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Correlation Of Inflammation In Arthritis With The Myelination In The Brain, Anna Spears 2020 University of Mississippi

Correlation Of Inflammation In Arthritis With The Myelination In The Brain, Anna Spears

Honors Theses

This study was conducted to investigate whether the influence of arthritis has an effect on the cerebral white matter. The project was performed at the South Oxford Campus, where diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data was obtained from the Nathan Kline Institute-Rockland Sample (NKI- RS). Image processing was conducted using Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Brain Software Library in which we obtained raw data to formulate Apparent Diffusion Coefficient (ADC), Axial Diffusivity (AD), Radial Diffusivity (RD), and Fractional Anisotropy. A one way Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) was performed to determine the significant difference between the history of arthritis on each of ...


Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis, Ashan T. Hatharasinghe, Hossein Akhondi, Don Pepito 2020 Sunrise Health GME Consortium

Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis, Ashan T. Hatharasinghe, Hossein Akhondi, Don Pepito

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Introduction: Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is a rare autoimmune demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system. Clinical manifestations include encephalopathy, motor deficits, ataxia, and meningeal signs. In most cases, ADEM is preceded by either vaccination or viral illness. Here, we present a case with neither of the two predisposing elements.

Discussion: A 28-year-old Hispanic female presenting with substance use and suicidal ideation was placed on an involuntary psychiatric hold, started on olanzapine and scheduled for a psychiatric facility transfer. The following day, she was noted to have neurological deficits when ambulating. Computed tomography of the brain showed a right frontal ...


How Immune T-Cell Augmentation Can Help Prevent Covid-19: A Possible Nutritional Solution Using Ketogenic Lifestyle, Ravi k. Kamepalli MD,FIDSA,CWSP 2020 Regional Infectious diseases and infusion ctr,Inc

How Immune T-Cell Augmentation Can Help Prevent Covid-19: A Possible Nutritional Solution Using Ketogenic Lifestyle, Ravi K. Kamepalli Md,Fidsa,Cwsp

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Vaccines In Current Culture: The Hpv Vaccine Controversy, Alyssa Johnston 2020 Liberty University

Vaccines In Current Culture: The Hpv Vaccine Controversy, Alyssa Johnston

Senior Honors Theses

The use of vaccinations has drastically decreased mortality and morbidity rates related to infectious disease and has become an intrinsic part of modern health care. However, the fear of risks related to vaccines has been partially responsible for the decisions of many parents to delay or avoid vaccinating their children. The human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine specifically is one of the most controversial vaccines in current culture due to reports of new onset or exacerbation of autoimmune diseases, infertility, and even death following its administration. This review synthesizes information regarding the relevance and safety of the HPV vaccine, as well ...


Insights From Immuno-Oncology: The Society For Immunotherapy Of Cancer Statement On Access To Il-6-Targeting Therapies For Covid-19., Paolo Antonio Ascierto, Bernard Fox, Walter Urba, Ana Carrizosa Anderson, Michael B Atkins, Ernest C Borden, Julie Brahmer, Lisa H Butterfield, Alessandra Cesano, Daniel Chen, Tanja de Gruijl, Robert O Dillman, Charles G Drake, Leisha A Emens, Thomas F Gajewski, James L Gulley, F Stephen Hodi, Patrick Hwu, David Kaufman, Howard Kaufman, Michael Lotze, Douglas G McNeel, Kim Margolin, Francesco Marincola, Michael J Mastrangelo, Marcela V Maus, David R Parkinson, Pedro J Romero, Paul M Sondel, Stefani Spranger, Mario Sznol, George J Weiner, Jon M Wiggington, Jeffrey S Weber 2020 Istituto Nazionale Tumori IRCCS Fondazione Pascale, Napoli, Italy

Insights From Immuno-Oncology: The Society For Immunotherapy Of Cancer Statement On Access To Il-6-Targeting Therapies For Covid-19., Paolo Antonio Ascierto, Bernard Fox, Walter Urba, Ana Carrizosa Anderson, Michael B Atkins, Ernest C Borden, Julie Brahmer, Lisa H Butterfield, Alessandra Cesano, Daniel Chen, Tanja De Gruijl, Robert O Dillman, Charles G Drake, Leisha A Emens, Thomas F Gajewski, James L Gulley, F Stephen Hodi, Patrick Hwu, David Kaufman, Howard Kaufman, Michael Lotze, Douglas G Mcneel, Kim Margolin, Francesco Marincola, Michael J Mastrangelo, Marcela V Maus, David R Parkinson, Pedro J Romero, Paul M Sondel, Stefani Spranger, Mario Sznol, George J Weiner, Jon M Wiggington, Jeffrey S Weber

Department of Microbiology and Immunology Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


Vaccine Confidence, Coverage, And Hesitancy Worldwide: A Literature Analysis Of Vaccine Hesitancy And Potential Causes Worldwide, Jordan Hammond 2020 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Vaccine Confidence, Coverage, And Hesitancy Worldwide: A Literature Analysis Of Vaccine Hesitancy And Potential Causes Worldwide, Jordan Hammond

Senior Theses

Vaccines are one of the world’s most impactful medical therapies. They are cost-effective, successfully proven, and one of the quickest treatment options available today (Clark et al., 2016). They save millions of lives every year and have eliminated certain diseases on a national and international level. However, millions of people worldwide still remain unvaccinated. In developed nations, mainly The United States (U.S.) and the European countries, many of the unvaccinated are a result of rising vaccine hesitancy of parents in conjunction with the anti-vaccination movement. Vaccine hesitancy is defined as “a delay in acceptance or refusal of vaccines ...


Elucidating The Regulon Of A Fur-Like Protein In Mycobacterium Avium Subsp. Paratuberculosis (Map), Fernanda Miyagaki Shoyama, Taveesak Janetanakit, John P. Bannantine, Raul G. Barletta, Srinand Sreevatsan 2020 Michigan State University

Elucidating The Regulon Of A Fur-Like Protein In Mycobacterium Avium Subsp. Paratuberculosis (Map), Fernanda Miyagaki Shoyama, Taveesak Janetanakit, John P. Bannantine, Raul G. Barletta, Srinand Sreevatsan

Virology Papers

Intracellular iron concentration is tightly regulated to maintain cell viability. Iron plays important roles in electron transport, nucleic acid synthesis, and oxidative stress. A Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP)-specific genomic island carries a putative metal transport operon that includes MAP3773c, which encodes a Fur-like protein. Although well characterized as a global regulator of iron homeostasis in multiple bacteria, the function of Fur (ferric uptake regulator) in MAP is unknown as this organism also carries IdeR (iron dependent regulator), a native iron regulatory protein specific to mycobacteria. Computational analysis using PRODORIC identified 23 different pathways involved in respiration, metabolism, and ...


Post-Surgical Pyoderma Gangrenosum After Breast Surgery: A Case Series, Jahan Tajran, Daniella Anderson, Arif Chaudhry, Dennis Hammond 2020 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Post-Surgical Pyoderma Gangrenosum After Breast Surgery: A Case Series, Jahan Tajran, Daniella Anderson, Arif Chaudhry, Dennis Hammond

Medical Student Research Symposium

Background:

Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a rare inflammatory cutaneous disorder that is thought to be due to innate immune system dysfunction, specifically of neutrophils. PG has been well documented in patients with autoimmune disorders like Ulcerative Colitis and Rheumatoid Arthritis. PG can also present in surgical patients, imitating a potential wound infection and necrotizing fasciitis. Although PG is a diagnosis of exclusion, prompt recognition is essential to attaining desired aesthetic outcomes, especially with breast involvement. We present a case series of four patients who developed PG following breast surgery. We analyze each patient’s medical history, symptoms, wound progression and ...


Approaches To Overcome Flow Cytometry Limitations In The Analysis Of Cells From Veterinary Relevant Species, Julia Hunka, John T. Riley, Gudrun F. Debes 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Approaches To Overcome Flow Cytometry Limitations In The Analysis Of Cells From Veterinary Relevant Species, Julia Hunka, John T. Riley, Gudrun F. Debes

Department of Microbiology and Immunology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Flow cytometry is a powerful tool for the multiparameter analysis of leukocyte subsets on the single cell level. Recent advances have greatly increased the number of fluorochrome-labeled antibodies in flow cytometry. In particular, an increase in available fluorochromes with distinct excitation and emission spectra combined with novel multicolor flow cytometers with several lasers have enhanced the generation of multidimensional expression data for leukocytes and other cell types. However, these advances have mainly benefited the analysis of human or mouse cell samples given the lack of reagents for most animal species. The flow cytometric analysis of important veterinary, agricultural, wildlife ...


Neonatal-Derived Il-17 Producing Dermal Gammadelta T Cells Are Required To Prevent Spontaneous Atopic Dermatitis, Nicholas A. Spidale, Nidhi Malhotra, Michela Frascoli, Katelyn E. Sylvia, Bing Miu, Coral Freeman, Brian D. Stadinski, Eric Huseby, Joonso Kang 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Neonatal-Derived Il-17 Producing Dermal Gammadelta T Cells Are Required To Prevent Spontaneous Atopic Dermatitis, Nicholas A. Spidale, Nidhi Malhotra, Michela Frascoli, Katelyn E. Sylvia, Bing Miu, Coral Freeman, Brian D. Stadinski, Eric Huseby, Joonso Kang

Open Access Articles

Atopic Dermatitis (AD) is a T cell-mediated chronic skin disease and is associated with altered skin barrier integrity. Infants with mutations in genes involved in tissue barrier fitness are predisposed towards inflammatory diseases, but most do not develop or sustain the diseases, suggesting that there exist regulatory immune mechanisms to prevent aberrant inflammation. The absence of one single murine dermal cell type, the innate neonatal-derived IL-17 producing gammadelta T (Tgammadelta17) cells, from birth resulted in spontaneous, highly penetrant AD with many of the major hallmarks of human AD. In Tgammadelta17 cell-deficient mice, basal keratinocyte transcriptome was altered months in advance ...


The Interplay Of The Oral-Gut Microbiome With Chronic Inflammation In Rheumatoid Arthritis And Crohn's Disease, Anuradha Rampersaud 2020 Nova Southeastern University

The Interplay Of The Oral-Gut Microbiome With Chronic Inflammation In Rheumatoid Arthritis And Crohn's Disease, Anuradha Rampersaud

Mako: NSU Undergraduate Student Journal

Abstract

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) and Crohn’s Disease (CD) are both chronic inflammatory diseases that share developmental and treatment similarities. RA’s symptoms include swelling, stiffness, and pain in synovial joints, corresponding with bone and cartilage destruction. CD’s symptoms include abdominal pain, bowel obstruction, bloating, diarrhea, and fever. The purpose of this literature review was to investigate the links between these two diseases and propose future treatment and prevention targets. Current treatment for RA and CD aims to suppress inflammation by targeting its mediators. However, this review noted that there should be greater focus on resolving inflammation. Both diseases ...


Nanocatalytic Activity Of Clean-Surfaced, Faceted Nanocrystalline Gold Enhances Remyelination In Animal Models Of Multiple Sclerosis., Andrew P. Robinson, Joanne Zhongyan Zhang, Haley E. Titus, Molly Karl, Mikhail Merzliakov, Adam R. Dorfman, Stephen Karlik, Michael G G. Stewart, Richard K. Watt, Benjin D. Facer, Jon D. Facer, Noah D. Christian, Karen S. Ho, Michael T. Hotchkin, Mark G. Mortenson, Robert H. Miller, Stephen D. Miller 2020 Northwestern University

Nanocatalytic Activity Of Clean-Surfaced, Faceted Nanocrystalline Gold Enhances Remyelination In Animal Models Of Multiple Sclerosis., Andrew P. Robinson, Joanne Zhongyan Zhang, Haley E. Titus, Molly Karl, Mikhail Merzliakov, Adam R. Dorfman, Stephen Karlik, Michael G G. Stewart, Richard K. Watt, Benjin D. Facer, Jon D. Facer, Noah D. Christian, Karen S. Ho, Michael T. Hotchkin, Mark G. Mortenson, Robert H. Miller, Stephen D. Miller

Student Papers & Posters

Development of pharmacotherapies that promote remyelination is a high priority for multiple sclerosis (MS), due to their potential for neuroprotection and restoration of function through repair of demyelinated lesions. A novel preparation of clean-surfaced, faceted gold nanocrystals demonstrated robust remyelinating activity in response to demyelinating agents in both chronic cuprizone and acute lysolecithin rodent animal models. Furthermore, oral delivery of gold nanocrystals improved motor functions of cuprizone-treated mice in both open field and kinematic gait studies. Gold nanocrystal treatment of oligodendrocyte precursor cells in culture resulted in oligodendrocyte maturation and expression of myelin differentiation markers. Additional in vitro data demonstrated ...


Multimodal Multiplexed Immunoimaging With Nanostars To Detect Multiple Immunomarkers And Monitor Response To Immunotherapies, Yu-Chuan Ou, Xiaona Wen, Christopher A. Johnson, Daniel Shae, Oscar D. Ayala, Joseph A. Webb, Eugene C. Lin, Rossane C. DeLapp, Kelli L. Boyd, Ann Richmond, Anita Mahadevan-Jansen, Marjan Rafat, John T. Wilson, Justin M. Balko, Mohammed N. Tantawy, Anna E. Vilgelm, Rizia Bardhan 2020 Vanderbilt University

Multimodal Multiplexed Immunoimaging With Nanostars To Detect Multiple Immunomarkers And Monitor Response To Immunotherapies, Yu-Chuan Ou, Xiaona Wen, Christopher A. Johnson, Daniel Shae, Oscar D. Ayala, Joseph A. Webb, Eugene C. Lin, Rossane C. Delapp, Kelli L. Boyd, Ann Richmond, Anita Mahadevan-Jansen, Marjan Rafat, John T. Wilson, Justin M. Balko, Mohammed N. Tantawy, Anna E. Vilgelm, Rizia Bardhan

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

The overexpression of immunomarker programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) and engagement of PD-1 to its ligand, PD-L1, are involved in the functional impairment of cluster of differentiation 8+ (CD8+) T cells, contributing to cancer progression. However, heterogeneities in PD-L1 expression and variabilities in biopsy-based assays render current approaches inaccurate in predicting PD-L1 status. Therefore, PD-L1 screening alone is not predictive of patient response to treatment, which motivates us to simultaneously detect multiple immunomarkers engaged in immune modulation. Here, we have developed multimodal probes, immunoactive gold nanostars (IGNs), that accurately detect PD-L1+ tumor cells and CD8+ T cells simultaneously in ...


Protective Allele For Multiple Sclerosis Hla-Drb1*01:01 Provides Kinetic Discrimination Of Myelin And Exogenous Antigenic Peptides., Azad Mamedov, Nadezhda Vorobyeva, Ioanna Filimonova, Maria Zakharova, Ivan Kiselev, Vitalina Bashinskaya, Natalia Baulina, Alexey Boyko, Alexander Favorov, Olga Kulakova, Rustam Ziganshin, Ivan Smirnov, Alina Poroshina, Igor Shilovskiy, Musa Khaitov, Yuri Sykulev, Olga Favorova, Valentin Vlassov, Alexander Gabibov, Alexey Belogurov 2020 Russian Academy of Sciences

Protective Allele For Multiple Sclerosis Hla-Drb1*01:01 Provides Kinetic Discrimination Of Myelin And Exogenous Antigenic Peptides., Azad Mamedov, Nadezhda Vorobyeva, Ioanna Filimonova, Maria Zakharova, Ivan Kiselev, Vitalina Bashinskaya, Natalia Baulina, Alexey Boyko, Alexander Favorov, Olga Kulakova, Rustam Ziganshin, Ivan Smirnov, Alina Poroshina, Igor Shilovskiy, Musa Khaitov, Yuri Sykulev, Olga Favorova, Valentin Vlassov, Alexander Gabibov, Alexey Belogurov

Department of Microbiology and Immunology Faculty Papers

Risk of the development of multiple sclerosis (MS) is known to be increased in individuals bearing distinct class II human leukocyte antigen (HLA) variants, whereas some of them may have a protective effect. Here we analyzed distribution of a highly polymorphous HLA-DRB1 locus in more than one thousand relapsing-remitting MS patients and healthy individuals of Russian ethnicity. Carriage of HLA-DRB1*15 and HLA-DRB1*03 alleles was associated with MS risk, whereas carriage of HLA-DRB1*01 and HLA-DRB1*11 was found to be protective. Analysis of genotypes revealed the compensatory effect of risk and resistance alleles in trans. We have identified ...


Brief Communication: Long-Term Absence Of Langerhans Cells Alters The Gene Expression Profile Of Keratinocytes And Dendritic Epidermal T Cells., Qingtai Su, Aurélie Bouteau, Jacob Cardenas, Balaji Uthra, Yuanyaun Wang, Cynthia Smitherman, Jinghua Gu, Botond Z. Igyártó 2020 Baylor Scott and White Research Institute

Brief Communication: Long-Term Absence Of Langerhans Cells Alters The Gene Expression Profile Of Keratinocytes And Dendritic Epidermal T Cells., Qingtai Su, Aurélie Bouteau, Jacob Cardenas, Balaji Uthra, Yuanyaun Wang, Cynthia Smitherman, Jinghua Gu, Botond Z. Igyártó

Department of Microbiology and Immunology Faculty Papers

Tissue-resident and infiltrating immune cells are continuously exposed to molecules derived from the local cells that often come in form of secreted factors, such as cytokines. These factors are known to impact the immune cells' biology. However, very little is known about whether the tissue resident immune cells in return also affect the local environment. In this study, with the help of RNA-sequencing, we show for the first time that long-term absence of epidermal resident Langerhans cells led to significant gene expression changes in the local keratinocytes and resident dendritic epidermal T cells. Thus, immune cells might play an active ...


Potential Roles Of Extracellular Vesicles In The Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, And Treatment Of Autoimmune Diseases., Jing Tian, Giacomo Casella, Yuan Zhang, Abdolmohamad Rostami, Xing Li 2020 Shaanxi Normal University

Potential Roles Of Extracellular Vesicles In The Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, And Treatment Of Autoimmune Diseases., Jing Tian, Giacomo Casella, Yuan Zhang, Abdolmohamad Rostami, Xing Li

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Since extracellular vesicles (EVs) were discovered in 1983 in sheep reticulocytes samples, they have gradually attracted scientific attention and become a topic of great interest in the life sciences field. EVs are small membrane particles, released by virtually every cell that carries a variety of functional molecules. Their main function is to deliver messages to the surrounding area in both physiological and pathological conditions. Initially, they were thought to be either cell debris, signs of cell death, or unspecific structures. However, accumulating evidence support a theory that EVs are a universal mechanism of communication. Thanks to their biological characteristics and ...


How The Cervical Microbiota Contributes To Cervical Cancer Risk In Sub-Saharan Africa, Cameron Klein, Crispin Kahesa, Julius Mwalselage, John T. West, Charles Wood, Peter C. Angeletti 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

How The Cervical Microbiota Contributes To Cervical Cancer Risk In Sub-Saharan Africa, Cameron Klein, Crispin Kahesa, Julius Mwalselage, John T. West, Charles Wood, Peter C. Angeletti

Virology Papers

Despite ongoing efforts, sub-Saharan Africa faces a higher cervical cancer burden than anywhere else in the world. Besides HPV infection, definitive factors of cervical cancer are still unclear. Particular states of the cervicovaginal microbiota and viral infections are associated with increased cervical cancer risk. Notably, HIV infection, which is prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa, greatly increases risk of cervicovaginal dysbiosis and cervical cancer. To better understand and address cervical cancer in sub-Saharan Africa, a better knowledge of the regional cervicovaginal microbiome is required This review establishes current knowledge of HPV, HIV, cervicovaginal infections, and the cervicovaginal microbiota in sub-Saharan Africa. Because ...


Lack Of Cd8+ T-Cell Co-Localization With Kaposi’S Sarcoma- Associated Herpesvirus Infected Cells In Kaposi’S Sarcoma Tumors, Salum J. Lidenge, For Yue Tso, Owen Ngalamika, Jaydeep Kolape, John R. Ngowi, Julius Mwaiselage, Charles Wood, John T. West 2020 University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Ocean Road Cancer Institute, & Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences

Lack Of Cd8+ T-Cell Co-Localization With Kaposi’S Sarcoma- Associated Herpesvirus Infected Cells In Kaposi’S Sarcoma Tumors, Salum J. Lidenge, For Yue Tso, Owen Ngalamika, Jaydeep Kolape, John R. Ngowi, Julius Mwaiselage, Charles Wood, John T. West

Virology Papers

Despite the close association between Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS) and immune dysfunction, it remains unclear whether tumor infiltrating immune cells (TIIC), by their absence, presence, or dysfunction, are mechanistically correlated with KS pathogenesis. Therefore, their potential capacity to serve as prognostic biomarkers of KS disease progression or control is unclear. Because epidemic-KS (EpKS) occurs with HIV-1 co-infection, it is particularly important to compare TIIC between EpKS and HIV-negative African endemic-KS (EnKS) to dissect the roles of HIV-1 and Kaposi Sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) in KS pathogenesis. This cross-sectional study of 13 advanced KS (4 EnKS, 9 EpKS) patients and 3 healthy ...


Analysis Of Student Perceptions Of Just-In-Time Teaching Pedagogy In Pharmd Microbiology And Immunology Courses, Charitha Madiraju, Eglis Tellez-Corrales, Henry Hua, Jozef Stec, Andromeda M. Nauli, Deborah M. Brown 2020 Marshall B. Ketchum University

Analysis Of Student Perceptions Of Just-In-Time Teaching Pedagogy In Pharmd Microbiology And Immunology Courses, Charitha Madiraju, Eglis Tellez-Corrales, Henry Hua, Jozef Stec, Andromeda M. Nauli, Deborah M. Brown

Virology Papers

Just-In-Time Teaching (JiTT) active learning pedagogy is utilized by various disciplines, but its value in a professional pharmacy curriculum has not yet been demonstrated. The purpose of our research study is to implement and evaluate JiTT in a Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) program. The impetus in implementing JiTT into a PharmD curriculum was to provide students with an out-of-classroom learning opportunity to enhance knowledge-based skills. The current study summarizes the implementation of JiTT in four distinct instances: two iterations of the required courses “Integrated Microbiology and Virology” (Fall 2016 and Fall 2017) and “Integrated Immunology” (Winter 2016–2017 and Winter ...


Mycoplasma Co-Infection Is Associated With Cervical Cancer Risk, Cameron Klein, Kandali Samwel, Crispin Kahesa, Julius Mwaiselage, John T. West, Charles Wood, Peter C. Angeletti 2020 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Mycoplasma Co-Infection Is Associated With Cervical Cancer Risk, Cameron Klein, Kandali Samwel, Crispin Kahesa, Julius Mwaiselage, John T. West, Charles Wood, Peter C. Angeletti

Virology Papers

Tanzania faces one of the highest cervical cancer burdens in the world. Recent work has suggested that the bacterial family Mycoplasmataceae is associated with higher levels of human papillomavirus (HPV), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and pre-cancerous cervical lesions. Mycoplasmataceae infection in Tanzania is not well understood, especially when considering the differences between sexually transmitted species of Mycoplasmataceae. To establish the prevalence of common Mycoplasmataceae cervical infections and evaluate their relationship with risk factors for cervical cancer, 1160 Tanzanian women responded to an epidemiological questionnaire and were tested for HIV, HPV, cervical lesions, Mycoplasma genitalium, Mycoplasma hominis, Ureaplasma spp., and Lactobacillus ...


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