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Czars In The White House: The Rise Of Policy Czars As Presidential Management Tools (Forthcoming), Justin S. Vaughn, José D. Villalobos 2015 University of Texas at El Paso

Czars In The White House: The Rise Of Policy Czars As Presidential Management Tools (Forthcoming), Justin S. Vaughn, José D. Villalobos

José D. Villalobos

No abstract provided.


American And British Strategies In The Competition For Energy Resources In Sub-Saharan Africa, Stefan Andreasson 2015 SelectedWorks

American And British Strategies In The Competition For Energy Resources In Sub-Saharan Africa, Stefan Andreasson

Stefan Andreasson

No abstract provided.


Value Focused Thinking For Community-Based Organizations: Objectives And Acceptance In Local Development, Jeffrey Keisler, David A. Turcotte, Rachel B. Drew, Michael P. Johnson Jr. 2015 University of Massachusetts Boston

Value Focused Thinking For Community-Based Organizations: Objectives And Acceptance In Local Development, Jeffrey Keisler, David A. Turcotte, Rachel B. Drew, Michael P. Johnson Jr.

Michael P. Johnson

A multi-site case study applies value-focused thinking methods in a community engaged research framework within three organizations. All three organizations are community development corporations (CDCs), a type of community based organization (CBO) who direct assets and efforts toward housing stock and neighborhood improvement.

Objectives hierarchies were developed for the three sites. A set of common aspects of these structures suggest ways to operationalize the generic mission of CDCs. Other aspects which vary across sites can be related to specific characteristics of the organizations and the communities in which they operate. The process of applying value-focused thinking is also compared across ...


Electronic Supplement: Value Focused Thinking For Community-Based Organizations: Objectives And Acceptance In Local Development, Jeffrey Keisler, David A. Turcotte, Rachel B. Drew, Michael P. Johnson Jr. 2015 University of Massachusetts Boston

Electronic Supplement: Value Focused Thinking For Community-Based Organizations: Objectives And Acceptance In Local Development, Jeffrey Keisler, David A. Turcotte, Rachel B. Drew, Michael P. Johnson Jr.

Michael P. Johnson

This is an electronic supplement to the manuscript "Value Focused Thinking for Community-Based Organizations: Objectives and Acceptance in Local Development", to appear in European Journal of Decision Processes.


Reconstructing Neighborhoods: Case Studies In Foreclosed Housing Acquisition And Redevelopment By Community Development Corporations, David A. Turcotte, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Emily Vidrine, Rachel B. Drew, Felicia M. Sullivan 2015 University of Massachusetts Boston

Reconstructing Neighborhoods: Case Studies In Foreclosed Housing Acquisition And Redevelopment By Community Development Corporations, David A. Turcotte, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Emily Vidrine, Rachel B. Drew, Felicia M. Sullivan

Michael P. Johnson

Community development corporations (CDCs) play a central role in addressing the foreclosed housing crisis in America’s urban neighborhoods. The success of CDCs, however, is closely tied to market forces, neighborhood characteristics, and policies at multiple levels, as well as factors internal to CDCs. What factors support or impede the success of CDCs that operate in such complex environments?

We examine the experiences of two CDCs serving two small, ethnically diverse cities in Massachusetts regarding resources, policy, practices and local markets related to neighborhood revitalization. We derive lessons about the factors internal and external to these CDCs that affect their ...


Una Politica Industriale Per L’Europa, Mario Pianta, Matteo Lucchese 2014 SelectedWorks

Una Politica Industriale Per L’Europa, Mario Pianta, Matteo Lucchese

Mario Pianta

In Europa si è tornati a parlare di politica industriale dopo una lunga fase di stagnazione che ha distrutto parte della capacità produttiva dell’Unione. L’articolo discute le attuali politiche dell’Unione e propone le linee guida di un nuovo piano industriale a livello europeo. Una nuova politica industriale potrebbe affrontare gli squilibri macroeconomici, industriali, ambientali e favorire la ripresa dei paesi della “periferia” d’Europa, i più colpiti dalla crisi.


Influences On Student Attitudes About U.S. Involvement In Nation-Building, Tobin C. Beck 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Influences On Student Attitudes About U.S. Involvement In Nation-Building, Tobin C. Beck

Political Science Department -- Theses, Dissertations, and Student Scholarship

How do college students form opinions about a complex foreign policy issue such as U.S. involvement in nation-building? My study shows that in 2012, students identifying as conservative tended to support nation-building in proportion to their perception of the strength of their own and their parents' conservatism. The association between perception of conservatism and support for nation-building was statistically significant in 2012, although there was no statistically significant overall association between student political ideology and support for U.S. involvement in nation-building. However, a relationship between conservative student perception of ideology and support for nation-building was not detected in ...


Policy Analysis And Older People: A Conceptual Framework, John E. Tropman, Jane McClure 2014 Western Michigan University

Policy Analysis And Older People: A Conceptual Framework, John E. Tropman, Jane Mcclure

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The policy sciences, says Harold Lasswell, require "clarification of goals, analysis of conditions, project of future developments, and invention, evaluation, and selection of alternatives."1 This rocess is imbued with values and often these values lie unrecognized.3 Both personal values of the individual analyst and social values of the Society can be and often are involved. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate four policy problems involved in analyses concerning the elderly, and to suggest some additional considerations which would bring these problems into the open and aid in specification and focusing of policy research in this area ...


Federal Civil Rights Litigation Pursuant To 42 U.S.C. §1983 As A Correlate Of Police Misconduct, Philip M. Stinson, Steven L. Brewer Jr, Theresa M. Lanese, Mallorie A. Wilson 2014 Bowling Green State University

Federal Civil Rights Litigation Pursuant To 42 U.S.C. §1983 As A Correlate Of Police Misconduct, Philip M. Stinson, Steven L. Brewer Jr, Theresa M. Lanese, Mallorie A. Wilson

Philip M Stinson

Police officers acting in their official capacity are subject to being sued in federal court pursuant to 42 U.S.C. §1983 for violating constitutional rights under the color of law. Using data obtained in a larger study on police crime in the United States, names of more than 5,500 nonfederal sworn law enforcement officers who were arrested during the years 2005-2011 were checked against the civil case party master name index of the federal courts’ Public Access to Courts Electronic Records (PACER) system. Findings indicate that more than 20% of the police officers who were arrested for committing ...


The Transition: An Historical-Materialist Perspective On Social Welfare And Social Work Practice, Thomas Keefe 2014 Western Michigan University

The Transition: An Historical-Materialist Perspective On Social Welfare And Social Work Practice, Thomas Keefe

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

From an historical-materialist perspective American society is in a transition to a new structural form--a new order. The future of social welfare and social work practice is intimately bound to the nature and outcome of this transition. Moreover, the transition has economic and ideological characteristics that hold important implications for changes in the ways social workers view their clients and conduct their practice. Employing an historicalmaterialist analysis, this article will discuss the nature of the societal transition and its implications for social welfare and social work practice.

The analysis will be prefaced with a synopsis of basic concepts and assumptions ...


The "Science" Of Social Policy: Max Weber Revisited, Asoke Basu 2014 Western Michigan University

The "Science" Of Social Policy: Max Weber Revisited, Asoke Basu

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Science documents two sources of knowledge--sense and reason. Further, according to Kant, "The nature of the outer empirical world is not known, what becomes known is that which is perceived." Human constructs represent outer reality. They do not express reality directly as it is in original nature. The aim of the social scientist can never be to eliminate the relative perspective of social reality. It is to understand and explain it within a larger cultural framework. The nature of this task brings the social scientist "close" to defining the social reality within a broader cultural praxis. Any policy--essentially, a set ...


Some Critical Questions In The Political Economy Of Social Welfare - The Carter "Welfare Reform" Proposals, L. K. Northwood 2014 Western Michigan University

Some Critical Questions In The Political Economy Of Social Welfare - The Carter "Welfare Reform" Proposals, L. K. Northwood

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The purpose of this paper is to discuss President Carter's welfare reform proposals, appropriately titled, "The Program for Better Jobs and Income." If these proposals are adopted by Congress, they will guide the Administration in its stance toward and its work with the lowest income sectors of the nation: the welfare poor--those who cannot work and must be supported by the government, and the working poor--those who are able to support themselves, but whose yearly income is less than the poverty level.

Consequently, the paper starts with an analysis of what the government documents have to tell us about ...


Book Review: Questioning Protocol, Barbara Lewis MBA 2014 The Beryl Institute

Book Review: Questioning Protocol, Barbara Lewis Mba

Patient Experience Journal

In her review of Questioning Protocol by Randi Redmond Oster, Barbara Lewis shares how this new and award winning book takes the reader on Randi Oster's harrowing journey of navigating the healthcare system while helping her teenage son’s battle with Crohn’s disease. Seventeen chapters build a chronological story of success, frustration and failure in dealing with modern medicine and a healthcare industry that may appear foreign to the outsider.


Book Review: The Language Of Caring Guide For Physicians: Communication Essentials For Patient-Centered Care (2nd Edition), Chet Wyman MD 2014 The Beryl Institute

Book Review: The Language Of Caring Guide For Physicians: Communication Essentials For Patient-Centered Care (2nd Edition), Chet Wyman Md

Patient Experience Journal

In thie book review for Wendy Leebov and Carla Rotering’s The Language of Caring Guide for Physicians: Communication Essentials for Patient-Centered Care (2nd edition), the author/reviewer conveys his perspective on the essential value of this publication. He offers his recommendation of this book for anyone who wants to improve their own communication skills and also for physician leaders responsible for initiatives to engage physicians and improve service quality, patient outcomes, and CAHPS scores for a department or organization, noting it is an essential read in today’s healthcare environment.


Learning What High Quality Compassionate Care Means For Cancer Patients And Translating That Into Practice, Fiona McKenzie, Katherine Joel, Charlotte Williams, Kathy Pritchard-Jones Professor 2014 The Beryl Institute

Learning What High Quality Compassionate Care Means For Cancer Patients And Translating That Into Practice, Fiona Mckenzie, Katherine Joel, Charlotte Williams, Kathy Pritchard-Jones Professor

Patient Experience Journal

In 2010, UCLPartners, a partnership of health care providers and universities in North Central London, began a collaboration with local commissioners that aimed to think about cancer care and diagnosis differently. Understanding that a good patient experience can only be delivered by putting patients first and working together along their journey from symptoms to recovery, we brought clinical leaders together with patients to think about how to improve outcomes for patients, outside institutional barriers. From the very beginning this new network, an integrated cancer system, focused on understanding what mattered most to patients and organising how it worked and how ...


Exploring The Impact Of An Interprofessional Care Protocol On The Patient Experience And Outcomes For Seniors With Diabetes, Linda J. Mast PhD, FACMPE, Ateequr Rahman PhD, Diane Bridges PhD, Neil L. Horsley DPM 2014 The Beryl Institute

Exploring The Impact Of An Interprofessional Care Protocol On The Patient Experience And Outcomes For Seniors With Diabetes, Linda J. Mast Phd, Facmpe, Ateequr Rahman Phd, Diane Bridges Phd, Neil L. Horsley Dpm

Patient Experience Journal

Contemporary healthcare has placed intensified focus on the patient experience. Ultimately the patient experience is influenced by relationships with healthcare providers. In order to make a positive impact on patient outcomes and quality of care, the patient experience must be positive. Interprofessional collaboration is recognized as a key aspect of a culture that fosters patient-centered care and a positive patient experience. This quasi-experimental study explores the impact of interprofessional collaboration to develop a preventive services care protocol for seniors with diabetes. Patients were studied over six months using pre-test and post-test measures. Both quantitative data from clinical outcomes and qualitative ...


Are We Providing Patient-Centered Care? Preferences About Paracentesis And Thoracentesis Procedures, Jeffrey H. Barsuk, Sarah E. Kozmic, Jordan Scher, Joe Feinglass, Aimee Hoyer, Diane B. Wayne 2014 The Beryl Institute

Are We Providing Patient-Centered Care? Preferences About Paracentesis And Thoracentesis Procedures, Jeffrey H. Barsuk, Sarah E. Kozmic, Jordan Scher, Joe Feinglass, Aimee Hoyer, Diane B. Wayne

Patient Experience Journal

Procedures performed at the bedside are as safe and less expensive than Interventional Radiology (IR) procedures. Patient preferences regarding location are rarely taken into account. Therefore, in this study we compared patient satisfaction with bedside and IR paracentesis and thoracentesis procedures, and identified reasons for patient location preferences. We performed a cross-sectional survey of medical inpatients undergoing paracentesis or thoracentesis procedures at a tertiary care academic medical center. The survey had eight domains: overall experience, pain control, expertise, courtesy, bedside manner of the physician, time required, explanation of risks/benefits, comfort and privacy. Patients were also asked about their preference ...


Using A Data-Driven Organizational Improvement Model To Engage An Interdisciplinary Team In Transforming A Public Women’S Health Clinic, Kenneth J. Feldman, Molly Lopez, Morris Gagliardi 2014 The Beryl Institute

Using A Data-Driven Organizational Improvement Model To Engage An Interdisciplinary Team In Transforming A Public Women’S Health Clinic, Kenneth J. Feldman, Molly Lopez, Morris Gagliardi

Patient Experience Journal

Gouverneur Health is the largest diagnostic and treatment center in New York State, and part of the New York City Health and Hospitals Corporation (HHC), a public benefit corporation with $6.7 billion in annual revenues. HHC is the largest municipal healthcare system in the United States serving 1.4 million patients, including more than 475,000 uninsured city residents.[1] Within Gouverneur, the Women’s Health department is committed to providing high quality services that improve patients' health and wellbeing, yet patient experience, flow, clinic access and education are in need of process improvements. To enhance patient experience and ...


Feasibility Of Using Emergency Department Patient Experience Surveys As A Proxy For Equity Of Care, Helen Chiu, Nadia Batara, Robert Stenstrom, Lianne Carley, Catherine Jones, Lena Cuthbertson, Eric Grafstein 2014 The Beryl Institute

Feasibility Of Using Emergency Department Patient Experience Surveys As A Proxy For Equity Of Care, Helen Chiu, Nadia Batara, Robert Stenstrom, Lianne Carley, Catherine Jones, Lena Cuthbertson, Eric Grafstein

Patient Experience Journal

Collecting and examining equity data can help inform quality improvement initiatives but is a relatively new practice in health care. The overall goal of this study was to assess different methods of administering patient experience surveys as a feasible starting point in measuring equity in an urban Emergency Department (ED) that serves a diverse patient population. Socio-demographic characteristics of patients visiting an ED were compared with those of patients who responded to provincial patient experience surveys routinely administered by mail. Patient experience survey data were collected over an 11-week period in an urban ED using different survey administration methods (face-to-face ...


The Relationships Between Hcahps Communication And Discharge Satisfaction Items And Hospital Readmissions, Fadi Hachem, Jeff Canar, Francis Fullam MA, Andrew S. Gallan PhD, Samuel Hohmann, Catherine Johnson 2014 The Beryl Institute

The Relationships Between Hcahps Communication And Discharge Satisfaction Items And Hospital Readmissions, Fadi Hachem, Jeff Canar, Francis Fullam Ma, Andrew S. Gallan Phd, Samuel Hohmann, Catherine Johnson

Patient Experience Journal

The Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) survey has become a key metric used by organizations and patients to evaluate patient experience. Readmissions also continue to be a metric used to evaluate performance because of the added cost to both healthcare systems and patients. Both measures are also seen in programs such as Value Based Purchasing that have an effect on hospital reimbursements. Previous studies have demonstrated a relationship between patient perceptions and quality of care, and have found patients to be reliable evaluators of their care. While good communication and positive provider relationships have been related ...


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