Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Public Affairs, Public Policy and Public Administration Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

18,293 Full-Text Articles 14,162 Authors 4,110,188 Downloads 221 Institutions

All Articles in Public Affairs, Public Policy and Public Administration

Faceted Search

18,293 full-text articles. Page 1 of 360.

Developing An Intergroup Communication Intervention Curriculum: Enhancing Workforce Skills Across Generations, Kate Magsamen-Conrad, Jeanette M. Dillon, Lisa Hanasono, Paul Valdez 2016 Bowling Green State University - Main Campus

Developing An Intergroup Communication Intervention Curriculum: Enhancing Workforce Skills Across Generations, Kate Magsamen-Conrad, Jeanette M. Dillon, Lisa Hanasono, Paul Valdez

Kate Magsamen-Conrad

This chapter describes a community-based participatory research project that embraces opportunities to augment the skills necessary to excel in an increasingly diverse workforce, especially in terms of proficiency in communication, social interaction, and technology. The Intergroup Communication Intervention (ICI) provides needed technology skills training to older adults in a community setting t improve intergroup relationships, foster positive civic attitudes and skills, and reduce ageist attitudes of younger adults. Participants build workforce skills necessary for future success as the project advances group and interpersonal communication skills across generations using technology pedagogy to bridge the divide. The ICI approach is systematic and ...


Comments On Public Lands: Title Transfer Proposals, Chuck Howe 2015 University of Colorado Law School

Comments On Public Lands: Title Transfer Proposals, Chuck Howe

Challenging Federal Ownership and Management: Public Lands and Public Benefits (October 11-13)

3 pages.


Climbing The Adaptation Planning Ladder: Barriers And Enablers In Municipal Planning, Elisabeth M. Hamin, Nicole Gurran 2015 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Climbing The Adaptation Planning Ladder: Barriers And Enablers In Municipal Planning, Elisabeth M. Hamin, Nicole Gurran

Elisabeth M. Hamin

Local municipal governments have a crucial role in helping communities adapt to climate change. Recognizing different levels of climate preparedness, this chapter analyzes what steps communities tend to follow when they move forward on climate adaptation, including prerequisites for planning and the selection of policies. Drawing on content analyses of local climate adaptation plans from the United States (US) and Australia, as well as interviews with municipal planners in both nations, the chapter explores the adaptation policy choices communities are making and explains the range of strategies local governments have used to move forward on a ‘ladder’ of climate adaptation ...


Green Building Policy And Capital Investment Decision-Making: A Grounded Theory Study, Erin Rae Hoffer 2015 Northeastern University

Green Building Policy And Capital Investment Decision-Making: A Grounded Theory Study, Erin Rae Hoffer

Law and Public Policy Dissertations

Policymakers in the U.S. have taken steps to create systems and revise processes in order to reduce energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions and slow climate change. Significant policy activity has taken place at the local level, and cities have implemented a variety of policies focused on the built environment. These policies range from financial and procedural incentives to formal restrictions and building codes, spanning changes in land use, design, construction and operations of new and existing buildings. The significant social, environmental and economic impact represented by these policies suggests the need for a thorough understanding of their effectiveness ...


Data And Analytics For Neighborhood Development: Smart Shrinkage Decision Modeling In Baltimore, Maryland, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Justin Hollander, Eliza D. Whiteman 2015 University of Massachusetts - Boston

Data And Analytics For Neighborhood Development: Smart Shrinkage Decision Modeling In Baltimore, Maryland, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Justin Hollander, Eliza D. Whiteman

Michael P. Johnson

Many older cities in the United States confront the problem of long-term declines in population and economic activity resulting in blighted conditions that make conventional revitalization initiatives unlikely to succeed. Smart shrinkage, a planning approach that emphasizes alternative land uses while preserving quality of life, offers a way for cities to remain desirable places to live and work. However, there is little research on empirical methods to support planning decisions consistent with smart shrinkage.

We present results from two studies with planners from the City of Baltimore that provide novel insights regarding ways in which planners can perform vacant property ...


Pedestrian Exposure To Near-Roadway Pm2.5in Mixed-Use Urbancorridors: A Case Study Of Omaha, Nebraska, Bradley Bereitschaft 2015 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Pedestrian Exposure To Near-Roadway Pm2.5in Mixed-Use Urbancorridors: A Case Study Of Omaha, Nebraska, Bradley Bereitschaft

Geography and Geology Faculty Publications

Compact, mixed-use, and pedestrian-oriented urban developments may offer numerous environmental and health benefits, yet they may also facilitate pedestrian exposure to air pollution within the near-roadway environment. This research examines ambient concentrations of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) across six sites situated within central Omaha, Nebraska, a mid-sized metropolitan area located in the Midwest US. The sites ranged from a low-density, strip-mall development to moderate-density entertainment, commercial, and retail districts with varying degrees of horizontal and vertical mixed-use. Tracing approximately two kilometer routes along the sidewalk, factors affecting average and peak PM2.5 concentrations at each site were ...


Agenda: Innovations In Managing Western Water: New Approaches For Balancing Environmental, Social, And Economic Outcomes, University of Colorado Boulder. Getches Wilkinson Center for Natural Resources, Energy, and the Environment 2015 University of Colorado Law School

Agenda: Innovations In Managing Western Water: New Approaches For Balancing Environmental, Social, And Economic Outcomes, University Of Colorado Boulder. Getches Wilkinson Center For Natural Resources, Energy, And The Environment

Innovations in Managing Western Water: New Approaches for Balancing Environmental, Social and Economic Outcomes (Martz Summer Conference, June 11-12)

Many aspects of western water allocation and management are the product of independent and uncoordinated actions, several occurring a century or more ago. However, in this modern era of water scarcity, it is increasingly acknowledged that more coordinated and deliberate decision-making is necessary for effectively balancing environmental, social, and economic objectives. In recent years, a variety of forums, processes, and tools have emerged to better manage the connections between regions, sectors, and publics linked by shared water systems. In this event, we explore the cutting edge efforts, the latest points of contention, and the opportunities for further progress.


Decision Science For Housing And Community Development: Localized And Evidence‐Based Responses To Distressed Housing And Blighted Communities, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Jeffrey Keisler, Senay Solak, David Turcotte, Armagan Bayram, Rachel B. Drew 2015 University of Massachusetts - Boston

Decision Science For Housing And Community Development: Localized And Evidence‐Based Responses To Distressed Housing And Blighted Communities, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Jeffrey Keisler, Senay Solak, David Turcotte, Armagan Bayram, Rachel B. Drew

Michael P. Johnson

This book will present decision models and applications to an important contemporary issue in urban housing and community development: local responses to the foreclosure crisis. The roots of this book are a National Science Foundation-funded project as well as an antecedent pilot project that served as a response to a phenomenon with multiple causes and large-scale and wide-ranging impacts on people, communities and markets worldwide, including in urbanized areas of the United States. The book will demonstrate that a diverse set of decision models, developed to respond to the recent foreclosure crisis in the US, can contribute to emerging scholarship ...


Civil Society At The Negotiation Table, Legitimacy Beliefs And Durable Peace, Direnç Kanol 2015 Management Centre of the Mediterranean

Civil Society At The Negotiation Table, Legitimacy Beliefs And Durable Peace, Direnç Kanol

Peace and Conflict Studies

It is argued that including civil society at the negotiation table can increase the perceived legitimacy of peace treaties. As a result, it can contribute to the consolidation of peace. In this paper, the author presents the findings from a controlled experiment in order to test the impact of inclusive peace negotiations on the perceived legitimacy of peace treaties. Contrary to the expectations of the scholars working on the inclusiveness and the consolidation of peace hypothesis, the results show that the treatment group in the experiment does not perceive inclusive peace agreements to be more legitimate.


The Components Of Dehumanization, Aniuska M. Luna 2015 Nova Southeastern University

The Components Of Dehumanization, Aniuska M. Luna

Peace and Conflict Studies

Dehumanization is a complex, relational and subjective phenomenon. Studies on it primarily focus on how it enables abuse in the midst of conflict, or how it shapes perceptions of others. Scholars, however, have not deconstructed it into components. The current article breaks down dehumanization into three components: elements, characteristics, and dimensions. It is hoped that the discussion of the connection between the three can encourage additional discussions on how each of the components contributes to dehumanization and how that can help towards undermining it. Until the phenomenon is understood from its most basic to its most elaborate parts, undermining dehumanization ...


Toward A Buddhist Theory Of Structural Peace: Lessons From Myanmar In Transition, Tatsushi Arai 2015 School for International Training (SIT) Graduate Institute

Toward A Buddhist Theory Of Structural Peace: Lessons From Myanmar In Transition, Tatsushi Arai

Peace and Conflict Studies

This essay analyzes the result of in-depth interviews that the author conducted with Burmese Buddhist leaders, with a view toward building Buddhist theories of social conflict, reconciliation, and structural peace. Findings include their shared understanding of the deeply spiritual, inner-directed nature of conflict and reconciliation, and their highly divergent, contested understandings of the structural roots of human suffering in today’s globalized and interconnected world. To meet these structural challenges, this essay introduces the concept of structural awareness, which it defines as educated, enlightened consciousness to appreciate and act responsibly on the complex chains of causal relations in which well-intended ...


Book Review - Lessons From The Northern Ireland Peace Process: A Volume Edited By Timothy J. White, Sarah Hanisko 2015 Nova Southeastern University

Book Review - Lessons From The Northern Ireland Peace Process: A Volume Edited By Timothy J. White, Sarah Hanisko

Peace and Conflict Studies

No abstract provided.


Volume 22, Number 1 (Spring 2015), Peace and Conflict Studies 2015 Nova Southeastern University

Volume 22, Number 1 (Spring 2015), Peace And Conflict Studies

Peace and Conflict Studies

No abstract provided.


Evaluating Peace Support Operations To Enhance International Policy, Noreen Towle 2015 United States Marine Corps

Evaluating Peace Support Operations To Enhance International Policy, Noreen Towle

Peace and Conflict Studies

The United Nations (UN) is an international organization created from the express consent of states and established upon a multilateral international treaty between those states in order to perform the functions of promoting international peace and security, aid in the development of international relations, promote human rights, and aid in “harmonizing actions” between nations. The most ardent of these functions falls to the UN Security Council due to its responsibility for maintaining peace and security. UN peacekeeping missions were originally an alternative to collective security but they have evolved into Peace Support Operations (PSO) and are deployed with a strategy ...


Sex Offender Perceptions Of Residency Restriction Laws, Carmen Zoraida Gomez-Torres 2015 Northeastern University

Sex Offender Perceptions Of Residency Restriction Laws, Carmen Zoraida Gomez-Torres

Law and Public Policy Dissertations

The use of residency restriction laws to monitor and control the movements of registered sex offenders in the United States has gained momentum in recent years since the passage of the first federal laws mandating sex offender registries. More than 30 states and hundreds of cities and towns have passed these laws. The purported theory behind residency restriction laws is to prevent registered sex offenders from possible interactions with potential victims. While the residency restriction laws may be theoretically sound, in practice there has been little in the way of empirical proof that they work as designed. As of yet ...


Videoconferencing In The Courts: An Exploratory Study Of Videoconferencing Impact On The Attorney-Client Relationship In Massachusetts, Eric T. Bellone 2015 Northeastern University

Videoconferencing In The Courts: An Exploratory Study Of Videoconferencing Impact On The Attorney-Client Relationship In Massachusetts, Eric T. Bellone

Law and Public Policy Dissertations

In response to increasingly crowded dockets, courts are experimenting with new technologies. Specifically, the use of videoconferencing is spreading through the federal and state court systems to streamline legal proceedings and provide the accused greater access to justice. Videoconferencing has been used in arraignments, bail, sentencing, and post-conviction hearings, but no criminal trial has yet been conducted in this medium. The impact of videoconferencing technology on the legal process has not been measured in any systematic way. Of prime concern is the impact of this technology on the attorney-client relationship and their private communications in criminal representations. Critics argue that ...


Continuity Of Operations Guidebook And Template For Nonprofit Service Providers, James Griffith 2015 San Jose State University

Continuity Of Operations Guidebook And Template For Nonprofit Service Providers, James Griffith

Master's Projects

No abstract provided.


Immigration, Employment Opportunities, And Criminal Behavior, Matthew Freedman, Emily Owens, Sarah Bohn 2015 Drexel University

Immigration, Employment Opportunities, And Criminal Behavior, Matthew Freedman, Emily Owens, Sarah Bohn

Matthew Freedman

We take advantage of provisions of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA), which granted legal resident status to long-time unauthorized residents but created new obstacles to employment for more recent immigrants, to explore how employment opportunities affect criminal behavior. Exploiting administrative data on the criminal justice involvement of individuals in San Antonio, Texas and using a difference-in-differences strategy, we find evidence of an increase in felony charges filed against residents most likely to be affected by IRCA’s employment regulations. Our results suggest a strong relationship between access to legal jobs and criminal behavior.

Currently under review ...


A Community Needs Assessment To Improve Lung Health Within Substandard Housing Units, Stephanie M. Goble Ms. 2015 Dominican University of California

A Community Needs Assessment To Improve Lung Health Within Substandard Housing Units, Stephanie M. Goble Ms.

Scholarly and Creative Works Conference

The Census Bureau states “more than 45 million people, or 14.5 percent of all Americans, lived below the poverty line last year [2013].” Many of these individuals are living in substandard housing conditions, which are causing preventable poor lung health among the population. The CDC reported that asthma was linked to 3,404 deaths in 2010. The link between poor health and living conditions is a hypothesis that has been contemplated for a long time now. Florence Nightingale speculated, “The connection between health and the dwelling of the population is one of the most important that exists...” (Jacobs) Based ...


The Subterranean Counterrevolution: The Supreme Court, The Media, And Litigation Reform, Stephen B. Burbank, Sean Farhang 2015 University of Pennsylvania Law School

The Subterranean Counterrevolution: The Supreme Court, The Media, And Litigation Reform, Stephen B. Burbank, Sean Farhang

Faculty Scholarship

This article is part of a larger project to study the counterrevolution against private enforcement of federal law from an institutional perspective. In a series of articles emerging from the project, we show how the Executive, Congress and the Supreme Court (wielding both judicial power under Article III of the Constitution and delegated legislative power under the Rules Enabling Act) fared in efforts to reverse or dull the effects of statutory and other incentives for private enforcement. An institutional perspective helps to explain the outcome we document: the long-term erosion of the infrastructure of private enforcement as a result of ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress