Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medical Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

3,722 Full-Text Articles 10,205 Authors 667,810 Downloads 125 Institutions

All Articles in Medical Sciences

Faceted Search

3,722 full-text articles. Page 1 of 110.

Ngo's Bpa Report Intended To Frighten, Not Enlighten., Robert L. Brent Dr. 2015 Thomas Jefferson University

Ngo's Bpa Report Intended To Frighten, Not Enlighten., Robert L. Brent Dr.

The Selected Works of Robert Brent

None


Achieving Medical Excellence, Kathryn McCracken 2014 Liberty University

Achieving Medical Excellence, Kathryn Mccracken

Honorable Mention

On August 22, 2014, Liberty University hosted a grand opening ceremony for its brand new Center for Medical and Health Sciences.


Autoantibodies To The Ny-Eso-1 Tumor Antigen In Metastatic Melanoma: Sialylation Of The Fc Region Of Immunoglobulin G Induces Differential Expression Signatures Of Inflammatory Molecules During Dendritic Cell Differentiation And Maturation, Martin Oaks, Nathaniel Rein, John O. Richards, James Shaffer 2014 Aurora Health Care

Autoantibodies To The Ny-Eso-1 Tumor Antigen In Metastatic Melanoma: Sialylation Of The Fc Region Of Immunoglobulin G Induces Differential Expression Signatures Of Inflammatory Molecules During Dendritic Cell Differentiation And Maturation, Martin Oaks, Nathaniel Rein, John O. Richards, James Shaffer

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: We tested the hypothesis that different glycoforms of antibodies from patients with metastatic melanoma have different functional effects on human dendritic cell differentiation and maturation.

Methods: Antibodies to the cancer antigen NY-ESO-1 were affinity-purified from patients with melanoma and further fractionated into different glycoforms by lectin chromatography. Sialic acid-rich and sialic acid-poor fractions of these immunoglobulin G antibodies (IgG) were added to dendritic cell cultures during both differentiation and maturation, and the resulting cellular messenger RNA (mRNA) and culture supernatants were tested by microarray and enzyme-linked immunoassay for molecules related to inflammatory pathways.

Results: We identified unique mRNA and ...


Visualization Of Oxytocin Release That Mediates Paired Pulse Facilitation In Hypothalamic Pathways To Brainstem Autonomic Neurons, Ramon A. Pinol, Heather Jameson, Anastas Popratiloff, Norman H. Lee, David Mendelowitz 2014 Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library, The George Washington University

Visualization Of Oxytocin Release That Mediates Paired Pulse Facilitation In Hypothalamic Pathways To Brainstem Autonomic Neurons, Ramon A. Pinol, Heather Jameson, Anastas Popratiloff, Norman H. Lee, David Mendelowitz

Pharmacology and Physiology Faculty Publications

Recent work has shown that oxytocin is involved in more than lactation and uterine contraction. The paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN) contains neuroendocrine neurons that control the release of hormones, including vasopressin and oxytocin. Other populations of PVN neurons do not release hormones, but rather project to and release neurotransmitters onto other neurons in the CNS involved in fluid retention, thermoregulation, sexual behavior and responses to stress. Activation of oxytocin receptors can be cardioprotective and reduces the adverse cardiovascular consequences of anxiety and stress, yet how oxytocin can affect heart rate and cardiac function is unknown. While anatomical work ...


Strengthening Neglected Tropical Disease Research Through Enhancing Research-Site Capacity: An Evaluation Of A Novel Web Application To Facilitate Research Collections, Tanzin Furtado, Samuel Franzen, Francois van Loggerenberg, Gwenaelle Carn, Shannon Grahek, Megan McBride, Maureen Power, Barbara Savarese, Margaret Ann Snowden, Gwynn Stevens, Almarie Uys, Trudie Lang 2014 Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library, The George Washington University

Strengthening Neglected Tropical Disease Research Through Enhancing Research-Site Capacity: An Evaluation Of A Novel Web Application To Facilitate Research Collections, Tanzin Furtado, Samuel Franzen, Francois Van Loggerenberg, Gwenaelle Carn, Shannon Grahek, Megan Mcbride, Maureen Power, Barbara Savarese, Margaret Ann Snowden, Gwynn Stevens, Almarie Uys, Trudie Lang

Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Impact Of Preadmission Beta-Blocker Use On Cardiac Abnormalities And In-Hospital Mortality In Patients With Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, Toshimasa Okabe, MD, Anushya Jeyabalan, MD, Benjamin E. Leiby, PhD, Fred Rincon, MD, Walter K. Kraft, MD 2014 Thomas Jefferson University

Impact Of Preadmission Beta-Blocker Use On Cardiac Abnormalities And In-Hospital Mortality In Patients With Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, Toshimasa Okabe, Md, Anushya Jeyabalan, Md, Benjamin E. Leiby, Phd, Fred Rincon, Md, Walter K. Kraft, Md

Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics Faculty Papers

Introduction:

Various cardiac abnormalities, including dysrhythmias, left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, and myocardial injury, are commonly seen after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). In patients taking a beta-blocker (BB) chronically, the medication is generally discontinued after hospitalization due to the concern of compromising cerebral perfusion. We hypothesized that sudden BB discontinuation might inadvertently lead to an increased incidence of composite cardiac abnormalities and higher in-hospital mortality in patients presenting with nontraumatic SAH.


Quantitative Mri Correlates Of Hippocampal And Neocortical Pathology In Intractable Temporal Lobe Epilepsy, Maged Goubran 2014 Western University

Quantitative Mri Correlates Of Hippocampal And Neocortical Pathology In Intractable Temporal Lobe Epilepsy, Maged Goubran

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Intractable or drug-resistant epilepsy occurs in over 30% of epilepsy patients, with many of these patients undergoing surgical excision of the affected brain region to achieve seizure control. Advances in MRI have the potential to improve surgical treatment of epilepsy through improved identification and delineation of lesions. However, validation is currently needed to investigate histopathological correlates of these new imaging techniques. The purpose of this work is to investigate histopathological correlates of quantitative relaxometry and DTI from hippocampal and neocortical specimens of intractable TLE patients. To achieve this goal I developed and evaluated a pipeline for histology to in-vivo MRI ...


Mmu-Mir-615-3p Regulates Lipoapoptosis By Inhibiting C/Ebp Homologous Protein., Yasuhiro Miyamoto, Amy S Mauer, Swarup Kumar, Justin L. Mott, Harmeet Malhi 2014 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Mmu-Mir-615-3p Regulates Lipoapoptosis By Inhibiting C/Ebp Homologous Protein., Yasuhiro Miyamoto, Amy S Mauer, Swarup Kumar, Justin L. Mott, Harmeet Malhi

Journal Articles: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology

Lipoapoptosis occurring due to an excess of saturated free fatty acids such as palmitate is a key pathogenic event in the initiation of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Palmitate loading of cells activates the endoplasmic reticulum stress response, including induction of the proapoptotic transcription factor C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP). Furthermore, the loss of microRNAs is implicated in regulating apoptosis under conditions of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. The aim of this study was to identify specific microRNAs regulating CHOP expression during palmitate-induced ER stress. Five microRNAs were repressed under palmitate-induced endoplasmic reticulum stress conditions in hepatocyte cell lines (miR-92b-3p, miR-328-3p, miR-484 ...


Analysis Of Patient Results Distributions To Reevaluate A Reference Range Change For Calcium, After A Change In Assay Reagents On The Roche Cobas C500 Analyzer, Upasana Joneja, Laura J. McCloskey, Douglas F. Stickle 2014 Thomas Jefferson University

Analysis Of Patient Results Distributions To Reevaluate A Reference Range Change For Calcium, After A Change In Assay Reagents On The Roche Cobas C500 Analyzer, Upasana Joneja, Laura J. Mccloskey, Douglas F. Stickle

Department of Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Introduction

A change in reagents for calcium (Ca) on the Roche Cobas c500 used in our laboratory analyzer took place in 2013. The previous reference range (8.5-10.5 mg/dL) was replaced with that from the manufacturer's study (8.6-10.0 mg/dL), based on correlation of results between the new and old assays. As a matter of quality assurance, we undertook a post-assay-change reevaluation of the reference range change, using a method based on that of Bhattacharya [1]. In short, the method relies on the assumption that the reference range is a normal distribution, which assumption enables ...


Effects Of Yoga On Arm Volume Among Women With Breast Cancer Related Lymphedema: A Pilot Study, Mary Insana Fisher, Betsy Donahoe-Fillmore, Laura Leach, Colleen O'Malley, Cheryl Paeplow, Tess Prescott, Harold Merriman 2014 University of Dayton

Effects Of Yoga On Arm Volume Among Women With Breast Cancer Related Lymphedema: A Pilot Study, Mary Insana Fisher, Betsy Donahoe-Fillmore, Laura Leach, Colleen O'Malley, Cheryl Paeplow, Tess Prescott, Harold Merriman

Department of Physical Therapy Faculty Publications

Lymphedema affects 3–58% of survivors of breast cancer and can result in upper extremity impairments. Exercise can be beneficial in managing lymphedema. Yoga practice has been minimally studied for its effects on breast cancer related lymphedema (BCRL). The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of yoga on arm volume, quality of life (QOL), self-reported arm function, and hand grip strength in women with BCRL. Six women with BCRL participated in modified Hatha yoga 3×/week for 8 weeks. Compression sleeves were worn during yoga sessions. Arm volume, QOL, self-reported arm function, and hand grip strength were ...


Analysis Of Differential Mrna And Mirna Expression In An Alzheimer’S Disease Mouse Model, Amanda Hazy, Matthew Dalton 2014 Liberty University

Analysis Of Differential Mrna And Mirna Expression In An Alzheimer’S Disease Mouse Model, Amanda Hazy, Matthew Dalton

Other Undergraduate Scholarship

Research has shown that changes in gene expression play a critical role in the development of Alzheimer’s Disease (AD). Our project will evaluate genome-wide RNA expression patterns from brain and blood in an AD mouse model. This analysis will provide insight regarding the mechanisms of AD pathology as well as determine a possible diagnostic tool utilizing RNA expression patterns found in the blood as biomarkers for AD.


Validating Hemoglobin Saturation And Dissolved Oxygen In Tumors Using The Oxylab Probe And Photoacoustic Imaging, Jenna Burnett, Justin Sick, MS, Marc Mendonca, Keith Stantz, PhD 2014 Purdue University

Validating Hemoglobin Saturation And Dissolved Oxygen In Tumors Using The Oxylab Probe And Photoacoustic Imaging, Jenna Burnett, Justin Sick, Ms, Marc Mendonca, Keith Stantz, Phd

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

The goal of this experiment is to validate the relationship between hemoglobin saturation (SaO2) and partial pressure of dissolved oxygen (pO2) in breast tumors in mice using photoacoustic computed tomographic (PCT) imaging and OxyLite probe, respectively. In its simplest form, the relationship is described by the dissociation curve, or Hill’s equation, for hemoglobin, and is modeled as a sigmoidal curve that is a function of two parameters – the Hill coefficient, n, and the net association constant of HbO2, K (or pO2 at 50% SaO2). First, a calibration study to validate Hill’s equation in ...


Stratified Meta-Analysis To Examine Data Biases In Lung Cancer Studies Of Refinery Workers, Sherman Selix 2014 Yale University

Stratified Meta-Analysis To Examine Data Biases In Lung Cancer Studies Of Refinery Workers, Sherman Selix

Yale Day of Data

Petroleum refineries employ a variety of workers who historically experienced different potentials for asbestos exposure depending on job tasks. Associations between petroleum refinery work and lung cancer related to occupational asbestos exposure have been quantified among various locations, corporations, and time periods. To combine the data from several individual refinery studies and examine an overall effect, a systematic review and stratified meta-analysis was employed. Using set search terms among four databases, 112 potential publications were identified, of which 29 qualified for meta-analysis. Risk estimates and confidence intervals were extracted from these publications to construct four separate datasets. Inverse variance weighting ...


Three-Dimensional Photoacoustic Tomography System Design Analysis And Optimization, Philip Wong 2014 Western University

Three-Dimensional Photoacoustic Tomography System Design Analysis And Optimization, Philip Wong

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Photoacoustic tomography (PAT) is an emerging imaging modality capable of mapping optical absorption in tissues. It is a hybrid technique that combines the high spatial resolution of ultrasound imaging with the high contrast of optical imaging, and has demonstrated much potential in biomedical applications. Conventional PAT systems employ raster scanning to capture a large number of projections, thus improving image reconstruction at the cost of temporal resolution. Arising from the desire for real-time 3D PA imaging, several groups have begun to design PAT systems with staring arrays, where image acquisition is only limited by the repetition rate of the laser ...


Genetic Genealogy: What Every Librarian Should Know, Katherine A. Pennavaria, Rosemary L. Meszaros 2014 Western Kentucky University

Genetic Genealogy: What Every Librarian Should Know, Katherine A. Pennavaria, Rosemary L. Meszaros

Rosemary L. Meszaros

The past few years television, podcasts, and blogs across the Internet promoted the role of DNA testing in genealogy. But what do you really get, and is it worth the price? We discuss the logistics of DNA testing as it relates to genealogy and take a hard look at the legal issues involved in genealogy’s hottest topic.


Perampanel Inhibition Of Ampa Receptor Currents In Cultured Hippocampal Neurons, Chao-Yin Chen, Lucas Matt, Johannes Wilhelm Hell, Michael A. Rogawski 2014 SelectedWorks

Perampanel Inhibition Of Ampa Receptor Currents In Cultured Hippocampal Neurons, Chao-Yin Chen, Lucas Matt, Johannes Wilhelm Hell, Michael A. Rogawski

Michael A. Rogawski

Perampanel is an aryl substituted 2-pyridone AMPA receptor antagonist that was recently approved as a treatment for epilepsy. The drug potently inhibits AMPA receptor responses but the mode of block has not been characterized. Here the action of perampanel on AMPA receptors was investigated by whole-cell voltage-clamp recording in cultured rat hippocampal neurons. Perampanel caused a slow (τ~1 s at 3 µM), concentration-dependent inhibition of AMPA receptor currents evoked by AMPA and kainate. The rates of block and unblock of AMPA receptor currents were 1.5×105 M−1 s−1 and 0.58 s−1, respectively. Perampanel did ...


Seeing Is Believing: Optical Computed Tomography (Oct) And Histologic Analysis To Define Pathophysiology Of “Very”, Very Late Stent Thrombosis Occurring More Than 7 Years After Drug Eluting Stent Implantation, Antony G. Kaliyadan, MD, Alec Vishnevsky, MD, Henry Siu, MD, David Fishman, MD, John Farber, MD, Nicholas Ruggiero II, MD, Michael P. Savage, MD 2014 Thomas Jefferson University

Seeing Is Believing: Optical Computed Tomography (Oct) And Histologic Analysis To Define Pathophysiology Of “Very”, Very Late Stent Thrombosis Occurring More Than 7 Years After Drug Eluting Stent Implantation, Antony G. Kaliyadan, Md, Alec Vishnevsky, Md, Henry Siu, Md, David Fishman, Md, John Farber, Md, Nicholas Ruggiero Ii, Md, Michael P. Savage, Md

Department of Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Case Presentation

  • 58-year-old male with prior non-ST elevation MI with PCI performed using a sirolimus eluting stent placed in a large OM1 branch 86 months prior presented with five hours chest pain similar to prior MI >7 years earlier.
  • Additional history of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, non-compliance with antiplatelet therapy and active tobacco abuse at time of presentation.
  • Patient reported self-discontinuation of medications (aspirin (time unknown), statin, beta blocker) and resumed smoking.
  • Clopidogrel was discontinued by his primary physician 97 days prior to presentation
  • Initial electrocardiogram revealed a lateral ST elevation MI and the patient was taken to the cardiac catheterization lab ...


Differential Spatial Repositioning Of Activated Genes In Biomphalaria Glabrata Snails Infected With Schistosoma Mansoni, Halime D. Arican-Goktas, Wannaporn Ittiprasert, Joanna M. Bridger, Matty Knight 2014 Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library, The George Washington University

Differential Spatial Repositioning Of Activated Genes In Biomphalaria Glabrata Snails Infected With Schistosoma Mansoni, Halime D. Arican-Goktas, Wannaporn Ittiprasert, Joanna M. Bridger, Matty Knight

Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine Faculty Publications

Schistosomiasis is an infectious disease infecting mammals as the definitive host and fresh water snails as the intermediate host. Understanding the molecular and biochemical relationship between the causative schistosome parasite and its hosts will be key to understanding and ultimately treating and/or eradicating the disease. There is increasing evidence that pathogens that have co-evolved with their hosts can manipulate their hosts' behaviour at various levels to augment an infection. Bacteria, for example, can induce beneficial chromatin remodelling of the host genome. We have previously shown in vitro thatBiomphalaria glabrata embryonic cells co-cultured with schistosome miracidia display genes changing ...


2014 Scas Annual Meeting Program, 2014 University of South Carolina

2014 Scas Annual Meeting Program

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Genotypic And Phenotypic Characterization Of Aerosolized Bacteria Collected From African Dust Events, Christina A. Wilson, Robin L. Brigmon, Chris Yeager, Garriet W. Smith, Shawn W. Polson 2014 University of South Carolina

Genotypic And Phenotypic Characterization Of Aerosolized Bacteria Collected From African Dust Events, Christina A. Wilson, Robin L. Brigmon, Chris Yeager, Garriet W. Smith, Shawn W. Polson

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

Twenty-one bacteria were isolated and characterized from air samples collected in Africa and the Caribbean by the United States Geological Survey (USGS). Isolates were selected based on preliminary characterization as possible pathogens. Identification of the bacterial isolates was achieved using 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) profiling, the BIOLOG Microlog® System (carbon substrate assay), and repetitive extragenic palindromic (REP)-PCR analysis. The majority of isolates (18/21) were identified as species of the genus Bacillus. Three isolates were classified within the Bacillus cereus senso lato group, which includes Bacillus anthracis, Bacillus thuringiensis, and Bacillus cereus strains ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress