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Kpelle Children At Play, David F. Lancy 2015 Utah State University

Kpelle Children At Play, David F. Lancy

David Lancy

Although children’s play has been a relatively popular subject for anthropologists who study childhood, comprehensive studies of the entire play repertoire in a society are rare. One such study was carried out among the Kpelle people in the remote Liberian village of Gbarngasuakwelle four decades ago. A summary of that study reveals that Kpelle children have access to a rich store of traditional play-forms including make-believe, board-type games, active play, contests and folklore. A major finding affirmed that play, far from being the antithesis of work or a reversal of cultural ideals, fundamentally supports and affirms the child’s ...


Active Tectonics And Ancient Complex Cultures, Eric R. Force 2014 SelectedWorks

Active Tectonics And Ancient Complex Cultures, Eric R. Force

Eric R Force

The astoundingly close spatial relationship of active tectonic boundaries with the originating sites of the most complex ancient cultures suggests a closer look at possible dynamics. Five lines of evidence suggest that the relationship was cultural, i.e. tectonic cultures were more accepting of change, more resilient, and remarkably tenacious, leading toward a sort of cultural athleticism. Conversely, tectonically quiescent cultures were more static.


The Politics Of Honduran Schoolteachers: State Agents Challenge The State, Jordan D. Levy 2014 Western University

The Politics Of Honduran Schoolteachers: State Agents Challenge The State, Jordan D. Levy

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This dissertation examines the everyday work of schoolteachers in post-coup Honduras from the theoretical perspective that they are individuals with a vested interest in the state, who reflect upon their own experiences when carrying out the vital state service of national public education, and while acting as leaders of the anti-coup National Front of Popular Resistance. This movement emerged in response to the violent overthrow of the country’s democratically-elected president in June 2009 and has since broadened its agenda, calling for the ‘re-foundation’ of the Honduran state by rewriting the constitution.

Yet state formation occurs not only through such ...


Behind The Map: Crises And Crisis Collectives In High-Tech Actions, Fiona Gedeon Achi 2014 Western University

Behind The Map: Crises And Crisis Collectives In High-Tech Actions, Fiona Gedeon Achi

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

Abstract: Over the five last years, crisis mapping has gained wide popularity in the humanitarian world with collaboration between crisis mappers and the UN on several emergency projects. Crisis mapping relies on interactive maps to monitor both incidents and resources in settings undergoing a “crisis” (political, environmental, etc). Focusing on one case study (the monitoring of violence during the 2011 elections in the Democratic Republic of Congo) and building on several interviews conducted with leading crisis mappers and project coordinators, this paper shows that the deep significance of crisis mapping cannot be grasped through an understanding of the goals and ...


Frontier Wars: Violence And Space In Belfast, Northern Ireland, Jack Boulton 2014 Western University

Frontier Wars: Violence And Space In Belfast, Northern Ireland, Jack Boulton

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

Belfast seems well known as a violent city; it has experienced a long history of turmoil related to the British invasion and subsequent division based on ethnicity as seen through religion. Although the profile of the city has improved, meaning rising tourism and income, the Belfast Agreement of 1998, as well as divisions between ethnicities continues to haunt the city despite an apparent end to violence, fighting and paramilitary activity. This paper explores the relationship between violence and space as exemplified in Belfast through the ‘peacelines’ which stand in interface zones between Catholic and Protestant residential areas. As well as ...


"How Far Is It?" Of Geocaching And Emplacement In Athens, Greece, Julien Cossette 2014 Western University

"How Far Is It?" Of Geocaching And Emplacement In Athens, Greece, Julien Cossette

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

Geotechnologies are increasingly prominent, accessible, and interactive. Hand-held devices can localize one’s current geographic position with an unsettling precision. With the emergence of such mapping apparatuses, GPS-informed practices have proliferated. They redefine our engagement with space/place in ways that anthropologists need to attend to. Geocaching, a popular activity happening across the world, provides an ethnographic example of interest whose resonance extends beyond its practice.

This paper focuses on the ways in which spaces have the potential to become meaningful in specific ways for those engaging in this practice. I adopt an autobiographical approach, which I carefully unpack, following ...


Dietary And Physiological Contributions To The Relationship Between Diet, Bone Collagen, And Structural Carbonate Δ13c Values, Alex Leatherdale 2014 Western University

Dietary And Physiological Contributions To The Relationship Between Diet, Bone Collagen, And Structural Carbonate Δ13c Values, Alex Leatherdale

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

Numerous models have been proposed to explain and predict the relationship between diet, bone collagen, and structural carbonate δ13C values. Within these models, many internal and external factors are implicated in generating the observed variation in δ13C values, such as trophic level, dietary protein source, digestive physiology, tissue growth and remodeling, and post-mortem chemical alteration of bone collagen and bone mineral. The current understanding of the relationship between the isotopic chemistry of bone and diet hinges on the observation that bone collagen and structural carbonate fractionate differentially from diet due to underlying metabolic differences. The stable ...


Language About Agroecological Practices: The Emergence Of A Linguistic Market In Post-Soviet Cuba, Lina Johnston 2014 Western University

Language About Agroecological Practices: The Emergence Of A Linguistic Market In Post-Soviet Cuba, Lina Johnston

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

Following the collapse of socialist bloc in the late 1980s, Cuba’s agricultural paradigm underwent a dramatic transition from conventional to agroecological practices. In part, this transition relied on shifting the research focus of the Cuban government toward alternative and sustainable modes of agriculture, and placing greater emphasis on local farmer knowledge and participation. This paper proposes that the changing knowledge base that has accompanied Cuba’s agroecological paradigm has given rise to the emergence of markets of symbolic power (in the Bourdieu sense). In particular, a linguistic market that revolves around "spreading" the message and practice of agroecology, and ...


White Skin And White Masquerades: The Performativity Of “Whiteness” At Trinity College, Alican A. Koc 2014 Western University

White Skin And White Masquerades: The Performativity Of “Whiteness” At Trinity College, Alican A. Koc

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

Trinity College has gained a reputation as a predominantly white elite institution over its years at the University of Toronto. Using both personal accounts from a member of the college, as well as participant observation based on three months of research, this essay attempts to understand how the college maintains its legacy as a white institution despite its existence in a supposedly multicultural university environment. Drawing upon Judith Butler's theory of performativity, the essay describes how "whiteness" is constructed through a reiteration of acts rather than on race or colour in the context of Trinity College.


The Creation Of Female Origin Myth: A Critical Analysis Of Gender In The Archaeology Of Neolithic China, Shu Xin Chen 2014 Western University

The Creation Of Female Origin Myth: A Critical Analysis Of Gender In The Archaeology Of Neolithic China, Shu Xin Chen

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

This essay explores and critiques the creation of female origin myths in the archaeology of Neolithic China. The first example is the debate surrounding the gender relations in the Yangshao culture. The second half of the paper focuses on whether or not the possible goddess worship in the Hongshan culture can shed light on the understanding of women. It concludes by stating this kind of gynocentric archaeology does not provide an accurate picture of gender in Neolithic China, or propel the feminist agenda.


Mating Behavior In Australopithecus And Early Homo: A Review Of The Diagnostic Potential Of Dental Dimorphism., Joseph J. Werner 2014 Western University

Mating Behavior In Australopithecus And Early Homo: A Review Of The Diagnostic Potential Of Dental Dimorphism., Joseph J. Werner

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

Dental dimorphism is one of the primary means by which the mating systems of extinct hominins are studied. Its use has been particularly significant for describing the behaviors of Australopithecus and early Homo, and consequently the factors involved in the evolution of our own species. Analysis however, has tended to produce ambiguous and contrasting results, with no firm agreement as to what mating strategies these genera practiced. Interpretation is confounded by numerous problems such as a generally poor understanding of how dental dimorphism develops in primates, and what factors influence its expression. It is also not well known how these ...


The Red-Haired Chimpanzee: Integrated Conservation And Development, Engagement, And (Mis)Understandings In Hoima District, Western Uganda, Steven Slowka 2014 Western University

The Red-Haired Chimpanzee: Integrated Conservation And Development, Engagement, And (Mis)Understandings In Hoima District, Western Uganda, Steven Slowka

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

Drawing on research completed in seven villages in Hoima District, western Uganda, in 2013, this paper explores the social complexities inherent to integrated conservation and development projects orchestrated by transnational ENGOs in developing countries. I frame this exploration through a discussion of a story from my fieldwork - the sighting of a "red-haired" chimpanzee - and use it as a metaphor to encompass the ways in which groups of people involved in such conservation and development work think about, act towards, and "other" one another. Moreover, this paper explores the role that anthropologists can assume in articulating the implications of, and mediating ...


Kentucky Folklore Society (Mss 497), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2014 Western Kentucky University

Kentucky Folklore Society (Mss 497), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Findng aid only for Manuscripts Collection 497. Records of the Kentucky Folklore Society, primarily correspondence of president Janet Gilmore and of Dr. Camilla A. Collins, editor of the Society’s journal, the Kentucky Folklore Record. Also includes some financial and organizational information.


Emerging From The Shadows: Civil War, Human Rights, And Peacebuilding Among Peasants And Indigenous Peoples In Colombia And Peru In The Late 20th And Early 21st Centuries, Charles A. Flowerday 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Emerging From The Shadows: Civil War, Human Rights, And Peacebuilding Among Peasants And Indigenous Peoples In Colombia And Peru In The Late 20th And Early 21st Centuries, Charles A. Flowerday

Anthropology Department Theses and Dissertations

Peacebuilding in Colombia and Peru following their late-20th and early 21st century civil wars is a challenging proposition. In this study, it becomes necessary as indigenous peoples and peasants resist domination by extractive industries and governments in their thrall. Whether they protest nonviolently or rebel in arms, they are targeted for human-rights violations, especially murder, disappearance and displacement. The armed actors, state, insurgency, paramilitaries or drug traffickers, destroy civic institutions (local or regional government) and the civil (nonprofit) sector and replace them with their own authoritarian versions. Therefore, peacebuilding has emphasized rebuilding civic institutions, civil society and local ...


Australia’S Boatpeople Policy: Regional Cooperation Or Passing The Buck?, Christopher C. White 2014 Cleveland State University

Australia’S Boatpeople Policy: Regional Cooperation Or Passing The Buck?, Christopher C. White

Cultural Encounters, Conflicts, and Resolutions

The Australian government implemented a new policy in July 2013 in an attempt to more effectively address the recent spike in irregular migrants trying to reach its shores. In this paper, I examine the panic over migration in Australia concerning asylum seekers arriving by boat. The discussion is divided into two main themes. First, I look at how the Australian government is attempting to manage irregular immigration with a specific focus on the regional arrangement with Papua New Guinea. I argue that instead of mutually beneficial efforts at regional cooperation, the Australian government is merely shifting its responsibilities to a ...


Intergenerational Conflicts In Iran: Myth Or Reallity?, Mohammad Hossein Panahi 2014 Cleveland State University

Intergenerational Conflicts In Iran: Myth Or Reallity?, Mohammad Hossein Panahi

Cultural Encounters, Conflicts, and Resolutions

One of the important social issues attracting the attention of social thinkers in post WWII era has been the issue of intergenerational conflict. Presented by scholars such as Karl Manheim and Margaret Mead, it was thought that in post WWII era intergenerational conflicts or gap rose to a degree that it made the communication and understanding between pre and post WWII generations very difficult. It was theorized that this unbridgeable gap between the two generations was due to grave and rapid social changes that occurred in that era, so that these two generations experienced and lived in two totally different ...


Immigrants, Roma And Sinti Unveil The “National” In Italian Identity, Francesco Melfi 2014 Cleveland State University

Immigrants, Roma And Sinti Unveil The “National” In Italian Identity, Francesco Melfi

Cultural Encounters, Conflicts, and Resolutions

This essay picks up a few threads in the ongoing debate on national identity in Italy. Immigration and the intertwining of cultures locally have stretched the contours of the nation state to a breaking point. As a result, the social self has become a sharply contested terrain between those who want to install a symbolic electronic fence around an imagined fatherland and those who want a more inclusive nation at home in a global world. After discussing the views of Amin Maalouf (2000), Alessandro Dal Lago (2009), Abdelmalek Sayad (1999) and Patrick Manning (2005) on national identity and migration in ...


More Than A Tribesman: The New African Diasporan Identity, Stephen M. Magu 2014 Cleveland State University

More Than A Tribesman: The New African Diasporan Identity, Stephen M. Magu

Cultural Encounters, Conflicts, and Resolutions

Current global levels of immigration stand at about 300 million persons; of these, IFAD estimates that 30 million Africans are in the Diaspora. The contributions of diasporic Africans to their communities and to the cultural experiences of the United States are multimodal. To their domiciles, they contribute economically, empowering their families to become more active and less dependent on the state, while transmitting ideas about democracy and better government. At the same time, they contribute to their adopted homelands through social and cultural activities, cultural festivals and other indicators of cultural connectedness to their motherlands. The African diaspora of necessity ...


Daily Border Crossings: Negotiations Of Gender, Body And Subjectivity In The Lives Of Women Workers In Urban Malls., Rachana Johri Dr., Krishna Menon Dr. 2014 Cleveland State University

Daily Border Crossings: Negotiations Of Gender, Body And Subjectivity In The Lives Of Women Workers In Urban Malls., Rachana Johri Dr., Krishna Menon Dr.

Cultural Encounters, Conflicts, and Resolutions

The last two decades have seen the emergence of not just new markets but new market spaces that provide a visual experience of products and persons that closely approximates the field set up by the global media. Malls represent the concrete representations of unabashed celebration and acknowledgment of desire. Malls are one of the spaces that shape everyday lives suggesting the rightfulness of fulfilling sexual, cultural, social and gastronomic desires. One ‘category’ of persons presumably shaped by these spaces are those who work in them. Our concern is particularly with the negotiation of body and subjectivity as women travel daily ...


The Body As Politic: Education And The Performance Art Of Guillermo Gómez-Peña, Dana Cole 2014 Cleveland State University

The Body As Politic: Education And The Performance Art Of Guillermo Gómez-Peña, Dana Cole

Cultural Encounters, Conflicts, and Resolutions

Art has been used as a tool in many fields as a method to tap into different ways of knowing and learning. It promotes creativity and individual expression by encouraging innovation and by opening up possibilities to different ways of expressing and experiencing. My work looks at the performance art of Guillermo Gómez-Peña as a form of public pedagogy using a/r/tography, an arts-based methodology, to illuminate way art it can be used to enhance the learning experience. This article examine the in-between spaces created in Gómez-Peña’s work as epistemological borderzones underscoring how borders come together in heterogeneity ...


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