi Tsuda 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Extracellular Interactions Between Fibulins And Transforming Growth Factor (Tgf)-Β In Physiological And Pathological Conditions., Takeshi Tsuda

Department of Pediatrics Faculty Papers

Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β is a multifunctional peptide growth factor that has a vital role in the regulation of cell growth, differentiation, inflammation, and repair in a variety of tissues, and its dysregulation mediates a number of pathological conditions including fibrotic disorders, chronic inflammation, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer progression. Regulation of TGF-β signaling is multifold, but one critical site of regulation is via interaction with certain extracellular matrix (ECM) microenvironments, as TGF-β is primarily secreted as a biologically inactive form sequestrated into ECM. Several ECM proteins are known to modulate TGF-β signaling via cell⁻matrix interactions, including thrombospondins, SPARC ...


Prothrombin Complex Concentrates Or Recombinant Factor Viia Are More Effective Than Fresh-Frozen Plasma At Lowering Inr In Patients With Liver Disease, Abel J. Ignatius 2018 Wayne State University

Prothrombin Complex Concentrates Or Recombinant Factor Viia Are More Effective Than Fresh-Frozen Plasma At Lowering Inr In Patients With Liver Disease, Abel J. Ignatius

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Kwon JO, MacLaren R. Comparison of fresh-frozen plasma, four-factor prothrombin complex concentrates, and recombinant factor VIIa to facilitate procedures in critically ill patients with coagulopathy from liver disease: a retrospective cohort study. Pharmacotherapy. 2016;36(10):1047-1054. doi: 10.1002/phar.1827


Diffusion And Functional Mri Of The Brain Following Sports-Related Impacts And Concussion, Kathryn Y. Manning 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Diffusion And Functional Mri Of The Brain Following Sports-Related Impacts And Concussion, Kathryn Y. Manning

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Concussion is a prevalent injury associated with contact sports, however the underlying brain changes associated with concussion remain poorly understood. Therefore it is critical to (a) understand the complex sequelae that underlie concussion, (b) when or if the brain recovers, and (c) if there are brain changes associated with contact sports in general. Advanced imaging techniques may be sensitive to changes that persist beyond relatively prompt symptom recovery and clearance to return to play.

Resting state functional MRI (RS-fMRI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data was acquired on the 3T at Robarts Research Institute from healthy and concussed athletes from ...


Pepducin-Mediated Cardioprotection Via Β-Arrestin-Biased Β2-Adrenergic Receptor-Specific Signaling, Laurel A. Grisanti, Toby P. Thomas, Rhonda L. Carter, Claudio de Lucia, Erhe Gao, Walter J. Koch, Jeffrey L. Benovic, Douglas G. Tilley 2018 University of Missouri

Pepducin-Mediated Cardioprotection Via Β-Arrestin-Biased Β2-Adrenergic Receptor-Specific Signaling, Laurel A. Grisanti, Toby P. Thomas, Rhonda L. Carter, Claudio De Lucia, Erhe Gao, Walter J. Koch, Jeffrey L. Benovic, Douglas G. Tilley

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Papers

Reperfusion as a therapeutic intervention for acute myocardial infarction-induced cardiac injury itself induces further cardiomyocyte death. β-arrestin (βarr)-biased β-adrenergic receptor (βAR) activation promotes survival signaling responses in vitro; thus, we hypothesize that this pathway can mitigate cardiomyocyte death at the time of reperfusion to better preserve function. However, a lack of efficacious βarr-biased orthosteric small molecules has prevented investigation into whether this pathway relays protection against ischemic injury in vivo. We recently demonstrated that the pepducin ICL1-9, a small lipidated peptide fragment designed from the first intracellular loop of β2AR, allosterically engaged pro-survival signaling cascades in a βarr-dependent manner ...


Scientific, Paranormal, And Spiritual Frames In Alternative Medicine, Charles F. Emmons 2018 Gettysburg College

Scientific, Paranormal, And Spiritual Frames In Alternative Medicine, Charles F. Emmons

Friday Forum

Although the term “integrative medicine” is being used to refer to the merging of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) with standard biomedicine, there are some spiritual and paranormal frames for alternative medicine that are only partially integrated into standard medicine if at all. This study examines the orientations of some alternative practitioners and clients/users in the U.S. and the UK in terms of their views of science, spirituality and the paranormal.


Neurohype And The Law: A Cautionary Tale, Stephen J. Morse 2018 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Neurohype And The Law: A Cautionary Tale, Stephen J. Morse

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This chapter suggests that for conceptual, empirical, and practical reasons, neuroscience in general and non-invasive brain imaging in particular are not likely to revolutionize the law and our conception of ourselves, but may make modest contributions to legal policy and case adjudication if the legal relevance of the science is properly understood.


Listeria Monocytogenes As A Vector For Cancer Immunotherapy: Current Understanding And Progress, John C. Flickinger, Ulrich Rodeck, Adam E. Snook 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Listeria Monocytogenes As A Vector For Cancer Immunotherapy: Current Understanding And Progress, John C. Flickinger, Ulrich Rodeck, Adam E. Snook

Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics Faculty Papers

Listeria monocytogenes, a Gram-positive facultative anaerobic bacterium, is becoming a popular vector for cancer immunotherapy. Indeed, multiple vaccines have been developed utilizing modified Listeria as a tool for generating immune responses against a variety of cancers. Moreover, over a dozen clinical trials testing Listeria cancer vaccines are currently underway, which will help to understand the utility of Listeria vaccines in cancer immunotherapy. This review aims to summarize current views on how Listeria-based vaccines induce potent antitumor immunity and the current state of Listeria-based cancer vaccines in clinical trials. © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


Relapsed Ovarian High-Grade Serous Carcinoma With Long-Term Survival Associated With Synchronous Primary Squamous Cell Carcinoma Of The Colon, Karla Sladoljev, Ena Perin, Ani Mihaljević Ferrari, Marko Klarić, Alemka Brnčić-Fischer, Senija Eminović, Danijela Vrdoljak-Mozetič, Emina Babarovic 2018 School of Medicine University of Rijeka, University of Rijeka, Croatia

Relapsed Ovarian High-Grade Serous Carcinoma With Long-Term Survival Associated With Synchronous Primary Squamous Cell Carcinoma Of The Colon, Karla Sladoljev, Ena Perin, Ani Mihaljević Ferrari, Marko Klarić, Alemka Brnčić-Fischer, Senija Eminović, Danijela Vrdoljak-Mozetič, Emina Babarovic

Proceedings in Obstetrics and Gynecology

High-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC) is the most common and also the most aggressive subtype of ovarian cancer while squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the colon is an extremely rare histologic subtype of all colonic malignancies with poor prognosis.

Here we report a unique case of synchronous primary SCC of the colon and second recurrence of HGSOC in a patient with 15-years survival. Our patient developed two recurrent HGSOCs with disease-free survival time of five and nine years, respectively. The second recurrence of HGSOC was associated with the synchronous primary SCC of the ascending colon and was further complicated with ...


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