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The Trouble With China: How South Africa's Largest Trading Partner Is Undermining Its Economy, David Churvis 2014 Georgia State University

The Trouble With China: How South Africa's Largest Trading Partner Is Undermining Its Economy, David Churvis

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Chinese Land Reforms And The Property Chase, Singapore Management University 2014 Singapore Management University

Chinese Land Reforms And The Property Chase, Singapore Management University

Perspectives@SMU

China’s leaders embark on the latest round of land ownership reforms. Will it help reduce social tensions and maintain the status quo?


Use Renewables To Be Cleaner: Meta-Analysis Of The Renewable Energy Consumption-Economic Growth Nexus, Maamar Sebri 2014 SelectedWorks

Use Renewables To Be Cleaner: Meta-Analysis Of The Renewable Energy Consumption-Economic Growth Nexus, Maamar Sebri

Maamar Sebri

No abstract provided.


Adding Environment To The Collective Action Problem: Individuals, Civil Society, And The Mangrove-Fishery Commons In Ecuador, Christine M. Beitl 2014 The University of Maine

Adding Environment To The Collective Action Problem: Individuals, Civil Society, And The Mangrove-Fishery Commons In Ecuador, Christine M. Beitl

Anthropology Faculty Scholarship

Research on the commons suggests a more robust understanding of human-resource interactions is needed to strengthen theories about collective action and sustainable governance. I combine ethnographic and fishery data to explore how resource characteristics and institutions influence people’s behavior toward common pool resources in coastal Ecuador. This comparative study of the commons at two levels (mangroves and the cockle fishery) highlights how trust, communication, and social obligation depend on social histories of resource systems and types of collective action problems, largely explaining why local institutions encourage individuals to uphold mangrove forest conservation but have little effect on cooperation in ...


Travel Cost, George R. Parsons 2014 SelectedWorks

Travel Cost, George R. Parsons

George R. Parsons

No abstract provided.


Benefit Transfer Combining Revealed And Stated Preference Data: Nourishment And Retreat Options For Delaware Bay Beaches, Robert J. Johnston, Mahesh Ramachadran, George R. Parsons 2014 SelectedWorks

Benefit Transfer Combining Revealed And Stated Preference Data: Nourishment And Retreat Options For Delaware Bay Beaches, Robert J. Johnston, Mahesh Ramachadran, George R. Parsons

George R. Parsons

No abstract provided.


Heat Stress Increases Long-Term Human Migration In Rural Pakistan, Valerie Mueller, Clark Gray, Katrina Kosec 2014 SelectedWorks

Heat Stress Increases Long-Term Human Migration In Rural Pakistan, Valerie Mueller, Clark Gray, Katrina Kosec

Katrina Kosec

No abstract provided.


Behavioral Approaches To Environmental Policy Analysis: A Case Study Of Offshore Wind Energy In The North American Great Lakes, Erik Edward Nordman 2014 Grand Valley State University

Behavioral Approaches To Environmental Policy Analysis: A Case Study Of Offshore Wind Energy In The North American Great Lakes, Erik Edward Nordman

Erik Edward Nordman

Behavioral economics, including prospect theory, offers new approaches to environmental policy analysis. The utility of behavioral approaches to environmental policy analysis is illustrated using a case study of offshore wind energy policy in Michigan, USA. Michigan has attempted to clarify the permitting process for offshore wind energy but those efforts have failed. Prospect theory suggests that Michigan legislators are, for the most part, risk averse to policy reforms as the state emerges from its “one-state recession” and into a gains domain. Legislators from some coastal districts perceive offshore wind development as a threat to coastal quality of life, are risk-seeking ...


Pride And Profit: Geographical Indications As Regional Development Tools In Australia, William Van Caenegem, Jen A. Cleary, Peter Drahos 2014 Southern Cross University

Pride And Profit: Geographical Indications As Regional Development Tools In Australia, William Van Caenegem, Jen A. Cleary, Peter Drahos

Journal of Economic and Social Policy

Geographical Indications (GIs) are intellectual property rights in placenames that evoke the typical qualities of agricultural products and foodstuffs that originate in particular districts. Presently, the EU is the dominant holder of protected GIs and the EU asserts that they are used extensively and effectively in EU countries as a rural and regional development tool. To date, Australia's response to GIs has largely been driven by perceptions of their impact upon trade gains and losses. Currently, Australia only has legal protection for wine-related GI's because of an agreement with the EU.

Given an increased focus on GIs internationally ...


A Two Sided Carbon Story: Carbon Capture And Storage And Enhanced Oil Recovery, Juan B. Moreno-Cruz, Byung-Cheol Kim 2014 SelectedWorks

A Two Sided Carbon Story: Carbon Capture And Storage And Enhanced Oil Recovery, Juan B. Moreno-Cruz, Byung-Cheol Kim

Juan B. Moreno-Cruz

We study the effects of a carbon emission tax on the interaction between carbon capture and storage (CCS) and enhanced oil recovery (EOR). We consider a CO2 market where CCS firms sell their CO2 to EOR firms that use this CO2 as an input to their production process. In this economic environment, we find that the effectiveness of a carbon tax may be hampered. A carbon tax shifts out the supply curve of CO2 leading to a decline in the market price of CO2. With lower input price, oil firms are indirectly subsidized and oil production and emissions increase. Nonetheless ...


Relationship Among Internet Usage, Economic Growth, And Publication Productivity: Comparison Between Asean And World's Best Countries, Hossein Gholizadeh 2014 SelectedWorks

Relationship Among Internet Usage, Economic Growth, And Publication Productivity: Comparison Between Asean And World's Best Countries, Hossein Gholizadeh

Hossein Gholizadeh

Publication productivity, as measured by the number of papers, has been regarded as one of the main indicators of reputation of countries and institutions. Nevertheless, the relationship among research publications, economic growth and World Wide Web in ASEAN countries is still unclear. The main intention of this study was to identify publication productivity among ASEAN and the world’s top ten countries in the last 16 years (1996-2011). This study also aimed at finding the relationship among publication, gross domestic product (GDP) and internet usage. Furthermore, the publication trend in the 10 first Malaysian universities was evaluated for the same ...


Valuation Of Cultural And Natural Resources In North Cascades National Park: Results From A Tournament-Style Contingent Choice Survey, Robert W. Turner, Blake Willmarth 2014 Colgate University Libraries

Valuation Of Cultural And Natural Resources In North Cascades National Park: Results From A Tournament-Style Contingent Choice Survey, Robert W. Turner, Blake Willmarth

Economics Faculty Working Papers

We present the results of a new, tournament-style design of a contingent choice survey about management options at North Cascades National Park (NCNP). In our tournament-style survey, each respondent explicitly ranks several sets of scenarios and in addition several other rankings are implicit. Including the implicit rankings does not change our findings much, suggesting that the tournament-style format can add usefully to the data collected by a survey. We find strong evidence of nonuse values for both cultural and natural resource protection; indeed, nonuse values seem to dominate preferences even for those who have visited NCNP. We further find that ...


Sector-Specific Bilateral Trade And Currency Unions, Gregory W. WHITTEN 2014 Lingnan University

Sector-Specific Bilateral Trade And Currency Unions, Gregory W. Whitten

Prof. WHITTEN Gregory William

Empirical estimations of the gravity equation for international trade have proven to be useful tools for explaining the pattern of bilateral, aggregate trade ((see Evenett and Keller (2002)). The development of a commodity-specific gravity equation by Anderson and Yotov (2010) permits bringing the useful tool of gravity to explaining trade of particular commodities or classes of goods.

This paper brings to disaggregate trade the analysis brought to previous panel studies of worldwide, aggregate, bilateral trade (see Glick and Rose (2002), Baier and Bergstrand (2007), Baier and Bergstrand (2009), and Head et al. (2010) among others). In contrast to previous studies ...


Can A Unilateral Carbon Tax Reduce Emissions Elsewhere?, Joshua Elliott, Don Fullerton 2014 SelectedWorks

Can A Unilateral Carbon Tax Reduce Emissions Elsewhere?, Joshua Elliott, Don Fullerton

Don Fullerton

One country or sector that tries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions may fear that other countries or sectors will get a competitive advantage and increase emissions. Computable general equilibrium (CGE) models such as Elliott et al (2010a,b) indicate that 15% to 25% of abatement might be offset by this “leakage.” Yet the Fullerton et al (2012) simple two-sector analytical general equilibrium model shows an offsetting term with negative leakage. In this paper, we use a full CGE model with many countries and many goods to measure effects in a way that allows for this negative leakage term. We vary ...


Negative Leakage, Don Fullerton, Kathy Baylis, Daniel Karney 2014 SelectedWorks

Negative Leakage, Don Fullerton, Kathy Baylis, Daniel Karney

Don Fullerton

Our analytical general equilibrium model solves for effects of a small increase in carbon tax on leakage – the increase in emissions elsewhere. Identical consumers buy two goods using income from endowments that are mobile between sectors. Usually an increase in one sector’s tax raises output price, so consumption shifts to the other good, causing positive leakage. Here, we find a new negative effect not recognized in existing literature: the taxed sector substitutes away from carbon into clean inputs, so it may absorb resources, shrink the other sector, and reduce their emissions. This “abatement resource effect” can offset most or ...


Cursed Resources? Political Conditions And Oil Market Outcomes, Gilbert E. Metcalf, Catherine Wolfram 2014 SelectedWorks

Cursed Resources? Political Conditions And Oil Market Outcomes, Gilbert E. Metcalf, Catherine Wolfram

Gilbert E. Metcalf

We analyze how a country’s political institutions affect oil production within its borders. We find a pronounced negative relationship between political openness and volatility in oil production, with democratic regimes exhibiting less volatility than more autocratic regimes. This relationship holds across a number of robustness checks including using different measures of political conditions, instrumenting for political conditions and using several measures of production volatility. Political openness also affects other oil market outcomes, including total production as a share of reserves. Our findings have implications both for interpreting the role of institutions in explaining differences in macroeconomic development and for ...


The Economics Of Energy Security, Gilbert E. Metcalf 2014 SelectedWorks

The Economics Of Energy Security, Gilbert E. Metcalf

Gilbert E. Metcalf

A review of the economic issues involved in energy security.


Farmers’ Market Shopping Behaviors And The Association Of Fruit And Vegetable Intake, Sarah G. Perkins 2014 University of Kentucky

Farmers’ Market Shopping Behaviors And The Association Of Fruit And Vegetable Intake, Sarah G. Perkins

Theses and Dissertations--Dietetics and Human Nutrition

Fruit and vegetable (FV) intake continues to decline among sub-population in the United States. Current policies and interventions have aimed to improve intake by improving access to fruits and vegetables. One Centers for Disease Control and Prevention suggested strategy is to improve access to farmers’ markets in rural areas. The aims of this study were to determine if the frequency of shopping at Farmers’ Markets is associated with fruit and vegetable intake, adjusted for age, income and education and to compare rural and non-rural areas frequency of Farmers’ Market attendance based on Kentucky farmers’ market interview participants (n = 102). The ...


A Multivariate Analysis Of Consumers’ Beliefs, Attitudes, And Behaviors Associated With Locally Produced Food And Farmers’ Market Patronage, Sara Williamson 2014 University of Kentucky

A Multivariate Analysis Of Consumers’ Beliefs, Attitudes, And Behaviors Associated With Locally Produced Food And Farmers’ Market Patronage, Sara Williamson

Theses and Dissertations--Agricultural Economics

While farmers’ market vendors rely on loyal and frequent patrons to purchase their products, it is unclear how the intrinsic differences among farmers’ market shoppers serve as indicators of potential shopping frequency at farmers’ markets. The objectives of this thesis are to identify consumers’ intrinsic values associated with characteristics of local foods, examine how these values are reflected in consumption behaviors among farmers' market shoppers, and explore the relationship between consumption activities and shopping frequency at farmers' markets. Results suggest that the differences between frequent and infrequent farmers’ market shoppers could be explained by the individual’s levels of high ...


Does The Quality Of Electricity Matter? Evidence From Rural India, Ujjayant Chakravorty 2014 SelectedWorks

Does The Quality Of Electricity Matter? Evidence From Rural India, Ujjayant Chakravorty

Ujjayant Chakravorty

This paper estimates the returns to household income due to improved access to electricity in rural India. We examine the effect of connecting a household to the grid and of the quality of electricity, defined as hours of daily supply. The analysis is based on two rounds of a representative panel of more than 10,000 households. We use the district-level density of transmission cables as instrument for the electrification status of the household. We find that a grid connection increases non-agricultural incomes of rural households by about 9 percent during the study period (1994-2005). However, a grid connection and ...


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