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684 full-text articles. Page 6 of 28.

Bcl-W Has A Fundamental Role In B Cell Survival And Lymphomagenesis., Clare M. Adams, Annette S. Kim, Ramkrishna Mitra, John K Choi, Jerald Z. Gong, Christine M. Eischen 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

Bcl-W Has A Fundamental Role In B Cell Survival And Lymphomagenesis., Clare M. Adams, Annette S. Kim, Ramkrishna Mitra, John K Choi, Jerald Z. Gong, Christine M. Eischen

Department of Cancer Biology Faculty Papers

Compromised apoptotic signaling is a prerequisite for tumorigenesis. The design of effective therapies for cancer treatment depends on a comprehensive understanding of the mechanisms that govern cell survival. The antiapoptotic proteins of the BCL-2 family are key regulators of cell survival and are frequently overexpressed in malignancies, leading to increased cancer cell survival. Unlike BCL-2 and BCL-XL, the closest antiapoptotic relative BCL-W is required for spermatogenesis, but was considered dispensable for all other cell types. Here, however, we have exposed a critical role for BCL-W in B cell survival and lymphomagenesis. Loss of Bcl-w conferred sensitivity to growth factor deprivation-induced ...


Microrna-494 And Atf3 The Targets Of Onconase(?), Zbigniew Darzynkiewicz 2017 New York Medical College

Microrna-494 And Atf3 The Targets Of Onconase(?), Zbigniew Darzynkiewicz

NYMC Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Clostridium Difficile, Ryan Osborn 2017 Otterbein University

Clostridium Difficile, Ryan Osborn

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) Student Scholarship

Clostridium Difficile infection (CDI) is an antibiotic resistant bacterium that is widely recognized and currently noted to be the "most common and costly healthcare associated infection in the United States" (Abt, McKenney & Pamer, 2016). The topic of CDI is important to discuss, as this infection can attack all patient populations especially those following antibiotic treatment. A disruption in a person's intestinal microbiota is known to place them at higher risk for CDI (Abt, McKenney & Pamer, 2016). Becoming infected with this bacterium leads to symptoms of diarrhea, bloating, belly pain, and occasionally fevers. The growing prevalence, antibiotic resistance associated with ...


The [E]Motionless Body No Longer: Tracing The Historical Intersections Of Mental Illness And Movement In The American Asylum, Holly Adele Herzfeld 2017 Bard College

The [E]Motionless Body No Longer: Tracing The Historical Intersections Of Mental Illness And Movement In The American Asylum, Holly Adele Herzfeld

Senior Projects Spring 2017

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Multidisciplinary Studies of Bard College.


The Effect Of Hiv Infection And Hcv Viremia On Inflammatory Mediators And Hepatic Injury-The Women's Interagency Hiv Study., Sheila M Keating, Jennifer L Dodge, Philip J Norris, John Heitman, Stephen J Gange, Audrey L French, Marshall J Glesby, Brian R Edlin, Patricia S Latham, Maria C Villacres, Ruth M Greenblatt, Marion G Peters 2017 George Washington University

The Effect Of Hiv Infection And Hcv Viremia On Inflammatory Mediators And Hepatic Injury-The Women's Interagency Hiv Study., Sheila M Keating, Jennifer L Dodge, Philip J Norris, John Heitman, Stephen J Gange, Audrey L French, Marshall J Glesby, Brian R Edlin, Patricia S Latham, Maria C Villacres, Ruth M Greenblatt, Marion G Peters

Pathology Faculty Publications

Hepatitis C virus infection induces inflammation and while it is believed that HIV co-infection enhances this response, HIV control may reduce inflammation and liver fibrosis in resolved or viremic HCV infection. Measurement of systemic biomarkers in co-infection could help define the mechanism of inflammation on fibrosis and determine if HIV control reduces liver pathology. A nested case-control study was performed to explore the relationship of systemic biomarkers of inflammation with liver fibrosis in HCV viremic and/or seropositive women with and without HIV infection. Serum cytokines, chemokines, growth factors and cell adhesion molecules were measured in HIV uninfected (HIV-, n ...


Reactivation Of Hiv-1 Proviruses In Immune-Compromised Mice Engrafted With Human Voa-Negative Cd4+ T Cells, Zhe Yuan, Guobin Kang, Wuxun Lu, Qingsheng Li 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Reactivation Of Hiv-1 Proviruses In Immune-Compromised Mice Engrafted With Human Voa-Negative Cd4+ T Cells, Zhe Yuan, Guobin Kang, Wuxun Lu, Qingsheng Li

Virology Papers

Background: HIV-1 infection remains incurable on antiretroviral therapy (ART) due to virus latency. To date, enhanced co-culture assays, including viral outgrowth assays (VOA), are commonly used to measure HIV-1 latent reservoirs and evaluate latency-reversing agents (LRAs). However, VOA can only reactivate a small fraction of intact proviruses.

Methods: To explore the utility of NOD scid gamma (NSG) mice as an in vivo model to reactivate HIV-1 proviruses from VOA-negative CD4+ T cells, resting CD4+ T cells from an HIV-1 latently infected individual were isolated and the human CD4+ T cells corresponding to VOA-positive and VOA-negative CD4+ T cells were engrafted ...


Tryptophan 375 Stabilizes The Outer-Domain Core Of Gp120 For Hiv Vaccine Immunogen Design, Duoyi Hu, Dane Bowder, Wenzhong Wei, Jesse Thompson, Mark A. Wilson, Shi-Hua Xiang 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Tryptophan 375 Stabilizes The Outer-Domain Core Of Gp120 For Hiv Vaccine Immunogen Design, Duoyi Hu, Dane Bowder, Wenzhong Wei, Jesse Thompson, Mark A. Wilson, Shi-Hua Xiang

Virology Papers

The outer-domain core of gp120 may serve as a better HIV vaccine immunogen than the full-length gp120 because of its greater stability and immunogenicity. In our previous report, we introduced two disulfide bonds to the outer-domain core of gp120 to fix its conformation into a CD4-bound state, which resulted in a significant increase in its immunogenicity when compared to the wild-type outer-domain core. In this report, to further improve the immunogenicity of the outer-domain core based immunogen, we have introduced a Tryptophan residue at gp120 amino acid sequence position 375 (375S/W). Our data from immunized guinea pigs indeed shows ...


Chloroviruses Have A Sweet Tooth, James L. Van Etten, Irina V. Agarkova, David D. Dunigan, Michela Tonetti, Cristina De Castro, Garry A. Duncan 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Chloroviruses Have A Sweet Tooth, James L. Van Etten, Irina V. Agarkova, David D. Dunigan, Michela Tonetti, Cristina De Castro, Garry A. Duncan

Virology Papers

Chloroviruses are large double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) viruses that infect certain isolates of chlorella-like green algae. They contain up to approximately 400 protein-encoding genes and 16 transfer RNA (tRNA) genes. This review summarizes the unexpected finding that many of the chlorovirus genes encode proteins involved in manipulating carbohydrates. These include enzymes involved in making extracellular polysaccharides, such as hyaluronan and chitin, enzymes that make nucleotide sugars, such as GDP-L-fucose and GDP-D-rhamnose and enzymes involved in the synthesis of glycans attached to the virus major capsid proteins. This latter process differs from that of all other glycoprotein containing viruses that traditionally use ...


Distinct Transcriptome Profiles Of Gag-Specific Cd8+ T Cells Temporally Correlated With The Protection Elicited By Sivδnef Live Attenuated Vaccine, Wuxun Lu, Yanmin Wu, Fangrui Ma, R. Paul Johnson, Qingsheng Li 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Distinct Transcriptome Profiles Of Gag-Specific Cd8+ T Cells Temporally Correlated With The Protection Elicited By Sivδnef Live Attenuated Vaccine, Wuxun Lu, Yanmin Wu, Fangrui Ma, R. Paul Johnson, Qingsheng Li

Virology Papers

The live attenuated vaccine (LAV) SIVmac239Δnef (SIVΔnef) confers the best protection among all the vaccine modalities tested in rhesus macaque model of HIV-1 infection. This vaccine has a unique feature of time-dependent protection: macaques are not protected at 3±5 weeks post vaccination (WPV), whereas immune protection emerges between 15 and 20 WPV. Although the exact mechanisms of the time-dependent protection remain incompletely understood, studies suggested that both cellular and humoral immunities contribute to this time-dependent protection. To further elucidate the mechanisms of protection induced by SIVΔnef, we longitudinally compared the global gene expression profiles of SIV Gag-CM9+ CD8+ (Gag-specific ...


