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Glass Ceilings And Racialized Exclusion: Taiwanese Americans' Gendered Experiences Of Otherness In The White-Collar Workplace, Chien-Juh Gu 2015 Western Michigan University

Glass Ceilings And Racialized Exclusion: Taiwanese Americans' Gendered Experiences Of Otherness In The White-Collar Workplace, Chien-Juh Gu

Chien-Juh Gu

This article examines Taiwanese American professionals’ interpretations of the glass ceiling to illuminate the manifestations of structural inequality at the micro-level of social life. Data are based on 40 in-depth interviews in the Chicago metropolitan area. Findings suggest that racial inequalities are experienced through race relations. Ethnic cultures construct relational fences along racial lines that designate the place of each group in the racial hierarchy. Although frustrated and alienated by their marginalized position, women and men use different strategies to negotiate the meaning of being an “other.” Women act confrontationally to transgress social boundaries, while men adopt acquiescent and coalitional ...


Examining Transactional Influences Between Reading Achievement And Antisocially-Behaving Friends, Sara Hart, Amy J. Mikolajewski, Wendy Johnson, Christopher Schatschneider, Jeanette Taylor 2014 The Florida State University

Examining Transactional Influences Between Reading Achievement And Antisocially-Behaving Friends, Sara Hart, Amy J. Mikolajewski, Wendy Johnson, Christopher Schatschneider, Jeanette Taylor

Department of Psychology Faculty Publications

The association between poorer academic outcomes and having antisocial friends is reliably demonstrated yet not well understood. Genetically sensitive designs uniquely allow for measuring genetic vulnerabilities and/or environmental risk in the association of antisocial friend behavior and poor school achievement, allowing for a better understanding of the nature of the association. This study included 233 pairs of twins from the Florida Twin Project on Reading. First, the role of antisocial friends as an environmental moderator of reading comprehension was examined. Antisocial friends significantly moderated the nonshared environmental variance in reading comprehension, with increased variation at lower levels of association ...


Relationships Among Depression, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Forgiveness, Meaning In Life, And Spirituality In Survivors Of Intimate Partner Violence, Shannon Marie Rogers 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Relationships Among Depression, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Forgiveness, Meaning In Life, And Spirituality In Survivors Of Intimate Partner Violence, Shannon Marie Rogers

Doctoral Dissertations

One hundred twenty nine survivors of interpersonal violence completed a paper-and-pencil survey to evaluate depression, PTSD, forgiveness, meaning in life, and spirituality. Five self-report measures were completed including: the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression scale, the PTSD Checklist – Stressor Specific version, the Transgression-Related Interpersonal Motivations Inventory, and the Spiritual Involvement and Beliefs Scale. The majority of the participants were female and Caucasian. Significant correlations were found between PTSD and presence of meaning, as well as depression and both presence of and search for meaning. However, hierarchical multiple regressions results indicated that depression and the two meaning in life subscales contributed a ...


"The Falling Man" As Viewed In The Lens Of The "Public Sphere", Laura Reinacher 2014 California Polytechnic State University

"The Falling Man" As Viewed In The Lens Of The "Public Sphere", Laura Reinacher

Communication Studies

No abstract provided.


Do Actions Speak Louder Than Knowledge? Action Manipulation, Parental Discourse, And Children’S Mental State Understanding In Pretense, Dawn Melzer, Laura J. Claxton 2014 Sacred Heart University

Do Actions Speak Louder Than Knowledge? Action Manipulation, Parental Discourse, And Children’S Mental State Understanding In Pretense, Dawn Melzer, Laura J. Claxton

Psychology Faculty Publications

Studies on pretense mental state understanding in young children have produced inconsistent findings. These findings could potentially emerge from the confounding influences of action manipulation or the failure to examine possible influences on individual children’s performances. To address these issues, we created a task in which 68 3- and 4-year-olds viewed two actors, side by side, on a monitor. Children were told that one actor was knowledgeable about a specific animal, whereas the other actor was not. The actors performed identical movements that were either related or unrelated to the animal they were mimicking or engaged in different behaviors ...


Goats, Crayons And Bananas – Creative Ways To Fight Student Stress, Conny Liegl 2014 SelectedWorks

Goats, Crayons And Bananas – Creative Ways To Fight Student Stress, Conny Liegl

Conny Liegl

More than 80% of US college students report feeling overwhelmed and exhausted, almost half of whom describe their academic experience as traumatic or very difficult to handle. Stress, sleep difficulties and anxiety are just some of the symptoms that manifest in college students. Undergraduates seem particularly susceptible to these stressors, but only one in five seeks medical consultation for their issues. (American College Health Association [ACHA], 2013)

To help students react to external and internal stressors, California Polytechnic State University’s Robert E. Kennedy Library initiated a program to support students during the most stressful times of the academic quarter ...


Projecting The Self Into A Virtual World: Merging Identities With A Video Game Character, Kevin S. Smith 2014 Eastern Kentucky University

Projecting The Self Into A Virtual World: Merging Identities With A Video Game Character, Kevin S. Smith

Kevin S Smith

The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of perspective-taking instructions (PTI) on (a) the tendency to project aspects of the self onto a video game character and (b) the degree of “telepresence” within a virtual world. Perspective taking instructions encourage subjects to imagine themselves as a story character. It has been found in the past that PTI may cause an individual to merge identities with a story character in written stories1 and films2. This study replicated these findings using a video game. Male video game players were asked to play a video game and completed character ...


Pdd In Military Memoirs, Esmeralda Kleinreesink 2014 SelectedWorks

Pdd In Military Memoirs, Esmeralda Kleinreesink

Esmeralda Kleinreesink

Using a mixed-method approach, this study examined the prevalence of post-deployment disorientation (PDD) in military memoirs. Post-deployment disorientation (Weibull 2012) is operationalized in this study as the writer describing either a feeling of prolonged alienation or one or more of the three post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms (re-experiencing, avoidance and numbing and/or increased arousal) after returning from his or her deployment. Content analysis to detect the occurrence of PDD was performed on all 54 military Afghanistan memoirs that were published between 2001 and 2010 in English, German or Dutch in the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, Canada and the ...


High And Low Computer Self-Efficacy Groups And Their Learning Behavior From Self-Regulated Learning Perspective While Engaged In Interactive Learning Modules, Harry B. Santoso, Oenardi Lawanto, Kurt Becker, Ning Fang, Edward M. Reeve 2014 Purdue University

High And Low Computer Self-Efficacy Groups And Their Learning Behavior From Self-Regulated Learning Perspective While Engaged In Interactive Learning Modules, Harry B. Santoso, Oenardi Lawanto, Kurt Becker, Ning Fang, Edward M. Reeve

Journal of Pre-College Engineering Education Research (J-PEER)

The purpose of this research was to investigate high school students’ computer self-efficacy (CSE) and learning behavior in a selfregulated learning (SRL) framework while utilizing an interactive learning module. The researcher hypothesizes that CSE is reflected on cognitive actions and metacognitive strategies while the students are engaged with interactive learning modules. Two research questions guided this research: (1) how is students’ CSE while engaged in interactive learning modules? and (2) how do high and low CSE groups plan and monitor their cognitive action, and regulate their monitoring strategies based on their CSE level? The research used a mixedmethods approach to ...


Physical Security For Elementary Schools, Tom Foley 2014 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Physical Security For Elementary Schools, Tom Foley

National Security and Intelligence Symposium

Presentation to the 10th Annual National Security and Intelligence Symposium on October 23, 2013. This presentation covers techniques for improving physical security in elementary schools.


39. Evans, A. D., Stolzenberg, S., Lee, K., & Lyon, T. D. (In Press). Young Children's Difficulty With Indirect Speech Acts: Implications For Questioning Child Witnesses. Behavioral Sciences & The Law., Thomas D. Lyon 2014 USC Gould School of Law

39. Evans, A. D., Stolzenberg, S., Lee, K., & Lyon, T. D. (In Press). Young Children's Difficulty With Indirect Speech Acts: Implications For Questioning Child Witnesses. Behavioral Sciences & The Law., Thomas D. Lyon

Thomas D. Lyon

Prior research suggests that infelicitous choice of questions can significantly underestimate children’s actual abilities, independently of suggestiveness. One possibly difficult question type is indirect speech acts such as “Do you know…” questions (DYK, e.g., “Do you know where it happened?”). These questions directly ask if respondents know, while indirectly asking what respondents know. If respondents answer “yes,” but fail to elaborate, they are either ignoring or failing to recognize the indirect question (known as pragmatic failure). Two studies examined the effect of indirect speech acts on maltreated and non-maltreated 2- to 7-year-olds’ post-event interview responses. Children were read ...


The Effects Of Social Psychological Concepts On Academic Performance, Nicole Zomer 2014 Western University

The Effects Of Social Psychological Concepts On Academic Performance, Nicole Zomer

Western Undergraduate Psychology Journal

Stereotype threat, motivation, self-handicapping, and self-esteem are factors that are found to affect student education and academic ability. The following literature review examines each factor individually and addresses the costs and benefits relating to education. Stereotype threat and self-handicapping are found to affect academic performance negatively. Intrinsic and extrinsic types of motivation are also found to influence academic ability. Intrinsic motivation serves as a positive influence, while extrinsic motivation is found to affect academic ability negatively. The type of motivation a student develops depends on the learning environment of the student, including the type of encouragement or pressure a student ...


An Explanation Of Human Rape: An Integration Of Sociobiology And Social Science, Krystle George 2014 Western University

An Explanation Of Human Rape: An Integration Of Sociobiology And Social Science, Krystle George

Western Undergraduate Psychology Journal

The study of human rape within a sociobiological framework has been a topic of public debate for decades, most notably after the release of biologist Edward O. Wilson’s book Sociobiology: The New Synthesis (1975). As sociobiology is based on the theory of evolution, Wilson’s book analyzed the social behaviour of animals, thus asserting that their social adaptations can be compared to the social behaviours of human-beings (Clark, 1991). Through this sociobiological framework various social behaviours of humans were addressed for further study, including the controversial subject of human rape (Clark, 1991). Among the supporters of this framework, none ...


Oxytocin As A Moderator Of Attachment Orientation And Forgiveness, Nicole Dryburgh 2014 Western University

Oxytocin As A Moderator Of Attachment Orientation And Forgiveness, Nicole Dryburgh

Western Undergraduate Psychology Journal

Past studies have independently investigated the influence of oxytocin and attachment orientation on trust. The current study will attempt to bridge the gap between these two literatures by investigating the possible moderating role of oxytocin on attachment orientation and forgiveness. After a dose of oxytocin or a placebo, participants will provide information regarding their attachment orientation as well as their propensity to forgive a partner who has committed infidelity. It is predicted that, in the control condition, the low avoidance individuals will be more likely to forgive than the high avoidance individuals. This difference is expected to disappear when oxytocin ...


Implicit And Explicit Self-Esteem In Relation To The Dark Triad, Lauren Stenason 2014 Western University

Implicit And Explicit Self-Esteem In Relation To The Dark Triad, Lauren Stenason

Western Undergraduate Psychology Journal

Individuals with characteristics encompassing the three domains of the Dark Triad (psychopathy, Machiavellianism, and narcissism) are often thought to possess inflated levels of self-esteem however, there has been controversy as to whether this inflated self-esteem represents their true underlying level of self-esteem. The present study investigated the relationships between the Dark Triad, explicit, and implicit self-esteem. Participants consisted of 231 individuals from The University of Western Ontario with an age range of 17 to 45 years (M = 19.390, SD = 2.908). 81% of participants were female and 19% of participants were male. Participants completed an online survey consisting of ...


Targeting Extraversion And Introversion In The Workplace, Jennifer N. Perkins 2014 Western University

Targeting Extraversion And Introversion In The Workplace, Jennifer N. Perkins

Western Undergraduate Psychology Journal

The purpose of this research was to explore the effect that the environment, specifically workplace culture, can have on the expression of the personality trait of extraversion. Participants were employees at a major Canadian department store which has a workplace culture directed toward active engagement with customers and which appears to reward outgoing behaviours in staff. Participants completed the extraversion section of the Big Five Factor Markers Questionnaire (Goldberg, 1990) in both the workplace environment as well as in their own home. In addition, participants were asked to respond to several open-ended questions regarding their perceived behaviour. It was hypothesized ...


When You Smile, Do I Smile? A Proposed Study Examining Conscious Level Emotion Regulation In A Developmental Sample, Nellie Kamkar 2014 Western University

When You Smile, Do I Smile? A Proposed Study Examining Conscious Level Emotion Regulation In A Developmental Sample, Nellie Kamkar

Western Undergraduate Psychology Journal

The ability to conceal a proponent emotional response and instead, express a more socially appropriate facial expression has had phylogenetic and ontogenetic advantages throughout human evolution and development. Understanding the developmental trajectory of this type of emotion regulation is imperative and can be empirically examined using a facial mimicry paradigm to study inhibitory control. Facial mimicry enables an individual to imitate the emotional expression of a social other, whereas inhibitory control examines an individual’s ability to suppress a dominant responses in favour of a correct response. The present paper proposes a paradigm during which individuals are instructed to imitate ...


The Default Network, Task-Positive Network And Goal-Directed Problem-Solving, Sheldon Hill 2014 Western University

The Default Network, Task-Positive Network And Goal-Directed Problem-Solving, Sheldon Hill

Western Undergraduate Psychology Journal

When examining brain activation, many researchers question what areas are activated during a specific task or a given stimulus. However, this approach may lead one to believe that when there is no task or stimulus, that no brain regions should be activated. The default mode network is a state of brain activation, where the individual is not attending to any external cues in the environment, but certain regions are still activated. It has been found that the default mode network regions of the brain are negatively correlated with regions that are activated during tasks and stimuli presentation, known as task-positive ...


Face Processing In Autistic And Prosopagnosic Individuals, Sohaa Ahmed 2014 Western University

Face Processing In Autistic And Prosopagnosic Individuals, Sohaa Ahmed

Western Undergraduate Psychology Journal

Previous research in autism has suggested that various features such as social and cognitive impairments as defined by one’s inability to recognize facial expressions of others. Eye gaze has played as one of the key concept in distinguishing autism; hence, various studies focus on defining characteristics like eye gaze to understand how autistic individuals detect emotions. Similarly, another disorder known as prosopagnosia has been noted to identify those who are incapable of recognizing faces and therefore are unable to notice emotions. The following paper discussed variables of both disorders, autism and prosopagnosia, and how one can help identify the ...


Enhancing Forensic Mental Health Care Through The Improvement Of Forensic Screening Procedures, Taylor C. Salisbury 2014 Western University

Enhancing Forensic Mental Health Care Through The Improvement Of Forensic Screening Procedures, Taylor C. Salisbury

Western Undergraduate Psychology Journal

Learning how to effectively treat individuals with diagnosed psychopathology in the criminal justice system is an important undertaking given the large number of offenders with significant mental health concerns. Despite the fact that offender rehabilitation has been shown to be more effective in forensic psychiatric institutions than in correctional institutions, there are still a large number of mentally ill offenders receiving inadequate treatment while incarcerated. This paper asserts that correctional sentencing needs to become more individualized through improved psychopathology screening procedures in order to ensure successful rehabilitation and reintegration of all types of offenders into the community. By improving the ...


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