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Mesobuthus Zarudnyi Sp. N. From Azerbaijan (Scorpiones: Buthidae), Nizami E. Novruzov, František Kovařík, Victor Fet 2022 Marshall University

Mesobuthus Zarudnyi Sp. N. From Azerbaijan (Scorpiones: Buthidae), Nizami E. Novruzov, František Kovařík, Victor Fet

Euscorpius

A new species Mesobuthus zarudnyi sp. n. is described from Azerbaijan, fully illustrated with color photos. We compare the new species with two other species, M. eupeus (C. L. Koch, 1839) and M. persicus (Pocock, 1899), both found also in Azerbaijan.


Characterization Of Streptomyces Nymphaeiformis Sp. Nov., And Its Taxonomic Relatedness To Other Polyhydroxybutyrate-Degrading Streptomycetes, Gary R. Hix, Muhammad S. Khan, Mikayla T. Miller, Elisha C. Napier, Allison L. O'Brien, Roger P. White, Stephen F. Baron Ph.D. 2022 Bridgewater College

Characterization Of Streptomyces Nymphaeiformis Sp. Nov., And Its Taxonomic Relatedness To Other Polyhydroxybutyrate-Degrading Streptomycetes, Gary R. Hix, Muhammad S. Khan, Mikayla T. Miller, Elisha C. Napier, Allison L. O'Brien, Roger P. White, Stephen F. Baron Ph.D.

Biology Faculty Scholarship

A polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB)-degrading actinomycete, strain SFB5AT, was identified as a species of Streptomyces based on its membrane fatty acid profile and the presence of LL-diaminopimelic acid in the cell wall. It formed sporulating mycelia on most agar media, but flat or wrinkled, moist colonies on trypticase soy agar. Spores were smooth, cylindrical, and borne on long, straight to flexuous chains. It produced a light brown diffusible pigment, but not melanin. Comparison of genomic digital DNA–DNA hybridization (dDDH) and average nucleotide identity (ANI) values indicated that strain SFB5AT was related to Streptomyces litmocidini JCM 4394T , Streptomyces ...


Niches Of Marine Mammals In The European Arctic, K. M. MacKenzie, C. Lydersen, T. Haug, H. Routti, J. Aars, C. M. Andvik, K. Borgå, A. T. Fisk, S. Meier, M. Biuw, A. D. Lowther, U. Lindstrøm, K. M. Kovacs 2022 Norsk Polarinstitutt

Niches Of Marine Mammals In The European Arctic, K. M. Mackenzie, C. Lydersen, T. Haug, H. Routti, J. Aars, C. M. Andvik, K. Borgå, A. T. Fisk, S. Meier, M. Biuw, A. D. Lowther, U. Lindstrøm, K. M. Kovacs

Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research Publications

The Arctic is warming rapidly, with concomitant sea ice losses and ecosystem changes. The animals most vulnerable to Arctic food web changes are long-lived and slow-growing such as marine mammals, which may not be able to adapt rapidly enough to respond to changes in their resource bases. To determine the current extent and sources of these resource bases, we examined isotopic and trophic niches for marine mammals in the European Arctic using skin carbon (δ13C) and nitrogen (δ 15N) stable isotope (SI) compositions from 10 species: blue, fin, humpback, minke, sperm and white whales, bearded and ringed seals, walruses and ...


Reviewing The Effects Of Human-Induced Limb Damage In Crabs, Jacob B. Spencer, Blaine D. Griffen 2022 Brigham Young University - Provo

Reviewing The Effects Of Human-Induced Limb Damage In Crabs, Jacob B. Spencer, Blaine D. Griffen

Library/Life Sciences Undergraduate Poster Competition 2022

Limb damage in crabs comes in various forms, each with unique consequences. Brachyuran crabs shed limbs as a defensive reflex, with natural breakage occurring along a plane, otherwise known as autotomy. In addition to autotomy, crabs commonly lose limbs due to fishing practices such as declawing. In many areas, taking the limbs and releasing the crab is a common practice. The logic is that the populations won’t decline if the crab is put back. Other practices such as nicking, or cutting the main claw tendon, are used to restrict claw movement. Various effects of these fishery practices have been ...


Introducing Xanthoria Parietina: Invasive, Naturalized, Or Opportunistic?, Mikele Baugh, Steve Leavitt 2022 Brigham Young University - Provo

Introducing Xanthoria Parietina: Invasive, Naturalized, Or Opportunistic?, Mikele Baugh, Steve Leavitt

Library/Life Sciences Undergraduate Poster Competition 2022

Lichens are one of the world’s ubiquitous group of organisms. They have been documented from frigid tundras to arid deserts. While some species are known to be particularly hardy and flexible in their habitats, many species are linked to specific growing conditions. As the global climate changes, the geographical range for different growing conditions shifts. Economic trade and human travel provide new opportunities for species to access new locations that are beginning to develop habitable conditions. Xanthoria parietina has been observed in the Great Basin (a region outside of its typical coastal distribution) found in newly built horticultural landscapes ...


Data From Callery Pear Prairie Survey, Michaela J. Woods, Grace Dietsch, Ryan W. McEwan 2022 University of Dayton

Data From Callery Pear Prairie Survey, Michaela J. Woods, Grace Dietsch, Ryan W. Mcewan

Five Rivers MetroParks Collaboration Data Archive

This dataset was curated following the examination of two prairies invaded by Callery pear, and two that were not invaded. We assessed soil nutrients and chemistry, plant cover, and proximity to different land uses to see if they impacted Callery pear abundance, presence/absence or cover.


Morphological Changes Of The Asian Shore Crab Across Latitudes, Ainslee McMullin, Blaine D. Griffen 2022 Brigham Young University - Provo

Morphological Changes Of The Asian Shore Crab Across Latitudes, Ainslee Mcmullin, Blaine D. Griffen

Library/Life Sciences Undergraduate Poster Competition 2022

The Asian shore crab, Hemigrapsus sanguineus , is an invasive species that has rapidly spread across the Eastern United States coastline. First observed in North America in 1988, its range currently extends from Maine to North Carolina. H. sanguineus has adapted very well to this region and has displaced several native species as the dominant crab in rocky intertidal habitats. Although the Asian shore crab’s biology and interactions with native species has been well studied, larger scale impacts (economic, potential further spread, community ecology, etc.) are under researched. We collected specimen samples of H. sanguineus throughout its entire East coast ...


The Role Of Leaf Decomposition In Macroinvertebrate Colonization, Bethany Mabel Lian Schorr, Kevin Geedey 2022 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

The Role Of Leaf Decomposition In Macroinvertebrate Colonization, Bethany Mabel Lian Schorr, Kevin Geedey

Independent Research Projects

Decomposition plays an important ecological role in carbon and nutrient cycling that supply food and energy resources to food webs. This study investigates the potential role that leaf decomposition of different leaf species may play in macroinvertebrate assemblages in upper Midwest streams. We hypothesized that the different decomposition rates experienced with different leaf species and in different streams would have an effect on invertebrate colonization due to the variance in nutrient availability. Due to altered fire regimes and other influences, forests are experiencing declines in fire-adapted, heliophytic species such as oaks and compositional shifts toward shade-tolerant, mesophytic species such as ...


First Record Of The Genus Compsobuthus (Scorpiones: Buthidae) From Maharashtra, India, With Description Of A New Species, Vivek Waghe, Satpal Gangalmale, Akshay Khandekar 2022 Marshall University

First Record Of The Genus Compsobuthus (Scorpiones: Buthidae) From Maharashtra, India, With Description Of A New Species, Vivek Waghe, Satpal Gangalmale, Akshay Khandekar

Euscorpius

A new species of the genus Compsobuthus Vachon, 1949 (Buthidae) belonging to the werneri group is described from two localities in Jalgaon District, Maharashtra, India. The new species can be easily distinguished from all four members of the werneri group known from India and Pakistan by combination of nonoverlapping morphological characters. Compsobuthus satpuraensis sp. n. is the first species of this genus to be reported from the state of Maharashtra and fourth to be reported from India.


High Abundance Of A Single Taxon (Amphipods) Predicts Aquatic Macrophyte Biodiversity In Prairie Wetlands, Danelle M. Larson, Demey DeJong, Michael J. Anteau, Megan J. Fitzpatrick, Breanna Keith, Emily Schilling, Barry There 2022 U.S. Geological Survey

High Abundance Of A Single Taxon (Amphipods) Predicts Aquatic Macrophyte Biodiversity In Prairie Wetlands, Danelle M. Larson, Demey Dejong, Michael J. Anteau, Megan J. Fitzpatrick, Breanna Keith, Emily Schilling, Barry There

Faculty Authored Articles

Conservation programs often aim to protect the abundance of individual species and biodiversity simultaneously. We quantified relations between amphipod densities and aquatic macrophyte (large plants and algae) diversity to test a hypothesis that biodiversity can support high abundance of a single taxonomic group. Amphipods (Gammarus lacustris and Hyalella azteca) are key forage for waterfowl and are declining in the Prairie Pothole Region of North America. We sampled a large gradient of amphipod densities (0–7050 amphipods/m3) in 49 semi-permanent wetlands, and 50% of the study wetlands had high amphipod densities (> 500 amphipods/m3). Generalized linear models revealed G. lacustris ...


Mosquito Survey In Tizi-Ouzou (Algeria Northern): Updated Inventory With New Reports, Soumeya Chahed, Hania Belkacem, Lynda Boukhari, Karima Brahmi 2022 Mouloud Mammeri University of Tizi-Ouzou, Algeria

Mosquito Survey In Tizi-Ouzou (Algeria Northern): Updated Inventory With New Reports, Soumeya Chahed, Hania Belkacem, Lynda Boukhari, Karima Brahmi

Journal of Bioresource Management

Mosquitoes play an important role in public health, they are responsible for the transmission of pathogens that cause infectious diseases to both humans and animals. The study of this fauna biodiversity is necessary to determine the vector species of diseases. Our inventory of mosquitoes in Tizi-Ouzou province has been updated in this study, it was carried out from April to September, 2021 at 43 breeding sites, spread over ten different communes. The inventory was based on the sampling of larvae and the capture of adults on human bait. The identification of Culicidae inventoried revealed the presence of 14 species belonging ...


Preliminary Survey And Diet Analysis Of Anurans In The Riparian Zone Of Calayagon Watershed, Agusan Del Norte, Philippines, Jenessa Verna B. Salo, Chennie L. Solania 2022 Caraga State University, Butuan City, 8600, Philippines.

Preliminary Survey And Diet Analysis Of Anurans In The Riparian Zone Of Calayagon Watershed, Agusan Del Norte, Philippines, Jenessa Verna B. Salo, Chennie L. Solania

Journal of Bioresource Management

Watersheds are critical habitats for a diverse array of organisms. Among all the fauna, anurans are excellent biological indicators of environmental health. The community structure is often associated with a relationship between species diversity and diet. An anuran survey was conducted along riparian zones of three selected barangays of Calayagon Watershed (Guinabsan, Rizal, and Malpoc), Philippines. Extensive opportunistic methods for a total of 480 man-hours were spent traversing the area. A total of 195 individuals, consisting of seven species from four families, were recorded. Seventy-two percent of the individual species were regarded as Least concern, and 14 % were Near-threatened. Of ...


Houtman Abrolhos Islands Fish Habitat Protection Area: A Summary Of Marine Resource Use And Ecological Attributes, Scott N. Evans, Nick Konzewitsch, Lynda M. Bellchambers 2022 Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development, Western Australia

Houtman Abrolhos Islands Fish Habitat Protection Area: A Summary Of Marine Resource Use And Ecological Attributes, Scott N. Evans, Nick Konzewitsch, Lynda M. Bellchambers

Fisheries research reports

The Houtman Abrolhos Islands (Abrolhos) is an archipelago of up to 210 small islands and associated reefs located approximately 65-90 km offshore from Geraldton, Western Australia (WA). The islands and waters of the Abrolhos are of significance for both land-based and marine based values. The marine state territorial waters of the Abrolhos are managed by the Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development (DPIRD) as the Houtman Abrolhos Islands Fish Habitat Protection Area (Abrolhos FHPA). This report aims to provide a summary of the DPIRD data on aquatic resource use (e.g., aquaculture, commercial, recreational and charter fishing) and ecological ...


Favorable Spring Conditions Can Buffer The Impact Of Winter Carryover Effects On A Key Breeding Decision In An Arctic-Breeding Seabird, Rolanda J. Steenweg, Glenn T. Crossin, Holly L. Hennin, H. Grant Gilchrist, Oliver P. Love 2022 Dalhousie University, Faculty of Medicine

Favorable Spring Conditions Can Buffer The Impact Of Winter Carryover Effects On A Key Breeding Decision In An Arctic-Breeding Seabird, Rolanda J. Steenweg, Glenn T. Crossin, Holly L. Hennin, H. Grant Gilchrist, Oliver P. Love

Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research Publications

The availability and investment of energy among successive life-history stages is a key feature of carryover effects. In migratory organisms, examining how both winter and spring experiences carryover to affect breeding activity is difficult due to the challenges in tracking individuals through these periods without impacting their behavior, thereby biasing results. Using common eiders Somateria mollissima, we examined whether spring conditions at an Arctic breeding colony (East Bay Island, Nunavut, Canada) can buffer the impacts of winter temperatures on body mass and breeding decisions in birds that winter at different locations (Nuuk and Disko Bay, Greenland, and Newfoundland, Canada; assessed ...


Corrigendum To “Environmental And Life-History Factors Influence Inter-Colony Multidimensional Niche Metrics Of A Breeding Arctic Marine Bird” [Sci. Total Environ. 796 (2021) 148935] (Science Of The Total Environment (2021) 796, (S0048969721040079), (10.1016/J.Scitotenv.2021.148935)), Reyd A. Smith, David J. Yurkowski, Kyle J.L. Parkinson, Jérôme Fort, Holly L. Hennin, H. Grant Gilchrist, Keith A. Hobson, Mark L. Mallory, Paco Bustamante, Jóhannis Danielsen, Svend E. Garbus, Sveinn A. Hanssen, Jón Einar Jónsson, Christopher J. Latty, Ellen Magnúsdóttir, Børge Moe, Glen J. Parsons, Christian Sonne 2022 University of Windsor

Corrigendum To “Environmental And Life-History Factors Influence Inter-Colony Multidimensional Niche Metrics Of A Breeding Arctic Marine Bird” [Sci. Total Environ. 796 (2021) 148935] (Science Of The Total Environment (2021) 796, (S0048969721040079), (10.1016/J.Scitotenv.2021.148935)), Reyd A. Smith, David J. Yurkowski, Kyle J.L. Parkinson, Jérôme Fort, Holly L. Hennin, H. Grant Gilchrist, Keith A. Hobson, Mark L. Mallory, Paco Bustamante, Jóhannis Danielsen, Svend E. Garbus, Sveinn A. Hanssen, Jón Einar Jónsson, Christopher J. Latty, Ellen Magnúsdóttir, Børge Moe, Glen J. Parsons, Christian Sonne

Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research Publications

The authors regret that the printed version of the above article contained an omission of an individual deserving of co-authorship. The correct and final version follows. The authors would like to apologise for any inconvenience caused. < Reyd A. Smith1⁎, David J. Yurkowski2, Kyle J.L. Parkinson1, Jérôme Fort3, Holly L. Hennin4, H. Grant Gilchrist4, Keith A. Hobson5, Mark L. Mallory6, Paco Bustamante3, Jóhannis Danielsen7, Svend E. Garbus8, Sveinn A. Hanssen9, Jón Einar Jónsson10, Christopher J. Latty11, Ellen Magnúsdóttir10, Børge Moe9, Glen J. Parsons12, Christian Sonne8, Grigori Tertitski13, and Oliver P. Love1> Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, Canada, N9B 3P4 2 Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, R3T 2N6 3 Littoral, Environnement et Sociétés (LIENSs), UMR 7266 CNRS – La Rochelle University, La Rochelle, France, FR-17000 4 Environment and Climate Change Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, K0A 1H0. 5 Western University, London, Ontario, Canada, N6A 3K7 6Acadia University, Wolfville, Nova Scotia, Canada, B4P 2R6 7 Faroe Marine Research Institute ...


Crassostrea Gigas Invasion In Southern California: Macrofaunal Diversity And Local Community Impacts Of Ecosystem Engineers On Estuarine Habitats, Noah Jansen-Yee 2022 University of San Diego

Crassostrea Gigas Invasion In Southern California: Macrofaunal Diversity And Local Community Impacts Of Ecosystem Engineers On Estuarine Habitats, Noah Jansen-Yee

Theses

Many marine ecosystems are facing the growing threat of biological invasions. These invasions can have a variety of different impacts on ecosystems and their inhabitants. The Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, is currently in the relatively early stages of invasion in San Diego estuaries. Crassostrea gigas is a large, filter-feeding bivalve that forms dense oyster beds on hard substrate. These oysters are known to outcompete native counterparts and drastically alter habitats where they are present. Crassostrea gigas is an ecosystem engineer that, through shell creation and formation of a dense oyster matrix, impacts ecosystems in a variety of direct and indirect ...


Observations On Regeneration Of The Pedipalp And Legs Of Scorpions, Martin Watz, Jason A. Dunlop 2022 Marshall University

Observations On Regeneration Of The Pedipalp And Legs Of Scorpions, Martin Watz, Jason A. Dunlop

Euscorpius

An Opisthacanthus asper (Peters, 1861) (Hormuridae) shows a relatively rare example of pedipalp regeneration in which the lost tibia and tarsus was replaced by a smaller, curved element of uncertain homology to either the fixed or free finger. A comparable abnormal palp described in the literature hints that pedipalps can only regenerate a structure of this form, regardless of the site of amputation. An Olivierus caucasicus (Nordmann, 1840) (Buthidae) is described in which claws (pretarsus) of leg III regenerated directly at the distal end of the tibia, while in leg IV the claws regenerated at the end of a truncated ...


A Call For The Library Community To Deploy Best Practices Toward A Database For Biocultural Knowledge Relating To Climate Change, Martha B. Lerski 2022 CUNY Lehman College

A Call For The Library Community To Deploy Best Practices Toward A Database For Biocultural Knowledge Relating To Climate Change, Martha B. Lerski

Publications and Research

Abstract

Purpose – In this paper, a call to the library and information science community to support documentation and conservation of cultural and biocultural heritage has been presented.

Design/methodology/approach – Based in existing Literature, this proposal is generative and descriptive— rather than prescriptive—regarding precisely how libraries should collaborate to employ technical and ethical best practices to provide access to vital data, research and cultural narratives relating to climate.

Findings – COVID-19 and climate destruction signal urgent global challenges. Library best practices are positioned to respond to climate change. Literature indicates how libraries preserve, share and cross-link cultural and scientific knowledge ...


Working Tree Inventory, Steven Sypniewski 2022 Buffalo State College

Working Tree Inventory, Steven Sypniewski

Maud Gordon Holmes Arboretum database

Inventory of trees on the Buffalo State Campus starting in 2019.


Weaving Indigenous And Western Science Knowledges Through A Land-Based Field Course At Bkejwanong Territory (Laurentian Great Lakes), Clint Jacobs, Candy Donaldson, Jessica T. Ives, Katrina Keeshig, Catherine Febria 2022 NinDaWaabJig - Walpole Island Heritage Centre

Weaving Indigenous And Western Science Knowledges Through A Land-Based Field Course At Bkejwanong Territory (Laurentian Great Lakes), Clint Jacobs, Candy Donaldson, Jessica T. Ives, Katrina Keeshig, Catherine Febria

Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research Publications

In response to a growing interest in building Indigenous-led educational experiences, we codeveloped a land-based field course that wove Indigenous ways of knowing together with Western ecological concepts. The spirit of the course was the one rooted in varied ways of knowing nature, on the land, the water, and the culture—to see the Great Lakes from an Anishinaabe perspective. Situated in the heart of the Laurentian Great Lakes Basin at Bkejwanong Territory (Walpole Island First Nation), in the Traditional Territory of the Three Fires Confederacy of First Nations (Ojibwe, Odawa, and Potawatomi) on Turtle Island (North America), this inaugural ...


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