Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Geography Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

3,944 Full-Text Articles 4,250 Authors 1,014,653 Downloads 168 Institutions

All Articles in Geography

Faceted Search

3,944 full-text articles. Page 1 of 119.

Crowdfunding And Crowdsourcing Initiatives In Detroit, Madhuri Sharma, Brenna Elrod 2016 Univesity of Tennessee

Crowdfunding And Crowdsourcing Initiatives In Detroit, Madhuri Sharma, Brenna Elrod

International Journal of Geospatial and Environmental Research

This study examines the role of crowdfunding and community-based initiatives in Detroit, a city that has been hurt by economic distress for several years. We start by compiling the Kickstarter projects initiated and successfully funded all over the US during April 2009-July 2012, and later focus on those occurring in Detroit only. We conduct in-depth analyses to understand the intra-urban characteristics that provide opportunities for such initiatives. By combining the census demographic data with qualitative information collected from online surveys and semi-structured interviews, we analyze the specific roles of crowdfunding initiatives in creating sustainable urban communities. This analysis finds that ...


Airborne Lidar Acquisition, Post-Processing And Accuracy-Checking For A 3d Webgis Of Copan, Honduras, Jennifer von Schwerin, Heather Richards-Rissetto, Fabio Remondino, Maria Grazia Spera, Michael Auer, Nicolas Billen, Lukas Loos, Laura Stelson, Markus Reindel 2016 German Archaeological Institute

Airborne Lidar Acquisition, Post-Processing And Accuracy-Checking For A 3d Webgis Of Copan, Honduras, Jennifer Von Schwerin, Heather Richards-Rissetto, Fabio Remondino, Maria Grazia Spera, Michael Auer, Nicolas Billen, Lukas Loos, Laura Stelson, Markus Reindel

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Archaeological projects increasingly collect airborne LiDAR data to use as a remote sensing tool for survey and analysis. Publication possibilities for LiDAR datasets, however, are limited due to the large size and often proprietary nature of the data. Fortunately, web-based, geographic information systems (WebGIS) that can securely manage temporal and spatial data hold great promise as virtual research environments for working with and publishing LiDAR data. To test this and to obtain new data for archaeological research, in 2013, the MayaArch3D Project (www.mayaarch3d.org) collected LiDAR data for the archaeological site of Copan, Honduras. Results include: 1) more accurate ...


The Conflicts Of Coexistence: Contested Meanings Of Carnivore Management And Conservation In The Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, Hannah F. Jaicks 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Conflicts Of Coexistence: Contested Meanings Of Carnivore Management And Conservation In The Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, Hannah F. Jaicks

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects (2014-Present)

The Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE) encompasses urbanizing areas adjacent to essential conservation habitat with an inimitable capacity to support carnivore populations, including grizzly bears, wolves, and cougars. This geography has resulted in divisive social conflicts about these animals’ management as well as physical conflicts when they come into contact with people over the course of daily life in the region. Employing a qualitative methodology with semi-structured interviews, participant observation, wilderness treks, and archival work, this study examines the context, social processes, and decision-making processes that underlie the predator conflicts and produce management challenges in the GYE. This approach integrates theory ...


Re-Framing Informal Family Caregiving, Magdalena T. Ornstein-Sloan 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Re-Framing Informal Family Caregiving, Magdalena T. Ornstein-Sloan

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects (2014-Present)

Informal family caregivers are the backbone of the long-term care system, providing an estimated 80% of the long-term care in the United States. Caregivers provide care to people with disabilities, the ill and older adults, often with little to no outside assistance from the formal long-term care system. Although caregivers receive attention in the academic literature, mainstream media and within public policy and services development, caregiver services continue to remain underutilized. The focus on service provision has various goals, including the desire to lessen the burden caregivers experience by providing services so they can provide care at home longer than ...


Research In Brief - Can They Teach Each Other? : The Restructuring Of Higher Education And The Rise Of Undergraduate Student “Teachers” In Ontario, Jennifer Massey, sean field 2016 Memorial University

Research In Brief - Can They Teach Each Other? : The Restructuring Of Higher Education And The Rise Of Undergraduate Student “Teachers” In Ontario, Jennifer Massey, Sean Field

Journal of Critical Scholarship on Higher Education and Student Affairs

Changes to public funding regimes, coupled with transformations in how universities are managed and measured have altered the methods for educating undergraduate students. The growing reliance on teaching fellows, teaching assistants, and increasingly undergraduate peer educators (administering Supplemental Instruction [SI] programs) is promoted as a means toachieve a greater “return on investment” in the delivery of postsecondary education. Neoliberal discourses legitimating this downloading of teaching labour suggest it offers a “win-win” solution to the “problem” of educating growing numbers of undergraduate students. It proposes universities can deliver the same curricula, and achieve the same “outcomes” (primarily measured through grades and ...


The Geographical Information Of Art History: How To Trace The Making Of Knowledge And Facts, Olivier Marcel 2016 Université Bordeaux Montaigne

The Geographical Information Of Art History: How To Trace The Making Of Knowledge And Facts, Olivier Marcel

Artl@s Bulletin

The objective of this trans-disciplinary, trans-regional and trans-periodical issue of Artl@s Bulletin is to confront a wide range of sources (catalogues, institutional archives, photographs, interviews, etc.), methods (qualitative, quantitative, comparative, multi-situated, cartographic, etc.) and areas of investigation (careers, movements, markets, etc.) in order to highlight the pivotal and problematic role of traceability in the spatial study of art.


Movement Path Tortuosity In Free Ambulation: Relationships To Age And Brain Disease, William D. Kearns, James L. Fozard, Vilis O. Nams 2016

Movement Path Tortuosity In Free Ambulation: Relationships To Age And Brain Disease, William D. Kearns, James L. Fozard, Vilis O. Nams

William D. Kearns, PhD

Ambulation is defined by duration, distance traversed, number and size of directional changes and the interval separating successive movement episodes; more complex measures of ambulation can be created by aggregating these features. This review article of published findings defines random changes in direction during movement as “movement path tortuosity”, and relates tortuosity to the understanding of cognitive impairments of persons of all ages. Path tortuosity is quantified by subjecting tracking data to fractal analysis, specifically Fractal Dimension (Fractal D), which ranges from a value of 1 when the movement path is perfectly straight to a value of 2 when the ...


Documenting Spatial And Temporal Information For Heritage Preservation: A Case Study Of Sri Lanka, Chiranthi Wijesundara, Shigeo Sugimoto, Bhuva Narayan 2016 University of Tsukuba, Japan

Documenting Spatial And Temporal Information For Heritage Preservation: A Case Study Of Sri Lanka, Chiranthi Wijesundara, Shigeo Sugimoto, Bhuva Narayan

Proceedings from the Annual Meeting of the Document Academy

Cultural Heritage Properties (CHPs) around the world have been altered or destroyed due to various unforeseen factors, both natural and human-made. Consequently, as a preparedness approach around such disasters, documenting the CHPs are crucial to any efforts to repair, rebuild or relocate them. With advancements in digital technologies, integrating them into our documentation to improve heritage preservation has become a common approach. Here the main concern is on Spatial and Temporal (ST) information and the paper proposes that with recent developments in the field of Geospatial technologies, heritage preservation can be enhanced and improved by documenting ST information parallel to ...


Supporting Shrinkage: Better Planning And Decision-Making For Shrinking Cities, Justin Hollander, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Eliza D. Whiteman 2016 Tufts University

Supporting Shrinkage: Better Planning And Decision-Making For Shrinking Cities, Justin Hollander, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Eliza D. Whiteman

Michael P. Johnson

The goal of this book is to describe and analyze a powerful new tool to help shrinking cities: analytics, in particular, decision models. The poster child for decline, Detroit, Michigan, has been subject to much media and scholarly attention in recent years with its ongoing depopulation and recent bankruptcy filing. In a New York Times story on the city’s new mayor, the reporter asked the question: “Do services and infrastructure designed for all of this city’s 139 square miles still make sense with a population of 700,000 and stretches of blocks where only a few houses remain ...


“The Land Is Our Family And The Water Is Our Bloodline”: The Dispossession And Preservation Of Heirs’ Property In The Gullah-Geechee Communities Of Lowcountry South Carolina, Brian Grabbatin 2016 University of Kentucky

“The Land Is Our Family And The Water Is Our Bloodline”: The Dispossession And Preservation Of Heirs’ Property In The Gullah-Geechee Communities Of Lowcountry South Carolina, Brian Grabbatin

Theses and Dissertations--Geography

Heirs’ property is land that is collectively inherited by family members when an ancestor dies without a will. The complexity and ambiguity of rights among family members makes these parcels legally vulnerable to dispossession. This form of land tenure is found across the United States, but is particularly prevalent in southern African American communities, where educational inequities and distrust of law led to a reliance on extralegal practices of inheritance. This dissertation investigates the dispossession and preservation of heirs’ property in the Gullah-Geechee communities of Lowcountry South Carolina.

This investigation of heirs’ property is rooted in the interdisciplinary literature on ...


The Late Prehistoric Of The East Fork Of The Trinity River, Wilson W. Crook III, Mark D. Hughston 2016 Houston Archaeological Society

The Late Prehistoric Of The East Fork Of The Trinity River, Wilson W. Crook Iii, Mark D. Hughston

CRHR Research Reports

Over the last 42 years, the authors have studied in detail the sites and archeological remains ascribed to the Late Prehistoric period of the East Fork of the Trinity River and its tributaries. This includes 20 major sites and a larger number of smaller campsites that occur within a 75 km by 15 km north-south corridor from Collin County in the north to northwestern Kaufman County in the south. As part of this study, we have accessed and examined all known extant collections from previous investigations with a combined artifact assemblage of nearly 32,000 specimens. In addition, we obtained ...


Space-Time Modelling Of Emerging Infectious Diseases: Assessing Leptospirosis Risk In Sri Lanka, Cameron C F Plouffe 2016 Wilfrid Laurier University

Space-Time Modelling Of Emerging Infectious Diseases: Assessing Leptospirosis Risk In Sri Lanka, Cameron C F Plouffe

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

In this research, models were developed to analyze leptospirosis incidence in Sri Lanka and its relation to rainfall. Before any leptospirosis risk models were developed, rainfall data were evaluated from an agro-ecological monitoring network for producing maps of total monthly rainfall in Sri Lanka. Four spatial interpolation techniques were compared: inverse distance weighting, thin-plate splines, ordinary kriging, and Bayesian kriging. Error metrics were used to validate interpolations against independent data. Satellite data were used to assess the spatial pattern of rainfall. Results indicated that Bayesian kriging and splines performed best in low and high rainfall, respectively. Rainfall maps generated from ...


You Are What You (Can) Eat: Cultivating Resistance Through Food, Justice, And Gardens On The South Side Of Chicago, Ida B. Kassa 2016 Pomona College

You Are What You (Can) Eat: Cultivating Resistance Through Food, Justice, And Gardens On The South Side Of Chicago, Ida B. Kassa

Pomona Senior Theses

Though food is widely recognized as a basic necessity for humanity, disparate access to it highlights whose bodies, environments, health, nutrition, and utter existence has mattered most in American society—and whose has mattered the least. Through interviews with residents of the South Side of Chicago about the alternative food pathway they’ve forged for themselves, we learn that food becomes much more than just sustenance. Interviewees describe our present day food system as undeniably rooted in a history of enslavement and exploitation of Black and Brown bodies; they regard food justice work by communities of color as an important ...


Ballot-Box Environmentalism Across The Golden State: How Geography Influences California Voters’ Demand For Environmental Public Goods, William Skyler Lewis 2016 Pomona College

Ballot-Box Environmentalism Across The Golden State: How Geography Influences California Voters’ Demand For Environmental Public Goods, William Skyler Lewis

Pomona Senior Theses

In California, voters frequently face ballot propositions dealing directly or indirectly with environmental protection. Records of these votes provide powerful evidence of the character of voters’ demand and willingness-to-pay for environmental public goods (e.g., air quality, watershed ecosystem services, parks and recreation), and have been used in past environmental econometrics research to produce aggregated income and price effect estimates. Using neighborhood-level voting records on seven environmental-related ballot propositions in California between 2002 and 2010, this econometric study investigates the nature of voters’ demand for environmental public goods, focusing on the effect of household income on pro-environment voting. Unlike previous ...


All’S Whale That Ends Whale: How Correctly Identifying Antarctic-Feeding Grounds Of Oceania Humpbacks Could Save An Endangered Population, Davey Holmes 2016 Pomona College

All’S Whale That Ends Whale: How Correctly Identifying Antarctic-Feeding Grounds Of Oceania Humpbacks Could Save An Endangered Population, Davey Holmes

Pomona Senior Theses

Although major whaling practices have ceased, increasing human involvement and influence in the world’s marine ecosystems continue to adversely effect global whale populations. It is a major concern throughout Antarctic waters, where endangered Oceania Humpback Whales (Megaptera novarangliae) annually feed. This study analyzes the extent to which a proposed marine protected area within the Ross Sea may indirectly harm the last remaining endangered population of Humpbacks. Using current satellite tracks of southern Humpback migrations, this model maps the effects of displaced Toothfish fisheries, and suggests further conservations efforts, based on New Zealand’s Precautionary Approach, to protect these vulnerable ...


(2016) Changing Market Infrastructural Facilities And Socio Economic Development: A Spatial Analysis Of Rural India, Mohammad Muqeet Khan, Mohammad Muqeet Khan 2015 Department of Geography, Aligarh Muslim University

(2016) Changing Market Infrastructural Facilities And Socio Economic Development: A Spatial Analysis Of Rural India, Mohammad Muqeet Khan, Mohammad Muqeet Khan

Dr. Mohammad Muqeet Khan

Changing Market Infrastructural Facilities and Socio Economic Development: A Spatial Analysis of Rural India


Characterological Figures And Expressive Style In The Enregisterment Of Linguistic Variety, Barbara Johnstone 2015

Characterological Figures And Expressive Style In The Enregisterment Of Linguistic Variety, Barbara Johnstone

Barbara Johnstone

Much of the research that brings the concept of enregisterment into conversation with sociolinguistic variation has to do with how sets of linguistic forms come to be heard as dialects or regional accents: registers linked with places (Beal, 2010; Eberhardt, 2012; Johnstone & Baumgardt, 2004; Johnstone, 2009; Remlinger, 2010). But the process of dialect enregisterment often involves the previous or simultaneous enregisterment of the same or overlapping sets of forms with incorrectness and/or social class (Johnstone, Andrus, & Danielson, 2006), and sets of linguistic forms can become enregistered with prestige and authority (“Received Pronunciation”) (Agha, 2003) profession (“legalese,” for example), medium ...


Ritualized Coping During War: Conflict, Congregation, And Emotions At The Late Pre-Hispanic Fortress Of Acaray, Margaret Brown Vega 2015

Ritualized Coping During War: Conflict, Congregation, And Emotions At The Late Pre-Hispanic Fortress Of Acaray, Margaret Brown Vega

Margaret Brown Vega

Fear and anxiety are emotions that intensify during times of warfare. This paper explores the materiality of these emotions in the context of conflict and community restructuration. During the Late Intermediate Period (ca. A.D. 1000-1470) in the Huaura Valley of the coast of Perú people converged to rebuild, and subsequently seek refuge in, the fortification at Acaray. Excavations at Acaray reveal it was used to defend against an attack during a time of upheaval. The people who congregated at Acaray carried out rituals inside the fort that probably ameliorated anxiety and fear. These emotions would have resulted not only ...


Verchick's Environmental Law Playlist, Robert R.M. Verchick 2015

Verchick's Environmental Law Playlist, Robert R.M. Verchick

Robert R.M. Verchick

Spotify playlist on issues related to environmental protection and natural resources. Now you can groove while you study.


Israel-Cyprus-Greece: A ‘Comfortable’ Quasi-Alliance, Zenonas Tziarras 2015

Israel-Cyprus-Greece: A ‘Comfortable’ Quasi-Alliance, Zenonas Tziarras

Zenonas Tziarras

By adopting a neorealist approach to alliance formation this paper examines the trilateral partnership of Israel, Cyprus and Greece. It argues that since its inception in 2011 it has developed into a (‘comfortable’) quasi-alliance – a less formal and more flexible form of alliance than the traditional ones – driven by profit and threat-related individual and collective motivations. The primary motivations behind the formation of the quasi-alliance have been the common perceptions of Turkey as a security threat and energy-related interests. Moreover, it is suggested that the ‘comfortable’ and quasi nature of the alliance could allow the three states to manoeuvre politically ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress