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The Travel Cost Model, George R. Parsons 2016 University of Delaware

The Travel Cost Model, George R. Parsons

George R. Parsons

Review chapter on travel cost model. This is an updated version of the 2003 chapter in the Primer on Nonmarket Valuation.


William G. “Billy” Hill – The Mainer Who Outshot Annie Oakley., William B. Krohn 2016 University of Maine - Main

William G. “Billy” Hill – The Mainer Who Outshot Annie Oakley., William B. Krohn

William B. Krohn

William G. “Billy” Hill (1881-1958) was born on Cheheague Island, Maine. As a young man, he out-shpt the famous professional shooter, Annie Oakley. Hill was a man of many accomplishments, including a long-time marksman and representative for Remington-UMC Arms, Vice President of Sportsman's Supplies Co. in Portland, and founder and owner of a fishing tackle company.


Are Countries In Environmental Cooperation Concerned About Relative Gains?, Vivian Chinua Olivia Ike 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Are Countries In Environmental Cooperation Concerned About Relative Gains?, Vivian Chinua Olivia Ike

Master's Theses

A country’s decision to join or withdraw from environmental cooperation has been argued by interest based theories to be influenced by the economic cost of international agreements, national interest of countries and the free-rider problem. However, this thesis argues that relative gains is a more decisive factor that influences the decision of countries in international arrangements. It hypothesizes that countries in environmental cooperation are concerned about relative gains. A content analysis of the statements of fifteen countries in international climate change cooperation are analyzed. The countries include the United States, Russian Federation, Canada, Japan, Australia, China, Brazil, South Africa ...


Urban Synagogues-Changing Relationship With Tikkun Olam, Rena Schuman Stoler 2016 Clark University

Urban Synagogues-Changing Relationship With Tikkun Olam, Rena Schuman Stoler

International Development, Community and Environment (IDCE)

Synagogues in their urban context are searching for ways to responsibly act on the value of tikkun olam. Tikkun olam has adapted in the American context but in its essence is Jewish value of repairing the world. Five rabbis and one organizer were interviewed to shed light on the intricate dynamic between Jewish synagogues and social justice work in their city. The five synagogues were challenged by the Jewish call to social justice, and challenges that influenced their vision for a better world. Therefore, rabbis need to strike a balance between appeasing internal issues and being a present force in ...


Can Capital-Energy Substitution Foster Economic Growth?, Itziar Lazkano, Linh Pham 2016 University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee

Can Capital-Energy Substitution Foster Economic Growth?, Itziar Lazkano, Linh Pham

Itzi Lazkano

This paper studies the ease of substitution between energy and other production inputs over time. We first develop a Solow growth model with energy where our general production function allows for a non-constant elasticity of substitution between production inputs. Our focus thus differs from previous work as we depart from the standard assumption of constant elasticity of substitution between production inputs. Our theoretical results show that the ease of substitution between capital and energy improves over time with energy intensity. We also find that the long-run growth rate directly depends on the speed at which the elasticity of substitution increases ...


Foreign Investor Protection And Climate Action: A New Price Tag For Urgent Policies, Gus Van Harten 2016 Osgoode Hall Law School of York University

Foreign Investor Protection And Climate Action: A New Price Tag For Urgent Policies, Gus Van Harten

Gus Van Harten

From a climate perspective, not all investment is equal. Desirable investment in clean energy needs encouragement and protection, while undesirable investment in fossil fuels needs clear policy signals to avoid further investment in destructive activities and stranding more assets. In this paper, evidence is presented on how foreign investor protection provisions in trade and investment agreements tilt the playing field in favor of entrenched incumbents and against urgent action on climate; on the potential for a massive expansion of investor-state litigation and risks to climate policy in proposed trade deals; and on key flaws in recent European Commission proposals to ...


Mixed Methods Research: A Comprehensive Approach For Study Into The New Zealand Voluntary Carbon Market, S Jeff Birchall, Maya Murphy, Markus Milne 2016 University of Alberta

Mixed Methods Research: A Comprehensive Approach For Study Into The New Zealand Voluntary Carbon Market, S Jeff Birchall, Maya Murphy, Markus Milne

The Qualitative Report

Climate change and solutions to solving this wicked problem require a mixed methods research approach that draws on quantitative and qualitative inquiry together. The purpose of this article is to demonstrate the applicability (and effectiveness) of a mixed methods approach applied to research into the voluntary carbon market (VCM), a key path available for organisations electing to offset their carbon emissions, in New Zealand. The mixed methods approach included three unique data sets (quantitative documents, quantitative surveys, qualitative in-depth interviews), and was both explanatory (qualitative interviews built upon and contextualized the document analysis and survey results) and convergent (data sets ...


Hotel Sustainability Benchmarking Index 2016: Energy, Water, And Carbon, Eric Ricaurte 2016 Greenview

Hotel Sustainability Benchmarking Index 2016: Energy, Water, And Carbon, Eric Ricaurte

Center for Hospitality Research Reports

Several studies have been undertaken or attempted by industry and academe to address the need for lodging industry carbon benchmarking. However, these studies have focused on normalizing resource use with the goal of rating or comparing all properties based on multivariate regression according to an industry-wide set of variables, with the result that data sets for analysis were limited. This approach is backward, because practical hotel industry benchmarking must first be undertaken within a specific location and segment.1 Therefore, the CHSB study’s goal is to build a representative database providing raw benchmarks as a base for industry comparisons ...


Proliferation Of Drones Raises New Concerns, Erika Simpson 2016 Western University

Proliferation Of Drones Raises New Concerns, Erika Simpson

Political Science Publications

Drones could reinvent how humanitarian aid is provided-but they are also being deployed as weapons half a world away, notes Erika Simpson.


Using Voting And Valuation To Assess The Efficiency Of Local Public Good Provision, Corey Lang 2016 University of Rhode Island

Using Voting And Valuation To Assess The Efficiency Of Local Public Good Provision, Corey Lang

Corey Lang

This paper tests the efficiency of local provision of land conservation. I examine how housing prices, which capitalize open space amenities and future tax obligations, change after municipalities vote on referenda for conservation spending. Using a dynamic regression discontinuity based on voting outcomes, results suggest housing prices increase about 1% for every $1000 per household of open space spending authorized, indicating inefficiency and underprovision of conservation. Further, I calculate the median marginal willingness to pay for $1 per household of open space spending as $3.52.


Discussion Results From A Statewide Satellite Town Meeting On The 1990 Farm Bill: Commodity Programs, Environment, Food Safety And Rural Development, Mark A. Edelman Dr., David A. Swenson 2016 Iowa State University

Discussion Results From A Statewide Satellite Town Meeting On The 1990 Farm Bill: Commodity Programs, Environment, Food Safety And Rural Development, Mark A. Edelman Dr., David A. Swenson

Mark Edelman

Ames--"The U.S. should attempt to coordinate the reduction of trade subsidies with other nations, but should not remove the income safety net for U.S. farmers," says a new ISU report.


Hog Confinement Policy Issues And Options, Mark A. Edelman Dr. 2016 Iowa State University

Hog Confinement Policy Issues And Options, Mark A. Edelman Dr.

Mark Edelman

ISSUE 1: The siting Problem. 3 Who should have authority over site location decisions for large hog confinement facilities? What process should be used to make the siting decisions? ISSUE 2. The Environmental Problem. 12 What principles should be used in environmental standards for waste and odor management of large hog confinement facilities? Should waste and odor management plans be required? Should performance be monitored regularly, periodically or only after complaint? How will appropriate closure and payment of closure costs be assured?


Do Or Die: Environmental History, Environmental Politics And Environmental Economics And Their Implications For Mitigating The Effects Of Climate Change, Christopher Cannon 2016 Fordham University

Do Or Die: Environmental History, Environmental Politics And Environmental Economics And Their Implications For Mitigating The Effects Of Climate Change, Christopher Cannon

Student Theses 2015-Present

Beginning during the Industrial Revolution, global economic growth has been driven mainly by humanity’s ability to harness energy from the combustion of fossil fuels. Energy is a tremendously valuable resource; lands with few other resources yield wealthy nations, businesses, cartels, armies and kingdoms, grown primarily from deposits and reserves of coal, oil or natural gas below the land’s surface. Energy security is perhaps a prerequisite for a nation to achieve industrial and economic development, foreign investment and trade, and in most cases law and order. As energy markets stand today in our global economic system, the burning of ...


A Partial Bibliography Of Early Sporting Information From The Magalloway River, Maine, William B. Krohn 2016 University of Maine

A Partial Bibliography Of Early Sporting Information From The Magalloway River, Maine, William B. Krohn

William B. Krohn

This bibliography contains information sources documenting the early experiences of people who fished, hunted, and trapped the Magalloway River and surrounding area. This document includes information about the early pictures of the region taken by the professional photographer, Edwin R. Starbird


Aspirational Planning: A Statistical Model Of Hawthorne Bridge And Tilikum Crossing Bicycle Ride Counts, Robert McCullough, Ramon Cabauatan, Jacob Gellman 2016 McCullough Research

Aspirational Planning: A Statistical Model Of Hawthorne Bridge And Tilikum Crossing Bicycle Ride Counts, Robert Mccullough, Ramon Cabauatan, Jacob Gellman

Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs

Portland city planners have routinely planned for an increase in bicycle commutership and a decrease in automobile commutership. This paper discusses the latest data on Portland car and bicycle use. Portland and Multnomah County are observing an increase in single occupancy vehicle commuters, car ownership, and gasoline consumption. Bicycle use in Portland is found to have followed a logistic curve pattern since the early 1990s. The authors present an ordinary least squares model to explain bicycle ridership on the Hawthorne Bridge and the recently constructed Tilikum Crossing. When controlling for other factors such as weather and daylight, the Tilikum Crossing ...


Was December Warm? Family, Politics, And Recollections Of Weather, Lawrence C. Hamilton, Mary Lemcke-Stampone 2016 University of New Hampshire

Was December Warm? Family, Politics, And Recollections Of Weather, Lawrence C. Hamilton, Mary Lemcke-Stampone

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

In 2015 New Hampshire experienced its warmest December on record. The temperature exceeded twentieth century average temperatures by a wider margin than for any month in historical records dating back to 1895. In February 2016, as part of an ongoing study of environmental perceptions, the Granite State Poll asked state residents whether they thought the recent December had been generally colder, warmer, or about average for that month. Only 63 percent remembered it had been above average. The remainder of the winter set a new warmth record as well, so in April 2016 another Granite State Poll asked residents about ...


Rivers, Fish, And The People: Tradition, Science, And Historical Ecology Of Fisheries In The American West, Pei-Lin Yu 2016 Boise State University

Rivers, Fish, And The People: Tradition, Science, And Historical Ecology Of Fisheries In The American West, Pei-Lin Yu

Pei-Lin Yu

America's western rivers are under assault, as development, pollution, climate change, and invasive species take a toll on the health and viability of river ecosystems. Returning these ecosystems to the time of European contact is often the stated goal for restoration efforts, but deeper evolutionary relationships and the influence of indigenous societies on rivers are not well understood.

This volume presents a unique synthesis of scientific discoveries and traditional knowledge about the ecology of iconic river species of the American West. Building from a foundation in fisheries biology and life history about key species, Rivers, Fish, and the People ...


Review Of Scientists, Experts, And Civic Engagement: Walking A Fine Line Edited By Amy E. Lesen (Farnham: Ashgate, 2015), Jennifer G. Williams 2016 Kansas State University

Review Of Scientists, Experts, And Civic Engagement: Walking A Fine Line Edited By Amy E. Lesen (Farnham: Ashgate, 2015), Jennifer G. Williams

Journal of Public Deliberation

Book Review: Scientists, Experts, and Civic Engagement: Walking a Fine Line edited by Amy E. Lesen (Farnham: Ashgate, 2015)


Beneath The Surface Dive And Beach Cleanup Festival, Megan van Hamersveld 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Beneath The Surface Dive And Beach Cleanup Festival, Megan Van Hamersveld

Communication Studies

No abstract provided.


Valuation Of The External Costs Of Unconventional Oil And Gas Development: The Critical Importance Of Mineral Rights Ownership, Andrew Boslett, Todd Guilfoos, Corey Lang 2016 University of Rhode Island

Valuation Of The External Costs Of Unconventional Oil And Gas Development: The Critical Importance Of Mineral Rights Ownership, Andrew Boslett, Todd Guilfoos, Corey Lang

Corey Lang

We quantify the negative externalities associated with unconventional extraction of oil and gas using hedonic valuation and residential property transactions. One complication in determining local impacts is that some but not all properties are unified with mineral rights, which enable the residents to benefit financially from nearby drilling. To overcome this issue, we exploit the mineral severance legacy of the Stock-Raising Homestead Act of 1916 to identify properties in Western Colorado that with certainty do not have mineral rights and are therefore only impacted negatively by proximate drilling. Our regression results suggest that housing prices decline about 35% when drilling ...


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