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The New Disappeared: Illegality, The Deportation Regime, And The Resurrection Of State Violence, Miranda Cady Hallett 2017 University of Dayton

The New Disappeared: Illegality, The Deportation Regime, And The Resurrection Of State Violence, Miranda Cady Hallett

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

President Donald J. Trump’s executive actions expanding immigration enforcement and reproducing stigmatizing discourses about immigrants, refugees, and asylum-seekers are not a new direction in immigration enforcement. While the racist dimensions of the approach are more unmasked in his rhetoric, current enforcement is merely the expansion of an entrenched project of state violence. The current panic, in other words, is the culmination of the buildup of the deportation regime (De Genova and Peutz 2010), an interconnected web of systems of incarceration and exile that serves as a broad mechanism of social control and repression.

In the U.S., this system ...


Ordinary 'Worthiness': Sex Work, Police Raids, And Human Rights Violence In Sonagachhi, Simanti Dasgupta 2017 University of Dayton

Ordinary 'Worthiness': Sex Work, Police Raids, And Human Rights Violence In Sonagachhi, Simanti Dasgupta

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

Based upon ethnographic research with Durbar Mahila Samanwaya Committee (DMSC), a grass-roots sex workers organization in Sonagachhi, the iconic red light district in Kolkata, India, this paper explores the relationship between police raids and human rights violation. It especially focuses on the nature of violence initiated by the construction of “corrupt” evidence to justify a raid, which in this case is not solely a state initiative; the police usually work in tandem with other rescue missions such as the International Justice mission (IJM). The raid involves a practice and a narrative commonly referred to by both the police and the ...


From Stateless To Citizen: The Struggle To Obtain Legal Status For Guatemalan Refugees In Mexico, Oscar F. Gil-Garcia 2017 Binghamton University--SUNY

From Stateless To Citizen: The Struggle To Obtain Legal Status For Guatemalan Refugees In Mexico, Oscar F. Gil-Garcia

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

U.S. immigration enforcement practices have spread to Mexico, resulting in apprehension rates of Central American migrants that rival those of the U.S. In 2015, deportations of migrants from Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador in Mexico exceeded 165,000, more than twice the number of U.S. deportations to this region.

Enforcement-only priorities surrounding immigration policy in Mexico have reinforced discriminatory treatment, poverty, inequality, and exploitation toward the indigenous and migrant populations. These circumstances have particularly impacted indigenous Guatemalan Mayans who sought refuge in Mexico during the 1980s and continue to face obstacles for their legalization by the Mexican ...


Building A Bridge Across The Sea, Abby Wheatley 2017 Arizona State University

Building A Bridge Across The Sea, Abby Wheatley

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

On October 3, 2013, the island of Lampedusa, Italy, was transformed into an international stage for the crisis of migration when a boat carrying hundreds of migrants traveling from Libya sank off its coast. Reports indicate that 368 people drowned, while 89 people were rescued, most of them by locals. Though the mass drowning of Africans seeking refuge in Europe was not a new phenomenon, the event brought international attention to Lampedusa and underscored the fragile line between local and global processes and the intertwined yet opposing forces of mobility and enclosure.

Using Lampedusa as a case study, this paper ...


Joyful Human Rights Activism, William Simmons 2017 University of Arizona

Joyful Human Rights Activism, William Simmons

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

In popular, legal, and academic discourse, a subtle but significant shift has occurred: The term “human rights” is now almost always discussed in relation to its opposite, “human rights abuses.” Syllabi, textbooks, and academic articles focus largely on abuses, victimization, and trauma with nary a mention of joy or other positive emotions.

This will be obvious to most human rights scholars and practitioners once it is pointed out, but the depth of the elision is staggering. Human rights could also be discussed in the context of the most joyful of human experiences and even those victimized almost always experience ...


Political Asylum And Enlightened False Consciousness: The Challenges Of Human Rights Advocacy In Israel, Ilil Benjamin 2017 Lawrence University

Political Asylum And Enlightened False Consciousness: The Challenges Of Human Rights Advocacy In Israel, Ilil Benjamin

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

Since 2007, nearly 60,000 asylum seekers have arrived in Israel, primarily from Sudan and Eritrea, and been granted temporary stay visas by the Israeli Ministry of Interior while their asylum cases were being adjudicated.

Mindful of the ministry’s hostility to asylum seekers and its 99.9% rejection rate of applicants to date, many asylum seekers have come to doubt that their personal histories of poverty or violence would persuade Israeli asylum officers to permit them to stay. Based on ethnographic research in an asylum advocacy NGO in Tel Aviv, I examine the exclusions of Israel’s asylum system ...


Leftist Militant Songs And War Of Position In Lebanon (1975-1977), Mohamad J. Hodeib 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Leftist Militant Songs And War Of Position In Lebanon (1975-1977), Mohamad J. Hodeib

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This essay looks at the emergence of a generation of leftist militant songwriters against the backdrop of a revolutionary moment that influenced political and cultural landscapes in Beirut during the 1970s. After the Arab military defeat against Israel in 1967, the conjuncture of the Lebanese and Palestinian revolutionary movements in Lebanon fostered a revolutionary moment that manifested itself on different levels, including art and cultural expression. I look at the development of leftist militant songs, a genre, attitude, and approach to song production and performance that came to be at the intersection of radical theatre, poetry, and music. Productions by ...


The Insiders’ Experience Of An Undergraduate Level Ethnographic Fieldwork Training Program In India, Abhradip Banerjee, Krishnendu Polley, Arun Makal, Bhubon Mohan Das 2017 Government General Degree College, Singur, West Bengal, India

The Insiders’ Experience Of An Undergraduate Level Ethnographic Fieldwork Training Program In India, Abhradip Banerjee, Krishnendu Polley, Arun Makal, Bhubon Mohan Das

The Qualitative Report

Research on fieldwork experiences is not something new to the discipline of Anthropology. However, undergraduate level ethnographic fieldwork training programs in India as a research area still remained unexplored. The purpose of the study described in this paper was to explore the proceedings of undergraduate level ethnographic fieldwork training programs in India. This article uses the authors’ own recollections regarding an undergraduate level ethnographic fieldwork training program carried out by a college affiliated with the University of Calcutta. All four authors along with their 21 fellow students have participated as trainees in this fieldwork training program. Through a qualitative analysis ...


High-Impact Practices In Anthropology: Creating A Bridge Between Liberal Arts And Neoliberal Values, Susan Kirkpatrick Smith, Brandon D. Lundy, Cheyenne Dahlmann 2017 Kennesaw State University

High-Impact Practices In Anthropology: Creating A Bridge Between Liberal Arts And Neoliberal Values, Susan Kirkpatrick Smith, Brandon D. Lundy, Cheyenne Dahlmann

Georgia Journal of Science

Neoliberal values are dramatically affecting higher education in the United States, with a focus on running these institutions as businesses and molding students into productive workers. This shift toward training and away from traditional liberal arts education at U.S. universities and colleges has occurred even as studies demonstrate that the ability to adapt in a rapidly evolving marketplace promotes long-term professional success. While neoliberalism and traditional liberal arts education are often seen as antithetical, we show how one anthropology program has combined these values into pedagogical practice through a select subset of high impact practices to improve academic outcomes ...


The Making Of Seaside’S “Indian Place”: Contested And Enduring Native Spaces On The Nineteenth Century Oregon Coast, Douglas Deur 2017 Portland State University

The Making Of Seaside’S “Indian Place”: Contested And Enduring Native Spaces On The Nineteenth Century Oregon Coast, Douglas Deur

Douglas Deur

During the mid nineteenth century, non-Native settlement and activities disrupted and changed historic Chinook and Clatsop communities at the mouth of the Columbia River. Indian Place in what would be Seaside, Oregon, became home to a number of displaced peoples and an enclave where “the living gathered with the remains of the dead,” for “modest protection from the apocalyptic changes that so radically disrupted tribal lands, lives, and worldviews.” Douglas Deur documents tribal migration to the Indian Place during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries and calls attention to many of its significant early residents. Transitional communities such as ...


Preventative Community Policing In Immigrant Communities, Carole Chopi 2017 SIT Graduate Institute

Preventative Community Policing In Immigrant Communities, Carole Chopi

Capstone Collection

The purpose of this exploratory qualitative case study was to discover what kind of mutually comfortable activities community residents and police officers of the White Oak District in Montgomery County Maryland would like to participate in to strengthen social bonding, social bridging, and social linkage so that they can prevent future difficulties in practicing community problem-solving policing. In this case study located in a major Mid Atlantic community on the Eastern Seaboard of the United States, community policing was discovered to be actively engaged in. One police commander, three community leaders, 28 immigrant community members, and 11 immigrant community members ...


The Triple-C Impact: Responding To Childhood Exposure To Crime And Violence, Michal Gilad 2017 University of Pennsylvania

The Triple-C Impact: Responding To Childhood Exposure To Crime And Violence, Michal Gilad

Faculty Scholarship

The article is the first to take an inclusive look at the monumental problem of crime exposure during childhood, which is estimated to be one of the most damaging and costly public health and public safety problem in our society today. It takes-on the challenging task of ‘naming’ the problem by coining the term Comprehensive Childhood Crime Impact or in short the Triple-C Impact. Informed by scientific findings, the term embodies the full effect of direct and indirect crime exposure on children due to their unique developmental characteristics, and the spillover effect the problem has on our society as a ...


Uneven And Combined Development In The Longue Durée: Beyond World-System Analysis?, Eric Mielants 2017 Fairfield university

Uneven And Combined Development In The Longue Durée: Beyond World-System Analysis?, Eric Mielants

Eric Mielants

No abstract provided.


Statelessness And Nation-States: Reflections On Conceptual (In)Visibility, Eric Mielants 2017 Fairfield University

Statelessness And Nation-States: Reflections On Conceptual (In)Visibility, Eric Mielants

Eric Mielants

No abstract provided.


Land Disputes: From Ethnicity To The Nation. Inter-Ethnic Relationships And Ivoirité In The South-West Of Côte D'Ivoire” [« Conflits Fonciers : De L’Ethnie À La Nation. Rapports Interethniques Et Ivoirité Dans Le Sud-Ouest De La Côte D’Ivoire »], Alfred Babo, Yvan Droz 2017 Fairfield University

Land Disputes: From Ethnicity To The Nation. Inter-Ethnic Relationships And Ivoirité In The South-West Of Côte D'Ivoire” [« Conflits Fonciers : De L’Ethnie À La Nation. Rapports Interethniques Et Ivoirité Dans Le Sud-Ouest De La Côte D’Ivoire »], Alfred Babo, Yvan Droz

Alfred Babo

In the wake of the renewed democratic movement in Ivory Coast, questions about the troubled land tenure system emerged in the South-West. The relationships between the Bawle and the Krou worsened when the traditional land tenure system—tutorat—came to be disrespected. When the political leadership of the Akan group crumbled at the national level, one could have thought that the land tenure conflict would focus on the Bawle migrants. However, in 1999, a new conflict—concerning land tenure and the disregard of tutorat obligations—erupted between Krou on one side and Burkinabé or Malian on the other. This led ...


The Intellectual Economy Of An Anthropology Of Change, David Crawford 2017 Fairfield University

The Intellectual Economy Of An Anthropology Of Change, David Crawford

David Crawford

This paper raises issues of change in both highland Morocco and within the practice of Anthropology itself. The first part of the paper argues that at least some of the shifting boundaries in the social sciences offer opportunities for younger anthropologists, and that disciplinary change is not necessarily something to fear. The paper then explores what an anthropology of change might involve and discusses a particular situation of change among highland Berber speakers in Morocco, for whom migration, state education and development are producing economic, social and linguistic shifts, all of which are re-shaping local lives.


Patterns Of Variation In Deciduous Second And Permanent First Molars Among Chimpanzee Taxa, Livia A. Taylor 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Patterns Of Variation In Deciduous Second And Permanent First Molars Among Chimpanzee Taxa, Livia A. Taylor

Anthropology Department Theses and Dissertations

This project aims to expand our understanding of the utility of molar outline morphology in discriminating between primate taxa as well as to determine whether there is a significant advantage to using deciduous second molars (dm2) over permanent first molars (M1). Recent research in paleontology and paleoanthropology have demonstrated the usefulness of Elliptical Fourier Analysis of molar crown outlines in distinguishing between closely related animal taxa, including hominins, mice, and pigs. I apply this methodology to three Pan taxa: Pan paniscus, Pan troglodytes troglodytes, and Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii to determine how well biological distance information gleaned from molar outline analysis ...


Feminist Science And Chacoan Archaeology: Reply To Ware., Carrie Heitman 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Feminist Science And Chacoan Archaeology: Reply To Ware., Carrie Heitman

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Ware's comment misses the point of Heitman's (2016) article and further demonstrates the need for feminist science perspectives.

El comentario de Ware no comprende lo fundamental del artículo de Heitman (2016) y demuestra aún más la necesidad de perspectivas científicas feministas.


People -- Marine Mammal Interactions, Andrew Butterworth, Mark P. Simmonds 2017 University of Bristol

People -- Marine Mammal Interactions, Andrew Butterworth, Mark P. Simmonds

Animal Sciences

Our relationships with marine mammals are complex. We have used them as resources, and in some places this remains the case; viewed them as competitors and culled them (again ongoing in some localities); been so captivated and intrigued by them that we have taken them into captivity for our entertainment; and developed a lucrative eco-tourism activity focused on them in many nations. When we first envisaged this special topic, we had two overarching aims:

Firstly, we hoped to generate critical evaluation of some of our relationships with these animals.

Secondly, we hoped to attract knowledgeable commentators and experts who might ...


International Service Learning: Cultural Engagement And Archaeological Field Schools, Sara Bridget Poarch 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

International Service Learning: Cultural Engagement And Archaeological Field Schools, Sara Bridget Poarch

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


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