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Collective Memory Of Past Human Rights Abuses-South Korea, Ñusta Carranza Ko 2017 Ohio Northern University

Collective Memory Of Past Human Rights Abuses-South Korea, Ñusta Carranza Ko

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

The discourse on transitional justice by academics and practitioners center upon a common understanding of the importance of truth-seeking or truth-telling, reparations, prosecutions, and other institutional reforms in addressing a state’s past abuses. Policies of memorialization complement these processes of transitional justice, with the production of collective memory and history that helps transitioning states from authoritarian pasts toward reconciliation.

This study builds on the growing interest in memory initiatives by bringing to light the integral and "visible" role memory practices have played in truth-seeking and reparations processes. Particularly, it focuses on the building of collective memory integrated in truth ...


Homophobia, Human Rights And Diplomacy, Douglas Janoff 2017 Carleton University

Homophobia, Human Rights And Diplomacy, Douglas Janoff

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

Multilateral human rights diplomacy is a product of the triad relationship between intergovernmental organizations (IGOs), civil society organizations (CSOs), and states. This paper examines the emergence of LGBT rights within the context of the UN human rights system. Recently, the global debates around LGBT rights have become much more public and increasingly complex: Ministers, leaders, and even the UN Secretary-General routinely call on states to do more to protect sexual minorities. Countries such as Uganda and Russia are labeled “homophobic” — not just by human rights activists, but by other states. These “accusations” are delivered both bilaterally and in multilateral forums ...


Understanding Truth: How Commissioners Influence The Final Report Of A Truth Commission, Christine Bianco 2017 Florida International University

Understanding Truth: How Commissioners Influence The Final Report Of A Truth Commission, Christine Bianco

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

Ensuring a future of human rights means coming to terms with past violations of human rights. This both recognizes human rights as an important position in the policy of the state and helps to end a system of impunity against such actions, even if it is done symbolically. One of the major mechanisms that states have used to address their past has been truth commissions. The strength of truth commissions lies in their ability to bring to light the voices of the victims as well as their ability to criticize those who have committed human rights abuses.

In order to ...


Making The Sustainable Development Goals Really Sustainable: Human Rights Strategies To Improve Land Tenure Rights And Wages For The Poor, Paul J. Nelson 2017 University of Pittsburgh - Main Campus

Making The Sustainable Development Goals Really Sustainable: Human Rights Strategies To Improve Land Tenure Rights And Wages For The Poor, Paul J. Nelson

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

The Millennium Development Goals created incentives for donors and governments to favor quick impact over addressing complex social systems. As a result, the MDG period saw little sustained effort to open up access to those productive assets, and that presents a challenge for the SDGs.

This paper argues (1) that this failing of the MDGs weakened their impact; (2) that the SDGs significantly improve on this record by including goals and targets that focus on these productive assets, in both land and labor; (3) that human rights approaches have driven important efforts in some societies to improve land and labor ...


Agency, Equality And Courage: A Case Study Of Women On The Front Lines Of Egypt’S 2011 Revolution, Carol Gray 2017 University of Connecticut

Agency, Equality And Courage: A Case Study Of Women On The Front Lines Of Egypt’S 2011 Revolution, Carol Gray

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

How were women involved in Egypt’s 2011 revolution/uprising? What role did they play vis-à-vis male activists? To what degree were Egyptian women “equal” during those 18 days in Tahrir Square? These questions will be explored within the context of interviews conducted by this writer in Cairo during and following Egypt’s 18-day revolution (uprising). This essay will explore the public/private sphere split, political consciousness-raising, and gender equality within the context of the stories of Egyptian women on the front lines of protest.

Much of the recent literature on women's protests in Egypt has focused on women ...


Ordinary 'Worthiness': Sex Work, Police Raids, And Human Rights Violence In Sonagachhi, Simanti Dasgupta 2017 University of Dayton

Ordinary 'Worthiness': Sex Work, Police Raids, And Human Rights Violence In Sonagachhi, Simanti Dasgupta

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

Based upon ethnographic research with Durbar Mahila Samanwaya Committee (DMSC), a grass-roots sex workers organization in Sonagachhi, the iconic red light district in Kolkata, India, this paper explores the relationship between police raids and human rights violation. It especially focuses on the nature of violence initiated by the construction of “corrupt” evidence to justify a raid, which in this case is not solely a state initiative; the police usually work in tandem with other rescue missions such as the International Justice mission (IJM). The raid involves a practice and a narrative commonly referred to by both the police and the ...


Localizing Human Rights In Response To Global Urban Crises And Right-Wing Populism, Jackie Smith 2017 University of Pittsburgh

Localizing Human Rights In Response To Global Urban Crises And Right-Wing Populism, Jackie Smith

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

Human rights are under increased threat as the world faces economic insecurity, financial volatility, climate change, and the rise of right-wing populist movements. At a time global interdependence demands more intensive cooperation among national governments to address economic and environmental crises, nationalist tendencies are polarizing politics within and among countries.

Although news headlines have focused on the rise of exclusionary and racist movements, there is evidence of significant popular mobilization around more inclusive human rights claims. Because these movements challenge basic elements of the capitalist system, they get less traction in electoral contests and remain marginal to mainstream media and ...


Faith-Based Resistance, Human Rights, And Emancipatory Practices, Curtis Kline 2017 Evangelical Lutheran Church in America

Faith-Based Resistance, Human Rights, And Emancipatory Practices, Curtis Kline

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

Progressive political theologies can expand and deepen both the strength and the conceptualization of human rights advocacy. However, not all political theologies are an effort to defend human dignity; neither are all understandings and practices of human rights. The validation of progressive political theologies as well as the validation of human rights conceptualizations comes from their capacity to concretely change the lived reality of poor and oppressed peoples of the world.

As with political theologies, there is a constant struggle over the control of how to conceptualize what constitutes a human rights issue. While many communities of faith find liberating ...


State Sovereignty And Human Security: The Migration-Securitization Nexus In The Global South, Eugene R. Sensenig 2017 Notre Dame University - Lebanon

State Sovereignty And Human Security: The Migration-Securitization Nexus In The Global South, Eugene R. Sensenig

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

This paper deals with the issues of state sovereignty and refugee policy in insecure and marginalized regions of the Global South. Using the displaced Syrian populations (UN-recognized and undocumented) in Lebanon as a case in point, the attempt will be made to portray and discuss the responses of underdeveloped host communities to overwhelming increases in the size of their non-national population. Lebanon has faced various waves of refugees since its independence in 1943, making up between 2.5% (Iraqis) and 25% (Syrians) of the entire citizen population, currently estimated to be slightly over 4 million. Almost 500,000 Palestinian refugees ...


Providing Refuge: A Regime Analysis Of Legal Protections For Displaced Persons In Sub-Saharan Africa, Natasha Bennett, Hannah K. Brown 2017 University of California, Santa Barbara

Providing Refuge: A Regime Analysis Of Legal Protections For Displaced Persons In Sub-Saharan Africa, Natasha Bennett, Hannah K. Brown

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

While refugees are entitled to the right of asylum vis-a-vis the U.N. 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and the subsequent 1967 Protocol, which includes rights of a legal resident in the host country, African states vary in their domestic implementation of refugee rights.

Sub-Saharan Africa host approximately 29 percent of the world’s refugees and as such represents a key region for understanding the dynamics of refugee rights and protections. With 45 member states having ratified (another 4 having signed) the Organization of African Unity’s 1969 Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of the Refugee Problem ...


Urban Rail Transit Ppps: Lessons From East Asian Cities, Zheng CHANG, Sock Yong PHANG 2017 Singapore Management University

Urban Rail Transit Ppps: Lessons From East Asian Cities, Zheng Chang, Sock Yong Phang

Research Collection School Of Economics

Private sector participation in urban rail transit has proliferated in the past two decades. The large metropolises of East Asia have had decades of experience with private sector participation in the provision of heavy metro services. The design of these public–private partnerships (PPP) are varied. The diverse experiences of Tokyo, Hong Kong, Singapore and Beijing contain valuable lessons for other cities. Using a case study approach, this paper discusses three features of urban rail transitdevelopments in the context of East Asian cities, viz., farebox recovery, land value capture mechanisms, and vertical structure of the industry. Super vertical integration between ...


Cultivating Leaders Of Indiana: Global Collaborations And Local Impacts, Jennifer Sdunzik, Annagul Yaryyeva 2017 Purdue University

Cultivating Leaders Of Indiana: Global Collaborations And Local Impacts, Jennifer Sdunzik, Annagul Yaryyeva

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

“Cultivating Leaders of Indiana” was developed to establish connections between the Purdue student body and the Frankfort, Indiana, community. By engaging high school students in workshops that focused on local, national, and global identities, the goal of the project was to encourage students to appreciate their individuality and to motivate them to translate their skills into a global perspective. Moreover, workshops centering on themes such as culture, citizenship, media, and education were designed to empower project participants to embrace their sense of social value and responsibility, not only in their immediate communities, but also globally.


An Assessment Of Tourism Sustainability In Abaco, Bahamas, Joshua Carroll Ph.D., Melissa Brown 2017 Radford University

An Assessment Of Tourism Sustainability In Abaco, Bahamas, Joshua Carroll Ph.D., Melissa Brown

Journal of Tourism Insights

This paper analyzes tourism sustainability within Abaco, Bahamas through the three spheres of sustainability, social, economic, and environmental. The study investigates the perceptions of tourism business operators in order to identify the current conditions of tourism in the Abaco islands, and to identify areas in need of improvement. Ten business operators across the Abacos were asked specific survey questions to determine the circumstances of each sphere of sustainability. Currently in Abaco, both the economic and social spheres seem healthy and functional. The environmental sphere seems to be facing difficulty, however, coupled with limited concern by business owners, due to a ...


Gangs And The Culture Of Violence In El Salvador (What Role Did The Us Play?), Norma Roumie 2017 University of Windsor

Gangs And The Culture Of Violence In El Salvador (What Role Did The Us Play?), Norma Roumie

The Great Lakes Journal of Undergraduate History

Gang violence in El Salvador has resulted in conditions that have perpetuated an environment of terror and culture of violence. This paper aims to understand the emergence of transnational gangs in El Salvador and the US involvement in this process. The article is divided into the following subtitles; 1980s civil war and the repercussions of US involvement, Salvadorans migration to the US and reverse migration (with a focus on Los Angeles and San Salvador), and US exportation of heavy-handed policies to El Salvador’s institutionalized use of political violence. The paper concludes that US involvement in El Salvador created a ...


Researching Peers And Disaster Vulnerable Communities: An Insider Perspective, Stern M. Kita 2017 University of Sussex

Researching Peers And Disaster Vulnerable Communities: An Insider Perspective, Stern M. Kita

The Qualitative Report

Conducting research among peers and communities that a researcher also serves may be both daunting and rewarding. Researching peers may make the researcher feel uncomfortable raising certain questions that are sensitive or that could be construed to be testing their competencies. This paper is inclined more towards showing that it is advantageous to be an insider, whose position can facilitate collection of information that could not have been accessed, or revealed to an outsider. The paper reports on fieldwork conducted in a low-income country in Sub-Sahara Africa as part of a doctoral study with communities affected by disasters and those ...


Problemas Y Retos En La Implementación Del Gender Mainstreaming En La Política Pública De Mujeres De Medellín (2012-2015). Una Lectura Desde La Meta-Gobernanza, Alejandra León Rojas 2017 Universidad EAFIT

Problemas Y Retos En La Implementación Del Gender Mainstreaming En La Política Pública De Mujeres De Medellín (2012-2015). Una Lectura Desde La Meta-Gobernanza, Alejandra León Rojas

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

This article examines the difficulties in the implementation of gender mainstreaming in the Public Policy of Medellin’s women, under the lens of the meta-governance literature. The purpose is to determine how the problems of coordination between actors and means of governance have influenced incorporation and implementation processes of this international strategy, within the Municipal Administration of Medellin, and especially for the period 2012-2015. For this, a review of the experiences around protocols and routes of mainstreaming within the Women's Secretariat and its Mainstreaming Team was necessary; as well as a semi-structured interview and the mainstreaming workshops which were ...


Book Review: Smart Risks: How Small Grants Are Helping To Solve Some Of The World’S Biggest Problems, Susan M. Appe 2017 Binghamton University

Book Review: Smart Risks: How Small Grants Are Helping To Solve Some Of The World’S Biggest Problems, Susan M. Appe

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

No abstract provided.


El Análisis De Políticas Públicas: La Evolución De Una Disciplina Y Su Relevancia En Colombia, Carlos Andres Olaya 2017 Universidad EAFIT

El Análisis De Políticas Públicas: La Evolución De Una Disciplina Y Su Relevancia En Colombia, Carlos Andres Olaya

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

For several decades, the so-called public policy turn has become more relevant in the context of Latin America in general, and Colombia in particular. Both in the political and academic spheres, research projects or intervention have been put forward which, directly or indirectly, relate to a vague and general notion of "public policy." However, the advances in the specific field of the policy theory are timid. Therefore, it is necessary to deepen and energize the proper disciplinary debates of public policy, beyond the study of any policy in particular. Thus, this article explores the historical development of policy studies as ...


Los Fundamentos Del Análisis Prospectivo De Políticas Públicas, Juan Guillermo Vieira Silva 2017 Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Los Fundamentos Del Análisis Prospectivo De Políticas Públicas, Juan Guillermo Vieira Silva

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

Given the inexistence in Spanish of an introductory synthesis to prospective policy analysis, this article proposes its conceptual and historical bases, the analysts' work and skills, and the ways to approach it, listing some of the most used methods and techniques . For this, the article reviews an important part of the English literature on the subject, organizing it descriptively for pedagogical and analytical purposes. Initially, the use of the expression public policy analysis is clarified, differentiating the field of public policy studies from the analysis applied within it to produce information for decision making; then the definition of policy analysis ...


Gobernar: Una Oportunidad Para Renovar La Investigación En Administración Pública Comparada, Oscar Oszlak 2017 Centro de Estudios de Estado y Sociedad (CEDES)

Gobernar: Una Oportunidad Para Renovar La Investigación En Administración Pública Comparada, Oscar Oszlak

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

No abstract provided.


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