Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Science and Technology Studies Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

6,544 Full-Text Articles 7,866 Authors 1,597,854 Downloads 145 Institutions

All Articles in Science and Technology Studies

Faceted Search

6,544 full-text articles. Page 7 of 249.

Understanding The Determinants Affecting The Continuance Intention To Use Cloud Computing, Shailja Tripathi Dr. 2017 IFHE University, IBS Hyderabad

Understanding The Determinants Affecting The Continuance Intention To Use Cloud Computing, Shailja Tripathi Dr.

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

Cloud computing has been progressively implemented in the organizations. The purpose of the paper is to understand the fundamental factors influencing the senior manager’s continuance intention to use cloud computing in organizations. A conceptual framework was developed by using the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) as a base theoretical model. A questionnaire was used to collect the data from several companies in IT, manufacturing, finance, pharmaceutical and retail sectors in India. The data analysis was done using structural equation modeling technique. Perceived usefulness and perceived ubiquity are identified as important factors that affect continuance intention to use cloud computing. In ...


Hermeneutic Philosophies Of Social Science: Introduction, Babette Babich 2017 Fordham University

Hermeneutic Philosophies Of Social Science: Introduction, Babette Babich

Articles and Chapters in Academic Book Collections

No abstract provided.


The Use Of Reflective Questioning As A Peer Coaching Strategy In An Asynchronous Online Cognitive Apprenticeship, Jennifer Ashley Scott Brown 2017 Old Dominion University

The Use Of Reflective Questioning As A Peer Coaching Strategy In An Asynchronous Online Cognitive Apprenticeship, Jennifer Ashley Scott Brown

STEMPS Theses & Dissertations

The cognitive apprenticeship framework melds situated, authentic learning with social learning theory. The learning strategies included in a cognitive apprenticeship are modeling, coaching, scaffolding, articulation, reflection, and exploration. Previous research indicates that the most beneficial strategy for the learner is coaching, and is also the most time-consuming strategy for the instructor. However, no previous research has been conducted to determine which coaching strategies can be utilized in order to lessen the burden on the instructor, while being beneficial to the learner.

The purpose of this study was to explore the use of guided reflective questions as a strategy for enhancing ...


Vr Usability From Elderly Cohorts: Preparatory Challenges In Overcoming Technology Rejection, David M. Cook 2017 Edith Cowan University

Vr Usability From Elderly Cohorts: Preparatory Challenges In Overcoming Technology Rejection, David M. Cook

David M Cook

Virtual Reality (VR) usability is an emerging area that has made rapid progress among early adopters, but has so far failed to address the concerns of late adopters. In particular, elderly cohorts stand to benefit greatly from VR technologies as they enter areas of assistive technology, gerontechnology, and authentic modes of training. This study examined technology rejection criteria from a sample of 19 retired persons by comparing normative and VR practices for the fundamental learning of navigation using Google Earth mapping. This research discovered that three dimensional fear was a major factor in determining the acceptance and rejection of VR ...


Technology And The Biblical Story, Derek Schuurman 2017 Dordt College

Technology And The Biblical Story, Derek Schuurman

Pro Rege

Editor's Note: This article is based on Derek Schuurman's chapel talk, given at Bethel University in St. Paul, Minnesota, on February 22, 2017. A video of the talk is available online at: https://vimeo.com/channels/bethelchapel/205900409


Google Tools: Google's Not Just For Searching Anymore, Jennifer Kelley 2017 College of DuPage

Google Tools: Google's Not Just For Searching Anymore, Jennifer Kelley

Jennifer Kelley

Learn how to use several of Google's free online tools and applications to write papers on the go, work on group projects from a distance, collect information from the internet automatically, and much more. After creating a Google account, attendees will learn how to set up a public calendar in Google Calendar, draft a document and collaborate using Google Documents and collect content from blogs and online news services using Google Reader.


Beating The Odds With The Insider’S Scoop: Tips And Tricks From The Library Secrets! Librarian, Jennifer Kelley 2017 College of DuPage

Beating The Odds With The Insider’S Scoop: Tips And Tricks From The Library Secrets! Librarian, Jennifer Kelley

Jennifer Kelley

Is the research process an “unbeatable” game, where the odds are always against the student? We see our students sitting blankly in front of computer screens, dropping search terms into databases like coins into one-armed bandits, hoping for the jackpot—full-text articles on their subject seemingly elusive as three cherries in a row. Games generally have a learning curve—the more you play, the better you become. Increasingly, however, gamers turn to tips and tricks resources for shortcuts, strategies and cheat codes that can give them the edge and propel them to the next level. When it comes to research ...


Energy Safety Management: Mitigating Loss Of Control Inflight, Juan Merkt 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Prescott

Energy Safety Management: Mitigating Loss Of Control Inflight, Juan Merkt

National Training Aircraft Symposium (NTAS)

Under the new Airman Certification Standards (ACS), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has mandated for the first time that private and commercial pilot candidates demonstrate understanding of energy management in several areas of operation. Recognition by the FAA of the importance of energy management is a welcome development, given the potential lethal consequences of mishandling the airplane’s energy state. Poor management of the energy associated with vertical flight path and/or airspeed is a significant factor in loss of control in flight and runway excursions during landing, two leading causes of fatal accidents in aviation. While most pilots are ...


The Tax Treatment Of Tokens: What Does It Betoken?, David J. Shakow 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

The Tax Treatment Of Tokens: What Does It Betoken?, David J. Shakow

Faculty Scholarship

Digital tokens have been used to raise substantial amounts of money. But little attention has been paid to the tax consequences surrounding their issuance and sale. There are significant potential tax liabilities lurking in the use of digital tokens. But, because of the anonymity inherent in the blockchain structures used for the issuance of tokens and payments for them, there is a significant question as to whether those tax liabilities will ever be collected.


How Governmental Greenhouse Gas Science Has Been Weathered Through Time And Why It Matters, Christopher Apple 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

How Governmental Greenhouse Gas Science Has Been Weathered Through Time And Why It Matters, Christopher Apple

STAR (STEM Teacher and Researcher) Presentations

Global consumption of materials and energy is accelerating. The rate of plant and animal species extinction is accelerating. On a finite Earth with a growing population, current consumption cannot continue sustainably. Greenhouse gases (GHGs) tell us an important part of this story. The Global Greenhouse Gas Reference Network, managed by scientists at NOAA’s Earth System Research Laboratory, is the largest greenhouse gas analysis network in the world. It has been shaped by scientific questions, stagnant funding despite rises in research costs, and the task of understanding how the Earth system will respond to a changing climate. The Network began ...


How Do Former Undergraduate Mentors Evaluate Their Mentoring Experience 3-Years Post-Mentoring: A Phenomenological Study, Kari L. Nelson, Christine E. Cutucache 2017 University of Nebraska at Omaha

How Do Former Undergraduate Mentors Evaluate Their Mentoring Experience 3-Years Post-Mentoring: A Phenomenological Study, Kari L. Nelson, Christine E. Cutucache

The Qualitative Report

This phenomenological study involves a unique, longitudinal assessment of the lived experiences of former undergraduate mentors (n=7) in light of their current experiences (i.e., career or advanced schooling). The objective of a phenomenological study is to engage in in-depth probing of a representative number of participants. Specifically, we followed up with graduates of the Nebraska STEM 4U (NE STEM 4U) intervention 3 years post-program, with the overall goal of describing the mentors’ experiences using the lens of their current experiences. This type of longitudinal perspective of mentoring is greatly lacking in the current literature. At the time of ...


Empirical Study On The Accessibility Of Wi-Fi, Computers And Cell Phones In Cuba, Katalina Montalvo 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Empirical Study On The Accessibility Of Wi-Fi, Computers And Cell Phones In Cuba, Katalina Montalvo

Student Works

This paper reviews the accessibility of technology in Havana, Cuba as it begins to open its borders to the modern world. The technology researched includes cell phones, Wi-Fi, computers, and personal computers. As the embargo on Cuba begins to fade, tourists and new businesses are flocking to this once heavily restricted island. The focus of this paper is to explain the availability of modern technology to the citizens of Cuba. Currently, technology is very limited in Cuba because Wi-Fi is an expensive luxury for the average Cuban. Modern computers are also an expensive purchase, which forces Cubans to put together ...


Design Of A Virtual Laboratory For Automation Control, Zelin Zhu 2017 Old Dominion University

Design Of A Virtual Laboratory For Automation Control, Zelin Zhu

Modeling, Simulation & Visualization Engineering Theses & Dissertations

In the past, only students who studied on campus were able to access laboratory equipment in traditional lab courses; distance learning students, enrolled in online courses, were at a disadvantage for they could learn basic lab experiment principles but could never experience hands-on learning. Modeling and simulation can be a powerful tool for generating virtual laboratories for distance learning students. This thesis describes the design and development of a virtual laboratory for automation control using mechanical, electrical, and pneumatic components for an automation and control course at Old Dominion University. This virtual laboratory application was implemented for two platforms — Windows ...


Reconceptualizing The Work Of A Content Provider For An Online Audience: A Case Study For How Pedagogical Strategies Can Provide Models Of Engagement For Producers Of Entertainment, Diane Cooke 2017 Old Dominion University

Reconceptualizing The Work Of A Content Provider For An Online Audience: A Case Study For How Pedagogical Strategies Can Provide Models Of Engagement For Producers Of Entertainment, Diane Cooke

English Theses & Dissertations

With the interconnectivity of the Internet, and the availability of affordable media compositional tools, the proliferation of online media continues to grow exponentially. However, each day is still comprised of a fixed 24 hours, with far fewer hours spent in active media consumption. Considering the global potential for content to be found (Moreville), discovered (Cormier) or spread (Jenkins), content providers are looking for ways to attract, cultivate and hopefully expand their audiences amid all this digital clutter. In the field of entertainment, this challenge is complicated when small content providers are not aligned with an online, curated network such as ...


