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E-Government In The Context Of Public Sector Reforms: Lessons From Tanzania And Philippines, Faith J. Shimba, Reginald Ugaddan, Mihayo M. Wilmore 2016 Sungkyunkwan University

E-Government In The Context Of Public Sector Reforms: Lessons From Tanzania And Philippines, Faith J. Shimba, Reginald Ugaddan, Mihayo M. Wilmore

Faith J Shimba

No abstract provided.


E-Government & E Strategies: An Essential Guide To Public Administrators In Developing Countries, Faith J. Shimba, Gi Heon Kwon 2016 SungKyunKwan University

E-Government & E Strategies: An Essential Guide To Public Administrators In Developing Countries, Faith J. Shimba, Gi Heon Kwon

Faith J Shimba

Most developing countries aspires to implement e-Government. E-Government is the use of information and communication technology (ICT) to transform government by making it more accessible, effective and accountable. To achieve this, the state administration needs reliable ICT systems with sufficient capacity


Credibility And Use Of Scientific And Technical Information In Policy Making: An Analysis Of The Information Bases Of The National Research Council’S Committee Reports, Jan Youtie, Barry Bozeman, Sahra Jabbehdari, Andrew Kao 2016 Arizona State University

Credibility And Use Of Scientific And Technical Information In Policy Making: An Analysis Of The Information Bases Of The National Research Council’S Committee Reports, Jan Youtie, Barry Bozeman, Sahra Jabbehdari, Andrew Kao

Jan Youtie

Often researchers are disappointed by the limited extent to which peer reviewed STEM research seems to contribute directly to high level public policy decision-making. However, does the perception of the limited use of formal scientific and technical information (STI) accord with empirical reality? How does the choice of various types of information relate to the use and impacts of science policy reports and recommendations? While there is a prodigious literature on the use of formal information in decision-making, our focus is on the use of STI in science, technology and innovation (S&T) policy, a domain in which there is ...


Assessing The Effectiveness Of Micro-Level Poverty Interventions In The Highlands Of Guatemala, Jacqueline A. Castro 2016 University of San Francisco

Assessing The Effectiveness Of Micro-Level Poverty Interventions In The Highlands Of Guatemala, Jacqueline A. Castro

Master's Theses

Despite immense efforts of poverty alleviation in the Western highlands of Guatemala, poverty is intense and widespread. Amidst an abundant array of poverty interventions, existing evidence on those interventions are not sufficient. Highlighting basic knowledge regarding impact evaluations, this paper aims to determine the most effective poverty intervention for the Western highland areas of Guatemala. Focusing on impact evaluations, this paper reviews 17 Latin American interventions, paying close attention to what may be applicable to this region. Using only the highest quality data from Latin America, it is clear that cash transfers and graduation programs are the most impactful interventions ...


Peak Pedaling: Has Portland Bicycling Reached The Top Of The Logistic Curve?, Robert McCullough 2016 McCullough Research

Peak Pedaling: Has Portland Bicycling Reached The Top Of The Logistic Curve?, Robert Mccullough

TREC Friday Seminar Series

The recent City Club report on bicycling provided an opportunity to collect and analyze a number of data sets including the new Hawthorne Bridge data. One question is where Portland bicycling on the logistic curve -- a common tool for judging the maturity of a developing product or activity. Logistic curves are used for marketing, for epidemiology, and even for visits to Indian owned casinos. The preliminary evidence is that we are reaching the horizontal area of the curve. Additional evidence Our further research into future policies indicates a shift to bicycle boulevards in order to attract more risk averse riders.


Immigration In The U.S. Midwest During The 1990s: A Decade Of Rapid Change, Wallace Huffman 2016 Iowa State University

Immigration In The U.S. Midwest During The 1990s: A Decade Of Rapid Change, Wallace Huffman

Wallace Huffman

This paper examines immigration trends and economic impacts of immigration on the Midwest over the 1990s, especially for rural and agricultural labor markets and places them in context relative to changes in California, Florida, and Texas and the whole United States. The 1990s was a period of rapid change, and it seem likely that new immigrants will not be assimilated quickly because a majority of them have low education, do not speak English well, or know the local culture. The paper concludes that the U.S. should consider a new immigration policy that gives greater weight to skill and financial ...


Can You Get A Ticket? Adaptive Railway Booking Strategies By Customer Value, Jiana-Fu Wang, Ren-Huei Huang 2016 National Chung Hsing University

Can You Get A Ticket? Adaptive Railway Booking Strategies By Customer Value, Jiana-Fu Wang, Ren-Huei Huang

Journal of Public Transportation

This paper integrates a customer segmentation method with a discrete event simulation model to bridge the gap between identifying customer behaviors and using this knowledge to respond to customers and make the best use of resources. Three strategies are proposed and examined to improve the operation efficiency of a ticket-booking system. Their objective is to assist high-value customers in obtaining the tickets they want and/or reduce cancellations and failure-to-pays from low-value customers. Our simulation results demonstrate that the high-value, customer-friendly strategy beats all in assisting high-value customers and simultaneously improves railway operation performance. Additionally, the indirect, low-value customer abandonment ...


How Intermediate Capacity Modes Provide Accessibility And Resilience In Metropolitan Transit Networks: Insights From A Global Study Of 19 Cities, Jan Scheurer 2016 RMIT University

How Intermediate Capacity Modes Provide Accessibility And Resilience In Metropolitan Transit Networks: Insights From A Global Study Of 19 Cities, Jan Scheurer

Journal of Public Transportation

Drawing on the Spatial Network Analysis of Multimodal Urban Transport Systems (SNAMUTS) accessibility tool, this paper introduces comparative results of public transport network performance measures in 19 metropolitan regions in developed countries. These results are assessed typologically and functionally to highlight the contribution of each common public transport mode to maximize (or not) the integration of transport networks with the urban structure to optimize accessibility outcomes. It is shown that the capacity and performance spectrum embodied by each mode represents a gradual scale that allocates a specific niche to intermediate modes, particularly trams that are present in half the cities ...


Public Transit Equity Analysis At Metropolitan And Local Scales: A Focus On Nine Large Cities In The Us, Greg P. Griffin, Ipek N. Sener 2016 Texas A&M Transportation Institute

Public Transit Equity Analysis At Metropolitan And Local Scales: A Focus On Nine Large Cities In The Us, Greg P. Griffin, Ipek N. Sener

Journal of Public Transportation

Recent studies on transit service through an equity lens have captured broad trends from the literature and national-level data or analyzed disaggregate data at the local level. This study integrates these methods by employing a geostatistical analysis of new transit access and income data compilations from the Environmental Protection Agency. By using a national data set, this study demonstrates a method for income-based transit equity analysis and provides results spanning nine large auto-oriented cities in the US. Results demonstrate variability among cities’ transit services to low-income populations, with differing results when viewed at the regional and local levels. Regional-level analysis ...


Perceptions Of School Readiness, Developmentally Appropriate Practices, And The Role Of Professionalism, Brittany Kristine McAllister 2016 California State University - San Bernardino

Perceptions Of School Readiness, Developmentally Appropriate Practices, And The Role Of Professionalism, Brittany Kristine Mcallister

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Research supports the knowledge that there exist many models on and definitions of school readiness within early education. Additionally, research shows that utilizing developmentally appropriate practices (DAP) produces positive short and long term results for students; indicating the effectiveness and necessity for DAP in the classroom. The study sought to inform teachers via presentation on the subjects of school readiness and DAP; as well as gain insight on the barriers teachers face in utilizing their school readiness and DAP knowledge base in the classroom. To accomplish this, the study used a pre-survey, presentation with discussion, and a post-survey to collect ...


1911 – Triangle Factory Fire – Building Safety Codes, Paul H. Robinson, Sarah M. Robinson 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School

1911 – Triangle Factory Fire – Building Safety Codes, Paul H. Robinson, Sarah M. Robinson

Faculty Scholarship

Can a crime make our world better? Crimes are the worst of humanity’s wrongs but, oddly, they sometimes do more than anything else to improve our lives. As it turns out, it is often the outrageousness itself that does the work. Ordinary crimes are accepted as the background noise of our everyday existence but some crimes make people stop and take notice – because they are so outrageous, or so curious, or so heart-wrenching. These “trigger crimes” are the cases that this book is about.

They offer some incredible stories about how people, good and bad, change the world around ...


The Political, Economic And Societal Challenges Encountered By Public School Systems In Developing Countries, Priyadarshani Joshi 2016 University of Pennsylvania

The Political, Economic And Societal Challenges Encountered By Public School Systems In Developing Countries, Priyadarshani Joshi

Priyadarshani Joshi

Education systems in low income countries are routinely portrayed as experiencing a learning crisis and as facing strong political economy challenges that impede efforts aimed at improving quality. This paper aims to improve the understanding of the confluence of political, bureaucratic and societal challenges faced by public school actors in their quest to reform and compete in the context of Nepal. It draws on extensive in-depth qualitative and quantitative data on the perceptions of public sector actors, including national and district officials and school principals. I show that stakeholders from the national to school level confirm that the combination of ...


Procedural And Substantive Fairness In Landfill Siting: A Swiss Case Study, Ortwin Renn, Thomas Webler, Hans Kastenholz 2016 University of New Hampshire

Procedural And Substantive Fairness In Landfill Siting: A Swiss Case Study, Ortwin Renn, Thomas Webler, Hans Kastenholz

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

The authors describe the design and implementation of a process for siting a landfill. They see it as an application of procedural equity expressed in discourse ethic philosophy - one that includes checks for competence and substantive fairness.


Risk Perception And Trust: Challenges For Facility Siting, Howard Kunreuther, Paul Slovic, Donald MacGregor 2016 University of New Hampshire

Risk Perception And Trust: Challenges For Facility Siting, Howard Kunreuther, Paul Slovic, Donald Macgregor

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

The authors maintain that, by granting legitimacy to different notions of fairness and building on common values such as responsibility, it is possible to design siting procedures that promote social cohesion, trust and a sense of fair play.


Fairness As Compassion: Towards A Less Unfair Facility Siting Policy, Benjamin Davy 2016 University of New Hampshire

Fairness As Compassion: Towards A Less Unfair Facility Siting Policy, Benjamin Davy

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Dr. Davy argues that siting efforts fail because of perceived injustices and urges authorities to search more aggressively for ways to avoid injustice and to cope with the anguish of those who may be unavoidably shortchanged.


Review Of: The City As A Human Environment (Duane G. Levine & Arthur C. Upton Eds., Praeger Publishers 1994), Claudia Grimes 2016 University of New Hampshire

Review Of: The City As A Human Environment (Duane G. Levine & Arthur C. Upton Eds., Praeger Publishers 1994), Claudia Grimes

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Review of: The City as a Human Environment (Duane G. LeVine & Arthur C. Upton eds., Praeger Publishers 1994). ISBN 0-275-94659-2; LC 94-1146. About the authors, bibliography, foreword, index, preface, tables. [216 pp. Cloth $55.00. 88 Post Road West, Westport CT 06881-5007.]


A General Framework For Price Regulation Of Airports, Sock Yong PHANG 2016 Singapore Management University

A General Framework For Price Regulation Of Airports, Sock Yong Phang

PHANG Sock Yong

Price cap regulation (PCR) was first implemented for privatized utilities in the UK in the 1980s. It has since been adopted by numerous countries as a regulatory regime in several sectors. This paper focuses on the development of different forms of price regulation of airports of which PCR is one variant. In countries where airport privatization is still in the early stages, the spectrum of airports and varied nature of regulatory regimes can be confusing and the lack of a general framework can itself become an obstacle to privatization. This paper proposes a general framework comprising decisions to be made ...


Letter From The Editor - Hirst, Kristin England 2016 Institute for Nuclear Security

Letter From The Editor - Hirst, Kristin England

International Journal of Nuclear Security

No abstract provided.


The Capacity-Building Support Activities Of The Integrated Support Center For Nuclear Nonproliferation And Nuclear Security Of The Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Yosuke Naoi, Kalman A. Robertson, Naoko Noro 2016 Integrated Support Center for Nuclear Nonproliferation and Nuclear Security, Japan Atomic Energy Agency

The Capacity-Building Support Activities Of The Integrated Support Center For Nuclear Nonproliferation And Nuclear Security Of The Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Yosuke Naoi, Kalman A. Robertson, Naoko Noro

International Journal of Nuclear Security

International cooperation is essential to support states in building the human resources necessary for maintaining and strengthening nuclear security. As the nation’s only comprehensive nuclear research and development institute, the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has long-standing experience developing and operating nuclear technology in all steps of the fuel cycle. The Integrated Support Center for Nuclear Nonproliferation and Nuclear Security (ISCN) was established within the JAEA in December 2010 as Japan’s Center of Excellence for nuclear security. The ISCN provides assistance with capacity building to states throughout Asia and some other regions. The objective of this article is ...


Call For Submission, Kristin England 2016 Institute for Nuclear Security

Call For Submission, Kristin England

International Journal of Nuclear Security

No abstract provided.


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