Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Agricultural and Resource Economics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

7873 Full-Text Articles 6435 Authors 890051 Downloads 127 Institutions

All Articles in Agricultural and Resource Economics

Faceted Search

7873 full-text articles. Page 1 of 142.

Mapping Potential Foodsheds In Iowa: A System Optimization Modeling Approach, Guiping Hu, Randy Boeckenstedt, Lizhi Wang, Susan W. Arendt 2017 Iowa State University

Mapping Potential Foodsheds In Iowa: A System Optimization Modeling Approach, Guiping Hu, Randy Boeckenstedt, Lizhi Wang, Susan W. Arendt

Lizhi Wang

Linear programming tools are used to gauge regional potential for local diversified agriculture required to meet the dietary needs of the population.


Elicitation Of Subjective Beliefs: A Pilot Study Of Farmers' Nitrogen Management Decision-Making In Central Iowa, Sandip Agarwal, Keri L. Jacobs, Quinn Weninger 2017 Iowa State University

Elicitation Of Subjective Beliefs: A Pilot Study Of Farmers' Nitrogen Management Decision-Making In Central Iowa, Sandip Agarwal, Keri L. Jacobs, Quinn Weninger

Keri Jacobs

In the spring of 2014, we conducted a survey of Iowa crop producers to (1) learn about common nutrient management practices, and (2) to elicit farmers' subjective beliefs about the weather and crop growth uncertainty they face when making nutrient management decisions. The survey is part of a larger study that seeks to uncover the subjective or perceived relationship between nitrogen application practices, e.g., quantity, timing, application method, and crop yield outcomes. This paper provides a rationale for measuring subjective beliefs in the context of decision making under uncertainty and discusses specific design elements of the 2014 survey instrument ...


Dawn Of The Lawn, David M. Guy 2017 John Tyler Community College

Dawn Of The Lawn, David M. Guy

Exigence

Drawing on both electronic and print sources, this research seeks to explore the cultural, economic, and environmental implications of the American lawn and suggest the need to awaken a cultural discussion aimed at harmonizing one’s landscape with reality. The lawn penetrates the American’s daily life, yet few stop to examine the origins and effects of the lawn. Involving many of the leading academic voices in this subject, this work further aims to ignite a diverse discussion of the lawn’s connection to oil, fertilizers, pesticides, drinking water, and individual’s behavior. Considerable evidence supports the notion that the ...


Setting Up Living Trusts, Neil E. Harl 2017 Iowa State University

Setting Up Living Trusts, Neil E. Harl

Neil E. Harl

The recent enthusiasm for setting up revocable living trusts is supported by two pluses — (1) a way to assure flexibility in management for property in those later years when individuals may not be in a good position to manage their assets and (2) an opportunity for some simplification in estate settlement. However, several factors of a technical or practical nature should be taken into account before the decision is made to establish a revocable living trust.


Joint Tenancy Disclaimers: What Can Be Disclaimed?, Neil E. Harl 2017 Iowa State University

Joint Tenancy Disclaimers: What Can Be Disclaimed?, Neil E. Harl

Neil E. Harl

For years the Internal Revenue Service resisted the disclaimer of joint tenancy interests on the grounds that the disclaimer had to occur within nine months of the creation of the joint tenancy. IRS eventually came to accept the disclaimer of revocable joint tenancies within nine months after death and even more recently indicated that the Service would not resist the disclaimer of joint tenancy interests in other than revocable joint tenancies where there was a predeath right to sever the joint interests The focus on when joint tenancies could be disclaimed obscured the question of what could be disclaimed.


Disclaiming The Survivorship Interest In Joint Tenancy Property, Neil E. Harl 2017 Iowa State University

Disclaiming The Survivorship Interest In Joint Tenancy Property, Neil E. Harl

Neil E. Harl

No abstract provided.


Capitalizing Preproductive Period Expenditures, Neil Harl 2017 Selected Works

Capitalizing Preproductive Period Expenditures, Neil Harl

Neil E. Harl

Few have forgotten the provision in the Tax Reform Act of 1986 requiring the capitalization of preproductive period expenditures for animals or crops having a preproductive period of more than two years. The provision was repealed as to animals in the Technical and Miscellaneous Revenue Act of 1988. However, problems may now be encountered by those who elected out of the provision before 1989.


Cash Accounting For Farm And Ranch Corporations, Neil E. Harl 2017 Iowa State University

Cash Accounting For Farm And Ranch Corporations, Neil E. Harl

Neil E. Harl

As a new taxpayer, a farm or ranch corporation may elect the cash or accrual methods of accounting if the corporate books are so kept and the method clearly reflects income. Indeed, IRS has ruled that a corporation may report on the cash method of accounting even though books are kept on the accrual method if the corporation maintains work papers reconciling accrual method book income to cash method taxable income. The method of accounting should be elected clearly on the initial corporate income tax return.


Funding Revocable Living Trusts, Neil E. Harl 2017 Iowa State University

Funding Revocable Living Trusts, Neil E. Harl

Neil E. Harl

Without much doubt, the transfer of assets to the trust is the most critical part of the formation of a revocable living trust. Inasmuch as all of the grantor's property should be conveyed to the trust, the obvious question is whether the transfer triggers adverse consequences to the grantor. In general, conveyance of property to a revocable inter vivos trust can be accomplished without negative consequences but the property inventory should be subjected to an itemby- item review before the actual transfer occurs. Here are the major points to consider.


Family Estate Trusts, Neil E. Harl 2017 Iowa State University

Family Estate Trusts, Neil E. Harl

Neil E. Harl

The recent attention to revocable living trusts has led to some confusion with a far less useful concept, the trust referred to variously as the "family estate" trust, "pure" trust, and "constitutional" trust. The latest version of these trusts, all of which are valued as substantially less than worthless, is the two-trust off-shore version or the foreign tax haven double trust. The trusts are mostly sold door-to-door through local contacts who tout the trusts as devices to solve all of one's estate-planning problems. The trusts are purportedly irrevocable, generally for a 25-year term.


Handling Commodity Futures Transactions, Neil E. Harl 2017 Iowa State University

Handling Commodity Futures Transactions, Neil E. Harl

Neil E. Harl

In the same manner as other merchants and manufacturers, farm and ranch taxpayers buy and sell commodity futures to hedge against fluctuating prices. Likewise, farm and ranch taxpayers buy and sell commodity futures as speculators. The principal matter of concern from an income tax perspective in the farm and ranch area is the line between hedging and speculation.


Overpopulation And The Impact On The Environment, Doris Baus 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Overpopulation And The Impact On The Environment, Doris Baus

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

In this research paper, the main focus is on the issue of overpopulation and its impact on the environment. The growing size of the global population is not an issue that appeared within the past couple of decades, but its origins come from the prehistoric time and extend to the very present day. Throughout the history, acknowledged scientists introduced the concept of “overpopulation” and predicted the future consequences if the world follows the same behavioral pattern. According to predictions, scientists invented the birth control pill and set population control through eugenics. Despite that, population continued to increase and fight with ...


An 8-Zone Iso-Ne Test System With Physically-Based Wind Power, Wanning Li, Leigh Tesfatsion 2017 Iowa State University

An 8-Zone Iso-Ne Test System With Physically-Based Wind Power, Wanning Li, Leigh Tesfatsion

Economics Working Papers

This study extends the agent-based 8-Zone ISO-NE Test System to include wind turbine agents, each characterized by location, physical type, and an output curve mapping local wind speed into wind power output. Increases in wind power penetration (WPP) are modeled as build-outs of investment queues for planned wind turbine installations. The extended system is used to study the effects of increasing WPP under both stochastic and deterministic day-ahead market (DAM) formulations for security-constrained unit commitment (SCUC).

For each tested WPP, the expected cost saving resulting from a switch from deterministic to stochastic DAM SCUC is found to display a U-shaped ...


Welfare Effects Of Plc, Arc, And Sco, Bruce A. Babcock 2017 Iowa State University

Welfare Effects Of Plc, Arc, And Sco, Bruce A. Babcock

Bruce Babcock

The late Gary Becker (1930-2014), winner of the prestigious Nobel Prize in Economics and the Presidential Medal of Freedom, was a theorist who developed explanations for common phenomena not normally associated with economic inquiry. He analyzed drug addiction, crime, and family structure among many other topics. Of particular relevance to farm policy and the development of the Agricultural Act of 2014 is Becker’s (1983) theory of political competition between rent-seeking pressure groups which predicts that policies that have enough political support to be adopted will tend to have two attributes.


Geographical Indications And The Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights Agreement (Trips): A Case Study Of Basmati Rice Exports, Kranti Mulik, John M. Crespi 2017 Iowa State University

Geographical Indications And The Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights Agreement (Trips): A Case Study Of Basmati Rice Exports, Kranti Mulik, John M. Crespi

John Crespi

The controversy over the granting of patenting rights to three new strains of Basmati rice by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office is used as a case study to analyze the impact of incomplete protection of intellectual property. Results suggest that the introduction of a competing product that may infringe on India’s geographical indicator has lowered the product differentiation of Indian Basmati rice in key export markets.


Services Of Dairy Marketing Cooperatives In The North Central Region, Ronald E. Deiter, James W. Gruebele, Sheldon W. Williams 2017 Iowa State University

Services Of Dairy Marketing Cooperatives In The North Central Region, Ronald E. Deiter, James W. Gruebele, Sheldon W. Williams

Ronald Deiter

Surveys of managers ( 1973) and of a sample of producers ( 1976 ) provided information about and evaluations of services performed by 40 fluid-milk marketing cooperatives wit h headquarters in the north central region. Analysis was by both type and size of cooperative. Information obtained included identification of services provided at both farm and market levels, their estimated costs, managerial and member evaluations of their importance, extent of producer knowledge about them, management and member reactions to services-related statements and issues, and relations to membership problems.


Off-Farm Work Of Farm Families: Some Empirical Results And Policy Implications, Wallace E. Huffman 2017 Iowa State University

Off-Farm Work Of Farm Families: Some Empirical Results And Policy Implications, Wallace E. Huffman

Wallace Huffman

The welfare of farm families, even those with large farms, is not determined solely by their incomes from the farms they operate (USDA 1976, p. 62). The share of personal income of the farm population from nonfarm sources has steadily increased from 27 percent in 1950 and 35 percent in 1960 to so+ percent in the 1970's, except for 1973-74 when net farm income rose so dramatically.I Moreover, approximately 70 percent of the income 2 from nonfarm sources is wage and salary income. Thus a large and growing share of the income of farm families is not from ...


An Assessment Of The Process Underlying Raw Calculations, Wallace E. Huffman 2017 Iowa State University

An Assessment Of The Process Underlying Raw Calculations, Wallace E. Huffman

Wallace Huffman

The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986, Public Law 99-603 (commonly referred to as IRCA), contained provisions having the intent of changing the supply and demand for hired labor on U.S. farms. The legislation defined a new class of farm work called seasonal agricultural services (SAS) which covers most of the farm work in producing and harvesting perishable crops, and a new class of alien workers called SAWs. Because newly legalized special agricultural workers (SAWs) might leave seasonal agricultural services for other U.S. jobs, IRCA contained a provision for replenishing SA Ws. Replenishment with alien workers was ...


An Assessment Of The Process Underlying Raw Calculations, Wallace E. Huffman 2017 Iowa State University

An Assessment Of The Process Underlying Raw Calculations, Wallace E. Huffman

Wallace Huffman

The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986, Public Law 99-603 (commonly referred to as IRCA), contained provisions having the intent of changing the supply and demand for hired labor on U.S. farms. The legislation defined a new class of farm work called seasonal agricultural services (SAS) which covers most of the farm work in producing and harvesting perishable crops, and a new class of alien workers called SAWs. Because newly legalized special agricultural workers (SAWs) might leave seasonal agricultural services for other U.S. jobs, IRCA contained a provision for replenishing SA Ws. Replenishment with alien workers was ...


Roles For Evolving Markets, Policies, And Technology Improvements In U.S. Corn Ethanol Industry Development, Paul W. Gallagher 2017 Iowa State University

Roles For Evolving Markets, Policies, And Technology Improvements In U.S. Corn Ethanol Industry Development, Paul W. Gallagher

Paul Gallagher

This article reviews changes in markets, technologies, and policies that affect corn ethanol profit - ability and industry expansion. Historically, the corn ethanol industry was stimulated by high petrofuel prices, successful corn and processing technology improvements, and government incentives, such as a blenders’ tax credit and mandated markets defined by the leaded fuel ban and reformulated fuel. Presently, the corn ethanol industry has expanded slightly beyond the point of a normal capital return, which is defined by limits on corn resource availability and ethanol marketing infrastructure. A renewable fuel standard, included in a recent energy law, may eventually define minimum consumption ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress