Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medical Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

3,625 Full-Text Articles 9,544 Authors 536,478 Downloads 117 Institutions

All Articles in Medical Sciences

Faceted Search

3,625 full-text articles. Page 1 of 103.

Infectious Diseases, Bert Chapman 2014 Purdue University

Infectious Diseases, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Provides information about the role of infectious diseases in the early years of U.S. History, with particular emphasis on how they impacted injuries sustained in military conflict.


Pathscan Enabler At Md Anderson Cancer Center, George McNamara 2014 The University of Texas

Pathscan Enabler At Md Anderson Cancer Center, George Mcnamara

George McNamara

McNamara 20140703 - Additional Pathscan and Tiki_Goddess related resources

http://works.bepress.com/gmcnamara/52

http://home.earthlink.net/~tiki_goddess/

http://works.bepress.com/gmcnamara/1/

http://works.bepress.com/gmcnamara/11/

https://www.linkedin.com/in/georgemcnamara

Our Pathscan Enabler IV, delivered July 2014, uses the QuickScan software to scan a histology slide in "two clicks" (after loading the

slide):

1. Push the QuickScan button on the front of the Pathscan Enabler.

2. Click the Scan button in the QuickScan pop-up application (optional: change scan area in the Prescan image window).

The image gets saved as a TIFF file to ...


Small-Molecule Probes Targeting The Viral Ppxy-Host Nedd4 Interface Block Egress Of A Broad Range Of Rna Viruses., Ziying Han, Jianhong Lu, Yuliang Liu, Benjamin Davis, Michael S Lee, Mark A Olson, Gordon Ruthel, Bruce D Freedman, Matthias J. Schnell, Jay E Wrobel, Allen B Reitz, Ronald N Harty 2014 Thomas Jefferson University

Small-Molecule Probes Targeting The Viral Ppxy-Host Nedd4 Interface Block Egress Of A Broad Range Of Rna Viruses., Ziying Han, Jianhong Lu, Yuliang Liu, Benjamin Davis, Michael S Lee, Mark A Olson, Gordon Ruthel, Bruce D Freedman, Matthias J. Schnell, Jay E Wrobel, Allen B Reitz, Ronald N Harty

Department of Microbiology and Immunology Faculty Papers

Budding of filoviruses, arenaviruses, and rhabdoviruses is facilitated by subversion of host proteins, such as Nedd4 E3 ubiquitin ligase, by viral PPxY late (L) budding domains expressed within the matrix proteins of these RNA viruses. As L domains are important for budding and are highly conserved in a wide array of RNA viruses, they represent potential broad-spectrum targets for the development of antiviral drugs. To identify potential competitive blockers, we used the known Nedd4 WW domain-PPxY interaction interface as the basis of an in silico screen. Using PPxY-dependent budding of Marburg (MARV) VP40 virus-like particles (VLPs) as our model system ...


Succinate Dehydrogenase Deficiency In Sporadic Pituitary Adenomas: A Potential Mechanism For Tumorigenesis, Edward Andrews, MD, Stacey K. Mardekian, MD, Markku Miettinen, Mark T. Curtis, MD 2014 Thomas Jefferson University

Succinate Dehydrogenase Deficiency In Sporadic Pituitary Adenomas: A Potential Mechanism For Tumorigenesis, Edward Andrews, Md, Stacey K. Mardekian, Md, Markku Miettinen, Mark T. Curtis, Md

Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology Resident's Posters

In order to determine whether succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) deficiency plays a role in spor-adic, non-familial pituitary adenomas, we analyzed 80 pituitary adenomas for SDH deficiency from patients without familial tumor syndromes or without known SDH deficiency-associated neoplasms. SDH deficiency was determined by immunohistochemical (IHC) stains for SDHB since the loss of any of the four SDH subunits results in the loss of SDHB expression. Three pituitary adenomas showed complete loss of SDHB staining, and of these two also showed loss of SDHA staining. We further characterized these adenomas by looking at Ki67, IGF1R, and 5-hmC levels via IHC. SDHx ...


Frontal White Matter Integrity In Adults With Down Syndrome With And Without Dementia, David K. Powell, Allison Caban-Holt, Greg A. Jicha, William C. Robertson, Roberta Davis, Brian T. Gold, Frederick A. Schmitt, Elizabeth Head 2014 University of Kentucky

Frontal White Matter Integrity In Adults With Down Syndrome With And Without Dementia, David K. Powell, Allison Caban-Holt, Greg A. Jicha, William C. Robertson, Roberta Davis, Brian T. Gold, Frederick A. Schmitt, Elizabeth Head

Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Spectroscopy Center Faculty Publications

Adults with Down syndrome (DS) are at high risk for developing Alzheimer's disease after the age of 40 years. To detect white matter (WM) changes in the brain linked to dementia, fractional anisotropy (FA) from diffusion tensor imaging was used. We hypothesized that adults with DS without dementia (DS n = 10), DS with dementia (DSAD n = 10) and age matched non-DS subjects (CTL n = 10) would show differential levels of FA and an association with scores from the Brief Praxis Test and the Severe Impairment Battery. WM integrity differences in DS compared with CTL were found predominantly in the ...


The Regulator Of G Protein Signaling (Rgs) Domain Of G Protein-Coupled Receptor Kinase 5 (Grk5) Regulates Plasma Membrane Localization And Function., Hua Xu, Xiaoshan Jiang, Ke Shen, Christopher C. Fischer, Philip B Wedegaertner 2014 Thomas Jefferson University

The Regulator Of G Protein Signaling (Rgs) Domain Of G Protein-Coupled Receptor Kinase 5 (Grk5) Regulates Plasma Membrane Localization And Function., Hua Xu, Xiaoshan Jiang, Ke Shen, Christopher C. Fischer, Philip B Wedegaertner

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Papers

The G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) kinases (GRKs) phosphorylate activated GPCRs at the plasma membrane (PM). Here GRK5/GRK4 chimeras and point mutations in GRK5 identify a short sequence within the regulator of G protein signaling (RGS) domain in GRK5 that is critical for GRK5 PM localization. This region of the RGS domain of GRK5 coincides with a region of GRK6 and GRK1 shown to form a hydrophobic dimeric interface (HDI) in crystal structures. Coimmunoprecipitation (coIP) and acceptor photobleaching fluorescence resonance energy transfer assays show that expressed GRK5 self-associates in cells, whereas GRK5-M165E/F166E (GRK5-EE), containing hydrophilic mutations in the HDI ...


Characterization Of Primary Care Clinicians’ Use Of Genomic And Pharmacogenomic Testing, Brian Stello MD, Heather Bittner-Fagan MD, MPH, Christopher V. Chambers MD, Melanie B. Johnson MPA, Geoffrey Mills MD, PhD, Michael P. Rosenthal MD, Kyle Shaak BS 2014 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Characterization Of Primary Care Clinicians’ Use Of Genomic And Pharmacogenomic Testing, Brian Stello Md, Heather Bittner-Fagan Md, Mph, Christopher V. Chambers Md, Melanie B. Johnson Mpa, Geoffrey Mills Md, Phd, Michael P. Rosenthal Md, Kyle Shaak Bs

Department of Family Medicine

No abstract provided.


Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 Regulates Mir-200b In Retinal Endothelial Cells: Possible Implications In Diabetic Retinopathy, Michael A. Ruiz 2014 Western University

Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 Regulates Mir-200b In Retinal Endothelial Cells: Possible Implications In Diabetic Retinopathy, Michael A. Ruiz

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Glucose-induced augmented vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) production is a key event in diabetic retinopathy. We have previously demonstrated that downregulation of miR-200b increases VEGF, mediating structural and functional changes in the retina in diabetes. However, mechanisms regulating miR-200b in diabetes are not known. Histone methyltransferase complex, Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2), has been shown to repress miRNAs in neoplastic process. We hypothesized that, in diabetes, PRC2 represses miR-200b through its histone H3 lysine-27 trimethylation mark. We show that human retinal microvascular endothelial cells exposed to high levels of glucose regulate miR-200b repression through histone methylation, and that inhibition of ...


Crohn’S Disease Linked Polymorphisms Associated With Autophagy Contribute To Th17 Cell Induction Through Down Regulating Il-10 And Up Regulating Il-1Β And Tnf-Α, Daniel Clayton Morse 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Crohn’S Disease Linked Polymorphisms Associated With Autophagy Contribute To Th17 Cell Induction Through Down Regulating Il-10 And Up Regulating Il-1Β And Tnf-Α, Daniel Clayton Morse

Pursuit - The Journal of Undergraduate Research at the University of Tennessee

Abstract

Genome wide association studies (GWAS) have linked polymorphisms in autophagy genes to Crohn’s Disease (CD). Interestingly, recent studies have shown that defective autophagy leads to increased levels of the cytokines IL-1b and TNF-a, which play a critical role in Th17 cell differentiation. This is significant because CD is marked by a Th17 cell mediated inflammatory response. This article examines the manners in which defective expression of autophagy linked proteins, can indirectly amplify and sustain Th17 cell induction through increasing the production of Th17 positively differentiating cytokines (IL-1b and TNF-a) and decreasing the production of ...


Fty720 (Fingolimod) Provides Insight Into The Molecular Mechanisms Of Multiple Sclerosis, Madelyn Elizabeth Crawford 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Fty720 (Fingolimod) Provides Insight Into The Molecular Mechanisms Of Multiple Sclerosis, Madelyn Elizabeth Crawford

Pursuit - The Journal of Undergraduate Research at the University of Tennessee

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neurodegenerative disorder caused by a prolonged immune- mediated inflammatory response that targets myelin. Nearly all of the drugs approved for the treatment of MS are general immunosuppressants or only function in symptom management. The oral medication fingolimod, however, is reported to have direct therapeutic effects on cells of the central nervous system in addition to immunomodulatory functions. Fingolimod is known to interact with sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) receptors, and the most widely- accepted theory for its mechanism of action is functional antagonism of the receptor. This review examines significant neuromodulatory effects achieved by functional antagonism of the ...


Application Of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Based Metabolomics To Study The Central Metabolism Of Staphylococci, Bo Zhang 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Application Of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Based Metabolomics To Study The Central Metabolism Of Staphylococci, Bo Zhang

Student Research Projects, Dissertations, and Theses - Chemistry Department

Metabolomics studies the collection of small molecules (metabolites) involved in enzymatically catalyzed reactions, cell signaling and cellular structure. Perturbations in metabolite concentrations have been used to reflect the activity of corresponding enzymes or proteins. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is a well-known approach for the structure determination of biological macromolecules. Alternatively, NMR has recently been established as a valuable tool of metabolomics, in which NMR spectral signals correlate small molecules with cellular activities. This has been accomplished through the chemometric analysis of high-throughput one dimensional 1H spectra (metabolic fingerprinting) and quantitative metabolite identification based on two dimensional 1H ...


Investigating The Viability Of Two Stenotrophomonas Maltophilia Isolates After Air-Drying, Samantha Lane, Joanna Brooke 2014 DePaul University

Investigating The Viability Of Two Stenotrophomonas Maltophilia Isolates After Air-Drying, Samantha Lane, Joanna Brooke

DePaul Discoveries

Abstract

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a water-borne infectious bacterium that is found in both clinical (hospitals) and non-clinical environments. This human pathogen is commonly recovered from respiratory tract infections. A recent study at a hospital in Taiwan suggested that dry patient charts can serve as a vehicle of transmission of this bacterium7. As S. maltophilia is not commonly isolated from dry surfaces, this current study tested the hypothesis that this pathogen can remain viable for some time on a dry surface. This study was designed to determine how long S. maltophilia could remain viable after air-drying by observing culture growth ...


New Clues To Understanding Hiv Nonprogressors: Low Cholesterol Blocks Hiv Trans Infection, Vinayaka R. Prasad, Michael I. Bukrinsky 2014 Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library, The George Washington University

New Clues To Understanding Hiv Nonprogressors: Low Cholesterol Blocks Hiv Trans Infection, Vinayaka R. Prasad, Michael I. Bukrinsky

Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine Faculty Publications

A small percentage of HIV-infected subjects (2 to 15%) are able to control disease progression for many years without antiretroviral therapy. Years of intense studies of virologic and immunologic mechanisms of disease control in such individuals yielded a number of possible host genes that could be responsible for the preservation of immune functions, from immune surveillance genes, chemokines, or their receptors to anti-HIV restriction factors. A recent mBiopaper by Rappocciolo et al. (G. Rappocciolo, M. Jais, P. Piazza, T. A. Reinhart, S. J. Berendam, L. Garcia-Exposito, P. Gupta, and C. R. Rinaldo, mBio 5:e01031-13, 2014) describes another potential ...


Characterizing The Response Of Multidrug-Resistant Klebsiella Pneumoniae Species To The Application Of A Phage Cocktail, Steven Liu 2014 California Polytechnic State University

Characterizing The Response Of Multidrug-Resistant Klebsiella Pneumoniae Species To The Application Of A Phage Cocktail, Steven Liu

Symposium

Project Summary: The application of bacteriophages to treat bacterial infections is known as phage therapy, which takes advantage of bacteriophage’s natural ability to infect and lyse bacterial hosts. Phages have been shaped by billions of years of evolution to be highly specialized deliverers of bactericidal agents to the cytoplasm of their target bacteria. Ever since discovery of bacteriophages in 1915, phage therapy was recognized as a potentially powerful tool for eliminating bacterial infections. The effectiveness of phage therapy can be increased by creating a mixture of multiple phages to target a wider variety of bacterial strains. Furthermore, phage therapy ...


Genome-Wide Analysis Of Regulatory Proteases Sequences Identified Through Bioinformatics Data Mining In Taenia Solium, Hong-Bin Yan, Zhong-Zi Lou, Li Li, Paul J. Brindley, Yadong Zheng, Xuenong Luo, Junling Hou, Aijiang Guo, Wan-Zhong Jia, Xuepeng Cai 2014 Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library, The George Washington University

Genome-Wide Analysis Of Regulatory Proteases Sequences Identified Through Bioinformatics Data Mining In Taenia Solium, Hong-Bin Yan, Zhong-Zi Lou, Li Li, Paul J. Brindley, Yadong Zheng, Xuenong Luo, Junling Hou, Aijiang Guo, Wan-Zhong Jia, Xuepeng Cai

Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine Faculty Publications

Background

Cysticercosis remains a major neglected tropical disease of humanity in many regions, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, Central America and elsewhere. Owing to the emerging drug resistance and the inability of current drugs to prevent re-infection, identification of novel vaccines and chemotherapeutic agents against Taenia solium and related helminth pathogens is a public health priority. The T. solium genome and the predicted proteome were reported recently, providing a wealth of information from which new interventional targets might be identified. In order to characterize and classify the entire repertoire of protease-encoding genes of T. solium, which act fundamental biological roles in ...


20 Year-Old Male With Destructive Lesion Of Orbital Roof, Paris A. Barkan, BS, Lawrence C. Kenyon, MD, PhD 2014 Thomas Jefferson University

20 Year-Old Male With Destructive Lesion Of Orbital Roof, Paris A. Barkan, Bs, Lawrence C. Kenyon, Md, Phd

Pathology Honors Program Student Research Symposium

Patient History

Mr. G.R. is a 20-year-old man with no significant past medical history. He presented in July of 2013 with two months of worsening pain over the right orbit. Periorbital edema was also present. Initial treatment with eye drops, antibiotics (erythromycin followed by cephalexin), and steroids (prednisone) failed to control his symptoms.

In October of 2013, CT and MRI scans revealed a permeative destructive lesion centered in the right orbital roof with extension into the superior orbit and the floor of the anterior cranial fossa. There was no abnormal enhancement in the visualized brain parenchyma.

The radiologic appearance ...


The Intersection Between Hpv And Hiv Infections: Is There An Increased Susceptibility To Hiv Acquisition In Hpv-Infected Women?, Montida Fleming, BA, Fred Gorstein, MD 2014 Thomas Jefferson University

The Intersection Between Hpv And Hiv Infections: Is There An Increased Susceptibility To Hiv Acquisition In Hpv-Infected Women?, Montida Fleming, Ba, Fred Gorstein, Md

Pathology Honors Program Student Research Symposium

It has been well documented that HIV infection is associated with HPV infection and the progression to cervical carcinoma. Since the spread of HIV/AIDS epidemic, HPV-related cervical carcinoma had such a high prevalence in HIV-infected individuals that it became established as an AIDS-defining illness. Cervical cancer is the most common AIDS-related malignancy, and the sixth most common presenting AIDS-defining illness in women.1 Additionally, HIV infection leads to a 5-fold increase in multiple new HPV infections within 6 weeks of seroconversion.2 Not only does HIV impact acquisition of HPV at molecular and cellular levels, HIV and HPV viruses ...


Comparison Of Two Quantitative Image Analysis Systems For Breast Cancer Immunohistochemistry, Reid H. Phillips, BS, Sue DiRenzo, BS, Charalambos C. Solomides, MD 2014 Thomas Jefferson University

Comparison Of Two Quantitative Image Analysis Systems For Breast Cancer Immunohistochemistry, Reid H. Phillips, Bs, Sue Direnzo, Bs, Charalambos C. Solomides, Md

Pathology Honors Program Student Research Symposium

Automated image analysis systems for breast cancer immunohistochemistry promise efficiency and reliability in the quantification of therapy targets such as the estrogen receptor (ER) or human epidermal growth factor receptor (Her2). Thomas Jefferson University Hospital owns two such systems, the Aperio ScanScope AT (Leica Biosystems) and Ventana iScan Coreo (Roche). A comparison study was performed to determine if choice of system affects target quantification and subsequent clinical tumor classification. Tumor expressions of ER, progesterone receptor (PR), proliferation marker Ki67, and Her2 were quantified with both systems for tissue samples from twenty breast cancer patients. Positive tumor classification was based on ...


Evaluating The Utility Of Thyroglobulin Wash Testing In The Management Of Well-Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma, Katelyn M. Seither, Rossitza Draganova-Tacheva, MD 2014 Thomas Jefferson University

Evaluating The Utility Of Thyroglobulin Wash Testing In The Management Of Well-Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma, Katelyn M. Seither, Rossitza Draganova-Tacheva, Md

Pathology Honors Program Student Research Symposium

Introduction

  • Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine neoplasm worldwide, representing 1.7% of new cancer diagnoses and 0.5% of cancer deaths each year (Baldini et al.)
  • The majority of thyroid cancers are primary (originating within the gland itself), are well-differentiated, and are derived from follicular epithelial cells
  • Papillary thyroid cancer is the most common subtype

70-80% of all thyroid cancers

Peak incidence in women of child-bearing age

Generally indolent behavior, excellent prognosis with total thyroidectomy

30-90% of patients exhibit recurrent or persistent metastasis to the cervical lymph nodes (Torres et al.) and 20% of cases present with occult ...


Mechanisms That Modify Immune Response In Neonatal Alloimmune Thrombocytopenia, Robert Cooper, Jay H. Herman 2014 Thomas Jefferson University

Mechanisms That Modify Immune Response In Neonatal Alloimmune Thrombocytopenia, Robert Cooper, Jay H. Herman

Pathology Honors Program Student Research Symposium

What is NAIT?

Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (NAIT) is a form of fetal and neonatal thrombocytopenia caused by maternal-fetal platelet antigen incompatibility that results in placental transfer of maternal IgG alloantibodies against the platelet antigen. Currently, there are 28 human platelet antigen systems (HPA) that are polymorphisms of various membrane glycoprotein (GP) integrins. The first HPA and most immunogenic was discovered in the 1960’s and is now termed HPA-1, a diallelic system with HPA-1a and HPA-1b on the GPβ3 subunit of the fibrinogen receptor (Murphy). Approximate HPA-1 phenotype frequencies are: homozygous 1a,1a (~70%); heterozygous 1a,1b (~28%); homozygous 1b ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress