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The Travel Cost Model, George R. Parsons 2016 University of Delaware

The Travel Cost Model, George R. Parsons

George R. Parsons

Review chapter on travel cost model. This is an updated version of the 2003 chapter in the Primer on Nonmarket Valuation.


The Demand For Agricultural Research By State Governments, Jyoti Khanna, Wallace E. Huffman, Todd Sandler 2016 Iowa State University

The Demand For Agricultural Research By State Governments, Jyoti Khanna, Wallace E. Huffman, Todd Sandler

Wallace Huffman

Public agricultural research in the United States is conducted by state agricultural experiment stations (SAES) and by the research agencies of the USDA. Both have research activities in every state. A vast amount of research and experiments has shown that the performance of plants and to a lesser extent animals, in which new technologies are frequently embodied, is altered by local geoclimatic conditions that differ within and between states. Basic research and livestock research to some extent lead to new knowledge or technologies that spill widely across state boundaries. Thus, public agricultural research produces knowledge that is both state specific ...


Analysis Of Professors’ Perceptions Towards Institutional Redevelopment Of Brownfield Sites In Alabama, Berkley Nathaniel King Jr. 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Analysis Of Professors’ Perceptions Towards Institutional Redevelopment Of Brownfield Sites In Alabama, Berkley Nathaniel King Jr.

Dissertations

This study was conducted to analyze professors’ perceptions on the institutional redevelopment of brownfield sites into usable greenspaces. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (2011) refers to brownfields as sites, (either facility/land) under public law § 107-118 (H.R. 2869), which are contaminated with a substance that is classified as a hazard or a pollutant. Usable greenspaces, however, are open spaces or any open piece of land that is undeveloped, has no buildings or other built structures, and is accessible to the public (EPA, 2015).

Open green spaces provide recreational areas for residents and help to enhance the beauty and ...


Restoring Relationship: How The Methodologies Of Wangari Maathai And The Green Belt Movement In Post-Colonial Kenya Achieve Environmental Healing And Women's Empowerment, Casey L. Wagner 2016 East Tennessee State University

Restoring Relationship: How The Methodologies Of Wangari Maathai And The Green Belt Movement In Post-Colonial Kenya Achieve Environmental Healing And Women's Empowerment, Casey L. Wagner

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The effects of the colonial project in Kenya created multi-faceted damages to the land and indigenous people-groups. Using the lens of ecofeminism, this study examines the undergirding structures that produce systems such as colonization that oppress and destroy land, people, and other beings. By highlighting the experience of the Kikuyu people within the Kenyan colonial program, the innovative and ingenious response of Wangari Maathai's Green Belt Movement proves to be a relevant and effective counter to women's disempowerment and environmental devastation in a post-colonial nation. The approach of the Green Belt Movement offers a unique and accessible method ...


Passenger Satisfaction And Mental Adaptation Under Adverse Conditions: Case Study In Manila, Andra Charis Mijares, Mio Suzuki, Tetsuo Yai 2016 Tokyo Institute of Technology

Passenger Satisfaction And Mental Adaptation Under Adverse Conditions: Case Study In Manila, Andra Charis Mijares, Mio Suzuki, Tetsuo Yai

Journal of Public Transportation

Public transportation systems in several developing cities face congestion, air pollution, and safety problems, yet many passengers use them regularly. This study examines the structure of passenger satisfaction and the role of mental adaptation under such conditions. Metro Manila MRT-3 was analyzed as a case study.

The actual and perceived conditions at the MRT-3 were assessed using surveys. Results of the waiting time and PM2.5 monitoring surveys revealed that passengers queue for 30 minutes, on average, while being exposed to unsafe levels of PM2.5. The questionnaire survey results show some discrepancies between actual and perceived values ...


Investigating The Effect Of Gasoline Prices On Transit Ridership And Unobserved Heterogeneity, Hojin Jung, Gun Jea Yu, Kyoung-Min Kwon 2016 Hongik University

Investigating The Effect Of Gasoline Prices On Transit Ridership And Unobserved Heterogeneity, Hojin Jung, Gun Jea Yu, Kyoung-Min Kwon

Journal of Public Transportation

Based on a unique scanner panel data set on debit and credit card transactions, we examined the effect of gasoline prices on individual choices between private vehicle use and public transit ridership. The unique feature of our data allowed us to address possible heterogeneity in the effect of gasoline prices and to explicitly incorporate the link between private vehicle use and public transit ridership. A series of empirical analyses reveal that there is significant heterogeneity in the effect of gasoline prices on fuel consumption and that financial constraints and commitment to vehicle use determine individual sensitivities to the price of ...


The Economics Of Climate Adaptation On America’S Coasts: A Washington Conversation, Center for the Blue Economy and Urban Coast Institute, Dr. Charles Colgan 2016 Center for the Blue Economy at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey

The Economics Of Climate Adaptation On America’S Coasts: A Washington Conversation, Center For The Blue Economy And Urban Coast Institute, Dr. Charles Colgan

Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics

Report of a colloquium on the economics of coastal climate change adaptation held in Washington D.C. on April 16, 2015. The event was sponsored by The Center for Blue Economy of the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey and the Urban Coast Institute of Monmouth University. Participants included Michael Conathan, Center for American Progress; Frank Nutter, Reinsurance Association of America; Dr. Robert Kopp, Rutgers University; Josh Sawislak, Council on Environmental Quality; Tony MacDonald, Urban Coast Institute; Jason Scorse and Charles Colgan, Center for the Blue Economy


Diving Into Food Justice: Food Waste In The Anthropocene, Kathleen P. Hunt, Abby Dubisar 2016 Iowa State University

Diving Into Food Justice: Food Waste In The Anthropocene, Kathleen P. Hunt, Abby Dubisar

Abby Dubisar

The Anthropocene calls for greater attention to the various and complicated ways by which humans interact with the environment and compels critical dialogue to identify and implement alternative solutions. With few exceptions, organisms (including human and more-than-human) require food as a biological need for survival. The global agrifood system has broad environmental consequences. For example, “getting food from the farm to our fork eats up 10 percent of the total U.S. energy budget, uses 50 percent of U.S. land, and swallows 80 percent of all freshwater consumed in the United States” (Gunders, 2012). Food ranks among the top ...


Diving Into Food Justice: Food Waste In The Anthropocene, Kathleen P. Hunt, Abby Dubisar 2016 Iowa State University

Diving Into Food Justice: Food Waste In The Anthropocene, Kathleen P. Hunt, Abby Dubisar

Kathleen Hunt

The Anthropocene calls for greater attention to the various and complicated ways by which humans interact with the environment and compels critical dialogue to identify and implement alternative solutions. With few exceptions, organisms (including human and more-than-human) require food as a biological need for survival. The global agrifood system has broad environmental consequences. For example, “getting food from the farm to our fork eats up 10 percent of the total U.S. energy budget, uses 50 percent of U.S. land, and swallows 80 percent of all freshwater consumed in the United States” (Gunders, 2012). Food ranks among the top ...


Emerging Evidence On The Effectiveness Of Tropical Forest Conservation.Pdf, Jan Boerner, Kathy Baylis, Jordi Honey-Roses, Esteve Corbera, Driss Ezzine-de-Blas, Paul Ferraro, Renaud Lapeyre, Sven Wunder 2016 University of Bonn

Emerging Evidence On The Effectiveness Of Tropical Forest Conservation.Pdf, Jan Boerner, Kathy Baylis, Jordi Honey-Roses, Esteve Corbera, Driss Ezzine-De-Blas, Paul Ferraro, Renaud Lapeyre, Sven Wunder

Kathy Baylis

The PLOS ONE Collection “Measuring forest conservation effectiveness” brings together a series of studies that evaluate the effectiveness of tropical forest conservation policies and programs with the goal of measuring conservation success and associated co-benefits. This overview piece describes the geographic and methodological scope of these studies, as well as the policy instruments covered in the Collection as of June 2016. Focusing on forest cover change, we systematically compare the conservation effects estimated by the studies and discuss them in the light of previous findings in the literature. Nine studies estimated that annual conservation impacts on forest cover were below ...


The Economic Costs And Benefits Of Implementing The Clean Power Plan, Jose Miguel Abito, Christopher R. Knittel, Konstantinos Metaxoglou, Andre Trindade 2016 University of Pennsylvania

The Economic Costs And Benefits Of Implementing The Clean Power Plan, Jose Miguel Abito, Christopher R. Knittel, Konstantinos Metaxoglou, Andre Trindade

Penn Wharton Public Policy Initiative

This brief looks at the costs of implementing the EPA’s Clean Power Plan. Specifically, it examines whether implementing the CPP on a state-by-state basis—that is, with each state meeting its own individual target for emissions reduction by 2030, rather than establishing regional targets—is economically efficient. The economic analysis uses data from electricity-generating firms participating in the Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland (PJM) Interconnection to examine the relative economic efficiency of regional versus state-by-state implementation of the CPP. The research indicates that state-by-state implementation would yield the lowest electricity prices in 2030.


How To Quantify The Temporal Storage Effect Using Simulations Instead Of Math, Stephen P. Ellner, Robin E. Snyder, Peter B. Adler 2016 Cornell University

How To Quantify The Temporal Storage Effect Using Simulations Instead Of Math, Stephen P. Ellner, Robin E. Snyder, Peter B. Adler

Wildland Resources Faculty Publications

The storage effect, originally a theoretical hypothesis to explain how ecologically similar species could coexist by responding differently to environmental variability (Chesson & Warner, 1981; Shmida & Ellner, 1984), has developed into a core concept in community ecology (Mittelbach 2012)with empirical support from communities of prairie grasses (Adler et al., 2006), desert annual plants (Pake & Venable, 1995; Angert et al., 2009), tropical trees (Usinowicz et al., 2012) and zooplankton(Caceres, 1997). An essential step in this maturation was mathematical analysis (Chesson, 1994, 2000a) that identified the conditions required for the storage effect to help stabilize coexistence of competitors. For the temporal storage effect, the focus of this paper, those conditions include (1)species-specific responses to environmental variability, (2) density-dependent covariance between environment and competition, and (3) buffered population growth.


William G. “Billy” Hill – The Mainer Who Outshot Annie Oakley., William B. Krohn 2016 University of Maine - Main

William G. “Billy” Hill – The Mainer Who Outshot Annie Oakley., William B. Krohn

William B. Krohn

William G. “Billy” Hill (1881-1958) was born on Cheheague Island, Maine. As a young man, he out-shpt the famous professional shooter, Annie Oakley. Hill was a man of many accomplishments, including a long-time marksman and representative for Remington-UMC Arms, Vice President of Sportsman's Supplies Co. in Portland, and founder and owner of a fishing tackle company.


Book Review, Christine M. Wilkes 2016 University of New Hampshire

Book Review, Christine M. Wilkes

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Review of: SHELDON KRIMSKY & ALONZO PLOUGH, ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS: COMMUNICATING RiskS AS A SOCIAL PROCESS. (Auburn House 1988) [333 pp.] Acknowledgements, bibliographies, case chronologies, figures, foreword, glossaries of acronyms, index, notes. LC: 88-14467; ISBN: 0-8659-187-8. [$18,95 paper. 88 Post Road West, Westport CT 06881.]


Toxics Use Reduction: Pro And Con, Francine Laden, George M. Gray 2016 University of New Hampshire

Toxics Use Reduction: Pro And Con, Francine Laden, George M. Gray

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

With the Massachusetts Toxics Use Reduction Act as an example, important issues related to the goals and effectiveness of TUR are examined. The benefits as claimed by proponents are contrasted with shortcomings outlined by opponents in point-counterpoint style. Ultimately, the authors call for more balanced analysis.


Assessment Of Biowaste Losses Through Unsound Waste Management Practices In Rural Areas And The Role Of Home Composting, Florin C. MIHAI, Carlo Ingrao 2016 "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University

Assessment Of Biowaste Losses Through Unsound Waste Management Practices In Rural Areas And The Role Of Home Composting, Florin C. Mihai, Carlo Ingrao

Florin C MIHAI

The paper examines the biowaste management issues across rural areas of Romania in the context of poor waste management infrastructure in the last decade (2003-2012). Biowaste is the main fraction of municipal waste, thus a proper management is a key challenge in order to sustain a bioeconomy in the near future. The amount of biowaste generated and uncollected by waste operators is generally uncontrolled disposed if not recovered through home composting. The paper points out the role of home composting in diverting the biowaste from wild dumps and landfills for the regions covered or not by waste collection services. Home ...


Applying The Holistic Conceptual Conservation Framework For Sustainable Tourism, George Alexakis, Larry Rice 2016 Florida Gulf Coast University

Applying The Holistic Conceptual Conservation Framework For Sustainable Tourism, George Alexakis, Larry Rice

Journal of Tourism Insights

The tourism and hospitality industry has not always followed sound environmental stewardship. Increased awareness among tourists worldwide has prompted sustainabilit­y discourse encouraging long-term systemic approaches to planning and development. The research article proposes a holistic conceptual conservation framework that shows how a united tourism and hospitality industry can curtail the processes of environmental destruction and collectively offer authentic touristic experiences. Visitors can fully experience tourist destinations through integrated ecotourism, ethnotourism, and other related tangential offerings alongside those of larger tourism and hospitality providers. The conservation framework hypothetically strengthens the customer loyalty of tourists towards all industry operators and related ...


Back To The Future. Metabolic Effects Of A 4-Day Outdoor Trip Under Simulated Paleolithic Conditions – New Insights From The Eifel Study, Jens Freese, Daniel J. Pardi, Begoña Ruiz-Núñez, Sebastian Schwarz, Regula Heynck, Robert Renner, Philipp Zimmer, Helmut Lötzerich 2016 German Sports University Cologne, Institute of Outdoor Sports and Environmental Science

Back To The Future. Metabolic Effects Of A 4-Day Outdoor Trip Under Simulated Paleolithic Conditions – New Insights From The Eifel Study, Jens Freese, Daniel J. Pardi, Begoña Ruiz-Núñez, Sebastian Schwarz, Regula Heynck, Robert Renner, Philipp Zimmer, Helmut Lötzerich

Journal of Evolution and Health

Background: The observation that the emergence of common Western diseases takes place with much greater prevalence as societies migrate from natural-living cultures to modernized societies, has been well documented. For approximately 84,000 generations humans lived under hunter-gatherer conditions but recently endured dramatic change from our native lifestyle with the occurrence of the agricultural, industrial, and digital revolutions. The massive technological advancement that occurred within a relatively recent timeframe enabled humans to live in manner that is remarkably different than our pre-agricultural past. Consequently, the shift from a natural to a modern lifestyle likely promotes a gene-environment mismatch which causes ...


The Consequences Of Narrative, Kylie Mosbacher 2016 Humboldt State University

The Consequences Of Narrative, Kylie Mosbacher

ideaFest: Interdisciplinary Journal of Creative Works and Research from Humboldt State University

No abstract provided.


The Partnership Paradigm Is A Unified Field Theory For Human Betterment: How It Works In The Minnesota Climate Crisis Movement, Terry W. Hokenson 2016 Minnesota Interfaith Power & Light

The Partnership Paradigm Is A Unified Field Theory For Human Betterment: How It Works In The Minnesota Climate Crisis Movement, Terry W. Hokenson

Interdisciplinary Journal of Partnership Studies

“Intersectionality” is a byword of activists today. While we continue to ply our special causes and organize our various turfs, we are no longer content or even able to isolate ourselves within them as if they were solitary silos. These days most of us realize our causes and constituencies intersect. We attend each others' hearings, workshops and marches, trade ideas across the spectrum, form coalitions, and share hearts and minds on a digital scale that collapses time. We connect dots innumerable as the pixels in a picture, while the clouds grow darker and the lightning strikes nearer.


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