Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Agricultural and Resource Economics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

3,055 Full-Text Articles 3,275 Authors 460,510 Downloads 83 Institutions

All Articles in Agricultural and Resource Economics

Faceted Search

3,055 full-text articles. Page 1 of 47.

Us Corporate Development 1790-1860, Robert E. Wright 2015 Augustana College

Us Corporate Development 1790-1860, Robert E. Wright

The Magazine of Early American Datasets (MEAD)

Contains data about the US Corporate Development.

Additional information and data are available at http://faculty.augie.edu/~rwright/


Factors Behind Sustainability Of Activities In The Post-Project Period In Matengo Highlands In Tanzania, Christopher Mahonge 2015 Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania

Factors Behind Sustainability Of Activities In The Post-Project Period In Matengo Highlands In Tanzania, Christopher Mahonge

Journal of Environmental Sustainability

Continuity of project activities by the beneficiary communities after project expiry has been a concern globally. While various efforts have been made by project implementers during the project tenure to ensure post-project sustainability, this challenge has still been persistent. However, evidence exists of situation whereby post-project era has witnessed continued implementation of activities which were established during the project duration. The question comes as to which factors are behind such observed positive scenario? The answer to this question can enhance our understanding on variables that can be used to increase sustainability of development initiative after the planned project tenure. The ...


Food Sovereignty As Decolonization: Some Contributions From Indigenous Movements To Food System And Development Politics, Sam Grey, Raj Patel 2015 University of Victoria

Food Sovereignty As Decolonization: Some Contributions From Indigenous Movements To Food System And Development Politics, Sam Grey, Raj Patel

Sam Grey

The popularity of ‘food sovereignty’ to cover a range of positions, interventions, and struggles within the food system is testament, above all, to the term’s adaptability. Food sovereignty is centrally, though not exclusively, about groups of people making their own decisions about the food system—it is a way of talking about a theoretically-informed food systems practice. Since people are different, we should expect decisions about food sovereignty to be different in different contexts, albeit consonant with a core set of principles (including women’s rights, a shared opposition to genetically modified crops, and a demand for agriculture to ...


A Smiling Face Is Half The Meal: The Role Of Cooperation In Sustaining Maine’S Local Food Industry, Ethan Tremblay, Timothy Waring 2015 University of Maine

A Smiling Face Is Half The Meal: The Role Of Cooperation In Sustaining Maine’S Local Food Industry, Ethan Tremblay, Timothy Waring

Maine Policy Review

The U.S. is experiencing a renaissance in local food production, and Maine is among the states leading that resurgence. This renaissance is influenced by many factors, and has both economic and social dimensions. This article examines the role of cooperation in the local food industry across a range of local food organizations. The authors conclude that cooperation plays different yet crucial roles in all local food organizations, and is an important part of the success of the local food industry as whole. The article considers the policy implications of these findings, and suggests that while the prevalence of cooperation ...


Trade-Facilitated Technology Spillovers In Energy Productivity Convergence Processes Across Eu Countries, Kathy Baylis, Peter Mulder 2015 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Trade-Facilitated Technology Spillovers In Energy Productivity Convergence Processes Across Eu Countries, Kathy Baylis, Peter Mulder

Kathy Baylis

This empirical paper tests for trade-facilitated spillovers in the convergence of energy productivity across 16 European Union (EU) countries from 1995 to 2005. One might anticipate that by inducing specialization, trade limits the potential for convergence in energy productivity. Conversely, by inducing competition and knowledge diffusion, trade may spur sectors to greater energy productivity. Unlike most previous work on convergence, we explain productivity dynamics from cross-country interactions at a detailed sector level and apply a spatial panel data approach to explicitly account for trade-flow related spatial effects in the convergence analysis. Our study confirms the existence of convergence in manufacturing ...


