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Prenatal, Perinatal And Postnatal Risk Factors Associated With Autism Spectrum Disorder In Palestine: A Case-Control Study, Mustafa Ghanim, Mariam Al-Tell, Samaa Staiti, Maha Rabayaa, Johnny Amer, Malik Alqub, Sameeha Atout, Nihad Al-Othman, Marwa Ismail 2024 Department of biomedical sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine

Prenatal, Perinatal And Postnatal Risk Factors Associated With Autism Spectrum Disorder In Palestine: A Case-Control Study, Mustafa Ghanim, Mariam Al-Tell, Samaa Staiti, Maha Rabayaa, Johnny Amer, Malik Alqub, Sameeha Atout, Nihad Al-Othman, Marwa Ismail

An-Najah University Journal for Research - B (Humanities)

Background: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a multifactorial neurodevelopment disorder. Several prenatal, perinatal, and postnatal factors are suggested as risk factors for ASD. This study aimed to correlate prenatal, perinatal, and postnatal factors in a limited number of ASD cases in Palestine. Methods: A case-control study involved 120 children (60 typically diagnosed with ASD and 60 healthy matched with the ASD group). The parents of the children in both groups were asked to fill out the questionnaire. Results: The study showed a higher male-to-female ratio in the ASD group. A family history of ASD was reported in 38.3% of the …


I-Prf : A Smart Cell Scaffold, Dr.LOCHINI SURIYA 2024 Roseman University of Health Sciences

I-Prf : A Smart Cell Scaffold, Dr.Lochini Suriya

Annual Research Symposium

In regenerative dentistry, platelet rich plasma (PRP) has been used as a supra-physiological concentration of autologous growth factors capable of encouraging tissue regeneration. Despite this, there have been concerns raised about the use of anticoagulants, which are known to impair wound healing. In this work, a liquid formulation of platelet rich fibrin (PRF) called injectable-PRF (I-PRF) was studied without the need of anti-coagulants .


Can Mirna Be The Missing Link Between Parkinson’S Disease And Pesticides?, fatma gobba 2024 American University in Cairo

Can Mirna Be The Missing Link Between Parkinson’S Disease And Pesticides?, Fatma Gobba

Theses and Dissertations

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative condition that leads to significant morbidity and a decline in the quality of life. It develops as a consequence of the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta. Nevertheless, the development of PD is influenced by environmental factors, and the intricate nature of these relationships is further complicated by a multitude of factors, including the genetic backgrounds that are specific to populations and variations in environmental exposures, such as pesticides. Pesticides, consisting of a diverse family of chemicals commonly used in both agricultural and household settings to protect crops against …


Stable, Neuron-Specific Gene Expression In The Mouse Brain, Osama Ahmed, Kingsley M. Ekumi, Francesco V. Nardi, Gulimiheranmu Maisumu, Khaled Moussawi, Eric D. Lazartigues, Bo Liang, Abraam M. Yakoub 2024 Brigham and Women's Hospital

Stable, Neuron-Specific Gene Expression In The Mouse Brain, Osama Ahmed, Kingsley M. Ekumi, Francesco V. Nardi, Gulimiheranmu Maisumu, Khaled Moussawi, Eric D. Lazartigues, Bo Liang, Abraam M. Yakoub

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Gene delivery to, and expression in, the mouse brain is important for understanding gene functions in brain development and disease, or testing gene therapies. Here, we describe an approach to express a transgene in the mouse brain in a cell-type-specific manner. We use stereotaxic injection of a transgene-expressing adeno-associated virus into the mouse brain via the intracerebroventricular route. We demonstrate stable and sustained expression of the transgene in neurons of adult mouse brain, using a reporter gene driven by a neuron-specific promoter. This approach represents a rapid, simple, and cost-effective method for global gene expression in the mouse brain, in …


Lung Cancer In Ever- And Never-Smokers: Findings From Multi-Population Gwas Studies, Yafang Li, Xiangjun Xiao, Jianrong Li, Younghun Han, Chao Cheng, Gail F. Fernandes, Shannon E. Slewitzke, Susan M. Rosenberg, Meng Zhu, Jinyoung Byun, Yohan Bossé, James D. McKay, Demetrios Albanes, Stephan Lam, Adonina Tardon, Chu Chen, Stig E. Bojesen, Maria T. Landi, Mattias Johansson, Angela Risch, Heike Bickeböller, H-Erich Wichmann, David C. Christiani, Gad Rennert, Susanne M. Arnold, Gary E. Goodman, John K. Field, Diptasri Mandal, et al 2024 Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX

Lung Cancer In Ever- And Never-Smokers: Findings From Multi-Population Gwas Studies, Yafang Li, Xiangjun Xiao, Jianrong Li, Younghun Han, Chao Cheng, Gail F. Fernandes, Shannon E. Slewitzke, Susan M. Rosenberg, Meng Zhu, Jinyoung Byun, Yohan Bossé, James D. Mckay, Demetrios Albanes, Stephan Lam, Adonina Tardon, Chu Chen, Stig E. Bojesen, Maria T. Landi, Mattias Johansson, Angela Risch, Heike Bickeböller, H-Erich Wichmann, David C. Christiani, Gad Rennert, Susanne M. Arnold, Gary E. Goodman, John K. Field, Diptasri Mandal, Et Al

School of Graduate Studies Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Clinical, molecular, and genetic epidemiology studies displayed remarkable differences between ever- and never-smoking lung cancer. METHODS: We conducted a stratified multi-population (European, East Asian, and African descent) association study on 44,823 ever-smokers and 20,074 never-smokers to identify novel variants that were missed in the non-stratified analysis. Functional analysis including eQTL colocalization and DNA damage assays, and annotation studies were conducted to evaluate the functional roles of the variants. We further evaluated the impact of smoking quantity on lung cancer risk for the variants associated with ever-smoking lung cancer. RESULTS: Five novel independent loci, GABRA4, inter-genic region 12q24.33, LRRC4C, LINC01088, …


Fused In Sarcoma Regulates Glutamate Signaling And Oxidative Stress Response, Chiong-Hee Wong, Abu Rahat, Howard C Chang 2024 MacKay Memorial Hospital, Taiwan

Fused In Sarcoma Regulates Glutamate Signaling And Oxidative Stress Response, Chiong-Hee Wong, Abu Rahat, Howard C Chang

Rowan-Virtua School of Osteopathic Medicine Faculty Scholarship

Mutations in fused in sarcoma (fust-1) are linked to ALS. However, how these ALS causative mutations alter physiological processes and lead to the onset of ALS remains largely unknown. By obtaining humanized fust-1 ALS mutations via CRISPR-CAS9, we generated a C. elegans ALS model. Homozygous fust-1 ALS mutant and fust-1 deletion animals are viable in C. elegans. This allows us to better characterize the molecular mechanisms of fust-1-dependent responses. We found FUST-1 plays a role in regulating superoxide dismutase, glutamate signaling, and oxidative stress. FUST-1 suppresses SOD-1 and VGLUT/EAT-4 in the nervous system. FUST-1 also regulates synaptic AMPA-type glutamate receptor …


Purification And Biochemical Characterization Of The Dna Binding Domain Of The Nitrogenase Transcriptional Activator Nifa From Gluconacetobacter Diazotrophicus, Heidi G. Standke, Lois Kim, Cedric P. Owens 2023 Chapman University

Purification And Biochemical Characterization Of The Dna Binding Domain Of The Nitrogenase Transcriptional Activator Nifa From Gluconacetobacter Diazotrophicus, Heidi G. Standke, Lois Kim, Cedric P. Owens

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

NifA is a σ54 activator that turns on bacterial nitrogen fixation under reducing conditions and when fixed cellular nitrogen levels are low. The redox sensing mechanism in NifA is poorly understood. In α- and β-proteobacteria, redox sensing involves two pairs of Cys residues within and immediately following the protein’s central AAA+ domain. In this work, we examine if an additional Cys pair that is part of a C(X)5 C motif and located immediately upstream of the DNA binding domain of NifA from the α-proteobacterium Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus (Gd) is involved in redox sensing. We hypothesize that the …


Extracellular Trna-Derived Rnas As Emerging Activators Of Endosomal Toll-Like Receptors: A Narrative Review, Justin Gumas, Yohei Kirino 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Extracellular Trna-Derived Rnas As Emerging Activators Of Endosomal Toll-Like Receptors: A Narrative Review, Justin Gumas, Yohei Kirino

Computational Medicine Center Faculty Papers

Background and Objective: The innate immune system deploys various pattern-recognition receptors (PRRs), including Toll-like receptors (TLRs), to detect the invasion of pathogens and initiate protective responses. TLR7 and TLR8 are located within the endosome of immune cells and are activated by single-stranded RNAs (ssRNAs). In addition to foreign ssRNAs from bacteria and viruses, endogenous self-ssRNAs, such as microRNAs (miRNAs), have been shown to activate TLR7 and TLR8, but such endogenous ssRNA ligands have not yet been fully elucidated. This scientific knowledge gap is partly derived from the technical limitations of standard RNA-seq, particularly its inability to capture non-miRNA-short non-coding RNAs …


Investigating The Role Of Endothelial Breast Cancer Susceptibility Gene 2 In Doxorubicin-Induced Cardiotoxicity, Berk U. Rasheed 2023 Western University

Investigating The Role Of Endothelial Breast Cancer Susceptibility Gene 2 In Doxorubicin-Induced Cardiotoxicity, Berk U. Rasheed

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Doxorubicin (Dox) is a chemotherapeutic drug used to treat various malignancies including breast and ovarian cancers. Accumulating evidence implicates cardiac impairments associated with Dox treatment. The Breast Cancer Susceptibility Gene 2 (BRCA2) functions to maintain genome-wide stability by promoting DNA-damage repair. Accordingly, cardiomyocyte damage is specifically regulated by contributors of DNA damage repair such as BRCA2. The endothelium, the innermost cells of every blood vessel, act to protect our tissues from noxious elements, however, recent evidence suggests that BRCA2 knockdown compromises endothelial cell function. A putative role of endothelial BRCA2 during Dox-induced cardiotoxicity (DIC) remains unknown. We hypothesized that endothelial-specific …


Incubation With Porcine Urinary Bladder Matrix Yields A Late-Stage Wound Transcriptome In Endothelial Cells And Keratinocytes Isolated From Both Diabetic And Non-Diabetic Subjects, John T. Paige, Daniel J. Lightell, Hunter F. Douglas, Natasha C. Klingenberg, Thaidan Pham, T. Cooper Woods 2023 LSU Health Sciences Center - New Orleans

Incubation With Porcine Urinary Bladder Matrix Yields A Late-Stage Wound Transcriptome In Endothelial Cells And Keratinocytes Isolated From Both Diabetic And Non-Diabetic Subjects, John T. Paige, Daniel J. Lightell, Hunter F. Douglas, Natasha C. Klingenberg, Thaidan Pham, T. Cooper Woods

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Proper wound closure requires the functional coordination of endothelial cells (ECs) and keratinocytes. In the late stages of wound healing, keratinocytes become activated and ECs promote the maturation of nascent blood vessels. In diabetes mellitus, decreased keratinocyte activation and impaired angiogenic action of ECs delay wound healing. Porcine urinary bladder matrix (UBM) improves the rate of wound healing, but the effect of exposure to UBM under diabetic conditions remains unclear. We hypothesized that keratinocytes and ECs isolated from both diabetic and non-diabetic donors would exhibit a similar transcriptome representative of the later stages of wound healing following incubation with UBM. …


Sars-Cov-2 Next Generation Sequencing (Ngs) Data From Clinical Isolates From The East Texas Region Of The United States, Rob E. Carpenter, Vaibhav K. Tamrakar, Advanta Genetics 2023 University of Texas at Tyler

Sars-Cov-2 Next Generation Sequencing (Ngs) Data From Clinical Isolates From The East Texas Region Of The United States, Rob E. Carpenter, Vaibhav K. Tamrakar, Advanta Genetics

Human Resource Development Faculty Publications and Presentations

The SARS-CoV-2 virus has evolved throughout the pandemic and is likely to continue evolving into new variants. Some of these variants may affect functional properties, including infectivity, interactions with host immunity, and disease severity. And compromised vaccine efficacy is an emerging concern with every new viral variant. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) has emerged as the tool of choice for discovering new variants and understanding the transmission dynamics of SARS-CoV-2. Deciphering the SARS-CoV-2 genome has enabled epidemiological survivance and forecast of altered etiologically. Clinical presentations of the infection are influenced by comorbidities such as age, immune status, diabetes, and the infecting variant. …


Differential Degeneration Of Neurons In A Mouse Model Of Canavan Disease, Vibha Chauhan, Quy Nguyen, Jeremy Francis, Paola Leone 2023 Rowan University

Differential Degeneration Of Neurons In A Mouse Model Of Canavan Disease, Vibha Chauhan, Quy Nguyen, Jeremy Francis, Paola Leone

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Canavan disease (CD) is an inherited leukodystrophy caused by inactivating mutations to the glial enzyme aspartoacylase (ASPA). ASPA catabolizes neuronal N-acetylaspartate (NAA) into free acetate and aspartate and loss of this function results in the chronic elevation of non-catabolized NAA and the failure of developmental myelination. Elevated NAA is thought to cause damage to myelin and myelin-producing cells (oligodendrocytes, but the viability of neurons in CD is relatively unexplored. We compare here the progressive degeneration of neurons in two regions of the CD mouse brain, the thalamus and the cortex, distinguished by differing degrees of vacuolation, and show that the …


Utilizing Ultra-Performance Chromatography High-Resolution Mass Spectrometry To Investigate Fatty Acid Mediated Antibiotic Tolerance, Brittni Woodall 2023 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Utilizing Ultra-Performance Chromatography High-Resolution Mass Spectrometry To Investigate Fatty Acid Mediated Antibiotic Tolerance, Brittni Woodall

Doctoral Dissertations

The lipid membrane is the first component necessary to sustain life. To maintain homeostasis, segregate cellular machinery, provide protection from the environment, and reproduce, an organism must establish a boundary in which the processes can occur. Throughout the last two decades, research has propelled our knowledge of lipid membranes much beyond original hypotheses. Once thought of to be static and uniform, the understanding of the lipid membrane has evolved to encompass a structure that is responsive, unique, and intricately constructed by the organism itself. By chance or by choice, organisms adapt the lipid membrane according to the environment for which …


The Presence Of Childhood Obesity In Nebraska And The Physiological Repercussions Of The Disease, Madison R. Bezousek 2023 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The Presence Of Childhood Obesity In Nebraska And The Physiological Repercussions Of The Disease, Madison R. Bezousek

Honors Theses

Childhood Obesity can cause lifelong repercussions in children and adults. There has been stigma around the causes of obesity and its relation to lifestyle choices, without consideration of the genetic and syndromic causes. In this literature review the causes of obesity were investigated, along with the effect on the physiological systems and the enviornmental factors that are continuing the obesity epidemic. Preventing and treating lifestyle obesity is something that is seen to have the greatest effect on youth, especially with intergenerational obesity. Nebraska schools have implemented programs to encourage healthy living, and ongoing research is being implemented to reduce the …


The Genetic Determinants Of Recurrent Somatic Mutations In 43,693 Blood Genomes, Joshua S. Weinstock, Cecelia A. Laurie, Jai G. Broome, Kent D. Taylor, Xiuqing Guo, Alan R. Shuldiner, Jeffrey R. O'Connell, Ravi Duggirala, Joanne E. Curran, John Blangero 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

The Genetic Determinants Of Recurrent Somatic Mutations In 43,693 Blood Genomes, Joshua S. Weinstock, Cecelia A. Laurie, Jai G. Broome, Kent D. Taylor, Xiuqing Guo, Alan R. Shuldiner, Jeffrey R. O'Connell, Ravi Duggirala, Joanne E. Curran, John Blangero

School of Medicine Publications and Presentations

Nononcogenic somatic mutations are thought to be uncommon and inconsequential. To test this, we analyzed 43,693 National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute Trans-Omics for Precision Medicine blood whole genomes from 37 cohorts and identified 7131 non-missense somatic mutations that are recurrently mutated in at least 50 individuals. These recurrent non-missense somatic mutations (RNMSMs) are not clearly explained by other clonal phenomena such as clonal hematopoiesis. RNMSM prevalence increased with age, with an average 50-year-old having 27 RNMSMs. Inherited germline variation associated with RNMSM acquisition. These variants were found in genes involved in adaptive immune function, proinflammatory cytokine production, and lymphoid …


Meta-Narrative Review Of Possible Impacts Of Genetic Screening On Treatment Of Breast Cancer, Toqa Al Alawi, Sheza Khan, Ivey Knebel, Steven Luong, Vilma Sanchez, Kamilah Walker-Charles 2023 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

Meta-Narrative Review Of Possible Impacts Of Genetic Screening On Treatment Of Breast Cancer, Toqa Al Alawi, Sheza Khan, Ivey Knebel, Steven Luong, Vilma Sanchez, Kamilah Walker-Charles

Research Methods Poster Session 2023

Objective: To examine the impacts of genetic screening on the treatment of breast cancer, in relation to differences, outcomes and decisions in treatment plans or surgery in patients that performed genetic screening versus those that did not.

Background: Genetic screening technology has become commercially available, yet standard preventative care for breast cancer has no genetic screening involved. Genetic screening in breast cancer treatment is performed, but its usage is not standardized.

Methods: Findings were synthesized using the meta-narrative review style to examine articles retrieved from searches of digital databases PubMed and the M.D. Anderson Scholarly Library.

Discussion: Articles were selected …


Anterior And Posterior Tongue Regions And Taste Papillae: Distinct Roles And Regulatory Mechanisms With An Emphasis On Hedgehog Signaling And Antagonism., Archana Kumari, Charlotte M. Mistretta 2023 Rowan University

Anterior And Posterior Tongue Regions And Taste Papillae: Distinct Roles And Regulatory Mechanisms With An Emphasis On Hedgehog Signaling And Antagonism., Archana Kumari, Charlotte M. Mistretta

Rowan-Virtua School of Osteopathic Medicine Faculty Scholarship

Sensory receptors across the entire tongue are engaged during eating. However, the tongue has distinctive regions with taste (fungiform and circumvallate) and non-taste (filiform) organs that are composed of specialized epithelia, connective tissues, and innervation. The tissue regions and papillae are adapted in form and function for taste and somatosensation associated with eating. It follows that homeostasis and regeneration of distinctive papillae and taste buds with particular functional roles require tailored molecular pathways. Nonetheless, in the chemosensory field, generalizations are often made between mechanisms that regulate anterior tongue fungiform and posterior circumvallate taste papillae, without a clear distinction that highlights …


Parp1 Associates With R-Loops To Promote Their Resolution And Genome Stability, Natalie Laspata, Parminder Kaur, Sofiane Yacine Mersaoui, Daniela Muoio, Zhiyan Silvia Liu, Maxwell Henry Bannister, Hai Dang Nguyen, Caroline Curry, John M. Pascal, Guy G. Poirier, Hong Wang, Jean-Yves Masson, Elise Fouquerel 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Parp1 Associates With R-Loops To Promote Their Resolution And Genome Stability, Natalie Laspata, Parminder Kaur, Sofiane Yacine Mersaoui, Daniela Muoio, Zhiyan Silvia Liu, Maxwell Henry Bannister, Hai Dang Nguyen, Caroline Curry, John M. Pascal, Guy G. Poirier, Hong Wang, Jean-Yves Masson, Elise Fouquerel

Student Papers, Posters & Projects

PARP1 is a DNA-dependent ADP-Ribose transferase with ADP-ribosylation activity that is triggered by DNA breaks and non-B DNA structures to mediate their resolution. PARP1 was also recently identified as a component of the R-loop-associated protein-protein interaction network, suggesting a potential role for PARP1 in resolving this structure. R-loops are three-stranded nucleic acid structures that consist of a RNA-DNA hybrid and a displaced non-template DNA strand. R-loops are involved in crucial physiological processes but can also be a source of genome instability if persistently unresolved. In this study, we demonstrate that PARP1 binds R-loops in vitro and associates with R-loop formation …


Sperm Dna Integrity In Absolute Teratozoospermia Patients And Its Impact On Assisted Reproductive Technology Outcome, Dina Faris 2023 American University in Cairo

Sperm Dna Integrity In Absolute Teratozoospermia Patients And Its Impact On Assisted Reproductive Technology Outcome, Dina Faris

Theses and Dissertations

Sperm DNA Fragmentation (SDF) is a common cause of male infertility, although it is underdiagnosed due to lack of routine testing. High levels of SDF are reported in men with abnormal sperm morphology. However, the implications of such findings on live birth following Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) have not been studied in absolute teratozoospermia men (100% abnormal sperm morphology). In this prospective study, the severity of DNA damage was evaluated in absolute teratozoospermia patients and its impact on ICSI outcomes, particularly live birth rate. My study included 36 men with absolute teratozoospermia and 30 men with normal sperm. Real-time assessment …


Evaluation Of Genetic Alterations In Hereditary Cancer Susceptibility Genes In The Ashkenazi Jewish Women Community Of Mexico, Clara Estela Díaz-Velásquez, Rina Gitler, Adriana Antoniano, Ronny Kershenovich Sefchovich, Aldo Hugo De La Cruz-Montoya, Héctor Martínez-Gregorio, Ernesto Arturo Rojas-Jiménez, Ricardo Cortez Cardoso Penha, Luis Ignacio Terrazas, Talia Wegman-Ostrosky, Ephrat Levi-Lahad, Jovanny Zabaleta, Sandra Perdomo, Felipe Vaca-Paniagua 2023 Facultad de Estudios Superiores Iztacala

Evaluation Of Genetic Alterations In Hereditary Cancer Susceptibility Genes In The Ashkenazi Jewish Women Community Of Mexico, Clara Estela Díaz-Velásquez, Rina Gitler, Adriana Antoniano, Ronny Kershenovich Sefchovich, Aldo Hugo De La Cruz-Montoya, Héctor Martínez-Gregorio, Ernesto Arturo Rojas-Jiménez, Ricardo Cortez Cardoso Penha, Luis Ignacio Terrazas, Talia Wegman-Ostrosky, Ephrat Levi-Lahad, Jovanny Zabaleta, Sandra Perdomo, Felipe Vaca-Paniagua

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Background: Individuals of Ashkenazi Jewish ancestry have been identified as having higher prevalence of specific pathogenic variants associated with susceptibility to specific rare and chronic diseases. In Mexico, the prevalence and composition of rare cancer predisposing germline variants in Ashkenazi Jewish individuals has not been evaluated. Aim and methods: We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of pathogenic variants by massive parallel sequencing in a panel of 143 cancer-predisposing genes in 341 women from the Ashkenazi Jewish community of Mexico, who were contacted and invited to participate in the study through the ALMA Foundation for Cancer Reconstruction. Pre- and posttest genetic …


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