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Glass Ceilings And Racialized Exclusion: Taiwanese Americans' Gendered Experiences Of Otherness In The White-Collar Workplace, Chien-Juh Gu 2015 Western Michigan University

Glass Ceilings And Racialized Exclusion: Taiwanese Americans' Gendered Experiences Of Otherness In The White-Collar Workplace, Chien-Juh Gu

Chien-Juh Gu

This article examines Taiwanese American professionals’ interpretations of the glass ceiling to illuminate the manifestations of structural inequality at the micro-level of social life. Data are based on 40 in-depth interviews in the Chicago metropolitan area. Findings suggest that racial inequalities are experienced through race relations. Ethnic cultures construct relational fences along racial lines that designate the place of each group in the racial hierarchy. Although frustrated and alienated by their marginalized position, women and men use different strategies to negotiate the meaning of being an “other.” Women act confrontationally to transgress social boundaries, while men adopt acquiescent and coalitional ...


An Exploration Of The Wheel-Induced Feeding-Suppression, Stephen Benjamin Peckham 2015 Wilfrid Laurier University

An Exploration Of The Wheel-Induced Feeding-Suppression, Stephen Benjamin Peckham

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

Anorexia nervosa is an enigmatic human condition typified by food-restriction that is often accompanied by extensive exercise. This has been modeled in rats in the wheel-induced feeding-suppression (WIFS) model. In this model, animals are given access to a running-wheel, which induces a volitional drop in food-consumption. Short periods of wheel access have induced a feeding-suppression which is effectively reversed by chlorpromazine administration (Adams et al., 2009). Recent attempts at replicating Adams et al.’s (2009) feeding-suppression have, however, been unsuccessful (Peckham et al., 2013). These attempts raised questions as to whether or not the existing methodology is most effective at ...


Kings And Charisma, Lincoln And Leadership: An Evolutionary Perspective, George R. Goethals, Scott T. Allison 2015 SelectedWorks

Kings And Charisma, Lincoln And Leadership: An Evolutionary Perspective, George R. Goethals, Scott T. Allison

Scott T. Allison

People revere charismatic leaders. In this chapter, we examine charisma from an evolutionary perspective. In doing so, we explore the charisma of Martin Luther King, Jr., Elvis Presley, Muhammad Ali, and Abraham Lincoln.


Quality-Of-Life Indicators For African American And European American Long-Term Survivors Of Early-Stage Breast Cancer, Cher de Rossiter 2015 Walden University

Quality-Of-Life Indicators For African American And European American Long-Term Survivors Of Early-Stage Breast Cancer, Cher De Rossiter

Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

This meta-analysis investigated the difference in perceptions of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among long-term early-stage breast cancer survivors (BCS). The comparison was between African American and European American women. Initial pilot searches suggested that enough studies existed for a meaningful meta-analysis of a BCS population at least 5 years post diagnosis. Only studies using the outcome measure HRQOL were included in the study; this yielded an initial sample of 212 study reports, with 56 reports entering the coding phase of the process. African American women were grossly underrepresented in this set of studies in comparison to the overall breast ...


Fnirs Measures Of Prefrontal Cortex Lateralization During Stuttered And Fluency-Enhanced Speech In Adults Who Stutter, Danra M. Kazenski 2015 University of Vermont

Fnirs Measures Of Prefrontal Cortex Lateralization During Stuttered And Fluency-Enhanced Speech In Adults Who Stutter, Danra M. Kazenski

Graduate College Dissertations and Theses

The present study compared lateralization of cortical activation patterns in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of adults who stutter (AWS) and typical speakers (TS) as measured with functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) in habitual and fluency-enhanced speaking conditions.

Participants were AWS (n = 11) and gender- and age-matched TS (n = 11) who completed speaking tasks in three condition blocks: (1) habitual speech using no speaking strategy (2) prolonged speech after receiving short-term training in fluency-shaping strategy-use (3) syllable-timed speech after being trained to speak in rhythm with a metronome at 92 beats per minute.

The three primary dependent variables were mean change ...


Streams In The Wilderness, Miranda Beale 2014 Liberty University

Streams In The Wilderness, Miranda Beale

The Kabod

Miranda Beale analyzes two award-winning novels by Marilynne Robinson, Gilead (2004) and Home (2008), identifying their major themes as the necessity of balancing parental responsibility and God's loving guidance and redemptive power in raising children.


A Preliminary Study Of Distracted Driving, Sarina Karwande, Ashley Nieto, Lauren Rhodes 2014 Chapman University

A Preliminary Study Of Distracted Driving, Sarina Karwande, Ashley Nieto, Lauren Rhodes

Undergraduate Student Research Day Abstracts and Posters

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) report distracted driving is a “problem on the rise” with increasing numbers injuries and deaths each year. More than 9 people are killed each day while more than 1,153 people are injured in crashes involving a distracted driver. Specifically, the number one killer of adolescents (ages 15-24) is automobile related deaths due to distracted driving. One of the most dangerous forms of distracted driving is texting while driving because it combines all three types of distraction: visual, manual, and cognitive. Texting and driving is a growing public safety hazard as seen through media ...


Theatre For Development: “The Wanna Be”, Joshua Dominguez 2014 Chapman University

Theatre For Development: “The Wanna Be”, Joshua Dominguez

Undergraduate Student Research Day Abstracts and Posters

The college experience in American culture is a popular topic that is being questioned throughout the media. It is being questioned on a weekly basis in today’s media and brings to light issues that have not been questioned for decades. Some of the main issues such as diversity within institutions, the "Greek System", and sexual assault are all being spotlighted and widely advertised as problems that need focusing on putting an end to. This new era of college students are being challenged to recognize these heavy, yet important issues that are effecting campuses across the nation. Through Theatre for ...


Narrative Life Review And Poetry-Writing With Older Adults, Cherita M. Black 2014 Western Kentucky University

Narrative Life Review And Poetry-Writing With Older Adults, Cherita M. Black

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

This thesis explores narrative life review and poetry writing with older individuals, as an alternative to support their successful aging. Four females, ages 66-93, participated in a two-part project. Phase I included: (a) completing a narrative life review, and (b) developing original poetry with the researcher. Phase II included: (a) poetry reflection and (b) completing an open-ended evaluation. Phase 1 results demonstrated four successful narrative life reviews, which composed the poetry-writing sessions. Phase II demonstrated that three out of four participants reported no significant positive influences in the evaluation. Implications suggest social well-being replicated study can possibly assess social well-being ...


Positive Effects Of Peer Modeling And Positive Reinforcement On Healthy Food Intake In Elementary School Children, Kiera Ingalls, Martha Pelaez 2014 Florida International University

Positive Effects Of Peer Modeling And Positive Reinforcement On Healthy Food Intake In Elementary School Children, Kiera Ingalls, Martha Pelaez

South Florida Education Research Conference

The current study aims to discover the effects of “Food Dudes” peer modeling videos and positive reinforcement on vegetable consumption using a delayed multiple baseline design across subjects. Results suggest peer modeling and positive reinforcement as effective means to increase vegetable intake.


Framing Visual Perception In Terms Of Sensorimotor Mapping, Silvano Zipoli Caiani 2014 Kansas State University Libraries

Framing Visual Perception In Terms Of Sensorimotor Mapping, Silvano Zipoli Caiani

Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication

Two contrasting theories, or variants of them, are predominant in the current debate on visual cognition. The standard inferential theory sees perception as a process involving the role of memory, past experiences and semantic abilities, whereas the direct theory sees perception as a connection between the perceiver and the environment that does not recruit internal information processing. In particular, the direct theory has recently been invoked because it would be able to explain the sensorimotor coupling of perception and action in humans and animals without relying on controversial notions such as those of conceptualization and propositional information. This paper aims ...


How Do Ideas Become General In Their Signification?, Alexandros Tillas 2014 Kansas State University Libraries

How Do Ideas Become General In Their Signification?, Alexandros Tillas

Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication

Abstraction is one of the central notions in philosophy and cognitive science. Though its origins are often traced to Locke, various senses of abstraction have been developed in fields as diverse as philosophy, psychology, cognitive science, artificial intelligence, and computer science (e.g. Barsalou 2005). The notion of abstraction on which I am focusing here is as that of a process of similarities recognition across instances of a given kind involving progressive exclusion of instance details. As such, abstraction plays a major role in concept-formation and learning. Traditionally, abstraction models have been deemed circular (e.g. Berkeley 1710/1957), while ...


Nonconceptual Content, Causal Theory, And Realism, Błażej Skrzypulec 2014 Kansas State University Libraries

Nonconceptual Content, Causal Theory, And Realism, Błażej Skrzypulec

Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication

In this paper the connections between the nonconceptual content of perceptual states and realism are considered. In particular, I investigate the argument for realism that uses the notion of nonconceptual content, specifically the version proposed by Raftopoulos in Cognition and Perception. To evaluate the argument two forms of realism are identified: (1) correlation realism (CR), according to which distinctions in perceptual content correlate with distinctions in the environment, and (2) ontological realism (OR), according to which perceptual content and perceived reality are both organized according to the same set of ontological categories. First, it is argued that the distinction between ...


Concept Acquisition And Experiential Change, William S. Robinson 2014 Kansas State University Libraries

Concept Acquisition And Experiential Change, William S. Robinson

Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication

Many have held the Acquisition of Concepts Thesis (ACT) that concept acquisition can change perceptual experience. This paper explains the close relation of ACT to ADT, the thesis that acquisition of dispositions to quickly and reliably recognize a kind of thing can change perceptual experience. It then states a highly developed argument given by Siegel (2010) which, if successful, would offer strong support for ADT and indirect support for ACT. Examination of this argument, however, reveals difficulties that undermine its promise. Distinctions made in this examination help to clarify an alternative view that denies ADT and ACT while accepting that ...


The Role Of Motor Affordances In Visual Working Memory, Diane Pecher 2014 Kansas State University Libraries

The Role Of Motor Affordances In Visual Working Memory, Diane Pecher

Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication

Motor affordances are important for object knowledge. Semantic tasks on visual objects often show interactions with motor actions. Prior neuro-imaging studies suggested that motor affordances also play a role in visual working memory for objects. When participants remembered manipulable objects (e.g., hammer) greater premotor cortex activation was observed than when they remembered non-manipulable objects (e.g., polar bear). In the present study participants held object pictures in working memory while performing concurrent tasks such as articulation of nonsense syllables and performing hand movements. Although concurrent tasks did interfere with working memory performance, in none of the experiments did we ...


Whorfian Effects In Color Perception: Deep Or Shallow?, Elisabetta Lalumera 2014 Kansas State University Libraries

Whorfian Effects In Color Perception: Deep Or Shallow?, Elisabetta Lalumera

Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication

This paper discusses, from the point of view of the philosophy of psychology, recent behavioral and brain studies showing effects of the diversity of language vocabulary on color perception. I examine the alternative between two different interpretations of these so-called whorfian effects, namely habitual or deep whorfianism, and shallow whorfianism. I argue that at the moment the evidence underdetermines both interpretations and the question is open. I also clarify that shallow whorfianism is not a synonym for ‘trivial whorfianism’, as some authors have suggested, but rather makes a case for the online and situated nature of human cognition.


Problems For The Purported Cognitive Penetration Of Perceptual Color Experience And Macpherson’S Proposed Mechanism, Steven Gross, Thitaporn Chaisilprungraung, Elizabeth Kaplan, Jorge Aurelio Menendez, Jonathan Flombaum 2014 Kansas State University Libraries

Problems For The Purported Cognitive Penetration Of Perceptual Color Experience And Macpherson’S Proposed Mechanism, Steven Gross, Thitaporn Chaisilprungraung, Elizabeth Kaplan, Jorge Aurelio Menendez, Jonathan Flombaum

Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication

Fiona Macpherson (2012) argues that various experimental results provide strong evidence in favor of the cognitive penetration of perceptual color experience. Moreover, she proposes a mechanism for how such cognitive penetration occurs. We argue, first, that the results on which Macpherson relies do not provide strong grounds for her claim of cognitive penetrability; and, second, that, if the results do reflect cognitive penetrability, then time-course considerations raise worries for her proposed mechanism. We base our arguments in part on several of our own experiments, reported herein.


Concepts, Perception And The Dual Process Theories Of Mind, Marcello Frixione, Antonio Lieto 2014 Kansas State University Libraries

Concepts, Perception And The Dual Process Theories Of Mind, Marcello Frixione, Antonio Lieto

Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication

In this article we argue that the problem of the relationships between concepts and perception in cognitive science is blurred by the fact that the very notion of concept is rather confused. Since it is not always clear exactly what concepts are, it is not easy to say, for example, whether and in what measure concept possession involves entertaining and manipulating perceptual representations, whether concepts are entirely different from perceptual representations, and so on. As a paradigmatic example of this state of affairs, we will start by taking into consideration the distinction between conceptual and nonconceptual content. The analysis of ...


Linguistic Intuitions And Cognitive Penetrability, Michael Devitt 2014 Kansas State University Libraries

Linguistic Intuitions And Cognitive Penetrability, Michael Devitt

Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication

Metalinguistic intuitions play a very large evidential role in both linguistics and philosophy. Linguists think that these intuitions are products of underlying linguistic competence. I call this view “the voice of competence” (“VoC”). Although many philosophers seem to think that metalinguistic intuitions are a priori many may implicitly hold the more scientifically respectable VoC. According to VoC, I argue, these intuitions can be cognitively penetrated by the central processor. But, I have argued elsewhere, VoC is false. Instead, we should hold “the modest explanation” (“ME”) according to which these intuitions are fairly unreflective empirical theory-laden central-processor responses to phenomena. On ...


Is Low-Level Visual Experience Cognitively Penetrable?, Dávid Bitter 2014 Kansas State University Libraries

Is Low-Level Visual Experience Cognitively Penetrable?, Dávid Bitter

Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication

Philosophers and psychologists alike have argued recently that relatively abstract beliefs or cognitive categories like those regarding race can influence the perceptual experience of relatively low-level visual features like color or lightness. Some of the proposed best empirical evidence for this claim comes from a series of experiments in which White faces were consistently judged as lighter than equiluminant Black faces, even for racially ambiguous faces that were labeled ‘White’ as opposed to ‘Black’ (Levin and Banaji 2006). The latter result is considered especially indicative of cognitive penetration, based on the reasoning that the relevant distortions were a function of ...


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