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Gaining Competencies During Early Medical Training: Medical Students As Teaching Assistants In Dissection-Based Anatomy Course, Martin T. Brown, Bruce Fenderson, Guiyan Zhang 2016 Department of Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107

Gaining Competencies During Early Medical Training: Medical Students As Teaching Assistants In Dissection-Based Anatomy Course, Martin T. Brown, Bruce Fenderson, Guiyan Zhang

Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology Posters

Introduction and Objectives

  • In 2002, ACGME identified six ACGME Core Competencies: patient care; medical knowledge; practice-based learning and improvement; interpersonal and communication skills; professionalism; and systems-based practice.
  • AAMC recommended lists of similar competencies for the curricula of medical schools. Competency based curricula have been widely implemented in medical schools.
  • Effective shifting in the graduate medical educational programs has been reported in various clinical specialties.
  • There is a lack of reported efforts and development on competency training in early preclinical years of medical education.

Objectives:

  • To explore methods for strengthening medical students’ competency training during preclinical undergraduate medical education.
  • To measure ...


Antiproliferative Effect Of Oleuropein In Prostate Cell Lines, Rosaria Acquaviva, Claudia Di Giacomo, Valeria Sorrenti, Fabio Galvano, Rosa Santangelo, Venera Cardile, Silvia Gangia, Nicolantonio D'Orazio, Nader G. Abraham, Luca Vanella 2016 Marshall University

Antiproliferative Effect Of Oleuropein In Prostate Cell Lines, Rosaria Acquaviva, Claudia Di Giacomo, Valeria Sorrenti, Fabio Galvano, Rosa Santangelo, Venera Cardile, Silvia Gangia, Nicolantonio D'Orazio, Nader G. Abraham, Luca Vanella

Nader G. Abraham

Currently, there is increasing interest in the in vivo protective effects of natural antioxidants found in dietary plants against oxidative damage caused by free radical species. Oxidative stress has been invoked as a causative agent in cancer and epidemiological data suggest that the consumption of fruits and vegetables may be associated with a lower incidence of cancer. The fruit of the Olea europaea L. and olive oil contain hundreds of phytochemicals and its extracts have recently been shown to exhibit antioxidant properties, due to the action of oleuropein. In view of these considerations, in this study, we investigated the effects ...


Expression Of Heme Oxygenase-1 In Thick Ascending Loop Of Henle Attenuates Angiotensin Ii-Dependent Hypertension, David E. Stec, Heather A. Drummond, Moneete U. Gousette, Megan V. Storm, Nader G. Abraham, Eva Csongradi 2016 Marshall University

Expression Of Heme Oxygenase-1 In Thick Ascending Loop Of Henle Attenuates Angiotensin Ii-Dependent Hypertension, David E. Stec, Heather A. Drummond, Moneete U. Gousette, Megan V. Storm, Nader G. Abraham, Eva Csongradi

Nader G. Abraham

Kidney-specific induction of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) attenuates the development of angiotensin II (Ang II) -dependent hypertension, but the relative contribution of vascular versus tubular induction of HO-1 is unknown. To determine the specific contribution of thick ascending loop of Henle (TALH) -derived HO-1, we generated a transgenic mouse in which the uromodulin promoter controlled expression of human HO-1. Quantitative RT-PCR and confocal microscopy confirmed successful localization of the HO-1 transgene to TALH tubule segments. Medullary HO activity, but not cortical HO activity, was significantly higher in transgenic mice than control mice. Enhanced TALH HO-1 attenuated the hypertension induced by Ang ...


Apolipoprotein A-I Mimetic Peptide L-4f Prevents Myocardial And Coronary Dysfunction In Diabetic Mice, C. Vecoli, J. Cao, D. Neglia, K. Inoue, Komal Sodhi, L. Vanella, K. K. Gabrielson, D. Bedja, N. Paolocci, A. L'Abbate, Nader G. Abraham 2016 Marshall University

Apolipoprotein A-I Mimetic Peptide L-4f Prevents Myocardial And Coronary Dysfunction In Diabetic Mice, C. Vecoli, J. Cao, D. Neglia, K. Inoue, Komal Sodhi, L. Vanella, K. K. Gabrielson, D. Bedja, N. Paolocci, A. L'Abbate, Nader G. Abraham

Nader G. Abraham

Diabetes is a major health problem associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes. The apolipoprotein A-I mimetic peptide L-4F is a putative anti-diabetic drug, has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory proprieties and improves endothelial function. In obese mice L-4F increases adiponectin levels, improving insulin sensitivity and reducing visceral adiposity. We hypothesized that the pleiotropic actions of L-4F can prevent heart and coronary dysfunction in a mouse model of genetically induced Type II diabetes. We treated db/db mice with either L-4F or vehicle for 8 weeks. Trans-thoracic echocardiography was performed; thereafter, isolated hearts were subjected to ischemia/reperfusion (IR). Glucose, insulin, adiponectin, and pro-inflammatory ...


Apolipoprotein A-I Mimetic Peptide L-4f Prevents Myocardial And Coronary Dysfunction In Diabetic Mice, C. Vecoli, J. Cao, D. Neglia, K. Inoue, Komal Sodhi, L. Vanella, K. K. Gabrielson, D. Bedja, N. Paolocci, A. L'Abbate, Nader G. Abraham 2016 Marshall University

Apolipoprotein A-I Mimetic Peptide L-4f Prevents Myocardial And Coronary Dysfunction In Diabetic Mice, C. Vecoli, J. Cao, D. Neglia, K. Inoue, Komal Sodhi, L. Vanella, K. K. Gabrielson, D. Bedja, N. Paolocci, A. L'Abbate, Nader G. Abraham

Komal Sodhi

Diabetes is a major health problem associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes. The apolipoprotein A-I mimetic peptide L-4F is a putative anti-diabetic drug, has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory proprieties and improves endothelial function. In obese mice L-4F increases adiponectin levels, improving insulin sensitivity and reducing visceral adiposity. We hypothesized that the pleiotropic actions of L-4F can prevent heart and coronary dysfunction in a mouse model of genetically induced Type II diabetes. We treated db/db mice with either L-4F or vehicle for 8 weeks. Trans-thoracic echocardiography was performed; thereafter, isolated hearts were subjected to ischemia/reperfusion (IR). Glucose, insulin, adiponectin, and pro-inflammatory ...


Use Of Propensity Score Matching To Identify A Strong Association Between Strategic Concentration To Mitochondria-Sr Associations Of The Mitochondrial Ca2+ Uniporter: Ca2+ Uptake Hotspots In The Cardiac Mitochondria, Sergio De La Fuente, Caitlin Vail, Elorm J. Agra, Kira Holmstrom, Junhui Sun, Jyotsna Mishra, Toren Kinkel, Elizabeth Murphy, Suresh K. Joseph, Shey-Shing Shen, György Csordás 2016 MitoCare Center, Pathology, Anatomy & Cell Biology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA

Use Of Propensity Score Matching To Identify A Strong Association Between Strategic Concentration To Mitochondria-Sr Associations Of The Mitochondrial Ca2+ Uniporter: Ca2+ Uptake Hotspots In The Cardiac Mitochondria, Sergio De La Fuente, Caitlin Vail, Elorm J. Agra, Kira Holmstrom, Junhui Sun, Jyotsna Mishra, Toren Kinkel, Elizabeth Murphy, Suresh K. Joseph, Shey-Shing Shen, György Csordás

Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology Posters

Introduction:

  • Control of the mitochondrial ATP production by SR-derived Ca2+ signals includes local, nanodomain Ca2+ transfer from ryanodine receptors (RyR2) to the mitochondrial matrix (excitation-bioenergetics coupling).
  • Ca2+ crosses the inner mitochondrial membrane (IMM) via the mtCU, a low-affinity Ca2+-activated Ca2+ channel complex.
  • The surface area of cardiac IMM is extensively enhanced by cristae folding; however, mitoplast patch clamp studies showed mtCU current density the lowest amongst a range of tissues (Fieni 2012. Nat Commun).


Dysglycemia Induces Abnormal Circadian Blood Pressure Variability, Sivarajan Kumarasamy, Kathirvel Gopalakrishnan, Dong Hyun Kim, Nader G. Abraham, William D. Johnson, Bina Joe, Alok K. Gupta 2016 Marshall University

Dysglycemia Induces Abnormal Circadian Blood Pressure Variability, Sivarajan Kumarasamy, Kathirvel Gopalakrishnan, Dong Hyun Kim, Nader G. Abraham, William D. Johnson, Bina Joe, Alok K. Gupta

Nader G. Abraham

Background: Prediabetes (PreDM) in asymptomatic adults is associated with abnormal circadian blood pressure variability (abnormal CBPV).

Hypothesis: Systemic inflammation and glycemia influence circadian blood pressure variability.

Methods: Dahl salt-sensitive (S) rats (n = 19) after weaning were fed either an American (AD) or a standard (SD) diet. The AD (high-glycemic-index, high-fat) simulated customary human diet, provided daily overabundant calories which over time lead to body weight gain. The SD (low-glycemic-index, low-fat) mirrored desirable balanced human diet for maintaining body weight. Body weight and serum concentrations for fasting glucose (FG), adipokines (leptin and adiponectin), and proinflammatory cytokines [monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and ...


Where To Draw The Line: The Balance Between Research And Medicine, Brandon Lucke-Wold 2016 West Virginia University

Where To Draw The Line: The Balance Between Research And Medicine, Brandon Lucke-Wold

The International Undergraduate Journal For Service-Learning, Leadership, and Social Change

No abstract provided.


Reverse Engineering A Kinetic Model Of A Dopaminergic Neuron To Apoptosis, Johnathan Morris 2016 Rowan University

Reverse Engineering A Kinetic Model Of A Dopaminergic Neuron To Apoptosis, Johnathan Morris

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Demonstration Of Follicle Waves Using Delay Differential Equations, Andrew A. Wright 2016 North Carolina State University at Raleigh

Demonstration Of Follicle Waves Using Delay Differential Equations, Andrew A. Wright

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Mathematical Models Of Hiv And Hpv Coinfection, Samantha Erwin, Meghna Verma, Vida Abedi, Raquel Hontecillas-Magarzo, Stefan Hoops, Josep Bassaganya-Riera, Stanca M. Ciupe 2016 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

Mathematical Models Of Hiv And Hpv Coinfection, Samantha Erwin, Meghna Verma, Vida Abedi, Raquel Hontecillas-Magarzo, Stefan Hoops, Josep Bassaganya-Riera, Stanca M. Ciupe

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


A Topological Analysis Of Targeted In-111 Up- Take In Spect Images Of Murine Tumors., David Damiano 2016 College of the Holy Cross

A Topological Analysis Of Targeted In-111 Up- Take In Spect Images Of Murine Tumors., David Damiano

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Low Energy Defibrillation By Synchronization; 90 % Less Energy Compared To One Shock., Flavio H. Fenton, Yanyan Ji, Ilija Uzelac, Niels Otani, Elizabeth M. Cherry 2016 Georgia Institute of Technology

Low Energy Defibrillation By Synchronization; 90 % Less Energy Compared To One Shock., Flavio H. Fenton, Yanyan Ji, Ilija Uzelac, Niels Otani, Elizabeth M. Cherry

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Needle In The Haystack: Combining Intravital Imaging And Mathematical Modeling To Understand How Vaccine-Induced T Cells Find Malaria-Infected Cells In Murine Livers, Vitaly V. Ganusov, Ian Cockburn, Reka Kelemen 2016 University of Tennessee

Needle In The Haystack: Combining Intravital Imaging And Mathematical Modeling To Understand How Vaccine-Induced T Cells Find Malaria-Infected Cells In Murine Livers, Vitaly V. Ganusov, Ian Cockburn, Reka Kelemen

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Oxidative Stress And Heme Oxygenase-1 Regulated Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells Differentiation, Luca Vanella, Christopher Sanford Jr., Dong Hyun Kim, Nader G. Abraham, Nabil Ebraheim 2016 Marshall University

Oxidative Stress And Heme Oxygenase-1 Regulated Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells Differentiation, Luca Vanella, Christopher Sanford Jr., Dong Hyun Kim, Nader G. Abraham, Nabil Ebraheim

Nader G. Abraham

This paper describes the effect of increased expression of HO-1 protein and increased levels of HO activity on differentiation of bone-marrow-derived human MSCs. MSCs are multipotent cells that proliferate and differentiate into many different cell types including adipocytes and osteoblasts. HO, the rate-limiting enzyme in heme catabolism, plays an important role during MSCs differentiation. HO catalyzes the stereospecific degradation of heme to biliverdin, with the concurrent release of iron and carbon monoxide. Upregulation of HO-1 expression and increased HO activity are essential for MSC growth and differentiation to the osteoblast lineage consistent with the role of HO-1 in hematopoietic stem ...


Hiv Vaccines: Progress, Limitations And A Crispr/Cas9 Vaccine, Omar A. Garcia Martinez 2016 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Hiv Vaccines: Progress, Limitations And A Crispr/Cas9 Vaccine, Omar A. Garcia Martinez

Biology: Student Scholarship & Creative Works

ABSTRACT: The HIV-1 pandemic continues to thrive due to ineffective HIV-1 vaccines. Historically, the world’s most infectious diseases, such as polio and smallpox, have been eradicated or have come close to eradication due to the advent of effective vaccines. Highly active antiretroviral therapy is able to delay the onset of AIDS but can neither rid the body of HIV-1 proviral DNA nor prevent further transmission. A prophylactic vaccine that prevents the various mechanisms HIV-1 has to evade and attack our immune system is needed to end the HIV-1 pandemic. Recent advances in engineered nuclease systems, like the CRISPR/Cas9 ...


Transitioning Care From Hospital To Home, Increasing Awareness Of Take-Home Pressure Injury Prevention Kits, Erika A. Yazdanbakhsh Mrs 2016 University of San Francisco

Transitioning Care From Hospital To Home, Increasing Awareness Of Take-Home Pressure Injury Prevention Kits, Erika A. Yazdanbakhsh Mrs

Master's Projects

With proper implementation of evidence-based interventions, most pressure injuries (PI) can be prevented. While prevention is considered standard of care while inpatient, there is a need to transition this care from hospital to home. This CNL project aimed to increased awareness of take home PI prevention kits made available to staff nurses at on medical surgical hospital unit with 15 staff nurses. An author-blinded, internal chart review and a comprehensive review of evidence-based literature were studied to provide background data and support for implementation using the staff huddle. Direct observation and staff interaction was incorporated with Lewin’s change theory ...


Does The Expression Of Ki-67, P16 And Cox-2 At Initial Diagnosis Of Breast Atypia Or Usual Ductal Hyperplasia Predict A Second Clinically Significant Event?, Judy A. Tjoe, Philippe Gascard, Jianxin Zhao, Gary F. Neitzel, Maharaj Singh, Brittany Last, James Marx, Thea Tlsty, Sanjay Kansra 2016 Surgical Breast Oncology, Aurora Health Care

Does The Expression Of Ki-67, P16 And Cox-2 At Initial Diagnosis Of Breast Atypia Or Usual Ductal Hyperplasia Predict A Second Clinically Significant Event?, Judy A. Tjoe, Philippe Gascard, Jianxin Zhao, Gary F. Neitzel, Maharaj Singh, Brittany Last, James Marx, Thea Tlsty, Sanjay Kansra

Maharaj Singh

Background: Women diagnosed with atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH) or atypical lobular hyperplasia (ALH) have a fivefold increased risk of developing breast cancer. Because ADH/ALH can be precursors or predictive markers of a subsequent clinically significant event (SCSE), i.e. atypia, in situ or invasive carcinoma, the clinical outcome for these patients ranges anywhere from remission to invasive malignancy. Currently we cannot predict which atypical breast lesion is likely to be associated with future cancer, resulting in aggressive management and, possibly, overtreatment. Kerlikowske et al. reported that a combination of three biomarkers (cell cycle regulator p16INK4a, proliferation antigen Ki-67 and ...


Fair Weight Loss After Gastric Rebanding For Slippage, Ahmed Dalmar, Maharaj Singh, Sara K. Roloff, Thomas Y. Chua 2016 Aurora Research Institute, Aurora Health Care

Fair Weight Loss After Gastric Rebanding For Slippage, Ahmed Dalmar, Maharaj Singh, Sara K. Roloff, Thomas Y. Chua

Maharaj Singh

Background: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is one of the most common bariatric surgery procedures performed in the United States. LAGB results in safe and satisfactory weight loss, but it is often complicated with slippage, a complication requiring rebanding (reoperation). There is a paucity of studies and no uniform consensus regarding weight loss after rebanding.

Purpose: This study assessed the effect of rebanding for slippage after LAGB on weight loss up to five years.

Methods: This is a historical cohort study of 865 patients who underwent LAGB from 2001 to 2011. Rebanding was performed in 103 (11.9%) patients. Primary ...


Focusing On Selection For Fixation, John K. Tsotsos, Calden Wloka, Yulia Kotseruba 2016 York University

Focusing On Selection For Fixation, John K. Tsotsos, Calden Wloka, Yulia Kotseruba

MODVIS Workshop

Building on our presentation at MODVIS 2015, we continue in our quest to discover a functional, computational, explanation of the relationship among visual attention, interpretation of visual stimuli, and eye movements, and how these produce visual behavior. Here, we focus on one component, how selection is accomplished for the next fixation. The popularity of saliency map models drives the inference that this is solved; we suggested otherwise at MODVIS 2015. Here, we provide additional empirical and theoretical arguments. We then develop arguments that a cluster of complementary, conspicuity representations drive selection, modulated by task goals and history, leading to a ...


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