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Kpelle Children At Play, David F. Lancy 2015 Utah State University

Kpelle Children At Play, David F. Lancy

David Lancy

Although children’s play has been a relatively popular subject for anthropologists who study childhood, comprehensive studies of the entire play repertoire in a society are rare. One such study was carried out among the Kpelle people in the remote Liberian village of Gbarngasuakwelle four decades ago. A summary of that study reveals that Kpelle children have access to a rich store of traditional play-forms including make-believe, board-type games, active play, contests and folklore. A major finding affirmed that play, far from being the antithesis of work or a reversal of cultural ideals, fundamentally supports and affirms the child’s ...


Threatening The Fabric Of Our Society: Divorce In Modern Societies, Kirsten Glaeser 2014 Kennesaw State University

Threatening The Fabric Of Our Society: Divorce In Modern Societies, Kirsten Glaeser

Oglethorpe Journal of Undergraduate Research

With fifty percent of marriages ending in a divorce, it is a prevalent occurrence within modern day society. Divorce has become a reality for some families, allowing society to readjust and reconstruct the family paradigm. Despite the negativity that once plagued a recently divorced familie, divorce has become such a common situation within society that the effects are no longer as drastic as they once were; society has learned how to interact with and incorporate divorced families. Society itself is also not as affected by a divorce because it contributes to a couple’s definition of commitment. With the increase ...


Amazonian Quichua In The Western Amazon Regional Interaction Sphere, Mary-Elizabeth Reeve 2014 Trinity University

Amazonian Quichua In The Western Amazon Regional Interaction Sphere, Mary-Elizabeth Reeve

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

No abstract provided.


Analogic Alterity: The Dialogics Of Life Of Amazonian Kichwa Mythology In Comparison With Tupi Guaraní (Mbyá) Creation Stories, Michael Uzendoski 2014 Trinity University

Analogic Alterity: The Dialogics Of Life Of Amazonian Kichwa Mythology In Comparison With Tupi Guaraní (Mbyá) Creation Stories, Michael Uzendoski

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

No abstract provided.


Earthy Concreteness And Anti-Hypotheticalism In Amazonian Quichua Discourse, Janis B. Nuckolls, Tod D. Swanson 2014 Trinity University

Earthy Concreteness And Anti-Hypotheticalism In Amazonian Quichua Discourse, Janis B. Nuckolls, Tod D. Swanson

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

No abstract provided.


“Doing It Like Real Runa Women And Men” A Runa Ceremonial Festival, Francesca Mezzenzana 2014 Trinity University

“Doing It Like Real Runa Women And Men” A Runa Ceremonial Festival, Francesca Mezzenzana

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

No abstract provided.


From “Acculturated Indians” To “Dynamic Amazonian Quichua-Speaking Peoples, Michael Uzendoski, Norman E. Whitten Jr. 2014 Trinity University

From “Acculturated Indians” To “Dynamic Amazonian Quichua-Speaking Peoples, Michael Uzendoski, Norman E. Whitten Jr.

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

No abstract provided.


Height And Calories In Early Childhood, Andrew S. Griffen 2014 University of Pennsylvania

Height And Calories In Early Childhood, Andrew S. Griffen

Grand Challenges Canada Economic Returns to Mitigating Early Life Risks Project

This paper estimates a height production function using data from a randomized nutrition intervention conducted in rural Guatemala from 1969 - 1977. Using the experimental intervention as an instrument, the IV estimates of the effect of calories on height are an order of magnitude larger than the OLS estimates. Information from a unique measurement error process in the calorie data, counterfactuals results from the estimated model and external evidence from migration studies suggest that the divergence between the OLS and IV estimates is driven by the LATE interpretation of IV. Attenuation bias corrected OLS estimates of the height production function imply ...


The Reciprocal Influences Of The Old Order Mennonite Community And Tourism In St. Jacobs, Ontario, Mingyuan Zhang 2014 Western University

The Reciprocal Influences Of The Old Order Mennonite Community And Tourism In St. Jacobs, Ontario, Mingyuan Zhang

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This research examines the reciprocal influences of the Old Order Mennonite community and tourism in St. Jacobs, Ontario. It is an ethnographic account of encounters between tourists and the Old Order Mennonite community who have both benefited from and been challenged by tourism development for four decades in the area of St. Jacobs. Cultural generalization and different ways of over-representing and misrepresenting the Old Order Mennonite identity has triggered tourists’ curiosity to seek the nostalgic past and social interactions with the Old Order Mennonite community. Even though tourism in St. Jacobs has been initiated and managed with the purpose of ...


Active Tectonics And Ancient Complex Cultures, Eric R. Force 2014 SelectedWorks

Active Tectonics And Ancient Complex Cultures, Eric R. Force

Eric R Force

The astoundingly close spatial relationship of active tectonic boundaries with the originating sites of the most complex ancient cultures suggests a closer look at possible dynamics. Five lines of evidence suggest that the relationship was cultural, i.e. tectonic cultures were more accepting of change, more resilient, and remarkably tenacious, leading toward a sort of cultural athleticism. Conversely, tectonically quiescent cultures were more static.


The Politics Of Honduran Schoolteachers: State Agents Challenge The State, Jordan D. Levy 2014 Western University

The Politics Of Honduran Schoolteachers: State Agents Challenge The State, Jordan D. Levy

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This dissertation examines the everyday work of schoolteachers in post-coup Honduras from the theoretical perspective that they are individuals with a vested interest in the state, who reflect upon their own experiences when carrying out the vital state service of national public education, and while acting as leaders of the anti-coup National Front of Popular Resistance. This movement emerged in response to the violent overthrow of the country’s democratically-elected president in June 2009 and has since broadened its agenda, calling for the ‘re-foundation’ of the Honduran state by rewriting the constitution.

Yet state formation occurs not only through such ...


Behind The Map: Crises And Crisis Collectives In High-Tech Actions, Fiona Gedeon Achi 2014 Western University

Behind The Map: Crises And Crisis Collectives In High-Tech Actions, Fiona Gedeon Achi

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

Abstract: Over the five last years, crisis mapping has gained wide popularity in the humanitarian world with collaboration between crisis mappers and the UN on several emergency projects. Crisis mapping relies on interactive maps to monitor both incidents and resources in settings undergoing a “crisis” (political, environmental, etc). Focusing on one case study (the monitoring of violence during the 2011 elections in the Democratic Republic of Congo) and building on several interviews conducted with leading crisis mappers and project coordinators, this paper shows that the deep significance of crisis mapping cannot be grasped through an understanding of the goals and ...


Frontier Wars: Violence And Space In Belfast, Northern Ireland, Jack Boulton 2014 Western University

Frontier Wars: Violence And Space In Belfast, Northern Ireland, Jack Boulton

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

Belfast seems well known as a violent city; it has experienced a long history of turmoil related to the British invasion and subsequent division based on ethnicity as seen through religion. Although the profile of the city has improved, meaning rising tourism and income, the Belfast Agreement of 1998, as well as divisions between ethnicities continues to haunt the city despite an apparent end to violence, fighting and paramilitary activity. This paper explores the relationship between violence and space as exemplified in Belfast through the ‘peacelines’ which stand in interface zones between Catholic and Protestant residential areas. As well as ...


"How Far Is It?" Of Geocaching And Emplacement In Athens, Greece, Julien Cossette 2014 Western University

"How Far Is It?" Of Geocaching And Emplacement In Athens, Greece, Julien Cossette

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

Geotechnologies are increasingly prominent, accessible, and interactive. Hand-held devices can localize one’s current geographic position with an unsettling precision. With the emergence of such mapping apparatuses, GPS-informed practices have proliferated. They redefine our engagement with space/place in ways that anthropologists need to attend to. Geocaching, a popular activity happening across the world, provides an ethnographic example of interest whose resonance extends beyond its practice.

This paper focuses on the ways in which spaces have the potential to become meaningful in specific ways for those engaging in this practice. I adopt an autobiographical approach, which I carefully unpack, following ...


Dietary And Physiological Contributions To The Relationship Between Diet, Bone Collagen, And Structural Carbonate Δ13c Values, Alex Leatherdale 2014 Western University

Dietary And Physiological Contributions To The Relationship Between Diet, Bone Collagen, And Structural Carbonate Δ13c Values, Alex Leatherdale

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

Numerous models have been proposed to explain and predict the relationship between diet, bone collagen, and structural carbonate δ13C values. Within these models, many internal and external factors are implicated in generating the observed variation in δ13C values, such as trophic level, dietary protein source, digestive physiology, tissue growth and remodeling, and post-mortem chemical alteration of bone collagen and bone mineral. The current understanding of the relationship between the isotopic chemistry of bone and diet hinges on the observation that bone collagen and structural carbonate fractionate differentially from diet due to underlying metabolic differences. The stable ...


Language About Agroecological Practices: The Emergence Of A Linguistic Market In Post-Soviet Cuba, Lina Johnston 2014 Western University

Language About Agroecological Practices: The Emergence Of A Linguistic Market In Post-Soviet Cuba, Lina Johnston

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

Following the collapse of socialist bloc in the late 1980s, Cuba’s agricultural paradigm underwent a dramatic transition from conventional to agroecological practices. In part, this transition relied on shifting the research focus of the Cuban government toward alternative and sustainable modes of agriculture, and placing greater emphasis on local farmer knowledge and participation. This paper proposes that the changing knowledge base that has accompanied Cuba’s agroecological paradigm has given rise to the emergence of markets of symbolic power (in the Bourdieu sense). In particular, a linguistic market that revolves around "spreading" the message and practice of agroecology, and ...


White Skin And White Masquerades: The Performativity Of “Whiteness” At Trinity College, Alican A. Koc 2014 Western University

White Skin And White Masquerades: The Performativity Of “Whiteness” At Trinity College, Alican A. Koc

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

Trinity College has gained a reputation as a predominantly white elite institution over its years at the University of Toronto. Using both personal accounts from a member of the college, as well as participant observation based on three months of research, this essay attempts to understand how the college maintains its legacy as a white institution despite its existence in a supposedly multicultural university environment. Drawing upon Judith Butler's theory of performativity, the essay describes how "whiteness" is constructed through a reiteration of acts rather than on race or colour in the context of Trinity College.


The Creation Of Female Origin Myth: A Critical Analysis Of Gender In The Archaeology Of Neolithic China, Shu Xin Chen 2014 Western University

The Creation Of Female Origin Myth: A Critical Analysis Of Gender In The Archaeology Of Neolithic China, Shu Xin Chen

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

This essay explores and critiques the creation of female origin myths in the archaeology of Neolithic China. The first example is the debate surrounding the gender relations in the Yangshao culture. The second half of the paper focuses on whether or not the possible goddess worship in the Hongshan culture can shed light on the understanding of women. It concludes by stating this kind of gynocentric archaeology does not provide an accurate picture of gender in Neolithic China, or propel the feminist agenda.


Mating Behavior In Australopithecus And Early Homo: A Review Of The Diagnostic Potential Of Dental Dimorphism., Joseph J. Werner 2014 Western University

Mating Behavior In Australopithecus And Early Homo: A Review Of The Diagnostic Potential Of Dental Dimorphism., Joseph J. Werner

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

Dental dimorphism is one of the primary means by which the mating systems of extinct hominins are studied. Its use has been particularly significant for describing the behaviors of Australopithecus and early Homo, and consequently the factors involved in the evolution of our own species. Analysis however, has tended to produce ambiguous and contrasting results, with no firm agreement as to what mating strategies these genera practiced. Interpretation is confounded by numerous problems such as a generally poor understanding of how dental dimorphism develops in primates, and what factors influence its expression. It is also not well known how these ...


The Red-Haired Chimpanzee: Integrated Conservation And Development, Engagement, And (Mis)Understandings In Hoima District, Western Uganda, Steven Slowka 2014 Western University

The Red-Haired Chimpanzee: Integrated Conservation And Development, Engagement, And (Mis)Understandings In Hoima District, Western Uganda, Steven Slowka

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

Drawing on research completed in seven villages in Hoima District, western Uganda, in 2013, this paper explores the social complexities inherent to integrated conservation and development projects orchestrated by transnational ENGOs in developing countries. I frame this exploration through a discussion of a story from my fieldwork - the sighting of a "red-haired" chimpanzee - and use it as a metaphor to encompass the ways in which groups of people involved in such conservation and development work think about, act towards, and "other" one another. Moreover, this paper explores the role that anthropologists can assume in articulating the implications of, and mediating ...


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