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Suppression Of Human Coronavirus 229e Infection In Lung Fibroblast Cells Via Rna Interference, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi, Jennifer Totonchy, Parvin Mahdipoor, Keykavous Parang, Hasan Uludağ 2021 Chapman University

Suppression Of Human Coronavirus 229e Infection In Lung Fibroblast Cells Via Rna Interference, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi, Jennifer Totonchy, Parvin Mahdipoor, Keykavous Parang, Hasan Uludağ

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Despite extensive efforts to repurpose approved drugs, discover new small molecules, and develop vaccines, COVID-19 pandemic is still claiming victims around the world. The current arsenal of antiviral compounds did not perform well in the past viral infections (e.g., SARS), which casts a shadow of doubt for use against the new SARS-CoV-2. Vaccines should offer the ultimate protection; however, there is limited information about the longevity of the generated immunity and the protection against possible mutations. This study uses Human Coronavirus 229E as a model coronavirus to test the hypothesis that effective delivery of virus-specific siRNAs to infected cells ...


Dahili Tıp Bilimleri Tanı Ve Tedavi, Hakan Kaya, Hüseyin Kafadar, Rabia Tutuncu Toker, Ali Topak, Kemal Dinç, Bahar Yılmaz Çankaya, Ferit Durankuş, Fatma Kurt Çolak, Attila Önmez, Mehmet Emin Parlak, Selma Eroğlu, Serçin Taşar 2021 Adiyaman University

Dahili Tıp Bilimleri Tanı Ve Tedavi, Hakan Kaya, Hüseyin Kafadar, Rabia Tutuncu Toker, Ali Topak, Kemal Dinç, Bahar Yılmaz Çankaya, Ferit Durankuş, Fatma Kurt Çolak, Attila Önmez, Mehmet Emin Parlak, Selma Eroğlu, Serçin Taşar

Health Sciences

Bu kitapta konjenital ayna hareketi bozukluğu, artrografi öncesi intraartiküler enjeksiyonu, otizm spektrum bozuklukları, genetik danışma, hipoglisemi ve diyabetin akut komplikasyonları, çocuklarda akut otitis media, gerçek nörojenik torasik çıkış sendromu, çocukluk çağı tiroid hastalıkları ele alınmıştır.


Causes Of Color Blindness: Function And Failure Of The Genes That Detect Color, Dylan Taylor 2020 Liberty University

Causes Of Color Blindness: Function And Failure Of The Genes That Detect Color, Dylan Taylor

Senior Honors Theses

Color blindness affects nearly 10% of the entire population, with multiple types of color blindness from various genetic mutations. In the following sections, the nature of light and how the human eye perceives light will be discussed. Afterward, the major forms of color blindness and their genetic causes will be considered. Once these genetic causes have been established, the current method for diagnosing color blindness will be investigated, followed by a discussion of the current treatments available to those with color blindness. Finally, a brief discussion will address possible future work for color blindness with the hope of finding better ...


Inherited Causes Of Clonal Haematopoiesis In 97,691 Whole Genomes, Alexander G. Bick, Joshua S. Weinstock, Satish K. Nandakumar, Charles P. Fulco, Erik L. Bao, Seyedeh M. Zekavat, Mindy D. Szeto, Juan M. Peralta, Joanne E. Curran, John Blangero 2020 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Inherited Causes Of Clonal Haematopoiesis In 97,691 Whole Genomes, Alexander G. Bick, Joshua S. Weinstock, Satish K. Nandakumar, Charles P. Fulco, Erik L. Bao, Seyedeh M. Zekavat, Mindy D. Szeto, Juan M. Peralta, Joanne E. Curran, John Blangero

School of Medicine Publications and Presentations

Age is the dominant risk factor for most chronic human diseases, but the mechanisms through which ageing confers this risk are largely unknown1. The age-related acquisition of somatic mutations that lead to clonal expansion in regenerating haematopoietic stem cell populations has recently been associated with both haematological cancer2,3,4 and coronary heart disease5—this phenomenon is termed clonal haematopoiesis of indeterminate potential (CHIP)6. Simultaneous analyses of germline and somatic whole-genome sequences provide the opportunity to identify root causes of CHIP. Here we analyse high-coverage whole-genome sequences from 97,691 participants of diverse ancestries in the ...


Overcoming Barriers For Sirna Therapeutics: From Bench To Bedside, Muhammad Imran Sajid, Muhammad Moazzam, Shun Kato, Kayley Yeseom Cho, Rakesh Kumar Tiwari 2020 Chapman University

Overcoming Barriers For Sirna Therapeutics: From Bench To Bedside, Muhammad Imran Sajid, Muhammad Moazzam, Shun Kato, Kayley Yeseom Cho, Rakesh Kumar Tiwari

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

The RNA interference (RNAi) pathway possesses immense potential in silencing any gene in human cells. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) can efficiently trigger RNAi silencing of specific genes. FDA Approval of siRNA therapeutics in recent years garnered a new hope in siRNA therapeutics. However, their therapeutic use is limited by several challenges. siRNAs, being negatively charged, are membrane-impermeable and highly unstable in the systemic circulation. In this review, we have comprehensively discussed the extracellular barriers, including enzymatic degradation of siRNAs by serum endonucleases and RNAases, rapid renal clearance, membrane impermeability, and activation of the immune system. Besides, we have thoroughly described ...


Effects Of Germline And Somatic Events In Candidate Brca-Like Genes On Breast-Tumor Signatures, Weston R. Bodily, Brian H. Shirts, Tom Walsh, Suleyman Gulsuner, Mary-Claire King, Alyssa Parker, Moom Roosan, Stephen R. Piccolo 2020 Brigham Young University

Effects Of Germline And Somatic Events In Candidate Brca-Like Genes On Breast-Tumor Signatures, Weston R. Bodily, Brian H. Shirts, Tom Walsh, Suleyman Gulsuner, Mary-Claire King, Alyssa Parker, Moom Roosan, Stephen R. Piccolo

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 cause deficiencies in homologous recombination repair (HR), resulting in repair of DNA double-strand breaks by the alternative non-homologous end-joining pathway, which is more error prone. HR deficiency of breast tumors is important because it is associated with better responses to platinum salt therapies and PARP inhibitors. Among other consequences of HR deficiency are characteristic somatic-mutation signatures and gene-expression patterns. The term “BRCA-like” (or “BRCAness”) describes tumors that harbor an HR defect but have no detectable germline mutation in BRCA1 or BRCA2. A better understanding of the genes and molecular events associated with tumors being BRCA-like ...


Silencing Innovation: The Patent Eligibility Of Sirna Therapeutics, Alexander M. Walker 2020 University of Minnesota Law School

Silencing Innovation: The Patent Eligibility Of Sirna Therapeutics, Alexander M. Walker

Minnesota Journal of Law, Science & Technology

No abstract provided.


Clinical Validation And Diagnostic Rate/Outcomes Of A Dual Molecular Diagnostic Assay For Myotonic Dystrophy 1., Maxime Cadieux-Dion, Isabelle Thiffault, Midhat S. Farooqi, Joseph Alaimo 2020 Children's Mercy Hospital

Clinical Validation And Diagnostic Rate/Outcomes Of A Dual Molecular Diagnostic Assay For Myotonic Dystrophy 1., Maxime Cadieux-Dion, Isabelle Thiffault, Midhat S. Farooqi, Joseph Alaimo

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Quality Of Life Of Children With Spinal Muscular Atrophy: Parents’ Perspectives In Light Of New Treatments, Analyssa R. Tallas 2020 University of South Carolina

Quality Of Life Of Children With Spinal Muscular Atrophy: Parents’ Perspectives In Light Of New Treatments, Analyssa R. Tallas

Theses and Dissertations

Purpose: To directly compare parents’ perspectives of the quality of life of their children with Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) who received supportive care, nusinersen (Spinraza®), onasemnogene abeparvovec-xioi (Zolgensma®), or both nusinersen and onasemnogene abeparvovec-xioi. Methods: The parents of children with SMA were recruited to complete anonymous online surveys. All surveys included qualitative questions about quality of life. Surveys regarding children in the 1-12-month and 13-24-month age groups included the Pediatric Quality of Life Infant Scales assessment. Surveys regarding children in the 2-4-year age group included the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 Generic Core Scales and the Pediatric Quality ...


Using Active Learning To Build A Foundation For Bioinformatics Training., Stacey E. Wahl Ph.D., Amy L. Olex MS 2020 Virginia Commonwealth University

Using Active Learning To Build A Foundation For Bioinformatics Training., Stacey E. Wahl Ph.D., Amy L. Olex Ms

Transforming Libraries for Graduate Students

As Health Sciences Libraries evolve, the support they offer graduate students has evolved to incorporate many aspects of the research life cycle. At Tompkins-McCaw Library for the Health Sciences, we have partnered with the Wright Center for Clinical and Translational Research to offer training workshops for graduate students who are interested in using bioinformatics to plan, analyze, or execute scientific experiments. We offer two series: 1) an 8-week, 1-hour per week seminar series providing a general overview of available techniques and 2) a week-long intensive, two hours per session, series on utilizing free databases from the National Center for Biotechnology ...


-Synuclein And Mitochondrial Dysfunction Induced Er Stress Leading To Parkinson’S Disease, Sony Hoang 2020 Iowa State University

-Synuclein And Mitochondrial Dysfunction Induced Er Stress Leading To Parkinson’S Disease, Sony Hoang

Creative Components

Parkinson’s disease is, at the neuropathological level, characterized by the death of dopaminergic neurons. PD pathogenesis is multifactorial, there are several mechanisms that malfunction leading to the death of dopaminergic neurons. The mitochondria are vital for the normal functioning of a cell, they are the primary energy generator for the cell. In addition to their energy metabolism role, mitochondria are involved in many cellular processes, such as the stress response and cell death pathways. As a result, mitochondrial impairment and the genes that are related to its functionality are linked to progressive neurodegeneration. Considering parkin, PINK1, DJ-1, and LRRK2 ...


A "Choose-Your-Own" Classroom-Based Activity That Promotes Scientific Inquiry About Rna Interference, Jeremy L. Hsu 2019 Chapman University

A "Choose-Your-Own" Classroom-Based Activity That Promotes Scientific Inquiry About Rna Interference, Jeremy L. Hsu

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

RNA interference (RNAi), the process that results in the degradation of a target gene’s mRNA, is a fundamental part of eukaryotic gene regulation and is also an important molecular technique that allows for experimental manipulation of gene expression without altering DNA sequences. Despite the importance of RNAi, there have been relatively few lecture-based activities designed to teach about the consequences of this process and counter common misconceptions. I present here an inquiry-based activity that is centered around a “choose your own experiment” design where students generate hypotheses and critically evaluate their ideas by choosing several simulated experiments. The activity ...


Fine Mapping And Identification Of Serum Urate Loci In American Indians: The Strong Heart Family Study, Geetha Chittoor, Karin Haack, Poojitha Balakrishnan, Christopher Bizon, Sandra Laston, Lyle G. Best, Jean W. MacCluer, Kari E. North, Jason G. Umans 2019 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Fine Mapping And Identification Of Serum Urate Loci In American Indians: The Strong Heart Family Study, Geetha Chittoor, Karin Haack, Poojitha Balakrishnan, Christopher Bizon, Sandra Laston, Lyle G. Best, Jean W. Maccluer, Kari E. North, Jason G. Umans

School of Medicine Publications and Presentations

While studies have reported genetic loci affecting serum urate (SU) concentrations, few studies have been conducted in minority populations. Our objective for this study was to identify genetic loci regulating SU in a multigenerational family-based cohort of American Indians, the Strong Heart Family Study (SHFS). We genotyped 162,718 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 2000 SHFS participants using an Illumina MetaboChip array. A genome-wide association analysis of SU was conducted using measured genotype analysis approach accounting for kinships in SOLAR, and meta-analysis in METAL. Our results showed strong association of SU with rs4481233, rs9998811, rs7696092 and rs13145758 (minor allele frequency ...


Eugenics In The 21st Century, Jessica Linn Chin 2019 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Eugenics In The 21st Century, Jessica Linn Chin

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Eugenics is the science of enhancing the human population through the management of breeding and hereditary traits. This thesis explores the history of eugenics and shows how eugenic practices continue in the 21st century with advancements in technology and positive eugenic goals that can result in adverse effects on the human body and society. When Sir Francis Galton coined the term eugenics in 1883, he intended to improve British society with the use of positive eugenics. Galton used positive eugenics to encourage people with good mental and physical qualities to produce more children. He avoided negative eugenics, which involved ...


Altering Entry Angles In A Jump Landing Task Modifies Biomechanical Risk Factors Of Acl Injury, Shekoofe Saadat, Mitchell L. Stephenson, Jason C. Gillette 2019 Iowa State University

Altering Entry Angles In A Jump Landing Task Modifies Biomechanical Risk Factors Of Acl Injury, Shekoofe Saadat, Mitchell L. Stephenson, Jason C. Gillette

Kinesiology Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

This study investigated the effects of changing the entry-angle of a jump landing movement on ACL injury risk factors. Eight female recreational athletes performed 21 trials of a jump landing task. The direction of the first jump varied from -90° to 90° from the anterior axis in 30-degree increments. As the entry angle increased to the left, peak knee flexion and valgus angles as well as external valgus moments remained the same. In conditions where participants jumped more to their right, knee flexion angles were smaller and knee external valgus moments were greater. It can be concluded that kinematic analyses ...


How Rna Structure Dictates The Usage Of A Critical Exon Of Spinal Muscular Atrophy Gene, Natalia N. Singh, Ravindra N. Singh 2019 Iowa State University

How Rna Structure Dictates The Usage Of A Critical Exon Of Spinal Muscular Atrophy Gene, Natalia N. Singh, Ravindra N. Singh

Biomedical Sciences Publications

Role of RNA structure in pre-mRNA splicing has been implicated for several critical exons associated with genetic disorders. However, much of the structural studies linked to pre-mRNA splicing regulation are limited to terminal stem-loop structures (hairpins) sequestering splice sites. In few instances, role of long-distance interactions is implicated as the major determinant of splicing regulation. With the recent surge of reports of circular RNA (circRNAs) generated by backsplicing, role of Alu-associated RNA structures formed by long-range interactions are taking central stage. Humans contain two nearly identical copies of Survival Motor Neuron (SMN) genes, SMN1 and SMN2. Deletion or mutation of ...


Integration Of Random Forest Classifiers And Deep Convolutional Neural Networks For Classification And Biomolecular Modeling Of Cancer Driver Mutations, Steve Agajanian, Odeyemi Oluyemi, Gennady M. Verkhivker 2019 Chapman University

Integration Of Random Forest Classifiers And Deep Convolutional Neural Networks For Classification And Biomolecular Modeling Of Cancer Driver Mutations, Steve Agajanian, Odeyemi Oluyemi, Gennady M. Verkhivker

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

Development of machine learning solutions for prediction of functional and clinical significance of cancer driver genes and mutations are paramount in modern biomedical research and have gained a significant momentum in a recent decade. In this work, we integrate different machine learning approaches, including tree based methods, random forest and gradient boosted tree (GBT) classifiers along with deep convolutional neural networks (CNN) for prediction of cancer driver mutations in the genomic datasets. The feasibility of CNN in using raw nucleotide sequences for classification of cancer driver mutations was initially explored by employing label encoding, one hot encoding, and embedding to ...


Yeast Mitochondrial Protein Pet111p Binds Directly To Two Distinct Targets In Cox2 Mrna, Suggesting A Mechanism Of Translational Activation, Julia L Jones, Katharina B Hofmann, Andrew T Cowan, Dmitry Temiakov, Patrick Cramer, Michael Anikin 2019 Rowan University

Yeast Mitochondrial Protein Pet111p Binds Directly To Two Distinct Targets In Cox2 Mrna, Suggesting A Mechanism Of Translational Activation, Julia L Jones, Katharina B Hofmann, Andrew T Cowan, Dmitry Temiakov, Patrick Cramer, Michael Anikin

School of Osteopathic Medicine Faculty Scholarship

The genes in mitochondrial DNA code for essential subunits of the respiratory chain complexes. In yeast, expression of mitochondrial genes is controlled by a group of gene-specific translational activators encoded in the nucleus. These factors appear to be part of a regulatory system that enables concerted expression of the necessary genes from both nuclear and mitochondrial genomes to produce functional respiratory complexes. Many of the translational activators are believed to act on the 5'-untranslated regions of target mRNAs, but the molecular mechanisms involved in this regulation remain obscure. In this study, we used a combination of in vivo and ...


Isolating And Quantifying The Role Of Developmental Noise In Generating Phenotypic Variation, Maria Kiskowski, Tilmann Glimm, Nickolas Moreno, Tony Gamble, Ylenia Chiari 2019 University of South Alabama

Isolating And Quantifying The Role Of Developmental Noise In Generating Phenotypic Variation, Maria Kiskowski, Tilmann Glimm, Nickolas Moreno, Tony Gamble, Ylenia Chiari

Mathematics

Genotypic variation, environmental variation, and their interaction may produce variation in the developmental process and cause phenotypic differences among individuals. Developmental noise, which arises during development from stochasticity in cellular and molecular processes when genotype and environment are fixed, also contributes to phenotypic variation. While evolutionary biology has long focused on teasing apart the relative contribution of genes and environment to phenotypic variation, our understanding of the role of developmental noise has lagged due to technical difficulties in directly measuring the contribution of developmental noise. The influence of developmental noise is likely underestimated in studies of phenotypic variation due to ...


Prefrontal Corticotropin-Releasing Factor (Crf) Neurons Act Locally To Modulate Frontostriatal Cognition And Circuit Function., Sofiya Hupalo, Andrea J Martin, Rebecca K Green, David M Devilbiss, Craig W Berridge 2019 University of Wisconsin - Madison

Prefrontal Corticotropin-Releasing Factor (Crf) Neurons Act Locally To Modulate Frontostriatal Cognition And Circuit Function., Sofiya Hupalo, Andrea J Martin, Rebecca K Green, David M Devilbiss, Craig W Berridge

School of Osteopathic Medicine Faculty Scholarship

The PFC and extended frontostriatal circuitry support higher cognitive processes that guide goal-directed behavior. PFC-dependent cognitive dysfunction is a core feature of multiple psychiatric disorders. Unfortunately, a major limiting factor in the development of treatments for PFC cognitive dysfunction is our limited understanding of the neural mechanisms underlying PFC-dependent cognition. We recently demonstrated that activation of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) receptors in the caudal dorsomedial PFC (dmPFC) impairs higher cognitive function, as measured in a working memory task. Currently, there remains much unknown about CRF-dependent regulation of cognition, including the source of CRF for cognition-modulating receptors and the output pathways modulated ...


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