Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Economics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

14,490 Full-Text Articles 10,247 Authors 4,169,884 Downloads 190 Institutions

All Articles in Economics

Faceted Search

14,490 full-text articles. Page 1 of 282.

Does Foreign Aid Reduce Tax Revenue? Further Evidence, John Thornton 2014 SelectedWorks

Does Foreign Aid Reduce Tax Revenue? Further Evidence, John Thornton

John Thornton

A common criticism of foreign aid is that it reduces domestic tax effort. Empirical research on the issue has been hampered by the failure to tackle endogeneity issues effectively. We use measures of geographical and cultural distance to donor countries as instrumental variables to uncover the causal effect of aid on tax revenue in a panel of 93 countries. The tax to GDP ratio is found to decrease following aid inflows. This reduction in tax effort is statistically and economically significant; a one SD increase in aid causes a 0.52 percentage point drop in the tax-to-GDP ratio. The results ...


Teacher Quality At The High-School Level: The Importance Of Accounting For Tracks, C. Kirabo Jackson 2014 SelectedWorks

Teacher Quality At The High-School Level: The Importance Of Accounting For Tracks, C. Kirabo Jackson

C. Kirabo Jackson

Unlike in elementary school, high-school teacher effects may be confounded with both selection to tracks and unobserved track-level treatments. I document sizable confounding track effects, and show that traditional tests for the existence of teacher effects are likely biased. After accounting for these biases, high-school algebra and English teachers have much smaller test-score effects than found in previous studies. Moreover, unlike in elementary school, value-added estimates are weak predictors of teachers’ future performance. Results indicate that either (a) teachers are less influential in high school than in elementary school, or (b) test scores are a poor metric to measure teacher ...


The Exporter Productivity Premium Along The Productivity Distribution: Evidence From Quantile Regression With Nonadditive Firm Fixed Effects, David Powell, Joachim Wagner 2014 SelectedWorks

The Exporter Productivity Premium Along The Productivity Distribution: Evidence From Quantile Regression With Nonadditive Firm Fixed Effects, David Powell, Joachim Wagner

David Powell

A vast literature on the international activities of heterogeneous firms finds the existence of a positive exporter productivity premium. On average, exporting firms are more productive than firms that sell on the national market only. The Melitz (2003) model, however, has implications for not only mean differences but also differences in the distribution of productivity. Furthermore, exporting firms may be different from non-exporting firms for reasons that are not included in the Melitz model. We believe that conditioning on firm fixed effects and studying the distribution of productivity are both necessary for empirical tests of the Melitz model. This paper ...


Cost Effectiveness Of Open Access Publications, Jevin D. West, Ted C. Bergstrom, Carl T. Bergstrom 2014 SelectedWorks

Cost Effectiveness Of Open Access Publications, Jevin D. West, Ted C. Bergstrom, Carl T. Bergstrom

Ted C Bergstrom

Open access publishing has been proposed as one possible solution to the serials crisis—the rapidly growing subscription prices in scholarly journal publishing. However, open access publishing can present economic pitfalls as well, such as excessive article processing charges. We discuss the decision that an author faces when choosing to submit to an open access journal. We develop an interactive tool to help authors compare among alternative open access venues and thereby get the most for their article processing charges. (JEL I2, C1, A1)


Food Price Crisis, Poverty, And Inequality, Marcus Marktanner, Luc Noiset 2014 Kennesaw State University

Food Price Crisis, Poverty, And Inequality, Marcus Marktanner, Luc Noiset

Faculty Publications

This paper simulates how a doubling of food prices affects absolute poverty and the food-price-adjusted real income distribution. We assume unsubsidized world food prices in order to derive the cost of poverty deepening and poverty expansion. We also estimate the degree to which inequality increases if no measures are put in place to offset rising food prices. Both measures are vulnerability indicators useful for social policy planning. Our results show that low-income countries experience dramatic increases in absolute poverty as a result of doubling food prices. Middle-income countries experience the greatest decrease in absolute income, which contributes most to an ...


The Role And Growth Of New-Car Leasing: Theory And Evidence, Justin Johnson, Henry S. Schneider, Michael Waldman 2014 SelectedWorks

The Role And Growth Of New-Car Leasing: Theory And Evidence, Justin Johnson, Henry S. Schneider, Michael Waldman

Henry S Schneider

An important change in the automobile market over the last few decades has been the substantial growth in new-car leasing. Building on recent theoretical research, we construct a model of the leasing decision in which leasing mitigates adverse selection and reduces transaction costs, but moral hazard limits its use. Also, in our model the prevalence of leasing is related to new-car reliability, so it suggests that the growth in leasing over time is at least partly due to improvements over time in new-car reliability. We use this model to derive a number of testable implications and then conduct an empirical ...


Producción, Empleo E Inversión Pública En La Frontera Norte De México, Isaac L. Sánchez-Juárez, Rosa M. García 2014 SelectedWorks

Producción, Empleo E Inversión Pública En La Frontera Norte De México, Isaac L. Sánchez-Juárez, Rosa M. García

Isaac L. Sánchez-Juárez

Este artículo se centra en el análisis del comportamiento de la producción por persona y el empleo en la frontera norte de México, se compara el crecimiento de la región con respecto al promedio nacional, esto con fines de diagnóstico y posterior diseño de política pública. La hipótesis básica es que la inversión pública que realizan tanto las entidades como la federación tiene un impacto favorable en el crecimiento de la producción y el empleo. Para probarla se utilizó un modelo de panel de datos que evalúa las variables indicadas, asimismo incorpora la inversión extranjera directa, formación bruta de capital ...


Coastal Defenses, U.S., Bert Chapman 2014 Purdue University

Coastal Defenses, U.S., Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Provides an overview of U.S. military coastal defenses during the period up to and including the War 1812.


New York Stock Exchange, Bert Chapman 2014 Purdue University

New York Stock Exchange, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Provides a historical overview of the origins and early development of the New York Stock Exchange.


Revenue, U.S. Government, Bert Chapman 2014 Purdue University

Revenue, U.S. Government, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Provides a historical overview of U.S. Government revenue receipts and spending during the early years of national history. Presents revenue generation statistics, information on revenue sources, and information on domestic and international political and economic factors affecting government revenue receipts.


Trade, Bert Chapman 2014 Purdue University

Trade, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Provides a historical overview of analysis of U.S. foreign trade policy during the early decades of the country's history. Examines bilateral U.S. trade relations with France and Great Britain, provides import and export statistics, details on commodities and products imports and exported, trade statistics, and information on the political and economic factors shaping U.S. trade during this period.


Curriculum Vitae, Ronald R. Kumar 2014 SelectedWorks

Curriculum Vitae, Ronald R. Kumar

Ronald R Kumar

My updated CV


Esochoice: The Self-Manipulation Of Tastes By Chameleonic Decision Makers, Brian J. Gibbs 2014 Melbourne Business School

Esochoice: The Self-Manipulation Of Tastes By Chameleonic Decision Makers, Brian J. Gibbs

Brian J. Gibbs

No abstract provided.


Where's My Million?, Kevin Cool 2014 Colby College

Where's My Million?, Kevin Cool

Colby Magazine

New research by Grossman Professor of Economics Jan Hogendorn hints at troubling issues surrounding the marketing of lotteries.


Policy And Institutional Constraints Affecting The Ability Of Academics Based In Ethiopia To Perform Research, Tesfaye Semela 2014 Western Michigan University

Policy And Institutional Constraints Affecting The Ability Of Academics Based In Ethiopia To Perform Research, Tesfaye Semela

International Conference on African Development

In over six decades of higher education history, Ethiopia has experienced unprecedented expansion in the past twenty years. This article explores the conditions of research and publication in the Ethiopian higher education system against the backdrop of unrelenting massification project. Drawing on sociological system perspective, this article closely examines the reciprocal interplay of micro, meso, and macro-level factors that shape research engagement among academic staff and institutional research capacity development. Further, based on data generated from primary sources and secondary analysis of quantitative data, the study argues that the meso and macro environments are inadequately prepared to deal with the ...


Governance And Private Investment In Sub-Saharan Africa, Idrissa Ouedraogo Pr, Pascal KOUAMAN, Idrissa Ouedraogo Pr 2014 Western Michigan University

Governance And Private Investment In Sub-Saharan Africa, Idrissa Ouedraogo Pr, Pascal Kouaman, Idrissa Ouedraogo Pr

International Conference on African Development

Africa is one of the world regions whose development potentials are particularly important. But despite this situation, Africa is one of the continents where poverty exists on a large scale. More than 44 % of the African population lives below the poverty line. Yet, various forms of development strategies have been designed and implemented in the African countries. In 1992, in its publication Governance and Development, the World Bank refers to the quality of government as the cause of the failure of several of these strategies. Attention is henceforth focused on how governments organize the management of state and govern economic ...


An Analysis Of The Linkage Between Inflation Rate, Foreign Debt, Unemployment And Economic Growth In Sudan, Yagoub Elryah 2014 SelectedWorks

An Analysis Of The Linkage Between Inflation Rate, Foreign Debt, Unemployment And Economic Growth In Sudan, Yagoub Elryah

Yagoub Elryah, PhD

After secession of South Sudan, Sudan economy was decline due to losing of oil revenue. The government introduced the austerity measures and fault to recover the economy. The inflation was risen, the unemployment increased among Sudanese. The aim of this article was to analyze the relationship between inflation, unemployment, external debt and economic growth in Sudan. We considered Unit root technique (Augmented Dickey – Fuller Test) to find out long run equilibrium among using time series between 1980 and 2013. We show that all two public debts and unemployment have a direct and significant influence on economic growth. It was also ...


When Does A Platform Create Value By Limiting Choice?, Ramon Casadesus-Masanell, Hanna Halaburda 2014 SelectedWorks

When Does A Platform Create Value By Limiting Choice?, Ramon Casadesus-Masanell, Hanna Halaburda

Hanna Halaburda

We present a theory for why it might be rational for a platform to limit the number of applications available on it. Our model is based on the observation that even if users prefer application variety, applications often also exhibit direct network effects. When there are direct network effects, users prefer to consume the same applications to benefit from consumption complementarities. We show that the combination of preference for variety and consumption complementarities gives rise to (i) a commons problem (to better satisfy their individual preference for variety, users have an incentive to consume more applications than the number that ...


A Tale Of Two Cities? The Heterogeneous Impact Of Medicaid Managed Care, James Marton, Aaron Yelowitz, Jeffrey Talbert 2014 University of Kentucky

A Tale Of Two Cities? The Heterogeneous Impact Of Medicaid Managed Care, James Marton, Aaron Yelowitz, Jeffrey Talbert

Aaron Yelowitz

Evaluating Accountable Care Organizations is difficult because there is a great deal of heterogeneity in terms of their reimbursement incentives and other programmatic features. We examine how variation in reimbursement incentives and administration among two Medicaid managed care plans impacts utilization and spending. We use a quasi-experimental approach exploiting the timing and county-specific implementation of Medicaid managed care mandates in two contiguous regions of Kentucky. We find large differences in the relative success of each plan in reducing utilization and spending that are likely driven by important differences in plan design. The plan that capitated primary care physicians and contracted ...


Affluent Populations And Their Effect On Biological Diversity Through The Consumption Of Meat, Electronics, And Motor Vehicles, Melody Flores 2014 Pace University

Affluent Populations And Their Effect On Biological Diversity Through The Consumption Of Meat, Electronics, And Motor Vehicles, Melody Flores

Honors College Theses

The human has caused a far greater impact on the planet's biodiversity than any other species in existence, due to the impact of population, afflluence, and technology. This thesis will argue the importance of biological diversity and how affluent populations are reducing biodiversity through the consumption of meat, electronics, and motor vehicles. Aldo Leopold's "The Land Ethic" and Herman Daly's "The Impossibility Theorem", among others, create a rubric evaluating human activities and provide alternative views on economic impossibilities. Consumption is reviewed from an ecocentric perspective, a holistic outlook placing emphasis on the ecosystem. The reader will become ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress