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Supporting Shrinkage: Better Planning And Decision-Making For Shrinking Cities, Justin Hollander, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Eliza D. Whiteman 2016 Tufts University

Supporting Shrinkage: Better Planning And Decision-Making For Shrinking Cities, Justin Hollander, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Eliza D. Whiteman

Michael P. Johnson

The goal of this book is to describe and analyze a powerful new tool to help shrinking cities: analytics, in particular, decision models. The poster child for decline, Detroit, Michigan, has been subject to much media and scholarly attention in recent years with its ongoing depopulation and recent bankruptcy filing. In a New York Times story on the city’s new mayor, the reporter asked the question: “Do services and infrastructure designed for all of this city’s 139 square miles still make sense with a population of 700,000 and stretches of blocks where only a few houses remain ...


Decision Science For Housing And Community Development: Localized And Evidence‐Based Responses To Distressed Housing And Blighted Communities, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Jeffrey Keisler, Senay Solak, David Turcotte, Armagan Bayram, Rachel B. Drew 2015 University of Massachusetts - Boston

Decision Science For Housing And Community Development: Localized And Evidence‐Based Responses To Distressed Housing And Blighted Communities, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Jeffrey Keisler, Senay Solak, David Turcotte, Armagan Bayram, Rachel B. Drew

Michael P. Johnson

This book will present decision models and applications to an important contemporary issue in urban housing and community development: local responses to the foreclosure crisis. The roots of this book are a National Science Foundation-funded project as well as an antecedent pilot project that served as a response to a phenomenon with multiple causes and large-scale and wide-ranging impacts on people, communities and markets worldwide, including in urbanized areas of the United States. The book will demonstrate that a diverse set of decision models, developed to respond to the recent foreclosure crisis in the US, can contribute to emerging scholarship ...


Bringing Football Back To Los Angeles, Gabriel G. Leiner Mr. 2015 Run At Space Productions

Bringing Football Back To Los Angeles, Gabriel G. Leiner Mr.

Gabriel Leiner

Identifying a suitable parcel for a large scale professional football stadium in the greater Los Angeles, CA area, which does not conflict with current uses, environmental protection codes, or airspace rights, and also has adequate transportation access and nearby populated neighborhoods.


Assessing The Urban Forest Values An Institutional Sector Approach, Anthony M. Rodriguez Ph.D. 2015 Texas Southern University

Assessing The Urban Forest Values An Institutional Sector Approach, Anthony M. Rodriguez Ph.D.

Anthony M Rodriguez Ph.D.

The presentation is an aspect of an ongoing study that demonstrates and maps the urban forest values. Using ARCGIS the paper will model social change and the potential for expanding or not the natural environment focusing on the values and the projected change based on the sectors position in reference to sustainability and more specifically the urban forest as an artifact to foster positive spatial change.


Pedestrian Exposure To Near-Roadway Pm2.5in Mixed-Use Urbancorridors: A Case Study Of Omaha, Nebraska, Bradley Bereitschaft 2015 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Pedestrian Exposure To Near-Roadway Pm2.5in Mixed-Use Urbancorridors: A Case Study Of Omaha, Nebraska, Bradley Bereitschaft

Geography and Geology Faculty Publications

Compact, mixed-use, and pedestrian-oriented urban developments may offer numerous environmental and health benefits, yet they may also facilitate pedestrian exposure to air pollution within the near-roadway environment. This research examines ambient concentrations of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) across six sites situated within central Omaha, Nebraska, a mid-sized metropolitan area located in the Midwest US. The sites ranged from a low-density, strip-mall development to moderate-density entertainment, commercial, and retail districts with varying degrees of horizontal and vertical mixed-use. Tracing approximately two kilometer routes along the sidewalk, factors affecting average and peak PM2.5 concentrations at each site were ...


Leashes And Lies: Navigating The Colonial Tensions Of Institutional Ethics Of Research Involving Indigenous Peoples In Canada, Martha L. Stiegman, Heather Castleden 2015 York University

Leashes And Lies: Navigating The Colonial Tensions Of Institutional Ethics Of Research Involving Indigenous Peoples In Canada, Martha L. Stiegman, Heather Castleden

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

Ethical standards of conduct in research undertaken at Canadian universities involving humans has been guided by the three federal research funding agencies through the Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans (or TCPS for short) since 1998. The statement was revised for the first time in 2010 and is now commonly referred to as the TCPS2, which includes an entire chapter (Chapter 9) devoted to the subject of research involving First Nations, Inuit, and Métis peoples of Canada. While the establishment of TCPS2 is an important initial step on the long road towards decolonizing Indigenous research within the ...


Deer In Their Own Coats, Daniel Coleman 2015 McMaster University

Deer In Their Own Coats, Daniel Coleman

The Goose

Urban deer are requiring a renegotiation of settler-Six Nations relations in Hamilton, Ontario. In this article, Daniel Coleman attempts to get to know one doe group that share his neighbourhood in an effort to understand what their presence has to say about how Hamiltonians and members of the Hodinoso:ni Confederacy can honour the spirit of an eighteenth-century treaty in ways that enable us all to live with "the good mind" here at the Head of Lake Ontario in the twenty-first century.


Dialogical Interspecies Ethics: Ataraxia, Desire And Hope In The Post-Human World Of Anne Carson's Pastoral, thomas bristow dr 2015 university of melbourne

Dialogical Interspecies Ethics: Ataraxia, Desire And Hope In The Post-Human World Of Anne Carson's Pastoral, Thomas Bristow Dr

The Goose

This review essay implicitly revisits human and non-human power relations within a critical animal studies context that understands the affective conjunction between the manipulation of our worlds (action, partly through knowledge) and degrees of involvement with these others that live in our worlds (comportment via emotions). I take Louise Westling’s new study as the platform for an analysis of two book-length poems, The Autobiography of Red (1998) and red doc> (2013), which centre on the life of a shepherd, Geryon. Rather than revisit classical pastoral, these texts extract power-relations that classical myth and pastoral spatialise. In so doing, I ...


Visualizing Patterns In Spatially Ambiguous Point Data, Jonny Huck, Duncan Whyatt, Paul Coulton 2015 Lancaster University

Visualizing Patterns In Spatially Ambiguous Point Data, Jonny Huck, Duncan Whyatt, Paul Coulton

Journal of Spatial Information Science

As technologies permitting both the creation and retrieval of data containing spatial information continue to develop, so do the number of visualizations using such data. This spatial information will often comprise a place name that may be "geocoded" into coordinates, and displayed on a map, frequently using a "heatmap-style" visualization to reveal patterns in the data. Across a dataset, however, there is often ambiguity in the geographic scale to which a place-name refers (country, county, town, street etc.), and attempts to simultaneously map data at a multitude of different scales will result in the formation of "false hotspots" within the ...


Knowledge Formalization For Vector Data Matching Using Belief Theory, Ana-Maria Olteanu-Raimond, Sebastien Mustière, Anne Ruas 2015 COGIT Laboratory, IGN France

Knowledge Formalization For Vector Data Matching Using Belief Theory, Ana-Maria Olteanu-Raimond, Sebastien Mustière, Anne Ruas

Journal of Spatial Information Science

Nowadays geographic vector data is produced both by public and private institutions using well defined specifications or crowdsourcing via Web 2.0 mapping portals. As a result, multiple representations of the same real world objects exist, without any links between these different representations. This becomes an issue when integration, updates, or multi-level analysis needs to be performed, as well as for data quality assessment. In this paper a multi-criteria data matching approach allowing the automatic definition of links between identical features is proposed. The originality of the approach is that the process is guided by an explicit representation and fusion ...


A Comparative Study Of Linear And Region Based Diagrams, Björn Gottfried 2015 University of Bremen

A Comparative Study Of Linear And Region Based Diagrams, Björn Gottfried

Journal of Spatial Information Science

There are two categories of objects spatial information science investigates: actual objects and their spatial properties, such as in geography, and abstract objects which are employed metaphorically, as for visual languages. A prominent example of the latter are diagrams that model knowledge of some domain. Different aspects of diagrams are of interest, including their formal properties or how human users work with them, for example, with diagrams representing sets. The literature about diagrammatic systems for the representation of sets shows a dominance of region-based diagrams like Euler circles and Venn diagrams. The effectiveness of these diagrams, however, is limited because ...


Editorial, Matt Duckham 2015 University of Melbourne

Editorial, Matt Duckham

Journal of Spatial Information Science

No abstract provided.


Diffusion Of The Kroger Presence Through Expansion And Acquisition, Gary W. Clark 2015 Illinois State University

Diffusion Of The Kroger Presence Through Expansion And Acquisition, Gary W. Clark

Undergraduate Research-- Geography—Geology

Kroger Foods is the largest of second largest supermarket chain in 41 of 49 major markets. This essay will focus on the growth of a small grocery story to the supermarket giant it is today.


Les Rues Des Tableaux. Géographie Du Marché De L'Art Parisien (1815-1955), Léa Saint-Raymond, Félicie de Maupeou, Julien Cavero 2015 Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense

Les Rues Des Tableaux. Géographie Du Marché De L'Art Parisien (1815-1955), Léa Saint-Raymond, Félicie De Maupeou, Julien Cavero

Artl@s Bulletin

Continuation of a first socioeconomic analysis of the "art dealers" in Paris between 1815 and 1955 (Artl@s Bulletin 2, no. 2), this paper presents the results of a spatial study of the Parisian art market at that time. Departing from serial geographical data given by a homogeneous source, the Bottin du commerce, we mapped a 140 years spatial evolution of the "art dealers", using a geocoding system with composite locators. The article exposes the spatial dynamics of this market and studies them in a multi-scalar way, making the connection between the global evolution of the Parisian economy and the ...


A Research-Based Model For Digital Mapping And Art History: Notes From The Field, Paul B. Jaskot, Anne Kelly Knowles, Andrew Wasserman, Stephen Whiteman, Benjamin Zweig 2015 DePaul University

A Research-Based Model For Digital Mapping And Art History: Notes From The Field, Paul B. Jaskot, Anne Kelly Knowles, Andrew Wasserman, Stephen Whiteman, Benjamin Zweig

Artl@s Bulletin

Most digital mapping in art history today divides the research process from the visualization aspects of the project. This problem became the focus of a summer institute that Paul Jaskot and Anne Kelly Knowles ran at Middlebury College with the support of the Samuel H. Kress Foundation. Our article both reports on the institute and suggests how research questions can complement digital mapping methods. We conclude with three case studies of spatial questions in art history and discuss the Fellows’ use of GIS to explore examples from Qing Dynasty China, medieval Gotland, and contemporary New York City.


Place Matters: New Social Indicators, Mimi Abramovitz, Jochen Albrecht 2015 CUNY Hunter College

Place Matters: New Social Indicators, Mimi Abramovitz, Jochen Albrecht

Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Translations Of Climate Change: Perspectives From A Florida Suburb, Christopher Noel Metzger 2015 University of South Florida

Translations Of Climate Change: Perspectives From A Florida Suburb, Christopher Noel Metzger

Suburban Sustainability

A disconnect exists between the scientific knowledge of global climate change, arguably the most important issue of our time, and the publics’ interpretations and acceptance of that knowledge. Without broad-based public support for mitigation policies and adaption strategies, irreversible climate “tipping points” could be breached, according to some of the most prominent climate scientists, over the course of the next few decades. This study examines why the preponderance of scientific evidence surrounding climate change has not produced a sea change in public perceptions of the climate change problem consistent with the dire projections of climate science. This cognitive disjuncture is ...


Throne Of Ames, Emerald Klauer 2015 Iowa State University

Throne Of Ames, Emerald Klauer

Ethos

A map of Ames college communities styled after the Game of Thrones franchise.


The Design Of Frontier Spaces: Control And Ambiguity, Andreas Luescher 2015 Bowling Green State University - Main Campus

The Design Of Frontier Spaces: Control And Ambiguity, Andreas Luescher

Andreas Luescher

In a globalizing world, frontiers may be in flux but they remain as significant as ever. New borders are established even as old borders are erased. Beyond lines on maps, however, borders are spatial zones in which distinctive architectural, graphic, and other design elements are deployed to signal the nature of the space and to guide, if not actually control, behaviour and social relations within it. This volume unpacks how manipulations of space and design in frontier zones, historically as well as today, set the stage for specific kinds of interactions and convey meanings about these sites and the experiences ...


It's Who You Know: Factors Driving Recovery From Japan's 11 March 2011 Disaster, Daniel P. Aldrich 2015 Purdue University

It's Who You Know: Factors Driving Recovery From Japan's 11 March 2011 Disaster, Daniel P. Aldrich

Daniel P Aldrich

The 11 March 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake affected dozens of coastal communities along the shore of Japan’s Tohoku region. Following the earthquake, tsunami and nuclear meltdowns, utilities, businesses and schools in some towns have bounced back to pre-disaster capacity while other municipalities have lagged behind. The question of which factors accelerate the recovery of business, infrastructure and population after the disaster remains unanswered. This article uses a new dataset of roughly 40 disaster-affected cities, towns and villages in the area to identify the factors connected with recovery. More than tsunami damage, spending on disaster mitigation, population density, economic ...


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