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Designing Policies In Uncertain Contexts: Entrepreneurial Capacity And The European Emission Trading Scheme, Ishani MUKHERJEE, Sarah GIEST 2019 Singapore Management University

Designing Policies In Uncertain Contexts: Entrepreneurial Capacity And The European Emission Trading Scheme, Ishani Mukherjee, Sarah Giest

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

The paper focuses on enterprising agents in policy formulation and design by looking at their capacity of dealing with different levels of uncertainty. In climate policy specifically, different degrees and types of uncertainties pose a challenge to policymakers. Policy entrepreneurs and the combination of their analytical, operational and political competences are a relevant component in reducing ambiguity in policy design and translating broad policy goals to operational programmes and specific policy instruments. Using the case of the European Emission Trading Scheme, we suggest that the success of policy entrepreneurs in catalysing policy change is determined by their capacity to work ...


Alternative Futures For Dalton Wells, Mary Oliver 2019 Utah State University

Alternative Futures For Dalton Wells, Mary Oliver

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Visitation to the Moab region has increased significantly in recent years, causing campgrounds near town to be consistently full. The Dalton Wells area, a recreation area off Highway 191 just north of Moab, has become an especially popular place for dispersed camping, as it is free and in close proximity to town. Dalton Wells does not have the infrastructure or management necessary to support the current number of visitors, straining the site’s fragile desert ecosystem. The site also hosts a dinosaur quarry and the foundations of a historic CCC camp. These resources are unmaintained and at risk of pillaging ...


The Sue-And-Settle Phenomenon: Its Impact On The Law, Agency, And Society, Katie L. Colton 2019 Utah State University

The Sue-And-Settle Phenomenon: Its Impact On The Law, Agency, And Society, Katie L. Colton

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Sue-and-settle is the name applied to a federal agency’s use of litigation to create policy outside of the normal regulatory process. This paper discusses the impact that the sue-and-settle policy has had on Congress, the judiciary, and the Environmental Protection Agency. Specifically, this paper will discuss the issues caused by the perception of collusion within the sue-and-settle policy. First, this paper examines whether a relationship occurs between the litigants. The paper then discusses whether the relationship between the litigants in sue-and-settle cases tends to be collusive or not. The second part of the paper examines how Congress, the Environmental ...


Food Insecurity : The Student Experience, B.J. Fletcher 2019 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Food Insecurity : The Student Experience, B.J. Fletcher

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Food insecurity exists on college campuses among college students. Prior studies have considered the prevalence of food insecurity among college students; this study aims to expand on these past studies by considering how college students experience food insecurity. The study takes a phenomenological approach to understand how students at the University of Nebraska at Omaha experience food insecurity, including the experiences and challenges students face when it comes to being food insecure and the barriers students face in addressing food insecurity. In-depth interviews with six students, ranging from undergraduate to doctoral level students, were conducted. Horizontalization, clusters of meanings, textural ...


Emerging Need For A European Approach To Space Traffic Management, Tomas Hrozensky 2019 European Space Policy Institute

Emerging Need For A European Approach To Space Traffic Management, Tomas Hrozensky

Space Traffic Management Conference

The intensification of space activities worldwide, together with the emergence of new actors and disruptive concepts (e.g. miniaturized satellites, mega-constellations, in-orbit operations), create new challenges to ensure the safety and security of space systems and operations as well as the long-term sustainability of space activities. Among policy responses to these challenges, the development of a new approach to space traffic management was recently brought to the forefront by the adoption of a policy directive in this domain by the United States.

A comparable STM policy has not yet been developed in Europe even though considerations for the safety, security ...


Decentralized Space Traffic Management, Ruth Stilwell 2019 George Washington University - Space Policy Institute

Decentralized Space Traffic Management, Ruth Stilwell

Space Traffic Management Conference

This paper will examine the political, policy, and regulatory barriers to the provision of STM as a global safety service. It will examine the concepts under development for airspace from 20km to 100km to accommodate new entrants in aviation and space and discuss how those concepts may provide a path forward for decentralized space traffic management.


Discrimination Against First Nations Children With Special Healthcare Needs In Manitoba: The Case Of Pinaymootang First Nation, Luna Vives, Vandna Sinha 2019 Département de Géographie, Université de Montréal

Discrimination Against First Nations Children With Special Healthcare Needs In Manitoba: The Case Of Pinaymootang First Nation, Luna Vives, Vandna Sinha

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

First Nations children face systemic barriers in their access to health, education, and social services ordinarily available to other Canadian children. This article summarizes the findings of a research project initiated by, and carried out in partnership with, Pinaymootang First Nation, Manitoba between 2015 and 2017. Through this partnership, we were able to document the routine delays, denials, and disruptions of services that Pinaymootang children with special healthcare needs experienced. We further described the impact that this discrimination had on children and their caregivers. Here, we consider three specific service areas: medical services (primary and specialized), allied health services (e ...


“I’Ll Be Your Mirror”, The Soul, And Intelligence And Counterintelligence Applications, Editor 2019 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

“I’Ll Be Your Mirror”, The Soul, And Intelligence And Counterintelligence Applications, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes how the psychological trope of mirroring can explicate mass leadership and betrayals of trust.


Towards Quantifiable Metrics Warranting Industry-Wide Corporate Death Penalties, Joshua M. Pearce 2019 Michigan Technological University

Towards Quantifiable Metrics Warranting Industry-Wide Corporate Death Penalties, Joshua M. Pearce

Department of Materials Science and Engineering Publications

In the singular search for profits, some corporations inadvertently kill humans. If this routinely occurs throughout an industry, it may no longer serve a net positive social purpose for society and should be eliminated. This article provides a path to an objective quantifiable metric for determining when an entire industry warrants the corporate death penalty. First, a theoretical foundation is developed with minimum assumptions necessary to provide evidence for corporate public purposes. This is formed into an objective quantifiable metric with publicly-available data and applied to two case studies in the U.S.: the tobacco and coal mining industries. The ...


International Environmental Agreements On Climate Change, Katie Crawford 2019 University of Minnesota - Morris

International Environmental Agreements On Climate Change, Katie Crawford

Scholarly Horizons: University of Minnesota, Morris Undergraduate Journal

This paper analyzes International Environmental Agreements (IEAs) as tools to fight the threat climate change poses on the environment and sustainable development. The paper reviews the literature that provides a theoretical foundation for the IEAs. Particularly, the issues such as the greenhouse gas emissions levels, investments in green technology, the duration of agreements, and the process of negotiation that goes behind these agreements are reviewed. Past agreements (such as the Kyoto Protocol, Copenhagen Accord, and Paris Agreement) are studied to determine their effectiveness and potential problematic aspects related to the contracts.


Russia's Use Of The Energy Weapon: How Russia Manipulates Ukraine, Georgia, And The Baltic States, Sierra Brown 2019 University of Minnesota - Morris

Russia's Use Of The Energy Weapon: How Russia Manipulates Ukraine, Georgia, And The Baltic States, Sierra Brown

Scholarly Horizons: University of Minnesota, Morris Undergraduate Journal

Russia’s stranglehold on oil and gas as a resource, and use of energy as a weapon is a long standing humanitarian crisis as shown by the cut off of oil exports to former Soviet Republics, in efforts to gain political and economic dependence, resulting in, as one example shows, electricity and heat suspensions of innocent citizens homes. Other concerted efforts of Moscow include control over export routes, the attempt to reinstate the Soviet Union, and the intimidation of the Western World. The Soviet Union may have collapsed, but the drive for state control over resources, people, and land did ...


Success In Closing The Socio-Economic Gap, But Still A Long Way To Go: Urban Aboriginal Disadvantage, Trauma, And Racism In The Australian City Of Newcastle, Deirdre Howard-Wagner 2019 Australian National University

Success In Closing The Socio-Economic Gap, But Still A Long Way To Go: Urban Aboriginal Disadvantage, Trauma, And Racism In The Australian City Of Newcastle, Deirdre Howard-Wagner

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

The research presented in this article is based on a four-year place-based qualitative case study of Aboriginal success in addressing Aboriginal disadvantage in the Australian city of Newcastle. The article presents extracts from in-depth interviews with Aboriginal people working on a day-to-day basis with Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people experiencing disadvantage in this city. Interviewees define Indigenous disadvantage in a way that differs considerably from how it is defined in mainstream policy circles. They describe Indigenous disadvantage as being grounded in the histories of social exclusion from Australian society, rather than merely a contemporary phenomenon related socio-economic factors ...


Decision Science For Community Development And Social Change, Michael P. Johnson Jr. 2019 University of Massachusetts - Boston

Decision Science For Community Development And Social Change, Michael P. Johnson Jr.

Michael P. Johnson

Operations research, also known as management science or decision science, is a mathematics-based discipline that draws from engineering, information systems, management, public policy and planning. OR enables individuals and organizations to make better decisions regarding manufacturing and logistics, service provision and strategy design. My particular interest in OR focuses on the needs of mission-driven and resource-constrained organizations that serve urban communities. In my talk I will describe how OR can use qualitative and quantitative analysis through meaningful engagement of communities to enable creative identification, formulation and solution of complex problems for local impact and social justice. Specific applications I'm ...


When Is Terrorism All In The Family?, Editor 2019 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

When Is Terrorism All In The Family?, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes putative linkages between family relationships and kinds of terrorism.


Using Networks And Econometrics To Identify Pathways For Population Health Improvement, Glen P. Mays 2019 University of Kentucky

Using Networks And Econometrics To Identify Pathways For Population Health Improvement, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

This lecture for Vanderbilt University's Health Policy Grand Rounds series describes research from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Systems for Action program about multi-sector strategies for improving population health. Combining methods from network analysis and econometrics, we characterize the structure of multi-sector health networks and estimate their influence on health outcomes and healthcare spending over time.


How Technology Will Change Our Built Environment, Adie Tomer 2019 The Brookings Institution

How Technology Will Change Our Built Environment, Adie Tomer

Lectures/Events (BMW)

As part of the ongoing Brookings Scholar Lecture Series, Brookings Mountain West presented a lecture titled, "Digital Place: How Technology Will Change Our Built Environment" by Fellow in Metropolitan Policy, Adie Tomer on February 6, 2019. Digital technologies promise to upend nearly every component of the economy, including how we work, shop, travel, and even live inside our homes. There is too little conversation about how adoption of various technologies will interact with the current built environment and the policies that guide future investment. This lecture explores how the economy currently functions, where technology will transform economic functions, and how ...


The Cuban Health Paradigm: An Exploratory Analysis Through Lgbtq And Hiv/Aids Individual Perspectives, Sarah Dryfoos 2019 Portland State University

The Cuban Health Paradigm: An Exploratory Analysis Through Lgbtq And Hiv/Aids Individual Perspectives, Sarah Dryfoos

Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs

The purpose of this research project was to develop an understanding of the social, systemic, interpersonal, structural, and political dynamics of the health care system in Cuba. This was done by selecting two populations of focus; LGBTQ and HIV/AIDS positive individuals. The health care system and social determinants of health are analyzed using these two populations as lenses. While there is a plethora of information about the formal Cuban health care system, there is a dearth of literature pertaining to the social determinants, especially as it relates to LGBTQ Cubans and their quality of life and health care experience ...


Education And The Economy: The Rising Private Sector’S Impact On University Enrollment And Post-Graduation Employment In Modern-Day Cuba, Adriane Bolliger 2019 Portland State University

Education And The Economy: The Rising Private Sector’S Impact On University Enrollment And Post-Graduation Employment In Modern-Day Cuba, Adriane Bolliger

Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs

During Cuba’s Socialist Revolution of the 1960s, the education system was restructured to train and prepare citizens as part of the subsidized stateowned universal education model. In a centrally-planned system like Cuba’s, the state determines the needs of the economy and provides corresponding funding for associated educational and vocational training programs. Students who graduate from these programs transition into government jobs with modest stipends to support the state. Fidel Castro envisioned this system as the solution to Cuba’s instability based on full employment and prosperity for the public and for the state.

Change came in 2008 when ...


Exploring The Cultural And Infrastructural Impacts Of Consumerism On The New Cuba, Grace Stainback 2019 Portland State University

Exploring The Cultural And Infrastructural Impacts Of Consumerism On The New Cuba, Grace Stainback

Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs

This paper seeks to explore how a shifting economic model and an increasing influx of U.S. tourism, customs, and products will impact consumerism and waste in Cuba. The paper begins by charting the rise of an unwitting conservationist culture among Cubans, built out of necessity as a response to Castro-era economic hardships. Next, a discussion of recent Cuban economic reforms and the rise of tourism, private enterprise and material luxury in Cuba. For the emerging autonomous economic class who have shouldered decades of scarcity, the social and economic values of consumerism far outweigh any perceived environmental cost. Finally, an ...


The “Necessary Evil”: State And Non-State Sector Interactions In Cuba And Effects On Public Services, Laura Lyons 2019 Portland State University

The “Necessary Evil”: State And Non-State Sector Interactions In Cuba And Effects On Public Services, Laura Lyons

Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs

Five years after Lineamientos reforms were approved by the 2011 Communist Party Congress, the effects are beginning to emerge. The development of the private or non-State sector in particular has begun to cause shifts in the economic, social, and political landscape as Cuba continues to adapt to and implement these changes. This paper explores the effects of the expansion of the non-State sector on the delivery of State-run public services, especially education, health care, and other social services. Four possible orientations between the State and non-State sector are explored in general and in the context of existing literature on Cuba ...


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