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Use Of Psychological Skills By Risk Sport Athletes, Patrick R. Young, Erin L. Knight 2014 Purdue University

Use Of Psychological Skills By Risk Sport Athletes, Patrick R. Young, Erin L. Knight

Journal of Human Performance in Extreme Environments

Psychological skills can help athletes maximize their physical skills (Smith, Schutz, Smoll, & Ptacek, 1995) and overcome sport-related adversity. These skills may be especially beneficial to athletes performing within natural and unstable risk sport environments. The current study assessed psychological skills among risk sport athletes (N = 232) and the impact of experience on the use of such skills. Risk sport athletes of varying degrees of experience completed a modified version of the Athletic Coping Skills Inventory (ACSI; Smith et al., 1995). Risk sport athletes exceeded the midpoint on all of the ACSI subscales, indicating psychological skills usage. Experienced athletes scored significantly higher (p < .05) on three of the subscales and the total score, then leisure and novice athletes. These findings suggest the use of psychological skills within unpredictable and dynamic risk sport environments.


Montana Dragon Boat Festival: 2014, Brian Battaglia, Megan Schultz 2014 University of Montana

Montana Dragon Boat Festival: 2014, Brian Battaglia, Megan Schultz

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

The purpose of this study was to provide the organizers of the Montana Dragon Boat Festival with an understanding of their attendees and the total money spent by those surveyed in the event area. The population of interest was participants and attendees of the 2014 Montana Dragon Boat Festival.


An Ri Ra Montana Irish Festival: 2014, Brian Battaglia, Megan Schultz 2014 University of Montana

An Ri Ra Montana Irish Festival: 2014, Brian Battaglia, Megan Schultz

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

The purpose of this study was to provide the organizers of the An Ri Ra Montana Irish Festival with an understanding of their attendees and the total money spent by those surveyed in the event area. The population of interest was participants and attendees of the 2014 An Ri Ra Montana Irish Festival.


On Foot And By Bike: Who Uses The Greenbelt?, Jaap Vos 2014 Boise State University

On Foot And By Bike: Who Uses The Greenbelt?, Jaap Vos

Jacobus J. "Jaap" Vos

This presentation provides a quick preview of the initial results of the City of Boise's 2014 annual Greenbelt user survey. In addition is provides insight in the logistics that are involved in pulling of the survey without glitches.


Engaging Youth In Lifelong Outdoor Adventure Activities Through A Nontraditional Public School Physical Education Program, Keri Schwab 2014 California Polytechnic State University

Engaging Youth In Lifelong Outdoor Adventure Activities Through A Nontraditional Public School Physical Education Program, Keri Schwab

Keri Schwab

Engaging Youth in Lifelong Outdoor Adventure Activities through a Nontraditional Public School Physical Education Program


Mountain Madness Airshow: 2014, Brian Battaglia, Megan Schultz 2014 University of Montana

Mountain Madness Airshow: 2014, Brian Battaglia, Megan Schultz

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

The purpose of this study was to provide the organizers of the Mountain Madness Airshow with an understanding of their attendees and the total money spent by those surveyed in the event area. The population of interest was participants and attendees of the 2014 Mountain Madness Airshow.


Comparison Of Mt Visitor's And Mt Resident's Use Of Downtowns, Norma P. Nickerson 2014 University of Montana

Comparison Of Mt Visitor's And Mt Resident's Use Of Downtowns, Norma P. Nickerson

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

An on line survey found that only 5 o f 47 downtown questions were significantly different between MT residents and visitors.


Evel Knievel Days: 2014, Brian Battaglia, Megan Schultz 2014 University of Montana

Evel Knievel Days: 2014, Brian Battaglia, Megan Schultz

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

The purpose of this study was to provide the organizers of the Evel Knievel Days with an understanding of their attendees and the total money spent in Butte during the event. The population of interest was participants and attendees of the 2014 Evel Knievel Days.


Visitor Support For Yellowstone National Park, Jacob Jorgenson, Norma P. Nickerson 2014 University of Montana

Visitor Support For Yellowstone National Park, Jacob Jorgenson, Norma P. Nickerson

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

The purpose of this study is to assess the level of park support visitors have towards Yellowstone National Park. Because of budgetary cuts for public lands in the U.S., new methods and techniques are being explored to support management goals. Methods consisted of an online survey sent to four visitor groups: Yellowstone Association members, Yellowstone Park Foundation contributors and Facebook friends, Xanterra Parks and Resorts email listings, and the ITRR Panel. Results indicate a moderate level of support among all users, with joint members of the Yellowstone Association and Yellowstone Park Foundation showing the strongest support. Cognitive and behavioral ...


Montana Folk Festival: 2014, Brian Battaglia, Megan Schultz 2014 University of Montana

Montana Folk Festival: 2014, Brian Battaglia, Megan Schultz

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

The purpose of this study was to provide the organizers of the Montana Folk Festival with an understanding of their attendees and the total money spent by those surveyed in Butte during the event. The population of interest was attendees of the 2014 Montana Folk Festival and the sample was random from that population. Surveys were given to festival goers by random selection so as to attempt to represent the whole population.


Sanders County Yard Sale: 2014, Brian Battaglia, Megan Schultz 2014 University of Montana

Sanders County Yard Sale: 2014, Brian Battaglia, Megan Schultz

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

The purpose of this study was to provide the organizers of the Sanders County Yard Sale with an understanding of their attendees and the total money spent by those surveyed in the area. The population of interest was participants and attendees of the 2014 Sanders County Yard Sale.


Economic Contribution Of Nonresident Travel Spending In Montana Travel Regions And Counties: 2012-2013, Kara Grau 2014 University of Montana

Economic Contribution Of Nonresident Travel Spending In Montana Travel Regions And Counties: 2012-2013, Kara Grau

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

Money spent by those traveling to and through Montana has an effect not only on the businesses where spending occurs, but it ripples throughout the state’s economy, as well. Statewide, spending by nonresidents (averaged over two years) totaled $3.47 billion. This report details the methods and results of the economic impact analyses for each of Montana’s travel regions, as well as analyses for counties in which nonresident travelers spent approximately $50 million or more.


Montana State High School Rodeo Finals: 2014, Brian Battaglia, Megan Schultz 2014 University of Montana

Montana State High School Rodeo Finals: 2014, Brian Battaglia, Megan Schultz

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

The purpose of this study was to provide the organizers of the High School Rodeo Finals with an understanding of their attendees and the total money spent by those surveyed in the area. The population of interest was participants and attendees of the 2014 Montana State High School Rodeo Finals.


Travel Preferences Of Recreational Motorcyclists’, Melissa Weddell 2014 Grand Valley State University

Travel Preferences Of Recreational Motorcyclists’, Melissa Weddell

Journal of Tourism Insights

The Blue Ridge Parkway, located in the mountain region of North Carolina, attracts over 20 million visitors each year with an estimated 500,000 touring on motorcycles, who often consider the region the best motorcycle venue in the United States. While many studies have examined both recreation preferences and a wide array of recreation activities in the Blue Ridge Mountain area, empirical research is lacking on motorcycle recreationists’ preferences and economic impacts. Therefore, this research project aims to understand these aspects of the recreational experience within a specific travel group. A total of 189 people completed the online survey administered ...


Emerging Opportunities For Commercial Recreation, Joshua Carroll Ph.D. 2014 Grand Valley State University

Emerging Opportunities For Commercial Recreation, Joshua Carroll Ph.D.

Journal of Tourism Insights

The commercial recreation industry faces new opportunities due to the changing economic climate and its impact upon public recreation providers (Outdoor Industry Association, 2012). Those recreation opportunities historically offered by public entities are transforming and as a result recreationists are experiencing more park closures, limited hours of operation, a reduction in quality, and ultimately dissatisfaction (Crompton, 1999; Koeberer, 2011). There is a shift occurring and this opens up a wide market for new commercial recreation operators to fulfill this gap. For trail-based recreation this usually requires a sizable piece of land that often precludes most potential market interests. However, with ...


Buses For Byways: Concept Plan, Norma P. Nickerson 2014 University of Montana

Buses For Byways: Concept Plan, Norma P. Nickerson

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

Buses for Byways (B4B) is a conceptual idea designed to help people of all ages and abilities gain access to recreation sites along the Top 10 Scenic Drives in Idaho, Wyoming, and Montana as well as segments of eastern Oregon and Washington. Survey data on the demand for transportation showed that 82% of the regional residents and 66% of nonresidents have experienced a need for some sort of public transportation to/from a recreation access point in their lifetime. On the supply side, 1/3 of business owners in the region indicated a willingness to take other people (not their ...


Missoula Urban Forest Interest Study 2014, Norma P. Nickerson 2014 University of Montana

Missoula Urban Forest Interest Study 2014, Norma P. Nickerson

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

This study was conducted for the Urban Forest Division of the Missoula Parks and Recreation Department for use and guidance in the Urban Forest Master Plan. Results show that Missoulians are profoundly supportive of public trees. Residents agree that their utilitarian purposes (e.g. shade, helping decrease pollution) are of value to the community. The aesthetic purposes tend to make their neighborhoods more enjoyable and Missoula a nicer place to live. Public trees provide a quality of life that Missoula residents appreciate. The majority of Missoula residents are willing to support the removal of hazardous trees, pruning, planting, and basic ...


2013 Nonresident Visitation, Expenditures & Economic Impact Estimates: Estimates By Full Year, Quarters, Trip Purposes & International Visitors, Kara Grau 2014 University of Montana

2013 Nonresident Visitation, Expenditures & Economic Impact Estimates: Estimates By Full Year, Quarters, Trip Purposes & International Visitors, Kara Grau

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

A collection of 2013 full year and quarterly estimates of nonresident visitation, expenditures by nonresident travelers, and economic impact estimates, including expenditures by purpose of trip and international visitors.


Montana Nonresident Traveler Expenditures And Economic Contribution: 2012, Kara Grau 2014 University of Montana

Montana Nonresident Traveler Expenditures And Economic Contribution: 2012, Kara Grau

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

This report shows the economic contributions, expenditures, and average daily spending of nonresident visitors to Montana during 2012.


Spartan Race Visitor Study: 2014, Brian Battaglia, Megan Schultz 2014 University of Montana

Spartan Race Visitor Study: 2014, Brian Battaglia, Megan Schultz

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

The purpose of this study was to provide the organizers of the Spartan Race with an understanding of their attendees and the total money spent by those surveyed in the area. The population of interest was participants and attendees of the 2014 Spartan Race.


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