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Current Understanding Of The Mechanism Of Action Of The Antiepileptic Drug Lacosamide, Michael A. Rogawski, Azita Tofighy, H Steve White, Alain Matagne, Christian Wolff 2015 University of California - Davis

Current Understanding Of The Mechanism Of Action Of The Antiepileptic Drug Lacosamide, Michael A. Rogawski, Azita Tofighy, H Steve White, Alain Matagne, Christian Wolff

Michael A. Rogawski

The antiepileptic drug lacosamide [(R)-2-acetamido-N-benzyl-3-methoxypropanamide], a chiral functionalized amino acid, was originally identified by virtue of activity in the mouse and rat maximal electroshock (MES) test. Attention was drawn to lacosamide because of its high oral potency and stereoselectivity. Lacosamide is also active in the 6 Hz seizure model but inactive against clonic seizures in rodents induced by subcutaneous pentylenetetrazol, bicuculline and picrotoxin. It is also ineffective in genetic models of absence epilepsy. At doses greater than those required to confer protection in the MES test, lacosamide inhibits behavioral and electrographic seizures in hippocampal kindled rats. It also effectively ...


Ngo's Bpa Report Intended To Frighten, Not Enlighten., Robert L. Brent Dr. 2015 duPont Hosp for Children

Ngo's Bpa Report Intended To Frighten, Not Enlighten., Robert L. Brent Dr.

The Selected Works of Robert Brent

None


Characterization And Investigation Of Fungi Inhabiting The Gastrointestinal Tract Of Healthy And Diseased Humans, Mallory J. Suhr 2015 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Characterization And Investigation Of Fungi Inhabiting The Gastrointestinal Tract Of Healthy And Diseased Humans, Mallory J. Suhr

Dissertations & Theses in Food Science and Technology

Gastrointestinal microbiome studies have failed to include fungi in total community analyses. As a result, their diversity and function in the gut is poorly understood. Recent work has begun to uncover the role intestinal fungi play in diet, immune system development, interactions with other microorganisms in the gut, and pathogenesis of diseases. Advances in sequencing technologies allow for the ability to profile the fungal gut microbiome (“mycobiome”) in healthy and diseased states. This thesis explores the mycobiome in 1) healthy humans with a vegetarian diet and 2) pediatric small bowel transplant recipients that develop fungal bloodstream infections.

The gut mycobiome ...


Assessment For Risk Factors Associated With Local Recurrence In Chordoma, John A. Abraham, MD, Wei Jiang, MD, PhD 2015 Thomas Jefferson University

Assessment For Risk Factors Associated With Local Recurrence In Chordoma, John A. Abraham, Md, Wei Jiang, Md, Phd

Department of Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Background

Chordoma is a rare but locally aggressive malignant neoplasm showing notochordal differentiation. The clinical differential diagnoses can be extensive, and definitive diagnosis often relies on histopathologic evaluation. Histologically, chordoma shows dual epithelial and mesenchymal differentiation, with various morphologies. Despite surgical resection and use of adjuvant radiation therapy, the local recurrence rate of chordoma remains high. We aim to establish factors associated with the increased risk of recurrence and help guide treatment decisions.


Pathology Encountered During Cadaver Dissection Provides An Opportunity For Integrated Learning And Critical Thinking, Guiyan Zhang, Bruce Fenderson 2015 Thomas Jefferson University

Pathology Encountered During Cadaver Dissection Provides An Opportunity For Integrated Learning And Critical Thinking, Guiyan Zhang, Bruce Fenderson

Department of Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Abstract

Cadaver dissection engages medical students in active learning, critical thinking, and problem solving. During dissection, students at SKMC are encouraged to document pathologic findings in their cadavers and discuss the findings with their peers. Here, we describe two cases that provided opportunities for integrating anatomy with pathology and clinical medicine. The first case was a benign ovarian neoplasm. This large pelvic mass displaced the urinary bladder and uterus, and compressed the ureters and rectum. Students discussed clinical complications of this pelvic mass and reviewed pathologic findings that differentiate benign from malignant neoplasms. The second case was breast cancer with ...


Loss Of Expression Of Swi/Snf Chromatin Remodeling Complex Components And Setd2 Are Heterogeneous, Widespread, And Co-Occur In Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma, Wei Jiang, MD, PhD, Essel Dulaimi, Theodore Parsons, Qiong Wang, Karthik Devarajan, Raymond O'Neill, Charalambos C. Solomides, MD, Stephen C Peiper, PhD, Jospeh R. Testa, Robert Uzzo, Haifeng Yang 2015 Thomas Jefferson University

Loss Of Expression Of Swi/Snf Chromatin Remodeling Complex Components And Setd2 Are Heterogeneous, Widespread, And Co-Occur In Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma, Wei Jiang, Md, Phd, Essel Dulaimi, Theodore Parsons, Qiong Wang, Karthik Devarajan, Raymond O'Neill, Charalambos C. Solomides, Md, Stephen C Peiper, Phd, Jospeh R. Testa, Robert Uzzo, Haifeng Yang

Department of Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Background

The subunits of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex have one of the highest mutation rate in human cancers (see Figure 1). Polybromo-1 (PBRM1), a subunit of the SWI/SNF complex, is the second most mutated gene (40%) in clear cell Renal Cell Carcinoma (ccRCC). ARID1A, another subunit that competes with PBRM1 for binding to the complex, was infrequently mutated. The protein expressions of BRG1 and BRM (two catalytic subunits of the complex), and SETD2, a histone modifier (10-15% mutation rate), are not known in ccRCC. In this study we examined their protein expressions by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in tissue ...


Age-Related Ebv-Associated Lymphoproliferative Disorder With Widespread Gastrointestinal Involvement And Subsequent Development Of T-Cell Lymphoma, Guldeep Uppal, MD, Alaina Chodoff, MSII, Zi-Xuan Wang, PhD, Jeffrey P. Baliff MD, Jerald Z. Gong, MD 2015 Department of Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology, Thomas Jefferson University

Age-Related Ebv-Associated Lymphoproliferative Disorder With Widespread Gastrointestinal Involvement And Subsequent Development Of T-Cell Lymphoma, Guldeep Uppal, Md, Alaina Chodoff, Msii, Zi-Xuan Wang, Phd, Jeffrey P. Baliff Md, Jerald Z. Gong, Md

Department of Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Background

Age-related EBV-associated lymphoproliferative disorder (AR-EBVLPD) has emerged as a new subset of B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders. We report a unique case of AR-EBVLPD with a widespread gastrointestinal presentation and subsequent transformation to EBV-associated T-cell lymphoma. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a generalized polymorphic extranodal AR-EBVLPD with subsequent transformation to EBV-induced T-cell lymphoma.


The Plight Of The Lucluc: Examining The Deadly Mystery Of Nodding Syndrome, Ethan K. McGann 2015 Liberty University

The Plight Of The Lucluc: Examining The Deadly Mystery Of Nodding Syndrome, Ethan K. Mcgann

Senior Honors Theses

Nodding syndrome (NS) is an emerging epidemic neurological disease that is shrouded in mystery. It is currently only found in the post-conflict regions of South Sudan, northern Uganda, and Tanzania. NS occurs in children from the ages of five to fifteen and is characterized by a loss of motor control in the neck muscles. Seizure episodes can range in intensity from atonic to tonic-clonic, and the onset of the first episode generally marks the beginning of a decline in the child’s physical and mental health. NS is a progressive disease that generally results in physical wasting, stunted growth, behavioral ...


Statins And Kidney Failure, Rebekah Pemberton 2015 Liberty University

Statins And Kidney Failure, Rebekah Pemberton

Senior Honors Theses

Use of the HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors, also known as statins, in patients with renal dysfunction is laden with controversy. Studies on statin use in renal patients have given varying reports. Some research has indicated that these medications may exacerbate existing renal dysfunction and induce further progression of renal disease. Furthermore, some researchers have suggested statins may actually cause some cases of renal dysfunction through the effects of rhabdomyolysis, acute interstitial nephritis, or necrotizing immune-mediated myopathy, while other researchers have asserted that the statins can have nephroprotective effects. The use of statins is believed to be ineffective in patients who are ...


An Assessment Of The Reliability Of Platelet-Associated Flags Generated By The Sysmex Xe-5000 Automated Hematology Analyzer In Detecting Platelet Clumps, Jennifer M. Hawkins, DO, Gene Gulati, Ph.D, Guldeep Uppal, MD, Jerald Z. Gong, MD 2015 Thomas Jefferson University

An Assessment Of The Reliability Of Platelet-Associated Flags Generated By The Sysmex Xe-5000 Automated Hematology Analyzer In Detecting Platelet Clumps, Jennifer M. Hawkins, Do, Gene Gulati, Ph.D, Guldeep Uppal, Md, Jerald Z. Gong, Md

Department of Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Background

XE-5000 is an automated hematology analyzer utilized by clinical laboratories worldwide to perform CBC and differential leukocyte counts on EDTA-anticoagulated blood specimens. The overall reliability of the results generated by this analyzer has been assessed and found acceptable for clinical use. The CBC results generated on some of the blood specimens are, however, flagged by the analyzer for verification of the result of the flagged parameter by other means. One such parameter of clinical significance is the automated platelet count, which is often unreliable if the blood specimen contains platelet clumps.


Phylogenetic Tree Construction And “Truncal Loss” Analysis Reveal Hidden Associations Between Loss Of Protein Expression In Swi/Snf Complex Components And Tumor Stage And Survival In Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma (Ccrcc), Wei Jiang, MD, PhD, Essel Dulaimi, Karthik Devarajan, Qiong Wang, Raymond O'Neill, Charalambos C. Solomides, MD, Stephen C Peiper, PhD, Robert Uzzo, Joseph R. Testa, Haifeng Yang, PhD 2015 Thomas Jefferson University

Phylogenetic Tree Construction And “Truncal Loss” Analysis Reveal Hidden Associations Between Loss Of Protein Expression In Swi/Snf Complex Components And Tumor Stage And Survival In Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma (Ccrcc), Wei Jiang, Md, Phd, Essel Dulaimi, Karthik Devarajan, Qiong Wang, Raymond O'Neill, Charalambos C. Solomides, Md, Stephen C Peiper, Phd, Robert Uzzo, Joseph R. Testa, Haifeng Yang, Phd

Department of Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Background

Polybromo-1 (PBRM1), a targeting subunit of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex, is mutated at a rate of ~40% in clear cell Renal Cell Carcinoma (ccRCC), second only to VHL. Whether its mutation is correlated with tumor stage is controversial. As other components of the SWI/SNF complex were also reported to be mutated in ccRCC, we aim to examine the protein expression patterns of PBRM1, ARID1A, BRG1, and BRM in ccRCC, and to investigate possible association between their loss of expression and tumor stage, as well as survival. We also included a histone modifier, SETD2, which is recently ...


Is It Ethical To Hold A Person Culpable For His Actions If He Cannot Recognize Right And Wrong, Tabitha E.H. Moses 2015 George Washington University

Is It Ethical To Hold A Person Culpable For His Actions If He Cannot Recognize Right And Wrong, Tabitha E.H. Moses

Master’s in Public Health Student Posters and Presentations

The field of neuroscience has opened up a proverbial can of worms when it comes to questions of free will and culpability. The more we know about the mind the more it appears that no one has any real choice in their actions. The ethical implications of this assumption are astronomical. Guilt and culpability come into question; it would seem unjust to punish a person for a crime if he had no choice but to commit it. While these are interesting questions for an ethicist they are impractical for society as they might affect how society functions. As such, the ...


Exploration Of Putative Mitochondrial Gene Expression In Crithidia Fasciculata As A Model For Pathogenic Trypanosomes Causing Human Disease, Baylye Boxall, Nadjean Sagesse 2015 Georgia State University

Exploration Of Putative Mitochondrial Gene Expression In Crithidia Fasciculata As A Model For Pathogenic Trypanosomes Causing Human Disease, Baylye Boxall, Nadjean Sagesse

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Characterization Of The Stress Response In The Perimenopausal Woman: Interrelationships Among Physiological And Emotional Measures, Andrea P. Ramirez 2015 Georgia State University

Characterization Of The Stress Response In The Perimenopausal Woman: Interrelationships Among Physiological And Emotional Measures, Andrea P. Ramirez

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Understanding Phylogenies: Constructing And Interpreting Phylogenetic Trees, Joseph L. Staton 2015 University of South Carolina - Beaufort

Understanding Phylogenies: Constructing And Interpreting Phylogenetic Trees, Joseph L. Staton

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

Interpretation of phylogenetic trees is fundamental in understanding the relationships between organisms, their traits or characteristics, their ecology and even their genomic and developmental biology. As trees appear more often in basic texts, many students, and even their teachers, clearly understand little of how they are constructed and even less about what can be inferred from them about the history of the representatives analyzed. Not only are these trees a source of confusion on what they do tell us, often non-specialists infer things wrongly or, worse, others misuse them in an attempt to negate the validity of evolutionary theory. In ...


The Rise Of Carbon Nanoscience In South Carolina, Apparao M. Rao 2015 Clemson University, Clemson, SC

The Rise Of Carbon Nanoscience In South Carolina, Apparao M. Rao

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Scientific Contributions Of The Children’S Physical Activity Research Group, Russell R. Pate, Erica Y. Lau, Jennifer I. Flynn, Samantha M. McDonald, Morgan N. Clennin, Michaela A. Schenkelberg 2015 University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC

Scientific Contributions Of The Children’S Physical Activity Research Group, Russell R. Pate, Erica Y. Lau, Jennifer I. Flynn, Samantha M. Mcdonald, Morgan N. Clennin, Michaela A. Schenkelberg

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Non-Invasive Quantification Of Alveolar Morphometry Measurements In Older Never-Smokers, Gregory A. Paulin 2015 The University of Western Ontario

Non-Invasive Quantification Of Alveolar Morphometry Measurements In Older Never-Smokers, Gregory A. Paulin

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Diffusion-weighted noble gas pulmonary magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides in vivo images with a contrast uniquely sensitive to molecular displacement at cellular and sub-cellular length scales. We estimated the external airway radius (R) and internal airway radius (r) of the alveolar dimensions to evaluate potential differences in acinar duct morphometries in healthy older never-smokers and compared those with a group of ex-smokers. The acinar duct and alveolar MRI morphometry results were within the physiologically-valid range of parameters. Estimated values of internal (r) and external (R) airway radius as well as alveolar sheath (h) and mean linear intercept (Lm) for ...


Opisthorchiasis: An Overlooked Danger, Ludmila M. Ogorodova, Olga S. Fedorova, Banchob Sripa, Viatcheslav A. Mordvinov, Aleksei V. Katokhin, Paul J. Brindley, The TOPIC Consortium 2015 George Washington University

Opisthorchiasis: An Overlooked Danger, Ludmila M. Ogorodova, Olga S. Fedorova, Banchob Sripa, Viatcheslav A. Mordvinov, Aleksei V. Katokhin, Paul J. Brindley, The Topic Consortium

Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Impact Of Incremental Perfusion Loss On Oxygen Transport In A Capillary Network Mathematical Model., Graham M Fraser, Michael D Sharpe, Daniel Goldman, Christopher G Ellis 2015 Western University

Impact Of Incremental Perfusion Loss On Oxygen Transport In A Capillary Network Mathematical Model., Graham M Fraser, Michael D Sharpe, Daniel Goldman, Christopher G Ellis

Medical Biophysics Publications

OBJECTIVES: To quantify how incremental capillary perfusion loss, such as that seen in experimental models of sepsis, affects tissue oxygenation using a computation model of oxygen transport.

METHODS: A computational model was applied to capillary networks with dimensions 84x168x342 (NI) and 70x157x268 (NII) μm, reconstructed in vivo from rat skeletal muscle. Functional capillary density (FCD) loss was applied incrementally up to ~40% and combined with high tissue oxygen consumption to simulate severe sepsis.

RESULTS: A loss of ~40% FCD loss decreased median tissue PO2 to 22.9 and 20.1 mmHg in NI and NII compared to 28.1 and ...


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