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Sleep-Wake Disturbances In Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: Meta Analysis Of Literature And Modeling Of Cerebral Tissue Vulnerability, XiangFu Zhang, Subhendra Sarkar, Mary A. Browne 2020 CUNY New York City College of Technology

Sleep-Wake Disturbances In Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: Meta Analysis Of Literature And Modeling Of Cerebral Tissue Vulnerability, Xiangfu Zhang, Subhendra Sarkar, Mary A. Browne

Publications and Research

Sleep disturbance is a frequent complaint for patients with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), it can prolong recovery, and the oxidative stress from lack of sleep could worsen other secondary damages of mTBI. The common types of sleep disturbance of mTBI include insomnia, daytime sleepiness, and obstructive sleep apnea. Conventional imaging often fails to detect any abnormalities in mTBI, and the etiology of sleep disturbance is still unclear. Based on the analysis of current published neurobiological and imaging literature, multiple factors could play a role leading to sleep disturbance in mTBI, however, we have focused on the diencephalon, melatonin and ...


Molecular Mechanisms Of Manganese Porphyrin Compounds In The Prevention Of Radiation-Induced Fibrosis, Shashank Shrishrimal 2020 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Molecular Mechanisms Of Manganese Porphyrin Compounds In The Prevention Of Radiation-Induced Fibrosis, Shashank Shrishrimal

Theses & Dissertations

Radiation therapy is frequently used as a treatment strategy for prostate cancer patients, which leads to several side effects due to damage to health tissue around the tumor and the development of radiation-induced fibrosis (RIF). Manganese (III) meso-tetrakis (N-ethylpyridinium-2-yl) porphyrin (MnTE-2-PyP or T2E or BMX-010) and other similar manganese porphyrin compounds that scavenge superoxide molecules have been demonstrated to be effective radioprotectors and prevent the development of RIF. However, understanding of the radioprotective molecular pathway associated with these compounds remains limited. Recent RNA-sequencing data from our laboratory revealed that MnTE-2-PyP treatment may activate the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 ...


Alternative Polyadenylation Modulates Expression Of Pro-Fibrotic Proteins And Contributes To Lung Fibrosis, Junsuk Ko 2020 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences

Alternative Polyadenylation Modulates Expression Of Pro-Fibrotic Proteins And Contributes To Lung Fibrosis, Junsuk Ko

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic lung disease which affects about 5 to 8 million individuals in the world. Despite the high prevalence, there is currently no cure for IPF, and the cause of this disease is still unclear. Our laboratory and collaborators have shown that nudix hydrolase 21 (NUDT21, which is also known as cleavage factor 25, CFIm25) is a key regulator of alternative polyadenylation (APA). NUDT21 depletion causes 3’UTR shortening via APA leading to enhanced mRNA stability and protein translation. This NUDT21 reduction promotes tumor growth in glioblastoma by enhancing expression of oncogenes. Cancer and IPF ...


Effects Of Nicotinamide Riboside And Beta-Hydroxybutyrate On C. Elegans Lifespan, Jeffery Peters 2020 East Tennessee State University

Effects Of Nicotinamide Riboside And Beta-Hydroxybutyrate On C. Elegans Lifespan, Jeffery Peters

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The nicotinamide riboside (NR) form of vitamin B3and the ketone body ß-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) are two of the most promising natural compounds yet identified for the treatment of aging and aging-related diseases. Forms of vitamin B3are precursors for the synthesis of the coenzymes nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(H)) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP(H)). In aged cells levels of NAD+decline, decreasing metabolism and decreasing activity of protective sirtuin protein deacetylases. In aged cells NR, but not more common forms of vitamin B3, boost NAD+levels. BHB is naturally produced by the body when individuals fast ...


Small Extracellular Vesicles Modulated By Αvβ3 Integrin Induce Neuroendocrine Differentiation In Recipient Cancer Cells, Fabio Quaglia, Shiv Ram Krishn, George G. Daaboul, Srawasti Sarker, Raffaella Pippad, Josep Domingo-Domenech, Gaurav Kumar, Paolo Fortina, Peter McCuee, William K. Kelly, Himisha Beltran, Qin Liu, Lucia R. Languinoa 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Small Extracellular Vesicles Modulated By Αvβ3 Integrin Induce Neuroendocrine Differentiation In Recipient Cancer Cells, Fabio Quaglia, Shiv Ram Krishn, George G. Daaboul, Srawasti Sarker, Raffaella Pippad, Josep Domingo-Domenech, Gaurav Kumar, Paolo Fortina, Peter Mccuee, William K. Kelly, Himisha Beltran, Qin Liu, Lucia R. Languinoa

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Papers

The ability of small extracellular vesicles (sEVs) to reprogram cancer cells is well established. However, the specific sEV components able to mediate aberrant effects in cancer cells have not been characterized. Integrins are major players in mediating sEV functions. We have previously reported that the αVβ3 integrin is detected in sEVs of prostate cancer (PαVβ3rCa) cells and transferred into recipient cells. Here, we investigate whether sEVs from -expressing cells affect tumour growth differently than sEVs from control cells that do not express αVβ3. We compared the ability of sEVs to stimulate tumour growth, using sEVs isolated from PrCa C4-2B cells ...


Potential Role Of The Large Protein Titin In The Development Of Heart Failure, Mary M. Prickett 2020 University of South Carolina

Potential Role Of The Large Protein Titin In The Development Of Heart Failure, Mary M. Prickett

Senior Theses

I will be exploring the impact of the large protein Titin on heart failure with a preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). It was hypothesized that myocardial Titin plays a significant role in the progression of HFpEF through isoform, N2BA and N2B, changes. It was hypothesized that an increase in the quantity of N2B Titin, less compliant, and a decrease in N2BA Titin, more compliant, will be observed as HF progresses, contributing to an increase in passive stiffness involved in heart contraction. I will cover a detailed report on the role of Titin in HFpEF and propose research methods to explore further.


Identification Of The Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus (Kshv) Surface Glycoprotein Targets Of Human Kshv-Specific Neutralizing Antibody Responses, Yasaman Mortazavi 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Identification Of The Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus (Kshv) Surface Glycoprotein Targets Of Human Kshv-Specific Neutralizing Antibody Responses, Yasaman Mortazavi

Dissertations and Theses in Biological Sciences

Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV), also known as human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8), is the etiological agent of Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS), and is also associated with two B cell malignancies, primary effusion lymphoma and multicentric Castleman's disease. The distribution of KSHV varies globally with high prevalence in some areas of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where seroprevalence can be as high as 80%. It is estimated that nearly 44,000 new cases of KS emerge annually globally, with the highest incidents occurring in Africa, where KSHV is endemic. Currently, there is no prophylactic vaccine against KSHV, and efforts to develop prophylactic ...


Oral Contraceptives As Possible Acl Injury Prevention Method, Haley Schweizer 2020 Arcadia University

Oral Contraceptives As Possible Acl Injury Prevention Method, Haley Schweizer

Capstone Showcase

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) injuries are an upsetting setback for many athletes that require a long and costly recovery process. The injury rates are four times greater in women than men. Preventative measures that help to prevent ACL injuries are limited to stretching and strengthening. Therefore, this review aims to investigate if oral contraceptive [I] usage provides a possible new avenue for prevention of ACL injury [O] in young female athletes (ages 18-30) [P] compared to those that do not take oral contraceptives [C].

Methods: A literature review was performed though PubMed, Google Scholar, SCOPUS Database, and ClinicalKey ...


Mechanistic And Functional Shades Of Mucins And Associated Glycans In Colon Cancer, Ramesh Pothuraju, Shiv Ram Krishn, Shailendra K. Gautam, Priya Pai, Koelina Ganguly, Sanjib Chaudhary, Satyanarayana Rachagani, Sukhwinder Kaur, Surinder K. Batra 2020 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Mechanistic And Functional Shades Of Mucins And Associated Glycans In Colon Cancer, Ramesh Pothuraju, Shiv Ram Krishn, Shailendra K. Gautam, Priya Pai, Koelina Ganguly, Sanjib Chaudhary, Satyanarayana Rachagani, Sukhwinder Kaur, Surinder K. Batra

Journal Articles: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology

Mucus serves as the chief protective barrier against pathogenic and mechanical insults in respiratory, gastrointestinal, and urogenital tracts. Altered mucin expression, the major component of mucus, in conjunction with differential glycosylation has been strongly associated with both benign and malignant pathologies of colon. Mucins and their associated glycans arbitrate their impact sterically as well as mechanically by altering molecular and microbial spectrum during pathogenesis. Mucin expression in normal and pathological conditions is regulated by nonspecific (dietary factors and gut microbiota) and specific (epigenetic and transcriptional) modulators. Further, recent studies highlight the impact of altering mucin glycome (cancer-associated carbohydrate antigens including ...


