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Finasteride As A Model For Personalized Medicine, Ion G. Motofei, David L. Rowland, Ioana Păunică, Octavian C. Tănăsescu, Petrişor Banu, Stana Păunică 2017 Carol Davila University, Faculty of General Medicine, Bucharest, Romania

Finasteride As A Model For Personalized Medicine, Ion G. Motofei, David L. Rowland, Ioana Păunică, Octavian C. Tănăsescu, Petrişor Banu, Stana Păunică

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

The side effects of Finasteride are currently a subject of controversy. Some studies report minor or acceptable adverse effects, which decrease after a variable period of time so that they do not necessitate terminating Finasteride administration. However, several clinical and neuro-endocrine studies show that some adverse effects persist indefinitely in the form of post-Finasteride syndrome, even after the drug cessation. This paper presents a possible explanation for these inconsistent findings. First, the study design of either informing or not informing patients prior therapy about possible adverse effects can influence the incidence and magnitude of reported adverse effects. Second, structural and ...


Treating Opioid Use Disorder And Co-Occuring Disorders, Amy L. Harrington 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Treating Opioid Use Disorder And Co-Occuring Disorders, Amy L. Harrington

National Network of Libraries of Medicine New England Region (NNLM NER) Repository

Harm reduction is a public health strategy that was developed initially for adults with substance use disorder for whom abstinence was not feasible. Harm reduction approaches have been effective in reducing morbidity and mortality in some adult populations. In this presentation "Treating Opioid Use Disorder and Co-Occuring Disorders" by Amy L. Harrington, MD, learn the specifics of what the term "harm reduction" means as it is applied in various settings. When a treatment plan is considered for a patient, it is important to understand if other medical conditions also exist in addition to the substance use disorder. How do co-morbid ...


The Heat-Stable Enterotoxin Receptor, Guanylyl Cyclase C, As A Pharmacological Target In Colorectal Cancer Immunotherapy: A Bench-To-Bedside Current Report., Trevor R. Baybutt, Allison A. Aka, Adam E. Snook 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

The Heat-Stable Enterotoxin Receptor, Guanylyl Cyclase C, As A Pharmacological Target In Colorectal Cancer Immunotherapy: A Bench-To-Bedside Current Report., Trevor R. Baybutt, Allison A. Aka, Adam E. Snook

Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics Faculty Papers

Cancer immunotherapy is becoming a routine treatment modality in the oncology clinic, in spite of the fact that it is a relatively nascent field. The challenge in developing effective immunotherapeutics is the identification of target molecules that promote anti-tumor efficacy across the patient population while sparing healthy tissue from damaging autoimmunity. The intestinally restricted receptor guanylyl cyclase C (GUCY2C) is a target that has been investigated for the treatment of colorectal cancer and numerous animal, and clinical studies have demonstrated both efficacy and safety. Here, we describe the current state of GUCY2C-directed cancer immunotherapy and the future directions of this ...


Whole Genome Sequence Analysis Of The Tallyho/Jng Mouse, James Denvir, Goran Boskovic, Jun Fan, Donald A. Primerano, Jacaline K. Parkman, Jung Han Kim 2017 Marshall University

Whole Genome Sequence Analysis Of The Tallyho/Jng Mouse, James Denvir, Goran Boskovic, Jun Fan, Donald A. Primerano, Jacaline K. Parkman, Jung Han Kim

Jung Han Kim

Background: The TALLYHO/Jng (TH) mouse is a polygenic model for obesity and type 2 diabetes first described in the literature in 2001. The origin of the TH strain is an outbred colony of the Theiler Original strain and mice derived from this source were selectively bred for male hyperglycemia establishing an inbred strain at The Jackson Laboratory. TH mice manifest many of the disease phenotypes observed in human obesity and type 2 diabetes.

Results: We sequenced the whole genome of TH mice maintained at Marshall University to a depth of approximately 64.8X coverage using data from three next ...


Whole Genome Sequence Analysis Of The Tallyho/Jng Mouse, James Denvir, Goran Boskovic, Jun Fan, Donald A. Primerano, Jacaline K. Parkman, Jung Han Kim 2017 Marshall University

Whole Genome Sequence Analysis Of The Tallyho/Jng Mouse, James Denvir, Goran Boskovic, Jun Fan, Donald A. Primerano, Jacaline K. Parkman, Jung Han Kim

Jun Fan

Background: The TALLYHO/Jng (TH) mouse is a polygenic model for obesity and type 2 diabetes first described in the literature in 2001. The origin of the TH strain is an outbred colony of the Theiler Original strain and mice derived from this source were selectively bred for male hyperglycemia establishing an inbred strain at The Jackson Laboratory. TH mice manifest many of the disease phenotypes observed in human obesity and type 2 diabetes. Results: We sequenced the whole genome of TH mice maintained at Marshall University to a depth of approximately 64.8X coverage using data from three next ...


Whole Genome Sequence Analysis Of The Tallyho/Jng Mouse, James Denvir, Goran Boskovic, Jun Fan, Donald A. Primerano, Jacaline K. Parkman, Jung Han Kim 2017 Marshall University

Whole Genome Sequence Analysis Of The Tallyho/Jng Mouse, James Denvir, Goran Boskovic, Jun Fan, Donald A. Primerano, Jacaline K. Parkman, Jung Han Kim

Goran Boskovic

Background: The TALLYHO/Jng (TH) mouse is a polygenic model for obesity and type 2 diabetes first described in the literature in 2001. The origin of the TH strain is an outbred colony of the Theiler Original strain and mice derived from this source were selectively bred for male hyperglycemia establishing an inbred strain at The Jackson Laboratory. TH mice manifest many of the disease phenotypes observed in human obesity and type 2 diabetes. Results: We sequenced the whole genome of TH mice maintained at Marshall University to a depth of approximately 64.8X coverage using data from three next ...


Whole Genome Sequence Analysis Of The Tallyho/Jng Mouse, James Denvir, Goran Boskovic, Jun Fan, Donald A. Primerano, Jacaline K. Parkman, Jung Han Kim 2017 Marshall University

Whole Genome Sequence Analysis Of The Tallyho/Jng Mouse, James Denvir, Goran Boskovic, Jun Fan, Donald A. Primerano, Jacaline K. Parkman, Jung Han Kim

Donald A Primerano

Background: The TALLYHO/Jng (TH) mouse is a polygenic model for obesity and type 2 diabetes first described in the literature in 2001. The origin of the TH strain is an outbred colony of the Theiler Original strain and mice derived from this source were selectively bred for male hyperglycemia establishing an inbred strain at The Jackson Laboratory. TH mice manifest many of the disease phenotypes observed in human obesity and type 2 diabetes. Results: We sequenced the whole genome of TH mice maintained at Marshall University to a depth of approximately 64.8X coverage using data from three next ...


3,4,5-Trichloroaniline Nephrotoxicity In Vitro: Potential Role Of Free Radicals And Renal Biotransformation, Christopher Racine, Dakota Ward, Dianne K. Anestis, Travis Ferguson, Deborah Preston, Gary O. Rankin 2017 Marshall University

3,4,5-Trichloroaniline Nephrotoxicity In Vitro: Potential Role Of Free Radicals And Renal Biotransformation, Christopher Racine, Dakota Ward, Dianne K. Anestis, Travis Ferguson, Deborah Preston, Gary O. Rankin

Diane Anestis

Chloroanilines are widely used in the manufacture of drugs, pesticides and industrial intermediates. Among the trichloroanilines, 3,4,5-trichloroaniline (TCA) is the most potent nephrotoxicant in vivo. The purpose of this study was to examine the nephrotoxic potential of TCA in vitro and to determine if renal biotransformation and/or free radicals contributed to TCA cytotoxicity using isolated renal cortical cells (IRCC) from male Fischer 344 rats as the animal model. IRCC (~4 million cells/mL; 3 mL) were incubated with TCA (0, 0.1, 0.25, 0.5 or 1.0 mM) for 60–120 min. In some experiments ...


Hydroxyurea Lowers The Frequency Of Sickle Cell Vaso-Occlusive Crises, Corey S. Macrander 2017 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Hydroxyurea Lowers The Frequency Of Sickle Cell Vaso-Occlusive Crises, Corey S. Macrander

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Charache S, Terrin ML, Moore RD, et al. Effect of hydroxyurea on the frequency of painful crises in sickle cell anemia. N Engl J Med 1995;(332):1317-1322 doi: 10.1056/nejm199505183322001


Temporal Changes In Cortical And Hippocampal Expression Of Genes Important For Brain Glucose Metabolism Following Controlled Cortical Impact Injury In Mice, June Zhou, Mark Burns, Linda Huynh, Sonia Villapol, Daniel D. Taub, Juan M. Saavedra, Marc R. Blackman 2017 George Washington University

Temporal Changes In Cortical And Hippocampal Expression Of Genes Important For Brain Glucose Metabolism Following Controlled Cortical Impact Injury In Mice, June Zhou, Mark Burns, Linda Huynh, Sonia Villapol, Daniel D. Taub, Juan M. Saavedra, Marc R. Blackman

Pharmacology and Physiology Faculty Publications

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) causes transient increases and subsequent decreases in brain glucose utilization. The underlying molecular pathways are orchestrated processes and poorly understood. In the current study, we determined temporal changes in cortical and hippocampal expression of genes important for brain glucose/lactate metabolism and the effect of a known neuroprotective drug telmisartan on the expression of these genes after experimental TBI. Adult male C57BL/6J mice (n = 6/group) underwent sham or unilateral controlled cortical impact (CCI) injury. Their ipsilateral and contralateral cortex and hippocampus were collected 6 h, 1, 3, 7, 14, 21, and 28 days after ...


Whole Genome Sequence Analysis Of The Tallyho/Jng Mouse, James Denvir, Goran Boskovic, Jun Fan, Donald A. Primerano, Jacaline K. Parkman, Jung Han Kim 2017 Marshall University

Whole Genome Sequence Analysis Of The Tallyho/Jng Mouse, James Denvir, Goran Boskovic, Jun Fan, Donald A. Primerano, Jacaline K. Parkman, Jung Han Kim

James Denvir

Background: The TALLYHO/Jng (TH) mouse is a polygenic model for obesity and type 2 diabetes first described in the literature in 2001. The origin of the TH strain is an outbred colony of the Theiler Original strain and mice derived from this source were selectively bred for male hyperglycemia establishing an inbred strain at The Jackson Laboratory. TH mice manifest many of the disease phenotypes observed in human obesity and type 2 diabetes.

Results: We sequenced the whole genome of TH mice maintained at Marshall University to a depth of approximately 64.8X coverage using data from three next ...


Overexpressed Somatic Alleles Are Enriched In Functional Elements In Breast Cancer., Paula Restrepo, Mercedeh Movassagh, Nawaf Alomran, Christian Miller, Muzi Li, Chris Trenkov, Yulian Manchev, Sonali Bahl, Stephanie Warnken, Liam Spurr, Tatiyana Apanasovich, Keith Crandall, Nathan Edwards, Anelia Horvath 2017 George Washington University

Overexpressed Somatic Alleles Are Enriched In Functional Elements In Breast Cancer., Paula Restrepo, Mercedeh Movassagh, Nawaf Alomran, Christian Miller, Muzi Li, Chris Trenkov, Yulian Manchev, Sonali Bahl, Stephanie Warnken, Liam Spurr, Tatiyana Apanasovich, Keith Crandall, Nathan Edwards, Anelia Horvath

Pharmacology and Physiology Faculty Publications

Asymmetric allele content in the transcriptome can be indicative of functional and selective features of the underlying genetic variants. Yet, imbalanced alleles, especially from diploid genome regions, are poorly explored in cancer. Here we systematically quantify and integrate the variant allele fraction from corresponding RNA and DNA sequence data from patients with breast cancer acquired through The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). We test for correlation between allele prevalence and functionality in known cancer-implicated genes from the Cancer Gene Census (CGC). We document significant allele-preferential expression of functional variants in CGC genes and across the entire dataset. Notably, we find frequent ...


Ag-205 For The Treatment Of Breast Cancer, Rolf Joseph Craven 2017 University of Kentucky

Ag-205 For The Treatment Of Breast Cancer, Rolf Joseph Craven

Pharmacology and Nutritional Sciences Faculty Patents

Compositions, methods, and combination therapies for the treatment of cancers, including lymphomas, leukemias, melanomas, lung cancer, and metastatic disease, are provided. Specifically, compositions comprising ligands to Pgrmc1 are disclosed for use in treating and inhibiting tumor growth and progression and inhibition of metastases. The compositions and methods using these ligands can be used alone or in combination with other reagents and cancer treatment modalities.


The Role Of Hif-1Α In Intestinal Epithelial Barrier Function In Alcoholic Liver Disease., Tuo Shao 2017 University of Louisville

The Role Of Hif-1Α In Intestinal Epithelial Barrier Function In Alcoholic Liver Disease., Tuo Shao

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Hypoxia inducible factor 1 α (HIF1α) is an oxygen-responsive subunit. HIF-1α plays a pivotal role in many pathophysiological processes. In addition to oxygen availability, HIF-1α can be regulated by multiple other factors in response to various pathophysiological processes. Previous studies showed that hepatic HIF-1α could be beneficial or harmful in experimental alcoholic liver disease (ALD). However, the role of intestinal HIF-1α in ALD has not yet been studied. Given the critical role of the gut-liver axis in ALD, it is important to elucidate the role of intestinal epithelial HIF-1α in ALD. In the first chapter, we used wide type (WT ...


Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles Inhibit Lipopolysaccharide Inducedmap Kinase/Nf-Kb Mediated Severe Sepsis, Mani Maheshwari, Nandini Manne PhD, Shinichi Asano, Eric Blough, Kevin M. Rice, Niraj Nepa,, Erin Fankhanel 2017 Marshall University

Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles Inhibit Lipopolysaccharide Inducedmap Kinase/Nf-Kb Mediated Severe Sepsis, Mani Maheshwari, Nandini Manne Phd, Shinichi Asano, Eric Blough, Kevin M. Rice, Niraj Nepa,, Erin Fankhanel

Nandini Manne

The life threatening disease of sepsis is associated with high mortality. Septic patient survivability with currently available treatments has failed to improve. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced sepsis mortality and associated hepatic dysfunction can be prevented by cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO2NPs) treatment in male Sprague Dawley rats. Here we provide the information about the methods processing of raw data related to our study published in Biomaterials (Selvaraj et al., Biomaterials, 2015, In press) and Data in Brief (Selvaraj et al., Data in Brief, 2015, In Press). The data present here provides confirmation of ...


Efficacy Of Female Rat Models In Translational Cardiovascular Aging Research, Kevin M. Rice, J. C. Fannin, C. Gillette, Eric Blough 2017 Marshall University

Efficacy Of Female Rat Models In Translational Cardiovascular Aging Research, Kevin M. Rice, J. C. Fannin, C. Gillette, Eric Blough

Kevin M Rice

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in women in the United States. Aging is a primary risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease as well as cardiovascular-related morbidity and mortality. Aging is a universal process that all humans undergo; however, research in aging is limited by cost and time constraints. Therefore, most research in aging has been done in primates and rodents; however it is unknown how well the effects of aging in rat models translate into humans. To compound the complication of aging gender has also been indicated as a risk factor for various cardiovascular diseases ...


Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles Inhibit Lipopolysaccharide Inducedmap Kinase/Nf-Kb Mediated Severe Sepsis, Mani Maheshwari, Nandini Manne PhD, Shinichi Asano, Eric Blough, Kevin M. Rice, Niraj Nepa,, Erin Fankhanel 2017 Marshall University

Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles Inhibit Lipopolysaccharide Inducedmap Kinase/Nf-Kb Mediated Severe Sepsis, Mani Maheshwari, Nandini Manne Phd, Shinichi Asano, Eric Blough, Kevin M. Rice, Niraj Nepa,, Erin Fankhanel

Kevin M Rice

The life threatening disease of sepsis is associated with high mortality. Septic patient survivability with currently available treatments has failed to improve. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced sepsis mortality and associated hepatic dysfunction can be prevented by cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO2NPs) treatment in male Sprague Dawley rats. Here we provide the information about the methods processing of raw data related to our study published in Biomaterials (Selvaraj et al., Biomaterials, 2015, In press) and Data in Brief (Selvaraj et al., Data in Brief, 2015, In Press). The data present here provides confirmation of ...


Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles Inhibit Lipopolysaccharide Inducedmap Kinase/Nf-Kb Mediated Severe Sepsis, Mani Maheshwari, Nandini Manne PhD, Shinichi Asano, Eric Blough, Kevin M. Rice, Niraj Nepa,, Erin Fankhanel 2017 Marshall University

Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles Inhibit Lipopolysaccharide Inducedmap Kinase/Nf-Kb Mediated Severe Sepsis, Mani Maheshwari, Nandini Manne Phd, Shinichi Asano, Eric Blough, Kevin M. Rice, Niraj Nepa,, Erin Fankhanel

Eric Blough

The life threatening disease of sepsis is associated with high mortality. Septic patient survivability with currently available treatments has failed to improve. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced sepsis mortality and associated hepatic dysfunction can be prevented by cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO2NPs) treatment in male Sprague Dawley rats. Here we provide the information about the methods processing of raw data related to our study published in Biomaterials (Selvaraj et al., Biomaterials, 2015, In press) and Data in Brief (Selvaraj et al., Data in Brief, 2015, In Press). The data present here provides confirmation of ...


Efficacy Of Female Rat Models In Translational Cardiovascular Aging Research, Kevin M. Rice, J. C. Fannin, C. Gillette, Eric Blough 2017 Marshall University

Efficacy Of Female Rat Models In Translational Cardiovascular Aging Research, Kevin M. Rice, J. C. Fannin, C. Gillette, Eric Blough

Eric Blough

No abstract provided.


Induction Of Mir-155 After Brain Injury Promotes Type 1 Interferon And Has A Neuroprotective Effect., Emily Harrison, Kathleen M. Emanuel, Benjamin G. Lamberty, Brenda M. Morsey, Min Li, Matthew L. Kelso, Sowmya V. Yelamanchili, Howard S. Fox 2017 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Induction Of Mir-155 After Brain Injury Promotes Type 1 Interferon And Has A Neuroprotective Effect., Emily Harrison, Kathleen M. Emanuel, Benjamin G. Lamberty, Brenda M. Morsey, Min Li, Matthew L. Kelso, Sowmya V. Yelamanchili, Howard S. Fox

Journal Articles: Pharmacology & Experimental Neuroscience

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) produces profound and lasting neuroinflammation that has both beneficial and detrimental effects. Recent evidence has implicated microRNAs (miRNAs) in the regulation of inflammation both in the periphery and the CNS. We examined the expression of inflammation associated miRNAs in the context of TBI using a mouse controlled cortical impact (CCI) model and found increased levels of miR-21, miR-223 and miR-155 in the hippocampus after CCI. The expression of miR-155 was elevated 9-fold after CCI, an increase confirmed by in situ hybridization (ISH). Interestingly, expression of miR-155 was largely found in neuronal nuclei as evidenced by co-localization ...


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