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Bacteriophages: Paving The Road For The Future Of Medicine, Luke Brinkerhoff 2022 Ouachita Baptist University

Bacteriophages: Paving The Road For The Future Of Medicine, Luke Brinkerhoff

Scholars Day Conference

Antibiotics will not be used forever by society due to antibiotic resistance. By the year 2050, it is predicted to have caused millions of casualties throughout the world. Thankfully, bacteriophages and phage therapy could be a potential solution to this problem.


Mendelian Randomization Supports Bidirectional Causality Between Telomere Length And Clonal Hematopoiesis Of Indeterminate Potential, Tetsushi Nakao, Alexander G. Bick, Margaret A. Taub, Seyedeh M. Zekavat, Md M. Uddin, Abhishek Niroula, Juan M. Peralta, Joanne E. Curran, John Blangero 2022 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Mendelian Randomization Supports Bidirectional Causality Between Telomere Length And Clonal Hematopoiesis Of Indeterminate Potential, Tetsushi Nakao, Alexander G. Bick, Margaret A. Taub, Seyedeh M. Zekavat, Md M. Uddin, Abhishek Niroula, Juan M. Peralta, Joanne E. Curran, John Blangero

School of Medicine Publications and Presentations

Human genetic studies support an inverse causal relationship between leukocyte telomere length (LTL) and coronary artery disease (CAD), but directionally mixed effects for LTL and diverse malignancies. Clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate potential (CHIP), characterized by expansion of hematopoietic cells bearing leukemogenic mutations, predisposes both hematologic malignancy and CAD. TERT (which encodes telomerase reverse transcriptase) is the most significantly associated germline locus for CHIP in genome-wide association studies. Here, we investigated the relationship between CHIP, LTL, and CAD in the Trans-Omics for Precision Medicine (TOPMed) program (n = 63,302) and UK Biobank (n = 47,080). Bidirectional Mendelian randomization studies were consistent ...


Determining The Genomic Localization And Binding Partners Of Zinc Finger Protein 410, Mariko Locke 2022 Liberty University

Determining The Genomic Localization And Binding Partners Of Zinc Finger Protein 410, Mariko Locke

Senior Honors Theses

The results of a folate deficiency study affecting cognition in mice suggested the altered genes may be controlled by a transcription factor known as Zinc Finger Protein 410 (Zfp410). Due to a lack of literature on Zfp410’s interacting proteins and DNA-binding location, our study aims to further elucidate the role Zfp410 plays in affecting cognition. A custom antibody was used to determine the Zfp410 isoforms present in mouse and rat brains. Moreover, the antibody was used to determine the binding partners of Zfp410 in the brain and locate specific genomic regions/sequences with which it associates in vivo. These ...


Vitamin C Reduces Igf-1 And Vegf Signaling In Retinal Endothelial Cells, Jonathon Reynolds 2022 Roseman University of Health Sciences

Vitamin C Reduces Igf-1 And Vegf Signaling In Retinal Endothelial Cells, Jonathon Reynolds

Annual Research Symposium

No abstract provided.


The Seventh International Rasopathies Symposium: Pathways To A Cure—Expanding Knowledge, Enhancing Research, And Therapeutic Discovery, Maria I. Kontaridis, Amy E. Roberts, Lisa Schill, Lisa Schoyer, Beth Stronach, Gregor Andelfinger, Yoko Aoki, Marni E. Axelrad, Annette Bakker, Alejandro Lopez-Juarez 2022 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

The Seventh International Rasopathies Symposium: Pathways To A Cure—Expanding Knowledge, Enhancing Research, And Therapeutic Discovery, Maria I. Kontaridis, Amy E. Roberts, Lisa Schill, Lisa Schoyer, Beth Stronach, Gregor Andelfinger, Yoko Aoki, Marni E. Axelrad, Annette Bakker, Alejandro Lopez-Juarez

Health and Biomedical Sciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

RASopathies are a group of genetic disorders that are caused by genes that affect the canonical Ras/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway. Despite tremendous progress in understanding the molecular consequences of these genetic anomalies, little movement has been made in translating these findings to the clinic. This year, the seventh International RASopathies Symposium focused on expanding the research knowledge that we have gained over the years to enhance new discoveries in the field, ones that we hope can lead to effective therapeutic treatments. Indeed, for the first time, research efforts are finally being translated to the clinic, with compassionate ...


Differential Microrna Expression In Glioblastoma As A Therapeutic Target Or Potential Biomarker, Drew Hines, Levi Marcum, Aubrey Strong, Ryan Wade 2022 Cedarville University

Differential Microrna Expression In Glioblastoma As A Therapeutic Target Or Potential Biomarker, Drew Hines, Levi Marcum, Aubrey Strong, Ryan Wade

Channels: Where Disciplines Meet

MicroRNA (miRNA) is an epigenetic factor that plays an important role in the post-transcriptional regulation of gene and protein expression. Recent research has shown that in many types of cancer, differentially expressed levels of certain types of miRNA are significantly correlated with the transformation of and ongoing issues caused by cancer cells. Specifically, in Glioblastoma, one of the most lethal and aggressive human cancers, differential levels of miRNAs contribute to the cell’s lack of pro-apoptotic gene presence and its high resistance to current treatments. Results from current studies could provide information about which microRNAs are differentially expressed in glioblastoma ...


Gene Electrotransfer Of Fgf2 Enhances Collagen Scaffold Biocompatibility, Carly Boye, Kyle Cristensen, Kamal Asadipour, Scott DeClemente, Michael Francis, Anna Bulysheva 2022 Old Dominion University

Gene Electrotransfer Of Fgf2 Enhances Collagen Scaffold Biocompatibility, Carly Boye, Kyle Cristensen, Kamal Asadipour, Scott Declemente, Michael Francis, Anna Bulysheva

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Tendon injuries are a common athletic injury that have been increasing in prevalence. While there are current clinical treatments for tendon injuries, they have relatively long recovery times and often do not restore native function of the tendon. In the current study, gene electrotransfer (GET) parameters for delivery to the skin were optimized with monophasic and biphasic pulses with reporter and effector genes towards optimizing underlying tendon healing. Tissue twitching and damage, as well as gene expression and distribution were evaluated. Bioprinted collagen scaffolds, mimicking healthy tendon structure were then implanted subcutaneously for biocompatibility and angiogenesis analyses when combined with ...


Reduction Of Plasmid Vector Backbone Length Enhances Reporter Gene Expression, Carly Boye, Sezgi Arpag, Michael Francis, Scott DeClemente, Aislin West, Richard Heller, Anna Bulysheva 2022 Old Dominion University

Reduction Of Plasmid Vector Backbone Length Enhances Reporter Gene Expression, Carly Boye, Sezgi Arpag, Michael Francis, Scott Declemente, Aislin West, Richard Heller, Anna Bulysheva

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Gene therapy has a wide range of applications for various types of pathologies. Viral methods of gene delivery provide high levels of gene expression but have various safety concerns. Non-viral methods are largely known to provide lower levels of expression. We aim to address this issue by using plasmid DNA with smaller backbones to increase gene expression levels when delivered using non-viral methods. In this study we compare gene expression levels between two vectors with firefly luciferase encoding gene insert using liposome complexes and gene electrotransfer as delivery methods. A 2-fold reduction in plasmid vector backbone size, disproportionately enhanced gene ...


A Family With Neuropathies And An Mfn2 Variant, Leah Miller 2022 University of Vermont

A Family With Neuropathies And An Mfn2 Variant, Leah Miller

Larner College of Medicine Fourth Year Advanced Integration Teaching/Scholarly Projects

BACKGROUND: The axonal subtype of Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT2A) is commonly caused by dominant mutations in MFN2, which encodes a protein involved in mitochondrial dynamics and axonal transport. Over 100 variants in MFN2 are reportedly pathogenic. MFN2 dysfunction yields heterogenous neuropathies which can include optic atrophy, dysautonomia and diaphragmatic/airway dysfunction.

CASE REPORT: A 52-year-old man presented with a 10-year history of burning forefoot dysthesias and orthostasis. His examination revealed reduced sensation to light touch and pinprick distally with preserved strength and reflexes. NCS/EMG demonstrated mild, symmetric axonal polyneuropathy. Autonomic testing revealed orthostatic tachycardia and postganglionic sudomotor dysfunction. Laboratory evaluation for ...


How Opportune Is Multigene Testing In Metastatic Colorectal Cancer? A Review, Cristina Orlov-Slavu, Andreea Parosanu, Mihaela Olaru, Dragos Serban, Ioana Paunica, Cornelia Nitipir 2021 CAROL DAVILA UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE AND PHARMACY, FACULTY OF GENERAL MEDICINE, DEPARTMENT OF ONCOLOGY, BUCHAREST, ROMANIA

How Opportune Is Multigene Testing In Metastatic Colorectal Cancer? A Review, Cristina Orlov-Slavu, Andreea Parosanu, Mihaela Olaru, Dragos Serban, Ioana Paunica, Cornelia Nitipir

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Personalized treatment in oncology is the most innovative method of care. The best method to establish personalized treatment is by genetic characterization of the malignant cell.

Theoretically, the more detailed the characterization, the more effective the choice of treatment becomes. Currently, there are fast and relatively low-cost options that allow such genetic characterization. However, test results sometimes do not detect targetable alterations and, even if they do detect, the use of the treatment-alteration combination does not always generate a satisfactory oncological response.

The present paper aims to answer two questions. First, how targetable can the most common gene alterations in ...


The Onset Of Exercise-Associated Hyponatremia And Individual Differences In Inappropriate Arginine Vasopressin Excretion: A Review Of Proposed Mechanisms, Michelle Stehman, Stephen A. Maris 2021 Springfield College

The Onset Of Exercise-Associated Hyponatremia And Individual Differences In Inappropriate Arginine Vasopressin Excretion: A Review Of Proposed Mechanisms, Michelle Stehman, Stephen A. Maris

Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology

Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology Volume 2: Issue 1, Article 10, 2021. Exercise-associated hyponatremia (EAH) has been reported to develop during endurance events such as triathlons and marathons. As these events become more popular, the incidence of developing EAH also increases. The development of EAH is commonly associated with the overconsumption of hypotonic fluids such as water and tends to be more prevalent in females. There is also evidence to suggest the inappropriate secretion of arginine vasopressin (AVP) leading to water retention may predispose an individual for developing EAH, especially when coupled with the overconsumption of fluids. Recent research ...


Whole Genome Sequence Analysis Of Platelet Traits In The Nhlbi Trans-Omics For Precision Medicine Initiative, Amarise Little, Yao Hu, Quan Sun, Deepti Jain, Jai G. Broome, Ming-Huei Chen, Florian Thibord, Caitlin McHugh, John Blangero, Joanne E. Curran 2021 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Whole Genome Sequence Analysis Of Platelet Traits In The Nhlbi Trans-Omics For Precision Medicine Initiative, Amarise Little, Yao Hu, Quan Sun, Deepti Jain, Jai G. Broome, Ming-Huei Chen, Florian Thibord, Caitlin Mchugh, John Blangero, Joanne E. Curran

School of Medicine Publications and Presentations

Platelets play a key role in thrombosis and hemostasis. Platelet count (PLT) and mean platelet volume (MPV) are highly heritable quantitative traits, with hundreds of genetic signals previously identified, mostly in European ancestry populations. We here utilize whole genome sequencing from NHLBI's Trans-Omics for Precision Medicine Initiative (TOPMed) in a large multi-ethnic sample to further explore common and rare variation contributing to PLT (n = 61 200) and MPV (n = 23 485). We identified and replicated secondary signals at MPL (rs532784633) and PECAM1 (rs73345162), both more common in African ancestry populations. We also observed rare variation in Mendelian platelet related ...


Investigating Gene-Environment Interaction In A Double-Hit Model For Autism Spectrum Disorder, Melvin Maroon 2021 Western University

Investigating Gene-Environment Interaction In A Double-Hit Model For Autism Spectrum Disorder, Melvin Maroon

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

With the exponential advancements seen in the field of sequencing technology, the science community has come to identify hundreds of potential genetic risk factors for neuropsychiatric disorders. Despite our knowledge that such risk factors exist, we have yet to understand their specific influences on the behavioral profile of an individual. In addition, maternal infection during pregnancy can have longstanding detrimental outcomes on a child’s development. This is especially impactful with the present threat of viral infection during the pandemic. Our study aims to understand the influence of a specific genetic and environmental factor on a preclinical rodent model’s ...


Mayer Rokitansky Kuster Hauser Syndrome: A Case Of Mullerian Agenesis, Anu Baby, Simi Kurian, Rani Jose 2021 Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust ,United Kingdom.

Mayer Rokitansky Kuster Hauser Syndrome: A Case Of Mullerian Agenesis, Anu Baby, Simi Kurian, Rani Jose

Manipal Journal of Nursing and Health Sciences

Developmental anomalies of the Mullerian duct are one of the fascinating congenital disorders encountered in which Mayer Rokitansky Kuster Hauser syndrome (MRKH) is one of the wide variety of malformations. The most common presentation in MRKH syndrome is primary amenorrhea with normal development of secondary sexual characteristics and normal female karyotype (46, XX). The ovaries and fallopian tubes are usually functional, but the uterus and upper two-third vagina are either underdeveloped or absent. MRKH syndrome can either be an isolated utero-vaginal aplasia (Type I) or associated with extragenital anomalies (Type II). A case of Type I MRKH syndrome is reported ...


Genome Sequencing Unveils A Regulatory Landscape Of Platelet Reactivity, Ali R. Keramati, Ming-Huei Chen, Lisa R. Yanek, Arunoday Bhan, John Blangero, Benjamin A. T. Rodriguez, Joanne E. Curran, Michael Mahaney, Harald HH Goring, Ravi Duggirala 2021 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Genome Sequencing Unveils A Regulatory Landscape Of Platelet Reactivity, Ali R. Keramati, Ming-Huei Chen, Lisa R. Yanek, Arunoday Bhan, John Blangero, Benjamin A. T. Rodriguez, Joanne E. Curran, Michael Mahaney, Harald Hh Goring, Ravi Duggirala

School of Medicine Publications and Presentations

Platelet aggregation at the site of atherosclerotic vascular injury is the underlying pathophysiology of myocardial infarction and stroke. To build upon prior GWAS, here we report on 16 loci identified through a whole genome sequencing (WGS) approach in 3,855 NHLBI Trans-Omics for Precision Medicine (TOPMed) participants deeply phenotyped for platelet aggregation. We identify the RGS18 locus, which encodes a myeloerythroid lineage-specific regulator of G-protein signaling that co-localizes with expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) signatures for RGS18 expression in platelets. Gene-based approaches implicate the SVEP1 gene, a known contributor of coronary artery disease risk. Sentinel variants at RGS18 and PEAR1 ...


The Effects Of Mapk Signaling On The Development Of Cerebellar Granule Cells, Kerry Morgan 2021 University of Connecticut

The Effects Of Mapk Signaling On The Development Of Cerebellar Granule Cells, Kerry Morgan

Honors Scholar Theses

The granule cells are the most abundant neuronal type in the human brain. Rapid proliferation of granule cell progenitors results in dramatic expansion and folding of the cerebellar cortex during postnatal development. Mis-regulation of this proliferation process causes medulloblastoma, the most prevalent childhood brain tumor. In the developing cerebellum, granule cells are derived from Atoh1-expressing cells, which arise from the upper rhombic lip (the interface between the roof plate and neuroepithelium). In addition to granule cells, the Atoh1 lineage also gives rise to different types of neurons including cerebellar nuclei neurons. In the current study, I have investigated the ...


Replication Protein A (Rpa) Targeting Of Uracil Dna Glycosylase (Ung2), Derek Chen, Brian P Weiser 2021 Rowan University

Replication Protein A (Rpa) Targeting Of Uracil Dna Glycosylase (Ung2), Derek Chen, Brian P Weiser

Stratford Campus Research Day

Replication Protein A (RPA) is a single stranded DNA binding protein which stabilizes ssDNA for replication and repair. One function of RPA is to bind the DNA repair enzyme uracil DNA glycosylase (UNG2) and direct its activity towards ssDNA dsDNA junctions.

UNG2 removes uracil bases from DNA which can appear through dUMP misincorporation or through cytosine deamination. If uracil is present instead of a cytosine, then the original GC pair becomes a GU pair. The uracil will then base pair to adenine in the replicated daughter strand. This results in a GC → AT mutation that could contribute to cancer formation ...


Muc13 Enhances Colorectal Cancer Metastasis, Kyle Doxtater 2021 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Muc13 Enhances Colorectal Cancer Metastasis, Kyle Doxtater

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most prevalent cancer worldwide with a 5% lifetime incidence in developed countries. It is third most common cause of cancer related death in the United States and the second deadliest when men and women are combined. Encouragingly due to changes in dietary lifestyle, screening colonoscopy, and advancement in treatments the mortality has decreased in recent years. Most sporadic CRCs develop from polyploid adenomas and are preceded by intramucosal carcinomas (stage 0), which can progress into more malignant forms. This developmental process is known as the adenoma-carcinoma sequence. Early detection and endoscopic removal are ...


Genetic Correlates In Patients With Philadelphia Chromosome-Positive Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Treated With Hyper-Cvad/Hyper-Cmad Plus Dasatinib Or Hyper-Cvad Plus Ponatinib, Yuya Sasaki MD, PhD, Hagop M. Kantarjian MD, Nicholas J. Short MD, Farhad Ravandi MD, Marina Konopleva MD, PhD, Guillermo Garcia-Manero MD, P. Andrew Futreal PhD, Feng Wang, Koichi Takahashi MD, PhD, Elias Jabbour MD 2021 University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

Genetic Correlates In Patients With Philadelphia Chromosome-Positive Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Treated With Hyper-Cvad/Hyper-Cmad Plus Dasatinib Or Hyper-Cvad Plus Ponatinib, Yuya Sasaki Md, Phd, Hagop M. Kantarjian Md, Nicholas J. Short Md, Farhad Ravandi Md, Marina Konopleva Md, Phd, Guillermo Garcia-Manero Md, P. Andrew Futreal Phd, Feng Wang, Koichi Takahashi Md, Phd, Elias Jabbour Md

2021 Education Week Posters

Department of Leukemia Research

Department of Leukemia

Department of Genomic Medicine


Ciliary Extracellular Vesicles Are Distinct From The Cytosolic Extracellular Vesicles, Ashraf M. Mohieldin, Rajasekharreddy Pala, Richard Beuttler, James J. Moresco, John R. Yates III, Surya M. Nauli 2021 Chapman University

Ciliary Extracellular Vesicles Are Distinct From The Cytosolic Extracellular Vesicles, Ashraf M. Mohieldin, Rajasekharreddy Pala, Richard Beuttler, James J. Moresco, John R. Yates Iii, Surya M. Nauli

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are cell‐derived membrane vesicles that are released into the extracellular space. EVs encapsulate key proteins and mediate intercellular signalling pathways. Recently, primary cilia have been shown to release EVs under fluid‐shear flow, but many proteins encapsulated in these vesicles have never been identified. Primary cilia are ubiquitous mechanosensory organelles that protrude from the apical surface of almost all human cells. Primary cilia also serve as compartments for signalling pathways, and their defects have been associated with a wide range of human genetic diseases called ciliopathies. To better understand the mechanism of ciliopathies, it is imperative ...


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