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Creating Singapore’S Longest Monthly Rainfall Record From 1839 To The Present, Elaine GAO, Bertrand TIMBAL, Fiona WILLIAMSON 2019 Singapore Management University

Creating Singapore’S Longest Monthly Rainfall Record From 1839 To The Present, Elaine Gao, Bertrand Timbal, Fiona Williamson

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Currently,the identification of decadal variability is limited by the lack of long-termmeteorological datasets; Singapore’s reliable contemporary network of automaticmeteorological stations (AWS) provides only about 30 years of rainfall data for thewhole island. In this study, rainfall data, sourced fromhistorical archives and recording monthly rainfall pre-dating the start ofofficial MacRitchie observations, are compiled from various locations acrossthe island. By making use of the contemporary AWS network, we evaluate thespatial relationship of rainfall between the historical sites and the currentMacRitchie site. This enables us to reconstruct historical rainfall atMacRitchie using the archive data, thereby building a single-location extendedrainfall record (though ...


Bridging The Gap Between Daca And The Dream: The Bridge Act, What It Means, And Why It Matters, Ellen E. Findley 2019 Penn State Law

Bridging The Gap Between Daca And The Dream: The Bridge Act, What It Means, And Why It Matters, Ellen E. Findley

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Clarity In The Code Du Travail: The Plain Language Movement, French Legislative Drafting, And President Macron’S Collective Bargaining Reform, Adam Boyd 2019 Penn State Law

Clarity In The Code Du Travail: The Plain Language Movement, French Legislative Drafting, And President Macron’S Collective Bargaining Reform, Adam Boyd

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

Although the French Code is known as concise and elegant, the French Labor Code, or the Code du Travail, is not.1 Recent reform to the Code du Travail provides a chance to study Plain Language use in France in 2017. This Comment briefly introduces what Plain Language is, its goal of making the law easier to read, and the international movement to implement Plain Language legal reforms. The Comment then introduces a summary of the French legal system relevant to discussion of the Code du Travail, including how legislation is passed and the structure of a French statute. Next ...


“One Is The Loneliest Number”: A Comparison Of Solitary Confinement Practices In The United States And The United Kingdom, Daniella Johner 2019 Penn State Law

“One Is The Loneliest Number”: A Comparison Of Solitary Confinement Practices In The United States And The United Kingdom, Daniella Johner

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


American Immigration: A Path Of Return To A Pre-Modern Ideal Of Open Immigration Policy, Zachary J. Carls 2019 Penn State Law

American Immigration: A Path Of Return To A Pre-Modern Ideal Of Open Immigration Policy, Zachary J. Carls

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


The Mystery Of The Corporate Veil: Comparing Anglo-American Jurisdictions, Peter N. Levenberg, SC 2019 Penn State Law

The Mystery Of The Corporate Veil: Comparing Anglo-American Jurisdictions, Peter N. Levenberg, Sc

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Neutrality, Independence And Impartiality In International Commercial Arbitration, A Fine Balance In The Quest For Arbitral Justice, Ronán Feehily 2019 Penn State Law

Neutrality, Independence And Impartiality In International Commercial Arbitration, A Fine Balance In The Quest For Arbitral Justice, Ronán Feehily

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Precarious Childhood: Law And Its (Ir)Relevance In The Digital Lives Of Children, Liat Franco, Shulamit Almog 2019 Penn State Law

Precarious Childhood: Law And Its (Ir)Relevance In The Digital Lives Of Children, Liat Franco, Shulamit Almog

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

This research provides insight to the way children perceive law and its relevance in the digital realm drawing on in- depth semi-structured interviews with sixty-six eighth- and ninth-grade students from three different Israeli middle schools. According to the findings, children experience the digital world as a precarious environment. Most children interviewed where unaware of or misunderstood relevant legal norms designed to protect web users in general and children in particular. Moreover, children experienced a lack of legal or other appropriate responses to severe incidents of cyberbullying that they experienced firsthand or witnessed as bystanders. Even though children are considered by ...


Game Of Thrones: The Qatar Crisis, Forced Expulsions On The Arabian Peninsula, Christopher R. Rossi 2019 Penn State Law

Game Of Thrones: The Qatar Crisis, Forced Expulsions On The Arabian Peninsula, Christopher R. Rossi

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

In an extraordinary move, reflecting the Arabian Peninsula’s worst diplomatic dispute in decades, the UAE, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, and Egypt have expelled Qatari nationals and imposed an air and sea blockade against Qatar because of its alleged support of terrorist organizations. In June 2018, Qatar filed suit against the UAE at the International Court of Justice, alleging discrimination in violation the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination. This Article explores the problem of forced expulsion and the utility of formal judicial redress at the level of the ICJ. Borrowing from the frame analysis of ...


Foreword, 2019 Penn State Law

Foreword

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Table Of Contents, 2019 Penn State Law

Table Of Contents

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Dedication, 2019 Penn State Law

Dedication

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Jlia Masthead 2018-2019, 2019 Penn State Law

Jlia Masthead 2018-2019

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Exploring The Cultural And Infrastructural Impacts Of Consumerism On The New Cuba, Grace Stainback 2019 Portland State University

Exploring The Cultural And Infrastructural Impacts Of Consumerism On The New Cuba, Grace Stainback

Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs

This paper seeks to explore how a shifting economic model and an increasing influx of U.S. tourism, customs, and products will impact consumerism and waste in Cuba. The paper begins by charting the rise of an unwitting conservationist culture among Cubans, built out of necessity as a response to Castro-era economic hardships. Next, a discussion of recent Cuban economic reforms and the rise of tourism, private enterprise and material luxury in Cuba. For the emerging autonomous economic class who have shouldered decades of scarcity, the social and economic values of consumerism far outweigh any perceived environmental cost. Finally, an ...


Hurricane Maria's Aftermath: Redefining Puerto Rico's Colonial Status, Pedro Caban 2019 University at Albany, State University of New York

Hurricane Maria's Aftermath: Redefining Puerto Rico's Colonial Status, Pedro Caban

Latin American, Caribbean, and U.S. Latino Studies Faculty Scholarship

The devastation wrought by a historic storm posed the damage already inflicted by decades of economic policies that have treated the island like a second-class territory.


The Post-9/11 Lgbtq Human Rights Struggle In Egypt, Donna K. Huaman 2019 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Post-9/11 Lgbtq Human Rights Struggle In Egypt, Donna K. Huaman

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Since the turn of the twenty-first century, the struggle for LGBTQ human rights has become a leading standard that depicts whether or not a state can be considered modern and progressive. Yet, while this new criterion seems to be supported by Global North states, other nations in other regions, like Egypt from the Middle East, North Africa (MENA) has criticized the international pressure to implement this standard as neo-imperialist and inauthentic to its Muslim-Arab culture. Egypt claims to be the universal Arab-Muslim voice for the MENA region and has become one of the greatest challengers to the international campaign for ...


Review: The Arab Spring: The Hope And Reality Of The Uprisings, Ahmed E. SOUAIAIA 2019 University of Iowa

Review: The Arab Spring: The Hope And Reality Of The Uprisings, Ahmed E. Souaiaia

Mathal

Mark L. Haas and David W. Lesch (eds.), The Arab Spring: The Hope and Reality of the Uprisings, 2nd ed. (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2017). Pp. 338. $27.00 (paperback), ISBN 978-0-8133-4974-9.

Reviewed by Ahmed E. Souaiaia, joint appointment in Religious Studies, History, International Studies, and College of Law, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA; https://ahmed.souaiaia.com.


Forced Labor In Hong Kong, Kylan Rutherford 2019 Brigham Young University

Forced Labor In Hong Kong, Kylan Rutherford

Marriott Student Review

Domestic workers are among the most exploited groups, composing 24% of the estimated 45.8 million forced laborers worldwide. The market for domestic workers has expanded especially rapidly in the Asia-Pacific region; in Hong Kong alone, there are currently 360,000 domestic workers—about 10% of Hong Kong’s workforce—mostly originating from the Philippines and Indonesia (Hincks, 2017). 94% of these workers show signs of exploitation or forced labor (Kang, 2017). The nature of their work in a foreign country limits their access to government protection, forces them to comply with illegally high recruitment fees, and can push them ...


Picturing A Landscape For The Faithful: Topographical Views In The "Dalail Al-Khayrat," A 15th-Century Muslim Prayer Book, Roberta L. Dougherty 2019 Yale University

Picturing A Landscape For The Faithful: Topographical Views In The "Dalail Al-Khayrat," A 15th-Century Muslim Prayer Book, Roberta L. Dougherty

Roberta L. Dougherty

No abstract provided.


Changing Trends In West Africa’S Drug Policy Terrain: A Theoretical Perspective, Felix Kumah-Abiwu 2019 Kent State University - Kent Campus

Changing Trends In West Africa’S Drug Policy Terrain: A Theoretical Perspective, Felix Kumah-Abiwu

Felix Kumah-Abiwu

This article examines the challenges of narcotic drugs in West Africa following the region's emergence as a major transit zone for the trafficking of cocaine and other illicit drugs to many countries in Europe. In addition to the trafficking problem, the use of narcotic drugs has been on the increase in the region. In effect, the drug policy terrain in West Africa appears to be undergoing changing trends. To understand these changes, the article draws on the policy paradigm (orders of change) theory to examine the types of change that are occurring. The analysis reveals that the drug policy ...


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