Money And Monetary Policy In The Eurozone: An Empirical Analysis During Crises, 2016 Bank of Israel
Money And Monetary Policy In The Eurozone: An Empirical Analysis During Crises, Jonathan Benchimol, André Fourçans
The Travel Cost Model, 2016 University of Delaware
The Travel Cost Model, George R. Parsons
George R. Parsons
French Economic Stagnation, 2016 University of Puget Sound
French Economic Stagnation, Karina Vasavada
This analysis explores the reasons behind French economic stagnation and discusses why this stagnant state is seemingly irrevocable. Based on a detailed look at the economic regime changes, market restructuring, and the resultant policy direction changes in France starting post-World War II, I contend that the reason for France’s current economic stagnation was their decision to join the EU, resulting in the shift away from dirigisme, a government interventionist economic approach, and toward a market oriented economy. While this assertion goes against the prevalent economic assumption that the market can efficiently govern itself, given the trajectory of the French ...
Delivering In Nairobi-And After, 2016 United Nations ESCAP
Delivering In Nairobi-And After, Andrea Spear, Mia Mikic
The Political, Economic And Societal Challenges Encountered By Public School Systems In Developing Countries, 2016 University of Pennsylvania
The Political, Economic And Societal Challenges Encountered By Public School Systems In Developing Countries, Priyadarshani Joshi
Workplace Deviance And Recession, 2016 Kennesaw State University
Workplace Deviance And Recession, Aniruddha Bagchi, Siddhartha Bandyopadhyay
We examine the relationship between the incidence of workplace deviance (on-the-job crime) and the state of the economy. A worker's probability of future employment depends on whether she has been deviant as well as on the availability of jobs. Using a two period model we show that the net impact on deviant behavior to changes in unemployment can go either way depending upon the nature of the equilibrium. Two kinds of equilibria are possible. In one, a non-deviant's probability of being employed increases as expected market conditions improve which lowers the incentive to be a deviant. In contrast ...
Integrating Evaluative Thinking Into Organisational Practice: A Case Study Of Lutino Adunu In Uganda, 2016 SIT Graduate Institute
Integrating Evaluative Thinking Into Organisational Practice: A Case Study Of Lutino Adunu In Uganda, Shilla Adyero
Northern Uganda is still recovering from over two decades of civil war between the Government of Uganda and the Lord Resistance Army (LRA). The conflict created over 1.8 million Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) who sought refuge in camps for 23 years. Around 80% of the affected population are mainly women and children. The displacement in the region caused large-scale loss of social and economic infrastructure, together with the productive resources. This contributed to the erosion of the social and financial capital of the affected areas population, forcing the population to depend on non-sustainable aid and relief services provided by ...
The Influence Of The Electric Supply Industry On Economic Growth In Less Developed Countries, 2016 University of Southern Mississippi
The Influence Of The Electric Supply Industry On Economic Growth In Less Developed Countries, Edward Richard Bee
This study measures the impact that electrical outages have on manufacturing production in 135 less developed countries using stochastic frontier analysis and data from World Bank’s Investment Climate surveys. Outages of electricity, for firms with and without backup power sources, are the most frequently cited constraint on manufacturing growth in these surveys.
Outages are shown to reduce output below the production frontier by almost five percent in Africa and by a lower percentage in South Asia, Southeast Asia and the Middle East and North Africa. Production response to outages is quadratic in form. Outages also increase labor cost, reduce ...
Natural Disasters In Latin America: The Role Of Disaster Type And Productive Sector On The Urban-Rural Income Gap And Rural To Urban Migration, 2016 University of Southern Mississippi
Natural Disasters In Latin America: The Role Of Disaster Type And Productive Sector On The Urban-Rural Income Gap And Rural To Urban Migration, Madeline Alice Messick
This research provides insight into the impact of natural disasters as drivers of rural to urban migration in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). Disasters of varying types are predicted to have differing impacts on the productive sectors of agriculture, industry, and services; which due to the concentration of the various productive sectors in either urban or rural areas, subsequently changes the urban-rural wage differential. Changes to the wage differential (as measured by the urban-rural income gap) are predicted to lead to movement between urban and rural areas until a new equilibrium wage is reached.
This dissertation first identifies a ...
Can Capital-Energy Substitution Foster Economic Growth?, 2016 University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee
Can Capital-Energy Substitution Foster Economic Growth?, Itziar Lazkano, Linh Pham
Willingness To Pay For Electric Vehicles And Their Attributes, 2016 Mississippi State University
Willingness To Pay For Electric Vehicles And Their Attributes, Michael K. Hidrue, George R. Parsons, Willett Kempton, Meryl Gardner
This paper presents a stated preference study of electric vehicle choice using data from a national survey. In our choice experiment, 3029 respondents chose between their preferred gasoline vehicle and two electric versions of their preferred gasoline vehicle. Using the response data we valued five electric vehicle attributes: driving range, charging time, fuel cost saving, pollution reduction, and performance. Driving range, fuel savings, and charging time led in importance to respondents. Individuals were willing to pay (wtp) from $35 to $75 for a mile of added driving range, with incremental wtp per mile decreasing at higher distances. They were willing ...
System Dynamics Implementation Of A Model Of Population And Resource Dynamics With Adaptation, 2016 Portland State University
System Dynamics Implementation Of A Model Of Population And Resource Dynamics With Adaptation, Takuro Uehara, Yoko Nagase, Wayne Wakeland
Wayne W. Wakeland
We build and analyze a dynamic ecological economic model that incorporates endogenous innovation on input substitutability. The use of the system dynamics method allows us to depart from conventional equilibrium thinking and conduct an out-of-equilibrium (adaptation) analysis. Simulation results show that while improvement in input substitutability will expand an economy, this change alone may not improve sustainability measured by indicators such as utility-per-capita and natural resource stock. It could, however, be possible that in combination with other technological progress, improvement in input substitutability will contribute to sustainable development. Sensitivity analysis also indicates a possible complication with the use of exogenous ...
Modeling Biomass Procurement Tradeoffs Within A Cellulosic Biofuel Cost Model, 2016 University of Northern Iowa
Modeling Biomass Procurement Tradeoffs Within A Cellulosic Biofuel Cost Model, Alicia Rosburg, John Miranowski, Keri Jacobs
We develop a long-run cellulosic biofuel cost model that minimizes feedstock procurement and processing costs per gallon. The distinguishing feature of the model is that it accounts for the procurement tradeoff between the intensive margin (biomass producers' participation rate) and extensive margin (biomass capture region). To investigate the extent to which this procurement trade-off affects processors' cost-minimizing decisions, we apply the model to switchgrass ethanol production in U.S. crop reporting districts. Results suggest that location characteristics will determine the extent to which processors can reduce their total procurement costs by offering a higher biomass price to increase participation near ...
Cellulosic Biofuel Potential Under Land Constraints: Locations, Plant Sizes And Feedstock Supply Costs, 2016 University of Northern Iowa
Cellulosic Biofuel Potential Under Land Constraints: Locations, Plant Sizes And Feedstock Supply Costs, Alicia Rosburg, John Miranowski, Keri Jacobs
We develop a long-run cost model for cellulosic biofuel production that accounts for locational differences in biomass production conditions. The cost model minimizes the per-gallon cost of biofuel when feedstock costs vary within local biomass-producing regions and plant size is determined by local feedstock supply and size economies. Applying the model, we estimate U.S. ethanol supply costs from both corn stover and switchgrass. Model results are used to identify the locations and specific plant sizes from which stover-and switchgrass-based ethanol would meet cellulosic biofuel targets at least cost.
The Relative Capital Structure Of Agricultural Grain And Supply Cooperatives And Investor Owned Firms [The Cooperative Capital Constraint Revisited], Ziran Li, Keri L. Jacobs, Georgeanne M. Artz
A recent set of articles in Choices identified some of the major issues facing agricultural cooperatives. Among these are the challenges related to identifying the financing activities and equity capital management strategies that will lead to growth and longevity of cooperatives (Barton, et al 2011). Like their investor-owned counterparts, cooperatives must be profitable and competitive in the markets they face. However, cooperatives face unique challenges in managing equity capital. Because they are limited in their access to outside investments and have nontradable stock, cooperatives rely on member-provided equity through voting shares and equity accumulation through the allocation of profits as ...
Policy Considerations Related To Further Intervention In The Farm Credit System, 2016 Iowa State University
Policy Considerations Related To Further Intervention In The Farm Credit System, Neil E. Harl
The Farm Credit System Is a major participant in extending credit to and brokering losses from the agricultural sector during the current adjustment process. This article focuses on the problems faced by the system as a cooperative lender with relatively little diversity in its loan portfolio. Assistance to the system should be accompanied by organizational and structural changes that address the fundamental reasons for its vulnerability. Conditions suggest three basic choices: (1) preservation of the system in recognizable form, (2) decentralization to the district level, or (3) a shift toward a wholesaling function. One realistic alternative would involve a combination ...
The Structural Transformation Of The Agricultural Sector, 2016 Iowa State University
The Structural Transformation Of The Agricultural Sector, Neil E. Harl
A major concern as we move into the Twenty-first Century is the structure of the agricultural sector. By structure, is meant considerations of size and scale as well as who is to manage, control and finance farming and agribusiness operations.
No Really, (Crowd) Work Is The Silver Bullet, 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology
No Really, (Crowd) Work Is The Silver Bullet, Andrew Schriner, Daniel B. Oerther
Daniel B. Oerther
Humanitarian assistance has been on the global conscience for approximately 70 years (since WWII), and yet in 2010 2.4 billion people still lived on less than $2 per day. as Easterly has pointed out: to see where we went wrong, just look at the incentives. to create true sustainable economic change requires realignment of incentives, particularly the incentive to work and invest. Employment is fundamentally required, and crowd work is the current best hope for providing that employment quickly, with global reach, and at scale. This approach is grassroots, bottom-up, and puts the income directly in the hands of ...
Class Distinctions For The Global Economy, 2016 Western Kentucky University
Class Distinctions For The Global Economy, Aaron W. Hughey
No abstract provided.
Forging A University Research Mission, 2016 Iowa State University
Forging A University Research Mission, Joshua L. Rosenbloom
Joshua L. Rosenbloom
The university exists to accommodate and implement the whole human learning process, and this must include creative scholarship and research. Thus research is not an optional activity of the university, not merely a legitimate pursuit of those who may be interested and willing to dedicate their spare time, nor an assignment justified to either the university or the professor by the resultant income in dollars and publicity. Rather, research is an inescapable responsibility of the university and an inseparable part of its total educational function. "The Place of Research in the University"