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Strength-Based Physiological Profiles Of Ncaa Division I Women’S Basketball And Gymnastics Athletes: Implications For Injury Risk Assessment, Curtis Cazier 2017 Utah State University

Strength-Based Physiological Profiles Of Ncaa Division I Women’S Basketball And Gymnastics Athletes: Implications For Injury Risk Assessment, Curtis Cazier

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

The purpose of this study was to provide a comprehensive strength-based physiological profile of women’s collegiate basketball and gymnastic athletes; and to make sport-specific comparisons for various isokinetic and maximal and rapid isometric strength characteristics of the knee flexor and extensor muscles. A focus on antagonist muscle balance (hamstrings to quadriceps ratios, H:Q) will help elucidate particular vulnerabilities in these at-risk female athletes. Fourteen Division I collegiate level women’s basketball and 13 women’s gymnastics athletes performed isokinetic and isometric strength testing of the knee extensors and flexors. Outcome measures included absolute and body mass normalized (relative ...


New Paradigms In The Treatment Of Acute Complicated And Uncomplicated Type B Aortic Dissection, Eric S. Weiss 2017 Aurora St. Luke's Medical Center, Aurora Health Care

New Paradigms In The Treatment Of Acute Complicated And Uncomplicated Type B Aortic Dissection, Eric S. Weiss

Eric Weiss, MD, MPH

The treatment of acute type B aortic dissection is a rapidly evolving field, due in a large part to the advent of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). This review will summarize the current literature on the management of both complicated and uncomplicated type B dissections, with special attention paid to emerging evidence supporting earlier aggressive treatment.


Changes In Dietary Patterns And Body Composition Within 12 Months Of Liver Transplantation, McCoy Simone, Katrina Campbell, Annie-Claude Lassemillante, Matthew P. Wallen, Jonathan Fawcett, Maree Jarrett, Graeme A. Macdonald, Ingrid J. Hickman 2017 Princess Alexandra Hospital Brisbane

Changes In Dietary Patterns And Body Composition Within 12 Months Of Liver Transplantation, Mccoy Simone, Katrina Campbell, Annie-Claude Lassemillante, Matthew P. Wallen, Jonathan Fawcett, Maree Jarrett, Graeme A. Macdonald, Ingrid J. Hickman

Katrina Campbell

Background:

Cardiometabolic risk factors are increasing in liver transplant recipients (LTR). Influencing dietary factors have not been assessed. The aim of this observational study was to assess changes in weight, metabolic function, dietary intake and eating behaviours in the first year after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT).

Methods:

Consecutive recruitment of 17 patients (14 males) awaiting OLT at a single tertiary hospital. Dietary intake, food behaviours and anthropometry were recorded at baseline, and 6 and 12 months post-transplant.

Results:

By 12 months, patients had gained on average 7.3% of body weight. The prevalence of overweight or obesity increased from baseline ...


Controlling The Controls, Arianna T. Schabauer 2017 University of Wyoming

Controlling The Controls, Arianna T. Schabauer

Honors Theses AY 16/17

Research provides the basis for scientific discovery and advancements in all areas of science. The process of discovery involves countless repetitions of the identical experiment in order to make a claim about the topic in question. In order to properly conduct an experiment that is similar or the same to one already executed, all of the variables must be perfectly controlled. In experiments discussed in this presentation, living conditions involving rats are the variables to control. Some of the variables include lighting, exercise, water intake, and diet.

A current problem facing research is the way diets are being reported in ...


Thoughts On Similarities Between Artists And Scientists And The Benefits Of Studying Visual Art In The Healthcare Field, Logan Weihe 2017 Murray State University

Thoughts On Similarities Between Artists And Scientists And The Benefits Of Studying Visual Art In The Healthcare Field, Logan Weihe

Honors College Theses

This study assesses the many ways that artists and scientists have similar methods of abstract thinking, intuitive and experimental processes and societal impacts. The exploration of intersections between art and science led to research on how their combination may provide a more fulfilling educational experience for medical students. Furthermore, the use of visuals in healthcare, often created by medical illustrators, ties into the inspiration for my senior art exhibition, “Beloved Microcosm” demonstrating my synthesis of visual art and biological study.


Increased Density Of Axonal Spheroids In The Nucleus Gracilis Of The Lower Brainstem In Diabetic Versus Non-Diabetic Patients, Tiffany Morrison, MSIV, Lawrence C. Kenyon, MD, PhD 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

Increased Density Of Axonal Spheroids In The Nucleus Gracilis Of The Lower Brainstem In Diabetic Versus Non-Diabetic Patients, Tiffany Morrison, Msiv, Lawrence C. Kenyon, Md, Phd

Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology Posters

Abstract

The presence of axonal spheroids is unusual in the absence of a clinical history of CNS injury. Nevertheless, increased numbers of axonal spheroids in the lower brainstem have been consistently observed in autopsied diabetic patients. A prospective comprehensive investigation of the density, size, and distribution of axonal spheroids in the brainstem and spinal cord was undertaken in 22 patients and correlated with comorbidities, age, and gender. In most cases, an increased density of axonal spheroids was identified within the nucleus gracilis of the lower brainstem. Moreover, the highest densities (p = 0.013) and circumferences (p = 0.002) of axonal ...


A Comparative Analysis Of The Paris System And Institutional Reporting System For Urine Cytology In Upper Tract Urothelial Specimens, Kim Hookim, MD, James P. Casey, MD, Rossitza Draganova-Tacheva, MD, Marluce Bibbo, MD, Charalambos C. Solomides, MD 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

A Comparative Analysis Of The Paris System And Institutional Reporting System For Urine Cytology In Upper Tract Urothelial Specimens, Kim Hookim, Md, James P. Casey, Md, Rossitza Draganova-Tacheva, Md, Marluce Bibbo, Md, Charalambos C. Solomides, Md

Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology Posters

The authors of this abstract have no conflicts of interest

Introduction

Cytology is integral in the assessment of urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC). However, upper urinary tract (UUT) specimens are cytologically challenging due to limited tissue and reactive atypia. At our institution UUT biopsies are processed as cell blocks (CB). We compared our institution’s reporting system (IRS) with the recently proposed Paris System for Reporting Urine Cytology (PRS) (Table 1) in UUT specimens and correlated the findings with CB and follow-up resections.


Oriented Clonal Cell Dynamics Enables Accurate Growth And Shaping Of Vertebrate Cartilage., Marketa Kaucka, Tomas Zikmund, Marketa Tesarova, Daniel Gyllborg, Andreas Hellander, Josef Jaros, Jozef Kaiser, Julian Petersen, Bara Szarowska, Phillip T. Newton, Vyacheslav Dyachuk, Lei Li, Hong Qian, Anne-Sofie Johansson, Yuji Mishina, Joshua D. Currie, Elly M. Tanaka, Alek Erickson, A T. Dudley, Hjalmar Brismar, Paul Southam, Enrico Coen, Min Chen, Lee S. Weinstein, Ales Hampl, Ernest Arenas, Andrei S. Chagin, Kaj Fried, Igor Adameyko 2017 Karolinska Institute

Oriented Clonal Cell Dynamics Enables Accurate Growth And Shaping Of Vertebrate Cartilage., Marketa Kaucka, Tomas Zikmund, Marketa Tesarova, Daniel Gyllborg, Andreas Hellander, Josef Jaros, Jozef Kaiser, Julian Petersen, Bara Szarowska, Phillip T. Newton, Vyacheslav Dyachuk, Lei Li, Hong Qian, Anne-Sofie Johansson, Yuji Mishina, Joshua D. Currie, Elly M. Tanaka, Alek Erickson, A T. Dudley, Hjalmar Brismar, Paul Southam, Enrico Coen, Min Chen, Lee S. Weinstein, Ales Hampl, Ernest Arenas, Andrei S. Chagin, Kaj Fried, Igor Adameyko

Journal Articles: Genetics, Cell Biology & Anatomy

Cartilaginous structures are at the core of embryo growth and shaping before the bone forms. Here we report a novel principle of vertebrate cartilage growth that is based on introducing transversally-oriented clones into pre-existing cartilage. This mechanism of growth uncouples the lateral expansion of curved cartilaginous sheets from the control of cartilage thickness, a process which might be the evolutionary mechanism underlying adaptations of facial shape. In rod-shaped cartilage structures (Meckel, ribs and skeletal elements in developing limbs), the transverse integration of clonal columns determines the well-defined diameter and resulting rod-like morphology. We were able to alter cartilage shape by ...


