Money And Monetary Policy In The Eurozone: An Empirical Analysis During Crises, 2016 Bank of Israel
Money And Monetary Policy In The Eurozone: An Empirical Analysis During Crises, Jonathan Benchimol, André Fourçans
The Travel Cost Model, 2016 University of Delaware
The Travel Cost Model, George R. Parsons
George R. Parsons
French Economic Stagnation, 2016 University of Puget Sound
French Economic Stagnation, Karina Vasavada
This analysis explores the reasons behind French economic stagnation and discusses why this stagnant state is seemingly irrevocable. Based on a detailed look at the economic regime changes, market restructuring, and the resultant policy direction changes in France starting post-World War II, I contend that the reason for France’s current economic stagnation was their decision to join the EU, resulting in the shift away from dirigisme, a government interventionist economic approach, and toward a market oriented economy. While this assertion goes against the prevalent economic assumption that the market can efficiently govern itself, given the trajectory of the French ...
Delivering In Nairobi-And After, 2016 United Nations ESCAP
Delivering In Nairobi-And After, Andrea Spear, Mia Mikic
Property Rights And International Trade: An Institutional Determinant Of Export Structure, 2016 The University of Southern Mississippi
Property Rights And International Trade: An Institutional Determinant Of Export Structure, Gregory Alan Bonadies
This work investigates the connection, independent of other factors, between a country’s system of law and property rights and patterns of trade. Stronger property rights institutions are hypothesized to lead to greater diversity in exports and a greater proportion of higher value-added exports. Production and export possibilities depend on capital, labor, and technology. Technology is the way in which capital and labor resources can be organized for productive purposes. Property rights condition expressions of technology and thus production possibilities and export potential. Consequently, if property rights vary between countries, then technological expression, production possibilities, and export potential vary as ...
The Political, Economic And Societal Challenges Encountered By Public School Systems In Developing Countries, 2016 University of Pennsylvania
The Political, Economic And Societal Challenges Encountered By Public School Systems In Developing Countries, Priyadarshani Joshi
Workplace Deviance And Recession, 2016 Kennesaw State University
Workplace Deviance And Recession, Aniruddha Bagchi, Siddhartha Bandyopadhyay
We examine the relationship between the incidence of workplace deviance (on-the-job crime) and the state of the economy. A worker's probability of future employment depends on whether she has been deviant as well as on the availability of jobs. Using a two period model we show that the net impact on deviant behavior to changes in unemployment can go either way depending upon the nature of the equilibrium. Two kinds of equilibria are possible. In one, a non-deviant's probability of being employed increases as expected market conditions improve which lowers the incentive to be a deviant. In contrast ...
Integrating Evaluative Thinking Into Organisational Practice: A Case Study Of Lutino Adunu In Uganda, 2016 SIT Graduate Institute
Integrating Evaluative Thinking Into Organisational Practice: A Case Study Of Lutino Adunu In Uganda, Shilla Adyero
Northern Uganda is still recovering from over two decades of civil war between the Government of Uganda and the Lord Resistance Army (LRA). The conflict created over 1.8 million Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) who sought refuge in camps for 23 years. Around 80% of the affected population are mainly women and children. The displacement in the region caused large-scale loss of social and economic infrastructure, together with the productive resources. This contributed to the erosion of the social and financial capital of the affected areas population, forcing the population to depend on non-sustainable aid and relief services provided by ...
Consumer Issues And Demand, 2016 Iowa State University
Consumer Issues And Demand, Helen H. Jensen
Consumers worldwide are driving changes in animal agriculture. Rising consumer income, changing demographics and lifestyles, and shifting preferences due to new information about the links between diet and health all contribute to new demands for foods. At the same time, technological changes in production, processing and distribution, structural change and growth in large-scale retailing, and expansion of trade worldwide have contributed to a rapidly changing market for food products. Changes in demand for meat and other animal products reflect these developments.
Mexico's Changing Pork Industry: The Forces Of Domestic And International Market Demand, 2016 Iowa State University
Mexico's Changing Pork Industry: The Forces Of Domestic And International Market Demand, S. Patricia Batres-Marquez, Roxanne L. Clemens, Helen H. Jensen
Once dominated by traditional and small-scale production systems with little regulation, Mexico's pork industry now includes modern, vertically integrated production systems and federal inspection of packing and processing plants. Recent structural changes have resulted in three distinct segments within the production and processing sectors as the industry works to adjust to international and domestic demand for better product quality, stricter sanitary practices, and increased supplies yet continue to meet the needs of low-income consumers. As the structural changes continue, the industry faces several challenges that will affect its ability to become both internationally and domestically competitive. To meet these ...
Challenges For China’S Agricultural Exports: Compliance With Sanitary And Phytosanitary Measures, 2016 Iowa State University
Challenges For China’S Agricultural Exports: Compliance With Sanitary And Phytosanitary Measures, Fengxia Dong, Helen H. Jensen
In the food safety arena, a clear role for government is to adopt sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures to protect human, animal, and plant life or health. Relative to developing countries, developed countries tend to adopt more stringent food safety standards and regulations with a broader scope and to rely increasingly on certification and traceability. The additional costs of compliance for meeting international SPS requirements are higher for firms operating in developing countries because they must take additional steps to meet international food safety regulations and standards. Therefore, their comparative advantage, achieved through lower production costs, will tend to be ...
Us And German Consumer Preferences For Ground Beef Packaged Under A Modified Atmosphere – Different Regulations, Different Behaviour?, Carola Grebitus, Helen H. Jensen, Jutta Roosen
New technologies in food processing can provide advantages to consumers and producers but often the technologies are applied in different, country-specific regulatory climates. Modified atmosphere packaging extends the shelf life of fresh meat and, with the inclusion of carbon monoxide, stabilizes colour. These packaging technologies can be used in the US and Europe, although a modified atmosphere package that includes carbon monoxide is allowed only in the US. This study applies choice experiments to analyse preferences of US and German consumers towards the meat attributes enhanced by the packaging. Results show that longer shelf life is preferred in the US ...
D-2 Nationally Held Public Debt And Economic Growth: An Application To The Us Economy, 2016 Andrews University
D-2 Nationally Held Public Debt And Economic Growth: An Application To The Us Economy, Lucile Sabas, Leroy Ruhupatty
This paper explores the impact of nationally held public debt and foreign debt on the US economy. It has tried to define the nationally held public debt as an additional asset for the private sector by insuring a source of future saving, an increase in investment capacity and a source of increase in demand. A linear regression analysis of 39 observations from 1970 to 2014, using different lengths of lag, from one to five years have shown that for the first year, nationally held public debt has a positive and statistically significant impact on economic growth. However, the coefficient is ...
A Discourse On Diversity: The Impact Of Management Team Heterogeneity On Firm Performance., 2016 University of Warwick
A Discourse On Diversity: The Impact Of Management Team Heterogeneity On Firm Performance., Robert J. Brown
Undergraduate Economic Review
Quantile models are used to test the association between management team gender, ethnic and educational diversity and firm performance, employing an IV technique developed by Chernozhukov and Hansen (2008) to address the potential endogeneity issues. Estimated associations between measures of diversity and firm EBITDA margins are close to zero across much of the dependent variable distribution, but increase in magnitude for higher margin firms. No evidence of a statistically significant causal relationship between gender and ethnic diversity and firm EBITDA margins is found. Marginal evidence of a statistically significant association between margins and educational diversity is found for high margin ...
Midwest Vision For Sustainable Fuel Production, 2016 Iowa State University
Midwest Vision For Sustainable Fuel Production, Kenneth J. Moore, Stuart J. Birrell, Robert C. Brown, Michael D. Caster, Jill E. Euken, H. Mark Hanna, Dermot J. Hayes, Jason D. Hill, Keri L. Jacobs, Catherine L. Kling, David A. Laird, Robert B. Mitchell, Patrick T. Murphy, D. Raj Raman, Charles V. Schwab, Kevin J. Shinners, Kenneth P. Vogel, Jeffrey J. Volenic
H. Mark Hanna
This article charts the progress of CenUSA Bioenergy, a USDA-NIFA-AFRI coordinated agricultural project focused on the North Central region of the US. CenUSA’s vision is to develop a regional system for producing fuels and other products from perennial grass crops grown on marginally productive land or land that is otherwise unsuitable for annual cropping. This article focuses on contributions CenUSA has made to nine primary systems needed to make this vision a reality: feedstock improvement; feedstock production on marginal land; feedstock logistics; modeling system performance; feedstock conversion into biofuels and other products; marketing; health and safety; education, and outreach ...
Consumer Demand For Cholesterol-Lowering Enhanced Margarine Products, 2016 Iowa State University
Consumer Demand For Cholesterol-Lowering Enhanced Margarine Products, Sonya K. Huffman, Helen H. Jensen, Abebayehu Tegene
The development and introduction of nutritionally enhanced margarines in the mid-1990s offered the opportunity to improve public health through the use of a cholesterol-lowering food product. Product approval in the USA followed that in Europe. The public approval and market acceptance of the nutritionally enhanced product illustrate the challenges faced by offering improved health attributes through food product innovation. Although the product Benecol received public endorsement and was relatively quickly accepted by Finnish consumers, public acceptance has been slower in the USA. Our study traces consumer response to the introduction of nutritionally enhanced margarine products in the US market. Household ...
To Label Or Not To Label, That Is The Question, 2016 Iowa State University
To Label Or Not To Label, That Is The Question, Giancarlo Moschini
Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) have been welcomed by US agriculture and by a number of other countries (notably Canada and Argentina). Transgenic crops were virtually unkn own before 1996 but have experienced breathtaking adoption rates. For example, in 1999 more than 50 percent of the soybean crop grown in the United States is genetically modified (at least -+0 percent of U.S. com and 50 per cent of U.S. cotton are also transgenic). For the next crop yea r, it is estimated that 100 percent of the soybeans grown in Argentina will be herbicide resistant. But GMOs have struck ...
An Indirect Test For The Specification Of Expectation Regimes, 2016 Iowa State University
An Indirect Test For The Specification Of Expectation Regimes, Peter Orazem, John A. Miranowski
This paper develops an empirical strategy for testing competing hypotheses of expectation regimes when direct measures of expectations are unavailable. The procedure takes as given an assumed structural relationship between expected values of exogenous variables and a given decision variable. By imposing different expectation regimes on this model, we obtain an artificial nesting of the hypothesized regimes which allows us to test whether any specification dominates. This methodology is extended to multiple equation applications with any number of hypothesized expectation regimes. The tests are illustrated using a model of the response of county-level farm acreage allocation to expected commodity prices.
Do Fossil-Fuel Taxes Promote Innovation In Renewable Electricity Generation?, 2016 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
Do Fossil-Fuel Taxes Promote Innovation In Renewable Electricity Generation?, Itziar Lazkano, Linh Pham
Reducing Antibiotic Use In Animal Production Systems, 2016 Iowa State University
Reducing Antibiotic Use In Animal Production Systems, Helen H. Jensen
Antimicrobial drugs are commonly used for animals raised in food production for treatment, control, and prevention of disease as well as growth promotion or increased feed efficiency in many production systems. A recent report from the USDA Economic Research Service (Sneeringer et al. 2015) indicates that the share of hogs, broilers, and beef cattle that have been raised without the use of antibiotics has increased, although a significant share of animals do receive antibiotics for growth promotion or disease prevention (e.g., 59 percent of finishing hogs in 2009 and 52 percent of broilers in 2011). Furthermore, many producers reported ...