Calcium Uptake Hotspots In The Mitochondria Of Cardiac Muscle At The Interface With Dyadic Sr, Sergio De La Fuente, Celia Fernandez-Sanz, Caitlin Vail, Elorm J. Agra, Kira Holmstrom, Junhui Sun, Jyotsna Mishra, Toren Finkel, Elizabeth Murphy, Suresh K. Joseph, Shey-Shing Sheu, György Csordás 2016 Thomas Jefferson University

Calcium Uptake Hotspots In The Mitochondria Of Cardiac Muscle At The Interface With Dyadic Sr, Sergio De La Fuente, Celia Fernandez-Sanz, Caitlin Vail, Elorm J. Agra, Kira Holmstrom, Junhui Sun, Jyotsna Mishra, Toren Finkel, Elizabeth Murphy, Suresh K. Joseph, Shey-Shing Sheu, György Csordás

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Posters

Introduction

• Control of the mitochondrial ATP production by SR-derived Ca2+ signals includes local, nanodomain Ca2+ transfer from ryanodine receptors (RyR2) to the mitochondrial matrix (excitation-bioenergetics coupling).

• Ca2+ crosses the inner mitochondrial membrane (IMM) via the mtCU, a low-affinity Ca2+-activated Ca2+ channel complex.

• The surface area of cardiac IMM is extensively enhanced by cristae folding; however, mitoplast patch clamp studies showed mtCU current density the lowest amongst a range of tissues (Fieni 2012. Nat Commun).


Genomics And Csf Analyses Implicate Thyroid Hormone In Hippocampal Sclerosis Of Aging, Peter T. Nelson, Yuriko Katsumata, Kwangsik Nho, Sergey C. Artiushin, Gregory A. Jicha, Wang-Xia Wang, Erin L. Abner, Andrew J. Saykin, Walter A. Kukull, Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI), David W. Fardo 2016 University of Kentucky

Genomics And Csf Analyses Implicate Thyroid Hormone In Hippocampal Sclerosis Of Aging, Peter T. Nelson, Yuriko Katsumata, Kwangsik Nho, Sergey C. Artiushin, Gregory A. Jicha, Wang-Xia Wang, Erin L. Abner, Andrew J. Saykin, Walter A. Kukull, Alzheimer’S Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (Adni), David W. Fardo

Sanders-Brown Center on Aging Faculty Publications

We report evidence of a novel pathogenetic mechanism in which thyroid hormone dysregulation contributes to dementia in elderly persons. Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on chromosome 12p12 were the initial foci of our study: rs704180 and rs73069071. These SNPs were identified by separate research groups as risk alleles for non-Alzheimer’s neurodegeneration. We found that the rs73069071 risk genotype was associated with hippocampal sclerosis (HS) pathology among people with the rs704180 risk genotype (National Alzheimer’s Coordinating Center/Alzheimer’s Disease Genetic Consortium data; n = 2113, including 241 autopsy-confirmed HS cases). Furthermore, both rs704180 and rs73069071 risk genotypes were associated ...


Fulminant Necrotizing Eosinophilic Myocarditis: A Case Report And Comprehensive Literature Review, Bennet George, Matthew Hager, Virgilius Cornea, William O'Connor, Maya Guglin 2016 University of Kentucky; Department of Cardiology

Fulminant Necrotizing Eosinophilic Myocarditis: A Case Report And Comprehensive Literature Review, Bennet George, Matthew Hager, Virgilius Cornea, William O'Connor, Maya Guglin

The VAD Journal

Acute eosinophilic myocarditis is a relatively rare disorder with serious morbidity and mortality. Due to its infrequency, standardized management guidelines are wanting. We present a case of acute, necrotizing eosinophilic myocarditis requiring several levels of critical care. We reviewed similar cases reported in the literature to highlight common clinical features, describe natural disease course and associated complications, and review varying approaches to medical therapy.


Left Ventricular Noncompaction Syndrome: A Rare Congenital Cardiomyopathy, Ashwini V. Mallad, MBBS, Waseem Ahmed, MD, Madhulika Urella, MD, Dr. Mehiar El-Hamdani, MD, FACC, FSCAI 2016 Marshall University School of Medicine

Left Ventricular Noncompaction Syndrome: A Rare Congenital Cardiomyopathy, Ashwini V. Mallad, Mbbs, Waseem Ahmed, Md, Madhulika Urella, Md, Dr. Mehiar El-Hamdani, Md, Facc, Fscai

Mehiar El Hamdani, MD

Isolated left ventricular noncompaction cardiomyopathy (LVNC) is a rare congenital condition occurring due to arrest of myocardial compaction in the first trimester, resulting in a thin layer of compacted epicardium and thick hypertrabeculated myocardium containing deep recesses. This article presents a 44-year-old female with progressive dyspnea, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, and pleuritic chest pain. Examination revealed elevated jugular venous distention, lower extremity edema, and bibasilar crackles on lung auscultation, while the electrocardiogram (EKG) exhibited left bundle branch block. Two-dimensional echocardiography (2D-Echo) showed a dilated left ventricle (LV) with ejection fraction (EF) of 25% and severe diffuse hypokinesia. Cardiac magnetic resonance ...


Gradenigo Syndrome: A Rare Complication Of Otitis Media, Paul Brent Ferguson, MD 2016 Marshall University

Gradenigo Syndrome: A Rare Complication Of Otitis Media, Paul Brent Ferguson, Md

Paul Ferguson

Gradenigo syndrome is a very rare complication of otitis media that if left unrecognized and subsequently untreated will result in severe neurologic sequelae. Gradenigo Syndrome clinically represented by the triad of otitis media, ipsilateral, abducens nerve palsy and dysasthesia within the V1 and V2 divisions of the trigeminal nerve branches. We describe a 4 year-old patient who presented with headache, facial pain, diplopia and a recent history of upper respiratory tract symptomatology. Examination revealed an abducens palsy with subsequent magnetic resonance imaging demonstrating inflammation in the left petrous apex and along the tracts of the 6th, 7th, and 8th cranial ...


Infantile Pasteurella Multocida Meningitis, Jones T. Nauseef, Nathan B Price, Kelly E Wood 2016 University of Iowa

Infantile Pasteurella Multocida Meningitis, Jones T. Nauseef, Nathan B Price, Kelly E Wood

Stead Family Department of Pediatrics Publications

No abstract provided.


Clinical Utility Of Immature Platelet Fraction - An Advanced Parameter In Laboratory Hematology, Muhammad Shariq Shaikh, Sidra Asad Ali 2016 Aga Khan University

Clinical Utility Of Immature Platelet Fraction - An Advanced Parameter In Laboratory Hematology, Muhammad Shariq Shaikh, Sidra Asad Ali

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

No abstract provided.


Concurrent Presentation Of Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia And Angioimmunoblastic T-Cell Lymphoma, Amar Jariwala, Fadi Alakeel, Elsie Lee, Donald S. Karcher 2016 George Washington University - School of Medicine and Health Sciences

Concurrent Presentation Of Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia And Angioimmunoblastic T-Cell Lymphoma, Amar Jariwala, Fadi Alakeel, Elsie Lee, Donald S. Karcher

Pathology Faculty Publications

A 73-year-old woman presented with generalized lymphadenopathy, atypical peripheral blood lymphocytosis, and Coombs-positive hemolytic anemia. She was diagnosed with Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia (WM)/lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (LPL), on the basis of IgM monoclonal gammopathy, significant lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate in bone marrow, circulating plasmacytoid lymphocytes in peripheral blood, monoclonal B lymphocytes with LPL-compatible immunophenotype by flow cytometry in bone marrow and peripheral blood, and clonal immunoglobulin heavy-chain gene rearrangement by polymerase chain reaction in peripheral blood. Molecular study results for MYB deletion and MYD88 mutation were negative. Following brief chemotherapy for WM, the patient's IgM monoclonal gammopathy and hemolytic anemia improved and the ...


The Pathogenesis Of Natural Killer/T Cell Lymphoma, Bei Jiang 2016 University of Nebraska Medical Center

The Pathogenesis Of Natural Killer/T Cell Lymphoma, Bei Jiang

Theses & Dissertations

Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphomas (NKTCL) are uncommon lymphomas with poor prognosis. In order to gain a better understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of NKTCL, we obtained and compared the global gene expression profile, global somatic mutation profile, and global methylation profile of normal NK cells, malignant NK cell lines, and NKTCL patient samples. We showed that the JAK-STAT pathway was constitutively activated in NKTCL through the cooperation between activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription proteins (STATs) via activating mutations and inactivation of STAT suppressor protein suppressor of cytokine signaling 6 (SOCS6) through promoter hypermethylation. Activating STAT3 and ...


Topographical Expression Of Class Ia And Class Ii Phosphoinositide 3-Kinase Enzymes In Normal Human Tissues Is Consistent With A Role In Differentiation, Soha Salama El Sheikh, Jan Domin, Prakitpunthu Tomtitchong, Paul Abel, Gordon Stamp, El-Nasir Lalani 2016 Imperial College School of Medicine

Topographical Expression Of Class Ia And Class Ii Phosphoinositide 3-Kinase Enzymes In Normal Human Tissues Is Consistent With A Role In Differentiation, Soha Salama El Sheikh, Jan Domin, Prakitpunthu Tomtitchong, Paul Abel, Gordon Stamp, El-Nasir Lalani

El Nasir Lalani

Background: Growth factor, cytokine and chemokine-induced activation of PI3K enzymes constitutes the start of a complex signalling cascade, which ultimately mediates cellular activities such as proliferation, differentiation, chemotaxis, survival, trafficking, and glucose homeostasis. The PI3K enzyme family is divided into 3 classes; class I (subdivided into IA and IB), class II (PI3K-C2α, PI3K-C2β and PI3K-C2γ) and class III PI3K. Expression of these enzymes in human tissue has not been clearly defined.

Methods: In this study, we analysed the immunohistochemical topographical expression profile of class IA (anti-p85 adaptor) and class II PI3K (PI3K-C2α and PI3K-C2β) enzymes in 104 formalin-fixed, paraffin embedded ...


Human Muc1 Mucin: A Potent Glandular Morphogen, Mark J. Hudson, Gordon W. Stamp, Khurram S. Chaudhary, Robert Hewitt, Andrew P. Stubbs, Paul D. Abel, El-Nasir Lalani 2016 Imperial College School of Medicine

Human Muc1 Mucin: A Potent Glandular Morphogen, Mark J. Hudson, Gordon W. Stamp, Khurram S. Chaudhary, Robert Hewitt, Andrew P. Stubbs, Paul D. Abel, El-Nasir Lalani

El Nasir Lalani

Human MUC1 mucin is a high-molecular-weight transmembrane glycoprotein, which is apically expressed in the majority of glandular epithelia. During embryonic development, changes in the pattern of MUC1 mucin expression coincide with the onset of glandular differentiation. This mucin is also frequently overexpressed and aberrantly glycosylated in carcinomas. To investigate the potential role of MUC1 mucin in morphogenesis, a full length MUC1 cDNA was transfected into murine mammary adenocarcinoma (410.4) and Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells. This generated four clonal cell lines. Western blotting, FACS analysis, and immunohistochemistry confirmed expression of MUC1. All four MUC1-expressing clones demonstrated altered morphogenesis when ...


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