Sustainable Development For People Or Profit?, 2015 University of South Florida
Sustainable Development For People Or Profit?, Eric Rr Weaver
As Earth’s populations grow, will key planetary systems be pushed over the “tipping point” beyond Earth’s carrying capacity for sustaining human life? There is a strong body of literature developing the concept of Planetary Boundaries to help identify the limits for maintaining the Earth’s environmental stability. It is presumed that exceeding the Planetary Boundaries will result in an environmental tipping point, shifting the earth into a new environmental equilibrium detrimental to life as we know it. Research shows industrial agriculture is a major force pressing the environment to, and beyond, these limits. This review of top tier ...
From Fossil Fuels To Renewables: The Role Of Electricity Storage, 2015 University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee
From Fossil Fuels To Renewables: The Role Of Electricity Storage, Itziar Lazkano, Linda Nostbakken, Martino Pelli
We analyze the determinants of innovation in electricity storage, and study the role of storage in increasing the share of renewable energy. Since renewable energy sources such as wind and solar are intermittent, significant use of renewables in the energy mix requires better storage solutions to balance the grid. We propose a theoretical model of the electricity sector where innovative firms develop better energy storage solutions that affect not only the relative competitiveness between renewable and non-renewable electricity sources, but also the ease at which they can be substituted. Our theoretical analysis shows that the role of energy storage for ...
Heir Property In The African American Community: From Promised Lands To Problem Lands, 2015 Langdale College of Business Administration, Valdosta State University
Heir Property In The African American Community: From Promised Lands To Problem Lands, Roy W. Copeland
Professional Agricultural Workers Journal
African American landowners have been reluctant to take advantage of intergenerational succession laws which provide for an orderly transfer of property from one generation to the next. This reluctance has led to a prevalence of heir property. Heir property is created when a person dies intestate. Heir property has created an impediment to wealth accumulation and has contributed to African American land loss in America. Partition actions are a byproduct of heir property which has operated to accelerate the loss of real property in the African American community. The Uniform Partition of Heir Property Act provides for procedural safeguards ...
Assessing Alabama Consumer Attitudes And Beliefs About Locally Or Regionally Produced Livestock And Products, Nii O. Tackie, Jannette R. Bartlett, Akua Adu-Gyamfi
Professional Agricultural Workers Journal
Local and regional food production has gained increased interest of consumers in recent years. The study, therefore, focused on assessing consumer attitudes and beliefs on local or regional livestock products. Data were obtained from a convenience sample of 432 participants from South Central Alabama, and were analyzed using descriptive statistics, including chi-square tests. A majority of respondents thought using chemicals and additives in locally or regionally produced beef or goat meat was a serious hazard. Therefore, many were willing to pay more for meat certified as locally or regionally produced. Also, most agreed or strongly agreed with statements on ...
Chutes And Ladders: Climate Variability And The Decision To Enter Sex Work In India, 2015 University of San Francisco
Chutes And Ladders: Climate Variability And The Decision To Enter Sex Work In India, Kate Pennington
There is widespread consensus that climate change will drive large-scale changes in poverty distributions, migration, and participation in risky informal labor markets, especially for poor households in developing countries which are both more likely to depend on the environment for their livelihood and less able to insulate against climate shocks. Within poor households, gender inequality means that women and children will bear a disproportional amount of welfare losses. I examine the impact of climate variability on migration and participation in risky informal labor markets for a particularly vulnerable population: female sex workers in India. Using a unique survey of 5 ...
Unintended Consequences Of Enforcement In A Fisheries Institution: Results From An Artefactual Experiment In Tanzania, 2015 University of San Francisco
Unintended Consequences Of Enforcement In A Fisheries Institution: Results From An Artefactual Experiment In Tanzania, Spencer Maccoll
Overfishing and the destruction of fishing commons in developing countries is a growing problem. Policymakers and local community leaders are looking for solutions to keep their fishing commons sustainable. Fines and enforcement mechanisms are commonly suggested to help preserve the commons. This paper discusses a novel artefactual experiment conducted throughout several fishing communities in Tanzania to determine the effect of enforcing a ban on illegal fishing gear on fishing behavior. Results indicate that the fishers in the enforcement treatment group depleted the fish stock significantly faster than the unenforced control group. One possible explanation for this result is that the ...
Consumption Smoothing And Labor Supply Allocation Decisions: Evidence From Tanzania, 2015 University of San Francisco
Consumption Smoothing And Labor Supply Allocation Decisions: Evidence From Tanzania, Dustin Davis
This paper tests the hypothesis that agricultural households engage in intermittent wage labor as a way to smooth consumption in the face of idiosyncratic shocks to agricultural income. Using data on agricultural households from the Tanzanian LSMS-ISA National Panel Survey and global commodity price data as a source of plausibly exogenous variation, the sensitivity of wage labor to farm income shocks is estimated. The idiosyncratic shock to post-harvest income is estimated by incorporating pre-harvest information, including local farm-gate prices as instrumented by global commodity prices. The results show that households are more likely to select into wage labor and work ...
