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Wood Charcoal Analysis From Coan Hall (44nb11), Sierra Snively Roark 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Wood Charcoal Analysis From Coan Hall (44nb11), Sierra Snively Roark

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Changes In Middle Holocene Shellfish Harvesting Practices: Evidence From Labouchere Bay (49-Pet-476), Southeast Alaska, Mark R. Williams 2017 University of New Mexico

Changes In Middle Holocene Shellfish Harvesting Practices: Evidence From Labouchere Bay (49-Pet-476), Southeast Alaska, Mark R. Williams

Anthropology Student Publications

This paper uses zooarchaeology and community paleoecology to interpret the invertebrate assemblage from a middle Holocene shell midden in Southeast Alaska. The composition of midden 13.3 at Labouchere Bay (AHRS# 49-PET-746), which was occupied between 6,500 and 2,500 calendar years before present, reflects changes in how the human inhabitants of the site interacted with intertidal shellfish communities. The amount of shellfish from soft substrate habitats (mudflats) did not change significantly over time, while the amount of shellfish from hard substrate habitats (rocky tide pools) declined. This trend in the relative abundance of these shellfish in the midden ...


Accounting For Variability In Mother-Child Play, David F. Lancy 2017 Utah State University

Accounting For Variability In Mother-Child Play, David F. Lancy

SSWA Faculty Publications

This paper highlights contrasting perspectives in the study of mother-child play. One contrast emerges as we look at the phenomenon using the lens offered by anthropology as opposed to the more commonly used lens of psychology. A second contrast is apparent from on-the-ground descriptions of childhood in the ethnographic record compared to observations of children in the upper strata of modern society. Psychologists and those public agents who adopt their perspective see mother-child play—from infancy—as both necessary for normal development and an unlimited good. Its self-evident value should be impressed upon those who are as yet, unenlightened. Anthropologists ...


Marbles And Machiavelli: The Role Of Game Play In Children's Social Development, David F. Lancy, M. Annette Grove 2017 Utah State University

Marbles And Machiavelli: The Role Of Game Play In Children's Social Development, David F. Lancy, M. Annette Grove

SSWA Faculty Publications

The authors review several case studies of children engaged in rule-governed play and conclude that the process of learning rules—and of breaking them and making new ones—promotes what they call gamesmanship. They link the development of gamesmanship to the theory of Machiavellian intelligence, which considers social interaction primary in the evolution of human intelligence. They also question the benefits of adult-managed child play and assess the impact it may have on the ability of children to develop gamesmanship.


Determining The Population Affinity Of An Unprovenienced Human Skull For Repatriation, Jennifer K. Watkins, Samantha H. Blatt, Cynthia A. Bradbury, Gordon A. Alanko, Matthew J. Kohn, Marion L. Lytle, Darryl P. Butt 2017 Boise State University

Determining The Population Affinity Of An Unprovenienced Human Skull For Repatriation, Jennifer K. Watkins, Samantha H. Blatt, Cynthia A. Bradbury, Gordon A. Alanko, Matthew J. Kohn, Marion L. Lytle, Darryl P. Butt

Anthropology Faculty Publications and Presentations

An archaeological assessment was carried out on an unprovenienced human skull recovered in eastern Idaho, exhibiting cranial deformation and peri-mortem application of a red pigment. A combination of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray fluorescence (XRF), and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) identified the major and trace elements present in the red pigment as natural cinnabar. Carbon and oxygen stable isotopes from teeth and bone suggest a mostly C3 plant-based diet with subsidiary consumption of salmon or marine resources, and a regional geographic transition between early life and late adulthood. Radiocarbon dating determined the approximate age of the skull to be between ...


How To Conduct A Mini-Ethnographic Case Study: A Guide For Novice Researchers, Patricia I. Fusch Ph.D., Gene E. Fusch, Lawrence R. Ness 2017 Walden University

How To Conduct A Mini-Ethnographic Case Study: A Guide For Novice Researchers, Patricia I. Fusch Ph.D., Gene E. Fusch, Lawrence R. Ness

The Qualitative Report

The authors present how to construct a mini-ethnographic case study design with the benefit of an ethnographic approach bounded within a case study protocol that is more feasible for a student researcher with limited time and finances. The novice researcher should choose a design that enables one to best answer the research question. Secondly, one should choose the design that assists the researcher in reaching data saturation. Finally, the novice researcher must choose the design in which one can complete the study within a reasonable time frame with minimal cost. This is particularly important for student researchers. One can blend ...


Foodways (Fa 1005), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2017 Western Kentucky University

Foodways (Fa 1005), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archive Collection 1005.A collection of student observations about regional foodways in short, narrative papers, prepared for a folk studies class at Western Kentucky University. Photos are included in many of the papers.


Do You Really Want A Hunter-Gatherer Microbiota? Perils And Pitfalls For Your Gut, Michael Ruscio 2017 Dr. Michael Ruscio

Do You Really Want A Hunter-Gatherer Microbiota? Perils And Pitfalls For Your Gut, Michael Ruscio

Journal of Evolution and Health

Clinicians have long understood the immense impact the health of our gut has on things like weight, energy, depression, autoimmunity and more. With the recent advancements in microbiota research we have learned much more about this connection. Like never before we understand how we can alleviate chronic health conditions and enhance well-being through improving the health of the gut.

However, with this increased research has also come over speculation and ill-informed recommendations. This has high impact on today's healthcare professional or consumer who could unintentionally do harm. For example by replicating the microbiota of hunter-gatherers of Africa, we could ...


Lone Man And All My Relations, Doug Meigs 2017 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Lone Man And All My Relations, Doug Meigs

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Lone Man is the central creation figure of the Mandan, an indigenous people of present-day North Dakota. The story of Lone Man begins with the creation figure becoming self-aware on the open ocean. He creates the Earth and sets off to discover his people. Doug Meigs is writing the oral history of Robert O’Brien, a modern Mandan man living in Omaha, Nebraska, who grew up without any knowledge of tribal identity. Late in life, he would set off to learn that he was Mandan. O’Brien is still coming to terms with the meaning of that identity.


Smoking Trends Among U.S. Latinos, 1998–2013: The Impact Of Immigrant Arrival Cohort, Georgiana Bostean, Annie Ro, Nancy L. Fleischer 2017 Chapman University

Smoking Trends Among U.S. Latinos, 1998–2013: The Impact Of Immigrant Arrival Cohort, Georgiana Bostean, Annie Ro, Nancy L. Fleischer

Sociology Faculty Articles and Research

Few studies examine nativity disparities in smoking in the U.S., thus a major gap remains in understanding whether immigrant Latinos’ smoking prevalence is stable, converging, or diverging, compared with U.S.-born Latinos. This study aimed to disentangle the roles of period changes, duration of U.S. residence, and immigrant arrival cohort in explaining the gap in smoking prevalence between foreign-born and U.S.-born Latinos. Using repeated cross-sectional data spanning 1998–2013 (U.S. National Health Interview Survey), regressions predicted current smoking among foreign-born and U.S.-born Latino men and women (n = 12,492). We contrasted findings ...


Hester, Elizabeth Allen "Beth," B. 1956 (Fa 1003), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2017 Western Kentucky University

Hester, Elizabeth Allen "Beth," B. 1956 (Fa 1003), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1003. Paper written by ElizaBeth Hester titled, “It Was Just a Good Wholesome Social Time: The Revival of Square Dance in Meador, Kentucky During the 1930s.” This paper was written as part of an assignment for a folk studies class at Western Kentucky University.


Lyle, Beth (Fa 1004), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2017 Western Kentucky University

Lyle, Beth (Fa 1004), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1004. Paper written by Beth Lyle titled “Class Night: A Lasting Tradition at Allen County-Scottsville High School.” Class night was an annual event held in May in which members of the senior class were formally presented to the community, similar to a debutante or coming out ball.


Slow Journalism? Ethnography As A Means Of Understanding Religious Social Activism, James V. Spickard 2017 University of Redlands

Slow Journalism? Ethnography As A Means Of Understanding Religious Social Activism, James V. Spickard

Working Papers

This article, originally presented as a talk at Harvard University's Weatherhead Center, poses the question: What makes ethnography more than just slow journalism in the study of religion? It traces this concern to the political subtext of ethnography's origins in both sociology and anthropology: as an aid to imperial &/or middle-class domination of other peoples. Having discovered this, anthropologists (and a few sociologists) have changed their approach to their interview partners (no longer 'subjects'). This requires several epistemological moves, including a willingness to acknowledge our own projections about our research partners and to recognize that we are as ...


The Origins Of The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights, James V. Spickard 2017 University of Redlands

The Origins Of The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights, James V. Spickard

Working Papers

Presents the history of the 1948 adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, focusing on the prior status of human rights in international law and the cultural/ideological aspects of the debates surrounding its adoption. This chapter shows both the Western origin of the core human rights concepts and the positive-law nature of the Universal Declaration. it also shows that the cultural issues were present from the very start of the modern human rights era.


Book Review: Collision Course: Endless Growth On A Finite Planet By Of Kerryn Higgs, Dennis G. Hodgson 2017 Fairfield University

Book Review: Collision Course: Endless Growth On A Finite Planet By Of Kerryn Higgs, Dennis G. Hodgson

Dennis Hodgson

No abstract provided.


Book Review: The New Worlds Of Thomas Robert Malthus: Rereading The Principle Of Population By Alison Bashford And Joyce E. Chaplin, Dennis G. Hodgson 2017 Fairfield University

Book Review: The New Worlds Of Thomas Robert Malthus: Rereading The Principle Of Population By Alison Bashford And Joyce E. Chaplin, Dennis G. Hodgson

Dennis Hodgson

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Encore Adulthood: Boomers On The Edge Of Risk, Renewal, And Purpose By Phyllis Moen, Dennis G. Hodgson 2017 Fairfield University

Book Review: Encore Adulthood: Boomers On The Edge Of Risk, Renewal, And Purpose By Phyllis Moen, Dennis G. Hodgson

Dennis Hodgson

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, And The Politics Of Evolution In Victorian England By Piers J. Hale, Dennis G. Hodgson 2017 Fairfield University

Book Review: Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, And The Politics Of Evolution In Victorian England By Piers J. Hale, Dennis G. Hodgson

Dennis Hodgson

No abstract provided.


Book Review: The Bet: Paul Ehrlich, Julian Simon, And Our Gamble Over Earth's Future By Paul Sabin, Dennis G. Hodgson 2017 Fairfield University

Book Review: The Bet: Paul Ehrlich, Julian Simon, And Our Gamble Over Earth's Future By Paul Sabin, Dennis G. Hodgson

Dennis Hodgson

No abstract provided.


Indigenous Federation: The Case Of Borana Oromo, Ethiopia, Dejene Gemechu Chala 2017 Jimma University

Indigenous Federation: The Case Of Borana Oromo, Ethiopia, Dejene Gemechu Chala

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

This article draws attention to the Borana Oromo gadaa system as an Indigenous federation. Gadaa is an Indigenous democratic political system used by the Oromo in which leaders are elected and their term in office is strictly fixed. Data for this research were generated through interviews, observations, and focus group discussions. The findings of this research indicate that the Borana have three gadaa councils at two levels: one at the center for the entire Borana and two named after two Borana clans. The later have relative autonomy under the cardinal law of the Borana gadaa. This structure has been serving ...


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