Amidated Dopamine Neuron Stimulating Peptides For Cns Dopaminergic Upregulation, Luke H. Bradley, Don M. Gash, Greg A. Gerhardt 2017 University of Kentucky

Amidated Dopamine Neuron Stimulating Peptides For Cns Dopaminergic Upregulation, Luke H. Bradley, Don M. Gash, Greg A. Gerhardt

Neuroscience Faculty Patents

The present invention relates to novel proteins, referred to herein as amidated glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) peptides (or "Amidated Dopamine Neuron Stimulating peptides (ADNS peptides)"), that are useful for treating brain diseases and injuries that result in dopaminergic deficiencies.


Changes In Dietary Patterns And Body Composition Within 12 Months Of Liver Transplantation, McCoy Simone, Katrina Campbell, Annie-Claude Lassemillante, Matthew P. Wallen, Jonathan Fawcett, Maree Jarrett, Graeme A. Macdonald, Ingrid J. Hickman 2017 Princess Alexandra Hospital Brisbane

Changes In Dietary Patterns And Body Composition Within 12 Months Of Liver Transplantation, Mccoy Simone, Katrina Campbell, Annie-Claude Lassemillante, Matthew P. Wallen, Jonathan Fawcett, Maree Jarrett, Graeme A. Macdonald, Ingrid J. Hickman

Faculty of Health Sciences & Medicine Publications

Background:

Cardiometabolic risk factors are increasing in liver transplant recipients (LTR). Influencing dietary factors have not been assessed. The aim of this observational study was to assess changes in weight, metabolic function, dietary intake and eating behaviours in the first year after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT).

Methods:

Consecutive recruitment of 17 patients (14 males) awaiting OLT at a single tertiary hospital. Dietary intake, food behaviours and anthropometry were recorded at baseline, and 6 and 12 months post-transplant.

Results:

By 12 months, patients had gained on average 7.3% of body weight. The prevalence of overweight or obesity increased from baseline ...


The Reliability Of The Navicular Drop Test And Its Transferability To Dynamic Movement, Joshua Krispin 2017 Georgia Southern University

The Reliability Of The Navicular Drop Test And Its Transferability To Dynamic Movement, Joshua Krispin

Electronic Theses & Dissertations

Background: Navicular drop can be defined as the distance the navicular tuberosity moves from a standing weight bearing to a standing neutral position, as the subtalar joint moves from a relaxed position to a neutral position. Navicular drop is an important measurement for clinicians used to describe foot function, pronation, and excessive movement seen in several pathologies. Objective: The purpose of this study is to see if navicular drop is influenced by mode or speed of locomotion, if it is will there be other influences such as the forefoot and heel soft tissue, and will those factors influence those measures ...


Calcium Uptake Hotspots In The Mitochondria Of Cardiac Muscle At The Interface With Dyadic Sr, Sergio De La Fuente, Celia Fernandez-Sanz, Caitlin Vail, Elorm J. Agra, Kira Holmstrom, Junhui Sun, Jyotsna Mishra, Toren Finkel, Elizabeth Murphy, Suresh K. Joseph, Shey-Shing Sheu, György Csordás 2016 Thomas Jefferson University

Calcium Uptake Hotspots In The Mitochondria Of Cardiac Muscle At The Interface With Dyadic Sr, Sergio De La Fuente, Celia Fernandez-Sanz, Caitlin Vail, Elorm J. Agra, Kira Holmstrom, Junhui Sun, Jyotsna Mishra, Toren Finkel, Elizabeth Murphy, Suresh K. Joseph, Shey-Shing Sheu, György Csordás

Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology Posters

Introduction

• Control of the mitochondrial ATP production by SR-derived Ca2+ signals includes local, nanodomain Ca2+ transfer from ryanodine receptors (RyR2) to the mitochondrial matrix (excitation-bioenergetics coupling).

