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School Of Public Affairs Newsletter, Vol. 5, Iss. 1, Kristy Modrow 2016 St. Cloud State University

School Of Public Affairs Newsletter, Vol. 5, Iss. 1, Kristy Modrow

School of Public Affairs Newsletter

No abstract provided.


The Relevance Of Emotions In Presidential Public Appeals: Anger’S Conditional Effect On Perceived Risk And Support For Military Interventions, José D. Villalobos, Cigdem V. Sirin 2016 University of Texas at El Paso

The Relevance Of Emotions In Presidential Public Appeals: Anger’S Conditional Effect On Perceived Risk And Support For Military Interventions, José D. Villalobos, Cigdem V. Sirin

José D. Villalobos

This study investigates whether and to what extent the thematic relevance of emotive stimuli embedded in presidential speeches affects people’s risk perceptions and policy support regarding military interventions in civil conflict. Conducting an experimental study with a total of 1,187 participants, we find the induction of anger via thematically relevant emotive triggers leads to higher levels of support for military interventions in civil conflict even though people’s risk perceptions—which were high across all conditions—remain unaffected. By comparison, the effects of anger on policy support observed in the thematically irrelevant condition do not differ significantly from ...


The Impact Of Length Of Stay On Adjudicated Male Youths;' Language Use: Focusing On Linguistic Analysis Of Verbal Samples, Yousun Shin Ph.D., Terry P. Overton Ph.D., Ed.D., Zelica Espinoza M.Ed. 2016 Stephen F. Austin State University

The Impact Of Length Of Stay On Adjudicated Male Youths;' Language Use: Focusing On Linguistic Analysis Of Verbal Samples, Yousun Shin Ph.D., Terry P. Overton Ph.D., Ed.D., Zelica Espinoza M.Ed.

Journal of Human Services: Training, Research, and Practice

The primary purpose of the study was to examine the impact of the length of juvenile offenders’ stay in a residential facility on attitudinal changes, measured by language use of 22 participants’ interviews analyzed by using a computerized text tool called Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC) to obtain a measure of language use. A series of one-way ANOVA (SPSS 18.0 version) were used to examine the differences between the groups identified by the length of stay and interview interval. The results indicate that the length of stay significantly impacts language use regarding the language categories of affective process ...


A Two-Step Plan For Puerto Rico, Clayton P. Gillette, David A. Skeel Jr. 2016 New York University School of Law

A Two-Step Plan For Puerto Rico, Clayton P. Gillette, David A. Skeel Jr.

Faculty Scholarship

Few still believe that Puerto Rico is capable of meeting all of its financial obligations and continuing to provide basic services. The territory is already in default, and conditions are rapidly deteriorating. Is there a way forward? We think there is. In this short article, we outline a two-part plan for correcting Puerto Rico’s most urgent fiscal and financial problems.

The first step is to create an independent financial control board that has authority over Puerto Rico’s budgets and related issues. Notwithstanding concerns that an externally imposed financial control board (FCB) may interfere with the decision making processes ...


What’S The Force That Moves The Hand That Pushes The Button?, Edward Campbell 2016 Independent Scholar

What’S The Force That Moves The Hand That Pushes The Button?, Edward Campbell

Edward H Campbell

All contemporary nuclear warfare strategies are strategies based on deterrence.  They are formulated to oppose a state actor which also possesses nuclear weapons. The Islamic State however is not vulnerable to strategies based on deterrence, therefore the United States can only resort to a "win-the-war" strategy. Seeing that the Islamic State seeks a nuclear weapon or other dangerous weapon of mass destruction, at what point will America be forced to use the bomb? What’s the force that moves the hand that pushes the button?


The Dream Defaulted: Foreclosure, Crisis, And Hope In Baltimore, Maryland, And Detroit, Michigan, Heidi M. Rafferty-Reijm 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Dream Defaulted: Foreclosure, Crisis, And Hope In Baltimore, Maryland, And Detroit, Michigan, Heidi M. Rafferty-Reijm

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects (2014-Present)

In the United States, the late 2000s were a time of crisis that tested many urban decision-makers. The recession that started in 2007 was defined by a severe crash in the housing market and the proliferation of mortgage foreclosures across the country. Foreclosures occurred in urban, suburban, and rural communities, but had a particularly devastating impact on larger, older cities and their low and moderate-income neighborhoods. These cities had been dealing with economic and population decline for half a century. In many of their urban neighborhoods, foreclosures affected as many as one in four households and added yet another challenge ...


The Politics Of Middle Class Decline And Growth In Industrialized Democracies, 1980 To 2010, Young-hwan Byun 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Politics Of Middle Class Decline And Growth In Industrialized Democracies, 1980 To 2010, Young-Hwan Byun

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects (2014-Present)

This research explains why some industrialized democracies have experienced middle class decline while others have experienced middle class growth since the 1980s. The prevailing political science literature based on the median voter theory predicts that middle class decline should not occur in democracies, whereas economic theories fail to explain national variation of middle class decline by attributing the decline to common developments such as globalization or technological change. I analyze data from the Luxembourg Income Study Database, the Comparative Welfare States Dataset, and the Comparative Welfare Entitlement Dataset, and demonstrate a significant partisan effect on middle class decline. I argue ...


Knowledge Creation In Collaboration Networks: Effects Of Tie Configuration, Jian Wang, Jian Wang 2016 Katholieke Universiteit Leuven

Knowledge Creation In Collaboration Networks: Effects Of Tie Configuration, Jian Wang, Jian Wang

Jian Wang

This paper studies the relationship between egocentric collaboration networks and knowledge creation at the individual level. For egocentric networks we focus on the characteristics of tie strength and tie configuration, and knowledge creation is assessed by the number of citations. Using a panel of 1042 American scientists in five disciplines and fixed effects models, we found an inverted U-shaped relationship between network average tie strength and citation impact, because an increase in tie strength on the one hand facilitates the collaborative knowledge creation process and on the other hand decreases cognitive diversity. In addition, when the network average tie strength ...


Endnotes, CISR JOURNAL 2016 James Madison University

Endnotes, Cisr Journal

Journal of ERW and Mine Action

Endnotes


Road Verification And Clearance In Eastern Angola: The Dca Approach, Anders Jansson, Marcel E. Durocher 2016 James Madison University

Road Verification And Clearance In Eastern Angola: The Dca Approach, Anders Jansson, Marcel E. Durocher

Journal of ERW and Mine Action

The anti-tank mine threat on access roads in eastern Angola is the greatest impediment to infrastructural rehabilitation, economic recovery and social development in that area. The authors discuss the method and equipment used by DanChurchAid to verify and clear roads in Moxico and Lunda Sul provinces.


Success Of Multi-Tools In Mine Action: The Survivable Demining Tractor And Tools And The Mine-Clearing Survivable Vehicle, Tinh Nguyen, Charles Chichester 2016 James Madison University

Success Of Multi-Tools In Mine Action: The Survivable Demining Tractor And Tools And The Mine-Clearing Survivable Vehicle, Tinh Nguyen, Charles Chichester

Journal of ERW and Mine Action

The authors examine the various equipment and technologies that allow further effectiveness in demining achievements. Recent developments in demining tools allow for greater protection of deminers, in addition to improved search results. With technological advancements such as the Survivable Demining Tractor and Tools and the Mine-Clearing Survivable Vehicle, the authors express hope for demining centers worldwide.


Test And Evaluation Of Japanese Gpr-Based Ap Mine Detection Systems Mounted On Robotic Vehicles, Jun Ishikawa, Mitsuru Kiyota, Katsuhisa Furuta 2016 James Madison University

Test And Evaluation Of Japanese Gpr-Based Ap Mine Detection Systems Mounted On Robotic Vehicles, Jun Ishikawa, Mitsuru Kiyota, Katsuhisa Furuta

Journal of ERW and Mine Action

This article introduces Japanese activities regarding a project, “Research and Development of Sensing Technology, Access and Control Technology to Support Humanitarian Demining of AP Mines.” This project, which includes the research of six teams from academia and industry, has been funded by the Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) under the auspices of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEX T). The developed systems are equipped with both groundpenetrating radar and a metal detector, and they are designed to make no explicit alarm and to leave decision-making of detection using subsurface images to the operators. To evaluate ...


Understanding The Ottawa Convention’S Obligations To Landmine Victims, Kerry Brinkert 2016 Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining

Understanding The Ottawa Convention’S Obligations To Landmine Victims, Kerry Brinkert

Journal of ERW and Mine Action

The Ottawa Convention is unique for a number of reasons, not the least of which being that the Convention has linked obligations concerning the use of a weapon with a requirement that Convention signatories assist a victim wounded by that weapon. When the Convention was adopted in September 1997, this aspect, while lauded by diplomats and activists, was certain to be a challenge to implement. The real work began once the Convention entered into force and states had to act on this responsibility. This article discusses in particular the Convention’s victim assistance obligations.


Mine Action Support Group Update, Stacy Davis 2016 United States Department of State

Mine Action Support Group Update, Stacy Davis

Journal of ERW and Mine Action

The following article highlights the recent activities of the Mine Action Support Group from the first quarterly U.N. newsletter of 2006, including updates on the United Nations Mine Action Service, the United Nations Development Programme and UNICEF.


Systematic Test & Evaluation Of Metal Detectors: Interim Report Field Trials Mozambique, Dieter Guelle, Adam Lewis 2016 James Madison University

Systematic Test & Evaluation Of Metal Detectors: Interim Report Field Trials Mozambique, Dieter Guelle, Adam Lewis

Journal of ERW and Mine Action

The Joint Research Centre of the European Commission published at the end of 2005 another interim report for the STEMD project. This article gives background on the project and report and some results and recommendations of the trial. The authors hope this article will pique interest in the full report.


Minefield As A School Ground: The Tzur Baher Minefield Clearance Project, Bentzi Telefus 2016 Maavarim Civil Engineering Ltd.

Minefield As A School Ground: The Tzur Baher Minefield Clearance Project, Bentzi Telefus

Journal of ERW and Mine Action

With so many factors limiting the education process in the Middle East, it is hard to believe that one more could be imposed upon the people of Tzur Baher, a village in Jerusalem. However, the presence of a minefield in their village severely hindered progress in the building of a school. Maavarim Civil Engineering Ltd. was brought in to begin work. The planned site for the school is now mine free, and construction is scheduled to start in the near future.


Geneva Diary: Report From The Gichd, Ian Mansfield 2016 GICHD

Geneva Diary: Report From The Gichd, Ian Mansfield

Journal of ERW and Mine Action

The Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining provides operational assistance to mine-action programmes and operators, creates and disseminates knowledge, works to improve quality management and standards, and provides support to instruments of international law like the Ottawa Convention and the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons.


Power Tillers And Snails For Demining In Sri Lanka, Emanuela Cepolina 2016 Snail Aid – Technology for Development

Power Tillers And Snails For Demining In Sri Lanka, Emanuela Cepolina

Journal of ERW and Mine Action

This paper presents a project the author has been working on since January 2005 in the context of her doctoral research and offers some of the first results. The topic concerns the participatory design and development of a distributed system for humanitarian-demining operations in Sri Lanka. The completed research is expected to encompass the relationship among landmines, humanitarian technologies and development. This article looks at the adaptation of power tillers for demining applications in Sri Lanka using a participatory design methodology called the Snail System.


Armed Non-State Actors: The Main Users Of The “Poor Man’S Weapon”, Anki Sjöberg 2016 Geneva Call

Armed Non-State Actors: The Main Users Of The “Poor Man’S Weapon”, Anki Sjöberg

Journal of ERW and Mine Action

This report, which builds on the 2004 Geneva Call initial analysis, provides a comprehensive mapping of the use, acquisition, production, transfer and stockpiling of landmines by armed non-state actors through a presentation of individual group profiles and a global analysis. The report records global occurrences of antipersonnel and anti-vehicle mine planting by NSAs during 2003–2005, whether activated by victims, vehicles or at a distance using command detonation.


Tajikistan Mine Action Programme, Jonmahmad Rajabov 2016 Tajikistan Mine Action Centre

Tajikistan Mine Action Programme, Jonmahmad Rajabov

Journal of ERW and Mine Action

The Tajikistan Mine Action Centre is responsible for all mine-action-related programs in the country. The author details Tajikistan’s landmine problems and provides a report on TMAC’s progress in various aspects of mine action as well as its goals for future mine-related operations.


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