Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Science and Technology Studies Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

6172 Full-Text Articles 7466 Authors 1472327 Downloads 135 Institutions

All Articles in Science and Technology Studies

Faceted Search

6172 full-text articles. Page 5 of 224.

The Angular Dependence Of A Two Dimensional Monolithic Detector Array For Dosimetry In Small Radiation Fields, Nauljun Stansook, Marco Petasecca, Kananan Utitsarn, Matthew Newall, Peter E. Metcalfe, Martin G. Carolan, Michael L. F Lerch, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld 2017 University of Wollongong

The Angular Dependence Of A Two Dimensional Monolithic Detector Array For Dosimetry In Small Radiation Fields, Nauljun Stansook, Marco Petasecca, Kananan Utitsarn, Matthew Newall, Peter E. Metcalfe, Martin G. Carolan, Michael L. F Lerch, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The purpose of this study is to investigate the directional dependence of a two dimensional monolithic detector array (M512) under 6 MV photon irradiation and to evaluate the effect of field size on angular dependence. Square fields of sizes: 3x3 cm2 and 10x10 cm2 were measured at the iso-centre of a cylindrical phantom. Beam angles with incidences from 00- 1800 in increments of 150 were used to investigate the central pixel angular response of M512, normalized to the pixel response for normal (0°) beam incidence. The angular response of the detector was compared to the ...


Experimental Studies With Two Novel Silicon Detectors For The Development Of Time-Of-Flight Spectrometry Of Laser-Accelerated Proton Beams, M Würl, S Reinhardt, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld, Marco Petasecca, Michael L. F Lerch, Linh T. Tran, S Karsch, W Assmann, J Schreiber, Katia Parodi 2017 Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich

Experimental Studies With Two Novel Silicon Detectors For The Development Of Time-Of-Flight Spectrometry Of Laser-Accelerated Proton Beams, M Würl, S Reinhardt, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld, Marco Petasecca, Michael L. F Lerch, Linh T. Tran, S Karsch, W Assmann, J Schreiber, Katia Parodi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Laser-accelerated proton beams exhibit remarkably different beam characteristics as compared to conventionally accelerated ion beams. About 105 to 107 particles per MeV and msr are accelerated quasi-instantaneously within about 1 ps. The resulting energy spectrum typically shows an exponentially decaying distribution. Our planned approach to determine the energy spectrum of the particles generated in each pulse is to exploit the time-of-flight (TOF) difference of protons with different kinetic energies at 1 m distance from the laser-target interaction. This requires fast and sensitive detectors. We therefore tested two prototype silicon detectors, developed at the Centre for Medical Radiation Physics ...


New Silicon Microdosimetry Probes For Rbe And Biological Dose Studies Using Stationary And Movable Targets In 12C Ion Therapy, Lachlan Chartier, Linh T. Tran, David Bolst, Alex Pogossov, Susanna Guatelli, Marco Petasecca, Michael L. F Lerch, Dale A. Prokopovich, Mark I. Reinhard, Vladimir Perevertaylo, Michael A. Jackson, Naruhiro Matsufuji, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld 2017 University of Wollongong

New Silicon Microdosimetry Probes For Rbe And Biological Dose Studies Using Stationary And Movable Targets In 12C Ion Therapy, Lachlan Chartier, Linh T. Tran, David Bolst, Alex Pogossov, Susanna Guatelli, Marco Petasecca, Michael L. F Lerch, Dale A. Prokopovich, Mark I. Reinhard, Vladimir Perevertaylo, Michael A. Jackson, Naruhiro Matsufuji, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Due to the high LET and dense ionisation tracks associated with ions, microdosimetric approaches have been used in carbon ion therapy to assess field quality and calculate radiobiological quantities for a variety of cell lines. There is however a lack of instrumentation for simple and routine use in a clinical environment, important for determination of RBE which provides accurate treatment planning and delivery in hadron therapy. In this study, a 10 μm thick silicon microdosimeter with 3D sensitive volumes has been used to investigate the effect of motion on the RBE and field quality of a typical 12C ion ...


Stir Casting Process For Manufacture Of Al-Sic Composites, Shahin Soltani, R Azari Khosroshahi, R Taherzadeh Mousavian, Zhengyi Jiang, Alireza Fadavi Boostani, D Brabazon 2017 Sahand University of Technology

Stir Casting Process For Manufacture Of Al-Sic Composites, Shahin Soltani, R Azari Khosroshahi, R Taherzadeh Mousavian, Zhengyi Jiang, Alireza Fadavi Boostani, D Brabazon

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Stir casting is an economical process for the fabrication of aluminum matrix composites. There are many parameters in this process, which affect the final microstructure and mechanical properties of the composites. In this study, micron-sized SiC particles were used as reinforcement to fabricate Al-3 wt% SiC composites at two casting temperatures (680 and 850 °C) and stirring periods (2 and 6 min). Factors of reaction at matrix/ceramic interface, porosity, ceramic incorporation, and agglomeration of the particles were evaluated by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and high-resolution transition electron microscope (HRTEM) studies. From microstructural characterizations, it is concluded that the shorter ...


The Extension Class And Kms States For Cuntz-Pimsner Algebras Of Some Bi-Hilbertian Bimodules, Adam C. Rennie, David I. Robertson, Aidan Sims 2017 University of Wollongong

The Extension Class And Kms States For Cuntz-Pimsner Algebras Of Some Bi-Hilbertian Bimodules, Adam C. Rennie, David I. Robertson, Aidan Sims

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

For bi-Hilbertian A-bimodules, in the sense of Kajiwara-Pinzari-Watatani, we construct a Kasparov module representing the extension class defining the Cuntz-Pimsner algebra. The construction utilises a singular expectation which is defined using the C*-module version of the Jones index for bi-Hilbertian bimodules. The Jones index data also determines a novel quasi-free dynamics and KMS states on these Cuntz-Pimsner algebras.


Metamorphic Testing For Adobe Data Analytics Software, Darryl C. Jarman, Zhiquan Zhou, Tsong Yueh Chen 2017 Adobe Systems Inc

Metamorphic Testing For Adobe Data Analytics Software, Darryl C. Jarman, Zhiquan Zhou, Tsong Yueh Chen

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

It is challenging to test data analytics software because a test oracle might not be available. This study reports our experience of applying metamorphic testing to Adobe's data analytics software that is used for anomaly detection in a set of time series data. We make use of geometric transformations to build metamorphic relations and generate simple time series data as the source test cases. The results of this study show that metamorphic testing is highly effective for both verification and validation purposes. An investigation of the issues detected during metamorphic testing revealed three bugs in the software under test.


Once Only Principle: Benefits, Barriers & Next Steps, Maria Wimmer, Efthimios Tambouris, Robert Krimmer, J Gil-Garcia, Akemi T. Chatfield 2017 University of Koblenz-Landau

Once Only Principle: Benefits, Barriers & Next Steps, Maria Wimmer, Efthimios Tambouris, Robert Krimmer, J Gil-Garcia, Akemi T. Chatfield

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

The Once-Once Principle (OOP) suggests that citizens and businesses should have the right to supply information only once to a public administration. It would then be the responsibility of public administration offices to take all necessary actions in order to internally share this data by respecting the relevant data protection rules. The overall aim is to reduce administrative burden. The implementation of the OOP is high on the political agenda of many countries including the Member States of the European Union. The aim of this panel is to enable an open discussion between the panelists and the audience in order ...


Analytical Model For Vacuum Consolidation Incorporating Soil Disturbance Caused By Mandrel-Driven Drains, Darshana Perera, Buddhima Indraratna, Serge Leroueil, Cholachat Rujikiatkamjorn, Richard Kelly 2017 University of Wollongong

Analytical Model For Vacuum Consolidation Incorporating Soil Disturbance Caused By Mandrel-Driven Drains, Darshana Perera, Buddhima Indraratna, Serge Leroueil, Cholachat Rujikiatkamjorn, Richard Kelly

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

When vacuum preloading is applied with vertical drains, the rate of consolidation can be increased, and the stability of an embankment is enhanced due to the inward lateral movement. The aim of this study is to develop an analytical solution for vacuum preloading that accurately captures the more realistic variations in compressibility and permeability in actual ground conditions as a result of drain installation. The soil samples were obtained from various locations after drain installation to determine the characteristics of soil surrounding the vertical drain in terms of compressibility and permeability. The main differences between the proposed and conventional models ...


A Novel Approach For Classifying Gene Expression Data Using Topic Modeling, Soon Jye Kho, Himi Yalamanchili, Michael L. Raymer, Amit Sheth 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

A Novel Approach For Classifying Gene Expression Data Using Topic Modeling, Soon Jye Kho, Himi Yalamanchili, Michael L. Raymer, Amit Sheth

Kno.e.sis Publications

Understanding the role of differential gene expression in cancer etiology and cellular process is a complex problem that continues to pose a challenge due to sheer number of genes and inter-related biological processes involved. In this paper, we employ an unsupervised topic model, Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) to mitigate overfitting of high-dimensionality gene expression data and to facilitate understanding of the associated pathways. LDA has been recently applied for clustering and exploring genomic data but not for classification and prediction. Here, we proposed to use LDA inclustering as well as in classification of cancer and healthy tissues using lung cancer ...


Road Accidents Bigdata Mining And Visualization Using Support Vector Machines, Usha Lokala, Srinivas Nowduri, Prabhakar K. Sharma 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

Road Accidents Bigdata Mining And Visualization Using Support Vector Machines, Usha Lokala, Srinivas Nowduri, Prabhakar K. Sharma

Kno.e.sis Publications

Useful information has been extracted from the road accident data in United Kingdom (UK), using data analytics method, for avoiding possible accidents in rural and urban areas. This analysis make use of several methodologies such as data integration, support vector machines (SVM), correlation machines and multinomial goodness. The entire datasets have been imported from the traffic department of UK with due permission. The information extracted from these huge datasets forms a basis for several predictions, which in turn avoid unnecessary memory lapses. Since data is expected to grow continuously over a period of time, this work primarily proposes a new ...


Relatedness-Based Multi-Entity Summarization, Kalpa Gunaratna, Amir Hossein Yazdavar, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Amit Sheth, Gong Cheng 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

Relatedness-Based Multi-Entity Summarization, Kalpa Gunaratna, Amir Hossein Yazdavar, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Amit Sheth, Gong Cheng

Kno.e.sis Publications

Representing world knowledge in a machine processable format is important as entities and their descriptions have fueled tremendous growth in knowledge-rich information processing platforms, services, and systems. Prominent applications of knowledge graphs include search engines (e.g., Google Search and Microsoft Bing), email clients (e.g., Gmail), and intelligent personal assistants (e.g., Google Now, Amazon Echo, and Apple’s Siri). In this paper, we present an approach that can summarize facts about a collection of entities by analyzing their relatedness in preference to summarizing each entity in isolation. Specifically, we generate informative entity summaries by selecting: (i) inter-entity facts ...


A Semantics-Based Measure Of Emoji Similarity, Sanjaya Wijeratne, Lakshika Balasuriya, Amit Sheth, Derek Doran 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

A Semantics-Based Measure Of Emoji Similarity, Sanjaya Wijeratne, Lakshika Balasuriya, Amit Sheth, Derek Doran

Kno.e.sis Publications

Emoji have grown to become one of the most important forms of communication on the web. With its widespread use, measuring the similarity of emoji has become an important problem for contemporary text processing since it lies at the heart of sentiment analysis, search, and interface design tasks. This paper presents a comprehensive analysis of the semantic similarity of emoji through embedding models that are learned over machine-readable emoji meanings in the EmojiNet knowledge base. Using emoji descriptions, emoji sense labels and emoji sense definitions, and with different training corpora obtained from Twitter and Google News, we develop and test ...


Proeva: Runtime Proactive Performance Evaluation Based On Continuous-Time Mardov Chains, Guoxin Su, Taolue Chen, Yuan Feng, David Rosenblum 2017 University of Wollongong

Proeva: Runtime Proactive Performance Evaluation Based On Continuous-Time Mardov Chains, Guoxin Su, Taolue Chen, Yuan Feng, David Rosenblum

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Software systems, especially service-based software systems, need to guarantee runtime performance. If their performance is degraded, some reconfiguration countermeasures should be taken. However, there is usually some latency before the countermeasures take effect.


Load And Moment Interaction Diagram For Circular Concrete Columns Reinforced With Gfrp Bars And Gfrp Helices, Hogr Karim, M Neaz Sheikh, Muhammad N. S Hadi 2017 University of Wollongong

Load And Moment Interaction Diagram For Circular Concrete Columns Reinforced With Gfrp Bars And Gfrp Helices, Hogr Karim, M Neaz Sheikh, Muhammad N. S Hadi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

This paper presents analytical and experimental studies on the axial load-bending moment behavior of glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) bars and helices RC columns. The nominal axial load and bending moment of the columns were analyzed based on the stress-strain behavior of the cross-sectional components. A numerical integration method was used to determine the compressive force of concrete in the compression region. The analytical results were verified with experimental results of 12 circular specimens reinforced with GFRP bars and GFRP helices. Out of these 12 specimens, eight specimens were taken from available literature and four specimens were tested in this study ...


An Experimental Study Of Axial Load Transfer Mechanisms Of Cable Bolts Using Axially Split Embedment Apparatus, Ali Mirza, Naj Aziz 2017 University of Wollongong

An Experimental Study Of Axial Load Transfer Mechanisms Of Cable Bolts Using Axially Split Embedment Apparatus, Ali Mirza, Naj Aziz

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

The load transfer mechanisms of cable bolts differ from those for normal rebar bolts. The cable bolts used in mines are basically steel strands with different constructions depending on the number of wires or elements and the way they are laid. Tendon bolts (rebar and cable) are normally evaluated for their strength and load transfer properties. The tendon strength can be evaluated by the tensile failure tests, while the load transfer strength is evaluated by the pull and shear strength tests. Short Encapsulation Pull Testing (SEPT) is normally used to study the load transfer capacities of tendons, and it can ...


Behavior Of Circularized Hollow Rc Columns Under Different Loading Conditions, Muhammad N. S Hadi, Mohammed Jameel, M Neaz Sheikh 2017 University of Wollongong

Behavior Of Circularized Hollow Rc Columns Under Different Loading Conditions, Muhammad N. S Hadi, Mohammed Jameel, M Neaz Sheikh

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

One of the methods for strengthening square concrete columns is shape modification. The method involves modification of the column cross section from square to circular by bonding concrete segments and then wrapping the column with fiber reinforced polymer (FRP). This paper investigates experimentally the applicability of the shape modification (circularization) for square hollow reinforced concrete (RC) specimens under different loading conditions. Five groups of four hollow RC specimens made from normal strength concrete were cast and tested. The specimens in the first group were RC hollow specimens, which served as reference specimens. The corners of the specimens in the second ...


Energy Efficiency Of Uplink Massive Mimo Systems With Successive Interference Cancellation, Tianle Liu, Jun Tong, Qinghua Guo, Jiangtao Xi, Yanguang Yu, Zhitao Xiao 2017 University of Wollongong

Energy Efficiency Of Uplink Massive Mimo Systems With Successive Interference Cancellation, Tianle Liu, Jun Tong, Qinghua Guo, Jiangtao Xi, Yanguang Yu, Zhitao Xiao

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

The energy efficiency (EE) of an uplink massive multiple-input multiple-output system depends strongly on the number of antennas at base stations (BSs) and the receiver architecture. The existing research has focused on linear receivers, such as those based on zero forcing (ZF) or linear minimum mean squared error detectors. In this letter, we investigate the EE when nonlinear successive-interference cancellation (SIC) receivers are employed at the BSs and provide an asymptotic analysis of the total transmit power with ZF-SIC. We show that to achieve the same spectrum efficiency, the SIC receivers require fewer antennas at BSs, but only moderate increase ...


A Graph-Embedding Approach To Hierarchical Visual Word Mergence, Lei Wang, Lingqiao Liu, Luping Zhou 2017 University of Wollongong

A Graph-Embedding Approach To Hierarchical Visual Word Mergence, Lei Wang, Lingqiao Liu, Luping Zhou

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

No abstract provided.


Design And Implementation Of A Novel Web-Based E-Learning Tool For Education Of Health Professionals On The Antibiotic Vancomycin, Stuart Bond, Shelley P. Crowther, Suman Adhikari, Ping Yu, Jay P. Bochard, Craig S. Boutlis, Wilfred W. Yeo, Spiros Miyakis 2017 University of Wollongong

Design And Implementation Of A Novel Web-Based E-Learning Tool For Education Of Health Professionals On The Antibiotic Vancomycin, Stuart Bond, Shelley P. Crowther, Suman Adhikari, Ping Yu, Jay P. Bochard, Craig S. Boutlis, Wilfred W. Yeo, Spiros Miyakis

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

No abstract provided.


Integrated Condition Monitoring And Prognosis Method For Incipient Defect Detection And Remaining Life Prediction Of Low Speed Slew Bearings, Wahyu Caesarendra, Tegoeh Tjahjowidodo, Buyung Kosasih, Anh Kiet Tieu 2017 University of Wollongong

Integrated Condition Monitoring And Prognosis Method For Incipient Defect Detection And Remaining Life Prediction Of Low Speed Slew Bearings, Wahyu Caesarendra, Tegoeh Tjahjowidodo, Buyung Kosasih, Anh Kiet Tieu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

This paper presents an application of multivariate state estimation technique (MSET), sequential probability ratio test (SPRT) and kernel regression for low speed slew bearing condition monitoring and prognosis. The method is applied in two steps. Step (1) is the detection of the incipient slew bearing defect. In this step, combined MSET and SPRT is used with circular-domain kurtosis, time-domain kurtosis, wavelet decomposition (WD) kurtosis, empirical mode decomposition (EMD) kurtosis and the largest Lyapunov exponent (LLE) feature. Step (2) is the prediction of the selected features' trends and the estimation of the remaining useful life (RUL) of the slew bearing. In ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress