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Does Foreign Aid Reduce Tax Revenue? Further Evidence, John Thornton 2014 SelectedWorks

Does Foreign Aid Reduce Tax Revenue? Further Evidence, John Thornton

John Thornton

A common criticism of foreign aid is that it reduces domestic tax effort. Empirical research on the issue has been hampered by the failure to tackle endogeneity issues effectively. We use measures of geographical and cultural distance to donor countries as instrumental variables to uncover the causal effect of aid on tax revenue in a panel of 93 countries. The tax to GDP ratio is found to decrease following aid inflows. This reduction in tax effort is statistically and economically significant; a one SD increase in aid causes a 0.52 percentage point drop in the tax-to-GDP ratio. The results ...


Teacher Quality At The High-School Level: The Importance Of Accounting For Tracks, C. Kirabo Jackson 2014 SelectedWorks

Teacher Quality At The High-School Level: The Importance Of Accounting For Tracks, C. Kirabo Jackson

C. Kirabo Jackson

Unlike in elementary school, high-school teacher effects may be confounded with both selection to tracks and unobserved track-level treatments. I document sizable confounding track effects, and show that traditional tests for the existence of teacher effects are likely biased. After accounting for these biases, high-school algebra and English teachers have much smaller test-score effects than found in previous studies. Moreover, unlike in elementary school, value-added estimates are weak predictors of teachers’ future performance. Results indicate that either (a) teachers are less influential in high school than in elementary school, or (b) test scores are a poor metric to measure teacher ...


The Exporter Productivity Premium Along The Productivity Distribution: Evidence From Quantile Regression With Nonadditive Firm Fixed Effects, David Powell, Joachim Wagner 2014 SelectedWorks

The Exporter Productivity Premium Along The Productivity Distribution: Evidence From Quantile Regression With Nonadditive Firm Fixed Effects, David Powell, Joachim Wagner

David Powell

A vast literature on the international activities of heterogeneous firms finds the existence of a positive exporter productivity premium. On average, exporting firms are more productive than firms that sell on the national market only. The Melitz (2003) model, however, has implications for not only mean differences but also differences in the distribution of productivity. Furthermore, exporting firms may be different from non-exporting firms for reasons that are not included in the Melitz model. We believe that conditioning on firm fixed effects and studying the distribution of productivity are both necessary for empirical tests of the Melitz model. This paper ...


Cost Effectiveness Of Open Access Publications, Jevin D. West, Ted C. Bergstrom, Carl T. Bergstrom 2014 SelectedWorks

Cost Effectiveness Of Open Access Publications, Jevin D. West, Ted C. Bergstrom, Carl T. Bergstrom

Ted C Bergstrom

Open access publishing has been proposed as one possible solution to the serials crisis—the rapidly growing subscription prices in scholarly journal publishing. However, open access publishing can present economic pitfalls as well, such as excessive article processing charges. We discuss the decision that an author faces when choosing to submit to an open access journal. We develop an interactive tool to help authors compare among alternative open access venues and thereby get the most for their article processing charges. (JEL I2, C1, A1)


Food Price Crisis, Poverty, And Inequality, Marcus Marktanner, Luc Noiset 2014 Kennesaw State University

Food Price Crisis, Poverty, And Inequality, Marcus Marktanner, Luc Noiset

Faculty Publications

This paper simulates how a doubling of food prices affects absolute poverty and the food-price-adjusted real income distribution. We assume unsubsidized world food prices in order to derive the cost of poverty deepening and poverty expansion. We also estimate the degree to which inequality increases if no measures are put in place to offset rising food prices. Both measures are vulnerability indicators useful for social policy planning. Our results show that low-income countries experience dramatic increases in absolute poverty as a result of doubling food prices. Middle-income countries experience the greatest decrease in absolute income, which contributes most to an ...


Challenges Facing Women In Us Higher Education: The Case Of Faculty Of Color, Fredah Mainah 2014 Western Michigan University

Challenges Facing Women In Us Higher Education: The Case Of Faculty Of Color, Fredah Mainah

International Conference on African Development

Despite a milliard of challenges such as the slow pace of rising to the top, and the low compositional diversity in most university leadership, women of color are increasingly becoming visible in top positions in higher education. This paper investigated the phenomena of increasing numbers of women in top positions with the aim of debunking the myth of invisibility of black women in leadership positions in higher education. The findings indicate that although women in the US earn the majority of post-secondary degrees, with 26.4% of college presidents being women (4.5% of them being women of color), they ...


The Impact Of Agriculture On African Civilization In The 21st Century, Andrew S. Targowski 2014 Western Michigan University

The Impact Of Agriculture On African Civilization In The 21st Century, Andrew S. Targowski

International Conference on African Development

The purpose of this investigation is to define the impact of agriculture on African Civilization in the 21st century. The methodology is based on an interdisciplinary big-picture view of the African Civilizations developments and interdependency. Among the findings are: Sub-Saharan Africa’s only every second individual has an access to clean and enough water and electricity therefore agriculture is not productive and cannot reduce poverty and provide living sustainable environment. Practical implication: To develop agriculture as an economic engine for 65 plus nationally employed in this activity, first one must develop Integrated Infrastructure of Agriculture (IIA) at the level ...


Governance And Private Investment In Sub-Saharan Africa, Idrissa Ouedraogo, Pascal Kouman 2014 Western Michigan University

Governance And Private Investment In Sub-Saharan Africa, Idrissa Ouedraogo, Pascal Kouman

International Conference on African Development

Africa is one of the world regions whose development potentials are particularly important. But despite this situation, Africa is one of the continents where poverty exists on a large scale. More than 44 % of the African population lives below the poverty line. Yet, various forms of development strategies have been designed and implemented in the African countries. In 1992, in its publication Governance and Development, the World Bank refers to the quality of government as the cause of the failure of several of these strategies. Attention is henceforth focused on how governments organize the management of state and govern economic ...


Governance Of Land And Natural Resource For Sustainable Development In Botswana: Possible Lessons For The Agricultural And Tourism Sectors, David Sebudubudu, Patricia Makepe, Keratilwe Bodilenyane, Kgomotso Montsi 2014 Western Michigan University

Governance Of Land And Natural Resource For Sustainable Development In Botswana: Possible Lessons For The Agricultural And Tourism Sectors, David Sebudubudu, Patricia Makepe, Keratilwe Bodilenyane, Kgomotso Montsi

International Conference on African Development

Realizing sustainable development is a major challenge for most African states. Economic development in most African countries is largely centered on the exploitation of natural resources, particularly minerals. Rather than facilitate development, the exploitation of natural resources in most countries, has been a source of adverse outcomes. That is, natural resources led to ‘the resource curse’, owing in part to bad leadership and governance. Through good leadership and governance, Botswana emerged differently. The country transformed itself to a middle income status through the prudent exploitation and management of mineral resources; making Botswana one of the few resource rich countries to ...


Governance And Economic Development, Daniel Teferra 2014 Western Michigan University

Governance And Economic Development, Daniel Teferra

International Conference on African Development

This study defines the concept of governance from the stand point of property relationship between state and people. This relationship is crucial in determining the nature of a state and its capacity to conduct the business of economic development. The Author will provide historical experiences of different countries to support the thesis.


The Role And Growth Of New-Car Leasing: Theory And Evidence, Justin Johnson, Henry S. Schneider, Michael Waldman 2014 SelectedWorks

The Role And Growth Of New-Car Leasing: Theory And Evidence, Justin Johnson, Henry S. Schneider, Michael Waldman

Henry S Schneider

An important change in the automobile market over the last few decades has been the substantial growth in new-car leasing. Building on recent theoretical research, we construct a model of the leasing decision in which leasing mitigates adverse selection and reduces transaction costs, but moral hazard limits its use. Also, in our model the prevalence of leasing is related to new-car reliability, so it suggests that the growth in leasing over time is at least partly due to improvements over time in new-car reliability. We use this model to derive a number of testable implications and then conduct an empirical ...


Producción, Empleo E Inversión Pública En La Frontera Norte De México, Isaac L. Sánchez-Juárez, Rosa M. García 2014 SelectedWorks

Producción, Empleo E Inversión Pública En La Frontera Norte De México, Isaac L. Sánchez-Juárez, Rosa M. García

Isaac L. Sánchez-Juárez

Este artículo se centra en el análisis del comportamiento de la producción por persona y el empleo en la frontera norte de México, se compara el crecimiento de la región con respecto al promedio nacional, esto con fines de diagnóstico y posterior diseño de política pública. La hipótesis básica es que la inversión pública que realizan tanto las entidades como la federación tiene un impacto favorable en el crecimiento de la producción y el empleo. Para probarla se utilizó un modelo de panel de datos que evalúa las variables indicadas, asimismo incorpora la inversión extranjera directa, formación bruta de capital ...


Conditional Cash Transfers, Community, And Empowerment Of Women In Colombia, Harlan Downs-Tepper 2014 Fordham University

Conditional Cash Transfers, Community, And Empowerment Of Women In Colombia, Harlan Downs-Tepper

21st Century Social Justice

In 2001, the Colombian government initiated an experiment in poverty alleviation called Familias en Acción. This conditional cash transfer (CCT) program takes a novel approach to poverty reduction by addressing short- and long-term factors contributing to poverty. Though Colombia’s CCT program is just one of a wave of similar initiatives, its unique context and unexpected social effects, beyond the primary intentions of program designers, differentiate it from other such programs. Drawing on 200 interviews and focus group discussions which he conducted with academic experts, program beneficiaries and program administrators in three Colombian cities, the author finds that an unexpected ...


Book Review: Why Does College Cost So Much?, Edward J. Smith, Brian A. Sponsler 2014 National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators

Book Review: Why Does College Cost So Much?, Edward J. Smith, Brian A. Sponsler

Journal of Student Financial Aid

No abstract provided.


Height And Calories In Early Childhood, Andrew S. Griffen 2014 University of Pennsylvania

Height And Calories In Early Childhood, Andrew S. Griffen

Grand Challenges Canada Economic Returns to Mitigating Early Life Risks Project

This paper estimates a height production function using data from a randomized nutrition intervention conducted in rural Guatemala from 1969 - 1977. Using the experimental intervention as an instrument, the IV estimates of the effect of calories on height are an order of magnitude larger than the OLS estimates. Information from a unique measurement error process in the calorie data, counterfactuals results from the estimated model and external evidence from migration studies suggest that the divergence between the OLS and IV estimates is driven by the LATE interpretation of IV. Attenuation bias corrected OLS estimates of the height production function imply ...


Coastal Defenses, U.S., Bert Chapman 2014 Purdue University

Coastal Defenses, U.S., Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Provides an overview of U.S. military coastal defenses during the period up to and including the War 1812.


New York Stock Exchange, Bert Chapman 2014 Purdue University

New York Stock Exchange, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Provides a historical overview of the origins and early development of the New York Stock Exchange.


Revenue, U.S. Government, Bert Chapman 2014 Purdue University

Revenue, U.S. Government, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Provides a historical overview of U.S. Government revenue receipts and spending during the early years of national history. Presents revenue generation statistics, information on revenue sources, and information on domestic and international political and economic factors affecting government revenue receipts.


Trade, Bert Chapman 2014 Purdue University

Trade, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Provides a historical overview of analysis of U.S. foreign trade policy during the early decades of the country's history. Examines bilateral U.S. trade relations with France and Great Britain, provides import and export statistics, details on commodities and products imports and exported, trade statistics, and information on the political and economic factors shaping U.S. trade during this period.


Curriculum Vitae, Ronald R. Kumar 2014 SelectedWorks

Curriculum Vitae, Ronald R. Kumar

Ronald R Kumar

My updated CV


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