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Creating Singapore’S Longest Monthly Rainfall Record From 1839 To The Present, Elaine GAO, Bertrand TIMBAL, Fiona WILLIAMSON 2019 Singapore Management University

Creating Singapore’S Longest Monthly Rainfall Record From 1839 To The Present, Elaine Gao, Bertrand Timbal, Fiona Williamson

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Currently,the identification of decadal variability is limited by the lack of long-termmeteorological datasets; Singapore’s reliable contemporary network of automaticmeteorological stations (AWS) provides only about 30 years of rainfall data for thewhole island. In this study, rainfall data, sourced fromhistorical archives and recording monthly rainfall pre-dating the start ofofficial MacRitchie observations, are compiled from various locations acrossthe island. By making use of the contemporary AWS network, we evaluate thespatial relationship of rainfall between the historical sites and the currentMacRitchie site. This enables us to reconstruct historical rainfall atMacRitchie using the archive data, thereby building a single-location extendedrainfall record (though ...


Foreign Doctors At The Imam’S Court: Medical Diplomacy In Yemen’S Coffee Era, Nancy Um 2019 Binghamton University--SUNY

Foreign Doctors At The Imam’S Court: Medical Diplomacy In Yemen’S Coffee Era, Nancy Um

Nancy Um

This article brings together trade records left by Dutch and English East India Company merchants, chronicles in Arabic, and a published French travel narrative to shed light on an overlooked phenomenon, that of early modern medical diplomacy to Qasimi Yemen during the early eighteenth century. In this era, foreign merchants flocked to the southern Arabian Peninsula, many with the interest of procuring coffee, a commodity that was then still difficult to purchase elsewhere. Along with them came doctors and ships’ surgeons, who were called upon to treat Yemen’s imam al-Mahdi Muhammad (d. 1718), who suffered from many ailments in ...


Engaging Communities In Emergency Risk And Crisis Communication: Mixed-Method Systematic Review And Evidence Synthesis, Julie M. Novak, Ashleigh M. Day, Pradeep Sopory, Lee Wilkins, Donyale Renaye Padgett, Stine Eckert, Jane Noyes, Tomas Allen, Nyka Alexander, Marsha Vanderford, Gaya Gamhewage 2019 Wayne State University

Engaging Communities In Emergency Risk And Crisis Communication: Mixed-Method Systematic Review And Evidence Synthesis, Julie M. Novak, Ashleigh M. Day, Pradeep Sopory, Lee Wilkins, Donyale Renaye Padgett, Stine Eckert, Jane Noyes, Tomas Allen, Nyka Alexander, Marsha Vanderford, Gaya Gamhewage

Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research

The World Health Organization (WHO) commissioned systematic reviews to assist with the development of new emergency risk communication guidelines that will impact responses and distribution of resources at all levels. This mixed-method evidence synthesis, guided by Cochrane principles and methods, examined the extant research in countries throughout the world, published from 2003 to 2016, related to the best practices to engage communities in preparing for and responding to emergency events with public health implications. Although few studies directly examined which strategies or tactics effectively engage public participation, many studies reinforced the importance of community participation. The findings support the perspective ...


She Who Laughs Loudest: A Meditation On Zen Humor, Andrew Whitehead 2019 Kennesaw State University

She Who Laughs Loudest: A Meditation On Zen Humor, Andrew Whitehead

Andrew K. Whitehead

Articulating a Zen Buddhist perspective on humor, this paper examines the Japanese Zen Buddhist response of humor in the face of the suffering of situated existence and the motivations for this response. The examination will take the school of Rinzai Zen Buddhism as its exemplar. I argue that in order to appreciate the function of humor in Zen a number of cultural and historical influences must be considered: correlative ontology; the Buddhist notion of emptiness; the impotence of language; sense and nonsense; and the senselessness of transgression.


Frontmatter (Volume 39, Issue 2), Paul B. Mojzes 2019 Rosemont College

Frontmatter (Volume 39, Issue 2), Paul B. Mojzes

Occasional Papers on Religion in Eastern Europe

No abstract provided.


Moral Teachings In The Holy Books, The Bible And The Quran, About The Relationship Of The Human To Nature: A Macedonian Research Project, Ruzhica Cacanoska, Pande Lazarevski PhD, Margarita Matlievska PhD, Hanif Dauti, Vesna Zabijakin Chatleska, PhD, Gjoko Gjorgjevski PhD, Duca Zvrleska 2019 Ss. Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje

Moral Teachings In The Holy Books, The Bible And The Quran, About The Relationship Of The Human To Nature: A Macedonian Research Project, Ruzhica Cacanoska, Pande Lazarevski Phd, Margarita Matlievska Phd, Hanif Dauti, Vesna Zabijakin Chatleska, Phd, Gjoko Gjorgjevski Phd, Duca Zvrleska

Occasional Papers on Religion in Eastern Europe

The subject matter of this manuscript is the separation and actualization of the thematic areas of the holy books, the Bible and the Quran, in which the human-nature relationship is elaborated, indicated or specified. The emphasis is on the moral teachings contained in the holy books, the Bible and the Quran, which, refer to the human–nature relationship and their influence on the development of ecological awareness in that context, are supported by or grounded in the holy books. The empirical research point to the conclusion is that religion is an important source or basis of morality, and it determines ...


Bridging The Gap Between Daca And The Dream: The Bridge Act, What It Means, And Why It Matters, Ellen E. Findley 2019 Penn State Law

Bridging The Gap Between Daca And The Dream: The Bridge Act, What It Means, And Why It Matters, Ellen E. Findley

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Clarity In The Code Du Travail: The Plain Language Movement, French Legislative Drafting, And President Macron’S Collective Bargaining Reform, Adam Boyd 2019 Penn State Law

Clarity In The Code Du Travail: The Plain Language Movement, French Legislative Drafting, And President Macron’S Collective Bargaining Reform, Adam Boyd

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

Although the French Code is known as concise and elegant, the French Labor Code, or the Code du Travail, is not.1 Recent reform to the Code du Travail provides a chance to study Plain Language use in France in 2017. This Comment briefly introduces what Plain Language is, its goal of making the law easier to read, and the international movement to implement Plain Language legal reforms. The Comment then introduces a summary of the French legal system relevant to discussion of the Code du Travail, including how legislation is passed and the structure of a French statute. Next ...


“One Is The Loneliest Number”: A Comparison Of Solitary Confinement Practices In The United States And The United Kingdom, Daniella Johner 2019 Penn State Law

“One Is The Loneliest Number”: A Comparison Of Solitary Confinement Practices In The United States And The United Kingdom, Daniella Johner

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


American Immigration: A Path Of Return To A Pre-Modern Ideal Of Open Immigration Policy, Zachary J. Carls 2019 Penn State Law

American Immigration: A Path Of Return To A Pre-Modern Ideal Of Open Immigration Policy, Zachary J. Carls

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


The Mystery Of The Corporate Veil: Comparing Anglo-American Jurisdictions, Peter N. Levenberg, SC 2019 Penn State Law

The Mystery Of The Corporate Veil: Comparing Anglo-American Jurisdictions, Peter N. Levenberg, Sc

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Neutrality, Independence And Impartiality In International Commercial Arbitration, A Fine Balance In The Quest For Arbitral Justice, Ronán Feehily 2019 Penn State Law

Neutrality, Independence And Impartiality In International Commercial Arbitration, A Fine Balance In The Quest For Arbitral Justice, Ronán Feehily

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Precarious Childhood: Law And Its (Ir)Relevance In The Digital Lives Of Children, Liat Franco, Shulamit Almog 2019 Penn State Law

Precarious Childhood: Law And Its (Ir)Relevance In The Digital Lives Of Children, Liat Franco, Shulamit Almog

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

This research provides insight to the way children perceive law and its relevance in the digital realm drawing on in- depth semi-structured interviews with sixty-six eighth- and ninth-grade students from three different Israeli middle schools. According to the findings, children experience the digital world as a precarious environment. Most children interviewed where unaware of or misunderstood relevant legal norms designed to protect web users in general and children in particular. Moreover, children experienced a lack of legal or other appropriate responses to severe incidents of cyberbullying that they experienced firsthand or witnessed as bystanders. Even though children are considered by ...


Game Of Thrones: The Qatar Crisis, Forced Expulsions On The Arabian Peninsula, Christopher R. Rossi 2019 Penn State Law

Game Of Thrones: The Qatar Crisis, Forced Expulsions On The Arabian Peninsula, Christopher R. Rossi

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

In an extraordinary move, reflecting the Arabian Peninsula’s worst diplomatic dispute in decades, the UAE, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, and Egypt have expelled Qatari nationals and imposed an air and sea blockade against Qatar because of its alleged support of terrorist organizations. In June 2018, Qatar filed suit against the UAE at the International Court of Justice, alleging discrimination in violation the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination. This Article explores the problem of forced expulsion and the utility of formal judicial redress at the level of the ICJ. Borrowing from the frame analysis of ...


Foreword, 2019 Penn State Law

Foreword

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Table Of Contents, 2019 Penn State Law

Table Of Contents

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Dedication, 2019 Penn State Law

Dedication

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Jlia Masthead 2018-2019, 2019 Penn State Law

Jlia Masthead 2018-2019

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Exploring The Cultural And Infrastructural Impacts Of Consumerism On The New Cuba, Grace Stainback 2019 Portland State University

Exploring The Cultural And Infrastructural Impacts Of Consumerism On The New Cuba, Grace Stainback

Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs

This paper seeks to explore how a shifting economic model and an increasing influx of U.S. tourism, customs, and products will impact consumerism and waste in Cuba. The paper begins by charting the rise of an unwitting conservationist culture among Cubans, built out of necessity as a response to Castro-era economic hardships. This is followed by a discussion of recent Cuban economic reforms and the rise of tourism, private enterprise and material luxury in Cuba. For the emerging autonomous economic class who have shouldered decades of scarcity, the social and economic values of consumerism far outweigh any perceived environmental ...


Hurricane Maria's Aftermath: Redefining Puerto Rico's Colonial Status, Pedro Caban 2019 University at Albany, State University of New York

Hurricane Maria's Aftermath: Redefining Puerto Rico's Colonial Status, Pedro Caban

Latin American, Caribbean, and U.S. Latino Studies Faculty Scholarship

The devastation wrought by a historic storm posed the damage already inflicted by decades of economic policies that have treated the island like a second-class territory.


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