Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Psychology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

14,973 Full-Text Articles 17,413 Authors 6,797,791 Downloads 254 Institutions

All Articles in Psychology

Faceted Search

14,973 full-text articles. Page 1 of 406.

The College Experience: Exploring The Relationship Between Sleep, Executive Function, And Alcohol Use, Evelyn R. Conner 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

The College Experience: Exploring The Relationship Between Sleep, Executive Function, And Alcohol Use, Evelyn R. Conner

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Paradoxical Truths In Heroic Leadership: Implications For Leadership Development And Effectiveness, Scott T. Allison, Jennifer L. Cecilione 2015 University of RIchmond

Paradoxical Truths In Heroic Leadership: Implications For Leadership Development And Effectiveness, Scott T. Allison, Jennifer L. Cecilione

Scott T. Allison

In this chapter, we discuss the basic elements of heroic leadership, showing how heroism and exemplary leadership are deeply intertwined. We then describe six paradoxical truths about heroic leadership that are often unrecognized and unappreciated. We believe that ignorance of these counterintuitive truths and paradoxes about heroic leadership can lead to misunderstandings about leaders, leadership, and leadership development. Most of these paradoxes are a central part of the hero’s journey as described by comparative mythologist Joseph Campbell (1949). We will discuss the genesis of these paradoxical truths, and we will suggest ways that an awareness of these principles can ...


Mental Health Screening Of Veterans Diagnosed With Cancer: Analyzing Psychological Distress And Attitudes Towards Seeking Professional Psychological Help, Jessica Jean Baptiste 2015 Seton Hall University

Mental Health Screening Of Veterans Diagnosed With Cancer: Analyzing Psychological Distress And Attitudes Towards Seeking Professional Psychological Help, Jessica Jean Baptiste

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Studies analyzing mental health care utilization in veterans with a co-occurrence of a medical and psychological diagnosis are still underrepresented in the literature. The primary purpose of this study is to examine psychological screening methods of veterans diagnosed with cancer and determining when these veterans are more likely to endorse psychological symptoms. This information can contribute to the discussion of effective ways of integrating mental health screening in specialty care settings. A correlational, causal-comparative research design is employed to answer the study research questions and hypotheses. The participants include Vietnam, Korean, and World War II veterans seeking oncology services at ...


Examining The Relationship Between Bicultural Stress, Mental Well-Being, Perceived Social Support, And Education Among People Of African Descent, Zemed Beraki Berhe 2015 Seton Hall University

Examining The Relationship Between Bicultural Stress, Mental Well-Being, Perceived Social Support, And Education Among People Of African Descent, Zemed Beraki Berhe

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Studies investigating the bicultural experiences of people of African descent are significantly underrepresented in the literature. The primary purpose of this exploratory study was to examine the relationship between experiences of bicultural stress and mental well-being. In investigating this relationship, perceived social support and education were examined as protective factors, and its relationship to bicultural stress for this population. With the ultimate goal of this information contributing to the understanding of bicultural processes within this population and the relationship to mental health outcomes. A non-experimental (non-randomized) research design was utilized to examine the study research questions and hypotheses. The participants ...


Paleo-Psychology: A Brief Introduction. Reintroducing, Reapplying, And Justifying An “Ancient Perspective”, Jorge Conesa-Sevilla PhD 2015 Unaffiliated

Paleo-Psychology: A Brief Introduction. Reintroducing, Reapplying, And Justifying An “Ancient Perspective”, Jorge Conesa-Sevilla Phd

Jorge Conesa-Sevilla PhD

The historical antecedents of and call for “paleopsychology” emerged in tandem with early 20th century efforts, both to synthesize and unify the work of biology, anthropology, sociology, and psychology, and to expand the scope of the comparative sciences (evolutionary biology and psychology): “Our veneer of civilization has only commenced to acquire the slightest degree of fixation.” (Jelliffe, 1923)


Chamois Paleo-Psychology, Jorge Conesa-Sevilla PhD 2015 Unaffiliated

Chamois Paleo-Psychology, Jorge Conesa-Sevilla Phd

Jorge Conesa-Sevilla PhD

To all of us who have shared in the same primal affectation, a-sense-of-place and a-sense-of-the-animal both wrapped into ONE-emotion-instinct, the line between “serious leisure” and “recreational specialization” is happily blurred and indistinguishable to the surprise of academics. These experiences brought, in the words of an unknown writer, “...a certain psychology of the woods.”


Investigating The Use Of A Positive Variation Of The Good Behavior Game In A High School Setting, Shauna Lynne 2015 University of Southern Mississippi

Investigating The Use Of A Positive Variation Of The Good Behavior Game In A High School Setting, Shauna Lynne

Master's Theses

The Good Behavior Game (GBG) is an example of an interdependent group contingency that can be used in classrooms to manage behavior. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a positive variation of the GBG in which teachers attend to rule-following behavior, as opposed to the original version of the game in which teachers attend to rule-breaking behavior. In previous studies, researchers have demonstrated the effectiveness of the GBG in decreasing problematic behavior and/or increasing productive or desired behavior in classroom settings and in hospital settings and spanning preschool-aged, elementary toddlers to high school-aged adolescents ...


A Comparison Of The Effects Of Choice And Differential Reinforcement On The Computation Fluency Of Students With Escape-Maintained Academic Performance Problems, Maureen A. O'Connor 2015 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

A Comparison Of The Effects Of Choice And Differential Reinforcement On The Computation Fluency Of Students With Escape-Maintained Academic Performance Problems, Maureen A. O'Connor

Public Access Theses and Dissertations from the College of Education and Human Sciences

This dissertation compared antecedent- and consequence-based strategies to determine which treatments or combination of treatments produced the strongest improvements in math computation fluency with four elementary-aged students who displayed escape-motivated behaviors. Functional analyses were conducted to identify elementary-school students whose academic responding was under a negative-reinforcement contingency. Next, a preference assessment was administered to each student to identify potentially effective reinforcers in the form of permissible school activities. These high-preference activities were used during the DRA and Task-Choice + DRA conditions. A multielement design was used to examine the impact of four treatments – Task Choice, DRA, Task Choice+DRA, and DNRA ...


Gait Transition Dynamics Are Modulated By Experimental Protocol, Mohammad Abdolvahab, Jason Gordon 2015 University of Connecticut - Storrs

Gait Transition Dynamics Are Modulated By Experimental Protocol, Mohammad Abdolvahab, Jason Gordon

Mohammad Abdolvahab

No abstract provided.


Whole-Body Semantic Decision Making, Mohammad Abdolvahab, Michael Turvey 2015 University of Connecticut - Storrs

Whole-Body Semantic Decision Making, Mohammad Abdolvahab, Michael Turvey

Mohammad Abdolvahab

No abstract provided.


Influence Of Caregiver Activation On Health Of Informal Caregivers Of Persons With Alzheimer’S, Trinity Rose Parker 2015 George Fox University

Influence Of Caregiver Activation On Health Of Informal Caregivers Of Persons With Alzheimer’S, Trinity Rose Parker

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)

Abstract Caregiver activation is related to a caregiver’s knowledge, skill and confidence to provide multiple levels of care of another individual. To date there is little research assessing caregiver activation within the population of informal caregivers of Alzheimer’s patients. Forty-four informal caregivers of persons with Alzheimer’s were recruited through caregiver resource centers and online communities in the state of Oregon, completed a self-report survey. The purpose of this study was to identify the predictive qualities and influence of caregiver activation on informal caregiver physiological and psychological health as well as positive health behaviors. General health, emotional wellbeing ...


Transforming Impossible Into Possible (Tip): A Group Work Model In Workforce Development, Philip Young P. Hong 2015 Loyola University Chicago

Transforming Impossible Into Possible (Tip): A Group Work Model In Workforce Development, Philip Young P. Hong

School of Social Work: Faculty Publications and Other Works

This presentation introduces newly developed a social work group intervention model in workforce development. Transforming Impossible into Possible (TIP) program empowers participants to develop self-awareness, confidence, hope, goal-orientation, leadership, accountability, conscientiousness, and grit, it is anticipated that it improves both employment and retention outcomes.


Peer And Self-Perceptions Of Learning Differences, Megan Mariko Lapp 2015 Bates College

Peer And Self-Perceptions Of Learning Differences, Megan Mariko Lapp

Honors Theses

Bates College currently defines learning differences as reading, writing, and math learning disorders; Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder; psychoemotional disorders; auditory, visual and sensory motor disorders; and temporary medical issues such as concussions. In order to explore peer and self-perceptions of learning differences at Bates, two studies were conducted. Study 1 consisted of two focus groups with students who have diagnosed learning differences and three focus groups with students who do not have diagnosed learning differences to gain an understanding of perceived stigma on campus, and whether some learning differences and accommodations are more legitimized than others. Analysis of the data ...


Hypocrisy Induction To Increase College Students’ Condom Use: A Dissonance-Based Safe Sex Intervention, Stephanie B. Benson 2015 Bates College

Hypocrisy Induction To Increase College Students’ Condom Use: A Dissonance-Based Safe Sex Intervention, Stephanie B. Benson

Honors Theses

Despite the effectiveness of condoms in preventing sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and unwanted pregnancies, only 49% of college students consistently use condoms during sexual intercourse. The current research utilized hypocrisy induction, a dissonance-based intervention, to increase condom use among undergraduate students. This research consisted of two studies: the first was administered in-person, and the second was conducted via the Internet. Studies 1 and 2 measured the immediate and long-term effects of hypocrisy induction on college students' use of and motivation to use condoms. For both studies, it was hypothesized that hypocrisy participants would demonstrate greater intent for and frequency of ...


Native American Postcolonial Psychology. Eduardo Duran And Bonnie Duran. Reviewed By Dana Wilson Klar, Washington University., Dana Wilson Klar 2015 Washington University

Native American Postcolonial Psychology. Eduardo Duran And Bonnie Duran. Reviewed By Dana Wilson Klar, Washington University., Dana Wilson Klar

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Eduardo Duran and Bonnie Duran, Native American Postcolonial Psychology. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1995. $16.95 hardcover.


Summary Of The Performance Effects Of Sustained Operations, Valerie Gawron 2015 MITRE

Summary Of The Performance Effects Of Sustained Operations, Valerie Gawron

Journal of Human Performance in Extreme Environments

Sustained operations missions are performed in diverse environments. These environments include military command and control, process control, medical practice, and security surveillance. Research on the related fatigue effects of sustained operations is reviewed for each of these diverse environments. For military surge operations, both ground and airborne command and control operators show similar decrements in visual performance as a function of sleep loss. Other decrements include increased number of errors in vigilance tasks and reaction time tasks. In process control experiments, longer shifts resulted in more variance in reaction time to grammatical reasoning tasks. Night shift was associated with slower ...


Developing Wildland Firefighters’ Performance Capacity Through Awareness-Based Processes: A Qualitative Investigation, Alexis L. Waldron, Vicki Ebbeck 2015 Oregon State University

Developing Wildland Firefighters’ Performance Capacity Through Awareness-Based Processes: A Qualitative Investigation, Alexis L. Waldron, Vicki Ebbeck

Journal of Human Performance in Extreme Environments

Wildland firefighting is environmentally and socially a risky and complex occupation. Although much attention has been given to understanding the physical components in fighting wildland fire, much less time has been devoted to understanding and developing the capacity of wildland firefighters to handle the dynamic pressures of the physical and social environments. The purpose of this study was to explore the receptiveness, utility, effectiveness, and potential improvements for a mindful and self-compassionate awareness program developed for the wildland fire environment. The program was based on the use of a conceptual tool to refocus awareness and move self-compassionately through key aspects ...


Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, The Primary Motor Neuron Disease, Jacob P. Naumann 2015 Cleveland State University

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, The Primary Motor Neuron Disease, Jacob P. Naumann

The Downtown Review

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a degenerative neurological disease that damages nerve cells in the brain, in particular the neurons that are involved in voluntary muscle movements. Internationally the disorder is also known as Charcot’s disease and motor neuron disease. In the United States, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is often referred to as Lou Gehrig’s disease, motor neuron disease, and more colloquially ALS. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis is the most prominent of the five motor neuron diseases, distinguishing itself from the others through degeneration of both upper motor neurons (UMN) and lower motor neurons (LMN) respectively. The “Father of neurology” Jean-Marie ...


Through A Glass Darkly: Defining Love In A Nation Of Tolerance, Jonathan T. Hogue 2015 Liberty University

Through A Glass Darkly: Defining Love In A Nation Of Tolerance, Jonathan T. Hogue

Senior Honors Theses

This paper features an original one-act drama Through a Glass Darkly and analyzes its constructs and themes. The play, written in the contemporary style, depicts the tension between homosexuals and Christians in American culture through emphasizing the contrasting interpretations of love between both communities. It tells the story of Ben, a young gay man struggling to find fulfillment, whose new-found friendship with a Christian named Adam causes him to reevaluate his understanding of love. The play explores the variations of love in an attempt to not only answer what love truly means, but rather what form of love carries the ...


Dream Theory, Kiana Roppe, Tam Vo 2015 Iowa State University

Dream Theory, Kiana Roppe, Tam Vo

Ethos

Your imagination wanders as you’re caught in the midst of a vivid, event-filled dream. Throughout the day, the memory of the dream haunts you and you beg the question: “What could it possibly mean?” Luckily, we scoured the shelves and pulled the most common dream associations from Gillian Holloway’s “The Complete Dream Book: Discover What Your Dreams Reveal About You And Your Life.”


Digital Commons powered by bepress