The Rangeley Spinner: An American Fishing Favorite, 2017 University of Maine
The Rangeley Spinner: An American Fishing Favorite, William B. Krohn
William B. Krohn
Urban Environmental Performance Index: The Quito Pilot Case, 2017 Yale University
Urban Environmental Performance Index: The Quito Pilot Case, Diego C. Manya, Ryan Thomas, Matthew Moroney
Yale Day of Data
In the context of the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and its indicators, especially Goal 11, the importance of indicators is paramount to the implementation, monitoring and eventual success of the SDG. However, a review of global sustainability indicators reveals major gaps in coverage, including scientific gaps. Indicators are often siloed, meaning at the urban scale where issues often overlap and intersect, existing indicators do not take into consideration cross-sectoral linkages. Finally, many indicators fail to adequately address social equity or inclusion, a high-priority issue identified as central to new definitions of green economy and sustainable development at ...
Carsey Perspectives: To Dig, Or Not To Dig?, 2017 University of New Hampshire - Main Campus
Carsey Perspectives: To Dig, Or Not To Dig?, Tom Haines
The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository
In this Carsey Perspectives brief, author Tom Haines details the ongoing review of federal coal leasing and reflects on its implications for the country’s effort to meet carbon emissions targets in the face of climate change. Haines walked 50 miles across Wyoming’s Powder River Basin, the site of most federal coal production, and uses that on-the-ground research, as well as additional reporting, to form an analysis of the scope of the program and the role of federal coal going forward.
Lost Opportunities: Ecuador's Yasuní Itt Initiative, 2017 Pomona College
Lost Opportunities: Ecuador's Yasuní Itt Initiative, Julianna Hitchins
Pomona Senior Theses
In 2007, President Rafael Correa of Ecuador proposed the Yasuní ITT Initiative at the United Nations General Assembly in an effort to contribute to the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions and the local preservation of biodiversity. The initiative proposed enacting an indefinite ban on oil exploration and extraction within the Ecuadorian Yasuní National Park so long as the developed world was willing to contribute to half the forgone costs of drilling. However, despite initial support, the Yasuní Initiative was unsuccessful, and due to a lack of financial support, Correa terminated the proposal in August 2013.
With the increasing threat of ...
From Yosemite To A Global Market: How Patagonia, Inc. Has Created An Environmentally Sustainable And Socially Equitable Model Of Supply-Chain Management, Mary-Clare Bosco
Pomona Senior Theses
There is an urgent pressure of the time (2016) to re-evaluate our patterns of consumption to adapt to changing climates and reduce waste and pollution. Because an immediate restructuring of global production strategies is not likely any time soon, industrial innovators are finding new ways of redesigning supply-chain management in efforts to move towards environmentally sustainable business in which all manufacturing practices are transparent. Patagonia, Inc. is a testament to the often-debated question of economic value in green business practices, and this thesis acts as an outline as to how they arrived at such an impressive presence in the business ...
A Comparison Of Indigenous And Western Land Management; Case Studies Of Ngāti Whātua Ōrākei And The East Bay Regional Park District, Kyle Jensen
Pomona Senior Theses
Western value systems and ways of knowing the world are in need of serious critique, especially in terms of colonialism and capitalism. These systems, many argue are fundamentally unjust and unsustainable while also working toinvalidate and erase alternative, indigenous ways of knowing. We need to work towards decolonization by both challenging these dominant Western systems, and exploring and supporting alternatives. That the primary intent of this thesis, which aims to engage and compare indigenous and Western worldviews using two specific case studies of land management. The first, Ngāti Whātua Ōrākei, represents an indigenous Māori approach in a New Zealand context ...
Roots Of A Movement: Community Action And The Impact Of Urban Agriculture In Chicago, 2017 Pomona College
Roots Of A Movement: Community Action And The Impact Of Urban Agriculture In Chicago, Maia Welbel
Pomona Senior Theses
Efforts to maintain a relationship to food pathways have been consistent throughout U.S. history despite the general evolution towards an increasingly industrialized food system. Urban agriculture serves as a means of reclaiming and furthering knowledge of where food comes from while also addressing larger social, economic, and environmental goals. This has been demonstrated in Chicago where urban farmers have worked to improve food access, increase employment, and revitalize communities all across the city. For many years, federal policies have promoted maximum production of commodity crops and kept supermarket prices low, allowing the government to ignore the impacts these policies ...
Climate Change Adaptation For Southern California Groundwater Managers: A Case Study Of The Six Basins Aquifer, Frank Lyles
Pomona Senior Theses
Groundwater has been very important to the economic development of Southern California, and will continue to be a crucial resource in the 21st century. However, Climate Change threatens to disrupt many of the physical and economic processes that control the flow of water in and out of aquifers. One groundwater manager, the Six Basins Watermaster in eastern Los Angeles and western San Bernardino Counties, has developed a long-term planning document called the Strategic Plan that mostly fails to address the implications of Climate Change, especially for local water supplies. This thesis presents an in-depth analysis of the Six Basin Watermaster ...
Sustaining Uber: Opportunities For Electric Vehicle Integration, 2017 Pomona College
Sustaining Uber: Opportunities For Electric Vehicle Integration, David Wagner
Pomona Senior Theses
Uber and Lyft, the “unregulated taxis” that are putting traditional taxi companies out of business, are expanding quickly and changing the landscape of urban transportation as they go. This thesis analyzes the environmental impacts of Transportation Network Companies, particularly in California, with respect to travel behavior, congestion, and fuel efficiency. The analysis suggests that fuel efficient taxis are being replaced by less fuel efficient Uber and Lyft vehicles. Linear regressions were run on data from the Clean Vehicle Rebate Project’s Electric Vehicle Consumer Survey of electric vehicle owners in California. The findings indicate that Uber drivers are more reliant ...
3d Tool Evaluation And Workflow For An Ecological Approach To Visualizing Ancient Socio-Environmental Landscapes: A Case Study From Copan, Honduras, 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
3d Tool Evaluation And Workflow For An Ecological Approach To Visualizing Ancient Socio-Environmental Landscapes: A Case Study From Copan, Honduras, Heather Richards-Rissetto, Shona Sanford-Long, Jack Kerby-Miller
Anthropology Faculty Publications
Architectural reconstructions are the centerpieces of ancient landscape visualization. When present, vegetation is relegated to the background, resulting in underutilized plant data—an integral data source for archaeological interpretation—thus limiting the capacity to take advantage of 3D visualization for studying ancient socio-environmental dynamics. Our long-term objective is to develop methods of 3D landscape visualization that have value for examining changes in land use and settlement patterns. To begin to work toward this objective, we have (1) identified 3D tools and techniques for vegetation modeling and landscape visualization, (2) evaluated the pros and cons of these tools, (3) investigated biological ...
Environmental Art And Environmental Beliefs: The Case Of Plastic Bag Pollution In Oceans, 2017 Colgate University
Environmental Art And Environmental Beliefs: The Case Of Plastic Bag Pollution In Oceans, Robert W. Turner
Economics Faculty Working Papers
This paper reports the results of two experiments exploring the impact of exposure to environmental art on environmental beliefs, using images of plastic bag pollution in oceans. Even though the experimental design investigates only the immediate impact of a brief exposure to artistic images, the design controls well for other factors that might influence changes in environmental beliefs. This study is one of the few to directly estimate the effect of environmental art and it is the first to use elements of the New Ecological Paradigm in that context. Beyond the main research question of whether environmental art has effects ...
The Travel Cost Model, 2016 University of Delaware
The Travel Cost Model, George R. Parsons
George R. Parsons
Wabanki Access To Sweetgrass (Hierochloe Odorata) Within Coastal Maine's Diminishing Open Land Tradition, 2016 University of Maine
Wabanki Access To Sweetgrass (Hierochloe Odorata) Within Coastal Maine's Diminishing Open Land Tradition, Amanda Marie Ellis
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Nontimber forest products (NTFPs), refer to a class of resources (i.e. moss, fungi, mushrooms, plants, etc.) gathered in both rural and urban landscapes. NTFPs are utilized by a variety of cultures all over the world and are a critical part of medicinal, spiritual, dietary, and economic practices. In fact, some NTFP species are so critical to people that they are considered ‘cultural keystone species’ (Garibaldi and Turner 2004). This designation means that without access to the NTFP, cultural survival is at risk. This is the case in Maine where the Wabanaki, a confederacy of four tribes (Passamaqouddy, Penobscot, Mikmaq ...
Plastic Oceans: A New Way In Solving Our Plastic Pollution, 2016 University of San Francisco
Plastic Oceans: A New Way In Solving Our Plastic Pollution, Dakota S. Floyd
By 2050, the world’s oceans will have more plastic than fish with potentially catastrophic consequences on sea life and the health of the ocean. Economically, countries with coastal boundaries will be heavily impacted as plastic pollution has already generated a 13 billion dollars in monetary losses. Considering that this is an extreme problem that we are currently facing the current solution is not enough in curbing our plastic pollution. While, recycling programs have been beneficial in reclaiming some plastic our mass consumption of plastic has outpaced the capabilities of recycling efforts. If we are to find a solution in ...
Growing Biomass Fuel Industry, Declining Local Forage Demands, And Changing Greenhouse Gas Emissions From Us Agriculture: A Case Study, Paul W. Gallagher, Jeremiah Richey
This paper investigates the effect of a biomass crop introduction in a local market where field crops; cattle forage and biomass crops compete for the agricultural resources and determine land use. A simulation study for a State in the US (Minnesota) with extensive and diverse agricultural resources that could also support a biomass industry is reported. Local market impact on prices and land use is summarized. A local biofuel industry with 1.0 billion gallon capacity can transform declining local land values to stable or moderately increasing land values; partly because secular declines in cattle forage can be replaced with ...
The Effects Of Mtbe Bans On Ethanol Production, Feed Markets, And The Iowa Economy, 2016 Iowa State University
The Effects Of Mtbe Bans On Ethanol Production, Feed Markets, And The Iowa Economy, Paul Gallagher, Guenter Schamel, Hosein Shapouri, Jeff Price, Mark Dikeman, Heather Brubacker
Ethanol isa gasoline additive. Increasing quality demands ofmodem gasoline engines and government regulations on health and clean air have shaped the gasoline additives market. So fer, two regulatory changes stand out. First, a lead-based additive, the octane-increasing choice during the 50s and 60s, was banned during the 70s because itcauses cancer. Second, the U.S. EPA required that the largest U.S. cities use reformulated gasoline with fuel quality restrictions that reduce smog (groiind level ozone) and improve other dimensions of airquality inthemost densely populated areas oftheU.S. An oxygen standard was included inthe fuel quality restrictions onreformulated fuel, on ...
The Demand For Agricultural Research By State Governments, 2016 Iowa State University
The Demand For Agricultural Research By State Governments, Jyoti Khanna, Wallace E. Huffman, Todd Sandler
Public agricultural research in the United States is conducted by state agricultural experiment stations (SAES) and by the research agencies of the USDA. Both have research activities in every state. A vast amount of research and experiments has shown that the performance of plants and to a lesser extent animals, in which new technologies are frequently embodied, is altered by local geoclimatic conditions that differ within and between states. Basic research and livestock research to some extent lead to new knowledge or technologies that spill widely across state boundaries. Thus, public agricultural research produces knowledge that is both state specific ...
Restoring Relationship: How The Methodologies Of Wangari Maathai And The Green Belt Movement In Post-Colonial Kenya Achieve Environmental Healing And Women's Empowerment, 2016 East Tennessee State University
Restoring Relationship: How The Methodologies Of Wangari Maathai And The Green Belt Movement In Post-Colonial Kenya Achieve Environmental Healing And Women's Empowerment, Casey L. Wagner
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
The effects of the colonial project in Kenya created multi-faceted damages to the land and indigenous people-groups. Using the lens of ecofeminism, this study examines the undergirding structures that produce systems such as colonization that oppress and destroy land, people, and other beings. By highlighting the experience of the Kikuyu people within the Kenyan colonial program, the innovative and ingenious response of Wangari Maathai's Green Belt Movement proves to be a relevant and effective counter to women's disempowerment and environmental devastation in a post-colonial nation. The approach of the Green Belt Movement offers a unique and accessible method ...
The Development Of Self In Multicultural Experiences, 2016 California State University, Monterey Bay
The Development Of Self In Multicultural Experiences, Dennise Jackson
Capstone Projects and Theses
Be yourself. What does that mean? The “self” is a complex phenomenon constructed and deconstructed in various ways to accommodate or complement the social environment one is in. The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines Self as, “a particular part of your personality or character that is shown in a particular situation” (Merriam-Webster). Many theorist, behaviorist and sociologist continue to capitalize on the role that the external environment such as cultural trends, values and beliefs play in the construction of self. As humans we have the unique ability to adapt and assimilate to the way of living in a new environment as a ...
Factors Influencing Greenhouse Gas Emissions From Land Use, Land-Use Change, And Forest Activities, 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Factors Influencing Greenhouse Gas Emissions From Land Use, Land-Use Change, And Forest Activities, Pattarawan Watcharaanantapong
Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are a major global issue because of their effects on climate and the resulting environmental and human impacts. The primary greenhouse gases (GHGs), carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N2O), are emitted into the atmosphere from a myriad of human activities such as energy supply, manufacturing, transportation, commercial and residential buildings, and waste. Additionally, management activities on agricultural and forest lands can influence GHG emissions substantially. Even though GHGs can be released into the air via the sectors mentioned, GHGs, especially CO2, can be removed from ecosystems through certain ...