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Out-Group Threat Or Inter-Group Contact Theory? Out-Group Attitudes And Interaction In Times Of Diversity Growth, Annette Jacoby 2018 City University of New York (CUNY)

Out-Group Threat Or Inter-Group Contact Theory? Out-Group Attitudes And Interaction In Times Of Diversity Growth, Annette Jacoby

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Much attention has been devoted to the presumed negative effect of diversity growth on various dimensions of attitudes and interaction between different racial and ethnic groups. However, whether the claims hold true is unclear- there is a considerable controversy over the impact of changing diversity on societal behavior. With ongoing migration, the United States are becoming more and more ethnically diverse but a sound debate on racial and ethnic composition and its consequences for inter-group interactions and attitudes towards others has not yet been possible due to a lack of causally-oriented panel studies.

In this study, two important features are ...


Improving Access To Justice In The Rural Reaches Of Southern California, Lisa R. Pruitt , Rebecca H. Williams 2018 University of California, Davis

Improving Access To Justice In The Rural Reaches Of Southern California, Lisa R. Pruitt , Rebecca H. Williams

Lisa R Pruitt

Our nation has, in recent years, become aware of the lawyer shortage afflicting rural communities, as well as associated access to justice challenges.  This short article, written for an issue of Los Angeles Lawyer Magazine dedicated to access to justice, focuses on Southern California’s rural communities. In particular, we analyze recent data on attorney distribution throughout that region to highlight the extent and details of the rural attorney shortage in eight Southern California counties.
 
We begin by introducing the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of rural communities, including high poverty rates, remoteness from services, poor public transportation infrastructure.  Next we ...


Spatial Disparities Of Uber Accessibility: An Exploratory Analysis In Atlanta, Usa, Mingshu Wang 2017 University of Georgia

Spatial Disparities Of Uber Accessibility: An Exploratory Analysis In Atlanta, Usa, Mingshu Wang

Mingshu Wang

No abstract provided.


“Mexicans Love Red” And Other Gentrification Myths: Displacements And Contestations In The Gentrification Of Pilsen, Chicago, Winifred S. Curran 2017 DePaul University

“Mexicans Love Red” And Other Gentrification Myths: Displacements And Contestations In The Gentrification Of Pilsen, Chicago, Winifred S. Curran

Winifred S Curran

This paper uses experiences from a decade-long community-based research project in the Pilsen neighborhood of Chicago, a Mexican-American neighborhood whose residents are both experiencing and resisting gentrification, to show how displacements and contestations evolve in conversation with each other in an iterative process we could call “actually existing” gentrifications. I analyze a series of “moments” in 13 years of research in Pilsen to illustrate the constantly shifting terrain of gentrification politics, covering not just housing affordability, but the nature of identity, democracy, and belonging. As communities develop resistance strategies to gentrification, so too do city planners, policy makers and developers ...


Housing Conditions In Kano, Nigeria: A Qualitative Assessment Of Adequacy, Abdulqadir Bello, Istvan Egresi 2017 Fatih University

Housing Conditions In Kano, Nigeria: A Qualitative Assessment Of Adequacy, Abdulqadir Bello, Istvan Egresi

Istvan Egresi

 Many studies have attempted to assess the qualitative adequacy of housing in Nigeria. However, most of these studies focus either on slums or on public housing projects. There are very few empirical studies that examine and compare the qualitative adequacy of housing belonging to different population groups and from different neighborhoods in a city. The purpose of this study is to assess the housing quality in the (entire) city of Kano, Nigeria and to examine the disparities in housing adequacy across the city based on four factors: neighborhood density level, location of the neighborhood relative to the old city wall ...


Exploring The Relationship Between Urban Forms And Co2 Emissions In 104 Chinese Cities, Mingshu Wang 2017 University of Georgia

Exploring The Relationship Between Urban Forms And Co2 Emissions In 104 Chinese Cities, Mingshu Wang

Mingshu Wang

No abstract provided.


Polycentric Urban Development In China: A Multi-Scale Analysis, Mingshu Wang 2017 University of Georgia

Polycentric Urban Development In China: A Multi-Scale Analysis, Mingshu Wang

Mingshu Wang

No abstract provided.


A Spatial Collaboration: Building A Multi-Institution Geospatial Data Discovery Portal, Mara Blake, Karen Majewicz, Ryan Mattke, Kathleen W. W. Weessies 2017 Johns Hopkins University

A Spatial Collaboration: Building A Multi-Institution Geospatial Data Discovery Portal, Mara Blake, Karen Majewicz, Ryan Mattke, Kathleen W. W. Weessies

Collaborative Librarianship

As academic education and research increasingly take advantage of geospatial data and methodologies, we see a corresponding exponential growth in the number of available geospatial resources in the form of GIS datasets and scanned historical maps. However, users can experience difficulty finding these resources due to the unconnected multitude of platforms and clearinghouses that host them. Additionally, the resources are not always well described with web semantic metadata that facilitates discovery. In response to this challenge, The Big Ten Academic Alliance Geospatial Data Project began in 2015 to provide discoverability, facilitate access, and connect scholars to geospatial resources. Our project ...


Quantifying Resilience Of Multiple Ecosystem Services And Biodiversity In A Temperate Forest Landscape, Elena Cantarello, Adrian C. Newton, Phillip A. Martin, Paul M. Evans, Arjan Gosal, Melissa S. Lucash 2017 Bournemouth University

Quantifying Resilience Of Multiple Ecosystem Services And Biodiversity In A Temperate Forest Landscape, Elena Cantarello, Adrian C. Newton, Phillip A. Martin, Paul M. Evans, Arjan Gosal, Melissa S. Lucash

Melissa S. Lucash

Resilience is increasingly being considered as a new paradigm of forest management among scientists, practitioners, and policymakers. However, metrics of resilience to environmental change are lacking. Faced with novel disturbances, forests may be able to sustain existing ecosystem services and biodiversity by exhibiting resilience, or alternatively these attributes may undergo either a linear or nonlinear decline. Here we provide a novel quantitative approach for assessing forest resilience that focuses on three components of resilience, namely resistance, recovery, and net change, using a spatially explicit model of forest dynamics. Under the pulse set scenarios, we explored the resilience of nine ecosystem ...


Southern Annular Mode Drives Multicentury Wildfire Activity In Southern South America, Andres Holz, Juan Paritsis, Ignacio A. Mundo, Thomas T. Veblen, Grant J. Williamson, Ezequiel Araoz, Carlos Bustos-Schindler, Mauro E. Gonzalez, H. Ricardo Grau, Juan M. Quezada 2017 Portland State University

Southern Annular Mode Drives Multicentury Wildfire Activity In Southern South America, Andres Holz, Juan Paritsis, Ignacio A. Mundo, Thomas T. Veblen, Grant J. Williamson, Ezequiel Araoz, Carlos Bustos-Schindler, Mauro E. Gonzalez, H. Ricardo Grau, Juan M. Quezada

Andrés Holz

The Southern Annular Mode (SAM) is the main driver of climate variability at mid to high latitudes in the Southern Hemisphere, affecting wildfire activity, which in turn pollutes the air and contributes to human health problems and mortality, and potentially provides strong feedback to the climate system through emissions and land cover changes. Here we report the largest Southern Hemisphere network of annually resolved tree ring fire histories, consisting of 1,767 fire-scarred trees from 97 sites (from 22 °S to 54 °S) in southern South America (SAS), to quantify the coupling of SAM and regional wildfire variability using recently ...


Bike-Sharing Systems And Congestion: Evidence From Us Cities, Mingshu Wang 2017 University of Georgia

Bike-Sharing Systems And Congestion: Evidence From Us Cities, Mingshu Wang

Mingshu Wang

In the past decades, there has been a resurgence of public bike-sharing systems (BSSs). While it is claimed that social and environmental benefits are associated with the implementation of BSSs, few empirical studies have investigated the actual congestion reduction effect of BSSs on cities. To fill such gap, this paper aims to examine whether the launch of BSSs can reduce citywide congestion. With a panel dataset of 96 urban areas in the US from 2005 to 2014, we employed a difference-in-differences model with two-way fixed-effects panel regression. The results suggested that the introduction of BSSs shows a significant mixed impact ...


The Geopolitics Of Rare Earth Elements: Emerging Challenge For U.S. National Security And Economics, Bert Chapman 2017 Purdue University

The Geopolitics Of Rare Earth Elements: Emerging Challenge For U.S. National Security And Economics, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Rare earth elements (REE) contain unique chemical and physical properties such as lanthanum, are found in small concentrations, need extensive precise processes to separate, and are critical components of modern technologies such as laser guidance systems, personal electronics such as IPhones, satellites, and military weapons systems as varied as Virginia-class fast attack submarines, DDG- 51 Aegis destroyers, the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, and precision guided munitions. The U.S. has some rare earth resources, but is heavily dependent on access to them from countries as varied as Afghanistan, Bolivia, and China. Losing access to these resources would have significant adverse ...


Forming Community Partnerships, Lori Foley 2017 Heritage Emergency National Task Force

Forming Community Partnerships, Lori Foley

CHAR

In the event of a disaster, regardless of the type or scope, the first response is always local. For the institutions and organizations charged with safeguarding the nation’s cultural and historic resources – museums, historical societies, libraries, and municipal offices, to name just a few – building relationships with local first responders and emergency managers before disaster strikes is key to ensuring the safety of staff and collections. State emergency management agencies are also collaborating with their state cultural agencies to protect these valuable and vulnerable resources. The resulting emergency networks better position the local community and the state to be ...


Lessons Learned From Culture In Crisis; Or Protecting The Past To Save The Future, Laurie Rush 2017 Fort Drum, NY

Lessons Learned From Culture In Crisis; Or Protecting The Past To Save The Future, Laurie Rush

CHAR

At the midpoint of the second decade of the 21st century, the world is experiencing deliberate destruction of cultural property at a scale not seen since the Second World War. Future protection and preservation of cultural heritage depends on learning from tragedy and applying these lessons as pro-actively as possible. First, we are discovering that no matter the threat, there are people who risk their lives to save artifacts and features of their culture, and the motives for this courage are retrospectively clear. For a community to survive a conflict or disaster as a corporate entity, elements of shared ...


Keynote Address - When Violent Nonstate Actors Target Cultural Heritage Sites, Victor Asal 2017 Dept. of Public Administration, University at Albany

Keynote Address - When Violent Nonstate Actors Target Cultural Heritage Sites, Victor Asal

CHAR

Why would organizations attack or kill people at cultural heritage sites or destroy such sites? Using data from the Big Allied and Dangerous insurgent dataset that has data on 140 insurgent organizations from 1998-2012, and data from the Global Terrorism Database, this presentation examines the factors that make insurgent groups more likely to attack such sites or kill people at such sites. We look at the impact of organizational ideology, organizational structure and power as well as country level factors.


Mitigation, Response And Recovery, Richard Lord 2017 NYS Div. of Homeland Security and Emergency Services

Mitigation, Response And Recovery, Richard Lord

CHAR

Abstract: Hurricane Harvey ravaged Texas and Louisiana nearly five years after Superstorm Sandy devastated the East Coast and caused 53 deaths, destroyed or severely damaged 100,000 Long Island homes, and left an estimated $42 billion in damages across New York State.

This session will provide an overview of the disaster relief and assistance programs available under the Stafford Act, when they are triggered, and how private non-profit and cultural institutions can plan for natural hazards and take full advantage of available aid. There will also be discussion of the NYS Hazard Mitigation Plan, the Community Risk and Resiliency Act ...


Informing Responders Using Gis And Gps, Deidre McCarthy 2017 Cultural Resources GIS Facility, National Park Service

Informing Responders Using Gis And Gps, Deidre Mccarthy

CHAR

Hurricane Katrina devastated the Gulf Coast in August 2005 and created the single largest disaster for cultural resources that the United States has witnessed since the inception of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) in 1966. Notably, the NHPA created the National Register of Historic Places, our nation’s catalog of important cultural resources. The NHPA also stipulates that any federal undertaking which may adversely affect National Register eligible resources be mitigated. For the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), Katrina created the largest compliance project ever under Section 106 of the NHPA.

Although causing a great deal of damage, Katrina ...


Keynote Address: Climate Change: From Global To New York Scale, Christopher D. Thorncroft 2017 Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences, University at Albany

Keynote Address: Climate Change: From Global To New York Scale, Christopher D. Thorncroft

CHAR

This talk is concerned with the science and impacts of climate change from global to New York scales. It will provide an assessment of how the climate has changed over the past Century based on a purely observational perspective. The scientific basis for anthroprogenic climate change will be explained and discussed including a description of the “greenhouse effect” and why it is important for life on this planet. We will briefly discuss global and local consequences of a warmer climate and what we need to be prepared for going forward in the coming decades.


Opening Keynote Address: Using Data To Understand Cultural Destruction, Brian I. Daniels 2017 Penn Cultural Heritage Center, University of Pennsylvania Museum

Opening Keynote Address: Using Data To Understand Cultural Destruction, Brian I. Daniels

CHAR

Brian I. Daniels, Ph.D, Penn Cultural Heritage Center, University of Pennsylvania Museum.

Why is cultural heritage targeted in conflict? Under what circumstances? By whom? Today, due in part to the recent notorious instances of cultural destruction in the Middle East and North Africa, there is perhaps more attention among the broader scientific community than ever before about the phenomenon of cultural loss. At the same time, there are many significant data and analytical gaps. Little social science literature about cultural destruction exists and many critical questions—and avenues of research—are, as of yet, unstudied. A primary reason for ...


Housing Diversity In Children’S Literature, Carla Earhart 2017 Ball State University

Housing Diversity In Children’S Literature, Carla Earhart

Charleston Library Conference

Previous studies have examined diversity in children’s literature: Gender diversity, racial diversity, religious diversity, and diversity in family composition. This project examines an often overlooked diversity issue in children’s literature: Housing diversity. In the stories they read and the accompanying images, children need to see a variety of housing environments and need to see the settings and the people portrayed in a positive manner.

Renting an apartment is an increasingly popular housing option for many families. However, many children’s books glamorize living in a traditional house. Using a rubric designed by the course instructor, students in a ...


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