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Problems In Embalming: Cyanide Poisoning, Rebecca Majus 2017 Southern Illinois University Carbondale

Problems In Embalming: Cyanide Poisoning, Rebecca Majus

ASA Multidisciplinary Research Symposium

To inform funeral professionals, or anyone interested, what cyanide poisoning is, how death from it occurs, how to detect it in postmortem remains, how it poses a problem for embalmers, and what embalming techniques can be used to treat it.


Targeting Cancer Stem Cells In Recurrent Lung Cancer, Karen T. Udoh 2017 Murray State University

Targeting Cancer Stem Cells In Recurrent Lung Cancer, Karen T. Udoh

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality in the world. Five-year survivability still remains dismal due to drug resistance. The development of drug resistance with cisplatin or platinum/taxane combination chemotherapies has led patients to suffer from recurrent lung cancer. These chemotherapy treatments target cancer cells but leave behind cancer stem cells. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are stem-like tumor cells that have the potential to differentiate, self-renew, and proliferate. This allows the cancer to relapse even after initial elimination of the tumor. We hypothesize that Verrucarin J will inhibit cell proliferation in lung cancer cells and CSCs by ...


Efficacy And Effectiveness Of Carnitine Supplementation For Cancer-Related Fatigue: A Systematic Literature Review And Meta-Analysis, Wolfgang Marx, Laisa Teleni, Rachelle S. Opie, Jaimon T Kelly, Skye Marshall, Catherine Itsiopoulos, Elisabeth A Isenring 2017 Bond University

Efficacy And Effectiveness Of Carnitine Supplementation For Cancer-Related Fatigue: A Systematic Literature Review And Meta-Analysis, Wolfgang Marx, Laisa Teleni, Rachelle S. Opie, Jaimon T Kelly, Skye Marshall, Catherine Itsiopoulos, Elisabeth A Isenring

Faculty of Health Sciences & Medicine Publications

Background Carnitine deficiency has been implicated as a potential pathway for cancer-related fatigue that could be treated with carnitine supplementation. The aim of this systematic literature review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the literature regarding the use of supplemental carnitine as a treatment for cancer-related fatigue.
Methods
Using the PRISMA guidelines, an electronic search of the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL and reference lists was conducted. Data were extracted and independently assessed for quality using the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics evidence analysis by two reviewers. In studies with positive quality ratings, a meta-analysis was performed using the random-effects model ...


Effect Of Intranasally Delivered Rh-Vegf165 On Angiogenesis Following Cerebral Hypoxia-Ischemia In The Cerebral Cortex Of Newborn Piglets., Amit Jain, Panagiotis Kratimenos, Ioannis Koutroulis, Amishi Jain, Amulya Buddhavarapu, Jahan Ara 2017 George Washington University

Effect Of Intranasally Delivered Rh-Vegf165 On Angiogenesis Following Cerebral Hypoxia-Ischemia In The Cerebral Cortex Of Newborn Piglets., Amit Jain, Panagiotis Kratimenos, Ioannis Koutroulis, Amishi Jain, Amulya Buddhavarapu, Jahan Ara

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Background: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) stimulates vascular genesis and angiogenesis. Cerebral Hypoxia-Ischemia (HI) leads to the reduction of vasculature in the cerebral cortex of newborn piglets.

Objective: The present study tests the hypothesis that post-hypoxia intranasal administration of recombinant human VEGF165 (rh-VEGF165) for 3 days increases the vascular density in the cerebral cortex of newborn piglets without promoting neovascularization.

Design/Methods: Ventilated newborn piglets were divided into three groups (n = 5/group): normoxic (Nx), hypoxic-ischemic (HI), and HI treated with intranasal rh-VEGF165rh-VEGF165 (HI-VEGF). HI piglets were exposed to HI (0.05 FiO2) for 30 min. Recombinant h-VEGF165 (100 ...


Variations In Practice Of Apnea Test For Brain Death: Review From A Multihospital Health Care System, Jeffrey Stein, Marvi V. Rijhwani, Ernesto Brauer 2017 Department of Internal Medicine, Aurora Sinai Medical Center

Variations In Practice Of Apnea Test For Brain Death: Review From A Multihospital Health Care System, Jeffrey Stein, Marvi V. Rijhwani, Ernesto Brauer

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Ventilation encompasses both active and passive processes. Air is initially drawn into the lungs due to a negative intrathoracic pressure created using the respiratory muscles, most importantly the diaphragm. In contrast, expiration is the passive relaxation of the respiratory muscles. Oxygenation occurs when oxygen diffuses across the alveolar-capillary membrane. The ability to oxygenate without ventilation has been termed apneic diffusion oxygenation or apneic oxygenation. We believe it is crucial to keep alveoli open in order for adequate oxygenation to occur. This can be achieved with the aid of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP). We investigated this concept in patients who ...


Relative Associations Of Age, Height, And Weight On Sinus Of Valsalva And Mid-Ascending Aorta: An Imaging And Epidemiology Study, Mirza Nubair Ahmad, Syed Haris Pir, Mirza Mujadil Ahmad, Sharmeen Hussaini, Bijoy K. Khandheria, A. Jamil Tajik, Khawaja Afzal Ammar 2017 Department of Internal Medicine, Aurora Sinai Medical Center

Relative Associations Of Age, Height, And Weight On Sinus Of Valsalva And Mid-Ascending Aorta: An Imaging And Epidemiology Study, Mirza Nubair Ahmad, Syed Haris Pir, Mirza Mujadil Ahmad, Sharmeen Hussaini, Bijoy K. Khandheria, A. Jamil Tajik, Khawaja Afzal Ammar

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Prior studies show ascending aorta diameter varies with age, height and weight, but they did not evaluate relative influence of these variables on aortic diameter. Since height is genetically determined, and genetic disorders like Marfan syndrome are predominantly associated with sinus of Valsalva (SOV) dilation, we hypothesized height may have stronger association with SOV.

Purpose: Based on anecdotal observation, since age, weight and obesity are acquired attributes, we hypothesized age, weight and body mass index may have greater association with mid-ascending aorta (MAA) diameter, even in normal patients.

Methods: We evaluated echocardiographic studies of patients ≥ 15 years old that ...


Generation Of A Patient-Derived Brain Metastasis Breast Cancer Cell Line Via Novel Orthotopic Injection Placement And Serial Mouse Transplantation To Develop Pdx Mouse Model, Amber L. LaCrosse, Denise M. Coley, Paul J. Mintz, Santhi D. Konduri, Richard A. Rovin, Amin B. Kassam 2017 Aurora Research Institute

Generation Of A Patient-Derived Brain Metastasis Breast Cancer Cell Line Via Novel Orthotopic Injection Placement And Serial Mouse Transplantation To Develop Pdx Mouse Model, Amber L. Lacrosse, Denise M. Coley, Paul J. Mintz, Santhi D. Konduri, Richard A. Rovin, Amin B. Kassam

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: The incidence of brain metastasis appears to be increasing, potentially due to advanced technology that aids early diagnosis. Patient-derived xenografts (PDX) have high translational value, as these models retain key functional characteristics of the patient tumor. PDX models are useful to understand the molecular basis of tumorigenesis and to identify new treatment targets. However, generating a first-line PDX model is challenging as engraftment failure is high. Serial transplanting tumor tissue via mouse-to-mouse propagation increases engraftment rates and decreases PDX development time. Herein we report methods to generate a PDX cell line from patient-derived tumor tissue that includes the cerebral ...


Concussion As A Multi-Scale Complex System: An Interdisciplinary Synthesis Of Current Knowledge, Erin S. Kenzie, Elle L. Parks, Erin D. Bigler, Miranda M. Lim, James C. Chesnutt, Wayne Wakeland 2017 Portland State University

Concussion As A Multi-Scale Complex System: An Interdisciplinary Synthesis Of Current Knowledge, Erin S. Kenzie, Elle L. Parks, Erin D. Bigler, Miranda M. Lim, James C. Chesnutt, Wayne Wakeland

Wayne W. Wakeland

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been called “the most complicated disease of the most complex organ of the body” and is an increasingly high-profile public health issue. Many patients report long-term impairments following even “mild” injuries, but reliable criteria for diagnosis and prognosis are lacking. Every clinical trial for TBI treatment to date has failed to demonstrate reliable and safe improvement in outcomes, and the existing body of literature is insufficient to support the creation of a new classification system. Concussion, or mild TBI, is a highly heterogeneous phenomenon, and numerous factors interact dynamically to influence an individual’s recovery ...


College Students, Experiences On Smart Phone Technology Usage: A Qualitative Content Analysis Study, fatemeh jafarzadeh-kenarsari, parand pourghane 2017 Medical Education Research Center (MERC), Education Development Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

College Students, Experiences On Smart Phone Technology Usage: A Qualitative Content Analysis Study, Fatemeh Jafarzadeh-Kenarsari, Parand Pourghane

The Qualitative Report

Besides many benefits of the cell phone technology, numerous arguments are raised on the different and important negative effects of such a technology. This qualitative content analysis study explored the common usages of smart phone technology, its challenges, and benefits among Iranian college students. Participants were 32 bachelor degree students who were recruited using purposive sampling method with maximum variation. Data were collected through 11 individual semi-structured interviews and 3 focus group discussions (5-8 students in each group). Data analysis was done based on a conventional content analysis approach. Data analysis resulted in 3 main themes and 12 sub-themes. The ...


Table Of Contents, 2017 University of South Carolina

Table Of Contents

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Sports Related Head Impact On Balance And Neurocognitive Functions, Shaquanda D. Ross-Simmons, Michelle L. Vieyra, Abhishek Jain, Keri Weed 2017 University of South Carolina Aiken

The Effects Of Sports Related Head Impact On Balance And Neurocognitive Functions, Shaquanda D. Ross-Simmons, Michelle L. Vieyra, Abhishek Jain, Keri Weed

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

The goal of this study was to investigate the effects of sports-related head injury on balance, attention, and memory. Reliable differences have been found using measures that directly tap into brain functioning, such as the auditory oddball task combined with EEG recording. We hypothesized that athletes reporting a diagnosed concussion or participation in high-risk sports would have compromised balance and neurocognitive functioning compared to athletes in low risk sports. Forty-five undergraduate participants were identified as either concussed, non-concussed in high-risk sports, or non-concussed in low-risk sports using a survey of athletic history, head trauma and demographics. The Biopac MP36 system ...


Investigation Of Moringa Oleifera Leaf Extract And Its Cancer-Selective Antiproliferative Properties, Reagen H. Welch, Ashlee H. Tietje 2017 Southern Wesleyan University

Investigation Of Moringa Oleifera Leaf Extract And Its Cancer-Selective Antiproliferative Properties, Reagen H. Welch, Ashlee H. Tietje

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

Moringa oleifera is a tree native to a number of Asian, African, and Central American countries and has been used in traditional medicine for an assortment of medicinal uses for centuries. Due to bioactive compounds within Moringa leaves, it is believed that Moringa leaf extract may possess cancer-selective antiproliferative properties. Previous research has been conducted in regards to this topic, but poor experimental design due to lack of necessary controls limits the legitimacy of anticancer claims. While previous research has shown that Moringa leaf extract has the potential to kill cancer cells, the research fails to demonstrate the effects of ...


Differences In Pragmatic Language Measures In Mothers Of Children With Autism Or Fragile X Syndrome, Michelle Huang 2017 South Carolina Governor’s School for Science and Mathematics

Differences In Pragmatic Language Measures In Mothers Of Children With Autism Or Fragile X Syndrome, Michelle Huang

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

Mastery of pragmatics, which refers to the language used in different social interactions, is key to effective communication in daily life. However, studies have found that mothers of children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or Fragile X Syndrome (FXS) are at an increased risk for impaired pragmatic language skills. Though many measures of pragmatic language exist for children, very few are available for these mothers. Two commonly used measures for the mothers include the Pragmatic Rating Scale (PRS) and the Pragmatic Language Subscale of the Broad Autism Phenotype Questionnaire (BAPQ). This study, unlike previous ones that only look at ...


Optimizing Sperm Collection Procedures In Zebrafish, Madelyn B. Wasden, Rachel L. Roberts, April DeLaurier 2017 University of South Carolina Aiken

Optimizing Sperm Collection Procedures In Zebrafish, Madelyn B. Wasden, Rachel L. Roberts, April Delaurier

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

Zebrafish are a highly-valued model organism used for developmental biology research. Zebrafish can be used for genetic manipulation and hence, many mutant and transgenic lines exist. It is impractical to maintain lines of adult zebrafish, due to resource constraints and the need to continuously produce new generations. Therefore, a practical way to preserve zebrafish lines is to freeze sperm and retrieve lines using in vitro fertilization of fresh eggs. Most existing in vitro protocols used by research labs have a wide variety of fertilization rates (ranging from 0% to >90%). Due to this variability, lines may be at risk of ...


Six Month Av Fistulae Outcomes Following Local Perianastomotic Delivery Of Sirolimuspreliminary Report From A Us Phase 3 Clinical Trial (Access Trial), Sriram Iyer, Nelson Kopyt DO, FASN, FACP, Joseph J. Lee, Osman Khawar, Thomas Wooldridge, Nirav Gandhi, Robert I. Lynn, William Paulson, Maria DeVita 2017 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Six Month Av Fistulae Outcomes Following Local Perianastomotic Delivery Of Sirolimuspreliminary Report From A Us Phase 3 Clinical Trial (Access Trial), Sriram Iyer, Nelson Kopyt Do, Fasn, Facp, Joseph J. Lee, Osman Khawar, Thomas Wooldridge, Nirav Gandhi, Robert I. Lynn, William Paulson, Maria Devita

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Baseline Serum Calcium On Responses To Extended-Release Calcifediol (Erc) In Stage 3 - 4 Ckd, Nelson Kopyt DO, FASN, FACP, Stephen A. Strugnell, Akhtar Ashfaq, Martin Petkovich, Charles W. Bishop 2017 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Effect Of Baseline Serum Calcium On Responses To Extended-Release Calcifediol (Erc) In Stage 3 - 4 Ckd, Nelson Kopyt Do, Fasn, Facp, Stephen A. Strugnell, Akhtar Ashfaq, Martin Petkovich, Charles W. Bishop

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Suppression Of Mrnas Encoding Cd63 Family Tetraspanins From The Carcinogenic Liver Fluke Opisthorchis Viverrini Results In Distinct Tegument Phenotypes., Sujittra Chaiyadet, Watchara Krueajampa, Wiphawi Hipkaeo, Yada Plosan, Supawadee Piratae, Javier Sotillo, Michael Smout, Banchob Sripa, Paul J Brindley, Alex Loukas, Thewarach Laha 2017 George Washington University

Suppression Of Mrnas Encoding Cd63 Family Tetraspanins From The Carcinogenic Liver Fluke Opisthorchis Viverrini Results In Distinct Tegument Phenotypes., Sujittra Chaiyadet, Watchara Krueajampa, Wiphawi Hipkaeo, Yada Plosan, Supawadee Piratae, Javier Sotillo, Michael Smout, Banchob Sripa, Paul J Brindley, Alex Loukas, Thewarach Laha

Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine Faculty Publications

The liver fluke Opisthorchis viverrini infects 10 million people in Southeast Asia and causes cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). Fluke secreted and tegumental proteins contribute to the generation of a tumorigenic environment and are targets for drug and vaccine-based control measures. Herein, we identified two tetraspanins belonging to the CD63 family (Ov-TSP-2 and Ov-TSP-3) that are abundantly expressed in the tegument proteome of O. viverrini. Ov-tsp-2 and tsp-3 transcripts were detected in all developmental stages of O. viverrini. Protein fragments corresponding to the large extracellular loop (LEL) of each TSP were produced in recombinant form and antibodies were raised in rabbits. Ov-TSP-2 and ...


Induction Of Peripheral Tolerance In Ongoing Autoimmune Inflammation Requires Interleukin 27 Signaling In Dendritic Cells, Rodolfo Thome, Jason N. Moore, Elisabeth R. Mari, Javad Rasouli 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

Induction Of Peripheral Tolerance In Ongoing Autoimmune Inflammation Requires Interleukin 27 Signaling In Dendritic Cells, Rodolfo Thome, Jason N. Moore, Elisabeth R. Mari, Javad Rasouli

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Peripheral tolerance to autoantigens is induced via suppression of self-reactive lymphocytes, stimulation of tolerogenic dendritic cells (DCs) and regulatory T (Treg) cells. Interleukin (IL)-27 induces tolerogenic DCs and Treg cells; however, it is not known whether IL-27 is important for tolerance induction. We immunized wild-type (WT) and IL-27 receptor (WSX-1) knockout mice with MOG35-55 for induction of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis and intravenously (i.v.) injected them with MOG35-55 after onset of disease to induce i.v. tolerance. i.v. administration of MOG35-55 reduced disease severity in WT mice, but was ineffective in Wsx-/- mice. IL-27 signaling ...


A Coal Miner With Weakness, Fatigue, Nausea, Fever, Chills, Night Sweats And Dyspnea, Larry Nichols 2017 Mercer University School of Medicine

A Coal Miner With Weakness, Fatigue, Nausea, Fever, Chills, Night Sweats And Dyspnea, Larry Nichols

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Delayed or missed diagnoses are a constant hazard in primary care. This is the case report of a 51-year-old coal miner, who presented as an ambulatory outpatient on a Friday with weakness, fatigue, nausea, fever, chills, night sweats and dyspnea. Chest x-ray on Saturday showed pneumonia and pleural effusion, while blood testing showed renal failure, but these results were not known by his physician until Monday, when he was hospitalized with severe sepsis due to fatal Austrian syndrome of pneumococcal pneumonia, endocarditis and meningitis. Analysis of the delay of diagnosis in this case suggests the possibility that a weekend effect ...


The Opioid Crisis., Jennifer Stephens DO 2017 Lehigh Valley Health Network

The Opioid Crisis., Jennifer Stephens Do

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


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