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International Trade Effects Of Regional Economic Integration In Africa: The Case Of The Southern African Development Community (Sadc), Mengesha Yayo, Sisay Asefa 2016 Addis Ababa Science and Technology University

International Trade Effects Of Regional Economic Integration In Africa: The Case Of The Southern African Development Community (Sadc), Mengesha Yayo, Sisay Asefa

International Journal of African Development

Empirical studies on regional economic integration process in Africa exhibit sluggish progress, and there by limited level of intra-trade. The existing literature in Africa, particularly in the Southern African regional integration bloc, has neglected the effects of regional economic integration dealing with disaggregated data. This study analyzes trade creation and diversion effects of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) using disaggregated data. The investigation estimates an augmented gravity model using panel data and random effect estimator methods applying instrumental variables where needed.

The results show that intra-SADC trade is growing in the fuel and minerals and the heavy manufacturing sectors ...


Leadership: Modernising Our Perspectives, Peter J. Miller Associate Professor, Carol Dalglish 2016 Queensland University of Technology

Leadership: Modernising Our Perspectives, Peter J. Miller Associate Professor, Carol Dalglish

Peter Miller

No abstract provided.


Seven Lessons In Partnership: How A Hospital And A Happiness Organization Teamed To Decrease Practitioner Burnout, Increase Practitioner Well-Being And Improve Patient Satisfaction, Nancy O'Brien, Linda Saggau 2016 Experience Happiness, LLC

Seven Lessons In Partnership: How A Hospital And A Happiness Organization Teamed To Decrease Practitioner Burnout, Increase Practitioner Well-Being And Improve Patient Satisfaction, Nancy O'Brien, Linda Saggau

Interdisciplinary Journal of Partnership Studies

Nancy O’Brien and Linda Saggau, co-founders of Experience Happiness, LLC., and co-developers of The Happiness Practice™ (THP), share key discoveries derived from the partnership between Hennepin County Medical Center (HCMC) and Experience Happiness (EH) which focused on using THP as an intervention to increase Emergency Department and Urgent Care practitioner well-being and happiness in order to reduce the signs and symptoms of burnout and improve patient experience and satisfaction. This article includes a case study demonstrating the efficacy of the 6-month THP intervention, as well as an overview of THP and seven valuable partnership lessons to encourage and guide ...


The Emergence Of Efficacy: Effects Of An Orientation Leader Training Program On Participant Self-Efficacy, Hayley Marisa Walker 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

The Emergence Of Efficacy: Effects Of An Orientation Leader Training Program On Participant Self-Efficacy, Hayley Marisa Walker

Communication Studies

This study examined the effects of California Polytechnic State University’s Spring Training Program for student Orientation Leaders on participants. Specifically, the present research explored the impact of the programming on participant levels of self-efficacy over the course of ten weeks. Data were collected from individuals who volunteered to partake in the research by responding to two questionnaires throughout the program. The results show that participants’ reported higher perceptions of self-efficacy at the end of the program than they did at the beginning. Further, such increases are significantly influenced by the performance of, and relationships with, prominent leaders within the ...


General, Organic, And Biological Chemistry: An Integrated Approach, Laura Frost, S. Todd Deal, Karen Timberlake 2016 New School for Social Research

General, Organic, And Biological Chemistry: An Integrated Approach, Laura Frost, S. Todd Deal, Karen Timberlake

S. Todd Deal

No abstract provided.


Toward A Positive And Dynamic Theory Of Leadership Development, D. Scott DeRue, Kristina Workman 2016 University of Michigan - Ann Arbor

Toward A Positive And Dynamic Theory Of Leadership Development, D. Scott Derue, Kristina Workman

Kristina Workman

In this chapter, we draw from the literature on positive organizational scholarship to inform and extend current theories and research on leadership development in organizational settings. Specifically, we highlight the value of a strengths-based approach to leadership development, draw attention to the emergence of positive cycles of leadership development, and emphasize the role of high-quality relationships and connections in facilitating leadership development. Our hope is that these theoretical insights provide the basis for new theory on cultivating extraordinary leadership capacity in organizations and stimulate future research on the positive and dynamic processes involved in leadership development.


A Relational Approach To Empowerment, Kate Walsh, Jean M. Bartunek, Catherine A. Lacey 2016 Cornell University School of Hotel Administration

A Relational Approach To Empowerment, Kate Walsh, Jean M. Bartunek, Catherine A. Lacey

Kate Walsh

[Excerpt] Empowerment in one form or another has been an increasingly prevalent concern of both academics and practitioners. Many contemporary organizational approaches to empowerment (e.g. Conger & Kanungo, 1988; Sims & Manz, 1996; Spreitzer, 1995, 1996) focus on empowering individual organizational members through leadership tactics, design of their jobs and involvement in decisions about work. In these approaches the primary emphasis tends to be on the work to be accomplished, and the focus is on the dyadic relationship between leader and subordinate. Ways of developing empowering processes by explicitly addressing organizational or group members' relationships with one another in the course of conducting the work ...


Transformational Leadership In The Hospitality Industry, J. Bruce Tracey, Timothy R. Hinkin 2016 Cornell University School of Hotel Administration

Transformational Leadership In The Hospitality Industry, J. Bruce Tracey, Timothy R. Hinkin

J. Bruce Tracey

In recent years, the hospitality industry has undergone major changes both within the industry and in its operating environment. Researchers have posited that in an environment of change, as described above, a visionary, or leadership style, would be most appropriate. The study, reported here, compared the use of transformational leadership style with the more traditional transactional style, and examined the effects of transformational leadership on individual and organizational outcomes in a hotel management organization. Results suggest that transformational leadership both impacts perceptions of leadership effectiveness and subordinate satisfaction, and clarifies the direction and mission of the organization.


How Transformational Leaders Lead In The Hospitality Industry, J. Bruce Tracey, Timothy R. Hinkin 2016 Cornell University School of Hotel Administration

How Transformational Leaders Lead In The Hospitality Industry, J. Bruce Tracey, Timothy R. Hinkin

J. Bruce Tracey

The hospitality industry has undergone major changes over the last few years (Hartley - Leonard, 1993). A dynamic, changing environment may require a change-oriented, or transformational style of leadership (Tichy and Devanna, The Transformational Leader 1985). The purpose of this study was to test a process model of transformational leadership. Prior research in this area has examined relationships between transformational leadership and a limited set of dependent variables. Moreover, there has been little research on the process by which transformational leadership influences relevant outcome variables. The results showed that transformational leadership has a direct impact on perceptions of subordinate satisfaction with ...


A Study Of Board Members' Perceptions Of Leadership Competencies That Professionally Trained Social Workers Should Possess Who Lead Nonprofit Human Service Organizations As Adopted In The Council On Social Work Education (Cswe) Strategic Plan, 1998-2000, Vanessa I. Milton 2016 Clark Atlanta University

A Study Of Board Members' Perceptions Of Leadership Competencies That Professionally Trained Social Workers Should Possess Who Lead Nonprofit Human Service Organizations As Adopted In The Council On Social Work Education (Cswe) Strategic Plan, 1998-2000, Vanessa I. Milton

Electronic Theses & Dissertations Collection for Atlanta University & Clark Atlanta University

This study examined the perceptions that Board Members of human service organizations have of the leadership competencies of professionally trained social workers to lead such organizations. Participants of this study were comprised of 51 executive leaders of nonprofit human service organizations who were selected using non-probability convenience sampling among the target population. The findings of this study indicated that a majority (78.0%) believed that professional social workers are seen as welfare workers. Most respondents (65.3%) disagreed that the media's portrayal of social issues has influenced perceptions of the leadership abilities of social work professionals. The majority of ...


Immersions In Global Equality And Social Justice: A Model Of Change, Kevin Guerrieri, Sandra Sgoutas-Emch 2016 University of San Diego

Immersions In Global Equality And Social Justice: A Model Of Change, Kevin Guerrieri, Sandra Sgoutas-Emch

Engaging Pedagogies in Catholic Higher Education

In the work for global equality and social justice, how should “change” be understood? Who determines what must change or be changed? In the efforts to carry out social change, what is the academy’s relationship with the community, society at large, and the broader world? This article parts from these and other key questions and then proposes a model of change that can be used as a lens for examining any project, program, or organization with the aim of creating positive change that is meaningful, sustainable, and holistic. The article provides both an explanation of the underlying interdisciplinary theoretical ...


The Spirituality Of Immersion: Solidarity, Compassion, Relationship, Michael E. Lovette-Colyer 2016 University of San Diego

The Spirituality Of Immersion: Solidarity, Compassion, Relationship, Michael E. Lovette-Colyer

Engaging Pedagogies in Catholic Higher Education

While the term spirituality can be problematic, obscuring as much as revealing, immersion experiences cannot be understood fully without exploring the contours of what can only be described as spirituality. To the extent that they work, immersions effect change when they speak to the deepest longings of the heart. While manifesting in many different ways, the spirituality of immersion revolves around three major components: solidarity, compassion, and relationship. The spirituality of immersion is a developed relationality, a desire to enter into richer, wider, more expansive relationships with others, which naturally leads into deeper relationship with God.


Reflections On Skipping Stones To Diving Deep: The Process Of Immersion As A Practice, Judith Liu Dr 2016 University of San Diego

Reflections On Skipping Stones To Diving Deep: The Process Of Immersion As A Practice, Judith Liu Dr

Engaging Pedagogies in Catholic Higher Education

Reflecting upon over 30 years of teaching courses with a community service-learning and engagement component, this article is a personal piece that explores the author’s journey through voluntarism, community service-learning and civic engagement, and how that path has led to embracing immersion as a critical pedagogical practice for community engagement.


Engaged Pedagogy: Reflections From A Barriologist, Rigoberto Reyes 2016 Via International

Engaged Pedagogy: Reflections From A Barriologist, Rigoberto Reyes

Engaging Pedagogies in Catholic Higher Education

This essay offers advice to University faculty and administrators on how best to implement the work of engaged pedagogy and community development work. The author is an established activist and community organizer for the past 40 years. His most important recommendation when doing the work of community engagement is to begin work that starts and benefits the community.


Book Review—Leading Ethically In Schools And Other Organizations, Mary Gardiner 2016 University of Idaho, Boise

Book Review—Leading Ethically In Schools And Other Organizations, Mary Gardiner

Journal of Organizational & Educational Leadership

No abstract provided.


The Misconception Of Effective Leadership Styles: Perceived Gender Biases, Rachel Stoehr 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Misconception Of Effective Leadership Styles: Perceived Gender Biases, Rachel Stoehr

Supply Chain Management Undergraduate Honors Theses

Women are effective leaders with versatile leadership styles and numerous leadership competencies. These skills are strongly correlated to organizational success factors such as retaining talent, customer satisfaction, employee engagement, and profitability. The gender bias present in today’s social construct causes women to be stereotyped and categorized in regards to their leadership style. Several independent studies highlight the skills and abilities needed to be an effective leader, and how this is portrayed differently in men and women. Women should not be undervalued leaders in business organizations, or in society. They are just as well suited to perform in top management ...


Then And Now: Ten Years Of Arkansas Women In Agriculture, Paige Morgan Acklie 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Then And Now: Ten Years Of Arkansas Women In Agriculture, Paige Morgan Acklie

Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness Undergraduate Honors Theses

The United States Agricultural Census show that between 2002 and 2012, the number of farm women operators in Arkansas grew 14 percent (from 19,856 to 22,637). These women operators have made up an increasingly larger percent of all farm operators in the state (from almost 29% to nearly 33%). There is little published information regarding how women’s roles, challenges and factors important to their success may have changed over time. While some surveys of farm women have been conducted, these surveys are generally insufficient because data exist only for one point in time.

This research uses the ...


Optimizing Workforce Performance: Perceived Differences Of Army Officer Critical Thinking Talent Across Level Of Education, Richard B. Ayers 2016 The University of Southern Mississippi

Optimizing Workforce Performance: Perceived Differences Of Army Officer Critical Thinking Talent Across Level Of Education, Richard B. Ayers

Dissertations

The U.S. Army’s operating environment continues to become increasingly complex and unpredictable, where U.S. technological advantage continues to erode. The complexities stem from the Army’s doctrinal assumption that the future operating environment is unknown and constantly changing (Department of the Army [DA], 2014a). Diminishing technological advantage results in more reliance on soldiers’ cognitive capability, and less on high technology weapons systems (McMaster, 2015).

A review of military literature shows extensive research on the importance of Army leaders to be talented critical thinkers (Fischer, Spiker, & Riedel, 2008, 2009; Gerras, 2008; Thomas & Gentzler, 2013). Human capital literature reveals many college graduates do not possess the critical thinking skills required of the workforce (Laird, Seifert, Pascarella, Mayhew, & Blaich, 2014; Liu, Frankel & Roohr, 2014). Senior Army leaders identify critical ...


Exchange Patterns And Relations In Collaborative Governance., Charles Wharton Kaye-Essien 2016 University of Louisville

Exchange Patterns And Relations In Collaborative Governance., Charles Wharton Kaye-Essien

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Collaborative governance has received considerable attention in recent years. From environmental resource management to public safety, collaborative governance continues to play a vital role in regional problem solving. In spite of this increasing popularity previous attempts to model the political, economic, and demographic determinants of collaboration have in most cases produced inconsistent results, thereby undermining the ability to generalize from such findings. Additionally, our understanding of the relational patterns that emanate from collaborative agreements remains fairly rudimentary. The main objective of this research is to address some of the gaps in the literature and improve our understanding of collaborative governance ...


Organizational Leadership And Work-Life Integration: Insights From Three Generations Of Men, Deborah N. Smith, Deborah B. Roebuck, Terri Elhaddaoui 2016 Kennesaw State University

Organizational Leadership And Work-Life Integration: Insights From Three Generations Of Men, Deborah N. Smith, Deborah B. Roebuck, Terri Elhaddaoui

Faculty Publications

The literature has traditionally portrayed work-life balance as a women’s issue. However, working men, specifically those classified as Generation X and Generation Y, are starting to speak up and share that they too are struggling with integrating all aspects of their lives. Workers, as well as organizations can benefit when employees have a healthy work-life balance; however, the specific role of organizational leadership must be examined to determine the influence leaders play in assisting employees achieve work-life balance. In addition, further insight is needed to understand how employees in the three generations (Millennials/Gen Y, Gen X, and Baby ...


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