Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Other Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2760 Full-Text Articles 2219 Authors 1045292 Downloads 160 Institutions

All Articles in Other Social and Behavioral Sciences

Faceted Search

2760 full-text articles. Page 1 of 70.

Phonemic Switching In Single And Dual Task Environments, Angeline L. Roth 2018 University of Nebraska Omaha

Phonemic Switching In Single And Dual Task Environments, Angeline L. Roth

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Deficits in the frontal lobes are the first and earliest signs of cognitive aging. Older adults activate the frontal regions in the brain that are not active in younger adults for performance on the same tasks. Verbal fluency is just one way to test cognitive functioning, with both phonemic (letters) and semantic (categories) fluencies used for testing. More specifically in dual task research, different age, education, and various cognitive abilities such as working memory, selective attention, episodic memory, executive control, and speed and information processing, while also engaging in the motor task of walking have provided various results based on ...


A Recent Legislation On Transgender Issues, Alex Mikeal 2018 Germanna Community College

A Recent Legislation On Transgender Issues, Alex Mikeal

Exigence

This essay is designed to create, consider, and suggest a possible solution on the issue of transgender bathrooms. Under the Trump Administration, Title IX of the Education Amendments Act of 1972 is open to interpretation on the local court level, creating opportunities for local and state governments to pass laws and policies discriminating against transgender people (Attention turns to courts, 2017, para. 1). North Carolina took advantage of this conservative interpretation and in March of 2016 passed House Bill Two. The bill requires transgender people to use the restroom that corresponds with the sex on their birth certificate (Us says ...


Conversations That Matter: How A Thriving Public Sphere Makes Better Citizens And Better Neighbors, Kylie Schreiber 2018 Valparaiso University

Conversations That Matter: How A Thriving Public Sphere Makes Better Citizens And Better Neighbors, Kylie Schreiber

Bridge/Work

While it is true that the most recent presidential election cycle highlighted deeply rooted divisions lying in our American democracy, there is more to this separation than politics. Globalization and polarization have acted as catalysts, in part, to the decline of neighborliness and citizenship in America. I argue that a return to the “public” sphere in local communities can remedy this. This paper tests this theory by strategically selecting public policies and civic engagement activities that attempt to accomplish this goal of returning to the public and evaluating them on their ability to do so.

There are important questions about ...


Inductive And Deductive: Ambiguous Labels In Qualitative Content Analysis, Mohammad Reza Armat, Abdolghader Assarroudi, Mostafa Rad, Hassan Sharifi, Abbas Heydari 2018 Nursing instructor, PhD candidate in Nursing, Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran.

Inductive And Deductive: Ambiguous Labels In Qualitative Content Analysis, Mohammad Reza Armat, Abdolghader Assarroudi, Mostafa Rad, Hassan Sharifi, Abbas Heydari

The Qualitative Report

The propounded dualism in Content Analysis as quantitative and qualitative approaches is widely supported and justified in nursing literature. Nevertheless, another sort of dualism is proposed for Qualitative Content Analysis, suggesting the adoption of "inductive" and/or "deductive" approaches in the process of qualitative data analysis. These approaches have been referred and labelled as "inductive" or "conventional"; and "deductive" or "directed" content analysis in the literature. Authors argue that these labels could be fallacious, and may lead to ambiguity; as in effect, both approaches are employed with different dominancy during the process of any Qualitative Content Analysis. Thus, authors suggest ...


Incorporating Human Readiness Levels At Sandia National Laboratories, Judi E. See, Jason Morris, Richard Craft, Michael Moulton, Steven M. Trujillo 2018 Sandia National Laboratories

Incorporating Human Readiness Levels At Sandia National Laboratories, Judi E. See, Jason Morris, Richard Craft, Michael Moulton, Steven M. Trujillo

Journal of Human Performance in Extreme Environments

Since 2010, the concept of human readiness levels has been under development as a possible supplement to the existing technology readiness level (TRL) scale. The intent is to provide a mechanism to address safety and performance risks associated with the human component in a system that parallels the TRL structure already familiar to the systems engineering community. Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, New Mexico, initiated a study in 2015 to evaluate options to incorporate human readiness planning for Sandia processes and products. The study team has collected the majority of baseline assessment data and has conducted interviews to understand staff ...


Feasibility And Acceptability Of Two Incentive-Based Implementation Strategies For Mental Health Therapists Implementing Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy: A Pilot Study To Inform A Randomized Controlled Trial, Nathaniel J. Williams 2018 Boise State University

Feasibility And Acceptability Of Two Incentive-Based Implementation Strategies For Mental Health Therapists Implementing Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy: A Pilot Study To Inform A Randomized Controlled Trial, Nathaniel J. Williams

Nathaniel J. Williams

Background: Informed by our prior work indicating that therapists do not feel recognized or rewarded for implementation of evidence-based practices, we tested the feasibility and acceptability of two incentive-based implementation strategies that seek to improve therapist adherence to cognitive-behavioral therapy for youth, an evidence-based practice.

Methods: This study was conducted over 6 weeks in two community mental health agencies with therapists (n = 11) and leaders (n = 4). Therapists were randomized to receive either a financial or social incentive if they achieved a predetermined criterion on adherence to cognitive-behavioral therapy. In the first intervention period (block 1; 2 weeks), therapists received ...


Family-Centered Approach To Teen-Driving Program: Program Evaluation Of Parental Behavioral Outcomes, Karen K. Melton, Beth Lanning, Naomi Abel 2018 Baylor University

Family-Centered Approach To Teen-Driving Program: Program Evaluation Of Parental Behavioral Outcomes, Karen K. Melton, Beth Lanning, Naomi Abel

Journal of Adolescent and Family Health

This article presents the evaluation of parental monitoring and controlling of teen-drivers after attending a family-centered program focused on teen risky-driving behaviors. The program design was guided by the Social-Ecological Model and Health Belief Model. Fifteen parents attending the driving program completed measures of parent control and parent monitoring. Overall, effect sizes at the two-month follow-up indicate the program was moderately effective. There was a statistically significant increase to parental discussions of driving rules. Altogether, this article contributes to the growing literature on the effectiveness of family-centered programs.


Social Return On Investment As A Common Approach To Impact Measurement, Robert Michael Moore 2018 University of Windsor

Social Return On Investment As A Common Approach To Impact Measurement, Robert Michael Moore

Major Papers

Social Return on Investment (SROI) analysis is an outcome based approach that Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) can use to evaluate the social value created by their investments and to forecast the potential value created by those investments. It is used to demonstrate how social value can be measured using concrete indicators (monetary values). The process is sequential and formulaic – the researcher needs to follow the steps and input the applicable data before moving to the next steps. It is necessary to develop the simpler, overarching process of social impact measurement before evolving the analysis further. SROI transcends Social Impact Measurement firstly ...


Tanzania: Hiv/Aids, Francis Faasen 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Tanzania: Hiv/Aids, Francis Faasen

Global Public Health

Tanzania has a lot of issues going on in the community, but HIV/AIDS is the number one issue they are facing. Over 5% of their population has the HIV/Aids virus. There are many interventions that have been tried in Tanzania. In the last year there have been over 50,000 new cases of HIV/Aids in Tanzania. The goal is to main those numbers go down dramatically in the coming years. The two most common interventions are trying to educate this subject at a young age and provide condoms to the population. They tried giving condoms out to ...


Andorra: Alcohol And Substance Abuse, Marissa Catalano 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Andorra: Alcohol And Substance Abuse, Marissa Catalano

Global Public Health

Andorra is a small principality in Europe between France and Spain. Although not many health issues are currently on the rise in the country of Andorra, alcohol and drug abuse has been steadily present for many years. There has not been a ton of knowledge spread throughout the country nor has there been an exploration of solutions for this issue. This is due to a lack in conversation over the topic of health in relation to substance abuse in general. In addition, Andorra has struggled economically for quite some time resulting in low income and poverty, creating vulnerable groups of ...


‘Working With Kids At Risk And Making A Difference, On The Street’, Jim C. Taylor Mr., Briana A. Burney, Kianna M. Reid, Derrielle M. Brown 2018 Advanced Behavioral Counselors

‘Working With Kids At Risk And Making A Difference, On The Street’, Jim C. Taylor Mr., Briana A. Burney, Kianna M. Reid, Derrielle M. Brown

National Youth-At-Risk Conference Savannah

If you are an educator, a teacher, a student or a community leader you need NOT to miss this presentation. Learn how a group of Georgia Southern students are changing the lives of children at risk in their town, Statesboro, Georgia.


Heroes: How Hr Leaders Can Help End Sexual Violence Against Women, Wyatt Pagano 2017 Brigham Young University

Heroes: How Hr Leaders Can Help End Sexual Violence Against Women, Wyatt Pagano

Marriott Student Review

This article explores the nature of the negative consequences of sexual violence for victims and the resulting problems that sexual misconduct can cause for businesses. Also, the article aims to demonstrate ways that HR leaders can help prevent violence and alleviate its consequences, leading to a better, safer workplace and world for women everywhere.


Life Being An International Student In The United States: Acculturation, Culture Shock, And Identity Transformation, Lai Yan Vivyan Lam 2017 The University of San Francisco

Life Being An International Student In The United States: Acculturation, Culture Shock, And Identity Transformation, Lai Yan Vivyan Lam

Master's Theses

The population of international students at community colleges in the United States has increased significantly over the past decade. International students play a big role in building the cultural diversity on campus by bringing over different cultures and sharing their global perspective to the local community. However, they often face challenges adapting into American culture due to cultural differences in education system, language, lifestyle, etc. By looking into the acculturation process of international students to analyze the culture shock and cultural identity changes they experienced, this paper intends to seek ways to help this group of students to ease their ...


The Stigma Against Tattoos In The Workplace: San Francisco Versus Kalamazoo Area, Sarah Wroblewski 2017 Western Michigan University

The Stigma Against Tattoos In The Workplace: San Francisco Versus Kalamazoo Area, Sarah Wroblewski

Honors Theses

Tattooing is becoming a popular way for individuals, especially young adults, to express themselves. This causes a problem with the hiring process for many companies that have policies against tattoos. The following thesis is a creative representation of the stigma against tattoos in the workplace. This thesis looks at how tattoos change perceptions of employability in the Kalamazoo and San Francisco areas. This topic is portrayed by a 30-inch by 20-inch collage of photographs displaying a variety of different tattoos. There is a total of 55 photographs of tattoos in total, 25 taken in San Francisco and 30 taken in ...


Fostering Strengths: Using Testimonios To Identify Community Cultural Wealth In Foster Youth, Katherine Mullin 2017 University of San Francisco

Fostering Strengths: Using Testimonios To Identify Community Cultural Wealth In Foster Youth, Katherine Mullin

Master's Projects and Capstones

Foster youth voices have been silenced in schools, work environments, and many other settings.There is very little research around what works well for foster youth and what their assets are. Foster youth have many skills and resources that they use to navigate systems that continually marginalize them. But these are often ignored or overlooked. This project uses youth voices through Testimonios and Community Cultural Wealth to create a training for group home staff.


Parental Influence On Risk Factors For Obesity In African American School Aged Children, Brittney Joy Parish 2017 California State University - San Bernardino

Parental Influence On Risk Factors For Obesity In African American School Aged Children, Brittney Joy Parish

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

The growing childhood obesity epidemic and its association with adverse health outcomes have prompted increasing research in the recent past. Researchers have examined numerous aspects of the obesity epidemic. For example, the impact of parent behavior on child behavior has been considered. Likewise, researchers have examined the connection between parent perceptions of obesity and concern regarding a child’s weight status. Still other research has focused on the influence of a child’s behavior on weight status.

Existing research has reported that within the African American community there is an apparent inaccuracy in perceptions regarding weight. Children who would be ...


The Efficacy Of A Goal-Based Study Skills Course For Academically At-Risk, First-Generation, African American, Female Students, Sarah Beth Garrison 2017 The University of Southern Mississippi

The Efficacy Of A Goal-Based Study Skills Course For Academically At-Risk, First-Generation, African American, Female Students, Sarah Beth Garrison

Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to identify effective intervention strategies used in a goal-based study skills course for academically at-risk, first-generation, African-American, female students. Based on the theoretical framework from goal, motivation and achievement theories (Covington, 2000; Kuh, 2007; Nicholls, 1984), this study provided an analysis of research regarding the academic success and persistence of at-risk students. An explanatory mixed-method design was employed that consisted of two phases. The first phase of the study used quantitative data to test for difference in GPA and academic status between the control and treatment group. Quantitative data was also used to identify ...


Examining The Perceived Influence Of A Comprehensive Youth Development Program For Promoting Black Male High School Persistence, Richard Gray Walker 2017 University of Southern Mississippi

Examining The Perceived Influence Of A Comprehensive Youth Development Program For Promoting Black Male High School Persistence, Richard Gray Walker

Dissertations

Black male youth in the United States drop out of high school at a rate consistently higher than their White counterparts. A lack of academic persistence contributes to lower workforce participation rates among Black Americans, which leads to lower national productivity and unrealized personal prosperity. Youth development research has developed an extensive body of knowledge regarding possible causes and contributing factors of minority high school dropout. Literature shows youth experience higher dropout rates when they grow up in adversity. Adversity risks such as dysfunctional families, cultural discontinuity between home and school, dysfunctional neighborhoods, or low-expectations from teachers contribute to graduation ...


Spirituality Among Black Americans: A Hierarchical Classification Of The Family Strengths Model, Genese Clark 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Spirituality Among Black Americans: A Hierarchical Classification Of The Family Strengths Model, Genese Clark

Public Access Theses and Dissertations from the College of Education and Human Sciences

There is a need for disaggregate data pertaining to the perceived strengths of Black American families. This study identified which traits are salient and dominant among African-American families according to the Family Strengths Model. Utilizing this model, a mixed methods study was conducted among Black Americans living in Connecticut who identify with belonging to a family (N=59) to investigate the importance of six family strength domains. Results found the hierarchical rank (from most important to least important) to be commitment, spirituality/ spiritual wellbeing, appreciation and affection, positive communication, time together, and the ability to manage stress and crisis effectively ...


Feasibility And Acceptability Of Two Incentive-Based Implementation Strategies For Mental Health Therapists Implementing Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy: A Pilot Study To Inform A Randomized Controlled Trial, Nathaniel J. Williams 2017 Boise State University

Feasibility And Acceptability Of Two Incentive-Based Implementation Strategies For Mental Health Therapists Implementing Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy: A Pilot Study To Inform A Randomized Controlled Trial, Nathaniel J. Williams

Social Work Faculty Publications and Presentations

Background: Informed by our prior work indicating that therapists do not feel recognized or rewarded for implementation of evidence-based practices, we tested the feasibility and acceptability of two incentive-based implementation strategies that seek to improve therapist adherence to cognitive-behavioral therapy for youth, an evidence-based practice.

Methods: This study was conducted over 6 weeks in two community mental health agencies with therapists (n = 11) and leaders (n = 4). Therapists were randomized to receive either a financial or social incentive if they achieved a predetermined criterion on adherence to cognitive-behavioral therapy. In the first intervention period (block 1; 2 weeks), therapists received ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress