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3d Visualization Of Two Surgical Approaches For Correcting A Congenital Heart Defect, Mary Carrier OMSII 2016 Marian University - Indianapolis

3d Visualization Of Two Surgical Approaches For Correcting A Congenital Heart Defect, Mary Carrier Omsii

MU-COM Research Day

Background: Transposition of the Great Vessels (TGV) is a congenital heart defect (CHD) in which the great vessels are reversed – the aorta arises off of the right ventricle and the pulmonary trunks arises off the left ventricle. The Mustard Procedure and the Arterial Switch Operation (ASO) are two primary examples of surgical correction approaches that have been used for patients with TGV without other congenital anomalies. This project aims to present 3D visual reconstructions of these two approaches, to compare the final anatomy of the heart post-surgery, and to better understand why the ASO has been the preferred method over ...


Therapy Options For Winged Scapula Patients: A Literature Review, Samantha L. Normand 2016 University of Central Florida

Therapy Options For Winged Scapula Patients: A Literature Review, Samantha L. Normand

Honors Undergraduate Theses

Winged scapula is a condition characterized by lateral or medial protrusion of the scapula caused by nerve damage leading to muscular paralysis. The purpose of this systematic review of literature is to evaluate the current research literature related to the effectiveness of therapy options for winged scapula. Eleven peer reviewed English language research articles published from 1998 to present were included for evaluation. Study results revealed positive therapeutic outcomes for physical therapy and scapular bracing. Results also showed positive outcomes for the use of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and acupuncture for the treatment of nerve related conditions similar to winged ...


3d Visualization Of Cardiac Anatomy: New Approaches For Patient Education, Rachel Whitman OMS-II, David Dufeau Ph.D. 2016 Marian University - Indianapolis

3d Visualization Of Cardiac Anatomy: New Approaches For Patient Education, Rachel Whitman Oms-Ii, David Dufeau Ph.D.

MU-COM Research Day

3D Visualization is a growing field in medicine. It is used for diagnosis, intervention design, and patient education. Medical students and physicians have little difficulty picturing a heart in their mind. Most physicians and medical students can envision an anatomically correct heart, and also congenital heart defects. Patients and their families, however, do not always have this extraordinary ability. Objective: It is this potential disadvantage that provides motivation to develop innovative 3D tools that can be used to educate patients in clinical and hospital settings. Design: The primary focus of this study is to recover 3D structures and images from ...


Looking To The Future Of Stroke Treatment: Combining Recanalization And Neuroprotection In Acute Ischemic Stroke, Michael E. Maniskas 2016 University of Kentucky

Looking To The Future Of Stroke Treatment: Combining Recanalization And Neuroprotection In Acute Ischemic Stroke, Michael E. Maniskas

Theses and Dissertations--Neuroscience

Stroke is the 5th leading cause of death in the U.S. with 130,000 deaths and around 800,000 affected annually. Currently, there is a significant disconnect between basic stroke research and clinical stroke therapeutic needs. Few animal models of stroke target the large vessels that produce cortical deficits seen in the clinical setting. Also, current routes of drug administration, intraperitoneal and intravenous, do not mimic the clinical route of intra-arterial drug administration. To bridge this divide, we have retro-engineered a mouse model of stroke from the current standard of care for emergent large vessel occlusion (ELVO) stroke ...


How The Manipulation Of The Ras Homolog Enriched In Striatum Alters The Behavioral And Molecular Progression Of Huntington’S Disease, Franklin A. Lee 2015 The University of New Orleans

How The Manipulation Of The Ras Homolog Enriched In Striatum Alters The Behavioral And Molecular Progression Of Huntington’S Disease, Franklin A. Lee

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Huntington’s disease is an incurable, progressive neurological disorder characterized by loss of motor control, psychiatric dysfunction, and eventual dystonia leading to death. Despite the fact that this disorder is caused by a mutation in one single gene, there is no cure. The mutant Huntingtin (mHtt) protein is expressed ubiquitously throughout the brain but frank cell death is limited to the striatum. Recent work has suggested that Rhes, Ras homolog enriched in striatum, which is selectively expressed in the striatum, may play a role in Huntington’s disease neuropathology. In vitro studies have shown Rhes to be an E3 ligase ...


Progtar: A Database Of Prognostically Inversely Correlated Mirnas And Genes (Pics) In Multiple Cancers, Chirayu Pankaj Goswami 2015 Thomas Jefferson University

Progtar: A Database Of Prognostically Inversely Correlated Mirnas And Genes (Pics) In Multiple Cancers, Chirayu Pankaj Goswami

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Posters

ABSTRACT

PROGTar is a database of Prognostically Inversely Correlated miRNA-mRNA pairs (PIC’s) in 23 cancer types. Partner miRNA and mRNA in a PIC show inverse correlation of expression and opposite hazards. We analyzed miRNA and mRNA expression data downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) in a 3 step approach to identify PICs in different cancer types. In first step we performed correlation analysis between miRNAs and mRNAs for each cancer type. This was followed by performing hazard analysis separately for miRNAs and mRNAs using expression data and survival related clinical variables. In the third step we merged the ...


Comprehensive Profiling Of Metaplastic Breast Carcinoma Reveals Frequent Over-Expression Of Pd-L1, Zoran Gatalica, Upasana Joneja, MD, Anatole Ghazalpour, Jeffrey Swensen, Rebecca Feldman, Fred Cai, Sting Chen, Nick Xiao, Sandeep Reddy, Semir Vranić 2015 Caris Life Sciences, Phoenix, AZ

Comprehensive Profiling Of Metaplastic Breast Carcinoma Reveals Frequent Over-Expression Of Pd-L1, Zoran Gatalica, Upasana Joneja, Md, Anatole Ghazalpour, Jeffrey Swensen, Rebecca Feldman, Fred Cai, Sting Chen, Nick Xiao, Sandeep Reddy, Semir Vranić

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Resident's Posters

Background:

Metaplastic breast carcinoma (MBC) is a rare subtype of breast carcinoma less responsive to conventional chemotherapy relative to usual breast carcinomas such as ductal and lobular subtype. In molecular terms, MBC usually clusters with triple negative breast cancers (TNBC), but MBCs portray a worse prognosis in comparison with TNBC. Published studies investigating MBCs for specific biomarkers of therapy response are rare and limited by the methodological approaches.

Methods:

297 samples [MBC (n=75), triple-negative breast cancer of no-special-type (TNBC-NOS, n=106), HER2-positive breast cancers (n=32) and luminal breast cancers (n=84)] were profiled using direct sequencing analysis [Illumina ...


Fair Weight Loss After Gastric Rebanding For Slippage, Ahmed Dalmar, Maharaj Singh, Sara K. Roloff, Thomas Y. Chua 2015 Aurora Research Institute, Aurora Health Care

Fair Weight Loss After Gastric Rebanding For Slippage, Ahmed Dalmar, Maharaj Singh, Sara K. Roloff, Thomas Y. Chua

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is one of the most common bariatric surgery procedures performed in the United States. LAGB results in safe and satisfactory weight loss, but it is often complicated with slippage, a complication requiring rebanding (reoperation). There is a paucity of studies and no uniform consensus regarding weight loss after rebanding.

Purpose: This study assessed the effect of rebanding for slippage after LAGB on weight loss up to five years.

Methods: This is a historical cohort study of 865 patients who underwent LAGB from 2001 to 2011. Rebanding was performed in 103 (11.9%) patients. Primary ...


T(3;8)(Q26;Q24) With Myc Rearrangement In Acute Myeloid Leukemia: A Case Report, Vandi Ly, MD, Renu Bajaj, PhD, Jerald Z. Gong, MD, Zi-Xuan Wang, PhD, Stephen C Peiper, MD, Guldeep Uppal, MD 2015 Thomas Jefferson University

T(3;8)(Q26;Q24) With Myc Rearrangement In Acute Myeloid Leukemia: A Case Report, Vandi Ly, Md, Renu Bajaj, Phd, Jerald Z. Gong, Md, Zi-Xuan Wang, Phd, Stephen C Peiper, Md, Guldeep Uppal, Md

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Rearrangements of 3q26 have been described in 5% of de novo or therapy related acute myeloid leukemia, myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), and blast phase of chronic myeloid leukemia. The most common translocations involving 3q26 are t(3;12)(q26;p13), t(3;21)(q26;q22), t(3;3)(q21;q26), t(2;3)(p15∼23;q26∼27) and rarely t(3;7)(q26;q21). However, t(3;8)(q26;q24) with or without monosomy 7 is a rare phenomenon and has been reported in only 10 patients so far. Hereby, we describe a 58 year old patient who was diagnosed with ...


A Randomized Clinical Trial To Compare The Effect Of Non Operative Treatment With And Without Autologous Conditioned Plasma (Acp) On Healing And Function In Patients With Achilles Tendon Ruptures, Tyler M. Pratt 2015 The University of Western Ontario

A Randomized Clinical Trial To Compare The Effect Of Non Operative Treatment With And Without Autologous Conditioned Plasma (Acp) On Healing And Function In Patients With Achilles Tendon Ruptures, Tyler M. Pratt

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is evidence to support conducting a larger randomized control trial (RCT) to compare the non-operative treatment of Achilles tendon (AT) ruptures with or without Autologous Conditioned Plasma (ACP®). Twenty-four patients were randomized to receive an ACP® or saline injection within seven days and again at two weeks post-rupture. Tendon healing was longitudinally evaluated using ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Functional and patient-reported quality of life measures were also assessed. A small sample size limited our ability to detect statistically significant differences. The mean rankings of healing were slightly ...


Discovering Distinct Functional Modules Of Specific Cancer Types Using Protein-Protein Interaction Networks., Ru Shen, Xiaosheng Wang, Chittibabu Guda 2015 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Discovering Distinct Functional Modules Of Specific Cancer Types Using Protein-Protein Interaction Networks., Ru Shen, Xiaosheng Wang, Chittibabu Guda

Journal Articles: Genetics, Cell Biology & Anatomy

Background. The molecular profiles exhibited in different cancer types are very different; hence, discovering distinct functional modules associated with specific cancer types is very important to understand the distinct functions associated with them. Protein-protein interaction networks carry vital information about molecular interactions in cellular systems, and identification of functional modules (subgraphs) in these networks is one of the most important applications of biological network analysis. Results. In this study, we developed a new graph theory based method to identify distinct functional modules from nine different cancer protein-protein interaction networks. The method is composed of three major steps: (i) extracting modules ...


New Paradigms In The Treatment Of Acute Complicated And Uncomplicated Type B Aortic Dissection, Eric S. Weiss 2015 Aurora St. Luke's Medical Center, Aurora Health Care

New Paradigms In The Treatment Of Acute Complicated And Uncomplicated Type B Aortic Dissection, Eric S. Weiss

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

The treatment of acute type B aortic dissection is a rapidly evolving field, due in a large part to the advent of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). This review will summarize the current literature on the management of both complicated and uncomplicated type B dissections, with special attention paid to emerging evidence supporting earlier aggressive treatment.


Crispr/Cas9-Based Generation Of Knockdown Mice By Intronic Insertion Of Artificial Microrna Using Longer Single-Stranded Dna., Hiromi Miura, Channabasavaiah B. Gurumurthy, Takehito Sato, Masahiro Sato, Masato Ohtsuka 2015 Tokai University School of Medicine

Crispr/Cas9-Based Generation Of Knockdown Mice By Intronic Insertion Of Artificial Microrna Using Longer Single-Stranded Dna., Hiromi Miura, Channabasavaiah B. Gurumurthy, Takehito Sato, Masahiro Sato, Masato Ohtsuka

Journal Articles: Genetics, Cell Biology & Anatomy

Knockdown mouse models, where gene dosages can be modulated, provide valuable insights into gene function. Typically, such models are generated by embryonic stem (ES) cell-based targeted insertion, or pronuclear injection, of the knockdown expression cassette. However, these methods are associated with laborious and time-consuming steps, such as the generation of large constructs with elements needed for expression of a functional RNAi-cassette, ES-cell handling, or screening for mice with the desired knockdown effect. Here, we demonstrate that reliable knockdown models can be generated by targeted insertion of artificial microRNA (amiRNA) sequences into a specific locus in the genome [such as intronic ...


Gonad: Genome-Editing Via Oviductal Nucleic Acids Delivery System: A Novel Microinjection Independent Genome Engineering Method In Mice., Gou Takahashi, Channabasavaiah B. Gurumurthy, Kenta Wada, Hiromi Miura, Masahiro Sato, Masato Ohtsuka 2015 Tokai University School of Medicine

Gonad: Genome-Editing Via Oviductal Nucleic Acids Delivery System: A Novel Microinjection Independent Genome Engineering Method In Mice., Gou Takahashi, Channabasavaiah B. Gurumurthy, Kenta Wada, Hiromi Miura, Masahiro Sato, Masato Ohtsuka

Journal Articles: Genetics, Cell Biology & Anatomy

Microinjection is considered the gold standard technique for delivery of nucleic acids (NAs; transgenes or genome editing tools such as CRISPR/Cas9 systems) into embryos, for creating genetically modified organisms. It requires sophisticated equipment as well as well-trained and highly skilled personnel to perform the micro-injection technique. Here, we describe a novel and simple microinjection-independent technique, called Genome-editing via Oviductal Nucleic Acids Delivery (GONAD). Using GONAD, we show that NAs (e.g., eGFP mRNA or Cas9 mRNA/sgRNAs) can be effectively delivered to pre-implantation embryos within the intact mouse oviduct by a simple electroporation method, and result in the desired ...


Strategic Distribution Of The Mitochondrial Ca2+ Uniporter In Cardiac Mitochondria, Sergio De La Fuente, Caitlin Vail, Elorm J. Agra, Kira Holmstrom, Junhui Sun, Jyotsna Mishra, Toren Finkel, Elizabeth Murphy, Shey-Shing Sheu, György Csordás 2015 Pathology, Anatomy & Cell Biol., Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA

Strategic Distribution Of The Mitochondrial Ca2+ Uniporter In Cardiac Mitochondria, Sergio De La Fuente, Caitlin Vail, Elorm J. Agra, Kira Holmstrom, Junhui Sun, Jyotsna Mishra, Toren Finkel, Elizabeth Murphy, Shey-Shing Sheu, György Csordás

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Background:

1) Control of the mitochondrial ATP production by SR-derived Ca2+ signals includes local, nanodomain Ca2+ transfer from ryanodine receptors (RyR2) to the mitochondrial matrix (excitation-bioenergetics coupling).

2) Ca2+ crosses the inner mitochondrial membrane (IMM) via the mtCU, a low-affinity Ca2+-activated Ca2+ channel complex.

3) The surface area of cardiac IMM is extensively enhanced by cristae folding; however, mitoplast patch clamp studies showed mtCU current density the lowest amongst a range of tissues (Fieni 2012. Nat Commun).


Low Level Lead Exposure Impairs Attentional Set Shifting Task Performance Depending Upon Sex And Developmental Periods Of Exposure, L.S. Neuwirth, D.W. Anderson, J. S. Schneider 2015 Department of Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia PA

Low Level Lead Exposure Impairs Attentional Set Shifting Task Performance Depending Upon Sex And Developmental Periods Of Exposure, L.S. Neuwirth, D.W. Anderson, J. S. Schneider

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Introduction

Exposure to low levels of lead (Pb) impairs a variety of cognitive processes. Although children exposed to Pb developmentally present with a variety of cognitive impairments that include deficits in learning, memory, language, and executive functioning, experimental work on Pb toxicity in rats has focused mostly on learning and memory deficits and less on executive functions. However, detrimental effects on executive functioning could lead to or even underlie a variety of other cognitive problems attributed to Pb exposure. In this study, we examined the ability of Long Evans rats (control and Pb-exposed: 150ppm Pb-acetate in food given perinatally (gestation ...


Tslp-Induced Mechanisms And Potential Therapies For Crlf2 B-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Olivia L. Francis 2015 Loma Linda University

Tslp-Induced Mechanisms And Potential Therapies For Crlf2 B-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Olivia L. Francis

Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects

Childhood CRLF2 B-cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (CRLF2 B-ALL) is a high-risk form of leukemia that is associated with poor patient survival outcomes. CRLF2 B-ALL is five times more prevalent in Hispanic children than others and is associated with a higher rate of relapse, thus contributing significantly to childhood cancer health disparities. This disease occurs due to alterations of the CRLF2 gene, leading to overexpression of the CRLF2 protein- a component of the receptor signaling complex for the cytokine Thymic Stromal LymphoPoietin (TSLP) on the surface of B-ALL cells. TSLP has been shown to induce proliferation of human and mouse B-cell ...


One-Step Generation Of Multiple Transgenic Mouse Lines Using An Improved Pronuclear Injection-Based Targeted Transgenesis (I-Pitt)., Masato Ohtsuka, Hiromi Miura, Keiji Mochida, Michiko Hirose, Ayumi Hasegawa, Atsuo Ogura, Ryuta Mizutani, Minoru Kimura, Ayako Isotani, Masahito Ikawa, Masahiro Sato, Channabasavaiah B. Gurumurthy 2015 Tokai University School of Medicine

One-Step Generation Of Multiple Transgenic Mouse Lines Using An Improved Pronuclear Injection-Based Targeted Transgenesis (I-Pitt)., Masato Ohtsuka, Hiromi Miura, Keiji Mochida, Michiko Hirose, Ayumi Hasegawa, Atsuo Ogura, Ryuta Mizutani, Minoru Kimura, Ayako Isotani, Masahito Ikawa, Masahiro Sato, Channabasavaiah B. Gurumurthy

Journal Articles: Genetics, Cell Biology & Anatomy

BACKGROUND: The pronuclear injection (PI) is the simplest and widely used method to generate transgenic (Tg) mice. Unfortunately, PI-based Tg mice show uncertain transgene expression due to random transgene insertion in the genome, usually with multiple copies. Thus, typically at least three or more Tg lines are produced by injecting over 200 zygotes and the best line/s among them are selected through laborious screening steps. Recently, we developed technologies using Cre-loxP system that allow targeted insertion of single-copy transgene into a predetermined locus through PI. We termed the method as PI-based Targeted Transgenesis (PITT). A similar method using PhiC31-attP ...


Insertion Of Sequences At The Original Provirus Integration Site Of Mouse Rosa26 Locus Using The Crispr/Cas9 System., Rolen M. Quadros, Donald W. Harms, Masato Ohtsuka, Channabasavaiah B. Gurumurthy 2015 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Insertion Of Sequences At The Original Provirus Integration Site Of Mouse Rosa26 Locus Using The Crispr/Cas9 System., Rolen M. Quadros, Donald W. Harms, Masato Ohtsuka, Channabasavaiah B. Gurumurthy

Journal Articles: Genetics, Cell Biology & Anatomy

Targeted transgenic mouse models, where an exogenous gene is inserted into a specified genomic locus to achieve its stable and reliable expression, have been widely used in biomedical research. However, the available methodologies for targeted insertion of sequences require many laborious steps that involve the use of embryonic stem (ES) cells. We recently developed Pronuclear Injection-based Targeted Transgenesis (PITT), a method that uses a recombinase-mediated cassette exchange (RMCE) to enable insertion of sequences at a predetermined genomic locus, such as ROSA26. The PITT technique uses fertilized eggs (instead of ES cells) collected from 'seed mice' that contain the RMCE landing ...


Generation Of A Retinoblastoma (Rb)1-Inducible Dominant-Negative (Dn) Mouse Model., Shikha Tarang, Songila M.S.R Doi, Channabasavaiah B. Gurumurthy, Donald W. Harms, Rolen M. Quadros, Sonia M. Rocha-Sanchez 2015 Creighton University School of Denistry

Generation Of A Retinoblastoma (Rb)1-Inducible Dominant-Negative (Dn) Mouse Model., Shikha Tarang, Songila M.S.R Doi, Channabasavaiah B. Gurumurthy, Donald W. Harms, Rolen M. Quadros, Sonia M. Rocha-Sanchez

Journal Articles: Genetics, Cell Biology & Anatomy

Retinoblastoma 1 (Rb1) is an essential gene regulating cellular proliferation, differentiation, and homeostasis. To exert these functions, Rb1 is recruited and physically interacts with a growing variety of signaling pathways. While Rb1 does not appear to be ubiquitously expressed, its expression has been confirmed in a variety of hematopoietic and neuronal-derived cells, including the inner ear hair cells (HCs). Studies in transgenic mice demonstrate that complete germline or conditional Rb1 deletion leads to abnormal cell proliferation, followed by massive apoptosis; making it difficult to fully address Rb1's biochemical activities. To overcome these limitations, we developed a tetracycline-inducible TetO-CB-myc6-Rb1 (CBRb ...


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