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The Travel Cost Model, George R. Parsons 2016 University of Delaware

The Travel Cost Model, George R. Parsons

George R. Parsons

Review chapter on travel cost model. This is an updated version of the 2003 chapter in the Primer on Nonmarket Valuation.


William G. “Billy” Hill – The Mainer Who Outshot Annie Oakley., William B. Krohn 2016 University of Maine - Main

William G. “Billy” Hill – The Mainer Who Outshot Annie Oakley., William B. Krohn

William B. Krohn

William G. “Billy” Hill (1881-1958) was born on Cheheague Island, Maine. As a young man, he out-shpt the famous professional shooter, Annie Oakley. Hill was a man of many accomplishments, including a long-time marksman and representative for Remington-UMC Arms, Vice President of Sportsman's Supplies Co. in Portland, and founder and owner of a fishing tackle company.


Economic Contributions Of Atv-Related Activity In Maine, Jonathan Rubin, Charles Morrris 2016 University of Maine - Main

Economic Contributions Of Atv-Related Activity In Maine, Jonathan Rubin, Charles Morrris

Jonathan Rubin

Riding ATVs has become a highly visible recreational activity in Maine. During the 2003/2004 season from July 1, 2003 to June 30, 2004 there were 59,057 ATVs registered in Maine to 45,561 separate households in Maine and from outside of Maine. During 2004, the Margaret Chase Smith Policy Center at the University of Maine in conjunction with the Maine Department of Conservation conducted a study to determine the total contribution to Maine’s economy that results from the spending related directly to the purchase and use of ATVs in Maine. We also examined the environmental and economic ...


The Life And Times Of Landfills, Joshua O. Reno 2016 Binghamton University

The Life And Times Of Landfills, Joshua O. Reno

Journal of Ecological Anthropology

American landfills are primarily understood as distinctly human and spatial creations, when in practice they are as much temporal as spatial and as much non-human as human. Based on a large landfill on the rural periphery of Detroit, this paper explores the emergent and polychronic forms of life fostered by controlled dumping. Landfill employees work with their ecological surroundings to satisfy regulatory directives and assemble ever-growing mountains of waste. The paper introduces the complex, practical negotiations that result by isolating and diagraming the distinct temporal scales at which nonhuman beings and powers aid in and disrupt the process of landfilling.


Kain V. Department Of Environmental Protection, Sarah M. Danno 2016 Alexander Blewett III School of Law at the University of Montana

Kain V. Department Of Environmental Protection, Sarah M. Danno

Public Land and Resources Law Review

Global climate change and its chronic frustrations generated passage of the Massachusetts Global Warming Solutions Act. The Massachusetts Legislature imposed time-bound implementation mandates on the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection with Massachusetts residents acting as compliance watchdogs. In Kain, the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts interpreted the Act in favor of environmental integrity and strict agency compliance standards.


Industrial Ecology Analysis Of The Potential For An Eastern Nebraska Industrial Symbiosis Network (Enisn): A Comparative Study, Bradley A. Behne 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Industrial Ecology Analysis Of The Potential For An Eastern Nebraska Industrial Symbiosis Network (Enisn): A Comparative Study, Bradley A. Behne

Dissertations & Theses in Natural Resources

The area of Eastern Nebraska north of Omaha, including the municipality of Blair is host to a collection of unique companies and industries. These industries, driven by the agricultural and urban economy of the area, as well as the geographic proximity to each other, make it an advantageous area to study the potential for a network where individual entities utilize the concept of industrial symbiosis. This potential network is referred to as the Eastern Nebraska Industrial Symbiosis Network (ENISN). Industrial symbiosis, a sub-set of industrial ecology, engages separate industries in a collaborative and collective approach, concerning itself with the flow ...


Coastal Louisiana: Adaptive Capacity In The Face Of Climate Change, Tara Lambeth 2016 University of New Orleans

Coastal Louisiana: Adaptive Capacity In The Face Of Climate Change, Tara Lambeth

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Extreme weather events can result in natural disasters, and climate change can cause these weather events to occur more often and with more intensity. Because of social and physical vulnerabilities, climate change and extreme weather often affect coastal communities. As climate change continues to be a factor for many coastal communities, and environmental hazards and vulnerability continue to increase, the need for adaptation may become a reality for many communities. However, very few studies have been done on the effect climate change and mitigation measures implemented in response to climate change have on a community’s adaptive capacity.

This single ...


Urban Synagogues-Changing Relationship With Tikkun Olam, Rena Schuman Stoler 2016 Clark University

Urban Synagogues-Changing Relationship With Tikkun Olam, Rena Schuman Stoler

International Development, Community and Environment (IDCE)

Synagogues in their urban context are searching for ways to responsibly act on the value of tikkun olam. Tikkun olam has adapted in the American context but in its essence is Jewish value of repairing the world. Five rabbis and one organizer were interviewed to shed light on the intricate dynamic between Jewish synagogues and social justice work in their city. The five synagogues were challenged by the Jewish call to social justice, and challenges that influenced their vision for a better world. Therefore, rabbis need to strike a balance between appeasing internal issues and being a present force in ...


Are Countries In Environmental Cooperation Concerned About Relative Gains?, Vivian Chinua Olivia Ike 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Are Countries In Environmental Cooperation Concerned About Relative Gains?, Vivian Chinua Olivia Ike

Master's Theses

A country’s decision to join or withdraw from environmental cooperation has been argued by interest based theories to be influenced by the economic cost of international agreements, national interest of countries and the free-rider problem. However, this thesis argues that relative gains is a more decisive factor that influences the decision of countries in international arrangements. It hypothesizes that countries in environmental cooperation are concerned about relative gains. A content analysis of the statements of fifteen countries in international climate change cooperation are analyzed. The countries include the United States, Russian Federation, Canada, Japan, Australia, China, Brazil, South Africa ...


The Feasibility Of Using Drones To Count Songbirds, Andrew M. Wilson, Janine M. Barr, Megan E. Zagorski 2016 Gettysburg College

The Feasibility Of Using Drones To Count Songbirds, Andrew M. Wilson, Janine M. Barr, Megan E. Zagorski

Environmental Studies Student Conference Presentations

Point and transect counts are the most common bird survey methods, but are subject to biases and accessibility issues. To eliminate some of these biases, we propose attaching a recorder to a consumer-grade quadcopter (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, or UAV) to estimate songbird populations from audio recordings. We conducted a blind experiment using broadcast recordings to estimate the detection radius of a compact recorder attached to a UAV, and found that the detection radius did not vary significantly when the UAV was flown at elevations of 20, 40 and 60m. We field tested our system by comparing UAV-based bird counts with ...


Can Capital-Energy Substitution Foster Economic Growth?, Itziar Lazkano, Linh Pham 2016 University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee

Can Capital-Energy Substitution Foster Economic Growth?, Itziar Lazkano, Linh Pham

Itzi Lazkano

This paper studies the ease of substitution between energy and other production inputs over time. We first develop a Solow growth model with energy where our general production function allows for a non-constant elasticity of substitution between production inputs. Our focus thus differs from previous work as we depart from the standard assumption of constant elasticity of substitution between production inputs. Our theoretical results show that the ease of substitution between capital and energy improves over time with energy intensity. We also find that the long-run growth rate directly depends on the speed at which the elasticity of substitution increases ...


Electronic Waste And Sustainability: Reflections On A Rising Global Challenge, Bipul Kumar, Kalyan Bhaskar 2016 Indian Institute of Management, Indore

Electronic Waste And Sustainability: Reflections On A Rising Global Challenge, Bipul Kumar, Kalyan Bhaskar

Markets, Globalization & Development Review

Globalization, technological advancements, advent of the internet, near-universal availability of mobile phones and changing consumer preferences have led to a boom in the electrical and electronics industry. Such products are now available in almost all countries of the world. The increased availability and consumption of electronic products have also led to rapid rise in the volumes of electronic waste (e-waste) globally. Markets have traditionally not paid sufficient attention to post-consumption behavior for electronic products and hence safe disposal and management of e-waste has always remained a critical issue. There are significant sustainability issues related with e-waste at local as well ...


Foreign Investor Protection And Climate Action: A New Price Tag For Urgent Policies, Gus Van Harten 2016 Osgoode Hall Law School of York University

Foreign Investor Protection And Climate Action: A New Price Tag For Urgent Policies, Gus Van Harten

Gus Van Harten

From a climate perspective, not all investment is equal. Desirable investment in clean energy needs encouragement and protection, while undesirable investment in fossil fuels needs clear policy signals to avoid further investment in destructive activities and stranding more assets. In this paper, evidence is presented on how foreign investor protection provisions in trade and investment agreements tilt the playing field in favor of entrenched incumbents and against urgent action on climate; on the potential for a massive expansion of investor-state litigation and risks to climate policy in proposed trade deals; and on key flaws in recent European Commission proposals to ...


Mixed Methods Research: A Comprehensive Approach For Study Into The New Zealand Voluntary Carbon Market, S Jeff Birchall, Maya Murphy, Markus Milne 2016 University of Alberta

Mixed Methods Research: A Comprehensive Approach For Study Into The New Zealand Voluntary Carbon Market, S Jeff Birchall, Maya Murphy, Markus Milne

The Qualitative Report

Climate change and solutions to solving this wicked problem require a mixed methods research approach that draws on quantitative and qualitative inquiry together. The purpose of this article is to demonstrate the applicability (and effectiveness) of a mixed methods approach applied to research into the voluntary carbon market (VCM), a key path available for organisations electing to offset their carbon emissions, in New Zealand. The mixed methods approach included three unique data sets (quantitative documents, quantitative surveys, qualitative in-depth interviews), and was both explanatory (qualitative interviews built upon and contextualized the document analysis and survey results) and convergent (data sets ...


Hotel Sustainability Benchmarking Index 2016: Energy, Water, And Carbon, Eric Ricaurte 2016 Greenview

Hotel Sustainability Benchmarking Index 2016: Energy, Water, And Carbon, Eric Ricaurte

Center for Hospitality Research Reports

Several studies have been undertaken or attempted by industry and academe to address the need for lodging industry carbon benchmarking. However, these studies have focused on normalizing resource use with the goal of rating or comparing all properties based on multivariate regression according to an industry-wide set of variables, with the result that data sets for analysis were limited. This approach is backward, because practical hotel industry benchmarking must first be undertaken within a specific location and segment.1 Therefore, the CHSB study’s goal is to build a representative database providing raw benchmarks as a base for industry comparisons ...


Proliferation Of Drones Raises New Concerns, Erika Simpson 2016 Western University

Proliferation Of Drones Raises New Concerns, Erika Simpson

Political Science Publications

Drones could reinvent how humanitarian aid is provided-but they are also being deployed as weapons half a world away, notes Erika Simpson.


Using Voting And Valuation To Assess The Efficiency Of Local Public Good Provision, Corey Lang 2016 University of Rhode Island

Using Voting And Valuation To Assess The Efficiency Of Local Public Good Provision, Corey Lang

Corey Lang

This paper tests the efficiency of local provision of land conservation. I examine how housing prices, which capitalize open space amenities and future tax obligations, change after municipalities vote on referenda for conservation spending. Using a dynamic regression discontinuity based on voting outcomes, results suggest housing prices increase about 1% for every $1000 per household of open space spending authorized, indicating inefficiency and underprovision of conservation. Further, I calculate the median marginal willingness to pay for $1 per household of open space spending as $3.52.


Discussion Results From A Statewide Satellite Town Meeting On The 1990 Farm Bill: Commodity Programs, Environment, Food Safety And Rural Development, Mark A. Edelman Dr., David A. Swenson 2016 Iowa State University

Discussion Results From A Statewide Satellite Town Meeting On The 1990 Farm Bill: Commodity Programs, Environment, Food Safety And Rural Development, Mark A. Edelman Dr., David A. Swenson

Mark Edelman

Ames--"The U.S. should attempt to coordinate the reduction of trade subsidies with other nations, but should not remove the income safety net for U.S. farmers," says a new ISU report.


Hog Confinement Policy Issues And Options, Mark A. Edelman Dr. 2016 Iowa State University

Hog Confinement Policy Issues And Options, Mark A. Edelman Dr.

Mark Edelman

ISSUE 1: The siting Problem. 3 Who should have authority over site location decisions for large hog confinement facilities? What process should be used to make the siting decisions? ISSUE 2. The Environmental Problem. 12 What principles should be used in environmental standards for waste and odor management of large hog confinement facilities? Should waste and odor management plans be required? Should performance be monitored regularly, periodically or only after complaint? How will appropriate closure and payment of closure costs be assured?


De La Gestión De Recursos Al Activismo Social: Los Caps Y La Gobernanza Del Agua Rural En Nicaragua, Sarah T. Romano 2016 University of Northern Colorado

De La Gestión De Recursos Al Activismo Social: Los Caps Y La Gobernanza Del Agua Rural En Nicaragua, Sarah T. Romano

Faculty Publications

Asegurar el acceso sostenible al agua es un problema cada vez más agudo y de alcance global. De la gestión de recursos al activismo social: Los CAPS y la gobernanza de agua rural en Nicaragua, destaca como este problema es también uno que se entrecruza de formas cruciales con los procesos políticos democráticos. Con base en trece meses de trabajo de campo en Nicaragua, esta investigación examina cómo los administradores de recursos comunitarios y proveedores del servicio de agua trascienden sus comunidades rurales para involucrarse fundamentalmente en nuevas formas de participación política, incidencia y establecimiento de redes.

Después de treinta ...


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