The International Footprint Of Teff: Resurgence Of An Ancient Ethiopian Grain, 2015 Washington University in St Louis
The International Footprint Of Teff: Resurgence Of An Ancient Ethiopian Grain, Annette R. Crymes
Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations
I will examine the transformation of the Ethiopian staple of teff into the global economy as a highly sought after commodity. In doing so I consider the effect of this change on the local, regional and international communities and the consequences of the 2006 Ethiopian export ban on teff grain and teff flour as it relates to food and nutritional security and economic development in Ethiopia. To take advantage of the economic opportunities presented by the growing domestic and international demand of teff and to address domestic food and nutrition security, I conclude that Ethiopia should focus on improving methods ...
Assessing The Educational Program Needs Of Small And Limited Resource Meat Goat Producers, 2015 Tuskegee University
Assessing The Educational Program Needs Of Small And Limited Resource Meat Goat Producers, Francisca Quarcoo
College of Agriculture, Environment and Nutrition Sciences Graduate Theses and Dissertations
ASSESSING THE EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM NEEDS OF
SMALL AND LIMITED RESOURCE MEAT GOAT PRODUCERS
Francisca A. Quarcoo
The purpose of this study was to assess the preferred educational program needs of small meat goat producers. The specific objectives were to (1) determine if current educational programs by the Caprine Research and Education Unit and/or the Cooperative Extension Program, Tuskegee University, reflect the actual needs of meat goat producers, (2) measure adoption and impact of past educational efforts by the Caprine Research and Education Unit and/or the Cooperative Extension Program, (3) determine the desired presentation or delivery format ...
Fishing For A Sustainable Future: Aquaponics As A Method Of Food Production, 2015 Fordham University
Fishing For A Sustainable Future: Aquaponics As A Method Of Food Production, Richard Ramsundar
Student Theses 2015-Present
This thesis compares and explains the advantages aquaponics farming has over modern industrial intensive farming. Through a comparison natural capital usage, conservation, recycling and cost, the thesis advocates for the expansion of aquaponics usage in urban settings. The thesis also explains the history of intensive farming and aquaponics in America, the science of how aquaponics operates, the economic and environmental costs of modern intensive farming versus aquaponics farming, and the social implications of aquaponics. Lastly, I propose a policy that reallocates farm subsidies by modifying the Farm Bill. Then I propose policies that support creating a new standard of farm ...
To Meat Or Not To Meat?: An Analysis Of On-Line Vegetarian Persuasive Rhetoric, 2015 Saginaw Valley State University
To Meat Or Not To Meat?: An Analysis Of On-Line Vegetarian Persuasive Rhetoric, Beth Jorgensen
No abstract provided.
Locational Advantage And The Impact Of Scale: Comparing Local And Conventional Fruit And Vegetable Transportation Efficiencies, 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville
Locational Advantage And The Impact Of Scale: Comparing Local And Conventional Fruit And Vegetable Transportation Efficiencies, Charles Cate Grigsby
Fresh produce in the United States often travels thousands of miles in diesel operated semi-trucks before arriving to market. Under a high fuel cost scenario, the current low-cost, efficient supply chain could become a high cost organizational structure for US food distribution. Rising transportation costs of food sourced from distant locations may provide competitive opportunities for small- and mid-sized local producers if transportation costs are a smaller portion of their total costs. Farmers selling fresh produce in east Tennessee farmer markets are surveyed to obtain baseline information on their transportation energy use to deliver their products to market. Local farmer ...
Cattle Producers East Of The 100th Meridian: A Study Of Afforestation Adoption And Use Of Pasture Management Practices, 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville
Cattle Producers East Of The 100th Meridian: A Study Of Afforestation Adoption And Use Of Pasture Management Practices, Hannah Sage Claytor
This thesis explores two topics related to cattle producers: the adoption of afforestation on pastureland and the use of pasture management practices. Chapter 1 uses a triple hurdle model to analyze a decision process related to the adoption and acreage enrollment of afforestation in a hypothetical program. The results suggest that producers interested in afforestation are more likely to have a college degree, own woodland, attend extension workshops, and have previous experience with afforestation. Producers who were offered a lower incentive enrolled more acres in the hypothetical program. Producers who were offered a higher incentive enrolled fewer acres.
Chapter 2 ...
Essays In Environmental Economics And The Economics Of Higher Education, 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville
Essays In Environmental Economics And The Economics Of Higher Education, Justin R. Roush
Maximizing welfare in the economy requires effective policies that mitigate negative externalities and incentivize positive externalities. My first paper concerns emissions at manufacturing plants in the US, a major source of negative externalities. Globalization has created concerns that pollution can move across country boarders. Therefore, I study the environmental performance of foreign manufacturing establishments in the US to test if foreign establishments in pollution intensive industries are heavy emitters. I find that foreign firms are not dirtier than domestic establishments on average. However, they are significantly cleaner in industries with high fixed costs and dirtier in industries with low fixed ...
A Refined Regional Modeling Approach For The Corn Belt – Experiences And Recommendations For Large-Scale Integrated Modeling, Yiannis Panagopoulos, Philip W. Gassman, Manoj K. Jha, Catherine L. Kling, Todd D. Campbell, Raghavan Srinivasan, Michael White, Jeffrey G. Arnold
Nonpoint source pollution from agriculture is the main source of nitrogen and phosphorus in the stream systems of the Corn Belt region in the Midwestern US. This region is comprised of two large river basins, the intensely row-cropped Upper Mississippi River Basin (UMRB) and Ohio-Tennessee River Basin (OTRB), which are considered the key contributing areas for the Northern Gulf of Mexico hypoxic zone according to the US Environmental Protection Agency. Thus, in this area it is of utmost importance to ensure that intensive agriculture for food, feed and biofuel production can coexist with a healthy water environment. To address these ...
Improved Dairy Cattle: Impact And Distribution In Rural Tanzanian Communities, 2015 Southern Adventist University
Improved Dairy Cattle: Impact And Distribution In Rural Tanzanian Communities, Jeremy Weaver, Alexon Mwasi, Lindsay Weaver
Interdisciplinary Journal of Best Practices in Global Development
Improved dairy cattle are recognized as an integral part of improving the livelihoods for the rural and urban poor in developing countries. The aim of this research was to measure impact, reveal challenges, map distribution, and establish recommendations for moving forward in improved livestock distribution initiatives. The methods consisted of a hybrid model using both quantitative and qualitative modalities, especially focusing on personal interviews, focus group discussions, field observation, and GIS data capturing. GIS based comparisons could not be made because of a lack of available GIS demographic data for the area. The combined modalities approach (especially the in-depth interviews ...
Water Poverty In Disadvantaged Communities In California, 2015 Pepperdine University
Water Poverty In Disadvantaged Communities In California, Alyssa J. Galik
Undergraduate Research And Scholarly Achievement Symposium
California, the eighth largest economy in the world, has nearly one million residents that lack daily access to clean drinking water, yet it recently became the first state in the US to declare water a human right through the passage of 2013 Assembly Bill 685. The majority of water quality violations take place in the rural San Joaquin Valley in unincorporated, low-income communities, which have difficulties accessing clean, drinking water due to issues including quality, affordability, and physical availability. The role of community participation in improving water poverty has been studied extensively in developing countries but its impact is infrequently ...
Three Essays On Biofuels, Drought, Livestock, And The Environment, 2015 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Three Essays On Biofuels, Drought, Livestock, And The Environment, Sunil P. Dhoubhadel
Dissertations and Theses in Agricultural Economics
This dissertation consists of three essays. The first essay examines the impact of the 2012 drought and the biofuels mandate on the U.S. grain and livestock markets. A stochastic equilibrium displacement model is used to analyze the impact on eight commodity markets viz. beef, pork, poultry, corn, distillers’ grain (DG), soybean, soymeal, and ethanol. Among the eight markets, corn and beef are found to be the most vulnerable to drought. The use of Renewable Identification Number (RIN) credits as an instrument to mitigate the impact of drought has limited effectiveness. A mandate waiver of about 23% is required to ...
Creating An Action Agenda For Rural Idaho/Public Lands States, 2015 firstname.lastname@example.org
Creating An Action Agenda For Rural Idaho/Public Lands States, Jaap Vos
Jacobus J. "Jaap" Vos
Presentation about the future of planning education in Idaho.
Trade And Transition: Russia's Agricultural Pitfalls And Prospects For The 21st Century, 2015 University of Maine - Main
Trade And Transition: Russia's Agricultural Pitfalls And Prospects For The 21st Century, Michele Girard
This thesis provides a discussion of Russian agriculture in the twenty-first century. In 2014, Russia enforced a food ban disallowing trade with western countries. The impacts of the food ban for Russia and the western world are discussed, as well as a brief explanation of some of the domestic difficulties of Russian agriculture. Internationally, Russia must find new trading partners if it is to replace the missing foods as a result of the ban.