Glass Ceilings And Racialized Exclusion: Taiwanese Americans' Gendered Experiences Of Otherness In The White-Collar Workplace, 2015 Western Michigan University
Glass Ceilings And Racialized Exclusion: Taiwanese Americans' Gendered Experiences Of Otherness In The White-Collar Workplace, Chien-Juh Gu
This article examines Taiwanese American professionals’ interpretations of the glass ceiling to illuminate the manifestations of structural inequality at the micro-level of social life. Data are based on 40 in-depth interviews in the Chicago metropolitan area. Findings suggest that racial inequalities are experienced through race relations. Ethnic cultures construct relational fences along racial lines that designate the place of each group in the racial hierarchy. Although frustrated and alienated by their marginalized position, women and men use different strategies to negotiate the meaning of being an “other.” Women act confrontationally to transgress social boundaries, while men adopt acquiescent and coalitional ...
Examining Transactional Influences Between Reading Achievement And Antisocially-Behaving Friends, 2014 The Florida State University
Examining Transactional Influences Between Reading Achievement And Antisocially-Behaving Friends, Sara Hart, Amy J. Mikolajewski, Wendy Johnson, Christopher Schatschneider, Jeanette Taylor
Department of Psychology Faculty Publications
The association between poorer academic outcomes and having antisocial friends is reliably demonstrated yet not well understood. Genetically sensitive designs uniquely allow for measuring genetic vulnerabilities and/or environmental risk in the association of antisocial friend behavior and poor school achievement, allowing for a better understanding of the nature of the association. This study included 233 pairs of twins from the Florida Twin Project on Reading. First, the role of antisocial friends as an environmental moderator of reading comprehension was examined. Antisocial friends significantly moderated the nonshared environmental variance in reading comprehension, with increased variation at lower levels of association ...
Relationships Among Depression, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Forgiveness, Meaning In Life, And Spirituality In Survivors Of Intimate Partner Violence, 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Relationships Among Depression, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Forgiveness, Meaning In Life, And Spirituality In Survivors Of Intimate Partner Violence, Shannon Marie Rogers
One hundred twenty nine survivors of interpersonal violence completed a paper-and-pencil survey to evaluate depression, PTSD, forgiveness, meaning in life, and spirituality. Five self-report measures were completed including: the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression scale, the PTSD Checklist – Stressor Specific version, the Transgression-Related Interpersonal Motivations Inventory, and the Spiritual Involvement and Beliefs Scale. The majority of the participants were female and Caucasian. Significant correlations were found between PTSD and presence of meaning, as well as depression and both presence of and search for meaning. However, hierarchical multiple regressions results indicated that depression and the two meaning in life subscales contributed a ...
"The Falling Man" As Viewed In The Lens Of The "Public Sphere", 2014 California Polytechnic State University
"The Falling Man" As Viewed In The Lens Of The "Public Sphere", Laura Reinacher
No abstract provided.
Do Actions Speak Louder Than Knowledge? Action Manipulation, Parental Discourse, And Children’S Mental State Understanding In Pretense, Dawn Melzer, Laura J. Claxton
Psychology Faculty Publications
Studies on pretense mental state understanding in young children have produced inconsistent findings. These findings could potentially emerge from the confounding influences of action manipulation or the failure to examine possible influences on individual children’s performances. To address these issues, we created a task in which 68 3- and 4-year-olds viewed two actors, side by side, on a monitor. Children were told that one actor was knowledgeable about a specific animal, whereas the other actor was not. The actors performed identical movements that were either related or unrelated to the animal they were mimicking or engaged in different behaviors ...
Goats, Crayons And Bananas – Creative Ways To Fight Student Stress, 2014 SelectedWorks
Goats, Crayons And Bananas – Creative Ways To Fight Student Stress, Conny Liegl
More than 80% of US college students report feeling overwhelmed and exhausted, almost half of whom describe their academic experience as traumatic or very difficult to handle. Stress, sleep difficulties and anxiety are just some of the symptoms that manifest in college students. Undergraduates seem particularly susceptible to these stressors, but only one in five seeks medical consultation for their issues. (American College Health Association [ACHA], 2013)
To help students react to external and internal stressors, California Polytechnic State University’s Robert E. Kennedy Library initiated a program to support students during the most stressful times of the academic quarter ...
Projecting The Self Into A Virtual World: Merging Identities With A Video Game Character, 2014 Eastern Kentucky University
Projecting The Self Into A Virtual World: Merging Identities With A Video Game Character, Kevin S. Smith
Kevin S Smith
The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of perspective-taking instructions (PTI) on (a) the tendency to project aspects of the self onto a video game character and (b) the degree of “telepresence” within a virtual world. Perspective taking instructions encourage subjects to imagine themselves as a story character. It has been found in the past that PTI may cause an individual to merge identities with a story character in written stories1 and films2. This study replicated these findings using a video game. Male video game players were asked to play a video game and completed character ...
The Convergence Of The Interactionist And Behavioral Approaches To Deviance, 2014 Western Michigan University
The Convergence Of The Interactionist And Behavioral Approaches To Deviance, Stuart A. Kirk, Eileen D. Gambrill
The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare
This paper compares two theoretical perspectives on deviance, the behavioral and interactionist. Although these two perspectives arise from separate disciplines and intellectual traditions, we will argue that their approaches to the study of deviance in general and to mental illness in particular share many basic similarities, as well as some important differences, and that an analysis of each helps us understand the limitations and strengths of the other.
The behavioral and interactionist perspectives are chosen for examination for three reasons. First, it is our opinion that these two theoretical approaches represent the most creative recent work by sociologists and psychologists ...
Social Work, Sociology, And Social Diagnosis, 2014 Western Michigan University
Social Work, Sociology, And Social Diagnosis, Harris Chaiklin
The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare
Excerpt from the full-text article:
A new type of scholar-practitioner is needed; one who can contribute to both sociology and social work. To this point sociology has had the advantage because it has more of the needed people than social work; it just won't let them out of the closet. Social work has always been better than its own self-image. Lack of scholarship has hindered organizing and presenting the hard won knowledge which the field has acquired. The way to bring this scattered information together is by developing typologies which are refined in practice and common to both fields ...
Measurable Outcomes Of Safety Culture In Aviation - A Meta-Analytic Review, 2014 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University
Measurable Outcomes Of Safety Culture In Aviation - A Meta-Analytic Review, Benjamin J. Goodheart, Maryjo O. Smith
International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace
Though the complimentary concepts of safety culture and safety climate have become increasingly popular over the past three decades, they have only infrequently been central to research designed to examine the empirical relationship between safety culture and safety performance. This tenuous link between culture and safety performance outcomes is especially prevalent in the aviation sector. This study systematically examined the existing literature for empirical evidence and explored the available data via meta-analysis to determine whether safety culture was significantly predictive of safety performance in an aviation operational environment. Although a broad, careful review of the literature was accomplished, the results ...
The Effect Of Relationship Satisfaction On One’S Reaction To Relevant Pictorial Stimuli, 2014 Washington University in St. Louis
The Effect Of Relationship Satisfaction On One’S Reaction To Relevant Pictorial Stimuli, Xueer Yu
Undergraduate Research Symposium Posters & Abstracts
Previous research and everyday experiences have suggested that pictures have a strong effect on viewers’ moods. Nitschke et al (2003) have demonstrated that this effect is innate to human beings by showing this effects in infants, and Pinhas et al (1999) and Babin and Burns (1997) have found this effect salient across situations. However, few studies have been looking at how participants with different dispositions would response differently to the same stimuli, a question this research attempts to look at. Participants were first instructed to fill out a scale measuring their relationship satisfaction, then they were randomly assigned to either ...
“Putting The Occupation Back In Occupational Therapy:” A Survey Of Occupational Therapy Practitioners’ Use Of Gardening As An Intervention, Amy Wagenfeld Phd, Otr/L, Scem, Caps, Ben Atchison Ph.D., Otr/L, Faota
The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy
Background. This study examines how and why occupational therapy practitioners across practice areas use gardening as an intervention. Respondents’ interpretation of the best and least desirable aspects of their facility’s garden and whether they contributed to its design was also examined.
Method. A description and link to a 15-question online survey about gardening as an occupational therapy intervention was emailed to Western Michigan University Occupational Therapy alumni and posted on four OT Connections groups and the AOTA LinkedIn site.
Results. Gardening as an occupational therapy intervention is meaningful and purposeful (93.66%, n = 56), motivating (80%, n = 48), fun ...
Youth Homelessness: Prevalence And Mental Health Correlates, 2014 SelectedWorks
Youth Homelessness: Prevalence And Mental Health Correlates, Staci M. Perlman, Joe Willard, Janette Herbers, J.J. Cutuli, Karin M. Eyrich Garg
No abstract provided.
Mindful Eating: Trait And State Mindfulness Predict Healthier Eating Behavior, 2014 Gettysburg College
Mindful Eating: Trait And State Mindfulness Predict Healthier Eating Behavior, Christian H. Jordan, Wan Wang, Linda R. Donatoni '10, Brian P. Meier
Psychology Faculty Publications
Obesity and excess weight are significant societal problems. Mindfulness may encourage healthier weight and eating habits. Across four studies, we found a positive relation between mindfulness and healthier eating. Trait mindfulness was associated with less impulsive eating, reduced calorie consumption, and healthier snack choices. In addition, we found a causal effect of mindfulness on healthier eating. An experimental manipulation of state mindfulness led participants to consume fewer calories in a spontaneous eating task. We also found preliminary evidence that mindfulness affects eating behavior by encouraging attitudinal preferences for healthier foods. Taken together, these results provide strong evidence that mindfulness encourages ...
Katie Corker - Curriculum Vitae, 2014 SelectedWorks
Katie Corker - Curriculum Vitae, Katherine S. Corker
Katherine S. Corker
No abstract provided.
Edwin Medina - The Influence Of Faith On The Psychosocial Well-Being Of Mexican Americans, 2014 Marquette University
Edwin Medina - The Influence Of Faith On The Psychosocial Well-Being Of Mexican Americans, Edwin Medina
Ronald E. McNair Scholars Program 2014
The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship faith has to the eleven dimensions that constitute psychological and social well-being. Though there is an existing body of literature concerned with the relationship between faith and well-being, the work examining this relationship among the Hispanic population is limited. With Latinos now constituting the single largest minority population in the United States, we employed data from a sample of 137 Mexican Americans from Wisconsin. We examined the relationship faith salience and religious behaviors have on six dimensions of psychological well-being (Ryff, 2014) and five dimensions of social well-being (Keyes, 1998 ...
The Immersive Medium: Art, Flow, And Video Games, 2014 Kennesaw State University
The Immersive Medium: Art, Flow, And Video Games, Christopher M. Yalen
Oglethorpe Journal of Undergraduate Research
In this article, the question of whether or not video games could be considered art is explored, as well as what this means for video games as cultural products. Using an interdisciplinary approach, I suggest that there are some games we can consider “art”, and that these games are not only different aesthetically speaking, but are also different from a media-effects standpoint. The article consists of three main sections, an aesthetic review, a content analysis, and a pilot study. In the aesthetic review, I employ different perspectives from aesthetic philosophy in order to come up with criteria for what an ...
Breadth Of Emotion Vocabulary In Middle Schoolers, 2014 Yale University
Breadth Of Emotion Vocabulary In Middle Schoolers, Marina Ebert, Zorana Ivcevic, Sherri S. Widen, Lance Linke, Marc Brackett
Yale Day of Data
How many different emotion words can middle schoolers think of to describe major categories of emotional experiences? While most existing ability tests of emotion understanding and vocabulary are based on word recognition, the goal of this study was to assess prompted emotion word generation. Students in 5th-8th grades (N=236) were asked to list all feeling words they can think of to describe five major emotion groups (happiness, calm, sadness, anger and nervousness). They also completed an ability measure of emotion understanding, the Mayer, Salovey, Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test – Youth Version (MSCEIT-YV). When asked to generate emotion ...
Exurban Residents’ Perceptions Of Naturally Returning Predators: Connecticut Case Study, 2014 Yale University
Exurban Residents’ Perceptions Of Naturally Returning Predators: Connecticut Case Study, Margaret E. Sackrider, Susan G. Clark, Isaac M. Ortega
Yale Day of Data
As a result of reforestation, growth of exurban areas and wildlife adaptation, it is believed that the public is currently encountering more human-wildlife conflicts than ever before. The key to balancing wildlife conservation and human development is understanding the dynamic relationship between humans and carnivores. Specifically, gaining insight into the complexity of this relationship will aide in the creation of more effective conservation policy and outreach.
Reforestation throughout Connecticut has supported a tremendous population growth of pray species and subsequently the growth of predator populations including coyotes, Canis latrans, and black bears, Ursus americanus. According to some biologists, the state ...
Self-Referential Processing: An Investigation Of The Mediating Role Of Alpha Power, 2014 Western University
Self-Referential Processing: An Investigation Of The Mediating Role Of Alpha Power, Tanaz Javan
University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
The EEG correlates of valenced self- and other-referential processing (SRP-ORP) are relatively little understood. This study examined the immediate effects of mindfulness meditation (MM) and EEG alpha neurofeedback (NFB) on resting state EEG alpha amplitudes and alpha event related (de-)synchronization (ERD/S) during an experimental implicit and explicit SRP-ORP task. Undergraduate students (n = 93) were randomized to a single session of MM, NFB alpha synchronization training (“alpha-up”), NFB alpha desynchronization training (“alpha-down”), or sham (placebo control) NFB before completing the Visual-Verbal Self-Other Referential Processing Task (VV-SORP-T). A reduction in resting-state alpha power over posterior cortex was observed across groups ...