Can Peers Improve Agricultural Revenue?, Tisorn Songsermsawas, Kathy Baylis, Ashwini Chhatre, Hope Michelson 2015 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Can Peers Improve Agricultural Revenue?, Tisorn Songsermsawas, Kathy Baylis, Ashwini Chhatre, Hope Michelson

Kathy Baylis

Crop revenues vary greatly among farmers and the source of that variation is not fully understood. Using a household survey from India, we estimate peer effects on cash crop revenue. Results show that 60% of farmers' revenue can be explained by peers. Peer effects in input expenditure and land allocation cannot fully explain the variation in revenue, implying peers may also associate with management, negotiation and marketing strategies. Although caste-based networks are important, their effect is substantially smaller than that of self-reported peers. Peer effects are strongest for agricultural peers and in the cultivation of a new crop.


Food For Fuel: The Effect Of U.S. Energy Policy On Indian Poverty, Ujjayant N. Chakravorty, Marie-Helene Hubert, Beyza Ural Marchand 2015 Tufts University

Food For Fuel: The Effect Of U.S. Energy Policy On Indian Poverty, Ujjayant N. Chakravorty, Marie-Helene Hubert, Beyza Ural Marchand

Ujjayant Chakravorty

Many countries have adopted energy policies that promote biofuels as a substitute for gasoline in transportation. For instance, more than 40% of U.S. grain is now used for energy and this share is expected to rise under the current Renewable Fuels Mandate. This paper examines the distributional effects of this energy mandate on India using micro-level survey data. First, we use a model with endogenous land use to estimate the effect of the biofuel policy on the world price of selected food commodities - rice, wheat, sugar and meat and dairy, which together provide almost 70% of Indian food calories ...


Groundwater Depletion Near Roads In The North China Plains, Martino Pelli, Ujjayant Chakravorty, Xiangzheng Deng, Yazhen Gong, Qian Zhang 2015 Université de Sherbrooke

Groundwater Depletion Near Roads In The North China Plains, Martino Pelli, Ujjayant Chakravorty, Xiangzheng Deng, Yazhen Gong, Qian Zhang

Martino Pelli

China produces most of its food grains in the North China Plains. However, there is evidence that groundwater aquifers in this region are under serious threat of overexploitation. We use a unique GIS-referenced dataset that has the depth of the water table for all the 12,000 plus tubewells in operation in Lankao county. We find clear evidence of depletion closer to the national highways passing through the county. We control for the distance of tubewells from the Yellow River which flows through the county and from irrigation canals. The results hold with village and township fixed effects and when ...


Groundwater Depletion Near Roads In The North China Plains, Ujjayant N. Chakravorty, Xiangzheng Deng, Yazhen Gong, Martino Pelli, Zhang Qian 2015 Tufts University

Groundwater Depletion Near Roads In The North China Plains, Ujjayant N. Chakravorty, Xiangzheng Deng, Yazhen Gong, Martino Pelli, Zhang Qian

Ujjayant Chakravorty

China produces most of its food grains in the North China Plains. However, there is evidence that groundwater aquifers in this region are under serious threat of overexploitation. We use a unique GIS-referenced dataset that has the depth of the water table for all the 12,000 plus tubewells in operation in Lankao county. We find clear evidence of depletion closer to the national highways passing through the county. We control for the distance of tubewells from the Yellow River which flows through the county and from irrigation canals. The results hold with village and township fixed effects and when ...


Far Away From The Forest And Close To The City? Fuelwood Collection In Rural India, Ujjayant N. Chakravorty, Martino Pelli, Anna Risch 2015 Tufts University

Far Away From The Forest And Close To The City? Fuelwood Collection In Rural India, Ujjayant N. Chakravorty, Martino Pelli, Anna Risch

Ujjayant Chakravorty

There is a large literature on the role of fuelwood collection in deforestation in developing countries but no studies on who is using the fuelwood collected. Is it local villagers or people living in nearby towns and cities? This paper studies the effect of reduced forest cover on the time allocation of buyers and sellers of fuelwood in rural India. We instrument time invested in fuelwood collection by the distance (measured in minutes) from the household to the resource collection site. The intuition is that if reaching the collection location takes longer, more time must be invested in collection (because ...


Far Away From The Forest And Close To Town: Fuelwood Markets In Rural India, Martino Pelli, Ujjayant Chakravoty, Anna Risch 2015 Université de Sherbrooke

Far Away From The Forest And Close To Town: Fuelwood Markets In Rural India, Martino Pelli, Ujjayant Chakravoty, Anna Risch

Martino Pelli

There is a large literature on the role of fuelwood collection in deforestation in developing countries but very few studies on precisely who is using the fuelwood collected. Is it local villagers or people living in nearby towns and cities? This paper addresses this issue by looking at the effect of reduced forest cover on the time allocation of buyers and sellers of fuelwood in rural India. We instrument time invested in fuelwood collection by the time it takes to travel from the house to the resource collection site. By matching two different datasets, we can identify households that buy ...


Providing User Preferred Information Resources For A New Faculty Of Agriculture, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria, Chinwe Veronica Anunobi Dr, Uche Andrew Ogbonna 2015 Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka Nigeria

Providing User Preferred Information Resources For A New Faculty Of Agriculture, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria, Chinwe Veronica Anunobi Dr, Uche Andrew Ogbonna

Chinwe Veronica Anunobi Dr

Nnamdi Azikiwe University in Awka, Nigeria was established as a federal government financed university on August 1992. Because the university was unprepared to start any agriculture program at that time, there were limited provisions for agricultural information services. However, in 2010 the University established a Faculty of Agriculture; to prepare the university library to serve this group, a survey was carried out to ascertain the faculty’s library literacy status as well as their information needs. e result showed that, among other things, members of the new Faculty preferred hybrid (electronic and print) library services and were open to innovative ...


Prof. Vibhuti Patel On Gender Responsive Budgets In India, Professor Vibhuti Patel 2014 Shrimati Nathibai Damodar Thakersey Women's University

Prof. Vibhuti Patel On Gender Responsive Budgets In India, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

Budget is an important tool in the hands of state for affirmative action for improvement of gender relations through reduction of gender gap in the development process. It can help to reduce economic inequalities as well as gender inequalities. Hence, the budgetary policies need to keep into consideration the gender dynamics operating in the economy and in the civil society. There is a need to highlight participatory approaches, bottom up budget, child budget, green budgeting, local and global implications of pro-poor and pro-women budgeting and inter-linkages between gender-sensitive budgeting and women’s empowerment. It is good economic sense to make ...


Introduction: Moving Beyond The 'Rational Actor' In Environmental Governance And Conservation, Nicole D. Peterson, Cindy Isenhour 2014 University of North Carolina at Charlotte

Introduction: Moving Beyond The 'Rational Actor' In Environmental Governance And Conservation, Nicole D. Peterson, Cindy Isenhour

Anthropology Faculty Scholarship

In this brief introduction, we examine the themes and issues that link the three papers in this special section. In each case, neoliberal conservation practices appear to be predicated on a certain kind of individual subject with certain kinds of motives and behaviours-the rational actor. Taken together, these three papers challenge three assumptions of rational actor models, including that individuals are self-interested and attempt to maximise their own benefits, that they only respond to economic incentives, and that economic markets are free, mutual, and rational. Together these articles promote greater attention to how individuals are conceptualised in conservation efforts, and ...


Tennessee Consumers’ Willingness To Pay For Beef Produced In Tennessee, Leah Moore Dobbs 2014 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Tennessee Consumers’ Willingness To Pay For Beef Produced In Tennessee, Leah Moore Dobbs

Masters Theses

Little is known about Tennessee consumer willingness to pay (WTP) for beef produced in the state or about the type of outlet where they would expect to purchase Tennessee beef. Tennessee beef cattle production and sales decision making can be guided by the willingness to pay of consumers, demographics profiles of those willing to pay a premium for Tennessee beef, and outlet choice for purchasing local beef. A telephone (land-line and wireless) survey of major metropolitan areas in Tennessee was conducted in 2013 to collect data from a total of 1,209 respondents. This data is used in probit models ...


Local Foods Purchasing In The Farmers' Market Channel: Value-Attitude-Behavior Theory, Christopher Thomas Sneed 2014 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Local Foods Purchasing In The Farmers' Market Channel: Value-Attitude-Behavior Theory, Christopher Thomas Sneed

Doctoral Dissertations

From farmers’ market booths to kitchen tables, demand for locally-produced foods has increased significantly over the last decade. Yet, despite increasing popularity of local foods, theoretically-based research of this topic has just begun.

This study fills this gap in literature and broadens the current research base by utilizing Value-Attitude-Behavior Theory to explore local foods purchasing in the farmers’ market channel. The impact of four values (food novelty, food safety, civic engagement, and environmental concern) on consumers’ attitudes regarding farmers’ market design perceptions, farmers’ market social perceptions, and local foods quality perceptions are examined. In turn, the impact of these attitudes ...


A Multivariate Analysis Of The Causal Flow Between Renewable Energy Consumption And Gdp In Tunisia, Maamar Sebri, Ousama Ben-Salha 2014 University of Sousse, FSEG Sousse, Tunisia

A Multivariate Analysis Of The Causal Flow Between Renewable Energy Consumption And Gdp In Tunisia, Maamar Sebri, Ousama Ben-Salha

Maamar Sebri

This paper examines the causality linkages between economic growth, renewable energy consumption, CO2 emissions and domestic investment in Tunisia between 1971 and 2010. Using the ARDL bounds testing approach to cointegration, long-run relationships between the variables are identified. On the other hand, the Granger causality analysis indicates that there is bi-directional causality between renewable energy consumption and economic growth, which supports the validity of the feedback hypothesis. In addition, the quantity of CO2 emissions collapses as a reaction to an increase in renewable energy consumption. These findings remain robust even when controlling for the presence of structural break. We conclude ...


The Theory Of Agricultural Cooperatives: A Neoclassical Primer, Jeffrey S. Royer 2014 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The Theory Of Agricultural Cooperatives: A Neoclassical Primer, Jeffrey S. Royer

Faculty Publications: Agricultural Economics

This monograph provides an introduction to the neoclassical theory of agricultural cooperatives. The neoclassical theory of cooperatives has been useful for generating insights into the behavior of cooperatives in various market structures, helping cooperatives develop business strategies consistent with their objectives, and informing public policy decisions concerning cooperatives. This monograph describes the application of neoclassical theory to farm supply and marketing cooperatives within various market structures in both the short and long run. Topics covered include the stability of cooperative price and output solutions, strategies for reducing the cost of producing a farm input sold to members and for raising ...


Regional Disparities In Rural And Agricultural Development In Undivided Andhra Pradesh, India, A Amarender Reddy 2014 International Crops Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics

Regional Disparities In Rural And Agricultural Development In Undivided Andhra Pradesh, India, A Amarender Reddy

A Amarender Reddy

India is a federal union comprising of 28 states. The states are further sub-divided into districts. Andhra Pradesh is one of the largest states in India. The state was formed by merging three regions – Telangana, Rayalaseema and Coastal Andhra – in the year 1956. In terms of development indicators measured in the mid-50s, Coastal Andhra was considered more developed, followed by the Rayalaseema region. Now people of the Telangana region are claiming that their relative backwardness was accentuated after merging with the more developed regions. In this context, this paper examines the regional disparities in agriculture in Andhra Pradesh since its ...


Identifying The Opportunity Cost Of Critical Habitat Designation Under The U.S. Endangered Species Act, Erik Nelson, John C. Withey, Derric Pennington, Joshua J. Lawler 2014 Bowdoin College

Identifying The Opportunity Cost Of Critical Habitat Designation Under The U.S. Endangered Species Act, Erik Nelson, John C. Withey, Derric Pennington, Joshua J. Lawler

Economics Department Working Paper Series

We determine the effect of the US Endangered Species Act’s Critical Habitat designation on land use change from 1992 to 2011. We find that the rate of change in developed land (constructed material) and agricultural land is not significantly affected by Critical Habitat designation. Therefore, Sections 7 and 9 of the Endangered Species Act do not appear to be more heavily applied in lands designated as Critical Habitat areas versus lands within listed species’ ranges, but without critical habitat designation. Further, there does not appear to be any extraordinary conservation activity in critical habitat areas; for example, environmental non-profits ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress