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Economic Contribution Of Nonresident Travel Spending In Montana Travel Regions And Counties: 2012-2013, Kara Grau 2014 University of Montana

Economic Contribution Of Nonresident Travel Spending In Montana Travel Regions And Counties: 2012-2013, Kara Grau

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

Money spent by those traveling to and through Montana has an effect not only on the businesses where spending occurs, but it ripples throughout the state’s economy, as well. Statewide, spending by nonresidents (averaged over two years) totaled $3.47 billion. This report details the methods and results of the economic impact analyses for each of Montana’s travel regions, as well as analyses for counties in which nonresident travelers spent approximately $50 million or more.


Travel Preferences Of Recreational Motorcyclists’, Melissa Weddell 2014 Grand Valley State University

Travel Preferences Of Recreational Motorcyclists’, Melissa Weddell

Journal of Tourism Insights

The Blue Ridge Parkway, located in the mountain region of North Carolina, attracts over 20 million visitors each year with an estimated 500,000 touring on motorcycles, who often consider the region the best motorcycle venue in the United States. While many studies have examined both recreation preferences and a wide array of recreation activities in the Blue Ridge Mountain area, empirical research is lacking on motorcycle recreationists’ preferences and economic impacts. Therefore, this research project aims to understand these aspects of the recreational experience within a specific travel group. A total of 189 people completed the online survey administered ...


Emerging Opportunities For Commercial Recreation, Joshua Carroll Ph.D. 2014 Grand Valley State University

Emerging Opportunities For Commercial Recreation, Joshua Carroll Ph.D.

Journal of Tourism Insights

The commercial recreation industry faces new opportunities due to the changing economic climate and its impact upon public recreation providers (Outdoor Industry Association, 2012). Those recreation opportunities historically offered by public entities are transforming and as a result recreationists are experiencing more park closures, limited hours of operation, a reduction in quality, and ultimately dissatisfaction (Crompton, 1999; Koeberer, 2011). There is a shift occurring and this opens up a wide market for new commercial recreation operators to fulfill this gap. For trail-based recreation this usually requires a sizable piece of land that often precludes most potential market interests. However, with ...


Missoula Urban Forest Interest Study 2014, Norma P. Nickerson 2014 University of Montana

Missoula Urban Forest Interest Study 2014, Norma P. Nickerson

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

This study was conducted for the Urban Forest Division of the Missoula Parks and Recreation Department for use and guidance in the Urban Forest Master Plan. Results show that Missoulians are profoundly supportive of public trees. Residents agree that their utilitarian purposes (e.g. shade, helping decrease pollution) are of value to the community. The aesthetic purposes tend to make their neighborhoods more enjoyable and Missoula a nicer place to live. Public trees provide a quality of life that Missoula residents appreciate. The majority of Missoula residents are willing to support the removal of hazardous trees, pruning, planting, and basic ...


Montana Nonresident Traveler Expenditures And Economic Contribution: 2012, Kara Grau 2014 University of Montana

Montana Nonresident Traveler Expenditures And Economic Contribution: 2012, Kara Grau

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

This report shows the economic contributions, expenditures, and average daily spending of nonresident visitors to Montana during 2012.


Montana Nonresident Traveler Expenditures And Economic Contribution: 2013, Kara Grau 2014 University of Montana

Montana Nonresident Traveler Expenditures And Economic Contribution: 2013, Kara Grau

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

This report shows the economic contributions, expenditures, and average daily spending of nonresident visitors to Montana during 2013.


Environmental Correlates Of Physical Activity Among African-American Adults, Tim Bungum, Jennifer Pharr, Paulo S. Pinheiro, Maria Azzarelli 2014 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Environmental Correlates Of Physical Activity Among African-American Adults, Tim Bungum, Jennifer Pharr, Paulo S. Pinheiro, Maria Azzarelli

Nevada Journal of Public Health

The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to identify perceived environmental correlates of meeting physical activity guidelines among African-American adults living in Southern Nevada. Trained interviewers phoned potential participants who lived in the 12 zip codes of Clark County, Nevada with the highest proportions of African-American residents. Respondents (n=237) answered 52 health-related and demographic questions. Slightly less than 50% of participants met physical activity guidelines. A factor analysis procedure produced two environmental variables, neighborhood safety and environmental supports for physical activity. Age, gender and educational attainment (p<.05) predicted the meeting of those guidelines (R2=.214), while neighborhood support for physical activity, neighborhood safety, and BMI failed to do so. This finding suggests that environmental factors are not strong predictors of physical activity among African- American adults, although environmental supports for physical activity approached significance. Future studies should consider assessing additional aspects of the built environment as an influence on physical activity.


Montana Nonresident Traveler Expenditure Profiles: Quarter 2, 2013, Kara Grau 2014 University of Montana

Montana Nonresident Traveler Expenditure Profiles: Quarter 2, 2013, Kara Grau

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

This report examines spending profiles of nonresident travelers to Montana. It displays the average daily expenditures by purpose of trip for different spending categories during the second quarter of 2013.


Montana Nonresident Traveler Expenditure Profiles: Quarter 1, 2013, Kara Grau 2014 University of Montana

Montana Nonresident Traveler Expenditure Profiles: Quarter 1, 2013, Kara Grau

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

This report examines spending profiles of nonresident travelers to Montana. It displays the average daily expenditures by purpose of trip for different spending categories during the first quarter of 2013.


Montana Nonresident Visitation Trends: 2003-2013, Kara Grau 2014 University of Montana

Montana Nonresident Visitation Trends: 2003-2013, Kara Grau

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

This report displays the total number of individual nonresidents visiting Montana from 2003-2013. It also shows the total number of groups visiting Montana during the same time period.


Montana Nonresident Traveler Expenditure Profiles: 2013, Kara Grau 2014 University of Montana

Montana Nonresident Traveler Expenditure Profiles: 2013, Kara Grau

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

This report examines spending profiles of nonresident travelers to Montana. It displays the average daily expenditures by purpose of trip for different spending categories during 2013.


Expenditure Comparison Of Overseas, Canadian, And Domestic Nonresident Travelers To Montana:2013, Kara Grau 2014 University of Montana

Expenditure Comparison Of Overseas, Canadian, And Domestic Nonresident Travelers To Montana:2013, Kara Grau

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

This report gives a comparison of overseas, Canadian and domestic visitation and spending during 2013. It includes total expenditures and average daily spending in different spending categories.


Montana Nonresident Traveler Expenditure Profiles: Quarter 3, 2013, Kara Grau 2014 University of Montana

Montana Nonresident Traveler Expenditure Profiles: Quarter 3, 2013, Kara Grau

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

This report examines spending profiles of nonresident travelers to Montana. It displays the average daily expenditures by purpose of trip for different spending categories during the third quarter of 2013.


Montana Nonresident Traveler Quarterly Travel Comparison: 2013, Kara Grau 2014 University of Montana

Montana Nonresident Traveler Quarterly Travel Comparison: 2013, Kara Grau

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

This report shows the 2013 quarterly visitation and length of stay data for nonresident travelers to Montana. It also displays average daily spending for various expenditure categories, as well as total expenditures for those categories.


Montana Nonresident Traveler Expenditure Profiles: Quarter 4, 2013, Kara Grau 2014 University of Montana

Montana Nonresident Traveler Expenditure Profiles: Quarter 4, 2013, Kara Grau

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

This report examines spending profiles of nonresident travelers to Montana. It displays the average daily expenditures by purpose of trip for different spending categories during the fourth quarter of 2013.


Montana Nonresident Traveler Expenditure Trends: 2003-2013, Kara Grau 2014 University of Montana

Montana Nonresident Traveler Expenditure Trends: 2003-2013, Kara Grau

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

This report shows the nonresident traveler expenditure trends for visitors of Montana from 2003-2013. It also displays the total actual expenditures and the total inflation-adjusted expenditures.


An Examination Of The Benefits That Adventure And Wilderness Therapy Has On Cancer Fighters And Survivors, Anna Wagner 2014 California Polytechnic State University

An Examination Of The Benefits That Adventure And Wilderness Therapy Has On Cancer Fighters And Survivors, Anna Wagner

Recreation, Parks, and Tourism Administration

It has been shown that young adult cancer fighters and survivors suffer from various mental and physical barriers after being diagnosed with cancer. It is common for cancer fighters and survivors at this age group, 18-39 years old, to feel a sense of depression from the lack of support available for their therapeutic needs. Studies have shown that adventure therapy has valuable benefits that cancer fighters and survivors can transfer into their daily lives. The purpose of this study was to find outcomes of participants in First Descents, a non-profit organization. This study was conducted using means-end theory to examine ...


Comparative Analysis Of Resident And Visitor Community Image: Gardiner, Montana, Norma P. Nickerson, Meredith S. Berry 2014 University of Montana

Comparative Analysis Of Resident And Visitor Community Image: Gardiner, Montana, Norma P. Nickerson, Meredith S. Berry

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

The Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research conducted two separate studies related to the perception and image of Gardiner during 2013: Resident image and nonresident image. The resident study focused on image and quality of life as perceived by those currently living in Gardiner. That study found areas of improvements as well as what they like about their community. The nonresident study found that visitors were mostly positive about the image Gardiner portrays to the visitor and shows the amount of dollars spent in Gardiner. The purpose of this report was to compare the 18 image variables asked in both ...


Gardiner, Mt - Visitor Perceptions, Image, And Spending, 2013, Meredith S. Berry, Norma P. Nickerson 2014 University of Montana

Gardiner, Mt - Visitor Perceptions, Image, And Spending, 2013, Meredith S. Berry, Norma P. Nickerson

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

This study assesses the image and perceptions of Gardiner by visitors as well as their reasons for visiting Gardiner and spending patterns within the town. Visitors to Gardiner were primarily in the town to eat and drink, shop, drive through and get fuel; average daily spending was $178. Visitors, both in open-ended and structured responses noted that Gardiner was a friendly and welcoming community, and a fun place. Respondents also believed, however, that there was room for improvement with services available such as food and shopping opportunities. Visitors have many opinions about Gardiner, some positive and some negative. Gardiner is ...


Statewide Nonresident Travel Survey: Survey Methods And Data Analysis, Kara Grau 2014 University of Montana

Statewide Nonresident Travel Survey: Survey Methods And Data Analysis, Kara Grau

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

The Statewide Nonresident Travel Survey is conducted throughout Montana, and the resulting data are analyzed and made available to the public on the ITRR website on a quarterly basis. Statewide visitation and traveler spending estimates, as well as an analysis of the contribution of nonresident travel to Montana's economy, are published annually. This research note provides information regarding the survey methods and data analysis process.


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