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Roles Of Gabab, Muscarinic And Nicotinic Receptor Signaling In The Acquisition And Expression Of Fructose And Fat-Conditioned Flavor Preferences And Acquisition Of Quinine-Conditioned Flavor Avoidances In Rats, Francis M. Rotella 2017 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Roles Of Gabab, Muscarinic And Nicotinic Receptor Signaling In The Acquisition And Expression Of Fructose And Fat-Conditioned Flavor Preferences And Acquisition Of Quinine-Conditioned Flavor Avoidances In Rats, Francis M. Rotella

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

In addition to increased intake of sweet solutions by mammals, learning, particularly classically-conditioned “Pavlovian-like” learning, also plays an important role. An orosensory conditioned flavor preference (CFP) can be elicited by pairing one novel flavor (conditioned stimulus, CS+) with a fructose solution and a second novel flavor (CS-) with a saccharin solution. Rats will prefer the CS+ flavor in a subsequent 2-bottle choice test with both flavors mixed in saccharin. Previous pharmacological analyses revealed that systemic administration of dopamine (DA) D1 and D2 as well as NMDA, but not opioid, receptor antagonists eliminated the acquisition (learning) of fructose-CFP. Further, expression of ...


Pushing The Protestant Culinary Agenda In Depression Era America, Brittany M. Millidge 2017 Buffalo State College

Pushing The Protestant Culinary Agenda In Depression Era America, Brittany M. Millidge

The Exposition

No abstract provided.


Assessment Of The Campus Food Environment Using Components Of The Healthy Campus Environmental Audit, Candace Sorden 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Assessment Of The Campus Food Environment Using Components Of The Healthy Campus Environmental Audit, Candace Sorden

Nutrition & Health Sciences Dissertations & Theses

The objective was to assess whether the food environment at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL) campuses supports healthy eating behaviors using components of the Healthy Campus Environmental Audit (vending, dining, and convenience store audits). Secondary aims were to compare the UNL food environment to other college campuses and explore whether there are existing health promotion and obesity prevention initiatives, programs, pledges and/or policies at UNL.

Research team members accessed a secure online website to review training materials prepared by Syracuse University. Evaluators did audit practice trials to meet inter-rater reliability score standards (>80%). audits were conducted at designated sites ...


Benefits Of Reduced Meat Consumption In The U.S.: Cost-Benefit Analysis Of An Increase In Plant-Based Diets, Rebecca Zahora 2017 University of Rhode Island

Benefits Of Reduced Meat Consumption In The U.S.: Cost-Benefit Analysis Of An Increase In Plant-Based Diets, Rebecca Zahora

Senior Honors Projects

How sustainable is our food system? An investigation of diet choices and their environmental impacts

Food is often thought of as a commodity, when fundamentally it is our nourishment and foundation of life. In the United States, it appears as if we have a functional food system, but in reality what we have is an unsustainable system of industrialized agriculture perpetuated by a disproportionate allocation of resources. Current consumer behavior within our food system is detrimental to future environmental and human well being, ultimately exacerbating the timing and magnitude of global climate change.

With negative impacts of climate change looming ...


Law Library Blog (July 2017): Legal Beagle's Blog Archive, Roger Williams University School of Law 2017 Roger Williams University

Law Library Blog (July 2017): Legal Beagle's Blog Archive, Roger Williams University School Of Law

Law Library Newsletters/Blog

No abstract provided.


Addressing Racism In Urban Agriculture: The Case For An Urban Agriculture Land Trust In Bridgeport, Connecticut, Chelsea Gazillo 2017 SIT Graduate Institute

Addressing Racism In Urban Agriculture: The Case For An Urban Agriculture Land Trust In Bridgeport, Connecticut, Chelsea Gazillo

Capstone Collection

Cities across the United States have started to adopt urban agriculture zoning ordinances which provide access to land and encourage food production in low-income black and brown communities. However, many cities fail to use an anti-racist lens in the creation and implementation of these policies. According to scholars and activists, anti-racist practices in urban agriculture zoning require that first, community organizations and policy makers co-create policy with black and brown communities and second, develop secure land tenure arrangements for urban agriculture. In this case study of the development of an urban agriculture zoning ordinance by the Bridgeport Connecticut Food Policy ...


A Qualitative Approach To Understanding The Underlying Beliefs Of Microbrewery Consumers, Allison Carr, Yeon Ho Shin, Kimberly Severt, Melvin Lewis 2017 The Universtiy of Alabama

A Qualitative Approach To Understanding The Underlying Beliefs Of Microbrewery Consumers, Allison Carr, Yeon Ho Shin, Kimberly Severt, Melvin Lewis

International Journal of Hospitality Beverage Management

The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore and identify the underlying behavioral, normative, and control beliefs of microbrewery consumers using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) model. A series of semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with microbrewery consumers in Alabama. Several themes emerged from the interviews, including the importance of supporting local businesses and communities, and the quality and variety of products. The study provides useful information to microbrewery owners/operators to help them better serve their patrons.


Nutritional And Behavioral Repercussions Of Food Insecurity And The Impact Of Nutrition Education, Kelly Burgess 2017 Western Kentucky University

Nutritional And Behavioral Repercussions Of Food Insecurity And The Impact Of Nutrition Education, Kelly Burgess

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Food insecurity occurs when an individual does not have consistent access to fresh, nutritious food in safe, socially acceptable, and affordable ways. This is a significant challenge facing Kentuckians, with one in six adults and one in four children experiencing some degree of food insecurity. The present study examines the effectiveness of customized nutrition education in improving 1) nutrition-related behaviors associated with food insecurity and 2) management of household food supply in food-insecure individuals with and without children. Participants were recruited through HOTEL INC, and one was from a household without children and one with children. A pre-assessment survey evaluated ...


The Contribution Of Differences In Adiposity To Educational Disparities In Mortality In The United States, Yana Vierboom 2017 University of Pennsylvania

The Contribution Of Differences In Adiposity To Educational Disparities In Mortality In The United States, Yana Vierboom

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

Background: There are large differences in life expectancy by educational attainment in the United States. Previous research has found obesity’s contribution to these differences to be small. Those findings may be sensitive to how obesity is estimated. Methods: This analysis uses discrete time logistic regressions with data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), pooled from 1988-1994 and 1999-2010, to estimate the contribution of differences in adiposity, or body fat, to educational differences in mortality. I show that results depend upon the measure of adiposity used: body mass index (BMI) at survey or lifetime maximum BMI. Results ...


Festivals, Sport, And Food: Japanese American Community Redevelopment In Postwar Los Angeles And South Bay, Heather Kaori Garrett 2017 California State University - San Bernardino

Festivals, Sport, And Food: Japanese American Community Redevelopment In Postwar Los Angeles And South Bay, Heather Kaori Garrett

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

This study fills a critical gap in research on the immediate postwar history of Japanese American community culture in Los Angeles and South Bay. The purpose of this thesis is to contribute research and literature of the immediate postwar period between the late 1940s resettlement period and the 1960s. During the early to mid-1940s, Americans witnessed World War II and the unlawful incarceration of over 120,000 Japanese Americans. In the 1960s, the Sansei (third generation) started to reshape the character and cultural expressions of Japanese American communities, including their development of the Yellow Power Movement in the context of ...


Let's Get Real: Problematizing The Use Of The Real Food Calculator In Large-Scale Food Systems And Exploring Alternatives, Stacey Kathleen Olson 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Let's Get Real: Problematizing The Use Of The Real Food Calculator In Large-Scale Food Systems And Exploring Alternatives, Stacey Kathleen Olson

Social Sciences

Food is an essential part of the human existence, because of both nutritional necessity and cultural relevance. Recently, food systems have shifted from their historically local scale to an industrial, global market. In light of shifting consumer consciousness and subsequent demands, there has been an ongoing effort on the part of universities across the United States to make campus food systems more sustainable and just. In 2014, the California State University enacted a system-wide goal of spending 20 percent of campus food procurement budgets on sustainable food by 2020 as per the guiding principles of the Real Food Challenge. This ...


Bill Owens: A Us Craft Beer Pioneer, 1982-2001, Patrick Walls 2017 University of San Diego

Bill Owens: A Us Craft Beer Pioneer, 1982-2001, Patrick Walls

Theses

Bill Owens is a pioneer in the United States craft brewing industry through his efforts as an advocate, writer, publisher, brewer, and entrepreneur who created a lasting legacy by influencing generations of brewers and beer fans. Owens wrote the first book on homebrewing equipment (How to Build a Small Brewery: Draft Beer in Ten Days in 1982). He opened the third brewpub in the country (Buffalo Bill's Brewery in Hayward, California in 1983) where, in 1985, he introduced the first commercial pumpkin beer among other beer style firsts. Owens published numerous brewery-focused magazines that featured many illustrious beer writers ...


The Donation-Based Approach To Solving Critical Social Issues: An Examination Of The Food Waste Recovery Approach To Solving Hunger In The United States, Desa Radic 2017 SIT Graduate Institute

The Donation-Based Approach To Solving Critical Social Issues: An Examination Of The Food Waste Recovery Approach To Solving Hunger In The United States, Desa Radic

Capstone Collection

As the issue of hunger continues to plague the lives of nearly 1 billion people around the world, we need to find real, lasting and empowering solutions. This is an interdisciplinary research study into the donation-based approach to solving critical social issues in the United States by examining the food waste recovery and hunger debate. Social, public and private sectors advocate that hunger can be solved through food waste recovery and redistribution methods. From a systems perspective, such thinking is not only problematic for the people facing hunger, but raises concern of achieving overall social justice and change. Using qualitative ...


The Role Of Partnership In Agricultural Research And Development: Investigating Moral Obligation And Neoliberal Governmentalities, Emily Vooris 2017 Dickinson College

The Role Of Partnership In Agricultural Research And Development: Investigating Moral Obligation And Neoliberal Governmentalities, Emily Vooris

Student Honors Theses By Year

Through this thesis, I question what international and national agricultural research organizations gain from working together, and how such international development partnerships shape governance and autonomy among the local farmers who are their target populations. I examine the partnership between the Kenya Agricultural Livestock Research Organization (KALRO), a semi-autonomous government institution, and the Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), a private development organization with ties to the government of Mexico. Based on participation with KALRO and fieldwork in Kenya in 2016, I analyze how the partnership intertwines objective research with the political interests of Mexico and Kenya, moral intentions to ...


L'Orto In Città: Dalle Radici Storiche Alle Pratiche Contemporanee: Agricoltura, Pedagogia, Recupero Urbano E Interculturalità In Quattro Casi Di Studio Nel Contesto Bolognese, Delphine Dall'Agata 2017 Dickinson College

L'Orto In Città: Dalle Radici Storiche Alle Pratiche Contemporanee: Agricoltura, Pedagogia, Recupero Urbano E Interculturalità In Quattro Casi Di Studio Nel Contesto Bolognese, Delphine Dall'agata

Student Honors Theses By Year

This research examines a geographical and historical panorama of Italian agriculture, the history of urban agriculture, the phenomenon of urban green zones from the Middle Ages to present day in the city of Bologna, and four urban garden case studies in the Bologna area: a city-owned community garden on 142 Via Saragozza, a preschool in the Giardini Margherita greenhouses, an urban farm in the marginalized Pilastro neighborhood, and an African garden in a refugee welcome center in Crespellano. In all four experiments, urban gardens are tools of socialization and civic collaboration. Through my interviews and observations, I unearthed the environmental ...


Food For Thought: Analyzing The Impacts Of Livestock Factory Farming In The United States, Mallory Russo 2017 Fordham University

Food For Thought: Analyzing The Impacts Of Livestock Factory Farming In The United States, Mallory Russo

Student Theses 2015-Present

The practice of large scale factory farming in the United States has raised moral and ethical questions since its establishment in the mid twentieth century. Though a relatively modern development in the field of agribusiness, factory farming has already accounted for drastic damage to both public and environmental health. Factory farming requires the unsustainable use of resources, gives off toxic waste, and poses a serious threat to public health. This paper aims the further analyze those damages, as well as investigate the lack of transparency and political corruption carried out by factory farm industry leaders. Major factory farming companies have ...


The Power Of Peer Pressure: Incorporating Social Comparison Into Traditional Anti-Food Waste Campaigns And Its Potential Effects On College Campuses, Grace E. Venit 2017 University of Pennsylvania

The Power Of Peer Pressure: Incorporating Social Comparison Into Traditional Anti-Food Waste Campaigns And Its Potential Effects On College Campuses, Grace E. Venit

Honors Theses (PPE)

Food waste is a major contributor to climate change, one of the most pressing environmental challenges of our time. Addressing this problem would not only protect the environment, but it would also save trillions of dollars and help to reduce the staggering number of people in the world today who are chronically malnourished. This paper focuses on the potential of using behavioral economic theory, particularly the concept of “nudging” in addressing the problem of food waste. Existing literature on nudges and food waste mainly focuses on how feedback and manipulating plate size can reduce food waste. Another proven approach to ...


Auctions 101: Lessons From A Decade In The Lab. What Am I Bid For ...Safer Food?, Jason F. Shogren, Dermot J. Hayes, John A. Fox, Todd L. Cherry 2017 University of Wyoming

Auctions 101: Lessons From A Decade In The Lab. What Am I Bid For ...Safer Food?, Jason F. Shogren, Dermot J. Hayes, John A. Fox, Todd L. Cherry

Dermot J. Hayes

Over a decade ago, we became interested in how consumers react to food safety and new food technologies. This led to a series of laboratory experiments that asked people to reveal their preferences in an auction environment in which they spent real money and consumed the actual food products. The auction environment is a surrogate market conducted under laboratory conditions of control and repetition. People came to a laboratory setting (a university taste-testing lab), and were asked to bid in an auction offering foods with different risks of foodborne illness. The auction was specifically designed to give people an incentive ...


Divine Intervention: Designed For Social Evolution By Integrating Natural Order, Anatoshia L. Wyatt 2017 Kennesaw State University

Divine Intervention: Designed For Social Evolution By Integrating Natural Order, Anatoshia L. Wyatt

Bachelor of Architecture Theses - 5th Year

There is a long tradition in architecture of using ordering systems found in nature and science to create built space. This thesis builds upon such line of thought to propose new design methods based on ordering systems with a particular focus on social relations. It focuses on the design of a community center in the city of Atlanta which is considered as a catalyst for jumpstarting the betterment of society through improvement of social bonds, community involvement, activism, meditation, and the integration of nature in the community. The design is situated on the Bellwood Quarry site and creates an ecological ...


Consumer Perceptions Of Food Safety And Preferences For Food Safety Interventions, Kofi Britwum 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Consumer Perceptions Of Food Safety And Preferences For Food Safety Interventions, Kofi Britwum

Dissertations and Theses in Agricultural Economics

This dissertation consists of three essays that investigate consumers’ response to technologies that mitigate food safety risks: cattle vaccines against E. coli and direct-fed microbials.

The first essay examines the influence of information framing and issue involvement on perceptions of the two food safety technologies. This essay also examines the role of issue involvement on food safety perceptions. A hypothetical survey which includes six information treatments was developed, and targeted a representative, random sample of U.S consumers. Participants were exposed to general information about E. coli and the two food safety technologies, a gain-framed message, a loss-framed message, a ...


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