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The Travel Cost Model, George R. Parsons 2016 University of Delaware

The Travel Cost Model, George R. Parsons

George R. Parsons

Review chapter on travel cost model. This is an updated version of the 2003 chapter in the Primer on Nonmarket Valuation.


Can Peers Improve Agricultural Revenue?, Tisorn Songsermsawas, Kathy Baylis, Ashwini Chhatre, Hope Michelson 2016 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Can Peers Improve Agricultural Revenue?, Tisorn Songsermsawas, Kathy Baylis, Ashwini Chhatre, Hope Michelson

Kathy Baylis

Crop revenues vary greatly among farmers and the source of that variation is not fully understood, even after controlling for factors including input use, technology adoption, and other agro-climatic factors. One hypothesis that may explain the variation in outcomes among farmers is differential access to information through peers. Using a household survey from India containing detailed information about personal relationships, we estimate peer effects on cash crop revenue using a novel spatial econometric technique to control for reflection. Our results show that 60% of farmers' revenue is explained by peers. Peer effects are particularly large in pesticide use and in ...


Quota Enforcement And Capital Investment In Natural Resource Industries, Itziar Lazkano, Linda Nostbakken 2016 University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee

Quota Enforcement And Capital Investment In Natural Resource Industries, Itziar Lazkano, Linda Nostbakken

Itzi Lazkano

We investigate the relationship between quota enforcement, compliance, and capital accumulation in ITQ regulated fisheries. Over-extraction and overcapacity represent two of the main fisheries management challenges, and we aim to model and analyze the two jointly. In a stylized resource model, quota violating and complying firms invest in capital, buy quotas, and choose their harvest. We show that in the short run, more capacity increases illegal extraction, while a well-functioning quota market partially alleviates this effect. We also show how tougher enforcement yields a double benefit by directly improving compliance and indirectly reducing incentives to invest in capacity, which improves ...


Basic Commodity Programs: Understanding How They Work And Assessing 1990 Farm Bill Proposals, Mark A. Edelman Dr. 2016 Iowa State University

Basic Commodity Programs: Understanding How They Work And Assessing 1990 Farm Bill Proposals, Mark A. Edelman Dr.

Mark Edelman

How has agricultural policy changed over the years? Prior to the closing of the western frontier and for the first,150 years of this nation's history, government involvement in agriculture was primarily limited - to: - (1): land ownership, .and settlement policy,' (2) scientific input., .and (3> basic regulations. So, the U-Sb essentially had a market oriented policy


Phase Ii Final Report: An Economic Analysis Of Proposed Court Consolidation In Iowa: A Case Study And Composite Rural County Approach For Examining The Impacts And Implications, Mark A. Edelman, Terry L. Raun 2016 Iowa State University

Phase Ii Final Report: An Economic Analysis Of Proposed Court Consolidation In Iowa: A Case Study And Composite Rural County Approach For Examining The Impacts And Implications, Mark A. Edelman, Terry L. Raun

Mark Edelman

This report is. designed to foster discussion among citizens, leaders and policymakers regarding an important public issue of concern to lowans. lowa State University seeks to provide accurate research-based information on relevant issues and neither endorses nor opposes proposals regarding the issues•' analyzed. The research contained herein was conducted vith partial support from the lova. Agriculture and Homo Economics Experiment Station (lABEES), lova State University Extension (ISUE) and funding from local officials in 40 leva counties collected by Rural Counties Against Regionalization (RCAR). RCAR funding vas solely used for funding research assistance vith the understanding that the goal of the ...


Discussion Results From A Statewide Satellite Town Meeting On The 1990 Farm Bill: Commodity Programs, Environment, Food Safety And Rural Development, Mark A. Edelman Dr., David A. Swenson 2016 Iowa State University

Discussion Results From A Statewide Satellite Town Meeting On The 1990 Farm Bill: Commodity Programs, Environment, Food Safety And Rural Development, Mark A. Edelman Dr., David A. Swenson

Mark Edelman

Ames--"The U.S. should attempt to coordinate the reduction of trade subsidies with other nations, but should not remove the income safety net for U.S. farmers," says a new ISU report.


Valuation Of The External Costs Of Unconventional Oil And Gas Development: The Critical Importance Of Mineral Rights Ownership, Andrew Boslett, Todd Guilfoos, Corey Lang 2016 University of Rhode Island

Valuation Of The External Costs Of Unconventional Oil And Gas Development: The Critical Importance Of Mineral Rights Ownership, Andrew Boslett, Todd Guilfoos, Corey Lang

Corey Lang

We quantify the negative externalities associated with unconventional extraction of oil and gas using hedonic valuation and residential property transactions. One complication in determining local impacts is that some but not all properties are unified with mineral rights, which enable the residents to benefit financially from nearby drilling. To overcome this issue, we exploit the mineral severance legacy of the Stock-Raising Homestead Act of 1916 to identify properties in Western Colorado that with certainty do not have mineral rights and are therefore only impacted negatively by proximate drilling. Our regression results suggest that housing prices decline about 35% when drilling ...


Valuation Of The External Costs Of Unconventional Oil And Gas Development: The Critical Importance Of Mineral Rights Ownership, Andrew Boslett, Todd Guilfoos, Corey Lang 2016 University of Rhode Island

Valuation Of The External Costs Of Unconventional Oil And Gas Development: The Critical Importance Of Mineral Rights Ownership, Andrew Boslett, Todd Guilfoos, Corey Lang

Corey Lang

We quantify the negative externalities associated with unconventional extraction of oil and gas using hedonic valuation and residential property transactions. One complication in determining local impacts is that some but not all properties are unified with mineral rights, which enable the residents to benefit financially from nearby drilling. To overcome this issue, we exploit the mineral severance legacy of the Stock-Raising Homestead Act of 1916 to identify properties in Western Colorado that with certainty do not have mineral rights and are therefore only impacted negatively by proximate drilling. Our regression results suggest that housing prices decline about 35% when drilling ...


Rice Fallow Divergence: Catalysing The Pulses Revolution In Jharkhand?, Sridhar Gutam 2016 ICAR Research Complex for Eastern Region, India

Rice Fallow Divergence: Catalysing The Pulses Revolution In Jharkhand?, Sridhar Gutam

Sridhar Gutam

The state of Jharkhand came into existence by bifurcating the Bihar state in the year 2000. It is the forest hub and is rich in mineral resources contributing to tune of 40% of the India’s mineral resources. However, as per UNDP, out of 33 million population, 12.62 million are poor and 57% of the children who are less than five years are under malnutrition. Though 80% of the population are involved in farming, only 32% of the area is under net sown out of which only 12% is irrigated. The per capita availability of food grains is 546g ...


Rice Fallow Divergence: Catalysing The Pulses Revolution In Jharkhand?, Sridhar Gutam 2016 ICAR Research Complex for Eastern Region, India

Rice Fallow Divergence: Catalysing The Pulses Revolution In Jharkhand?, Sridhar Gutam

Sridhar Gutam

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The state of Jharkhand came into existence by bifurcating the Bihar state in the year 2000. It is the forest hub and is rich in mineral resources contributing to tune of 40% of the India’s mineral resources. However, as per UNDP, out of 33 million population, 12.62 million are poor and 57% of the children who ...


Testing Ostrom: An Analysis Of Water User Committees In Uganda, Emily McPartlon 2016 University of San Francisco

Testing Ostrom: An Analysis Of Water User Committees In Uganda, Emily Mcpartlon

Master's Theses

In 2009 Elinor Ostrom received the Nobel Prize for her analysis of economic governance of the commons. Specifically, by challenging the conventional wisdom at the time, demonstrating how communities can successfully manage the common resources without any regulation by central authorities or privatization. Ostrom proposed eight design principles that identify the underlying criterion of institutions that have successfully maintained CPRs over time. I examine whether Ostrom’s Eight Design Principles affect the long-run functionality of borehole wells in Uganda using quantitative methods. I find that the one of the principles, clearly defined boundaries, is significant in all four estimations, and ...


Behavioral Determinants Of Biofortified Food Acceptance: The Case Of Orange-Fleshed Sweet Potato In Ghana, Chinonso E. Etumnu 2016 University of San Francisco

Behavioral Determinants Of Biofortified Food Acceptance: The Case Of Orange-Fleshed Sweet Potato In Ghana, Chinonso E. Etumnu

Master's Theses

Biofortified foods are being introduced in sub-Saharan Africa as an important strategy to help address micronutrient malnutrition. However, there has been little research on factors that could play decisive roles in their successful introduction. This paper investigates the determinants of consumer acceptance of biofortified orange-fleshed sweet potato (OFSP) using data from a choice experiment conducted in Ghana. I find that OFSP is preferred to traditional white-fleshed and yellow-fleshed sweet potatoes as indicated by consumers' marginal willingness to pay for the three varieties. I also find that respondents' socio-economic characteristics do not have a significant effect on consumer acceptance of OFSP ...


Guess Who's Coming To Dinner?: Food Inequlaity And Black Americans, Christina Foster 2016 SIT Graduate Institute

Guess Who's Coming To Dinner?: Food Inequlaity And Black Americans, Christina Foster

Capstone Collection

Food insecurity is an issue that plagues many people throughout the world. It only requires a brief search on the United Nation’s (U.N.) World Hunger Map to determine that this is indeed a worldwide crisis. Conversely, within the United States, the issue of hunger is often treated as “minimal” in comparison to other countries. A deeper inquiry into hunger within the U.S. reveals an even more disturbing connection: the role of white supremacy and systemic racism in regard to hunger. Academic research pertaining to food access is quite recent. Be that as it may, it is of ...


From Empty Lot To Garden Plot: Urban Agriculture In Chula Vista, Jennifer E. Gutierrez 2016 University of San Francisco

From Empty Lot To Garden Plot: Urban Agriculture In Chula Vista, Jennifer E. Gutierrez

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This project is an exploration of how agriculture can be incorporated into the fabric of the city of Chula Vista, which has both uniquely urban and suburban areas. The proposal is to integrate agriculture as a design tool to reconnect to the city’s agricultural past and as a model for cities of the future. First, I discuss Chula Vista’s history and contemporary context, including demographics. I review the existing urban agriculture policies Chula Vista has and compare them to other cities in California. The second part of the project is concerned with how to choose and develop a ...


Stewardship As A Social Value, Madhavi Venkatesan 2016 Bridgewater State College

Stewardship As A Social Value, Madhavi Venkatesan

Madhavi Venkatesan

Conscious consumption is each individual’s responsibility. Understanding what we consume and how we facilitate the commoditization of life is a necessity if we are to promote the modification of social values to include holistic stewardship of our planetary resources.


Determining The Most Efficient Type Of Growth Light For An Aquaponics System Using Yellow Lantern Chilies (Capsicum Chinense), Travis McEachern 2016 Bellarmine University

Determining The Most Efficient Type Of Growth Light For An Aquaponics System Using Yellow Lantern Chilies (Capsicum Chinense), Travis Mceachern

Undergraduate Theses

Abstract

Aquaponics, a type of urban agriculture, shows potential to produce large amounts of food with little water and land requirements. Thus, aquaponics could help address the issue of feeding the growing worldwide population. However, multiple challenges, both technical and economical, are associated with aquaponics, making large-scale implementation of these systems difficult – these systems can require tremendous amounts of energy. This study sought to determine the most efficient types grow lights in aquaponics systems by comparing the growth rates of yellow lantern chilies (Capsicum chinense) when grown under four different types of growth lights: light-emitting diode (LED), metal halide, fluorescent ...


The Dispute Over Seeds: Indigenous And Peasant Struggles For Food Sovereignty In Chiapas, Mexico., Carol Hernandez-Rodriguez 2016 Portland State University

The Dispute Over Seeds: Indigenous And Peasant Struggles For Food Sovereignty In Chiapas, Mexico., Carol Hernandez-Rodriguez

Student Research Symposium

This research project explores the implications of these developments for indigenous and peasant communities in Chiapas, Mexico, whose food sovereignty depends on the conservation and reproduction of native seeds.

The research project focuses on the following questions:

  1. How do neoliberal policies in the agrarian system impact the food sovereignty of indigenous and peasant communities in the Global South?

  2. How are indigenous and peasant communities in Chiapas contesting neoliberal policies and strengthening their food sovereignty?


Then And Now: Ten Years Of Arkansas Women In Agriculture, Paige Morgan Acklie 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Then And Now: Ten Years Of Arkansas Women In Agriculture, Paige Morgan Acklie

Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness Undergraduate Honors Theses

The United States Agricultural Census show that between 2002 and 2012, the number of farm women operators in Arkansas grew 14 percent (from 19,856 to 22,637). These women operators have made up an increasingly larger percent of all farm operators in the state (from almost 29% to nearly 33%). There is little published information regarding how women’s roles, challenges and factors important to their success may have changed over time. While some surveys of farm women have been conducted, these surveys are generally insufficient because data exist only for one point in time.

This research uses the ...


Modeling And Testing Consumer Engagement In The U.S. Organic Food Market, John L. Anderson 2016 Bowdoin College

Modeling And Testing Consumer Engagement In The U.S. Organic Food Market, John L. Anderson

Honors Projects

This study specifies the types of consumers that participate in the U.S. organic market and investigates their revealed preferences. I propose three theoretical consumer types – indifferent consumers, informed organic food lovers, and uninformed organic food lovers – and conduct cross-sectional and time-trend analyses utilizing organic fruit purchase data compiled by The Neilsen Company. The cross-sectional analysis is estimated with a two-stage Heckman selection model, while the time-trend analysis uses simple descriptive statistics and a differenced OLS regression technique. Households are most likely to participate in the organic fruit market if they have a well-educated white or Asian head, are located ...


Corporate Responsibility In Peace Building, Conflict Prevention And Development: The Role Of The Mining Sector In Ghana, Abdul Karim Issifu 2016 University of Cape Coast

Corporate Responsibility In Peace Building, Conflict Prevention And Development: The Role Of The Mining Sector In Ghana, Abdul Karim Issifu

Journal of Interdisciplinary Conflict Science

This article seeks to explore the role of the mining sector in peace building, conflict prevention and community development in Ghana. After thoroughly reviewing secondary data, including articles, books, journals, newspapers, etc., via critical document review and qualitative research approaches the research found that, there is no legal document on CSR in Ghana, yet mining companies in a free will, have executed CSR programs laying down for peace, security and development in the country. More so, this article provides a theoretical support for the Integrative theory of CSR on the basis that, the socio-economic, political, cultural and environmental needs of ...


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