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Genome Research And Traditional Intellectual Property Protection -- A Bad Fit?, Kate H. Murashige 2016 University of New Hampshire

Genome Research And Traditional Intellectual Property Protection -- A Bad Fit?, Kate H. Murashige

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Dr. Murashige addresses the need for a patent system more closely tailored to the needs of biotechnology. For example, the obviousness requirement may interfere with using patents to recoup high costs of work when it could arguably be done by researchers of ordinary skill.


Overview Of Potential Intellectual Property Protection For Biotechnology, Kate H. Murashige 2016 University of New Hampshire

Overview Of Potential Intellectual Property Protection For Biotechnology, Kate H. Murashige

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Dr. Murashige compares the function and value of copyright, patent and trade secret laws in recovering investments in developing genome-related biotechnology.


Book Review, Gianna Julian-Arnold 2016 University of New Hampshire

Book Review, Gianna Julian-Arnold

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Review of the following: BIOMEDICAL POLITICS. (Kathi E. Hanna, ed., National Academy Press 1991) [352 pp.] Preface and acknowledgements, Carl W. Gottschalk, Chair, Institute of Medicine Committee to Study Biomedical Decision Making. Appendices, biographical notes on authors and commentators, index, notes, references. LC 91- 18394, ISBN 0-309-04486-3. [Cloth $29.95. Export $36.00. 2101 Constitution Ave., NW, Washington DC 20418.]


Old Remedies In The Biotechnology Age: Moore V. Regents, Michelle J. Burke, Victoria M. Schmidt 2016 University of New Hampshire

Old Remedies In The Biotechnology Age: Moore V. Regents, Michelle J. Burke, Victoria M. Schmidt

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

The California Supreme Court, by excluding a potential remedy, has eliminated many concerns generated by a lower court decision resolving rights to the cell line derived from John Moore's spleen. Yet, the Supreme Court gave little attention to remedies that remain. The authors argue that a constructive trust, a remedy of considerable vintage and great flexibility, could be applied to achieve a just result in such circumstances without affecting the biotechnology world at large.


Cardiomems™ In Lvad Patients: A Case Series, Maya Guglin, Bennet George, Sarah Branam, Amanda Hart 2016 Gill Heart Institute, University of Kentucky

Cardiomems™ In Lvad Patients: A Case Series, Maya Guglin, Bennet George, Sarah Branam, Amanda Hart

The VAD Journal

Patients with a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) commonly encounter issues with volume status post-implant. Volume overload can result from incomplete compensation of left ventricular failure or from right ventricular failure. The CardioMEMS™ intracardiac hemodynamic monitoring device is an area of growing interest regarding the management of chronic congestive heart failure, however, its utility has not been serially investigated in patients with an LVAD. We present a case series of patients with ventricular assist devices care for at our institution in which the CardioMEMS™ device aided in the management of volume status and pump performance.


Rnai Nanotechnology: A Platform For Sirna Screening And Cancer Gene Therapy, Mayurbhai Ravikant Patel 2016 Seton Hall University

Rnai Nanotechnology: A Platform For Sirna Screening And Cancer Gene Therapy, Mayurbhai Ravikant Patel

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Over the past two decades, advances in RNA structural biology have improved our understanding of the structures and folding properties of naturally occurring RNAs. RNA sequences and structures participate in many specific biological functions, such as those performed by messenger RNA (mRNA), ribosomal RNA (rRNA), transfer RNA (tRNA), micro RNA (miRNA), short-interfering RNA (siRNA), small nuclear RNA (snRNA) and many others. The noncoding RNAs, such as siRNA, do not express proteins but have been utilized in a wide range of applications, including RNA interference (RNAi) and the regulation of mRNA expression. These important biological functions have been implemented in gene ...


Cartilage Engineering: Optimization Of Media For Chondrogenic Differentiation In Vitro, Evan Surma, Sherry L. Harbin, Hongji Zhang, Stacy Halum 2016 Purdue University

Cartilage Engineering: Optimization Of Media For Chondrogenic Differentiation In Vitro, Evan Surma, Sherry L. Harbin, Hongji Zhang, Stacy Halum

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Lower back pain from intervertebral disc injury affects around 84% of the population at some point in their life, which at its worst may cause total immobilization. This pain can only be temporarily relieved by spinal fusion or intervertebral disc replacement; however, both of these cause loss of natural motion in patients by removing damaged fibrocartilage discs. While these techniques help mitigate pain briefly, no permanent solution exists currently to both relieve pain and preserve natural motion. My work may be a solution by eventually providing patient-specific implants that resemble native tissue in the regeneration process that could be absorbed ...


Preparation Of Myod Mrna For The Differentiation Of Stem Cells Into Muscle Cells, Stephanie A. Ye 2016 The University of Southern Mississippi

Preparation Of Myod Mrna For The Differentiation Of Stem Cells Into Muscle Cells, Stephanie A. Ye

Honors Theses

Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are characterized by their two special properties: pluripotency and self-renewal. Pluripotency is the ability of ESCs to differentiate into any cell type upon expression of specific proteins called transcription factors. In order to induce differentiation, transcription factors specific for the particular cell type have to be introduced and expressed in the ESCs. The introduction of transcription factors can be achieved by using either DNA, RNA, or protein. According to the Central Dogma of Molecular Biology, DNA is first transcribed into messenger RNA (mRNA), which is then translated to make a functional protein molecule. Among the available ...


Review Of "The Human Embryonic Stem Cell Debate: Science, Ethics, And Public Policy (Basic Bioethics)," Edited By Suzanne Holland, Karen Lebacqz, And Laurie Zoloth, James Steele 2016 FranklinPierce Law Center

Review Of "The Human Embryonic Stem Cell Debate: Science, Ethics, And Public Policy (Basic Bioethics)," Edited By Suzanne Holland, Karen Lebacqz, And Laurie Zoloth, James Steele

University of New Hampshire Law Review

[Excerpt] "Perhaps like others, I started The Human Embryonic Stem Cell Debate not knowing many of the finer points of embryonic stem cell research, but I certainly had an opinion. This issue is far more complex than I had initially imagined. The editors do a commendable effort of compiling a sample of the innumerable arguments surrounding the debate."


Structure-Activity Relationships Governing The Interaction Of Nanoparticles With Mammalian Cells- Predictive Models For Toxicology And Medical Appliancesd, Marcus A. Maher 2016 Dublin Institute of Technology

Structure-Activity Relationships Governing The Interaction Of Nanoparticles With Mammalian Cells- Predictive Models For Toxicology And Medical Appliancesd, Marcus A. Maher

Doctoral

Nanoscience is seen as one of the key enabling technologies of the 20th century and as its range of applications increases it is important to look at how nanomaterials interact with biological environments. Some of these interactions have given rise to toxic effects and thus, the creation of the field of nanotoxicology, it has also been noted that current methods of evaluating toxicity may not be sufficient to keep up with the rapidly emerging range of nanomaterials becoming available. It is clear that alternatives are necessary. In this thesis, a phenomenological rate equation model is constructed to simulate nanoparticle uptake ...


Modeling The Structural Consequences Of Best1 Missense Mutations, Karina Guziewicz, Gustavo Aguirre, Barbara Zangerl 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Modeling The Structural Consequences Of Best1 Missense Mutations, Karina Guziewicz, Gustavo Aguirre, Barbara Zangerl

Gustavo D. Aguirre, VMD, PhD

Mutations in the bestrophin-1 gene (BEST1) are an important cause of inherited retinal disorders. Hitherto, over 100 unique allelic variants have been linked to the human BEST1 (hBEST1), and associated with disease phenotypes, broadly termed as bestrophinopathies. A spontaneous animal model recapitulating BEST1-related phenotypes, canine multifocal retinopathy (cmr), is caused by mutations in the canine gene ortholog (cBEST1). We have recently characterized molecular consequences of cmr, demonstrating defective protein trafficking as a result of G161D (cmr2) mutation. To further investigate the pathological effects of BEST1 missense mutations, canine and human peptide fragments derived from the protein sequence have been studied ...


Rpgrip1 And Cone-Rod Dystrophy In Dogs, Tatyana Kuznetsova, Barbara Zangerl, Gustavo Aguirre 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Rpgrip1 And Cone-Rod Dystrophy In Dogs, Tatyana Kuznetsova, Barbara Zangerl, Gustavo Aguirre

Gustavo D. Aguirre, VMD, PhD

Cone–rod dystrophies (crd) represent a group of progressive inherited blinding diseases characterized by primary dysfunction and loss of cone photoreceptors accompanying or preceding rod death. Recessive crd type 1 was described in dogs associated with an RPGRIP1 exon 2 mutation, but with lack of complete concordance between genotype and phenotype. This review highlights role of the RPGRIP1, a component of complex protein networks, and its function in the primary cilium, and discusses the potential mechanisms of genotype–phenotype discordance observed in dogs with the RPGRIP1 mutation.


Organometallic Rhenium Dyes For Nitric Oxide Detection And Imaging, Lissette I. Lozano-Lewis 2015 Florida International University

Organometallic Rhenium Dyes For Nitric Oxide Detection And Imaging, Lissette I. Lozano-Lewis

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The importance of sensing Nitric Oxide (NO) in physiology and medicine has led us to explore the reactivity of NO with organometallic Re dyes. Rhenium complexes were synthesized with the ability to react with NO and sense it under physiological conditions. Fluorescent 1,10-phenantroline complexes (phen)Re(PPh3)(CO)2OSO2CF3 (1) and (phen)Re(CH3CN)(CO)2OSO2CF3 (3) can sense NO in the range of 10 - 150 mM showing a decrease in fluorescence response at 514 nm and 532 nm respectively, upon NO-donor addition (lexc = 360 nm). (phen ...


Subclavian Vein Stenosis/Occlusion Following Transvenous Cardiac Pacemaker And Defibrillator Implantation: Incidence, Pathophysiology And Current Management, Brian O'Leary, Suhail Allaqaband 2015 Aurora Health Care

Subclavian Vein Stenosis/Occlusion Following Transvenous Cardiac Pacemaker And Defibrillator Implantation: Incidence, Pathophysiology And Current Management, Brian O'Leary, Suhail Allaqaband

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Subclavian vein stenosis is a common, but usually asymptomatic, complication following cardiac device placement. In addition to reviewing the literature on incidence, pathogenesis and management options for this important clinical problem, we describe two cases of symptomatic subclavian vein occlusion following pacemaker/defibrillator placement and successful treatment with venoplasty and stenting.


The B Subunit Of Escherichia Coli Heat-Labile Toxin Alters The Development And Antigen-Presenting Capacity Of Dendritic Cells, Jing Ji, Kristin Grifftiths, Peter Milburn, Timothy Hirst, Helen O'Neill 2015 Australian National University

The B Subunit Of Escherichia Coli Heat-Labile Toxin Alters The Development And Antigen-Presenting Capacity Of Dendritic Cells, Jing Ji, Kristin Grifftiths, Peter Milburn, Timothy Hirst, Helen O'Neill

Helen O'Neill

Escherichia coli's heat-labile enterotoxin (Etx) and its non-toxic B subunit (EtxB) have been characterized as adjuvants capable of enhancing T cell responses to co-administered antigen. Here, we investigate the direct effect of intravenously administered EtxB on the size of the dendritic and myeloid cell populations in spleen. EtxB treatment appears to enhance the development and turnover of dendritic and myeloid cells from precursors within the spleen. EtxB treatment also gives a dendritic cell (DC) population with higher viability and lower activation status based on the reduced expression of MHC-II, CD80 and CD86. In this respect, the in vivo effect ...


Biodegradable Nano-Hybrid Polymer Composite Networks For Regulating Cellular Behavior, Charles Henley Sprague 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Biodegradable Nano-Hybrid Polymer Composite Networks For Regulating Cellular Behavior, Charles Henley Sprague

Masters Theses

Photo-crosslinkable polymeric biomaterials have emerged in the field of biomedical research to promote tissue regeneration. For example, scaffolds that can be crosslinked and hardened in situ have been known to make suitable implant alternatives. Since injectable and photo-crosslinkable biomaterials offer the advantage of being minimally invasive, they have emerged to compete with autografts, a current highly invasive method to repair diseased tissue. A series of novel photo-crosslinkable, injectable, and biodegradable nano-hybrid polymers consisting of poly(ε-caprolactone fumarate) (PCLF) and polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) has been synthesized in our laboratory via polycondensation. To engineer the material properties of the nano-hybrid networks ...


Thimerosal Induces Apoptosis In A Neuroblastoma Model Via The Cjun N-Terminal Kinase Pathway, Michelle Herdman, Aileen Marcello, Ying Huang, Richard Niles, Sanjit Dhar, Kinsley Kinningham 2015 Marshall University

Thimerosal Induces Apoptosis In A Neuroblastoma Model Via The Cjun N-Terminal Kinase Pathway, Michelle Herdman, Aileen Marcello, Ying Huang, Richard Niles, Sanjit Dhar, Kinsley Kinningham

Richard M Niles

The cJun N-terminal kinase (JNK)-signaling pathway is activated in response to a variety of stimuli, including environmental insults, and has been implicated in neuronal apoptosis. In this study, we investigated the role that the JNK pathway plays in neurotoxicity caused by thimerosal, an ethylmercury-containing preservative. SK-N-SH cells treated with thimerosal (0-10 microM) showed an increase in the phosphorylated (active) form of JNK and cJun with 5 and 10 microM thimerosal treatment at 2 and 4 h. To examine activator protein-1 (AP-1) transcription, cells were transfected with a pGL2 vector containing four AP-1 consensus sequences and then treated with thimerosal ...


Advanced Problem Solving In The Biotherapeutics Industry: Parameters Influencing The Delivery Of A Novel Cell Therapy Product And Exploration Of A New Method For Determining Activity Of Clostridium Histolyticum Collagenase, A Wound Debridement Enzyme, Melanie A. Harris B.S. 2015 University of North Texas Health Science Center at Fort Worth

Advanced Problem Solving In The Biotherapeutics Industry: Parameters Influencing The Delivery Of A Novel Cell Therapy Product And Exploration Of A New Method For Determining Activity Of Clostridium Histolyticum Collagenase, A Wound Debridement Enzyme, Melanie A. Harris B.S.

Theses and Dissertations

Biotechnology is a multi-faceted industry with many unique challenges that require knowledge in a broad range of topics. When working in the wound care field it is necessary to not only create a product in the laboratory, but also effectively bring it to the patient. This task requires many skilled people who can test it for efficacy, design and conduct clinical trials, confirm quality and consistency, design packaging, consider transportation issues and so on. The following investigation focuses on the testing of a cellular product and its accompanying device under various conditions as well as the exploration of a new ...


Design And Development Of Two Component Hydrogel Ejector For Three-Dimensional Cell Growth, Thomas Dunkle, Jessica Deschamps, Connie Dam 2015 University of Connecticut - Storrs

Design And Development Of Two Component Hydrogel Ejector For Three-Dimensional Cell Growth, Thomas Dunkle, Jessica Deschamps, Connie Dam

Honors Scholar Theses

Hydrogels are useful in wound healing, drug delivery, and tissue engineering applications, but the available methods of injecting them quickly and noninvasively are limited. The medical industry does not yet have access to an all-purpose device that can quickly synthesize hydrogels of different shapes and sizes. Many synthesis procedures that have been developed result in the formation of amorphous hydrogels. While generally useful, amorphous hydrogels exhibit limited capability in tissue engineering applications, especially due to their viscous properties. This endeavor aims to modulate the appropriate gelation parameters, optimize the injection process, and create a prototype that allows for the extrusion ...


Src Homology 2 Domain-Containing 5’-Inositol Phosphatase-2 (Ship2) Is An Effector Of Lymphatic Dysfunction, Germaine D. Agollah 2015 The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston

Src Homology 2 Domain-Containing 5’-Inositol Phosphatase-2 (Ship2) Is An Effector Of Lymphatic Dysfunction, Germaine D. Agollah

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

The lymphatic system is essential for the transport of excess fluid, protein, and foreign materials from interstitial tissues to lymph nodes; for immune surveillance, and to maintain fluid homeostasis. Dysregulated lymphatics can be attributed to pathological conditions including tumor metastasis, inflammation, chronic wounds, obesity, blood vascular disorders, and lymphedema. Of these, lymphedema is the most extreme of lymphatic disorders and is represented by a spectrum of symptoms ranging from mild, subtle presentation to severe, disfiguring, overt presentation. Lymphedema is more manageable in the early stages of disease but severely reduces quality of life with progression. Due to lack of molecular ...


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