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Humans As Sensors: The Influence Of Extreme Heat Vulnerability Factors On Risk Perceptions Across The Contiguous United States, Forrest Scott Schoessow 2018 Utah State University

Humans As Sensors: The Influence Of Extreme Heat Vulnerability Factors On Risk Perceptions Across The Contiguous United States, Forrest Scott Schoessow

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Extreme heat events are the deadliest natural hazard in the United States and will continue to get worse in the coming years due to the effects of climate change. As a result, more people will experience deadly heat conditions. This highlights the need for decision-makers to develop better strategies for preventing future losses. How badly individuals are affected by extreme heat depends on many circumstances, such as how high temperatures actually are, weather conditions, and location. For example, a dry 90 °F day in Phoenix is probably more tolerable than a humid 90 °F day in New Orleans for most ...


Resources, Society, And The Environment (Vsu), Jia Lu, Jessica Taylor 2018 Valdosta State University

Resources, Society, And The Environment (Vsu), Jia Lu, Jessica Taylor

Geological Sciences and Geography Grants Collections

This Grants Collection for Resources, Society, and the Environment was created under a Round Nine ALG Textbook Transformation Grant.

Affordable Learning Georgia Grants Collections are intended to provide faculty with the frameworks to quickly implement or revise the same materials as a Textbook Transformation Grants team, along with the aims and lessons learned from project teams during the implementation process.

Documents are in .pdf format, with a separate .docx (Word) version available for download. Each collection contains the following materials:

  • Linked Syllabus
  • Initial Proposal
  • Final Report


Using Mobility Data As Proxy For Measuring Urban Vitality, Patrizia Sulis, Ed Manley, Chen Zhong, Michael Batty 2018 UCL

Using Mobility Data As Proxy For Measuring Urban Vitality, Patrizia Sulis, Ed Manley, Chen Zhong, Michael Batty

Journal of Spatial Information Science

In this paper, we propose a computational approach to Jane Jacobs' concept of diversity and vitality, analyzing new forms of spatial data to obtain quantitative measurements of urban qualities frequently employed to evaluate places. We use smart card data collected from public transport to calculate a diversity value for each research unit. Diversity is composed of three dynamic attributes: intensity, variability, and consistency, each measuring different temporal variations of mobility flows. We then apply a regression model to establish the relationship between diversity and vitality, using Twitter data as a proxy for human activity in urban space. Final results (also ...


Locally-Varying Explanations Behind The United Kingdom's Vote To Leave The European Union, Roger Beecham, Aidan Slingsby, Chris Brunsdon 2018 The University of Maine

Locally-Varying Explanations Behind The United Kingdom's Vote To Leave The European Union, Roger Beecham, Aidan Slingsby, Chris Brunsdon

Journal of Spatial Information Science

Explanations behind area-based (Local Authority-level) voting preference in the 2016 referendum on membership of the European Union are explored using aggregate-level data. Developing local models, special attention is paid to whether variables explain the vote equally well across the country. Variables describing the post-industrial and economic "successfulness" of Local Authorities most strongly discriminate variation in the vote. To a lesser extent this is the case for variables linked to "metropolitan" and "big city" contexts, which assist the Remain vote, those that distinguish more traditional and "nativist" values, assisting Leave, and those loosely describing material outcomes, again reinforcing Leave. Whilst variables ...


Modeling Movement Probabilities Within Heterogeneous Spatial Fields, Jed A. Long 2018 The University of Maine

Modeling Movement Probabilities Within Heterogeneous Spatial Fields, Jed A. Long

Journal of Spatial Information Science

Recent efforts have focused on modeling the internal structure of space-time prisms to estimate the unequal movement opportunities within. This paper further develops this area of research by formulating a model for field-based time geography that can be used to probabilistically model movement opportunities conditioned on underlying heterogeneous spatial fields. The development of field-based time geography draws heavily on well-established methods for cost-distance analysis, common to most GIS software packages. The field-based time geographic model is compared with two alternative approaches that are commonly employed to estimate probabilistic space-time prisms - (truncated) Brownian bridges and time geographic kernel density estimation. Using ...


Determining The Optimal Spatial And Temporal Thresholds That Maximize The Predictive Accuracy Of The Prospective Space-Time Scan Statistic (Pstss) Hotspot Method, Monsuru Adepeju, Andrew Evans 2018 The University of Maine

Determining The Optimal Spatial And Temporal Thresholds That Maximize The Predictive Accuracy Of The Prospective Space-Time Scan Statistic (Pstss) Hotspot Method, Monsuru Adepeju, Andrew Evans

Journal of Spatial Information Science

The spatial and temporal thresholds (K and T) are two key parameters that control the performance of the prospective space-time scan statistical (PSTSS) hotspot method. This study proposes an objective function approach, in which the optimal values of K and T that maximize the mean hit rate (a measure of predictive accuracy), are determined. The proposed approach involves sweeping through a range of values defined for each parameter and monitors their impacts on the mean hit rate. A case study of the crime data sets of the South Chicago area is presented in which 100 one-day consecutive predictions are carried ...


25 Years Of Gisruk, Jonny Huck 2018 The University of Maine

25 Years Of Gisruk, Jonny Huck

Journal of Spatial Information Science

Special Feature Editorial


Parameter-Free Aggregation Of Value Functions From Multiple Experts And Uncertainty Assessment In Multi-Criteria Evaluation, Benjamin Rohrbach, Robert Weibel, Patrick Laube 2018 The University of Maine

Parameter-Free Aggregation Of Value Functions From Multiple Experts And Uncertainty Assessment In Multi-Criteria Evaluation, Benjamin Rohrbach, Robert Weibel, Patrick Laube

Journal of Spatial Information Science

This paper makes a threefold contribution to spatial multi-criteria evaluation (MCE): firstly by presenting a new method concerning value functions, secondly by comparing different approaches to assess the uncertainty of a MCE outcome, and thirdly by presenting a case-study on land-use change. Even though MCE is a well-known methodology in GIScience, there is a lack of practicable approaches to incorporate the potentially diverse views of multiple experts in defining and standardizing the values used to implement input criteria. We propose a new method that allows generating and aggregating non-monotonic value functions, integrating the views of multiple experts. The new approach ...


A Grounding-Based Ontology Of Data Quality Measures, Franz-Benjamin Mocnik, Amin Mobasheri, Luisa Griesbaum, Melanie Eckle, Clemens Jacobs, Carolin Klonner 2018 Universität Heidelberg

A Grounding-Based Ontology Of Data Quality Measures, Franz-Benjamin Mocnik, Amin Mobasheri, Luisa Griesbaum, Melanie Eckle, Clemens Jacobs, Carolin Klonner

Journal of Spatial Information Science

Data quality and fitness for purpose can be assessed by data quality measures. Existing ontologies of data quality dimensions reflect, among others, which aspects of data quality are assessed and the mechanisms that lead to poor data quality. An understanding of which source of information is used to judge about data quality and fitness for purpose is, however, lacking. This article introduces an ontology of data quality measures by their grounding, that is, the source of information to which the data is compared to in order to assess their quality. The ontology is exemplified with several examples of volunteered geographic ...


Indigenous Rights And Multilevel Governance: Learning From The Northwest Territories Water Stewardship Strategy, Alex Latta 2018 Wilfrid Laurier University

Indigenous Rights And Multilevel Governance: Learning From The Northwest Territories Water Stewardship Strategy, Alex Latta

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

States’ increasing recognition of Indigenous rights in the realm of natural resources has led to a variety of co-management arrangements and other forms of melded authority, evolving over time into increasingly complex governance relationships. This article takes up such relationships within the analytical frame of multilevel governance, seeking lessons from the experiences of Indigenous involvement in water policy in Canada’s Northwest Territories (NWT). It examines the way that effective collaboration in resource governance can emerge within the space of tension between evolving Indigenous rights regimes and the continued sovereignty of the state. At the same time, the analysis raises ...


Complete Issue, 2018 Edith Cowan University

Complete Issue

Landscapes: the Journal of the International Centre for Landscape and Language

The complete issue 1 of volume 8, Landscapes Journal.


Malanson Jms 2017 Data, George P. Malanson 2018 University of Iowa

Malanson Jms 2017 Data, George P. Malanson

Research Data

No abstract provided.


Interactions And Constraints In Model Species Response To Environmental Heteroscedasticity. Code, George P. Malanson 2018 University of Iowa

Interactions And Constraints In Model Species Response To Environmental Heteroscedasticity. Code, George P. Malanson

Research Data

No abstract provided.


Relations Of Alpine Plant Communities Across Environmental Gradients: Multilevel Versus Multiscale Analyses. Data, George P. Malanson, Dale L. Zimmerman, Mitch Kinney, Daniel B. Fagre 2018 University of Iowa

Relations Of Alpine Plant Communities Across Environmental Gradients: Multilevel Versus Multiscale Analyses. Data, George P. Malanson, Dale L. Zimmerman, Mitch Kinney, Daniel B. Fagre

Research Data

No abstract provided.


Distance And Environmental Difference In Alpine Plant Communities. Data, George P. Malanson 2018 University of Iowa

Distance And Environmental Difference In Alpine Plant Communities. Data, George P. Malanson

Research Data

No abstract provided.


Watershed Walking: Experiential Tools For Connecting People, Place And Water, Jennifer L. Kitson 2018 Rowan University

Watershed Walking: Experiential Tools For Connecting People, Place And Water, Jennifer L. Kitson

Open Educational Resources

This learning module presents a variety of ways to consider the role of walking as environmental methodology in courses with existing fieldwork components. Walking is a mobile practice and form of dwelling. The footprint is a powerful metaphor and narrative device expressing the lived scale and pace of the human body, including the accumulation of incremental personal stories into public histories (“one step at a time,” “one foot in front of the other”). Footprints also form the basis for human conceptions of empathy (“being in someone else’s shoes,” “following in someone’s footsteps”) and place-based environmental impacts (ecological footprint ...


Enhancing Your Intelligence Agency Information Resource Iq: Pt. 2: The Central Intelligence Agency, Bert Chapman 2018 Purdue University

Enhancing Your Intelligence Agency Information Resource Iq: Pt. 2: The Central Intelligence Agency, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

Provides an overview of information resources produced by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) including popular reference works like World Factbook and Chiefs of State and Cabinet Leaders of Foreign Governments. Additional content describes the CIA's origins and development, descriptions of current organizational components, information about it's directors, and the text of historical National Intelligence Estimates (NIE) and the President's Daily Brief covering topics as varied as North Korea, the 1973 Yom Kippur War, and NIE's on Soviet ballistic missile forces and numerous other topics. Features artifacts from the CIA Museum.


Brownfield Redevelopment: Communities In Transition, Mahbubur R. Meenar 2018 Rowan University

Brownfield Redevelopment: Communities In Transition, Mahbubur R. Meenar

Open Educational Resources

This learning module focuses on two broad topics — hazardous waste and brownfields — and is suitable for courses in environmental and sustainability planning, environmental engineering, environmental science, environmental studies, and community development. The first topic explains different types of hazardous waste and challenges associated with them, discusses landfills and Superfund sites, presents consequences of Superfund sites using historical case studies, and finally introduces Cradle-to-Grave hazardous waste management systems. The second topic focuses on the history and types of brownfields in the USA, their disadvantages and opportunities, as well as their redevelopment options. Using text, field visits, and a series of documentary ...


Initial Limnological Observations At Five Small Lakes In Southern Pacific Costa Rica, Sally P Horn, Erik N. Johanson, Kurt A. Haberyan, Mathew S. Boehm, Jessie L. Johanson, Maureen Sánchez P., Mario Hernández V. 2018 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Initial Limnological Observations At Five Small Lakes In Southern Pacific Costa Rica, Sally P Horn, Erik N. Johanson, Kurt A. Haberyan, Mathew S. Boehm, Jessie L. Johanson, Maureen Sánchez P., Mario Hernández V.

Geography Publications and Other Works

Costa Rica has hundreds of lakes, many of which have never been described or sampled by limnologists. Here we summarize initial observations of five small (0.2–1.7ha) lakes located at low elevation (365–490m) in the cantón of Buenos Aries. We collected basic limnological data and samples during visits in 2013 and 2014, and compiled environmental and archaeological data for their surroundings as a contribution to the documentation of lake diversity in Costa Rica, and to support parallel investigations of indicators of environmental history preserved in the sediments of the lakes. Lagunas Carse, Los Mangos, Danta, and Ojo ...


Accuracy Evaluation Of The Canadian Openstreetmap Road Networks, Hongyu Zhang, Jacek Malczewski 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Accuracy Evaluation Of The Canadian Openstreetmap Road Networks, Hongyu Zhang, Jacek Malczewski

International Journal of Geospatial and Environmental Research

Volunteered geographic information (VGI) has been applied in many fields such as participatory planning, humanitarian relief and crisis management. One of the reasons for popularity of VGI is its cost-effectiveness. However, the coverage and accuracy of VGI cannot be guaranteed. The issue of geospatial data quality in the OpenStreetMap (OSM) project has become a trending research topic because of the large size of the dataset and the multiple channels of data access. This paper focuses on a national study of the Canadian OSM road network data for the assessment of completeness, positional accuracy, attribute accuracy, semantic accuracy and lineage. The ...


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