Pedagogy For A Plugged-In Age, Independent Study 2017, Andrew Hladkyj 2017 Sheridan College

Pedagogy For A Plugged-In Age, Independent Study 2017, Andrew Hladkyj

Publications and Scholarship

This is an independent study for Hladkyj's graduate studies in Strategic Foresight and Innovation (MDes) at OCAD University. The study’s goal is to establish a “lay of the land” informing how technology and pedagogy might be designed in the Web Design Graduate Certificate program Hladkyj spearheaded at Sheridan College.

The research consists of a literature review validated by primary sources, composed of four 30-minute, semi-structured expert interviews with college-level design educators, administrators, and students (both current and former).

A modified, “human-centred” STEEP V (Social, Technological, Economic, Environmental, Political, Values) framework provides context to the findings.The output is ...


Discovering Explanatory Models To Identify Relevant Tweets On Zika, RoopTeja Muppalla, Michele Miller, Tanvi Banerjee, William L. Romine 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

Discovering Explanatory Models To Identify Relevant Tweets On Zika, Roopteja Muppalla, Michele Miller, Tanvi Banerjee, William L. Romine

Kno.e.sis Publications

Zika virus has caught the worlds attention, and has led people to share their opinions and concerns on social media like Twitter. Using text-based features, extracted with the help of Parts of Speech (POS) taggers and N-gram, a classifier was built to detect Zika related tweets from Twitter. With a simple logistic classifier, the system was successful in detecting Zika related tweets from Twitter with a 92% accuracy. Moreover, key features were identified that provide deeper insights on the content of tweets relevant to Zika. This system can be leveraged by domain experts to perform sentiment analysis, and understand the ...


Image Descriptors From Convnets: Comparing Global Pooling Methods For Image Retrieval, Ian Comor, Yan Zhao, Zhimin Gao, Luping Zhou, Lei Wang 2017 University of Wollongong

Image Descriptors From Convnets: Comparing Global Pooling Methods For Image Retrieval, Ian Comor, Yan Zhao, Zhimin Gao, Luping Zhou, Lei Wang

Yan Zhao

2016 IEEE.A major component of a generic image retrieval pipeline is producing concise and effective descriptors for each image. Previous works have shown impressive results in image retrieval when using descriptors from the black-box output of the fully-connected stage of pretrained Convolutional Neural Networks (ConvNets). However, previous work on descriptors pooled from the deep feature maps from late convolutional layers can produce more discriminative descriptors for generic image retrieval, while being relatively concise. When planning to globally pool such feature maps from a ConvNet, some options to consider are (1) the depth of the network, (2) choice of layer ...


A Knowledge Graph Framework For Detecting Traffic Events Using Stationary Cameras, RoopTeja Muppalla, Sarasi Lalithsena, Tanvi Banerjee, Amit Sheth 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

A Knowledge Graph Framework For Detecting Traffic Events Using Stationary Cameras, Roopteja Muppalla, Sarasi Lalithsena, Tanvi Banerjee, Amit Sheth

Kno.e.sis Publications

With the rapid increase in urban development, it is critical to utilize dynamic sensor streams for traffic understanding, especially in larger cities where route planning or infrastructure planning is more critical. This creates a strong need to understand traffic patterns using ubiquitous sensors to allow city officials to be better informed when planning urban construction and to provide an understanding of the traffic dynamics in the city. In this study, we propose our framework ITSKG (Imagery-based Traffic Sensing Knowledge Graph) which utilizes the stationary traffic camera information as sensors to understand the traffic patterns. The proposed system extracts image-based features ...


Interestingness Of Discovered Association Rules In Terms Of Neighborhood-Based Unexpectedness, Guozhu Dong, Jinyan Li 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

Interestingness Of Discovered Association Rules In Terms Of Neighborhood-Based Unexpectedness, Guozhu Dong, Jinyan Li

Jinyan Li

One of the central problems in knowledge discovery is the development of good measures of interestingness of discovered patterns. With such measures, a user needs to manually examine only the more interesting rules, instead of each of a large number of mined rules. Previous proposals of such measures include rule templates, minimal rule cover, actionability, and unexpectedness in the statistical sense or against user beliefs. In this paper we will introduce neighborhood-based interestingness by considering unexpectedness in terms of neighborhood-based parameters. We first present some novel notions of distance between rules and of neighborhood of rules. The neighborhood-based interestingness of ...


The Space Of Jumping Emerging Patterns And Its Incremental Maintenance, Jinyan Li, Kotagiri Ramamohanarao, Guozhu Dong 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

The Space Of Jumping Emerging Patterns And Its Incremental Maintenance, Jinyan Li, Kotagiri Ramamohanarao, Guozhu Dong

Jinyan Li

The concept of jumping emerging patterns (JEPs) has been proposed to describe those discriminating features which only occur in the positive training instances but do not occur in the negative class at all; JEPs have been used to construct classifiers which generally provide better accuracy than the state-of-the-art classifiers such as C4.5. The algorithms for maintaining the space of jumping emerging patterns (JEP space) are presented in this paper. We prove that JEP spaces satisfy the property of convexity. Therefore JEP spaces can be concisely represented by two bounds: consisting respectively of the most general elements and the most ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress