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Ngo's Bpa Report Intended To Frighten, Not Enlighten., Robert L. Brent Dr. 2015 Thomas Jefferson University

Ngo's Bpa Report Intended To Frighten, Not Enlighten., Robert L. Brent Dr.

The Selected Works of Robert Brent

None


P53 And Cancer-Associated Sialylated Glygans Are Surrogate Markers Of Cancerization Of The Bladder Associated With Schistosoma Haematobium Infection, Julio Santos, Elisabete Fernandes, Jose Alexandre Ferreira, Luis Lima, Ana Tavares, Andreia Peixoto, Beatriz Parreira, Jose Manuel Correia da Costa, Paul J. Brindley, Carlos Lopes, Lucio L. Santos 2014 Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library, The George Washington University

P53 And Cancer-Associated Sialylated Glygans Are Surrogate Markers Of Cancerization Of The Bladder Associated With Schistosoma Haematobium Infection, Julio Santos, Elisabete Fernandes, Jose Alexandre Ferreira, Luis Lima, Ana Tavares, Andreia Peixoto, Beatriz Parreira, Jose Manuel Correia Da Costa, Paul J. Brindley, Carlos Lopes, Lucio L. Santos

Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine Faculty Publications

Background

Bladder cancer is a significant health problem in rural areas of Africa and the Middle East where Schistosoma haematobium is prevalent, supporting an association between malignant transformation and infection by this blood fluke. Nevertheless, the molecular mechanisms linking these events are poorly understood. Bladder cancers in infected populations are generally diagnosed at a late stage since there is a lack of non-invasive diagnostic tools, hence enforcing the need for early carcinogenesis markers.

Methodology/Principal Findings

Forty-three formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded bladder biopsies of S. haematobium-infected patients, consisting of bladder tumours, tumour adjacent mucosa and pre-malignant/malignant urothelial lesions, were screened ...


Engineered Plga Nanoparticles For Delivery Of Sirna In Mcf-7 Breast Cancer Cells, Sydney Pong, Samit Shah, Vivek Gupta 2014 Chapman University

Engineered Plga Nanoparticles For Delivery Of Sirna In Mcf-7 Breast Cancer Cells, Sydney Pong, Samit Shah, Vivek Gupta

Undergraduate Student Research Day Abstracts and Posters

Small interfering RNAs have been an emerging medical treatment for molecular based diseases as they are capable of gene-specific knockdown. Appropriate and efficient delivery remains one of the biggest challenges in the development of siRNA as an anti-cancer treatment. Nanoparticles containing siRNA were characterized and the efficacy of various peptides in the transfection of the nanoparticles were tested. A gene silencing assay was developed in order to determine the effect of siRNA therapeutics on gene functionality in breast cancer cells.


The Effect Of Chronic Sleep Deprivation On Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha And Bone Health In Peri-Menopausal Rats, Megan Robertson, Derek Booth, Erin Wainwright, Cody Arbuckle, Frank Frisch 2014 Chapman University

The Effect Of Chronic Sleep Deprivation On Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha And Bone Health In Peri-Menopausal Rats, Megan Robertson, Derek Booth, Erin Wainwright, Cody Arbuckle, Frank Frisch

Undergraduate Student Research Day Abstracts and Posters

Post-menopausal osteoporosis is a common syndrome in the United States. The cessation of estrogen signaling coupled with the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines from sleep deprivation leads to an even greater risk of post-menopausal osteoporosis by creating an imbalance between osteoblasts and osteoclasts. With estrogen no longer present to regulate the concentration of osteoclasts and pro-inflammatory cytokines increasing production of osteoclasts, bone is degraded at a faster rate than it is formed. One of the most common treatments for osteoporosis is Zolendronate (a nitrogenous bisphosphonate), which decreases the number of osteoclasts in bone. This preliminary study looked at the effects on ...


Regulation Of Crfr1 And 5-Ht2ar By Pdz Domain-Containing Proteins Sap97 And Psd-95, Henry A. Dunn 2014 Western University

Regulation Of Crfr1 And 5-Ht2ar By Pdz Domain-Containing Proteins Sap97 And Psd-95, Henry A. Dunn

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Previous studies identified a crosstalk mechanism whereby CRFR1 sensitized 5-HT2AR-mediated signaling via interactions with PDZ domain-containing proteins: a mechanism that may underlie stress-induced anxiety and depression. This prompted an investigation into uncovering which PDZ domain-containing proteins could regulate the crosstalk between these two receptors, and how they could be regulated individually. In the current studies, a subset of PDZ domain-containing proteins were identified that may interact with CRFR1 and 5-HT2AR. The focus narrowed to two candidates previously implicated in psychiatric disease: SAP97 and PSD-95. We confirmed SAP97 and PSD-95 as interacting partners of CRFR1 in adult ...


Analysis Of Drug Interactions With Lipoproteins By High Performance Affinity Chromatography, Matthew R. Sobansky 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Analysis Of Drug Interactions With Lipoproteins By High Performance Affinity Chromatography, Matthew R. Sobansky

Student Research Projects, Dissertations, and Theses - Chemistry Department

High density lipoprotein (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL), and very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) are lipoproteins previously shown to bind many basic and neutral hydrophobic drugs in serum. These interactions impact the distribution, delivery, metabolism, and excretion of drugs and are important in determining drug activity, pharmacokinetics, and toxicity in the human body. Information about drug-lipoprotein interactions and the strength of these interactions can be useful in determining the distribution of drugs following administration.

The research presented in this dissertation uses high performance affinity chromatography (HPAC) and packed columns to study binding of the drug propranolol to immobilized lipoproteins such ...


The Effects Of Sensory Integration On Short Term Memory In College Students, Chelsea B. Tolliver 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Effects Of Sensory Integration On Short Term Memory In College Students, Chelsea B. Tolliver

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


The Crebh In Hepatic Lipid And Lipoprotein Metabolism: Implication For The Pathogenesis Of Hyperlipidemia And Metainflammation, Miaoyun Zhao 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

The Crebh In Hepatic Lipid And Lipoprotein Metabolism: Implication For The Pathogenesis Of Hyperlipidemia And Metainflammation, Miaoyun Zhao

Nutrition & Health Sciences Dissertations & Theses

Hyperlipidemia is reemerging as an important cardiovascular disease risk factor and other metabolic disorders, such as obesity, insulin resistance and type-2 diabetes. Hepatic de novo lipogenesis is controlled by a family of the b-zip transcription factors, the sterol regulatory element-binding proteins (SREBPs), which targets downstream genes involved in free fatty acids, triglycerides and cholesterol synthesis. Regulation of SREBPs signaling is controlled by a cluster of the ER membrane-bound proteins, the insulin induced gene-1(Insig-1) and gene-2 (Insig-2) and the SCAP protein. The cAMP responsive element binding protein H (CREBH) is a recently identified member of this family. CREBH is selectively ...


Towards Stem Cell Treatment For Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy-Related Cardiomyopathy, Bogdan A. Bondoc 2014 Western University

Towards Stem Cell Treatment For Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy-Related Cardiomyopathy, Bogdan A. Bondoc

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a progressive muscular degenerative disease affecting 1 in 3,500 boys. Cardiomyopathy is observed in 95% of patients aged 18 and older, accounting for 30% of deaths. While innovative treatments have been employed to curb symptoms in skeletal muscle, few show success in the heart, and no cure for DMD exists. Recently, regenerative therapy using cardiac stem cells (CSCs) has shown very promising results, but efficacy in DMD remains undetermined. This dissertation sought to provide preliminary insight into the effects of murine Sca-1+ CSC therapy. Three-dimensional echocardiography was validated and used to gauge cardiomyopathy in ...


Hormone-Induced Calcium Oscillations Depend On Cross-Coupling With Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate Oscillations., Lawrence D Gaspers, Paula J Bartlett, Antonio Politi, Paul Burnett, Walson Metzger, Jane Johnston, Suresh K Joseph, Thomas Höfer, Andrew P Thomas 2014 Thomas Jefferson University

Hormone-Induced Calcium Oscillations Depend On Cross-Coupling With Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate Oscillations., Lawrence D Gaspers, Paula J Bartlett, Antonio Politi, Paul Burnett, Walson Metzger, Jane Johnston, Suresh K Joseph, Thomas Höfer, Andrew P Thomas

Department of Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Receptor-mediated oscillations in cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)]i) could originate either directly from an autonomous Ca(2+) feedback oscillator at the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) receptor or as a secondary consequence of IP3 oscillations driven by Ca(2+) feedback on IP3 metabolism. It is challenging to discriminate these alternatives, because IP3 fluctuations could drive Ca(2+) oscillations or could just be a secondary response to the [Ca(2+)]i spikes. To investigate this problem, we constructed a recombinant IP3 buffer using type-I IP3 receptor ligand-binding domain fused to GFP (GFP-LBD), which buffers IP3 in the physiological range ...


Achieving Medical Excellence, Kathryn McCracken 2014 Liberty University

Achieving Medical Excellence, Kathryn Mccracken

Honorable Mention

On August 22, 2014, Liberty University hosted a grand opening ceremony for its brand new Center for Medical and Health Sciences.


A Plausible Mechanism, Based Upon Short-Root Movement, For Regulating The Number Of Cortex Cell Layers In Roots., Shuang Wu, Chin-Mei Lee, Tomomi Hayashi, Simara Price, Fanchon Divol, Sophia Henry, Germain Pauluzzi, Christophe Perin, Kimberly L Gallagher 2014 Thomas Jefferson University

A Plausible Mechanism, Based Upon Short-Root Movement, For Regulating The Number Of Cortex Cell Layers In Roots., Shuang Wu, Chin-Mei Lee, Tomomi Hayashi, Simara Price, Fanchon Divol, Sophia Henry, Germain Pauluzzi, Christophe Perin, Kimberly L Gallagher

Department of Bioscience Technologies Faculty Papers

Formation of specialized cells and tissues at defined times and in specific positions is essential for the development of multicellular organisms. Often this developmental precision is achieved through intercellular signaling networks, which establish patterns of differential gene expression and ultimately the specification of distinct cell fates. Here we address the question of how the SHORT-ROOT (SHR) proteins from Arabidopsis thaliana (AtSHR), Brachypodium distachyon (BdSHR), and Oryza sativa (OsSHR1 and OsSHR2) function in patterning the root ground tissue. We find that all of the SHR proteins function as mobile signals in A. thaliana and all of the SHR homologs physically interact ...


Autoantibodies To The Ny-Eso-1 Tumor Antigen In Metastatic Melanoma: Sialylation Of The Fc Region Of Immunoglobulin G Induces Differential Expression Signatures Of Inflammatory Molecules During Dendritic Cell Differentiation And Maturation, Martin Oaks, Nathaniel Rein, John O. Richards, James Shaffer 2014 Aurora Health Care

Autoantibodies To The Ny-Eso-1 Tumor Antigen In Metastatic Melanoma: Sialylation Of The Fc Region Of Immunoglobulin G Induces Differential Expression Signatures Of Inflammatory Molecules During Dendritic Cell Differentiation And Maturation, Martin Oaks, Nathaniel Rein, John O. Richards, James Shaffer

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: We tested the hypothesis that different glycoforms of antibodies from patients with metastatic melanoma have different functional effects on human dendritic cell differentiation and maturation.

Methods: Antibodies to the cancer antigen NY-ESO-1 were affinity-purified from patients with melanoma and further fractionated into different glycoforms by lectin chromatography. Sialic acid-rich and sialic acid-poor fractions of these immunoglobulin G antibodies (IgG) were added to dendritic cell cultures during both differentiation and maturation, and the resulting cellular messenger RNA (mRNA) and culture supernatants were tested by microarray and enzyme-linked immunoassay for molecules related to inflammatory pathways.

Results: We identified unique mRNA and ...


Visualization Of Oxytocin Release That Mediates Paired Pulse Facilitation In Hypothalamic Pathways To Brainstem Autonomic Neurons, Ramon A. Pinol, Heather Jameson, Anastas Popratiloff, Norman H. Lee, David Mendelowitz 2014 Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library, The George Washington University

Visualization Of Oxytocin Release That Mediates Paired Pulse Facilitation In Hypothalamic Pathways To Brainstem Autonomic Neurons, Ramon A. Pinol, Heather Jameson, Anastas Popratiloff, Norman H. Lee, David Mendelowitz

Pharmacology and Physiology Faculty Publications

Recent work has shown that oxytocin is involved in more than lactation and uterine contraction. The paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN) contains neuroendocrine neurons that control the release of hormones, including vasopressin and oxytocin. Other populations of PVN neurons do not release hormones, but rather project to and release neurotransmitters onto other neurons in the CNS involved in fluid retention, thermoregulation, sexual behavior and responses to stress. Activation of oxytocin receptors can be cardioprotective and reduces the adverse cardiovascular consequences of anxiety and stress, yet how oxytocin can affect heart rate and cardiac function is unknown. While anatomical work ...


Strengthening Neglected Tropical Disease Research Through Enhancing Research-Site Capacity: An Evaluation Of A Novel Web Application To Facilitate Research Collections, Tanzin Furtado, Samuel Franzen, Francois van Loggerenberg, Gwenaelle Carn, Shannon Grahek, Megan McBride, Maureen Power, Barbara Savarese, Margaret Ann Snowden, Gwynn Stevens, Almarie Uys, Trudie Lang 2014 Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library, The George Washington University

Strengthening Neglected Tropical Disease Research Through Enhancing Research-Site Capacity: An Evaluation Of A Novel Web Application To Facilitate Research Collections, Tanzin Furtado, Samuel Franzen, Francois Van Loggerenberg, Gwenaelle Carn, Shannon Grahek, Megan Mcbride, Maureen Power, Barbara Savarese, Margaret Ann Snowden, Gwynn Stevens, Almarie Uys, Trudie Lang

Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Er-Associated Degradation And Cadmium Dependent Rescue Of Pca1, Nathan Smith 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Er-Associated Degradation And Cadmium Dependent Rescue Of Pca1, Nathan Smith

Theses and Dissertations in Biochemistry

Protein synthesis and proper folding is an essential process for all organisms. In eukaryotes proteins of the secretory pathway are synthesized and inserted into the lumen or membrane of the endoplasmic reticulum. Eukaryotic cells maintain a mechanism for removal of proteins unable to fold properly. This process is known as ER-associated degradation (ERAD). A poorly functioning ERAD can lead to a build-up of misfolded proteins which has been implicated in several degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and Parkinson’s. Thus, the study of how proteins are recognized, extracted from the ER, and degraded is essential for ...


Central And Peripheral Nervous System Demyelination Following Mycoplasma Pneumonia Infection With Review Of Literature, Brian Miller DO, Andres Zirlinger MD 2014 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Central And Peripheral Nervous System Demyelination Following Mycoplasma Pneumonia Infection With Review Of Literature, Brian Miller Do, Andres Zirlinger Md

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Septal Myectomy In Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy High Risk Patients, Heather Geist, Matthew W. Martinez MD, James K. Wu MD 2014 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Septal Myectomy In Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy High Risk Patients, Heather Geist, Matthew W. Martinez Md, James K. Wu Md

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Impact Of Preadmission Beta-Blocker Use On Cardiac Abnormalities And In-Hospital Mortality In Patients With Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, Toshimasa Okabe, MD, Anushya Jeyabalan, MD, Benjamin E. Leiby, PhD, Fred Rincon, MD, Walter K. Kraft, MD 2014 Thomas Jefferson University

Impact Of Preadmission Beta-Blocker Use On Cardiac Abnormalities And In-Hospital Mortality In Patients With Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, Toshimasa Okabe, Md, Anushya Jeyabalan, Md, Benjamin E. Leiby, Phd, Fred Rincon, Md, Walter K. Kraft, Md

Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics Faculty Papers

Introduction:

Various cardiac abnormalities, including dysrhythmias, left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, and myocardial injury, are commonly seen after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). In patients taking a beta-blocker (BB) chronically, the medication is generally discontinued after hospitalization due to the concern of compromising cerebral perfusion. We hypothesized that sudden BB discontinuation might inadvertently lead to an increased incidence of composite cardiac abnormalities and higher in-hospital mortality in patients presenting with nontraumatic SAH.


Improving Outcomes In Diabetic Patients, Daniel Tseytlin DO, Cheryl Bloomfield MD, Ranjit R. Nair MD, Carolyn Casey DO, Vlad Vlatsis DO, Maura Bucciarelli DO, Chris Kern DO, Stephen Awuor MD, Arsha Shreedhar MD, Ron Julia Jr. MD 2014 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Improving Outcomes In Diabetic Patients, Daniel Tseytlin Do, Cheryl Bloomfield Md, Ranjit R. Nair Md, Carolyn Casey Do, Vlad Vlatsis Do, Maura Bucciarelli Do, Chris Kern Do, Stephen Awuor Md, Arsha Shreedhar Md, Ron Julia Jr. Md

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


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