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Wood Charcoal Analysis From Coan Hall (44nb11), Sierra Snively Roark 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Wood Charcoal Analysis From Coan Hall (44nb11), Sierra Snively Roark

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Marbles And Machiavelli: The Role Of Game Play In Children's Social Development, David F. Lancy, M. Annette Grove 2017 Utah State University

Marbles And Machiavelli: The Role Of Game Play In Children's Social Development, David F. Lancy, M. Annette Grove

SSWA Faculty Publications

The authors review several case studies of children engaged in rule-governed play and conclude that the process of learning rules—and of breaking them and making new ones—promotes what they call gamesmanship. They link the development of gamesmanship to the theory of Machiavellian intelligence, which considers social interaction primary in the evolution of human intelligence. They also question the benefits of adult-managed child play and assess the impact it may have on the ability of children to develop gamesmanship.


Changes In Middle Holocene Shellfish Harvesting Practices: Evidence From Labouchere Bay (49-Pet-476), Southeast Alaska, Mark R. Williams 2017 University of New Mexico

Changes In Middle Holocene Shellfish Harvesting Practices: Evidence From Labouchere Bay (49-Pet-476), Southeast Alaska, Mark R. Williams

Anthropology Student Publications

This paper uses zooarchaeology and community paleoecology to interpret the invertebrate assemblage from a middle Holocene shell midden in Southeast Alaska. The composition of midden 13.3 at Labouchere Bay (AHRS# 49-PET-746), which was occupied between 6,500 and 2,500 calendar years before present, reflects changes in how the human inhabitants of the site interacted with intertidal shellfish communities. The amount of shellfish from soft substrate habitats (mudflats) did not change significantly over time, while the amount of shellfish from hard substrate habitats (rocky tide pools) declined. This trend in the relative abundance of these shellfish in the midden ...


Accounting For Variability In Mother-Child Play, David F. Lancy 2017 Utah State University

Accounting For Variability In Mother-Child Play, David F. Lancy

SSWA Faculty Publications

This paper highlights contrasting perspectives in the study of mother-child play. One contrast emerges as we look at the phenomenon using the lens offered by anthropology as opposed to the more commonly used lens of psychology. A second contrast is apparent from on-the-ground descriptions of childhood in the ethnographic record compared to observations of children in the upper strata of modern society. Psychologists and those public agents who adopt their perspective see mother-child play—from infancy—as both necessary for normal development and an unlimited good. Its self-evident value should be impressed upon those who are as yet, unenlightened. Anthropologists ...


Slow Journalism? Ethnography As A Means Of Understanding Religious Social Activism, James V. Spickard 2017 University of Redlands

Slow Journalism? Ethnography As A Means Of Understanding Religious Social Activism, James V. Spickard

Working Papers

This article, originally presented as a talk at Harvard University's Weatherhead Center, poses the question: What makes ethnography more than just slow journalism in the study of religion? It traces this concern to the political subtext of ethnography's origins in both sociology and anthropology: as an aid to imperial &/or middle-class domination of other peoples. Having discovered this, anthropologists (and a few sociologists) have changed their approach to their interview partners (no longer 'subjects'). This requires several epistemological moves, including a willingness to acknowledge our own projections about our research partners and to recognize that we are as ...


The Origins Of The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights, James V. Spickard 2017 University of Redlands

The Origins Of The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights, James V. Spickard

Working Papers

Presents the history of the 1948 adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, focusing on the prior status of human rights in international law and the cultural/ideological aspects of the debates surrounding its adoption. This chapter shows both the Western origin of the core human rights concepts and the positive-law nature of the Universal Declaration. it also shows that the cultural issues were present from the very start of the modern human rights era.


Book Review: Collision Course: Endless Growth On A Finite Planet By Of Kerryn Higgs, Dennis G. Hodgson 2017 Fairfield University

Book Review: Collision Course: Endless Growth On A Finite Planet By Of Kerryn Higgs, Dennis G. Hodgson

Dennis Hodgson

No abstract provided.


Book Review: The New Worlds Of Thomas Robert Malthus: Rereading The Principle Of Population By Alison Bashford And Joyce E. Chaplin, Dennis G. Hodgson 2017 Fairfield University

Book Review: The New Worlds Of Thomas Robert Malthus: Rereading The Principle Of Population By Alison Bashford And Joyce E. Chaplin, Dennis G. Hodgson

Dennis Hodgson

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Encore Adulthood: Boomers On The Edge Of Risk, Renewal, And Purpose By Phyllis Moen, Dennis G. Hodgson 2017 Fairfield University

Book Review: Encore Adulthood: Boomers On The Edge Of Risk, Renewal, And Purpose By Phyllis Moen, Dennis G. Hodgson

Dennis Hodgson

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, And The Politics Of Evolution In Victorian England By Piers J. Hale, Dennis G. Hodgson 2017 Fairfield University

Book Review: Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, And The Politics Of Evolution In Victorian England By Piers J. Hale, Dennis G. Hodgson

Dennis Hodgson

No abstract provided.


Book Review: The Bet: Paul Ehrlich, Julian Simon, And Our Gamble Over Earth's Future By Paul Sabin, Dennis G. Hodgson 2017 Fairfield University

Book Review: The Bet: Paul Ehrlich, Julian Simon, And Our Gamble Over Earth's Future By Paul Sabin, Dennis G. Hodgson

Dennis Hodgson

No abstract provided.


Indigenous Federation: The Case Of Borana Oromo, Ethiopia, Dejene Gemechu Chala 2017 Jimma University

Indigenous Federation: The Case Of Borana Oromo, Ethiopia, Dejene Gemechu Chala

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

This article draws attention to the Borana Oromo gadaa system as an Indigenous federation. Gadaa is an Indigenous democratic political system used by the Oromo in which leaders are elected and their term in office is strictly fixed. Data for this research were generated through interviews, observations, and focus group discussions. The findings of this research indicate that the Borana have three gadaa councils at two levels: one at the center for the entire Borana and two named after two Borana clans. The later have relative autonomy under the cardinal law of the Borana gadaa. This structure has been serving ...


Frustrations, Fights, And Friendships: The Physical, Emotional, And Behavioural Effects Of High-Density Crowding On Mumbai’S Suburban Rail Passengers, Lily Hirsch, Kirrilly Thompson, Danielle Every 2017 CQUniversity

Frustrations, Fights, And Friendships: The Physical, Emotional, And Behavioural Effects Of High-Density Crowding On Mumbai’S Suburban Rail Passengers, Lily Hirsch, Kirrilly Thompson, Danielle Every

The Qualitative Report

Crammed together in tight folds of humanity, the suburban rail passengers of Mumbai, India, experience the most densely crowded trains in the world (Basu & Hunt, 2012). Whilst the immediate physical descriptors of crowdedness in Mumbai are well understood (Hirsch, 2016), there is little knowledge of the effect this has on the multitude of passengers. This is an important omission, as the effects of crowding on passengers impact their attitudes, travel behavior, and travel decisions. This paper therefore seeks to discern the physical, emotional, and behavioural effects of rail passenger crowding in Mumbai, India. To achieve this, a qualitative methodology, including ...


Constructing A Sociological Biography: A Surprisingly Complex Autobiographical Practice, Sara Louise Wheeler 2017 Coleg Cymraeg Cenedlaethol, Bangor University

Constructing A Sociological Biography: A Surprisingly Complex Autobiographical Practice, Sara Louise Wheeler

The Qualitative Report

Biographical statements are an important part of impressions management in the academic milieu. These statements provide an online presence, accompany our academic products, and represent us in the academy. This becomes a high stakes activity, which can be quite anxiety provoking. As a qualitative sociologist with a particular interest in auto/ biography, producing such a statement really ought to be easy - putting into words: who I am, what I do, and where I am currently located. However, writing sociological biographies requires a fine balance, particularly during the early career phase, when we may be juggling projects, research directions and institutions ...


Crafting Collaborative Archaelogies: Two Case Studies From New England, Elizabeth S. Chilton, Siobhan M. Hart 2017 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Crafting Collaborative Archaelogies: Two Case Studies From New England, Elizabeth S. Chilton, Siobhan M. Hart

Elizabeth S. Chilton

No abstract provided.


Teaching Heritage Values Through Field Schools: Case Studies From New England, Elizabeth S. Chilton 2017 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Teaching Heritage Values Through Field Schools: Case Studies From New England, Elizabeth S. Chilton

Elizabeth S. Chilton

No abstract provided.


Digging And Destruction: Artifact Collecting As Meaningful Social Practice, Siobhan M. Hart, Elizabeth S. Chilton 2017 Binghamton University--SUNY

Digging And Destruction: Artifact Collecting As Meaningful Social Practice, Siobhan M. Hart, Elizabeth S. Chilton

Elizabeth S. Chilton

Collected sites are commonly seen as places requiring expert intervention to ‘save the past’ from destruction by artifact collectors and looters. Despite engaging directly with the physical effects of collecting and vandalism, little attention is given to the meanings of these actions and the contributions they make to the stories told about sites or the past more broadly. Professional archaeologists often position their engagement with site destruction as heritage ‘salvage’ and regard collecting as lacking any value in contemporary society. Repositioning collecting as meaningful social practice and heritage action raises the question: in failing to understand legal or illegal collecting ...


The Archaeology Of Immateriality, Elizabeth S. Chilton 2017 University of Massachusetts Amherst

The Archaeology Of Immateriality, Elizabeth S. Chilton

Elizabeth S. Chilton

Despite changes in archaeological theory and practice over the past 40 years, most archaeologists are still not very good at acknowledging that “significance” is context-dependent and non-material. In this paper I present two cases studies from New England where archaeologists collaborated with Native peoples on sites that had significant preservation concerns. I evaluate to what extent these projects were successful in their goal of decolonizing archaeology. I call for a definition of materiality that acknowledges that tangible objects and their intangible contexts and meanings are inextricable, and that values are continuously created and recreated in the present by a variety ...


Toward An Ecology Of Cultural Heritage, Elizabeth Brabec, Elizabeth S. Chilton 2017 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Toward An Ecology Of Cultural Heritage, Elizabeth Brabec, Elizabeth S. Chilton

Elizabeth S. Chilton

Around the globe, the impacts of climate change are increasing the risk of catastrophic events and the resulting loss of human life and communities. Until now, responses to these events and planning for future occurrences have focused on ecological and social impacts, to the almost total exclusion of the impacts on heritage. Cultural heritage includes archaeological sites, historic buildings, and artifacts, but—more importantly—it also includes the meanings, values, and contemporary social behavior associated with these tangible forms of heritage. Thus, place attachment, sense of place, and associated forms of intangible heritage are major societal factors that must be ...


Plus Ça Change: From Postprocessualism To “Big Data”, Elizabeth S. Chilton 2017 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Plus Ça Change: From Postprocessualism To “Big Data”, Elizabeth S. Chilton

Elizabeth S. Chilton

No abstract provided.


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