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The Travel Cost Model, George R. Parsons 2016 University of Delaware

The Travel Cost Model, George R. Parsons

George R. Parsons

Review chapter on travel cost model. This is an updated version of the 2003 chapter in the Primer on Nonmarket Valuation.


Willingness To Pay For Electric Vehicles And Their Attributes, Michael K. Hidrue, George R. Parsons, Willett Kempton, Meryl Gardner 2016 Mississippi State University

Willingness To Pay For Electric Vehicles And Their Attributes, Michael K. Hidrue, George R. Parsons, Willett Kempton, Meryl Gardner

Meryl Gardner

This paper presents a stated preference study of electric vehicle choice using data from a national survey. In our choice experiment, 3029 respondents chose between their preferred gasoline vehicle and two electric versions of their preferred gasoline vehicle. Using the response data we valued five electric vehicle attributes: driving range, charging time, fuel cost saving, pollution reduction, and performance. Driving range, fuel savings, and charging time led in importance to respondents. Individuals were willing to pay (wtp) from $35 to $75 for a mile of added driving range, with incremental wtp per mile decreasing at higher distances. They were willing ...


Policy Considerations Related To Further Intervention In The Farm Credit System, Neil E. Harl 2016 Iowa State University

Policy Considerations Related To Further Intervention In The Farm Credit System, Neil E. Harl

Neil Harl

The Farm Credit System Is a major participant in extending credit to and brokering losses from the agricultural sector during the current adjustment process. This article focuses on the problems faced by the system as a cooperative lender with relatively little diversity in its loan portfolio. Assistance to the system should be accompanied by organizational and structural changes that address the fundamental reasons for its vulnerability. Conditions suggest three basic choices: (1) preservation of the system in recognizable form, (2) decentralization to the district level, or (3) a shift toward a wholesaling function. One realistic alternative would involve a combination ...


Implications Of Changes (Structural And Market) On Farm Management And Marketing Research, George R. Allen, Lester S. Kellogg, G. Edward Schuh, Vernon W. Pherson, Reynold P. Dahl, Rex F. Daly, Dale E. Hathaway, Neil E. Harl, Earl O. Heady, A. Gordon Ball, Glenn L. Johnson, Dale O. Anderson, Lowell D. Hill, John C. Redman, Robert W. Rudd, B. F. Jones, A. Allen Schmid, Karl A. Fox, George D. Irwin, R. L. Kohls, John E. Lee Jr., Thomas T. Stout 2016 W.R. Grace

Implications Of Changes (Structural And Market) On Farm Management And Marketing Research, George R. Allen, Lester S. Kellogg, G. Edward Schuh, Vernon W. Pherson, Reynold P. Dahl, Rex F. Daly, Dale E. Hathaway, Neil E. Harl, Earl O. Heady, A. Gordon Ball, Glenn L. Johnson, Dale O. Anderson, Lowell D. Hill, John C. Redman, Robert W. Rudd, B. F. Jones, A. Allen Schmid, Karl A. Fox, George D. Irwin, R. L. Kohls, John E. Lee Jr., Thomas T. Stout

Neil Harl

This conference was really an outgrowth of an earlier conference on Structural Changes in Commercial Agriculture (CAED Report 24) held in Chicago, April 12-14, 1965. While the earlier conference emphasized structural changes in the agricultural industry and their implications for education and extension, the 1967 conference focused on research.


The Structural Transformation Of The Agricultural Sector, Neil E. Harl 2016 Iowa State University

The Structural Transformation Of The Agricultural Sector, Neil E. Harl

Neil Harl

A major concern as we move into the Twenty-first Century is the structure of the agricultural sector. By structure, is meant considerations of size and scale as well as who is to manage, control and finance farming and agribusiness operations.


Economic Impact And Impacts Of Continuing To Proceed As We Are Now, Neil E. Harl 2016 Iowa State University

Economic Impact And Impacts Of Continuing To Proceed As We Are Now, Neil E. Harl

Neil Harl

A major concern as we move into the Twenty-first Century is the structure of the agricultural sector. By structure, is meant considerations of size and scale as well as who is to manage, control and finance farming and agribusiness operations.


Economic Perspectives On Gmo Market Segregation, John A. Miranowski, Giancarlo Moschini, Bruce Babcock, Michael Duffy, Robert Wisner, JOHN C. BEGHIN, Dermot J. Hayes, Sergio H. Lence, C. Phillip Baumel, Neil E. Harl 2016 Iowa State University

Economic Perspectives On Gmo Market Segregation, John A. Miranowski, Giancarlo Moschini, Bruce Babcock, Michael Duffy, Robert Wisner, John C. Beghin, Dermot J. Hayes, Sergio H. Lence, C. Phillip Baumel, Neil E. Harl

Neil Harl

Genetically modified .organisms (GMO) crops have become increasingly popular with Iowa farmers over the past few,years. The current genetic modifications are focused on pest management technologies. Although there were early efforts by environmental activists to disrupt the adoption of GMO technology, few concerns were raised by U.S. food retailers and consumers., The primary concern was getting European Union (EU) regulatory-approval for each GMO crop variety event as late as spring 1999. The situation has changed dramatically in the last few months, and the current situation is highly uncertain. .


Have Farm Custom Rates Kept Pace With Machinery Costs?, William M. Edwards 2016 Iowa State University

Have Farm Custom Rates Kept Pace With Machinery Costs?, William M. Edwards

William Edwards

Average custom rates for eight common farming operations as reported in surveys done in Iowa and Kansas in 1995 were inflated to 2015 values (Iowa) and 2013 values (Kansas) using the Prices Paid indices gathered by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS). The projected rates were generally higher than the average rates reported in surveys completed in the corresponding years, except for planting. Possible explanations for the lag in custom rates include uncertainty about fuel prices, improved fuel efficiency, improved field efficiency, adoption of larger equipment where economies of size exist, and extension of field hours per season


Ag Decision Maker: Combine Ownership Or Custom Hire, William M. Edwards, H. Mark Hanna 2016 Iowa State University

Ag Decision Maker: Combine Ownership Or Custom Hire, William M. Edwards, H. Mark Hanna

william edwards

Includes advantages and disadvantages of custom hiring and information on estimating costs; includes worksheets.


Compensation Of Farm Employees, William M. Edwards 2016 Iowa State University

Compensation Of Farm Employees, William M. Edwards

william edwards

Iowa farm operators were surveyed to learn what type and level of compensation they paid to full-time employees in 1997. The average total compensation paid was $26, 914, of which 79 percent consisted of cash wages.Benefits accounted for 18 percent of the compensation, and bonuses and wages in kind amounted to 3 percent.Housing and insurance plans were the most significant benefits provided


Machinery Sharing Manual For Fruit And Vegetable Producers, Georgeanne M. Artz, Linda L. Naeve, William M. Edwards 2016 Iowa State University

Machinery Sharing Manual For Fruit And Vegetable Producers, Georgeanne M. Artz, Linda L. Naeve, William M. Edwards

william edwards

This manual discusses operational and organizational issues related to sharing farm machinery for fruit and vegetable production. It includes five real-life case studies of growers who shared equipment, sample sharing agreements and worksheets for allocating costs fairly. This manual highlights various options for sharing, identifies potential problems associated with sharing resources, and explains the strategies for resolving them.


Important Crop Insurance Dates, William M. Edwards 2016 Iowa State University

Important Crop Insurance Dates, William M. Edwards

william edwards

Even the best crop insurance plan is of little use if the right information is not collected and submitted on time. Likewise, if certain actions are not completed by the necessary date, producers may not receive full benefit from the risk protection that they have selected.


Combine Harvester Econometric Model With Forward Speed Optimization, Nathan E. Isaac, Graeme R. Quick, Stuart J. Birrell, William M. Edwards, Bruce A. Coers 2016 CNH America

Combine Harvester Econometric Model With Forward Speed Optimization, Nathan E. Isaac, Graeme R. Quick, Stuart J. Birrell, William M. Edwards, Bruce A. Coers

william edwards

A combine harvester econometric simulation model was developed with the goal of matching the combine forward speed to the maximum harvested net income per acre. The model considers the machinery management costs of owning a combine and platform header for harvesting wheat. A statistical Design of Experiment (DOE) was used to evaluate the model using tri-level variables; the medium values constituted the model base case. Of the 27 input variables, the optimum speed was significantly influenced by the crop area, G/MOG ratio, grain unit price, field yield, field efficiency, grain moisture content, probability of a working day in the ...


Reducing Marginalization Of Fishermen Through Participatory Action Research In The Zambezi Valley, Zimbabwe, Bernard Manyena, Andrew E. Collins, Frank Mudimba, Danisa Mudimba 2016 University of Manchester, Manchester, UK

Reducing Marginalization Of Fishermen Through Participatory Action Research In The Zambezi Valley, Zimbabwe, Bernard Manyena, Andrew E. Collins, Frank Mudimba, Danisa Mudimba

International Journal of African Development

Equitable sharing of fishing resources has been the major source of tension between Zambezi Valley communities and the Zimbabwe government authorities since the 1950s following the Kariba Dam-induced resettlement. Using participatory action research, it was found that the fishing license system and criminalization of fishermen were the major sources of tension between fishermen and government authorities. Engaging with government authorities to address these tensions, fishermen were recognized as partners in the fishing industry. The conclusion was that enhancing community agencies through participatory action research would be fundamental towards creating socially just and equitable arrangements that could emancipate marginalized communities from ...


Business As A Vehicle For Social Change And Environmental Preservation: A Case Study Of The High Mowing Organic Seed Company, Emily Dolly 2016 SIT Graduate Institute

Business As A Vehicle For Social Change And Environmental Preservation: A Case Study Of The High Mowing Organic Seed Company, Emily Dolly

Capstone Collection

This case study of the High Mowing Organic Seed Company analyzes how business can be a vehicle for social and environmental responsibility. The company aims to re-imagine the world by re-building food systems to support good health in all its dimensions – healthy environments, economies, communities, and bodies. The primary research methodology is a mixed methods, qualitative inquiry involving twelve participants through interviews, surveys, and a focus group. Respondents answer a series of nine questions regarding perceptions of commercial business’ ability to tackle fundamental issue, along with High Mowing’s practices. Findings indicate that people desire businesses to be socially and ...


Can Peers Improve Agricultural Revenue?, Tisorn Songsermsawas, Kathy Baylis, Ashwini Chhatre, Hope Michelson 2016 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Can Peers Improve Agricultural Revenue?, Tisorn Songsermsawas, Kathy Baylis, Ashwini Chhatre, Hope Michelson

Kathy Baylis

Crop revenues vary greatly among farmers and the source of that variation is not fully understood, even after controlling for factors including input use, technology adoption, and other agro-climatic factors. One hypothesis that may explain the variation in outcomes among farmers is differential access to information through peers. Using a household survey from India containing detailed information about personal relationships, we estimate peer effects on cash crop revenue using a novel spatial econometric technique to control for reflection. Our results show that 60% of farmers' revenue is explained by peers. Peer effects are particularly large in pesticide use and in ...


Quota Enforcement And Capital Investment In Natural Resource Industries, Itziar Lazkano, Linda Nostbakken 2016 University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee

Quota Enforcement And Capital Investment In Natural Resource Industries, Itziar Lazkano, Linda Nostbakken

Itzi Lazkano

We investigate the relationship between quota enforcement, compliance, and capital accumulation in ITQ regulated fisheries. Over-extraction and overcapacity represent two of the main fisheries management challenges, and we aim to model and analyze the two jointly. In a stylized resource model, quota violating and complying firms invest in capital, buy quotas, and choose their harvest. We show that in the short run, more capacity increases illegal extraction, while a well-functioning quota market partially alleviates this effect. We also show how tougher enforcement yields a double benefit by directly improving compliance and indirectly reducing incentives to invest in capacity, which improves ...


Using Voting And Valuation To Assess The Efficiency Of Local Public Good Provision, Corey Lang 2016 University of Rhode Island

Using Voting And Valuation To Assess The Efficiency Of Local Public Good Provision, Corey Lang

Corey Lang

This paper tests the efficiency of local provision of land conservation. I examine how housing prices, which capitalize open space amenities and future tax obligations, change after municipalities vote on referenda for conservation spending. Using a dynamic regression discontinuity based on voting outcomes, results suggest housing prices increase about 1% for every $1000 per household of open space spending authorized, indicating inefficiency and underprovision of conservation. Further, I calculate the median marginal willingness to pay for $1 per household of open space spending as $3.52.


Basic Commodity Programs: Understanding How They Work And Assessing 1990 Farm Bill Proposals, Mark A. Edelman Dr. 2016 Iowa State University

Basic Commodity Programs: Understanding How They Work And Assessing 1990 Farm Bill Proposals, Mark A. Edelman Dr.

Mark Edelman

How has agricultural policy changed over the years? Prior to the closing of the western frontier and for the first,150 years of this nation's history, government involvement in agriculture was primarily limited - to: - (1): land ownership, .and settlement policy,' (2) scientific input., .and (3> basic regulations. So, the U-Sb essentially had a market oriented policy


Phase Ii Final Report: An Economic Analysis Of Proposed Court Consolidation In Iowa: A Case Study And Composite Rural County Approach For Examining The Impacts And Implications, Mark A. Edelman, Terry L. Raun 2016 Iowa State University

Phase Ii Final Report: An Economic Analysis Of Proposed Court Consolidation In Iowa: A Case Study And Composite Rural County Approach For Examining The Impacts And Implications, Mark A. Edelman, Terry L. Raun

Mark Edelman

This report is. designed to foster discussion among citizens, leaders and policymakers regarding an important public issue of concern to lowans. lowa State University seeks to provide accurate research-based information on relevant issues and neither endorses nor opposes proposals regarding the issues•' analyzed. The research contained herein was conducted vith partial support from the lova. Agriculture and Homo Economics Experiment Station (lABEES), lova State University Extension (ISUE) and funding from local officials in 40 leva counties collected by Rural Counties Against Regionalization (RCAR). RCAR funding vas solely used for funding research assistance vith the understanding that the goal of the ...


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