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Health Care As Commons: An Indigenous Approach To Universal Health Coverage, Young Soon Wong, Pascale Allotey, Daniel D. Reidpath 2014 Western University

Health Care As Commons: An Indigenous Approach To Universal Health Coverage, Young Soon Wong, Pascale Allotey, Daniel D. Reidpath

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

Modern health care systems of today are predominantly derived from Western models and are either state owned or under private ownership. Government, through their health policies, generally aim to facilitate access for the majority of the population through the design of their health systems. However, there are communities, such as Indigenous peoples, who do not necessarily fall under the formal protection of state systems. Throughout history, these societies have developed different ways to provide health care to its population. These health care systems are held and managed under different property regimes with their attendant advantages and disadvantages. This article investigates ...


Do Weather Fluctuations Cause People To Seek Information About Climate Change?, Corey Lang 2014 University of Rhode Island

Do Weather Fluctuations Cause People To Seek Information About Climate Change?, Corey Lang

Environmental and Natural Resource Economics Faculty Publications

Learning about the causes and consequences of climate change can be an important avenue for supporting mitigation policy and efficient adaptation. This paper uses internet search activity data, a distinctly revealed preference approach, to examine if local weather fluctuations cause people to seek information about climate change. The results suggest that weather fluctuations do have an effect on climate change related search behavior, however not always in ways that are consistent with the projected impacts of climate change. While search activity increases with extreme heat in summer and extended periods of no rainfall and declines in extreme cold in winter ...


Livestock Development And Poverty In Pakistan: Evidence From The Punjab Province, Sharafat Ali, Najid Ahmad 2014 SelectedWorks

Livestock Development And Poverty In Pakistan: Evidence From The Punjab Province, Sharafat Ali, Najid Ahmad

Sharafat Ali

Agriculture sector being an important and fundamental sector of the economy is the way of life for more than half of the Pakistan’s population. Its major sector is livestock sector. Livestock sector is the source of income and a safety against the crop failures or drought. Most of the rural population earns their living from this sector. Aspired from the argument that livestock has great importance in the life of the poor households, the present study is an attempt to analyze the impact of livestock sector development on poverty in Pakistan. The cross sectional data of 34 districts of ...


Teaching Philosophy, Wesley Burnett 2014 SelectedWorks

Teaching Philosophy, Wesley Burnett

Wesley Burnett

No abstract provided.


Matrilineal Asset Inheritance, Female Bargaining Power, And Household Welfare In Malawi, Nicholas T. Garcia 2014 University of San Francisco

Matrilineal Asset Inheritance, Female Bargaining Power, And Household Welfare In Malawi, Nicholas T. Garcia

Master's Theses

Matrilineal inheritance practices in Malawi exogenously determine female land holdings at the time of marriage, allowing for the identification of the effect of increased female bargaining power on household consumption decisions. I use the matrilineal ethnicity of the head of household as an instrument for the share of total household land inherited by the female head or male head’s wife. I find that child’s height-for-age decreases with female assets, and evidence suggesting increased consumption from households’ own production. Since the food basket from own consumption is high in carbs but not nutritious, long-term child health suffers despite receiving ...


An Hsus Report: The Impact Of Animal Agriculture On Global Warming And Climate Change, The Humane Society of the United States 2014 Humane Society Institute for Science and Policy

An Hsus Report: The Impact Of Animal Agriculture On Global Warming And Climate Change, The Humane Society Of The United States

HSUS Reports: Farm Industry Impacts on Environment and Human Health

The farm animal production sector is the single largest anthropogenic user of land, contributing to soil degradation, dwindling water supplies, and air pollution. The breadth of this sector‘s impacts has been largely underappreciated. Meat, egg, and milk production are not narrowly focused on the rearing and slaughtering of farm animals. The animal agriculture sector also encompasses feed grain production which requires substantial water, energy, and chemical inputs, as well as energy expenditures to transport feed, live animals, and animal products. All of this comes at a substantial cost to the environment.

One of animal agriculture‘s greatest environmental impacts ...


An Hsus Report: The Economics Of Adopting Alternatives To Gestation Crate Confinement Of Sows, The Humane Society of the United States 2014 Humane Society Institute for Science and Policy

An Hsus Report: The Economics Of Adopting Alternatives To Gestation Crate Confinement Of Sows, The Humane Society Of The United States

HSUS Reports: Farm Industry Impacts on Animals

Gestation crates are individual stalls with metal bars and concrete floors that confine pregnant pigs in the commercial pork production industry. Gestation crates measure 0.6-0.7 m (2.0-2.3 ft) by 2.0-2.1 m (6.6-6.9 ft), only slightly larger than the animals themselves, and restrict movement so severely that the sows are unable to turn around.1 In typical pig production facilities, gestation crates are placed side by side in long rows. They are primarily used on large-scale industrialized pig production operations, where thousands of pigs are produced annually in warehouse-like buildings.


Regaining Missed Opportunities: The Role Of Agriculture Post-Separation Development In Sudan, Yagoub Elryah 2014 SelectedWorks

Regaining Missed Opportunities: The Role Of Agriculture Post-Separation Development In Sudan, Yagoub Elryah

Dr. Yagoub Ali Elryah

Agricultural sector is play a vital role in the Sudan economy and is considered to be the backbone of industrial development in the country. Sudan lost both south Sudan and oil revenues, the poverty increased among Sudanese. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to examine the role of agriculture in post-separation development in Sudan. However, it missed opportunities on a number of occasions due to inappropriate economic policies, continues recent region conflicts. The key massage from the studies examined in this paper is that agricultural sector in Sudan still face many challenges. Among the challenges are absence of political ...


Agricultural Productivity In The Greater Middle East, Zahra Tayebi 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Agricultural Productivity In The Greater Middle East, Zahra Tayebi

Dissertations and Theses in Agricultural Economics

The purpose of this research is to determine TFP growth in Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Turkey and Syria considering weather as well as economic and social factors that might be affecting it. A translog production function was used to estimate TFP over the period 1980-2010. Precipitation, temperature, drought and irrigation were included in the analysis. The results show increasing agricultural productivity at the average rate of 2.66% during the period. Temperature and precipitation play a significant role in agricultural production and most frequent extreme drought episodes and irrigation affect, substantially, agricultural productivity growth in the region. The results highlight that ...


Assessing The Sources Of Risk And Risk Management Strategies Surrounding Poverty Traps And Mangrove Ecosystem Services In Rural Coastal Tanzania, Sarah Martin 2014 University of Rhode Island

Assessing The Sources Of Risk And Risk Management Strategies Surrounding Poverty Traps And Mangrove Ecosystem Services In Rural Coastal Tanzania, Sarah Martin

Senior Honors Projects

Mangrove ecosystems consist of trees and shrubs that grow in saline coastal habitats throughout tropical and subtropical regions. These habitats provide essential ecosystem services to surrounding communities – including protection from erosion, flooding, and storm surge, access to raw materials, carbon sequestration, and nursery habitat for many species of marine life. Poor and vulnerable populations in rural coastal communities tend to rely disproportionately on natural resources to fuel their livelihoods, as they lack access to other market goods and services. Unfortunately, mangrove ecosystems have been substantially degraded over the last two decades. Therefore, the poor and vulnerable populations that rely most ...


Rare Trophy Varmint Bagged, Paul A, Johnsgard 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Rare Trophy Varmint Bagged, Paul A, Johnsgard

Paul Johnsgard Collection

This beast was shot during a special hunting season on hummingbirds opened by the Game and Parks Commission after reports of possible threats to people and livestock.

It was taken in one shot at 15 yards with a high-powered Canon and special high-velocity electronic ammunition. The state is now safer for everyone.

P. (Dead-eye) Johnsgard


Using Census Bureau Data For Current And Historical Gis Research, Bert Chapman 2014 Purdue University

Using Census Bureau Data For Current And Historical Gis Research, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

Provides examples of how geographic information system (GIS) data can be used to conduct historical and contemporary research using Census Bureau data and mapping and other resources. Such data and mapping can enhance understanding of historical and contemporary subjects in a multidisciplinary variety of topics.


A Case Study Analysis Of A Regional Food System: The Sustainable Agriculture Consortium For Historically Disadvantaged Farmers Program, Tasha M. Hargrove, Walter A. Hill, John Brown, Miles Robinson, Iris Cole-Crosby, Elizabeth Myles, Billy Lawton, Karla Martin 2014 Tuskegee University

A Case Study Analysis Of A Regional Food System: The Sustainable Agriculture Consortium For Historically Disadvantaged Farmers Program, Tasha M. Hargrove, Walter A. Hill, John Brown, Miles Robinson, Iris Cole-Crosby, Elizabeth Myles, Billy Lawton, Karla Martin

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

The Sustainable Agriculture Consortium for Historically Disadvantaged Farmers Program (SACH) was designed to carry out an experiment by five 1890 Land-Grant Universities in partnership with five farmer based cooperatives in five states to assess marketing fruits and vegetables to Walmart from a regional perspective. Using the Consortium as a case study, this study assessed the Consortium within the framework of implementation evaluation; data were collected using semi-structured interviews and document analysis. The study answered questions such as, what did the Consortium do, and what were some of the accomplishments of the Consortium? The farmers were able to: negotiate price points ...


The Trouble With China: How South Africa's Largest Trading Partner Is Undermining Its Economy, David Churvis 2014 Georgia State University

The Trouble With China: How South Africa's Largest Trading Partner Is Undermining Its Economy, David Churvis

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Sustainable Kangaroo Harvesting: Perceptions And Consumption Of Kangaroo Meat Among University Students In New South Wales, Elisabeth Grant 2014 SIT Graduate Institute/SIT Study Abroad

Sustainable Kangaroo Harvesting: Perceptions And Consumption Of Kangaroo Meat Among University Students In New South Wales, Elisabeth Grant

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Kangaroos have been cherished as a source of meat for over 40,000 years by Aboriginal Australians and for many years by Europeans once they invaded the continent, but somewhere along the way kangaroos lost their status as an important resource and came to be regarded as a pest, and then a national icon which was considered taboo to hunt (Jackson et al., 2010; Mulvaney et al., 1999). It wasn't until the 1950's that a kangaroo meat industry began, and in the past few decades Australians have re-realized the great potential of kangaroo meat, and conservationists have begun ...


State Of The U.S. Ocean And Coastal Economies 2014, Judith T. Kildow, Charles S. Colgan, Jason D. Scorse, Pat Johnston, Matt Nichols 2014 Center for the Blue Economy

State Of The U.S. Ocean And Coastal Economies 2014, Judith T. Kildow, Charles S. Colgan, Jason D. Scorse, Pat Johnston, Matt Nichols

Publications

The nation's coasts and oceans contribute much to the United States economy. For the past 14 years, the National Ocean Economics Program (NOEP), now a program of the Center for the Blue Economy at the Monterey Institute of International Studies, has compiled time-series data that track economic activities, demographics, ports and cargo volume and value, natural resource production and value, non-market values, and federal expenditures in the U.S. coastal zone both on land and in the water. A report on the ocean and coastal economies of the United States was released by NOEP in 2009 covering data through ...


State Of The U.S. Ocean And Coastal Economies 2014 Appendices, Judith T. Kildow, Charles S. Colgan, Jason D. Scorse, Pat Johnston, Matt Nichols 2014 Center for the Blue Economy

State Of The U.S. Ocean And Coastal Economies 2014 Appendices, Judith T. Kildow, Charles S. Colgan, Jason D. Scorse, Pat Johnston, Matt Nichols

Publications

These are the appendices to the State of the U.S. Ocean and Coastal Economics 2014 report.


Chinese Land Reforms And The Property Chase, Singapore Management University 2014 Singapore Management University

Chinese Land Reforms And The Property Chase, Singapore Management University

Perspectives@SMU

China’s leaders embark on the latest round of land ownership reforms. Will it help reduce social tensions and maintain the status quo?


Valuing Smallholder Food Production - A Call For New Theories, Carol B. Thompson 2014 Iowa State University

Valuing Smallholder Food Production - A Call For New Theories, Carol B. Thompson

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

The idea that industrial agriculture is successful in providing food security during this time of climate change and increasing world hunger is grounded in the ontology and episteme of neoliberal economics. Therefore, the goal of this article is to extend the debates about the transformation of economic theories—from assumptions to concepts to measures—in order to recognize smallholder, food-producing techniques, ones that acknowledge the bio-physical limits of planet earth and demonstrate “evidence-based” resilience. The first proposed alternative set of theories, ecological economics, challenges neoliberal economics by redefining the planet as a closed system in which externalities cannot exist and ...


Market Forces And Technological Substitutes Cause Fluctuations In The Value Of Bat Pest-Control Services For Cotton, Laura López-Hoffman, Ruscena Wiederholt, Chris Sansone, Kenneth J. Bagstad, Paul Cryan, Jay E. Diffendorfer, Joshua Goldstein, Kelsie LaSharr, John Loomis, Gary McCracken, Rodrigo A. Medellín, Amy L. Russell, Darius Semens 2014 Grand Valley State University

Market Forces And Technological Substitutes Cause Fluctuations In The Value Of Bat Pest-Control Services For Cotton, Laura López-Hoffman, Ruscena Wiederholt, Chris Sansone, Kenneth J. Bagstad, Paul Cryan, Jay E. Diffendorfer, Joshua Goldstein, Kelsie Lasharr, John Loomis, Gary Mccracken, Rodrigo A. Medellín, Amy L. Russell, Darius Semens

Amy L. Russell

Critics of the market-based, ecosystem services approach to biodiversity conservation worry that volatile market conditions and technological substitutes will diminish the value of ecosystem services and obviate the "economic benefits" arguments for conservation. To explore the effects of market forces and substitutes on service values, we assessed how the value of the pest-control services provided by Mexican free-tailed bats (Tadarida brasiliensis mexicana) to cotton production in the southwestern U.S. has changed over time. We calculated service values each year from 1990 through 2008 by estimating the value of avoided crop damage and the reduced social and private costs of ...


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