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Local Immigration Enforcement Entrepreneurship In The Punishment Marketplace, Daniel L. Stageman 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Local Immigration Enforcement Entrepreneurship In The Punishment Marketplace, Daniel L. Stageman

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The contemporary neoliberal economic order plays a significant role in American social organization and policy-making. Most importantly, neoliberal ideology drives the creation and imposition of markets in public goods and services and the valorization of free market ideology in cultural life. The neoliberal ‘project of inequality’ is in turn delimited and upheld by an authoritarian system of punishment built around mass incarceration, surveillance, and an unprecedented level of social control directed at the lowest strata of American society – a group that includes both the urban underclass, and unauthorized immigrants.

This study lays out the theory of the punishment marketplace: a ...


Book Review: Jakarta: Drawing The City Near, Daniel N. Warshawsky 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

Book Review: Jakarta: Drawing The City Near, Daniel N. Warshawsky

Daniel Warshawsky

In Jakarta: Drawing the City Near, AbdouMaliq Simone has produced another insightful work which highlights the innovation, ingenuity, and dynamism of people living in cities.


U.S.-China Economic And Security Review Commission: Emerging Factor In Western Pacific Strategic Policy Analysis, Bert Chapman 2017 Purdue University

U.S.-China Economic And Security Review Commission: Emerging Factor In Western Pacific Strategic Policy Analysis, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Those studying and analyzing Western Pacific strategic trends and develop- ments have access to multiple unclassified analyses of security trends in this region covering these waters and adjacent countries. These information resources are produced by military and government agencies from multiple countries, multinational public policy research institutions, popular and scholarly journals, and Internet resources featuring text, data, webcasts, and imagery. One of these resources is the U.S.–China Economic and Security Review Commission established in the 2001 National Defense Authorization Act. This article argues that this organization’s analyses should be considered essential reading by civilian and military policymakers ...


Location Choices Of Ethanol Firms In The Midwest Corn Belt, Monica A. Haddad, Gary Taylor, Francis Y. Owusu 2017 Iowa State University

Location Choices Of Ethanol Firms In The Midwest Corn Belt, Monica A. Haddad, Gary Taylor, Francis Y. Owusu

Monica Haddad

The Corn Belt has experienced a rapid expansion of corn-based ethanol plants. This has provided researchers the opportunity to examine the relative importance to the renewable fuels industry of several location factors previously identified as important to agro-industries. Using probit regression this study identifies the factors significant to ethanol firms’ location decisions in the four-state study area of Iowa, Illinois, Minnesota and Nebraska. In Iowa and Illinois, where corn is largely ubiquitous, firms move beyond corn supply to consider other localized factors in their decisionmaking process. Factors such as rail access, population density and proximity to blending terminals emerge as ...


Income Divide And Race/Ethnicity In Tennessee Metropolises, Madhuri Sharma 2017 Univesity of Tennessee

Income Divide And Race/Ethnicity In Tennessee Metropolises, Madhuri Sharma

International Journal of Geospatial and Environmental Research

Tennessee, like other Southeastern states, has also gained in its share of racial/ethnic diversity, but it also contains some of the most segregated and poorest (e.g., Memphis) metropolises in the southeast. This paper examines one dimension of inequality – the income divide – measured here by the 95/20 Ratio. Important questions include: How does income divide vary across the major racial/ethnic groups in Tennessee’s ten metropolises? How do they associate with diversity, segregation, and other geographic predictors? By using simple ranking and correlations analyses to explore these relationships, I find that metropolises that are large, diverse and ...


Gender, Everyday Mobility, And Mass Transit In Urban Asia, Anru LEE 2017 CUNY John Jay College of Criminal Justice

Gender, Everyday Mobility, And Mass Transit In Urban Asia, Anru Lee

Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Climate Change Adaptation For Southern California Groundwater Managers: A Case Study Of The Six Basins Aquifer, Frank Lyles 2017 Pomona College

Climate Change Adaptation For Southern California Groundwater Managers: A Case Study Of The Six Basins Aquifer, Frank Lyles

Pomona Senior Theses

Groundwater has been very important to the economic development of Southern California, and will continue to be a crucial resource in the 21st century. However, Climate Change threatens to disrupt many of the physical and economic processes that control the flow of water in and out of aquifers. One groundwater manager, the Six Basins Watermaster in eastern Los Angeles and western San Bernardino Counties, has developed a long-term planning document called the Strategic Plan that mostly fails to address the implications of Climate Change, especially for local water supplies. This thesis presents an in-depth analysis of the Six Basin Watermaster ...


3d Tool Evaluation And Workflow For An Ecological Approach To Visualizing Ancient Socio-Environmental Landscapes: A Case Study From Copan, Honduras, Heather Richards-Rissetto, Shona Sanford-Long, Jack Kerby-Miller 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

3d Tool Evaluation And Workflow For An Ecological Approach To Visualizing Ancient Socio-Environmental Landscapes: A Case Study From Copan, Honduras, Heather Richards-Rissetto, Shona Sanford-Long, Jack Kerby-Miller

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Architectural reconstructions are the centerpieces of ancient landscape visualization. When present, vegetation is relegated to the background, resulting in underutilized plant data—an integral data source for archaeological interpretation—thus limiting the capacity to take advantage of 3D visualization for studying ancient socio-environmental dynamics. Our long-term objective is to develop methods of 3D landscape visualization that have value for examining changes in land use and settlement patterns. To begin to work toward this objective, we have (1) identified 3D tools and techniques for vegetation modeling and landscape visualization, (2) evaluated the pros and cons of these tools, (3) investigated biological ...


Mapping Neighborhood Scale Survey Responses With Uncertainty Metrics, Charles R. Ehlschlaeger, Yizhao Gao, James D. Westervelt, Robert C. Lozar, Marina V. Drigo, Jeffrey A. Burkhalter, Carey L. Baxter, Matthew D. Hiett, Natalie R. Myers, Ellen R. Hartman 2016 University of Illinois

Mapping Neighborhood Scale Survey Responses With Uncertainty Metrics, Charles R. Ehlschlaeger, Yizhao Gao, James D. Westervelt, Robert C. Lozar, Marina V. Drigo, Jeffrey A. Burkhalter, Carey L. Baxter, Matthew D. Hiett, Natalie R. Myers, Ellen R. Hartman

Journal of Spatial Information Science

This paper presents a methodology of mapping population-centric social, infrastructural, and environmental metrics at neighborhood scale. This methodology extends traditional survey analysis methods to create cartographic products useful in agent-based modeling and geographic information analysis. It utilizes and synthesizes survey microdata, sub-upazila attributes, land use information, and ground truth locations of attributes to create neighborhood scale multi-attribute maps. Monte Carlo methods are employed to combine any number of survey responses to stochastically weight survey cases and to simulate survey cases' locations in a study area. Through such Monte Carlo methods, known errors from each of the input sources can be ...


Provenance And Credibility In Spatial And Platial Data, Grant McKenzie, Martin Raubal, Krzysztof Janowicz, Andrew Flanagin 2016 University of Maryland

Provenance And Credibility In Spatial And Platial Data, Grant Mckenzie, Martin Raubal, Krzysztof Janowicz, Andrew Flanagin

Journal of Spatial Information Science

No abstract provided.


Trajectory Data Mining: A Review Of Methods And Applications, Jean Damascène Mazimpaka, Sabine Timpf 2016 University of Augsburg

Trajectory Data Mining: A Review Of Methods And Applications, Jean Damascène Mazimpaka, Sabine Timpf

Journal of Spatial Information Science

The increasing use of location-aware devices has led to an increasing availability of trajectory data. As a result, researchers devoted their efforts to developing analysis methods including different data mining methods for trajectories. However, the research in this direction has so far produced mostly isolated studies and we still lack an integrated view of problems in applications of trajectory mining that were solved, the methods used to solve them, and applications using the obtained solutions. In this paper, we first discuss generic methods of trajectory mining and the relationships between them. Then, we discuss and classify application problems that were ...


Enhancing Building Footprints With Squaring Operations, Imran Lokhat, Guillaume Touya 2016 IGN - COGIT team

Enhancing Building Footprints With Squaring Operations, Imran Lokhat, Guillaume Touya

Journal of Spatial Information Science

Whatever the data source, or the capture process, the creation of a building footprint in a geographical dataset is error prone. Building footprints are designed with square angles, but once in a geographical dataset, the angles may not be exactly square. The almost-square angles blur the legibility of the footprints when displayed on maps, but might also be propagated in further applications based on the footprints, e.g., 3D city model construction. This paper proposes two new methods to square such buildings: a simple one, and a more complex one based on nonlinear least squares. The latter squares right and ...


Mixed Map Labeling, Maarten Löffler, Martin Nöllenburg, Frank Staals 2016 Utrecht University

Mixed Map Labeling, Maarten Löffler, Martin Nöllenburg, Frank Staals

Journal of Spatial Information Science

Point feature map labeling is a geometric visualization problem, in which a set of input points must be labeled with a set of disjoint rectangles (the bounding boxes of the label texts). It is predominantly motivated by label placement in maps but it also has other visualization applications. Typically, labeling models either use internal labels, which must touch their feature point, or external (boundary) labels, which are placed outside the input image and which are connected to their feature points by crossing-free leader lines. In this paper we study polynomial-time algorithms for maximizing the number of internal labels in a ...


Editorial, Matt Duckham 2016 RMIT University

Editorial, Matt Duckham

Journal of Spatial Information Science

No abstract provided.


Denver Food Deserts, Emily Connor 2016 University of Northern Colorado

Denver Food Deserts, Emily Connor

Ursidae: The Undergraduate Research Journal at the University of Northern Colorado

Over time, socioeconomic factors, store type, and transportation distance have defined what types of foods are available to residents in urban areas and determining the overall well-being of people in that area, especially when it comes to obesity. Most cities, in one way or another, have neighborhoods that have these factors and create what is known as a food desert. Much like a desert lacking in water, a food desert lacks the availability of nutritious foods, and Denver is no exception. While Denver is known to be a healthy city, there are areas that share similar socioeconomic factors, store types ...


Gis-Based Environmental And Economic Analysis Of Integrated Crop-Livestock Production Systems In Southern Iowa, U. Sunday Tim, Robert W. Jolly, Daniel Otto 2016 Iowa State University

Gis-Based Environmental And Economic Analysis Of Integrated Crop-Livestock Production Systems In Southern Iowa, U. Sunday Tim, Robert W. Jolly, Daniel Otto

U. Sunday Tim

Crop and livestock production are important economic components for many rural com­ munities. In 1992, Iowa led the nation in corn and hog production, and ranked second, third, seventh, and eighth, respectively in soybean, cattle and calves, poultry, and dairy cow pro­ duction. Livestock and livestock products generated over 64% of the state's total cash farm receipts during 1992—more than $6.5 billion sales at the farm level.


Sequias En El Sur De La Peninsula De Yucatan: Analisis De La Variabilidad Anual Y Estacional De La Precipitacion (Droughts In The Southern Yucatan Peninsula: Analysis Of The Annual And Seasonal Precipitation Variability), Sofia Mardero, Elsa Nickl, Birgit Schmook, Laura Schneider, John Rogan, Zachary Christman, Deborah Lawrence 2016 Rowan University

Sequias En El Sur De La Peninsula De Yucatan: Analisis De La Variabilidad Anual Y Estacional De La Precipitacion (Droughts In The Southern Yucatan Peninsula: Analysis Of The Annual And Seasonal Precipitation Variability), Sofia Mardero, Elsa Nickl, Birgit Schmook, Laura Schneider, John Rogan, Zachary Christman, Deborah Lawrence

Zachary Christman

Paper is in Spanish. English abstract: This study analyzes the spatial and temporal variability of precipitation across the Southern Yucatán Peninsula in Mexico, addressing the anomalies and trends of annual and seasonal precipitation as well as the occurrence of meteorological droughts, using rainfall data from nine weather stations during the period 1953-2007. Linear regression in the annual and seasonal rainfall were used to analyze the increase or decrease in precipitation trends over this period. Precipitation anomalies enabled the evaluation of the stability, deficit, or surplus of precipitation for each year or season, and a quintile method was used to classify ...


Distinguishing Land Change From Natural Variability And Uncertainty In Central Mexico With Modis Evi, Trmm Precipitation, And Modis Lst Data, Zachary Christman, John Rogan, J. Ronald Eastman, B. L. Turner II 2016 Rowan University

Distinguishing Land Change From Natural Variability And Uncertainty In Central Mexico With Modis Evi, Trmm Precipitation, And Modis Lst Data, Zachary Christman, John Rogan, J. Ronald Eastman, B. L. Turner Ii

Zachary Christman

Precipitation and temperature enact variable influences on vegetation, impacting the type and condition of land cover, as well as the assessment of change over broad landscapes. Separating the influence of vegetative variability independent and discrete land cover change remains a major challenge to landscape change assessments. The heterogeneous Lerma-Chapala-Santiago watershed of central Mexico exemplifies both natural and anthropogenic forces enacting variability and change on the landscape. This study employed a time series of Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI) composites from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectoradiometer (MODIS) for 2001–2007 and per-pixel multiple linear regressions in order to model changes in EVI ...


The New Normal? Climate Variability And Ecoviolence In Sub-Saharan Africa, Alfonso Sanchez 2016 University of New Orleans

The New Normal? Climate Variability And Ecoviolence In Sub-Saharan Africa, Alfonso Sanchez

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Climate change presents a wide range of concerns that can jeopardize international security. Among those concerns are neo-Malthusian worries of diminishing natural resources. Predictive models suggest that rainfall and temperature anomalies have the potential to reduce water basins, crop production, increase land degradation among other perils that threaten human security. This concern is particularly true in sub-Saharan Africa given the region’s strong dependence on rain-fed agriculture. Despite strong claims from various world leaders and scientists of a direct climate-conflict nexus, little empirical evidence has been devoted to find a systematic causal pathway of this kind. What is more, the ...


Ideas Cambiantes Sobre Territorio, Recursos Y Redes Políticas En La Amazonía Indígena: Un Estudio De Caso Sobre Perú, Diego Leal Pereira, David Salisbury, Josué Faqín Fernández, Lizardo Cauper Pezo, Julio Silva 2016 University of Richmond

Ideas Cambiantes Sobre Territorio, Recursos Y Redes Políticas En La Amazonía Indígena: Un Estudio De Caso Sobre Perú, Diego Leal Pereira, David Salisbury, Josué Faqín Fernández, Lizardo Cauper Pezo, Julio Silva

Journal of Latin American Geography

La titulación de territorios fue el objetivo más importante del movimiento indígena de la Amazonía peruana en las últimas décadas. Aunque más de ochenta comunidades permanecen sin título en la región de Ucayali, el movimiento indígena regional busca cada vez más fortalecer la gobernanza sobre territorios titulados. Exploramos el creciente énfasis en la comercialización forestal en el discurso de derechos indígenas en Ucayali. Redes de líderes indígenas producen discursos para forjar nuevas relaciones entre sus comunidades y la economía regional. Nuestro análisis de ochenta entrevistas y testimonios de líderes y miembros de comunidades indígenas muestra la utilidad de considerar la ...


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