Does Foreign Aid Reduce Tax Revenue? Further Evidence, 2014 SelectedWorks
Does Foreign Aid Reduce Tax Revenue? Further Evidence, John Thornton
A common criticism of foreign aid is that it reduces domestic tax effort. Empirical research on the issue has been hampered by the failure to tackle endogeneity issues effectively. We use measures of geographical and cultural distance to donor countries as instrumental variables to uncover the causal effect of aid on tax revenue in a panel of 93 countries. The tax to GDP ratio is found to decrease following aid inflows. This reduction in tax effort is statistically and economically significant; a one SD increase in aid causes a 0.52 percentage point drop in the tax-to-GDP ratio. The results ...
Teacher Quality At The High-School Level: The Importance Of Accounting For Tracks, C. Kirabo Jackson
C. Kirabo Jackson
Unlike in elementary school, high-school teacher effects may be confounded with both selection to tracks and unobserved track-level treatments. I document sizable confounding track effects, and show that traditional tests for the existence of teacher effects are likely biased. After accounting for these biases, high-school algebra and English teachers have much smaller test-score effects than found in previous studies. Moreover, unlike in elementary school, value-added estimates are weak predictors of teachers’ future performance. Results indicate that either (a) teachers are less influential in high school than in elementary school, or (b) test scores are a poor metric to measure teacher ...
The Exporter Productivity Premium Along The Productivity Distribution: Evidence From Quantile Regression With Nonadditive Firm Fixed Effects, David Powell, Joachim Wagner
A vast literature on the international activities of heterogeneous firms finds the existence of a positive exporter productivity premium. On average, exporting firms are more productive than firms that sell on the national market only. The Melitz (2003) model, however, has implications for not only mean differences but also differences in the distribution of productivity. Furthermore, exporting firms may be different from non-exporting firms for reasons that are not included in the Melitz model. We believe that conditioning on firm fixed effects and studying the distribution of productivity are both necessary for empirical tests of the Melitz model. This paper ...
Willingness To Pay For Vehicle To Grid (V2g) Electric Vehicles And Their Contact Terms, George R. Parsons, Michael K. Hidrue, Willett Kempton, Meryl P. Gardner
George R. Parsons
Vehicle-to-grid (V2G) electric vehicles can return power stored in their batteries back to the power grid and be programmed to do so at times when the grid needs reserve power. Since providing this service can lead to payments to owners, it effectively reduces the life-cycle cost of owning an electric vehicle. Using data from a national stated preference survey, this paper presents the first study of the potential consumer demand for V2G electric vehicles. In a choice experiment, 3029 respondents compared their preferred gasoline vehicle with two V2G electric vehicles. The V2G vehicles were described by a set of electric ...
Gender And Race Heterogeneity: The Impact Of Students With Limited English On Native Students' Performance, Tim Diette, Ruth Uwaifo Oyelere
Ruth Uwaifo Oyelere
The influx of immigrants has shifted the ethnic composition of public schools in many states including North Carolina. Recent evidence from North Carolina suggests that a larger share of Limited English students is associated with a slight decline in performance solely for students at the top of the achievement distribution. The heterogeneous peer effects by achievement level lead us to explore in this paper whether the increased immigration has differential effects by gender and race. Utilizing fixed effect methods that allow us to address possible endogeneity with respect to the schools students attend, we find evidence of heterogeneous peer effects ...
An Interview With Samuel Bowles, University Of Massachussetts, Amherst, 2014 University of Kentucky
An Interview With Samuel Bowles, University Of Massachussetts, Amherst, Jeff Popke, Todd Lewis, Caedmon Staddon
disClosure: A Journal of Social Theory
No abstract provided.
Syllabus Inr3061-U03: Conflict, Security, And Peace Studies In Ir (Spring 2014), 2014 Florida International University
Syllabus Inr3061-U03: Conflict, Security, And Peace Studies In Ir (Spring 2014), Lukas K. Danner
Lukas K. Danner
No abstract provided.
Chapter 3 Presentation, 2014 SelectedWorks
Chapter 3 Presentation, Ghassan Dibeh
No abstract provided.
Lectures-Chapter 3, 2014 SelectedWorks
Lectures-Chapter 3, Ghassan Dibeh
No abstract provided.
The Drug Shortage Crisis: What Happens When Generic Manufacturers "Just Say No", 2014 SelectedWorks
The Drug Shortage Crisis: What Happens When Generic Manufacturers "Just Say No", Stacey B. Lee
Stacey B. Lee
In the past five years, the number of drug shortages in the United States has nearly quintupled. The majority of shortages involve generic sterile injectables used to fight infectious diseases and treat cancer. These complex drugs are produced in a concentrated market consisting of only a few generic manufacturers. Any disruption in their supply can result in shortages that leave patients without access to life-saving drugs which in some cases are the only treatment for their condition. These chronic shortages have been linked to many possible factors including product quality concerns, discontinuation of product lines, changes in supply and demand ...
Strengthening The Science Of Public Health Delivery: Complexities In Implementation, Inference & Translation, 2014 University of Kentucky
Strengthening The Science Of Public Health Delivery: Complexities In Implementation, Inference & Translation, Glen P. Mays
Delivery systems for public health programs and policies are diffuse and heterogeneous across the U.S., reflecting wide variation in the capacity to implement population-level health improvement strategies. This lecture examines strategies for evaluating the causes and consequences of variation in public health delivery across the U.S., with a focus on identifying pathways for improving the health and economic effects of policy and practice.
Early-Childhood Growth Faltering, Post-Infancy Recovery And Educational Outcomes In Late Childhood: Evidence From Vietnam, 2014 University of Pennsylvania
Early-Childhood Growth Faltering, Post-Infancy Recovery And Educational Outcomes In Late Childhood: Evidence From Vietnam, Jere R. Behrman, Le Thuc Duc
Grand Challenges Canada Economic Returns to Mitigating Early Life Risks Project
We use longitudinal data on over 1,500 children born in 2001 in Vietnam to study the impact of early childhood stunting on height, lagging in schooling progression and cognitive outcomes in late childhood (age 8-10 years). Our preferred estimates utilize 2SLS estimators to control for the endogenous determination of early childhood stunting and also include control for child sex and birth order, mother’s height and BMI, household socioeconomic status, and community characteristics. These estimates indicate that deficits in height-for-age at age 12 months have negative impacts on height in late childhood but not on schooling and cognitive outcomes ...
Analysis Of Primary Inspection Wait Time At U.S. Ports Of Entry, Bryan Roberts, Steve Mcgonegal, Fynnwin Prager, Dan Wei, Adam Z. Rose, Charles Baschnagel, Timothy Beggs, Omeed Baghelai
Non-published Research Reports
This study extends the research of “The Impact on the U.S. Economy of Changes in Wait Times At Ports of Entry” completed on March 31, 2013 by a CREATE research team on the economic impacts of wait times at U.S. ports of entry (see Roberts et al. 2013). That study quantified how wait time changes with the addition of one CBP-Office of Field Operations (OFO) primary inspection officer at land passenger and commercial vehicle crossings and international airports. It then estimated the value of saved wait time for existing traffic flows, how the number of cross-border passenger vehicle ...
Engaging Capitalism With Wesleyan Theology, 2014 Olivet Nazarene University
Engaging Capitalism With Wesleyan Theology, Paul R. Koch, Kevin Twain Lowery
Faculty Scholarship - Economics
In this paper presented at the Wesleyan Theological Society Annual Meeting in March 2014, two professors from Olivet Nazarene University – one from the field of Economics and the other from Theology – address the intersection of Wesleyan theology and ethics with the theoretical foundations of capitalism. The paper consists of four major sections:
- A Wesleyan voice in the capitalist jungle
- The compatibility of capitalism and Wesleyan thought
- Elements of Wesleyan theology most relevant to capitalism
- Toward a Wesleyan approach to free market economics
Financial Crisis, Internationalization Choices And Italian Firm Survival, 2014 SelectedWorks
Financial Crisis, Internationalization Choices And Italian Firm Survival, Claudio Vicarelli, Stefano Costa, Carmine Pappalardo
In this paper we focus on the relationship between internationalization choices and survival of Italian firms during the financial crisis. Making use of a new database matching four firm-level datasets provided by the Italian National Statistical Institute (ISTAT), we build a detailed taxonomy of internationalization activities of Italian firms in 2007 and 2010, before and after the financial crisis. Descriptive analyses confirm that firms adopting more complex forms of internationalization (e.g. offshoring, or exporting worldwide) are more efficient and export a wider range of goods than traditional exporters. Indeed, over the period 2007-2010, Italian firms moved (on average) towards ...
A Study Of Malaysian Islamic Banks Competitiveness (Logit Regression Approach), 2014 SelectedWorks
A Study Of Malaysian Islamic Banks Competitiveness (Logit Regression Approach), Dr.Yagoub Ali Elryah
Dr. Yagoub Ali Elryah
Banking sector plays an important role in Malaysia development. The specific objective of this study was therefore to what extent Islamic Banks increased competition in banking sector in Malaysia. With the aid of annually data from the BNM, the study covered the period 2002 to 2012. The present study used the logit regression, the dependent variable was taken by means of dummy, which takes zero for typical and 1 with regard to Islamic banks. By utilizing SPSS, twenty six financial ratios associated with 14 banks were being thoroughly checked by means of enter, forward and backward options inside the search ...
The Smokable Goods Tax: Crafting A Constitutional Marijuana Tax, 2014 SelectedWorks
The Smokable Goods Tax: Crafting A Constitutional Marijuana Tax, Nima H. Mohebbi, Samuel T. Greenberg
Nima H. Mohebbi
Marijuana legalization and decriminalization has become a hot policy issue. Roughly twenty U.S. states have partially legalized marijuana (generally for medicinal purposes) and two states – Colorado and Washington – have legalized it for general adult recreational use. Given the likely hyper-growth of the cannabis market in view of the possible wide-scale legalization of marijuana, states might enjoy a potential budgetary windfalls from marijuana excise taxes.
Marijuana, however, remains a federally controlled substance, the sale or use of which is subject to substantial penalties. For the states, this presents a potential problem in collecting excise taxes on marijuana – namely, if an ...
Relying On The Private Sector: The Income Distribution And Public Investments In The Poor, Katrina Kosec
What drives governments with similar revenues to provide very different amounts of goods with private sector substitutes? Education is a prime example. I use exogenous shocks to Brazilian municipalities' revenue during 1995-2008 generated by non-linearities in federal transfer laws to demonstrate two things. First, municipalities with higher income inequality or higher median income allocate less of a revenue shock to education and are less likely to expand public school enrollment. They are more likely to invest in public infrastructure that is broadly enjoyed, like parks and roads, or to save the shock. Second, I find no evidence that the quality ...
A Tale Of Two Cities? The Heterogeneous Impact Of Medicaid Managed Care, 2014 University of Kentucky
A Tale Of Two Cities? The Heterogeneous Impact Of Medicaid Managed Care, James Marton, Aaron Yelowitz, Jeffrey Talbert
Evaluating Accountable Care Organizations is difficult because there is a great deal of heterogeneity in terms of their reimbursement incentives and other programmatic features. We examine how variation in reimbursement incentives and administration among two Medicaid managed care plans impacts utilization and spending. We use a quasi-experimental approach exploiting the timing and county-specific implementation of Medicaid managed care mandates in two contiguous regions of Kentucky. We find large differences in the relative success of each plan in reducing utilization and spending that are likely driven by important differences in plan design. The plan that capitated primary care physicians and contracted ...
Is The Effect Of Competition On Price Dispersion Non-Monotonic? Evidence From The U.S. Airline Industry, Mian Dai, Qihong Liu, Konstantinos Serfes
No abstract provided.