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Institutionalizing Environmental Justice: Race, Place, And The National Environmental Policy Act, Keith K. Miyake 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Institutionalizing Environmental Justice: Race, Place, And The National Environmental Policy Act, Keith K. Miyake

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

In this dissertation, I examine ways that the US National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) and its primary enforcement mechanism, the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) process, have reshaped the state as a site for racial and environmental conflict by institutionalizing a particular form of environmental justice within governmental decision making processes. Combining archival methods and legal analysis, I develop three case studies involving community struggles over the social production of space that each engage the EIA process to different effect. The case studies were selected based on what they reveal about the ways that the environmental justice framework intersects ...


The Influence Of The Electric Supply Industry On Economic Growth In Less Developed Countries, Edward Richard Bee 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

The Influence Of The Electric Supply Industry On Economic Growth In Less Developed Countries, Edward Richard Bee

Dissertations

This study measures the impact that electrical outages have on manufacturing production in 135 less developed countries using stochastic frontier analysis and data from World Bank’s Investment Climate surveys. Outages of electricity, for firms with and without backup power sources, are the most frequently cited constraint on manufacturing growth in these surveys.

Outages are shown to reduce output below the production frontier by almost five percent in Africa and by a lower percentage in South Asia, Southeast Asia and the Middle East and North Africa. Production response to outages is quadratic in form. Outages also increase labor cost, reduce ...


The Invisible People Of The Invisible Coast: The Resilience Of People Experiencing Homelessness To Disasters On The Alabama, Louisiana, And Mississippi Gulf Coasts, Nicole Elizabeth Callais 2016 The University of Southern Mississippi

The Invisible People Of The Invisible Coast: The Resilience Of People Experiencing Homelessness To Disasters On The Alabama, Louisiana, And Mississippi Gulf Coasts, Nicole Elizabeth Callais

Master's Theses

While extensive research has been conducted on vulnerability and resilience with regard to hazards, very few studies have researched the resilience of homeless populations. The Gulf Coast region is densely populated and susceptible to natural and anthropogenic hazards. Climate change studies indicate that this region will experience an increase in severe and intense tropical cyclones[1], thereby increasing the risk of experiencing adverse impacts from future coastal hazards. While local government agencies in this region have policies in place to protect communities, these policies tend to exclude any action regarding the evacuation and safety of the homeless population.

In this ...


Patterns Of Time, Place, And Culture: Land Use Zoning In Portland, Oregon, 1918-1924, Meg Merrick 2016 Portland State University

Patterns Of Time, Place, And Culture: Land Use Zoning In Portland, Oregon, 1918-1924, Meg Merrick

Meg Merrick

Until recently, few have questioned the notion that the separation of uses in land use zoning is inherently correct. Many observers of the city are now suggesting that zoning, as it has been practiced in this country over the last 80 years, has created cities that are fractured and function poorly. Others propose that zoning should be reconsidered as a remedy for urban dysfunction. They suggest that the whole notion of zoning be rethought.

The purpose of this study is to uncover some of the underlying rationales and methodologies that set the model for zoning. This study examines the rationales ...


Demographic Characteristics Influencing Religious Tourism Behaviour: Evidence Form A Central-Eastern-European Country, Anna Irimias, Ariel Mitev, Gabor Michalko 2016 Kodolanyi Janos University of Applied Sciences

Demographic Characteristics Influencing Religious Tourism Behaviour: Evidence Form A Central-Eastern-European Country, Anna Irimias, Ariel Mitev, Gabor Michalko

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

Although religious tourism and pilgrimage have been widely studied there is very limited research that explores the peculiarities in attitude and behaviour among tourists with different demographic factors. The present exploratory study enhances the discussion on perception of religious tourism behaviour. Specifically, eleven statements on attitude and behaviour were explored among 345 Hungarians with different socio-demographic backgrounds. The results show that there are significant variations between senior and young travellers: seniors see as important, the educational purposes and feelings of national identity related to sacred sites while these are less motivating for the young. The frequency of participating in religious ...


Modeling Vegetation Mosaics In Sub-Alpine Tasmania Under Various Fire Regimes, Gabriel I. Yospin, Samuel W. Wood, Andres Holz, David M.J.S. Bowman, Robert E. Keane, Cathy Whitlock 2016 Montana State University-Bozeman

Modeling Vegetation Mosaics In Sub-Alpine Tasmania Under Various Fire Regimes, Gabriel I. Yospin, Samuel W. Wood, Andres Holz, David M.J.S. Bowman, Robert E. Keane, Cathy Whitlock

Andres Holz

Western Tasmania, Australia contains some of the highest levels of biological endemism of any temperate region in the world, including vegetation types that are conservation priorities: fire-sensitive rainforest dominated by endemic conifer species in the genus Athrotaxis; and fire-tolerant buttongrass moorlands. Current management focuses on fire suppression, but increasingly there are calls for the use of prescribed fire in flammable vegetation types to manage these ecosystems. The long-term effects of climate and alternative management strategies on the vegetated landscape are unknown. To help identify controls over successional trajectories, we parameterized a spatially explicit landscape-scale model of vegetation and fire (FireBGCv2 ...


Performing History: Remembering Paul Robeson And The Peekskill Riots Through Tayo Aluko’S Call Mr. Robeson, Mark Alan Rhodes II 2016 Kent State University - Kent Campus

Performing History: Remembering Paul Robeson And The Peekskill Riots Through Tayo Aluko’S Call Mr. Robeson, Mark Alan Rhodes Ii

Excellence in Performing Arts Research

In 1949 Paul Robeson (with support from Pete Seeger, Woodie Guthrie, Howard Fast, and others) attempted to and then successfully held a civil and workers’ rights concert in Peekskill, New York. Marring these performances, however, were protests that turned progressively violent. These violent protests have come to be known as the Peekskill Riots and serve as a major milestone in the nation’s history surrounding protest, music, politics, and Paul Robeson. This paper reflects on this relationship, particularly how it is being remembered today. Through field research, including participant observation, interviews, landscape analysis, and primary and secondary archival research, I ...


Comparing Remotely Sensed Pictometry® Web Based Slope Distance Estimates With In Situ Total Station And Tape Slope Distance Estimates, David L. Kulhavy, Daniel R. Unger, Yanli Zhang, Phillip Bedford, I-Kuai Hung 2016 Stephen F Austin State University

Comparing Remotely Sensed Pictometry® Web Based Slope Distance Estimates With In Situ Total Station And Tape Slope Distance Estimates, David L. Kulhavy, Daniel R. Unger, Yanli Zhang, Phillip Bedford, I-Kuai Hung

International Journal of Geospatial and Environmental Research

Slope distance was measured between the top of 30 light poles and their respective ground level coordinate identified within a central parking lot on the campus of Stephen F. Austin State University, Nacogdoches, Texas. Slope distance measured using Pictometry® hyperspatial 4-inch (10.2 centimeters) multispectral imagery within a web based interface was compared to in situ total station and tape measured slope distance. The range for mean slope distance for Pictometry®, total station, and tape measured slope distance was 0.05 meters. Mean slope distance was 15.36 meters, 15.37 meters, and 15.41 meters for Pictometry®, total station ...


La Homogeneizacion Paisajistica De Los Valles De Hortmoier Y Sant Aniol (Alta Garrotxa, Girona): Caracterizacion Y Evaluacion De Los Cambios Ambientales En El Periodo 1957-1979-1996 Con Patch Analyst, Josep Vila i Subiros, Joan M. Welch 2016 Universidad de Girona

La Homogeneizacion Paisajistica De Los Valles De Hortmoier Y Sant Aniol (Alta Garrotxa, Girona): Caracterizacion Y Evaluacion De Los Cambios Ambientales En El Periodo 1957-1979-1996 Con Patch Analyst, Josep Vila I Subiros, Joan M. Welch

Joan Welch

No abstract provided.


Establishing An Iowa Microenterprise Foundation, Mark A. Edelman, Ronald S. Prescott 2016 Iowa State University

Establishing An Iowa Microenterprise Foundation, Mark A. Edelman, Ronald S. Prescott

Mark Edelman

An Iowa group was formed to offer funding and advice to small business entrepreneurs with a focus on local food enterprises.


Doing It Differently: The Making Of "Uptight & Laid-Back: Iowa City In The 1960s", Bethany R. Davis, Robert Shepard 2016 University of Iowa

Doing It Differently: The Making Of "Uptight & Laid-Back: Iowa City In The 1960s", Bethany R. Davis, Robert Shepard

University of Iowa Libraries Staff Publications

The University of Iowa Libraries recently launched Uptight & Laid-back, a digital exhibit documenting the student experience in the 1960s. The exhibit features an interactive map, which visualizes the campus environment of the time, and highlights objects from digitized archival collections in the Iowa Digital Library, a locally hosted instance of CONTENTdm. The exhibit – and the map in particular – provides a new layer of access to our digitized collections. The map uses advanced searching to display images from CONTENTdm within the map and allows users to search across our collections in two clicks. This presentation will discuss technical issues related to ...


Geopolitical Implications Of The Sino-Japanese East China Sea Dispute For The U.S., Bert Chapman 2016 Purdue University

Geopolitical Implications Of The Sino-Japanese East China Sea Dispute For The U.S., Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Much analysis on Asian strategic challenges facing the U.S. has justifiably emphasized the South China Sea (SCS). This has also been reflected in 2016 presidential campaign debate on the SCS as an emerging area of U.S. foreign and national security policy concern. The East China Sea (ECS) is at least as important for the strategic interests of the U.S. and its allies given the tension between China and Japan over the Senkaku/Diaoyu islands, potential energy resources in this body of water, increasing defense spending by adjacent geographic powers, the area’s importance as a maritime international ...


Spatial Regression Analysis Of Refugee Settlement: Greeley, Colorado, 2012-2013, Kyle Yeager 2016 University of Northern Colorado

Spatial Regression Analysis Of Refugee Settlement: Greeley, Colorado, 2012-2013, Kyle Yeager

Ursidae: The Undergraduate Research Journal at the University of Northern Colorado

No abstract provided.


The Best "Lied" Plans: Engaging Undergraduate Participation In Fieldwork, Andrew Bach 2016 Western Washington University

The Best "Lied" Plans: Engaging Undergraduate Participation In Fieldwork, Andrew Bach

Andrew Bach

This paper describes a field project from an introductory soils course taught in spring 2001. Looking at soils in the field is a necessity, since the physical details of soils cannot be readily reproduced in a class or lab setting.Convincing students that crawling into a muddy hole will help them learn does not always work. So I conceived a plan to inspire the class about looking at soil in the field. I used geography as a starting point, by selecting an extraordinary environmental setting for the field project. Then I fully developed a research project for the class, including ...


Exploring The Human Body Space: A Geographical Information System Based Anatomical Atlas, Antonio Barbeito, Marco Painho, Pedro Cabral, João Goyri O'Neill 2016 The University of Maine

Exploring The Human Body Space: A Geographical Information System Based Anatomical Atlas, Antonio Barbeito, Marco Painho, Pedro Cabral, João Goyri O'Neill

Journal of Spatial Information Science

Anatomical atlases allow mapping the anatomical structures of the human body. Early versions of these systems consisted of analogical representations with informative text and labeled images of the human body. With computer systems, digital versions emerged and the third and fourth dimensions were introduced. Consequently, these systems increased their efficiency, allowing more realistic visualizations with improved interactivity and functionality. The 4D atlases allow modeling changes over time on the structures represented. The anatomical atlases based on geographic information system (GIS) environments allow the creation of platforms with a high degree of interactivity and new tools to explore and analyze the ...


A Context-Sensitive Conceptual Framework For Activity Modeling, Rahul Deb Das, Stephan Winter 2016 The University of Maine

A Context-Sensitive Conceptual Framework For Activity Modeling, Rahul Deb Das, Stephan Winter

Journal of Spatial Information Science

Human motion trajectories, however captured, provide a rich spatiotemporal data source for human activity recognition, and the rich literature in motion trajectory analysis provides the tools to bridge the gap between this data and its semantic interpretation. But activity is an ambiguous term across research communities. For example, in urban transport research activities are generally characterized around certain locations assuming the opportunities and resources are present in that location, and traveling happens between these locations for activity participation, i.e., travel is not an activity, rather a mean to overcome spatial constraints. In contrast, in human-computer interaction (HCI) research and ...


Μ-Shapes: Delineating Urban Neighborhoods Using Volunteered Geographic Information, Matt Aadland, Christopher Farah, Kevin Magee 2016 The University of Maine

Μ-Shapes: Delineating Urban Neighborhoods Using Volunteered Geographic Information, Matt Aadland, Christopher Farah, Kevin Magee

Journal of Spatial Information Science

Urban neighborhoods are a unique form of geography in that their boundaries rely on a social definition rather than a well-defined physical or administrative boundary. Currently, geographic gazetteers capture little more than then the centroid of a neighborhood, limiting potential applications of the data. In this paper, we present µ-shapes, an algorithm that employs fuzzy-set theory to model neighborhood boundaries suitable for populating gazetteers using volunteered geographic information (VGI). The algorithm is evaluated using a reference dataset and VGI from the Map Kibera Project. A confusion matrix comparison between the reference dataset and µ-shape's output demonstrated high sensitivity and ...


Creating The 2011 Area Classification For Output Areas (2011 Oac), Christopher G. Gale, Alexander D. Singleton, Andrew G. Bates, Paul A. Longley 2016 The University of Maine

Creating The 2011 Area Classification For Output Areas (2011 Oac), Christopher G. Gale, Alexander D. Singleton, Andrew G. Bates, Paul A. Longley

Journal of Spatial Information Science

This paper presents the methodology that has been used to create the 2011 Area Classification for Output Areas (2011 OAC). This extends a lineage of widely used public domain census-only geodemographic classifications in the UK. It provides an update to the successful 2001 OAC methodology, and summarizes the social and physical structure of neighborhoods using data from the 2011 UK Census. The results of a user engagement exercise that underpinned the creation of an updated methodology for the 2011 OAC are also presented. The 2011 OAC comprises 8 Supergroups, 26 Groups, and 76 Subgroups. An example of the results of ...


Les Rues Des Tableaux: The Geography Of The Parisian Art Market 1815-1955, Léa Saint-Raymond, Félicie de Maupeou, Julien Cavero 2016 Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense

Les Rues Des Tableaux: The Geography Of The Parisian Art Market 1815-1955, Léa Saint-Raymond, Félicie De Maupeou, Julien Cavero

Artl@s Bulletin

Building upon a preliminary socioeconomic analysis of the art dealers in Paris between 1815 and 1955 (ARTL@S Bulletin 2, n°2), this paper presents the findings of a spatial study of the Parisian art market in this period. Using serial geographical data drawn from a single, consistent source – the Bottin du commerce – we mapped the spatial evolution of art dealers over 140 years, using a geocoding system with composite locators. The article explores the different spatial dynamics of this market, and seeks to shed light on the links between the evolution of the Parisian economy as a whole and ...


Sustainable Urban Development? Exploring The Locational Attributes Of Leed-Nd Projects In The United States Through A Gis Analysis Of Light Intensity And Land Use, Russell M. Smith, Bradley Bereitschaft 2016 Winston-Salem State University

Sustainable Urban Development? Exploring The Locational Attributes Of Leed-Nd Projects In The United States Through A Gis Analysis Of Light Intensity And Land Use, Russell M. Smith, Bradley Bereitschaft

Geography and Geology Faculty Publications

LEED®-ND™ is the latest attempt to develop more sustainable urban environs in the United States. The LEED®-ND™ program was created to provide a green rating system that would improve the quality of life for all people through the inclusion of sustainable development practices. To achieve this, a premium is placed on the locational attributes of proposed projects under the “Smart Location and Linkages” credit category. The purpose of this paper is to explore the locational attributes of LEED®-ND™ projects in the United States to determine if projects are being located in areas that will result in achieving ...


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