Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Musculoskeletal, Neural, and Ocular Physiology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

282 Full-Text Articles 769 Authors 77,042 Downloads 80 Institutions

All Articles in Musculoskeletal, Neural, and Ocular Physiology

Faceted Search

282 full-text articles. Page 1 of 13.

Piriformis Syndrome With A Variant Presentation, Roberto Chuapoco, Ryan E. Linford 2024 Touro University Nevada

Piriformis Syndrome With A Variant Presentation, Roberto Chuapoco, Ryan E. Linford

Annual Research Symposium

Piriformis syndrome has long been a diagnostic quandary due to its tendency to present as other nerve-related conditions. Piriformis syndrome is commonly caused by entrapment of the sciatic nerve as it travels through the greater sciatic foramen due to hypertrophy of the piriformis muscle. However, its constellation of symptoms, including radiating pain down the thigh, can easily be mistaken for lumbosacral radiculopathy. This case report aims to address the misdiagnosis of piriformis syndrome which has prolonged pain for many patients and increased the cost of medical care. It demonstrates a 76-year-old female with a confounding presentation of piriformis syndrome: buttock …


Behind The Spine: Investigating The Role Of Cervical Posture And Range Of Motion On Mental Health, Layla Risdon 2024 Roseman University of Health Sciences

Behind The Spine: Investigating The Role Of Cervical Posture And Range Of Motion On Mental Health, Layla Risdon

Annual Research Symposium

This research explores the correlation between abnormal forward head posture, cervical range of motion, and psychiatric disorders. Specifically, the study examines the relationships between the loss of cervical lordosis and anxiety, depression, and ADHD. Previous studies have demonstrated the beneficial effect of manipulative therapy on forward head posture and provided a link between postural alignment and cognitive function. This investigation aims to build on existing literature and enhance understanding of how loss of cervical lordosis impacts cervical and overall range of motion as well as its potential association with psychiatric conditions.


Anatomy Of The Ankle And Ankle Injuries In Athletes, Isabelle G. West 2023 Northern Illinois University

Anatomy Of The Ankle And Ankle Injuries In Athletes, Isabelle G. West

Honors Capstones

The purpose of this project was to learn about the anatomy of the ankle joint, explore common ankle injuries in athletes, and research how they are treated overall and in a physical therapy setting. To do so, a dissection of the ankle joint was completed with Mrs. Kara Coffman-Rea in the cadaver lab as well as an exploration of plastinated models. Additionally, a literature review of current research on the ankle was completed. Though many structures of the ankle joint were identified through dissection, the focus of the literature review is on the structures of the lateral ankle and the …


Prefrontal Cortex Glutamatergic Adaptations In A Mouse Model Of Alcohol Use Disorder, Mahum T. Siddiqi, Dhruba Podder, Amanda R. Pahng, Alexandria C. Athanason, Tali Nadav, Chelsea Cates-Gatto, Max Kreifeldt, Candice Contet, Amanda J. Roberts, Scott Edwards, Marisa Roberto, Florence P. Varodayan 2023 Binghamton University State University of New York

Prefrontal Cortex Glutamatergic Adaptations In A Mouse Model Of Alcohol Use Disorder, Mahum T. Siddiqi, Dhruba Podder, Amanda R. Pahng, Alexandria C. Athanason, Tali Nadav, Chelsea Cates-Gatto, Max Kreifeldt, Candice Contet, Amanda J. Roberts, Scott Edwards, Marisa Roberto, Florence P. Varodayan

School of Graduate Studies Faculty Publications

Alcohol use disorder (AUD) produces cognitive deficits, indicating a shift in prefrontal cortex (PFC) function. PFC glutamate neurotransmission is mostly mediated by α-amino-3‑hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid-type ionotropic receptors (AMPARs); however preclinical studies have mostly focused on other receptor subtypes. Here we examined the impact of early withdrawal from chronic ethanol on AMPAR function in the mouse medial PFC (mPFC). Dependent male C57BL/6J mice were generated using the chronic intermittent ethanol vapor-two bottle choice (CIE-2BC) paradigm. Non-dependent mice had access to water and ethanol bottles but did not receive ethanol vapor. Naïve mice had no ethanol exposure. We used patch-clamp electrophysiology to measure …


Femoral Neck Fracture Management In The Young Patient: A Case Review, Luis Berrios, Kevin J. Orellana, Michael Lago, Frank Gerold 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Femoral Neck Fracture Management In The Young Patient: A Case Review, Luis Berrios, Kevin J. Orellana, Michael Lago, Frank Gerold

Research Colloquium

Introduction:The optimal management of femoral neck fractures in the young patient remains controversial. Although there are universally accepted principles, there remains some variability in the optimal timing of surgery and method of fixation. In general, surgery should be performed on an urgent or emergent basis when feasible to decrease peri-operative complications, length of stay, and most importantly the ultimate likelihood of avascular necrosis. However, it is important to note that the preference toward a specific method of fixation remains heterogeneous among orthopedic surgeons.(1)

The purpose of this study is to present our preferred technique for treatment of displaced femoral …


Wrist Motion Is Distinct Between Touch Screen And Manual Or Digital Devices, Mandi J. Lopez, Catherine Takawira, Mary P. Fox, Pengju Wang, Evan Boatwright, Thomas Lucak, Chin Chi Liu, Bryce Fugarino 2023 Louisiana State University

Wrist Motion Is Distinct Between Touch Screen And Manual Or Digital Devices, Mandi J. Lopez, Catherine Takawira, Mary P. Fox, Pengju Wang, Evan Boatwright, Thomas Lucak, Chin Chi Liu, Bryce Fugarino

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Background Restricted motion during touch screen device use may contribute to wrist overuse injuries. Wrist radioulnar deviation and extension while using touch screen devices and digital or manual counterparts in male and female medical professional dominant and non-dominant hands were quantified to test the hypothesis that mobile touch screen device use reduces wrist motion. Methods An active motion detection system was used to record wrist motion of 12 participants while: tablet swiping and turning book pages; raising a cell and traditional phone to the ear; texting and typing; and entering numbers on a cell phone and manual calculator. Medial and …


Prevalence Comparison Of Accompanying Lesions Between Primary And Recurrent Anteriordislocation In The Shoulder, Doo-sup Kim, Changho Yi, Yeo-Seung Yoon 2023 Yonsei University

Prevalence Comparison Of Accompanying Lesions Between Primary And Recurrent Anteriordislocation In The Shoulder, Doo-Sup Kim, Changho Yi, Yeo-Seung Yoon

Research Symposium

Background: Many authors have reported the presence of intra-articular lesions after primary dislocation of the shoulder joint. However, few studies have focused on their prevalence or the differences in accompanying lesions between primary and recurrent dislocations of the shoulder joint.

Purpose: This study was undertaken to investigate and analyze accompanying lesions, including types of anteroinferior labrum injuries, using diagnostic arthroscopy and magnetic resonance arthrography (MRA) in 144 patients with traumatic anterior dislocation of the shoulder joint.Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3.

Methods: There were 33 patients with 33 dislocations in the primary dislocation group and 111 patients with …


Integrated Inflammatory Signaling Landscape Response After Delivering Elovanoid Free-Fatty-Acid Precursors Leading To Experimental Stroke Neuroprotection, Madigan M. Reid, Ludmila Belayev, Larissa Khoutorova, Pranab K. Mukherjee, Andre Obenaus, Kierany Shelvin, Stacey Knowles, Sung Ha Hong, Nicolas G. Bazan 2023 LSU Health Sciences Center - New Orleans

Integrated Inflammatory Signaling Landscape Response After Delivering Elovanoid Free-Fatty-Acid Precursors Leading To Experimental Stroke Neuroprotection, Madigan M. Reid, Ludmila Belayev, Larissa Khoutorova, Pranab K. Mukherjee, Andre Obenaus, Kierany Shelvin, Stacey Knowles, Sung Ha Hong, Nicolas G. Bazan

School of Graduate Studies Faculty Publications

Despite efforts to identify modulatory neuroprotective mechanisms of damaging ischemic stroke cascade signaling, a void remains on an effective potential therapeutic. The present study defines neuroprotection by very long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (VLC-PUFA) Elovanoid (ELV) precursors C-32:6 and C-34:6 delivered intranasally following experimental ischemic stroke. We demonstrate that these precursors improved neurological deficit, decreased T2WI lesion volume, and increased SMI-71 positive blood vessels and NeuN positive neurons, indicating blood–brain barrier (BBB) protection and neurogenesis modulated by the free fatty acids (FFAs) C-32:6 and C-34:6. Gene expression revealed increased anti-inflammatory and pro-homeostatic genes and decreases in expression of pro-inflammatory genes in …


Is Having Difficulty Meeting The Recommended Physical Activity Guidelines Associated With Cognitive Difficulties In Us Adults?, Serena C.L. Buchwald, Daniel Gitelman, Noël C. Barengo, Pura Rodríguez de la Vega 2023 Florida International University

Is Having Difficulty Meeting The Recommended Physical Activity Guidelines Associated With Cognitive Difficulties In Us Adults?, Serena C.L. Buchwald, Daniel Gitelman, Noël C. Barengo, Pura Rodríguez De La Vega

AMNET XX Conferencia Internacional

This abstract summarizes and gives a brief overview of our analytical research study on the associations of meeting physical activity guidelines and cognitive difficulties such as difficulty remembering/concentrating.


Impact Of Strokes: The Burden Of Care, Post-Cva Fatigue & Caregiver Role Strain, Tanya G. Schlemmer 2023 University of Texas at Tyler

Impact Of Strokes: The Burden Of Care, Post-Cva Fatigue & Caregiver Role Strain, Tanya G. Schlemmer

Nursing Faculty Publications and Presentations

Strokes and cerebral vascular accidents (CVAs) and related disease events are an unfortunate circumstance that inflicts individuals around the world and impacts people every day as individuals and their caregivers. The consequences of these strokes or CVA events are life-changing for all those involved. As a result of long-term disability related to strokes, the caregiver may undergo many emotional, psychological, and physical factors that impact their daily lives. There is a relatively short period of time to react to the necessary change and as a result there may be differences in coping associated with these unexpected health circumstances. Many stoke …


Artificial Intelligence Frameworks To Detect And Investigate The Pathophysiology Of Spaceflight Associated Neuro-Ocular Syndrome (Sans), Joshua Ong, Ethan Waisberg, Mouayad Masalkhi, Sharif Amit Kamran, Kemper Lowry, Prithul Sarker, Nasif Zaman, Phani Paladugu, Alireza Tavakkoli, Andrew G Lee 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Artificial Intelligence Frameworks To Detect And Investigate The Pathophysiology Of Spaceflight Associated Neuro-Ocular Syndrome (Sans), Joshua Ong, Ethan Waisberg, Mouayad Masalkhi, Sharif Amit Kamran, Kemper Lowry, Prithul Sarker, Nasif Zaman, Phani Paladugu, Alireza Tavakkoli, Andrew G Lee

Student Papers, Posters & Projects

Spaceflight associated neuro-ocular syndrome (SANS) is a unique phenomenon that has been observed in astronauts who have undergone long-duration spaceflight (LDSF). The syndrome is characterized by distinct imaging and clinical findings including optic disc edema, hyperopic refractive shift, posterior globe flattening, and choroidal folds. SANS serves a large barrier to planetary spaceflight such as a mission to Mars and has been noted by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) as a high risk based on its likelihood to occur and its severity to human health and mission performance. While it is a large barrier to future spaceflight, the underlying …


Penggunaan Whole Body Vibration Training Pada Kasus Chronic Ankle Instability Terhadap Peningkatan Keseimbangan Pada Atlet: Studi Literatur, Aditya Denny Pratama, Muhamad Nabiel 2023 Program Studi Fisioterapi, Program Pendidikan Vokasi, Universitas Indonesia

Penggunaan Whole Body Vibration Training Pada Kasus Chronic Ankle Instability Terhadap Peningkatan Keseimbangan Pada Atlet: Studi Literatur, Aditya Denny Pratama, Muhamad Nabiel

Jurnal Vokasi Indonesia

Manusia mempunyai foot and ankle yang berfungsi sebagai permukaan utama antara tanah dan tubuh selama manusia melakukan aktivitas sehari-harinya. Hal tersebut mengharuskan foot dan ankle complex mampu menahan tumpuan tubuh, beradaptasi dengan permukaan yang tidak rata, dan sebagai penggerak yang efisien. Ankle sprain merupakan salah satu cedera di bidang muskuloskeletal yang paling sering terjadi. Cedera ankle sprain umumnya paling sering terjadi dialami oleh atlet kompetitif. Cedera ankle sprain juga memiliki tingkat kekambuhan yang tinggi. Cedera ini dapat menimbulkan masalah terkait dengan perkembangan Chronic Ankle Instability (CAI). CAI adalah suatu kondisi pengulangan cedera Ankle yang bertahan selama lebih dari 1 …


Lifelong Fitness In Ambulatory Children And Adolescents With Cerebral Palsy Ii: Influencing The Trajectory, Susan V. Duff, Justine D. Kimbel, Marybeth Grant-Beuttler, Theresa Sukal-Moulton, Noelle G. Moreau, Kathleen M. Friel 2023 Chapman University

Lifelong Fitness In Ambulatory Children And Adolescents With Cerebral Palsy Ii: Influencing The Trajectory, Susan V. Duff, Justine D. Kimbel, Marybeth Grant-Beuttler, Theresa Sukal-Moulton, Noelle G. Moreau, Kathleen M. Friel

School of Allied Health Professions Faculty Publications

Physical activity of at least moderate intensity in all children contributes to higher levels of physical and psychological health. While essential, children with cerebral palsy (CP) often lack the physical capacity, resources, and knowledge to engage in physical activity at a sufficient intensity to optimize health and well-being. Low levels of physical activity place them at risk for declining fitness and health, contributing to a sedentary lifestyle. From this perspective, we describe a framework to foster a lifelong trajectory of fitness in ambulatory children with CP (GMFCS I–III) as they progress into adolescence and adulthood, implemented in conjunction with a …


Pectoralis Nerve Block Compared To Thoracic Paravertebral Nerve Block In The Mastectomy Patient: Evidence-Based Practice Recommendations, Eric Boyer 2023 Otterbein University

Pectoralis Nerve Block Compared To Thoracic Paravertebral Nerve Block In The Mastectomy Patient: Evidence-Based Practice Recommendations, Eric Boyer

Doctor of Nursing Practice Scholarly Projects

Patients undergoing a mastectomy are at increased risk of becoming opioid dependent. Most patients undergoing a mastectomy are diagnosed with breast cancer, and the use of opioids is known to aid in cancer metastasizing due to the suppression of the body's natural killer cells. In addition, regional anesthesia, also known as a nerve block, has long provided a reduction in sensation by blocking the nerve pathway, thus numbing the feeling of pain in the operative area. The Pectoralis nerve block (PECS) and the Thoracic Paravertebral block (TPVB) are used in patients undergoing a mastectomy to help reduce the severity of …


Mechanisms Of Cigarette Smoke-Induced Mitochondrial Dysfunction In Striated Muscle And Aorta, Stephen T. Decker 2023 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Mechanisms Of Cigarette Smoke-Induced Mitochondrial Dysfunction In Striated Muscle And Aorta, Stephen T. Decker

Doctoral Dissertations

Cigarette Smoke is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States, accounting for over 480,000 annual deaths. Of these deaths, the most common cause of mortality in chronic smokers is cardiometabolic diseases. Likewise, a significant portion of smokers experience some form of cardiac, vascular, or metabolic dysfunction throughout their lifetime. More specifically, smoking is shown to induce mitochondrial dysfunction in these tissues, causing an increase in oxidative damage and poor overall health. However, despite the advances in the health outcomes related to cigarette smoke exposure, the mechanisms underlying mitochondrial dysfunction in striated muscle and the vasculature remain …


Regeneration Of Neurons In Human Brain Tissue; A Revolutionary Concept With Therapeutic Potential, Mackenzie R. Dunn 2023 Grand Valley State University

Regeneration Of Neurons In Human Brain Tissue; A Revolutionary Concept With Therapeutic Potential, Mackenzie R. Dunn

Other Undergraduate Research

There is current research to suggest that endogenous neuronal regeneration, exogenous neuronal stem cell transplantation and glial cell reprogramming could be prospective therapeutic treatments for neurodegeneration and traumatic injury. With these conditions, there is significant brain atrophy, loss of neurons and loss of synaptic connections which can have devastating effects on executive functioning, cognition, learning and memory. This review will examine these modern approaches to adult neurogenesis, and assess the viable mechanisms and future outlook of these three therapies for neurological regenerative medicine.


Worse Postoperative Outcomes And Higher Reoperation In Smokers Compared To Nonsmokers For Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair, Susan G. Wager, Spencer Brown, Michael Gaudiani, Joshua P. Castle, Eric Jiang, Vasilios Moutzouros, Eric Makhni, Stephanie J. Muh 2023 Wayne State University

Worse Postoperative Outcomes And Higher Reoperation In Smokers Compared To Nonsmokers For Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair, Susan G. Wager, Spencer Brown, Michael Gaudiani, Joshua P. Castle, Eric Jiang, Vasilios Moutzouros, Eric Makhni, Stephanie J. Muh

Medical Student Research Symposium

Introduction: Smoking impairs healing potential and is a significant risk factor for complications following orthopaedic surgeries. The purpose of this study was to determine if a cohort of former or current smokers at time of surgery met the minimally clinical important difference (MCID) for Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System Upper Extremity (PROMIS-UE), Depression (PROMIS-D), and Pain Interference (PROMIS-PI) scores in comparison to nonsmokers.

Methods: A retrospective review of patients who underwent rotator cuff repair was performed. Patients who completed preoperative and 6-month postoperative PROMIS scores were included. The MCID was calculated using a distribution technique with a threshold of 0.5 …


The Top 50 Most Cited Articles On The Medial Patellofemoral Ligament (Mpfl): A Bibliometric Analysis, Varag Abed, Alex DuVall, Jonathan D. Rexroth, Alyssa Goodwin, Joseph Liu, Austin Stone 2023 University of Kentucky

The Top 50 Most Cited Articles On The Medial Patellofemoral Ligament (Mpfl): A Bibliometric Analysis, Varag Abed, Alex Duvall, Jonathan D. Rexroth, Alyssa Goodwin, Joseph Liu, Austin Stone

Medical Student Research Symposium

Objectives: To determine which original articles on the topic of the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) have been cited the most in the literature utilizing a bibliometric approach. Secondarily, to determine temporal trends between article types.

Methods: Articles on the topic of the MPFL were identified by utilizing the Web of Science Database. The search yielded 1,596 results and the top 50 cited original articles were collected for further analysis. The following information was gathered for all included articles: title, first author's name, journal name, year of publication, impact factor of the journal in 2021, total number of citations of the …


Closed-Loop Modeling Of Central And Intrinsic Cardiac Nervous System Circuits Underlying Cardiovascular Control, Michelle M. Gee, Abraham M. Lenhoff, James S. Schwaber, Babatunde A. Ogunnaike, Rajanikanth Vadigepalli 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Closed-Loop Modeling Of Central And Intrinsic Cardiac Nervous System Circuits Underlying Cardiovascular Control, Michelle M. Gee, Abraham M. Lenhoff, James S. Schwaber, Babatunde A. Ogunnaike, Rajanikanth Vadigepalli

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

The baroreflex is a multi-input, multi-output physiological control system that regulates blood pressure by modulating nerve activity between the brainstem and the heart. Existing computational models of the baroreflex do not explicitly incorporate the intrinsic cardiac nervous system (ICN), which mediates central control of heart function. We developed a computational model of closed-loop cardiovascular control by integrating a network representation of the ICN within central control reflex circuits. We examined central and local contributions to the control of heart rate, ventricular functions, and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA). Our simulations match the experimentally observed relationship between RSA and lung tidal volume. …


Mitochondria As Causes Of And Therapeutic Targets In Chronic Post-Sepsis Skeletal Muscle Weakness, Meagan Scott Kingren 2023 University of Kentucky

Mitochondria As Causes Of And Therapeutic Targets In Chronic Post-Sepsis Skeletal Muscle Weakness, Meagan Scott Kingren

Theses and Dissertations--Pharmacology and Nutritional Sciences

Sepsis, or the organ damage that ensues after the body fails to properly contain a local infection, is the leading cause of in-patient hospitalization in the United States. Advances in critical care medicine over the last 20 years have enabled most sepsis patients to survive the life-threatening dysregulated immune response. However, a majority of survivors report chronic weakness and fatigue years after sepsis, and the cause of this weakness remains largely unknown. This dissertation work focused first on elucidating the major causes of post-sepsis muscle weakness (Aim 1). This aim involved a time-course study to determine when muscle weakness was …


Digital Commons powered by bepress