Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Anthropology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

80,643 Full-Text Articles 14,866 Authors 5,039,036 Downloads 263 Institutions

All Articles in Anthropology

Faceted Search

80,643 full-text articles. Page 1 of 486.

Bluegrass And Old-Time In Catalonia: An Ethnographic Case Study Of Aesthetic Communitas, Michael J. Luchtan 2018 East Tennessee State University

Bluegrass And Old-Time In Catalonia: An Ethnographic Case Study Of Aesthetic Communitas, Michael J. Luchtan

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This is an ethnographic case study of a musical community in Catalonia centered around the performance of bluegrass and old-time music. By using Victor and Edith Turners’ ideas of normative communitas, this paper identifies an aesthetic communitas model which describes a community centered around a performative genre. Through participant observation in the 16th Annual Al Ras Bluegrass and Old Time Music Festival and interviews with local musicians, fans, venue owners, and luthiers, the ethnographic narrative details the characteristics of the aesthetic communitas in Catalonia and searches for associations of Appalachia that accompany the cross-cultural manifestation of bluegrass and old-time music ...


Developing Cultural Competency In Anesthesia Through Student Registered Nurse Anesthetists, Emma To 2018 University of Southern Mississippi

Developing Cultural Competency In Anesthesia Through Student Registered Nurse Anesthetists, Emma To

Doctoral Projects

Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs) are the main anesthesia providers in over 70% of rural hospitals providing anesthesia. Each year, over 2,000 student registered nurse anesthetists (SRNAs) graduate and continue as licensed CRNAs. This Doctor of Nurse Practice (DNP) project emphasizes the importance of developing culturally competent providers in anesthesia by promoting early outreach in cultural competence education of SRNAs. Cultural competence is described as possessing characteristics of congruent attitudes, awareness, and conduct that provides and enables effective skills in cross-cultural encounters. Encompassing cultural competency education early in the SRNAs profession may provide valuable lifelong cultural skills that will ...


Resource Competition Among The Uinta Basin Fremont, Elizabeth A. Hora-Cook 2018 Utah State University

Resource Competition Among The Uinta Basin Fremont, Elizabeth A. Hora-Cook

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Archaeologists describe the Uinta Fremont (A.D. 0 – 1300) as a mixed foraging-farming society that underwent a dramatic social change from A.D. 700 – 1000. Researchers observe through different architectural styles and subsistence activity a change from large, aggregated settlements to more dispersed and defensively oriented villages and hamlets. The Ideal Free Distribution (IFD) model provides an explanatory framework through which to interpret these changes. IFD predicts the order in which people or animals will occupy habitats based on a habitat’s relative suitability and suggests hypothetical behaviors that people or animals might engage in to improve or maintain the ...


The Blind Man: A Phantasmography [Table Of Contents], Robert Desjarlais 2018 Fordham University

The Blind Man: A Phantasmography [Table Of Contents], Robert Desjarlais

Sociology

“Emerging from an unknown body, enthralling images, and lacerating silences, The Blind Man is written with the force of literature. Desjarlais’s fierce masterpiece reawakens anthropology’s sense of wonder with the affective, spectral nature of worldly encounters. A transformational book.”—João Biehl, Princeton University

The Blind Man: A Phantasmography examines the complicated forces of perception, imagination, and phantasms of encounter in the contemporary world. In considering photographs he took while he was traveling in France, anthropologist and writer Robert Desjarlais reflects on a few pictures that show the features of a man, apparently blind, who begs for money at ...


Black Panther: Thrills, Postcolonial Discourse, And Blacktopia, Giana M. Eckhardt 2018 Royal Holloway University of London

Black Panther: Thrills, Postcolonial Discourse, And Blacktopia, Giana M. Eckhardt

Markets, Globalization & Development Review

Black Panther challenges traditional depictions of African nations in film by showcasing the fictional African country of Wakanda as a global technological leader, its citizens as being comfortable in global settings, and by having Wakanda deliver social aid to the US, reversing the typical global flow of assistance. Wakanda is depicted as a Blacktopia, where societies thrive beyond the reach of white supremacy as they have not been subject to colonization.


Winning War In A Globalized World: Utilizing Women & Gender Initiatives In 21st Century Conflict, Emerald M. Archer 2018 Mount Saint Mary's University

Winning War In A Globalized World: Utilizing Women & Gender Initiatives In 21st Century Conflict, Emerald M. Archer

Markets, Globalization & Development Review

Three thousand years of recorded history has reserved warfighting for men and, in 2017, we continue to rely on ideas of hegemonic masculinity to understand who participates in war. However, women have played a vital role in the context of warfare from its inception. In the twenty-first century, women’s service is critical to the types of conflicts militaries regularly confront – specifically, counter insurgency and peacekeeping operations. The intersection of gender and security today provides new routes to peaceful prosperity globally. Applying gender initiatives to militaries – whether it means creating a gender balanced force, the integration of women into combat ...


Introduction To The Special Issue: Alternative Imaginings, Mine Üçok Hughes, Rika Houston 2018 California State University Los Angeles

Introduction To The Special Issue: Alternative Imaginings, Mine Üçok Hughes, Rika Houston

Markets, Globalization & Development Review

No abstract provided.


“Tribal Trenches”: A Qualitative Critique Of Consociational Design In Northern Ireland, Sarah Hollmann 2018 Stetson University

“Tribal Trenches”: A Qualitative Critique Of Consociational Design In Northern Ireland, Sarah Hollmann

Claremont-UC Undergraduate Research Conference on the European Union

How does consociational power sharing impact ethnic divisions in Northern Ireland? Though those in the consociationalist school would claim that the lack of active political violence in Northern Ireland is a powerful argument in favor of consociationalism; I argue that active violence has been replaced by increasing political polarization and ethno-national tensions. Using data gathered from twenty-four semi-structured interviews in Northern Ireland, this project critiques the hypothesis that ethnic divisions lose their salience after the implementation of consociational power-sharing agreements after ethno-nationalist conflict. Despite the growing literature on the long-term effects of consociationalism, scholars have largely focused on quantitative methods ...


A Bit Like Cash: Understanding Cash-For-Bitcoin Transactions Through Individual Vendors, Stephanie J. Robberson, Mark R. McCoy 2018 University of Central Oklahoma

A Bit Like Cash: Understanding Cash-For-Bitcoin Transactions Through Individual Vendors, Stephanie J. Robberson, Mark R. Mccoy

Journal of Digital Forensics, Security and Law

As technology improves and economies become more globalized, the concept of currency has evolved. Bitcoin, a cryptographic digital currency, has been embraced as a secure and convenient type of money. Due to its security and privacy for the user, Bitcoin is a good tool for conducting criminal trades. The Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) has regulations in place to make identification information of Bitcoin purchasers accessible to law enforcement, but enforcing these rules with cash-for-Bitcoin traders is difficult. This study surveyed cash-for-Bitcoin vendors in Oklahoma, Texas, Arkansas, Missouri, Kansas, Colorado, and New Mexico to determine personal demographic information, knowledge of ...


Fickey-Fields, Amanda (Fa 1213), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2018 Western Kentucky University

Fickey-Fields, Amanda (Fa 1213), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1213. Student folk studies project titled “Historic Survey of 10 Representative Houses Designed by James Maurice Ingram in the Bowling Green Area.” Project includes architectural descriptions, photographs and architectural drawings of ten representative houses eligible for the National Register of Historic Places under Criteria C (Design/Construction). Also included in this collection is a project by Robin Zeigler in support of nomination to the National Register of Historic Places of the historic architecture of James Maurice Ingram in Warren County, Kentucky. Application includes history, classification, and other documentation regarding historic properties designed by ...


Genau, Charles (Fa1212), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2018 Western Kentucky University

Genau, Charles (Fa1212), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1212. Student paper titled “Winemaking: The Old and New Way” in which Charles Genau details the process of wine production from harvest, to fermentation, bottling, and distribution. Genau compares and contrasts methods of traditional winemaking with contemporary approaches. He also gathered his information from two winemakers of different ages and ethnic backgrounds. The paper contains two illustrations of the winemaking process.


Stillwell, Gloria (Fa 1211), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2018 Western Kentucky University

Stillwell, Gloria (Fa 1211), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1211. Student paper titled “Folk Remedies” in which Gloria Stillwell collects traditional cures and medicinal recipes for various aches, pains, and illnesses including “colic,” “diabetes,” “worms,” “asthma,” and other bodily-related ailments. Stillwell gathered her information from close family members and friends.


Currey, Cathy (Fa 1210), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2018 Western Kentucky University

Currey, Cathy (Fa 1210), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1210. Student folk studies project titled “The History of African-American Education in Christian County, [Kentucky].” Narrative history which includes historical and architectural information, photographs, and other documentation regarding African American schools in Christian County, Kentucky.


Review: Syriac Chant And The Limits Of Modality, Sarah Bakker Kellogg 2018 San Francisco State University

Review: Syriac Chant And The Limits Of Modality, Sarah Bakker Kellogg

Yale Journal of Music & Religion

A book review is presented for Sense and Sadness: Syriac Chant in Aleppo, by Tala Jarjour. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018. 250 pp. ISBN: 978-0-190-63525-1.


Griggs, Joe (Fa 1208), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2018 Western Kentucky University

Griggs, Joe (Fa 1208), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1208. Student paper titled “Moonshine” in which Joe Griggs interviews E.Y. Hurt, a native of Todd County, about his varied business ventures including owning motels, grocery stores, and, eventually, a moonshine still. Hurt describes the fermentation process, production, and running of moonshine in Kentucky during the Prohibition era. The paper also contains a brief biographical background of the informant as well as two fully transcribed interviews with Hurt.


Seal, Kathy (Fa 1209), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2018 Western Kentucky University

Seal, Kathy (Fa 1209), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1209. Student paper titled “Household Appliances” in which Kathy Seal interviews her uncle, Edward Derringer, about his collection of unusual household items. The pieces, which were obtained through bartering, are arranged by “Kitchen Appliances,” “Kitchen Utensils,” “Cleaning Utensils,” and “Miscellaneous.” Seal emphasizes that the purpose of her paper is to draw attention to the appearance of the appliances rather than their functions. The paper, then, is made up entirely of hand-drawn illustrations of each object.


Chappell, Katherine J. (Fa 1207), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2018 Western Kentucky University

Chappell, Katherine J. (Fa 1207), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1207. Student folk studies project by Katherine J. Chappell in support of nomination to the National Register of Historic Places of the W. L. Bray house, at 1318 Scottsville Road in Bowling Green, Warren County, Kentucky. Project includes history, classification, and other documentation regarding this one-and-a-half story Tudor Revival house designed in 1934 by local architect James Maurice Ingram.


Hide And Seek: How And Why Peace Corps Panama Volunteers Conceal And Reveal Parts Of Their Social Identities And Perceived Impacts On Their Cultural Integration, Sara Sweeney 2018 SIT Graduate Institute/SIT Study Abroad

Hide And Seek: How And Why Peace Corps Panama Volunteers Conceal And Reveal Parts Of Their Social Identities And Perceived Impacts On Their Cultural Integration, Sara Sweeney

Capstone Collection

Hide and Seekexplores Peace Corps’ role in Panama and details the unique opportunities that Peace Corps Volunteers have to integrate and experience remote communities of the Indigenous tribe known as the Ngäbe Bugle. The main research question of this paper is derived from the challenges that Volunteers in Panama commonly face upon arriving to their communities and presenting themselves to their community members. I will discuss how Volunteers process the cultural differences they experience in their communities, how they respond to them, and whether they choose to conceal or reveal parts of their social identities to their community members ...


Facilitating Community Participation With Palestine Refugees: An Exploratory Study Of Unrwa, Tiffany Rene Baccus 2018 SIT Graduate Institute

Facilitating Community Participation With Palestine Refugees: An Exploratory Study Of Unrwa, Tiffany Rene Baccus

Capstone Collection

Community participation plays an important role in reversing the traditional power dynamic between service providers and beneficiaries. However, the level of community participation facilitated by organizations in their initiatives often varies greatly. This study sought to understand how and to what extent the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) West Bank Field Office can best facilitate community participation with Palestine refugees through its initiatives. Data collection took place at two levels: the strategic and camp level. The strategic level included interviews with a representative from the Palestinian Liberation Organization’s Department of Refugee Affairs (DORA) as well as nine ...


Something Old, Something New: Historicizing Same-Sex Marriage Within Ongoing Struggles Over African Marriage In South Africa, Michael W. Yarbrough 2018 John Jay College of Criminal Justice

Something Old, Something New: Historicizing Same-Sex Marriage Within Ongoing Struggles Over African Marriage In South Africa, Michael W. Yarbrough

Publications and Research

This article examines contemporary struggles over same-sex marriage in the daily lives of black lesbian- and gay-identified South Africans. Based primarily on 21 in-depth interviews with such South Africans drawn from a larger project on post-apartheid South African marriage, the author argues that their current struggles for relationship recognition share much in common with contemporaneous struggles of their heterosexual counterparts, and that these commonalities reflect ongoing tensions between more extended-family and more dyadic understandings of African marriage. The increasing influence of dyadic understandings of marriage, and of associated ideals of romantic love, has helped inspire same-sex marriage claims and, in ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress