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Ecological And Economic Benefits Of Integrating Sheep Into Viticulture Production, Meredith T. Niles, Rachael Garrett, Drew Walsh 2018 The University of Vermont

Ecological And Economic Benefits Of Integrating Sheep Into Viticulture Production, Meredith T. Niles, Rachael Garrett, Drew Walsh

College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Faculty Publications

The integration of crop and livestock systems has been recognized for its potential to reduce the environmental impacts associated with agriculture and improve farmer livelihoods. However, to date, most research has focused on the integration of cattle into crop and pasture systems. Here we examine the integration of sheep into vineyards and assess farmers’ perceived benefits and costs of the practice. Viticulture expansion has led to significant land use change in recent years and new environmental challenges, particularly with respect to herbicide use. Sheep integration into vineyards offers the potential to utilize the synergies of both systems to reduce external ...


Industrial Output Fluctuations In Developing Countries: General Equilibrium Consequences Of Agricultural Productivity Shocks, Iona Hyojung LEE 2018 Singapore Management University

Industrial Output Fluctuations In Developing Countries: General Equilibrium Consequences Of Agricultural Productivity Shocks, Iona Hyojung Lee

Research Collection School Of Economics

This paper shows that a negative shock to agricultural productivity may increase food prices, and labor and capital can move away from manufacturing into agriculture to meet the subsistence requirement for food. This effect depends on income levels and openness to trade. Using annual manufacturing data and rainfall shocks as the instrument for crop yields (proxy for agricultural productivity), I find that an exogenous decline in yield decreases manufacturing output as well as employment and capital investment in manufacturing. Overall, crop yield variation can explain up to 44% of industrial output fluctuations in developing countries (rainfall shocks cause 31% of ...


A Note On Mitigating The Adverse Scale Effects Of Associated With Daily Driving Restrictions, Arthur Caplan, Man-Keun Kim 2018 Utah State University

A Note On Mitigating The Adverse Scale Effects Of Associated With Daily Driving Restrictions, Arthur Caplan, Man-Keun Kim

Arthur J. Caplan

This paper investigates the role of additional regulation in mitigating the ‘adverse scale effect’
associated with daily driving restrictions, which has become a popular regulatory tool used
to control episodic air pollution internationally, especially in developing countries. We find
that although an annual vehicle registration tax reduces the incentive to purchase additional
vehicles among households whose sole purpose for doing so is to ‘cheat’ the restriction (i.e.,
the ‘adverse scale effect’), it does so with an external cost. The cost occurs because households
whose purpose for purchasing an additional vehicle is not to cheat the restriction are given
the ...


Water Supply In Developing Countries, Jason K. Hawes, Ernest R. Blatchley III, Audrey Caprio, Andrew T. Kanach 2018 Purdue University

Water Supply In Developing Countries, Jason K. Hawes, Ernest R. Blatchley Iii, Audrey Caprio, Andrew T. Kanach

Engagement & Service-Learning Summit: Reciprocal & Sustainable Partnerships

No abstract provided.


Monitoring Tylosin And Sulfamethazine In A Tile-Drained Agricultural Watershed Using Polar Organic Chemical Integrative Sampler (Pocis), Maurice T. Washingtion, Thomas Moorman, Michelle L. Soupir, Mack C. Shelley II, Amy J. Morrow 2018 Iowa State University

Monitoring Tylosin And Sulfamethazine In A Tile-Drained Agricultural Watershed Using Polar Organic Chemical Integrative Sampler (Pocis), Maurice T. Washingtion, Thomas Moorman, Michelle L. Soupir, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Amy J. Morrow

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

This study evaluated the influence of temporal variation on the occurrence, fate, and transport of tylosin (TYL) and sulfamethazine (SMZ); antibiotics commonly used in swine production. Atrazine (ATZ) was used as a reference analyte to indicate the agricultural origin of the antibiotics. We also assessed the impact of season and hydrology on antibiotic concentrations. A reconnaissance study of the South Fork watershed of the Iowa River (SFIR), was conducted from 2013 to 2015. Tile drain effluent and surface water were monitored using polar organic integrative sampler (POCIS) technology. Approximately 169 animal feeding operations (AFOs) exist in SFIR, with 153 of ...


The Impact Of The 2008 Economic Recession On The Food Security Level Of Veterans Relative To Non-Veterans, Galo Casals 2018 CUNY Hunter College

The Impact Of The 2008 Economic Recession On The Food Security Level Of Veterans Relative To Non-Veterans, Galo Casals

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

Using nationally representative data, this paper aims to determine the impact of the 2008 financial crisis on the food security level of veterans relative to non-veterans. An ordinal logistic model reveals that the aforesaid recession did not have a significant impact on the food security level of veterans vis-à-vis non-veterans.


Essays On U.S. Beef Markets, Elham Darbandi 2018 University of Kentucky

Essays On U.S. Beef Markets, Elham Darbandi

Theses and Dissertations--Agricultural Economics

This dissertation includes three essays on U.S. beef market. Each essay has looked at this market from a different point of view. The first essay investigates the price adjustment along the different levels of this market. The second essay discusses the impact of food safety incidents on export levels in this market. The third essay considers the environmental loading of U.S. beef market. A summary of each article is as follows.

The first essay (chapter 2) analyzes price adjustment of the U.S. beef sector with a focus on the Great Recession. To this purpose, the Vector Error ...


Capitalization Of Green Space And Water Quality Into Residential Housing Values, Willie B. Bedell 2018 University of Kentucky

Capitalization Of Green Space And Water Quality Into Residential Housing Values, Willie B. Bedell

Theses and Dissertations--Agricultural Economics

This thesis investigates how proximity to parks, historic district designations, and water quality are valued at residential housing prices. The first essay argues that the negative influences of parks and historic districts, if not noticed, could promote negative externalities and unincentivized investments. I find a negative impact on housing values for a close proximity to a park, suggesting disamenities in park features. When the boundary discontinuity and park amenities are considered, I find a positive valuation for a park. Overall, these results imply a mixed influence of parks on homeowners. From the historic district standpoint, I find a positive valuation ...


The Dark Past Of Rhode Island In New Light, Yulyana Torres, Marcus Nevius 2018 University of Rhode Island

The Dark Past Of Rhode Island In New Light, Yulyana Torres, Marcus Nevius

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


Willingness-To-Pay For Attributes Of Health Care Facilities In Rural Kentucky, Emmanuel Owusu-Amankwah 2018 University of Kentucky

Willingness-To-Pay For Attributes Of Health Care Facilities In Rural Kentucky, Emmanuel Owusu-Amankwah

Theses and Dissertations--Agricultural Economics

Background: As rural hospitals in Kentucky face insolvency, stakeholders must assess the value of rural hospitals as well as alternatives such as rural clinics and private physician offices.

Objective: To identify the value of attributes of healthcare facilities based on Kentucky’s rural residents’ willingness-to-pay (WTP).

Methods: A survey instrument was created and distributed to ten counties in rural Kentucky. A conditional logit model was used to obtain baseline values and then a mixed logit model was used to address heterogeneity among consumers in estimating WTP. WTP values incorporated respondents’ demographic characteristics and their health status from self-reported frequency of ...


Who Bears The Economic Costs Of Environmental Regulations?, Don Fullerton, Erich Muehlegger 2017 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Who Bears The Economic Costs Of Environmental Regulations?, Don Fullerton, Erich Muehlegger

Don Fullerton

Public economics has a well-developed literature on tax incidence – the ultimate burdens from tax policy.  This literature is used here to describe not only the distributional effects of environmental taxes or subsidies but also the likely incidence of non-tax regulations, energy efficiency standards, or other environmental mandates. Recent papers find that mandates can be more regressive than carbon taxes. We also describe how the distributional effects of such policies can be altered by various market conditions such as limited factor mobility, trade exposure, evasion, corruption, or imperfect competition. Finally, we review data on carbon-intensity of production and exports around the ...


Multiple Pollutants, Co-Benefits, And Suboptimal Environmental Policies, Don Fullerton, Daniel Karney 2017 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Multiple Pollutants, Co-Benefits, And Suboptimal Environmental Policies, Don Fullerton, Daniel Karney

Don Fullerton

In our analytical general equilibrium model, polluting inputs can be substitutes or complements. We study a tax increase on one pollutant where the other faces a tax or permit policy. Our solutions highlight key parameters and welfare effects with gains from abatement plus positive or negative co-benefits from other pollutants in the covered and uncovered sectors. We demonstrate several ways taxes and permits differ. First, the change in taxed pollutant depends on whether the other pollutant faces a tax or permit policy. Also, only with a tax on the other pollutant can a co-benefit arise. The sign of co-benefits depends ...


Potential State-Level Carbon Revenue Under The Clean Power Plan, Don Fullerton, Daniel H. Karney 2017 Ohio University

Potential State-Level Carbon Revenue Under The Clean Power Plan, Don Fullerton, Daniel H. Karney

Don Fullerton

In 2015, the U.S. EPA issued the Clean Power Plan under which each state can set a mass-based target to meet its assigned electric power sector carbon dioxide emission reductions. If it proceeds, states can design policies to meet those requirements and also raise revenue via a carbon tax or cap-and-trade program with auctioned permits. We calculate each state’s potential revenue and demonstrate its significance. In 13 states, carbon revenue could replace all of corporate tax revenue. In addition, we collect budget projections from six key states to determine if and how carbon revenue can substantially reduce deficits ...


Modeling The Economic Value Of Blue Carbon In Delaware Estuary Wetlands: Historic Estimates And Future Projections, Edward Carr, Yosef Shirazi, George R. Parsons, Porter Hoagland, Christopher Sommerfield 2017 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Modeling The Economic Value Of Blue Carbon In Delaware Estuary Wetlands: Historic Estimates And Future Projections, Edward Carr, Yosef Shirazi, George R. Parsons, Porter Hoagland, Christopher Sommerfield

George R. Parsons

No abstract provided.


The Shellfish Corner: Cap And Trade Systems With Shellfish May Be Good For The Economic Bottom Line, Michael A. Rice 2017 University of Rhode Island

The Shellfish Corner: Cap And Trade Systems With Shellfish May Be Good For The Economic Bottom Line, Michael A. Rice

Michael A Rice

The development of a traditional form of Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture (IMTA) in the Dagupan City Estuary system in the Philippines is based upon different producers each focusing on individual species rather than individual producers producing multiple species with very different market values. The long-term success of such a system requires attention to local marine spatial planning and enforcement of caps on forms of feed-based (net pen or fish cage) aquaculture systems.


Confessions Of A Collaborator: Shoesole And Stewardship Alliance Of Northeast Elko County, Nevada, Robin Boies 2017 Stewardship Alliance of Northeast Elko

Confessions Of A Collaborator: Shoesole And Stewardship Alliance Of Northeast Elko County, Nevada, Robin Boies

Human–Wildlife Interactions

Abstract – The Shoesole Management Team (Shoesole) and the Stewardship Alliance of Northeastern Elko (SANE) are place-based, landowner-organized, natural and human resource conservation initiatives. The Shoesole was organized in 2002 to take a more holistic approach to grazing management issues on two federal livestock grazing allotments. This effort provided the foundation for SANE, which was organized in 2012 by representatives of eight ranches in northeastern Nevada in response to the potential listing of the greater sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus; sage-grouse). Shoesole and SANE came together voluntarily, as a rancher organized initiative, with a common goal of creating a better place-based conservation decision-making ...


Swing Contracts With Dynamic Reserves For Flexible Service Management, Shanshan Ma, Zhaoyu Wang, Leigh Tesfatsion 2017 Iowa State University

Swing Contracts With Dynamic Reserves For Flexible Service Management, Shanshan Ma, Zhaoyu Wang, Leigh Tesfatsion

Leigh Tesfatsion

The increasing penetration of variable energy resources in modern electric power systems requires additional flexibility in ancillary service provision to maintain reliable and efficient grid operations. However, full recognition and appropriate compensation of this flexibility is difficult to ensure within current power market designs due to rigidities in service definitions and requirements. For example, reserve requirements (RRs) are typically set in advance at administratively determined levels. If RRs are too large, wasteful expenditures result; and, if RRs are too small, high real-time costs are incurred for peak generation and/or load curtailment. To address these problems, this paper proposes a ...


The Economics Of Organic And Gmo Farming Systems (In The Us): Interactions And How They Might Co-Exist, Wallace Huffman 2017 Iowa State University

The Economics Of Organic And Gmo Farming Systems (In The Us): Interactions And How They Might Co-Exist, Wallace Huffman

Wallace Huffman

The objective of this paper is to shed new light on the economiceffects of GM agriculture on organic agriculture and their co-existence inthe United States over 1996-2012. To do this, we first describe organic andGM farming systems, regulation, labeling, trends in production and consumerdemand. Then, we turn to a discussion of the economic impacts of GMagriculture on organic agriculture and the more sensitive issue of peacefulco-existence. We discuss adventitious presence; segregation, coordination andidentity preservation; spillovers and legal issues, insurance againstuncertain events and local voting on local production methods. We alsoidentify and examine some of the concerns raised by organic farmers ...


The Economics Of Organic And Gmo Farming Systems (In The Us): Interactions And How They Might Co-Exist, Wallace Huffman 2017 Iowa State University

The Economics Of Organic And Gmo Farming Systems (In The Us): Interactions And How They Might Co-Exist, Wallace Huffman

Economics Working Papers

The objective of this paper is to shed new light on the economic
effects of GM agriculture on organic agriculture and their co-existence in
the United States over 1996-2012. To do this, we first describe organic and
GM farming systems, regulation, labeling, trends in production and consumer
demand. Then, we turn to a discussion of the economic impacts of GM
agriculture on organic agriculture and the more sensitive issue of peaceful
co-existence. We discuss adventitious presence; segregation, coordination and
identity preservation; spillovers and legal issues, insurance against
uncertain events and local voting on local production methods. We also
identify and ...


Sequestration And The Engagement Of Developing Economies In A Global Carbon Market, Arthur Caplan, Reza Oladi, John Gilbert 2017 Utah State University

Sequestration And The Engagement Of Developing Economies In A Global Carbon Market, Arthur Caplan, Reza Oladi, John Gilbert

Arthur J. Caplan

We develop a differential game within a general equilibrium framework of carbon sequestration
with and without international trade. We characterize the game's equilibrium
and demonstrate how a global carbon permit market can be structured to induce
the participation of developing countries through the harnessing of their potential to
sequester carbon. We show that a permit market with carbon sequestration is mutually
welfare improving for developed and developing nations, and that international trade
in fi#12;nished goods and carbon permits lowers the stock of global pollution.


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