Molecular Implications Of Muc5ac-Cd44 Axis In Colorectal Cancer Progression And Chemoresistance, Ramesh Pothuraju, Satyanarayana Rachagani, Shiv Ram Krishn, Sanjib Chaudhary, Rama Krishna Nimmakayala, Jawed A. Siddiqui, Koelina Ganguly, Imayavaramban Lakshmanan, Jesse L. Cox, Kavita Mallya, Sukhwinder Kaur, Surinder K. Batra 2020 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Molecular Implications Of Muc5ac-Cd44 Axis In Colorectal Cancer Progression And Chemoresistance, Ramesh Pothuraju, Satyanarayana Rachagani, Shiv Ram Krishn, Sanjib Chaudhary, Rama Krishna Nimmakayala, Jawed A. Siddiqui, Koelina Ganguly, Imayavaramban Lakshmanan, Jesse L. Cox, Kavita Mallya, Sukhwinder Kaur, Surinder K. Batra

Journal Articles: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology

BACKGROUND: Differential expression of mucins has been associated with several cancers including colorectal cancer (CRC). In normal physiological conditions, secretory mucin MUC5AC is not expressed in the colonic mucosa, whereas its aberrant expression is observed during development of colon cancer and its precursor lesions. To date, the molecular mechanism of MUC5AC in CRC progression and drug resistance remains obscure.

METHODS: MUC5AC expression was determined in colon tissue microarray by immunohistochemistry. A RNA interference and CRISPR/Cas9-mediated system was used to knockdown/knockout the MUC5AC in CRC cell lines to delineate its role in CRC tumorigenesis using in vitro functional assays ...


Micrornas Orchestrate Pathophysiology Of Breast Cancer Brain Metastasis: Advances In Therapy, Ranjana K. Kanchan, Jawed A. Siddiqui, Sidharth Mahapatra, Surinder K. Batra, Mohd W. Nasser 2020 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Micrornas Orchestrate Pathophysiology Of Breast Cancer Brain Metastasis: Advances In Therapy, Ranjana K. Kanchan, Jawed A. Siddiqui, Sidharth Mahapatra, Surinder K. Batra, Mohd W. Nasser

Journal Articles: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology

Brain metastasis (BM) predominantly occurs in triple-negative (TN) and epidermal growth factor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer (BC) patients, and currently, there is an unmet need for the treatment of these patients. BM is a complex process that is regulated by the formation of a metastatic niche. A better understanding of the brain metastatic processes and the crosstalk between cancer cells and brain microenvironment is essential for designing a novel therapeutic approach. In this context, the aberrant expression of miRNA has been shown to be associated with BM. These non-coding RNAs/miRNAs regulate metastasis through modulating the formation of a ...


Differentiating Peripherally-Located Small Cell Lung Cancer From Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Using A Ct Radiomic Approach, Bihong T. Chen, Zikuan Chen, Ningrong Ye, Isa Mambetsariev, Jeremy Fricke, Ebenezer Daniel, George Wang, Chi Wah Wong, Russell C. Rockne, Rivka R. Colen, Mohd W. Nasser, Surinder K. Batra, Andrei I. Holodny, Sagus Sampath, Ravi Salgia 2020 City of Hope National Medical Center

Differentiating Peripherally-Located Small Cell Lung Cancer From Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Using A Ct Radiomic Approach, Bihong T. Chen, Zikuan Chen, Ningrong Ye, Isa Mambetsariev, Jeremy Fricke, Ebenezer Daniel, George Wang, Chi Wah Wong, Russell C. Rockne, Rivka R. Colen, Mohd W. Nasser, Surinder K. Batra, Andrei I. Holodny, Sagus Sampath, Ravi Salgia

Journal Articles: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology

Lung cancer can be classified into two main categories: small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), which are different in treatment strategy and survival probability. The lung CT images of SCLC and NSCLC are similar such that their subtle differences are hardly visually discernible by the human eye through conventional imaging evaluation. We hypothesize that SCLC/NSCLC differentiation could be achieved via computerized image feature analysis and classification in feature space, as termed a radiomic model. The purpose of this study was to use CT radiomics to differentiate SCLC from NSCLC adenocarcinoma. Patients with primary lung ...


-Synuclein And Mitochondrial Dysfunction Induced Er Stress Leading To Parkinson’S Disease, Sony Hoang 2020 Iowa State University

-Synuclein And Mitochondrial Dysfunction Induced Er Stress Leading To Parkinson’S Disease, Sony Hoang

Creative Components

Parkinson’s disease is, at the neuropathological level, characterized by the death of dopaminergic neurons. PD pathogenesis is multifactorial, there are several mechanisms that malfunction leading to the death of dopaminergic neurons. The mitochondria are vital for the normal functioning of a cell, they are the primary energy generator for the cell. In addition to their energy metabolism role, mitochondria are involved in many cellular processes, such as the stress response and cell death pathways. As a result, mitochondrial impairment and the genes that are related to its functionality are linked to progressive neurodegeneration. Considering parkin, PINK1, DJ-1, and LRRK2 ...


Physical Activity–Induced Neuroprotection In Parkinson’S Disease Is Mediated By Neurotrophic Factors, Hunter Twedt 2020 Iowa State University

Physical Activity–Induced Neuroprotection In Parkinson’S Disease Is Mediated By Neurotrophic Factors, Hunter Twedt

Creative Components

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a progressive neurological movement disorder manifested by motor and non-motor disturbances that are brought about by degeneration of dopaminergic (DAergic) neurons in the substantia nigra (SN), causing a decline in dopamine (DA) levels in the striatum. Pharmacological and surgical treatment of PD are often ineffective, cause severe side effects, and the benefits seen decrease with disease progression; therefore, there is a need to seek new therapies. Physical activity (PA), which includes exercise, is able to improve many systems in the body, including motor and cognitive function, and may serve as a viable option for remedy ...


Gasdermins In Apoptosis: New Players In An Old Game., Corey Rogers, Emad S. Alnemri 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

Gasdermins In Apoptosis: New Players In An Old Game., Corey Rogers, Emad S. Alnemri

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Papers

Apoptosis is a form of programmed cell death (PCD) that plays critical physiological roles in removing superfluous or dangerous cell populations that are unneeded or threatening to the health of the host organism. Although the molecular pathways leading to activation of the apoptotic program have been extensively studied and characterized starting in the 1970s, new evidence suggests that members of the gasdermin superfamily are novel pore-forming proteins that augment apoptosis by permeabilizing the mitochondria and participate in the final stages of the apoptotic program by inducing secondary necrosis/pyroptosis. These findings may explain outstanding questions in the field such as ...


An In-Depth Review Of Retinitis Pigmentosa Development And Pathologies Overtime In Patients, Abdul Harris 2019 Wayne State University

An In-Depth Review Of Retinitis Pigmentosa Development And Pathologies Overtime In Patients, Abdul Harris

Honors College Theses

Retinitis Pigmentosa is a disease which can cause blindness and affects around 2.5 million people worldwide. It is a disorder that has a multitude of ways of being inherited, such as autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive as well as X-linked and mitochondrial linked disorder. While some versions of RP may be syndromic (20%-30%), a majority of cases are in fact non-syndromic. The majority of non-syndromic cases inherited via autosomal dominant RP having RHO gene mutations, and X-linked means of inheritance having majority of patients with RPGR gene mutations. Ushers Syndrome, a syndromic version of retinitis pigmentosa and autosomal recessive ...


Alzheimer's And Amyloid Beta: Amyloidogenicity And Tauopathy Via Dyshomeostatic Interactions Of Amyloid Beta, Jordan Tillinghast 2019 Liberty University

Alzheimer's And Amyloid Beta: Amyloidogenicity And Tauopathy Via Dyshomeostatic Interactions Of Amyloid Beta, Jordan Tillinghast

Senior Honors Theses

This paper reviews functions of Amyloid-β (Aβ) in healthy individuals compared to the consequences of aberrant Aβ in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). As extraneuronal Aβ accumulation and plaque formation are characteristics of AD, it is reasonable to infer a pivotal role for Aβ in AD pathogenesis. Establishing progress of the disease as well as the mechanism of neurodegeneration from AD have proven difficult (Selkoe, 1994). This thesis provides evidence suggesting the pathogenesis of AD is due to dysfunctional neuronal processes involving Aβ’s synaptic malfunction, abnormal interaction with tau, and disruption of neuronal homeostasis. Significant evidence demonstrates that AD symptoms ...


Allele-Specific Rna Interference Prevents Neuropathy In Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease Type 2d Mouse Models., Kathryn H Morelli, Laurie B Griffin, Nettie K Pyne, Lindsay M Wallace, Allison M Fowler, Stephanie N Oprescu, Ryuichi Takase, Na Wei, Rebecca Meyer-Schuman, Dattatreya Mellacheruvu, Jacob O Kitzman, Samuel G Kocen, Timothy J Hines, Emily L Spaulding, James R Lupski, Alexey Nesvizhskii, Pedro Mancias, Ian J Butler, Xiang-Lei Yang, Ya-Ming Hou, Anthony Antonellis, Scott Q Harper, Robert W Burgess 2019 Jackson Laboratory & University of Maine

Allele-Specific Rna Interference Prevents Neuropathy In Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease Type 2d Mouse Models., Kathryn H Morelli, Laurie B Griffin, Nettie K Pyne, Lindsay M Wallace, Allison M Fowler, Stephanie N Oprescu, Ryuichi Takase, Na Wei, Rebecca Meyer-Schuman, Dattatreya Mellacheruvu, Jacob O Kitzman, Samuel G Kocen, Timothy J Hines, Emily L Spaulding, James R Lupski, Alexey Nesvizhskii, Pedro Mancias, Ian J Butler, Xiang-Lei Yang, Ya-Ming Hou, Anthony Antonellis, Scott Q Harper, Robert W Burgess

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Papers

Gene therapy approaches are being deployed to treat recessive genetic disorders by restoring the expression of mutated genes. However, the feasibility of these approaches for dominantly inherited diseases - where treatment may require reduction in the expression of a toxic mutant protein resulting from a gain-of-function allele - is unclear. Here we show the efficacy of allele-specific RNAi as a potential therapy for Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2D (CMT2D), caused by dominant mutations in glycyl-tRNA synthetase (GARS). A de novo mutation in GARS was identified in a patient with a severe peripheral neuropathy, and a mouse model precisely recreating the mutation was produced ...


Phenylethynyl-Substituted Benzenes And Heterocycles For The Treatment Of Cancer, David S. Watt, Chunming Liu, Vitaliy M. Sviripa, Wen Zhang, Markos Leggas 2019 University of Kentucky

Phenylethynyl-Substituted Benzenes And Heterocycles For The Treatment Of Cancer, David S. Watt, Chunming Liu, Vitaliy M. Sviripa, Wen Zhang, Markos Leggas

Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry Faculty Patents

Halogenated phenylethynyl-substituted heterocycles that possess either an N-alkylamino or N,N-dialkylamino group attached to the heterocycle or halogenated phenylethynyl-substituted benzenes that a nitrogen-containing heterocycle attached to the benzene inhibit the proliferation cancer cells and are useful antineoplastic agents.


Characterization Of Resistance To A Potent D-Peptide Hiv Entry Inhibitor., Amanda R Smith, Matthew T Weinstock, Amanda E Siglin, Frank G Whitby, J Nicholas Francis, Christopher P Hill, Debra M Eckert, Michael J Root, Michael S Kay 2019 University of Utah

Characterization Of Resistance To A Potent D-Peptide Hiv Entry Inhibitor., Amanda R Smith, Matthew T Weinstock, Amanda E Siglin, Frank G Whitby, J Nicholas Francis, Christopher P Hill, Debra M Eckert, Michael J Root, Michael S Kay

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: PIE12-trimer is a highly potent D-peptide HIV-1 entry inhibitor that broadly targets group M isolates. It specifically binds the three identical conserved hydrophobic pockets at the base of the gp41 N-trimer with sub-femtomolar affinity. This extremely high affinity for the transiently exposed gp41 trimer provides a reserve of binding energy (resistance capacitor) to prevent the viral resistance pathway of stepwise accumulation of modest affinity-disrupting mutations. Such modest mutations would not affect PIE12-trimer potency and therefore not confer a selective advantage. Viral passaging in the presence of escalating PIE12-trimer concentrations ultimately selected for PIE12-trimer resistant populations, but required an extremely ...


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