• Ca2+ crosses the inner mitochondrial membrane (IMM) via the mtCU, a low-affinity Ca2+-activated Ca2+ channel complex.

• The surface area of cardiac IMM is extensively enhanced by cristae folding; however, mitoplast patch clamp studies showed mtCU current density the lowest amongst a range of tissues (Fieni 2012. Nat Commun).


Activated Clotting Time (Act): Comparison Of The Hemochron Signature Elite And The Abbott I-Stat, Lilah Evans, Susanne Gallo, Joseph J. Leo, Barbara Goldsmith, PhD, FACB 2016 Thomas Jefferson University Hospitals, Philadelphia, PA, USA

Activated Clotting Time (Act): Comparison Of The Hemochron Signature Elite And The Abbott I-Stat, Lilah Evans, Susanne Gallo, Joseph J. Leo, Barbara Goldsmith, Phd, Facb

Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology Posters

BACKGROUND

ACT is commonly used for heparin anticoagulation monitoring during procedures including cardiopulmonary bypass surgery, coronary angioplasty, and interventional radiology. To prevent thrombosis, moderate to high levels of heparin anticoagulation are required. The Hemochron Signature Elite (HSE, Accriva Diagnostics, formerly ITC, San Diego, CA) was implemented at TJUH as a replacement for the older model Hemochron Response (Accriva/ITC Model HRS.110, San Diego, CA). Operating room (OR) perfusionists reported irreproducible high results using HSE that could not be explained clinically. In consideration of use of i-STAT analyzers (Abbott Point of Care, Princeton, NJ) as an alternative to HSE, we ...


Performance Of Creatinine And Chloride On The Epoc Analyzer, Lilah Evans, Susanne Gallo, Stacey K. Mardekian, Barbara Goldsmith, PhD, FACB 2016 Thomas Jefferson University Hospitals, Philadelphia, PA, USA

Performance Of Creatinine And Chloride On The Epoc Analyzer, Lilah Evans, Susanne Gallo, Stacey K. Mardekian, Barbara Goldsmith, Phd, Facb

Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology Posters

BACKGROUND

The epoc Blood Analysis System (Alere, Orlando, FL) performs blood gases, electrolytes, and metabolites using a Blood Gas Electrolyte and Metabolite (BGEM) Test Card panel on 92 uL of whole blood. The BGEM test card uses potentiometric sensors to measure sodium, potassium, ionized calcium, pH, pCO2; amperometric sensors to measure pO2, glucose, and lactate; and a conductometric sensor to measure hematocrit. Results are available in 3-10 minutes, depending upon the time between calibration and patient testing. TJUH implemented the epoc in its ICUs in 2012 to provide Point of Care (POC) results. Alere recently added creatinine and chloride sensors ...


Amidated Dopamine Neuron Stimulating Peptide Restoration Of Mitochondrial Activity, Luke H. Bradley, Don M. Gash, Greg A. Gerhardt 2016 University of Kentucky

Amidated Dopamine Neuron Stimulating Peptide Restoration Of Mitochondrial Activity, Luke H. Bradley, Don M. Gash, Greg A. Gerhardt

Neuroscience Faculty Patents

The present invention relates to the use of novel proteins, referred to herein as amidated glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) peptides (or “Amidated Dopamine Neuron Stimulating peptides (ADNS peptides)”), for treating brain diseases and injuries that result in dopaminergic deficiencies and mitochodrial dysfunction, e.g., reduced complex I enzyme activity.


Exome-Based Variant Detection In Core Promoters., Yeong C. Kim, Jian Cui, Jiangtao Luo, Fengxia Xiao, Bradley Downs, San Ming Wang 2016 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Exome-Based Variant Detection In Core Promoters., Yeong C. Kim, Jian Cui, Jiangtao Luo, Fengxia Xiao, Bradley Downs, San Ming Wang

Journal Articles: Genetics, Cell Biology & Anatomy

Core promoter controls the initiation of transcription. Core promoter sequence change can disrupt transcriptional regulation, lead to impairment of gene expression and ultimately diseases. Therefore, comprehensive characterization of core promoters is essential to understand normal and abnormal gene expression in biomedical studies. Here we report the development of EVDC (Exome-based Variant Detection in Core promoters) method for genome-scale analysis of core-promoter sequence variation. This method is based on the fact that exome sequences contain the sequences not only from coding exons but also from non-coding region including core promoters generated by random fragmentation in exome sequencing process. Using exome data ...


Oligodendrocyte Ablation As A Tool To Study Demyelinating Diseases, Ahdeah Pajoohesh-Ganji, Robert H. Miller 2016 George Washington University

Oligodendrocyte Ablation As A Tool To Study Demyelinating Diseases, Ahdeah Pajoohesh-Ganji, Robert H. Miller

Anatomy and Regenerative Biology Faculty Publications

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune mediated neurodegenerative disease characterized by demyelination and oligodendrocyte (OL) loss in the central nervous system and accompanied by local inflammation and infiltration of peripheral immune cells. Although many risk factors and symptoms have been identified in MS, the pathology is complicated and the cause remains unknown. It is also unclear whether OL apoptosis precedes the inflammation or whether the local inflammation is the cause of OL death and demyelination. This review briefly discusses several models that have been developed to specifically ablate oligodendrocytes in an effort to separate the effects of demyelination from inflammation.


Fair Weight Loss After Gastric Rebanding For Slippage, Ahmed Dalmar, Maharaj Singh, Sara K. Roloff, Thomas Y. Chua 2016 Aurora Research Institute, Aurora Health Care

Fair Weight Loss After Gastric Rebanding For Slippage, Ahmed Dalmar, Maharaj Singh, Sara K. Roloff, Thomas Y. Chua

Maharaj Singh

Background: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is one of the most common bariatric surgery procedures performed in the United States. LAGB results in safe and satisfactory weight loss, but it is often complicated with slippage, a complication requiring rebanding (reoperation). There is a paucity of studies and no uniform consensus regarding weight loss after rebanding.

Purpose: This study assessed the effect of rebanding for slippage after LAGB on weight loss up to five years.

Methods: This is a historical cohort study of 865 patients who underwent LAGB from 2001 to 2011. Rebanding was performed in 103 (11.9%) patients. Primary ...


Inside Exploration, Reagan E. Long 2016 College Scholars Program

Inside Exploration, Reagan E. Long

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Use Of Propensity Score Matching To Identify A Strong Association Between Strategic Concentration To Mitochondria-Sr Associations Of The Mitochondrial Ca2+ Uniporter: Ca2+ Uptake Hotspots In The Cardiac Mitochondria, Sergio De La Fuente, Caitlin Vail, Elorm J. Agra, Kira Holmstrom, Junhui Sun, Jyotsna Mishra, Toren Kinkel, Elizabeth Murphy, Suresh K. Joseph, Shey-Shing Shen, György Csordás 2016 MitoCare Center, Pathology, Anatomy & Cell Biology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA

Use Of Propensity Score Matching To Identify A Strong Association Between Strategic Concentration To Mitochondria-Sr Associations Of The Mitochondrial Ca2+ Uniporter: Ca2+ Uptake Hotspots In The Cardiac Mitochondria, Sergio De La Fuente, Caitlin Vail, Elorm J. Agra, Kira Holmstrom, Junhui Sun, Jyotsna Mishra, Toren Kinkel, Elizabeth Murphy, Suresh K. Joseph, Shey-Shing Shen, György Csordás

Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology Posters

Introduction:

  • Control of the mitochondrial ATP production by SR-derived Ca2+ signals includes local, nanodomain Ca2+ transfer from ryanodine receptors (RyR2) to the mitochondrial matrix (excitation-bioenergetics coupling).
  • Ca2+ crosses the inner mitochondrial membrane (IMM) via the mtCU, a low-affinity Ca2+-activated Ca2+ channel complex.
  • The surface area of cardiac IMM is extensively enhanced by cristae folding; however, mitoplast patch clamp studies showed mtCU current density the lowest amongst a range of tissues (Fieni 2012. Nat Commun).


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